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BOOKS sent to Its for Notice, win be duly
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delphia, Now Yearisi'sta., may he loft at our
Philadelphia 011104111 Booth 10th St.,below
Chestnut. in inure of Joseph Wilsons/CM.
LOUISA VON PLETENHAUS. UK:Journal of a Poor
Young Lady. Translated from the German.
/8 1 no., pp. 283. New York : C. S. Francis 4
Co., 554 Broadway. 1867.
This journal very delightfully illustrates the
motto which is given on the title page, from Lu
ther, viz.: " Earth has nothing more tender than
a woman's heart, when it is the abode of piety."
This is a really delightful little volume, and our
readers must not be frightened from it by the an
nouncement of its German parentage ; for it is en
tirely free from all the misty dreaminess, the vi
sionary indistinctness and unsubstantiality that
usually characterize the effusions of the Teutonic
mind. The reason is to be found in the fact that
the book is saturated with Scriptural principles,
and very clear exhibitions of the Gospel.
Tin SONG or Somuster, Compared with other
parts of Scriptures. By Adelaide L. Newton.
18±ao., pp. 316. New York: Robert Carter 4
Brothers, 530 Broadway.. 1857.
Our readers will no doubt remember our notice
of thb life of Miss Newton, by the Rev. Mr.
Bailie. In that profoundly spiritual biography, a
reference was made to Miss Newton's notes on the
Song of Solomon; and the favorable reception of
" The 'Life," has eueouragelli the, publishers to
give this little work to the world. It displays a
minute'and accurate acquaintance with the Word
of God, and shows very clearly that the emotion
al ohargister of Miss' Nelitou's mind el:MO.64ly' ,
fitted her for production of this work. The
exposition is doctrinal and experimental, and
every verse in the Song is opened up.
Quesxforis adapted to Dr. Hodge's Exposition of
the First Epistle to the Corinthians. Prepared
by the Author. 18mo:, pp. 115. New York:
Robeit Ceirter 4- Brothers. 1857.
`ln this little volume, the text of the Epistle is
-given at' the head of each page, and the questions
are arranged at the bottom. Buch,a manual will
help to test the attention with which the readers
"of the Commentary have studied it; and it will
alio enable the conductois of Bible Classes to use
the Book with profit in their prelections. Any
thing from Dr. Hodge needs no commendation.
Bonus just issued, by. our Board
THE PRESBYTERIAL SOCIAL PSALMODIST. pp. —.
Thia is an abridgment of the Presbyterian
Psalmodist, with a selection of hymns from the
Assembly's Collection, adapted to the tunes here
given. The book is designed for use in familY
worship,, in the social prayer-meeting, and in the
lecture-room. The:Board have felt considerable
difficulty in preparing this book, because of the
various objects desiderated by parties who so
licited its publication ; but, in obedience to the
recommendation of the last General Assembly,
they have endeavored " to do what, in their
judgment is best adapted to supply the wants of
the Church." The shape of this volume is vastly
better thin that of the large work.
THE PRESBYTERIAN JUVENILE PSALMODIST. In
This juvemle work is now printed in four parts,
and may behad for a few cents for each part; or
the four may be had in one volume, as originally
published by the Board„ We think that the
Board has now done nearly all that can be reason
ably demanded in the matter of Psalmody.
APPLES OP GOLD ; or, a Word in Season to Young .
Men and Women. By Bev. Thomas Brooks, au
thor of the " Mute Christian," &o. 18mo.,
This is , an. admirable book for, the young. It
has all the strength and vigor of the old Puritan
ical writers; while the antiquated style of the au
thor has been modernized, and errors of refer
ence have also been removed.
Bible Narratives.-No. 35.
THE BLESSING.--GEN. XXVII : 1-40
Joseph r ut, horn fourteen years after the
events recorded' in this chapter, (Gen. xxix:
,e.r7 ; xxx : 25 ;) he ,is, thirty-nine, years of
age in the second famine year, : 46,) at
which time (xlvii : 9,) Jacob is one hun
dred and thirty years old. This, would
make Jacob seventy-seven years of age when
he received his father's blessing. But,
allowing the birth of Joseph to be in the
fifteenth year of Jacob's exile from Canaan,
and that, it Was at the opening of the third
famine year, or fortieth year of Joseph's
life,' that Jecoli told, ids age to Pharaoh, we
may, as we, have in a former Narrative,
count him seventy-five yeare old, when, by
deceptions means, he obtained, the ,blessing;
which he was entitled to by purchase, and
by appointment 'of' God. Consequently
Isaac, would be in the one hundred and
thirty-fiftg sear of hisjifil.,
As' Rebekah is still au (collie, vigorous
woman, as Isaac yet Jived after this, forty
five years, and as in the second blessing,
and in` the rather trying events which fol
lowed the first one which he, gave to Jaeob,
he shovied none of the mental imbecility of
early Oil age, we may with safety conclude
that his dimness of vision' was a special
providenCe. It may,have Only'lasted for a
time, and may have been the effect of some
severe illness which caused him to believe
that his life was aboit to close. Christ
affirms that, a man whom, he healed,(John
ix : 2,) was born blind, neither owing, to
his own or his parents' special sin, but that
the Works of God should be Manifeated in'
him;so might it be with the loss of vision
to MI. Though the purchase of the
birthright by Jacob .seems to exhibit more
of worldly policy than of brotherly affect'-'
tion, and though' no plea that will stand the
test of rigid examination can be offered for
Rebekah and her favorite son, to obtain, by
the means they used, from the blind father
that which he intended for, Esau; yet the
result to which Isaac` was blindly led, and
the, conviction that the end reached was
right, •notwithstanding such doubtful and
unhallowed instrumentality, makes it more
evident that Jacob, and not Esau, was the
chesen of God, than if he had received the
blessing.;',beeanse the mother affirmed of
him,, to, her favorite son, that before he
knew goed or evil, in a dream or vision, or
by a"voice,, he Was named of God as the
successor of his lather to the headship of
the Abrahamio covenant.
Esau, at the request of his father, goes
Oil to his accustomed hunting gro
provide the game necessary for a t.
Whether he was away longer than a day, we
are not informed. He may have gone some
distance—perhaps to the native country of
his wives, or to that of Ishmael, whose
daughter he so soon after this took as a
third wife. Near Beersheba it is not likely
at this time the stag or fallow deer would be
The mother - may therefore . , have full
time to arrange and early out, her plans.
Isaac seems to have advanced in greatness
(Gen. xxvi : 19,) beyond that reached in
the days of Abraham. Yet, a century and
a half before this, (Gen. xiv : 14,) the
camp or family of Abraham must have num
bered thousands. We are not, therefore, to
imagine that the feast was prepared, and the
blessing pronounced, as in the quiet and se
clusion of a single tent, with none to wit
ness the solemn ceremony of a father de
livering np to his son his prerogatives, as
head and priest of his family, and as head
of the covenant made with Abraham. The
chief servants, at least those who desired
that Jacob, rather than Esau, should succeed
his father, as their temporal ruler and spir
itual guide, might be present at the close,
if not witnesses of the whole scene
Jacob at first thought the plan of his
mother impolitic ; but his mother's argu
ments, seconded by his own desire, led him
to yield. Perhaps the current of feeling
among the' servants—some of them aged—
being in the same direction, may have cast
an additional weight into, the balanee.
Without being ful t iy satisfied of the joist
ness of his claim, and of the probabilities
of success, we cannot suppose that a man of
Jacob's piety and 'wisdom 'would have taken
a single step toldeceive a father whom he
The feast is now ready, The hands and
neck of Jacob are carefully hound by his
`mother With the, sparse-haired Alti . of the
oriental kid. He is clothed with the sacer
dotal robes of Esau. With them as the
eldest son, Esen had often appeared at the
altar-worship, when the household met to
call upon the t name of the Lord. The
haste of preparation, the changed voiee, arid
the mannerofapress, led Isaac to suspect ,
deception. Brit allihe Other °Wain - stinka'
so fully met what he required, that he ate
of the provided repast, drank - of "the wine
set before him, and; pronounced the blessing
upon Jacob whibli constituted him the
bearei% of the covenant privileges handed
over to hlin by his father Abraham.
The blessing pronouneed seems so general,
that some have thought that it is given with
susPicien that.it falls not upon the proper
head; but what more could be promised.
There is given earthly abundance and
earthly power, flowing from relationship and
prevalency with a covenant God. This is
all that has ever been guaranteed'to the
visible Church. She needs, besides the
covenant relationship, and the' spiritual
blessings which are unseen, only an outward
condition Suited -to her great - mission for God
and in the world. These blessings may be
more amplified, as in their repetition, when
Jacob is again'in the presence of his father.
But we believe' that Isaac, and all who
heard his words understood them to mean
all that ,was needful to constitute Jacob his
rightful heir. If this were not the case,
then Is*, would have been conscious that
he had reserved a blessing suited to his
former good opitions of his eldest son, Also,
if Esan's confession that he had sold , his
birthright, and the other new light which
was shed upon the'whole train of events,
had notconvinced' LUC that the blessing
was properly. placed, though he might be
wounded by the manner of attainment, he
would have felt himself free to reverse it.
But all the tears and entreaties of his most
beloved son, fail to shake his purpose to
carry out intelligently what he had igno
We are not disposed to place.the general
knoiledge, the heart-felt piety, , and the
manly, energy , of Isaac,, RS low' as some do.
He would not be a type of Christ unless he
Were peaceful toward his enemies, forgiving
in spirit toward - those who injured him, and,
as he could not look at'the heart, ready to
award the full meed of praise to every act
that manifested a love for the God of his
father, soup to the time he pronounced the
blessing, he may have been blind as to the
true character of his two sons. But' now
light breaks in upon - his mind. Esau,
thirty-five, years before, this, by his, own,
confession, has so despised his birthright as
to sell it for a mess of pottage. A privilege
greater than, to rule a nation, is bartered
away for'almost nothin4; yet, sine° then,
he is seen at the altar in the garments of
the eldest son, as if he valued his right
greatly. No confessions, no tears, no argu
ments could now convince Isaac that his
eldest son leoked beyond the outward' and
the temporal. These blessings„ and these
alone,' as arranged in the providence of God,
are, therefore, promised him. He has la
bored for these, and he has his reward.
Nor' do ,we feel like'Writing such bitter
words against Rebekah and Jacob, as hive
dropped from the pen of. Cumming, and
some others. The Bible' does not say that.
they were guilty of " duplicity, fakehood,
and the, haseat hypocriey; neither should
we. Paul has no difficulty in reconciling
their conduct with great faith; (Rom. ix
11 • Heb. xi : 21,) we should find none.
We know not how largely the purchase of
the birthright, peeting,theprior prediction
to the sa,me,import, may have figured in the
minds of both mother and son, in an age of
atibstitution,'(Gen. xv i 2 ; xxii : 2-13 ;) we
ought not, therefore, to' pronounce upon this
lease, as upon a similar' one, without its -Con
comitant ' events. Certainly' no amount of
criticism can fairly sever the connexion ex
pressed by Paul, (Heb. xii 16, 17,)' and
by Genesis, between the sale of the birth
right and -,the loss,otthe blessing„ In a,n,
effort to draw from this part of Bible his
tory a truth which all giant ,to be plainly ute.
tered elsewhere, (Rom. iii 8,) we may not
only do injuitice to the character of those
of whom God approves as his children, but
we may lose sight of the great object, so far
as' we are concerned, for which this part
of' the histoiy of the Church is written.
Whoever lightly esteems the right t of heir
ship, as 5 child of Abraham, then sells his
right for earthly gain, and, afterwards despises
what he has barterei away, when he' sees it
possessed by ,another, has, like Esau, the
heart of a murderer, (Gen. xivii : 41,)' and
like the sinner ,against the Holy Ghost,, the
" enmity" of a devil; which, while it allows
tears and anguish, adinits not .of repent
ance. If, however, the sinner has the de
sire and earnestness of Jacob, be will suc
ceed, though God May not approve of all
the means he has ignorantly or rashly em
ployed. G. W. S.
for tile goung.
Children !large children and small chil
dren--childre'n of the country and chil
dren of the town, will you listen to me a
few moments ? You all know how bad it
is to proeraitina6—that's a long word,
but it means “to put off;" yon all know
that it is a great deal better -tik do to-day
what ought to be done to-day, than to wait
till to-morrow to do it. There is not one
child out, of a hundred, (who can read at
all,) who hasn't read:
"Procrastination is the thief of time."
And :now there is one gnistion that I want
to ask, and you can each one answer it hon
estly to your own heart.
My dear, precious'child, ,why do, you.
lay to give your heart to:*the Lord Jesus
Youknow, it is your ditty to give to hip?
THE PRESBYTERIAN . BANNER AND ADVOCATE.
that warm little heart of yours, which he
made for you, and keeps so carefully every
single minute. You know you ought to
love him who gave you all the power you
have to love at all.
Then why do you not do it, and do it
You don't know how ? tc Ah l don't say
that, my child. You know how to go and
ask Jesus for a new heart; and if you
ask in real earnest, and really wish to devote
your young, happy days to his service ; and
to study, and to work, and to play, with his
smile and his love always upon you, he will
be sure to grant your request; and the way
in which you can know that your prayer is
heard, and that you are become one of
Christ's little ones, will be, not perhaps by
any unusual joyful feeling, but by one
steady and never forgotten desire for the ap
proval and love of cod.
You may not have any of the wonderful
feelings that you hear others speak of, but
you will have a desire to please your Saviour
in all you do ; and as you grow in years
and in grace, you will grow more and more
into the likeness of the Master you so early
chose; and in consequence, more like all
Hasten, my dear children. " Now" is
the day of salvation • to-morrow your body
may lie cold, forsaken ' of your spirit, and
then, Oh I I dare not think what then, if
you, delay to seek your Almighty Friend.
Religion was never intended to make you
less happy. Don't look at the people with
long, sober , faces and , harsh stiff manners,
aiid think that you must grow like them if
you would please God. , No, no, beloved
ones, do you think the good God gave ydu
all. your quick, joyous, frilltelioine spirits,
only that you sliouli cramp ' - and dwarf
them ? He did> not. He asks you not to
yield any innocent pleasure, but only says
tender!) , : "Son, daughter, give me thy
heart,' and "Let little children come, unto
me and forbid them not, for of such is the
kingdom of heaven." Come children, now.
Too Big to Obey a Mother.
A boy "too big, to *lid his mother?"
Such a boy must be larger than a giant,
and one with strange ideas of the rights of
big people. I should not like to live near
him, or oven see him, for I should expect
he would feel " tob big" to mind the' laws
of his Country or the laws of God, and thus
be a dangerous neighbor. lam •told that
there are such boys, or rather those who
think they'are "too big `to mind their mo
` What - does'your mother want you to do ?
To stay in evenings, to let tobacco alone, to
avoid associating with bad boys, to read use
ful books, to shun 'novels and idle news
papers, to 'mind your studies or trade, or
whatever you are engaged in on week days,
with diligence, and on the Sabbath to be
regnlar at church and Bible-elass, and above
all she wants to see you a faithful Christian
boy. This you own would make her happy
beyond description, and you feel "too big '
to yield to her wishes.
My boy, believe me you are in a most
dangerous state of mind, which makes me
tremble for you, both ;for this world and the
next. Think of Christ; the " King of
kings, and. Lord of lords." When he was
old enough, and wise enough to confound
the learned doctors in the' temple -at eferu
salem, he was none too old and wise to obey
his mother; and *hen he was dying, he
took care to provide Tier with a son to ren
der her honor and affection.
Believe me , when, you are small enough
to depend upon your mother for your food,
and clothing, and daily care, and while she
is so anxious to see you grow up into a good
and worthy man, and. so willing to make
any sacrifice to help you on in life, yOu
should be ashamed to say, or even think,
"I am too big to mind my mother."
search all the biographies in your own
or your father's library, and tell me if you
can find a ease of a man distinguished for
greatness and goodness, who allowed such a
thought to enter his mind. No; such men
prize a good, watehfiil iriether, obey her
godly maxims as long as 'they live, and
teach them to their children.
You are "too big" to disobey your
but do n't allow yourself, my dear
boy, to become such a monster of iniquity
as to be "too big to mind" a good mother.
BE thankful for,past mercies, before you
plead' for new favors; thig is the way to
plead successfully; he that offereth-praise,
Sources of Fertffizution.
Extract from the Essay of Wilson Flagg,
of Andover, which obtained a Premium of
fered by the Essex County Agricultural So
ciety, at its last Anniversary, and published
with, the Transactions of the Society for
The great bulk.of every soil is a comp4nd
of earthly substances which are insoluble,
and serve only as a bed to. hold and secure
the roots of plants, to protect them from heat,
cold and dryness, and to afford a medium
for the distribution of nutritious matters,
in such proportions as are most healthful
to vegetation. Every soil is capable of
holding a certain quantity of moisture, with
out being wet. ,The' water is thus held by
a sort of chemical affinity, without a true
chemical union, this affinity being so weak,
as not to resist the action of the roots of a
vigorous plant, and yet so firm, that it will
not part with it to the' atmorere.
"A good vegetable earth, according
Berzelius, "is capable of holding about
three-fourths of its own weight of water,
without appearing wet; and like wood char
coal, condenses the moisture of the air."
" It owes this property to the humin it con
tains, which is one of the most powerful
hygrometric substances known. Mould can
absorb double its own weight of water, with
out appearing wet; and after havitg been
dried, it absorbs from the air, in less than
twenty-four hours, a quantity of water,
varying according to the state of the air,
from eighty to one hundred per cent., of its
This fact may account for the thriftiness
of vegetation during a drought, in certain
soils which are apparently dry ; and it will
explain the necessity of supplying our crops
with mould of greater depth _than ,they
would require in an ordinary, or wet season,
to furnish them with a resource in a dry
one. A considerable depth of loose and
friable soil, containing . a right proportion of
humin, and other ingredients, would be
capable of preserving its moisture, against
the influence of evaporation and mechanical
absorption, and during the severest drought,
as fast as it is deprived of its moisture by
the action of the roots of plants, would re
supply itself with moisture from the atmos
phere above, and the sub-soil below it, and
hereby presprie, tat allnimes, a sufficient
quantity for'the crops that grow upon it.
This remak, however, must apply to those
crops only, which allow a large proportion
of the soil to be nakedly . exposed to the at
mosphere. On the principle above men
tioned, we may in part, account for the
ability of Indian corn to sustain drought.
The mode in which it is cultivated allows a
large surface of the soil to be exposed to
the air, 'and to absorb its moisture. A grass
crop is placed in directly opposite cireum-
Sir Humphrey Davy remarks that "soils
are most efficient in supplying the plant
with moisture by atmospheric absorption, in
which there is a due mixture of sand,
finely divided clay and carbonate of lime,
with some animal and vegetable matters';
and which are so loose and light as to be
freely permeable to the atmosphere." He
adds that he has always found this absorb
ent power with respect to atmospheric
moisture, the greatest in the most fertile
soils. Hence it may be' deduced, that one
method of testing the quality of any soil, is
to dry it perfectly, then weigh it; after
wards expose it to the atmosphere a certain
length of time, and weigh it again. Unless
,contain some deliquescent salts, the more
weight it obtains by exposure to the atmos
phere, the better its quality.
But a good soil will not only preseve a
due quantity of moisture against the in- •
fluence of evaporation; it also possesses,' in
a superior degree, the power preserving
those,substances from waste, when mixed
with lit, which are fitted for the nutrition of
plants. " The Soils which contain the most
altimnia," accOrding to'Sir Humphrey Davy,
Ij- and ,carbontite of lime, are those which act
with the greatest chemical energy in pre
serving manures." Bich soils long preserve
the vegetable and animal matter combined
with them, and part with it only to ' the
vegetative action of thiroOti of - plants: Saki
consisting of pure silecous sand, are the op
posite of this, and quickly lose any nutri
tons matters which are combined with them.
Hence we may recognize two qualities as
indispensable to the fertility, of a soil--
first, a hygrometric (quality; or a power of
attracting and retaining the moisture of: the
atmosphere ; second, =an affinitive quality,
or a power of absorbing ; fixing and retain
ing hy chemical affinity, those matters that
constitute the nutrition of plants, without
liability-to lose them or to part with them,
by, percolation, or evaporation. In, order,
therefore, to avail ourselves both of the mois
ture of the air, and of the fertilizing substances
which may be placed upon the soil, mingled,
with it, by, human labor, or brought to it by
spontaneous agents, it is necessary that it
should possess certain chemical , qualities, re
sulting from a certain combinationlif ingre
dients the most of which have been named
If a soil containing a just proportion of
these hygrometric and affinitive ingredients,
were overflowed by the fertilizing waters of
a river, the nutritious matters held in
these waters, would be absorbed and retain
ed for the use of plantsin the coining see
son. If the soil, on the other hand, be
wanting in these ingredients, the fertiliz
ing properities of any waters that overflowed
it, would be retained only by mechanical ob
struction to their progress, and every rain
would carry off a portion of these fertilizing
matters into the snbsoil. Hence a soil
already deep and rich, will gain more from
the elements that pass over and percolate
through it, and lose less, than a thin and
To; illustrate this principle, take two
pieces of dry sponge, free from foreign mat
ters ; then dip No. 1 into a soltition of alum
and carbonate of lime, and let No. 2 remain
without any such application. Dry theni
thoroughly in an oven, and make the two
when dried of equal weight. Then expose
both of them, in the same place, to the out
ward atmosphere: In twenty-four hours or
less, No. 1, which has been dipped into the
solution of-salts, will;be found to have in-,
creased its weight in much greater degree
than No. 2 by absorbing the moisture of
the air. Let the experiment be reversed;
by artificially moistening No. 2, until it his'
acquired an equal weight with No. 1; then
expose each' to a dry heat, and the former
will be found to dry with greater rapidity
than the latter, if the heat to which they
are exposed be sufficiently moderate to allow
the difference to be, appreciated. In these
experiments, No. '1 represents a good hyg
rometric soil, that readily acquires moisture
by atmospheric absorption, • and parts with
it slowly and;relactantly. No. .2 represents
a soil of an opposite'character.
Let us make still another experiment
with the sponges. Place each of the two,
softened witemoiStare, over a phial con
tabling volatile ammonia, and enclose each
in a wooden box. After an hour or two,
open each box; the box containing No. 2
will be , full of the fumes of ammonia, while
in the box containing No.l, it will be but
,perceptible. The reason is that
the chemical ingredients of No. 1 absorb
and fix the fumes of the ammonia as they pass
into the sponge, While - No. 2 having no
affinity for them, allows them freely to
escape into the box. In this experiment
No. 2 represents a good, affinitive soil that
readily appropriates all fertilizing matters in
a liquid, or gaseous form, "'as they come in
contact with it; while No. 2 represents a
lean soil that appropriates and retains but a
very small proportion of these matters.
To use a figure of speech, we might say
that the more capital a soil posiesses, in
the shape of these affinities and hygrometric
ingredients, the more interest it will gain
from,all the fertilizing fluids and gases that
come in contact with it. It may also be
remarked, that when a soil is leaky, like
the soil of some of our gravelly and sandy
plains, this quality is owing, not so much
as many suppose, to the draining, or leaky
character of the foundation, or subsoil, as to
the meagreness of the surface soil, which, if
it was deep and fertile, wouldlose bat little
of its virtues by percolation into the gravel
and sand underneath.
There is another important quality per
taining to soils, of which this Essay has not
yet treated. Sir Humphrey Davy has
shown by experiments, that different soils
have a different capacity both for absorbing
and retaining heat; but that their power of
absorption is not alirays proportional to their
power of retention. As a certain amount
of heat is essential to enable the roots of
plants to take up the nutritious properties
of the soil, it may be said, that of any two
soils, in other respects of equal fertility, the
best of the two must be that which is the
most retentive of heat. Little, 'however,
can be done in relation to this quality by
the Agriculturist, except to attend to the
follosing circumstances. Other' things be
ing equal that soli will part with its heat
the most rapidly, from which there is neces
sarily the most evaporation. Hence a soil
of any certain quality, in a low, wet place,
will lose its heat more rapidly than in a
dry upland situation; and if it parts with
its superfluous moisture by drainage, it will
lose a smaller proportion of its heat than if
it parts with'the same superfluous moisture
by evaporation. Hence a deep soil that has
a good drainage,' would not be made so cold
by excessive rains; as the same would be
made without drainage, when excessive rains
must necessarily expose them to excessive
evaporation. it is probably well understood
that excessive rains do not cool the earth
by the application of cold with their mois
ture, but by the excessive evaporation that
always follows. Hence all soils that enjoy
the advantage of a rapid and thorough
drainage, on account of their friability, and
the porous character of the subsoil, will re
tain their heat, in spite of excessive rains,
which sink into the earth without increas
ing evaporation, except in a very trifling de
Another of the 'circumstances to be noted
,is, that a deep soil will retain its beat long
er than a shallow soil, because it conducts
the heat of the sun to a greater depth, and
obtains proportionately a greater amount of
it. But a soil containing a large proportion
of mineral ingredients would both absorb
heat, and part with it more rapidly, than a
soil consisting of a large proportion of chaffy
and undecomposed vegetable substances.
The looseness of the latter causes it to be
permeated by atmospheric air, and when
once heated, therefore, it prevents the
escape of heat from all below it, as a mass
of wool, or sawdust would do.
To sum up all, it may be remarked in
conclusion, that a perfect soil will possess
the following qualities A sufficiency
of bulk. 2. A sufficiency both of friability
arid firmness 3. A good hygrometric
quality, and a strong affinity for those liquid
and gaseous substances which nourish vege
tation. 4. A sufficiency of nutritive ingredi
ents, and a freedom from injurious proper
ties. Having obtained' our soil, we must
next understand and"use• proper means for
preserving its utility . ; the soil would other=
wise soon lose all its power of sustaining
productive crops. ,This leads to the second
part of the present Essay, which considers
the various means and sources of fertility.
The Wind and the Sun.
The Wind and the Snn disputed,
One chilly Autumnal day,
As they noticed a traveler 'wending,
Far overthe common, his way,
Wrapt up in a cloak that , shielded
His limbs from the ,early cold—
The Wind and Sun disputed
Which could loosen its ample fold
The Whid, who was always a boaster,
Said he could sueceed, he knew - ;
So he summon'd up all his forces,
And terrible blasts he blew ;
But in vain Were his angry strivings,
.For the traveler, bowing politely,
Only hurried along the faster,
And grasp'd his cloak more tightly.
With a beautiful smile the Sunshine
Steps forward her skill to try;
And she offer'd her kindliest greeting
To the stranger passing by ;
And her glance was so warm and winning
That he, presently felt its charm,
And flinging aside his garment,
ne,threw it across his arm I
Now our story is but a fable;
But its moral is surely plain—
That not by force, but Fertruaium,
OUr brother we strive to gain.
Cross words and unkind reproaches
Will never his heart nncloie';
We must seek to, persuade 'him gently,
Not harshly his way oppose.
Take " Love" for your constant motto,
And follow it out each day,
And cast upon all around you'
A kind and cheerful ray:
For a great deal more good to others
Men might in our world halre done,
If they rightly had learn'd the fable
We have told of the Wind and Sun.
'Banks of Pittsbnrgh t par
Banka of Philadelphia, par
Bank of Chambershorg, $
Bank of Gettyaburg,
Bank of EiddletOwn,
nank of Newcastle, p
Farm. k.Droy. Way - nage& 4
"Fnuaklin bk. Waskingten, par
Harrisburg bank, 0
Bank of 'Warren, 4
York bank, u
Belief Notes, y,
All other solvent tanks, par
State bank, and branches,
All other solvent banks, Ye
All solvent banks,
New York City,
ALTEW AND VALUABLE PUBLICATIONS.
VI —I. Domestic Duties • or, The Family a Nursery for
Barth and Heaven. By the Rev. Rufus W. Bailey..., 18mo.,
pp. 120 Pries 20 and 2i cents. The duties of husbands
and wives, of females, of parents and children, are here
stated and enforced in a style at once attractive and
IL Ella Clinton ; or,BY Their 'Pratte ye Shill Know
Them. By Cousin I . lltokha.. 18mo., pp. 206. Price 25 and
50 cents. This is an engaging "story of an orphan girl.
M. Lessons for the Little Ones. By a Teacher of In
fanta. 18rao., pit. 180. With' engravhige. Price 25 and BO
cents. These lessens, derived from Scripture, are full of in
terest for juvenile readem.
IV. Gleanings from Beal Life. By B. S. EgLiman, au
thoress of "Lizzie Ferguson." 18mo., pp. 180. Price 20
and 30 cents. It consists of fourteen sketches, drawn tram
real life, all exhibiting the beauty of godliness.
V. Annie Grey, and other sketches. By Olive. 1.8m0.,
pp. 72. Price lb cents. Seven short, but interesting
sketches, intended especially for little girls.
VI. Children of Abraham ; or, Sketches of Jewish Con
verts. Being in part a sequel to Lelia - Ads. 18mo., pp. 120.
Price 20 and 25 cents. The readers of Leila Ada will be
pleased to learn something more about her cousin Isaac,
who stood by her so nobly at the time of her fiery trial.
NIL The Life of Mrs. Sherwood, author of Henry
Milner, Little floury and his Bearer, kc. Abridged for
the Board. 12m0., pp. 162, with a portrait. Price 26
VIII. A Spiritual Treeiniry for the Children of 'God;
conelating of a Meditation for the . Morning of each Day in
the Year, upon select texts of Scripture. Numbly intended
to establish the faith, promote, the comfint, and influence
the practice of the followers of the Lamb. By- William .
Ninon. 12m0., pp. 510. Price 70 cents. This is a reprint
of a work long and well known to God's people, as one of
the best books of devotional reading to he found In the
IX. A Spiritual Treasury for the Children of God;.Con
slating of a Meditation for the Evening of each Day in the
Year, upon select texts of Scripture. By William Moon.
12m0., pp. 508. Price 70 cents. This book should and a
place by the aide of the Bible in every closet of the lend.
X. The Bishop end the Monk ; or Sketches of the Lives
of Plerpeolo Tergerio and John Craig. Converts from Po
pery. 18mo , pp. 166. Price 20 and 25 cents. These are
very interesting and instruct's° sketches of the thee of an
Menai/bishop and a Scotch monk, dining the time of the
Deformation from Popery. .
Xl. Isabel; or, Influence. 18mo., pp. ]55, with en-
gravings. Price 20 and 25 cents. An excellent volume for
the Sabbath School library.
XII. Little Talks for Little Folks. Written for the Pres
byterian Board of Publication. 18mo., pp. 72. Price 16
cents. An admirable little volume for the little folks. .
XIII. What is Faith? By the Bev. D. H. Beattie. Pub
lished by request of the Synod 'of New. York. 18mo., pp.
102. Price lb and 20 cents. -
XIV. The Holy Life arid Triuraphant Death of Mr. Jelin
Janeway, Fellow . of. Kings College, Cambridge. By the
Bev. James Janeway. 38m0., pp. 165. Price 20 and 25
cents. This is a striking narrative of one who lived only
twenty-four years on earth, yet attained to a singularly ex.
alted piety, and departed in triumph to his heavenly
XV. Gems of Thought; being Moral and Religious Be.
Sections from Matthew Henry and others. Selected by
Harrison Hall. 82riao., pp. 128. Gilt edge, Price 2b cents.
XVI. Our Friends in Heaven; or, the Mutual Recogni.
tine of the Redeemed in Glory Demonstrated. By the Bev.
J. M. Killen, M. A., Comber. 121 no, pp. 226. Pries 45
XVII. In Doors and Ont of Doors; or, Life amoag,the
Children. By Mary McCaig, author of Pictorial mad
Book. Square 16m0., pp. 183, with five beautiful colored
engravings. A very attractive book, which cannot but bo
Published by the Presbyterian Board of Publication, No.
821 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia.
Jel3:tf JOANPN NNGLES,Publiebbig Agent.'
TOB. THIS , TAM.
All solvent banks, 3i
All solvent banks,
AR solvent banks,
AU solvent banks,
(All solvent banks,
Au oolverat !mike,
IState bank and brandies, %
Bank of State of, Missouri,
IMex. & Fire Ins. Co. Checks, 5
lAll solvent banks,
All solient beaks,
IRON crrar VORIMICRCIAL COLLEGE,
AT PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA.
CHASTISED APRIL, 1855.
HAVING A FACULTY OF TEN TEACHERS.
TWO HUNDRED AND SEVEN STUDENTS
IN DAILY ATTENDANCE,
and the School Rapidly Increasing.
LARGEST AND MOST THOROUGH COMMERCIAL
COLLEGE OP THE WEST.
THREE SILVER MEDALS
Awarded to this College, by the Ohio, Michigan and Penn
eylvania State Faits, In 1856 and 1858, for the bust; Busineot
and Ornamental Writing. _
IMPROVED SYSTEM OF BOOK-KEEPING,
Taught by a practical business man, who published a popu
lar work on Book-keeping as early as 1819. In no other
Commercial College is Book-keeping taught by a Teacher
having an equal amount of experience In teaching, and
TERMS, &e. -
Full Commercial Course, time unlimited, - - - $85. 00 .
Average time to completes thorough Cowes, 0 tol2 weeks.
Can enter at any time—review at pleasure. Board per week,
$2.60 to $3.00. Prices for tuition and board—healthiest
city in the Union—aits great variety of bosinese, make it
the, cheapest and most available point in the 'United States
for young men to gain a Business Education, and obtain sit
Specimens of Writing, and Circular, sent free of charge.
Address F. W. JENKfle#3.
fe2l Pittsburgh, Pa.
D UFF'S MERCANTILECOLLEGE!:
PHILO HALL, THIRD STUMP,
Founded in 1840, and incorporated by the Legislature of
Pentisylvarda, with perpetual charter.
The largest etitege of the kind in the United Stalest
BOARD OF TRUSTEES,
ma :Excellency, the Hon. James 'Buchanan, President
of:the United States.
Hon. Judge Wilkins,- Hon. Charles Naylor
Hon. Judge Hampton, General J. K. Moodead,
Hon. Judge Lowrie.
President of the Faculti—P.DUlrF, author of the '-North
Amerioan Accountant." -
The Faculty includes fire Professors of Book-keeping, and
from eight to ten other Professore and Lecturers, including
one of the beat Penmen in the United States.
About 4,000 students have completed their' Commercial
education in this Institution, large numbers of them now
among the most successful and honored merchants in the
Pamphlet Circulars, with specimens of our Penman't
writing, mailed free to all parts of the country.
Students bare access to a library of 3,000 volumes.
DUFF'S BOOK KEEPING, Harper's new enlarged edition,
pp. 222, royal octave. Price sa.so ; postage 21 cents.
DUFF'S STEAMBOAT BOOKKEEPING. Price $l.OO
• postage 9 &Mt&
For sale by all the principal Booksellers,
D. tzo.N'vetzEGl.A.T .
DIXON. ILLINOIS.-This Institution, under charge
of the Presbytery of Rock River . is now open for the recep
tion of students. Having a location pleasant, heedthful,and
easy of access with an able and efficient corps of teachers,
it is hoped that it will receive the patronage of the public.
For terms of tuition, board, de. ' apply to any member of
Xock River Presbytery, or to the President of the Institu
tion, REV. IV: W. KARMA.
NEW . PUBLICATIONS, AND FRESH SUP
PLIES of Books, opening at B. C. COCHBA.NB'S,
ap4 Allegheny; Pa. '
ink XFOILD EFIGHILAILIE 1116MEIVARIfs
1101 , CHESTER COUNTYPA.
The Winter Session, of five months, will commence the first
Wedneeday in November.
Expenses,for Boarding, Puel,Light and Tuition in the En
glish branches, $6O per Sweden. Ancient and Modern Lan
guages each $6. Lessons on the Piano, and nee of Inatne
meat, 115. Painting and Drawing, each $6. Or the pay
ment of $BO, willinolude the Whole.
A daily etage connects with the cars at Newark, Del,and
also at Parkesburg, Pa. Address
J. M. DICKEY, or
Oxford,Sept. 20,1865 SAMUEL DIORZY. Oxford, re.
.III,„ L. 4.1/ILLER and H. S. K ANDER, Princlnals.—
This Institution is lcoated in Riskacoquillas Valley--a valley
noted for beauty of scenery, and healthfulness, and aibeing
the home of Logan, the Indian Chief- - This Seminary
affords rare opportunities to Male and &Male pupils, for ac
quiring a thorough education.
The studies pursued in both Departments are those.best
calculated to develop the mind, and which have been ap
proved, and are now taught by the most experienced and
auccesiful teachers. The students of this Institution are
removed as far as possible from temptation, as it is entirely
In the country.
The Principals not only. devote their entire.time to the
personal instruction and comfort of the pupils, but`they
are assisted by several teachers, who eminently 'via
-lied, by their ability and skill, for their profession..
TERMS, $55.00, per Session of five months;: $27.50 raja.
ble in advance. For this sum, the stride& is, mania to
board, tuition in English, and furnished= rooms. A dedire.
tion of five dollars made for clergymen's dringliterivarid for
orphans. Light, fuel, and wearing, atthe,expenseof the.
student. . The common charges for Mode and the TAM.
The Pennsylvania Central Railroad, which comments with,
Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, and Pittsburgh, James'
through Lewistown, Pa., ten miles from the Siniinery. At
this place, students can take the coach for Reedthrillef kind
there conveyances may be procured ; or if notified, thePrbm.
clods_ will meet them there, with conveyance from the Sem
. The next Session commences on the lat of May. For Cat
alogues, containing full Information; address
GRIER, and U.S.H ALEXANDER,
ap4-3m B3eliarwguiilas, Pa
WATS.WHIG AIVWEIEVEIGIin Olf
WW the public to the
PIIILADELPHIA HOUSEKEEPING DRY GOODS ISTORIV.
where may be - found a large' assortment :of all of.
Dry Goods, required In tarnishing a 'house,' thus saving.
the trouble usually experienced In hunting each 1111141111 .
In various places. In consequencii of our giving'our at
tention to this kind of stook, to the eachndon of diesi
and fancy. goods, ,we can guarantee our prices and styles
to be the most favorable in the market;
IN LINEN GOODS
we: are able to give perfect satisfaction, being the Malaita
IBTABLISHED Lim BMX IN Sat env : and •having been
for more than twenty years regular ix:mortars fr om some
of;the hilt manufacturers In Ireland. We offer alse
large stook of
FLANNELS AND HUMES,
of the best „qualities to be obtained, and at the very !ewes
prices. Also, Blankets; Quilts,`Sheeting's, Tickingr, 'Dar
mask' Table Cloths, and Emlia, Towellings,'. Diapers,
Eineksbacs, Table and Piano Covers,Damasks • and ~lito!
mans, Lace and littudin Curtsdns, imities, Furniture
Obintses, Window abadinge,Ac., do.
JOHN V. COWELL' 1. SON,
S. W. corner CHESTNUT and SEVENTH Sts: ::
MuORTABLE'FLOUR muzLmi,- T HE SUB=
IF SCRIBER , is manufacturing Portable Flour hidls, of
a quality superior for simplicity and durability to any now
use. They can be &time. by stealth', water; or boise-power,
and will prove an aconimition to iron masters, stock feeders,
Many persons throughout the Country, who hiVe surplus
power, or power only employed a part of the time on other
business, by introducing one or more of there, mills into
their establishments, may greatly benefit themselves. Two
of these mills (2
8, inches in diameter„) one grinding over 12
bushels feed per hour, the other flouring wheat, mute Been
daily in operation at the Oil and seed Mill of Messrs. Suy
dam & Co.. Rebecca Street, Allegheny. - • .
Orderililled with dispatch. W. W. WALLACE, ,
nryir-Sto 319 Liberty Street,Pittsbiirgh.
I.OIIN RENSMIA.MGe ,
dr (Successor to Bailey & Ilenshaw,)
258 'Liberty Street,
Has Jost received his Spring stock of choke Family Grocer
150 hf. chests choice Green and Black Tees;
80 bags prithe Bio - Ooffee
25. do. do. Lagoons Coffee;
85 mats do. Java. do.
4 bales do. Mocha do.
20 barrels New York Syrup ;
5 Wide. Lovering's steam' S yrup
12 do. prime Porto Rico Sugar
50 bble. Lovering's double refined Bilges;
25 do. Baltimore soft do. do. ,
Also—Spices. Pickles, Sauces, Fruits, Fish, SugarOured
Hams, Dried Beef, &c, dic., wholesale and retail.
entelognes furnished, giving an extended list of stook.
vireo comrsumrpgrivms, AND OTELIC.D.
EXTENSION OP APPOINTMENT TO suit' 18.
DR. J. W. SYKES,
DR. CALVIN N. FITCH,
will remain at the ST. CLAIR HOTEL, Pittsburgh, Fa., till
SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 18th, where he may - bi con:
suited by those wishing to avail themselves of Dr. O. M.
Fitch's system of treatment.
The combination of remedial measures adopted by Dr.
Fitch and Dr. Sykes has been eo amply tested. and so abund
antly proved to be in practice all that it olefins tabe in
theory, that its originators do not hesitate to assert. that by
their system, relief may be obtained in all cases not abet>.
lately beyond the reach of remedies.
By this plan of treatment, the advantage of Medicinal
and Sthenotrophic Inhalations is added to that of appropri
ate internal remedies, to renovate and sustain the strength
of the general system, and these with such mechanical
means as the case may indicate, 'joined to proper attention
to exercise, diet, bathing, friction, &D., &e.., will not only
afford more or leas relief in almost all cases, but will effect
permanent cures in many. cases, in which only partial and
temporary relief could be obtained` froin :arty one of the
above .measnrie singly. But although many otherwime fatal
cases of consumption may be thus solieved, there are still
many which have passed beyond haps; and those who are
in any way inclined to a diastase so insidious and sa fearftd
ly fatal as consumption, cannot be too care f ul to give their
cases timely attention. IThe delay evea of a few weeks may,
in many cases, turn the scale against the patient.
Where it is possible, we always prefer to make a perscntal
examination, and thus ascertain the precise condition of the
Lungs as we wish to undertake no case where we have not
a chance of doing good; and we - wish no one to consult us
who is not Dusky to bear the trent.
Those unable 'to visit us will, in writing, be careful to
state their cases fully, answering, at length, our published
list of questions, which will be sent to any requesting-it;
and the, necessary remedies, as well for diseases of the:
Lungs and Stomach, as for Female Diseases, maybe sent by
Express to almost any pert of the United States.
Consultation-Free. Office hours, 10 to 4 o'clock daily.
CALVIN M. FITCH, M.D.,
JNO. W. STEMS, M.D.
St. iolidr Hotel, Pittsburgh, May 12th, lfidl. [myl6-if
100 ALLST ON SPA AC ADEINY—A
it Classical School for Young Gentlemen... --The next
Term begins on Monday, June Ist. Boarders, $l6O per an
mim. French spoken in the family . For Circulan ad
. REV. JAMES GILMOUR; A. M
ap26.1.0t* Balaton ., Spa, Saratoga County. N. Y.
rirersciutona AcAussie, FOUNDED IM
1836.--The Slimmer Session of thislnstitution opens
on the Ist of May, next. The laat Catalogue numbers
160 students, from ten States of the' Union. The Course of
instruction is full and thorough, .both ae to preparation for
business and for College. Students have been entered by
the Principal at Yale, Princeton, Dickinson, Lafayette, jet ,
ferson,Washington, and Delaware Colleges. Location intim
country. easy of manilla, healthful, free from temptations,and
in the midst of beautiful scenery. The moral mid religkens
influences in and around the Institution are all the most
anxi r ous parents can desire. Pot:Catalogues; contalnini fall
infomation, apply at this office, or to
J. IL stanitAKEß., A. M., Prineipal,
Academia. Juniata aninleYl4l...
Atil, 819 Liberty fitsurt, Pittsburgh, Pa., mann.fecturea—
Steam Engines, of all sizes. warranted beet quay
Steam Boilers, of damped Juniata. Iron
Portable Flour Mills; Smut
French Bair Mill Stones, Mill trans, AtUffiCrews, cast iron
ticl aleo kee in p the lis o n hne and .
, Bolting Cloths, Flax Belting, and
Orders filled with dispatch.
A R- STE
.AND exams As R FOR
Plaland and stucco Work; R -- ces — ZO l nt for cistern,
Pftteburgb. ,a, c.l t Y lbuid; at 318 Liberty Shoot,
ma • on
W. W. wALL'AeIt,
STEAM MARBLE WORKS,
319, 321, and 323 Liberty Street, opposite Smithfield -
Monuments, Tablets, and Grave-stones alwaT;
Furniture and Wash-stand Tops End Imposing Stm 6 ,
by machinery, in less time and better styles ths,',":
done by mere manual labor. Particular attentive
the manufacture of ,
of which we have generally on band, in ant Mantel L,
a large variety of beautiful patterns, made of the to,.
sign . and Domestic Marble. Builders and property
are invited to examine our stock of Mantels, as ‘,„,
seeded that after doing so, and learning our prie m
upwards,) hundreds of persons who now consider
yond their means, will be unwilling to remain loacer;::
out purchasing one or more. They are an ornannta::
room, are always neat, require no paint, sod cam g , l4 ::
Hearth.Stonoe made to order.
Our stock) s the largest in the West; and being mew,
tared by the aid of machinery, is worthy the attest,'
purchasers. Orders filled with dispatch.
W. W. WALLACE,
319 Liberty Street, Plusbnu.
B OOK AND JOB PRINTING, Ta subscriber, being provided with Steam
presses, and a great variety of Printing Type. and othrt,'
tares, I. prepared to execute every description of
Cards, Bills, Labels, ke.
Blank Deeds, Blank Books Paper and Statiorutry ol ,, ,
on hand. J. T. SaltVocK
No. 84 Mite Street, anisette Bele
Pritaburgh, Dec.B, 1845. deeir
SILVER PLATED WARE"
JOHN 0. MEAD & SONS,
The oldest and moat experienced.ranceso atsen z 1 , 11,
TEA SETS AND URNS
GOBLETS, TUREENS, &C., *C..,
The most elebtante and richest patterns
SPOONS, - FORKS. L.SIrEFF, FRUIT, TRA.:: adel l:::
No. 15 South Ninth Street, &bore Cheetnat,
Naar the Girard
fi IS `NOT A D Y Et — PRESIDEN T
J. H. RATON, L.L. D., Union University, liturfreeit.-
Tenneseee, says: "Notwithstanding the Irregul ar
Mrs. S. A. Allen's World's Hair Restorer, lee., the laigt z
of hair ceased, and my grey locks were restored tot
Rev. M. THACHER, (60 years of age,) Pitcher, Chi.,
Co., N. Y.l "My hair is now restored to its neutral
and ceases to fall off."
REV. WM. CUTTER, Ed. Mother's Magazine, N. I"
hair is changed to its natural color," &e.
. . . . .
BEV. B. P. STONB, D. D., Concord, " lair s i, r ,
Will grey, is now restored to its natural color,' &c. -
REV. D. CLENDENIN Chiongo,lll.: ‘‘ I can add Illy:,
tiniony, and recommend it to my friends."
REY. D. T. WOOD, Middletown, N. Y.: i 0 Hyena hi, t„ ;
greatly thickened ; also that of one of my family, w i,„ 4
becoming , b a ld . "
_ - _
REV..i: P. TUSTIN, Charleston, S.C.: "The white kafr,
becoming obviated, and new hair forming," &c.
REV. A. PRINK, Silver Creek, N. V. • "It has prod:,
a good effect on my hair, and can and havereonamet;
REV. A:BLANOHARD, Meriden, N. H.: "We thist, , ,,
highly of your_pionaraDons," &c.
REV. B. 0. stmElf„ Plattsburgh, N. Y.: "I WM
to find my grey hair turn as when I was young."
REV.. JOS. MIME, Pastor of West D. R. chord. N.
REV. D. MORRIS, Cross River, N. Y.; MRS. REV.R . ,
PRATT, Hamden, N. Y.
We might swell tide list; but if not convinced, TM:
MRS. S. A. ALLEN'S ZYLOBALSAMUM,
Or World's Ralr.pressing, is essential to use with th: , .-
storer, and is the.best Hair Dressing for old oryonnget .
being often efficacious in case othair falling, h., wit
Grey-haired, Bald, or persons afflicted with dieeseesof
hair or scalp, read the above, and judge of
MRS. S. A. ALLEN'S WORLD'S HAIR RESTORES
IT DOES NOT SOIL OR STAIN. Sold by allthe etivz
wholesale and retail merchant* in the United States, Cei
DEPOT, 855 BRODME STREET, NEW YORK.
J . , FLEMING, Agent,Tittaburgh.
Or' Some 'dealers tor to sell articles instead of da.
which they'rinke nine profit. Write to Depot for
and information: api-em•
BOOTII4MD SIMMS, BOOTS AND SROis
—JAMBS "BOBS, No. 89 Market Street, between-,
Market House and Fifth Street, 'Would call the attentiT
his friends and customers, and *Mothers who may bra:
with their trade, that for the fatare he willbe founds:_
New Shoe Store WI above, with an entirely New Etl , s.
Boots,. Wes, Gaiters, !Rippers; Palm Leaf, Pedel,Testial
Braid RAN As; consisting in part of Gents' Fancy (7,
Bents; Cangress Gaiters, Orlbrd Ties, &0., to .; Ladies', SL
and Childrerse .Paney Boots, Gaiters, Tioll t Slip, nr
beautiful; Boys' and Youths' Tress Boots, Shoes, 'Ns t
His stock is one ,of the, largest . ever opened in this cia,S:
&anneals evinpUldni worn by the ladies of Phibuielphitc
New York, and, he trusts, cannot fail to please all. Gs
care has bean' taken fin selecting the choicest goods,C-
Which he warrants:
He also continues to anartufaitrure, as heretofore, 111:.
scriptionsof Hoists and Shoes; analbis long experiev_
over twenty years in buatness in this city is, he !Tuts, at
Meat guaranty that those who favor him with their cum
will be fairly dealt with ap2g-tt
I 1, • : s : .
D. KIMKPATRICK & 80118,N0.2113. THIRD Et i
weer Market and Chestnut Streets, Philadelphia, het
DRYAND SALTED SPANISH 111.111.14,
Dry said Green - Salted Patna' Kips, Tanner's I, T s
and Ottritireif ToObs it iltidoweet mewl, and upon tie
terms: , ,
Alf khtdis of leather In the rough , anode:
- which the 'hfgheot market pries will be gfrin in est:
taken in exchange for Hideo. Leather towed the of ua
and mild Osi Muunloolon. .• •
ACV IIA cl WAND OW THE MATIOILE
SAFETY TRUST 'COMPANY—WiImit Street, hc
West corner of Third, PhihuielphK
' Incorporated thit State of Tennsyleania.
Money is received in anyertim, hirge orai ndl. sad irk ,
paid from the day of deposit tithe day of withdrawal.
The once is operitivery daY,lrnin Lotto* in the MOM'
till 7 o'clock in the evening, and 'cm Monday and MIA
'evenings tin 9 o'clock. "
Interest Ylve.Per Cent..
All gnms,large or email, ere paldback in gold, on dam
without notice, to any amoinit.
This Company confines its badness entirely to them
ing of money on interest. The Investments, amount;
nearly ONE MILLION ANNA HALF OEDOLLARSt
Published report of ASSETS, are undo in conformity ,
the provis' loneof the Charter, in NEAL - ESTATE, MC
GAGES; GROUND'RESITS, Mal such Stateless smut ,
will always- insure. Totted security to the depositor.,
which cannot fail tO give permanency and stability tot
,old and veell-estahlished Institution. jai ly
D :gh &. lira
have aesoilated theniselres in the practice of
Dine said iliirkeiy. -Office In Dr. Rites residence, IR.:
Fifth Street, opposite the Cathedral.
Dr. Reiter willattend at the race daily, and may be!'
milted at his residence, in East DR arty, in the mot=
ig K > IITNEDICHISIGMED HAS BEEN 0
A_ POINTED B.eceiving , Agent and Timainer. for t..::
lowiniChnrch enterprises, in the Synods of PITTSBM
ALLEGHENY, WHEELING, AND OHIO, via
The General Aseembles BOARD OP DOMESTIC t
&ONE; the General Assembles BOARD OP EDUCATE'
the General 'Assembly's CHUBCH EXTENSION COZ
TEE, (tit. Louis); and,the FUND YOB SIIPERANNEC
MINISTERS AND THEIR PAMIIaRB.
Correspondents illeatiN) address him as below, etc.
distinctly the Presbytery and Chearch, from which roe
Mons are sent; and when a receipt is required by
name of- the post office and Cinerary.
As heretofore, monthlyreports will be made tame.
Presbyterian Banner anti :A , :•Owte and the fforneand
•Record.T. D. WILLIAMS, Treasurer.
114 Smithfield Eur:
ITIENNW lAN It LrEADI
A. -BRITTON & CO.,
MANDPAOTHREES t & WHOLESALE AND Esr.c.
N 0.82 North SECOND. Street, above Market, Philadellt
The largest, cheapest, and beet assortment of PLAL)
NANOY BLINDS of• any other establishment ha the E.
REPAIRING promptly attended to. Give se 3 '
and satisfy yourselves. feF•:"
OM BE IST'S araiviradeps mAN UV
TORY 5534 South FOURTH Street, below Ohs:
Envelopes, Die Sinking and' Engraving, Dies Altenil
metopes Stamped with Dustmen Garda, Romoeopuldr
opeepaelfateled and 'printed directions, Paper Bags Ss'.
oulturtata; gmeers, Sc., for putting up garden seek'
*WarsPRIEM:NG of alr Made, vie: Cards, lintEss 4 - 5
ENGRAVING of Visiting and, Wedding Garde,
velopes to St exactly; of the Street English, Freed ,
Envelope's. made to . order of any slee t quality
.061aireyancer's Envelopes for deeds 10 ' 1 ' 1°
old papers, &a, amide bathe beat manner by ,
WM. 01.8 61
N. E. Orders sent, by Express, or as per agre C
- cgs O B'' 6 A MB ALTII SCHOOL 89 131811
Jr CLASSES, AND FAMILY INSTRUCTION—
Prot Jatobtues Notes on John, new edition.
" " Mark , and Luke, nee (did::
on Books on the same, interweaving the •
, ~„,. :.
On Matthew, (with Catechism annexed,) s..""'''..'
On Mark and Luke, " each 1- 5 ' .
or, the two volumes lenind'in One, 2 -;' 2
On Jam, with Catechism also annexed, IA " .
They will be foruarded to any address, If ordeg i l' . ." .
to , , JAMES A. lit - , 7. : ,
Pres. Board of Colportage, St. Clair St., Plus
JOHN B. DATIW,
65 Market Street, Pittsb?:
WM. S. usror
St. Glair Street, rjtEt,'il'.
Art R.D—JABIORMI 'LOCKS. K.
IL! TIM Third direst. above Pine, WilliamrPortr' l
W OR NiiCIRKPATRICK, ATTO
ANTI'COUNSELOR AT LAW, and Solicitor la
rimitif:frild,cePittaltnr. I g 33 h,Pt lirth Street' above
WALL PPER=REw SPRING I ?-•
AIL TERNS.—Fine room and hall Paper 1 1, 2' e f .
'medium do.;; oak and plain pannel and o '7.
gilt velvet, and dowered hoiden; centre pie.eee,
Wall Paper; a large atoek of transparent and
khadee E. C. ROCIa,:r,
ap4 No. 6 Federal Street, Alle4° e—
N. B.—Experiended Paper-Rangers employed.
ILWIBILALL ACAIIIICSIT, AT AIR F
Tuscarora Valley, Juldata County, Ps-, 00 " ° 0
a mile from the Perrysville Station of PeonsP l "
The Bummer Bunion will commence on Mond FSr roc
of April. Whole expense per session of torotl -, '",
for Board, Room, Tuition, Weir/3114 and
able oneitalf in advance.
RP. Bee Oireulans.
marl6-ly Principal and Proprietor, Port BO"
-mogiLIASBYADRIAB - BOOK BOOle.in,C;.,
Depository is now well furnished with all thr opio ,
w i th ofthe Presbyterian'Board of Publication,
with thoae that are Suitable for Sabbath Srh°l7,l 1
There is also a" good supply of nearly too WO.° ors?.
Il e iect e 4 with !Medal care, from the notaeroas -
a.e Massachnsurtts S. S. Society, an..: AM " .
Orden from may, part of the conntrY w ill be Fre t e
tended to by addressing the subscriber. Money nUF
by mill at our risk.
Able, a good supply of stationery. vt
turd" JANES A. flEre