Wellsboro agitator. (Wellsboro, Tioga Co., Pa.) 1872-1962, November 18, 1873, Image 1

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"Well, sir, it isdrue that wages ain't •so
g h at Mineseillo as in• other -places Where
I e had long strikes to get an advance
the' c
me t h e owners. Those that want more
" - ro se away for it, but we here have elected
today and take what the master gives, ef an
do o ur best, because you see we • had a, Us
es and have been dealt differently' with'
din many another mining community
,ere labor and capital fight, it out tedrthe
bluer end.
s The mines around here mostly belong
,lit, Johh Belton, who got them from his
ter, the!family having been land•owners
ils section nearly ever since the country
A eat settled. Be isn't a man of many
ids, and wreworkmett didn't see mu ch
~ of
) 1, for our place was underground, and he
to busy managing his affair* in the Upper
gione Be was som e cold ja m e
inner, which made us think, maybe, that
l l: L east, wasn't very tender, and though lie
id us regular, and was civil' and 'kind en.
th when occasion required, yet' the men
I master didn't (some much closer togeth.
in feeling than in position. , He lives
- there, sir, just beyond that clump of
ds that hides the village from thehouses.
Alter the war everything was so much
ter that it was as tough strain to make
h ends ewe, and when the little onesi got
ii ez because ft took all we earned to keep
a irom going hungry and secure a roof
r our heads we naturally •grew discos}-
tad, and there, were ominous 'whispers
lig the men theft wages ought to be 'relied
get the change in the times. ' - Bub we
t have grumbled on a long while With
ping to any action if it had not been
'Wedeln Jim. . ,
la was a workman , sir, but he wasn't
and bred in these parts, and seemed as'
had been something better, sometime
eer before •he came hire. He awoke .
a, es it were, to see that 'Labor ought to
Isome of the results and profits as well,
'vital, , 1 .
Be gave us, too, the great idea of co
tton, and height us how to work It;
re agreed to start a store ets soon as we
save the subscription funds.. -At last:
aver, be heeded ,us hate i a union that,
: ea r l y in one, we tided be' strong to
a a demand. e
A deputation of three was chosen to go
'r. Belton to prefer our request, and 're-
Tith his answer—Gentlemen 'Jim, Ben
les, and myself. Gentleman Jim was
as the best specimen 'of our dugs,
Ades was the representative of the
party among us, while I was ap
es a sort of medium or make-weight
a the two.
a three went together to the house,
are received by the master in his of
t large room on one side of .the hall.- e •
Idn't seem surprised to see 'us there,
[think he must have expected for some
that trouble would arise among his
men as at the surrounding mines, and
•alculated his course accordingly, Gen
ie Jim stated the case in a quiet, re•
tut way, quite as unflustered 'as was
telton himself. The master listened to
ttentively without any interruption till
l had his say, and then he answered,
and deliberately, as if he had been
- the subject over, too.
to not deny,' was what. he replied,
to have the right to put your own
?on your labor, and have been long
for the time when my profits would
me, of my own accord, to place you
o same level with your ,neighbors be
any conflict could arise bereen us
tthe matter . In order to pr pare for
I have been for some time casting up
uts, and em myself disappointed at
nets. At this moment I only find
' able to give you an increase of ten
it on your e ages.'
tntleman Jim looked at him steadily
' a minute after this remark, and he
. his gaze calmly and without flinch
nigh his face got a little red, as if he
there was, but did not like that there
be any suspicion of Isietruthfulues
ci s,
'vvies gave a sort of howl—half of
of of disbelief—but no one noticed
td I myself was slightly stunned 'at
_ter saying he wasn't able to pay
when I recollected the immense sum
our leader had figured- up to us as
lee of coal in the market, and the
:;on with the cost of production.—
man Jim rose up.
Is that yovr ultimatum?' said he. .
'llia,' returned the master. • '
lam sorry for it,' said the other, ' for •
'loot be satisfactory.'
regret it, too,' replied Mr. Belton,
is the beat I can do now.'
broke in'with a curse.
'as lie!' be roared put. 'who makes
mous profits but you and your likes?
its rich off our herd work but you
, the coal we fetch up? Gentleman
eself said you were only our part
e! we are bound to have our sharel—
te our lives; you've got to. give the
1 Ten per cent.; It's a lie that you
tive more!' And' Ben fairly foamed
:ommenced to cu rse again.
sit my bend his mouth and caughtm-o
r the collar s ; drag hiff, '-for I had
nigh to ses'that, whatever alight, be
in, the master didn't lie. But Mr.
1 eyes flashed , . and his fists doubled
me made a step forward. Gentleman
it his thin, reugh hand on his breast
him, and I heard him say thrcitigh
struggling With me, 'lt is not - the
ai must strike, Mr. Belton,' but the
that made him vvhat he is!' And
Icon fell back looked at Ben (e for a
as if he reall y saw him lee the first
id then turned his back to us, and
!sickly into another room.
le long and short' of it is that a strike
eided on, and the next morning not
Is man in Minesville went to work as
1 suppose, sir, you have heard about
takes and what bard times they bring.
it was with us pretty much the same
eller places, only, fortunately, it did
at quite so long. We were hungry
tubborn, famished, and at last furibus.
ty stomachs made hot heads, and reel
off to nightly meetings robbed us of
reason we had left, till even the sober
' most peaceful among us were .ready
-a in almost any action thet was
for we were not used to ibeing
el time hung mighty heave. The
in began to look haggard and cry for
and the women to mutter that half a
better than none, and to hag us tp
or to do something—something, they
:are what—to keep the young ones
tying and the homes from desolation.
o Knowles and two or three other
dent spirits whom despair made des
*posed to attack ' The House,' and
abet force or frighten Mr. Belton to
term., or else help themselves to the
and haury there to allay their own
dl never forget that march through
is—the solemn tramp, tramp of so
at over the flecks of sunshine that
nigh the trees; the great branches
and rustling softly in the spring
-the tender sort of peacefulness that
over the whole pathway, , nor the
A faces of the men—silent, clerk,
of dreadful threat.
ire was an unnatural stillness about
s when we arrived in front of 'The
There wasn't a soul to be seen,
4 seeable° rested on the front and on
tdo, green lawn in a way that can be
' never told about—a sort of rove.
id hush in It as if there , was shrub
/ O IY meaning underneath the bright-
We stopped a moment to settle what
be the next move. Just then the
opened suddenly,. and Mr. Belton
,on the' threshold. It was plain
that something - was the matter—for
I was very pale and bis hands tram
ha put them up an if ao keep back
'd• Ben Knowles and tbi t birds of
& It Wits fear, a d so, be.
ter thud
set It was going to be e sy to get
a hand, se eyed forward again with
lung shout. • But Gentleman Jim
sight in their path, gathered up all
Jeth, and hurled it-out in one word
l' There was suelkarernendous au
ill Ids tone and' manner that they
4 help shrinking back' a atonlent•hi.
!nd wonder-struck, , Then Me ..1.60;
men,' be aaid,.` I ean't, say any
0 ° now. Little Willie la dead,
Jae broke down and `ebvered Lis
aalestant. Not a sound was beard;
114 4 tbi moved : nerd was a vis-
IPP of the /NA happy !&
. .
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briglit — and rosy, flying,' with curls afloat,:
down to the village - on his brown pony, that
we, would never see again, We were not so
bad but that many of us were shocked and
ashamed, and wished we-hadn't come.- lint'
Ben Knowles, hiatUde aflanie, - dashed into:
the open space and yelled out like a wild
" It's another lie! ft's' another 'sham to
keep pa Out of Our,rightsl He's afeard, and
he'e'cunning, and. It's a story he's got up to
keepus nway from here till he gets the sol--
diera'on'to put us down!' -•, • '
" - gr.,Belton lifted up his • head, and his
fixes flashed like a fire that Olen' up
He saw that the men were; beYOnd i,eason
nod re
,arguent; so he threw open• the other'
side of the door and waved his arm. 'Come
and seer was all he said. Some of us hung
back, and, felt. worse still at thiai but Bep
and others cried out: Yea, come and seer
and moved - on to the steps. Gentleman Jim
kae* there was no holding them buck after
that, - so he took his plate again : at'their
head, and went first 'up the •broad staircase
after 24r: Belton. - ,
"There bad been `isornething ,solemn VI
the Sunshine outside, but the house felt like,.
a -church. - In spite of - themselves; the
roughest and worst trod softly,' and ,bolted .
neither to the right nor the left at thenielies
in the wall with the costly marble statues in
them., . Mr.-Belton 'paused in front of a door
oat the second' landing, ' zninUte,'.
he said tri, a 'choking tone,,and went .on,
pushing iffe door haitilyto behind him; but
a great, rough hand pushed it ajar, and two'
or three of usin.front saw, through it, that.
the Mother Was kneeling- - by . the bed, with •
her face bulk(' in the pillow beside, er boy,',,
and bus itrui -tbrciwn over the quiet little
form. Mr. 'Belton leaned over and whis- -
pered to her. . she raised her face to hie; too,
sad te be scared,' and lEt him lift' her up and
almost carry .er through the Boor to anoth
er room.- • ' en he came back to uswaiting
there . „wishing more than ever that we
were in . own homes. •
'Come and seer he said again, sternly.
But I had courage by this time, and was no
longer afraid of my fellows.,
" ' Sir,' I said, 'we had rather not, If
you please, we will go away now in , peace.'
'And; to their credit, .I.thust say, none among
them said me nay.. But -Mr. Belton wasn't
of the backing-down sort, either. Ileiwouid
stand by; his word, though the p ro of it
must , be his own dead child;" anby this
time be was as strung up as we wer 'Come
and see!' he said out loud again. o there l
was nothing to do but walk in a ter him,
two and two, and look at little Willie in his
shroud, lying stiff and still before as, 'vvith
the small waxen hands folded together with
two or three violetsin them—such as we
had seen in the wood ,
--;-with thesweet, chub
by face_all white, but smiling, like he was
dreaming in his sleep, and the_ yellow: hair
shining-on the pillow like the golden circles
they put around the hekds of angels. - The
master 'Stood close to hint, as if on -guard,
and watched every one -of us as we pulled
off our hats and passed by, as if to see that
we.were respectful to hie boy. .
"When the last one had taken his look
there was an awkward pause, and nobody
well knew what to do next till Gentleman
Jim stepped forward. .
" ' Mr. Belton,' said he, ' you must be
lieve we didn't know of this, and with, all
our hearts we - are sorry for you, and beg
your pardon for coming here to-day.' And
he stretched out his band. -
"The master took it, and there were tears
in his eyes. Then he shook hands with
each of us as we went out,onlyßen 4nowles,
and him he bowed to. It wasn't in nature
he conld do it, you know; and Ben came
from the room with his head down and his
lips qUivering.
"A good many of the women cried bard
when we told them about it, and, in spite of
everything, insisted' that we should go to the
funeral. So the next day, when little Wil
lie was buried, every man of us put on his
best, and took his wife and children and so
berly and quietly followed the carriages to
the churchyard 4 And when they lowered
arc lit-ch, ....eh. Lat.. tha era Vis__ sairl-1 bßmoth
er wrung her hands and sobbed beneath hor
long veil, other mothers' raised up their
voices with her, and the sound of weeping
drowned the noise of the clods falling on
the wood-when the parson said "Earth to
earth." The men stood ' with uncovered
heads. Even Ben Knowles was there, lott
ing quite decent and subdued, and most s
if he had lost a child of his own if he had
ever-had any to lose.
" After it was over and we were turning
away as gently as we could, Mr. Belton,-
with his arm around his wife, who was cry
ing on his shoulder, asked us to stop a' mo
ment, as he had something to say to us. .Bo
we helOp from gathering together our lit-.
tie ones to listen to him, feeling . a great ten
derness to them as bad lost their all while
ours were left; and somehoW, being moil, of
fathers andpothers, we felt, as for the
first tutne, that they were the same flesh and
blood as ourselves. l .
•` •We thank you,' the master said; for
the sympathy you have shown us to-day in
our trouble, and I would like .you, for my
child's sake, to feel more friendly on other
mutters. I would never have yielded to vio
lence—never!' and be•glanced over at Ben.
`I avoid have starved first, and so would
you. But now, if you, will send some of
your best men over to my office tomorrow
I will show yoh why I could not offer you
more than ten per cent. advance; and when
you see just how - I stand you can judge
whether youjwill still pursue yolir present
" Mr. Belton bad his chief Clerk there,
and they gotdown his books and went over
them out loud with Gentleman Jim, and it
was all explained .to us so that we under
stood it. Our. bad feelings changed over
from the master. So, after a good deal of
talk among ourselves, we agreed to take
Mr. Belton's terms, and .every one of us
went back to work the next day. - ,
"And that's the way death put an end to
the strike at Minesviile. We haven't bad
another since, and ain't likely to soon."
ATCHISON, (Kan.,) Oct. 80, 1871
- Atchison city and cty are now enjoy
ing the liveliest, and i
, - 'onrKsense moat bit
ter,7 canvass known for - ear Both tickets
are in the field—the Republican and the so
called Fennell' 'ticket—and the former is
supported, by the two Republican papers,
and the latter by the Democratic sheet. The
Republican ticket was nominated lirat, Whin
the Democrats rallied to the support of the
Farmers' movement, and attending their
nominating convention, they , managed, by
all sorts of tricks, to put one of thehistrong
est men, as they supposed, at the head of
the Farmers' ticket. But they seem, in Thi s
nicely laid scheme, to have lost sight of the
character of the farmers' movement that
they thus gObbled up. It turns out in the
cauvaa that the strong Democrat nomina
ted has had it thrown up to him by the Re
publican papers that while he was holding
a former office a few years ago be originated
the chief scheme of financial - abuse , which
the farmers in their resolutions - and reports
have denounced. • Another leading 'candi
date is a railroad amployee,,very much to
the disgust of the farmers; you know, who
have been from the start denouncing rail
road monopolies_.. The farmers' organize
lion was inaugurated With bright prospects,
but when they "go back on their own resolu.:
' tions, it seems to the that.it is very Weak.—
It is probable that tbe entire bogus farmers',
ticket will be beaten by
,tha, votes of ,the
farmers themselves in spite of the feat that
some of the candidates' are personally very
popular here in Atchlion, '
The Republican party In-Atchison county
Is largely in the majority.- The tight Is prin
cipally being made ma Treasurer and . Coup.
ty Clerk, and also on members of the Leg
islature. Our election occurs on Tuesday'
next. Col. Martin, editor'end proprietor of
the OWN*. ill dolsts 4* joicipilorti*
-•• . • = -: I` '2•7•1
4 - -v;- - , att.3, i: :, :.; v - iii• 1 :. iiiitis'tig: -2, -!. i-e
, Repubilean tieketilte'hasjahOreil':hard - •tor
-its altneeis.- .11e- iit knoWn , thioughout" the
State, and there is not - ft lriarritiaptiltir. r ritati
in the whole Nitest._--vh"d colooo is a prim
ticali 'printer,', havi ng_ le: reed 'hie trade in
'Pittsburgh, l i a.,•ankiaeNed Jo - :Atehisert„
some fifteen yeargitgO, 'where ,he - lute been
successfully- conducting the Champion ever
sinee.,...ne bite built up a good, trade, and
his paper has a la rger circulation.; than Any
other:, in Kantiati, ,: beside being -the largest:-
The Colonel has 'a - attire
,y - se; :of . te,..boyEe!
War - king for him, among whom is Johriria
Root, 'Esq., as old„ - Actrg4. , roir - boy i • WliO;IS
doing well. • • ' '• '', ' ''', ' }„.
,Quite ti trinfaber.ot your citizens are•Writ
'trig to me about the railVray system ,
'son and is this letter • •I'•'•Will inention the
goadss that terminate' at 'and., tholii , that' iifOt_
lion fhie' point, •, - Atchirieree-ilrat , railroad
was the, Central Bran* 17itiOn; -PACific,
Whieh :bas , b e en.complet ed ; d ue:-west 100
miles; told inclose riroii - icy ie liie , 4 'Great
Homestead Area'' , of ruirchwererri - ,Kithsas.
This roinci is alinstirVeyed 'to a 'cohnection
, , , . .
With thel:Tnion Pacific (Main line), at Fort
- Ittrney, and will doubtless be Axtended at
'an 'early day, This ,co ' panyivitlt Mtijor
Yir,', 'F. DOwns ail Land - 'ommissioner, and
4 3eneriti ,'Lliapprintencient, et ,Aiclileoti; has
Icti;sale -several-.hundred - housand acres 'of',
'choice land 'in the "entint eathrough which
the road passes, on three4our,,tilz, and ten .
yea/eel - edit. ' Ail' thOse Fariting a cheap'
farm should address Majo Downs for' par
ticulars. The Atchison a d Nebraska Rail
road is completed to Lincoln, the capital of
Nebraska, distance' 145 • miles. ' It is the
shortest route to Califoini via St. Louisand
Atchison. The Atchison,Topeka and San
ta 'Fe Railroad is compl ted to Grenada,',
Colorado, 480 -iles southwest of Atchbion.
This corn .., n • , as.also eland grant of three
Million ac ••• of some_ of he finest land 'in
the Wait :, low prices an dlong credit. No
better Opp: tunny is offered to those want
ing to purchase a home in the West Any
informatiod desired concerning these lands
Ain be had by addressing the„ Commisslim
er, Mr. A.. B. Tonalln, Topeka, Kansas.--=
This road is one of the b l est in the West,
and is destined to be the sh ortest and pleas
antest route to Californi The Missouri
PaCifie Railroad extends irt a southerly di
rection to St. Lorils, distance 530 miles from
Atchison. The Chicago, ock Island and
Pacific Railroad runs in aorthwesterly di
rection, to, Chicago, 539 m es distant. The
Builington and 'Missouri River Railroad
runs east to Chicago, via urlington, loWa,
distance 527 miles. The irannibal and St.
Joseph Railroad runs to Il i nnibal and Quin
cy, distance from Atchiso 1 226 miles. The
North Missouri Railroad, runs to St.
Louis, distance about 800 miles. Tho Kan
sas City, St., Joseph and' Council Bluffs Rail
road, runs south; to Ilan4ts City 50 miles,
and north 150 miles to Council Bluffs, liriva.
Your readers now have ou railroad system,
and there is no city west f St. Louis that
can boast of so many adva tagea in its rail
road connections as Atchisn; and with our
railrbad bridge completed across the Mis
sourii river, all that. is n cessary to keep
these roads here 'will be do e. Work is be
ing vigorously pushed forward on that, and
all are confident that its copletion will be
celebrated next fall, or inlo ne year's time
from the commencement o work on it.—
The above is a pretty goo showing for a
i :.
town so young as Atchison.
- I was mach,pleased total
&Jew daVs_azo. Alcu'd'z'
of Wellaboro, • but now an
zen of southern Kansas.
moved his family to Malawi four years ago,
and settled upon as fine a quarter - section of
land as can be found anywhere, adjoining
the live and go-ahead town ;of Winfield, the
thriving county'seat of Cow ey county. Mr.
Howland is disposing of pat of his home-.
stead, which readilybrings rom $BO to $lOO
per acre. Ha informs me that he built the
tirat frame house in the county,- over three
years ago. The county wai only, surveyed
in April, 1878. At the time he settled there
there was but one house on the town site;
,to -day there is a population of 1;000. Good
crops of wheat, - corn, cotto'p, and tobacco
were raised successfully there this year.—
One advantage, be says, , hey claim over
Some other parts - of the St te, and that is
their uplands are well
_w tered. Several
saw and grist mills have- een built in the
county, and qpite a notate are to be built
this fall.and next spring. Isignesian 'lime
stone is abundant, which is being used to a
greet extent throughout the State for build
ing purposes. ' There is no governmentland
in the county, but there is plenty ,at , $5 :per
acre -and upward. Mr.- Howland also in=
formsme that Joseph Mack, formerly of
Wellsboro, haa a good qttarter-section of
laud adjoining the town, for which he -was
'offered $B,OOO a year ago, bet declined to
sell: Joe has built him E. hone; and is
keeping bachelor's ball. I hope Mr. How
land, can make it convenient to call this way
often. He informs rue that the immigration
from the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illi
nois to Cowley county is immense.
Atchison feels proud or- her splendid
school system. • The Basil of Education
have built school houses, lsting $lOO,OOO,
to different part of the eit , and still there
are not any too '
many to a commodate' the
2,650 school children • tha are attending
them. Our. Central School building burned
down some' two years age, d has been re
built at a cost of $50,000. It is situated in
the most beautiful portion of the city, end
from its dome the best view of the Whole
city can be obtained. It 1j a common re
mark of many strangers visiting Atchison
that our school system is equal—to that of
many of the Eastern cities whose popula
tions are four - times larger than we- claim.—
Nor are we behind in our church organina
liens, for we are represented by all denomi
nations, The Catholics, not the strongest
however, are completing a cathedrarat a
cost of from $150,000 to i $200,000. The
Methodists, on Sunday last; dedicateditheir
handsome edifice, which is by far the larg
est church building except the Catholic ca - -
thedral in the city. ' BishOp Bowman, of
St. Louis, preached the dedicatory sermon.
He is an eloquent speaker, end his remarks
were received with a great ' deal of praise.
The Congregational land Ep,scopal denomi
nations have good buses ofd worship. Com
paratively speaking, lwe hate quite a moral
town;, though one ,of our Ministers, some
z i ts
four years ago, counted 'seventy-two whis
ky and beer saloons on on main business
street. ,But then there is no the murdering,
'swee_riag, and thieving goin on heie that
we sec reported in the Kans City, Leaven
worth and St . Joseph p'ape almost daily.
Our groeers.are not doing the , trade' they
anticipated before the panics, though all are
doing a fair business, - .A.mOng other quota
tions the following ""are some of the latest
prices; ApPles.per bil . lo, isl 50 to $2 00;
wheat; $ l.lO to - $1 15; flour, $4. per •hun
dred“orn, 80 tp 85 cents .per bushel; oats,
25 cents; Irish potatoes, - $1; sweet potatoes.
$2 50; ,onions, $l.: to $l-25; butter, 30 to 85
centsper pound; eggs, 20 c nts per dozen;
hams, 18 cents Perrund; N w York ctietme,
18 cents Per pound. Kansas cheese, 15 to 20
cents.. I might go en andgive you other
quotations,' hot thenbove are the moat nee
' essitrY artiel4 Mted, and , will snake.
The banks out here ate 'generally resum-,
tug currency payments ,- and times appear to
be gettirig,easier, though ni ny. complain of
dull times. „ There is no do bt but that this
winter-will - be terribly felt b the inechen
le4 and laboring men all o er the-country,-
eopculuity in the East, as m ny orateir eta.
I ployeri) have already reduc d - time and was
Res.' ' A number Of the rails ads-here in the
West haireegreed to redtice the - salariei of
all employeta and employee on Ist of
November, and tunny predic a big; `'strike.
Travel` is; good ' ota all the oadscentering'
hete,:and thifempleyees see o reason lot a
reduction. ' - - . . . `
.00 Sunday _laid si'ef bad
Ith*,, 'big it, mOied as :,fast
ustlzoiv t - idihougy t-Ito , ulgtu
, , `
f t ( ri
itrz -cozrsztl , reito* - :-
JECTION, THE . 002 0 15T1.-,
bi - order, of - the' Seeretari,of
thaConunonwealin; in pareuanee of the
4th section of an. act of the cieneral,4e*
setnidn' eirtitledg.A,n act' id, provide for
calling a VonventiOti to , amend the ton.
.stitution,' , approved she 11th day ofdp
A. - D.087A1. • • • •-,
the people of, the Commonwealth
Of Pennsylvania, gratbfbi , .to Almighty'
God for the, blessings of 01'01 and relig
ions liberty ; and humbly ' inyoliiig.llie
guidance,,d6 ordain and • establiya this,
That the general, great, and 'essential
pkinciples of liberty - and free govern
-ment may be recognized and unattera
131y, established,' we declare that
SECTION All men are born' equally
free and Independent, and 'have certain
inherent and indefeasible rights, annotig
Which are•those of enjoying and defend
lug life and' liberty, of aeAuiring, pos—
sessing, and protecting property
r4)Ptatbn, and of pursuing their own
happiness. - •
kIEO. 2., All power , Is' inherent in the
people, and all 'free governments are
founded On their authority and Institu•
ted for. their peace, %tray, and happl
neas. For the 'advancement of these
ends they have at all times an inalien
able and indefeasible right to alter, re
form, or abolish their government in
such manner as they may think proper.
She. 8. All men • have a natural and
indefeasible ,right to worship Almighty .
Gwkacbording to, the dictates of their
own consciences; - no,rnau can of right
be compelled to attend, erect or support
any :place of worship, or to maintain
any ministry against his consent ; no ,
human.authority can, in any case what
ever, bontrolor interfere with the rights
of conscience, and no preference shall
ever be given by law to auy religious
establishments or modes of worship. '
BEO. 4. No person who acknowledges
the being •of a God and a future state
of rewards and punishments shall, on
account of his religious sentiments, be
disqualified to hold any office or place
of trust or profit under this Common
, SEC. 5. Eleotions shall be free and
equal; and no power, civil or military,
shall at any time interfere to prevent
the free exercise of the right of suffrage.
SEC. 6. Trial by jury `shall be as here ,
tofore, and the right thereof remain id
violate. '
SEC. 7. The printing press shall be
free to every person who may under
take to examine the proceedings of the
Legislature or any branch of
government, and no law shill ever be
made to-restrain the right thereof. The
free communication, of thoughts and
opinions is one of the invaluable rights
or man, and every citizen may freely
speak, write, and print on any subject,
being responsible for the abuse of that
liberty. ' No conviction : shall be had , in
any prosecution for the publication of
papers relating to the: official conduct
of officers or men in public caPacity; or
to any other matter, proper • , for public
investigation min formatiOn, where the
fact that such publication was - not
liclously or negligently made-shall be
established to) the satisfaction of the
jury ; and in all indictments for libela
the jury shall have a right, to deter
mine the law and the facts, under -the
- in Or
SEO. S. The 1.„ -b ero"el•
I ,
their persons, houses, 14)4eM-litillult..l.o.
sessions, from unreasonable searches
and setzures,,and no warrant to search
any place or to seize any person or
things, shall issue without describing
them as nearly as may be, nor without
probable oause,supported by oath or af
firmation, subscribed to by the afflant.
SEC. 9. In all criminal prosecutions,
the accused bath a right to be beard by
himself and his counsel, to demand the
nature and cause *of the accusation
against him, to meet the witness face to
face, to have compulsory process for Ob
taining witnesses in' his favor, and in
prosecutions by indictment or informa
tion, a speedy public trial by an impar
tial jury of the, vicinage; he cannot be
compelled togive evidence against him
self, noncan he be deprived of his life,
liberty, or property, unleas by the judg
ment of hisyeers or the law of the land.
. IZE.c. 10. :So person shall for any_ in
'dictable o ff ense be proceeded against
criminally, by information, except 'in
eases arising in the - land or naval forces
or in the militia, When in actual- ser=
vice; in time 3 of war or public danger,
or by leave of the court, for oppression
or misdemeanor in office. No person
shall for the same offence be twice put
in jeopardy 'or life or limb ; nor - shalt
private property be taken or applied to
public use without authority of law,and
without just compensation being first
made or secured.
e by the hand '
'ILLICI44 - 102:1X0r1
Mr. Howland
SEC. 11. A Ilcourtsshall be open ; and
every man , for an injury done , him in
his lands; goods, person,
_or reputation,
shall have remedy by due course of law,
find right and justice administered with
out sate,
denial, or delay. Suits may be
brO„nght against the Commonwealth in
tauctr:Ananner, In •such - courts, and in
such - , cases as „ the ' Legislature
Mayetry law direct. .. -•, _,!•.•,:
.':E4O. - 12. No power of suspending laws
Shall be exercised unless' by the
latirre or by its authority.
- titttc.-18. Excessive 'ball shall not be
required, nor' excessive:finee imposed,
nor, cruel punishrnent Inflicted. . ,•
• -SO. 14. All prisoners 'shall be bails-.
hie by sufficientsureties, unleSs for cap
- ital 'offenses, when the proof Is evident
or presumption - great; and • the privil
ege og%the writ of habeas corpus shall
not be 'suspended, unless .when in case
of rebellion or -invasiciii-the -public safe
ty-may require it. - -- - . -
SEo. lb. No commission of oyer and
terminer or jail delivery shall be issued.
SEC. 10 The person of a debtor,where
there hatiOt strong presumption of fraud,
shall not be continued iu'prison after
delivering up' his estate for the - benefit
of his creditors, in such manner as shall
'be riresoribed by law. • , ' -
SEC. 17. No ex post facto law; nor any
law Impairing the 'Obligation of con
,tracts, or,rnakine irrevocable any grant
Of special prrileges or immunitieS,shall
be passed, -"- - • - - -,.,_ -.- -
SEC. 18. :ZI - 0 person shall be attainted
of treason - felony by the Leglilature.
1 1 SEC. 19. o_attainderehail t work cor
ruption ,of biciod, -
_nor, except durlng•
I the life of e offender, forfeiture of, es
tatelo the Commonwealth ; 'the estate
of such per:a:one. its _shall destroy 'their
ow'n -lives shall descend-or - vest as'ln.
oases of natural - death', attd if any per...,
ton'„Ontli_ 'be killed 'by ceSualty,.tnere,
- Shall helm forfeiture by reason :thereof.
Scc,lo. Tire citizens_ have a:right tcv
aliettueablebranner.to.biseinble togeth
er.fer their cotunion good, and_ to apply•
to those' invested- 'with the' powers of govern M ent t for ' red fess Qi grievances or
,trther praper purposes, - by :petition; rezi.
- dress ; or -remonstrance, -. '•=' r .' ;' '
'.. SEO. 21 - .';'T he right.irf_cluieritt.to bear
br a s.; l ri• disfenseA,vf the MONO'S -?Uid the
State WWII not-bb , questiOnied,"
• 'lite. 22:' NO' Staudfug. - ariby ' , Shall, 10,
' ttuie,ol-peice; , be kept trp ',without- the
- eonient.' , ; , of - ' ;the - . - -.3 4 egisitattire,- : _ and
- , tiaiiintlitarY;sbell in - r0 oases; and at all
'tirbei,:,be..lo fifirii3t - eutiordinutlo4.to the
civil. power:- - -. --''-' -' -_-,-- ' --'- ' _
' Sac:, .I,' Na soldier ' shell Yin - time
` .of ,_peace,be. quartered , In buy ' house
' :Without .the consent= of the owner; per
in - tittle of„,vOttr: , blzt _in* - Meitner ;bile
preseribedbylaW. :..,'•-•-•.-....,.;, -,.: ' , . : ,- - "A
,- - .13E0. ..13‘':;-,The , -, L4glalitore 'shall ;
pot .. grinklizy. : :tl,ot
o..Ottobility or. her.
040 Ai11tit400444.40t-4440,4 any (AO. Os
,idle' - ':1:0::::It Lt,' :.;:°;::: ~, ,v `4,_ Of ,:v=,;;; ..; ,€: t
a of
Eta it fell, - and
are VW/ t 49-,
0* -t it. •
ttie Eitipot titOlit,:fAiiirtalah
' 4 : l6 Pg9•F' i 4 47 4-- 0 1 ,4*:#041gig 'koo - qf 04 1 4'-`
.i3)1all wit; :bei
•-•- -
, sEo.ll:l".l . l s cr,-44aiditgains,t,:-• tiarisigiqo
r we. :49141.6 every-.
Att l ate -Is toteeptett cbut
poweiti tit:gpiterntiteilt, , and
shia.llgirciyer ternal kin vii),lst,*;-:
, .
- 'Tan_ IiEeieLATIIREI. ' ~'
• SECTION' 1. The, legisiatiVe 'power - of,
this'Commottwealth shall he,veSted io
a General .Asserably, iv h ieh :stall' cow
silt of-a Senate and a•Minser - of Aeriret=:
seutatives; ' - ..,,',...,,-
Saf.'2.' Xembers ot the General' M
sembly,sball be eheseik at, the general
election'everY second year. Their term
of seryiee shall begin on the first *iy
of December next - after• their eleetion.
Whenever it - :vacancy shall "occur. In,
eitherhOuse the presitling,officerlhere
of shall
,hisue a - writ of
. eleCtion to till
such - vacancy for the , rernaltider - tif lite,
Ec,',B. Senators shall be elected „for
the tern). of. four year* and .Representa-
Oyes forthe' vertu of two years. , •,...,
SE° 4:` The General, Assembly shall
,at ~12 o'clock, noon, ou kthe first,
Tuesday of January every , second year,
• and, at other times *ben -eon,ve,ned, by
.the Governor, but shall hiold'no adjourn
ed annual session after he year 1878.
ru ease 'of a , vacancy -II th e o ffi ce of
United States Senator . m this Com-,
mei/wealth , In ti-xecess ,between sess
toes, the. Governor shall convene the
two houses by proclamation on notice
hot exceeding sixty, dtiya. to fill - the
• SEO. O. , 'Senators . shall- be at ' least
twenty-five years of age, and'Represen
tatives twenty-one years oft age. They
shall have been citizetwand inhabitantir
of the State, font. years, and inhabitants
of their rerpective -districts one year
next before-their election (unless absent
on the public business of the United
States or or , this State); and shall reside
in - their respective districts during-their
terms of service. ,
' Sec. 0. No Senator or Representative
shall, during the time for- which- he
Shall biwe been elected, 'be appointed to
,any civil office under' thiii Coil/MOD
'wealth, and no tnernber• of Congress-or
'other person holding any office (except
of attorney,at.la.W or in the milltia)nn
der the 'United States or this Common
wealth shall he a member cif either
house during his continuance in office.
Sno. 7. No person hereafter convict
ed of embezzlement of public moneys,
bribery, perjury, or other infeinous
crime, shall es eligible to the General
Assembly, or capable of holding any
'otlice of trust or profit in this Common
SEc. 8. The members of- the General
Assembly shall receive such salary and
mileage for regular and special sessions
as shall be fixed by law, and no other
compensation whatever, 'Whether for
service upon committee or otherwise.--
No member of either house shall, dur
ing the term for which be may have
been elected, receive any increase of
salary, or mileage, under any law pass
ed during such term.
Ssc. 9. The Senate shall,•at the be
ginning and close Of each regular ses
sion, and, at such ether times as may he
necessary, elect, one of its members
'presidentproterupore,whashall perform
t i diftleti , of the .Lieutenatit Governor,
in any case- of absence or disability of
that officer, and whenever the, said of
fice of Lieutenant Governor shall be
vacant, the HOuse of Representatives
shall elect one of its members as Speak
er: Each house shall choose its other
.offieers, and shall judge of the election
and'aualiticatiod,s of its members.
A :majority of each house
er n u to her nifiy - acijouvivro—hut,„o
_am al l
and compel the attendance of akiieia
SEo• 11. Each bowie shall have pow
er to determine the rules: . of its proceed
ings and punish its members or other
Persons for contempt or: disorderly be
havior in its presence, to enforce obe
dience to its process, tp protect its mem
bers against violence, or °Ors of bribes
or private solicitation... and with the
coneUrence of two-thlids-, „to expel a
member, but not a second time for the
same cause, and shall have all other
powers necessary for the legislature of
a free State. A. member expelled for
corruption shall not thereafter be eligi
ble to either house, and punishment for
contempt or disorderly behavior shall
not bar an indictment for the same of
Sec. 12.' Each hoqseshall keep a jour
nal of its proceedings and from. time to
time p blish the eamAtfircept Such parts
as require secrecy. and
.the 'yeas and
nays of the membere on any, question
shall, at the desire of any two of them,
be entered,on the jottifial. • ,
SEO. 10. The sessions of each hones
and of coninlittees of the whole shall
be open, unless when the, busines, is
such as ought to be kept secret.
Sac. 14. Neither house shall, without
the consent of the other, adjourn for
more than three days nor to any other
place than that in which the two houses
shall be sitting, ,
SEC. 15. The members of the General
Assembly alien tin all cases, except trea
son, felony, violation of their oath of
office, and breach or surety of the peace,
be privileged from arrest during; their
attendance at-the sessions of ,their res
pect,ive houses, and in going to and re
turning from, the same ; and for any
speech or debate in either house, they
nit be questioned at any other
place. •
Sea 16. The:: State shall be divided
into tifty Senatorial districts of • coal
pact and contiguous territory. as near
ly equal in population as may be, and
each district shall be entitled to elect
one Senator. Each county Containing
one or more ratios of population shall
been titled to one Senator for each ratio,
and' oan additional Senator for a sur
plus of population exceeding three
fifths' of a ratio; but no- county shall
form a separate district Unless it shall
contain lour-tlithe • of a ratio, except
where the the adjoining counties are
each entitled to out, or more Senators,
when such county may be assigned• A
Senator on' less than four-tiftbe, and
exceeding one-half of a ratio, and no
county shall be, divided unless entitled
to two or more Senators. No city or
coo ntY shall , be entitled, to separate rep
resentation exceeding .one-sixth of the
whole, number, of Senators. No ward,
borough, or township shall be _divided
in the formation of a district. The
Senatorial ratio shall be ascertained by
dividing the whole population of .the'
State by the number. fifty.- '
SE°, 17. The members of the 'House
of Representativesshall be apportioned ,
among the several' counties, on a • ratio
obtained by dividing the. population of
the State as ascertained by the most re
-cent United States oenius by two bun.
dreg. Every county containing
than five ratios shall have one •represen
tative for every full ratio, and , an ad
ditional representative,, when the sur
plus exceeds half a ratini. but each Oottu-
V shall have at least Onerepresentative.
Every county eontaining,live rativor
more shall have one representative rfor
every full ratio. Every city oontal tang
a population equal to a ratio shall elect
separately its, proportion'of the repie ,
eentatives allotted - to the countyn
which it is /boated: ors city entill al
to more than. four representatives, a d'
every county having over one hundted
thousand inhabitants, shalt be divided
into districts of cotripttot and cotitl&-
cue territory;eaeh - district to , elect its
propertlon - of represehtativee accor*g
to its pepulatiotf,,hut - no - district shall
electrinore thanfdar representatives.
- Szo. - 18. The general AsSembly at its
first'seSSliin after the. adoption, of this
couiltitutio rt ;.atid.:lthipetAately t after
eivilz 1i1niiitet,04:41016144.040,44
apeoition the State IntO *mani
la and itepresenft tlde. letricte ngienti7
bly to,the provision!, of the two - next
tireceedipg beetiQns.. ; ; ' • . - ,
_KFAITIISIi 1". NO Jew , shell •,bei .passed `
except by,bill, and no bill •ehall be BO
altered vor amended; on its passage
through either.lifouse as,to obapge its
Original purpoiii: ' •
SEQ. 201•145' bill . 0611 "he 'considered
'unless refereed' tea coittinittee returned
the - Men:mere. •
therefrom,. at4. l ted .for"'-the .use..,of
SEC. 3. No till,- ekaePt general 'ap
_propriation bills, shall be . pissed -con
taining more thati-one subject, which
shall be Clearly eXpreEited in tbs
SEO.A. Every. bill -shall be read at
length on three' different days in each .
House ; all amendments made thereto
'shall be. printed for the use oftne mein"
bars before the final vote , taken ,on
The bills - and no bill shell become a law
anlesseri its final passage the vote shall
be taken by yeas and nays, the- names
,of the . persons„vettliag for and ngainst,
the same be entered on the Journal, and,
a rnajority_of the, - triena hers elected to
each House be recorded thereon as .vot
lug in its fe,,Vor. . •
SEC.& NO amendthetit to bills by one
House shall be eoucurred in by tins otb
erseXcept by the vow of a niajority of
-members elected thereto,laken' by
yeas and hays, and the names: of those
votingfor and against recorded upon
~ the, journal thereof; and reports of
cosnmittees 'of ecinferenee..shall
adoPted in either „House only by the
vote of aMajority of the members elect
ed thereto,, aken by yeaaancl nays, and
the names-of those voting recorded up
on the journal. .
SEC. , 6. No law shall be revived,
amended, or the provisions thereof ex
tended or oonferred by reference to its
title only, but so mud)) thereof as is re
vived, amended, extended, Or conferred
snail be re-enacted and published at
'Sao. 7. The General Assembly shall
not pass any local or spacial law ; au
thorizing the • creating, extension, or
impairing of liens; regulating the af
fairs, of counties, cities; • townships,
wards, boroughs, ors school - districts ;
changing the names of persons or places,•
changing the venue In civil or criminal
cases; authorizing the laying out, open
ing,. altering,' or maintaining roads,
bighWays, streets,' or alleys; relating
to ferries or bridges, or incorporating
ferry or bridge cornpanies, , except for
the erection of bridges crossiegstreams
Which form boundaries between this
and any other State; vacating roads,
town 'plats, streets, er alleys; relating '
to cemeteries, 'grave yarils,•. or public
grounds not of the State; authorizing
the adoption or legitimation of chil
dren; locating or changing county
seats, erecting pew counties or chang
ing county lines; incorporating cities,
towns or villages, or changing their
charters; for the opening and conduct
ing of elections, or fixing or changing
the place of voting •; granting • divorces;
erecting new, townships or boroughs,
changing township lines, borough lim
its or I.chool districts; creating offices,
or prescribing the powers and duties
'of ollieers. in counties, cities, boroughs,
townships, election or school districts;
changing the law of descent or success '
alai; regulating the practice or, juries '
diction of or changing the rules of evi- '
deuce in any judicial proceeding or in
quiry before courts, alcirman, justices '
of the peace, sheriffs, commissioners, '
arbitrators, auditors; masters. in chan
eery, or other tribunals i or providing or
changing methods for the collection of '
debts, or the enforcing of judgments,
or prescribing the effect of judicial sales
of real-estate; regulating the fees, or '
extending the powers and duties of al- '
dermen, justiCes of the 'peace, magis
iikamesetssseeestabiess_. regulating the -'
building or repairing or '
and the raising Of money for such pur
poses; fixing the rate of interest; af9
fecting the estates of minors or persons .
under disability, except after due no- •
tice to all parties in interest, to be re
plied in the special enactment; remit
ting fines, penalties and forfe itures, p or
refunding moneys legally paid into
the 'Treasury; exempting property
frogt taxation ; regulating labor, trade,
raffling or manufacturing, creating
corporations or amending, renewing,
or extending the charters, thereof;
granting to any corporation, associa
tion or individual any special or exclu•
sive privilege or Immunity,or to any cor-'
poration:tassociation or individual the
right to lay duwo a railroad track. Nur
shall the General Assembly - indirectly
ena4 such special or local law by the,
partial repeal of a - general law, bu t lasVs
repealing local or special acts may -he
passed. Nor shall any law be passed
granting powers or privileges in any
case where the granting.of such _pow
ers and privileges shall nave been pro
vided for by general law, nor where the
courts have jurisdiction to grant the_
same or give tho relief asked for.
SEC. 8. No local or epecial bill shall be
passed unless notice of the intention to
apply therefor shell have been,publish
ed in the locality where the matter or
the thing to be effected may be situat
ed, which notice shall be at least thirty
days prior. to the 'introduction into the
General Assembly of such bill, and in
the manlier to be provided-by i law ; the
evidence of_ such notice having been
published shall be exhibited in the Gen`-!
aral Assembly before such act shall be
SEC. 9. The prriding officer of each
House shall, in: the presence of the
House over whi h he presides, sign all
bills audjoint resolutions passed by the
General •.4.ssetribly, after their titles
have been publicly read immediately
before signing, and the fact of signing
shall be-entered on the journal.
SEC. 10. The General Assembly shall
prescribe by law the number, duties and
compensation of the officers and em
ployes of each House, and no payment
shall be made from the State Treasury,
or be in any way authorized to any per
son, except to an acting officer or em
ploye elected or appointed in pursuance
of law.
Sm. 11. No bill shall be passed. giv
ing any extra compensation to any pub
lic officer, servant, employe, agent, or
contractor, • after services shall have
been rendered or contract made, nor
providing for the payment of any_clalm
against' the Cornmonwealtb, without
previous authority of law. '
SEO. 12. All stationery, printing, pa
per and Nei used in the legislative and
other departments of government shall
be furnished, anti the printing, binding
and, distributing'of the laws, journals,
department reports; and another print
ing and binding, and the repairing and
furnishing the halls and rooms used for
the meetings'of. the General Assembly
and its o - 01:1103Ittees, shall he performed
under con tract, to be given to the low
est responsible bidder nelow such max
imum pile°, and under such regulations
tu3'shall be prescribediby law ; - uo mem
ber or officer of any, department of• the
governinent shall be in any way inter
ested In, such contracts, and, all such
contracts shall be subject to the appro
val of the governor, ;Auditor-General
and State Treasurer. - -
SEQ. 13. • No law shah extend the term
of any public officer, increase or di
' minish, his salary- or elnoluinent after
his election or appointment.•
Sm. 14. All bills, for . raising revenue
shall originate in the F:ouse of Repre
kientatives, but the Senate may,propose
amendments as in other - bills. • •
BEO. 15. 'The general appropriation ,
bilishall embrace nothing but appro=
priationa.for the_ ordinary. expenses of
the •exeouiive, legislative and judicial
deparmenteof the Coin monivetilth, in
terest ou the public debt, and for puo.
tic schools ; all other,. appropriations
0.13a11 - matre: 4y,'separata : bil2; each
eltabriOus• Wit um, itgriitta,,,-.-
SEO `if) No . inoney'sball j i be paid out
of the Treasury.ex,eeptupo approprla-,
tior3 made tby 'law and', on warrant,
drawn by the 'propo'r ()Maui' ha purau-1
atm) thereof. '_. .-' , .
. , ,
SW. - 17; - No aPPrOpylatien ,sliall be
:tnade'ta any charitable or educatiOnal
institution not under the libiOlute con
trol of the Common Wealth, other than•
normalechools'establidhed, by laW ...for
the prefeesional training of teachers,
fir the public solloolB , of the State, .'ex
'cept ,by si. vote 'of two-thirds of all the
membel s elected tc• - ,each House. .
t 4
SEP. 18. No appropriations except - ' •
for pen ions or gratuities I fot- military
services shall be made for charitable.
educational or benevolSnt, purposes, to
any person or community, nor; to• any
denominational or sectarian institution,
corporation or associattn. • .
SEo. 19. - The General Aesernbly 'May
make appropriations of money; to insti
tutions wherein the widevlt. of soldiers!
• are au ``.ported or assisted, or the orphans
of soldier:laze maintained and educated;
hut tench appropriation 'shall be applied,
exclusively to the support of such, wid
ows and orphans. . •
- __SE:o. 20. The General Aisembly &sail
not delegate ,to any special commission,
private., corporation or association, any
power to make, supervise, or interfere
With any municipal improvement,
money, property or effects, whether
held In trust or otherw lee, or to levy
taxeft or perform any municipal func
tion whatever. • . - -
SEe. 21. No act pf the General As
setn bly amount' to be re
covered for injuries resulting in death,
or for injuries to Organs or. property,
and in case of death from such injuries,
the right =of action shall survive, and
the peneral Assembly shall prescribe
for whose benefit such actions shall . be
prosecuted ; no act shall prescribe any
limitationof time within . which suits
may. be brought against 'corporations
for InjuriCs to persons
• or property, or
for other causes different from those
fixed by general laws regulating actions
against natural persons, and such ac
tions naw existing are avoided.
SEQ. 22. No act of the..4Elml As
sembly shall authorize the investment
Of trust funds by executors, adminis
.trators, guardians, or other trustees, in
'the bond's or stock of any private cor
poration, and such acts now existing
are avoided, saving investments here
tofore made.. •
SEO. 23. The power to change the
venue in civil and criminal cases shall
be vested in the courts, to be exercised
in such manner as shall be provided by
law, •
SO. 24. No obligation or liability
any railroad or other 'corporation, held
or owned by the Commonwealth, shall
ever be exchanged, transferred, remit
ted, postponed, or in any way dimin
ished by the General Assembly; nor
shall such liability or obligation be re
leased, except by payment thereof into
the State Treasury.
SEc.25. When the General Assembly
shall be convened in special session,
there shall be no legislation upon sub
jects other than those designated in the
proclamation of the Governor, 'calling
such session.:
SEC. 26. Every order, resolution - or
vote,*to which the concurrence of - both
Houses may be necessary (except, on the
question ofadjournment) s t ball '-be pre
sented to the _Governor, and before, it
shall take effect be appreved by'hirn, or
being disapproved, hall be rep,assed by
two-thirds of both iinuses,acctirrding to
the rules and limitations prescribed In
,case of a bill.
SEC. 27, No State office shall be con
tinued or created for the inspection or
measuring of any merchandise, manu
facture, or commodity, but, any, county
dr tittmicipality may. appoint such offi
cers when authoriied,by lacy. ,
No law dhapgrng the lona
tioll of the capital of the State shall be
valid until thesameShallhave,been sub
calmed electors of ithe
and ratified and approveci`oy-twe.-.- ---
SEC. 20, A tnemher of the General
:Assembly who shall solicit, demand or
receive, or consent to receive, directly
or indirectly, for himself or for another;
from any company, corporation or per
son, any, money, office i appointment,
employment, , testimonial, reward,
things of value or,enjoyrnent,orof per
sonal advantage or , protnise thereof, for
his vote or official influence, or for with
holding the same, or with an—nuder
standing ekpreesed or implied, that his
vote or - official action shall be in any
way influenced thereby,dr who shall so
licit or _demand any such money Or
other advantage, matter or thing afore
'said for another, as the consideration of
his vote or official influefiee of for with
holding the same, or shall 'give or with
hold his vote or influence in 'considera
tion of the payment or promise of such
money, advantage, matter, or thing to
shall be held guilty of bribery
within the meaning of this Constith- -
tion, and shalt incur thedisabilities pro
vided thereby for said offense, and snob
additional punishment as is or 'shall be
providedlby law. , , ,
SEC. 20. Any person who shall,direct
ly or indivaly, offer, give of promlie
any money, or thing of value, testimO-'
trial, privilege, or personal adVantage,
to any executive or judicial °Meer or
member of the General Assembly, to in
fluence him in the performance of any
of his public or official duties, shall be
guilty of bribery, and be - punished in
such manner as shall be provided by
law. '
SEc.,Bl. The oaanse of corrupt solle.
itatton of members of the General As
sembly or of public officers of the State,
or of any municipal division thereof,
and any occupation or practice of solic
itation of such members or officers, to
influence their official action, shall be
defined by law, and shall be, punished i
by fine and Imprisonment.
Sec. 82. Any person May be com
pelled to testify In any lawful investi
gation or judicial proceeding, against
any i,erson who may be charged with
having committed the offense of bribery
or corrupt solicitation, of practices of
SQIICItatiOI3, and shall hot he permitted
to withhold his testimony upon the
ground that it may criminate himself
or subject him to public infamy ; but
such testimony shall not - afterwards be
used against him in any judicial- pro
ceeding, except for perjury in giving
such testimony,aud anyerson convict
ed of either of the off nses aforesaid,
shall, as part of the puu shment there
for, be disqualified from holding any of
fice or position of honor, trust, or profit
In this Commonwealth.
BEO. 83. A member who-bas-a perso-
nal or private interest in any measure
or bill, proposed or pending before the
General Assembly shall disclose the fact
to the House of which he is a member,
and'shall not vote thereon. '
I.kt .1. The. Executive Depart
ment of this Commonwealth shall con
sist-of a Governor, Lliutenant-Gover
nor, seeretary of the. Commonwealth,
torney-Oeueral, Auditor-General ,
State Treasurer, Seeletary of Internal
Altairs. and a Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction. - - •
SEc. 2. The supreme executive power
shall be vested in • the; 'Governor, who
shall take rare that the, /awe be faith
fully executed;. be shall be chosliii
the day of the general election -:the
qualified electors of the Commonwealth,
at She places where they shall-vote for
Representatives. The return's of every
election for Governor shall be sealed
up and transmitted to the seat of gov
ertanent, directed to the President of
the Senate,' who shall open and publish
them in the presence or the mealtimes
of both houses of , the General Assembly,
The person having the highest.number
of votes shall be , Governor, but if-'` two
or more be equal and 11144w:it la 'Votes,
otie:of them shell= be tittosen,ooi'eraor
` t4.4t 114111 t '11,40'13f
' • ,--
r Oth Muses
Je deterinined by s Committee: tO
iected from both Houses et theGenerel
A - ssenibly, and :,for tstedand regulated itle -, •
but h manner as shall be directed 4,
&Flo. 3.- The Governor ehall' hold
AAR* during four years from the third;
- Tuesday, tif - January neat
eteation and abalinot be =eligible tat thn4 - : ••••
:office for the - next succeeding term:-'
J . 4EO-'4. A Lleutenant.eovertior 'shalt
he chosen at the Same time, in-The sate* •
,manner, for the same tertn, and subjed
he same provisions as the Governor;, r -•
haehall be President of - the Senate, brit • r - 4
shall have no vote unless they be equal:
ly divided. •
Sue. 6. No person shall be el!gible•a . -
the office of Governor or Lieutenant.
Governor except a citizen of the UnitOd
States, who shall have attained the ago_ -
of,' thirty years, and-, have been seven
years'next vpreceedieg his. election en
inhabitant of the State, unlesa he shell
have beer absent on-the-public busineas - _
of.the 'United States Oro! this State.
S.Ed, 8. No member of Congress 'or
person holding any office under the
United States or this State shall munches - 1:
the, office or Governor_or Licitenan,t‘
Governor: • • •
4SEe.. 7. The Governor shall be coin! •
mander-in-thlef Of 'the 4 ring atuf-ne-.
vy of the Commonwealth, and .41 Ehe • '
militia, except when they ehelite calleCt '
into the actual service of jthe 'United -
States. • ,__. •
Ste. 8. He shall nominate, and, pl 7
and with the adviceand consent °FIND--
thirds of all the members of the Senate,
appoint a Secretary of the Common. -
wealth and an Attorney General dab.
Ing pleasure ; a Superintendent of Pub.' -
lie instruction• for tour years, and such - -
other ofticere of the Commonwealth's:a
he is or may tie authorized by. the COn
stitution or by law to l appoint'; heshaff
have power to fill all Vacancies that may •
happen in of f ices to whim' he may ap
point during the recess of the Senate a by
granting vommissions which shalt ex
pire at, the end of their next session ; hs
shall have power to fill any vacancy
that may happen during the recess of -
th4Senate, in the office of Auditor Gen
eral, State Treasurer, Secretary of In
ternal Affairs or Superintendent of Pub
lic Instruction, in a Judicial office, or in
any other elective office Which he is or
may be authorized to till :
if the vacancy shall happen during
the session.of the Senate, the.Govern.or
shall nominate to the Senate, before
their final adjournment, a proper per
son to said vacancy.
..But in any such case of recency, to
an elective oitice, a person shall be ctios
en to-said office at the next general elec..
tiort r unless the vacancy shall happen
within three calendar months irnwedl
ately preceding such election, in willeh
case the election for said office shall be
held at the second suceediug *eneral
In acting on Executive nominations,
the Senateshali sit with open doors.and
in confirming or rejecting the nomina
tions of the Governor; the vote shall be
tatten by yeas and nays, and shall be
entered on the junritali
BEO. 9. Heshall belie power to remit
Sues and iorfeiteres, to grant reprieves,
cow mutations sentence and par
dons, except in cases of impeachment,
but no pardon shall be granted, nor sen
tence commuted, except upon the ree•
commendation in writing of the Lieu
tenant Governor, Secretary of the Corn-;
monwealth, Attorney-General and Sec.;
retary of Internal affairs, or any three
of them, after full hearing, upon duo.
public notice and in open session, and
such recommendation, with the reasons
therefor at length - , shalt be recorded and'
filed in the ofliee of the Seeretary of thi
SEo. 10. He may require information.
in,writing from the officers of the Exe.
cutive DepartMent, upon any subject re
lating to the - duties )f - their respective
SEC. 11. 'Mahan, from time to time,
- Mica A..n-clerv--64,1ay.p.r..31___N asenabiy . I.II.fOrMIV
and recommend to their chnaidera
such measures as he may judge etpedi?
- SE°. 12. He may, ou extrahrdinary.
occasions, Convene the General ,A:ssem.
bly, and In, ease of ,iisagreeixtent be
tween the two mouses, with respect to
the time of adjournment, adjourn theixt
to such time as he shall tbink_proper,
not exceeding four n r ionths - . -- He shall
have power to convene the Senate in ex.-
traord inary session, 'by proclamation,
for the transaction of executive bust
SEC: WS. In ease of the death, convic
tiou orlimpeactiment, failure to qualify,
resignation, or other disahility of the
Groveruor, the powers, ditties and, emol
uments of the office for the remainder of .
the term, or nutil the disability be re
moved;ehall devolve upon theLleuten
SEC. 1 , 1-° In case of a - vacancy in the
Office of Lieutenant-Governor, or when
the Lreuteuant-Governor shall' be im
peached by the House of Represents- .
tives, or shall be unable to exercise the
duties of his• office, the powers, duties
aud emoluments therefor for the remain
der of the term, or until the disability -
be removed, e,hall devolve upon the Pres•
ident pro Comports of the Senate; and
iiiiatt in like manner become Governor ,
If a vacancy or tilsabilitYshall occur 14 • 1
the office of G overnor; his seam; Sena- - r
tor - omit become laeant whenever be -
shall become i.-.4ovefinor, and shall be fill- '
ed by election as aVy Other vacancy in
the Senate. I
Set. lb. Every bill which Shell have •
passed both Houses 4 ball be presented
to. the Gtiv ertior ;-t-it--he approve, tie shall - • •
sign it ; Cut if he shall not approve,' he
shall return it with his objections to the' -
House in which it shall have originated, -
which House shall enter the objections
at large upon their journal, and proceed. ,
to reconsider it. If, after such recon
sideration, two-thirds of ail the mem
bers elected tb' that Housetpball agree to '
pass the bill, It shalt be sent. with theott-.
jections 'tithe other douse, by which, - ,.
likewise, it shall be reconsidered, and if
approved by two thirds of all the mem
bers elected to that House, it shall bes
law ; but in Snell gases the vote sof broth:
Houses shall be determined by- yeas
and nays, and tits- names of the mem
bers voting for ana,against the bill shall I
be entered on the journals of each
House respectively. If any bill shall, --.-
not be returned by the Governor within' ' ,
ten days after it shp,ii have been present
ed to hirn,the same shall be a Lewin like - ,
manlier as if he bad signed it, !unless
the General A ssembly;by their adjourn-,
men t, prevent its return. in which case
it shah be a law, unless he shall tile the.,
same, with his objections, in the oboe •
of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, -,
and give notice thereof by public
_prof- .
mation within thirty days after slid( .
adjournment. • 1 _
6.m. 16. The Governor shall .tiave.3 .
.power to disapprove •of any 'item or
items of any tiiil making appropriations.. .
of rriont7, embracing distinct items, .-
,and the part parts of the bill approv .
- . ;
ed shalt he the law, and the item or T.-:
items of appropriation disapproved -- :'
shall be void, unless_repassed according •
-to the rules and limitations prescribed , - ~
for. rhe passage of other bills overj-thol., -
'executive veto. • , - ; .. - yk - -..
8E0.17 , The-Chief Justicaof the Fitt— - :
preme Court ehall preside upowthettliti .2:-
of any contested election of GovSradeor'- . ;,--;
Lieutenant-Governor, and shall: decide '-',
questions regarding the atimissibilftY - 1
or evidence; and shall, upon - retitled', of.'''
the committee, pronounce his opinion :,
upon other iltle4loll4lof law itiVolvetinr: :f
the trial. The Governor and' Lleutett-_ =
ant-Governor' shall exercise the:dial - 4
of their respective offices untiltheiriiqp_ -
cessoreshAll - he duly elided. -• '___: '/ :: '
SF.e. .18. The- Score ary of 'the Corn-, '
mod wealth shall kee a record,otallapc
ticiai acts and progeedings of, the
nor, and when required lay the: Same, +.
With all papers, MinUtes atutiOttehOrs'-
'Nlatiht thereto,‘hefore °hiller talattcb: of
• t
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Con tesiecteleitiont • •