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PITTSBURGH, NO*ESEBER 28,1857
frignms,.... 01.50, In advance; or 131 ChM/
91.261 Orydellivaredut residences of Sungari.
bare. $1. 75 . Bev Prospectus, on Third Page.
II EVV A L S should be prompt; a little
whlie before, eh" ripe •xpirigs, that we swayy,
...Lake full arrangssaante for a /needyy, supply , .
TEE RED WRAPPER indicates that we
cilealro a renewal. If, however, In the haste
of Mallingi this, signal should be omitted, wor
hops our friends will still not forget us.
DZBILITTA3CES.—Send payment by safe
likanday Isitinte Convenient. Ore sand by loudly
unclosing with ordinary cars, and troubling
•nobody selth a knowledge of what-you are
doing• For a large susionnty sand a Drafty or
large mates• For oa• or two papersysload Gold
or email notes.
11'0 MAKE CHANGE, Send postage stamps,
or better stills send for news papers; sap SA
or lasvonty numbers, or for Thirtyothrss
all Lotter. and Cossniunieatlons
'4O REV. DAVID MoKIENKY. Pittsburgh,
THE MINUTES OE SYNOD, in Pamphlet,
are now ready for delivery at our office.
READura SERMONS.—See our London
)IJetter for some excellent thongbts.
DECEASE'OF REV. JAAINE4 SATTERFIELD.
—This revered father died at his residence,
'West Middlesex, Pa., on. the 20th inst., in
the 90th year of his age. His sickness was
of but - two day's duration. He died where
,he had lived for fifty years. We are porn
ised more extended notice.
TEE PUTTEHOURif MISSIONARIES.-
Thep Tour brethren, supposed to have been
alga by' the Sepoys, thC Presbyterian inti
mates may, be yet alive. The authority is not
given. The Atlantic may have favorable
intelligence; but we fear that all of them
peritthed, except, possibly, Mr. Freeman,
as his name , is wanting in a list of deaths
which has been.ptiblished.
There tire many- annoyances to be borne
;by those who conduct the newspaper press.
We might almost think that, ci what was one
.man's food, was another man's poisonp'wlien
Are see how differently the same articles af
feet :different persons. Many of our troub
los, however, we soon learn to bear, with
But there is'one thing which affects our
brotherhood very deeply—which is truly
killing—that is, when paper-makers, com
positors, press-men, clerks, &0.,, &o.—not to
_and children—demand money,
and the exchequer is empty. Many of our
brethren seem to be in this plight, just now.
Some are'itopping bnsiness, some are threat
ening to stop. The sending out of Emus,
with earnest entreaties, is common.
For ourselves we ask full renewals, and a
few new sUbscribird. This will put quite
at ease, and enable' us patiently and even
cheerfully, to presecute our work. Help
us deatiender'3 , -+-M.- 1 "-is - -
A Sermon on the Times.
har . d times" retrench wisely.
The;attNeet pay bet: treated negatively,
I. NEGATIVELY. Under the necessity of
doing something, men often do first that
which they should do last, or not do at all.
It is well, then, to consider,wherein a family
I. They should not withhold the minis
tarts -stipend. It is so small already as
harAlyto4nnkahim comfortahlo. It will not
2. Do not diminish your benevolent con
tributions. These have *been always too
low. Missionaries ind students for the
have been' shins kePt so near to
`the lowiee pile, of a decent subsititence )
that „a,.. farther, reduction should not be
3. Do not withhold from the poor. In
their case the Lord is the borrower, and lie
will repay. • • •
4. Do not strip "pour' religious journal. It
costs but a trifle, and it repay's Many fold.
If you stop it, you stop a source of joy and
edification to all the lieUsehold. You will
get behind the times. Knowledge will de-
Ain°. A .stimulant to activity will be re
moved. A means of mental growth will be
:abstracted. Intellectual, social, and spir.
• ituaLedifieption *ill be' sadly impeded.
'Then, held on to' Ydni paper, help the
poor, contriblitUto Chillies cause, and sus
tain your minister, to the Inst.
POSITIVELY. Retrenchment ? is to be
'made. God calls to' it in his providence.
He makes , it a necessity. •
‘l. - ! Cease • to sPr4d, your luxurious table.
'Your body and niibd, as well as your purse,
*via bel:teicefitted by this`curtailment.
2. Give expensive dress, and repair
wthe old garments: This will be so much
clear saving, without diminishing one oom
.S. Cease front liquor and tobacco. This
bwill require greatseltdonial ; but it will be
dart itnutense benefit; physically, morally,
spiritually ; in your • &billy and to your
woOket. If :yen shall succeed effectually in
.this,, you will live to bless the "hard times"
: • which induced•the reformation.
4. Buyno more trashy literature. To
the , waster of , money, it adds a loss'of time,
pollutes the:imagination, defiles the moral
nature, :motes or chills the benevolent affec
tions, disqualifies for life's higher joys, and
incurs in the end,' fearful responsibilities.
E ADDENDUM. Be inAistrious —.father,
mother, eons, daughtini—all indistrions in
tsomothing that will pity, even though it be
,on a" guile which is very small. This will
.not ouly w rclievts for the present, bit, it will
,tend, to'igood habit, leading to competence
INpEuENcr. the hard times may be so
last, and' retrenchmentsipmads, , as that not
, f one real joy shall be 00o:haled; and so as
, 'tbat many most important benefits :shall re
tatu,4. Whose is tvise,flet'bim tanisider these
Chicago.—A Meeting of Directors.
During last week, we made a hasty visit
to the North-West; partly to see a brother,
at Oswego, 11l , but specially, at that time,
to form a more intimate acquaintance with
the Directors of the Seminary, than hitherto
it had been• our privilege to enjoy. We
were both pleased and edified; and we now
wish to let our readers participate with us
in the benefit, while we inform them, more
minutely than heretofore, of the state of
things relative to that Institution.
Chicago is a wonderful place. We con
template, it with astonishment. Thirty
years ago, there were there but a rude har
bor and a few houses. Wolves, then, roamed
on a part of the land now embraced in the
city. The increase of inhabitants, at pres
ent greatly over one hundred thousand, is
wonderful;.but the improvements amaze us
most. The harbor and bridges, the land
gained artificially from the lake, plenty as
land is in Illinois; the filling up, grading
and paving of streets; the immense, tasteful
and expensive buildings; the Ftores, hotels,
private residences, ware-houses, &c:, &c.,
The limited time at our command, and
the intentness with which we applied our- I
selves to the object of our visit, did not
permit us to enjoy much of the society of
the people ; but, from a few specimens; we
infer that their hospitality; refinement, and
social condition, correspond with the enter
prise manifested iu their business and im
The meeting of the Directors was not as
large as had been anticipated; but eighteen
out of the thirty.three being in. attendance.
They sat two days, very diligently active,
without accomplishing any great amount of
business. There was no order passed to
publish the ,proceedings. We shall hence
give, on our own authority, a few facts, and
the impressions made. If we shall express
ourselves with some freedom, the brethren
will give us credit, at least, for honesty and
goodness of intention; and if, in our eXhibi
tion of them, they should behold a picture
not absolutely perfect, we entreat them not
to dash away the mirror. Defective as it
may be, y it may yet, in spots, present a true
likeness; and for a man to get a correct
view of himself, is a matter of the utmost
importance=and so also of a body of men,
in the,ir associated capacity.
One of the main transactions of the Board,
at this time, related to the reception of the
new Synod of Southern lowa, and the re
jection of the Synod of Missouri.
The Constitutional provision for admission
is, " Any Synod of the Presbyterian Church
may be admitted into this Union by the
CONSENT of two thirds of the Synods." It
makes no provision as to haw, when, or
through what medium application for admit
tance shall be made. It simply says, "by
the consent of two•thirds."
In order to facilitate the admission of
Missouri, which considered the Seminary at
Chicago but a transfer of New Albany, and
hich. ha d_alie_ovaAß
Albany, and hence still a right at Chicago,
and which felt aggtie,ved at being passed by
in the invitations to renewed efforts to pro
vide such a Seminary as the North West
needed; and also to have, without a year's
delay, the co operation of the new Synods of
Southern lowa and Upper Missouri, which
the Assembly had authorized—with these
wise and benevolent intentions, the Board
had sent down to the seven Synods, then com
prising the Union, a request that they would,
in anticipation, give their "consent" to the
admission of the three Synods named, as
soon as they should adopt the Constitution,
and send up Directors.' In accordance
with this recommendation, the Synods of
Illinois, lowa, Wisconsin, and Chicago, gave
their cordial consent. Those of Indiana and
Northern Indiana clearly refused, till their
sisters named should have, sent up their re
quests, to them. The Synod of; Cincinnati
meant to do the same; but some of her very
kind, and, perhaps we might be pardoned in
Saying, exceedingly 'cute leading men, wished
to do the thing in the blandest manner pos
sible, and hence so chose and so arranged the
words of the record, as really to give tie
consent asked. They say
;ems ~. 3:.: ~~ _.t: .t
" Resolved, That whenever the Synods_of, Mia-
aouri, Upper blissouri,,and Southern loiva, shall
apply for admission into the Union of Synods,
they shall 'be admitted according to the provisions
of the Coustitution—'Art. Ir., Sec. 2."
This is dearly a "consent;" and accord
ingly Missouri and Southern lowa adopted
the Constitution, elected Directors, and, by
their Directors present in the Board, " ap•
plied for admission." In favor of receiving,
it was argued that five Synods consented,
which was more than two.thirds of seven.
In opposition, it was contended, by the Di
rectors from Cincinnati, that this Synod
had - not actually given her oonßent, but had
merely promised consent as soon as appli
cation to:her should be, formally made. Per
contra, it was urged that verbal statements
of 'intention could not be received when the
record plainly consented. To this it was
replied, that the intention was clearly infer
able from the record, for it contained a
'.protest against the refusal to admit the
Synod of Southern lowa." T. this it was
`responded, that from the record it may be
inferred, that the protestors' mistook the
meaning of their Synod, because in the Syn
od's , answer to the protest, it, is written
"The Synod of Southern lowa ii welcome to
the Union, according to the provisions` of
the Constitution." This, was overwhelming.
Renee, those who felt bound by "the rec
ord" voted to receive Southern lowa, and
those who were influenced by the verbal
statements of intention, voted against her.
She was admitted by a vote of nine to eight.
This discussion, as well as its result, we
must ocinfess that we enjoyed exceedingly.
When men try to be extravagantly 'cute,
we have no objection at all to discover that
they have slightly pierced =themselves.
The discussion on the application of Mis
souri, resulted differently. A part of the
Board argued on her behalf the general ex
pression of consent, before quoted; but it
WO urged in' reply, that the andwer tb thi
protest in this ease was not the same as in
the other. In that answer, the Synod says:
" The Synod have expressed their readiness to
receive the Synod of Missouri under our Consti
tutional provision. That Synod, having resigned
all connexion with the New Albany Seminary, and
not having signified any wish to unite with 'us,
stands in the same relation to us as do all other
This induced two or three members, who
had voted for Southern lowa, to say "No,"
on the request of Missouri. The latter was
hence not received, by a vote of seven, for, to
eleven against. -
A protest was offered, Strongly via Ica tog
Missouri's right; and. another, zealously
setting forth the wrong supposed to have
been done by the interpretation given to the
action of Cincinnati Both protests were
admitted to record, and no answer given to
either. We should much like to have copies
of the papers, not for publication, but for
the facts and arguments they contain; so
that, if hereafter we shall have occasion to
notice the subject, we may speak as were,
by the book.
THE ASSEMBLY'S CONTROL•DECLINED
The reports to the Board showed that the
proposed amendment to the Constitution,
giving the General Assembly a negative con
trol; had not been adopted. To alter the
Constitution, requires the consent of two.
thirds of the Synods; and but, one half,
viz.: Cincinnati, Indiana, Northern Indi •
ana, and lowa, had voted for the change.
Illinois, Wisconsin, Chicago, and Southern
.10ga, desired, not that a merely negative,
but that a positive and full control, as in
the case of Princeton, Allegheny, and Dan.
ville, should be given to the Assembly.
THE POINT AT ISSUE
This question of control, however, has its
importance, just now, not so much from the
principle involved, as from its being regarded
as a means to the attainment of a special
end. That end is sufficienly patent, both
in the speaking and writing of the brethren.
With one party, as yet the majority, it was
to secure the Chair of Theology for a par f.C
ular individual, Dr. Mac Master; and now is,
to, sustain him therein. With the other
party it is, to have some other person in that
position. They would transfer the Semi
nary, With vacant Chairs, and think that this
one of the present incumbents would not be
reappointed. To Dr. Thomas, we have not
heard the slightest 'objection. If there is
any, it must be mild; and he certainly has
But against Dr. Mac Master, the opposi
tion is very strong. This opposition may,
poss'b'y, he somewhat connected with things
personal; but it mainly springs from his
past and anticipated course, on the Slavery
question. And here, not from any alleged
views different from those of Dr. Thomas,
and the great body of Presbyterian ministers
and elders, on this subject, abstractly con
sidered ; but from his feelings toward the
Assembly. as a body, and specially toward
his Southern brethren; s and from his manner
of expressing these feelings. Dr. AlleMas
ter, we do net regard as an Abolitionist,
_wcald_lint—intrati.-- 41 .H
South, to dissolve existing relations. Nei- I
ther would he refuse communion to. Chris
tian' masters, on account of the relation.
Nor have we ever known him as the promi
nent advocate of ~ agitation:" But, unbp
pily, he has so felt, and so expressed his
feel Nese nonscientitusly beyond all doubt,
and in the exercise of his rightful liberty of
speech, but still so, that ethers fed bound
in their conscience, and in the equal exer
cise of, their rightful liberty of speech- and
action, to oppose his being at the head of a
Theological Seminary. Their entire honesty
in this should not be doubted. They are
no prophets, it is true; and their fears may
be all imaginary.
Bat it is difficult to think that there is no
danger. It is bard to believe that a yield
ing to the present state of things, would not
be regarded as a triumph of Sectionalism in
the Presbyterian Church. Such is the state
of things in some parts of our own Cbureh,
and in all places "outside," that the North-
West would thereby be placed in a false
position, and could not command public con
Hence. It is trae that Dr. Mac Master
might employ hia great powers in the imtrue
tion of his pupils, without gir ing utterance
to a feeling hostile to any portion of the
-Lord's. Zion, and without inculcating one
divisive principle. But would he do so ?
Can the churches be inspired with the con
Hence that he would? And if he should
do so, could information of the fact be so
imparted as to allay all fears ? Would there
not be still some lurking doubts ? Would
not suspicion so attach to young men there
educated, as to injure their usefulness in
some portions of even the North-West?
And might not the character and spirit of
the instruction be such as to exclude the
graduates of the Institution from the whole
South—from preaching the Gospel' to ten
_millions, white `and black, of their own coun
trymen ? From such a result, and from
even the probability of it, we should, if pos.
aible, be far removed. We should so educate
our ministers that they could go, where
ever Christ and his apostles could have gone,
proclaiming the glad tidings. Our busi
ness, as the Ambassadors of Christ, is to
instruct and save men, rich and' poor, bond
and free; and woe to us if we discralify
ourselves for the work; or if we exclude or
enfeeble, by the place, mode or manner of
their instruction, those whom Christ calls.
Let these be so trained in principle, habit
and emotion, that they will feel and speak
as inspired men felt and spoke; and EO, if
possible, that no injurious odium nor dam•
aging suspicion may attach to them from
any quarter, and least of all from their Sem
WHEN AND .HOW WILL THE CONFLICT TER-
This question it is not easy to answer.
The parties ,we regard as being equally cer
tain that they are right, and equally firm in
their purpose; and so nearly equal in power,
that they may. hold out long. The majority
have the present power of numbers. They
embrace the three oldest and strongest
Synods. They ton Waal pteal*on; and
BANNER AND 'ADITOQAU:
benefit of the two thirds rule
ou concerning the dissolution,
or suspension of the Seminary,
its location, or any alteration
lion." This is an immense
they have the
on any "qua:
the change o
in its constila
the minority are not with
hey have four Synods against
four, and the have a hope of increase, both
from changes nd additions. The Synod of.
lowa went ag inst thein by a very small vote
—a majority I f but one—and they hope, by
next Fall, thaiit will be with them. This,
would make fif,,e against three. They hope'
also, by. the same time, to- have -the Synod of
' Missouri This would make six against
three. This , arould enable them to alter the
constitution or change the location. They
may be disappointed, but there is some
ground fur a hope to upon. The Synods
of. Cincinnati and Indiana may divide, as
has been intimated by their organ, and so
may increase their votes; but so may Wiscon
sin and others; and Upper Missouri and Kan
sas may be added. And further, the pre s
ent minority, occupying as they do the West
and North, anticipate a much more rapid
increase of churches and - Presbyteries than
the present majority can reasonably hope
What then shall be the result? Must
strife in God's house, between powerful par.
ties, with all its baleful influences, ountkue ?
A transfer to the Assembly, if not unaai•
mous and cardis), would hardly heal ,the
division. It would likely be followed by a
nomination to that body, of the peseta
Professors, and produce trouble there. Btt
ter, by far, would it be to keep strife at
home, till it sbsll have died out. But will
it die ? We trust that it will. The breth
ren do not love it. They ate deeply pained
by its existence. It prevents the aceocu
piishing of their deeply cherished aim.
They will doubtless have ingenuity enough
soon to discover•an honorable plan fur remov
ing the difficulty, and Christian grace enough
to put the plan in happy execntion. They
'agree in principle.. We discoveted no per
sonal alienati'n among the Directors. Par
tyism must then die out. In such a case it
has riot food enough to live long upon. We
Dr. Warren, the General Agent, reported
ill success in his work. He had not re"-
ceived money enough. to pay his traveling
expenses. He had obtained two pledges,
and some promises of future favor. The
financial embarrassments were in the way;
and the uncertainty about the " control "
was discouraging. Nothing could, be dote
now; and he was authorized to suspend
Mr. Spring, of, the 'Executive and Fi
nanbial encituitiees, was not prepared, to
present a Written report. He stated, ver,
Emily, that ten dollars had been received
in cash, and sl36' paid out; also, that a
debt of $l,BOO bad been incurred for plans
and drawings, (he hoped and believed that
the charge. would be greatly, reduced ) and
THE PROPERTY AND FUNDS
The Hyde Palk property, embracing four
blocks, some sixteen or eighteen acres, is
held by the Trustees by.a warrantee decd;
but there was `a verbal condition, resting
upon honor, that the foundation of the
main building should , be completed during
the season. This condition not being ful
filled, the Fynod of Chicago bad asked
that the property should be re tenth red to
the donors; with the earnest request, how
ever, that they would - not resume a right
in it, but leave it with the Seminary for
a further effort. This tender was not made,
but the donors were consult'. d, and they
cheerfully extended the time.
The valuable donation of lots from the
Illirois Railroad Company, is conditioned
on the expending of $4O 000 upon the
Seminary buildings, prior to the ht of
January, 1859. There is but little hope
now of being able to comply with this
condition; but there is a strong expecta
tion that the time will be lengthened.
We heard three bonds spoken of, for
$lO,OOO each, connected in some way with
Hyde Park. We did not learn their char
acter fully, but, they are intended to, en
dow a Professorship.
This statement; presents the fiscal condi
tion of the Institution as not very favorable.
But still it has features of hope. If
only the difficulty of partyisni were har
moniously settled,: so that all could act to.
getber, then all would be well. They have
a fine property, adequate to their buildings,
and to a large increase of funds. There are
among them men of means and liberality.
Their churches are numerous and increasing.
The financial troubles of the country will
soon piss away. And, best of all, the Lord
will hear prayer and bestow grace. There
is hope. There may be a "stand still" for
a while; but not very long The need is
not pressing, just now, but soon it will be ;
and then we hope for union, with brotherly
love arid Christian zeal.
We think we see the Lord's band in: this
chastisement. The brethren were about to
erect splendid buildings and make' to them
selves a great name. He has blasted their
prospects. He never had any but one Solo
mon; and one Solomon's temple. He does
not choose to be served always, with such
splendor. Such things are, too often, a ser
vice of men to their own naughty pride. In
the education of ministers we have no de
sire for great buildings, and splendid archi
tecture, and-the fascinations of artificial and
refined society, and the influences of a sen
suous worship in 'a wealthy city. Such
things do not help to prepare men for their
Master's work. - , They rather tend to dia
qualify them forpreaching the Gospel to the
poor, and for reelaiming tho masses and
guiding them in heaven's bumble and oft
rough and rude:. path. The check now
given to the vanity of au earthly ambition,
is irons on high, and will be useful. When
the Lord brings down and humbles, till the
want of his own hand is felt and his aid is
implored, he then lifts up.
Wi3 Wald that We. Woe pleteted and e<lifted
by our visit; but we may say more, Some
of our fears were removed, and our hopes
brightened. The dark cloud, portending
storms and tempests, and big'with thundeis,
has vanished from oar vision • and ihou4h
we cannot yet discern the next step to be
taken, we wait with patience for the dawn.
The obscurity seems to be but the dense
mists of the morning,
_which the rising sun
will speedily disperse, ushering in a glorious
day. May it be the antecedent of the
rising of the Sun of Righteoysness, with,
healing in his beams.
The New York Observer and Dr. Warren.
We transfer, from. the Presbyterian of the
West, at the request of the author, a large
portion of Dr Warren's expose of the Ob
server's mistakes and antipathies relative to
the British in India We have, several
times, been deeply pained with the bad feel
ing exhibited in that excellent journal,
against a nation of Christians by whom our
missiovaries were favored; and its sympa
thies with a heathen people, horrid in their
cruelties, the murderer- of our brethren, and
the destroyers of their property. The re•
sponse of Dr. Warren is severe, but the
provocation was very great; and be speaks,
not by ,heareay, but as one who knows that'
whereof he a ffl o Tms
The British rule in India has not been
copied after the most perfect model but it
is an immense improvement on the despotism
of the Mvhanumedans, who were the for
mer masters. This is evident from the SyEll
pathies and loyalty, or, at least, the passivity
of the means, in these tittles when a general
rising w , uld have annihilated the European
power in the land. The Government has
bth favored heathenism and hindered
Chtistianity as it t•hould nut have done; but
still, -audit. its influence, literature and sci
ence, and liberty and law have progrebsed
greatly"`and the missionaries of the Cross,
With all the model'', appliances for spreading
knowledge, have been introduced and pro
The fashion of hating England and the
English, on i he part of Chi istians, Protestants,
and freemen, and of sympathizing with
France and Russia, we Dever could account
for. The latter governments are despotic in
rule, and intolerant in religion. The former
are, a free, Christian, and. Protestant people;
the mostliboral OD earth. They are our ances
t irs and brethren. We derive our language
and laws from them.. Arts, science, litera•
ture, and invention, ate common with them
and • us Itite,rcoure is almost as fre•
qu• nt, and as free from trammels, as though
we were one nation. Htw is it then, that
many of our people ate so ri ady to take up
an ill report of their ni iglihorrl And tape
tl at the crilighiemd and magtanirnous
Otti,t7 vtr should do so!
Dr Warren's article gives much informa.
Lion, and we may feel that it is reliable.
THE NEW YOBK OBSERVER ON INDIA.
The above newspaper br gins a Int g and slnn
de.rous article u the causes of the Hintiustnni
and _mnsetreter. by_ remarking on the
fact. that rill American missionaries atechampions
of the British Government iu the East. It takes
great care not to allow that they pre so because
they have observed Meta, and" have drawn the
conclusion ,brit the goy, mount is good and bu
ntline, liut attributes their friendship to the pro
tecrion they have enjoyed. if we are to billeve
the Observer, we must conclude that the mission
aries are a set of ignorant and weak men, inca
pable of observing the worst tyranny and oppres
sion,-practired continually and grossly upon the
nat iv es , i.e t fully captib e of being blinded by
petsonal fitvuts, arid of worshipping the powers
that be with supreme devotion. And if the edi
tor deny that be m-sus to attribute such fatuity
to them, then we must suppose t at be intends to
charge them with falsehood; for he says that
grinding tyranny and cruelty is so prtvalent, that
it iy patent to all. Now if it be so, the mission
aries must know it if not fools, or must be lying
about it As one of the clan, spoken of, I feel
this article to be a personal jury, and therefore
call all the attention I can gain to some !acts and
The Observer is wrong in its philosophy. "The
atrocities of the Hieduos," says the editor,
"suggest the fact that they were provoked by
situilur wionge which the natives had suffered at
the hand. , of their conquerors and rulers." lean
not see this. Can there not be such ci uelties ex
cept in retalintiou for something similar? Every
body, who has studied the subject, knows that
these th ngs are the constant attendants of re
ligious wars. Look into alt history, end it will
be seen that these horrors have always had pecu
liar prominence when religion was the moving
cause of an outbreak. If they can only happen
as retaliation, what were the English retaliating
when they set the alleged evil example? •
1 ask particular attention to the malignant and
unsparing style of the following paragraph, from
the pen of the Observer's editor:
"As we read the extracts below, we shall be
painfully Struck with the fact that the refined
tortures which the English have Suffered recently,
are the repetition of cruelties which they them.
selves have been inflicting for many long and bit
ter years upon the helplees victims of their, op
pressien in India, till at last. in their feebleness
and extremity, under the mingled aggravation of
human 'vindictiveness and religious fanaticism,
they have turned with dying desperation upon
their rulers to burl off the yoke from their necks
or to perish, as they will in the struggle "
I cannot point out the mingled falsehood and
rancor of this paragraph, together with its glar
ing absurdity, in terms that seem to me at
all adequate. Perhaps it is better that 'I simply
say, that in more than fifteen years' residence in
the very site of the rebellion—the upper Gangetic
provinces—where I associated with high and low,
with city people and country people, traveling
extensively, speaking the language of the coun
try as easily as my own, known to be an Ameri
can, and to have no connexion with the govern
ment, 1 never. heard a word of such cruelties as
practised by Englishmen; and that I know that
they were punished severely, in a few cases, in
which they were practised by native servants of
the goverument upon their own countrymen. But
let us examine the alleged facts, contained in the
extracts that the,editor alludes to.
Tee first is from the British Slandard---a paper
that kuowe no mote about India than the Observer
does. It (notes from Mill's hisiorY,` the fact that
the females of the family of the It.jah of Benares,
were plundered, "and their persons otherwise
rudely and disgracefully treated," in violation of
a capitulation. This case is represented as fully
parallel to the recent enormities of Nene Sahib,
at Cawnpore. Let us look at the facts in the two
Nena Sahib promised life and frill protection-to
the garrison at Cawnpore, and immediately mur
dered all the men. He then shut up the women
and children. Be violated all the women he
could himself.; gave the rest up to the lust of his
fullowerz., and finally, killed the whole company,
women and children,•and threw the one hundred
and seventy five naked, dishonored, murdered
bodiee, into one well together.
The English promised lite and protection to the
garrison of the Rajah of Benares, and that fe
males should come out misearched; woich meant
that they should bring out as much gold and
jewelry as they could. The gatrisou was spared
and protected ; but -the licentious people, and fel
lowers of the camp"—all natives, be It known—
knowing what rich booty was among the women,
rushed into the company suddrtly, overturned
the chairs in which they were carried, tumbled
the ladies about rudely, and plundered them. Not
one was killed ; not one was ravi• bed ;- end prob•
ably not a single European was engaged lu the
disgraceful scene, or profited by it. It is said
that Warren Hastings Effweettil thigh iniquity;
but the charge was neither proved nor probable.
Now what are we to think of the editors, wheth.
er ofkthe Standard or the Observer, who can, on
suctits foundation, chargeithe British with
ties that "parallel, if not .exceed," those of Nene.
The editor of the Observer next takes up the re-
Gloveintnent of a Mr. Patter
son, a Commissioner, relative to tortures that were
inflicted to enforce the payment of revenue.
These tortures were very horrible; and the ex
tracts describirg them and commeritiug on them,
are so arranged as to create the impression that
they were an allowed government measure, and
inflicted by Englishmen. All this is a most flagi
tious elander. The tortures were inflicted by
native sub collectors of the land tax, who wished
to get a mime for promptness and efficiency, and
consequent promotion; utterly against Euglish
law, and without the knowledge of English offi
cers, and were severely punished when tuned out
The report quoted from, is the result of an inquiry
which led to the punishment of the evil doers.
was in India at the time, and /know that the dis
covery of those iniquities excited the same bort or
among the English there, that they would do here,
arid that they were punished with much more
readiness than we exhibit in cases of wrong doing
in our model land.
Did these things cause the mutiny ? Such is
the Observer's allegation. But they occurred in
the. Madras Presidency, a thousand miles from
the scene, of the mutiny, among a people of differ
ent language and nation frnm the mutineers, and
about whom they care nothing, and of whose suf
fering they probably never heard. As well might
we say that the whipping of Slaves in South
Carolina causes hunger meetings in New York.
The editor next brings into the witness box,
Mr. Luard, a former Judge at Bombay. He tea
tifies to judicial murders and bribery, and corrup
tion; and says that all Englishmen in India must
have seen as much of these wrongs as he. But
this man's revelations were made while I was in
India, and all the Englishmen in India said be
was an unprincipled man, who had quarrelled with
the Governor, and the Court of which be was a
Judge, and had been guilty of high misdemeanors;
and that all that be said was - in revenge for his
suspension and final expulsion from the service of
the East India Company. He revealed nothing
till after he was suspended. He is a man of vio
lent temper, and it is said of bad morals.
- Lastly, the editor appeals to Burke, who was
the advocate that conducted the trial of Warren
Hastings. This fervid, eloquent, feed lawyer, is
Made an authority for history In making charges
which he did not prove—ef Which Hastings was
acquitted—he makes sweeping assertions, which
the editor of the Observer tells us are still ter
ribly true, even of her (England's) present sway
Now, I will not say that all that Hastings was
charged with was false; for I do not believe that
he was by any means immaculate as a ruler: but
I know, from examination on the spot, that Burke's
eloquent and fearful charges, are the grandest
specimens of exaggeration that can be found in
the English language—worthy to, be preserved as
a literary performance, but no more fit to be part
of the materials for history, than the lying le
gends of Popery are to be the foundation of a
veracious history of Christianity.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
The Presbytery of Redstone met at West New
ton, on the 11th lust , and received the Rev. A.
0. Patterson, D D., and Rev. Watson Hughes,
formerly esteemed and useful members of this
body.. Dr. P. was, in conformitY with the unani
mous call of the church at West Newton, itmalled
as their pastor. Rev. James Martin preached
the sermon, Rev J. R. Hughes delilered the
charge to the people, and Rev. S. Wilson pre
sided, put • the constitutional questions, and
charged the pastor. These services were soltmn
and well received, we think, by a deeply inter
West Newton is a beautiful and prosperous vii
Inge, situated on the East hark of the lovely
Youghiogheny, at the head of Slickwater Navi
gation, and has the facilities of the Pittsburgh
and Connellaville Railroad passing through it,
and is surrounded by a most delightful country,
rich in agricultural and mineral resources', A
very industrious, enterprising and thrifty popu
lation overspreads this region, nffotding a fine
field for the efforts of the Christian minister who
is devoted to his Master's work.
Dr.. Patterson first settled, and was for many
years the laborious and successful pastor of Mt.
Pleasnnt and Sewickley churches. This eaten
sive field new forms four pastoral charges. The
church at West Newton is comparatively a new
organization, embracing a portion of Dr. P.'s
first pastoral charge. A strong testimony of
their affectionate coufidenee is furnished in the
fact of their unanimous call to him to become
did, pastor, after an absence of some twenty-two
years in obeying the calls of Providence in otter
portions of the Church. It was exceedingly
pleasant and promising to witness the many cor
dial saintations which the pastor received from
his new charge at the close of the services.
Dr. P.'is in fine health and episits displaying
his well known energy and ardor ; and we trust
be will be enabled to do much effective service
for Christ, amongst that people for many years
to come, and that he will have the felicity of see
ing a peaceful, harmonious, and prosperous
church, as the living evidence of an accepted
ministry. . L. N.
Rev. Josi - Alt - MILLIGAN was installed at
rrineetnn, on the 17th inet.
Rev E. ERSKINE'S Post Office address is
changed from Columbia, Pa, to Sterling,
Rev. JAMES P. FULTON WaS installed pas
tor of the church of Old Salim, by the
-Presbytery of Blaitsville, on the 10th lust.
Rev. C W. COOPER formerly of Pontiac,
Michigan, was installed pastor of the
church of Islip and Huntington South,
(Babylon) on the 10th inst., by a erm
mittee of the Presbytery of Long Island.
Rev. W. L. MITCHELL, late of Greenfield,
Mo., and a graduate of the last class at
Princeton Seminary, has been elected
Stated Supply of the First church, Bur•
lington, lowa, made vacant by the resig
nation of Rev. Dr. Harrison.
Rev. C. P. JENNINGS, having received a
call to become pastor of the Second church
in. Springfield, Illinois, has removed from
Shelbyville, Indiana, to that city.
ROV: CHARLES FITCH, of Mt. Vernon, In
diana, has accepted an invitation to sup
ply statedly the church in Frackville,
and requests correspondents to cddress
him hereafter' at. Frankville, Winnesbeik
Mr. JOHN A. Prouv•Ns, a licentiate of the
Richland Presbytery, (sew Soho 1) was
received under the care of the Presby
tery of the Western District, Tenn , at
its late meeting.
Rev. B H CHARLES' pastoral relation to
the Springfield church was di=solved by
the Presbytery of Transylvania, at its
late meeting His Post Office address
for the present, is Litchfield, Illinois.
Rev. A. H. Roostts' Post Office address is
changed from Waynesville, 111., to Bloom
Rev, F. P. MONFORT'S Post Office address
is changed from lowa Point, Kansas, to
Brownville, Shawnee County, Kan as.
Rev. W. M.STRYKEIt'S Post Office address I
is changed from Frankfurt, El:Aim:fa, to I
Des Muines City, lowa, whither be has
removed to establish a Female Academy.
Rev. J. W. CANFIETn's Post Office address
is changed front Stewartsville, Mo., to
Wellington, Mo. Correspondents will
please observe the change.
Rev. J. 11. Meows. his taken charge of the
two churches recently organized at At- !
'ants and Lincoln, 111. His Post Office
address is Atlanta, Logan County; 11l
Rev. Wit MooA.Nutisn's pastoral relation
to the 'church of Westminster, Quincy,
111., was dissolved by the Presbytery of
Schto.ler ; at its late meeting. t
Rev G. W. Booos' Post Office address is
changed from Livingaton, - Alabama, to
EASTERN SUM M A !?
BOSTON AND NEW ENGLAND
Every department ~ .41 H., and ever!. itdu
society, are closely united. The
Poor, the strong and the weak, the great .
small, are alike necessary to each other ;
class cannot suffer without every other el,: z ,
ing the effects_ If this were kept in ,
would do much to repress feeliogs of eitto,
or contempt which not unfrequen:l 3
themselves among those in one conditior,
against those in another condition. Ti.
mutual dependence and mutual interest 6.,,
most clearly set-forth in the late panic tt;
ter which have swept over the land. T.
and the poor, the emplo3er end the tr,
the seller and the buyer, the giver and
have alike felt the common pressure, and
lay aside, henceforth, all nnkindness
'sties. When the general prospects of
improve, not only merchants end ttank , r.,
even the poor and needy, begin to t xperit
lief. This seems to be the case tit [h.",
Boston and vicinity. Confidence is bte n ,,i
be restored. The banks will soon resurot
piyments. And means of employment veil!
be more abundant than for some time past,
Arr. Samuel Bowlea, who took chorge
Traveler at the time of the union -of the
papers with it, for the purpose of h:,. 11
journal after the style of the momm,
of New York, which project having, Wk.' I ,
returned to hie old position in connexion eiil, t
The 111assaehuaerie Slate leer. lat.l:. ha I.lk
city, was Lint ptofiroble to the Suciet).
ceipts were only $6.000. while the expert ~, A
from $lO.OOO to $12,000.
Compliments derive most of their value fr..rn
character of the source 'whence they
The Unitarian Register is well edited
respectful in its treatment of opponents, } i;
the same time ;ts theological stand polo
removed from that occupied by what are
netted orthodox Chri,tians. So that appr
from that quarter, with regard ti what fir , '
sidered fundamental doctrines by F.%aefi.,l
believers, can scarcely be reliaed b 3 e'-- an
whom it is bestowed. Hence it can seveCy
expected and the _lndependent will be ineeh
by the paragraph in the Register, welch
" The Independent is laudably engaged in pr,:
that the progress of the Orthodoz - faith is t,,ic I
amelioration of- its Calvinistic atrocities, pantie , :.
larly in New England, but elsewhere also."
The Cambridge Observatory is rapidly) ecoe;iuc
famous for the extent and accuracy of the (.I,ivr
vations taken there, and also for the new
eries made from time to time. A new comet
di-covered on the evening of the 11th int.. by
Mr. Horace P Tuttle, one of the ai , siFtatits
the Observatory. This is the thirteenth cocn.t
noticed first at this institution, and the sixth
covered by astronomical science during the yea.
The Hon. Neal Dow, well hnown as the orgi
nator and able defender of the Maine Liquor Lor,
was warmly greeted in this city upon his return
from Europe. A public breakfiest was girt n tan.
at which one hundred and fifty peesrns were
present; much enthusiasm prevailed. A great
work remains to be done, in the couse he has so
much at heart, throughout the country. for in
temperance and its kindred vices are festrfulie 'u
the increase. How to check and - ffectually sop
press the sale and use of inioxicating drinks, in
the present tumultuous state of society. is a
problem not easily solved. However, every 'lay
gives sufficient evidence to prove thr.t solely is
only found in total abstinence from all that intox
icates or that awakens a thirst for the inebriating
The Congregational Churches of 'Westfield, 31is
sachusetts, are enjoying a season of refr(El,ll g
from the Lord. In one of the clutches forty are
rejoieine in hope.
Indications are brgirning to be seen of a wilr
separation between the Old and New School Con
gregationalists, in New England. than has) , t ra en
place. The former seem anxious to awaken a
deeper interest in the old form of sound words, sod
to stand more firmly than ever Fy the at cunt
landmarks. While the latter seem to be driftir g
away farther than ever from the faith of their.
fathers. But we presume that when the line
come to be distinctly marked, a larger number
will be, found on the side of sound doctline tbaa
is now generally supposed by chose who are IRA
well pasted as to the present state of theological
opinion and parties in New England.
The Last Week has been more cheerful. The
Banks have' $20,000,000, in coin, in their van
and are discounting all the good paper offerer,
and even seeking investments Stock.. have im
proved considet ably, and confidence is begii nier,
to be restored. The retail business now done by
wholesale 'tenses is immense. In the meantime
the demonstrations of the unemployed have holt
almost daily, very large, and at. times very threat
ening; but no actual violence has been yet om
rnitted, and it is quite probable that the exeitemeur
will gradually die away ; although miserahla
demagogues, seeking their own advancement, :111.-1
recklees adventurers will do all in their paver to
prevent it. The Councils have determined to
expend $30,000 more at present in imiroing
Central Palk, so that emploiment insy be &v . 's ,
as far as.possible, to the really needy and ansi,rs
for honest employment. Public and ptivtde
charities are exerting themselves to the utmeil
in affording present relief to the necessities all
making provision against sufferings when tie
rigors of ,Winter shall have fully come.
Tbe Southern Aid Society has invited the Rev.
Dr. Stiles, of New Haven, the author of the fare
work styled, ••Modern Iteform Examined," to
devote his whole time and energies to the ol,i-cts
of this Society. It is understood that Dr. Stiles
intends to accept the appointment and spend cue
most of the approaehing Winter in the mat.
The first company of Fifty Reopectalde For'
Women has been cent West, to places requiring
labor, that an honorable livelihood may to (.t-
But it is really painful to read the accounts of
incendiary Speeches, robbery, violence, licentious'
nese, and murder, with which the daily palwr s
teem. The heart sickens at the continiplo"i" of
such pollution and crime. But it is not for the
philanthropist and Christian to be sati,tiid With
the mere sentiment of disgust; wire and 1 , ), -opt
efforts are to be made for the restoration of peace
and purity among all men. The undertaking is
vast, hut thd resources are divine, and incee:s is
Ex. Alderman Daniel E rieman has been teas"
hunted as the Independent Ciendsdare for Moyer. iu
opposition to the present incuutierut. The Amer
icans nominated Mr James E Cooley, aho ha, dr
clined the nomination in favor of the it.tlepel.d. ut
candidate, recommending his parry to roily to
the present to his e ppm t The Republicans brace
made no nomination but tecr.ntmer.ded the VD'
to vote for Mr. Tiernan. This gentleman has hei .B
known heretofore sea staunch Di meerat. and het
the reputation of being a tuber, indwirious. slid
espatle man. and at :he some time cxcetaiegiy
popular with the Germans. The election occurs ea
next Tuesday, when the contest will be wain) te
tween the friends of the t two rival canditian.s,
others having withdrawn from the field
According to the censtis of 1855, the Number of
Toren in the oily was 86,500; of whom 48,5u0
were naturalized citizens.
The completion of the Ad,iaU has been long