The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, February 06, 1866, Image 5

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tAG - E
. I
' l l
I l li
covt - r.or: OF
To the Leglaahrhre
EXECUTIiir: Cnistr.o„
HARRISIILTG, P 4., Jan. 30, 1866. , J
To the_Senate and liojtEse of Representt
of the Commonweala of Pontylrani
Ciarrt.aurs—We have cause to be th
NI to Divine . Procideqee for the blessinis
peace within our borders, abundant cm,
unanimity among our] people, and thatch
this Commonwealth hiss been enabled tb
her full duty to the co ntry, to herself and
posterity :
I apprised you in In - message of
of November, 1865, and delivered to you! at
the beginning of you session, of the neces•
sity under the pressure of .which I was 'coin
pelted, for the restoration of my health,lto
sojourn for a time in a warmer climate. I I
returned from Cuba refreshed and invigopt•
ell, and have resumed the discharge of My
public duties. I. cannot omit! to. ackhowf.
edge, with profound gratitude, tho kid cOn•
6iderate and affectionate course which You.
pursued during my constrained i abSence. A
heavy addition has been thus made tO the
debt which I already owed to thejpeople of
the Co mm onwealth and their ReProsentatiies.
The balance in the Treasury, 1 I • I
November 30, 1864 $1,012,261 63'
Receipts during fiscal year, I I .
ending November 80, 1865.. 6,210,080 67
Total is Treasury for fiscal . -
year, ending Nov. 30,1633 8,162,193 30
The payments for the same pe- I
riod have been I 6,h18,526 16
Balance in Trcasuiy,Novein-1
ber GO, 1865 ...... 2 G 73,668 14
The operations of the sinking fund, ddring
the year ending on the first Monday of Sere
tember last, as stated in ruy i proClautation,
Were as follows:
Amount of, debt reduced. 474,811 2t, as
follows, viz :
Five per cent 1 0436,824.62
Coupon loan I °3o,odo'oo
War loan ' 79,490 00
Interest certiticates 2,00 64
Detaestic creditors ....... 68 00
tyre The discrepancy between e reductinn of
the public debt, as shown by the staterrientit
the close of the fiscal year. and that in y
proclamation at the close of the sinkingifund
year, arises from the fact that the one closes
on the first Monday of September, and the
other on the 30th day of,November.
Amount of the public debt of Pennsylva
nia as it stood on the first day of Deceniber,
1884, $39,379,603 04.
° L
Amount redeemdd at the State Tr ury
during the fiscal year ending with INovember
3 0,1865, viz: • • ' f • i
Five per cent. stocks . $1,703,517 BS
Four and half per cent. stocks ' 20,090 00
Domestic creditor certificates, , 578 00
Military loan, act of gay, 15,
1661 .. ' I 179,250 00
4903,8'45 88
Public debt, Dec. l, $3'1;170,2'58 O.
Awes in the Tress:my:l o - I
Porid..l. Pennsylvania railroad 1 7
company.. , • I I $ O ,, 00,000 0 0
Bonds Philadelphia and iErie
railroad company :3,500,000 00
Interest onbonds Philadelphiu j
and Erie railroad company, '1•,050,000 00
Cash in Trea5ury..:........2,373;668 00
Liabilities is excegs of as,
Liabilities in excess of a--eta,
Nov. 80, 1800...,..... . • ' A 2648,168 51
Ilabiliticain excess of *tints, I
Nov. 80, 1868 28,852;589 02
Improyement in • condition of
. Treasury, 6171(4 NOT. 30,
1860 2,563,570 02
By the report of the StatoTreasarer, it will
be observed that the extraordinary expendi
tures growing outjof the war, not refunded
by the General Government, have been $4.,.
028,627 21, This includes' , the . direct tax
paid to the United &Mos by the State, st•hieh
is not re-imbursalile. in tho balance is in
cluded the .$071,476 43 paid to the militia *
which, with a good portion bf the ;rerhaining
expenditure, is clearly due tho State from the
General Government.
The necessity for extraordinary eXpendi•
tures "having cettsd With the suppression 'X
the late rebellion, measures should be.taken
to oxamino our resouices, and relieve, as far
• ,
as possible, the heav y burdens to . which 111 r,
. . , •
people-are subjeeteu. • F
It has been thhabit of.late years, to ap.
I f
propriato, freely, annual sums for the suk,
port of local 'elt "ties; and such 'appropria,,
dons are . almos every year increased in,
number and amo nt. l !louses of Refuge, Ini
stitutions for thel)cef and Damb and for the
Blind, Lunatic A ylurns—these appear to me
to be proper objects of State bounty, because
a few of them aro Sullicieett for' tho whole
State, and to lealre them to bepro'vided foe
by the, local authorities would, in fact, be he
deprive of proteelion t thennfortunate elassei
for whose benefit they are designed. But
mere local charities, however meritorious and
eifeetWe, should, I think, be left to the supi
port of the benev leat parties who established
It is uniast thht the people of the Com ;
inonre.sith shouhl be coerced to pay Mies in
orderthat part elf the ?honey so rinsed may
be ;Livia to the i support of local charities,
conduslcl by prilrate associations, especially
whet:cal revue tiered that hitherto but a
small Prlortio of the ptirnto charities in
• the StaUltaxo ed for such appropriation.
ii i
~_+ reo !end, therefore, that no appro.pria
"wl US 03 fort ohrities., beyond the Insti
itlans with I have above specified:,
' 4 " taat at. present laid on corporations
are talequa- m a to o certain extent thereby
unjust. treCommend the subject to the at•
tention of the Legislature, with a view to a
'revision of the system.
Within-a few years, acts have been repeat
edly passed 'directing the expenditiwo of as
much money as may be necessary to effect
named purposes ; sometimes vritho t clearly.
' designating by whom the money is to be ex
pended, or how: the accounts are!, to be ex
iuMned. This -custom is veryrecent, , and
has already led to abuses. •
• I recommend that the practice bc corrected,
and that no aPpropriation be made without
having the exact sum - appropriated, the ape
cifis purpose to which it is to be applied, and
designating the officer by whoa it is to be ex
pended, and providing that the accounts shall
be settled in the Auditor General's office in
the usual manner.
Notwithstanding the large expenditures by
the State for military purposes, since the
breaking out of the rebellion, the condition
of the Treasury is now $2,655,679 12 better
than it was then, and I am proud to be able
to state further, that on the Ist day of Decem
ber, 1865, the State • debt was $492,938 66
less than it was on the Ist of January, 1861.
These are truly gratifying facts.
Under these circumstances, it may be possi
ble, with entire safety to our finances, to re
duce or even repeal the ordinary State tax of
two and s half mills on real estate. The tax
of one half mill laid by the act-of May 16,
1861, was by that act expressly pledged for the
repayment of the loan of $3,000,000, thereby
authorized, and of course cannot be repealed
or reduced until that repayment shall have
been made. I recommend this subject to the
careful and deliberate consideration and judg
ment of the Legislature, and if it should be
found that the tax can be repealed, I recom
mend that all laws authorizing , the leßing of
local taxes on bonds, mortgages, loans and all
property . of that kind be also repealed. Such
a repeal would largely:encourage the invest
ment of capital in this State, and add im
mensely to the wealth of the State, while the
local authorities would lose very little, as it is
I notorious, that from the difficulties of assess
ment, they receive very little 1 from these
In case of such repeal, I recommend the
1 adoption of some effectual measures for en
forcing correct returns of such objects of tax
ation,. with appropriate penalties tor the ne.
glect or refusal to make them.
I make these recommendations, believing
that it will lead to more equitable local taxa
tion and to greater economy in their dis
• Many acts arson our statute books, incor
porating coMpanies for various purposes,
which companies hare never been organized
or gone into operation. I, recommend that
all such acts be repealed by a general law,
and that provision be made that in future
every act authorizing a corporation shall be
come void, unless the corporation shall or
ganize and use its franchises within a limited
• .
Since my , last annual message
against armed treason has been brought to a
close. Of the large contributions made by
Pennsylvania to the National': 'army, but a
few of the men now remain in the service.—
The spirit which animated our people, at the
outsot of the rebellion, has never flagged ;
and we can look back with pride and satis
fitctioh to the part taken by this State, in aid.
ing tolnaintain the unity of thv : Government
and in its defence against the assaults of its
In my Gi * ----- -al 35,,1 took - °nem-
in my first inaugural. „Areas,.
sion to declare that i'ennsylvanta would, un
der any eireumstanc s, render M full and de
termined support of the free institutions of I
the Union. The pledge so made was based
upon my knowledge) of the solid patriotism
of her citizens. At that time danger threat
ened, but no ono anticipated that it would
break forth so Suddenly, nor ;that
it would
grow to such fearful proportions as it in a
-brief time assumed.
My confidence , in Pennsylvania, in her
even, yet stubborn will, her ability and re-
Sources have been fully ju ed by the man
ner in which she has doer her duty during
the late eventful period:
On the request of the Prsident of the
United States, I made a communication to
the Legislature, on the 9th day of April, 1861,
setting forth that military 'organizations, of a
'formidable character, which did not seem to
be demanded by any existing public exigency,
• had been formed in certain of the States, and
that, whilst Pennsylvania yielded to no State,
in her respect for and willingness to protect,
by all 'needful, guarantees, the constitutional
rights and constitutional indepOndence of her
sister States, no contemplated attempt to
resist the, enforcement of the rational law
I could meet with sympathy or encouragement
from the people of this Commonwealth, and
asked for authority and means to organize a
military bureau at the Capital, and to so
amend and modify the militimlaws as to nice
vitality and energy to the military organize
, lions of the State.. On the. 12th day of the
(same month, I signet's bill providing for the
purposes indicated in my message.
It will be remembered that this patriotic
action of the Legislature occurred before it
was known that hostilities had actually com
menced—and is believed to lie Pie first official
action by the authorities of any State, or by
the National Legislature.
Tim first call made by Ulm President for
troops to aid in suppressing the rebellion, was
on the 15th of April, 1861, for, seventy-five
thousand men ; and that of this number, the
quota of Pennsylrania was settled at fourteen
regiments, to serve three months, unless soon
er discharged. With unsurpassed alacrity
and earnestness, Volunteers answered to this
' call, in such nullifiers as manifestedthe intui
tive conviction of the peoplS, that the mon
strous wickedness which • had conceived' an
armed rebellion against the. Constitution and
the laws, could dot be suppressed but by a
colossal force. 1 ;
13,C23,668 14
.ets, 23;86458092
Major General tßobert Patterson was as
signed, by the General Government, to a com
mand, which included the forces raised in
Pennsylvania. Within a week after the call
of the President; communication with Wash
ington was almost entirely cat off. General
Patterson, prompted , by the necessities of the
situation, made, on 25th of April, &requisi
tion upon me for twenty-five ndditional regi
meats of infantry and one of cavalry, to be
forthwith mustered into the service: of ' the
United States. Under this requisition, I ac
cepted,.from amengst the many pretsing to
be admitted into the service, a sufficient num
ber of companies to fill it ; care being taken
to allow to each county, as nearly as possible,
a fair reprcsentati OIL Only eleven regiments,
however, in addition to the fourteen called for
by 'the President, were organized and muster
.ed into the service, before the order of Gene
ral Patterson was countermanded by him; un
der instructions from the War Department..
On the 14th day of May,:lBsl, d
ry dui Secre
ta of War, in a letter Communicating the
plan of" organization, for three years regi
ments, confirmed the revocation of the order
in the following language "Ten regiments
are assigned to Pennsylvania, making, in ad
dition to the thirteen regiments of three
months militia, already, called for, twenty
three regiments. It is important to reduce
rather than enlarge this number, and in no
event to exceed it. Let me earnestly recom
mend to you, therefore, to pall for no more
than twenty-three regiments, of which only
ten are to serve during the war, and if more
are already called for, to reduce the number
by discharge." '
The twenty-five regiments raised as above
stated, comprised 20,079 men. The ardor of
our people was unabated. Many of the com
panies, under my order, bad arrived in camp
at Harrisburg, and otheis maintained their
organizations at home at their own expense,
and by contributions ,from their neighbors
and friends.
In the critical condition'of the country, and
anticipating that, in rase! of reverse to our
arms, the borders of Venrisylvania would be
the . portals to the rich granaries, manufao
tones and store-honees of the North, deem.
edit my duty to convene the Legislature,
that adequate provision might be made to
ble me to render thei military power of the
State as availidde and efficient as It should
be, for the Common defence of the State and
the General Government ; and accordingly;
on the 20th of April, 1361 1 issued my procla
mation) calling for a meeting of the General
Assembli, on the 30th of the same month.
In my message to the- Legi'slngure •at its
openhkg, I recommended the immediate or
ganization, disciplining and arming of at least
fifteen regiments, exclusive of those called into
the service of tho United. States.
The Legislature acted promptly . upon, this
suggestion, and made full provisions for its
effectual aceomplishment. The result; was
the carly,and complete organization, clothing
and equipment of the Pennsylvania , . Reserve
Volunteer Cerps, with its thirteen regiments
of infantry, one of light artillery. and one of I
cavalry, under the supervision of George A.
M'Call, who ,- was selected to' command it,
with the commission and rank of Majorl Gen
"eraL This corps contained 15,856 men` and ]
the whole expense of raising, clothing, equip- I
ping, subsisting and paying them, wig their
entry into the United States servie .Was
8855,444 87. They were encamped in dif
ferent parts of the - State, except two of
the regiments, commanded by Colonels
Chas. J. Biddle and Seneca G.Simmons, and
two batteries of artillery, under the com
mand of Colonel Charles T. Campbell,.
which, at the request of the War Department,
were sent on the 22d of June, 1861, to the
relief of Colonel Wallace, at Cumberland,
Maryland, and remained for about six weeks
there, and in Western Virginia, engaged in
active operations. Towards the close ofJuiy
the whole corps was called for and taken,. on
a requisition, into the service of the United
States. Within four diva after the disaster
at Bull Ran, eleven regiments , in all respects
ready' for active service, were in Washington
and Baltimore.
The troops Sent to Western Virgiuia were
re-called, and with the other two regimentitef
the corps, forwardkd to 'Washington. I
On the 26th of July, 1861, the Secretary of
his gratification and! hanks
for the pearept response from Pennsylvania.
• The wisdom of the Legislature in providing
for the formation of this corps, for the inter
ests of the State and the Nation was fully
Most: shown by subsequent events. of the
men who filled its ranks had been accepted
by me under the caltfor twenty-five regiments,
Which was afterwards rescinded.
They had left their' families andl homes
under a deep4ense of duty to their country,
and to have sent them back unaccepted would I
hare caused - serious difficulty in making future
enlistments. . I
By act 6f Congress of 22d and 25th July,
1861, the - President was authorizedlto call
upon the several States for volunteers . to serve
for three years. Under this authority requi
sitions wore made on this State, and fourteen'
regiments were promptly furnished. ln the
meantime ,authorities had been granted by
the President and the War Department to al
number of individuals to raise regiments in
different parts of the State, which seriously
interfered With the action of the State' uthon
ties in filling, requisitions - regularly made under
the acts of Congress :
The embarrassments arising from this con
flict of authorities became at length so seri
ous that I was constrained to call the atten
tion of the President and Secretary of Wart
to the subject, by a communication', dated
the Ist of August, 1861, and on the 25th of ! I
September following,' an order was issued re
quiring these independent regiments to report I
to the Goiernor, and placing them ender his'
authoritY ,and control. 'Acting under this I
order, many , of the independent regiments
were illed up, others consolidated, and aev
regiments, with an aggregate'
strength,of 89,048 men, were promptly sent
During; the year 1862 a draft was ordered
by the general Government, which was exe
cuted under the State. authorities. 1
Of the quota of the*State, under the call of
July 7, 1862, forty-tlfree regiments of volun
teers, aggregating 40,383 men, were put into
service, and under the draft, ordered August
4th of the same year, fifteen regiments, con- I
taining an aggregate force of 15,000 . men, or I
ganized and sent forward. During the same
period nine - independent batteries of artillery
were organized in the State, with an aggre
gate strength of 1,358 officers and men.-
It will be remembered that the ardor and
pr . omptness of our people, under such ttying
circumstances, in , pressingthetroops forward,
was such as to call from the President espe
cial thanks and to request me to express
them to the people of the State.
During the year 1863, forty-three thousand
and forty-six (43„046) men were furnished
for the service, principally to fill regiments in
the field, which had been reduced by the exi• '
gencies of the war.
During the year 1864, under the various
calls of the General Government, thirty-two
regiments, two battalions and eight unattached
companies of different arms of thetiervice and
for various periods, were organized and sent
to the field, aggregating, with re enlistments
in the field, amounting to 17,870, an aggre
gate force of 91,704' men, furnished for that
On my suggestion the policy of consoli
dating our reduced regiments, and filling
them up by the assignment of new companies
was adopted, and in 1865, under this system,
besides organizing three entire new regi
ments, seventy-five companies were assigned
- to reduced regiments, by which they were
again filled to the regunentalsbindard. These
three new regiments and seventy-five compa
nies, with volunteer recruits for regiments in
the field, reported by the superintendents of
that service, amounted, in the aggregate, to
25,790 men for this year..
In the month of September, 1852, after
the second disaster of Bull Run, it be
came evident that the enemy had adopted an
aggressive policy, and was about to invade
the Northern States through Maryland arid
the southern border of Penntrylvanui. Under
the sanction of the President of the United
Statesl on the 11th day of that month, I is
sued my proclamation, calling to immediate
service filly thousand of the freemen of this
State. 1 Under this call twenty-five regi
ments and fOur companies of infantry, four
teen unattached companies of cavalry t and
four batteries of artillery were immediately
organized and sent to the border
the greater portion advancing beyond
the State • line into Maryland. Gene
ral John }P.' Reynolds, at that period com
manding the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps,
was temporarily assigned, by the Secretary of
War, to the command of these troops, be
whoselordere they were returned to Pennsyc
vania,; and bY my proclamation, disbanded on
the 24th of the same 'month. In acknowledg
ment of the services rendered by the men of
Pennsylvania, Major General M'Clellan„
commanding the Army of the Potomac, by
letter dated the 27th of September, 1862, ac
knowledging the service and thanking the
State.; uses the following language:
"The manner in which the people of Penn
sylvania responded to your call, and hasten.
ed to the defence of their frontier, no doubt
exercised a great influence upon the enemy,"
.std thelGovemor of Maryland, His Excel
lency A. W. Bradford, in an order dated Sep- I
tember 20, 1862, used the following language I
in regard to , these troops : "The readiness
with which they crossed the border and took
their ;stand . ' beside the Maryland brigade,
shows that the border is, in all respects, but
en ideal line, and that in such a cause as now
unites us, Pennsylvania and Maryland are
but one." .
the wax
In !the month of June, 1863, it ag ain be
camel evident that the rebel army wasadvatic
ing North, threatening also the western bor
der of Pennsylvania, and on the 26th of that
month, I ag.ain leaned my proclamation call
ing the militia of the State into immediate
service. In the Department of the Monon
gahela, five regiments of infantry, one com
pang of cavalry and one battery of artillery,
for ninety days' service , and one battalion of
infantry, one battalion of cavalry, and
ono battery of artillery, for siz months'
United States service, were organized.
In the Department of the Susquehanna,
twenty-three regiments and five unattached
companies' of infantry, and two unattached
companies of cavalry, for ninety days; one
bittaliou of infantry, one battitlion of cavalry,
and four independent batteries of artillery,
for three months ; three regiments of cavalry,
two battalions of infantry, and three inde
pendent batteries of artillery, for six months'
United Stated service, were organized.
There were also organized in this depart
ment, for the "emergency term," eight regi
ments, one battalion and a number -of unat
tached companies of infantry, two independ
ent, batteries of artillay and two companies
of cavalry.
In the Department of the Monongahela,
the troops under this call, were commanded
piy Major General W. T. U. Brooks, and in
the Department of the Susquehanna, by
Major General D. N. Conch, severally detailed
by the War Department.
The details of the services of the militia on
these occasions, as well as the generous as
sistance rendered by the militia of the States
of New York and New Jersey, have been
fully recognized in previous messages, •
Acting under orders, they did not hesitate
to cross the State line and enter Ohio and
Western Virginia, in the West; and in the •
East, they-defended the line of the Snsque
henna, were at Gettysburg, before the ad.
lance of the Army of the - Potomac, defend
ed Carlisle successfully, when attacked by a
superior force, made long marches, patiently
suffering great privations for the went of suf
ficient means of transportation, crossed into
Maryland, when ordered, and attacked the
enemy successfully, and saved the Capital of
their State from destruction. }When the his
' tory of the rebellion is truly written, no part,
which relates to Pennsylvania, will reflect
more credit on the patriotism, courage and
fidelity of her people, than their prompt an the call made for military service for
domestic protection, It is 'a record of which
the great body of the people are a party, and
of which they may all be mond,
In July, 1864, a rebel army again crossed
the Potomac threatening the Southern bor
der, and mar c hed to Washington.
Upon the pressing demands of the National
authorities, all th e organized troops in Pennsyl
vaniawere unmedintelyseutforward. Therebel
army was defeated and driven back. A rebel
column, of three thousand men had, bow-.
ever, crossed the border, and, on the 30th of
July, burned the town of Chanibersburg :
my message of last pep, I stated in detail the
movements of the enemy, and the circum
stances attending the destruction oC that
borough. Although the people of all thlt
southern harder suffered much from- annual
incursions of "the enemy, Chamberaburg is
the only town entirely destroyed within our
border, and, it is believed, in any loyal State.
The citizens of the town were suddenly re
duced to poverty,. and, for a time, were sus
tained by the active benevolence of the peo
ple of other parts of the State, aided by an ap
propriation of one hundred thousand dollars
'from the Commonwealth. They have strug
gled en . ergetically to revive from this calami
ty, but tt is now feared that few of them will
be able to succeed. I Bohm% therefore, to
the wisdom of the Legislature, whether it
would not be proper to extend to that people
some additional relief. •
The number of troops . furnished the service,
from Pennsylvania, dining the rebellion, may
be stated-as follows, Viz
During the year 1861.
Do d0.i...1862,
Do d0.....1864,
Do d0.....1866,
This statement is" exclusive of militia and
enlistments for the United States navy.
' I refer for more .perfect details of all the
militaryopemtions of the State to the reports
of the Adjutant General of the other military
departments of the State and-to my previous
annual messages. This brief military record
would be imperfect if I failed to commend
the fidelity, zeal and industry of the military
departments` of the State, and to express my
personal obligations for the ready obedience
and constant support I have uniformly re
ceived from. the Chiefs of the Departments
and officers of my personal staff.
An approximate judgment of the amount
of labor performed by these departments, and
in the office of the Secretary of the Common
wealth, may be made, when it is stated that
over forty-three thousand (48,000) military
commissions were issued dung the war.
- -The first request for troops from this State
was dated at Washington, on the 16th April,
18G1, and on the 16th the telegraph announc
ed to the warl.Departaient that over 4,000
men were at Harrisburg, awaiting marching
It is our proud privilege to have it remem
bered, that the first military aid from the
loyal States_, which reached Washington, was
the force of 460 Pennsylvanians, who arrived
there on . the 18th day of April, and that,
whom the Capital of the Nation was, the se
cond time threatened, after the battle of Rail
Run, the regiments of the Pennsylvania Re
serve Corps, were the first troops sent for
From the beginning of the war to its close, ,
the State has never faltered in its support of '
the Government.
P- -eeding in Ain it lin
eroceeding in the Strict line of duty, the re
sources of Pennsylvania, whether in men or
money, have neither been withheld or squan
dered. The history of the I conduct of our
people in the field, is illuminated with inoi
dents of heroism worthy of conspicuous no
tice; bat it would be impossible to mention
them in the proper limits of a message,with
out doing injustice or perhaps, making invid
ious distinctions. 'Arrangements are in pro
gress to have a complete history of our re,gi
ments, such ashes been contemplated and is
provided for is an act of Aisembly already
passed; and on this subject I commend the
report of the Executive Military Department
to your favorable consideration. It would be
alike impossible to furnish a bistory.of the
associated benevolence and of the large indi
vidual contributions to the Comfort of dur
people in the field and hospital, or of the
names and services, at all times, of our vol
unteer surgeinis, when called to assist in the
hospital or on the battle field; nor is it possi
ble to do justice to the many patriotic Chris
tian men who were always ready to respond
when summoned to tho exercise of acts of
humanity and benevolence.
Our armies were sustained and strengthen
ed in the field, by the patriotic devotion of
their friends at home ; and we can never ren
der fall justice to the heaven-directed, pa
triotic--cliristien benevolence of the women
of the State.
During the war I had occasion, from time
to time, to communicate freely with the Leg
islature on subjects bearing upon the interests
of the men representing the State in' the
armies of the Republic.
It is with a sense of unfeigned gratitude
that I acknowledge how cheerfully and
promptly the Legislature and the people acted
upon my baggestions, whether for thissup
port of thti government, the enlistment and
organization of troopsor for the comfort of
our people alreadyt'be field.
Without this generous confidence and libe
ral support, the labors of the Executive
would have been in vain ,• the treasure that
has been expended would have been wasted,
precious lives lost would have been an empty
sacrifice, the braised hearts of kindred and
friends would have been without solace, the
strong men, whose health has been broken
and whose bodies have been maimed would
have been monuments of heroism Wasted,
and the honor of this great Commonwealth
/mild haie been degraded amidst the fallen
rains of the institutions of the Republic.
The report of the Hon. Thomas H. Bur
rowed', shows the gratifying result, under his
active management, of the system idoptedby
:the State, for the malatetuuthe and education
of the otplutna• of our soldiers. Eis report
exhibits the fact, that 1,242 orphans are now
actually admitted' to the schools, and that
1;848 apidications in all have been allowed,
and orders issued for their admission, many
of whom have been admitted , since ills 're
port. It *ill also be seen, that the hugest
appropriation, ilia. ever will be required, will,
be for this' and The two ensuing years, i)nd
that then the amount will be gradtudly re-1
&med. I hare heretofore conationded this'
_to feu, and I deem it 'unnecessary to
add a nother word,: in asking a continua
'thin of an appropriation , _which is to provide
for and educate the best blood of-the State, '
And support the living legacies . which have I
been bequeathed us by the men who laid down
their lives for the country. When we re
member that every sort of publie and private
pledge that the eloquence of man could de
vice or utter, was given to our soldiers as
they , went forwnrd, .that if they fell, their
- orphans should become the, children of the
Statej cannot for an instant seppose, that
you will hesitate to continue an epproprtation,
which is to bless their little ones, providing
comfortable homes, instead of leaving them
in want and destitution, many, of them to fall
;victims to vice and crime. •
r At the time of the invasion of the North, in
in 1863, by the rebel army, the President
made a requisition on me for militia to serve
daring the emergency. The men came for
ward promptly, to the number of 86,588, of
whom upwards of 23,000 refused to he tans
}tered into the service of the baited States,
in consequence of circumstances of prior oc
currence not necessary to be here stated.
In this embarrassment, the emergency being
very pressing, after consultation with the West
' dent, he authorized and 'requested mo to call
them on behalf of the State, and for the de-
fence of the State, the! United States paying
all the expenses of their clothing, equipment,
I subsistence, Am. It was t however, alleged
that there was no appropriation for their pay.
To remove this difficulty the General Govern
ment applied to banks and other moneyed
Corporations in Philadelphia to advance the
amount of the pay, on a pledge that, when.
Congress met, the passage of a bill to re
imburse them should be recommended.—
These institutions declined this proposition,
but expressed their willingness to make
the advances if I would pledge myself
to recommend to the Legislature the passage
of such an net in cape Congress should not
provide far reimbursing them. Under these
I received from the Executive
of the United States the pledge whi bolted
proposed to give to the banks, .ke., nil-upon
that I gave the necessary Pledge to em, and
they advanced the required funds a . rdingly.
The following telegram from the retary of
War will show in part the ground o which I
acted: ' I
• Wismscrox ' July 22, 1803.
To His Excellencsi Our. A. G. Cams :
Your telegram s the pay of mili
tia called out under your proclamation of the
27th of June, have been referred to the Presi
dent for instructions, and have been under
his consideration. He directs me to say that,
while no law or appropriation authorizes the
payment by the General Government of troops
that have not been mustered into the service
of the United States, he will recommend to
Congress to make an appropriation for the
payment of tromp Called into State service to
repel an atonal invasion, including those of.
the State of Pennsylvania, If, in the mean
time, you can raise the necessary amonet, as
has been done in other States,' the appropria
tion will tePapplied to refund the advance to
those who made it.
Measures have been taken for the payment
of troops mustered into the United States
service, as soon as the muster and pay rolls
are made ont. The..answer of this Depart
ment to you, as Governor of the State, will
be given directly to yourself Whenever the
Department is prepared to mare answer.
Secretary War.
When Congress met, the Executive of the
United States did not recommend the passage
of the necessary act. I have understood that
the subject was called to the attention of the
proper committee, by the Secretary of War,
hut, as the President - did not send a message
explaining the circumst urea of the ease, the
appropriation failed, as the members of Con
gress had thus no meaus of explaining to
their constituents the di Terence between the
case (which was in substance a loan to the
United States, upon the pledge of the Exeen
five for its repayment) and the case of the
Voluntary expenditure of money for military
purposes of Pennsylvania and most of the
other States. ' , -
I will add that the men came into the ser
vice for the emergency only, and on'the faith
that they should he discharged as soon as, in
my judgment, the emergency should have
ceased. The emergency ceased immediately
after the battle of Gettysburg, which com
menced on the let of July, 1863; yet the
men, against my urgent and repeated remon
strances; were kept in the service long after
ward and used by the United States for vari
ous purnoses. The last of them were not dis-
charged till in September. •
I, recommend that the Legislature adopt
measures to bring the subject again before
Congress, and obtain repayment of this sum,
amounting to $071,476 43, with interest on
the same, which the General Government has
thus far so nuivarrantably withheld.
Great injustice has been done toprivate
soldiers, who went into service und er the
provisions of the act of Congress, by refusing
totoy them the lull bounties offered by the
terms of that act. The following letter,
which I addressed to the Secretary of War,
sufficiently explains the position of this affair:
ELLARISSIORO, Pa., June 6, 1863. f
Sin :—There are two subjects connected
with the discharge of volunteers which are of
so much importatteel that I feel justified in
calling your attentio n to them.
First. The men are being paid only to the
day of their arrival at the place they are to ,
be discharg ed . This will cause them to lose
a few days , pay, depending principally upon
thepromptness and dis_position of the officers
of t h e United States having the matter in
charge. It is a matter of little moment to
the Government, but "the men feel it to be an
injuatice, - and if, tinder the acts of Congress,
they can be paid until discharged, I thinlyon
will agree with them.
Second. In Circular No. 29 from Provost
Marshal General's Ofce, dated Ju1y19,1864,
"under which the volunteers now to be dis
charged were raised," it is stated that the
bounty provided by law is as follows:
i "For rocrnits, including representative re
cruits, white or colored, $100."
And it is farther added, that the first in
atalMent of the bounty willbe paid when the
recruit is mustered in, as follows:
"To a recruit who enlisted in the army for
ono year, $33 83."
On these terms the men enlisted, and they
are of opinion that they are entitled to the '
remainder of their bounty when 'discharged
from service.
It is_proposed, however, to pay them but a
part of this remainder, because the Govern
ment does not tequire their services fdr the
full term of their enlistment, and appears to.
be a breach of the contract between the Gov
ernment. and the men, The bounty was held
out by the Government as an inducement to
enlist, not as an additional pay for services to
be rendered. The men became entitled to it
by the fact of enlistment, end could only for
feit what remained unpaid by some miscon
duct, of which such forfeiture should' be a
legal penalty. Thesi. matters ore creating
much unpleasant feeling among the men. I
need not say to you, they have behaved ral
lentil, and the country owes them everytlungt
andsf it can possibly be avoided they ought
not to be sent home under the feeling that the
Geverrmsent,whentheirsitrvices are no longer
required, takes the first opportunity to treat
them unjustly and violate, its contract with
I assure you that unless these difficulties
are relieved there will lbe created a general
discontent which will be injurious hereafter
and it is my fervent desire for the success of
your administration which leads me to bring
them directly to your notice.
Very reSpeethilly ?
Tons obedient servatil_
Thb refusal has been presistedin wider as
opinion of the Attorney General of the United
States, a copy of which was sent to me.
I recommentt that the Legislature make
preper efforts td hare this injustice corrected.
The report of David Wills, Esq., president
of the Soldiers'.National Cemetery, at Get
tysburg, herewith transmitted, shows the
present condition of the cemetery. AB the
battle of Gettysburg resulted iq . a glorious
victory, and was in tact the beginning of the
end of the war, and occurred on the soil of
the Commonwealth, I think it would be well
that it should be commemorated by en histo
ries' painting, to be placed An the Cripitol of
the State; and I recommend that the Legis
lature take measures for that purpose.
The State of Maryland has proposed to her
sister States that they unite with her in es
tablishing a cemetery , for our soldiers who fell
at Antietam. I herewith transmit copies of
the Maryland statute, and other documents i
on this subject, and recommend the passage
'of an act heartily accepting the proposition
of the State of Maryland. All the States
having promptly and generously responded to
our proposition to hare a cemetery at Gettys
burg, it would seem proper that we should
recaprotate, and unite in this. The duty is`
made more sacred when we remember that
more of Pennsylvania's sons fell in that battle
than those of any other State.
• The report of the State Agent at Washing
tOn' herewith . ransmitted, shows that under
his efficient management the claims of our
soldiers are promptly examined and paid.
Every effort has been made to apprise . onr
officers and men that their claims w il l be col
lected by. the State Agent (Col. Jordan),
without expense to them ; yet it is feared
that many of them continne4o employ private
claim agents, whose fees bear heavily on the
.. .
Since my last annual message 1 hive ex
pended of the secret service fand,lthe sum of
four thodsand three hundred and thirty-three
dollars and twenty cents, out of which I have
paid my personal staff and other extraordi
nary expenses. No appropriation is required
for the increase of this fend.
I invite your attention to the reports of the
Military Departments of the State, to the
report of the Superintendent of Common
Schools, which exhibits the prosPerous con
dition of our system of public education, and
to the report of the gorreyor general, and
recommend to your favorable consideration
themany excellent suggestions Made by that
I commend to your earnest consideration
the suggestion made by the Surgeon General
in his report, herewith transmitted, on the
propriety of legislation for the protection of
our people, by proper sanitory measures,
from the ravages of the cholera, which is now
approaching our shores.
I commend to the wisdom of the Legisla
ture the subject of providing for the relief of
our many maimed and wounded soldiers.
Possibly this might be done by continuing
and enlarging the acts providing for boards
of relief in the -several counties. I recom
mend the adoption by the Legislature of this
or some other plan for doing justice t the
class of men in question. •
By the joint resolution of May 16, 861,
authorizing me to give flags to our regunrdts,
it was made the duty of the Executive re
ceive the flags when the regiments ret ed.
This has not been hitherto done, bras uch
as they have not all yet been musters out.
As soon as this shalt have taken plac , the
flags will bo received with appropriate ere
monies and I recommend that the Le ' la
ter° make provision for causing them to be
hung in the new Library.
• I refer to the suggestion of Brigadier Gen
eral Todd / Inspector General, on the subject
of the militia. I em not prepared to make
any recommendation on this subject, as I ob-•
servo with great pleasure, that Congress is
proposing to establish a uniform system
throughout-the United States. ,
The arsenal at Harrisburg is decaying and
unsafe. The arms and munitions of the State
there deposited are of the value probably of
half a million of dollars. I ' recommend
that provision be made for repairing it, or
that a new arsenal be constructed in this
vicinity, for the purpose of securing. their
preservation. , . "
Since my last annual message, the late
President of the United States has taken a
victim to the most ford and base assassina
tion recorded in histou. It will afford me
pleasnreand I willheartßy unite with yen in any
expression of indignation at the crime, and
of appreciation of the public; virtue and ser
vices of its victim, Abraham Lincoln.
My uniform course during the late war, was
to avoid the discussion of the policy of the
General Government / while giving a hearty
support to the National authorities in all
their measures to suppress the rebellion. I
shall continue to pursue the same course dur
ing the embarrassmentsnecessarily connected
with the entire restoration of the country.—
The principles expressed in the message of
the President, at the commencement of the
session of . Congress, will receive my cordial
auppOrt. . -
During the last five years the people of this
State have suffered deeply from the calaini
ties of war. Thousands of her men have
been slain, and others are maimed and broken.
Almost every family has been stricken, and
everywhere there are widows and orphans,
mar of them helpless and in poverty. It is
a subject of sincere congratulation, that peace
has at last returned.
I am not aware of the existence of any dif
ficulty with other nations which may not be
amicably adjusted, and therefore venture to
express the hope that long years of tranquili
ty and happiness arc before us. •
' . A.. G. CURTIN.
More About the. Girl whd Lived Sixteen
Days in a Eayitask.
Seth or her Frozen Llutp l s AreputattiL
A few days ago we published in the Tam.
owns an account of Louisa Blackburn, the
poor girl who escaped front la ruffian and hid
in a haystack, where she lilted sixteen days
without food. The following laterparticulars
we learn from the New Castile (Pa.) •Journal
of Saturday . last : •
After having heard so mu h about the auf
feting_ endured by this gir we determined
hit we would see and cony rso with her our.
self in relation to her toils and endurances
when relief was so near at d. On Friday
morning of last week we left for North /lea
ver, and when at Mount .Taelmon we learned
that elle had been remeved from Mr. David
son's to the residence of Ilk . Arthur Rome,
in the same township; and {that on that day
her limbs were to be amputated. On reach
ing the residence of Mr. Rt;gera, we found •
number of citizens there from the neighbor'.
hood, and Louisa had been placed on the
amputation table and was under the influence
of ehloroform. The right foot had fallen off
at the ankle joint—except the ligaments,
when she was placed on the table. Be'
under the influence of chlriroform, she bad
the appeiranee of a corpse, The following
named Surgeons were present; Dr. E. F.
Davis, of Poland, Dr. G. W. Pettit, of Peters.
burg, Ohio, Dm. H. E. Zimmerman, D. Acker
and James Jackson, of Mount Jackson
Pennsylvania. The prep4rations were all
made and Dr. Davis performed the first env
ting of the left limb. Thelbone was sawed,
the arteries taken up and-the wound dressed
in less:- than half an hour, the patient cot
being conscious of what was going on. The
Surgeons then placed a baiage around the
right limb preparatoryto its imputation,.when
Dr. Zimmerman done the cutting and it was
soon off, each one of the Surgeons assisting
to expedite the operations, both limbs were
emanated about four or five inches Wow
theneejoints. It was with difficulty that the
arteries could be taken up On the limb, oaths
blood did not flow free enough to show their
location. About this time Dr. Pettit, wlo ad
ministered the chloroform; suggested thatthe
Patient bad better be waked ap, when tutor.
- ,
atives were admintstered and she sow • • tied
signs of consciousness, and recognised the
surgeons and others present She said, 'yes,
Jim, I know you, " meaning kW, James
!reline. She the n inquired, i`where fa air
preacher?" she had refisreace to Rec., Kr.
Taylor, and was told that he amid not stiff—
he had left—this announcement appor to
woundlter feeling! very . much, after Which
her countenance,. In' an insta nt; - appeared . appeared . to
brighten, when she added, "my Saviour has
not left me, He is so good." She wasisked
how she felt ; she replied "ftrat she felt pretty
well, but sleepy," and then OW if the our
giord operation was fifer . She was told that
it was—she still pressed her interrogatory "if
both were amputated," she was answered In
the affirmative that both feet were off, When
she spoke of the kindness or the phymniana,
and commenced singing: I ;
"I'll steed the storm It *op! be long.' .
" We'll aachor by awl bY.' ,
"Nest the week,,lhe month; the year,
Steal away. sad &appear." ,
When her voice was too weak to aingfurthse,
and she appeared to be more Ocemposed., The
right limb was still to be dressed, and she was
informedof the:tact by Dri Zimmetinae.
when she said "Ce Doctor you have bees so
kind to me." About this time the needle
passed through the flesh to close the wound, -
when she said "yonareouttingme," Dr Tim
merman informed her that they were oely
seisingup the wound and that she - should hold
still, it would soon be over. We therxwatclto
ed her countenance at every fetich taken* sad
there was not a frown upon heir brow , during
the dressing of the limb. Situ was than
placed upon a bed and after:eating some lee.
slept a short time—then awoke, spoke to the
physicians of their lthiduess again and "pray- .
ed that the would bless them"—leMiag •
she "knew.He would." Previous to theses
puts* she was told that in all probahility
she might die in the operation. At that she
was not at all daunted, andsaidthat sheihtani
ed both , feet taken off—she could notlite naturewith
theta on, and if she died in the operatipn she
_goo to Jesus—for I know he heath."
Rev. Taylor prayed with her, and-she.priyed
vocally fOr herself, and afterwards atatedthat
what she had previously said in relation to
herself was true. We should judge that she
was about 20 years of ago--ehe avers that she
is shoat sixteen--however,l her nurnaer of
living and her hardships might add a few
ye rs to her appearance. She is sabering:id•
some, with a Sao sot of teeth, blue eyes—one
is si . ghtless—carly auburn !hair fair coat
plexron, face , hands nail arms sillier, plump,
when we remember that she was out in the
cold without food for twenty4hree dap. We
think she is of English descent—of strong
mind, and a pretty fair education. There is
a great mystery about her, end if the account,
which we published last week is true, sal
grader is the mystery. Sheens her mother's
maiden name was Ellen Shaw. I
When we last heard from her she jwite . stSl
living; however, it is very doubtful ride re
covers, as she had taken no nourish/nett that.
would "lay on her Stomach fot. four days past.
Andrew Johnson as aa b.ppreatica.
Mr. 'Latchford, an old joarneyntari tailor
Raleigh, thinks it was in 18 that "Andy,"
as he called him, was boun d apprentace ta J.
A. Selby. He is described azi a wild,',"harans
'scat-Ezra boy." But he had no "nn -honorable
traits about him." He was r. ,, erovliagly reek
less, and his activity in climbing fences, trees,
dz., with the natural sequence thereof of tear
ing his clothes, was a great source of trouble
to his mistress. On amount of his propaud.
ties in this direction, she once made him a
coarse, heavy shirt of homespun goods, sad
the young gentleman for a short tiZne was
obliged to wear a whole ,nndei garment.
In 1824 he "cut," not becanie he was seat
to a corn-field to work, as some one has said,
but on account of a "serapo with is lady by
the name of Wells, who had tiro right mart
daughters." With, another bOy, named Grey
son, an apprentice in rival allop, Andy
"chunked - the old, lady's house" one &atm
day night. Next day she heard who it wan,
and threatened to "persecute theni on Holi
day." They heard ofit and "cut." Mr.
Litchford believes "hri knew his A B C'o
when he came to the shop, but I think
taught him to read." i Mr. Litchfozd cos--
tinned; `and he deserves unbounded
for somoople say as how they have a grand
start, and I pe reckon he started underground.'
He went to South Carolina, and returned
after a year and a half, during which time ha
had earned his living with 'his needle. , On
his arrival he applied to Mr: Ptebford, then
keeping an establishment of his own for
work, but he didn't get it he ha d
"advertised" as a runaway,. and the law pre
vented any one from harboi ing him.
Mr. Selby bad, during Andy's absence,
sold out and moved , into the country; but,
with a desire to make due amend. for his
misdemeanor,. the runaway walked twelve
miles to see him,]and tried to make
meets to pay him for his time. Mr nrf l y
required security, and Andy could not get it.
He told Mr. Litchford that he would not let
him be security if he would, and so he de
parted again, this time going to Tennessee.
Mr. Litchford next h?ard of him as a member
of Congress from that State, but didn't be
lieve it was "his boy Andy" until he saw it
"advertised in the papers about the mechanics
in. Congress, and saw the 'word tailor after
his name." A pamphet copy of one of his
speeches sent to Mr. Litchford under his
Congressional frank, is yet , in possession of
the latter.
After his first session he returned to Raleigh
and made a speech, "pitching into Parson
Brownlow and Gales, the editor of the
ter." It seems that Bronnlow,
opponent of Johnson at that time, bad sent
to Gales for "family items." Gales furnished
them, and hence Johnson's attack on him and
Brownlow. The citizens of Ral •It at that
time thought it something remarkable that
the "tailor's apprentice" of their recollection
should be able to make Such a speech, bat
Johnson told Mr. Litchford "how it was."
His wife had "learned him" while he Irma on
the tailor's board working for his bread in
Tennessee. During this; visit Mx: Johnson
asked Litchford to alto* him his father's
graveTand he did so. It has but a phtia,
gray stone at the - ,head, and simply ranked
"J. J.," and is nearly hidden from view by
the overgrowth of weeds'and brambles.
The house in which President Johnson was
born is still standing, and is an object of no
little cariosity to the many strangers who viSit
Raleigh. It is a small frame building, a story
and a half high, containing only two or
three rooms. Reho-mengers have already
commenced tearing off, the weather beaten
sideboards. ' .
BEwsaz or Ruarr Nam—The:following,
which we clip from the Dayton Josa,
should prove a warning to. the public,i that
when a wound is made with any rusty instru
ment, immediate efforts should be used to
cleanse it from the poison. Says the Journal:
"Saturday morning wa noticed the fact that
a few days previous Uri Benjamin Mundsy
Jr., had ran a rusty nail into his foot, and
that the wound had caused lockjaw. When
the injury was inflicted Mr. kL thought
nothing of it, and continued his work without
applying any remedy to the wound. But on
Tuesday last the injured foot pained him con
siderably, and on Wadziesday, we learn,he
desisted from work, and applied remedie s tO
the wound. Bat the nein increased, and the
unfortunate nuultens tkken with,baekhrw: A
number of physicians were called to*
but it seems that, on account of not knotting
exactly what was the Matter with hien meth;
cal aid came too late,. and after ii - Teagthy
period of terrible miff.4lllg, death cairatlia his
relief yesterday a
Ir WBll state:lie comeu . the- otho4vdsty,
that there were 60,000,000 acts, Q - sold
lauds of the South, which, unleenmennted
by legisla ti on, will be open to rebel spends,
W 2. Mosearsor, one of the esr est' to
develop the coal treds of Penorylvsuis i died
in Philadelphia this leek.