The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, November 20, 1861, Image 1

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    OM
El
;
I i
VOLUME XIII.--NUMBER 48.
Original.
PQEM.
DY I. MANN
•
"God dwelleth not, i i temples made with. hands."
But where rie'aitireleSS forestio'ershadoWthe
pit` in t ' I I ! ; ! '..2; • ' 1! ;
Where footsteps ;( have never polluted - ;the
earth, ;I :
Where nature in all her Magnificence reigns,
AS beauteous and wild as she was at her
birth.: 1-I -
Where clad in li4brious verdure she weaves
Iler robe with the wildest arid.of flowers ;
Where the fragranee that sleeps upon innocent
leaves
Is exhaled and:diffused by the freshening
sbpwers ; 1
Where ocean's vast of the water-is spread
Far, far from the circling shore-which it
leaves;
When the moon bath arose from her fathom
less bed,
And the sun inihisslory bath sunk in' the
wave, 1 1.
Where fanciful grclups. of white clouds With
the breeze
Transparently float into flakes of pure light,
Which roll into.cnches of softness and vase,
To form a repose for the orbs of,the night,
On mountains whOSe rugged arid 4tonn-beaten
heads, ;.
The lightnings have riven and blackened
~the sod;
Where round as the scene of immensity spreads,
And thunders but echo the voice of their God
And seem so sublime, so awfully giand.
The hOsom with wonder and gratitude swells,
In these 'we can trace an Omnipotent hand,
And earth is a' temple where Deity dwells;
'When through its long aisles we contempla
tive roam
At. the close of the day in the stillnesS of
even=
When
o the ameareh of its liold and magnificent
Is lit with tlie glories and splendours of
fteaven ;
'Tis then that our spirits excursive thro',
Will iuingle familiar with those. that; are
flown;
All Nature is seeminctly vocal in prayer,
Ana we in the presence of Heaven alone,
And while at the altar of Nature I bend,
Admitting in silence; gOd's mighty display,
On pinions of transport my soul will ascend,
With cinch aspiration that speaks ochis praise
The London Times as a Political Prophet
When the Mexicali war broke out, the
Londom Times then, as now, saw noth
ing but disaster to the arms of the -Unit
ed States, and continued ; in 'the face of
facts to predict from day to day that the
aripy in Mexico' was to be dektroyed.—
Before the news of any battles in _Mexico
had reached England, it, said :
"Defeat will probably be sustained by
the American forces, worsted by troops
whom they effect to dispiSe, before the
people of the United States have leatned
that bluster ,does 'not win battles, thotigh .
-it niay begin brawls."
This, was a good beginning in the ;way
of prejudicing the facts. After the first
successes of the arms of the 'United
States, ;;it said, "both parties will prize
the first decent pretest for putting an
end to this wicked and absurd quarrel,"
Some Months later, when o...evidences
of our success were still more manifest it,
uttered the following :
"Wei bevel all along forscen thiti the
conduct of this war would present almost
•insuperable military difficulties, and that
the cry of marching to slexico, investing
the principle cities; and occupyin;• the
country was the mere dream, of an . ignor
ant populace.- Without roads,,_ wi th on t
local supplies, with little water and
great deal of disoase, the march of an
American army into the heart of Mexico
would lead to its destruction."
I
The foresight evinced the preceding
paragraph is only equalled by t l he pre
diction-three months later that the war
would have to continue at an enormous
cost,. or the United States would have to
"confess their folly and their helplessness
by a rediculous retreat." Later fit said
"the Cabinet at Washington must be
aware that they have, no reasonable pros
pect of terminating this war by any, ac
tion of extraordinary lustre." The Mex
icans at, a subsequent period had."appre
hensions that Vera Cruz would be laken."
:Whoa Vera Cruz fell, the Tinies account
ed for it by the supposition that "it evi
dently suitendered to mere intimidation
Qr corruption ) ; or possibly from the de
site to saveibe city frOm total annihila
tion," Thus it continued to blander on
till the events of the War established the
prestige of the army of the United States
and. the Capitol of Mexico surrendered
True .to. its Character as a false prophet,
it-predicted :then that "the Mexicans
-were farther off from a disposition' to
Make peace than ever;" though in four
months' tune peace was Made and our ar
my was on its way home again. •We can
.estimate from this, the value of - its prey.
eat predictions in regard to the rebellion.
The same Spirit:of hostility to the United
States animates it 'now as their. Public
led2er.
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.'•
Resig i nallon”oflireclanrifige.'
John C Breckinridge has Published .a
manifestO the'People of Kentucky, da-,
- ted,at Bowling Green, the Rebels' head
quarters; but we have been unable to get
a sight of it. The St. Louis Republican
gives' us some - insight into its contents.
Mr..Breekinridge says it is written-at - the
first moment, since his expulsion from
home, that he could place his.feet on the
soil of Kentucky. This is a !most impu
dent perversion of the truth, for he never
was expelled .from-home; he left Lex
ington impelled by his guilty feats of or ;
rest, and his retreat was lighted ,by .the
bnrning'self-consciousness of a complicity
with treason. When the mock "Dukel
of Tobin's !Comedy is compelled to la . fr
aside the borrnwed robes of authority, he
does it with a constrained grace "as a well;
bred dog walks down stairs when he sees
preparations 'making', for . kicking hiol
down ; 1 1 and in the same spirit Breckin;
ridge resigned his seat as a member of
the 'Senate of the. United States, saying,
"I exchange with proud satisfaction, a
term of six years in the United States
Senate, 'for the musket of a soldier."—
This is the bluster of the "Ancient Pis
tol," tor we all know that the service of
the ex-Senator, it' he serves at ;_ll, will be
in some honorary position; with sword
and on a charger. Our St. Louis cotem
porary says the address would fill two of
its columns, and is made up of misrepre
sentations.
Breckinridge says there is no longer a
Senate of the United States, within the
weaning and spirit of the Constitution—
"the United States•no longer exists—the
Union is dissolved." But Kentucky is
still one of the United States; his de
ceived and betrayed constituents are Still
loyal; they recognize proudly the exist
euee of the government of their fathers,
and they deny that the Union is dissolved.
By what argument can Mr. Breckinridge
assert that the Union is dissolved, now,
more than iu August last, or that the ex
istence !of the United States has been im
periled I since , the session of Congress
t wheu he occupied his seat as s Senator
of the United States from the State of
Kentucky, and drew his pay from the
Federal Treasury for his services ? If
Mr. Breckinridge believed,. when he took
the GoVernment's gold, - that - the United
States no longer existed, and that the
Union 'was dissolved, he acted like a petty
larceny! thief and a swindler. He knows
that his course is indefensible ; he is
self-convicted of the
-vilest treachery to
the,Stnte which has honored him ; and,
being unwilling to face the indignant
people Of Kentucky, he h... 3 sneaked away
frouiltheir presence, and, surrounded bY
cutthroats and thieves, incendiaries and
felons, as a body guard, has issued his itu r
pu den t manifesto.
We do not care partienlarly about see
ing the text of this last dying speech and
confession of John C. Breckinridge. We
know that he can not justify his conduct,
[but tlia!t, he has the 'insidious talent to
Leouceal his real purposes beneath glitter
ing sentences and honeyed words. The
Repubi i ican calls them "frivolous and un ;
justifiable excuses for a bad act." But
the trial and condemnation of Mr. Breek:-
haridge were held and pronounced before
h '
t e jury of popular opinion months and
months ago. While he was bolding the
s..condloffice in the gift of this people, and
presiding over the Senate of the United
States, while. he was afterwards a candi
date for the Presidency, and while he eras
exercising the duties of a United - StateS
Senatot, he was plotting to betray his
country, and was in league;with the infa ;
mous traitors who conspired to break up
the Government.
Of all the persons engaged in this ne s ,
farious, work, he achieved the lowest
depth of degrAation, for he allowed him;
self to, be used as a fourth.' candidate to
distract and divide the vote of the coun':-
try, with the full confidence that it would
lead to the election of Mr. Lincoln, and
thus present to the Southern malcontentii
a pretext for their acts of secession.
While those who were his fellows in this
treachery left their seats in Congress, he
remained there, and gave aid to then in
opposing every appropriatien of men and
means to resist the rebellion, although it
was menacing 'within five or six miles, the
very Federal Capitol where he was sit
ting., No man is more deeply and terri
bly responsible for the blood and pillage
and crime and horror of the last 5i . .%
Months. He knows it,
.too; the,,
know,s
that - ire is as guilty as Cain after the first
fratricide, and he flies front the ven
geance that awaits hint. lie is a refugee
from Ihis native, State, with the . brand
upon ,his brow and the knawing vulture
of remorse at. his heart. His fate willibe
that Of a traitor.-•
• , ..In the last battle, r
Borne dlwn by lbe.fiying,
,' Whdro mingles war's rattle, `
, With 'groans of the" dying,
Thera shall he belying.'
- 'Minster of , perfidy, ingrat and fiend,
his name will be eternally linked with
those Of Judas and Arnold, and - ,, when his-
EieboteZ to '146 ?iiiiciples of Itti strlOct•geD, qqa the DisBeirg'll . qtioq of Yot-4iiig Aga: -
COiJDERSPORT, POTTER ,COUNT*, PA., WESOSDA7,.4OITEiIpER :24:1;
tory seeks to recount the damning .deeds
of those who have entitled themselves to
the execration of mankind, that name
will be foremost in the scroll which was
borne by nne, who, in the very •.spirit of
the arch, demon, thought it ,•better
reign in, hell ,than serve in heaven.P'r
Louisville Journal, Oct. 28.
Baker's Eulogy on,Broderlct..
-, The mist famous' oration delivered In l
America since the days of Webster,
aver was
. 1
that of ' Edward D. Baker the' dead
. .
body of David Broderick in..gan' Franciso
on the 18th of September). 1859: The
concluding passages are strangely app o
priate'to the occasion of the death Of th it
author : ' --
.
"A 'Senator lies dead in our midst ! Ile
is wrapped in a bloody shroud, and4e,
rl t to
whom his toils and cares were. given, re
about to bear him to the place appointed
for all living. It is not ' fit that such a
man should pass to the'tomb unh'erald(id.;•
it is not fit that such a life-should steal
unnoticed to his close; it is not.-,fit that
such a death should call forthino rebuke,'
or be, surrounded by no pubic lamenta
tion. : We are here of every station and
pursuit,' of every creed and character,
each in his capacity ,of citizen, to swell
'the Mournful tribute-which the,_ majeSty
of the people offers to the unreplyitig
dead. • The hopes of high•hearted friends
droop like fading flowers upon his breast,
and the, struggling sigh compels the tear
in eyes that seldom, , weep. Around him
are those who have known him best and
loved him longest ; 4ho have shared the
triumph, and endured the defeat. Near
him are the gravest and noblest of the
State, possessed by' a grief at once earnest
and sincere; - while beyond the massesiof
the people that he loved, and for wham
his life was given, gather like a thiin
der cloud of swelling and • indignant
_
grief. -
• ,
And now as the shadows turn towards
the east, and we prepare to bear these
poor remains to their silent resting place,
let us not seek to repress , the generous
pride which prompts a recital of noble
deeds and manly virtues. He •rose Un
aided and alone;' he began his career
without family or fortune, in the face of
difficulties ; he inherited poverty and ob
scurity; he died a Senator in Congress,
having written his name in the 'history
of the great struggle for the rights of
_the people against the despotism of or
ganization and the corruption of power.
He leaves in the hearts of his friends the
tenderest and the proudest recollections.
He was honest, faithful, earnest, sincere,
generous' and brave. He felt in all . the.
great crisis of his life, that he was a lead
er in the ranks and right's _of,masses of
men, and he could not falter. When e
returned from that fatal field, while tie
dark wing of the Archangel of death Was
casting his shadows (upon his brow, bis
greatest anxiety was as to the performa9ce
of his tinty. He felt; that all his strength
and all his life helone. o ed to the cause Ito
.
welch lie had devoted them. "Baker,"
said he, and to me they were his last
words—" Baker, when I was struck' I
tried to, stand firm, but the blow: blinded
me, and I could not," I trust it is no
shame to my manhood that tears blinded
me . as he said it. '
But fellow citizens, the voice of lain
entation is not uttered by private friend
ship alone—the blow, that struck his man
ly breast has touched the heart of a peo
ple, and as the sad tidings spread, a gen
eral glooni • prevails. Who now 5%611
speak for California? Who be the inter
preter of the Pacific coast? 1 Who can
appeal to the community of the Atlantic
-who love free labor? , Who'•can speak
for masses of men with a passionate loVe
for the classes_ from whence he sprung?
Who can defy the blandishments of pow
er, the insolence of office; the Corruption
of Administrations ? What , hopes are
buried with him in the grave ? 1
"Ali who that'gallant spirit shall resume.
Leap from Eurotus' bank and call us from
the tomb."
But the last word must be spoken and
the imperious mandate of death must he
fulfilled. Thus, 0 brave heart 1 we must
bear thee to thy rest. - Thus, surrounded
by tens of thousands, we eave thee to
the equal grave. As in life, no other
voice among us so rung its trumpet blast
upon the ear of freedom, so in, death its
echoes will reverberate amid our moun
tains and Our valleys, Trail truth
. and
valor, cease to appeal to the human
heart
Good friend r. true hero ! hail and fare
well
ser I tell you that I shall commit tiu
ioide, if yon:don't have me. . j
W'ell charley, as soon as you have giv ,
en me that evidence of your affection; I
will yieve you , lave me.
He imdiediately hung himself upon her.
neck and said There now, -notlhat
an act of Susyside ? She wilted. -
,
1 - TIIE DOMESTIC TTILIBIT
_
IVis to me lathoroughlsi diSgusting
sight to see, as,we sometimes do, the Wife
and children of in family kept in constant
terror of the selfish bashaW at tue head
of the house; aid ever on the watch to.
yield in every petty manner kills whim)!
and. fancies::' Semetimes, where he is a
hardwronght and antions man whose
hard work earns his children' bread;
and whose life is the sole st 4 - it is need
ful that he should be deferreto in Many
things, lest the. over.tasked brain and
over-strained nervous system should break
down or growl unequal to thei task.--
Rue'. am not thinking oft such eases. I
mean cases-in which the head of a family
is a great fat, bullying, selfish scoundrel ;
who devours sullenli the'choke dishe,s at
dinner, and Walks ,into all the fruit or
dessert, while hiswife koks on in silence,
and the awe-stricken 'Children dare 'not
hint that they
, would like a little of what
the brutal hound is devouring. I mean
cases in' which the cmitemptib e dog is
extremely well dressed, while hisl Wife and
children's attire is thin and bare; in Which
be liberally tosses about hiis money in the
billiard-room, and goes, off 0 autumn for
a tour on the Continent bY hitos'elf, leav
ing them to the joyless j i rontinelof their
unvaried life : llt is , sad: to see the-sud
den hush that falls upon the little things
) I -•' ‘
when he enters' the house'; how - their
II
sports are cut Short, and they.trY to steal
• 1
away from the room. • '1
, II
Would that I were the Emperor 1 of
Russia, and such a man My - subject !
Should not he taste.the knout'? Should
not I make hiti howl? That would be
his suitable punishment for Tie Will nev
er feel what worthier mcirtals' would re
s
gard as the heavier penalty by far,, the
utter absence of confidence or, real affec
tion betiten him and hiX childre i n when
. r .,.
they grow up. i He; wilt'not i mind that
,
there never was a day when the Itoddling
.1
creature's set up a - shout of delig Jit at his
entrance, and rushed at him atd scaled
him; and seAChed him about ; - Mt that
. 1 ,
the day wil] never come when,
into men and Women, they will
him for syinimthy 'and guidance
little trials and I perplexities. , 0
to think that there are parents,
general estimation too, ; to who
children woukt DO' more Think
for kindly -sytnpathy, thnn the•
think of ;ping iO Vora Zeinblifor
— . —Coune4 Patson
THE AUTUAIN LEAVE `.-.1 ; i0
1 - i
maintain; after this year's lespertence,
that frost has {spy special agency in the
1 ,
Autumn coloration of leaves. 9cientific
men have long Understood the m tter and
have explained !tilt? ripening of he leaf
as a •mPle process of vegetable rowth ;
thgh the coloration of the leav s at ma
turity can no More be accounted !for than' ;
the red of the rose, the blue of the violet ,
or the '
oranges of the liliy. The color
which leaves aisume in ''the Fall is due
to the same dauses,. But the 4lopular
,
idea that : the leaves ••are Changed by ,the
frost is so firmly established in the minds
of unscientific; ! l and ; unobservant
'people
that it is ilifficult to;dispel it ° This.year
the foliage hes assumed the most gor
geous coloring iwithout a sign of frost,
and, indeed, seems to be more )brilliant
- I ' ,•
on account of its non-appearance. This,
is perfectly natiiral,:as the leaves °have
been able to gredually and freelli assume
• 1 -
the colors which belong to their ripeness,
utiobstructed 1Y sudden pold.
stiß.. Bells which should be Well" hung
—Rebels. -
• To make a ritesapour a .quart of ino
lasses in Your wife's new lbonnetil
Tinners ought to `Make good Speakers
-they do so much
Women •confess their little faults that
th'eir,candor may cdver ; great
~Why is ,u'.toan half hsleep like twice
six 7, Because ihe's; a 'doze-in.'
gerJudge Jeffries, when oa tite bench,
told an old fellpw with along beard,that
be supfosed, he had nconseience•as . long
as his beard. ?Doei your lordship,' re-.
plied the old'inin, 'measure — consciences
by beards If so your lordship
at all j ,
..a' If p:111 want to know•altgouian's
trite char,neter lingeiaftet; the guests ; have
gone, and listen to what ishe h4s to say
about them:
etoi. I
Ir
OUR . ICTORT IN Ilrillr. SOIUTIE
Al gr at p?ttion of our-'space in this
pinning gived up to:thet4ic'ivhiefi eri
gegeta the ati,ention; , 6f al4 filling every
heart itrith saltati on, a:nd lighting -up
every e %Ilk the ire of a noble entha
gawp.: Na 1 lug caul be added to the full
reports and graphic i , larrative of the, glo
rious _ ght nd vic tory at ; Port Royal
which e furnish frOtu our special cor-
1 r
actors
«opt and other in'. the fray.
11 no merely lan'e at the field
i g •
• é the briefest postiible summary
i • - • •
oFvents which 1 thereou 'transpired.
undergoingi . dire ;perils by the
Of the, winds and waves, our fleet
Port !Royal on Meriday morning,
andv'ery soon received the dolt
t of ainois,.y atiack frem the , f.3.1u5,;
,; det under Cdrnmodore ,Tatnall.—
respell«
We i wt
and %i •
of the
Afte r
assault
met at
Nov:.4
plueen, ,
kete
.i , i
Forty-mve minutes sufficed; however, to
disguift, the Rebel commander with naval
'warfare, and
a his sqnadrcin
'war far ~ 11, contem p tible .
scatter rd in ' hasty !retreat. On Tues
day anothet ,
attempt was ; made by this
valiant fleet of Rebels to annihilate the
Great Exp e dition, land for' two hours
, i
, ‘•
,
'there as sharp firing.. Then three or
four of our gunboats, herng tired of this
folii,pened broadside ii in earnest upon
Tatnal ,whose navy seratChed away for
thelast time, and disappear'ed in any holes
whiehlopened to them. On Wednesday
I. , I • I I '
there was be fighting.
The decisive battle and consequent
vietortook place on: Thuriday, Nov. 7.
A.t!th .r
mouth of Fort Royal are two forts,
Bearngard and Walker. As many of our
veselS as it!" was deemed advisable to em
ploy, eganlit 9 o'clock their bombard
ment. For t Walker, on Hilton Head,
l'l.
mount ! d 23 guns; Fort Beattregard, on
Bay Point, i lmounted 15 Emirs. Our . ves
sels, Making a majestiC circuit, pou'red in
their fire, broadside.after broadside, upon
the, two
forts. The is described as
1
most hrillingly magnificent; the tem-
1I - ,
pest or shell was unequaled; every gun
was aimed vritli precision,! and served
with rapidity. The shore tatteries re
turned ; 4
our Ere bravel, but without el
-1
feet; they had calmilated op an easy vic
tory, and fell a preyi to panie when they
diseovpred that thel "Yankees" refused
to he annihilated. 1. •
iThe batge began at twenty six min
tiest Sine in the morning . , and at
grotstng
owe to
io their
woful
.bold in
m their
f going
MI
half past tWO in the afternoon the Na-
.
ticioallflao. witt. on the soil of South
. I plantedi
Cirelipa, glieeted by. the shouts of thou.
Carob a,
'
sands lof . patriots, and saluted by strains
i music 1 '
ofjObtlant music from the rations bands
of;the_ fleet. i I 1.
1 1
Scion a regiment, the 7th,of Connecti
cut;' was put ou•shore to take possession
of l F'or i ; Waiker, over whiehtheStars and
Stripes were then flying. !They rushed
to their work with -;the aldctrity which
his,markedevery trioiement forward_ of
r I f : •
of etreops ;';but there was little work for
,
thetict to do : the Rehels, panic-stricken,'
I I 1
had,fled inl ost adMired disorder, leay. I
ing,behind them food, oloihing, • valus..l in
blO, elverytin g . The road over which 1
1 thleY : rn ha!f a dozetil miles ;across the is
nand was str i ewn withlthuskets, knapsacks,'
and, heaps of other irriplemonts of Warfare.
It iirs j id that they took both at Seabrook
for S, - , ,
avannah, but .
their movements can
netbe withiprecisiou at this moment re
, parted.. . :.1 - : • 1
1 I • . 1
ITIII yart morning the' :National flag
was fly pgi from Fort Beauregard also,
and Oa 'troops were on 'their way. to
Beaufhrt itself. Beaufort was deserted
by all white men-except one.
,He was to
drunk to m i ove. Hg had 4elebrated•the
anuihtlatio ,c)f the "IYankees", too early,
and with toO free a howl. , The negroes
hid everytbing,theF own way. ,Their
. 1
masters have informed the world, that the
.1, 1 .
blacks desire' nothing this, side the, grave
etcop Slavery and the dear privilege of
• Slavery and
.
flghti g in, defense of their illiabkles.---
The' t eory reduced io practice has failed.
The n groe pillaged their , masters. and
ran w th outstretched hands to the "in.
l i
•
vade :" ' 1
1. , .
' An .so Tlicr Flag once More, waves on
the shores Wereit was first insulted.,--=
would
warmth
i‘
one can
, 7- • - 1 •
This plensird suceesil i has been purchased
with he lols of pightildlled; sir siverely
woun ed,,, ' l e.venteen'lslightly . -- wounded,;
fotSl . ;. W e have an estimate of the
TEIMI6.--$l.OO PER ANNinil.
'rebel whiolt etiailea it.l2d
100 ivoittided; . • ;',.
Beaufort District bas 32,000 Claies.
its annual crop of rice, cotton, - and corn
is valued at .35;500 , 000. Frilln axis
statement it is-clear that its poitiession .
by us must be a terrible blear to the reb
els, and an incaleulable advantage to tliti
National cause. •We 'hold a splendid
harbor, sarong fortifiCations,
,or ,fortifici:
tions which.thaY easily. be made strong,
and we have a position in 13eaufort which
uan be 'successfully attacked by nd force
which does. not strike . from the sea.
Our- fleet Will prevent Any , friznn
that quarter, even if. the rebels bad anti
vessels. - : There is no aitpcct of this `
tory which not bright ; 'it is moieo,viii;
the sure precursor of even more
successes in the future, 'till there ball
no longer eny place for either battle or
viotery.—N. Y. Tribune. • - '
THE LANGUAGE OF THE AMEBIC ST
FLAG.-A number - of i years igewe rcaci
in an old Congressional document • an ex 7
plaliatiou of the. colors and symbolical
meaning of. the' stars and stripes of our
uational banner, written by a member of
die committee of the. Continental Con
gress; to whom was referred the duty Of
selecting a, flag for the then infant cep=
federaey. Since then we havefrequentlY
desired to republish the explanation, *la
matter df interest to our readers but weld
never able to find it - until this morning
we discovered it incorporated in a sketch
of the battle of Saratoga read Before the
New Yo 9 Historical Society by A.
Street; - Esq.' The explanation reads
follows :
• What eloquence do the' stars breathe
when their full significance is known.=
A. new Constellation ! -Union ! I. l erpetu,
ity I "A covenant against oppression f
Justice, equality, subordination, Courage
and purity.
The stars of the new flag represeintriliti
new constellatiwf States rising in the
West. The ideiscwas taken from the cen-•,
stellation Lyra, which in the hand of Orz.
pheus signifies harmony. Tiie blue iti
the field was `talt from the edges of the
Covenanter's banker in Scotland, signifi
cant of the league covenant of the United
Colonies against oppression, involvin b ii
virtues of vigilande, perseverance and jus
tice. The stars were disposed Orin
circle, symbolizing the perpetuity of the
Union : the ring, like the circling' Ser
pent of the Egyptians,. signifying eternity;
The thirteen stripes dbowed, with ' the
number of the United Colonies,
and de:
noted the sub - ordination of the States to
the Union as well asocittally amenzthem2
selves. The whole was the blending of
the various flags previous to the Union
flag—viz : the red flags of the army and
'he white ones of the floating batteries.
The red color, which in reman days wag
the signal of defiance, denotes - daring
and the white, purity.
PENSIONEL—Ttie followin; persons arw
entitled to pensions The offioers •and
soldiers" of the army, whether Regular,.
Volunteer or Militia. Officers and sea=
med of the nail , . If any of the perties'
named have been disabled, from std.,-
ness contracted, or from wounds iee!ived
in the line of their duty, whilst ,in the'
service of the Unite 4 States, they are en.:
titled to pensions during the continuance'
of such disability. The widows of
officers, soldiers and seamen' who have
beeeL killed, or who have died front
wounds received, or "sicknesscm/trade&
Whilst in the service of the United Stateti,
are entitled' to pensions for life, or during'
their wicTowhood. If there be no widows
the children under sixteen years are emi
titled.
THE STATE OF KANAIiFfA.7-ne . or
dinanC for dividing the old Common , '
wealth of Virginia, and erecting. a new'
State of the COunties West of the All&
gbany mountains, has been adopted by'
the voters by a majority of nearly, if DO
quite;•onelutidred to: one, avif a new'
Gonvention, the members of Itticlx.hnird,
just been ehosen, will assemble at It eels
lag on the 26th instant, to.ratify the..ac>
tion of the People. The now, &at° . will
be called' Bani*ha', - and' will . dotittlinTh''
population of two 'hundred and(eiglq : tire,
thouiand, including about eight:thonsilear:
• We should bot:be' to• niiiardly" . in
praise, for uteri' will do more .to support -
character
character than to raise one.
73
IN
El