The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, February 12, 1862, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

TUE ,!:...,-,AAIRNAU
Coudersport. Pa.
Wedneedw, Feb. 12,186
It. W. IteALAPSEY, ED/Toli.
1 -i
tu yrom the New York Tribune
Saturday', Feb. B.—Victory and ons
„ of-victory attend the assumption by Pr -
ident iinceln of his constitutional funs.
-dons as Commander-in-Chief of the J A -
my. nna -Niki.. - The country was thril
lesterday not only by the annbuneemi l
of a inciss initiortant triumph in No
'Western. Tennessee, but by the in
tions of new vitality and a more act.
*pint, along , the whole
. enormous line
operations., A few more' events such
the capture of Fort Henry, and the
will be subetantiatly at an end. -
Fort Henry is situated. on 'the east
bank of the Tennessee River, almost
the.State:line of Kentucky and Tena
see. ItcoMmands the river for two mil
It is Mounted with 17 guns, mealy
Mid 34.-poenders; one is a splendid •
,ioa colurubiad.' Some days ago a fl
of gun-boats went frontPal ....., lucah, andi
ter reconnoitering with care, On Thursi
placed' themselves in position, to
number of seven, fur an attack upon
fort.. In the mean time, a large body
uf Union troops, under Gen. MeClerni
was taken to epoini out of range f
the fort, and there - landed, the object n
ingl to .m4e an attack in the ene
rear. Thus matters-stood on Thursf
morning. ' Then Flag-Officer Foote, w
'the Cinetenai, - -St. Louis, Carondel i
and Essiii reserve by th
other.boatit, advanced steadily upon i
fort.. The movement was magnificen
executed—kb° attacking fleet, with qu
unflinching'spirit, railing directly intolt
Very line df the hostile guns, every i
at his post; all eager for the signal
which would set them free to act.
111, the first shot was fired by the I
ciunati ; then the battle went on in ;
est. The ;gunboats steamed to the cl
i quarters, and poured in their shot *il
vigor'of s!ervica and an unerring 1
which must have thoroughly bewildt
the bombarded rebels. The latter
tutted the fire of our guns with dete
ination, and the fight raged hotly tali
at which time Gen. Tilghnm uncondit
ally surrendered, Dleauwhile a forC
, ,
infantry behind the fort, in number a
5,000,.fied with a swiftness peenli r to
the.rebelst when they have not every ad- 1
vantage oil their side, and were hea d i d of
_no o mere. The. Union laud force, hich
,i ;
had ruade.a circut in order to attack the
fort ins the rear, didnot-reacti its des/lane- 1
tion till two hours after the surrender.—f,
So it wilt be seen that this was purely a
naval viel i o4: The enemy lost,asl it is
stated byione authority, five kiiled l, and
ten badly wounded. Out loss was as-fol
lows : On the the Cincinnati, 1 billed
and 6 badly wounded; on the Es4x, 6
seamen and 2 officers were killed, 17 men.
were wounded, and 5 were missing. 1 The
chief portion of this loss was by reason of
a distressing caussity, whereby a! shot
penetrated the boiler of nue of the gun•
boats, causing a number to be (badly
scalded. i Among those was Captain Por
ter, late Of the Pewhatati. Of prise
we took a General, a Colonel, two
tains, and not farnfrom sixty prival
Quite accurate details cannot been
' Its addition to the capture of the Fort,
• our traps have taken another meet im
. portant step in seizing the Memphia and
Ohba, Railroad. - This connects Memphis
with Bcisiling Green by a direct Has, and
the latter,place is thus out off front int
mediate'emuniunioation with its meat im
portant' support.. Another rind; by a
circuitous route connects the two places
Mentioned; by way of Nashville; b t this
is Of little use, and, moreover, a: imple
movement up the Tennessee River from
Fort Henry trill serve to cut off th t road
altio.' 'thus : the rebel forces at Bwlitig
Oieen, ltimbering, it is thought, 0,000,
.are driven to' the wall. Theyl'must fight
• or flee. - Looking at the map of Kentucky
and Tennessee, it will be seen that Pa--
tine.akind BMithland are at the heads of
_, .. , .......
ale: Tennessee and Cumberland Rivers.-
An expedition setting out. from- hie for
seetplitten...naturally strikes, Fortl [ Henry
sit thittAiii; it may then continua till' R .
aute.:.4f . it'he Xailread, as it has dpue, and
ifterw.#42:Antly..Paei ow to , the.naX.t.road
before alluded to. / An expedition moving
franif3Mithlind up the. Catubetland, will
naturally.. attack Dover; a. point r ! correa.•
pending in Situation to Fort Henry on the
TelineOieccand-niaP Ali; if ietibaosee,
ittiii•Mii4 Nesitiillta. • What trioiemeuta
I .44o l ilfri (*jilt tutu es,: lA:#,
. i i • •
clear, heweier 'that a.great and admira
bly contrived plan lies,' been formed; and
that we mast look fur rapid , and impor
tant action in that aeetion. One thing
is certain; that k ,we patebroin thnstrogg
line of the'eneMy'S potation,' upset all his
calettlations, iPficed him, where lie Ault
fight a lust b attle - with 'diieidered for
or purchCse an ignominious safety in flight,
and have put ourselvei in a position to
command• the entire field. .The National
flag is firmly planttd riavOn -Kentucky
and Tennessee, and , we lino* that What
ever work our troops are called on to do
they will do with theietnight, sure °brie- 1
tore. • 1
Frorn — Pert 'Royal *e have exaellent
news, telling US that there too the Union
e•use is nioVinn. on. A. gieat expedition
..t out from' that place ton Sunday, the
1 26th ult.! It comprised 8,000 troops, all
the gunboats and light-draught steamers.
Its destination was Savannah, and it was
thought that Fort:Pulaski would be first.
attacked. Gen. Sherman' was in' com
mand. On. Tuesday, the- 28th, . heavy
cantionadinr , was heard in the direction
ot Savanuart by the vessels which brought
this news. 'lt continued six hours. It
will be remembered that some , llays ago
we had a rumor of an attack owSavan
nah; since 'then the rebels , haie kept si •
lenee, no paper having been permitted to
come by way of Norfolk. This reercence
shows plainly enough that they 'have
nothing- favorable to theMselves An: com
municate, and we way expect with'conft- 1
deuce, Very seen to have intelligence of
the most startling' character from iGeor
o ia. ' •
Again from the Burnside expedition
we have news of importance, though no
word of actual Offensive Movements. 'All
the ships wanted there' have been taken
'two the Sound, and the others are in. a
condition to go at apy moment. Gen.
Burnside's force will, be landed, it is
thought, on the lower[ end and east side
of Roanoke Wand. This advance was to
be made on Tuesday orWednesdayi the
Union troops are in the finest spirits,
looking forward-with eagerness to a bard
battle, but to a certain victery.
Feb. 10.—Front Missouri we have in
timations that an important combined
movement is to take plebe toward the
enemy.: Gees. Sigel and Asboth's
vhions bad reached Lebanon, 40 wiles
from Springfield.; and Maj. Wright's Bat
tallion of Cavalry has moved 13 miles
west of that point. Gen./Davis' Brig,"
was reported to be crossing the Osage on
Wednesday, and a portion of it was ex
pected at Lebanon On Thursday. Price
is said to-have , told his troops that they
were surrounded, and must fight or sur
render. They chose the former. The
rebel chief has been,,it is sahLbeavily
re-enforced from Aransas,- and bas col
!wed a large store' of supplies on the
road from Springfield. to Fayetteville.—
Capt. Wood bad arrived at Fayetteville
with 25 rebel prisoners, including five'
Captains, taken between Lebanon and
Springfield. .
Four hundred and ninety-two Union
prisoners left Now-Orleans on the 6th for
North Carolina, to be exchanged.
h a
e of
In the report of proceedings in Congress,on
last Wednesday, haye a record of the most
important vote taken during the session: Trai
tors may not consummate their heinouS de
signs under the shadow of the Capitol.' It is
not wrong, neither is it unreasonable to de
mend that loyally, alice.suspicion, is an in
'dispensable prerequisite io a position second
only to that of President of the United States.
The record reads as follows : A vote was
taken en the resolution to expel Jessee D.
Bright, Senator from Indiana, and if, was
adopted—ye l as 32, nays 14 as followi
Anthony, Browning, Chand
ler, Clark, ColiamerrDavis, Dixon ' Doolittle,
Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Har
lan, Henderson, Howard, Howe, Johnson,
King, Lane - (lnd.), McDougall, Morrill, Pom
eroy,'Sherman, Simmons, Sumner; Trumbull,
Watde,• Wilkinson, Wilmot, Wilson (*ass.),
Wilson (Mo.)-32.
Nara—Messrs. • BaYard, Carlile, Cowan,
Harris, Kennedy, Latham. Nesmith, Pearce,
Powell, Rico, Saulsbury, TenEyek, Thompson,
and Willey-14. •
The Vice President said that as two.:thirds
had voted in favor of the- resolution, it was.
adopted. Tbi_s •ottouncement was greeted
with applause iu the gallery, Thich was
checked by the Chair. •
We publish in another column the speech]
of Judge Wilmot on , this occasion. 'lt is a
plain, forcible argument, and a elear,vindi
teflon pf the justness Of the Senate's decision.
It is a fearful thing to think of branding upon
the brow, not only of the guilty Senator, but
of his,whole family this fearful retribution.
His descendents will, like Arnold's feel the
disgrace of this act. But, the Anion; mustbe
avenged upon its aciersaries, and Whether
they are in the higher or lower walksiof life,
the blow should fall alike upon all. WS
commend the remarks of Senatcir 'Wilmot to
those who Were in dciubt as to the prep . 'slit
of such alcourse. '
• tiers,
PpILADELPILIA, Feb. 10,1862.
Gen. Stone passed throughthis city in
the 12 o'clock train last mg,ht,in ousted ,
en route for Fort Lafayette,
Senator Morrill has prepared ajbill for
the immediate emaoeipatien of all alai I
in the DiStrict of &Zambia, and ,provi
lug for a'componsation not, toexeesclito
a head to loyal owners. "thus : not ' y t
been acted upon in Comunttee. , , -Therle
sra about 3,000 slaves in the District.
• An ItUportant Feature.
One of ti4linost, Important . features of
the lit'e,iiiews front the South, says the
Phifad'ilphis'Neress, is the uneasiness
1 Uninifestett there: in - regard to the ap
roaciing- eitiiratiesn of thii.term-, , elf the
[tW '
iltve; tannth i volunteers who are engaged
A i 0 ::. fi , o 'co argil era t e service,_ and the indis-
itpoSitionlsheiWby a large portiOn of them
i:enlisij.,Clea. Bragg, at Pensacola;
tip s da.l'ed_alin i est' in vain to the Alabama
troops; formerly' under his command to
cog inns their wicked war against the
t Thiion' T - 1' lie; Tennessee papers are_pub
lishinir, nrgent' appeals lo , their soldiers
noktolreiire ,frem the rebel. army, and a
rebel general 'in 'Virginia ;earnestly ;ink
secebes his atildieri to. re-enliit. There
are doubtles - litany more - itienipts being
roqde to indUce the,Southern troops to re
main in the SecesSion army, of which we
I hear nothin g .;i; Enough is known to show
[ 1 . 1 . .
I thAt, at the most 1 critical moment in the
1 hitory of the rebellion, and When the
Cepion artnielivill,tie in the highest state
of effieieney,.i the enemy will , pronab:y be
seriously embaras.sed by large withdraw
als frail' their ranks.
- . One' year Ago ,
, ,
1 at
without munitions of war. The dastardly
attack. on Fort'Sumpter aroused the Adm.
bering giant' L: Since' the 15th of April
hi!st dur Staiehas'arrned,-equiPped, and
sent into, thq field, one hundrechind thirty
thousand magi.... She has now , ready,
equipped and prepared to march, nide
thousand nlie---otily waiting for orders
freni the Ge‘lernniert to march. Ball's
Bluff'and Dranesville attest the bravery
of her sons in the hour of &millet. It is
net in men alene that our State 'has de:
veloped he'r .phwer. The Iron City,
Ottsburg, has; furnished a large number
of cannon, of Tthe heaviest calibre, as
as incinster - mortars, and a large quantity
of shells ` for Our forts and vessels-of-war.'
Philadelphia ;has furnished more muni
nons of war; than any city in the f eeuntry ;
a single firth here 'has already completed
two hundred! and thirty improved six
ound rifled Cannon for the Government,
td tipwardS :Of thirty . far _ the State of
!phials. Truly, our State is well named
the Keystone State of the great Federal
arch. • Ilerisons are not forgetful that the
eelarationL of Independence was first
reclaimed in : Philadelphia, add they will
our out their blood lilte water in main
tainieg the ilinion.--:- Press.
, ,
THE BEtrxsii NAVY.—The annual offi
cial return Of:the British navy has been
published. The list shows a total of' 856
vessels building, preparing, or in commis
eion, of which 702 are steamers. lt com
prises " line.of-battle-shiPs,
each mounting' from 74 to 131 guns;; 22
vessels, each wi.ll" an armament from 60
Llo 70 guns; 4.1 fifty-one gun frigates, the
,ivhole, with the exception of about 10 - Of
tibatinumberl, being screw steamers; 57
eachliiionuting from 22 to 50 guns,
and'the majority of which have a tonnage
as large us ;tile ships of the line; 29'screw
corvettes or:frigates, each mounting 22
guns ; 317 ;Screw and paddle-wheel steam
ers, 'each carrying less than 22 guns; and
1.85 screw gunboats, each provided with
wo; A.reustrcing guns." The fleet in
merican linters comprises 14 line-of
battle:steal:Ors' ranging from 15 to 100
guns; 7 from 20 to 50, and 14 smaller
easels exclusive of all the vessels ordered
o join th&Command.
• A gentleman who has recently made
Isis way fri* Memphis, and whose char
acterl was `Such that' his statements are
considered trust worthy,states that United
States treasury notes command thirty per
cent. premium in the "Southern Confed
erady.',' They are equivalent to gold, and
much sought after. This is a significant
fact.'; The rebels bare a wholesome re
'sped for tlic credit of the United States,
showing ant they are not bereft of final].
cial underitanciing. Some persons in the
loyal Statei might learri a
,usefut lesson
froth' the Lppreciation of ,the promises to
pay of oils government, by those who are
warring aflainht it.
"The I.tie of the Flesh, is in the Blood,"
was said by inspiration lone before Har
vey's disCovery of its circulation had
brought to light its purposes and uses.
Now we know not only that "life is in the
blood," bat' that disease inhabits it also.
Many of the disorders that pervade the
human creche, have their home in it,
thrive and ,grow in it. The celebrated
Dr J. o.lAyer. of Lowell, has had regard
to this important fact in making a Rem
edy to cure these disorders. His Extract
of t4arsapprilla purges out the impurities
of the blood and induces a healthy action
in it thatlexnels disease.- - This looks rea
sonable, and it is true, for .we know by
our own experience. Seldom as we take
any Medicine, we have nevertheless sev
eral time been under obligations to the
skill of De. Ayer for the relief which his
remedies! never fail to afford us when we
are oblig6d. to have recourse to them.—
Cpthe?zet,' Halifax, N. S.
'The announcement that our Govern
ment had granted permission to England
to pass bar troops over Federal Territory,
created violent excitement in the State
of Maina. ' Governor of that Com
monwealth addresses Secretary Seward .a
pr-writj note on the subject, to which the
latter replied that such permission had
been granted; but that no infringement
upon the dignity of "State rights" would
be attempted.
= •
The rebel Government Made itself bad
ly; ou'of pocket by its attempt to eetab
liSh mail:facilities in the Confederney,even
at'larg, increased rates of postage.
Ttle TAX. iiiinderstliodihat
the tax ibill is nine beingAielfectediwits
detailii by the bommitteer
Prin'oes st'doitaii3C4. yt 1
taxation upon-most lof
cessigicirOttnption l eittibighe - fieteknii
liquoisrand.othet isrtichlinf
ury, on ilegiciesiimtrobtes;' onpni l
tailniadi and other : conveyances,'
newipanern and telegraPhi4essigei—,
From These sources, taken in conacction
with the tariffnn inverts. it is confident
ly expected, after the moat carefulitives
r tigation, that, the Gavernment,will de - rite
au .annual revenue of - at ileast $150,000,-
000 this tax bill will gien:tir the United_
ISintes eure specie Paying_sienri-.
ty, The committee have conatdere d
the sub j ect' of a national banking;
which will req uire the deposit -of United
States !stock as ',security for the; batik.
notes that are circulated! as currency:
i3ECEIETARY inn Coif-
TnAcions.--=The new , Seetetiril Of 'War
is looking after the contractors: 'lie bas
just' issued 'an isider, directing tbat no
contracts, be made for, articles :of :foreign
menufacture wlinn those;of tOme • liana
ftMture: can be procured; and annnllisig
all orders now standing for the put:chase
of such. Persons now havin contracts
are further ordered to furnisk, within 'fif
teen days, a written, notice - of such • .con.
contract, with a statement of what has
been done Under it, all contractq and
affreements for 'supplies tobe Written and
signed in future, and filed in the, proper
bureau, failure in this to be considered
print facie etidence'of fraud.
The'Miners' Jonrnal says touring the
week we have been drinking coffee made
of wheat and coffee- combined-013 quar
ter of a pound of coffee' mixed with, two
quarts ur wheat. The wheat is boiled
about twenty minutes in water, and then
placed iu a pan and browned, the same at
coffeq.' So, far we prefer it Ito the Igentt
ine article, and it certainly is' more
healthy. ith a pound of coffee and
eight quarts of wheat, which costs from
three to four cents a quart, beTerne
is produced so cheap i that inakes: up all
the difference in the advanOe of both tea
and coffee.
The. number of troops 11 . ennsylvania
has in, the field, entitleS her toitwo, tun:
jur-gcnerals and twcnty-ftair brigadirs;
yet she has 'pot a single imajor-general
and'only fotir brigadiers of! t volutiteers
New York, with a much etitaller force in.
the field, has some fifteen'oi,sisteen brig
adier generals. We' have rnow in this
State, organized and drilled, volupteers
enough for a forinidable ettiedition.
A pardon for Daniel B. Vondeiemith, the
forger, was received ; on Friday of *week
before . last, * the UnitedlStates Mar
shal, and the, prisoner was isoon after lib=
crated. JudgeVoncientu4 was convict
ed in May, 1859, of forging applications
for petisions,`. and was sentOnced to pay a
fine of five thousand dollartand to under
go an imprisonment of tweitty years.' Be-
fore the expiration ofißdnhanan's term
of office, he commuted the sentence to
three years, which would liave expired in
May, next. The pardon of [President Lin
coln it unconditional, rind relieves him
from the payment of the fine of five thou
sand dollars.
N ORTARR FOR CAIR O .-- Th e Pitt s burg
Gazette says that an circle! has been re
ceived front: head quarters, ordering, the
immediate shipment or tillty of the large
mortars 4manufactured- at the Fort Pitt.
Works, for the Western gunboats." Theser
immense engines of war :have all been
tested, and are ready for. transportation.'
They vary somewhat:in weight; the, small-
est of them weighing 17,00 pounds. The,
Chicago Post announces the passage thro';
that city of
,a large number of large mor
tars for Cairo. These si a ,, ns of approach-
ing work on the Mississippi are truly en- ,
couraging. ' -• • i
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.--j-Notwithstand-;
ing the alarms and croakings-of some of
the foreign -journals And letter writers
about stone blockades.and other sinister
reports, the desp,atches received at the
State Department arerregarded as conclu
sive Of a complete restoration on the cn
aside cordials between the United State 4
and Great Britain, and 01, the b,e,st possi;
ble understanding , of the 'iovernments of
France,Daly and other Coptincutal.Stateft
Iforate 13inney, of Philadelphia, tioW
82 Years of age, and achrTwledged to be
the ablest constitutional g lawyer living'
bas thoroughly infestivaied? the llabeali
Corpus question,' and i (i r k arcs that its ex
erciz:,e doting the rebelliop , rests with tb
Minister Corwin, alth4igh desirous of
returning home from Meiiico, says he will
remain there if he can b4f service to ou
country, and the government thinks he
Efon. : Cassius M. Clay" . who is comin
heme from Russia to ,talcn part in the war,
has recently been apponited a Maj.-Gen.
in the service of the [Unpii.
Since the . ,order was.l wade directini
that the:eantured,pri!ateeramen be treat-1
ed beneefeith,as - prisoner of war, Seerg- 1
tart' Stanton has exPressed the oplah , dni
that Major lrodges and Corcoran .sv
speedily lie released.l ' 'I
The Territorial Commi tee of the no
are, said to have coder 'consideration
bill, having for it:S objec , the .. .regaled ,
anti government of the statat Doi in r
hellion ; as.Territerie. ii • • - '
. 1 - Ili ' " ikltil ' .1: 014 ..4.:/1' 7, 11
iiii.if itit',iiiii i : xittiglill - iit.lkatiili.', l
i s
.1 - --; . 1 ll - ' `7-, —...1-1, 1 ' = T.,./,'_s, -.' 4
.i l lilr. WON, I haliVie tier in tv 0.
ha ve to Say on . thi case.l T 'mi , it ieetniolo
till in It very inerrd compass*: ~,_. • - ~..14,
' liefore proce • ' to tipettl4of tie'
, cast,"
- dirire,t4 sazthii;t: ~relation4With the Men=
later' from -Indian" Ire 4 snOh It ,charitier4
iiiii.g/ shall wai l , - iii,2 l l,,p' . tiOskpefliiin *our
iu T s
hisfseatlin thlif;la y: . rventeeh hems. go`
- tice *et in this; eittatol ; :tli yonligritin;tindi
hOth members Oflie th irdominalit'perty.l
Since.then tie; hay diffeed widely, teaching
pblic men"andinetionreil yet through all;the
h4at .tind;:bitternees of political warfare for,
'the past' fifteen years, I have remembered ,
With plasure our - early ahquitintance- and in-;
teriotirile. I sincerely regret the position in
.?.o t c-ktl l ,-. 2 11 1 09r#.P1tg? 0 4 A,PPete.of,llP l 6.
'll'e''dniiiatoiie,leolistriiiiis:ind:tdrVotd Tiir Tile
eipuldent,lrOM , the -Senate., -{' -,,.: - -,, 1 .
liVhat, is tbecese presented against the Sent
star from Indiana?! ' It rests Upon iiiidispated
or doubtful faCtil.'lEveri 'important,fact, in
the ease is admitted-401 cniifessioti is made
Open,Senate,. The Semler from Indiana
tells us that; he!;tvottild, - nn/r the Same !Cir4
etimshloce4 do, again the a t , complained of:
3114 Presided; tht Senator's views of. duty
and my l
dare' so widqy, 'that what he
regards innocent and }natural, as a primer
Courtesy to an'elttlfriend, .tb me tins the!fea+
ttires of disloYulty 7 -not,togivis it the harsher
name'of treasmr,._l: -,:1.," :
.1 !Vhat, sir',, are the facts and t
Of his.ense ? . iT,heislavelioldens of the nation„
Ofying 'on iminati4vivery as the.hond of their
&My and Strength, unwilling that -the.!free
teen of the Itepatille - thoild assuine the inanl;
agement - ofpovera'meht laffairs, 'set an,foint a
rehellron .i the artherri and- SinvehelAing ,
BMtes or tbe - Ljni u . .. rich this letteriwaSi
ti•ritten4 it had beeu parried forward to i the
Orgediatiou tofiinl independent governineid,;
the machinery'rif that goveinment was In ac
tivn opemtieu.' , Armies were being organized,
disciplrnedP and equipped. Ito maintain , the
rebellion by the'power or the sword. Ev ery
reasonable; hope of a settlement was past.
The Senator from _ndiane. -knew all this no
Man k' i liew' it bet cr. l it" is true, from i the
timidity ;night lmost say complicity 7 -Of
the late 'Ad ~
minist '• tionV no blow had been
Struck at this forinidablereliellion ; still , those
concerned in it vrelre no les r i traitors for this
Cause. I Vie Cow:Li:dice, pr even treachery of
'*..Buclianan Could in no' degree' eicase pa.-
Vii. and his co-wcitikeriin treason. Thedfor
behratice-Of theVevernMent towards life 'trai
tors cannot be pleaded by them in extemiaticin
eti their crime ;uo can their alders and abet
ors shield ;thetas' behind the weakness
4,i treachery of those then in power. ;. Yet
here rests one Of Ithe strong grounds of ,de
tense taken by and for the Senator froth lii- 1
diane. The Gtverniment had done nothin ,,
. 43
0 ' . . 1 . I ' I
ivtainqt the re &lion ..j It led brought no
ar , ,mies' in the fi eld !' In d fought 'no battles I
"A fear that betr4ed like treason" hadipar
afyzed the eieentive , arM, and the Govern
ment was !'sinking into limbecility and. ',con
'tempt ! How doeS all this change the Char
acter of the rebellion or extenuate the orhee
of thoSe involved lin/ it 1 The Senator, "from
Indiana admits that he Could not bare' Writ
teLi the letter with innocence after the proela
mhtion of President Lincoln calling for seven
ti-five thousand men. Why not, if he'Could
.6 so b,efoee? 'lid the Lproulamation change.
the position of A leis t wards this Govern
ment?!'Did; it. involve iiny one in guilt 'who,
up to thatitinie, away innocent? Was hit in
nocent for Linelln :tolzo upon his errand
with. anmproVed fire-arm to the confederate
gPvernnietit ' benre , On
,prochunation, i and
`treasonable - al 1 g? afferWards ? ' It' is idle to
',lOok here for nhy extenuation of the: case
1 hateVer. l ' The proelaniation of the President
hi no way'affect4, if.
JlTerson bavial was the chosen ellief•of the
rebel gove'renient:' - lie was every inch a trai- i
tor. I The; : Senator from Indiana knew the
danniing trdasOni of his friend and former
.associate. ; Ills erline was a wicked one—the
Most so o f any,of which man can be guilty—
the deepest , dyed and hlitekest in the citta
hive of crime. ll I ~ ~ ' - '.
To me it :mains that Many gentlemen Of the
late, Democratichpartyl ore afflicted With' a
moral obliqiitty ko the.lriew they take of this
Wicked rebellion lend its authors. Thelead
ing I,fraifora inflong doMinated over the!Deni
ocratie party that, the fno;•,,inent that tMer re
mains seems to conneet the rebellion-With a
straggle for DeinberaticAtSeendeney, and 'the'
leading triiiiiirs a.., friends liming strong Claims
vin their ; Sympathy. Evidently the Senaior
from Indiana was, strongly possessed of this
View of the treasan and the -traitors. ii .
'l, To judg&rigihy of the act of the Senator,-
we must look at therebellion and its chief as
they truly fire—the one as a treasonable re-,
Volt against , ajoSt Gqv i ernment, and the other 1
as the chiefer trititora.l Ile was no,other than 1
a rank traitor,' a '
great State criminal, that '
the Senator addiessed on' he Ist of March as:
, I liis excellence; the president of tbe - einifedl I
erated states.. - ma
gemntling to,his confidence , .: , ,
Its ‘7reliabl e in, every respee," one whogought ;
the, rebel government lon I,a treasonable :er•
rand.,; What Was ..the errand on which ,the
Senator from- /edianalcommended his l frieed
to - the uSurper '. elnd traitor at Montgoniery?'
It was'no other than the sale of 'an nlleged
improved:fire-awn. = Have I stated the ease
too strongly ajainit the Senatorfrom Indiana?
I.wohld not iio so. To me,
.sir, it has 'the!
complexion Ofs'aireatl crime. I will not Call'
it treason,'„ although ' it might be dilfibidt to
find a wore appTopriate name for it. ' l ' i
1 It liras Well said by the Senator' &tin?' New
york., (:.Irl HAtitus,)that if the letter had mot
beeniwritten, or if its_ eSsential part were taken
'aw ay, it W i nald he a very innocent thing, and
Ino Senator wOold 'think of expelling the See.
rotor front Indiana from his - seat.. linfiirtti
Inately, theletter wijawritten. :An indictment
for Murder, perinit tit s cit tolsay th 4; Senator
Ifrond New . YOrk, with the homocide'clause
, - .wt, ltvoulid he a Very litOuless piece, of pa-
Rer. , , • . d I • i ~ L.
INir. PreSidek.4 I lut,ve briotly 'considered to
whom this letter was addressed -4o a' dearit
rata traitier.•'!, It emamended to his! fiillest
confidence one , evho entertained a traitorous
ptirPosa, and the matter ofthe letter was most
treatainable. , Here is the whole case; and it
sounds of treninn in Ciery part. 1' '
What Was the position and relation tO the
Government of the Union of him all:, Wrote
the letter? ,Ili- wast a Senator, one jot" the
high officers ifif_ the (Government- •ateworn,
confidential adViser et•the President.' What.
%nisi his' Plain and bounden duty? To stand'
by the GOverintient, with nil his, eriergiesand
powerl l i ra bw,iigilaint; constant and untiring
iri his,efforts.tO crash the rebellion; ,and to
bring : to: puitislinient
_its, leading traltdrs.--,
was Air Oily. Can it' be possibte,tfinkn
1441 ''Seuattir 'c.alld I so far forget this' high'
duty as to • bola. communication with the re-;
hellions goveriimen; - ,1 touching'the parehase,
elan improved firearm? . • 111 cannot be imaii..'
ble.. , X?,
,:loyalinitizen , would •have , done it; i
much les s' a loy al Senator., Forgetful of his
datiesi - tinfrilifiil tohi senatorial trnat t hels
no longer wcirth li
yof a seat. in - this Seiati: ..,..
.Varith till resPeet - for tray colleagne, , ,siod (0, '
[ th*Otineiable Senator from Ne*York:, f, !mist
r i sal, gl4tlia:Si. 3 .llli9doiiiq-thei.Atal I :Ascil. ,4 '
arantrAethrt 1 thitc"-raso
Th denivrith' the,Senatos, from Indianti
rnNals: triatfrv.treason, -theniselr
torfildge.flaijniora wont.: to'. try. hi m Aim
vi - -ebe.,;"teihnlitir rides of preetunpli„,,,
reisiOtialrlit'dOOvit MTllealde,inlettel L oo;
Iltivitriher greet/3r err: We.eit, bo teA
nPtitt , the Stutter . ; from Indiana. not.t o pm
.ncokice t4gmeist against him _for the-ra t i o ",
I of tiesson't but to say by our rotes, under the
tte l n i k ,k oe; if Era te.a loyal 1114 saki Ni ta
40`81(1111filis-high:ionticil of State:
OWAN. tsdeaire to ask my honorable
colleague, if Mr. Bahia* is not guilty oriole,.
son, what is be guilty of? •
Ihill aoewet , naYraolitagne by saving sli t
if I were called. upon to= ay to give any deL
uition of his ; Offense should pronounce
trTitsopf .1 3 4-4113 frfak -to , Aclmit,that it I
weraittineal tojtirol.; there' tire-1116st doubt*
bangingsbotrt - tha - catarthattlfteost. tsg
hesitate to pronounce a verdict of guilty ; b ut ,
as a. Senator, I will not hesitate as tp there!,
I shall give" - ' The eoridect'of thtiSe o _
ator from : tants:led
circumstances *surrounding "the lode
like trenSon ; "stilt r might Dot prepared so
to' pronoubce sitting as a juror on his trial._
1 know noroir what circumstances of haet uf
or thoughtlesitiess;:the letter was writtek-
Tii'gthe it they existed; Were :for 4pe. Senarfir
frini - Indiana ihoiv."' There hive
*anted, at the time the letter was".writtea,
toot deliberate and wicked purpose essential
to thetechnieni crithe cif; treason. We know
not. We have the letter before as.
written to a traitor:, cautfor atraitor, and to,
ther treasonable: e m Whit 'More "does My
colleague avant ? The Senator . on trial' hits
given us" ito 'fdcti or mitigating circumstances
whatever'. ''A's a juror, I might even-liftmen:a
the case, as it stands, to pronounce the Ter.
diet of guilty 'of high treason. But when the
ease is presented to miens a Senator— is the
Sentd.i(n‘ Crain Indiana a info matt to sit here?
Is his loyalty and fidelity to the
jnstly obnoxious tb•Stronff and weli.greu ti d e a
impeachment? ' Can he be trusted to advise
the President,: and to share in our delibera.
tions, in this crisis of, public aithira,?: To
these inquiries I can have no doubt whatev.
er. - I shall vote to expel:the Senator (retain.
diana'from histeat in the Senate.
What it is tiorp to do to this Case, the Sen.
ate strould do pOmpla andfearkply. • A ti m .
idity, bordering - on 'cowardice, paralyzes the
arm: or the, Government.. Treason :,stalks
abroad itkopea -W
day. e' Mast vindleatelhe
characteeof the Senate and our own self-r.
=srect; 'We raiiii"giii - tO the people
ance that' liere at ieast, iftfidelity `and
alty•meet with a speedy and condign puniatt.
Went. L • 1 r • ' •''
Nowoir, it seems to me that I hare stated
the whole case. I put the case upon tharee- -
ord and upon nothing else. - I place it upon
1 the Senators letter of the - Ist of March: 1
hike the t letter and the - circumstances of the
country at the time, the-position of the iian
to whom the letter was written, the position'
of the man- for whom it was .written, and Am
errand. ir-Von which' he went,. and I say the
facts are conclusive and overwhelming against '
the Senator from Indiana. There is no possi
ble escape from the conclusion. It is a legal --."
maxim that a. mania responsible for the nat
ural and necessary consequences Of his act.— .
What did the Senator do? ile.cemmended
one traitor to another, and the errand upon
which he commended him was by the ad
mission of alln treasonable errand ; it was to
give terhim an improved fire-anti. .Can - it be
po.sible, - as I asked before, that loyal Sena
tor would do this ? Sir, suppose your Com-
mending .6eneral had written -such a letter, , ,
would there haiie Veen - tiny d6uli as I'Ciiika
Complicity with the :traitors?. TherSentaor
frotaindiaria occupies a position iµ-thisAitur.
eminent as high and responsible lit many re
spects as the Cormitanding Gentiral _ i f. your
Army. Nay, sir, in
,dignity of chore ter he
Occupied a position second - only to the Presi
dent of tin naVen. Suppose he had titter'
such a letter,' would you bare dobbt
as to his complicity with thetraitors? Would
you have had any doubt thka he, had at last .
forgotten his•duty to this GOverriment? Sir,
an impeachment could have rested on the let
ter; and to-day - I have terioucdoubts as to
what would be the result of the trial of 'the '
Senator from . Indiana before an impartial
Jury , - • .
Legal and
NO 4 u yip! (I)
WHIII2, the l:ld
g Hon. n Rupert io G n . 3 . Tar
c rones and G. G. Colvin, Associate Judges or
the Courts af Oyer ..t Terminer and General
I f.
Zan DelivPri, Quarter Sessions of the Peat ,
Orphans' Court and Court of Common Plea
for the County of Potter, have issued tbei
precept, beating date the - seventh day of
January, hi the year:
,of our Lord one thou
sand eight-hundred and sixty-one, and tome
directed,for holding a Court of Oyer and Tula
iner and General Jail Delivery, Quarter So
sions.of the Peace, Orphans' Court, and Court
of Common Pleas, in the Borough of Couders-.
port, on 310NDAY, the -24th day of •Feb.
next, and to continue. one week: %
Notice is 'therefore hereby given to the Cor
oners, Justices of the Peace and Constables I
within the county, that they he'then and there •
in their proper persons, at 10 o'clock A. 31.66 f
said day, - with their rolls, records, inquisi
tions, examinations, and other remembrances,
to do those things which to their offices ap
pertain to be done. And those who are boand
by their recognizances 'to prosecute against
the priseriers thaVare or shall be in the jail of
said county: of Fetter, are to be then and there
to prosecute against them as will be just. .#
Dated at Z.OtifiERSPORT, - Jan. 15, 1861, and
the 84th year oftheindeptndence of the United
States of America.
WM. F. BURT, Sheriff.
Auditor's 'Notice.
XTOTICE, is , :hereby that the under
ill signed Auditor, appointed by the Court
of Common: Pleas of Potter. County to make
distribution .of the proceeds of the Sale of
real estate' •in the, case of D. P. Reed
for use of 3. B. Smith vs. G. W. Turner of,
February Term 1857 No. 34, will attend totbe
ditties of his appointment:, dt thei office of the
Prothonotary, , in Coudersport, on Illondaytho'
17th day of February 1862, at 1 o'clock,
Those interested are hereby notified to attend.
D. BAKER, Auditor.
Jan. 15,1862. •
Atialteir 9 i. Mince.
NOTICE is hereby given, that the -
dersigeed - Auditor appointed,by_the Or
phans' Court' of Potter County, to make dis
tribution of the funds in the bands of the Ad-,
ministtatere of the estate of N. Schoomaktr,
deceased, 'will attend to the duties of kis•ap
pointment at the office of the Prothonotary ,
in Conderiport, on TuesdaY the 18th day . of.
Febrnarq n'elOck P; 24i . 1 Those In
terested are herebY notifiedtiiiiitendattm -
sent their itainas. D.'I3AKEN,
lIIISCRIPTIONS fo r•Wardeil for. iny of they S r standard:publicitions,ifid booki pr'
ect frota-Bostop, rhilidelphis lir New York, 7-
012 -. sYoitGife igt call at the - •• •
- Fos"' OFFICE. .