Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, November 22, 1856, Image 2

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    !Riainur anb . AbAvtatt.
TRRSIS.vv •1.50, In advance; or In Clubs,
$1.25; or, delivered at residences of Subscri.
tiers, $1.75. See Prospectus, on Third Page.
RRN Emir Ar. S should be prompt; a little
while before the year expires, that we may
make full arrangements for a steady supply.
Tun RED WRAPPER indicates that we
desire a renewal. If, however, in the haste
of mailing, this signal should be omitted, we
imps our friends will still not forget us.
REMITTANCES.—Send payment by safe
hands, when convenient. Or, seed by mail,
enclosing with ordinary care, and troubling
nobody with a knowledge of what you are
doing. For a large amount, send a Draft, or
large notes. For one or two papers, send Gold
or small note,.
TO MAKE CHANGE, Sand postage stamps,
or better still, mad for more papers; my $3
for Serontynumbers, or $1 for Thlrty.threo
DIRECT all Letters and Communications
to REV. DAVID McILINNEY. Pletaburghe
monial" to the worth . of this deceased
Elder, published last week, was from the
Session of the church at Washington, Pa.
erated servant of Jesus Christ finished his
earthly toils, and entered into rest, on the
17th of October. He was in his 76th year
of life, and had been about fifty years in the
ministry. He died at the residence of his
son, Rev. J. S: Henderson, Mendota,
YALE CoLLEG.E.-The Catalogue for the
year shows : Professional students—ln
Theology, 23 ; in Law, 30; in Medicine,
27; in Philosophy and the Arta, 46-126.
Academical Students—Seniors, 105; Ju
niors, 105; Sophomores, 128; Freshmen,
134; Academical Students,472. Total, 598.
lent Discourse on the " Apostolic Rule of
Preaching and Ministering," preached be
fore the Synod of Pittsburgh, and given, at
their request, for publication, is now issued
by John S. Davison, of this city. It will
be sent by mail, pre-paid, to any order, at
fifteen cents a copy.
—We place the second Psalm at the begin
ning of our first page, and invite attention
to it. The object is, to furnish a Book of
Praise, in the use of which, all sound Pres.
byterians can unite. We trust that minis
ters and 'churches will appreciate the design,
and help it onward.
ADVANOING.—The Rev. A. H. Kerr is
about planting the Presbyterian standard at
St. Peter, Minnesota Territory. We trust
that our churches will liberally remember
the Board of Missions, and the brethren
who go out to the frontiers of civilization.
Let them be adequately sustained, that they
.may devote their whole energies to their ap
propriate work.
Columbia Seminary.
We learn from the Southern Presbyterian,
that the Rev. John B. Adger, D. D., was
elected, by the Synod of South Carolina, to
fill the Chair of Church History in the
Theological Seminary at Columbia, made
vacant by the removal of Dr. Palmer to New
Orleans. From the expression of Dr.
Adger's views before Synod, it is judged
probable that he will accept the appoint
Zeal in. a Bad Cause.
We see it stated, in an exchange paper,
that " on the 25th of September, two com
panies of overland emigrants arrived at Salt
Lake, having performed the entire distance,
from the borders of civilized life, one thou
sand three hundred miles, on foot, and drag
ging their personal effects on hand-carts.
There were in the train, young and old of
both sexes."
This is fanaticism; but see its power !
Why will not Christians make equal, and
even greater efforts, in the service of Christ,
and for the seeming of a heavenly king
dom? Is it from defective faith?
A Call
The Central Presbyterian church, Balti
more, made vacant by the acceptance of the
Professorship at Danville, by Rev. Stuart
Robinson, have tendered a call to Rev. Wil
liam M. Paxton, of this city, to become
their pastor. Mr. Paxton will doubtless
look at this invitation as presenting to him
an important field of usefulness; but we
trust that he will be able also to contemplate
his present field of labor, and that he will
find that there is no reason why he should
leave a numerous and attached people,
where his work is greatly blessed; and a
position in the Church which affords him
the most favorable opportunities of extended
Oakland College, Miss.
Some weeks ago we noted the donation
of $50,000 to this Institution, by David
Hunt, Esq. We now learn, from the True
Witness, that this sum has been actually
paid, and that it is in addition. to $60,000
previously given, making $llO,OOO from
this benevolent gentleman to the cause of
sound literature and Christian education in
one College, in. the State of his adoption.
.111 r. H. is, we believe, a Jerseyman by birth
d education.
The condition of the present gift is, that
it shall be safely invested, and the interest
only shall be used; this interest to be ap
propriated, first to the payment of the Presi
dent's salary, and the residue to any purpose
for which the College may need funds.
The Trwitees had previously collected
upwards of $50,000 for their permanent in
vestment. They have now over $lOO,OOO
in this fund, which secures, with good man
agement, the financial stability of the Insti
Mr. Hunt's gifts have extended through
twenty-five years. He is now seventy-seven
pan of age, and, toward the' College at
least, is the executor of his own will. We
have ) in all this ) a worthy example.
Allegheny Seminary-.-A Fourth Professor.
The churches have seen, with great pleas
ure, we trust, that the resolution has been
taken by the Directors of the Western
Theological Seminary, to endow a Fourth
Professorship, and to ask the next General
Assembly that the Chair shall be filled.
The judgment of the Church was clearly
indicated, last Spring, by the unanimity and
cordiality with which the Assembly entered
into the election of a Professor. The de
olinature of Dr. Dickinson leaves the In
stitution with only its former force, but
leaves it to feel, from disappointed hopes,
its wants the more keenly. The movement
now commenced, to secure an endowment
before calling an occupant, is wise; and,
through the favor of the churches, will, we
trust, be altogether practicable. Let the
work be prosecuted with vigor, and the re
sponses be prompt and liberal. It is earn
estly desired that the Directors, when ap
proaching the Assembly with the request
for an appointment, shall be able to say that
the endowment is secured and ample.
A remark which threatened, a few years
ago, to become fashionable, has now happily
fallen almost into disuse—that three Pro
fessors were enough for any of our semina
ries. The fact is, that one may do a great
work in instructing ingenuous youth, and
may, with the auxiliary facilities now so
abundant, turn out admirably qualified
preachers; but two can do better; and
three will be still more effective ; and four
will find full employment, and increased
usefulness, when they shall have duly di
vided the subjects far study, and shall each
concentrate his energies on his own proper
We may be permitted to give, seriatim,
a few of the reasons which urge upon the
friends of the Institution, the furnishing it
with a Fourth Professor.
I. Its age. The Seminary has now been
in existence for twenty-nine years. It had
a tedious infancy. It struggled hard—not
really for existence, for it always had a
sound and vigorous stamina—it struggled
for the means of growth. But now, that it
has attained to manhood, it' is nothing the
worse for its toils and conflicts. It has but
the more experience, and is the more deeply
rooted and grounded in the heart of hearts
of our churches. It is the child of their
deep solicitude, and has grown under their
nurturing care, and they love it dearly. It
has near eighty students. It has excellent
buildings; three endowed Professorships;
three well qualified professors; four pro
fessors' houses; 'and is almost without the
incumbrance of debt. It is surely high
time that it had its Fourth Professor.
2. The number of students in the Semi
nary, and in prospect, demand the contem
plated teaching force. About twenty pupils
to each teacher, is the utmost that is allowed,
ordinarily, in well regulated schools. The
proportion should be rather less, than great
er. It is true, that a lecturer can speak to
a hundred as well as to twenty; but the ex
aminations, and the drills, and the visita
tions, and admonitions, and counsels, and in
citements, and all the thousand blissful in
fluences which flow from personal inter
coure—frorn much mental contact—are sad
ly wanting when the teachers are few, and
the pupils many.
3. Other Seminaries have their full corps
of instructors. Princeton has had her com
plement for many years. Union and Co
lumbia Seminaries, though Synodical Insti
tutions, and each sustained by but two
Synods, and neither having half the num
ber of students which flock to Allegheny,
have their four able Professors each. And
the thing is wise—eminently wise. Let
the instruction of those who are to be the
teachers of others—who are to defend the
Redeemer's cause, and inform and guide
the thousands of immortal minds—be them
selves well taught. And Danville also,
though but three years old, is nobly striving
for an equal stand with the oldest and the
best. She has already her three Professors,
and an instructor in language, giving her a
numerical corps equal to our own, at nine
times the age.
4. Our enlarging sphere urges upon us,
to whom this Seminary is mainly en
trusted, the necessity of vigorous efforts to
complete the means of a thorough ministe
rial training for increased classes. New Al
bany Seminary is about to be carried far
West and North, probably doubling its dist
ance from us. This must have an influence
in directing, to this place, the thoughts of
many young men who, otherwise, might
have been inclined to that Institution.
5. The character of the portion of the
Lord's vineyard in which the Seminary is lo
cated, demands, most urgently, that it be
furnished with the fullest and very best
means of instruction. It is in the heart
of the most dense Presbyterian population
in our country; or, saving Scotland, the
most dense in the world. ,And the Presby
terianism, too, is of the best type. We
have, in this region, just the material, in the
richest abundance, for furnishing the most
numerous and the very best classes of labor
ers for the harvest. Our section of t,:e land
may be regarded as the Lord's Nursery of
Ministers. Children are born in the cove
nant. They are consecrated to God. They
are taught by pious mothers. They are
governed by godly fathers. They are reared
iu the Sabbath School and the sanctuary.
They enjoy, in the richest abundance, the
best ordered Academies and Colleges; all
under the wisest and purest Presbyterian
management They are fitted by the score,
and might be by the hundred, for entering
the Seminary and perfecting their prepara
tion for the Lord's service in the ministerial
office. And shall, now, the finishing instru
mentality be defective ? A shame upon us
that the work has lingered. But shall it
yet only creep ? No : let the churches arouse
at once to the work.
In finishing out the task allotted to the
Directors, they look somewhat abroad. This
seeths . n'of the Church has.borne almost the
Whole burden of the Seminary thus fer. True
there has been some kind aid from abroad;
but we look for more. The Eastern portion
of our Church has much wealth. The Sem
inary is under the care and control of the
whole body. Our rich brethren, and espe
cially those who would build up and extend
Zion, will see in the remarks made, and pre
eninently in the fact that here is the Lord's
Nursery for those who shall bear the Ark
and blow the trumpet, that their contribu
tions can be directed hither with the
est effectiveness. We entreat our brethren
for help.
But it is from our own resources, we
would say to the surrounding Synods, that
we are mainly still to draw. Each section
of the Country where a Seminary is located,
though fixed and controlled by the General
Assembly, is justly expected to do the great
work, in endowing and sustaining it. Let
us then say, The work shall be done. The
Lord has bountifully supplied us, and we
will not withhold anything of Which he has
need—self or money—son or daughter—to
endow a Seminary, to occupy a pulpit, or to
cultivate a mission field. We are the
Dr. McLean.
Soon after the late meeting of the Synod
of Philadelphia, we noted the declaration
of Dr. D. V. McLean, President of Lafay
ette College, that he intended• to resign his
Chair. The resignation has not yet been
tendered; and it may possibly be deferred.
The following just and merited testimonial
was unanimously adopted by the Synod..
The Synod has heard the announcement of
Dr. McLean's intention to resign, with unfeigned
regret, and feel that it is alike due to him, to the
Synod, to justice and to a grateful and righteous
appreciation of his invaluable services to record:
Ist. Their high sense of the wisdom, zeal and
energy with which he has conducted the affairs of
the College during the six years of his past ad
ministration. The Synod cannot withhold the re
cord of their admiration and gratitude in view of
the amazing amount of labor which the President
has undergone in his untiring efforts to endow
the College, and in the general conduct of its af
fairs and in view of the eminent success with
whichi God has crowned his exertions, and those of
other friends of the College. The patience, the
perseverance, the indomitable energy, and .the
practical wisdom and skill with which the Presi
dent has, amid the many trials and difficulties,
pressed forward the great work committed to his
hands, entitle him to the grateful consideration of
this Synod, and all friends of Christian educa
2d. The Synod, in view of the present prosper
ous conaition of the College, record their thanks
to God for his smiles upon the efforts to endow it,
and they congratulate Dr. McLean upon the fact,
that if he shall feel it to be his duty to persevere
in his purpose to withdraw from the presidency
of the College, he will be able to look back upon
the six years of his life, last past, as a. period in
which he has, with God's blessing, accomplished
a work worthy of the labors ea life-time.
3d. While the Synod recognize the fact that
Dr. McLean is the best judge in the question of
personal duty, and whilst the Synod, iu ignorance
of the considerations that may influence him to this
step, cannot even express an opinion in regard to
its wisdom or propriety, yet they cannot contem
plate the loss of his valuable services but with
the sincerest regret.
4th. That inasmuch as the Synod will not
again meet until after the resignation of Dr. Mc-
Lean, if persevered in, shall have taken effect;
the Synod express the hope that Dr. McLean may
continue his services until a successor shall be
chosen, and in case that arrangement shall be
found inexpedient, the Board of Trustees is re
quested to make such provision for the same
as will prevent any detriment to the College.
lu -a.
The Missionary work in India progresses
with pleasing rapidity. The letter of "A.
O. J." on our first page, himself a laborer
in the field, states. to us changes occurring
in the sight of his own eyes. They are
wonderful. Let none doubt the power of
the Gospel. Let none hesitate to sustain
the foreign missionary. Send good men,
and the printing press, and knowledge will
soon increase; the people will be•elevated;
taste will be refined; public sentiment will
be purified—there will be an entire trans
formation. God is making the English na
tion—using even their cupidity—the means
of opening the way for working the wonders
of his grace.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
A Tribute of Respect.
At a regular meeting of the Philomathean
Literary Society of Muskingum College, the fol
lowing resolutions were adopted :
lYnsitsas, It has pleased God, in his myste
rious yet all-wise providence, to remove from our
midst our much-esteemed friend and fellow
member, Richard A. Storer; therefore,
Resolved, That in this afflicting dispensation,
we have been deprived of one for whom we cher
ished a high regard, and whose talents, had he
been spared, would have been an ornament to
society, and a blessing to the community.
Resolved, That we truly sympathize with the
parents and relatives of the deceased, who have
been deprived of one who was ever kind and
affectionate to all around him.
Resolved, That as a token of our respect, we
will forward a copy of the foregoing to the
parents of the deceased ; and cause it to be pub
lished in the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate,
Guernsey Times, and Zanesville Gazette.
It. W. HILL, Committee.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate.
Presbytery of Steubenville,
Richmand.—Leave to supply themselves until
neat stated meeting of Presbytery. Dr. Beatty,
to preach the Third Sabbath of February, and
Mr. Patterson, to administer the Lord's Supper
on the First Sabbath. of December.
Oak Ridge and Nonroesville. —Leave to employ
Mr. Arthur until the next stated meeting of
IVellsville. —Dr. Beatty, at discretion, and Mr.
Laverty, to administer the Sacrament on the
Third Sabbath in March.
JOHN R. AGNEW, Stated Clerk.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
From the North-West.
[See first page.—ED.]
MR. EDITOR :-I intimated in my last
that you might hear from me during the
meetings of the Directors for the Theologi
cal Seminary of the North-West. I now
send you a hasty line.
An informal meeting of the Board of Di
rectors of the Theological Seminary of the
North-West, was held in the South Pres
byterian church, Chicago, upon the evening
of November 6th. This meeting was de
signed for conference and prayer in refer
ence to the great object before the Directors,
and was characterized with great harmony
and good feeling.
Upon the morning of the next day, No
vember 7th, the Directors came together
in the same place, and organized temporarily
by appointing Rev. F. N. Ewing, of Bloom
ington, President, and Rev. J. D. Mason, of
Davenport, Secretary. After devotional
exercises, a roll was made out, and it was
found that thirty out of the thirty-three
Directors were present; a fact of itself in-
*Heating; the Fiat interest felt by the
brethren in this enterprise. There were six
Directors from the Synod of Cincinnati, five
from the Synod of Indiana, five from the
Synod of Northern Indiana ' three from the
Synod of Wisconsin, three from the Synod
of Chicago, three from the Synod of Illi
nois, and five from the Synod of lowa. Be
sides these, there were quite a number of
clergymen and friends of the enterprise'
from all the Synods, who were not members
of the Convention. Among them we no
ticed Dr. McMasters, of New Albany, and
Dr. I. N. Candee, of Galesburg, Illinois.
A Committee was appointed to report busi
ness for the Convention, which reported, as
the first great object before the Directors,
the selection of a location to which the
Theological Seminary of New Albany should
be removed, and where it should be well
established and endowed. The roll of the
Directors was then called, with the request
that members should express their views and
preferences. Many strong speeches were
made by different members, principally in
favor of Dubuque, lowa, of Rock Island,
and of Chicago. The Directors seemed to
be divided upon the question, " Shall the
location be at Chicago, or some point farther
West ?" Eastern members were generally
willing to go as far West as Chicago, whilst
Western members insisted that Chicago was
too far East. The former views were
strongly urged by C. A. Spring, of Chicago,
Dr. Montfort, of Cincinnati, and others;
whilst the latter views were insisted upon
by Rev. S. T. Wilson, of Rock Island, Dr.
Phelps and Judge Clark, of Dubuque, and
by the members of the Convention gener
ally, who resided West of Chicago. The
day and evening of the 7th were consumed
in these discussions, which were conducted
in the very best spirit, and the Directors ad
journed without coming to a conclusion, to
meet again upon the morning of the Sth.
Upon the morning of Saturday the Bth,
Rev. Mr. Baird, of Muscatine, introduced
a series of resolutions designed to open the
door for the admission of the Synod of Mis
souri, with other Synods, in the direction and
support of this Institution. There was up
on these resolutions, a full, free and earnest
discussion, and they were then laid upon the
table ; to which action Mr. Baird entered
his solemn protest.
The Convention then returned to the con
sideration of a location. During the dis
cussion which followed, it appeared pretty
evident that a conclusion would not be ar
rived at before the next week; and as your
correspondent was obliged to leave for the
Sabbath, this letter was brought to a close.
You will, however be advised of the further
and final action of ? the Convention.
Yours, &c., NORTH-WEST.
Chicago, Nov. 8, 1858.
P. S.—After the above was written, the
Convention took au informal vote upon the
location, and declared a preference for the
city of Chicago, provided the necessary
funds could be secured to the Directors, to
warrant them in going forward in the pur
chase of grounds, and the erection of build
ings. There is but little doubt that Chicago
will be eventually selected, though a final
choice may be deferred for six weeks or two
Eastern Correspondence.
NEW YORK, Nov. 15, 1856
MR. EDITOR :—The third anniversary of
the Southern Aid Society was held in this
city, on Wednesday, 12th inst. James
Boorman, Esq., presided. Rev. Dr. Stiles,
Sedetary, presented the annual report, and
Rev. Dr. Boyd, of Winchester, Fa., made
the principal address. Either the time se
lected for the meeting was unpropitious, or,
more likely, the 'interest felt in its object
was limited; for the attendance was in strik
ing contrast with the crowds that throng the
May anniversaries of other religious socie
ties. There was a small, but 64 highly ap
preciative" audience, of about one hundred,
all told. In refreshing contrast with the
numbers present, was the cheerful tone of
the annual Report. Without the service of
a single officer not otherwise and abundantly
employed; without ecclesiastical endorse
ment, or any attempt to stimulate the patron
age of the churches; but, on the other
hand, with an increasingly adverse condition
of the public mind, amounting, the past few
months, to a high degree of excitement,
this Society has steadily advanced to its
present position. Its receipts have run up
from less than $5,000 the first, to more than
$15,000 the third year of its existence;
while its necessity and practicability are
demonstrated by the increased numbers and
confidence of its friends, and the widening
field that invites its labors. The South and
South-West, as its name denotes, is the re
gion of its operations. It is called for, as is
claimed, by the fact, that this is a portion
of our common country, whose religious des
titution is peculiar; by the superior mis
sionary resources of the North; and by the
tendency of its efforts toy strengthen the
bonds of ecclesiastical and civil union. It
is justified by the cordiality with which its
benefactions are welcomed at the South ; by
the goOd it has accomplished; and by its
promise of future usefulness. It aims to
preach the Gospel to destitute fellow-men at
'home, both bond and free. It silently en
courages sectional kindness in a time of
bitter sectional animosity. Its officers per
form its work without salary for themselves,
or expense to the Society ; 'while "specta.
tors and speculators" unite in commending
its work, as a worthy and useful enterprise.
Such is an idea of the drift and spirit of
the Report, so far as it states the object,
and defends the policy of the Society.
Its disbursements are made through exist
ing organizations, 'as Synods •and Presby
teries, directly for the support 'of feeble
churches, and also for city missionary labor,
and tract distribution. Those who have re
ceived its aid, have labored among the poor
of New Orleans, among the seamen of Mo
bile, and among the scattered population of
Texas, as well as in many other States, and
for established white or colored congrega
tions. It has contributed to the support of
Lutheran missionaries, as well as to Old and
New School Presbyterians; probably, also,
to Congregationalists, and even other denom
It will be thus seen, that its opera
tions are diversified, and its spirit cath
olic ; and the question very naturally
arises, Why, with this zeal and liberality on
the part of its officers and patrons, there
should be any necessity for its organization?
There are other societies that cover the
whole field and object of its labors, and that
are conducted by the denominations from
which its revenues are derived ; and why
should not its supporters, with their liberal
views, contribute to the evangelization of
the South, through their agency ? If it
is true, that the Home Missionary Society
will not, or cannot operate in that field,
there, is no hindrance to the labors of our
own Domestic Board. And if they can
trust' Lutherans with their funds, and do
actually commit a portion of them to Old
School Presbyterians, why not contribute
directly and wholly to their Board ? The
existence of this Society is one of the
ominous signs of the times. It looks like
a practical division on:the plea of unity. It
Seeks to draw tke Churdh and the country
more closely together, and yet widens ex
isting breaches, by repudiating existing Soci
eties. It has, doubtless, done good; and so
long as its management does not draw on its
receipts, and thus become an additional bur
den to the Christian public; and so long as
it does not absorb funds that would be given
to similar Societies, it is not to be con
demned. And yet it is a pity its excellent
advocates could not co-operate with some of
the existing organizations which contemplate
the same desirable results.
Not to weary your reader's, however, with
this subject, allow me to turn to one that
more nearly concerns the welfare of our
city. It is well known, that its Common
School System is the pride and boast of
New York. Immense labor and money
have been expended in bringing it to its
present efficiency. Its various departments
range from the primary school to the Free
Academy, which is, in effect, a College. Its
affairs are managed by some of the best and
ablest citizens ; while many of the most re
spectable, and even wealthy, entrust their
children to its instruction. It has a large
and well disciplined corps of teachers ;
while the order they maintain, and the pro
gress they secure among their scholars, are
admirable. Its buildings are palaces in size
and cost, and in the perfection of their ar
rangements. Normal, schools and Saturday
instruction have been instituted, for the
training of teachers, and thereby for per
petuating the system. More than a million
of dollars are demanded next year from the
city alone, for its support. And yet, with
all this array of agencies and expenditure of
money, it fails in at least one importaLt re
spect. It does not reach, the very children
that are most in need of its influence and
From a recent Report of the President
of the Board of Education, it appears
that an effort was made in a single
Ward to ascertain the number of children
that did not attend any school. The exam
ination showed that there were 2,631 of this
class between the ages of five and fifteen;
the whole number of children attending
school in the same Ward averaged but
3,000 ! Taking this result as the basis of
their calculation, the Committee who prose
cuted the investigation estimated that in
the twenty-two Wards of the city, there
must be about sixty thousand children not
in attendance upon any school. In other
words, there is nearly the same number of
children now growing up in ignorance and
vice, that two years and a half ago were
attending school in the whole city. The
President, in his Report, considers this esti
mate too high, and inclines to the opinion
that there are only twenty or thirty thou
sand of this class. But, on the supposition
that he is correct, how appalling is the
fact. What a fearful evil does it develope
in our social condition. Not that a mere
intellectual education, such as is, for the
most part, received in our public schoOls, is
a sufficient safeguard for the child, or for
society. But if sixty, or even thirty thou
sand children, are permitted to grow up in
utter ignorance, what an array of dissolute
and dangerous characters must they furnish.
Trained in the streets, or reared under the
most debasing influences of the city, how
can they fail to be profligate and criminal
This is the class from which our rowdies, bal
lot-stuffers, gamblers and prostitutes are sup
plied. From these come t e voters that elect
men to the State Legislature who cannot write
their name, and rowdies to seats in the Com
mon Council. In them, and in their off
spring, we must expect little better than
violence, drunkenness and debauchery. The
present appearance and conduct of these
children, as they roam in troops through the
streets, ragged and profane, foreshadow their
future career. Many of them now are com
pelled to minister to the necessities and
lusts of their unnatural and brutish parents.
They are forced to beg or steal, to gather
garbage from the gutters, and cinders from
the ash-boxes, while their clothes are too
tattered, and their persons and habits too
filthy, to be admitted to the public schools,
were they disposed or able to attend. Are
they to be left then to perish? With all
the philanthrophy and Christianity of this
city, it will be asked, is nothing done for
their relief? Do not the instincts of self
preservation, as well as the claims of hu
manity, prompt the pious and the wealthy to
efforts for their reformation. Much is done
for this class through Industrial Schools,
through the Juvenile Asylum, the Chil
dren's Aid Society, the. Poor Association,
and other organizations.. Vast sums are in
deed expended, and many laborers sus
tained by private benefactions in their be
half. Numbers too, are rescued, and sent
to the country, or trained to intelligence and
industry in the city. But, in spite of all
these gifts and labors the. evil spreads; and
unless some public and general measures are
adopted, it will become positively intolera
ble, while growing thousands will perish in
their ignorance and wickedness.. Our crim
inal calender will become darker, and our
taxes will increase, and there will be still
less security to property and life ; while
our churches, with all their wealth and in
fluence, will seem still less adequate for their
recovery. The country, as well as city, is
interested in their instruction, for they often
penetrate to its towns and villages, for pur
poses of evil; while their influence is felt
by visitors among us, in various directions.
What Christian heart, indeed, that knows of
their condition, must not bleed for the suffer
ings of these tens of thousands of neglected
children, and desire that this festering mass
of ignorance and wickedness may in some
way be purified by the power of the Gospel !
Yours truly, B,
Rev. A. P. RAPPER requests correspondents
to address him at Pittsburgh, Pa.
Mr. DAVID HALL has been ordained and
installed at Union and Brady's Bend, Pa.,
where he requests correspondents to ad
dress him.
Mr. SAMUEL WILLIAMS has accepted
calls to Centreville and Muddy Creek, Pa.
Rev. E. HENRY, of Serubgrass and Eben
ezer, Pa., and Rev. N. Bracken, of Rich
Hill, Pa,, have been released from their
pastoral charges.
Rev. L: P. has declined the call to
Beloit, Wis., and accepted a call to Bloom
inc‘ton Ind.
Rev. P. E. STEVENSON has removed from
Bridgeton, to Madison, N. J.
Rev. C. N. CAMPBELL has removed from
Lovettsville, Va., to Winston, Md.
Rev. JOHN HENDREN, D. .0., of Church
ville, Va., one of the oldest and most
highly respected ministers of that State,
died during the recent sessions of Synod.
The Rev. ROBERT F. SAMPLE, was in
stalled pastor of the Presbyterian church
at Bedford, Penna., by a Committee of
the Presbytery of Carlisle, on the 7th of
November. The Rev. Edwin Emerson
presided and proposed the constitutional
questions, preached the 'sermon and de
livered the Charge to the people, and the
Rev. John K: Cramer gave the charge to
the pastor.
latts anV 61taning5.
CON CIREGA TioNALIsm.--There are in
Canada 74 Congregational churches, 65 min
isters, 2,806 communicants; amount con
tributed last year for religious and mission
ary objects, £8,49
WELL SAID.-A cotemporary says : "In
our opinion, the result of long experience
and observation, an editor of a newspaper
deserves far more credit for what he keeps
out of his paper than for what he puts in
it.—Hall. Reg.
ELOQUENT-TRUE.-" If there is a man
who can eat his bread in peace with God'and
man, it is the man who has brought that
bread out of the earth. It is cankered by
no fraud, it is wet by no tears, it is stained
by no blood."
VERY TRl3E.—The triumph of a woman
lies not in the admiration of her, lover, but
in the respect of her husband, and that
gained by a constant cultivation of those
qualities which she knows he most values.
centuries and a half ago the Legislature of
Scotland enacted that "a good and sufficient
school "should be erected and maintained in
every parish. To these five words, " a good
and sufficient school," introduced into an act
of Parliament not larger than a man's
thumb, is Scotland indebted at this day for
nearly every solid glory she possesses.
ACTS NOT Wouns.*--A New England
clergynian ' enforcing on his congregation the
necessity of practical godliness,
and contrast
ing the early Christians with those of the
present generation, very properly remarked,
" We have too many resolutions, and too
little action. 'The _Acts of the Apostles' is
the title of one of the books of the New
Testament; their .Resolutions have not
reached us."
boring in China 85 missionaries, the repre
sentatives of 18 missionary organizations,
and of 5 nations—American, English, Swiss,
German, and Dutch. Of the societies en
gaged, 8 are American, 6 English, 2 Ger
man, 1 Swiss, and 1 Dutch. Of the mis
sionaries, '46 are American, 33 English, 4
German, 2 Swiss, and 1 Dutch.
INCONSISTENT.—The gentlest and most
refined women shrink with repugnance from
effeminacy in a man; and men, the most culti
vated and elegant in their tastes, turn away
disgusted from masculine women. Women
despise cowardice in men; men abhor bold
ness in women. And yet how often do we
see the one sex.copying from the other, not
the graces and virtues that might adorn each,
but the dress, the language and the habits
that displease in both.
Kingdom Alliance," which has for its object
the legislative prohibition of the traffic in
ardent spirits, lately held its Anitial Meet
in.o in Manchester. Fifty Temperance So
cieties had sent in their adhesion. The Al
liance publishes a weekly newspaper, and
employed funds the last year to the amount
of some $50,000. A general organization,
by means of salaried agents, with a special
view to influence parlianintary and other elec
tions, was resolved on.
GOOD.—The following answer was once
received by a clergyman, who, at the close
of the school, gave an address on the omni
presence of the Deity. He began by asking,
Can any child here, tell me where God is
not to be found ? The questioner having
paused for a reply, one little girl answered
timidly, " Yes, sir, I. can." The clergyman
said, " Where, my dear? for Ido not know
where the place is to be found." The little
girl replied, "The Bible says, he is not in
all the wicked man's thoughts."
had a supply of coal laid at her door, by a
charitable neighbor. A small girl came out
with a fire-shovel and began to take, up a
shovelful at a time, and carry it into the
cellar. A friend said to the child, "Do you
expect to get all that coal in with that little
shovel ? " the child answered, "Yes sir, if
I work long enough." There is no labor too
great for industry and perseverence to ac
complish; it is not so much the tools we have
to work with, as the spirit with which
we use them,- that gives us success.
INCREASE OF THE JEWS.—An intelligent
writer in the North, American Review
poses that no. class of immigrants has in-' creased more rapidly in this country than
the Hebrews. In 1850 a man might count
upon his fingers all the synagogues in the
land; now there are at least a quarter of a
million of Jews, from eighty to ninety syn
agogues, and a multitude of smaller commu
nities where a nucleus exists which will soon
grow into a synagogue. The city of New
York alone has twenty synagogues and thir
ty thousand Jews; about one-twentieth part
of the population being such. There are
synagogues in all the chief cities of the sea
board ; two in Boston, five in Philadelphia,
five in Baltimore, three in New Orleans, two
in Charleston, and four in Cincinnati.
to Archbishop Cullen, the Roman Catholic
Church in Ireland is passing through a per
ilous crisis. " Eighteen institutions," he
says, "are founded in Dublin, with the im
pious design of destroying the faith and
morals of the poor Catholics;" and "atleast
five thousand every year succumb to their
influence;" and the eighteen establish
ments, "to all appearances, make up but a
third or fourth part of the organization
formed for the same purpose." In this ac
knowledgment of an enemy of God's truth
we may well rejoice. And from the recent
movements of the Protestants in behalf of
Ireland, we may hope that the day is not
far distant when this priest•ridden country
shall be redeemed.
over Europe is asserting itself with fresh
vigor and intollerance. In addition to the
case of De Mora,
and others not quite so re
cent, but of equal note, the local magistra
cies in France, contrary to, the principles of
the Government, are frequently stirred up
by the priesthood to outrages upon Protest
ant congregations, turning them out- of
their places of worship, and harassing them
on every pretense. The Jesuits are rising
rapidly in favor, in influence, among " the
powers that be." In Tuscany, an ingenious
inquisitorial expedient has been practiced in
connexion with the- census. The priests
visit all the dwellings, and leave a ticket for
every person, to be returned when he goes
to communion. The police place in their
hands the census-lists, on which they check
off those who bring in their tickets, and sub
ject the rest to:their vexatious interference
and so ilTance.
From our London Correspondent
Archdeacon Denison Condemned—Hid Pe(,,':, r
H eresy —The Archbishop and the Presbyter—j
Tractarian Clergyman and bi.l Innoration.Y—T,
Bishop of Oxford and his Duplicity—y ew
of Carlisle and Westminister—Profess or Mom!
and the Telegraph—Visit to Pocts in „,(l,—l ts
Population and Dock Yards—A Shit, r t f- W ar —
The Victoria and Albert—Wondrous Specimen of
Naval Architecture—The Royal Children—m e
Machinery—The Coat—Nelson and the '` Vic
tory "—lsle of Wight and Osborne—The Germa n
Camp—Presbytery at Portsmouth—Postscr4q.
LONDON, Oct. 21, 1556.
Archdeacon Denison's case, although not
finally settled, inasmuch as he has appealed
against the sentence, was adjudicated 14 ou
and decided last week, by the Archbiship
of Canterbury and his Assessors. Of the
nature of his heresy I have given some in
timations in former letters. While the
Church Catechism teaches that the body
and blood of Christ are " verily and infictri.
received by the faithful in the Lord's Sup
per," the Archdeacon holds that the wicked
also partake of Christ. This is the legiti
mate and logical sequence of his doctrine of
the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist.
A body, if eaten, must be fed on by good
and bad alike. He dwells on Paul's words,
" Whose eateth and drinketh unworthily,"
&c., as supporting his views ; and as a com
mentary thereon, as it were, he says he finds
in Article 25 (of the 39 Articles,) the
words following : " They that receive
them (the sacraments,) unworthily, pur
chase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul
salt h."
But Paul does not say that the com
municants eat aught else than " this
bread," or drink aught else than " this
cup ;" and unless we resort to the ".hoc est
corpus meus," (the hocus pocus of priestly
and Romish consecration,) and swallow that
monstrous figment of transubstantiation,
(the priest's hand, as Pope Innocent blas
phemously said, creating God !) how can
we judge otherwise
The Archdeacon, indeed, talks of the
" invisible and supernatural presence" un
der the form of bread and wine, demanding
an act of worship, (that is part of his
heresy,) which is " due to it under the form
of bread and wine." I am unable to
deny that Christ himself, the thing signified
in the Sacrament, is to be worshipped in
and with. the Sacrament. I say that apart
from, and without the Sacrament, where
soever he is, he is to be worshipped. I dis
claim any other worship."
This puts me in mind , of what I saw when
in Germany, three years ago. The Lord's
Supper was being administered by an Eno.-
lish clergyman in an Evangelical Reformed
Church, at the celebrated Baths of Ems.
Among the communicants were two English
ladies of rank, a Countess and her daughter.
The latter, on coming away, bowed low
toward the Communion table. She was
evidently High Church, and half Roman
ized, at least. She believed, at least, in "an
invisible and supernatural presence."
It is a tempting theme on which to start
off on the Romish tendencies of the age,
and their various developments. But I
must simply pass on to the judgment of the
Court, which declared said doctrine to be
" directly contrary and repugnant to the
28th and 29th of the Articles of Religion ;"
and therefore " having first called upon the
name of Christ, and having the fear of God
before our eyes, we have thought fit to pro
nounce, decree and declare that the said
Antony Denison ought by law to be deprived
of his ecclesiastical promotions, &c."
It is something refreshing to see a little
vigorous discipline in the Church of Eng
land prelates. The timid, though good
Archbishop, was very anxious not to prose
cute, (the expenses to him are enormous,)
but he was held fast to his duty by the Rev.
Joseph Ditcher, a faithful Presbyter of the
Diocese of Bath and Wells, who did his
duty nobly, in spite of much obloquy. The
Archdeacon is, brother to the Bishop of
Salisbury. He has appealed to a higher
Another phase of TRACTAitIAN INNOVA
TION has lust come to light. A clergyman
named Cameron, a perpetual curate in Berk
shire, among an exclusively agricultural
population, has restored and embellished his
ehurch'at his own cost, (.EI,OOO expended.)
He had twelve years ago been "pulled up"
for his Puseyism. He promised not to offend
in future ; but the church being re-opened
the chancel was found completely altered;
there were darkened windows, a surpliced
choir, a lectern, a highly painted screen,
gaudy altar cloth and curtain, and other
semblances of Romish Ritual ; the appear
ance being in a great degree that of a
Romish chapel. The greater portion of the
people have deserted their parish church—
some for the Episcopal churches of neigh
boring districts, others for Dissenting
chapels. The Bishop of Oxford (that sup
ple, slippery Jesuit,) was privately appealed
to; and first he stated that "no change of
Ritual should be introduced unless author
ized by the rubric ;" but soon throwing off
the mask, in a most intolerant spirit he re
buked the signers of a memorial to himself,
and recommended the people " to bless God
for giving them so excellent a pastor."
It is said that the matter will be carried
farther by the dissentient people and their
friends. Meantime, out comes the Tinits,
dealing heavily with Cameron, but gently
passing over g 4 Slippery Sam" of Oxford.
The said Doctor Wilberforce, (with the
Bishop of Chichester,) has proclaimed his
willingness to receive and ordain candidates
not only from Cambridge and Oxford, but
also from Diocesan Institutions, such as his
own child and creature at Cuddesden,
monastic habits prevail, and Tractaiianism
is triumphant. The Record raises a cry of
alarm. where
Crown, the Rev. F. Close, long the Incum
bent of Cheltenham, a fast friend of thi
Bible Society, an opponent vigorous a nt
eloquent of Popery and its imitators, a bold
denouncer of oratorios • in churches, and
an able man, has been made Dean of Car
lisle. His bishop (Villiers) no doubt bar'
been the willing agent in procuring this pro
motion for him; and they are seen to work
together harmoniously. On the other hand,
Rev. Chevenix French has been made Dean
of Westminster. He was the Bishop of
Oxford's chaplain, and Professor of King's
College., London. There are many interest
ing points about this gentleman. He is
thoroughly literary. His work on " The
Parables"is first-rate, and he has some sym
pathies with the Evangelical party, though
. not of it. It was he who wrote some beau
tiful lines on the death of a young Scotch
officer (Anstruther) in the battle of the
Alma, which affected many, as well as nip
self, to tears. He represented a comrade
officer going out after the battle, and finding.
the young hero stretched on the plain, beau'
tifal in death. That youth had but a short
time before been brought to Christ. Arid
so French makes his surviving friend saYi .
the last stanza :
"And comforted, I praised the grace,
Which him bad led , to he
An early seeker of that fare,
Which he should early see!"
A dinner wag given lately in London, to
PiforiaciaWan; the inventor of the