Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, January 16, 1858, Image 2

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    XlATtlter an Nbacate.
rpytgl7,, in advance; or In Clubs
p 1.231 orotelivered at residences of Subserie
hurls $1.75. See Prospectus, on Third Paella
RFiLfNW AL S should be proiaptl it little
whits before tha year expires, that wa
seek* full arraugsiments for a steady supply.
TUC /MD WRAPPER indieateifthat we
desire a renewal. If; however; in the haste
if manta& this stamal sh ol o4:,E l W•flOire
kepi our friends will still not forget Ink
RERUTTANCES.--Send payment by sale
hand,, when csonvolitillar. Or, send by mail,
enclosing with ordinary care, and troubling
nobody with a knowledge of what you.ars
doing. For a large amount, send a Draft, or
large emotes. For *neer two papersoand Gold
.r sms U notes.
TOM &ICE CHANGE, Send poitage stamps,
~ better DUO, send for satire popeis; sai $3
or SOrenty sineabore, Or *1 for Ilditrthree
louden at
outzeir altidonterit , ontlVounonnteattone
to ELM • DAVID IitIEiNNEY. Pittsburgh,
AOKNOWLEDGMENT.—We have received
$l5, from Aram , Veritatis, Independence,
Mo., which we shall appropriate as re
Bibles were given on last Sabbath morninc;,
to as many ',child '
ren,'inw the PresbYteriair,
church of Sewickley, Presbytery of. Alle;
gheny City, upon their having committed
and recited perfectly this invaluable cam.
pend of Scriptural truth. Several of these
children were considerably under ten years
of age.
The United Presbyterian.
This is the' . title tinder whibh, The
Preacher and United 'Presbyterian is to pe
continued. , The sheet is enlarged, and the
style of execution is greatly improved. Rev.
D. H. A. McLean, of the Associate Church,
is associated With Dr. Kerr in the Editor
ship. The paper is the advocate of a com
pleted union between the Associate and
Associate Reformed Churches.' It takes, by
'anticipation, the name of the new body, and
'expects to be its organ.
An Aged Negress.
The ,Southern Presbyterian tells ns of the
•dedeise of a free colored woman, in Charles
ton, aged 102 years. Nearly the whole of
her pikrimage was spent in the service of
God. She was a member of the Second
Presbyterian church. Until her last sick
ness, her intellect and bodily 'strength were
firm. Till then, she could read and do the
finest sewing Without glasses. She never
lost a tooth, and never had a physician.
She lived a ChrisOan, and died in the confi
dence of hope.
Terre Hante.,Thd.
Terre Haute is a ray of some twelve
thousand inhabitants. Its provisions for ed
ucation are in advance of many cities which
are much older. There are several churches.
Old School Presbyterianism has not been in
the ascendant, but we are pleased to learn
that it is looking up. Rev. 'Thomas P.
Gordon, late of Pittsburgh, entered upon
his ministerial labors there nine months ago,
and has added to his, communion list twenty
four members, half of them on examination.
The city is delightfully situated, and sur 7
rounded by a fine farming country, inviting
REHOBOTH, PA.—On Sabbath, the pd
inst., thirty-eight persons were received on
profession of faith in the • church of :Reho
both, Presbytery of Clarion. Previous t 4
that time a series of Meetings bad been held,
in which the Holy Spirit was present with
great power.
ALTOONA, PA.---Twentyfive peraons were
lately received to the, communion ; part of
them on certificate.
Was UNION, PA.—We have a letter
from " W. , 3. A.," giving an account of
a' very interesting series of religions ser' r
Trees; 'Thirteen persons united 'with the
. ,
church, and fifteen others are serious.
The Titter arrived after our Space Was. all
Sudden Departure.
"Rev.' Daniel Inglis, of Chirokee PreibY
.tery, Ga.,died- on the night of December
27th, lilt., aged about 51. His , death is
thus announced, to the Southern Presbyte•
ruin, by Rev. C. M. Shepherson :
"Pni deceased brother was in the enjoy-,
:taint of peifeet health, so far as can' be
moan,, up to, the very moment of his* re
movaL _lie had retired to•his room, which
he oeinPied, hlone; and taken off a part of
his clothing, - pritaritory to going to rest,; ,
after ' which be was seen by a servant, who .
attended to , his room/engaged in reading.
Nothing more was knout of •him till the
nett .morning, when s he was found sitting
. ..Von a couch in his room, in his accustomed,
Attitude for meditation—it corpse. He
seems to have died without a struggle,: or .a
motion of any kind—like one gently falling
Aztother Convention.
The .Rreabyterian of tl,e West contains la
call,:ntuueroualy signed by Ministersarid
Eldeis, Writing a Convention of the Synods
of Indiana, Northern Indiana, Kentucky,
and Cincinnati, , to assemble in the city of
dincinnati in the Pirst Presbyterian chirci
on the .2d Tuesday of 'February, 1858, at i 7
o'clock P. M., for mutual counsel, prayer arid
exhortation, relative to a revival of religion.
Froip 10 o'clock,' of the day for the evening
ei;vidch . the meeting is appointed ) 'a com
mittee will be present in the church named,
to receive members and desicrnate their
This is, a favorable iodination of an ex
tended and extending awakening. We
for the auudfwitutions of thsfityornt
Our Gracious Lord, which were enjoyegl
theilittaburgh Convention ; and m 4re'
' '
The Presbyterian Masazine —Rev. Drs.
Armstrong and Van Rensselaer on Slav-
The Presbyterian Magazine, for January,
makes its appearance in good season, and
is rich with matter of intereet. This num
ber has its peculiar feature, in that many of
its pages are occupied with the subject of
Slavery. It contains Dr. Armstrong's first
of threi; "Letters to a Conservative, on the
Proper Statement of the Sripture Doctrine
of Slavery;" and the first of " Three Con : .
'servative Replied," by Dr. Van Rensselae
Dr. Arrnetrong'iLLetters were, furnished,
to the Central Presbyterian. 'They were
occasioned by a brief notice, in the Magazine
for September, of Dr. Armstrong's Book,
" Christian Doctrine of Slavery." The "Let
ters " are
s written in a good spirit, soberly
but earnestly discussing the•question, and
using the Scriptures, not always as we un
derstand them, but yet with a degree of
fairness not always to be.found among con
Dr. Van Rensselaer's Letter is equally
kind, candid and respectful with the other's ;
and it appeals to the test of truth with equal
confidence and reverence.
If the subject is to be a matter of discus
sion, by Old School Presbyterians, we are
glad that it is in hands so able, and con
ducted by heads so clear, and by spirits so
, imiable. Whether a subject so intensely
hcthng, and usually` so 'beWilderine
where there is an " outside " pressure so
intense, urged on by a fanaticism, on either
part, both blinding and wild, can long be
calmly and Scripturally discussed, even by
such men, causes much apprehension. And
even should justice;, and the pure love of
truth, preserve their throne, with them,
whether they may not still be the occasion
of stirring .up, amplifying and intensifying
a strife which will be terrific to our Church,
and greatly damaging, is a thought exceed
ingly painful. There are those who are
predicting to Old School Presbyterians the
direst calamities, as imminent, and speedily
to whelm her, from this quarter. Among
others, see the following ,in the American
Presbyterian, of the 7th. The Editors say:
There is occasion for'sudit a conflict, and it is
morally certain that it will come in the Old School
Assembly. There are already unmistakable indi
cations of such a conflict; and when the conflict
does vitae, as come it will, it will be more fierce,
arid hot, and determined, and angry, than it has •
ever been in the New School Aisemblies, or prob
ably in any other denomination. The Old School
do nothing by halves; they do nothing quietly or
mildly—nor is there any
, security that they will
do a thing courteously—and they' could not dis
cuss the subject of Slavery with the mildness, and
kindness, and courtesy, which has been evinced
in the New School Assemblies, by members from
the North and South. Come that conflict will ;
and when it comes, they who have gone over from
the New School for the sake of peace, will find
that they have thrown themselves into the very
fire, and smoke, and tumult of battle ; a battle
whose issues no man now on earth can anticipate.
They who seek peace by such a tranefer of rela
tions, will have trouble in the flesh; but we spare
The editors are trying to deter sound men
in their body from coming over to us, by
terrific predictions. We trust that events
will show them to be prophets not sent of*
God; but when, they so confidently assert
the indications of danger, having themselves
experieuced the evil, it may be well for us to
be doubly , guarded., •
There is much fanaticism, pro and con.,
on the . subject of slavery. There has been
great unwillingness to look upon it calmly
in the light of .God's Word. It now we
can;get to see it just as God would have- nit
behold it; or, if we cannot come to 'a per
feet unify of sentiment, if yet we can Scrip
turally agree,-as heretofore ive'haire, in the
main, happily done, to not judge one
another," but "forbearing one another in
love," to " keep the unity of the Spirit in
the bond of peace," all will be well.
The papers are so long, over eighteen
pages, and to be followed by, two other
pairs, probably of equal length, that we
know not how to find room for them. For
the present,. we will give the main points at
iseue, with some of the 'leading thoughts
supposed to establish them.
Dr. Armstrong's statement of, the Scrip
tural doctrine is this Slaveholding is not
ca SIN in the, sight of God, and is not to be
,counted an oniNaz' by his Church."
Dr. Van Rensselaer Says : ,Slaveholding
as 'not necessarily and' an all circumstances,
These are the two champions' deliberately
chosen terms, in vihich:to state the " Scrip
tural Doctrine of Slavery;" and they set
theMselves strongly, each to. Maintain the
rectitude of his position.
To sustain his.statement, Dr. Armstrozig
The statement' of premises in the "ChristitM
Doctrine of Slavery," - pp: 102, 108, a statement
to which you do not object, is, in these terms:
"Ip our examination of what the New Testament
teaches on the subject of slavery, we have foUnd,
1, That slave-holding does not appear in anyoat
alogui of einsC4' l Offe'neaV bY inspired
men'; •2,'"That the'Apostles;reoeived - slaveholders
into the Christian Church, and continued • them
therein, without giving any intimation, either at
the time of their reception or afterwards, that
slaveholding was a sin or an offence;' 3, That
Paul sent back a fugitive slave to his oven master,
again, and assigned as his Alison "for so doing,
that minder's right to, the services of: his ; slave ;
4, That the Apostles frequently enjoin the relatiie
duties of master and slave,'and enforoe their in- •
junctions - upon both alike, as; Christian 'men, by
Christian motives uniforrely teaching Certain evils
which they sought to correct, as incidental evils,
and not ' part and parcel' . ) of slaVery itself; 5,
That Paul treated the distinctions:: which slavery
creates As matters of very little-importance; in so
far as , the interests of the Christian`life are eon
earned ; -6, That" he declares that this his doctrine' ,
respecting the relation of slave and master, is
wholesome doctrine, and according to godlineis,
and , the doctrine of the Lord Jesus ,Christ::?,
And directs Christian ministers to teach it in the
Churoh, and prohibits the teaching orany doc
trine at variance with it, under the most solerati
sanctions known to the Church." •
Dr.' Armstrong thinks, also, that'h u state-'
ment corresponds best with "
,`the tone and
spirit in which the Scriptural deliveranges
on'this subject are•made." But he, " by
no-means," believes that "all . davelolding'
sinlese in the Sight of God.' His propo
sitien he would qpply "to such siaisholding
only as subsists in conformity with the" law of
God." He also .denies that his statement
'iniolven "the idea of the perpetuity of
And be" It'iti adirodeil On .
all hands that there
Wang to Slavery, as it 'exists7in this ; coin
trnandin, our day!'' f
° IDE' Van' thilike that Inlet
notice of his review of Dr. Armstrong
book, might have passed without an answers,
but he regards three long letters, extensively
circulated, containing a skillful attack on
the conservative views prevalent in. the,
Presbyterian Church, as demanding some
attention. How much the other ;Ado may
think is demanded by the still longer letter
now beforalus l , and the two yet forthcoming,
it would be''difficult to conjecture. But we
shall be greatly pleased if it shall turn out
apoor k ding le the opinionfxptiss!d ‘E
by them, flat a discussion' of the points at
issue, " cannot 'involve any agitation of
Dr. V. rightly regards slavery as "among
the prominent practical questions of the
age." The peace of our Church and coun
try, and the destiny of millions, are involved.
It should be calmly discussed by those who
love truth, who hate vituperation, who are
not prejudiced partisans, and who can bow
meekly before the majesty of God's Word.
After stating that the Assembly's testi
monies of 1818 and 1845 are Scriptural,
harmonious, and, for the present, at least,
sufficient, occupying, as they do, the true
position between two extrernes, and vindi
cating the opinions of those rightly called
"conservatives," the 'Doctor proceeds to
maintain his statement, that " Slaveholdiny
is not,necessarilyancl in all circumstances,
'responiis to the "Seiiptural ireui
ses" of Dr. Armstrong, as follows
'The Bible contains no formal statement of the
doctrine of slavery, but enforces the duties grow
ing out of the relation. A correct statement of
the Scriptural mode of treating slavery might be
in these words: "All masters and all slaves are
bound to perform their relative duties, arising
from legal authority on the *one hand, and from
enjoined submission on the other." You had,
undoubtedly, the right to exhibit the doctrine of
slaveholding in the more abstract form, propound
ed in your volume. But, I think that the reader
of yOur volume and letters does not receive the
full impression of Scripture truth and exhortation,
properly pertaining to this subject. Your 'un
qualified statement that " slaveholding is not a
sin in the eight of God," seems to me to fall short
of a perfect formula, even from "the,admitted,
Scriptural premises" adduced, and by me cordially
acquiesced in. I submit a brief commentary on
these " admitted, Scriptural - premises," by way of
developing the argument. I. If " slaveholding
does not appear in any catalogue of sins," this
'fact proves that it is not maium in as. It is also
deserving of notice that slaveholding does not ap
pear in any enumeration of virtues• and graces.
2. The Apostles received slavebolders to the com
munion, and eo they did despots, and their abet.
tors in Cmsar's household. 3. Paul sent back a
fugitive slave, and would also have sent back, a
deserter from the imperial army. 4. The injunc
tion to slaves to obey their masters does not ap-
prove of slavery, any more than the command to
submit to " the powers that be," implied appro
bation of Nero's despotism. 1. The distinctions
of slavery in regard to the interests of Christian
life are, like all other outward distinctions, of
comparatively little importance ; and yet the gen
eral injunction of Paul on this subject was, "Art
thou called, being a slave Y care not for it. But
if thou mayst be free, use it rather." 6. The
Christian doctrine of Paul respecting the mutual
duties of masters and servants is clearly whole
some, and ;utterly subversive of modern abolition
ism ; but whilst it proves that the relation is not
in itself sinful, it does not sanction the relation
as a desirable and perinanant one. 7: 'Christian
ministers, who preach to the slaves insurrection,
instead of submissicin, and who deoounce slave
holding as necessarily and always sinful, 'are on
unscriptural and dangerous ground. •
Dr. Van Rensselaer's 'main position
thus taken : -
131aveholding, in itself considered, is not sinful ;
that is to say, it is not a enedurn in se; or, in other
words, it is .a relation ,that may be justified by
circumstances. When we say that the relation
itself is not sinful, we do not mean, by the ex
pression, a mere , abstraction; for slavery. cannot
be conceived of apart fiom a master and a slave.
But we mean that slaveholding, as a practical re
lation, depends upon certain conditions for its
justification. What is matum in , se,cannot be juti
titled by any circumstances; the law of God al
ways condemns it, 'But slaveholding being among
things " indiffiient" in morals, 'it may be right or
wrong, accordineto the conditions of its exist
ence. Hence your definition, which excludes air.
imustances, comes short of the full Scripture
doctrine. •
This position he maintains, with great
ability, throughout his letter.
We cannot but hope that this discussion
will lead Christians tn consult more carefully
the very words of Scripture—the terms
chosen by the Holy Ghost in which to con
vey ideas to the mind; and will have their
belief to rest on revelation, and their con
duct to be ordered by the Divine guidance.
It is most manifest that slaveholding is
,NOT ordained of God, ,as is marriage, and
parental authority, and civil government.
It is clear, however, that Slavery has been
23.rat,itted of God, in the world and in the
Church. Laws are given which imply its
existence, and which regulate the relation.
And there is no Divine command abolishing
it; but there is a spirit in the Gospel which
will' mitigate and eradicate it. Slaves are
regarded, by God's Word, as . men. They
have rights, as +igen as duties. And mas
ters have obligations, as well -as ,authority.
And if God's Word, in its letter and its
spirit—God's Word`wholly—shall be rightly
embraced by masters, servants, citizens, the
Church, and all lookers en, talkers and
commenters, Slavery will become, ere long,
a mere= matter• of history. A change‘ so
'lull:lief:lse cannot, be elfeeted'in 'a day ; -' but
God will 'work out his' own purposes, in his'
own time. And by our being guided, each
by his directions, we shall abide in peace,
and be ea-operative in our influence, and
may,, without distraction, devote all our
time and all our energies to the -portions of
his work with which he has entrusted us
There has been mush said, lately, about
Chaplains in the Army and Navy. We
have read, but have note felt disposed to ,
utter much on the subject. As a - matter of
denominational interest it is very small.
But as a matter of principle it is inaportant.
Somehow it has occurred, by management
or otherwise, that the Chaplains at West
Point and Annapolis, the Army and Navy
Schools, have been mostly Episcopalians.
And the officers, especially those in the Na
vy, have a fondness for the Episcopal Church
Service. And.most of the Chaplains have
been Episcopalians. And when ministers
of other denominations have been appointed,
they have, sometimes or often, found them
selves under =a quasi; necessity; to use the
Episcopal Service.
Now, that one of the 'smallest of the
Chriitian sects. shoitlii have such a prepon=
dermal*, in .popular , government, Algae
etiange. it is s.-MaUerl of potarian polo
icy, we fear# that Evangelism profits but } British protection, and who well know what
little. 0 4 ' are the real facts in the cases were disposed•*; :***,
Chaplainseshould be devotedly pious men; to speak.. " -*
and in their selection, the interests of the The " extracts " alludedlo by' the Ob.
masses,,thafieldiers and the seamen, Jaheuld„strzex,,,to, the, set Ruetatin,Jrsamsh_ont.hy.,,
be considered, rather than the tastes of the Dr. Warren, in his letter, to be not all in,
officers: The letter arc the few, and they point. They failed utterly to suitain the*
have the better means of Christian instruc. Observer's assertions. So complete was Dr.
Warren's answer thatour London Corres
pondent, of this week, calls it a "noble
refutation of false charges ;" and he adds
additiOnaireiitreneet byl cliati*COrtibutta
'b st.
letter. And his oonCluding paragraph gives
a —l4 A -- joiriig ,
went out last year to be married to an In
dian Offieer, has returned_ a widow to the
house of her,
,father, (aclergyman,) with
her tongue cut out by the Sepoys. is it
possible," he adds, and so say we—" 'sit
possible that any Christian writer will be
their virtual aporogist
And it will not do for the Observer no*
to change its tactics; keeping its horrible
charges against the English and its apolo
gies for Nene : Sahib and his Sepoys,
, oh its
columns uncontradioted and unretracted,
and, speaking much of other, things—errors
in the governmentadmitted and deplored
by all—as though the returned missionaries
justified and would Perpetuate those errors
The Presbyterian chi/cites will not bear to
have those maligned who have given pro
tection, and shown favoi to their. Missions,
and who still continue their kindness. Nei
ther will they,in silence, pt:rmit their mis
sionaries to be represented as , abettors of
cruelty, nor as opposers of needed, reforms.
Nor are our returned 'missionaries who now
live*among us and speak to us, enwrapt
such impenetrable folds of jgnerance,'es to
be uninformed and,rmarble tojudge of things
where they ,lived and - labored; wrote,
preached and published; traveled, and as
aniseed for ten to twenty years with those
who conducted public
_affairs; Hairing had
their own eyes and ears, for their informers,
and: having associated with' .the =people of
the country so long, and having 'still sources
of information equal to any othere, it can
not be supposed that they Will submit to the
dicta of a mere stranger. .And the four or
five newspapers in this country which. take
an interest in the subject, can hardly be ex:-
petted to go to the Observer to mire their
ignorance, when they have brethren of their
own Church,.eye and ear witnesses for, so
long, tendering to them ~information so 're
liable. * ' •
tion,frout other. sources. The selection of
I suitable ministers may be difficult; but
those whose duty it is to choose, will likely
TO , n'eiKreit, iiglit: l *beinlthOisirlieti men
high repute for wisdom and piety in exem
We should regret the existence of any
symptoms of a sectarian government religion.
But we wish greatly to see a truly religious
government; and we would much prefer
the predominance in the Chaplaincy, of any
Evangelical Church, to an abandonment of
the system. We, therefore, do not choose
to complain loudly.
The New York Observer and Dr. Warren.
To the letter of Dr. Warren, which we:
copied a few weeks ago, the, Observer replied
very curtly, -and in a manner which• our
prised many. It ignored the writer, and'
thought that.whatever Society or Board had
employed him as a Foreign Missionary,
might be, glad that he had returned I Short
ly afterwards, it brought: out a labored
article,' showing misgovernment and an' im
"Perfeet adniinistration of justice by the
British in India. • Dr. Warren responds, in
the Presbyterian of the West, stating that
the Observer's charge had been, that the
English in India had practiced the same
kind of enormities upon the natives which
the mutineers had practiced upon them—
that they had set Nena Sahib 'the example,
and he was but retaliating. This charge
Dr. W. refited, and the ` Observer" does
not even attempt to establish it. It changes
the accusation' to that of ' administering a
.fiery imperfect' government This Dr. •War
ren and all the missionaries admit; though
they contend still that the English rule bad;as
it is, is more equitable and mild than any which
'preceded 'it. This is abundantly manifest
from the .fact that the rebellion was entirely
confined to thefetted soldiery. The people,
in no place, joined in it, which they cer
tainly would haVe done if the government
had been intolerable, or deeply cruel. Dr.
Warren ably defends his position, - and main
tains the rectitude of the American .Mis
The above.we bad' written for last week,
and it appeared in a few copies; but it was
taken out to Make room for the recent news
in the letter to Dr. Elliott, relative to our
murdered missionaries.
Since then, Di Warren has igain ;appeared
before the public, fully maintaining his
cause. The Observer is also out With an
other labored,,artiele. It speaks of Dr.
Warren as " Almon writing," &e. An Old
School Presbyterian missionary, after, fifteen
years faithful service in the Foreign , field, as
still not estimated as , worthy a name I
Again, the Observer says :
We cannot pierce the- folds of ignorance in
which the mind is wrapped, that can believe What
this Man professemto believe; but there are four:
or five religious, newspapers in thiccountry, who
perpetuate the same ignorance and prejudice, and
we would , put into a fungi space the materials by
which their deceptive and "sinful errors 'may be
exposed and corrected.
We are-obliggdtto : the Observcr for the
" materials!' collected and furnished, to cure,
our ignorance' and expose. and correct our
" deceptive and sinful errors." But - they
do not come tolhe point. - We had learned
from Dr " Duff; 'and - scores of Others,
"returned missionaries" among the num),
her, that there was much misgoverntoent by
the East India Company, and that great re-,
forms are needed. It is on full record;
that, at one time, years ago, the mission=
aries. were hindered. And it is without
doubt, that idolatry is' still protected and
much favored. But it is also true that now
for many years, the missionaries have: been
protected and much favored; that education
haa been greatly promoted, that there have
been many public 'improvements ;, that, the
laws are far better than they ,were under
Mohammedan rule, and •are administered
far less oppressively,; and that the.,condi
tion of the people is greatlyi very greatly,
improvid. The 'English Gevernznen't; 'what
ever injustice Miiihnve attended the aoqui
sition of its power, and however imperfectly
it may have done its duty, has yet been, an
immense blessing to India.
But, it was not about misgovernment and
the favors still shoWn to idolatry ;. nor about
defective efforts for: the promotion of Chris
tianity, and the propriety and necessity of
farther reforms,that the dispute' arose.
Eorall these things the returned Mission
aries ,are." as, ardently desirous, to say the
:least,; . as is the, Observer; and they as
heartily accord with the views. of Dr. Duff
and all Evangelical British Christians.
The dispute was about the propriety and
truthfulness of the Observe?s charges of
CRUELTY, in assertions. like the following.:
The attrocities of the Rindoos, suggest the fact
that they were provoked by similar wrongs which
the natives , had suffered at the hands of their
conquerors and rulers. '
And again:
As we read the extracts below, we shall be
painfully struck with the fiat that the refined tor-•
tures which the English have suffered recently,
are the repetitioo of. cruelties which they them
selves have been inflicting for many long and bitter
years upon , the helpless victims of their oppres
sion in India, till at last in their feebleness and
extremity, under the mingled aggravation of
human vindictiveness and religious fanaticism,
they have turned with dying desperation upon
their rulers, to hurl off the yoke from their necks
or to perish, as they will, in the strsggle.
These charges are horrible—black, deep,
and damning if true. All the horrible
'cruelties inflicted by the murderous, and far
worse than mirderois, heathens, upon the
English, men women and children, are, ac
cording to the_Observer, , but "the repetition
of cruelties which they themselves (the Eng
lish) have been inflicting for many long and
bitter years upon the helpless victims of
their oppression." Alas, what a charge.!
Against civilized men ! -Against a Chris
tian people I - Against officers,- some- of
wfioni are devotedly 'Pions And our re=
turned missionaries are implicated`! -No
wangarP that ithe lettier)Sehe.hed enjoyed.
The Scotch eorresponde,nt of the Presby
terian also is deeply indignant at the 06-
server's. course.
For a reform in India, all Christians plead;
'but they 'would urge it with a due regarort6
righteousness. The Observer Should' heimit
retract its odious ehaiges, that it may have
its due share of influence in eAvocating
greatly needed reforms. , `‘ • .
, -
Christian' AsSociation, in Southern Penniyl
- pays regularly `for ; op.P4s of
the Presbyterian Banner "and Advocate, for
gratuitous distribution in 'the community
where - they, reside. How many, could. do,
likewise'? And how could- fiftech'ilollars
be appropriated, to the: pregnotion , _of more
enjoyment, or greateireal benefit?: 1,
For the Presbyterian Banner'nd Advocate
Sir Henry Lawrence.
, .
I/rFsn. SIR General, Sir Henry, Law:`
renee was one of, the Christian Worthies whd
,distinguiabed 'himself in India, net
only as a soldier and statesman, but • as,a
philanthropist, a short sketch of hint by, one
,who,.knew him intimately, and enjoyed his
friendship ,for: twenty, years, will doubtless
be interesting'io your. readers. • ,
the,Spring of 1848, Mis. Lawrence
was, spending a few
,day's ,at our, house, on
tbellirnalaya Monntains, or the• benefit of
_her health, -and awaiting the arrival of her
husband, 'who, was to, accompany her to a
higher region on the "'hills." He ,was then
a , Lieutenant of Artillery, of the corps of
Engineers and engaged in the " : Grand
Trigonemetrical Survey", of the ,country;
At, the time appointed, a tall, ungainly
stranger, attired in a costume half Oriental
and half European, with' a hirsute beard'
appeared at the gate.
The gatekeeper ran to me exclaiming
" Sir, a man has, come with his under-gar
ment outside, and a basket on: his bead for
a hat." He, was soon recognized,by Kra.
Lawrence, and,- introduced as Lieutenant
Lawrence. A nearer view revealed a fine,
intellectual forehead, and benevolent counte
nance • but to use his owri language "the
Lawrenees were the ugliest men in, India."
Ho had three brothers in the East India
Company's service;besides himself, of whom
Sir John is not less distinguished.' Their
father was once a private soldier, but • got a
commission,' and, rose to the rank of Colonel.
This fact accounts for the great interest Sir
Henry always felt in the' private soldier, and
for, the princely sums he expended for his
In the above-mentiened year, he . was ap
pointed Political Agent by Lord 4ukland,
and stationed at Fiozpore, a th en
. frontier sta
tion on the borders of the Punjaah, and near
est to Lahore, the Capital of the Sikh nation.
This brought him into, immediate contact
with that warlike people, • who afterwards,
in a severe contest with the English for in
dependence, rivaled them in , martial deeds,
but who are now their most faithful subjects.
Of, this interesting, tribe he wrote a histbry
which showed so much knowledge of their
character and institutions, that he was fee
ently sent on important business to the
Court of Lahore. The manuscript ,of this
work I bad the pleasnre. Of, perusing before
it was published. As a literary production,
as well as a faithful history, it was much
admired. Sir Henry was one of the princi
pal originators of the Calcutta Review, and
the most frequent contributor to its pages.
He wielded the pen and' the sword with
equal facility.
From Ferozepore he was sent by the Gov
ernor General, as his agent, with the Army
of Retribution, to take vengeance on the Ail..
ghans for the massacre of the British forces
at Cabul, in 1842. On this campaign, his
brother, Col. George Lawrence, vho had
been taken prisoner, by the Afghans, and
kept in a state of great suffering with Several
other prisoners, was, sent to him on an Em
bassy, by the Afghan Chief, but his propo
sals could not be accepted by his brother.
l'hay embraced each other, as they sum,
pined, for the last time, and Separated with
many tears, the prisoner to go back to `tier-,
tain death or,,slayery for and the civil
head of the army, to .prosecute his mission.'
- After his return firma this :PimPaign, he
o.`• , ri -
was i s ppoiled to the i egistracy of the Am
•brili'(distrie ~ It we. bile at this "
place he
founded t " Lawr, o 4ce Asylum for the
benefit of , e children of English soldiers—
onel of the grandest benevolent institutions
In the A w.oxis,.-RituARIL'A..9 ,II A , ,flf F,t R.
lower ranges of the Himalayas, six thousand
feet above =the' level of the sea, and ten miles
from the plains. He gave 650,000 to com
mence with, and pledged himself to give
$5OO annually, as long as he would live.
He also obtained a large grant from Govern
ment, and collected immense sums by sub
scription for the Asylum. It cost, in the
erection, and in the improving of the grounds,
SW,. P.O. Jetil.. 3 J ll an - $200,9QQ.....14 after
wards got up a similar .Asylum coi.giiiii
.A.too,.in Central India.,,_,
FromAmbola; he was sent,'ai : reiddeit,
to the Court of Nepaul, whence he wasre
called in a short time to take charge 'of the
political affairs .in the Sikh war of 1845.
This being concluded, he visited Ireland',
his native land, and was Knighted for his
efficient services. But a second Sikh war
breaking . out, he was called once more to
guide the affairs of State. Peace being
again restored, he was appointed President
of the 4 4 Board of Administration' for the
Punkt:rib," with his brother Joh'n and another
meinber, as assistants: * Here he remained
several years, ruling a kingdom almost as
large as 'Great Britain, with thehest results.
Being succeeded by his brother, Sir John,
he was appointed Superintendent of the
Rajputatra States, where he remained until
the ontbrelli-of the late Mutiny in the Na
tive Army, when he was called to the
charge Of the 'disturbed State of Oude.
Being there ;besieged by thousands of
Mutineers in the Reßidency, he and his he
roic) little band defended themselves bravely;
but being wounded in a s , .rtie by a gun shot,
he stink under the effects; and ended his
brilliant career, deeply lamented. '.
Lady' Lawrence, who was one of the most
decidedly pious ladies, it, has been my privi,
lege to know, and in every way worthy Of
her bemired husband; preceded him to the
world of 'spirits some two years ago. As an
officer, Sir Henry was scarcely ever sur
pastied in braiery, or Military skill.. As a
civilian, be had - few equals in diplomacy ;
AElt - mati, he was''universally beloved, and
as a Christian he stood high in the estimation
'of all who'kne sr him, for his pietY, his charity,
and his great liberality. Belonging to the
Church of. kngland, he did not confine his
contributions to his own denomination. Our
mission books Will showrthousands of dollars
accredited to him. Having spent hisindian
life in the bounds of our labors, he was one
of our , warmest friends._ Being associated
with us much in the early part Of his career,
he did net, forget ' us in his prosperity.
When traveling with his head quarters, and
'a regithent of soldiers for a guard on his
tours of inspection, he would frequently
leaveall his retinue at a distance, and spend
a quiet night in the humble abode of some
of our missionefieli 4 . At the time of his
death, he was about fifty-four years of age:
. . Believe me yours, fraternally, ' '
J. - 141. JEscrasoN.
lifarengo ) .111
,) • Jan 2cl y lB5B
.: ':•! - :1. .` ,' '','
.I.'l .
Mr. JOHN, R ANNAN was licensed to preach
the Gospel, by. the, Presbytery of Alle
*gheny City, •on the evening of the •11th
Rev. L S. K. AxsoN, D.D., has accepted
a call to become` pastor of the Independ
ent Chiach Savannah, Georgia, lately
under the care of Ref. Dr Preston.
Rev. A. SHOTWEW 8 Post Office address is
changed from• Covington, Ky., to Cape
Rev. % Wm: , SIITTON has removed from
Mofven;V. C. to , Pee Dee, Marion: Dis
' trietl S. C. '
~1 .~=:~
MURKLAND'S Post Office address
is chiaged'fieM Richmend, Va., to 'lamp ;
den SidneY Va.
Rev. F. , A. TYLER, together with the church
of =Two, New School, were received ,into
our connexion, =any the. Presbytery of
b North iMissiseippi r itt its late meeting.
Rev. J.' H. 74141 Coma, and Rev. Wm,
Viir Doitarr; desire to be addressed
at St Louis;
I, • ;
5..2 • •
Rev. T. „ REavme, and Rev. ,ELIASSI.
SCll,Eltigic., desire to be . . addressed at, St.
Charles, Mo. • ,
Rev. S. 11. STEVENSON having-taken'charge
' ' of the Itandolpli Grove church; has ,re
• moired 'from Clinton, Illinois, to`, Inde
r penance, Illinois, where correspondents
• will please addresslitn.
Rev..A. A. 3fATEms has'declined the• call
from Bellvue church, an accepted a
call from the Braiziau "&
cliurch. Post Of
fits Ivl°-
The year 1.85 T was one of Unusually
Goo 4 Heal 4 in ' Boston and vicinity. The
number,of deaths fell a litt:e short of
four thousand; while in 1856 the number
*is four thwart' a 'tivo hundred "and'fiftY-.
three; showing a decrease of abint, two hun
dred and fifty, and of four hundred and fifty
four as compared,with the mortality of 1854.:
The Sniping Interests` of this port are
still', very important, although, in prcicesa of
time, there will probably be a ,debline ,in
comparison withffew York ; ,even the lestyear
shoirs not merely.a relative, but an - actual
:.falling off . Dpring that time, there arrived
two thonsand eight hundred and eighty-five
. .Nessels from foreign ports, belog a decrease
of one 'hundred and five from the year pre
ceding'; in 'the same period two thousand
"eight hui3dred and seventy-seven . :vessels‘
elesr4l- 1 a decrease' of fifty-nine from' the'
previous , year. This decline can haOly,be
attributed:to the unusual depression
iness' toward the'close of the Year, ifor,ithe
first nine Month's - were marked' every 44 . here
by, an unusual activity in every department
of trade.. • .
This city is by no means' free 'from The
Corruptions, the outbreaks, misery, and
crime s generally foundpopulation&
The Puritans of , former , times would find
much to shock their-sense of propriety.with
regard to - moraliyin the revelations of every
day. The same - `strictness in meeting Out
justice as characterized them, weuld'Make
sad havoc witif‘at least a part of - the wida.
tion of the present day. .The number - of
cases brought before the Police Court in
1857 was'nine thousand tWo hundred and
The nuMber for 106 was eight thou
..aand Ave,hundred and ,thrtte, t showing an in
-:eieltse in the year , of seiren hundred,J and
`three:: The principil`'Oftences were drunk
cane* a eults, iug*poiett.
Ecclesiastioi,il. l
'lie irnd Liabilities of th e e . ty
are said lo amount to seven millions of tb
tars.' H:bwever, efficient measures were. in.
nagurated by the late Mayor, for redueinz th,
debts and lessening the annual expenditures.
Many of the, people holding stocks in th e
'different manufacturing companies in differ.
ent parts of the State, and in Western RA,
.roads, and depending upon the usual di v i.
dends for the means of living, have f ound
themselves greatly straitened from the fact
that only one of the manufacturing c ompa..
nies has declared the usual dividend this
-season; and - the - Railroads have totally f a il ed
in this particular.
The ,Public Library Building was (I n di.
cated•Nitli appropriate ceremonies on N ew
Year's day. A large Concourse of p eople
was resent, and excellent addresses acre
made, by the Hon. R C. Winthrop, Vap or
RiceYand Hon. Edward Everett. Indeed
the last named gentleman seems to b e i„,
dispensable to every public demonstrari ot ,
in this quarter, when sound learning, t rue
eloquence, and exalted patriotism are in de.
mand. He showed, frnm the life •)f Frankh,
that he was indebted to books for success. is
his eventful career. The building is I sr „.
beautiful, and furnished with all necestily
conveniences. The books will be arratird
in alcoves and on shelves, and number e d
according to an ingenious decimal system,
whereby the librarian will be enabled to
find any book in an instant—a great matter
in a large collection of books.
The Legislature assembled in the State
House on the 6th inst., and was organi z ed
Tbe annual Election Sermon
was preached by Professor Huntingdon, in
the Old South church.
The Congregational churches of this city
have not been unmindful of the elairos of
the American Board of Foreign Mission,
as the year 1857 passed away. Their me.
tributions to this Board in that time were
$29,293 98. But notwithstanding this, the
Board is in imminent danger of being reduced
to great"' straits in meeting the payments due
missionaries. Its expenditures aveozed
$30,000 per mopth, but for the last three
months the receipts have not averaged more
than $12,000 'per month. The churches
have not abandoeed the Board, but people
are withholding their donations until a re
vival of trade and confidence. In this tray
great injury may be inflicted on the efforts
of the Board, 'to the great discredit of the
church and professing Christians.
Notwithstanding the literary and scientific
Sem.l4of.Haryvard, its princely endowments
and its,past history, the Orthodox Congre
gatioßal coremunity „seem to be forsaking it
entirely—a strong
,evidence of thorough con
viotine of its unsoundness, and the unfaror-
Ableinfluences to serious and vital piety cur.
rounding it. According to the Triennial Cat
, 'til'og e lately published, there are only thirty.
1 one of the living Orthodox Congregational
ministers, of all New England, numbered
among its graduates; and at least six-sevenths
of these are over 'fifty years of age. Some are
Zetronkly of the opinion that the Orthodox
have abandoned Harvard too easily, and that
by clustering around it, it might be brought
back tb the faith of its founders.
A report' has been going the rounds of the
papers, 'that the Hartford Tract Sockty
had, determined, to withhold its °marital
.tions,to the American Tract Society, for the
iiresent !year. - This statement is now con•
ina:diated.' The feet is, a few persons assem
bled At the suggeation or invitation of rri
vate, persons, a majority of whom decided
sgainst taking the usual collection for the
Treat cause. Bat it has been decided, in
the r'egalar way, to pursue the same coarse
:toward,the Society as in former years.
The :Catalogue of Yale College reports
forty-one instructors in the different depart.
meats, and one hundred acrd eighteen pro
_fesstonal students, viz: 22 in Theology; 31
in Law; 29 in , Medieine; and 36 in Phi 6
lophy. and Art: four hundred and forty
seven under-graduates- via.: 100 Senior - ;
107 Jiinebrs; 117 Sophomores; And 1-
Freishmen—total "565. The facilities fa
education, and the inducements in the ray
of prizes in this College, are now greater
than eve` before.
Tke Conenteice of this great Metropolis
continues J to increase every year. During
the psi year, three thousand nine Bodied
and eight vessels have arrived from foreign
perts; ,, antincrease oft ninety-nine over last
Y'eati. And , it is, to be borne in mind that
y inauy of theise vessels were of immense ton•
aftge-ritY4 number of . passengers brought
,was !two 'hundred and three, thousand five
h iindretl;'•fall -increase of forty-four tit ., ol *
sand' two I hrindred and sixteen over N 6.
The California steamers brought eleven
thousand two hundred:and sixty-five psEn'
gers, a Ailing offPf, six hundred and sis.qt
as compared , with the year before. The
amount:of money brought by the immigrants,
fr#,f 6 r'ii)ii,'eonntiies, in 1857, is estituated
4.54.3,,960,060. The,gross entries of fa'
eign :goods, exclusive of specie, exhibit a
small excess overlast year • while the amnia
of foreign goods actually brought into oar'
,kot, $13,57,60G less than in ISstii
the remainder being in the Bonded woe
honsesobus escaping the payment of duty ,
until o ti fiVcra.ble market is found. But the
cxEctrti_ of domestic goods fipm this part
-were- less, by 810,138,000, than in 165di
but to , counterbalance this, the imports of
frOto Europe during the same diner
were 611,084,000 greater than the year be
fore. The old year left bitter memories be
hind but the new year has opened with
ranch, encouragement. ,
Rev. John Knox, senior minister of Dutch
Reformed' Collegiate Churches, died on Fri
day evening of last week, from injuries
received by a fall on the previous TuesdiP
He was a Ulan of , eminent worth, and was
highly respected.
.The Rey; .21friyor, Mr. Tiernan, has entered
upon his duties with becoming earnestneg ,
)and - has issued his first message. This doo
umetifeWrinit well written, but is sensible