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BOOKS sent to us for a Notices will be duly
attended to. Whose from publishers tu Phila..
dr Whim New York, ke., may be left at our
Philadelphia Office, 2,T South 10th du, below
Chestnuts lit tare of Joseph M. Wilson/ Big.
l'orrEn FRODI ON thou. A sermon delivered be
fore \ the Religious Societies of Jefferson Col
lege, August a 4, 1856. By Rev. A. McElwain.
STUDY; Its Aims, Themes, Results, and Re
wards. A Discourse delivered before the Lit
erary Societies of Jefferson College, August
sth, 1866. By Rev. .1). X. Junkie, D.D.
These Discourses are part of the public exer
cises connected with• the last Commencement at
Jefferson. The subjects were well chosen, and
beautifully and forcibly illustrated. When our
young collegiates can appreciate productions of
so elevated a moral tone, there is a thir promise
for eminently useful citizens.
TUB PRESBYTERIAN MAGAZINE for November.
This number maintains the family features,
and may be rend with great profit. It makes DO
apology for its late appearance.
THE LAnius t Home ISIMIAZINE for January,
possesses its usual attractions.
Music. No Night There. A Duet. Published
by If. .Kleber :3• Broiher, Pittsburgh.
HISTORY Or HENRY THS FOURTH. King of France
and Navarre. By Tohva S. C. Abbott. With
illustrations. rtimo., pp. 336. New York:
Harper fj• Brothers, Pearl Street, Franklin
This is one of Abbott's Histories of remarka
ble personages. The series is a capital one.
We have known an excellent lecture to be pre
pared for a popular audience, by reading one of
these volumes. As condensations of the facts of
history set forth in a popular style, these books
deserve a wide circulation.
Anour Com - mowDimas. This is one of Bar
per's Picture Books for the Nursery. The series
includes: Learning to Talk ; Learning to Think;
Learning to Read; Learning about Common
Things; and Lemming about Right and Wrong.
The parts are complete in themselves, and may
be had separately.
OLD WHITEY'S CHTISTNAS TWIT. A Story for the
Holidays. By A. Oakey Hall. With sixteen
illustrations, by Thwaites. Square, Bro. pp.
237. New York: Harper 4. Brothers. 1857.
The matter of this little book is very attrac
tive. It is of a higher order of merit than most
story books, and tint' no doubt be read with ad
EASY LESSONS for the Little Ones at Home; and
AUNT Roar, and her Little Nieces,
Are the titles of two neat little works in orna
mental covers, just issued by the American Tract
THE SABBATH, Sabbath Walks, and other Poems.
By James Grahame. Illustrated by Birket
Foster. Small 4to pp. 123. New York: R.
Carter $ 5 , Brothers, Broadway. 1857.
This is oue of the most beautiful and appro
priate gift books which we have ever seen. The
merits of Graham as a religious poet, are well
known. The edition.before us, though published
by the Messrs. Carters of New York, is from the
celebrated press of the Messrs. Clark, of Edin
burgh. The illustrations are numerous, and in
the very highest style of art. The printing is
done on tinted end highly glazed paper; and al
together, the binding, typology, and general ap
pearance of the volume, when taken in connex
ion with its intrinsic worth, invest it with pecu
liar merits as a-" remerabrancer," at this season
of the year.
THE CONSTITUTIO ' N OF THE ITITMA.N SOUL Six
Lecture.% delivered at the Brooklyn institute.
By Richard S. Storrs, jr., D.D. Bvo., pp. 838.
New York : R. Carter 4. Brothers, 530 Broad-
This is the first course of the "Graham Lec
tures," a course on " The 'Wisdom, Powev, and
Goodness of God," which has been secured to the
inhabitants of Brooklyn, through the munifi
cence of the late Augustus Graham of that city.
We hre glad to find that a practice which has long
obtained in England, of founding lectures, is be
ginning to be followed in our own country. By
means of the . Golden Lecture, the Bampton Lec
ture, the Hulsean Lecture, and many others, the
interests of science and religion have been emi
nently promoted in Great Britain; and here we
have the first fruits. of a similar provision in
Brooklyn, which we trust may be a fountain of
blessings to the inhabitants of that city, and to
the cause of religion and mortal i ty in the.land.
The work before us is not strictly metaphysical
in its character, and yet it would require au edu
cated mind to appreciate its lessons. Dr. Storrs
treats of the Human Soul as endowed with per
sonal life; with faculties for knowledge; for vir
tue; beneficent operation; for happiness and for
immortal progress. Although the book is of a
physicological character, still it will be found to
give elevated views of the Divine goodness, and
a thoughtful perusal of it will be productive of
good in inciting to virtuous action.
KOBBOLTO2O ; A Sequel to the Last of the Hum
ger Muggers. With illustrations, by Christo
pher Pearse Crauch. Square Bvo., pp. 95.
Boston : Phillips, Sampson d• Co. 1857.
Here we have materials to lead the juveniles to
stare. The illustrations of the work are quite in
character with the Dwarfs, Gnomes, and other
wondrous characters whose deeds are chronicled
in this exciting narrative.
RED BEARD'S STORIES FOR CHILDREN. Trans
laied from the German. By Cousin Fannie.
Small 4to, pp. 66. Boston : Phillips , Samp
aon 4- Co. 1856.
Though very different in character, yet this
volume will form an admirable accompaniment to
the foregoing one. We believe that every page
is furnished with' an engraving; and as they are
in black profile, they will be quite novel and at
tractive to youths. We do not remember ever to
have seen such graphic pictures in this style, ex
cept in an early volume of the London Punch.
BRIGHT PICTURES From Child Life. Translated
Prom the German. By. Cousin Fannie. 12m0.,
pp. 176. Boston: Phillips, Sampson co.
As the title will indicate, this is 'a book for
youth. The pictures in the letter press are as
pleasing as the colored engravings with which
the book is illustrated, and hence we doubt not
but that it will be an acceptable gift to the young.
DAISY ; or, The Fairy Spectacles. By the au
thor of "Violet, a Fairy Story." 120, 0 „ pp.
157. Boston : .Phillips, Sampson .1 Co. 1857.
Like the foregoing iolume, this is a book for
juveniles. It is prettily illustrated with engrav
ings on tinted paper, and neatly bound.
WoIITIL NOT WEALTH ; and other Tales. By
Cousin Angie. 12m0., pp. li4. Boston:
lips, Sampson 4 Co. 1857
The mends in this little volume are excellent ;
the authoress brings out her good points clearly
and forcibly,; the illustrations are appropriate,
and the binding is tasteful. What more could
young people desire!
TRH NORTH BRITISH. Ravievr. November, 1856.
New York : Leon'ard Scott S• Co.
We have noticed the leading article of this
number elsewhere. The other papers, are Fraud's
History of England—well written, and deserved
ly laudatory.. . The Workmen 'of Enrope—con
detnnatory of a late French work. The Sight
and How to ,See—a valuable article. Remueat's
English Statesmen ; Bolingbitoke. Religious
Novels. Cock/urn's Memorials—the writer deals
largely with Lord Brougham, whose jealousy is
pointed out. Spain—a full and fair examination
of the state of that distracted land.
TnE LONDON Q CARTED L Y REVIE.W. October,
1856. New York: 1,. ScoU 4. co.
This is a very excellent number of the old
" Quarterly." Its contents are—Whateley's Edi
tion of Bacon's Essays; French Algeria; Church
Buildings; New Biographies of Montaigne; An
cient Rome ; Physiognomy of the Duman Form;
The Nuns of Port Royal; and the Declining
Efficiency of Parliament.
The paper on Church Building is very admi
rable. It should be reprinted in this country, for
every sentence of it deserves to be pondered by
all who are called on to expend funds raised for
the cause ,of humanity or the Gospel.
We do not look so hopelessly on the efficiency
of Parliament as the writer of the last article ap
pears to do.
SCRIPTURE BIOGRAPHY FOR THE YOUNG; John
and' Paul, including Peter and the Times of
the New Testament. 18mo., pp. 384. Pub.:
lished by The American Traci Society.
This little volume is one of Gollandet's series,
which is continued by the Rev. H. Hooker, of
Hartford, Conn. It contains a large amount of
information, which may be read with profit by the
Tub SPRING-TIDE or LIFE. .By Rev. David
llagie, D. D., of Elizabethtown, N. J. 18mo.,
pp. —. Published by The .dmerican Tract
We have on former occasions' commended this
excellent little volume, and now that it is to be
circulated by the Tract Society, we doubt not but
that a wide door of usefulness will be opened up
A PLEA. FOR DOSIESTIO MISS/ORS,. 21 Discourse
before the Synod of lowa, by Justus T. Um
THE FORMER DAYS AND THESE DAYS, 6 Discourse
by Charles P. Kra:ldle, on Thanksgiving Day,
A VINDICATION OF TILE LECTURES ON ODD-FELLOW^
slur, by Joseph T. Cooper, Pittsburgh.
These are able productions of our brethren.
TILE HAPPY HOME AND PARLOR. MAGAZINE,' for
This is a. well conducted monthly, of fifty-six
pages, with plates, published by C. Stone & Co.,
Boston, at two dollars a year, in advance.
THE NATIONAL BANE NOTE AND COMMERCIAL RE
PORTER, by R: Wray, Jr., Pittsburgh, is a val
uable periodical to all who handle money.
Tut P.ma ern Bor. 18mo., pp. 144. Published
by. The American Tract Society.
This little volume, which it seems is anarrative
of facts, contains an impressive history of a bad
boy, who was afterwards visited by Divine grace.
Vie have read the whole book with ranch interest,
and can recommend it highly.
Romans i :
Verse 2G. For this cause God gave them up un
to vile affections; for even their women did.
change the natural use into that which is
Q. I. For what cause did God' give
them, up unto vile affections? A. Because
they worshipped and served- the creature
more than the Creator.
Q. 2. When the Apostle begins to par
ticularize, why does be mention the women
first, and say, even their women ? A. To
show that the depravity was total, and that
the public morals were sunk to the lowest
Q. 3. How would' this appear from the
specification of their women ? A. In this,
that the most virtuous portion of the commu
nity was corrupted ; and when women, as a
class, become abandoned, regardless of vir
tue and modesty, it is evidence that soci
ety is then, in the lowest stage of moral pol
verse 27. And likewise, also the men, leaving
the natural use of the woman, burned in their
lust one toward another, men with men, work
ing that which is unseemly, and receiving in
themselves that recompense of their error
which was meet.
Q. 1. What is meant by that which, is
unseemly? A. Tt means lascivious inde
cency, or shameful lewdness.
Q. 2. How did •they receive a recom-
pense of their error? A. They brought up
on themselves moral degradation, and great
sufferings, both mental and corporeal, - which
were the consequence of their lewd practices;
and the just penalty of their error.
Q. 3. What was their error ? h. It
was their wandering from God, and turning
to the worship and service of idols and
Q. 4. What was it which was meet, or
suitable ? A It was the recompense which
Q. 5. How did the moral degradation
and physical sufferings, incurred by the pros
titution of their bodies, be a suitable recom
pense of their abandonment of God A.
Because, inasmuch as they served the
creature more than the Creator, it was suita
ble that their punishment shOuld result from
the service of the creature.
Q. 6. When it is said, they received
the recompense of their error which was
meet, does it mean that they received in this
life, all the punishment which their sin's de
served? A. No; for it does not say that
they received a recompense proportionate in
degree, but only corresponding in kind,
with the crimes committed.
Q. 7. Did the carnal passions of the
Gentiles have any influence in leading them
to forsake Pod, and turn to idolatry ? A.
There can be no doubt they had very great
Q. 8. How does this appear ? A. From
the fact that,their prevailing systems of idol
atry were modeled in accordance with these
carnal passions; and lewdness was prominent
in the service of their idols.
!Verse 28. And even as they did not like to retain
God in their knowledge, God gave them over to
a reprobate mind, to do those things which are
Q. I. What is the import of the words, they
did not like to retain God in their knowl
edge ? A. They did not like, or think fit
to retain a knowledge of God; or, they aid
not think it worth while to allow God a place
in the compass of their knowledge; that is,
they considered their knowledge complete
without any knowledge of God.
Q. 2. How were they punished for this ?
A. God gave them over to a reprobate
Q. 3. How does the retributive justice
of God appear in this ? A. In the corres
pondence there is between the crime and its
Q. 4. Wherein does this correspondence
appear ? A. They considered their mind
fully endowed and furnished, without any
knowledge of God, and God gave them over
to the control of a reprobate mind.
Q. 5. What is a reprobate mind ? A.
It is a mind worthless, rejected and worthy
Q. 6. To what does such a mind lead
A. To do those things which are not con
Q. '7. What are meant by things -not
fonvenient A. Things unsuitable to man
I II II
Ak 9 qi
k NER AND' AIWOCATE.
as a rational and moral being; and hence,
things destructive of his happiness.
Q 8. Where do we find a specification
of such things? A. In the three verses
Verse 29-31. Being filled with all unrighteous
nevi, fornication, wickedness, cove tousnes, 111%-•
IiCiOUSUSS ; full of envy, tnurder, 4 debate, de
ceit, malignity ; whisperers, backbiters, haters
of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of
evil things. disobedient to parents; without
under.tanding, covenant breakers, without nat
ural affection, implacable, unmerciful.
Q. 1. What do these verses contain ?
A. An enumeration of such vices as are the
natural growth of a reprobate mind, and
with which the idolatrous heathen were
Q 2. What is the meaning, of. beimg
filled A.. That these vices abounded to
the exclusion of that which is good; that
the practice of them Was common and con
Q. 3. Is it not afearful thing to be given
over• to a reprobate mind ? A. It is evi
dently a dreadful curse, when it leads men
to the practice of all the wickedness here
Q. 4. Was it necessary that God should
influence them to evil in order that this
wickedness should. abound? A. No ; it
was only necessary that, he should leave
them to themselves, or give them over to be
led by their own reprobate minds.
Q. 5. Are not. the minds of all, reprobate,
by nature? A. They are ; and hence we
see the necessity of obedienceand prayer,
so that God may not leaie US to our own re
Verso 82. Who knowing the judgment of God,
that they which commit such things are worthy
of death, not only do the same, but have pleas
ure in them that do them.
Q. 1. Of whom is it said, that they
knew the judgement of God? A. Of those
described in the preceding verses. „
Q. 2. What is meant by the judgment
of God f A. His decision, decree, or law.
Q. 3. What was this law? A. That
they which Commit such things are worthy
Q. 4. What is meant by death? A.
The curse of God, with all the evils compre
Q. 5. How did the Gentiles know this
law ? A. Their conscience proclaimed it to
them; it was the law written in the very con
stitution of their nature; hence, they felt
that such crimes deserved the vengeance
Q. 6. What other aggravation of their
guilt is mentioned? A. That they not on
ly did the same things which they knew de
served death, but took pleasure in the doers
of such things.
Q. 7. How does having pleasure in evil
doers prove a man to be sunk to the lowest
depth of depravity ? A. it shows that he de
lights in iniquity, not through the power of
temptation, but just from the love of sin
Q. 8. What then is the nature of 'this
last verse ? A. It is the ftnishinc , stroke in
the dark picture, drawn by the inspired
Apostle, of the impiety and immorality of
of the Gentile world.
Q. 9. What object bad the Apostle in
drawing this picture ? A. To show that
they were all exposed to the wrath of . God,
and no way of salvation for them, but
through the riyhteowness of God revealed
in the Gospel.
Q. 10. Is there any testimony concur
ring with what the Apostle has said of the
awful wickedness of the Gentiles at that
time ? A. Testimony is very abundant in
in the writings of the Gentiles themselves,
both Greeks and Romans, verifying all the
Apostle has said, as to the abominable prac
tices prevalent among them.
Q. H. Do any modern disdoveries af
ford evidence of the same kind? A. Yes;
the discoveries which have been made
among the ruins of the Roman cities, Her
culaneum and Pompeii, fully justify all the
Apostle has said in relation to the practice
of these filthy vices.
Q. 12. What other evidence is there
that the actual condition of heathen na
tions is here described? A. The heathen
have charged the missionaries with forming
this part of the first chapter, because it is
such a faithful picture of the state of morals
Q 13. To what does all this testimony
„tend ? To show that the Apostle's delinea
tion of the deep depravity of the heathen
world is in strict accordance with truth.
Q. 14. And in the picture which is
drawn, is there not enough to awaken seri
ous meditation ? A. It is surely alarming
to look at the evidence of the awful deprav
ity of the heart of man, and the fearful
depths of iniquity and pollution into which
it will fall, when God withholds his restraints,
and just leaves it to its own native ten
Q. 15. Are not civilization and science
sufficient to save men from these depths of
depravity ? A. By no means ; for we find
that those nations which had made the great
est advances in civilization, literature and
science, were the most besotted and demor
alized, both in their systems of idolatry and
practice of depravity; witness Egypt, Greece,
and Rome: These were they, of the civil
ized - nations, who especially " professed
themselves to be wise," and who emphati
cally "became' fools." There is no remedy
for man's depravity, but the 'righteousness of
God revealed in the Gospel.
The mode of, using the Exposition.would
be—Let the'sAolar study the lessonin the
Exposition ; and at recitation let only the
teacher have it, and the scholar his Bible,
and with his eye upon the verse, answer the
questions put from the Exposition.
Report of the Secretary of War.
The Report of the Secretary of War is voluminous and
The authorized strength of the Army is 17 504; the as.
trial strength. on the first of July, was 15,562. The num
ber of enlistments during the twelve months ending Sept,
30th, was 4.440; the number of persons offering to enlist,
but who were rejected for minority or unfitness, was 5:594.
The number of casualties during the lest fiscal year, by
deaths, discharges, and desertions, was 6,096, of which
3,223 were by desertion.
The movements of troops for the last year are related
The Inkiari difficulties on the Western plains have been
successfully terminated, except with the Cheyennes. In
Texas, though the military force has been reduced during
the last year, there has been a considerable decrease of In
dian disturbances. It enggesta the propriety of removing
the fragmentary tribes of Indiana in Texas to reservations
onthe United States lands North of the Red River, which
would greatly reduce the expenditures for keeping them
in subjection, by rendering the maintenance of so many
military posts unneiessary.
The Indian war on the Pacific is ended. The poserevory
rights of the Hudson's Day and Puget's Sound Companies
are held by persona who owe no allegiance to ns, but whose
influence for evil is unbounded with the Indians. The
Report suggests the extinguishment of these rights.
The expense and embarrassment to the service, resulting
from the preeent policy of locating military posts in ad
vance of settlement. and along emigrant routes across the
continent. continue to be seriously felt. They are maul.'
Tested in the large amounts required for transportation, and
in the emall garrisons found at most of the posts. The eort-,
dition of things which led to the adoption of this policy
originally, has entirely changed It began when the set•
tiers were rapidly pushing their way to the fertile regions
in the Valley of the Mississippi. The reports of recon
noissancee submitted by the War Deportment dining the last
few years. show that, with few exceptions, the eenetry lying
between the hundredth meridian of longitude, and the coast
range of mountains overlooking the Pacific, is not suscepti
ble of' cultivation with the aid of artificial means, and that
it can mover be covered by an agricultural population. The
limit, therefore, has been reached, beyond which eiviliztv
Non has ceased to flow in the train of advancing military
poets. A new post established in this desert region, does
not' become "the. nucleus of settlement, from which, in a
short time, provisions and forage can be drawn, and the ex
pense of transportation be thus reduced to a necessary sup
ply of gree.cries, implements, and munitions of war; but
all thelmayy articles of subsistence must be procured from
a remote market, transported not by water, but over`roads
made by, the United States. , . -
The settlement : of Otrak?dexico 'alai begun longluiterior
to that of large portions of many populous districts In the
States,yet to this day cultivation has extendedlittle beyond
the. Rio Bravo; and though Forts taramie and KoarneY. en '
the Oregon route. have been long established; there are no
agrketitural settlements about them. Though we have
been in the habit of believing that the great basin of Utah
presented a fertile oasis, recent. events furnish much reason
to doubt its capability to sustain any considerable popula
tion, depending on its own resources year after year.
In view of these considerations, instead of dispersing the
troops, to form small garrisons at numerous posts, where
we only exhibit our weakness to the savage foe, the Secre
tary suggests. that within the fertile regions, a few points
accessibto by steamboats or railways should be selected, at
which large garrisons should be - maintained, and from which
strung detstenmente should annually be sent out into the
Indian country during the season when grass will suffice
for the support of draft and burden. These detachments
would be available both to bunt up and chestier° thosetribes
which had committed depredations, and to give needful pro
tection to emigrants to or from the Pacific slope, during the
traveling season. -
Experience has shown, that small posts are nearly power
less beyond their own limits. Some of - the most flagrant
depredations have been committed en parties-in the vicinity
of such military posts; and the inability to pursue and
punish the offenders has tended to bring into disrepute the
power and energy of the United States, whose citizen's are
the victims of predatory attacks. In fact. these posts being
fixed - points in the route of emigrants, afford the Indians
opportunity of observing each train which passes, and thus
determine upon their future operatiens.
Cavalry cannot be sustained in a state of efficiency during
the Winter; and without stables; grain, and hay, which are
almost impossible ,to procure, and then only at enormous
cost. Infantry garrisons are less expensive, because less
forage is required.
If aufficient [garrisons were kept. at, all the posts now es
tablished for the purpose of making expeditions at anytime
among the neighboring tribes, it is not believed they would
be equally effective with marching detachments or the same
numerical strength. Their nnaition would be known, their
preparations for taking the field observed, and a considera
ble force. if necessary, could be left behind. for the protec
tion of the public property at each post The instruction
find diseipline in quarters would be inferior to that of largo
garrisons; and the capacity of troops suddenly emerging
from quarters, to begin forced marches of pursuit, would bd
less than that of men inured by long marches and frequent
bivouacs, to bear fatigue and protect theinselves against ecr
venire incident to service in the field.
The present policy of distribution also involves the.fre
(meat construction end abandonment of posts, and the em
ployment of all the Weeps. much f,the time, at constant
labor, alike injurious to military instruction, and the con
tentment Of the siren.. It - also involves the continual aban
donment eta position: soon after it has been made comfort
able, Which leaves the iseldier without inducement for the
aderiflces: he may; be - 'called - upon to make, and tends to in
loottse.the number of desertions.
lUndbrthe'new - polieY suggested, the troops would be cora
;fbrtably quartered in the midst of civilization, Their Sum-.
riser campaign would be the field practice of their profession,
the temporary dangerif and of which would give zest
to the soldier's life. with a prospect, of return to the com
forts, association, and means of instruction of a large garti- ,
HMI, at a wellrestablishedpost, eta given - time. •-
It is believed that such an arrangement wouldmake the
service attractive to persons of military spirit, and that the
efficiency of the troops would be increased proportionately,
as the expense of supporting them would bediminished.
The occupation of Algeria, by the.Prench is cited sea
ease parallel to our frontier service, affording an instance of
the praetical working of a system similar to this proposed.
A critical examination of this proposed radical change in
our Army distributions is invited, and legislation to carry
it into effect is suggested. -
The sea coast - fortifications are progressing ; but there is
much yet to be done before many of thenmet Important
will be efficient. The fortifications lot harbor defence are
held to be most efficient, and reference is made to the frin
ure of formidable naval armaments against, fortified places
its the Black Sea and, the Baltic, as iliowing conelusively,
that properly-conetructed fortificationa are a 'mire reliance
against the most formidable fleets. ,The Report urges the
importance of completing the fortifications in progress. and
of making liberal atipropriations for new ones.. Time is
necessary to make them efficient; and it - ought to be done
while the country is ;in a state of peace, because it cannot
be done hastily, except at increased eitpense, and then not
The Secretary asksa law for liberal appropriations for
armaments, for new forts, improvements in - small arms, and
the accumulation of, supplies,of ammunition. At the pre.
sent rate of appropriations by Congress, it 'would require
forty years to supply each mounted piece at the forts with,
a hundred pounds of ammunition t but, as many needed
fortifications will, donbtlesal be Wilt within that period, at
its end our armament, probably, would not be more com
plete than now.
It requires no argument to Only, that fortifications, with r
out guns, are worse than uSeleas.
The Report recommends the substitution of wroughtiron
for wooden gun-carriages;
-asks for an appropriation for ex
periments to determine tbe expedieneY of mounting,in cer
tain positions covering Channels, guns Pflarge'ealibre, to
throw hollow projectiles of .great diameter:and weight, eon.'
taining sufficient charges of powder to render a single one
destructive of any vessel:which it may penetrate, -
In order to simplify oar field artillery,and increase the
range and power of that arm, preparations are in progress
for a trial by the light artillery companies of four batteries
of light twelve pounders, to be pubstituted for the present
six-pound batteries, '
TEC Secretary reviews his recommendation for, the estab
lishment of a national foundry for casting guns.
The operations of the national armories have been re
strieted to the completion-of new 'models for small arms,
and the alteration of old models to the long-ranged rifled
arms, and to the preparation- requisite for the exclusive
manufacture of the adopted new model, which is a rifted
arm, such as is commonly called the girlie rifie,with an
provement of the leek• afterlffeynnrd's plan. The altera
tion of the common flint lock to - the self priming,. has been-
effected to a limited extent.. The Report recommends the
alteration to this model of 'all the old arms of the United
States, including those distributedto the States. There are,
altogether, upwards of half a million, and the alteration re
commended is absolutely neeestery, to preMtrethe country
to meet any sudden emergency. ‘lt' else recommends a law'
providing for a better system. of, accountability for arms
furnished by the General Go-Vern - Meta to the States, '
The Department has not . yet ',been Ode to determine
which, if any, breeeh-loading rifle Is best to adopt in the
The arsenals at Watervliet - 4mm .-York, and Fayetteville,
North Carolina,- aro recommenhd - to be-used for arsenals
of construction, for which an rialeheion of the buildings is
required. , •
The movements of the linlitary,OoMnit' 'asion sent toEnrope
during the late war. are brieffv• detailed., and the 'Courtesy
with which they were treated - by Russia and England, ac
knowledged. In regard to Prance on this point, the Secre
tary maintains a significant silence.
Increased pay to the officers is earnestly urged. The in
creased number of resignations; last year, ie evidently the
consequence of the insufficiency of the present pay'. The
Secretary says there is surely no economy in a practice
which must in the end drive the more active and intelligent
from a service which they adorn, and in which' their coun
try especially requires them, to seek competent support in
some other pursuit. As little does it accord with generosity
or justice,lo ask at their hands the sacrifice so many of
them Make to professional pride and love for their country's
service and tag.
The Secretary renews his recommendation tir a retired
list of disabled officers, as indispensable to the efficiency of
the service. Re also renews his recommendation that the
legislature establish definite rules for the determination of
rank and command, and for a legislative remedy for the
continual frauds upon the service 'by-the enlistment of
minors, representing themselves of. mature age.
The new military roads .for which, appropriations have,
been made are rapidly progressing, and money Is asked to
The Report recommends that pensions be provided for the
widows and orpberna of Officers and soldiers of the Army.
the same as the NSW and suggests legislation to !ninny°
and simplify the system of Army accounts. It details the
manner in which the River and Harbor appropriations have
been expended ; presents a somewhat detailed account of
the progress of the Capitol extension; and other public
buildings; narrates the Army movements in connexion with
the Kansas difficulties. in aid of the civil authorities ; and
concurs in the high commendation which the Commanding
General of the Department of the. West bestows on Lieut.
Col. Cook. and the officers and men' who have so satisfacto
rily performed the duty imposed on theta M. Kansas.
Report of the Secretary of the Navy.
The Report of the Secretary of the Navy is an interesting
and well-written paper. It details: the operations of the
squadrons - during the last year. Lie suggests .that there
should be two
,equadrona in the Pacific instead of one.
The rapid increase of our commerce there, the importance
of Central America and the Wanda. scattered in that sea,
ald the extent of California and Oregon, are given as
Lient Berryman's survey of the bottom of the sea be
tween Newfoundland and Ireland; With a view to telegraph
communication with Europe, is referred to at length. The
route, is one thousand six hundred miles long; the greatest
depth two and a half miles. The practicability of laying the
wires is established.
Re urges the io.portance of ordnance and practical gun
nery. The British service has gunnery-practice ships. We
heretofore have relied, in making selections for captains of
guns, on men from the craw found best fitted for the sta
tion: An effort is stow making ; to establish a system for
training men especially for this duty: The sloop of war
Plymouth, now lying at the Washington 'Navy-Yard, is be
ing fitted out as a gannery-praetice ship, with an experi
mental battery of a few light aid heavy guns. It is confi
dently hoped that this practice-ship will annually turn off a
number of seamen thoroughly trained to the management
of heavy ordnance in storm and ealm, and that our men.of
war will be supplied soon with officers and men familiarized
with all the appliances of these great engines of destruction..
Ile gives reasons for the recent change in the armement
of our national ships. The for Mer success of the American
Navy has been owing much to the superiority of the calibre
of our guns; and the Secretary recommends that we not
only keep pace with, but if possible be in advent° of others
irtthe character of our enginea of war.
Our new steam frigates are all afloat, and the most san
guine expectations of be Department relative to thenthave
been realized. The speed of those tested is greater than
usual in auxiliary steamers. in which steam is by no means
the chieftmotive power. The Magara will carry twelve
eleven-inch guns, each throwbg'shells of ono hundred and
There is no reason for VliAbolding the former recommen
dations for the building aid iquipMent of additional
sloops-of-war'. carrying a battery of fifteen or twenty gone.
of light draft, so that they can enter the harbors of Charles
ton, savannah and New Orleans, as well as New York and
Boston. The argumenre for» steady and gradual increase
of the Navy have lost none if their force. • Even the con
struction of the sloops recommended would acid little ac
tual increase, as many of the old vessels are unworthy of
The establishments far building and repairing machinery
at New York and Norfolk will be completed next fear. Tho
foundry at Boston will be, delayed; on account of the diffi
culty of obtaining a safe' foundation. When these eatab
lishixtputs are completed, Oovernment can build and repair
its own machinery. The entire machinery of the Alinnesofn
se t a, built at the Washington yard, and gives entire • satis
It It important that such a policy sbonld he adopted
toward seamen as will insure n. full supply, and promote
the enlistment of Americans. Increased pay, honorable
discharges, a superior quality of clothing and provision. a
superior quality of medicines, care bestowed by skillful
surgeons upon the sick. and improvements in berthing the
men, are all incentives; held out to invite enlistments. To
hold out further encouragement to enlist, and to prevent
any cause of complaint for being unnecessarily detained be
yond three years, the. Department recommends that the
length of the cruise should be two. Instead of three years,
and has directed that hereafter it shall constitute a part
of the sailing instructions to commanders of snadrous, that
when the term of enlistment of a majority of the crew of
any vessel has expired, the VOB,Ol shall be sent home.
A fostering care of the apprentice system, and its gradual
enlargement, are the surest methods of making a radical
improvement. and securing a fair proportion of Americans.
Several hundred American boys are now enlisted, and in
active service in the various squadrons; There was no
difficulty in procuring their enlistment. While the great
consideration in admitting apprentices is to secure Ameri
can sailors, it might encourage the youths if the President
were authorised by law to appoint ten as midshipmen.
Such a law is recount:minded
Attention is called to several vacancies in different
grades in the Navy, caused by death. andresignatlons, some
of which occurred more than a year ago. Iris recommended'
that they be tilled by regular promotions, or by nominating
for restoration to the active list, any reserved or dropped
officer who may be adjudged by the President to be entitled
to such Executive interposition.
The Secretary refers to the report of the Bureau of ,Pro
visions and Clothing, in which he suggests that a small
corps - of Assistant Pursers, with moderate salaries, be este).
lished. Storeships and vessels on special service are notfur-
Wetted with Parsers. and their duty devolves on the com
manding officers, who,
_ignorant of accounts, frequently,
suffer pecuniary losses.
The Chief of the Bureau of Medicine recommends that the
Hospital Fund be paid the value of the land recently a
veyed to the Treasury Department for the purposes of Ma
The Department, though opposed to an increase of
bureaus or officer?, cannot refrain from recommending the
creation of an additional office—that of Judge Adrocate.
The careful enforcement of the law authorizing courts
martial renders it necessary.
It is recommended that tbo Nautical Almanac be placed
under the charge of a naval professor of Mathematics.
The Naval Academy continues to prosper. The Secretary
recommends, in addition to the Naval Board of Examiners,
a Naval Board of Visitors, composed of civilians, and ap.
The Naval Observatory continues to sustain its highrepu.
The expressions in regard to the usefulness of the Marine
Corps are renewed. The Secretary has so often recommend
ed the appointment of officers of military education, that be
will now only refer to his former reports.
Notice has been given to B. K.. Collins of a discontinuance
of his extra appropriation.
The Report recommends an increase of the pay of a
portion of the grades of Naval officers, but dces not say
The estimates for tbo support. of the Nary. and Maxine
Corps for the next year amount to $8,912,979.
Report of the Secretary of the Interior.
To the Department of the Interior, by the organic Act, is
confided the supervision of the Patent Office, the General
Land Office, the Pension Office. the Commiseioner of Public
Buildinge, the Board of Inspectors and Warden of the Peni
tentiary of the District of Columbia, the Census, and the
accounts of the Marshal, Clerks and other officers of the
United States Courts. embracing those of the District of.
Columbia. and to these have since been added the Insane
Asylum, the Mexican Boundary Surrei: and the construc
tion of several territorial roads. The Report by the Secre
tary- of the Interior bolds that the labor here imposed upon
the Department is quite sufficient, and that no.ractre bur
dens should be laid upon it
The survey of public lands has progressed rapidly--the
quantity, exclusive of school sections, surveyed since the
last _Report and up to the 30th of September. being 16,878,-
699 acres, In the execution of the graduation Act, many
grave questions have arisen; some of which cannot be sat
isfactorily settled without the interposition of. Congress.
The looseness with which it has. been. in many respects.
drafted, is particularly cemplained of. The quantity of land
sold for cash during the last fiscal year is 9,227,878 acres, for
which the sum of $8,821,414 was received; the quantity lo
cated with military scrip and land warrants is 8 382,460
swamp lands approved to the States, 6,036,874; that granted
for railroad purp05ee,15,680,875; making a total of 39.328,-
108 acres. The Secretary muerte that the, difficulties in
executing satisfactorily the swampland grants still exist.
In reviewing the land system for the past four years, ,the
report states that it ha/rhea'. extended with- ontirwairuccese
and unprecedented rapidity along -the whole Pacific slope,
embracing California, Oregon and Washingtan Territories,
and into Harms; Nebraska. New Mexico and Utah. This
immetissl geographical surface is organized into six new
surveying departments. Dieting this period there have been
sold for cash 30,935,174 acres, for which there has been re
esified "$27,940,151; located for military bountica. 15,806,-
260; approved under swamp-land 'grants; 30,199,056; and
granted for railroads, 17,036,282; making the aggregate of
93,976,772 acres,. disposed of in part for farms by direct
grants. As one illustration of the great labor incident to
the accomplishment of.these Operations, it is mentioned
that the records- of correspondence cover ninety thousand
folio pages. Eight thousand accounts have, been adjusted,
and four hundred thousand land patents have been issued
by the General Government.
The discontinuance of four offices of Surveyors-General
is recommended, and initiatory steps have been taken to
that end. 'The number of applications under the recently
enacted' bounty land lama, to the 25th of November, was
265,266; those examined 239,726, of which 182 070 have been
allowed, and warrants issued covering 22,003,290 acres; 57,-
656 have been suspended or rejected, leaving 25.542 original
cases not yet examined. The report recommends that fur
ther -power be given to the Commissioner of Pensions to
suspend, diminish, or discontinue pensions viten the
reason for granting them has partially or totally ceased, and
the Secretary is convinced from experience and reflection
that the only true principle upon which to ham pensions is
that of indigence. In the opinion of the Secretary, there
are distinctions and discriminations bettieenarmy and navy
pensions which ate unreasonable. and should not be per
mitted longer to exist. On the 30th of Juno last there were
13,932 pensioners, and the amount disbursed for their ben
efit during the fleet year was $1,360,694. The continued
perpetration of frauds in connexion with pensions is noted.
Particulars of the applications; for pensions, and the war
rants issued. are also given. t
The field-work of the Mexican Boundary Commissien has
been all accomplished, as stated" in the last report. The
Mexican Commissioner, according to agreement with the
American Commissioner, repaired to Washington about the
let of July last, for the purpose of constructing the maps
required by the treaty to show the boundary, and three maps
will be furnished by the Ist of March next. The first part
of the report is already in the hands of the printer, and
nothing retards its publication but the necessary delays in
engraving the maps.
Since the Ist of January last the Patent Office has issued
2,255 patente, and within the year the number willprobably
be increased to some 2.500. ...The income of the office this
year will he about $200,900. This branch of the department
receives a lengthened notlie from the Secretary.
The report again calls attention to the extraordinary ex
penses of the judiciary, and urges the absolute necessity for
a radical change or modification of such of the laws as re
late thereto. .
In regard to the Insane Asylum, the report says that on the
30th of Jn ne.1855, there were within the same, sixty patients,
and during the fiscal year there were received forty-seven;
eight died, six were discharged, and there were left on the
30th of June, 1856, ninety-three patieets. The institution
is in a flourishing condition, and bids fair to be the first in
The Penitentiary and proposed new. Jail in the city of
Washington are noticed in the report. It also draws atten
tion to the want of suitable accommodation for the Crim
inal Cotirt of the District of Columbia. The Bridge across
the Potomac will not be finished this Winter. but a . full re
port on the progress made may he expected in February.
The report notices that the improvement of the grounds
South of the Executive Mansion liar been completed; and,
though all that is required has not been done, yet the pub
lic grounds in the eity of Washington have been consider
: The Indian lands in the Territory of Hamm% which were
to be sold, and the proceeds applied to the use of the In,
diens, are n a state of preparation for sale. A portion of
the Delaware lands were advertised to be sold on the 17th
of November, and every precaution, was adopted to secure
fairness. During the preeent Administration' there have
been negotiated fifty-two Indian treaties, and of these,
thirty-two were ratified by the Senate, and twenty remain to
be acted on. By these treaties the Indian title has been ex
tinguished to lands amounting to 374.184,710 acres, of which
about 52 000,000 are included in the ratified treaties, and
about 122,000 000 acres are secured by those now before the
Senate, besides 19,343,800 acres reserved for Indian pm ,
pewee. The aggregate, money consideration involved is $ll,-
164,203. The report enters_ into some interesting statistics
respecting negotiations and dealings with the Indians, and
closes with bearing testimony to the able manner in which
the Chiefs of Bureaus and the employees of tbe Department
have discharged their official duties.
Report of the Commissioner of Indian
The Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs Is an
exceedingly interesting document. The improvement in .
the condition of New York Indians Is very perceptible; the
farina, buildings, crops, and stock, and the eubetantial corn
forts surrounding the homes of many of the Oneidas, Onon
dagas, Tuscaroras, and the Tonawanda, Cattaraugue, and
Allegheny Senecas, evidence in them a uniform advance
ment. Churches, and religious Influences, and schools are
well sustained among them. The Ottawas. and Chippewas,
and the Chippewas of Saginaw, Swan Creek and Black
River, all within the State of Michigan, continue to increase,
and from present indications. seem to justify the hope, that
they will soon attain a much higher state of civilization.
The Chippewas of Lake Superior have been furnished with
a liberal supply of farming implements and household fur
niture. the effect of which policy hes been most salutary,
and has stimulated many to erect now honees. Schools are
now maintained at different points; and if another agent
wait appointed, (the business being too exhibitive for one,)
much further good may yet he accomplielted. The condition
of the Oneidas, of Wisconsin, has changed but, little since
last year: and no event of importance has occurred among
them, except the murder of one of the chiefs by a member
of the tribe. Under the operations of the treaty of Feb.ls,
IS5a, between the Stockbridge and Mumma Indians and the
Ortiernment. it is to be expected that the Stockbridge diffi
culties whielt for a number of years past have been ILBOUree
of trouble andvexation, will soon he terminated. • The Com
missioner Faye that the necessities of the case, and the in:.
tereets of the Indians, require that they ehouldremovefrnm
their present location without delay. The advancement of
the Menomcnees is constant and steidy. In the Southern
part of Minnesota, the Winnebegoes have assigned to them,
under the treaty of February, 1855, an excellent tract of
land, and laudable efforts are now being made to correct the
vicious habits of these Indians. In regard to the Ideda
wakantoen, Wakpahkaata, Sissitoan, and Wahpatcan Sioux,
the Commissioners say that they have wasted their means
without improving. but that all the power of the Depart
meat will ire exerted to require these Indians to abandon
their roving. vicious, and intemperate habits. With respect
to the Cbippewae of the Mississippi, and the Pillager and
Lake Winnebigosidsh bends, their wars with the Sioux. and
their use of ardent spirits, hare done much to retard their
prepares; and it is hoped that some arrangement may be
made by which the deadly strife between the Chippewas and
the Sioux will be brought to an end. With the Red Lake,
and other scattered bands, next to the British poses:Won%
and in the valley of the Bed River, we have no treaty ar
rangements. They are read to be extremely poor. The
matter of disposing. according to the law of Congress of
;July, 185-1. of the interest of the half-breed Sioux, In the
Lake Pepin Reserve, Pet' apart for them by the treaty of
July, 1800, it is confidently expected will now soon be
brought to a final decision.
Reviewing the tribes embraced within the limits of the
Central Superintendency, it is remarked that the Blackfeet,
Flat Heads, Nex Perces, and other tribes, parties to the
treaty of Judith, residing near the bead waters of the Mis
souri, have. since the treaty of October. 1855, remained at
peace. After briefly reviewing numerous minor tribeti on
both banks of the Missouri. toe Report alludes to recent
massacres in th. region of Fort Laramie. andeuggests that,
in all such eases, the law should be regarded as the sole rule
of action. The Commiesloni r here incidentally remarks,
that the Missouri River se navigable for boats, drawing
thirty-four hiches, from a point twenty-five miles below its
falls to its month—a distance of more than two thousand
nine hundred miles—and when this becomes more general
ly known. It will he the thoroughfare to 'Utah, Oregon, and
Washington Territories. The Conches are represented as
improving. end their reservation is highly spoken of. The
Sacs and Coxes, of Missouri. have made but little advance
ment: but the loways area more industrial people, and a
law of the tribe suppressing intoxicating drinks, has bad a
very good effect. llucceee has attended the efforts of the
Ifickapoos, who have at length &I r uietly settled down upon
their reserve, and have commenced the cultivation of the
The Delaware Indians, notwitbstandidg their warlike
character, have meinteined a steady neutrality •in Kansas.
They are fast improving. The first public sale of the lands
ceded by hem, took place on the 17th nit, and the property
is considered very valuable. In regard to the Wyandotte,
as soon as the lands of the former are assigned to them in
severalty. (now being done,) their tribal state will be die•
solved, and they will become citizens of the United Ftates.
They are represented as men of intelligence and probity.
Of tbe Sterwnees, the Commissioner Pays thetradvanerment
is perceptible. and they have the means to become the moat
wealthy population, white or red, within the Territory of
Kansas! Those of the Poitawatoinies who have turned
their attention to agriculture, have made good crops., but
many of them are averse to abandon their ancient habits.
The disorderly conductor portions of the white inhabitenta
of Kansas has tended to confirm their opposition to civilized
pursuits. The season has been universaloy dry in the region
of the Osage River, and the corn crop has euffered much,
while the potato crop is almost a failure. The Indians of.
Kansas have generally enff.red from the delay. in the public
surveys. and from the troubles in Kansas.
The Sacs and Foxes of the Mississippi continue, as they
have ever been, warriors, despising the arts of peace. They I
have made no advancement, are intemperate. and are de.
creasing in numbers. Little . improvement is said to have
been made in the habits or condition of the Kansas tribe of
Indiana, who infest the Santa Fe and other roads in the
Those bands of the Comanches who spend the Winter be
low, the Arkansas and proceed Worthwardly in the riming
in pursuit of buffalo. continue during the former season
their depredations on the Texas frontier, and enrich them
selves by plunder. , On the. other hand the Cheyennes; who
reside higher up tbeArkamme‘areregardedaeguiet; though.
they are charged with the murders comMittill bathe Platte
near Fort Kearney. Are
Within the bounds of the Southern superintendency, the
past year has ireen remarkable for peace among the different
tribes. Most of them are advancing, if we except the
°sages. who practice polygamy, detest labor, and are fast
decreasing in numbers. The Cherokees continue to ini
prove, especially in agriculture. Under the operation of the
treaty of June, 1855, there have taken place important
changes in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians. Thelatter
have adopted a &meta-114°n and have provided for the elec
tion of a Governor and other officers.
On the 7th of August last an important treaty was en
tered into with the Creek Bed Seminolelndians,Weetof the
Mississippi, the object of which was to enable the Depart
ment to overcome the chief obstacle to the removal of the
Indians of the latter tribe yet remaining in Florida- It is
now anticipated that their removal to their brethren In the
West can be effected in's peaceful manner. thus rendering
unnecessary the military operations hitherto fruitlessly
carried on to compel the Florida Seminoles tnemigrate.
The Report here proceeds to give a VALMC of the coloniza
tion of the Indians of Texas, commenced in February,lB s s,
and of the. flattering success which has attended these
efforts. The depredations of the New Mexico Indiana have
been lees serious this than for any one of several preceding
years. The Indians of Utah have, with few exceptione, con
tinned quiet and peaceable.
The Report gives a brief and satisfactory account of the
Indtarte in California. and then proceeds to review the In
dian disturbances in Oregon and Washington Territories.
The policy of collecting and temporarily subsisting the
peaceful tribes, and encouraging the hostile bands to sur
render their arms and join the friendly Indians, is said to
have been carried out with considerable success.
The Commissioner suggests a repeal of the law of Septem
ber 11, 1841, respecting investments for Indian tribes. and,
in its stead, recommends that a general enactment be ob
tained from Congress, antltorizing sums of money'
arising from trusts. and held by the Secretary of the In
terior. to be passed into the Treasury at the end of each
fibrin half year, by transfer warrants, and pledging the
United States thereafter to pay five per cent. per annum for
the benefit of the Indian tribes entitled thereto. '
The report enumetates the treaties concluded with the
Indians during the present year, and coneludeswith general
conclusions on the.iroprovements of our Indian population
since the lest report was submitted.
Banks of Pittsburgh, par
Banks of Pldladelphis„ par
Bank of Chambersburg,
Bank Of Gettysburg,
Bank of Middletown,
Bank of Newcastle, 3 / 4
Farm. kirrov..Waynesb, g, 4
'Franklin bk. Washington, par
Harrisburg bank, 1 4
Honesdale bank, •
Bank of Warren,
Belief Notes, 'N
All other solvent banks, par
State bank, and branches,
AS other nolvent 'banks, %
All solvent banks, 36
New York City, p ar
" Country, 34
I.OIIN M. ICIRKPAPI93 ICH ATTOB.NICY .
ft. AND 0017NSELOR AT LAW, - and Solicitor in• Cha
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Depoeitory is now well furnished with all the Publics.
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There is also a good supply of nearly 400 additional volumes,
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Also, a good supply of stationery.
novl7 JAMS A. IRWIN, Librarian.
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will be fairly dealt with. ap264f
MpELL VI I BELLS HELLS BELLS I—FOR
Churches, Academies, Factories, Steamboats, Planta
tions, fic., made by the subscribers, and a large assortment
kept constantly on hand, mounted with their newly im
proved Iron Yoke, which, by a detached plate, permits the
bell, without taking it from the yoke, to be turned on its
vertical awls, any distance, however small, or completely
found ; thus lessening the danger of afracture from repeat
ed blows of the clapper in one place. This yoke also COM
bins, the movable arm by which the bell may be raised or
lowered in its beating, if desired, thus increasing or dimin
ishing the force of the blow. The recent adaptation of Iron
cases, in which they mould all sizes, increases their working
facilities, andalso enhances the quality of the casting ; which
improvements, with those of thirty years during which the
establishment has been in operation,- have gained for their
bells an unequalled celebrity for volume of sound and quailt
ottone, and for which they have just received, January, 1856,
the first premium at the World's Fair, many from this coun
try and Europe being in competition, and which is the nine
teenth medal they have received. Being located at the Junc
tion of railroad, canal and river routes, they can ship in any
direction at a moment's notice. For farther information,
apply for circulars. Address
ANDREW MENZELY'S SONS,
West Troy, Albany Co.. N. Y
a . n irIITTEIRING AND STA . 1 1 111EILIBIG
CURSIS, Without Pain or Surgical Operation. •
The 'readers of the Balms— and Adtsocate will recollect I
published a notice last Winter, headed " The Last Call to
Stuttering and Stammering Persons," in which lannounced
was the only chance they would ever have of getting cured,
and all who desired the cure should either send for it by
mail or call themselves before the 10th of March, as on that
day I had made arrangements to resign my profession, and
retire from the practice. Since the 10th, I have personally
consulted forty. and sent the cure by mail to sixty indi
viduals. In every instance perfect satisfaction 'has been
rendered. In justice to all who are ao unfortunate an to
stutter or stammer yet. I have thought proper to give
another opportunity of being cured, and therefore would
reapectfnlly request them to send me sffl, iwhich la lees
than my usual fee,) and I will immediately send them my
cure. By so doing they save the expense of traveling. I
am a responsible mart, and if my cure is not effectual I will
agree to refund the money. Recollect. this cure never fails.
Address Dr. WYCKOFF, Box 746, Pittsburgh Poet Office.
There has been a floating population of imposters travel
ing the country, professing to cure impediments of speech
by my system, and many have had the audacity to advertise
in my name. and give the names of men for reference whom
they never knew or saw. When persons who stammer
called, those men would represent me, argl in several in
stances produce a certificate purporting to be mine, vesting
In them full power and authority to practice as my Agents.
I have frequently warned the Public of these men, as they
are not in full possession of my system, and cannot cure.
Through untiring perseverance. 1 arrested two of them,
and others will sooner or later share the same fate. own
for Stuttering or Stammering is one of My own
discovery, for which I have a copy right, secured by /aw,
and have sucocasafully practiced the same for the term of
My references are of the highest order, such as the Medi
cal Faculty of New York, Philadelphia, and the UnPiersity
of Virginia, all the Press of Pittsburgh, Washington.
Greensburg. and lJniontown, Pa., besides. fifty thousand
persons in different parts of the country.
This cure for Stuttering and Stammering is performed in
leas than one hour. There is no pain or imrgleal operation
The twenty of all this is, it will cure children of eve, and
adults at the age of one hundred years. A El who
curpd by it, can never again stutter, even if they try. I
cur to forfeit sio,ooo if any person can ever afterwards Stut
ter by application of the cure.
ft was foimer4 the
to announce, would be required unless • perfect cure was Pelf°rMelt
that no pay
That was done to abow the people there would be no risk in
KiVine Me a„ . But now, inasmuch as the leading citi
telm of Me
my cure never fails,it would lie
superfluous to ma k e =Other am% annortnedieht. '
FOR 'THIS PAPER.
NEW JERSEY &-DELA.WEEN.
All oolvent baiiks,
AU solvent banks,
All solvent banks, '2
. BOUTS OAIWILINA.
All solvekit ttainLlus, 2
i All solvent banks,
I All solvent banks,
!All solvent banks,
State batty and branches, Y 4
Bank of State of Missouri, %
Mar. k Fire Ina. Co checks, 5
All solvent banks, 8
All solvent banks,
IRON CITY vunumw.aclAL COLLEGE
OF WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA.
An Th a titalcra for the Business man.. Chartered, April, H 55
Located at Pittsburgh, opposite the Post Office.
H av i ng a larger patronage than any similar Institution
of the West. •_ _
BOARD OR TRUBTEBS.
His Blro'p., Goy. Jas. Pollock, lion. it. M, Riddle.
Hon. Wm. Biglor, Es-06v. Hon. J. E. Brady,
Col. Wilspn McCandless, H. A. Pryor. Esq.,
Cot William. Hopkins, B. L. Palmeidoek, Esq
, Capt. D. Campbell, Ed. Campbell, Esq..
N. P. Fetterman, Esq., Aler..nder, Bradley, Esq.
Principal--P. W. JENKINS.
S. L HITCHCOCK, (author of "A New Method of Teach
ing Book-Keeping,") Professor of the Science of Accounts,
and of the Art of Book-Keeping, and Teacher of Arithmetic,
and its application to business.
JOHN FLEMING, (author of the "National. System of
Book-keeping,") Lecturer on the Science of Accounts, and on
Business, its custom' and usages.
ALEXANDBR COWLEY and W. P. COOPER, Span
onion Writers,(who have no superiors ae Penmen,)
fessors of Epis tolary, Commercial and Ornamental Penman
shipiand Lecturers on Mercantile Correspondence.
JAMES H. HOPKINS, Esq., of the Pittsburgh Bar, Lee-
Wier on Commercial Law.
D. BACON, Professor of 3lathematies, Lecturer on Politi
cal Economy and Commercial egraphy.
JAMES W. KENNEDY, of "Kennedy's Bank Note Re
siewil Teacher of the art of Detecting Counterfeit Money.
Conducted by a fail and efficient Faculty.
TERMS OF TDITION.—PAYABLE IN ADVANCR.
Book-Keeping, full Aecountest's coarse including
Arithmetic and its applications, Commercial Cal
culations, ail Lectures, Practical Penmanship,
(a Life Scholarship) . . • • - $20.00
Same course for ladies, (apartments separate) . 20.00
Penmanship, practical, time unlimited, . . 10 . 0 0
Ornamental Penmanship, as agreed upon.
Arithmetic (new system) tilde unlimited . . 10.00
Architectural and Ornamental 'Drawing and Construction,
Languages, Elocution, Ac., aa.per agreement.
DESIGN OF TILE INSTEMTION.
To furnish the best means for acquiring a Thorough Bus
iness Education, in the ithortfist time, and at the least ex
Mt here taught, embodies all the knowledge and Improve.
mente taught elsewhere, with come valuable additions no•
where else applied, so that graduates here will be fully able
to manage the book of any business concern.
new and its application to business is here (and
here only) included in the commercial coarse.
Practical and Ornamental, by A. COWLEY, and W. P.
COOPER, Teachers of the Speneerian system, 'unsurpassed
Penmen, who drew the first Premiums in Ornamental, Rue.
these and Ladies'Penmanaldp, etithe Let State Fairs in Ohio
Delivered daily on Book-Keeping; the Magee, Laws and
Ethics of Commerce; Finance and Banking; Political Econ.
omy, Commercial Geography, Counterfeit Stoney, ac. An
acquaintance withall being necessary to the highest success
May enter at any time; no vacation; review at pleasure;
'Tuition, fall Commercial Cornea,
Stationery, .to., about . .
Board, per week, can be obtained for
Three hundred Students have entered this Collegofrom this
city alone ("besides others from abroad) since last October.
Numbers from other Colleges apply here to complete their
education so that,they may he ; utty qualified for successful
Specimens of Writing and Circulars tont/did:kg fall infor ,
:nation, sent by mail free of charge. Address,
P. W. MINIONS,
decls-ly iron City College, Pittsburgh, Pa.
D'OFF'S XEROANTILB COLLEGE
OF PITTSBURGH, WITRwr.rNG, (VIRGINIA) AND
Founded in 1840, and incorporated by the Legislature of
,Pennsyliania, with perpetual charter.
Hon. James Buchanan, Hon. Hoses Hampton,
Icon. Wm. lion. Charles Naylor
Hon. W. H. Lowrie Gen. J. K. Moorhead.
FACULTY AT PITTSBURGH.
P. DUFF, President, author of "DuiPe Book-keeping,"
"The Western Steamboat Accountant," Am ' - Professor of
the Principles and:Practice of Donble-Sntry Beek-keeping.
A. T. BOWDRN, T. S. DUNCAN, end W. U. DUPE, As.o
elate Professors of Double:Entry Book-keeping.
J. D. WILLIAMS,: Professor of Commercial and Ornamen•
tat Penmanehip, the beet Business and Ornamental Penman
in the United States.
J. S. DUNCAN, Assistant Professor of Penmanship.
'N. B. "HATCH, Professor of Commercial Law and Politica
Hon. Judge SHANNON and J. M. KIRKPATRICK, Bps
eial Lecturers on Commercial Law.
Rev. DAVID FERGUSON, A. hl., Lecturer on Commercial
Ethics, (lite Professor of Aneient and Modern Languages
of Washington College.)
P. DUFF, Learner on the History and Principles of Com
merce, Banking, Ac,
JOHN MURPHY, Teacher of the Art of Detecting Coun
terfeit Bank Notes; the only thoroughly qualified. Teacher
of this Art in this part of the country.
' THE CLASSICAL DEPARTMENT
Embraces a full course of Classical, Mathematical an Rag
E. HAYDEN', A. hl., Principal and Profeasoroflangn es
P. L. APEL, Professor of French and Germ= Languages
D. SHRYOCK and G. ANTON, Professors of Vocal and In
Tide is universallj admitted to be the /argent and most
perfectly organized Commercial College in the United
The teething of Book-Keeping, Penmanship, and other
collateral sciences have been brought to a degree of perfec
tion-root attained in any other of the kind in the conutry.
As an adequate idea of the arrangements of this institu
tion can only be obtained from its pamphlet circulate, they
are mailed free to all paste of the Country, with specimens
of Mr. Williams' Penmanship, when desired. jela-tf
nnIISCARDRA ACADEMY, itioumbirn 111
ll 1836.—The Winter Session of this Institution opens
on the let of November next. The last Catalogue numbers
160 students, from ten States of the Union. The course of
instruction is full and thorough, both as to preparation for
business andfor College. Students have been entered by the
Principal at Yale, Princeton, Dickinson. Lafayette, Jefferson,
Washington, and Delaware Colleges. Location in the coun
try, easy of access, healthful, free from temptations, and in
the midst of beautiful scenery. The moral and religions
influences in and around the Institution are all the most
anxious parent can desire. For catalogues, containing full
information, apply at this office, or to
J. H. 131113MAIElt, M. A., Principal,
Academia, Juniata County, Pa.
arIiXFOILD pEntsi.mr. MICKINAILY,
CEISSTRIL COUNTY, PA.
The Winter Beaton, of five months, will commence the first
Wednesday in November.
Expenses, for Boarding, Feel, Light and Tuition in the En
gash branches, $BO per Session. Ancient and Modern Lan
guages, each $6. Lessons on the Piano, and ems of Imams'.
went, $l5. Painting and Drawing, each $6. Or the pay
ment of $BO, will include the whole.
A daily stage connect' with the cars atNewark, Del., and
also at Parkeebtag, Pa. Address
J. M. OxfordAept. 105 8AM13121, DICHXY. Orro,d, ra.
0 . A I.N` D DRD NAZE AND N'EBLttlat
ACADEMY. - -The:Nertib Session of this Institution
will open on the 3d o „ • :ember • and continue five months.
Fret ;S. Dana, • •,• • Yale,) Principal and Teacher
in Male Department') • • .;I?
Mies Mary I. Doitiap; • ate of Stenbenvdle,) Teacher
in Female Department. •.• •
For farther infonnatio,B;l,address any member of the
W. MILWAIN, Preatdent,i
J. M. ROBINSON. Treasurer,':
J. R. DOTJOHBILTY, Secretary;
R. B. 11POBBA, ' •
OXFORD FEMALECOLLEGE , BUTLER
County, Ohio, under care of the Synod of Cincinnati.
Principal, Rev. J . W. Scott, - D. D., aided by eight assistant
teachers. Expense from $9O. to $9O per session of Ere
months. Scholarships at rates still lower. The bending,
and grounds are unsurni. Every modern convenience
and comfort has been Supplied. Rooms all heated with
steam, and lighted with' gaa. Seentons open early in Jano•
ary and September. ?Su draft= or information in detail,
app1y 22.41 to
R. SCOTT, or RIM W. 8. ROOERS, Oxford, Ohio.
CENTAIL!. ACADEMY, AT AULT WNW,
Tuscarora Valley, Juniata County, Pa., one4bura of
aml le from the Perrysville Station of Pennsylvania
The Summer Session will commence on Monday, the led;
of April. Whole expense per session of twenty-two weeks,
for Board, Room, Tuition, Washing and Incidentals,Sss,pkr
air See Circulars. DAVID WILSON,
zparlf.ly Principal and Proprietor, Port Royal P. 0
D IXON COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE,
DIXON: ILUNOXB.—This Institution, under charge
of the Presbytery of Rock River, is now open for the reeeP
tion of students. Having a local ion pleasant, healthfuL sod
easy of seems, with an able and efficient corps orteschenS
it hoped diet it will receive the patronage of the public.
FOr terms of tuition s beard, &c., apply to any member of
Rock River Presbytery, or to the President of the Inenta•
REV. W. W. liamoi.4.
ITIL Bummer Bandon of this Institate will commence cc
Tuesday, May lat.
la th and
Ofrindars may be had at the Drug store of d. W. Gayle , r
Chestnut streets, Philadelphia, at the Book store 01
J. N. Wilnon, 9th and Arch streets, and at the Education
Booms, 266 Chestnut street, or address
Rev. M. Oa YLEY.
Media, n&. Co- Pa.
ST JERSEY COLLEGIATE
SCHOOL, MOUNT Boma, N. J.—Designed to pre
pare boys thoroughly for college ,or business. For a pm!
pantos, &e., Address ker. SAMUEL MILLER, A. 11., Princi
pal: Number of well qua li fied" assistant teachers au7e .
Buildings and grounds 411 tallAIVe. Situation pleasant sad
healtLful. Access easy - by railroad from New York sod
R•bnloer rewroteort rtt *lnv ff.. , ial4-tf
iri OTTAG M IN A R Y 1 1 01; TOTING
LADIES, Pottstown, Montgomery County Pa.
The Winter Eiesii . On of this Institution will commence
Korember 4th, fo r cireuhre, with full particulars, addret 4
ItEI. W. IL WORK.
Principal and Proprietor.
vv. Wi BALL, AUTHOR OP BOON'
~..0/11T18 AND KINDRED DISEASES, Dent postage
paid for $l.OO.
Editor of Hall's Journal of Health, * monthly at $l.OO
Year, confines himself now, as for many years peat, erels•
'decay to the treatment of dlaeasea of the
THROAT AND LUNGS,
at hie office. No. 42 Irrintt Plow.. New York Jef
BOOK AND JOB PRINT/NO. TO °
subscriber, being provided with Steam Printing
presses, and a great variety of Printing Types and other 11 /*
tures, Is prepared to execute every description of De& Il
pamphlets, Cards, BMA, Labels, kc.
on band. Deeds, Blank Books Paper and Stationsrlebrar
J. T. 8BRY1)14, _
No. 84 Afts Street, Gazette Blindly&
Plitalker#B. Thee B.lB66.deeMf
COM hiLINION W SETS 'PROM $6.50 TO g 40.00.
Cloarch and rarlo T / Lam m Watchers, Jenehlr Other
Spoons . , Spectacles, Turseare, Plated on Alai:aster, Spoons an al
Porte. Watch Repairing done in the bests:canner.
tr. w. WILSON.
Corner of Natick and ith Eta., Pittab'gb.
11-.. , TMUNG . S L... ete pie ,
irinURC/1 -i , - , .. , " Ths TOWN Ctoelfs.—l AN RANUFAC
c°„n 9 tTuctiork attd d acellent. workmanship. They are cheeps
or. Turret Clocks, of a stiperio
than Millie Minn elsewhere In the United States, end war
Mate.' to Wes* 'Action in time and durability. Address
Rev. T. OILRERSON,
Rev. W. W. WOODEND,
3. W. IODINE& .