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-VOLIINE XM--NITMER 14.
v THE • .
poTia - trt JOURNAL -
!!.. 111cAlarny, Ptoprieior.
PE•TEAB, LYVAHIABLT I i 1.1/71INC.E.
.4*DeVted to the cause of 'Republicanism,
the interests of Agriculture, the advancement
Educatirrn; and the, best good of Potter
-county. Owning rip gu id e except of
l'rinciple. it will endearer to aid in the trork
of wore fully Freedumizing our Country.
- IscrarrissitENTS inserted fa the fal l owing
'rates, except where special bartaius are re4lo.
k Square [lO lines] 1 insertion, - - 50
:3 " I sl 50
itch subseqitentijnsertion less than 13, 1 25
% Square three months, ' 1 259
" six " 1 . 4 00
. 1 1
unine 5 50 ' 4 •
i a one year, '- 6 '4O
k Column six months, -20 00
1( ii Id ' 10 00
I MI!!!! E NMI
" per year. :40 00
i 0 It 1:
i .4,-' 2Q 00
Xrainistrator sor Executor's Notice, 200
Business Cards, 8 lines or less, per yenr 5 00
Special and F.ditprial Notices, pe. tine, ..10
* * *All transient advertisements . must be
r aid in adiance, and uo notice:. will be taken
of advertisements from a distance, 'unless they
ire accompanied by the money or- satisfactory .
reference. _ _ . _ _. . _
* 4- Blanks, and Job Wort: of all kinds, at
tended to promptly-arid faithfully.
EULA.LIA. LODGE. No., 342, V. A. M.
STATED Meetings oa the 2nd and 4th Wednes
dayi of etich month. Also 31:isonie gather
ing; on every Wednesday Eye , ling, for work
and practice, at their Mill in Coudersport.
TIMOTHY IVES, IV. M.
SAIIV£I, ileczN, See'y. '
JOHN S. MANN,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several
..Courts . in Potter and :NPRean Counties. All
business entrusted in 'his care Nvill.receive
prompt attention. Office corner of West
and Third streets.
ARTHUR G. OLMSTED,
ATTORNEY .1; COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
Coudersport, Pa., will attend to all business
entrusted to his care, with prornptnes and
ftdc..ity. Office on Soth-wezt corner.of Main
and Fourth streets.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will
attend to all business entrusted to him, with
care and 'promptness. - Oilice on Second st.,
near the Allegheny Bridge.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coiiderport, Pa., will
regularly attend the Courts in. Potter and
the adjoining Counties. •
0. T. ELLISON,
PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudersport,
respectfully. Informs the citizens of the vil
:,lnge and vicinity - that he will prompts re
'pond to all calls for professional services.
Office on Main st., in building formerly oc
cupied by C. W. Ellis, Esq. - ,
C. S. & E. A. JONES;
DEALERS LY DRUGS, MEDICINES. PAINTS
Oils, Fancy Articles,Stntionery Dr:7 Good:
• Groceries, Maio et., Coudersport, Pa.
D. E. OEMs ED, •
DEALER .J.N DRY GOODS, TtEADY-M..1D1.
Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, 3c.3 Main
DEALER in Dry Goods,GrOccries. Orovi.ions
Hardware, tineensware, 'Cutlery', and all'
Goods usuall. found inn country
Couders' on; Nov. 27.'1861.
)r.. W. MANN,
DEALER r. 447 BOOKS A: STATIONERY. 7ITAG.
AZINES and 31n , :ie: N. w: corner of .`tail
end Third sts.. Coudersport. Pa.
D. F. GLASSAI/RH, Proprietor. Corner o-
Main and Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot
ter Co., Pa.
A Livery Stable is also kept in conned
Lion with this Hotel.
- SURVEYOR, CONVEYANCER, Afe., BROOK
LAND, Pa., (formerly Cushingville.) Office
in hie Store building.
TAlLOR—nefirly opposite the Court House—
will make all: clothes intrusted to him in
the latest and best stiles —Prices to suit
the times—Give him a eati.. 13.41
ANDREW SWNBERG S.
TANNERS AND cututtErts.—llide3 tanned
on,the shares, in the hest wanner. • Tan
nery on the east side of Alle;;;Lnv .river.
Coudersport, Potter contv, Pa * J r -Sly 171'61
OLMSTED di, KELLY,
DEALER Iv STOVES, TIN & SHEET IRON
WARE, Main 54., nearly opposite' the Court
Rollie, Coudersport, Pa,. Tin ands. Sheet
Iron Ware made to ordei: in good style, on
short notice. - •
"THE UNION '1
ARCH STREET, ABOVE TBIIID,
UPTON 8. NEWCOMER, Proprietor.
ibis Hotel is central, couvenie..t by 1
Passenger cars to all parts of the city, and in
every particular adapted to the treats of the
° l'erms $l5O per ,lay,
COOIiERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PENN.,
A. 8. ARMSTRONG
'jATING refitted and newly furnished the
AA - house on Main street, recently occupied
by.g. Ricei is prepared to accommodate the
traveling public in as good style as can be had
in tows. Nothing that can in any way in-'
crease'the cortiforts of the guests will be ne
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The Late Naval Bathe !
BA - LT.6IOIIE, Aliireft 9,i 1062.
About noon to-day, the Rebel Isteatu
ship. Merrimac and two gunbtiatls were
seed corninp around Craney head
ed for Newport News, Hair ani 1 our at . -
tsr, :the Naval lookout boat in the Road.-
signalled the fact to the Minnesota and
keauoke, the latter Ca2t. Marsqin,
the i flag-ship. The MitirrYse -. 0.
steam up; th&Roanoke foUr
months with a Lbroken shaft, measures
were• taken to tow her; It iar
time before they ;were
Minnesota leadiug The Rnauok
,Itip.Raps, .was caught
tideland thlf an hour Was . speUt in
her head right main.
The gunboat Whitehall also got under,
way.' Meanwhile, the Merrimac sat.
waking good tithe for Newport News,,
whcre the sailing frigate Congress and
the Cumberland were the only Oral yes
Ise's. :as the - Minnesota passed within
!range of Sewall's Point, that bhtltery
!cued on her. Its fire was retuned rig
orously. The fire being at hiti r .lriange;
no 'perceptible effect was prodtmk.d In
a little more than one hour ftotti getting.
underlway, the Met rimac was Within halt's
a wile of Ncwpurt News., when:the firingl
co m menced. Simultaneously
Movements, the Yotktown and Jatnestown!
(rebel steamers) came down Janus
and joined their lirb with that of the Mer
riMat, Upon the Congress and the Uuni
The precise movenfents that !followed! pre-:, ilk .e m
I zi,,, riot at
atirl s el
of, the a. i ; . etifitny s guns a hull rising but abbot''
the scene was witnessed from the Fur:, I eighteen inches above the water, and a
tress, eight miles clitant. The Merriince
sort of plortello tower, twenty feet in, di- i
past the enpoTess
,aille.,ier, and' ten feet high. The smoke-;
en age the Cumberland, which
seemed to . rroeeed
as ais lsiaek during. action is lowered , into ti, g
hold, it being made with telescopic slide's.'
under the Inc of thel:_orittown and .lames'
rhe Mill is sharp at both ends, the bo
town. ' Our battery at New Post NeWs "
1 projecting and coming to a-poiut at an!
onerted vie•arously on the iron-cla enemy.
angle Of eighty degrees to the verticie;
l'n! about Paltan hour, the ma's sel the
line ' •
six and a half!
Cumberland.. which were.visibie'ove'r the is
ilat. "" °1 " (1 '
feet in !depth, one hundred and twenty- i
puifit of land: Were seen to list finally i
over, proving that she hadsunk—.:-.1
About this time; the Conoresti, ith sails! to p , 6 ' u 4
four feet lung, thirty four feet wide'at the!
is built of light three-eight inch!
.lAnother, or upper.hull, rests on,
spead, was seen to come " down a short]
this with perpendicular apes and sharp!
distance and stop on the Point,a parently ,
aeiround. , , i.ends, five feet high, forty feet fourinehes!
e , ire hundred and seventy-four feet!
, ltaThou after, the Merrimac re- ppeared I wide,
an engaged her at short range long. extending over the sides of the lower!
d ; wed, af
up the ,contest; f ( een dr hull thee feet seven inches,and over eacht
.e 'd twenty-five feet, thus serving as a
der was seen tt ll
protection to the propeller,' rudder and!
lauchorf.. The sides of the upper hull are,(
tWenty minutes, the white liar.; ; f
float over the7C ngressis
deck.. Meanwhile, as ilthe day was fat
. , -
ed to be one of successive disasters to onr .
composed of an inner gua.d-of iron a
ships, the . Minnesota had groutked abmit wall of white oak thiity:inclies thick,
two miles from Newport News,here she
lay:making fruitless endeavOr to gdt
l'r covered with iron armor six inches thick. i
When in readiness for action, the lOw-1
clear.' The B.oanoke, by: this; time, had :er 1 1 4 is totally emersed, , and she upper!
reached • within, two miles of I er; lai i 'r.,lone is (sunk 3 feet 6 inches,' leaving onivi
seine the current of events t u rned bock:118 inches above water: The interior ' isl
The gunboat M vstic. wide d also gonel
open on the bottom liken sloop, the
up, being in a disabled condition on he-
whit:Al.:is 6M:fib-proof, coining flush • with
etiunt of' her builer giving out also turned.' the top of the upper Inall. No railitig•or!
back, towed by a tug. ' , • bulWa r lk of any kind appears above the;
A negro, states tat the M'errimac ran dec.., and i'l
le only thing exposed are the
square into the Cumberland, ! which i m . turretlor eililel, the wheel-house, and the
feediately Went down. The negro statesibox 'crowning the smoke-stack.. The in- }
clination °tithe lower hull is such that al
that Rime of the arm, who swa; ashore,l
ball' to strike it in any part Must pass
said the loss on :the. Cumbe ' land .svas i
!.. ' I through at least 25 feet of water, and
about one hundred. I
arm i l ~ , .?
then s,trike!att inclined iron' surface at an
angle bf about 10 degrees.' . ••In the event!
The following Was received to-night by
Major-Gen.' McClellan from - !G l ea. Wo6l, of the!etien4 boarding the' battery they!
dated Fortress Monroe at 6 ?o'clock this can AO no- liiarni, 29
,the only ebtranee isl
evening:i at the! top ef•the turret or citadel, which
'"fwci hours after my , telegraphic dis- cannot 'easily 'be sealdd, and. even then;
patch for the Secretary of Wart last evin. only one man at a.time can deicend 'into;
`hag, the Monitor arrived. She i mme di. the hall..
;ately Went td the''assistinee . .d the Min- . 0 ' This turret is ' reiolvini ,. .. bombproof
i nesota, which was aground,a
n and i connned fort, stud mounts. two. 11'•-inch'. guns. It
lan until a few inoineuts since.; Early this, is proiecced by, eight _. thicknesses of inch
morning she was attacked• by the Merri• j iron, biterlipuing so that 'at do one 461
kine r autesiovill,_at.d'Yorktimn. Afterl is. ! w
is than one inch thickness Of
1 'oo,4lOttr.Wi9.Q. l fiilci tile.llloroldriv:eg off I joini:! . ' .ii a" hell- provf flat ;roof 'of perfoi•
S.; D. KELLY'
, THE SOIITILIERN CROSS."
Deem not the ravished glory thine, I .
Nor think the flag shall seathlessinmie
• Land of the traitor and the slave!! .
God never set that holf_sign ,
In -deathless light - inning His stars
To make its blazonry divine
A sentcheon for thine itepions wars!
And surely as the Wrong must fai— •
-Before the ererlastingllight;- I
So surely thy
,device 'shall pale l
And . thrirel in the Northern Light
Look: where its coming splendors stream!
The red and white athwart the - bit,
While far above, the unconquered gleam
Of Freed'om's stars is blazingtbro gin
Hark to the rustle find the sweep,
Like sound of mighty wings unfurled,
neeseri'j hosts to help the imperilled
Light in the North ! :Each bristlip.
Of steely sheen a' promise hears;
And all the midnight where they gi
A rosy flush of morning wears
Von syn:ihol of your Southern sizy
Simi' surely mean bnt grief and. 1
Then tremble, As ye raise on high, '
in sacrilege the. Southern Cross !
O brothers! we.entreat in pnin,
.T. , lte ye the unblesed emblem do
Or purge your stnndard' of its stwin,
And loin it with the Northern Cr
lieWoted to Az 2tirp,ipi
COUDERS ,'\ • .. I ,F= ;, WEDNESDAY, Okliplf 19, 1162.
the Meryl' pac in a. sinking condition.f,-:
.waS' t wed by the Ja m est Owt n,. York.'
town; and several smaller boats,
lqiarfolk, o doubt,' if itoSsible, to . 'get' ler
14 the dry dock"for repairs . The Min e
snta is afloitt, , and being toted - tow d
Fort 3.lOnlioPV ." :
The t'io iron-clad vessels fought, p rt
of the tintouchingeach other, non
(4 7 . 7470 moon. • •
trptidag„March 12,1862 ,r - •
The - Old Point boat has arrived. re
. learn through Lieut. Hayward,' that a
dopy 0f'7 7 ,/te Archfolk Day Boole. had reach.
Cd Old 'Point. Contains
gra aces#nt of Saturday'S fight, and pays
a great compliment to the bravery of the,
drew of the Cutaberland. It adthits that
some• of tbe shot from _that vessel entered'
1, the Merrimac. MI shell
ittd wounded Capt. Bueh'anao, who sub
sequentl. died. The Monitor is admitted
be formidable. It sais she appeared
like a bla i tdr. Yankee cheese box - on a raft. •
lThe.Merritnac 'on Sunday was under corn- I
Mtind of patesby Jones. The account is i
tnainly 'confined to Saturday's fight. It
tars some slight . repairs will be necessary'!
to Merrimac. The reason why the',
IMerritzti4 • did not first attack the Con-,I
igress, was bccanse Capt - Buchatian had a'j
.as Paymaster. ;
, n .Lieut.l Wyse, of the Navy, was the first:!
boardi,the Monitor after her fight with''
he Merrimac. Descending through the
Mau-hold, he unexpectedly found hititselfl
in a neat pa.lor confronting'a midshin• '
Man washing blood from his hands at a
stand, and an officer combingliis hair at a
Lieut. erden laid on a sofa'
;;blind a,nd bleeding. " Recognizing Wyse'
'by his voice, he inquired. "Have Idriv
eff that monster ?" "You have."—
!"Theti - am willing to die," said the gal
lea sailbr. Wyse insisted on his gunk
home With him. He is now his 'guest
here. The President who honors fight.
ling men, called upon him last night, and.
nervous!' from his recent affliction, aad
grateful to courage, and sympathetic with
the wounded, burs.t in to, tears: while•greet
inr• the • `7
The following is the description of the
Martittg. as givdn in the Tribune:
Undc:r the act of, Congress passed last
Sunimdr appropriating 51,500,000 for
iron-clad vessels for . the Navy, Captain J.
Ericsson, the world-renowned inventor of
the caloric. engine, presented proposals
fur a baitery to be launched within one.;
hundred ivorkin , days froth the date of
the contract, the impregnability of wh:ch
should 1)e tested before the heaviest guns,
of the enemy, and at the shortest - range..
The contract was signed in October, and ,
on the one-hundred and-first working day:
thereaftler the . „.Monitor was launched froMi
the CO4tinenul Iron Works at Green-,
point, Where she was constructed by C.'
8: Co., under the superiti,-,z,
tendetne of , Thomas F. Howland Of
sof ile P final 1 . 0 of 3ff oNiii9,,gitoltrp
resents to a
- . -s, , ,
ftted' plate4ped - On fogged beatuS,,
inserted the' cylitider,!
1 - • • •
covers' the top: " The slidingf fiateb to this.
coyer is perforatedi,'to give and or
mnsketry fire in• ease the tatteiy is holird 7 :
ed • spur-wheel;-wheel;inches in (tains!
ter, moved by a dorible cytinder Angine;
turns Ae" -- turret," : ntAl ail; a rod
with the iiit;nin: , (*ear of the en-;
! s loe enabling theTgunner - control the ,
'The guns, teitve in forged-IrcislideSl
Icionthe turret; tilie'earriO4i belin. Made
to fit them accrtint,ely: :I ; • - •
Theie guns• Wen furni!..he,d with 400
wrought-iron' shetlJty the; Novelty Works;
each ball weighing pounds and cOst l
• ing - 5-17. The balls were inn& by fog
• ing scptire blocks : !!IA iron ; Which wermaf ,
set-ward turned the CaSt-iton
shot would break jabainst stieli• a vessel*, I
the 3lerrimae, and rhese:slint viere i forged I
for the •espeCial j!prirpolse of smashing
through her sides. 'Lint,! 1V orden
tended, in caSeithe Merrimac did uotl i
come out, to go into Noiloik:harbOr. nod
lay his, -akingside hertitere.- 7 -1
She has. saved hiiii•thattiouide.
.TFIE_NEW .I.I.eqLROAD AftitANGinfE7a.
—The Presiden tiof the lErie Railroad in
his report states that 661 l'ennsylvania
Railroad Cornpan has eotbred ioto pos-1
session of the entire road,. fora teruiof!
nine hundred and ninety-nine years from
the_first day of the present[year, and tjhey I
are bound at all iirues during said terni,l
to work, use, maintain and eliScientlynp.l
erase and keep the same iii publin use at 1
their o7a, cost and riak, with such loco
motives "and cars to be farnishod l arid,
owned by them as,shall be :required: by!
the business' thereof, and to furnih such
facilities and perfornch - nets and
things as av be end properly
required to facilitate the business of the
road. li ,, [
For these exrinnses, riss and services,
the Pennsylvani, Railrord Company are
to retain 'seventy per eetithm tbe,gross
receipts of the read, from soureesl; the
other thirty peri!eentum Oereof to behin ,
to the- Philadelphia and! Erie Railroad
Company, to be( upproßrilte4 to the pay
thent 'of its tidoe:-.sary expenses; andlof
the interests and sinking fu'ild to beentue
due under the several Mortgages, and any
surpluS to form a dividend `fund for the
benefit of stochbolders:--41 - e. • ,
1 . tiAYNtS t TO:9IE SCOF:FE4S.H
Of Mr. llayneS, enloted preaeher,
is said, that sortie timeiafter the :nubliCa
!tiou of his sermon on the te.,tt, "Ye shall
not surety die,",!!two reelliess youn2 men
haring agreed - Aogether: to try ; his
'one of them said, “Father 1-3 a; ;have
sou heard the g : Ood nets?" ; "No," said
3fr. 'Haynes. '.'What; is is izreat
news indeed," Enid thelather, "and if true.
your business : 'That it,?"
again inquired : : Mr.' payries.
said the first, "the•dadil dead.". In a i
moment the old: gentlen...a . replied; lift
,both. hands, and plaeing ; them on
the heads' of tlva young wen, atids..ai4 in a
tone ot solemn .concern, "Oh, pbor frith erless:. children ! what : will become of:
you ?"I. .
I . COUNTERFEIT U. S.. 'TREASURY FIVE
DOLLAR NOT4.—Colpit, l !rfeit fiVe dollar
Treasury bills,iwere put i tn circulation' in
New York cityireecntly. I Ilefe are sotne
particulars, that will readily lead their
detection. T h e 'counterfeits way be
known by the fact that in the genuine
.note the figurelof Liberty an the left end
of the note has ; on, her breast a star or
suu with diverging rays,j ,the centre'of
which is the letter U, and in the U thei
letter S, whilef in the conoterfeit the aim
and the letterslare all omitted.
Robert C. Kirk, late lAeut .: Governor,
of Ohio, has been appOitkd :Minister to
the Argentio& i Confecleration in place of
Robert M. Palmer, resigned in conse
quence of ill Vealtb. I •
hear of iteaitigl a truss. Bot why
should a lady charge 'a f,i. , iotlemati with
stealing wha(she didn't hive-till he gave
it to her—the j l gffe being 'he very' thing
she calls '
The C. ies of Con
gTes.s on _ _Lubin bare
decided . to rep`:rt a bill forithe immediate
abolttino of 81;:c4y the District
' everdej , Johnson has been
ir froth Maryland in place
nnedy, whale term aspires
of ntbony K
in Ma rch 18
testimony relative to the
Gag Stone of a damaging
,'been obtained. . ,
missioned officers captured
hob Have arrived'at .Fort•
at Fort Dot)
So far U lon troops have gained 24
tictories ';-relitels 6.
' There , are Ounterfeit 81's on the Bank
of Panvilic t - ' '
Sli:lelfill ciiitUisi. ttaitti4er..
Brigadier General Francis NV; Lander,
whose : 44(lam death Will' take' the l coun
try, by surprise, and. evoke a 'Universal
feeling Of regret, itrai a native Pr Massa
ebtisette, and in hli, thirty-eighth year.
Ills earliest ,years were marked iby a love
ofadventUrh,' . .ancl,a taste; for the irofes
slm of 'arms, .-:Although .not a)gradirate
of - Was/ Peirit, he was, undonbtediy i ,.onn
ot,the,-ablest Military leaders of th.e preS%
cut unfortunate stru gg le, and w,lis a very
Cour de Lion oti the battle
merable instances have been: related Of ;
his personal - daring, amounting l nknost at;
times to recklessness, and there arc fear;
special ' correspondents who laird not]
`ehrniiiCled instances 4of his manly eour
afie. ;Ilia - name was first made prominent
in connection with an -explorat , ion for al
wagon road to the Pacific some lfew years
since.: At the breaking out-of the pres
ent rebellion he• was appointed by General,
McClellan, -then in Western Firgiaia„ to
be a member of his staff. The brilliant)
exptok,at Phillippi was mainly' clue to I
himself add Brigadier General B.F.K.elly. 1
At•RiCh Mountain his worth again dis
piayedlitself, in the valuable assistance
Which:he ;rendered to General McClellan.
Upon ;General McClellan's appointment
to the ; edminand of the army of the Poto
mac, General Lander accompanied Win,
and proidd a valuable auxiliary- in reor- 1
guniiingj the demoralized and, dispirited
faces: So highly was he esteemed that'
' the Government shortly after despatched
him upon secret service, which he per
formed with credit to his own sagacity,
l and rd the entire satisfactiontif the Pres
pant.' 'Upon his return fro, his foreign
i mission be was placed in command of a
brigade in Gen.' Banks' division, and at
the battle of Edward's Ferry, on the 21st
lof 06tober, he was for the ;first -time i
1 wounded"; being shot in the leg ivhile l
lmallantly cheering forwarcthis men. The
I Wound was of -such' a Serious' character,'
that lie '.was compelled, altheugh relum 1
; tautly, tp relinquish his command for sec-1
' dral- weeks. About three manths since'
lie 'ma l t appointed• Commander Of our forces;
at Romney, lea l On the approach -of the,
irebel General J ac ks on; '
-he'was forced to
a evacuate that position, to prerent himseif
;from .eitt e , ,, outflanked—a movement. ex
! distasteful to himself, and , only,
cuade'ac the iastacco of his onnitnander 1
imehief. It vas but a few ' days since;
i that We chronicled his clashing exploit' t
i Bluomery Gap. Having . heard thatl...al
1 rebel -camp was at that praeddie utarehed '
la distance of . thirty-two miles with his
; four, thousand men, and succeleddcl in sar
i Prising it completely. By' this coup he
i succeeded in capturing no less 'than seven
!teen coininissioned 'officers , and forty-five
jPriVates; losing but two men:; However,
the I wound received at Edward's-, Ferry;
was; still painful, and excited the alarm of)
1 his frienus.and medieal advisers. Gen.
I Lander was a finis bed scholai4 and a gen
; klemari of fine literary taste.S. His was
t'iel true type of the American- soldier.
I earwas an 'emotidn , of which his nature;
was incapahle, and l courage , the strongest 1
impulse of his breast. His sphere lasi
the'battle-field, and his pride the head of,
I his colunin. No other man so justly de -1
; served:the compliment of General gentt, I
I"that he was America's natural-born iol
1 dieV.” -,The nation has few suc h "
to im molate their lives on the altar of
nationality. 'General Lander:was Married
(ess than three years since td Miss J.' M.
Davenport,the distinguished tragedienne,
and a most accomplished lady. Her loss
is the nation's loss, and her 'grielf s will be
shared' by the entice American people,
Gen Shields succeeds General Lander
• BAD POE THE .ow,—The editor of the
Schoharie (N: Y.)• Putrioti thinks the
Federal Government represents the loco
motlie, and seceding. States the cow, in,
the following story :
George 'Stephenson, the cele
brated Scotch engineer, had completed
hismodel of a locomotive be presented
himself before the'British Parliament and
asked the attention and support of, that.
body. The grave, M. P.'s looking sneer
ingly at his invention, asked:.
"Su ,you have made a caryiage to irun
only by steam, hive you?"
'!Yes, my lords."
"And you expect your carriage to'run
,parallel rails , so that it - ,can't get off;
;do you ?"
itYes,' my lords.
itiVell Mr. Stephenson' , let us show
you how . bsurd your claim is. .Suppose
when your carriage is runnieg upon these
rails rat the rate of twenty or thirty miles
an :hour, if you .are extravagant enough
to ,seppose. sueli a thing pbssible, g co*
should gat in its wig. - , Itou can't tarn
out'for her4—what then ?" i; _1
"Then be bad .foi the col ms ,
There is, nova etreaml of _ = trouble no
deep and swift runniog that ire may not
ems oveiit if we h4ve courage-to
!tear ad strength' to pull "f
r... , r~..~i
, - .\-1:::.. , ,iii,..:7,,;.-,::.;:.'3it,
~TONS.-41.00 101:10,1$ IIL
The*Oliiritig is 'an alCSi4ititil ii,tsii
bill rpgited to Cbti'afeis
It ProY4e•9 for.t.bP.lPl4.' 1A*4 1 4 64
President of pammissiotter,
revenue,' with a Arilary,et ;5 - ,90 Mit of.
Ifice , to be hr 'the , tresSury„...l4epillittifeirif;
with'a suitable nUtuber ;
• country is to, divicledi gio,Plesideni
way,direct L into Convenient die;
triers, With ad aesesipr and , celleiater,
pointed- by .the Ptesideni, : fok t epdh alai
trier, , who shall have. „pnwer, to, ofpeini
isuckdeputiet as may be necessary,. , ‘ Thel
bill provides fora duty on apirit i ntrinOlqi
cots of 15_ cents
~Per per, gallon j
,cier, - 81 per barrel . ; atanlcrleaCtobacco;
3 cents per pound, to add when.tnatitufa6.:
tnred 5 cents, and on cigars 5, - ,,10,,and
20 cents per ponnci,,according - fq valeta;
on lard, and linseed oil,; hurtting l Anid;
crude coal - oil, 5 cents,per gallon; refined
ecai oil; 10 cents per gallon ; . ,gas' pt E
I,o'o.cubie feet, 25 emits ; - -banknOttrpa:
per, .2.emats per pound; printing,;paper;
3 Mills Entr pound; salt, 4 (mow per 100
pound; sole leather, 1 eeot. : pet...pnundi
upper leather, tout per poptid;,,and : all
other manufactures n• per centom
toren', ; on, railroad pas:songeragnailla poi
mile ef travel; commutation f tiekots 8
per, cent.; steamboat travel I p mlillper
mile; omnibusea, ferry bbats; and,horse
railroad's 8 per cent. on grosi receipts
from passengers; advertisements,„s.,pei
cent. on amount•of annual, receipts;• fof
use of carriages annually, from-11 to 810
according-to value; gold watches $l.; ail;
ver. ; witchell 50 cents; t each; liCenscd
bankers' $lOO ; auctioneers 820 ;_ whole;
sale dealers $5O; retail dealers in liquors
$2O ; retail dealer; in . goocts $10; pawn
bi-oker.4 $5O; rectifiers 81.0011)reWerl
epo ; inns, taverns,,:graduated se-
Cording to rental,. from 5 to . Bs(i,f,Oing .
blouses $10; commercial brokers ;50;
oOler brokers e2O; theatres $lOO ; ,cir:
cases $5O; bowling all_eys 850, each alley;
wholesale pedlars $5O ; tidier pedlars. 3
t'a $2O; -coal oil distillers 820;, ite. -In;
Comes,.3 per cent on all vizi 6600,:de:
ducting income derived front dividende;
which are taxed .separately
bonds and dividends of liankksindsavinsig
institutions 3 per cent.; payments `of
&doors in the civil, military,..arid naval
service of the United States,l 6C:tiding_
Senatcis and members of Congress; 3,zer
cent. Legacies and distributive shared
of personal property of cleechied Persed4
from 1..t0 5 per ceut., : acCording to tltB
degree of relationship, and'stamp.datied
op all kinds of legal - and Commercial Pa
pers—all patent medicines, telegraphid -
messages, and all goods by expresses..
The bill contains one hundred and licit',
sections, one of.the largest Of any kind
ever liefere prepared, and; on which
months of time , have been beitovied.
Corm.—For every mile that we'le4irci
the surface Of the earth; the tempetaturii
falls five degrees..
-,At forty-five wiles act:
tatice from the Globe, We get be:it:did the
!atmosphere, and enter, strictly epealltibg;
the region of space, whose temperaitire r is
225 decrees belotzero;
reioms in'all its power.. Some idea of this'
intense told way- be termed by ststltig
That the greatest cold obserted Hid
Artie Circle, is from forty to' etzty de
grees below zero,and here many stirprislogg
ffect.'s are produced. • In the olieinkal
laboratory the greatest cold ;bat- .we can
produce is about 150 degrees below zero:
At this. temperature Carborlic.gas bectiffla
it solid substance like snow.
.If tottelidd c
it produces just the Same effect oar : tlw
Skin as a red hot Cinder, it,
fingers like a burn., Quicksilver et. napi4u-s
ry freezes at 40 degrees below zero; alai
is 71 degrees below temperature atvihihi
water freezes. The solid mercury
then be treated as ether metals,:bam_iiier,- -
ed into sheets, Cr trade into spoons; stieli
spoons would, however melt in, water.*
warm as ice. It, is pretty_ certairilliai
every liquid and gas that we areacquiifilit
ed! with would beeCtne - soltd..if e*pciseff
the ,region of space.. The gas :te: light
our streets with would appear like vr3x,l
oil would. be in reality "ad hard•as
pure spirit, which we have never, yet
solidified,, appear like trauiparebt
crystal; hydrogen gas would -be:sOliOn;
and resemble a petal Shotild, abler.
to turn butter in a lathe like
ivory, and the tragraettf . -odoFs or- Bk*
would have to be made bet ; befoe-thiSy,
would yield perfume. These are, a few' of
the astonishing, effects of- Cold
Feet seem to doubf for-a-Motigt(t - 44! '
contentment isl the cause'of
Yet the inverse is bile; ware contented
because we are happy, trot`: bai?Y
cause we are contented.
All men ,heed ; u they hen
ter; if wise men 11 P. r i g73 groupd'i
where, the springs rise, ;ordinary*tp,iiii
the -.lower ”ronods whioli iifitier4
noarish. - - - -
Africans; km rb'y lest frierid - 'ithe"ry
sires thy poti, , rather tbairrhy:oo-#0:3:
~.:1:: v. 't.',l;.";,J