Presbyterian banner & advocate. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1855-1860, October 25, 1856, Image 2
Namur ITO glhorate. PITTSBURGH, OCTOBER 25, 1856. TIMDigo.. 111.509 in advance; or In Clubs, SLAM; or, delivered at residences of Subscri. hers" $1.75. Nee Prorpeetni, on Third Page. REN IDW A L 8 should be prompt) a little while herons the year expires, that We allay maks full arrangement' for a steady supply. THNI RED WRAPPED. Dedicates that we desire a renewal. If, however, be the haste of Mailbag, this signal should be omitted, we hope our friends will still not forget us. REDITTANCICS.—Send payment by safe hands, when convenient. Or, sc ud , by mail, enclosing with ordinary care, and troubling nobody with a knowledge of what you are doing. For a large amount, send a Draft, or large notes. For on. or two papers, send Gold or small notes. TO niairm'CUANGE, Send poitege stamp,. or toitier still, send for more papers] lief SS Ito? Serener mustbers, or $1 for Thirtrothree numbers* ' • DIRECT all Letters• and Communications to REV. DAVID. TdisICIENEY. Pittsburgh. Pa; PROFESSORSHIP ACCEPTS - b.—Rev. James Christie, D. D., has accepted, conditionally, the position 'to which he was invited in the Associate Reformed Theological Seminary, in Allegheny City. VERMILLION INSTITUTE, HAYESYILLE, Orno.----This institution is under the care of Richland, Wooster and Coshocton Presbyte ries, and numbers, per catalogue, 207 students. Males, 138 ; females, 69. AMERICAN BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS. TllO annual meeting, of this Board, will be held on nest Tuesday, at 4 o'clock P. M., in the city of Newark, New Jersey. It is quite probable that at this meeting the Education policy of the Board will be further discussed with much earnestness. New Female Seminary. We learn from the Evangelist, that a new . , Seminary to be styled " Lake. Erie Semi nary,".. is about to be established at Paines ville, Ashtabula County, Ohio. It is to be modeled after the celebrated Seminary of Mount Holyoke, at South Hadley, Massa chusetts. An . efficient Board of Trustees, widen Agent to collect funds, have been ap pointed; The Synod of Pittsburgh, This body convened at 8 o'clock on Tues . day of this week, in the First Presbyterian church, and was opened with a sermon by the Rev. M. W. Jacobus, D. D.,—truly a discourse for the times, such as we would be pleased to see issued in' a more permanent form. Dr. Kirkpatrick was elected Moderator, and Rev. 0. H. Miller Temporary Clerk. Synod appears to be pretty fully attended. Temperance We are pleased to record the tte-: Lion of the Presbytery of Clarion, on the subject of .a renewed temperance effort. The cause is common to all, in its interests —to male and female, rulers and ruled ; Christians . and statesmen Ministers and people. Political excitement is likely soon to subside. Now is the time for the Mends of the enslaved by appetite to strike for their release. There are many masters who claim a dominion over man the appetite for, strong drink is one of the most cruel. Let it not destroy perpetually. Synod of Virginia. This Synod met in the First Presbyterian church of Richmond, on last Wednesday evening, and was opened with a sermon, by the Rev. S. It Houston, from Zech. iv : 7. The, subject of the sermon was the obstacles that exist to the progress of Christ's king dom and the encouragements to labor for that progress. The Rev. S. W. Armstrong was elected Moderator. The claims of the Board of Education were presented by Rev. Dr. Wood, one of the Secretaries. Rev. T. V. Moore, D. D., was appointed to preach the next annual sermon on Popery. This Synod will meet next , year in Lewis burg, on the first Wednesday of September, at 7i o'clock P. M. Singapore Presbyterian Church. We leatn from the Edinburg Witness that some time ago, a Commission was sent to the Rev. Dr. Guthrie, from five or Six gentlemen resident at Singapore, India, giving him full power to select and send out for them a Presbyterian minister. This commission was accompanied with a bond, securing an ample salary, together with the assurance that as soon as the church would be prop erly organized, and its machinery set in motion, a still larger salary would be obtain ed._ Dr. Guthrie has selected the Rev. Mr. Frazer, of the Free Church of Scotland, for this important post, and he is said to be in every way qualified to fill it with efficiency. The Advocates of the New Version. These gentlemen seem to he aware of the general ,unpopularity of the movement in which they.are engaged, and hence some of therri resort to the most outrageous state ments when necessary, to effect their pur. poses. Language such as that used in the following account, proves its author at least to be altogether unfit to have anything to do with Bible revision, or 'anything else de manding truth and piety: "A MINISTER RIALIIIINING THE BIBLE. —The Bible revisionists, in their zeal,to es tablish the necessity of a new version of. the Scriptures, spare no pains to depreciate the old and commonly received version. Dr. Lyne, the' President of the Revision Asso ciation, -of -.Louisville,. Ky., in a recent speech, declared that while it, was true that these Scriptures contain .truth enough to save souls, it was also true that they con tained ERROR ENOUGH TO RUIN SOULS.' The Naw York Baptist Examiner pertinent ly asksil Has it coin's, to this, that the 13.1nrx which we and our fathers have loved and revered as the. Divine rule of Christian faith and practice, as a complete revelation of the will ,of GO& to men, It tO,he branded as a book having error enough:in it , to lead souls to perdition ? Can .itbe , necessary thus to traduce the Old, to prepare the way for a new version .of the Scriptures? Inadequate Ministerial Salaries. We place, on our first page, an article from a pastor, which bears on this subject. It does not enlarge upon the duty of the Church in the case. This is obvious, and has been much urged. Those who serve in the Gospel should be adequately sustained. It is their right from those whom they serve. But, what is an adequate sustenance ? This is an important inquiry, and the subject needs discussion. Would that which sus tained a prophet be enough ? or that which sustained an apostle 7 or the forerunner of Christ? or Christ hims3lf ? How much shall the pastor demand as a sine qua non The Scriptures are not very definite in their directions here, though very instructive to the wise in heart, by their recorded exam ples. Sometimei ministers and people differ greatly in their views on this matter, very much to their discomfort, if not to their separation, and always to the great injury of the Church. A wise discussion might be greatly advantageous. We do not, however, just now intend to enter largely into the subject. If it shall be ascertained what an ade quate salary is, the next question will refer to the manner of raising that salary; whether it must be done by the whole Church, or by the particular congregation served, or by the Church supplementing the defects of the feeble congregation. A third question relates to the duty of the minister to NOiom an adequate salary is not furnished. May he refuse a call ? May he resign his charge ? And may he, if he shall do so, and then , finding no place where his services are estimated at the coot of his sustenance, cease from the work of the ministry On this last question, the remarks of our correspondent are made mainly to bear ; and with his sentiments we have much sympa thy. It.seems to us that no minister should give up his work, as a servant of .Jesus Christ, solely for want of a temporal sup port. The fact that the Church will not sustain him, may be to him an evidence that he has missed his calling ; but if so, he should lay the matter before his brethren in the Lord, to whom he promised subjection, and obtain liberty to lay aside the office which, with their concurring judgment, he had taken up. He did not take the office upon himself, and he may not of himself, lay it aside. Neither did he enter the Church to be an idler, nor a burthen, but to be a laborer. We believe that every man who is called of God into the ministry will feel, as did Paul, " Woe is me, if I preach not the Gospel." No persecution will silence him, while - his tongue can move, and while there are ears to hear. Food and raiment he must have, but these be will provide, if need be, either in whole or in part, with his own hands; and still he will labor for Christ in the ministry. If he cannot live in afflu ence, he wilDive moderately; if not in the city, then in the country; if not in a palace, then in a cottage • if he cannot clothe splen didly, and fare sumptuously, and give his family the privileges of the wealthy, then he will adapt his expenditures t 4 his cir cumstances. He wily abide in the' field for . Which he may be fitted by his talents, and where there may be a demand for his ser vices. He will be content with the loe'ition assigned him by his Lord. But still, he will do the work of an evangelist The idea that a man enters the ministry on a contract—that is, he will work if sup plies are furnished—is altogether a false one. He contracts not thus with the Church ; nor is there any such mercantile or mercenary arrangement tendered by the Master. The Master calls him—bids him enter—lays' an obligation upon him—makes compliance a, duty. True, the Master, will provide. He has said it, and will do it. But he has not tendered a bargain—a con dition. ' And in his gratuitous promise, he has not, said how much. he will give. He 'has called a servant, and laid on him a com mand, and allows him not to be the judge of the compensation. He has reserved to him self the right of meting out to each one, ac cording to his own good pleasure. He will always do what is right; right, however, in his own judgment And the laborer who enters the vineyard, does so simply in faith of the, husband man's promise, that , he will give what is right—yea, he consecrates himself a living sacrifice, and expects to be sustained by his Lord's bounty. Poor then, or rich; full or hungry; without covenanting for purse, or scrip, or a second coat, he yields to the call and is sent forth. There is then no drawing back, because lac may think that his Master does not adeguatekll support him. There is no provision made—no room left—for moot ing such a question, as between him and Jesus Christ. He has set his face, as one called, and may, not look back. And men who so feel, are the men we want in the ministry. And there is no contract on the part of the Church, either express or implied, dif ferent from the terms of service proposed by her Lord. The man enters as a laborer, voluntarily. He asks to be commissioned to labor. He declares himself called of God to this work. He exhibits his credentials, and is enrolled. The charter of the Church, as from Christ does not specify a compensa tion from her; and especially not the corn , pensation which he may deem adequate, as a condition of service. And the Standards of order by which we have associated ourselves as a community, and by which we agree to walk, do' not bind the body for the susten , tation of the laborers. In our articles of Church' aseociation, is plainly written the Scriptural• principle, that the laborer is worthy of i bis hire ; " but it is also written that that hire is to be, a participation - hi the " carnal things" of those who enjoy "his spiritual things." . . in all that we have said, we do not express the slighteit dtiuhi. of the minister's fair and equitable right to ti frill and egiOfortable sup port. The only point at which we aim our TEE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER AND ADVOCATE. remarks is, that the minister may not cease his labors on the ground of inadequate sup port. If a people will not " receive him," he may go elsewhere; if, through poverty they cannot, or, through ignorance of the value of his message, they will not render him what is needful, he may then labor with his hands, or he may receive a bounty from others; but to cease from the ministry of the Word, he may not. The Jews. This people have al ways, from their origin, been a subject of interest. To the Chris tian they are peculiarly so. For ages, they were the only people who possessed and cherished the knowledge of the one living and true God. They were then the deposi . tory of God's revealed truth. They still cherish the Old. Testament Scriptures; and their obstinate rejection of the Nett Testa ment is perpetuated from, generation to generation. They are a dispersed people, mingling with all the civilized of the earth; and yet they are a separate people. And there are yet many unfulfilled prophecies which relate to them; and there are intima tions given that, though long and still most deeply antagonistic to the Gospel, they are destined to be highly instrumental in' its propagation. They are to be brought in; and what shall, the bringing of them be, but life to the dead, to the Gentile world? A late number of the North American Review contains an article giving much in formation relative to their present condition, which the New York Evangelist condenses, as follows : " The Jews are scattered among many na tions, and share to a great extent, the char acteristics of the people among whom they dwell. But there is a radical distinction be tween the Jew of the East and the Jew of the West. The Mediterranean Sea separates the race of Israel into classes as distinct in spirit, as are Moslem and . Christian; and the. Vistula is a boundary between the Judaism which is inert and stationary, and the Juda ism which assimilates to itself the elements of progressive civilization. With the Ori ental Hebrew, theology is the beginning and end of all knOwledge. The Talmud is his Koran. To read it, pore over it, speculate upon it, copy it, are the most cherished joys of life. The Occidental Jew, on the contrary, from early years, has cultivated the arts and sciences. The names of Halevy, Aben, Ezra, Maimonides and Kin3chi had once European celebrity, and still keep an eminent place in, the history of the poets, philosophers, and rhetoricians of the middle ages. In almost every age and country there have been distinguished Jewish scholars, like Mendelssohn, Hillel, and Neander; and gradully they have been rising to higher so cial, intellectual and moral importance, until, in proportion to their numbers, it is un doubtedly true that the Hebrew race have in culture and influence, an equalty with any sect of Christians: "The Oriental division of the Jews, the writer in question estimates at probably five millions. In the Austrian Empire, they are reckoned at a million or more, and possess such`decided monetary power with the State as bankers, that they have a great degree of freedom and privilege. In Prussia,• where they number rover half a million, they have a good position, and their relative rank as scholars is very high. The smaller Statei of Germany have about three hundrsa thousand Israelites, principally in the, cities; especially in the free cities of Frankfort and Hamburgb, which they feel to°be half their' own. In France, they are ,estimated as hit.h as a hundred thousand, chiefly in the Rhine province of Alsatia. In the British possessions of Europe, the number of 'Jews is about sixty thousand, of whom one-third are residents of London: A few political rights are still withheld, but socially, they are not distinguished from the subjects of the realm. Holland, first to grant thernjus tics, counts in her cities not less than fifty thousand, Sweden, Denmark, and Belgium may have thirty thousand, and the various Italian States as many more. The whole number of Jews in Europe may be reckoned at four and a half millions. In this country the writer supposes that no clai , s of immigrants has increased more rapidly than the Hebrew. In 1860, a man might count upon his fingers all the Syna gogues in the land; now there are at least a, quarter of a Million Jews, ffom eighty to ninety Synagogues, and a multitude of smaller communities where a nucleus exists which will soon grow on into a Synagogue. The city of New York alone, has , twenty Synagogues and thirty thousand Jews; about one-twentieth part of the population being such. There are. Synagogues in all the chief cities of the seaboard; two in Boston, five in Philadelphia, five in Baltimore, three in New Orleans, two in Charleston, and four in Cincinnati. The Oriental Jews are united, because stagnant. They are all Talmudists, have but few schools, and no periodicals: But tile Western Jews are troubled with as many sects as Protestants. There are three prin. eipal divisions among them; the Conserva tives, Reformers, and Neologists; each of these containing sub-divisions made by the degree to which the peculiar notions of the party are carried. The Conservatives hold fast to tradition, and are by profession, Tal mudists, thougk differing among themselves as to the stringency and extent to which' it should be , held. This party is an over whelming majurity in numbers, including nine-tenths of the Israelites in Europe and America. They have four monthly maga zines in Germany, one in France, one, a weekly, in Great Britain, two periodicals in Holland, and one in Italy. Of these the best are the Jeshuran, published at Frank fort. In this country, this party have only a monthly, the Occident, published at Phila delphia, and a weekly, in New York, The Asmonean. " The Reformers generally deny the in fallibility of tradition, but differ among themselves in the degree to which they dis card it. The right wing maintain that.tra dition has authority, but may be lawfully modified so as to conform to the progress of civilization and the spirit of the age. The left wing are radicals concerning tradition, rejecting it utterly, and denying the resur rection of the dead. ' They are, in fact, the modern Sadduces, though they dO not main tain the relative rank of the sect in Herod's day. This party has three monthly periodi cals in Germany, one in France, and two weeklies in the United States. The NeOlo gists have also their right and left wing— the former holding to the authority of the Decalogue, but discarding the Levitical law; the latter being outright Deists. This party has but two periodicals, one in Germany, and one in Baltimore. They have but two Syna gogues in this country, -both in Baltimore. The Reformers have but four—one in each of the cities of Albany,' New York, Phila delphia and Charleston. - "Of eminent living Jewish scholars and other personages, the article notices among the Coniervatives, Rabbi Rapoport, of Pra gue, the erudite author of the Talmudic dictionary; Dr. Sachs, of Berlin, a poet and preacher ;‘ De. Mania eim Cr,. of Vie nna; Dr. Hirsch, of Frankfort. Of the Reformers, Dr. Saloman, 'of Hamburg: . Dr. Jost, of Frankfort; Wells, a remarkable Arabic scholar;, Dr. Furst, of Leipsic ; Derthold Auerbach, author Of the most popular work of modern German fiction. Meyerbeer, the composer, 3s a Jew, as was also Mendelssohn. Ernst, thkfirit concert artist of the age ; Leasing, the greatest living historical paint er;- Rachelrthe tragedienne; Fould, the French Minister of Finance; M. Salvador, the historian, are all Jews, not to mention the Rotbschilds, Da - Israeli, and other names as familiar as household words. "The change which centuries have made in the ritual and hierarchical order of the Jews, is very slight. The visitor in a Syna gogue sees •Substantially the same arrange ment, • and hears 'substantially the same prayers and chants as the Hebrews of Syria saw and heard in the days of Hillel. But not all the ' Jews, even of the most rigid sect, live .up to their rigid creeds. The younger laraelites, like the younger Quakers, often sadlylall away from that stern obe dience which is the praise of the elders. The very numerous fasts—a characteristic fiature of Judaism—are kept like the Christian Lent: And as to the once darling hope of a. literal return .to ,Palestine, the Jews are, said-. to have lost all belief or in terest in it Tbe reply which 'one of the Rotbschilds is said 'to have given to an ap plicant foi-money for this purpose, probably expresses' tle= =prevalent sentiment of the -. Hebrew race: I would rather , be a Jew of the kings, than' king of the Jews.' " The amelioration of the condition of the Jews has-engaged the attention, not only of Christians, but of wealthy Israelites. There are Christian missions in the Holy Land, and in other places at the East, established for the sole purpose of their conversion. There is a costly English church built on the high est part of :Mount Zion, but it is empty. Neither'-the-zeal of Bishop Gobat • or Mr. Nicholayson, nor, the piety of Mr. Schaufher have as yet, produced any striking results. There is a. small, sect in Virginia, called " Disciples,", who _ have a missionary in Jerusalem.- ,The attempt to mingle agricul tural instruction with religious teaching, now in progress at Jaffa, is too recent to permit a sound judgment, as to its influence or, suc cess. .At present it has but little promise, either in the .sympathy of Jews or Chris tians." ; - CHURCH INTENSION IN MEMPHIS . , PENN- At the late;.'meeting of the Presbytery of Memphis, permission was granted ,to It members-,Of . e First Presbyterian church, to organize'a new church, to be tailed the Third Presb4erian church, and a Commit tee appointedibi this purpose T: ' Poi the freebyteriait Banner and'Atirecate PreiVery of St.,CloArville. , ', SUPPLIES. Birnignsham.- 1 -Fourth Sabbath of October, ' Mr.. Scott. ,Se and Sabbath of November, Mr. Marshall; to ad Allister the Lord's Supper. Fifth Sabbath of Nov` mbar, Mr. 'Mahaffy. Third Sab bath'of -Decemb r, Mr. Scott. Second Sabbath of January, Mr. Graham. "First Sabbath of Feb ruary, Mr. Mahaffy. Fourth Sabbath,of February, Mr. Scott. Third Sabbath of March, Mr. Grimes. ' Preqort. Sabbath of November, Mr Dooland ; lo•adritinister the. Lord's Supper. Concord.—Fourth Sabbath, of November, Mr Moffat ; to ;administer . the Lord!s Supper. pillwater.—Third „Sabbath of November, Mr Vineent: Presbytery installed the Rev. W. M. Grimes, pastor of the Church of Cadiz. The sermon was preached by Rev. John Matsball, from Ezekiel 7,. 8, 9 charge delivered to the pas ,tor, by Rey. John ~Moff'at, and the charge to the people, by . Rev: Samuel Boyd. 'After a truly pleasant; and. profitable session, 'Presbytery ad journed,. to meet at Short Creek, on tbe. First Tuesday of January,,,at eleven o'clock A. M. . JOHN MOFFAT, Stated Clerk. For the Presbyterian Banner and Advocate '_,Acknowledgment, Nitwviza,E, October 13th, 1856 ME. EDlTOR:—Permit me through your paper, to tender to 'the 'ladies of Big Spring congrega tion, Presbytery of Carlisle, my grateful acknowl elgtnents for the contribution of thirty dollars to constitute me a member' for life, of the Board of Foreign Missions. 'This mark of respect has been the more appreciated by me, because the contri bution necessary was in addition to opt. annual collection for' that Board. Yours, truly, TAnixe S. H. HENDERSON. From our Loudon Correspondent. Modern Science doing homage to Religion—British Association, and President's Address—Scorers put to shame—Geology arid Ethnology—Assyrian Monuments, and Geographical Discoveries—Dr. ' Livingston—The Crystal, and the Half Holiday Demonstration--The Crystal Palace—Art and Religion—The' SOMA " Traveler's" Good Ser vice—The Scottish Nobility, and Scotland's Church —Open Air Preaching—fenny Lind a Christian —Gambling Tables in Germany—Liberty and Bull Fights in Prance=4ale of Livings----Cases in point—Gloomy aspect of abrairs—The Merrimac. LONDON,, September 30, 1956. Among the topics of interest bearing. 6 on the ADVANCEMENT OF 'RELIGION, and the welfare of mankind, which I have failed to notice, amid so many urgent matters claim ing attention, not the least important is the spirit of reverencer for Revelation which marked the opening address, and the whole proceedings; of.the British Association for the advancement, of Science, which met last month• at Cheltenham. Dr. Daubeny, the president, dwelt strongly on the princi ple ,of development; and, yet a limited de velopment, which is found in the " vegeta ble structure," and ."the will," he said, "which therein confined , those variations within a' certain range, lest the order of creation should be disturbed, is apparently the same in its motion, as that which brings back the celestial luminaries to their origi nal orbits, after s cycle of changes induced by their mutual :perturbations; it 'is the same will as that which says to the ocean, ' Thus far shalt then go,'and no farther.'" He made a further reference to "that unity of design pervading the universe, which so bespeaks a common Creator; of the exist ence in the mind of the Deity, of a sort of archetype, to which his various works have all, to a certain extent, been accommodated so that the,earlier forms of life may be re garded as types of those of later creation, and the more complex ones but as developments of, : rudimentary parts existing in the, more simple." Dr. Daubeny then intimated that " we might thus perceive ant analogy in•the history of creation' to the dealings of God with mankind, as unfolded in his 'revealed Word, from which we find, that the earlier events recorded are often typical of those more modern, and that Christianity itself is, in some sense, a development of the Jewish dispensation which preceded it." These sentiments 14re warmly received by the savans assembled. The ,unbelievers present, supposing that) the Author of " The Vestiges of Creation;" (whoever he may be, for while there is ,strong ';suspicion, still the work is unavowed,) was present, no mutter ings of disapprobation were heard. And even if some semi-infiilet geologist-4Me of the clad who, twenty or thirty years ago , bailed their science as the pioneer of the Bible's downfall—even if such an one.,,was in the crowd of auditors, he could hardly have felt at liberty to dispute the fact indicated by 'the President - in the following emphatic statement : " I trust the time has 710 W passed away, when studies such, as those we recommend, lie 1491. der the imputation of fostering sentiments inimical to religion. In countries, and in an age in which men of letters were gener ally tinctured with infidelity, it is not to be supposed that natural philosophy would es cape the contagion ; but the contemplation of the works of creation, is surely in - itself far more calculated to induce the humility that leads the , way to belief, than the pre sumption which disdains to lean upon the su pernatural." It is thus that as years roll on, Revealed Truth is found to stand the test of. Science, Philosophy, Historical Research, Antiqua rian piseovery, even when these are brought to assault her as far as the - wish or intention of many . of their professed friends and ad vocates is concerned; nay, it is thus that the Religion that is of God, compels all these to do her homage. As to her foes, methinks in a nobler sense , than the hero of the . poet's Highland tale, Christianity can fearlessly exclaim, "Come one, come all, this rock shall fly From its firm base. sooner than I ! Nay, as to the warld-wide supremacy that awaits our holy faith, opposition hushed, skeptics put to shame, and truth triumphant, we, who never doubted her claims, can every year more rejoicing-1y say of her " Like some tall cliff, which lifts its awful form, Swells o'er the vale, and 'midway leaves the storm; Though round its breast, the rolling clouds may spread, Eternal sunshine settles on its head 1" In confirmation of these remarks, I would not'only remind your readers of the discov eries of Layard, at Nineveh—the buried city resuscitated, as it were, to rebuke an unbelieving age, and to declare that it was, indeed, a "sure word" which Jewish prophets spalre—but I take leave also to re fer to a number of more recent 'discoveries, made in the Assyrian monuments, (as , pointed out at the British Association, by Sir H. Rawlioson,)confirmatory of the history given in - the sacred Scriptures. Mention was made of the discavery of the name of a King Kudur, among the fifteen of the primitive Chaldean Kings, who was probably the Chederlaomer of Scripture, and whose distinctive epithet (as indicated by the cuneiform characters,) was "the Ravager of the West," in apparent allusion to the famous Syrian 'campaign, in which, as we read in Genesis, he was defeated by Abra ham. It was stated as a monument of the assistance given to bier-Haddon,. the son of Sennacherib, by 'Manasseh, King of Judah, when the former King was engaged in the construction of one of his palaces.' A reeord leit by Esarliadden, and lately discovered, throws much •light en the prophe. cies of Isaiah xx., and shows how they have been fulfilled. • , Every year is adding to our stores in this department of 'study; and the wonderful attainments made by Rawlenson, and other eminent Assyrian scholars," (among whom the Rev. Doctor Hincks, Rector of Mlle leagh, in Ireland, is one of the most 'emi nent) facilitate the means of popular-ac quaintance with what is' so new a field of both historical and Scripturarstudy, and yet a field so old. Thus, there is now in the British Museum, a vast collection of clay tablets, brought from the ruins of Nineveh, covered with cuneiform inscriptions, and forming the royal library of the Assyrian empire. They amount to about twenty thousand; and when properly deciphered and translated, it is expected they will furnish important additions to our knowledge of the arts and sciences, the nccupations, and the history of the ancient Assyrians. Sir H. Rawlenson, and other qualified persons, are now busily engaged ,off this "important work. That the despised missionary has been the largest contributor to ethnology, and even to literature, in the4sense that is, he who has given a status to many`a barbarous tongue, by reducing it to a written language, with its grammar, dictionary, &c.,; must now be confessed, even' by those to whom still the "Cross" which the missionary holds up before savage tribes, is au " offence!' .And sc as to these discoveries which give definite , ness to the geography of nntrodden and unmapped countries. Missionaries have now an honorable name. Foreinost 'among these last is Dr: Livingston, of the London Missionary Society. Sir Roderick blurche son read a communication from him, at the British Association, in which he described the appearance and habits.of those now newly- discovered tribes of Central Africa, with whom he has come in contact And observe how he is not ashamed of his Master or his cause, before this philosophic and literary assembly', for, says Livingston, in his letter, " the end of thee geographical feat is but the beginning of the missionary enterprise. Geographers, laboring to make men better acquainted; with one another;.soldiers, fighting against oppression; and sailors rescuing - captives in deadly climes, are 'all, as well as missionaries, aiding in hastening a glorious consummation of God's dealings with man. In the hope that I may yet be permitted to do some good to this poor, long tredden down Africa; the gentlemen over whom you preside will, I doubt not, cordial ly join." I have no space to indulge in re flections such- as are suggested by all these topics, connected with the rapid approach of the time when science and' literature shall become the handmaids of true religion. But your readers will easily supply the de ficiency for themselves. The bearing of genius and art on social progress at home, were strongly brought oat hy a recent demonstration made, at the CRYS TAL PALACE, in support of the EARY CLOSING AND SATURDAY HALF-HOLIDAY. MOVE MENU.. Since the openii:ig of the Palace, as was also the case with the great Exhibition in 1851, Saturday has *always been the fashionable day, and an aristocratic price was charged .accordingly. But since the agitation for a half-holiday began, the, ern, ployees at the celebrated. Composite Candle Manufactory of Messrs. Price & Co., as well as. others, including the promoters of the movement aforesaid, have urged upon the Directors the importance of making Satur day a shilling day. Well, on Saturday, the 20th inst., as the exception to , the rule, and perhaps as the precursor to, a ,permanent change,, the palace was thrown open at the price, demanded. And so it 'came to pass that more than seventeen thousand persons, chiefly, if not altogether, composed of the class whom it is sought to set free from toil, namely, clerks in banks and merchants' offices, warehousemen and apprentices, in spite of gloomy and, threatening weather, were congregated in the palace and its grounds. ' " I was there to see," and,: view ing it from the Christian stand-point, although it wanted many attractions to the eye so often presented there by a brilliant, well-dressed throng, it yet had a moral beauty most impressive, and was powerfully: calculated, to give , an impulse to a cause which bears alike on the physical, meral, atta spiritual welfare of multitudes. I need not say how the success of this cause is bound up with the protection and defeithe of the Sabbath of God. Since my last visit to SYDENHAM DALACE, a Picture Gallery, containing specimen's of the English, French, Belgian and Ger man Schools, as well as of the mixed school of painting, has been added to the other at tractions of the place, and, to judge from the throngs that pass through it, is likely to be very popular. Very few of the pictures are of extraordinary merit. There is one, however, very interesting, of Broadway, New York, in a Winter day,' by - a - Frencli artist. The bearing of modern art on re ligion has its indices in this 'collection. Some pictures are thoroughly Scriptural, as "The First Death," " The Angels in the Sepulchre," "Samson Grinding in the Mill," and "The Supper at Emmaus;" others (like too many of our English pictures,) throw a halo round the vile despotism of the Stuarts, as " The Royal Captives -at Carla brooke Castle," while others give prominence to . "The , Madonna and Child," the glory being round the mother's head, as well as to• saints of the Romish Calendar, as " Gregory's introdriction of the Gospel into Britain," and " The Death of Thomas A'Becket." The Traveler, on whose MISREPRESENTA . TIONS OF THE FREE CHTIRCH to, the Times, I aniinadverted in my last, perhaps a little too sharply, though certainly not without just reason, has been doing good service during his Scottish, tour, at a meeting at Melrose, in-which he dissected, with great ability, ser mons lately preached by Scottish Episcopal clergymen, at the opening of a new chapel at Jedburgh, and showed that the doctrines therein taught were essentially .Romish, and that such teaching fully accounted for, the. startling fact that the very lady, who had originally built, the chapel had actually be 7 come, a Papist?,,Probably the reference was to the. utchess of Buccleugh ; and it was very significant and pleasing to observe Lord John Scott, a near relation of the Duke of Buocleugh, standing up at the Melrose meet ing on the Evangelical side, and denouncing Tractarian ism. The majority, however,. of the Scottish aristocracy are either tainted or indifferent. The true old Church of our fathers was plundered by them in Knox's day, perse cuted by them in the seventeenth century,, its rights were trodden down under their irons eed of patronage in the last age; whilst they have done ,their "little best" ,in re fusing sites as long as they dare, and in other tokens of ill. will to tSe Free Protesting Church in these last days. Chalmers, himself, who once‘trusted them, found them, ere he :died, «a broken reed upon.which, if a man lean, it will pierce his band." Thank God, the trim Church of Christ is always safest :when far from Court influence, or worldly smiles; and Scotland's Church as always flourished best when suffering has brought up to. the' view of faith the burning bush which Moses saw at the base of Horeb, and when her "Banner" bas been spread to the: breeze, with the motto, which tells of an indestructible life : "NEC TemEN CON SIMLEBAZUB4" In London OPEN-AIR; PREACHING; in spite of sir B'enjamin Hall,,is,more vigorous and general than ever. Meantime, a fight must be made ere long for tha, C‘ liberty of propheeyine At Kingstown ; ncaT'Dablin, 111,r. Wallace, a Wesleyan Minister, has twice been assaulted, while preaching, by `a Popish mob, and the police have given ,no real protection. At Middleton, .County Armagh, Mr. lienderson, a . Presbyterian minister, was so interrupted, that he. Telt it his duty to summon the riotous party, and the Stipendiary magistrate impudently said that, it =would be better for these gen tlemen to confine ,their orations.to,the walls, of their,churches. For this, he has re ceived a dignified and most faithful re buke from the venerable John Johnston,, the excellent minister who originated the, 'open-air preaching in Ulster, and is, Co vener of the Irish Assembly's n- ota,mittee on, the subject. To their honor, two Roman. Catholic Judges decided last year that out door preaching was perfectly legal.. Never theless, every effort, is being, made by Pa pists and, Latitudinarians to bring it 'into discredit, and to endeavor to get rid of it. The traveling Secretary of our Tract So' ciety, not long since, sent copies 'of two works to MADAME GOLDSCEEMIDT, (jenny Lind,) and her reply so evidently indicates a true child of tiod and opens up the se cr4, influence which prompted those deeds of mercy which marked her career, as - alsn gives us an idea of what the"'genius of song will be when many so, gifted Shall consecrate their'voices to the Divine glory, that if you have not copied it: elsewhere into your columns, I here crave insertion for it:. _ 'Dear Sir :—Allow me to thank you most sin cerely for your very kind letter which I received, together with Miss Brightwell's book, at Ply month. I would have inStantly sent you a few lines, but I could not find time to dm so. Ido not know why you write such kind words to 'me. I am nothing in my own eyes, and feel so deeply the sinfulness of my poor nature; but, neverthe less, kind words are very eneouraging when they come from sincere lips, and I, therefore, put Yours into`the same golden casket where all other kind words are preserved, that I have received in life; I Mean a pure, bright memory of the soul. "I:think the book of Mrs. °pile, very sweet, and interesting. It does its authoress ; or, in fact; its two authoresses, great honor, Dear Mrs. Opie, she had to go through the:same struggles as I; as every one of uwhas to endure frona the mo meat that 'the sinfulness of our heart stands in all its realizedness before os, and the love of Christ forces us to wish for nothing more than &Coen tance into the gates of heaven"! 6,.1 remember to have seen Mrs. Opie (in.her quiet, Friend dress,) at the house of the:-Lord Bishop of Norwich ; and how right you are, dear tir, when you believe thatanything, or any person known by that worthy prelatC, haelhe more va'...ue to me! Yes Lord ( Bishop) Stanley was more than kind to me, and I never shall fOrget his sweet, benevolent expression. F'orgive me for venturing to write such a long letter, although I am by no means, mighty, in your ranguitge; but I hope that the feeling that dictated my words will give pardon for my presumption to write thus. "Once more, dear sir, accept my sincere thatilm for your two gifts, and may God bless your labors, and give you the power of leading many souls to. the clear 'spring of pure, water. I am, dear sir, yours, most sincerely. "Tammy Goinscanum (born Lind.") " , • Madame G. hag now retired permanently into private life, unless indeed, as is said to have been the ease, extravagance or in dulgence at the gambling table on the part of one nearest and dearest to her, should compel her to appear in public again. In thus referring to a passion for` play,' I am reminded of what I myself saw: in Gertuany during a three months' sojourn of its ' development and results. I 'errelose 4‘, copy of a paper entitled " Gambling Tablea in Germany," in which, if you 'think — it suitable for your columns, I think your young men may learn something of the !gin:Mess career, perils and &Om. Within the last few weeks, a young Dutch - ,gelitlema n blew out his brains at the tables of Wiesbeden, (the first ' referred to in Tny'pliper in the London, Leisure Hour;) *Nile a, short time befofe, a young officer, Maddened by his losses, committed suicidiivirt the Baths of Hamburg, near Frankfort. It is said that the German princes, in whose dominions these " bells" have hitherto been allowed, are about to abolish them ; but I have very grave doubts as to the truth of the state ment. These petty princes each add to a narrow income several thousands a year out of these, accursed gains; besides having the roads, walks and public gardens kept by the "Lanoir "gentlemen who are their tenants, in beautiful order. The King of Prussia has set an excellent example, by the abolition of the gambling tables at the baths of Aix La Chapelle.. Louis Napoleon and his wife have been giving their countenance to the introduction of the cruel and brutalizing BULL FIGHTS Of Spain into France. The Empress was brought up at Madrid, and was familiar with such spectacles. At all events, the Emperor has Meddled perilously with Span ish affairs already. Spain was the occasion of ruin to Napoleon the Great, as well as to Louis Philippe and his dynasty, and Louis Napoleon needs to beware. His promise of religious liberty to Protestant worship, turns out to have been given with an " arrierc pensee," inasmuch as the authorization to open the chapels that had been closed, ex tends only to those that bad- been sanc tioned before 1854. I have had occasion frequently to refer to the SALE OF " ADVOWSONS " or. LIVINGS in the Church of England. It continues to this hour. The followint7, from the London Morning Star, forcib;s exhibits the abomination of the system. After animadverting on that system, the writer says: " We have before us the particulars of a large batch of benefices which are now in the market, and which will be sold in a few days to those who desire to invest a few hundreds and thousands in Church property. The vicarage of Abrome, on the East coast of Yorkshire, is recommended for its contiguity to the seashore ; while its value as a means of becoming an early source of revenue is enhanced by the present incumbent, being in his eighty-first year. Another rectory, that of Parkham, in North Devon, is recommended for its "modern, family, residence," its " beautiful grounds." its excellent coach-house, stables, " and offices attached," and its annual income of eight hundred and sixty pounds .a year; not forget ting, moreover, that the present incumbent is seventy-eight years of age. There are many other announcements of a similar kind, some of them alluring for the largeness of the income which the lucky purchaser (if he be in holy orders) may one day possess, the great age of the incumbent - whom he may supersede, the excel lence and respectability of the society which he may enjoy, and the charming scenery which, if he have a taste for Nature, he may rapturously contemplate. All these, and many other advan tages are .enuinerated ; but not one word is said about the duties which a cure of souls imposes upon its possessor; not one - word is said about the opportunitieS of which he may avail himself to instruct the ignorant, to reclaim the vicious, to narrow the gulf between the rich and the poor, to strengthen the pure - resolves of the just and up right man, and to extend the gospel's benignant We (Janet hesitate to assert that every person conflicted with these transactions ; the man who ; sells his living, and he who purchases it, the clergynnwiwito.is,appointeci to a living thus ob tained, as well as the Bishop who sanctions the appointment; every one of these individuals is guilty of simony int its worst form; an offence as odious as un-Christian, and as subversive of true morality - as that of = trafficking in indulgences whicispunder Tetzel, and in Luther's time, was the opprehrium and diegrice of the Roman Catholic Chureh.. ,Language is, 'in our judgment, inade ciliate to depict the heinous immorality committed bylbose clergymen Wish - secure places of truer, einolument, and responsibility in the Church ly such means. _Mr. Scott; a clergyman of tie Church of Englend, who, has long since passed away,in his Commentary, on the Book of Reve lations, thus alludes to the sale of Church livings: "The'commerce in the Souls of men is the ma=t infamous of all traffics thatthe demon of avarice devised, but by= means uncommon." T is indeed' fearful viewed in the light of the judgment day, to "contemplate the transfer, for money, of the souls of a whole parish to the seat spiritual control of a false prophet anti faithless pastor. I know one parish where, a ,godly rector, and a curate of pre-eimnent piety and zeal, both passed away,' and another, the son of a Solicitor, had the living purchased'for him. He is a swearer, - very much of a horse-jockey, and makeS up, in his own eyes, for all short coining, by opposing Bible Societies and de nouneing Dissenters. The sale of livings should be rendered illegal. Charles Simeon, of Cambridge, an Evangelical Church leader, formed a Society for the purchase of of Advowsons, in order to bestow them on orthodox men. 'But when shall therights of election be restored to the flock, and patron age and, simony be put to shame ? J. W. S:=Political and commercial matters look gloomy - at this moment. France and England having proposed to send a squadron to the Bay of Naples, Prince Gortschakeff, in the name of the Czar, has just published an energetic protest; stands up for the un fettered independence of King Bombe to rule as he pleases, and almost threatens to come to his help ! In addition to this, we have tidings, that British gunboats have been dispatched to the Isle of Serpents, and that our Admiral is ordered to return to the Black Sea. .As to home matters, the funds are going down; a deluge of rain is falling on the half reaped crops in Scotland; the Bank of „France has raised its rate of dis count) and the Bank of England will do the • same. ..Depend upon it, dark days are before Europe ,and the world ere Millenial rest arrive. The new ,and magnificent American war frigate Merrimac, lies at Southampton, a nd excites the greatest attention and admiration. If ever she delivers one of her tremendous broadsides, may it only be in the last es tremity--not against Britain, but side by side with our, ,t‘ hearts of oak," for true liberty: To my ramarks on India, let me add, the a new church has been <recently opened is Bombay Presidency, and a native minister is to preside therein over alio& of converts. A native ministry is the great hope of India, as well as.. of every heathen land. Our English Synod's; Foreign 'Mission Committee bids farewell this week to Mr. Sandeman. 3 , young miniatiar,with fine talents, and pure Piety, Who goes as our fourth Missionary to China. W. Ecelesiastieal The Post Office address of , Rev. J. M. JoxEs. is changed from Newton, Jasper County, lowa, to. Walcott Scott Conath lowa , Rev WILLIAM It. GLENN has removed from Tamaciaa,'Pa.; to German Valley, New Jersey. Rev. L. jt tow:, of Urbana, has received a call ,to. Hamilton, Ohio. Rev . 4 JAMES 31CDOEGA_LL'S Post Office ad- Alress is, Freeport, Long Island. Reif R L. Dodder's Post Office Address will be, hereafter, Fort Dodge, lowa, instead of Dunleith, Rev. JOHN ELLIOTT requests to be ad dressed at Alexandria, Pa., instead of Willhumburgh. Rev. G. P. VAir WYCK, of Chester, Pa., Ys has accepted a call to Gett burah Fa. iHENRY Rev.B..g R APIN, New York, has accepted a call to the Second church, Steubenville, Ohio Rev.lOH,N . 8. Hamm, late of Columbia. s niasaken charge of Bethesda church; Gathlieville, South Carolina.