The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, July 19, 1865, Image 1

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    VOLUDIE rfII.--NITER 14. ,
H. W itreAlarney, Proprietor.
$1.50 Pa YE &B. ) issatuAint IN'ADTANTE.
* * *Devoted to the cauze of Republicanism,
Of/ interests of Agriculture, the advancement
of Education, and the beat good of Potter
:minty. Owning no guide except that of
Principle, it will endeaver to aid in the work
of more fully Freedomizing our Country.
ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the following
rates, except where special bargains are made.
/ Square lines] 1 insertion, ---SI 50
3 __ _ 2 00
Each subsequent insertion less than 13, 40
1 Square three months, 4 00
,s‘ Six 's iOO
1 " nine •" 10 00
1 " one year, .
1 Column six months,-
I " ".per Scar.
Administrator's or Executor's Notice,
Business Cards, lines or less, per year 5 00
Special and Editorial Notices, per line, 20
* * *All transient advertisements must be
paid in advance, and no notice will be taken
of advertisements•from a distance, milers they
are accompanied by the money or satisfactory
teferenee. .
*,*,Blanks, and Job 'Work of all kinds, at
tended to promptly and faithfully.
- -
Fine and Accepted Ancient York Masons.
EULALIA LODGE, No. 842, F. A. M.
STATED Meetings on the!2nd and 4thltiednes
days of each month. Also Masonic gather
ings on every Wednesday Evettint . .. for work
and practice, at their Hail in Coaderf,.i.ort.
M. SC. Mcitanscv, StCy.
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several
Courts in Potter and 31'Kean CO u ;ties. Aul
lousineAs entrusted in , his care will receive
prompt attention. 6:lice corner of West
and Third streets:.
- -
Coudersport, Pa., will attend. to all businesd,
vatriisted to his care, with rprc atptnes and
Ileaty.. Office on Soth-west comer of Main
and Fourth streets. • •
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pe., will
attend to ell,business entrusted to him, with
care and promptness. ,Office on Second st.,
near the' Allegheny Bridge.
F. W. .K.NOX,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will
4 .
regularly attend the Courts in Potter and
- the stl'oinitig, Co• nties.
PrtAdTICNq PHYSICIAN, Coe.dersport,
respectfully informs the citizens of the vil
lage-and vicinity that he prom ply re
spond to nil calls for professional services.
Office on Main st., in
.building turmeric oc
.cupied by C. W.,Ellis, Esq.
C. S. S: E. A. JONES,
Oils, Fancy Articles, Stationery, Dr:: Good: ,
Groceries, kc., Main st., Cduderspart,
D. E. OL)ISTt:D,
Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, &c., st.,
Condersp On, Pa.
Dt ALER in Dry Goods,Groceries, Provisions.
Hardware, Queensit - are, Cutlery, and all
Goods usditllv found in a country Store.—
CaUdersport, "Nov. 27, ISGI.
D. F. GLASSNILIIE, Proprietor. Corner o
gain and Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot
tfir Co., Pa.
A Livery Stable is also kept in connect
tionl with this Hotel. •
WARE, Main st., nearly opposite the Court
%louse, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware made to order, in good style, on
short notice.
HILLER, J C m'ALlrtssy.
AGENTS for the Collection of Clait .s
against the United States- and State G 7-
tranients, suet: , as Pension, Bounty,
of Pay /cc. Address Bor, llarrisburg, Pa.
Pension Bounty and War Claim
• Agency.
PENSIONS procured for soldiers of the
present war who are disabled by reason of
wounds received or disease contractracted
while in the service of the United Stases ; ac d
pensions, bounty, and arrears of pay obtained
for widows or heirs of those who have died
or been killed while in service. All !elle? !of
inquiry promtly answered, and on receipt by
mail of a statement of the ease of claimant I
will forward the _necessary papers for their
signature. Fees in Pension cases as axed by
• I
Ratenzmwes.--Tion.. ISAAC BENSON' ' lion. A
G. OLEITID, J. S. lass, Esq.. F. W. KNox,
Claim Agent Couderport Pa:
Sane 8, '64.-Iy. •
lalStA gES . of the: Nervous, Seminal, Urina
l! ry and sexual ike stems—new and reliable
treatment—in reports of the HOWARD Ay_
SOGLATION—sent by mail in sealed letter
enielopes, free of charge. Address, Dr. J
BITILLIN HOUGHTON, Howard Association
Sloth Vitt Ifrtirset, Phitaeielphia, Pe.
13 ty 1564.
o !'■N s - • - - ' -- -__4irl ' '"- - 7.1 -_ii's :I' ••, 7 1 5 :
1 ,
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0 _ ...
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_ 9
i ~
tAs`sung at the CelebrittiOn of the Fourth
in this place, by the "Olmsted Drio.ade."
Oh cheery rang, the church bells that told the
fall of Lee, [Victory!
And merry roared the cannon, that thundered
But merrier now the bellS ring, the cannon
lo i uder boom, [come home.
For brighter now the pboTingits the boys
For the cruel war is of Or, i and the boys are
coming home. .—Yes, the boy are coming borne,
For the cruel war is over and the boys are
coming home !
We waited, ah ! st e waited, as the weary
yet,r.3 treat ; r!twas but.u. sigh,
Oar prayer, 'tIV.II3 but a roaning ; our song,
No sunny* rays of glae .. nesi, our land was
draped in ,gloom, [boys coming home.
For we yearned to see the ending, and the
Thar.k od, Oh, what a blessing! see the
boYs are coming home.—Cno r ats.
12 00
30 00
17 00
10 00
0) 00
3 00
WI at Lilo our bo7s come wounded', and. many
- a hastlY scar , - [of the war ;
TI ese ar their marks of glory, the trophies
W ...II be heir hands and feet, yes, and voices
to the dumb ; 1 I [boys come home.
Then let' z.. 71 out for them a welcome, as the
The c; VeL. it is an hallo: to the boys corn-.
I litiete C,o,c- r
But ah, t le dead, the absent; who will come
homen6 - rnore:— [plain and shore ;
The true th 4 brave who moulder, on rebel .
Be hushed 3 'c cannon peal, acid disturb ye not
the tomb .[ {eorne home;
Of the heroes who will never with the Boy
They sleep p.far in glory, while the boy
. a i•
. I
Our Flag,: our tarryS Daitne7, it speaks to uri
to-do y, I [torn in tears away
It 'Fpeahs from "Sumter's walls, whence 'twas
Bait oh, what oiee it utters, .tho . torn with
, hot.', am: bomb, [coming home;
As it leads 411- gallant fellows, the boys
In !_i is invp .) - happy morattri as the boys
are edming Lome.—C , oars.
Then njOy this Nanny moment no lo^g,er
lake dtlaly: ~ , [day.
And, lift roar 1 ands to God in; gratitude to-
Wives, mother.. 'sisters join mi, fiere ale your
darlings Come; [werecoruing home !
Even Yietoti - fsvhs w9rthlessT till the boy - s
Till ills el-III:fir was over and the boys
i The - Li Stands' Revenge.
Somewhere about the year 1535, Wll
- Bradwa , a young man of five and
twenty, then icing in the interior of the
State of New 'ark, left his family consist
In& of a wife nd two small' children, and
t o
went south od a tour of speculation: He
{ was sbseut nearly a year, and, stated on
his (return; that he bad been very success.;
ful and had purchased a place on the
Red ricer whither lie proposed to move his
family, and there settle, perhaps for life.
Ris wife - pleased with the novelty of the
• change) readily- assented to the new ar
`rangement, and, las soon as their Northern
affairs were pr&erly settled, they set off
for their new, hoine, which in due course
of timed they reached in s.afet3-
; But Mrs. Bradway was sadly disap
pointed il findirig the place so diffe'ient
from what she 'ilia pictured in her fancy.
The settlement Was new, and everything'
' was rotiqh.' The houses, many of them
were built of logs, and even the best o
them lieked Ithe- finish of her Northern',
home, hile'jthel,furniture was generally
of the piltinest and coarsest description,
and scanty at that. But worse that all
the rest! were the inhabitants; composed!
princip Ili of rough specUlators, negro
traders, gamblers, and outlaws from dif- I
t ,
&rant natters ' with such' females and •
children as looked to them for support.- 1
Mrs. - Br decay, who had been well educa-.
ted anbrought up in 'refined society,n am
sought i vain them for suitable
cl il
associates and companions, and, being a
stranger ,in n'4s,trange land, soon' became
depresie !aid hemesiek. Under the
peculiar ciretimstances; she unguardedly
made some re4narks not complimentary to,l
the Place and its inhabitants - and thesell
bein* reported
1t ;with such additions audit
i .
exaoerations l as . scanda!-mongers generallii
ustafor embelhshments, she soon found
herself surrounded by open enemies, andl
subj(.4cted to some petty annoyances and''
,persecutione s.nchas little,malicions minds
delight- to :nflint upon those they secretely
believe Ito, he I.teir superiors, and both
envy and hate for that cause
. Six months had not passed away ere
William Bradway felt the necessity of!
rimovipg his family from thht unpleasant;and lawlesS locality, and this he was pre-
paripg to do, when an awful tragedy oc
eurrcd,which changed the peaceful man
intd a:bloody avenger. Some business
at neighboring settlemept'ealled him
from home fora couple of days and on his
return he found his house ashes, and
learned that his wife and children had all
been murdered under the Most atrocious
andjaggravating circumstatees—his poor
Wife, previous to her tbre6t being cut,
hat}ng been subjeCted to treatment worse
thiin death by the Mice ruffians concern
. .
edl ha the horrible, affair.
To a fond husband and father this was
terrible blow : and for a day and a night
Dradway remained beside the
ih smoking ruins of his dwelling, some
the time walking slowly around them
yth bis !eyes bent 'on the graund, and
e a the time st-tain' and a
Debote io fftz ?i•ißoipies of Itte kJillocileg, tha kissekillpfroil of Voi.4lity, Ei/Zhittiv . QqD WADS.
L I , i
C LIME • -0 ; I • WELVESDAY IDLY 1% 1865
them with an abstracted air, as if he were
i,ecalling the past, or looking into the
future. He bad shown no violent sorrow
even at the first, but had received the
tiwful intelligence as one mentally stupe
fied—as one who could not clearly believe
the facts and comprehend the -whole ex
tent of his loss. It was observed that his
features suddenly became deadly white,
even to his lips,- and then gradually
changed to a livid hue, which remained
without alteration,and without* being
4fterwards tinged y ;even the slightest
"Who'did it ?" he inquired, in a tone
of unnatural ealtanese.
Three men were named—Geor g e Ear
baugh, James Fawcet, and John Ellery.
These men were known as gamblers and
had been suspected of being robbers and
murderers. They did not live in the vil
lage, tut had visited it occasionally, and
one of them had, some time previously,
had a quarrel with Bradway, and threat
ened revenge, though the latter little
dreamed at the time that anything so
terrible was meant as - had been mom-
I It is but justice to say that,thongh the
13radways, as previously mentioned, had
Made themselves very unpopular in the
place,tliere were very few of the residents
who opens sanctioned the horrid crimes
that had been committed, and there were
some who boldly expressed a hope that
the vile perpetraters would yet meet with
a just punishment ;, bat though the rut . -
Eans had made no secret of their fiendish
;deeds, and had even boasted of them be
fore they left the place, no one had made
i any attempt. , to arrest or detain them,and
they *d bone, no one knew whither.
1 It aout ten o'clock in the morning'
'that William Bradway first saw the ruins
!ofhis !home, and heard, the awful news 1
! i of his irreparable loss ; and all through
ilthe remainder Of that day and the night!
!which followed it he conducted himself
in the manner we have described, seem
ingly taking no notice of the curious ,
igroups that gathered around him, and re
plying to none of the idle questions put
to him.l •
The neat morning he went into a neigh
bor's house and asked for something to
eat, which was given him. He offered to
I pay for this but the man of the house de
clined to:receive any money, - and, - with
expressions of sympathy, invited him to
make his home there for a few days..
"No," returned Bradway, "I intend to,
(leave to day!'
"You don't leek as if you'd got strength
to go far;" said the man in a kindly tone.
"I have that within which will sustain
me," replied Bradway. •
He then inquired into the particulars
of the awful tragedy and the direction
I taken by the Murderers:L.-speaking calm
!ly to all the replies—his features( the
while retaining their unnatural,livid hue,
and displaying no signs of emotion, save
perhaps now and then a preceptible quiv
er of ,the bloodless lips._( As he passed
I . through the villiage, aft?r taking leave of
his family, he was several times stopped
wanted to enter
ibv different parties who
. .
';into conversation with h' in and find out
:what the intended to do, I: , iat he gave them
Lonly evasive answers, and slipped off as
quietly as possible.
!It was about tiro mouths after this
thatt George Ilarbaugh, 'late one night,
was picking his way through the , dark
streets of Nacogdoches 'from a gambling
house to his loth , ings, when a man came
pup to him and quietly said : "Good even
ing, sir !"
"Who're you,? and what ,d'ye want 7"
demanded the ruffian in a gruff,snyly tone
at the same time thrusting his right hand
into his bosom as if to draw a pistol.
"Do not be alarmed, sir !" returned
the stranger; "but permit me to ask you
one or two questions. In the first place,
is your name Gee. Etarbaugh ?"
"Well,what of it,whether it is or nt?
was the uncivil demand.
"If it is, I owe you something,, which I
wish to pay." returned the stranger;
"and if it islnot, perhaps you can put me
in the way to find the person I seek 7"
"What d'O you owe me for and how
much ?" inquired the gambler, taking his
hand from his bosom.
"I am right then, in supposing, I ad
dress George Harbaugh himself ?"
"Tex, that's my name. What's yours,
wher'd we ever meet before Y"
"If I am not mistaken," pursued the
stranger, "yon with two companions,were
at the 'silage of , on the Red river
on the night of the sixth of September
last ?"
"Ho! what's this ?" cried the ruffian
springing back, and again thrusting his
hand into his bosom. ' ,
He bad not time for more, ere with a
flash and a crack a ball passd
his breast. As he staggered and fell
shoutin.s , murder,a sharp knife was draWn
across his throat and tbe name of Wil tam
Bradray hissed into bis dying car. ,• It
was the last earthly sound he ever b l ard.
He was f and murdered, but his assassin
was lig iscovered. ' '
Daring the winter following, James
Faircet went among the Choctaws to pur
chase horses. While tradint , b with -the
indians he fell in with a smalldealer,who,
for la trifling consideration,offeted -to assist
him in taking his horses to the settlement
some tvrojhundred miles distant, whore
he expected' to dispose of them at a heaVy
profit. The bargain was struck,and,with
fifteen horses, James Favraet sot off with
his assistant through a lOng stretch of
wilderness. lOn the second night, as the
gambler and murderer sat smoking before
the campfire,{ he was suddenly startled by
finding a nooSe dropped over Ibis head and
shoulders l and drawn around his body, so
as to pinion his arms. la.' Jess than a
minute notwithstanding a vigorous re
sistanca on his part, he lay stretched on
the earth as b.elplos as an infant.
"What's the meaning of this ? Do you
intend to murder me?" he demanded in
a voice made tremulous by fear.
"I suppose you do not recollect ever
having seen me before-yOu opt me in the
Indian village)" said the man who bad
been acti c' n. , as his assistant, as he now
stood over his prostrate form.
of course not ! where had 'I ever
seen you before ?" replied Fawcett
The other removed a wig of long hair
and a patch from one eye,aini than quick
ly said : "Do you know me noW?"
"Well, it does seem as if Iliad seen
you before, but I can't tell where'," said
the ruffian.
f"Do you remember the woman and_
children you helped to murder on the 6th
of ;hat September 7"
"Ha ! you're Bradway !" cried the vil•
lain, in a tone of despair.
William Bradway, at your service--
the same in name as when you knew me,
bat not the' same nature. Then I would
not have harmed you ; 'but now I would
execute the vengeance of a wronged hus
band and father."
"Mercy 1" gasped Fa*cet.
"Did you show any 7"
"You will not murder mo?"
"You must die; I have sworn it. I
have followed you to rid the earth of a
monster. Harbaugh fell by my hand ;
I shall not spare you, and then to hunt
down John Ellery ! Say your prayers, if
you have any to say, for your minutes are
numbered I" •
"Mercy, mercy 1" graped the terrified
The avenger made no further reply,but
deliberately proceeded to fasten a rope
With a noose, around the neck of Fawcet.
This done, he dragged him to a sapling,
bent it over, secured the other end of the
!rope near its top, and let it go.
With a wild unearthly yell, the second
I murderer was jerked up from the earth,
landdangling, swinging, and strug-
I gling a f l ew feet from the ground. Brad
way looked calmly on, S till the body be
catrie still in death; and then, mounting;
Ibis own horse, he rode swiftly away,leav-1
ling the other horses and the money onl
the person of the dead man, to whoever/
might find them.
It might have been six months after!
the terrible death of the ruEl.4 just re
corded, that two men sat in a private
room of a gambling den in NatCh.ez,play-1
inc.' cards for money. l'iles of i gold and:
silver and rolls of bank notes were on the;
table, between the men, and each wasl
staking his money freely, and aPparantlyl
considering nothing but how to beggar'
the other by his superior skill or knavery.'
"You know,"said one of the two men.
"that we arkto play till one of - us wins
"Suppose we take'anotber drink on it!"
"Agreed ?" ..
A bottle and tumblers stood on the"
I table just behind the first speaker, who
1 go up and turned round and poured out
; two glasses—his companion, Who bad the
deal, improving the opertunity as well as
he could to arrange the cards so as to give
himself a winning hand. The man who
poured out the liquor, now handed one to'
the gambler at the table and held
:other himself ready for drinking.
' "To the choletja 1" he saidaaietly nod
ding to the other—for the malady had at
that time begun its work of. destruction.
"To - the cholera be it' then, and let - it :
do its work 1" I cried the gambler, With
forced bravado ) turning_ somewhat . pale,
and tossing off his glass at one gulp. .
The 'zither drank quietly, replaCed the
two tumblers, and resumed • his :seat at
the ganabling‘board. For a few minutes
there was not remark made, except what
concerned tble_game ; and then one who
had partially packed the cards,as he raked
down a large sum he had just won, said,
lookin& up, with an expression of alarm,
"By heavens 1 I feel very strange 1" •
1"You look very pale," returned the oth
er—"l thin you are going to die."
"Well, - you're a pretty comforter, I
must say I"
"I think 3.-ciu will find me so presently."
"Ah ?" gianecl the gambler, dreppinrr!
the cards and clasping his itomaah with
both hands, i'l. am on fire inside."
"Of course' -you are.!" • , _. -
How l of aurae ;What do you koovil
about it ? Have I got the cholera?" de
manded the gambler somewhat fiercely.
"Listen to Inc a few moments, and you
will know cuoi understand all. There
were once thr e companions named Geo.
Harbaugh, James Fawcet, and John
Ellery. A little more than a year ago,
they murdered an innocent woman and
two children, in the village of ;while
the husband and father, William Brad
way, was away.. When he returned and
learned all the hcirrid particulars,he swore
a solemn oath that he would never rest in
peace till he should have hunted them all
down, and put an end to their guilty
lives. George Ilarbaugh was assassinated
in the streets of .Nacogdoohes, James
raweet Was bung in the west, and. John
Ellery was poisoned in Natchez."
"But lam John Ellery !" cried the
gambler the verY picture of horror.
"No need to tell me that, who have
hunted yon to your death !" said the oth
er. lam William Bradway r'
"Good Heaven 1 am I then poisoned?"
shrieked the 'wicked man, as new pangs
seized him. i
"Yes, beyond hope in fire minutes
you be a corpse."
"Murder !—help !" the dying mma be
gan to cry. •
"None of that!". said Bradwav
;At. or I._ _ ;y,spring
log upon hint like a tiger, and foreit , a
hankerchief into his mouth, which he
held there till the-man fell down in spasms
when he turned to the table and quickly
seleote,d his own money from ther gam
bler's and put it in his pocket.
The poison was quick and sure and in
less than half an hour from his last drink
of spirits the murderer was a corpse.—
Waiting only to be certain of his !death,
Braciway went down stairs: and told some
of the people of the house that hi l s com
panion either bad the cholera or bad fall
en down in a fit, and they had better go
up and see to bim. He then hastened
down to the river, got on board the first
passing steamer, and before night was
may miles away from the Beene of his
last act of vengeance.
William B i radway subsequently went
to Texas, joined a band of rangers, and
was finally killed in a fight with a party
of guerrillas ob the western frontier. His
companions all spoke of him as a quiet
determined man, sho was never known
to smile.
—On Monday, while A Lancaster soldier
who had just returned from a four years'
campaign in the Army of the Potomac,
I vas viving the result of his observations
id the Peninsular campaign of 1862,
!which he was an actor, he incidently re-I
' marked that General Grant could do more I
work in as hour than Gen. McClellan
could do in months. There happened to
Ibe a trio of Copperheads' present, one of
whom putting in practice the teachings
lof his organ, remarked, "that's one of
iLineolYs hirelings/I" Although the ari
-1 thor of the insult was half as big again as
ithe soldier, the laaer, in less time than
it takes. us to write it, administered a
I severe pnniShment-to the - offender and
I commenced on his companions who
sought safety in a hasty exit out of the
back door. In the afternoon a third,
parLy undertook to revenge the punish.
meat of his friend ,but was c,lisposed of
about as quickly as the original offender,
and was glad also to• beats hasty retreat.
It is in such breaches of the peace as
this that we see the fruits of
° ;the teach
incrs of those tory organs which denounc
ed the Union soldiers as "Lincolif i s hire
ling" and stigmatised ' the i President
where the soldiers so devotedly loved,as a
"tyrant" "usurper," a "Caligula" and a
"Nero." When their organs ;indulge in
this style of infamous aspersions with
impunity, their more ignorant dupes very
naturally takO `up and use the offensive'
language thuS put in their mouths,know.
ingthat no soldier of any spirit will sub
mit to such insults. Such breaches of
the peace,bolvCver ought to be prevented,
and every graduate of the tory school i
who attempts to . befkl a soldier with such
epithets, should be at once arrested and i
punished by law far inciting a breach ofj
the peace. It wouldle almost impossible
to find a jury that Would not convict such
appell in gs of Booth:—Lancaster Express.l
A moveuieht is on foot, with ex-Gov.
Pollock at thS head of it to provide a
' home for disabled soldiers, and their or.
phans. It contemplates the purchase of
several ,hundred acres of land at some
suitable locality, for light agricultural
putsuits, prodded with worlishops,seheol
house and chttrch,where our brave &fen•
des who have been disabled, can enjoy
the comforts'of a home
Som - rrurNG Cuttro us.—The 'acs
the Icading organ of the rebellion in the
North eingulariy enough advocates the
bestowal of soli - rage upon the freedmen of
the South. That it spealrs by authority
of 60ra party or clique down there we have
no doubt; yet it is perfectly well knoin
that theleadin;: politicians of that see.'
riot], who are getting', back into the: Union
eppozc lr. ;.>avazety.
TMU.--$1.50 PER mrpintk.
A MAN Srior 11. WOnei m CAN
ADA.—Miss Mfinson a school teacher
accompanied by , another young lady &tote
out from Bowmansville,C.W. en the 234
nit., and cont . :di at the house of Janice
Kerr, at. Orono, l , five miles froth this vil
lage. They asked Kerr to take a drive .
with them, and when about two miletc
from there Miss Munson shot 'Kerr frith
a. revolver, mortally wounding him.. She
is now;- in custody. Various rutinus per
vail, but the real animus of the affair is
not known. -
The connt.ry is now divided into,fiVe
grand military divisions. The follivsing
are their names'and conimanders
Military Dikision of the Atlantic.-
3lajor-General ,Meade. •
- Military Division of the.Mississip*.•
Major- G moral Shorman.
Military Division of the Tennessee—.
Major-General Thomas. 1,
Milttary. Division of the Southwest--
Major-General Sheridan.
Military Division of. the Pacifte--Ma.
jor-Gen,eral Halleek
The A,tidersonville Pr!seneiv.
Gov. Curtin, in conjunction with ur
geina General Philips, has procured *re
liable list of the Pennsylvania soldiers
who died at Andersonville, which will
soon be published. Among thh aceonipa-
Dying papers is a list!of Federal prisoners
received at Andersonville, which totals
17,524. Of these 403 took the oath of
allegiance to the , rebels, doubtless to pre
serve their lives from- starvation. Six
of the prisoners were tried by a court
marshal and executed within the stock
ade in one day. The total number of
deaths were 12,884. The highest num
ber of deaths in a single day, the 23d of
August, were 128. The Several lists em
brace only the prisoners confined:lli
Andersonville from February 28th, 1864,
to March 24th, 1805.
'Our Finances.
As everything relating to the wealth,
resources and financial ability of Mir
country, are mattere_of special interest at
the present time, we subjoin a few facts
and figures,taken froura pamphlet issued
by Messrs. Jay Cooke &Co. ' and prepared
by Dr. Wm. Elder; of the Treasury De
partment. - -
Our national debt, at the close of the
war, is estimated at three thousand mill
ions of dollars? Our debt, at the eloae' of
the last war with Great Britain, was one
hundred and twenty seven millions of
dollars, which was $14.67 per head Upon
!the entire population,and 7 per cent. up.
'on the estimated value of the coanti.v.--
This debt was pa id in nineteen yearf,and
was not felt by any one.. The average
interest of our debt, including five hun
dred and fifteen and a half millions of
ligreeebaoks" and fractional currency, is
4,35 less than 4i per cent. The wealth
in 1850 (exclnding slaves) was ten thous
and seven hundred millions, and the
Products of the year two thousand eight
hundred and seventy millions, or 26.8
I per , cent. of the capital. Taking, these
amounts and rates as a basis,vie now have •
a result of sixteen thousand one hundred
and twelve millions, and an annal product
of four thousand three hundred tad eight-
een millions, in which . sum the hundred '
and -twenty six millions of interest would
be-2 91 per cent.- Assuming t is basis as
correct, we ahall have a wealth in 1870,
of twenty four thousand two hundred
and eighteen millionsoand an anal pro
ducina capacity of six tho and four
hundred and ninety millions. In 1880
forty eight thousand two hun red and
thirty nine millions, and a p ucing ca
pacity of twelve thousand fifty ine mill
ions, which gives the interest required at
1.35 per cent., or less than one and a
half per cent. of the producing capacity
of the county. '
Our revenue from our internal taxes
fast year was two hundred and sixty
millions, and is estimated at three hut'.
dred and , twenty five millions this year.
slt is computed that the entire debt can
Ibe paid i 5 twenty years from 1870 The
!enormous debt of Great Britain, of over
four thousand millions of'dollars, is only
12 per cent. of her entire, wealth, and
she has carried this heavy burden and
has continued to increase in wealth. And '
as she haS been able to do this, and 1301210
Will question this _fact, how much more
able are ire to bear this debt, and at no
distant 44y liquidate it. We have the
!finest country in the world, abounding in
mineral resources of the richest quality,
and a climate and soil which will produce
ahhost anythine that can heigrown any
Where in , the world. We also' have them
for a vast population; some hare set the
number down at three hundred millions.
We see no grounds even for despondency,
for we think we can successfully elimi
nate this financial problem and pay this
enormous; debt. Industry,' courage, and
faith, are the great trinity under nhich
'we have labored, and by thia sigu We aro
able, to conquer now. _