Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, October 25, 1856, Image 2

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DIRECT all Letters• and Communications
to REV. DAVID. TdisICIENEY. Pittsburgh.
Christie, D. D., has accepted, conditionally,
the position 'to which he was invited in the
Associate Reformed Theological Seminary,
in Allegheny City.
Orno.----This institution is under the care of
Richland, Wooster and Coshocton Presbyte
ries, and numbers, per catalogue, 207
students. Males, 138 ; females, 69.
meeting, of this Board, will be held on
nest Tuesday, at 4 o'clock P. M., in the
city of Newark, New Jersey. It is quite
probable that at this meeting the Education
policy of the Board will be further discussed
with much earnestness.
New Female Seminary.
We learn from the Evangelist, that a new
. ,
Seminary to be styled " Lake. Erie Semi
nary,".. is about to be established at Paines
ville, Ashtabula County, Ohio. It is to be
modeled after the celebrated Seminary of
Mount Holyoke, at South Hadley, Massa
chusetts. An . efficient Board of Trustees,
widen Agent to collect funds, have been ap
The Synod of Pittsburgh,
This body convened at 8 o'clock on Tues
day of this week, in the First Presbyterian
church, and was opened with a sermon by
the Rev. M. W. Jacobus, D. D.,—truly a
discourse for the times, such as we would be
pleased to see issued in' a more permanent
Dr. Kirkpatrick was elected Moderator,
and Rev. 0. H. Miller Temporary Clerk.
Synod appears to be pretty fully attended.
We are pleased to record the tte-:
Lion of the Presbytery of Clarion, on
the subject of .a renewed temperance effort.
The cause is common to all, in its interests
—to male and female, rulers and ruled ;
Christians . and statesmen Ministers and
people. Political excitement is likely soon
to subside. Now is the time for the Mends
of the enslaved by appetite to strike for
their release. There are many masters who
claim a dominion over man the appetite
for, strong drink is one of the most cruel.
Let it not destroy perpetually.
Synod of Virginia.
This Synod met in the First Presbyterian
church of Richmond, on last Wednesday
evening, and was opened with a sermon, by
the Rev. S. It Houston, from Zech. iv : 7.
The, subject of the sermon was the obstacles
that exist to the progress of Christ's king
dom and the encouragements to labor for
that progress. The Rev. S. W. Armstrong
was elected Moderator. The claims of the
Board of Education were presented by Rev.
Dr. Wood, one of the Secretaries.
Rev. T. V. Moore, D. D., was appointed
to preach the next annual sermon on Popery.
This Synod will meet next , year in Lewis
burg, on the first Wednesday of September,
at 7i o'clock P. M.
Singapore Presbyterian Church.
We leatn from the Edinburg Witness that
some time ago, a Commission was sent to the
Rev. Dr. Guthrie, from five or Six gentlemen
resident at Singapore, India, giving him
full power to select and send out for them a
Presbyterian minister. This commission
was accompanied with a bond, securing an
ample salary, together with the assurance
that as soon as the church would be prop
erly organized, and its machinery set in
motion, a still larger salary would be obtain
ed._ Dr. Guthrie has selected the Rev. Mr.
Frazer, of the Free Church of Scotland, for
this important post, and he is said to be in
every way qualified to fill it with efficiency.
The Advocates of the New Version.
These gentlemen seem to he aware of the
,unpopularity of the movement in
which they.are engaged, and hence some of
therri resort to the most outrageous state
ments when necessary, to effect their pur.
poses. Language such as that used in the
following account, proves its author at least
to be altogether unfit to have anything to do
with Bible revision, or 'anything else de
manding truth and piety:
—The Bible revisionists, in their zeal,to es
tablish the necessity of a new version of. the
Scriptures, spare no pains to depreciate the
old and commonly received version. Dr.
Lyne, the' President of the Revision Asso
ciation, -of -.Louisville,. Ky., in a recent
speech, declared that while it, was true that
these Scriptures contain .truth enough to
save souls, it was also true that they con
The Naw York Baptist Examiner pertinent
ly asksil Has it coin's, to this, that the 13.1nrx
which we and our fathers have loved and
revered as the. Divine rule of Christian faith
and practice, as a complete revelation of the
will ,of GO& to men, It tO,he branded as a
book having error enough:in it , to lead souls
to perdition ? Can .itbe , necessary thus to
traduce the Old, to prepare the way for a
new version .of the Scriptures?
Inadequate Ministerial Salaries.
We place, on our first page, an article
from a pastor, which bears on this subject.
It does not enlarge upon the duty of the
Church in the case. This is obvious, and
has been much urged. Those who serve in
the Gospel should be adequately sustained.
It is their right from those whom they serve.
But, what is an adequate sustenance ? This
is an important inquiry, and the subject
needs discussion. Would that which sus
tained a prophet be enough ? or that which
sustained an apostle 7 or the forerunner of
Christ? or Christ hims3lf ? How much
shall the pastor demand as a sine qua non
The Scriptures are not very definite in their
directions here, though very instructive to
the wise in heart, by their recorded exam
ples. Sometimei ministers and people differ
greatly in their views on this matter, very
much to their discomfort, if not to their
separation, and always to the great injury of
the Church. A wise discussion might be
greatly advantageous. We do not, however,
just now intend to enter largely into the
If it shall be ascertained what an ade
quate salary is, the next question will refer
to the manner of raising that salary;
whether it must be done by the whole
Church, or by the particular congregation
served, or by the Church supplementing the
defects of the feeble congregation.
A third question relates to the duty of
the minister to NOiom an adequate salary is
not furnished. May he refuse a call ? May
he resign his charge ? And may he, if he
shall do so, and then , finding no place where
his services are estimated at the coot of his
sustenance, cease from the work of the
On this last question, the remarks of our
correspondent are made mainly to bear ; and
with his sentiments we have much sympa
thy. It.seems to us that no minister should
give up his work, as a servant of .Jesus
Christ, solely for want of a temporal sup
port. The fact that the Church will not
sustain him, may be to him an evidence that
he has missed his calling ; but if so, he
should lay the matter before his brethren in
the Lord, to whom he promised subjection,
and obtain liberty to lay aside the office
which, with their concurring judgment, he
had taken up. He did not take the office
upon himself, and he may not of himself,
lay it aside. Neither did he enter the
Church to be an idler, nor a burthen, but to
be a laborer.
We believe that every man who is called
of God into the ministry will feel, as did
Paul, " Woe is me, if I preach not the
Gospel." No persecution will silence him,
while - his tongue can move, and while there
are ears to hear. Food and raiment he
must have, but these be will provide, if
need be, either in whole or in part, with his
own hands; and still he will labor for Christ
in the ministry. If he cannot live in afflu
ence, he wilDive moderately; if not in the
city, then in the country; if not in a palace,
then in a cottage • if he cannot clothe splen
didly, and fare sumptuously, and give his
family the privileges of the wealthy, then
he will adapt his expenditures t 4 his cir
cumstances. He wily abide in the' field for
. Which he may be fitted by his talents, and
where there may be a demand for his ser
vices. He will be content with the loe'ition
assigned him by his Lord. But still, he will
do the work of an evangelist
The idea that a man enters the ministry
on a contract—that is, he will work if sup
plies are furnished—is altogether a false
one. He contracts not thus with the
Church ; nor is there any such mercantile or
mercenary arrangement tendered by the
Master. The Master calls him—bids him
enter—lays' an obligation upon him—makes
compliance a, duty. True, the Master, will
provide. He has said it, and will do it.
But he has not tendered a bargain—a con
dition. ' And in his gratuitous promise, he
has not, said how much. he will give. He
'has called a servant, and laid on him a com
mand, and allows him not to be the judge of
the compensation. He has reserved to him
self the right of meting out to each one, ac
cording to his own good pleasure. He will
always do what is right; right, however, in
his own judgment
And the laborer who enters the vineyard,
does so simply in faith of the, husband
man's promise, that , he will give what is
right—yea, he consecrates himself a living
sacrifice, and expects to be sustained by his
Lord's bounty. Poor then, or rich; full or
hungry; without covenanting for purse, or
scrip, or a second coat, he yields to the call
and is sent forth. There is then no drawing
back, because lac may think that his Master
does not adeguatekll support him. There is
no provision made—no room left—for moot
ing such a question, as between him and
Jesus Christ. He has set his face, as one
called, and may, not look back. And men
who so feel, are the men we want in the
And there is no contract on the part of
the Church, either express or implied, dif
ferent from the terms of service proposed by
her Lord. The man enters as a laborer,
voluntarily. He asks to be commissioned to
labor. He declares himself called of God
to this work. He exhibits his credentials,
and is enrolled. The charter of the Church,
as from Christ does not specify a compensa
tion from her; and especially not the corn
, pensation which he may deem adequate, as a
condition of service. And the Standards of
order by which we have associated ourselves
as a community, and by which we agree
to walk, do' not bind the body for the susten
, tation of the laborers. In our articles of
Church' aseociation, is plainly written the
Scriptural• principle, that the laborer is
worthy of i bis hire ; " but it is also written
that that hire is to be, a participation - hi the
" carnal things" of those who enjoy "his
spiritual things." . .
in all that we have said, we do not express
the slighteit dtiuhi. of the minister's fair and
equitable right to ti frill and egiOfortable sup
port. The only point at which we aim our
remarks is, that the minister may not cease
his labors on the ground of inadequate sup
port. If a people will not " receive him,"
he may go elsewhere; if, through poverty
they cannot, or, through ignorance of the
value of his message, they will not render
him what is needful, he may then labor with
his hands, or he may receive a bounty from
others; but to cease from the ministry of
the Word, he may not.
The Jews.
This people have al ways, from their origin,
been a subject of interest. To the Chris
tian they are peculiarly so. For ages, they
were the only people who possessed and
cherished the knowledge of the one living
and true God. They were then the deposi
tory of God's revealed truth. They still
cherish the Old. Testament Scriptures; and
their obstinate rejection of the Nett Testa
ment is perpetuated from, generation to
generation. They are a dispersed people,
mingling with all the civilized of the earth;
and yet they are a separate people. And
there are yet many unfulfilled prophecies
which relate to them; and there are intima
tions given that, though long and still most
deeply antagonistic to the Gospel, they are
destined to be highly instrumental in' its
propagation. They are to be brought in;
and what shall, the bringing of them be,
but life to the dead, to the Gentile world?
A late number of the North American
Review contains an article giving much in
formation relative to their present condition,
which the New York Evangelist condenses,
as follows :
" The Jews are scattered among many na
tions, and share to a great extent, the char
acteristics of the people among whom they
dwell. But there is a radical distinction be
tween the Jew of the East and the Jew of
the West. The Mediterranean Sea separates
the race of Israel into classes as distinct in
spirit, as are Moslem and . Christian; and the.
Vistula is a boundary between the Judaism
which is inert and stationary, and the Juda
ism which assimilates to itself the elements
of progressive civilization. With the Ori
ental Hebrew, theology is the beginning and
end of all knOwledge. The Talmud is his
Koran. To read it, pore over it, speculate
upon it, copy it, are the most cherished
joys of life. The Occidental Jew, on the
contrary, from early years, has cultivated the
arts and sciences. The names of Halevy,
Aben, Ezra, Maimonides and Kin3chi had
once European celebrity, and still keep an
eminent place in, the history of the poets,
philosophers, and rhetoricians of the middle
ages. In almost every age and country there
have been distinguished Jewish scholars,
like Mendelssohn, Hillel, and Neander; and
gradully they have been rising to higher so
cial, intellectual and moral importance, until,
in proportion to their numbers, it is un
doubtedly true that the Hebrew race have in
culture and influence, an equalty with any
sect of Christians:
"The Oriental division of the Jews, the
writer in question estimates at probably five
millions. In the Austrian Empire, they are
reckoned at a million or more, and possess
such`decided monetary power with the State
as bankers, that they have a great degree of
freedom and privilege. In Prussia,• where
they number rover half a million, they have
a good position, and their relative rank as
scholars is very high. The smaller Statei
of Germany have about three hundrsa
thousand Israelites, principally in the, cities;
especially in the free cities of Frankfort and
Hamburgb, which they feel to°be half their'
own. In France, they are
,estimated as
hit.h as a hundred thousand, chiefly in the
Rhine province of Alsatia. In the British
possessions of Europe, the number of 'Jews
is about sixty thousand, of whom one-third
are residents of London: A few political
rights are still withheld, but socially, they
are not distinguished from the subjects of
the realm. Holland, first to grant thernjus
tics, counts in her cities not less than fifty
thousand, Sweden, Denmark, and Belgium
may have thirty thousand, and the various
Italian States as many more. The whole
number of Jews in Europe may be reckoned
at four and a half millions.
In this country the writer supposes that
no clai , s of immigrants has increased more
rapidly than the Hebrew. In 1860, a man
might count upon his fingers all the Syna
gogues in the land; now there are at least a,
quarter of a Million Jews, ffom eighty to
ninety Synagogues, and a multitude of
smaller communities where a nucleus exists
which will soon grow on into a Synagogue.
The city of New York alone, has , twenty
Synagogues and thirty thousand Jews; about
one-twentieth part of the population being
such. There are. Synagogues in all the chief
cities of the seaboard; two in Boston, five
in Philadelphia, five in Baltimore, three in
New Orleans, two in Charleston, and four in
The Oriental Jews are united, because
stagnant. They are all Talmudists, have
but few schools, and no periodicals: But
tile Western Jews are troubled with as many
sects as Protestants. There are three prin.
eipal divisions among them; the Conserva
tives, Reformers, and Neologists; each of
these containing sub-divisions made by the
degree to which the peculiar notions of the
party are carried. The Conservatives hold
fast to tradition, and are by profession, Tal
mudists, thougk differing among themselves
as to the stringency and extent to which' it
should be , held. This party is an over
whelming majurity in numbers, including
nine-tenths of the Israelites in Europe and
America. They have four monthly maga
zines in Germany, one in France, one, a
weekly, in Great Britain, two periodicals in
Holland, and one in Italy. Of these the
best are the Jeshuran, published at Frank
fort. In this country, this party have only a
monthly, the Occident, published at Phila
delphia, and a weekly, in New York, The
" The Reformers generally deny the in
fallibility of tradition, but differ among
themselves in the degree to which they dis
card it. The right wing maintain that.tra
dition has authority, but may be lawfully
modified so as to conform to the progress of
civilization and the spirit of the age. The
left wing are radicals concerning tradition,
rejecting it utterly, and denying the resur
rection of the dead. ' They are, in fact, the
modern Sadduces, though they dO not main
tain the relative rank of the sect in Herod's
day. This party has three monthly periodi
cals in Germany, one in France, and two
weeklies in the United States. The NeOlo
gists have also their right and left wing—
the former holding to the authority of the
Decalogue, but discarding the Levitical law;
the latter being outright Deists. This party
has but two periodicals, one in Germany, and
one in Baltimore. They have but two Syna
gogues in this country, -both in Baltimore.
The Reformers have but four—one in each
of the cities of Albany,' New York, Phila
delphia and Charleston. -
"Of eminent living Jewish scholars and
other personages, the article notices among
the Coniervatives, Rabbi Rapoport, of Pra
gue, the erudite author of the Talmudic
dictionary; Dr. Sachs, of Berlin, a poet and
preacher ;‘ De. Mania eim Cr,. of Vie nna; Dr.
Hirsch, of Frankfort. Of the Reformers,
Dr. Saloman, 'of Hamburg: . Dr. Jost, of
Frankfort; Wells, a remarkable Arabic
scholar;, Dr. Furst, of Leipsic ; Derthold
Auerbach, author Of the most popular work
of modern German fiction. Meyerbeer, the
composer, 3s a Jew, as was also Mendelssohn.
Ernst, thkfirit concert artist of the age ;
Leasing, the greatest living historical paint
er;- Rachelrthe tragedienne; Fould, the
French Minister of Finance; M. Salvador,
the historian, are all Jews, not to mention
the Rotbschilds, Da - Israeli, and other names
as familiar as household words.
"The change which centuries have made
in the ritual and hierarchical order of the
Jews, is very slight. The visitor in a Syna
gogue sees •Substantially the same arrange
ment, • and hears 'substantially the same
prayers and chants as the Hebrews of Syria
saw and heard in the days of Hillel. But
not all the ' Jews, even of the most rigid
sect, live .up to their rigid creeds. The
younger laraelites, like the younger Quakers,
often sadlylall away from that stern obe
dience which is the praise of the elders.
The very numerous fasts—a characteristic
fiature of Judaism—are kept like the
Christian Lent: And as to the once darling
hope of a. literal return .to ,Palestine, the
Jews are, said-. to have lost all belief or in
terest in it Tbe reply which 'one of the
Rotbschilds is said 'to have given to an ap
plicant foi-money for this purpose, probably
expresses' tle= =prevalent sentiment of the -.
Hebrew race: I would rather , be a Jew of
the kings, than' king of the Jews.'
" The amelioration of the condition of the
Jews has-engaged the attention, not only of
Christians, but of wealthy Israelites. There
are Christian missions in the Holy Land, and
in other places at the East, established for
the sole purpose of their conversion. There
is a costly English church built on the high
est part of :Mount Zion, but it is empty.
Neither'-the-zeal of Bishop Gobat • or Mr.
Nicholayson, nor, the piety of Mr. Schaufher
have as yet, produced any striking results.
There is a. small, sect in Virginia, called
" Disciples,", who _ have a missionary in
Jerusalem.- ,The attempt to mingle agricul
tural instruction with religious teaching, now
in progress at Jaffa, is too recent to permit
a sound judgment, as to its influence or, suc
cess. .At present it has but little promise,
either in the .sympathy of Jews or Chris
tians." ; -
At the late;.'meeting of the Presbytery
of Memphis, permission was granted
members-,Of . e First Presbyterian church,
to organize'a new church, to be tailed the
Third Presb4erian church, and a Commit
tee appointedibi this purpose T: '
Poi the freebyteriait Banner and'Atirecate
PreiVery of St.,CloArville.
Birnignsham.- 1 -Fourth Sabbath of October,
Mr.. Scott. ,Se and Sabbath of November, Mr.
Marshall; to ad Allister the Lord's Supper. Fifth
Sabbath of Nov` mbar, Mr. 'Mahaffy. Third Sab
bath'of -Decemb r, Mr. Scott. Second Sabbath
of January, Mr. Graham. "First Sabbath of Feb
ruary, Mr. Mahaffy. Fourth Sabbath,of February,
Mr. Scott. Third Sabbath of March, Mr.
Grimes. '
Preqort. Sabbath of November, Mr
Dooland ; lo•adritinister the. Lord's Supper.
Concord.—Fourth Sabbath, of November, Mr
Moffat ; to ;administer . the Lord!s Supper.
pillwater.—Third „Sabbath of November, Mr
Presbytery installed the Rev. W. M. Grimes,
pastor of the Church of Cadiz. The sermon was
preached by Rev. John Matsball, from Ezekiel
7,. 8, 9 charge delivered to the pas
,tor, by Rey. John ~Moff'at, and the charge to the
people, by . Rev: Samuel Boyd. 'After a truly
pleasant; and. profitable session, 'Presbytery ad
journed,. to meet at Short Creek, on tbe. First
Tuesday of January,,,at eleven o'clock A. M.
. JOHN MOFFAT, Stated Clerk.
For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate
Nitwviza,E, October 13th, 1856
ME. EDlTOR:—Permit me through your paper,
to tender to 'the 'ladies of Big Spring congrega
tion, Presbytery of Carlisle, my grateful acknowl
elgtnents for the contribution of thirty dollars to
constitute me a member' for life, of the Board of
Foreign Missions. 'This mark of respect has been
the more appreciated by me, because the contri
bution necessary was in addition to opt. annual
collection for' that Board. Yours, truly,
From our Loudon Correspondent.
Modern Science doing homage to Religion—British
Association, and President's Address—Scorers
put to shame—Geology arid Ethnology—Assyrian
Monuments, and Geographical Discoveries—Dr.
' Livingston—The Crystal, and the Half Holiday
Demonstration--The Crystal Palace—Art and
Religion—The' SOMA " Traveler's" Good Ser
vice—The Scottish Nobility, and Scotland's Church
—Open Air Preaching—fenny Lind a Christian
—Gambling Tables in Germany—Liberty and
Bull Fights in Prance=4ale of Livings----Cases in
point—Gloomy aspect of abrairs—The Merrimac.
LONDON,, September 30, 1956.
Among the topics of interest bearing. 6 on
welfare of mankind, which I have failed to
notice, amid so many urgent matters claim
ing attention, not the least important is the
spirit of reverencer for Revelation which
marked the opening address, and the whole
proceedings; of.the British Association for
the advancement, of Science, which met
last month• at Cheltenham. Dr. Daubeny,
the president, dwelt strongly on the princi
,of development; and, yet a limited de
velopment, which is found in the " vegeta
ble structure," and ."the will," he said,
"which therein confined , those variations
within a' certain range, lest the order of
creation should be disturbed, is apparently
the same in its motion, as that which brings
back the celestial luminaries to their origi
nal orbits, after s cycle of changes induced
by their mutual :perturbations; it 'is the
same will as that which says to the ocean,
' Thus far shalt then go,'and no farther.'"
He made a further reference to "that unity
of design pervading the universe, which so
bespeaks a common Creator; of the exist
ence in the mind of the Deity, of a sort of
archetype, to which his various works have
all, to a certain extent, been accommodated
so that the,earlier forms of life may be re
garded as types of those of later creation, and
the more complex ones but as developments
of, : rudimentary parts existing in the, more
simple." Dr. Daubeny then intimated that
" we might thus perceive ant analogy in•the
history of creation' to the dealings of God
with mankind, as unfolded in his 'revealed
Word, from which we find, that the earlier
events recorded are often typical of those
more modern, and that Christianity itself
is, in some sense, a development of the
Jewish dispensation which preceded it."
These sentiments 14re warmly received
by the savans assembled. The ,unbelievers
present, supposing that) the Author of " The
Vestiges of Creation;" (whoever he may be,
for while there is ,strong ';suspicion, still the
work is unavowed,) was present, no mutter
ings of disapprobation were heard. And
even if some semi-infiilet geologist-4Me of
the clad who, twenty or thirty years ago ,
bailed their science as the pioneer of the
Bible's downfall—even if such an one.,,was
in the crowd of auditors, he could hardly have
felt at liberty to dispute the fact indicated
by 'the President - in the following emphatic
statement :
" I trust the time has 710 W passed away, when
studies such, as those we recommend, lie 1491.
der the imputation of fostering sentiments
inimical to religion. In countries, and in
an age in which men of letters were gener
ally tinctured with infidelity, it is not to be
supposed that natural philosophy would es
cape the contagion ; but the contemplation
of the works of creation, is surely in - itself
far more calculated to induce the humility
that leads the , way to belief, than the pre
sumption which disdains to lean upon the su
It is thus that as years roll on, Revealed
Truth is found to stand the test of. Science,
Philosophy, Historical Research, Antiqua
rian piseovery, even when these are brought
to assault her as far as the - wish or intention
of many . of their professed friends and ad
vocates is concerned; nay, it is thus that
the Religion that is of God, compels all
these to do her homage. As to her foes,
methinks in a nobler sense , than the hero of
. poet's Highland tale, Christianity can
fearlessly exclaim,
"Come one, come all, this rock shall fly
From its firm base. sooner than I !
Nay, as to the warld-wide supremacy
that awaits our holy faith, opposition hushed,
skeptics put to shame, and truth triumphant,
we, who never doubted her claims, can every
year more rejoicing-1y say of her
" Like some tall cliff, which lifts its awful form,
Swells o'er the vale, and 'midway leaves the storm;
Though round its breast, the rolling clouds may
Eternal sunshine settles on its head 1"
In confirmation of these remarks, I would
not'only remind your readers of the discov
eries of Layard, at Nineveh—the buried
city resuscitated, as it were, to rebuke an
unbelieving age, and to declare that it was,
indeed, a "sure word" which Jewish
prophets spalre—but I take leave also to re
fer to a number of more recent 'discoveries,
made in the Assyrian monuments, (as , pointed
out at the British Association, by Sir H.
Rawlioson,)confirmatory of the history given
in - the sacred Scriptures. Mention was made
of the discavery of the name of a King
Kudur, among the fifteen of the primitive
Chaldean Kings, who was probably the
Chederlaomer of Scripture, and whose
distinctive epithet (as indicated by the
cuneiform characters,) was "the Ravager
of the West," in apparent allusion to the
famous Syrian 'campaign, in which, as we
read in Genesis, he was defeated by Abra
ham. It was stated as a monument of
the assistance given to bier-Haddon,. the
son of Sennacherib, by 'Manasseh, King of
Judah, when the former King was engaged
in the construction of one of his palaces.'
A reeord leit by Esarliadden, and lately
discovered, throws much •light en the prophe.
cies of Isaiah xx., and shows how they have
been fulfilled. •
Every year is adding to our stores in this
department of 'study; and the wonderful
attainments made by Rawlenson, and other
eminent Assyrian scholars," (among whom
the Rev. Doctor Hincks, Rector of Mlle
leagh, in Ireland, is one of the most 'emi
nent) facilitate the means of popular-ac
quaintance with what is' so new a field of
both historical and Scripturarstudy, and yet
a field so old. Thus, there is now in the
British Museum, a vast collection of clay
tablets, brought from the ruins of Nineveh,
covered with cuneiform inscriptions, and
forming the royal library of the Assyrian
empire. They amount to about twenty
thousand; and when properly deciphered and
translated, it is expected they will furnish
important additions to our knowledge of the
arts and sciences, the nccupations, and the
history of the ancient Assyrians. Sir H.
Rawlenson, and other qualified persons, are
now busily engaged ,off this "important work.
That the despised missionary has been the
largest contributor to ethnology, and even
to literature, in the4sense that is, he who has
given a status to many`a barbarous tongue,
by reducing it to a written language, with
its grammar, dictionary, &c.,; must now be
confessed, even' by those to whom still the
"Cross" which the missionary holds up
before savage tribes, is au " offence!' .And
sc as to these discoveries which give definite
ness to the geography of nntrodden and
unmapped countries. Missionaries have
now an honorable name. Foreinost 'among
these last is Dr: Livingston, of the London
Missionary Society. Sir Roderick blurche
son read a communication from him, at the
British Association, in which he described
the appearance and habits.of those now newly-
discovered tribes of Central Africa, with
whom he has come in contact And observe
how he is not ashamed of his Master or his
cause, before this philosophic and literary
assembly', for, says Livingston, in his letter,
" the end of thee geographical feat is but the
beginning of the missionary enterprise.
Geographers, laboring to make men better
acquainted; with one another;.soldiers,
fighting against oppression; and sailors
rescuing - captives in deadly climes, are 'all,
as well as missionaries, aiding in hastening
a glorious consummation of God's dealings
with man. In the hope that I may yet be
permitted to do some good to this poor, long
tredden down Africa; the gentlemen over
whom you preside will, I doubt not, cordial
ly join." I have no space to indulge in re
flections such- as are suggested by all these
topics, connected with the rapid approach of
the time when science and' literature shall
become the handmaids of true religion.
But your readers will easily supply the de
ficiency for themselves.
The bearing of genius and art on social
progress at home, were strongly brought oat
hy a recent demonstration made, at the CRYS
TAL PALACE, in support of the EARY CLOSING
MENU.. Since the openii:ig of the Palace,
as was also the case with the great Exhibition
in 1851, Saturday has *always been the
fashionable day, and an aristocratic price
was charged .accordingly. But since the
agitation for a half-holiday began, the, ern,
ployees at the celebrated. Composite Candle
Manufactory of Messrs. Price & Co., as well
as. others, including the promoters of the
movement aforesaid, have urged upon the
Directors the importance of making Satur
day a shilling day. Well, on Saturday, the
20th inst., as the exception to , the rule, and
perhaps as the precursor to, a ,permanent
change,, the palace was thrown open at the
price, demanded. And so it 'came to pass
that more than seventeen thousand persons,
chiefly, if not altogether, composed of the
class whom it is sought to set free from toil,
namely, clerks in banks and merchants'
offices, warehousemen and apprentices, in
spite of gloomy and, threatening weather,
were congregated in the palace and its
grounds. ' " I was there to see," and,: view
ing it from the Christian stand-point,
although it wanted many attractions to the
eye so often presented there by a brilliant,
well-dressed throng, it yet had a moral
beauty most impressive, and was powerfully:
calculated, to give , an impulse to a cause
which bears alike on the physical, meral, atta
spiritual welfare of multitudes. I need not
say how the success of this cause is bound
up with the protection and defeithe of the
Sabbath of God.
Since my last visit to SYDENHAM DALACE,
a Picture Gallery, containing specimen's
of the English, French, Belgian and Ger
man Schools, as well as of the mixed school
of painting, has been added to the other at
tractions of the place, and, to judge from
the throngs that pass through it, is likely to
be very popular. Very few of the pictures
are of extraordinary merit. There is one,
however, very interesting, of Broadway,
New York, in a Winter day,' by - a - Frencli
artist. The bearing of modern art on re
ligion has its indices in this 'collection.
Some pictures are thoroughly Scriptural, as
"The First Death," " The Angels in the
Sepulchre," "Samson Grinding in the Mill,"
and "The Supper at Emmaus;" others
(like too many of our English pictures,)
throw a halo round the vile despotism of the
Stuarts, as " The Royal Captives -at Carla
brooke Castle," while others give prominence
to . "The , Madonna and Child," the glory
being round the mother's head, as well as
to• saints of the Romish Calendar, as
" Gregory's introdriction of the Gospel into
Britain," and " The Death of Thomas
The Traveler, on whose MISREPRESENTA
aniinadverted in my last, perhaps a little too
sharply, though certainly not without just
reason, has been doing good service during
his Scottish, tour, at a meeting at Melrose,
in-which he dissected, with great ability, ser
mons lately preached by Scottish Episcopal
clergymen, at the opening of a new chapel at
Jedburgh, and showed that the doctrines
therein taught were essentially .Romish, and
that such teaching fully accounted for, the.
startling fact that the very lady, who had
originally built, the chapel had actually be 7
come, a Papist?,,Probably the reference
was to the. utchess of Buccleugh ; and it was
very significant and pleasing to observe Lord
John Scott, a near relation of the Duke of
Buocleugh, standing up at the Melrose meet
ing on the Evangelical side, and denouncing
Tractarian ism.
The majority, however,. of the Scottish
aristocracy are either tainted or indifferent.
The true old Church of our fathers was
plundered by them in Knox's day, perse
cuted by them in the seventeenth century,,
its rights were trodden down under their
irons eed of patronage in the last age; whilst
they have done
,their "little best" ,in re
fusing sites as long as they dare, and in other
tokens of ill. will to tSe Free Protesting Church
in these last days. Chalmers, himself, who
once‘trusted them, found them, ere he :died,
«a broken reed upon.which, if a man lean, it
will pierce his band." Thank God, the
trim Church of Christ is always safest :when
far from Court influence, or worldly smiles;
and Scotland's Church as always flourished
best when suffering has brought up to. the'
view of faith the burning bush which Moses
saw at the base of Horeb, and when
her "Banner" bas been spread to the:
breeze, with the motto, which tells of an
indestructible life : "NEC TemEN CON
spite of sir B'enjamin Hall,,is,more vigorous
and general than ever. Meantime, a fight
must be made ere long for tha, C‘ liberty of
propheeyine At Kingstown ; ncaT'Dablin,
111,r. Wallace, a Wesleyan Minister, has
twice been assaulted, while preaching, by `a
Popish mob, and the police have given
real protection. At Middleton, .County
Armagh, Mr. lienderson, a . Presbyterian
minister, was so interrupted, that he. Telt
it his duty to summon the riotous party,
and the Stipendiary magistrate impudently
said that, it =would be better for these gen
tlemen to confine
,their,the walls,
of their,churches. For this, he has re
ceived a dignified and most faithful re
buke from the venerable John Johnston,,
the excellent minister who originated the,
'open-air preaching in Ulster, and is, Co
vener of the Irish Assembly's n-
ota,mittee on,
the subject. To their honor, two Roman.
Catholic Judges decided last year that out
door preaching was perfectly legal.. Never
theless, every effort, is being, made by Pa
pists and, Latitudinarians to bring it 'into
discredit, and to endeavor to get rid of it.
The traveling Secretary of our Tract So'
ciety, not long since, sent copies 'of two
works to MADAME GOLDSCEEMIDT, (jenny
Lind,) and her reply so evidently indicates
a true child of tiod and opens up the se
cr4, influence which prompted those deeds
of mercy which marked her career, as
alsn gives us an idea of what the"'genius
of song will be when many so, gifted Shall
consecrate their'voices to the Divine glory,
that if you have not copied it: elsewhere
into your columns, I here crave insertion
for it:. _
'Dear Sir :—Allow me to thank you most sin
cerely for your very kind letter which I received,
together with Miss Brightwell's book, at Ply
month. I would have inStantly sent you a few
lines, but I could not find time to dm so. Ido not
know why you write such kind words to 'me. I
am nothing in my own eyes, and feel so deeply
the sinfulness of my poor nature; but, neverthe
less, kind words are very eneouraging when they
come from sincere lips, and I, therefore, put Yours
into`the same golden casket where all other kind
words are preserved, that I have received in life;
I Mean a pure, bright memory of the soul.
"I:think the book of Mrs. °pile, very sweet,
and interesting. It does its authoress ; or, in
fact; its two authoresses, great honor, Dear Mrs.
Opie, she had to go through the:same struggles as
I; as every one of uwhas to endure frona the mo
meat that 'the sinfulness of our heart stands in
all its realizedness before os, and the love of Christ
forces us to wish for nothing more than &Coen
tance into the gates of heaven"!
6,.1 remember to have seen Mrs. Opie (in.her
quiet, Friend dress,) at the house of the:-Lord
Bishop of Norwich ; and how right you are, dear
tir, when you believe thatanything, or any person
known by that worthy prelatC, haelhe more va'...ue
to me! Yes Lord ( Bishop) Stanley was more
than kind to me, and I never shall fOrget his sweet,
benevolent expression. F'orgive me for venturing
to write such a long letter, although I am by no
means, mighty, in your ranguitge; but I hope
that the feeling that dictated my words will give
pardon for my presumption to write thus.
"Once more, dear sir, accept my sincere thatilm
for your two gifts, and may God bless your labors,
and give you the power of leading many souls to.
the clear 'spring of pure, water. I am, dear sir,
yours, most sincerely.
"Tammy Goinscanum (born Lind.") "
, •
Madame G. hag now retired permanently
into private life, unless indeed, as is said
to have been the ease, extravagance or in
dulgence at the gambling table on the part
of one nearest and dearest to her, should
compel her to appear in public again.
In thus referring to a passion for` play,'
I am reminded of what I myself saw: in
Gertuany during a three months' sojourn of
its ' development and results. I 'errelose 4‘,
copy of a paper entitled " Gambling Tablea
in Germany," in which, if you 'think — it
suitable for your columns, I think your young
men may learn something of the !gin:Mess
career, perils and &Om. Within the last
few weeks, a young Dutch - ,gelitlema n blew
out his brains at the tables of Wiesbeden,
(the first ' referred to in Tny'pliper in the
London, Leisure Hour;) *Nile a, short time
befofe, a young officer, Maddened by his
losses, committed suicidiivirt the Baths of
Hamburg, near Frankfort. It is said that
the German princes, in whose dominions
these " bells" have hitherto been allowed,
are about to abolish them ; but I have very
grave doubts as to the truth of the state
ment. These petty princes each add to a
narrow income several thousands a year out
of these, accursed gains; besides having
the roads, walks and public gardens kept
by the "Lanoir "gentlemen who are their
tenants, in beautiful order. The King of
Prussia has set an excellent example, by
the abolition of the gambling tables at the
baths of Aix La Chapelle..
Louis Napoleon and his wife have been
giving their countenance to the introduction
of the cruel and brutalizing BULL FIGHTS
Of Spain into France. The Empress was
brought up at Madrid, and was familiar
with such spectacles. At all events, the
Emperor has Meddled perilously with Span
ish affairs already. Spain was the occasion
of ruin to Napoleon the Great, as well as to
Louis Philippe and his dynasty, and Louis
Napoleon needs to beware. His promise of
religious liberty to Protestant worship, turns
out to have been given with an " arrierc
pensee," inasmuch as the authorization to
open the chapels that had been closed, ex
tends only to those that bad- been sanc
tioned before 1854.
I have had occasion frequently to refer
to the SALE OF " ADVOWSONS " or.
LIVINGS in the Church of England. It
continues to this hour. The followint7,
from the London Morning Star, forcib;s
exhibits the abomination of the system.
After animadverting on that system, the
writer says:
" We have before us the particulars of a large
batch of benefices which are now in the market,
and which will be sold in a few days to those who
desire to invest a few hundreds and thousands in
Church property. The vicarage of Abrome, on
the East coast of Yorkshire, is recommended for
its contiguity to the seashore ; while its value as
a means of becoming an early source of revenue
is enhanced by the present incumbent, being in
his eighty-first year. Another rectory, that of
Parkham, in North Devon, is recommended for its
"modern, family, residence," its " beautiful
grounds." its excellent coach-house, stables,
" and offices attached," and its annual income of
eight hundred and sixty pounds .a year; not forget
ting, moreover, that the present incumbent is
seventy-eight years of age. There are many
other announcements of a similar kind, some of
them alluring for the largeness of the income
which the lucky purchaser (if he be in holy
orders) may one day possess, the great age of the
incumbent - whom he may supersede, the excel
lence and respectability of the society which he
may enjoy, and the charming scenery which, if
he have a taste for Nature, he may rapturously
contemplate. All these, and many other advan
tages are .enuinerated ; but not one word is said
about the duties which a cure of souls imposes
upon its possessor; not one - word is said about
the opportunitieS of which he may avail himself
to instruct the ignorant, to reclaim the vicious, to
narrow the gulf between the rich and the poor, to
strengthen the pure - resolves of the just and up
right man, and to extend the gospel's benignant
We (Janet hesitate to assert that every person
conflicted with these transactions ; the man who
; sells his living, and he who purchases it, the,appointeci to a living thus ob
tained, as well as the Bishop who sanctions the
appointment; every one of these individuals is
guilty of simony int its worst form; an offence as
odious as un-Christian, and as subversive of true
morality - as that of = trafficking in indulgences
whicispunder Tetzel, and in Luther's time, was the
opprehrium and diegrice of the Roman Catholic
Chureh.. ,Language is, 'in our judgment, inade
ciliate to depict the heinous immorality committed
bylbose clergymen Wish - secure places of truer,
einolument, and responsibility in the Church ly
such means. _Mr. Scott; a clergyman of tie
Church of Englend, who, has long since passed
away,in his Commentary, on the Book of Reve
lations, thus alludes to the sale of Church livings:
"The'commerce in the Souls of men is the ma=t
infamous of all traffics thatthe demon of avarice
devised, but by= means uncommon."
T is indeed' fearful viewed in the light
of the judgment day, to "contemplate the
transfer, for money, of the souls of a whole
parish to the seat spiritual control of a false
prophet anti faithless pastor. I know one
parish where, a ,godly rector, and a curate of
pre-eimnent piety and zeal, both passed
away,' and another, the son of a Solicitor,
had the living purchased'for him. He is a
swearer, - very much of a horse-jockey, and
makeS up, in his own eyes, for all short
coining, by opposing Bible Societies and de
nouneing Dissenters. The sale of livings
should be rendered illegal. Charles Simeon,
of Cambridge, an Evangelical Church
leader, formed a Society for the purchase of
of Advowsons, in order to bestow them on
orthodox men. 'But when shall therights of
election be restored to the flock, and patron
age and, simony be put to shame ? J. W.
S:=Political and commercial matters
look gloomy - at this moment. France and
England having proposed to send a squadron
to the Bay of Naples, Prince Gortschakeff,
in the name of the Czar, has just published
an energetic protest; stands up for the un
fettered independence of King Bombe to
rule as he pleases, and almost threatens to
come to his help ! In addition to this, we
have tidings, that British gunboats have
been dispatched to the Isle of Serpents, and
that our Admiral is ordered to return to the
Black Sea. .As to home matters, the funds
are going down; a deluge of rain is falling
on the half reaped crops in Scotland; the
Bank of „France has raised its rate of dis
count) and the Bank of England will do the
same. ..Depend upon it, dark days are before
Europe ,and the world ere Millenial rest
The new
,and magnificent American war
frigate Merrimac, lies at Southampton, a nd
excites the greatest attention and admiration.
If ever she delivers one of her tremendous
broadsides, may it only be in the last es
tremity--not against Britain, but side by side
with our, ,t‘ hearts of oak," for true liberty:
To my ramarks on India, let me add, the
a new church has been <recently opened is
Bombay Presidency, and a native minister
is to preside therein over alio& of converts.
A native ministry is the great hope of India,
as well as.. of every heathen land. Our
English Synod's; Foreign 'Mission Committee
bids farewell this week to Mr. Sandeman. 3
young miniatiar,with fine talents, and pure
Piety, Who goes as our fourth Missionary to
China. W.
The Post Office address of , Rev. J. M. JoxEs.
is changed from Newton, Jasper County,
lowa, to. Walcott Scott Conath lowa
Rev WILLIAM It. GLENN has removed from
Tamaciaa,'Pa.; to German Valley, New
Rev. L. jt tow:, of Urbana, has received
a call ,to. Hamilton, Ohio.
Rev . 4 JAMES 31CDOEGA_LL'S Post Office ad-
Alress is, Freeport, Long Island.
Reif R L. Dodder's Post Office Address will
be, hereafter, Fort Dodge, lowa, instead
of Dunleith,
Rev. JOHN ELLIOTT requests to be ad
dressed at Alexandria, Pa., instead of
Rev. G. P. VAir WYCK, of Chester, Pa.,
has accepted a call to Gett burah Fa.
Rev.B..g R APIN, New York, has
accepted a call to the Second church,
Steubenville, Ohio
. 8. Hamm, late of Columbia.
niasaken charge of Bethesda
church; Gathlieville, South Carolina.