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PRESBYTERIAN' ..,..IA.NER & ADVOCATE
Pregbyterisin ilanner. Vol. VI, NOG 3.
prembytorlan Advocate. Vol. 33Z, No. 50. I
DAVID MeKINNEY, Editor and Proprietor.
The Lonely Grave.
DT W. WHITTON REDICK, A. M.
In a lonely spot, on the lone road side,
A grave in a narrow enclosure appears,
IvTo monument-stone calls the traveler aside
' To tell of the dead—of his name or his years
Oft, oft to the skirt of the outspreading wood,
Beside that neglected and desolate tomb,
I have wandered at eve, and in thoughtfulness
Affected with strange, inexpressible gloom ;
For so lonely a grave, with the ohuroh-yard so
' Might well waken thought in the least thought
When a legend is whispered, half-told to the ear,
'Tow 'tis here that the bones of a suicide rest.
An outcast from men—unlamented, nnblest,
And debarred from their graves, here he sleeps
Idle his spirit, perchance, is still wand'ring for
Unsummoned from God to appear at his throne
The blossoms of Spring bloom uncultured around;
Gay birds, through the trees, warble forth their
And Summer's glad scenes and bright beauties
Yet bore a strange silence and sadness belong.
The storm winds in Autumn his requiem sound,
And the owl and the deep roaring woods make
their moan ;
Whilst the withered leaves, falling like tears to
Seem to weep o'er his grave; and weep ever
The Winter's chill blasts hymn his dirge in loud
The bare trees, like mourners, bow low as they
And these are the watchers; these only the groans
That may ever attend round that suicide's grave.
Yor the Breebytertan Banner and Advocate.
Nzw YORK, September 15, 1857.
The scattered forces of the Church are
beginning to recongregate, and put on the
harness for the Winter campaign, which, in
large cities, is the season of conquest, the
harvest time of salvation ; so that the reverse
! of the Jew-mode is literally true every year,
k as to many who were almost persuaded to
le Christians just before the Summer die
, persion, and not closing in with the Spirit
when he was nigh them, even at their doors;
I the sea-side and the spa, their feasting and
I- their revelry have quenched the kindling
fires of immortal life, to be lighted up no
more forever, and well may such say then,
, The harvest is past, the Winter is ended,
and we are not saved
This annual scattering of pastors and
people is a very considerable drawback to
city churches; but it is not without its ad
vantages. When city Christians carry their
light with them, seen of all men, at all
times, and under all circumstances; at the
country tavern or city hotel; in public
places and private retreats; on stage and
steamboat; at home or abroad; by land or
sea; on railway or steamer—when in all
these situations, the consistent Christian
bears with him the light of a bright example,
of steady, humble, and dignified piety,
cheerful and kindly withal; this is the scat
tering of the seed of truth to the four
winds, to spring up in the byways and high-
ways to trees' of piety, whose branches will
reach to heaven, bearing fruit in that spot
for ages to come, it may be. Thus may
each Christian be practically a missionary of
the Cross every year,
to the heathen at
borne. How long shall it be before that
". mischievous impression shall be banished
from the general mind, that only the min
ister is to preach the Gospel?
.No doubt some things strike our country
friends as being inconsistent with Christian
simplicity; and chiefly, perhaps, when they
look at our expensive churches. Few are
now built in New York that do not cost a
hundred thousand dollars—some of them
twice that much.- The argument sums
thus " A dozen plain churches, just as
commodious, could be built for that sum, and
thus the Gospel be more literally given to
the poor." The same argument was made,
on a certain occasion, about a box of oint
ment, in the Saviour's time, meeting his re
proval. The temple at Jerusalem was per
haps the costliest structure ever erected, and
it was done by Divine command.
We must in some senses be all things to
all men, in order that we may save some.
Churches are built not merely for Christian
people to worship in, but to accommodate:
those with the preached Word who are 'yet
.from the commonwealth of Israel,
and strangers from the covenants of prom
ise. The rich, the great men, and the
mighty of this world, will not go to inferior
places of worship ordinarily. It is a trial
to them to go down from their own splendid
mansions, from carpeted rooms, and fres
coed walls, and cushioned chairs, to the
"plain" building, with its bare floors and
hard seats, and bald appearance;they sim
ply wont do it. But the magnicent sanc
tuary does invite them; they come and hear,
and are saved, and serve God with willing
minds and large hearts ofttimes.
BM ROW IT WORKS.
Our church in Fifth Avenue cost a hun
dred and forty thousand dollars. The sex
ton receives a thousand dollars for his ser
vices, and our minister four. Our income
is ten thout.add dollars a year. There is not a
disposable pew in the house; not a single
sitting to be had. When one is vacated, it
is immediately taken. The treasury being
full, the Trustees offered the leader of our
singing, who stands up before the pulpit
al o ne, as was the custom forty years ago, a
thousand dollars a year for his services, but
wouldn'tLe have it; they offered our pas
tor a thousand additional to his salary; he
told them it was large enough, and would n't
have it. He loves his people, and they
love him; as evidence of it, when 'over
taken by a serious illness last Spring, they
insisted upon hls spending a few months
abroad, and that he should take at least a
part of his family with him; they continued
his salary, paid a. substitute, and handed
him five thousand dollars to defray his ex
penses. It is not unusual for the Sabbath
contributions of this church to amount to
thousands. For the year ending May lust,
this single congregation contributed for re
ligious and charitable purposes, nearly sixty
ty-three thousand dollars, being an increase
of fifteen thousand over he preceding year-
There are individual members of this church
whose annual contributions amount to more
than those of whole Presbyteries. That
these monied "kings should be nursing
fathers" to the Church, nets should be set
for them adapted to the object. These men are
not only brought into the Church, but they
become members who act from prinCiple, as
the pocket ordeal, the'most trying , of all, so
I lately made a flying visit to your city,
which has with it very many pleasant asso
ciations in my mind; and the certainty, to
gether with the comfort and dispatch with
which a journey Vence , and. back may be
made by the Pennsylvania Central Rail
road, under the auspices of 3. Edgar
Thompson, Esq., who now heads its direc
tion, strongly commends its patronage to all
business men, to whom, so particularly,
"time money." In'reany passages over
that road, I never have encountered an
obstacle, witnessed a &Baiter, nor have been
delayed an hour. W. W. H.
From oar Lo ndon CorreiDOndent.
The Painful Interval of Hope and Fear—Lord Mel
ville on the War—The Examiner, and "nothing
new from India."—Details of the NaJsacres—Cry
for Retribution—The Times and British Banner—
Martin Tupper and his Summons—The Real Feel
ing in England—The East bidia Company and its
Past Policy—Colonel Sykes and " the Saints"—
Affecting Case of a pious young Ofacer—Witnes4
for Christ—Religious .Fanaticism and its Four-
Fad itlustration- 7 Mohonniedaniani and Hindoo
-ism—Romanism dnd Riots at Belfast—Dien-Air
Preaching in Ireland, and the Times—The Mor
mon Conference in London—The 'Apostles and
Elders—Elder Hyde in a Presbyterian Vestry—
The True Elder versus , the .. False—The Curse
Causeless—The Victim Set Free—Music and the
Donkey Accompaniments—The "Sisters" Ex
horted—Orion Platt and the Propagation of Spir
its—British Association—Evangelical Alliance—
The Jerrold Fund—Postscript on Persia.
LONDON, September 11, 1857
The INTERVAL BETWEEN THE ARRIVALS
OF INDIAN MAILS, is one of mingled hope
and fear. While I write the opening sen
tences of this letter, anxiety predominates
over hopefulness. The Edinburgh Witness
is most cheerful in the tone of expect.
alloy, and gives its reasons for supposing
that next mail (of which you will doubtless
have the summary ere this appears in print,)
will bring better tidings than the last. But
one, thing all parties seem agreed on, that
we shall not hear that Delhi has fallen.
While that strong fortress is maintained'by
the mutineers, the spirit of insurrection will
acquire fresh impetus, all over India.
A dark future is before ua. Lord Mel
ville, at a public dinner in Scotland, speaks
not despondingly, but decidedly, as to a long
struggle and great loss of life, ere Bengal
Can be quieted. The Cabinet are urging on
greater military preparations than ever.
The latest order received at our great Arsen
al, at Woolwich, is for the dispatch of a
siege-train—the very guns employed in the
batteries before Sebastopol. Who can tell
but that these siege•batteries may not have
stern work in store for them before the walls
of other fortresses than Delhi ?
People who forget the slowness of com
munication—and in this matter we feel the
difference, as compared with the daily com
munications, bytelegraph, from the Crimea,
two years ago-are wont to ask you, on lhe
street, "Have you seen the papeis; any thing
new from India, to-day ?" The answer is,
"Nothing new." The London Examiner
makes this the title of a leader, of great
power, summing up into one hideous cata
logue the recent accounts of massaoro, and
worse than Vandal or Red-Indian cruelty.
It opens thus:'
"Nothing new from India. We are re
minded of the celebrated question of De
mosthenes. Nothing new What can be
newer, than that the wives and daughters of
Englishmen have been sold by auction in
the market-place of an Indian town—sold,
not into chains and slavery like the envia
ble negroes, but to death and torments; nor
even to torments and death only, but to
outrages and barbarities worse than a hun
dred deaths, only to be faintly whispered in
corners, for their unutterable enormities;
tales that torture the very tongue that
breathes, and the ear that hears them ?"
The details, indeed, as they come out in
letters, are heart-rending. Dr. Duff says,
in a letter to the Witness, that he can think
of no parallel in history to them, but that of
the massacre of the Waldenses. The cruel-
ties enacted by the American Indians against
the early settlers of New England, are not
to be compared with them. The victims
at Cawnpore are reported, from one quarter,
to be not less than 6501 In one letter, we
read of a lady leaping into the Ganges to
avoid a worse fate. Among the miserable
fugitives who were daily arriving in Cal
cutta was an English woman, frightfully
mutilated ; her nose and ears cut off. At
Jhansi, an officer, in the last extremity, shot
his wife, and then himself, to escape worse
than slaughter. An officer, writing from
Benares, says: " The story Lever can be
told. The greatest brutalities that Eastern
vice can invent, have been practised upon
English ladiespand children.'
The civil servants of the Company have
perished as well as others. Thus at Indere,
where a sudden insurrection broke out,
among the first victims were the managers
of that noble telegraphic system, which has,
within a year or two, been inaugurated by
O'Shaughnessy, a distinguished Irishman.
Of two young gentlemen, the sons of an ex
cellent father, well known to me, who is one
of the Superintendents of the London City
Missionaries, and a cousin of O'Shaughnessy,
one who left his fond mother's side only in
April last, was ruthlessly slaughtered on
.The cry for retribution rings aloud. The
Tones has been savage and fierce on this
point; so much, so, that the British Banner,
with a great deal of justice, enters its sol
emn protest. Mr. Martin Tupper, also,
author of " Proverbial Philosophy," has
published—what, all things considered, is
perhaps excusable under excitement, but
otherwise unjustifiable—a poem, with the
Miltonic title, though not• in sonnet form,
" Avenge, 0 Lord, thy slaughtered saints."
"ONE THING IS NEEDFUL:" "ONE THING HAVE I DESIRED OF THE LORD:" "THIS ONE THING I DO."
PUBLICATION OFFICE, GAZETTE BUILDING, FIFTH STREET, ABOVE SMITHFIELD, PITTSBURGH, PA.
FOR THE WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1857.
As to un.ound tead.deg, we have the ful
" All glory to those martyrs! the blessed children
The holy women, soon redeemed from all that pin
and shame ;
The brave good men, baptized by their own sol
diers, in their blood ;
0, glory to the martys, for they are all with God."
Next, as to vengeance :
And England ! now avenge their wrongs by ven
geance deep and dire,
Cut out the canker with the sword, and burn it
out with fire'::
Destroy those traitor legions, hang every Pariah
And hunt them down to .denth, in all the cities
" On groves of gibbets, set on high those Hamsns
And bind their treacherous Baal-Priests with
fetters hard and fast;
Yet, even in thy lion-wrath, remember to reward
The noble Sepoy few, who stood Abdiele of the
Next, Delhi must, as the Times intimated,
be made like Sodom and Gomorrah:
"But, Delhi? YOB, terrific be its utter sack and
Our vengeance is indelible,, when Delhi is wiped
And only so; one stone upon another shall not
For England swears to set'her mark upon that
Her mark, the hand of justice; the Cross—a Cross
Where Englishwomen perished in unutterable
Her mark, the Cross of mercy,' tOo, above those
A marble Cross on that burnt spot where once
proud Delhi stood!"
do 'not believe that Englishmen gene
rally endorse these sentiments, but ,that a
judicial visitation of their wickedness and
cruelty on the heads of the plotters and lead
ers of the Revolt.should speedily come, is the
desire of every right-minded man. True,
we have not always done justice in India;
true, that the infliction of torture, although
denied by the East India Company's advo
cates in Parliament, has been a 'sad reality
in some parts of Bengal, in connexion with
our collection of taxes by subordinates, not
very long ago. And true it is, that, as some
one has said, there ought to be "vengeance
at home" on the East India Company.
Long did it support the abominations of
heathenism; and it is now notorious, that
their party in the House of Commons, last
Spring, tried to obtain ".a count-out," so
that no debate might come on in connexion
with the oppression of the ryots, or peas
ants, by these land-owners, (Zemindars,) some
of whom have been the worst foes of our
countrymen and countrywomen in the re
cent disasters. It is a maxim, that " Cor
porations have no consciences," and it is,
alas, too .true, that men, as bodies, when
gain, especially, is at stake, will do what,
as individuals, they would shrink from. The
Opium Trade has been: one of the sins of
the Company, and retribution is come upon
them now. The enmity, too, of some of
the Directors (there are happy, ,exceptions,
among which Sir H. Rawlinson, the cele
brated savan, is one,) to missions, is deep
and malignant. It is even said that Col.
Sykes, Chairman for this year—when Lord
Ellenborough and 'others were casting the
blame of the revolt on Christian missiona
ries, and before the present happy reaction
in the public mind occurred—exclaimed,
"Now we shall get rid of these
sands." The " saints," however, will hold
• their ground. It is Sykes & Co. that are
likely to go to the wall !
An affecting instance of Christian piety
and courage, in the case of a young Ensign,
is detailed in a letter from an officer in India.
When the sixth Native Infantry Regiment
mutinied at Allahabad, and murdered
their officers, an Ensign, only sixteen years
.of age; who was left for dead among the
rest, escaped in the darkness tog neighbor
; ing ravine. Here he found a stream, the
waters of which sustained his life for four
days. Although desperately wounded, he
contrived to raise himself into a tree during
the night, for protection from wild beasts.
He had a lofty commission to fulfill before
death released him. On the fifth day, he
was discovered, and dragged by the brutal
Sepoys before one of the leaders, to be put
to death. There he found another prisoner,
a Christian catechist, formerly a-Mohamme
dan, whom the Sepoys were endeavoring to
torment and to terrify into recantation. The
firmness of the native was giving .way as he
knelt amid his persecutors, with no human
sympathy to support him. The boy-officer,
after anxiously watching him for a short
• time, cried out, " Oh, my friend, come
what may, do not deny the Lord Jesus !"
Just at this moment, the alarm of a sudden
attack, by the gallant Col. Neil, with his
Madras Fusileers, caused the instant flight
of the murderous fanatics. The catechist's
life was saved. He turned to bless the boy
whose faith had strengthened his faltering
I spirit. But the young martyr had passed
beyond the reach of all human cruelty. He
had entered into rest.
The power of RELIGIOUS FANATICISM is
one of the signs of these last times. We
see it strikingly illustrated in this Indian
revolt. The Mohammedan, driven on by the
teaching of the Koran,:as well as by political
ambition, stirs up the Bepoy, and both act
wider the perverted and powerful zeal which
their respective superstitions inculcate.
Especially is this the case with the Mussul
men of India. Great apprehensions are en :
tertained, lest, at the period of a great Mo
hammedan festival, in the month of August,
there might be disturbances all over the
three Presidencies. At Patna, Dr. Duff
writes : " An alarming conspiracy had been
Providentially discovered, the authors of
which were Mohammedans."
The KORAN is still imbedded in the
Mussulman mind in India, and the same fell
fanaticism which not long ago led to the
execution at Tunis, in Africa, of a Jew who
" blasphemed " Mohammed, gives nerve to
the arm, and hellish cunning to the plots
of, Mohammedan hate against Christianity.
"The Koran," says a Mohammedan histo
rian, "declares that the highest glory man
can attain in this world, is unquestionably
that of waging successful war against the
enemies of his religion." And so we read s
in Mohammedan narratives, of warriors has
tening to the doomed cities of unbelievers,
that they might " share in the merit of send
ing their souls ,to the abyss of hell." It is
this spirit which vivifies that conspiracy,
which, formed in impenetrable secrecy, is
now exploding itself In the mosques of
India, for a hundred years, prayers have
been offered ; and 1857 was the hoped
for era wheu the blazing cimeter—as it
flashed in the hand of iilobammed himself,
and as it cleared the path of Tamerlane to
conquest, and gave hi' material for his
famous pyramid of sku.ls—should sweep
away the infidel "Fe , ughees," and re
store the Mogul domini in Central India.
But there is another t pe of -religious fa
naticism, in the active malignity of ROMAN
ISM, especially in Ireland. Busy it is in
France, and in Italy, in the erection of stat
ues to the Virgin, in honor of the Immacu
late Conception, and in the; punishment and
excommunication of cer in of the .priests
Lombardy, with wiles, victimization the
people have - disiplayedl- trimg and indig
nant sympathy. But in reland, and - ceven
in the :capital of. litTilllsidi, - -4
Popery has ,been showipg ~ifielf.,in-: all: its
ferocity. Open-air pr i e4 i ching was cus
tomary at Belfast in former years. The ob
ject was not controversy, but simply the in
struction of the ignorant ilndungOilly—that
"baptized heathenism," of a large town,
which frequents noplace of worship. This
year a howl of rage against such efforts was
raised by the Popish press ;'and when, on
last Lord's day,,a zealous:Presbyterian min
ister successfully asserte4 his constitutional
right, and did preach to-ithree thousand or
four thousand people, riots ; -spread -over the
town, and the Popish mob, which had : been
collected by a fiendish placard on the walls,
were pat to route by a large body of Prot
estants, and the police were obliged'to fire
on the bloodthirsty Myrmidons of Rome.
The Times, in what deseryes '
no better name than that of a rascally ar
ticle, comes out against the Protestants.of
Ireland preaching in the Open air at all, be
cause, forsooth, they thereby insult the ma
jority 1 In •England, Popish preaching and
processions would be insulting to the ma
jority, and so the Protestants would not put
up with them. Thus the "'leciding journal"
basely betrays the cause of religionsliberty,
besides ignorantly or wieke'dly-arguing on
the premises that Belfast is, by a majority,
a Popish town-. -The mills and factories
there, have been the inducement, during
the k twenty years, for large masses to
immigrate' to the North, and to Belfast, from
the Popish South and• West. But it is but
a play upon words to represent a town.which
is the headquarters of Irish Protestantism,
and especially the Presbyterian metropolis,
as Romish. Almost the 'whole property,
education; and' influence,' are' in the Prot
But MoitbiONTSm has 'al 0 been figuring
in its own: way, and :furnishes us with a
fresh specimen of its own peculiar and loath
some fanaticism. The. Mormons have been
holding a conference in tondon. It was
attended by the Apostles Platt -and Bensoil,
and by the leading Elderk sad' inetribers'Or
the district. There was a good deal , of
boasting. At a closing Tea-meeting there
were rare doings. When the reporter of one
of the morning papers entered 'the room,
Elder Barnard was leading the company in
the singing of a favorite hymn, to the tune
of " The Low-backed Car.' The purport
of the song was the happiness that awaited
all when they would 'get to Zion, (Utah).
There -were •some amusing variations, per
formed by an ass in an adjoining stable, on'
a song by Broiher Silver, which was to the
"I never knew what joy was
Till I became a Mormon," &c.
Elder Hyde flattered, in glowing strains,
the two apostles from America, and seem
fully alluded to the attempts to put Mor
monism down. .With, this, same Hyde, and one of my Presbyterian Elders had a
personal eneounter, (in,the theological sense
of the term) some yoars ago.
,He had sue-.
ceeded in perverting(for a time only) a
young girl, a member of our Church, who
had been brought up among the Weideyans,
but who became impressed and, decided (as
I have every reason to believe still) under
the preachino. b of the Gospel at the Presby
terian Church. Her warm feelings, her
confiding character, her personal intimacy
with Hyde and his wife, and the plausible
account of, numerous cures performed by
him on sick and crippled people, fired and
I heard with pain of her reported perver
sion, and asked her to meet me in the ves
try. She came, after a week evening
service, but not alone. Elder Hyde,
afraid to lose her, with a face of brass, and
a snivelling hypocrisy of tone, entered the
vestry with her. There was nothing for it,
therefore, but to grapple with the vile im
posture, of which he was the advocate. I
shall say nothing about my personal• share
in the discussion. My worthy elder, a clear
headed Scotshman, had 'recently read the
Book of Mormon, and brought out its absur
dities, its anachronisms, and its contradic
tions, with such power, that the Mormon
Elder was fairly cornered. We challenged
him to work one of his miracles, and he
told us - we had not "faith." It -was the
old way of impostors. "First shut your
eyes and then you shall see." So, finding
himself rather uncomfortable, he dissap
peered, with the vengeful assurance that if
" we'did not believe in the Book of Mor
mon, we should be damned !"
To thierlittle episode I may add that the
young girl in question, although a dupe for
a time, had her eyes opened afterwards= to
the delusion practised on her. This resto
ration was largely owing to the facts which
came under her' observation, in connexion
with the death, of the wife andlother friends
of Elder Hyde, who, had boasted to us-and
to her, of his curing powers. She is now
the wife of a respectable and worthy naan ,
and a Member of a 'Christian and Evangeli
But to return to the Conference; there
was a Yankee Elder from Salt valley itself.
He said "he felt first rate." He drew a
glowing picture of the enlightenment and
happiness of Utah; declared that he• had
been persecuted with the Saints all his life,
and just as he had been settling down at
Utah, the " servant of the Lord" (Brig
ham Young) "had sent him forth to Eng
land, to warn this wicked generation," and
he might have added, to bring fresh victims
into the toils of Mormonism.
A Mr. Harrison, one of the few English
men among the Mormon prophets, addressed
the meeting in -favor of polygamy, with the
accompaniment of donkey music, before no
ticed, and imitations of the same, by some
of the irreverent juniors. Another Elder
indulged in " a little harmony," to the tune
of " Oh, Susannah, don't you cry fur me,"
about "sleeping parsons." Sisters Pearce
and other ladies also sang. They and oth
era received an exhortation from au Elder, to
sell off all their ornaments, and put them
into a fund to enable them "to gather out
of Babylon," i. e., to leave England for
Utah. Orson Platt gave them some advice
about marriage; urged them to marry only
Mormons, and in that case they would have
husbands in the next world, otherwise they
must remain single, " a horrible eventual
ity." He propounded the doctrine of the
propagation of spirits in the next world.
Thus these vile wretches seek to give the
stamp and stimulus of immortality to their
filthy practices. Ezra Benson, another El
der from Salt Lake, after describing his
feelings and condition as " first rate, ' in
litilgedgtirgelY ilfetdirse jokeitNizpreSsedliis
opinion that all;his wives - at Utah would' not
apostatize, and that so he would not remain
"single in heaven'," and crowned the per- .
formance by describing Young as "the best
and 'holiest main in the world."
The Times had a jeader on Mormonism,
and recognizing its parentage here, traces
it largely to our rage for prophetic and Mil
lennial study, and cherished expectations of
an earthly paradise, which a large party of
religionists have indulged in. There may
be something in this, but it -is very little.
The true causes are long neglect of the
masses, consequent ignorance, and low sen
sualism, acted on by a cunning which is
certainly Satanic. It is a great stroke so to
speak as to flatter the peole hat they are
religious, and safe for etern p ity, t while yet the
basest passions are gratified. If 'it came to
them in the p.aias old guise of Mohamme
danism, with: its- sensual, paradise, it would
not take; but, coming as a',New Revelation,.
an enlargement of the old Bible, and in the
name of Christ—it is thus that the. devil'
and his agents collect so many , dupes.
A strong desire is, expressed here by the
papers, that neit year at farthest, the Amer
ican Legislatu.re may grapple with the abom
ination in itWist'rnnghold at Utah." In' Eng
land; the Tract Society's publications, the
City and Towne Missionaries, and the open
air preachers, have, done, and are doing,
much to expose and put down- Mormonism.
Its dupes are largely drawn from Wales.
A son of the late ARCHDEACON WILBER
FORCE, who went over to Rome and died
last year initaly, has appeared as a writer
of poetry. Is it not pleasant (considering
that the father was a Papist, that another
Wilberforce, once an English Archdeacon,
is so, and that the Bishop of Oxford is al
most so, and more dangerous than if he were,)
to find a grandson of William Wilber
force thus beautifully vindicate the Virgin's
real position against the idolatry of Rome ?
If than dost love thy Saviour and thy Son
With hat the:love that earthly mothers feel,
'Joined to a ransomed sinner's gratitude,
How thou must weep, to see thy fellowmen,
Like thee conceived in sin, like thee redeemed,
Pour fourth their prayers to thee, andat thy shrine
Offer their richest love when he is by,
Ready to gather.-allonelLto...his.fold !
What were thy earthly sufferings to these !
Thou Saw'st him scourged, insulted, 'crucified,
Thy more , than Son, whom thou might hope to see
On Israel's throne was not the promise great
Borne to thy young ear by' the' angel's voice?
And now; thou may'st behold him on a throne
That overlooks the heavens, acknowledged King
Over all kings; and yet too littloloved,
Thyself Lupplanting him in human hearts."
The BRITISH ASSOCIATION has been
holding its annual meeting in Dublin. The
presence of Doctor Liviugstone, who deliv
ered a lecture on Africa, in the DUblin So
ciety House aivalrened great interest. Some
scientific, Zmerican gentlemen, were pub;
Rely honored, with ; , others, by the bestow
ment of Honorary Degrees, by the authori
ties of Trinity College: An excursion to
the• Western island of Arran, rich in Pagan,
memorials, concluded and crowned themeet
The EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE has com
menced its meetings this week, at Berlin:
It has not been in my power to attend', the
Conference. Oar Tract Society has sent as
a Deputation, the Rev. M H. Vine, a Lon
don Episcopal clergyman, and Mr. Davis,
the Secretary. 'They go, not as members of
the Alliance, but in the interest of the
Tract cause, on the Continent of Europe.
The King of Prussia has continued to man
ifest the deepest solicitude for the success of
the Alliance meeting; and while not going
so far•as inviting or commanding the attend-_
ance of the Prussian clergy, has issued an
address to the'Consistories, or' Presbyteries,
in which he administers a rebuke to the
High Church and Lutheran parties,.for their
misrepresentations of, the objects of the
meeting. For the closer approximation of
all real:Christians, and for the Alliance as a
means of promoting it,' the King expressee
his most ardent desires.
Mr. Crtaurzs DICKENS reports, on be
half of the - effort "in 1 / 2 .emembrance of
Douglas Jerrold," to raise - funds for his
widow, that, a sum of ,f,2000, clear of ex
penses, is in hands, and that an annuity
will be purchased far` Mrs. Jerrold, with a
reversion - to 'one' of 'her daughters. Living
authors are.not always , friendly. Some one
once sneeringly said : " Brother authors !
Yes,! Brothers like Cain and Abel!" But
authors in this ease have substantially
prove&their sympathy for the familY of a
brotherclatd.. Jerrold earned vast sums of
Money 'but, like• most of his class, he was
THAOKERAY'S new work, " The. Virgin
ians," will begin to appear in monthly partsp
in November. J. W.
P. B.—l have detained my letter to a late
period of the day, in the hope that fresh
news from India might have arrived, but in
vain. It may; however, come tonight, and
go out to the United' States, by the' mail
from Liverpool, tomorrow. It is announced
by telegraph, that the Persians have evacu
ated Herat. This will free the troops still
remaining at Bushire, for service in India-
The Shah of Persia has published a de
cree opening public office to all religious
clams of his subjects. J.
INTERCOURSE WITH CHILDREN The
most essential point , in our intercourse with
children is to be perfectly true ourfielves.
Every other interest ought to be sacrificed
to that of truth. When. we in any way
deceive a child, we not only. show ,him'a
pernicious example, but we alsolose l our own
influence over him forever.
Disabled Ministers, &c,
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 23, 1857
In Judge Leavitt's Report to the last
General Assembly, on the subject of "dis
abled ministers," &c , it is stated, that "to
the printed Circular of the Committee,
addressed to the one hundred and forty
Presbyteries of our Church, in relation , to
the number of ministers, widows, and
orphans of deceased ministers among them
requiring aid, replies had been received
from only sixty-one. •From these it appears
that within the limits of the sixty-one
Presbyteries, there are eleven ministers, who
from the effects of disease -or the infirmities
of age are unfitted for the active dirties of
their office, and destitute of the means of
comfortable support. There are, also,
within these Presbyteries, twenty-one widows
and thirty-six .children of deceased minis
who;, are iu„ ; need Pf , assistance. 48-
stuiling'as the basis' of an: estiniate, that the
same ratio of destitntionis applicable to r the
Presbyteries from' which no reportbas been
received, it- would result, that there are in
the Church twenty-six infirm and disabled
ministers, not, less than fifty widows, and,
about eighty children, for whom relief is
contemplated by the soden of the ASSembly.
The Presbyteries from which reports have
been received,• are located in different
geographical sections of the Church, and
there is no , reason to suppose that the 'above
estimate does not present a fair average of
the destitirtion throughout•its entire limits."
As to the. probable sum Whatrwillbe needed
annually to relieve ,the wants and provide,
for the comfort of the destitute classes, -the
report says, " that in the judgement of the
Committee it will require an expenditure of
from tsvelve thousand to fifteen thousand
dollars." Since the , spreading of these
facts before the, churches by our. religious
Journals, the Committee of Trustees of the
Assembly for distributing this fund, have
waited in' daily expectation of the applies- ,
tion -of Presbyteries in behalf of these one ;
hundred , and fifty adults and , orphan ehil
dren, •nrany. Of whom, doubtless, ,are in a
condition that calls for, immediate relief.
Hitherto, only a small propcirtiOn of these
eases has been presented by their respective
Presbyteries. Although it was announced
in the last Assembly, and has been publish
ed since in their. Minutes, that there is_
money, in the Treasury for this purpose,
enough thus far to respond, in part at least,
to every regular application. Please to call
the attention of the churches to this part of
Judge Leavitt's able report, which seems to
have been too little heeded, even by some
who concur with the writer in, all his state
ments, and cordially adopt= his conclusions.
JOSEPH H. JONES,
Ch'n of the Corn. forDistributioni &e.
tatts:: . - 40:!itaiAgi t
HE wito„has many secrets,'he who Wieh
es you to be his security for a 'sum which
you are not willing to lose; he who loves
law-suits, and he , who has a jealous temper,
should be carefully avoided.
QUAINT old Fuller says :—"Let him who
expects one class, of society to prosper in
the highest degree, while the other is in
distress, try whether- one side of his face
can smile while the other is pinched.
WATER AND MORALS.:- -A. very slight
declivity states to give the running motion
to water. • Three inches per mile, , in, a
smooth,- straight Channel,igive a velocity of
about , three miles per hour. Now, what is
true of water is equally true of morals.
The beat of men need, only a slight push
from adversity to.obtain a downhill momen
tum. Be careful, therefore, how yon "lose
TEMPTATIONS.—We must never be as
tonished at temptations, be they ever so
outrageous. , On this earth all is temptation.
Crosses tempt us by,irritating our pride, and
prosperity by flattering it. Oar life is a
continual combat, but one in which Jesus
Christ fights for us. We must; pass on un
moved while temptations rage around us, as
the traveler, overtaken by a sterm,. simply
wraps his cloak more closely about him; and
mattes on more vigorously toward his' des
CIMISTIAN MISSIONARIES IN TURKEY.
A• meeting , for the aid of the Missionary
cause in Turkey was held en Sunday even
ing,, at Rev. Dr. Adams' Church; Madison
Square. - The building was filled with an
attentive and interested audience. An ad
(tress was delivered by Rev. Dr, Shaniller,
who has long been resident in Constantino
ple, and who described the present condition
of the Turks; after their recent intimate
communication with the Christians .of
Europe -during - the Crimean War, as ex.-,
tremely favorable to the_ inouleation, of the
Christian religion, Rev. Dr. Tyng likewise
delivered an address.
PLAIN. PrtEaoitiNG.--Dr. John M. Mason,
while preaching on the text, " What shall it
profit a man etc.,referring to the apologies
given by 'the impenitent fore refusing 'to
accept the gift of eternal life, mentioned,
the 'common . plea, "We do not want to
profess Christianity,. because many dishonor
the profession; we do not want to be hypo
crites; we are candid men." c(And so,"
said . the -eloquent preacher, " you'are willing
to go to hell as gentlemen of candor." It
is said that a distinguished lawyer in this
city was led by this
. pointed rebuke to re
nounce the hypocrisy of unbelief for a sin
cere faith in the Son of God.
CHILD'S MORNING HYMN :
The morning bright,
With rosy light,
Has waked me up from sleep.
Father, I own
Thy love alone,
Thy little one Both• keep.
All through the. day,
I humbly pray,
Be thou my guard and guide;
My viva forgive,
And let me 'live,
Blest Jesus, near thy side.
Oh, make me rest,
Within thy bteast,
Great Spirit of all,grace—
Make me like thee
Then shall I be
Prepared' to'pee thy'
Philadelphia, 111 South Tenth Street, below Chestnut
By Mail, or at the Mee, $1.50 per Ye ar,
, SEE PROSPECTUS.
Delivered in the City, 1.75 "
WHOLE NO. 263
Ninutes of the Synod of Allegheny.
ERIE, PA., September 24th, 1857.
The Synod of Allegheny met according to ad-.
journment, in .‘ Park Hall," in the city of Erie,
on the 24th day of September, A. D. 1857, at
half past seven o'clock P. M., and was opened
with a sermon, by Rev. Robert Dilworth, D. D.,
the last Moderator, from the Epistle to the Egh.
iii: 8, Unto me, who am the least of all saints, is
this grace given, that I should preach among'the
Gentiles the unsearcbable riches of Christ."
After sermon, Synod was constituted with
prayer. The following members were present:
PRESBYTERY or Rem—Ministers: John V.
Reitiolds, James Coulter, Samuel J. M. Eaten,
John W. 147cOune George W. ZaLniser, James W.
Dickey, Lemuel d. Olmstead, William McCullough,
James M. Shields, William M. Blackburn, 'John
R. Findley, William Willson, (8). Elders: John
Breckinridge, James Miller, Prosper A. Booth,
John ifilMeB, J. L. Reed, Isaac Eaton, James
McCracien, David Agnew, A: Tanner.
PRESBYTERY OF BNAVNE—Ministers: Robert
Dilworth„ D.. D., Benjamin C. Critchlow, -David
Waggoner, David C. Reed. Elliot E. Swift, William
T McAdam. EZWers—William Fruit, William
McCready, and John Hope.
ALLEGHENY , 'Paisserrgat -Ministers:: John
Coulter, Loyal Young, Robert B. Walker, Newton
Bracken, Williain G. Taylor, Ephraim Ogden,
David Hall, Samuel Williams, J. R. Coulter.
Elders—Valentinn Glenn, James Campbell, John
C. McNees, Thomas Mifflin, and Saniuel Lesson.
PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY CITY. Ministers:
David. Elliott, D. D., W. S. Plumer, TY. D.,
(2), William Annan, Henry R. Wilson, D. D.,
Leland R. McAbny, Louis L. Conrad, James
Alliaen. Elder: Robert Wallace.
PRESBYTERY OF Rass.--David Osier, William J.
PRESBYTERY OF BEAVER.—James Satterfield,
Robert bsalom McCready, William
Nesbit, John W. Johnston," iohnston, Henry Webber, Thomas
P. Johnston, A. •S. Billingsley, Jonathan Wilson,
Thomas G. Scott.
Passerreer Or ALLEGHENY.-Jahn Munson,
John Smalley, Ebenezer Henry, Alexander Cun
ningham, William F. Kean, George Cairns, John
V. Miller, .1. F. Boyd.
PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY CITY : Nath.
Todd, E. P. Swift, D. D , John C. Sinclair,
John,F. McLaren, D. D., Daniel E. Nevin, Alex
ander Shand, Edward S. Blake, Charles B. Mc-
Clay, James Smith, John Brown, John Davis, H.
W. Guthrie, Alexander Sinclair.
Sitiod adjourned to meet to-morrow morning, at
9 o'clock. Concluded with prayer.
FRIDAY MORNING, 9 o'cLocx.
Synod met and - Wile opened with prayer. The
Minutes of the , hist session were read. Rev.
Loyal Young was elected ,Moderator, and Rev. L.
R. Menu, Temporary Clerk.' de motion, the
reading of. the " General rules for Judicatories "
was dispeneed with. Rev. David McKinney, of
the Synod of Pittsburgh, being present, was
invited to sit'as a corresponding member.
• , The Minutes of the last-meeting of Synod were
The Moderator announced the following Com
ON BILLS AND OVRRTURRS:--MRMSterB :—Revs.
Robert Dilworth, D. D., John Coulter, H. R.
Wilson, D. D. and John V. Reynolds. Elders—A.
Tanner, Thomas Mifflin, and:Robert Wallace.
JUDICIAL COMMITTER :---Ministers—Revs. L. L.
Conrad, R. B. Walker, S. W. M'Cune, and B. C.
Critchlow. Edders—Wrn. Fruit, Samuel Lesson,
RECORDS OF PRESBYTERY or ERIE :—Ministers
—Revs. Newton Bracken, and B. C. Critchlow.
REOORDS OF PRESBYTERY or BEKVF.R:—Minis
ters--Revs. John R. Fbadley, and J. R. Coulter.
RECORDS OF PRESBYTERY OF ALLIGHENY :
Ministers—Revs. Wm. Annan, and G. W. Zahniser.
RECORDS Or PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY CITY:
—Ministers—Revs. D. C. Reed, and David Hall.
• EtdirL--John Breckiiiridge.
Os BRVOTIONAI. EXBROISSB :--Ministere—ReVS.
W. M. Blackburn, and John V. Reynolds. Elder
ON NARRATIVE OF STA.TR OF RELIGIONI—MiSts•
ters—Revs.l James Allison, and Newton Bracken.
ON Synonican SIMON :—Ministers—Revs. Da
vid Elliott, D. D., and David Waggoner. Elder—
P. A. Booth.
ON THE Musuvas OF GENERAL ASSEMBLY :
Ministers—Revs. Wm. Annan, and D. Waggoner.
Elder—John C. lieNees.
REASORS FOR 'ABMINOR SIMS Panvions 'Mem-
Ines OF BYNOD:—Jfinisters--Revs. David C. Reed,
G. W. Taylor, and James Coulter.'• Elders—James
Miller, and- Valentine Glenn.
ON Liners OF ABM:NOR' rams THIS .liinernto :
--Afinieters-,—Reys. Ephraim Ogden, J. W. Dickey,
and SaninetWilliams. Eldirs—James Miller, and
J. L. Reed.
A collection of twenty-five cents was, raised
from each member, to repleniiih the Contingent
- Fund of Synod:. '
On motion, Revs. David Elliott, D. D., H. R.
Wilson, D. D.,` and Thomas Mifflin, eider, were
'appointed a Committee to consider the propriety
, of appointing a day of, fasting and prayer, in
view of the position, difficulties, and dangers of
our Missions in India.
Revs. L. R. M'Aboy, R. B. Walker, and. David
Agnew, elder, were, appointed a Committee on the
Western Theological Seminary.
The first standing order was taken up, and
statistical reports. were read and placed in the
hands of the Stated Clerk.
The aecond'etanding order was taken up, end
Presbyterial Recordi were ;called! far, and put in
the hands of Committees, for examination.
The following Report was presented by the
Committee on'Devotional Exercises, for the exer
cisewof this afternoon, according to.the standing
1. Psalmody andiPrayer, ROT. IL C. Critchlow.
2. Address, Rev. D. M'Kinney, D. D.
3 Psalmody and Prayer, Rev. W. T. M'Adain.
4. Narrative of. the State of Religion.
6. Address by Rev. Wm. Annan; and such oth
er exercises as the Moderator may deem , proper.
The Committee farther reported that Rev: David
'Hall preaeh to-morrow ,afternoon, at 8 o'clock;
,that Rev. H. I. Coe preach in the evening,
at 7f o'clock; that Rev. W. S. Flamer, D. D.,
preach at Park Hall on Sabbathmornhig, at 11
o'clock. That, the ,:Sacrament: of the .Lord's Sup
per be administered on Sabbath afternoon; at 81
o'clock; in which services, "reading:-the: Scrip
tures and Psalmody by Rev. Loyal Young;
introduction to the Ordinance, and distribution of
bread, by Rev. H. R. Wilson, D. D. dietribution
of the cup and closing- address by . Rev. D.
McKinney, D. ; and Rev. E. E. Swift preach
on Sabbath evening. That Rei,:iDr.*Elliott and
Rev. Dr. ld'Kinneypreach in the First Presbyte
rian church.,!_„That Rev.. 1.4. Conrad and Rev.
Loyal Young preach in the Methodist church.
That Rev: J. R. Findley and Reit L. R.. M'Aboy
preach in the Associate 'Reformed church. That
Rev,D. Waggoner and Rev. B. C. Critchlow
preach in the Baitiat y chnieli.
These reports were' eta:opted and adopted.
Synod then proCeeded to, appoint the time and
hour of its next meeting.' It was resolved to
meet in the city of Allegheny, on the fourth
Thursday ofSeptember, 1858, at 7f P. M.
Synod resolved 'that' when it adjourns this
morning, it adjourn to meet for its remaining busi
ness aessions, in the Baptist church, and for pub
lic worship, at Park Hall.
The Board. of Colportage presented their Re
poet through Rev. L. L. Conrad, which Report
was accepted, and Revs. E. E. Swift„ L. R. M'Aboy,
and' John C. M'Nees, elder, 'Were appointed a
.Committee to report on the subject.
Adjourned to meet at two o'clock. Concluded
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, 2 o'ozoox.
Synod met, and was opened prayer.
The Minutes of the morning session were read.
Rev: H. I. Coe, of the Synod of Missouri, be
ingyresent, was invited to sit es a corresponding
member: Rev. Dr. Plumer appeared, and re
ported his name , to the-Clerk.
, Presbyteries were called upon to report on the
Mitiject of Church Extension, according to the
standing rale. Pending the illscriteioh, the hour
kipeng arrived, ; Synod engaged An the devotional
' • allotted for the afternifon
" on•soirien PAWL]