The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, February 05, 1867, Image 1
VOLUME XVIII.--NUMBER 32. POTTER JOURNAL, FCBLISHZD BY H. W. Mr4LARXET, Proprietor. Devoted to the cuee of Republicanism, ttie in lsr.-isof Ajfrio'-llure. the advancement of Education, kad the best gocd t Potter C 'Ufiij < wvninx no • xcept that of Principle, it Hill endeat o to aid in the work of more fully Froedomizing our Country, tf.W* Advertiseuents inserted at the following rates, except where special bargain# are made, A "'square" (• 10 lin-s of Brevier or 8 of Noopaiell tyi>eß : 1 q iar, 1 insertion #l 50 1 square. 2 or 3 < nsertion* 2 00 Kaeh subsequent insertion leas than 13 40 1 I aquare, 1 year -'0 'JO ttu ine* Cards. 1 year 5 00 Administrator's or Executor's Notices - 3 00 Special and Editorial Notice* per line 20 VF~ All transient advertisements must be paid in ' kjvauce.and no notice will betaken of adverti-ements from a d i stance, unless they are accompanied by the money or satisfactory reference. ft-F" lob Work, of all hiuds, executed with neatness and despatch. BUS!NESS NOTICES! Freeaiul Aeeepted Aneient York Uasonx 171 UL ALIA LODGE. No. 342, F. A. M. grated : J Meeting-on the 2d an i 4th * r edues laysoteach Ynouth. Hall, in the 3d Story of the Olmsted Block, j I>.O.Lxaßx*B*,Sec. Wit. SHEAR, *.M . T. ELLISON. M. !.. I)BACTICING PHYSICIAN. Condemnor!, Pa j reeiectful!y informs the citizens ot the village and ' Vicinity that he will promptly respond to all calls foi \ profession <1 set vices. Ortice on First Btreet, first dw: wot of his residence. 17-40 — i JOHN H. MANN. A TTORXEV AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW Coudersp..rt, Pa., will attend the several Courts j Iu Potter ami Cameron counties. All business en- : trusted to his care will receive prompt attention Office on Main street, in re-idence. OLMSTED ami LARK A BEE. A TTORNEVS AT LAW, Condersport, Penu'a J\_ Will attend to all business entrusted to iheii : earu with promptness and fi lelity. Will al-o attenc the several courts in tine adj lining counties. Ottic. In the second storey of tlie Olmsted Block. ISAAC BENSON. \ TTORNEV AT LAW, Cor.der-port, Pa., wll I attend to ail entrusted to him wilt cart and promptness. At'endi Cou t- of adjoining coun |' ties Otfioeon tJeoo:,dstreet,tio:ir tlie Allegany bridg' | F. AV. KNOX. ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW J Oou4ersj>ort, i'a , wdl attend the Oourls ill Pot- , 'er and 'he adjo'tnnc count es. F. D KITTEK. M. IE. 1")lIYt3ICI AX and Surgeon would /espectfully In- I form the eiiiz-iis of Coudcrsport and vicinity that he has opened an Office in the Coudetsport ; Hotel, and will U-- ready at *1! lnn--s to make pro , calls. He i- a regular graduate of Buifalt Med cal Co lege of I*%o. Jan 1 'C7. ELLIN ON .V TiO US-SON, "TAEALERS in Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oil* J Varnishes, f.-unps and F.nic. articles. Book* of ' | ■ iltiiidi-dehuu and Mi*sWlaneoa,Btarit,nery,l .k* ■ Ac, la Mannings old Jewelry Store. Jan- i, '67. ' MI Ll.Kit A MrALAItXEY, A TTOR V KV3-AT I.AM", Uitw-srn, Penn'a.- A Ag fnt* for ilif Collection f Hir iii rt tL- ■ t inicd StiiWuattd i-tjtte Government-,*U -li :u I'eusio..* lliuuty. Arrears of Pay ,dce -Address Box U5, (arribur;* W U MILLER. J. C. M ALAKXKV , M. M. MfALAItXKV, I)EAL ESTATE and INSURANCE AGENT - L Land Bought and Sold, Taxv- piiC and Title- i investigated. Insures property again-t fite in the Let-: companies in the Country, and Personsauain-t A ei dents In the Travelers liisiiran-.e Coinpnny of Hurt 1 ford. Business transacted promytly 17-29 (. 11. AIIMSTItONG, H'ARDWAUE Mercnant, and Healer in Store? Tin and Sheet Iron-Ware. Main street, louder ] • port, Pcmi.'h. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware made to! order, in good style, on sh'Tt notice. P. A. STKBHIX* A Co., MERCHANTS— Dealers in Dry Goods, Fancy Go'tds, Groceries. Provision*,Flour,Feed,Pork, kud everything usually kepi iu a good country store Produce iKMJtrht nd sold 17 29 C. 11. hDI^O.W M-EECHANT-WKLLSVILLB V Y.. Whole s.de and Retail Dealer iu Dry Goods, Fancy and WutpieGoods Cioihiiig.Lad.eoDressGoods Groceries. Flour. Feed, .fee.. R -Jailers supplied on liberal terms ('lff A HI, EN .V JO A KS. MERCHANT— Dealers in Drugs Medic nes, faint*. Otis, Fancy Articles, Biatkniery, Dry Goods. Groceries, Ac.. Main St ret, 'ood r-juirt. Pa i>. E. OI.MSTI:D. "A KERCH A NT—Dealer in Dry Goods Ready-made A I CI-thing, Crockery, Oro or -s, Fl--ur! Feed, Fork, Provisions, Ac., Main street, Cou iersport, Pa I •LUKg BXITH, *A KERCH ANT—Dealer in Dry Goods. G rnceries. J.TI Provisions, Hardware, (joeensware. Cutlery. t"d all Go., sti -ita'ly found fa a country store, no] MUBOHNST liuri 1.. HC.VKR MILYEA,Propkii-'tor. Corner cf Main . and Second streets Coadetsport .Potter Co.Pa. A (. very StaGle is also kept in con tec Hon with tliis flat-1. Daily Stasres to an 1 from the Railroads. I'utter .lonrnal Jol-OfIiee. H AYING lately ndlcdaSue new assortment of JOB-TYI'E to our already large a-?ortnieni xs e are tiotv prepared to do all kinds of work, cheaply and with taste and nealnt—B. Or-te-e solicited. LYMAN HOUSE. Lewisville, Potter county, Pennsylvania. TAKRTOX LEWIS. Proprietor. Harinir J > taken this excellent Hotel, the proprietor wishes 0 make the acquaintance of the traveling pub ic .uio eeU confident of giving salisf u tiou to all wtio may all on him. —Feb 12. fi6 tf t- MAliiif.i: WORK Monuments and Tomb-Stones of all kinds, will furnished on reasons ble terms and short notice by Brettnle. Residence : En'alis. l.v miles south of Cottdersport, I'a . on the Sinneinahaning Road, or leave roar orders at the Post Office DAN BAKES, "PENSION, BOUNTV and WAR CLAIM AGENCY j 1 Pensions procur -d for Soldiers of the present I War who are disabled by reason of wounds received or disease contracted while in the service oft tie Unite* ' States ; and pensions, bounty, an 1 arrears of pay ob la'ned for vidows or heirs of those who have died ot killed while in service. All letters nfinqu ; ry promptly answered, and on receipt by mail of a elate ment of the c ie of claimant, I will'forward the ne ecssary papers for their signature F-e- in Penslot eas >s as fixed bylaw R -fersto Ho .-. I-.inc lienson A G. Olmsted, John t. Mann, and F \V Knox, Esq DAN lIAKER, JuneS 64 Claim Agent, Ooudersport, Pa. I toll ! Itc-li ! Itch ! SCRATCH! SC RATCH! SCRATCH! WIIE 4T()\'S Ol\T>| E\T. Will ('lire the Iteli iu IN Hours! Also cures SALT KHECSC. ULCERB, CHIT, PLAINS, end all ERUPTIONS OF THE SKIN Price 5 j cents. F>r sale b> a'l druggists. Bv sending 60 cents to WEEK-' 4c POrTKR, Sole Agents, 17(1 w ash ngton stn •.Boston, it will be forwarded l>y ? 'aSS ag.-.t . any pnrt of lite United State* , sp.no.ice wky lyr. RECONSTRUCTION. SPEECH OF HON. K. W. SCOFIELI), IN THE HUVt-K OF REPRESENTATIVES, JAN. 19. The Htiur-e having untler considera-ion the bill to profile for restoring to the States lately in insurrection their full political rights. Mr. Speaker, as the confederate popula tion, five or six million in numbers, is to re main in this country and to some extent j shape its destiny, it is all-important that we so reconstruct the Union that this pop ulation may become an element of strength rather than of weakness to the Republic. Powerful as we are we can hardly afford to allow a population so large, brave, and reck less to settle down into chronic discontent —forever to be to America what Ireland is to Great Britain, Poland to Russia, or Huugary to Austria—an ever-readv ele iroent of revolution. To avoid this result is the avowed purpose : of both political parties; but strange to say, with the same professed end in view, they j j start out upon paths leading in quite op posite directions. The Republicans claim that the I nion can be best preserved bv re ; moving the causes of discontent and thus | extinguishing the motives to disunion, while i the Democrats think the Union can be best 1 preserved by tolerating, conciliating, and ! fostering the errors and wrongs from which disunion sprang. For instance, the preservation of slavery was the original motive for secession. To iestroy this motive the Republicans pro pose to abolish and the Democrats to fos ter slavery. Acting upon their theory, and anticipating the final overthrow of the re bellion. the Republicans began early in the war the removal of its cause. They pro hibited the extension of slavery, abolished it iu the District of Columbia, forbade the return of slaves by the Armv, repealed the fugitive slave law, supported Fremont's, Hunters, Phelps, partial and Mr. Lincoln's more general ptoclaination of freedom, and finally by an amendment of the Constitu tion ptohibited it everywbare and forever.' ihu> it WE* hoped that when the rebellion should be suppressed no conflicting interest would be left, about which the North and 150'Jth Could quarrel. J here appeared however, to be a lingering hope in the minds of the late masters that in a separate republic the institution might still be re-; vived iu some modified form and some thing at least of their large Investment saveJ, and to this extent the motive to re new the struggle iu more propitious times' survived. This hope and motive for dis union would grow weaker and weaker as the subject-race become more and more in telligent, thrifty, and self-reliant. To facilitate this result the civil rights' and Freed men's Bureau, the franchise, and many other minor bill* of like import were passed by Congress. The advancement of the negro was thought to be a greater hin drance to the revival of the disunion insti- ' tuiion and a greater discouragement of confederate outbreaks titan repealable laws or amendable constitutions. This was tby 1 Repub'icau plan of reunion. The Demo crats, acting upon their theory of fostering and thus conciliating the flistubing ele ment", opposed a 1 measuaes for einancipa lion, and are still opposing bills for the im proving the colored race. I do not ques tion their sincerity. Quite likely they sin cerely thought that the best way to unite the Xoith and South was to yield to, ex tend, cherish, and propitiate the cause of disagreement. 13-.it this is pa-sed. The great work is nearly accomplished, and ] refer to the course of the two parties upon it only to illustrate my position, that thev , seek the preservation of the Uniou iu di ametrically opposite directions | The Republicans bad hoped that bv tbe | removal of this original cause of quarrel all S incentives to disunion would disappear; but jon the thresh hold of reconstruction another ' and to some extent an unexpected trouble presents itself. Tbe confederacy had four and a quarter years of nationality. Dur j ing this time vast interests, passim s, and resentments grew up under and centered in it. She contracted many debts, a debt in bonds and currency to her capitalists, of damages to her property-holders, of honor to her soldiers, memory to her fallen, and alms to the suffering. The dead claim homage, the maimed, widowed and orphans, pensions, the impoverished payment, and the leaders historic honors. These inter ests and passions embrace all classes and appeal to all hearts within the circutnfrence of confederate power. This makes a cause stronger than slavery. There is more mon ey iu it by half, and quite as much to awak en resentment or provoke resistance. If these people come back with these in terests unbarred by a constitutional amend ment, bow can they avoid struggling to save in the Union all that was risked in the confederacy.' If they do not, thev must l>e worse than men "or better than angels. But these interests are in direct conflict with the corresponding interests of the Federal Government, The reunited nation cauuot honor Gran! for preserving the Union and Lee for attempting to de stroy it. We cannot mourn for the three Imndred thousand Union dead and pension tire men at whose hauds they fell. It will be anotb-! er war of sectional interests to be fought' O &ebou? to toe principles of Irue Jletyoeirqeu, ti)c |)isseh)itptlon of Jijorqlitq, E.itefqtui'e qp? ftetrs. COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., TUESDAY FEBRUARY 5, 1867. over in tlie Halls of Congress, tin State Legislatures, on the hustings, and then again, if opportunity presents, on the Held of blood. The "lost cause will take the 'j place of the slave power" with a larger in vestment to back it, and a less repulsive face to defend What shall be done with this new ele- j inent of disintegration and strife? The Re publicans propose to dispose of it as thev did slavery—bury it by another amend ment of the constitution. And why shall not this be done and the Union thus puri tied and harmonized, restored at once ? Does Congress stand in the way ? No, sir for eight months the two lican surgery and Democratic opiates— were discussed and contrasted in these Halls and almost everybody here came to the conclusion that it was better to cure than palliate the disorder. The amendment was agreed to four to one. Do the people neg lect their duty? No, sir; the amendment was sent out to them and for three or four months rediscussed. They approved it, and in twenty-three of the twenty-six States j elected Legislatures iustructed to adopt it. Do these legislative servants disobey instruc tiun>? No, sir; they are now assembling and State alter State is recording its ver diet Very soon these twenty-three States, ; having a population in IB6'J of twentv-one million five hundred thousand, and not less, than twenty-seven mihions now, will send ; to a perfidies Secretary the official evi dence of the people's w ill. Delaware, three counties large, Maryland, betrayed to the 1 I confederates by a servant less treacherous than weak, and Kentucky, whose patriotism m the great struggle hardly rose above a dissembling neutrality, aloDe a negative an swer. By the census of iB6O the entire popu lation of these three Sates, white and black, was only 1,955.000, and cannot much ex- ! ceed those figures now. Who then stands!' in the way? Not the Democratic party;! the amendment was beyond their reach J - when it passed Congress and was indorsed by the people: not the President; the con siitutiou withholds from him any authority j< over the question of amendment. Who, • then, stands in the way ? One old man i who is charged by law with the duty of I proclaiming the adoption of the amend- i ment, bu who (the Chicago defeat being still unavenged) has determined to incor- I porate into the Union the debris of the I late confederacy; to l>e in place of the ir- i repre sible conflict the breeder of present < broits and future lebellions—he stands in ! I the way. He has contrived a theory of < estoppel. The amendment, he tells us, isn void without confederate sanction. The 1 wiil of the people of twenty-three States, 1 nay, the whole twenty-six if they had been : unanimous, must go for nothing unless ap- s proved by a few millon rebels scattered'( through the confederate States. Having t set up his theory, he undertakes to procure t from these "misguided people'*—never more i misguided than when led by hira—an ex pression of dissent. IBs machinations are r likely to be successful. / In iB6O tbe southern heart was fired bv j the taunts and promises of northern Demo crats. "The election of Lincoln," they would say, "is an assault upon your insti tutions and an insult to tbe South." Thev piomis* d in case ot trouble to take care of ] 'he abolitionists. There should be no co ercion; but when the trouble came they shrunk away from the people they had thus prompted, perhaps unintentionally, to resist. A good deal of half-treasonable criticism on the action of the Government when deeply embarrassed and struggling for life, a little secret encouragement and ' silent sympathy for the foe were the onlv it jticeable departures from a strict neutral ity. Their promise was broken. Let me warn these confederates who have aban doned their scheme of separation in good fiith to bewaie of their old advisers and their new leader. Here, then, arises an intermediate ques tion. It is not whether Confederate assets shall be buried in the same grave with slavery as the Republicans propose, ttor whether they shall be tenderly taken up and warmed into venomous life ia the bosom of the Union as the Democrats pro pose; but whether this question shall be de . termiued by the SLaees in the Union or bv the confederate States. What then is the status of tbe ten con federate States ? Are they States or Terri tories in the Union? If States, thev can control the other twenty-six on a question of amendment; if not, not. They must be one or the other. Some suppose they strike intermediate ground by calling them over thown, disorganize 1, or suspended States. But certainly a State overthrow or suspen ded is not at present an existing •State, nor is a disorganized an organized State. It they have no present existence as States fey are only at the most theoretic States which are no State.-*; or prospective States, which are Territories. They have certain ly not been acting as States during the last six years, and they are only chrimed t-> be so because no way fur the severance of a State from the Union is provided in the Constitution. Once a State therefore al ways a State. If they are States now thev have been so for the last six years. Look at the consequences. By article one, sec tion five of the Constitution, no business can be done in the absence of a quorum, and a quorum is there declared to be a majority of all the membere. Now, if the conlederate States were also Slates in the Union for the last six years this House con sisted of two hundred and forty-two mem bers, and no business could be constitution ally done without the presence of one hun dred and twen'.y two members. But for all this lime we have acted on the hypoth esis tuat the House was composed of only one hundred and eighty-four members, de ducting fifty-eight fur the rebel States and that ninety-three made a quorum. The Senate has acted on a similar presumption, counting twenty-six instead of thirty-seven as the constitutional quorum. Probably j more than half of our legislation llks }een enacted, as will appear of record, w hen ei ther the House had less than one hundred and twenty-two, or the Senate le's than thirty seven members present. All this must therefore be unconstitutional and void. Again, a presidential election occurred during the war. If tiie confederate State? bad not forfeited their privileges as States iu tlte Union they were entitled to cast eighty electoral votes. These eighty votes might have decided the contest, and they j might thus have chosen the Commander-in- Chief ol our Army and Navy to cenduct the war against them; or by casting their votes for Jefferson Davis they might have defeated an election by the people and thrown it into this House. What then? we vote by States, (article two, section seven,) aud two thirds of all the States must he represented. If Kentucky and Missouri had joined the confederaacy as they attempted to do—and they actually were represented in it during the entire war —more than one third of the Slates would have been absent, and the election of Presi • lent would have become impossible. The Senate would have encountered the same difficulty in the election of Vice President. : To perform this duty two thirds of all the Senators must be present. That number could not be had in the ease supposed, and so we must go without executive officers until the rebel Slates choose to relieve us by sending representatives to aid iu eboos- j iug them for us. Suppose, again, th.lt pefidihg the war it 1 had become absolutely necessary to amend the Constitution, that ali parties concurred in its propriety, and the loyal States were unanimous upon the subject, it could not have been done without the consent of tbe i confederate States. Though formed into; a seperate republic and conducting a war with this, not the slightest change in our fundamental law, however necessary to our ■ salvation, could be had without their con sent. And this etfltd of things would bave| continued as long as the war continued, even if it were a quarter of a century ; worse ] than that, sir, in the light of this theory j they were States in the Union until releas ; Ed or expelled by an ameudment of thej Constitution. Such an amendment requir- : ed the consent of all the States. No mat-j ter, then, how the war should terminate or, whether it terminated at all, their power over us could never be severed without their consent. Seceding anj fighting would f not do, you say, because these were uncon stitutional acts. Hut whipping us, I would suppose, would be quite as unconstitutional as fightiug. If they bad succeeded in the war and maintained a separate republic they could have rim the if own government and in part controlled ours in spite of us The absurdity of this hypothesis protes the I truth of the other. When a State rebels and levies war against the Union, it there by forfeits its privileges as a State, and can only be restored by Congress.- Absurd as the other theory is, upon it I the Secrelar' o! State has undertaken to bring back to the Union the confederate population, freighted with all the belliger j ent interest col'ectod by four and a quarter years of nationality and war. How? Not jby convincing the peoplej that has beeti tried and failed. Not by executive pation age, that has failed also. Not by Corrupt • ing Congress, for his old lobbyist is power i less here No, sir; he meditates the se duction of another old man who happens to hold the balance of power in the supreme Court} vagite rumors of a mission to Eng land are afloat. The Secretary seems to think that a man who can betray his con stituents arid misrepresent his State will make a good misiepresenlative of the na tion abroad; and why not send a second | champion of bis theory to flaunt his soiled j ermine at the court of St. James an 1 nego tiate treaties for th epayment'of confeder ate cotton bonds or a release* of claims for the piracies of the Alabama ? But his judge must have something to! stand upon. The courts follow precedents - and the Rhode Bland case stands in the! way. This question is there held to be a political one, to be decided by the political : department of the Government. Eventu ally he will insist that this decision has been made and maJe in bis favor. To meet this emergency lie k now and has been for i some timer preparing his facts. The eman- i cipatkm amendment was agreed to bv twenty-three Stales out of the twentv-fivej liieu IU the Union—many more than theii - number required for its adoption; but in bis s : proclamation hecbosetoomit from his count . a portion of theee States and seven cou i federate communities to make the number ;; required by bis construction. There is a ? precedent for his judge. So he submited -1 without authority to these same comrauni -1 ties the amendment now under considera tion to be acted on by them in the capac ity of States. There is another precedent. The Interior is prompted to issue, agrieul tnral land scrip which can only be given to States to the Union, and the Treasury and Post Office Departments are ordered out of their line of duties to make some small rec ognition of these communities as States. These will make so many more precedents for his judge. " i lie Secretary first declares they are States, treats them as States, procures other Executive Departments to do likewise, and then cites his acts and declarations to ena ble a willing judge to decide that they are States, and thus launch into the heart of the Republic a confederate shell with fuse still burning by a single tw itch of his gown. Mr. COOPER. Mr. Speaker,! simplf wish to ask the honorable gentleman from Penn sylvania, whether this House did not adopt a resolntion making it the duty of Mr. Mc- PHERSOX, its Cierk, to forward the very constitutional amendment about which he |is arguing to the different States lately in rebellion before he knew the Secretary of i State bad forwarded it? Mr. SCOFIE LD. I do not recollect any such action of the House. But if sent to them by us it was only to allow them an opportunity to prove their loyalty bv giv ing it their assent. In the preamble to the hill readmitting Tennessee their assent to this amendment is recited, among other things, as evidence of the loyality of the government de facto, and as a reason for legitimatizing it and admitting it into the Union. For this purpose we of course de ;>ired them to have a copy, but, unlike the Secretary of State, we did not expect that the absent of these communities would fasten this amendment upon the country without the concurrence of three fourths of the adhering States, nor that their dissent ; would defeat it if that concurrence was ' had. The Secretary Is clever in work of this kind. An English nobleman was at one time exhibiting his kenoel to an American | friend, and passing by many of his show iest bloods they came upon one that seem ied nearly uSed up. "This." said tbe noble man, "is the most valuable animal id the pack although he is old, lame, blind, and \ deaf "How is that?" inquired the visi ; tor. The nobleman explained: "His ed ucation was good, to begin with, and his ( j wonderful sense of smell is still unimpaired. , We only take him out to catch tbe scent j and put the puppies on the track and then return him to the kennel * Do not sup pose that I intend any comparison letween the Secretary of State and that Veteran hunter. Such a comparison vtould be nei ther dignifieJ nor truthful, because tbe | Englishman went ort to sayf C I have owned that dog for thirteen years, and hard ' as he looks he never bit tbe hand that fed him, nor barked oh d false trail." [Laugh- ter and applause on the floor and in the galleries, promptly Checked by the Speak er.] I mistook the fa'l of the hammer for a notice to quit. However, I have but | little more to add The charge K often made here aril elsewhere that the Rcpub t lican policy of reconstruction leads to disin tegration father than reunion. In reply | to that charge I am endeavoring to show that its tendency is to harmonize and ce ■ uient the L nion. I follow this narrow line jof argument because it has fallen to others to discuss that policy in connection with the abstract principles of republican gov ernment, justice, religion, humanity, and i civilization already. When interrupted I was going on tosav | that the Secretary, in his efforts to bafflV the Union policy of the Republican party, will even claim that his guerrilla govern ments have the implied sanction ot Con -1 gross. For more than a year these organi zations have usurped the control of public, j affairs in their several localities and system i atically oppressed an 1 persecuted the Union ; people there. For more than a year we have leen inactive, if not 6rh*ntwitnesses of; j these usurpations. We have taken no steps ; to suppress them nor to provide the people with constitutional governments. The ex-| | isting ones are otfly the confederate govern merit- revived—more oppressive, ma ignant. ' and resentful,- under the feeble restraints ol [a cowed opponent, than under the i-ou rule of the confederate president himself. The! despotism and barbarities of Davis were not wanton. They had a purpose—the sue cess of the confederate cause. '1 he "stern i statesman" hlloWed no further license; but under the Seward dynasty lynching and murder h:r? become a pastime. Better by far for the Union men of the South .f their , governments werfe again placed under the , restraining despotism of Jefferson Davis. ( At least he would not allow helpless au<J 1 < unoffending j-eopie to be mobbed and ruur Jered tor tro confederate or public purpose. How rrmcb longer *hrfh we tvftn a deaf liar to the cry of the oppressed ? iiow j ■ TERMS.--$1.50 PER AMNUM. ;' much longer shall we stand bef? tfhdl see the brare men who fbf fotlf years, amid 01-h^ qut, persecution, imprisonment, ami tortutej refnsed to forswear the flag, now wheft the flag is triumphant, in part through their sufferings, dri\en from ibeif homes or shot down in the streets like Jogs? If v*e thus meanly desert our friends the rebels them selves will despise us. But how about the Secretary, his Cunning, his precedents, and his judges? They are not to be feared# They may protract our national trouble and delay the restoration of the Unioft ft little longer; but that is all The people hare concluded that the beet way to harmonise and cemelit the Union is to bury whatever is left of slavery and confederate national ity in a common grave # and it will l>edon£* The Nile may be dammed with bulrushes# but the just, benignant, and well corwideied purjioee of a forty-million nation cauffort be turned aside by the tinkle of one old man'# bell nor the rustle of another's gown. Fof one lam ready for the rote# • A l>riik;tril Menagerie. The most foolish predicament a man cafl get into is to get drunk. Iu drunkenries every man shows his stron<;e-t and mot ardent passion There are sis kinds of' drunkards, and if you w;ll go into a city drinking place, wbefe there are a dozed men under the influence of liquor, you wul find these six different animais:- 1. The ape-drunk. He leaps, and sings and yells, and dances, making all sorts of grimaces, and cutting up all sorts of mon key-shines to excite the laughter of his fel lows! O, terribly silly is tbe drunkard clown. 2. The tiger-drunk. He breaks fbe bob lies, breaks the chairs, breaks the heads of fellow carousers, and ia full of blood and thunder. His eyes are full of vengeance, and his soul raves with mtirdeous furr. Of this sort are those who abuse their fami lies. 3. The hog-drunk. He rolls ift the dirt on the floor, slobbers ai.d grunts, and go ing into the street makes his bed in the first ditch or filthy corner be may happe# to fall into. He is heavy, lumpish and sleepy, and cries in a grunting way for a little more to drink. 4. Tbe puppy-drunk. He will weep for kindness, and whine his love and hug yoii in his arms, and kiss you with his slobber ing lips, and proclaim how much be loves you. You are tbe beet man be ever saw# and will lay down bis money or life for you, 5. Tbe owl drunk. He is tvise Jft hi# own conceit. No man mustditfer with him# for his word is law. He is true in politics# and all matter must be taken as authority# His arm fs the strongest, his voice the sweetest, his horse the fleetest, his tornipe the largest# his town tbe finest of all the land. 6. The sixth and last aftima! of out tften' agerie is the fox-drunk mart. H-> is crafty# ready to trade horses, andche.it if he can# Keen to strike a bargain, leering around with low cunning# peeping thfottgh cracks listeuing under the eaven,watching fof some auspicious thing, sly as a fox, sneaking as # wolf, he is the meanest drunkard of them a!!# The COiiNlitiilloDal Amend merit.- "1 he number of States which have acted upon the Constitutional Amendment in ref erence to restoration, excluding the disloy al States, is not as great as many woul 1 suppose. Lp to this time the ratification of the Ameudmenrt in the State* Represen ted in Congress have been as follows; Con necticut, June 27th, 1P66, T-ri lessee, July 19th ; New Jersey, September 1 ltb;Or.-g >i> —; Ohio, January 4th; New York, January 10th j Kansas, January 11th The on y rejection has been by Kentucky, January Bth. The future probabilities are that, ir? addition to the seven .States vvliHi Pr#ve already ratified the amendment.: u w.il l>o confirmed by California, Ilfiriois, IniiantiV lowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Micliigsiii> Minnesota, is 3 .Uri, Nevada, New shire, Pennsylvania Rhode Island V>fuiutiv W e>t \ irginia,- arid Wisconsin, imrk-wig :* total of ttventy-ihree. It will be" fcj&i&J by Delaware aad Maryland, making a t-.tj of three on tb it side. If the dtretrine is established that it only requires fourths of the loyal States *< ratify tW amendment, its success is estaWish'-d. Fiief Southern States have tints far the amendment as follows: Georgia Sep tember 9th; Alabama l , December 7thy South Carolina, December 19tii, V.rg.rri*. January 9Lh. There ate yet to la? ItearJ from, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana l ,- Missrs-- sippi, North Carolina,- and Te\rf-.- tte-se* it may be presumed, wi l go the MTHH way making the votes of the States it? KV*!-* lion, ten in number, against t' e mootere"- If it is assumed that thtSe Statin foyer# right to vote upon fclie subject,, i lre.- #i!f iraw the votes of Ketftuckv, MaryiiVnd anJ Delaware, making tire total rejection* ffa'r teen. Ihe total of adoptions- wib bo oventy three. The Ctfnstltu'ton reprrre* •hree-lburths of the States shall wF.pt a '•institutional Amendment, aid if Southern States have any i-a ; in tin- mat * er it will lie rejected. - # ■ ip Johnson, MmnU-r ..f Ootv TOSS from this Sute, died last- w,,k.