The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, October 03, 1865, Image 2

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The New York Daily News writes :--
"The working classes of the South are
exposed more than those _of this section
At present are, to the preSsure of negro
competition. The equality of the two
begins its assertion there, in a form more
threatening to the white laborer than even.
in the case of the North. The progress
of the struggle at the Souto may there
fore be watched by the working classes
mere as a study of what is, as yet, but in
progress , of development: among them
It hi difficult to satisfy men who are
determined to grumble. ,We have been
contdently assured, at different times, by
the Daily News and its friends, the ma•
lignant pro-slavery men,
First, That the free (negro will not
work at all ; but
Second, That he will' wort: so much
better than the white laborer, that the
latter will be iujured by the "pressure of
negro competition."
Third, That the country will be ruined
by the idleness of the free blacks ; , but
Fourth, That the negroes are so eager
for, work as to leave DODO for white work
Fifth, That the negroes aro a curse to
the country; but
Sixth, That the slave system, which
made negro-breeding a begular and prof
itable business, and thus increased their
numbers at an abnormal rate, was a di-1
vine institution and blessing to the land.
Seventh, That the negro is naturally
an abject coward ; but .
Eighth, That be is( a - most dangerous
creature, capable of rising and murdering
a comtnanity double his numbers and
with a hundred times his strength
arms and all preparations for defence.
Ninth, That the negro can only live in
a warm climate, like' that of the Southern
States ; but
Tenth. That now be is set free there
be will immediately rush North, and takes
the bread out of the mouths of the white!
workingmen here.
Eleventh, That white men canont work 1
in the Sonthern fi elds, which can be mil.'
tivaied only by negroes; but
Twefth, That the negroes ought all to
be -colonized in Africa, or driven off to
some remote corner of this continent
Thirteenth, Thatthe freedmen are so
• stupid and ignorant as .
to be dangerous
to the republic; but
Fourteenth, That they ought not to be
instructed or permitted to acquire knowl
Fifteenth,,That it would be a curse to
Northern working Men to - have the ne
gross flock into these States;!hut
Sixteenth, That Northern workingmen
ought - not to favor „a ! policy which would
make the negroes Contented to remain in'
the South.
Seventeenth, That the workingmen of
the Northern States are the most intelli
gent, the most capable, the most indus-
Woes and the most virtuous in the
world ; but
Eighteenth, That they will inevitably
be ruined and deprived of work by the
competition of ignorant and idle negroes.
Nineteenth, That the presence of the
blacks amongst us will always be a, source
of difficulty and trouble ; but
Twentieth, That the Emancipation act
is wrong, chiefly because, under its ape!,
ration, themegret race is likely to die out,,
bird the Indians. ; '
These are some of the curious contra
dictions into which men fall whoignore !
all general prinCiples, and follow only the
will-o'-the-wisp !of their 'prejudices. It,
is not only in rdlation to the neg r o quo.l
tion that they are thus blindCd—theirl
folly extends to
,Other affairs. For ins
they assert xery earnestly that aj
merchant ought' to be free to sell his'
goods wherever lie wants ; but they will;
not have a hiboier sell his labor as freely,!
though' that labor creates the goods.-1
They insist that ho shall buy calico in
the cheapest market, but not labor. They
laugh at the ahsurnities and crudities of
"protective legislation," !and yet cry out:
that white workmen must Soar; unless!
protected against "the pressure of negro!
competition." I They welcome.' irrimigra-;
tiou from abroad, at the sarno time they
, .
try to persuade workingmen here that
the labor market is already .overi,toelted.!
These aro thelsame men who, before the'
war, declared!the negro a beast, 'a wool
key, possessed of every vile quality, and,
a terrible danger to the couiwurairy, and , 1
yet urged the' re-opening of the African!
slave trade:—Y. Y. livening Vest.
Eight million six hundred acre of '
coal fields, which make an .exteosive ur
rounding near Pittsburgh, rate-at an av
erage depth i,:pf eight feet, and are eiti
mated to contain 53,516,430,000 tuns of
coal, which ' 1; at $2 per tun,would be
worth $107 1 ,032,860,000, or four thous-
and millionslpf national debt paid twenty--
oven times,.
or a thousand years' gold
and silver producut of California laud Ne
vada, supposing their yield to be one
hundred millions every year. This is
plausibly quoted as a - fact in itself of great
encouragerrient. Add to the sum given,
gold, silver; iron,-copper, lead, petroleum,
&e., -by the `same process of eduction, and
it would b vain to calculate the result.
in the sane way our . -grain resources or
manufactures would outvalue, in the long
run, the ldrcest product of gold or silver.
These are. our resources, but they are
still only resources proportionably as theY
were a hudred years ago. What is'done
(comprehending what is invented) is our
grand we nth ;so the, our fi rst desidera
tum is; la or, and not the coal mines. It
is this' wneed to make what we have
apparent. We may- work our mines, and
lay our OA iu the wino way—by a wise
economy of finance tending to make
bread and butter cheap,i and to invite
population. It would be the bight of
absurdity to lay i back on , our dumb re.
sources. Our business is to'work all our
mines and pay 11 II Our debt as soon as
possible. Our great mine is human la
bor.— gribune.
Letter from Packard Cobden.
We have been favored with the follow
ing extract froth a letter written in May,
1564; by the late Richard Cobden of
England, to a French gentleman residing
in Switzerland, upon the eubject of the
late rebellion; and, as everything. from
the pen of that eminent publicist and
friend of the North' must, we .ire sure,
interest our readers and all lovers of their
country; we take pleasure in thus being
selected as the means of laying it befure
the public,calling special attention to that
portion relating to Franee and 6.lexico—
a subject just at this time that concerns
us more than any other eta public nature
connected with our foreign relolions
"LoNrioN, May 13, 1334. ,
"My Dear -----: In your last letter you
speak unfaVorably of the prospects of the
Northern party in America. You do not
know that country. traveled through
the United States is 1835, and again in
1359, and have been a very careful stn. I
dent of all that, bas been passing there.
I ought to,know that country as well as
anybody. Nothing, in my mind, is more
certain in the future than that the North
will destroy slavery, ruin the slave own
ers, and hold posession of the South. The
mistake that the people fall into in Eu
rope, when they expect the suacess of the'
South, is that they lose sight of the in
herent Weakness of a slave owning com
munity, owing to the want isf that me.l
chanical development whieh constitutes
the grest power of modern sOciety,as corn-
pared- with former agesi Georgia, or
Mississippi, or Alabama, Fe not Modern
communities in. their organization and
resources. They are a suceession of plan.;
tations, on which slaves 130 all the work I
and containing within themselves,' the
different occupations, such as carpenters,
smiths and coopers, and Which form' dis-1
tioct trades in free civilized States. In
fact, Georgia and .Missisiippi arc in the
same state as Western Earope was in the
14th century. Georgia and
each nearly, as large as England,Cootainsj
each only a half millioni of white inhab.
Rants, being less:pepulotLs than England)
was in the time of the Saxons: I
"Those whites are surrounded by nearly
an equalumder of slavas, who are ready
to run aw&y from their masters whenever'
the federal armies approach, Thus, ad.
Ida to the want of mechanical resources
and the absence of 'accumulated wealth
and populatation in towns,the South sees
the negro, on whOm it depends for the
rude cultivation of the soil, deserting its
plantations to enlist inithe ranks of the
jin.vading army. rris true that the South
! ern whites fight well, They are a proud
haughty community,who have a' contempt
for Northern industry and for ;Northern
men, just as all aristocrats have despised
working men. They ale more reckless of
, life, more accustomed to the use of arms
'and have that Sontlinru dash and fire
which make them alindst irresitable for a
time. But nothing can compensate for
j the disadvantage uodsr which they labor.
I Nothing can mako,a ;community, living
I like the feudal eoninifinity of the 13th
century, a match for ;the New England
lof the 19th century: - The North will
I ruin theSouht,not by any oneor halfdozen
decisive battles,but by its perSi.stence and
by the irresistable weight of its resources.
And I should not be surprised to see the
• South collapse very suddenly ; for,having
no social forces at its back, When once it
is fairly beaten in 'the field, it has noth
inn,b to fall back 46'n. If the North
should realize my expectations, it will
presut itself befoie the Old World in a
new and most foriniclable attitude, for it
' will have proved itself as great in war as
in peace. It is the only country in the
world which, while it is a first class naval
power (for its mercantile tonage is equal
to our own.) can keep 700,000 UICTI in
the field. Has your Emperor thought of
all this in connection with his Mexican
expedition ? ctinfess I saw with amaze.
meat as well as j regret the course which
be took in sending an army to interfere
in the internal affairs of that wretched
country. It reminded me,in its impolicy
of the expedition of the first Napoleon
(rota liayonne into Spain. j
"No human being can restore Mexico
to order, or conf on it the blessings I,of
civilized progress It requires the hand
of God himself effect such a ehangejiu
that degraded population of half-castes.;---
But does the Emperor know how deeply
the pUblip sentiment of the. United States
i; outraged and ;humiliated by this at
tempt of ti foreign power to set up an Em
pire at' their door without consultation
with tern lloiv would you Frenchmen
like to see the Yankees sending an army
to establish a republic in Belgium with
lout consulting, you ? Seeing the Amer
ican- newspapers regularly, I gather from
them;that the resentment against you for
I the Mexican entervention is ready to
burst forth the moment the rebellion is
in a sure way of defeat. The Americans
will have' some serious controversies with
Englandi but they aro of a nature to keep
and to edaploy the ingenuity of diplomat
ists. B 4 I look for al premptory demand
from "Washington for explanation from
the Tuilleries, which! will lead to war or
humiliation. 'I sincerely wish the 13bl:ie.
ror would withdraw every French soldier
' immediately CMSEN."
Coudersport. Pa.
Tuesday, Oct, 3, 1865.
Union State Ticket.
John F. Martranft, of Montgomery
Jacob M. Campbell, of Cambria.
County Nominations.
EON. H. W. WILLIAMS, of Tioga.
JOHN S. MANN, of Potter, and
DR. WM. T. HUMPHREY, of Tioga
LIEUT. W. W. BROWN, of Ulysses tp
W. B. GRAVES, of Clara township.
C. P. KILBOURNE, of Hector tp.
I. C. THOMPSON, of Hector tp.
DR. W. C. BLAKESLEE, of Ulysses tp
The true object of Democratic institutions
is to promotd the security, happiness,freedom
and prosperity of the people, under a govern
ment of their own framing, and under laws
enacted by the representatives of their own
ehoice.—The governn3eni of the United States
is of this kind. •
Politicians, ambitious of place and power,
and who have for more than thirty years plot
ted the overthrow of Democracy, have during
all that time been guilty of a great fraud on
the workingmen of the country.
In the name of Democracy they secretly
pledged themselves to overthrow the rights of
the Democratic masses.
In the name of Democracy they ruled the
country for nearly thirty years, for the pur
pose of building Up aristocracy who should
maintain their power by virtue of their pecul-
Jar property.
In the name of Democracy they attempted
to matte property in Workingmen—which is
the most anti-Democratic kind of property—
the great object of legislaiion, to the neglect
of the ether interests of the country.
In the name of Democracy they endeavored
to shut out free workingmen Vora the South,
and from the territories by making slave labor
profitable and free labor unprofitable and dis
In the name of democracy they held high
positions in the gift of the people, which they
used only to betray and sacrifice those who
trusted them.
In the name of Democracy they broke up
the Democratic Party, in order to prepare the
way for carrying out their plans.
And when traitors filled the laud with bloody
craves and desolate homes, there are politic
ians who called !themselves "Democrats" who
are the enemies Of Workingmen under the pre
tense of being their friends.
In the name of Democracy they advocated
a dissolutiOn of the Union.
In tbe name of Democracy they declared
that the AmeriCan Union was not a Uuiou but
a Confederacy.!
la the name of Democracy they advocated
the interests of traitors who bated freedom,
and who believed that Slavery wa:s the true
condition of all Labor.
In the name of Democrucy they , declared
the government had no right-to (Wend itself
against traitors.
In the name of Democracy they declared the
war a failure.
In the name of Democracy they sonnlat to
disfranchise the. soldiers.
In the name of tile Democracy they repeal
ed the Tariff of '42, and prostrated the work
ingman's interes:s in the North.
Iu the name of Democracy they adopted
the Fugitive Slave Law and Made of thefree
men of the North "hounds" to hinat down their
runaway slaves.
In the name of DeMocracy they stirred up
the :laboring men and filled the streets of
NOv . York with bloodshed, arson, and riots,
and disgraced us in'the eyes of the world.
In the name of Democracy they denounced
the heroic. soldiers of the Union els "Bull
Dogs and Hen Ifuttraz" who were engaged in
murder and arson, and not in a noble effort to
save our democratic institutions from dstruc-
Workingmen of the Union! The man who'
advocates Such doctrines is not a Democrat,
but aa enemy of Democracy, and 'the ff)e of
every laborer, Comrades I Think for your
selves I Stand firmly by your own , interests
the interests of Labor everywhere I •
This same party have nominated Davis and
Linton and now ask the votes of the soldier
and the workingman to elect them.
rts.. John Van l3uren's nomination by the
Cop. Convention in New York, taken in con
nection with is frequent somersaults during
the past twenty years, reminds us of a story
which illustrates well the stability of his
character. When his father was running for
President the Prince was traveling through
Ohio cat vassingthat State. He bad made a
speech in the southern part and was going,
in company with some political friends, to a
large northern town, where it was expected
ho woald be the chief speaker. While on
the journey one of hio fricude . 6
aid to him
that the speech he had jUst made would give
offence in the northern I counties and asked
him what course he intended to pursue. In
a few words be mapped out to him the
speech intended for ace northern people.
.'But," says his friend, , :tthat is not like your
other speech; that is ncit consistent." 4, D---n
consistency! Whet has a politician to do
with consistency ?" relined tbe - Prince.—Ris
life has been a fine exeMplificntion of his be•
Lief in the truth of the 'principle that a poli
tician has no business be consistent, that
roguery, or more politely policY, is and should
be the great study of his life. Ile is a fit
man to represent an intellige - nt constitnendy
SENATORIAL,—"Ye DOnoeracie" of this Sen:.
atorial District have nominated Mr. S. Ries-
ARO PEALE, ,of Clinton /Co., fur Senator. Mr.
Peale Is only known to, our people as one of
the gentlemen who cable to Wellsboro after
.Symour's election in 1862, and had a very
hard "Drunk ;" he is 9lso said to have toasted
Jeff Davis. Mr. Peale is one of those Plum
less, pleasant men," Whose forte is anointed
locks and pomatum. I He commenced with
medicine, abandoned that for law, did not
succeed, and tried theology. That proving
too much for, his head be returned to law, and
now desires to try legislation. Not any,
thank yon.—Agitatort
The Agitator seem to know the Cop's*can
didate for Senator. Well, we felt somewhat
diffident about discussing his - case for fear
our remarks might ;be attributed to disap
pointment in not having Hie nomination given
to our friend residing,, , in Potter—however
this need not trouble the Cops of the other
counties. "We are always willing to spend
our money where there is a hope of success,
but where there is no hope and devilish little
honor, ws prefer to be extused."—Our main
reason for copying this item is to let our peo
ple know that there is another candidate in
the field for the Senate. 'Tis true, be is one
of the kind called ''soggy," but then, he is
not to blame, he is in the same condition with
the little contraband who was being twitted
about his color, "he was born so."—They had
a "banquet"—in other words "a grand drunk'
—at the Fallon Hohse, after the nomination.
That.was well. We love consistency, and it
is j so seldom it is found in the ranks of the
Opposition that we cannot help being pleased
with it no matter what form it assumes.
The copperhead organs now claim to be
the especial friends of the men whom
they styled only six months since, Lin
coin hirelings." In order to show who
the real friends of the soldier are we pre
sent a list of the copperhead Counties
where nominations have been made, by
which the reader can examine how many
of the men who exposed their lives to.
rebel bullets,haye been put in nomination
in•sueb counties. We shall only take
such counties where "nominations are
considered equal to an election." This
array of facts show that wherever a soldier
could be elected by party strength they
have been shoved asido'for some man who
haailone his Oiliest to destroy the Gov
ernment, while the soldier risked his .life,
and limbs to protect the same. Read the
list carefully :
Clarion. and:Jefferson.
The sohlice stood tic , chance for any
office in this dark Copperhead region.
!Adams County .
This county gives, Usually, a Copper
head majority ; not a soldier was honored
with a nomination.
1 1 l Lycoming County.
T e'notorious Piatt leads the ticket in
this county. Soldiers have no sympathy
wit such men.
Fayette County.
Another Copperbead,!'border county"
could not help the men who defended
their lives and property.
NO -Ih - umber/a l ncl County.
Under the lead of "Purdy" the soldier
was left out in the cold. No office for
hitn in that county.
Centre Comity. ' ,
The leaders of the Democratic batty
here have given the soldier the cold thou/-
der—none were nominated.
ll'esentoreland County.
The largest Copperhead county in the
west, has no love for men who save the
country. No office was awarded to the
luzerne county
There was'no use for a soldier to ask a
morsel of bread from the party in this
county. The "Lincoln hirelings" as they
call the soldier, must stand back. I I
S~huy/Icill county.
- The county of Copperhead riot and
murder hap no sympathy for her returned
heroes. Not the smallest office was award
ed them in this county.
Bedford county.
This nest of treason would not permit
the name of a "Lincoln hireling," as the
copperhead organs call thetton the ticket
Carbon and A(onroc
This citadel of Democracy cast the
soldier aside although there were bun•
dreds of loyal Democrats from that Dis
trict who had spilled their blood on the
battle field.
Bcrks county
A single solitary soldier presented 111 s
name before-the convention 'for a minor
office, but he was rudely taist aside:
' Northanzptou county:
This county sent a large number of
soldiers, but they are given no offices and
since their return are treated worse than
the rebels treated them.
Ciembria county
This stronghold of copperheadistn has
not a soldier on their tioket but rettomi•
nated one of the men for the Legislature
who used his; talents to obstruct the op
eration of the Government and disgrace
the soldier, and then' refuse to support
the returned' hero.
Motttgonte27/ county.
Sent hundreds °flier loyalsons to the
front, under the gallant General Hartranft
but when they returned they were thrust
aside to make roam for the old office.
holders ) who enjoyed the loaves and Uzes
whilst they were fighting.. No soldier
received a nomination.i
Franktin. county
This "border county," which cast ber
votes, the last two. bears back for, the
rebels, could not be induced to place . in
nomination any of her sons who bad risk
ed life and; limb to save the country; but
the candidates for Senator and 'Member
are of the stamp who hate" Boys in blue."
Lehigh count✓
Another rebel stronghold has - no sym
pathy for, a soldier. The loyal men of
this county came nobly to 4the support of
the Government in filling the ranks, but
when they
,came home, not the smallest
office was; in store for them.
Clearfield count"
The home of Wm. A. Wallace, the
Chairman of thetopperhead State Cen
tral Cotrimittee—the residence of 33i11
Bigler—bad no office for the soldier; no,
not one, , but has insulted every friend of
the solder by the renomination of T. J.
Boyer for the Legislature, a man who
opposed every act that expressed the least
sympathy or aid for him -- Telegraph.
It is admitted, on all sides, that Maj.-
Gen. - Meade's great victory at Gettysburg
saved Pennsylvania from utter devastation
and not doubt rescued the, other middle
and Eastern States from invasion by an
infuriated horde of drunken rebels. The
battle of Gettysburg was one of the most
brilliant achievements of the,.age, and the
glory which Verde won on that occasion
was shared by every gallant soldier who
fought under his summand. Yet, in the
face of these facts—convinced that nieade's
victory had saved the homes and firesides
of Pennsylvania, from desolation, blood
and polution—it was reserved far
the copperheads in tb4 Pennsylvania Sen
ate to oppose and defeat a;resolution ren
dering thanks to Gen. 'Meade and hie
army, for their great service on the battle
field. !Re following extract from the
Legisbuive Record for 1864, page 24,
places the Copperheads in :their true po
sition of ingratitude to the soldier :
Mr. M'C'ANDLESS. I offer the fol
lowing resolution
fie s' olved, That the people of Pennsyl
vania, through their representatives ten
der their profound and bartfelt thanks to
Major Gene4l George G. Made And the
Army of the Potomac, for relieving our
native State from the tread of tire rebel
hordes, and• hurling them back from the
immortal field of Gettysburg, and while
we thus tender our thanks to the noble
living, we revere,the memory of the im
motal dead who sacrificed their lives on
the holy altar of their beloved Country. i
Oa the question, Will the Senate prol
eeed to a second reading of the resolution? !
The yeas and nays were required byl
Mr DO:NOMAN and Mr- STARKE,and,I
were as follows, viz :
YEAS—lgess;rs. Chatopneys, Connell,
Dunlap, Flentiog,Grahato, Hoge, House
holder Johnson, Lowry, M'Candless,
Nichols, Ridgway,Turrell,Wilson,Worth
ington and Peony; Speaker-16—Ali
Repu oilcans.
NAYS—Messrs. 13eardslee, Bucher,
Cl,yiner, Donovan, G . fatz, Elopkina,Kinsey
Reilly, Smith Stark Stein and Wallace--
So the question was determined in the
Can any soldier support the candidates
of a party thus ungrateful for victories
won by tno sacrifice of many hundreds of
noble lives ? We believe there is no sol
dier in Pennsylvania,wWcan be seduced
into the support of the candidates of such
an organization, and when William A.
Wallace, Chairman of the Copperhead
State Central pcimaittee, appeals to the
soldier for his vote, be will Ibe answered
with indignation by every hero who fought
at Gettysburg : "You refused to render
vie a vote of thanks for services zn which
rny wasput at peril, and now refuse
to vote for candidates in 1 010 SC success
your basest political purposSs are at stake
Such will be the reply of all soldiers to
all copperheads seeking their support be
!cause the copperhead party throughout
Pennsylvania endorsed the action of the
copperhead Senators during thei3ession of
Xr - An army surgeon in Arkansas tried to
hire a barefooted. native as, an errand boy.—i
The astonisherflad eselaimed,."Work Why
`can't work, I'm white."
. I Vote Early .'...- .1
Having sold my interest in the Mercantili
businesS to CEIAPPEL Brothers, (who . ard
'soon to—fill up with Goods, here and at
Irigses,) I am prepared to give my attention
more eichesirely to
'Writing Deeds, Contracts and other . Reitl
Estate'business for Residents or Xori-Roli-
I have a tip-top Blackmun's ready
to do most anything appertaining to his
Trade, as well and as Low Priced as can be
found in the County
&c., &c
Brookland, Pa., Aug. 29, 1865;
Winter Goods
yOUR atttention is invittd to the large and
attractive stock just received, - and for
sale as low as the same qualltieseen be bongbt
anywhere in the county. .
We kave on hand a large and arid se
sortment of Domptie Cotton; Co'nrazs . ing
TIMINGS, and: '
• COTTON FLANNELS, on - which - we
cannot be undersold.
We purchase our goods for' Cash and offer
them ate. very small advanee' ,
From Cost.
IF Sou :cant to purchase
BLUR, or
At Olmsted's.
....a full supp i ky
At 01131sted's.
DONe to e
T ie ! before t purchasing and
At . aimsto's
FOR Men Women & Children, in great ca.
riety and cheap
At Oimsted,s
For Molasses, syrup, Sugar, Tea sad Coffee,
in fact everything in the:Grocery line,. calt—,
A full assortment of alrnos, everything than e
kept in a country store on band. We,intend
to, keep Goods that will give satisfaction and
sell good articles at the lowest living profit:
Grain of 1.11 Mafia, '
Butter, Woo),
Sheep Pelts,Turar
Deer Skins: ,
dounty, Township and School Orders, tot; a
of which the highest prices Will be paid
At °lnflated's
Coudersport, Pa,Nor'r 18, cow
.' -
A. Most Important Discovery.
A - ATE are making a single machine which
:1 V combines the best and cheapest pee
able Wine and Cider Press the dryest GNUles
Wringer, and the most powerful Lifting Jack
in the World. It is the only press adaptedio
making Apple Champaign, which is now re.
.garded as one of the most important aiscot•
eries of the age. A good agent wantedi 3
every county, to whOru we will hold ont'satb
inducements as to insure Szoob before Chris
tries. The first one making application iron
any county shalt have the excluives agent!.
Pull particular; terms, etc., by Circular. I
Address,. "BALL, RtED 4. CO.. ,
No. 55, Liberty St., N. I.
P. A. Stebbins & Co.
A RE AGENTS for the ettle of,
MACHINES for Potter county •
NoVr 16, '63