The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, February 07, 1861, Image 1

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VOLUME X111..--NUZI3ER 19.
Terms of Adyertishir , '
i Square [lO lines]i insertion, L. Sc,
. _ . ,
1 1 " ii 3 " .:. ...- ,_ c.. rSDI
h. , 4
D e b subnquent insertion less than 13, . ' 25
1 Square tlirA roonths,.. - -; -- '-- .- - - 2 BO
1 " six "- -
j " nine " . .5 50
j " one year, GOO
ttale and figure work, per sq:, 3 his; ' - 3 00
Very subsequent insertion, - -'- .., _ 5 6
Column six months,' ' l B -00
L i Li it .
• 10 00
I: It It ' ' . 7 00
ii per year. - • • • -. •• .L... • 30 00
ii . it it 161 00
.is.playecl Single-column, each inser
titti 1;:§s tbait four, •
ittil additional insertion,
" 1, - displayed
per annum 65_ . 00
six months, 35 00
" three " 16 00
ig one mouttl, GOO
per square
lines, each insertion under 4, 100
'aitsof columns will be inserted at the sa=e
_iticitoistrater's or Executor's Notice, 200
Anditoe , s 'S:*otteen, each, 1 5u
Sheriff's Sales, pet' tract, 1 50
Marriage Notices, each, 1 Ou
Diroree Notices, each, 1 50
Administrator's Sales, per square for 4
Jab c-ca
Nail:Lass or Professional Cards, each,
not cr.:ceding 8 lines. per year - - 500
Spacial and Editorial Notices, pe: line, • 'lO
transient advertisements must be
paid in advance, and no notice swill be taken
. or advertsements from a distance, unless they
ere accompanied by the money or satisfactory
ri 7).
gi 11..5 lit t 55 evaltiT.
ATTORNEY AND coussur.,on AT LAW,
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several!
Courts in Potter and WRean Counties. All
entrusted in his care will receive
prompt attention. Office corner of West
and Third streets. 10.1
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Couderzport. Pa., trill
regularly attend the Courts iu Potter and
the adjoining Counties. 10:1
Coudersport, Pa., will attcnd•to all business
entrusted to his care. wits promptnos and
fidt: ity. Office on Sotb-west corner of Main
and Fourth streets. 12.1
ATTORNEY Al' LAW, Coudersport,' Pa., wi!l
attend to all 14tsin:sz entrusted to blin, with
care and promptness. Office on Seco;
near the Allegheny Bridge. _ 12:1
respectfully- informs, the citizens of the
lap and vicinity that he will promply re
spond to all calls for prof2ssioniThservices,
Oaiee on Main st.. - iu building formerly-oc
cupied by C. W. Ellis, Esq.
Q. S. &E. A. 4,(}NI.:S,
Oils, Faucy Articles, Stationery, Dry Goods,
Groceries, Sc., Main' st., Coudersport, Pa.
D. E. 01,31 ST ED CO, •
Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, Sc., Main St. ;
Cocdersport, Pa. 10:1
AZINES and 3lusie, N. W. corner of Main
and:Third sts., Coudersport, I'a. 10:1
WARE, Main st., nearly opposite the Court
House, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware made to ordei, in good style, on
short notice. 10:1
.F. GLASS3tIItI3, Proprietor, Corner of
ltain and Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot
ter Co., Pa. 9:44
BI . IIL'EL M. MILLS, Proprietor, Coleshorg
rwt4er Co., Pa., seven miles north of Cou
-4..r..r00rt "on *he W01 5 .-ytil,.. ;load. 0:44
ACKSMITII, Fourth street, between Main
c.ud Nest Streets, Coudersport, Pa.; is pre
p.i.c.ed to do all kinds of work in his line,
ca the most reasonable terms. Produce
taken in payment. • .- 12:39
would inform his former ens
t:gners and the public generally that he has
reestablished 4 shopin;the building form
c::y occupied by Benj. Bennels in Conders-
P?rt. where he will be pleased to do all
Lines of Blackscalthinr• on the most reason
. terms. Lumber, Shittgles, and all
kinds or Produce taken in exchange tot
tork. 12:31.
PAIRER. Coudersport, Potter Co., Pa., takes
this method of informing the pub
lie in general that he is prepared"'" 4.'"
to du all work in his line with promptness,
ins workman-like manner, and upon the
host aeeonmodating terms. Payment for
kepairing invariably required on delivery - of
the work. All kinds of PRODUCE
'ten on am:tun t of work 1 `:35.
krnprepared to do jobs of Surveying in
1 3sses, Heetor and Pike Townshi:,s, 'and'
'al'where -within_ 6 or 10 miles of my home.
4ad can undoubtedly give satisfacticlu. bar
14g had over 6 years experience.
t • • L. BIRD. •
6 roo / 1411 4r, (6tts .1 1 '' oiler Co.)Pa.
1660 e. 7tf:
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We sink "Our Country's" song to-night , •
With saddened voice end eye;
Iler banner droops in chilided light , • •
Beneath the wintry. sky.
We'll pledge her onee iii golden wine
Before her stars have sec;
Though ditil'one reddening orb mar shine
We hate a tountty yet.
'Tu-rre rain to-sigh o'er errors past,
'ate fault of sires or sons ;
Our soldier heard the Ihreateting blast
3 00
2 00
At:d. spiked his useless gnus
Ile saw the star-wreathed tnsignfall
mud invaders torn; • ,
But Sr w it from the bastioned wnll
That laughed their rage to scorn.
What though their warlike cry is flung
Across the howling wave,—
They smite the air with idle tongue,
The gathering storm who brave.
Encugh of speech ! the trumpet tint
Bt,;, silent, patient,
God help, them. iv the tempest Swings
The pine against the palm!
Our toilsome rears have made us tame,
Our strength has slept unfelt;
The furnace-fire is slow to flame
That bids our ploughshares Welt;
'Tis !turd to loose the bread they win
In spite of Nature's frowns,—
To drop the iron thread: , we spin
That weave our web of towns;
To tee the I - us:dbl.; turliires stand
Before the emptied. flumes,
To fold the arms that flood the land
With rivers front their
Bnt harder still for those who learn
The truth forgot so lonj;
When once their :lumbering passions burn,
The peaceful nre the strung
The Lord hare mercy on the weak,
ud collo their ftenzied
And save our brothers ere they shriek,
We played with Northern the
The eagle hold his mountain-height,—
The tiger pare his den
Give all the country, each - hi: right!
God keep ua all ! awn
So;kozof Fast. Jan. 4th, 1861,
Dclivered .1(7;:11t17 1 1/ 15:70861,
= Fm.f.ow Crtik:xs: Ilavitig been en
trust e d by the people of Pennsylvania,'
with the adinittist tat ion of the Executive l
department, of the government for the l
next three years, and having taken a sol
mon wall of fidelity to the Constitution!
of the United States, and to the Consti
tution of Pennsybania r , I avail myself of,
your presence to express to you ; and
through you to the people of the State,
my g.rataude fur the distinguished honor'
they have, in their partiatity, conferred
upon Jut:.
Deeply impressed with its responsibil
ities and duties, I enter upon the - taw
of Governor of Pennsylvania, with a tie•
tertaination to Inltif theth all faithfully to'
the utmost of my ability. Questions. of
great moment intimately connected with
the feelings nod interests of the people of
all parts of the Nation, now .agitate the
public mind; anti some of them, from
their novelty and importance, aro left for
j settlement in the 'uncertainty of the fu
, lure. A selfish. caution might indicate
1 silence as the safest course to be pursued
las to these questions, by one just enter
ing upon the responsibilities of high offic
ial position; but fidelity to the high trust
' reposed in_ etc demands, especially at this
! juncture, that I' yield to an honored cus.-
i tom which requires a frank declaration of
the principles to be adopted, and the poi
i icy to be pursued during my Official term.
We_ have assumed, as the gyeat Sunda
; mental truth of our political theory, that
!man is capable of self g,overnnicut,• and
I that all power emanates from the people.
An experience of seventy one years ' under
l the Coustituikn of the United States,
has demonstrated to all mankind that the
people can be entrusted with their own
I political destinies; and the deliberate ex
pressiun of their witl should furnish the
'rule of conduct to their representatives in
I official station. Thus appreciating their
Ilibual capacityfur ‘elf•oo e miieut, rind
1114010 ttie i:saprtance of preservino., pore
and uns'ullied as it came from the hands
of the Apostles of Liberty, this vital vio
-1 ciple, i pledge myself to stand - betweeu
lit 'Anti encroachments, whether instigated
'by hatred or ambition, by fauficism or
;olly. ,' • '. . .
The policy that should regulate the!
adminikration of. the governmet.t of our!
State, was declared by its ,founders, andl
is fully established by experience.. It is
!just and fraternal in its abos, liberal in 1
1 its spirit, and patriotic in us prdgress.l
The freedom of speech and of tne press,
the right or conscience and of private
judgment in civil and religious faith, are
the high prerogatives to which the Amer
ican citizen is born. In our social organH
ization the rich and the poor; the high
and the low, enjoy these equal y, and the,
Constitution and the:laws in harmony
th -rewhhi, protect the rights of all.. The
iutelligence of the people is one•of the
math pillars of the - labile of our govern.'tient, and the highest hopes of the patri
n-for its safety. rest CD enl glitened pub
lie morality and. virtue. Our system of
Deboitil fd 10 I,',rifpipies of Irtte, 3.),!lßoci-4cti, 440 11)c Zisseiiiismiloit of Lhe'eriittiv, 41)D c
ENV 1 - >0 N G.
lIT . oLivEn wrmaELL HOLUES
I Cotutnon 'SchoidS will ever ealiStmy:earn, I
jest solicitude. ..Fur vs vomits , wants the!
most ample pros made by I
the 'Legislature:' feel that I need not
urge this duty: "'The syslem has been
pining in strength_ and usefulness 'fur 2
quarter of a century; until it has silenced
upposision by its bettificent fruits. It h.;
nt thnes languished fur want of just nu' I
propria:iotis, from. changes and autenad
merits Of the law, and perhaps from inefi
fieiency in its administration but it hasl
surmounted every difficulty and is' no*
regarded by the end glitene - d and patriot. I
is tif• every politleal .faith as the great
bulwark ofeurety f.,i; our free institutions. l•
The manner in which this subject is pre-
lsented to the Legislature, by my itutue-1
!Otte predecessor, In his annual message,
I fully harmonics with public sentiment ;I
land his recommendation for aid to the
Farmers' High School •of Penns-ylvanial
meets toy most cordial approbation.
vited to the rich prairie lands of the West,!
%there the labor of the Lusbandman is
. simple and uniferm, when population has
filled our valleys, it passeS away from our n
hied:land soils where scientific culture is
required to 'reward labor by bringivg
fruitfulness Mid plenty cut of comparative:
sterility. \V tide individual liberality has
done much fur an institution that is de
sined to cdticate the farmer of the State;
the School languishcs Cur want of public
aid: An experience of ten years has ful
ly demonstrated that .the institution can
be made ECif ; and it requires
no aid froni the State except for the cum.
pletion of the buildings' in accordance
with the original design. A liberal ap
proprtatiGo for that purpose 'would be hon.
orahle to the Legislature and a just rem g
nition of a system of puz,lic instruction
that is of the highest importance to the
State in the development of our trealth,
the growth of our population and the
prosperity of our great agricultural .in
The -State having been wisely relieved
of the management of the public improve
ments by their sate, the adudnistratiou of
the government is greatly simplified, ite
resources are certain and well und , rstuod,
and the amount of the public debt is def
initely ticertaitied. A. rigid economy in
all its various departments and a :trio
accountability from all public officers, ore
:expected by our people, and they shall
not be disappointed Now - thst the debt
of the State is in the couise of ready li
quidation, by the ordinary means of the
treasury, all unnecessary expenditures of
the public money must be firmly resisted,
Iso that the gradual diminution of tits in
debtedness shall not be interrupted.
To promote the prosperity of the pm-,
plc and the power of The Commonwealth,'
by inereasintr her fib:lnch:l resources, 1 y
liberal recognition of the .vast interests oft'
our emiminclee, by husbanding our weans;
aed ,indimishing burdens of taxation
and ut debt, will be the highest objects'
of toy ambition. and all the energy of my
administration will be directed to the ac
complishment of these results. .
The pa rdonina nuwer is one of the most
important and delicate powers conferred
upon the Chief Magistiate by the Consmi•
tutirm, and it Avid alkvays be exercised I
with. great caution, and never except on
the mest conclusive evidence that it is,
due to the condemned, and that time pub-1
lie security will nor be prejudiced by the ;
act. When such ay plications are pre- I
suited to the Executive it is due to suet-,
ety; to the administration of justice, and'
to all interested, that public nufjce should
be given. By the adoption of.uelm a le , -
: illation iniposithn will be prevented and!
just efforts will be strengthened. 1
- ' I
, . Time association et' capital and labor,
I . under nets of incorporation, Where the,
purposes to Le accomplished are beyond
the reach of individual enterprise, has
I lung been the policy of the State, and has!
done much to advance the prosperity of;
the people. "Where the means of the cit-
I izens are moderate, as. they ganerally are
lin a new and crowing country, and where I
I the concentration of the capital of many'
lis necessary to development and progress, I
'uch associations, when judieiuusly re.
I stricted, watr large benefits on the State:'
IThe cast resources of l'ennsylvfluia, and
I the, variety of her mechanical amid other
industrial pursuits, invite capital and en;
terprise from abroad, which, on every
sound principle • of puliticaL economy,
I should be encouraged. :Much bf the time
lof the Legislature is consumed by appli
, cations fur special chartered privileges
I which-might be saved by the enactment
I of genet al laws• and - ly such amendment
!to our general mining and manufacturing
law as will remove needless and burthcn-,
some restraints, and at the same tint'? af
ford ample protection and labor,
and to the community at large. Our stat
ute books are full of acts of incorporatien
conferring. tpeeial pri . es, various as
they are numerous, das 'tiler, in their
grants of power,tted unequal in - their li.
linirties and restrictions. Well consid
ered-and judicious general laws to meet
all classes of corporations, would remedy
the evil, economise time and nnicy,.rc
lieve the Legislature from the constant
pressure for undue nrivileges, and Le jut
uhd equal to all io.tbeir administration.
The ,yetopower . confSred !Ton the .E)x=
eeutive was given with ; . mttelt-hcsitatien,
and not without serious apprehensions as
to itSiibuSe, Vibe'frainers'of on r orgadie
talus .
It is, in toy judgment, to be.used'
with the greatest ceaution, and Only' when
legislation is tnanifestly inconsiderate. or
of: inure than doubtful constitutionality:
The legislators, chosen - at‘ they are directl
IV by the people; :in suCh a manner that
a fairexpression Of their Views of the trUti'
policy of the government can always be.,
bad,, all, considered m easuris..
of legislation the- . soleinii sanction of the'
highest power.of .t he Stat t , and it should
not be'athitrayily interfered with. While
I &lad shriiik from nu ditty involved by
the 'sacred trust reposed in me by the 1
peep% of the CoMmonwealtli, I would I
have all otherdepartments of the govern; 1
went appieciate the fall inteas.ure of te;!
sensibility that: detiolvesupon them.
The position '.Of e.utuiil estrangement) ) '
in which. the different sections- of our.',
country Mae licen4laced by the preeip
itate action and violent denunciation of: 1
(milted partizans, the appr4ension of still
more serious compliCationsi-of our political
affairs, and the feartul ut4rtaintv of the ) ,
future, hare had the effect of wealienin , '
commercial credit and Tat finny interrubt-!
ing trade ; and,. as a nMural consequence,
deranging our eschangesr and currency:
let the elements of Sooner:II prosperity
are everywhere diffused;,.ainimgst us, and
nothing is wanting but a return of confo!
deuce to enable ui to redp the rich re ,
wards of our diversified industry and eit
terprise. Shoitld the restitution . of Coto
fidenceimbuAness and conimercial circles
be long delayed; the Legislature, in its
wisdom, will, I doubt. noti meet the ne•
ceSsities of the crisis in ti generous and
patriotic spirit. • t
Thus far,our systeth of . Govt !intent has
fully .answered the espOtatitins of its;
founders, and has -deinonStrated the ca.
tetchy of the people for selr-government..
The -country has advanced _in wealiii,l
knowledge and poWer, and'seenred'io all
cla•ses of its citizens the blessings ufl
peace prosperity and happiness. The!
werkings of our.simple and . ' natural polio
ical organizations have give n direction'
and energy 19 individual and associated
enterprise, maintained public order, and
promoted the Welfare of :1)1 parts of our
vast and expanding country. No one
who knows the history ofi. Pennsylvania
and understands theupinions,and feelings
of her people can jusil l ly charge us with
hostility to our brethren of 4 tither States.
We regard them as friends 'and fellow
countrymen, in whose- welfare .we feel a
kindred interest; anti we recognize, in
their broadest extent, all ibtir constitu
tional obligations to them. 1 These we arc
ready and wiliing ro obseri.' , e generously
and fraternally their letter ar.d spirit ;
with .thswerving
fidelity. i_ _
'he election of a President of the
United States, according to the forrns,of
the Constituticn, has recently b , an made,
a pretext fur-disturbing the peace . of the;
m•nutty by a deliberate attempt to wrest
from the Federal government the power's
which the people !'conferred on it ,when:
they adopted the Constitutionfi T3i,r this!
movement the question whetlici the gov
ernment of. the United States ernbudi's
the prcrogativei, rights and powers ofl
sovereignty, or merely reprefients, il r spe- 1
cifle put poses, a multitude of, indcomident 1
communities, confedCratcd iti' a leagtie
which any one of them may dissolve at,
will, is now placed directly before the
American *people. Unhappily this ques
tion is not presented in the.,s-iinple fern)
of political discussion, buti:eomplicated
with the passions and jcalouiies of itu
pending or actual conflict. I.
r -
There is nothing in the life of Mr. Lin
coln, nor in any of his, acts; or 'tied:iv:id
at ion before or since his election, to War-,
rant the-apprehensionthat his Admittisi
major: will be unfriendly- tol the local in-. 1
stitutions of any of the State's.. No sc.M , l
!intents but th: , se of kindne r ss and con- 1
ciliation have •Ileon expressed or enterH
mined by the constitutional maim itY
which elected I:ini ; end nothing has oc
curred to justify the excitenient which
, seems to have blinded-the jitdgentent of
la part of the people, and its ifrecipitating'
(them into revolution..l
'.Vic supremacy of the,Natimial .Gor4
eminent has been so fully admit te.d and
so long cherished by the people of Penn;
sylvania, and so completely
_has the con -I,
viction of its nationality and sovereignty'
directed their. political „action,. that they
ale surpriled at the 'pertinacity with;
Which a'portion of the. people :elsewhere;
maintain. the oppoSitU view. iThe : ttatli
tions of the past, the iecorde - 4 - teaeltings!
of the Fathers of the Reaublip, the seen.'
city of their freedom and prosperity, and
their hopes for the future, are all - in har
mony with an unfaltering allegiance toy
the Natioua: Union, the inaintainence of
t the Cunstitutton and the etif4reetuent of
I the. laws. They - have faithfully adhered
Ito the compromises of-our great National
tc.mtpact and willingly recorgni'Sed the pe
' culiar- institutions and rights Of property
t •
'of the reople, of f'other . 'States... Every
true Pennsylvanian admiis that his . ..fitst
civil and political dutyls - to the 'general
government; and he frankly acknowledges
his ohligalion to protect the eorirtitntion
al rights of ail who liv'e under its author
ity and enjoy itS
I Lave already taken occasion to say
publiely,.asid I non repeat that if , we have
any laws upoifour statute books widen
, infringe - upon the riglit.S'of the people of
any of the States., or cotstravone
of . theTederal Government, or obStrttnt
its execution, they ought to be:repealed.
'We 'ought not to hes:titte . , to, eXhibit to
other States that - may have enacted laws
interforing - :with the rights, or ObstrUctive
of the remedies which'
,belong constitn.
jtionally to all-American an ex
jample of magsianinsitY , and of 'implicit
obedience to the natarociunt and by
ja - preMpt repc:al of everY 'Mat ute that may
!even by implication, be liable to reason
table objection, do mir part:to'resuove ev
ery just .eanse of dissatisftetiou our
, . . ~
Pennsylvania has neVer, faltered in her
recognition of ell the duties imposed - up 7.
on her by the national compeer, and she
Will, by every act consistent with her de
votion to the interests of her own. people
promote fraternity and peace, and a lib
eral co:filly between the States. Her
loonvictions on the 'vital questions' which 1
I have agitated the public ,mind s are well I
[understood abroad. Her verdicts (level
been as unifOrm as theyhave been deei-
Sive, in favor of the dignity, the prosper.l
l ily and the.nrogress of her free industry,t
!and supt.ort of the prineiples of liberty I
on which the goVernment is founded, anti
menace or rebellion cannot reverse them: .
They liave. passed into loStery as the de
-1 liberate iiithreMent of her :people, exprii'ss.
led in a' peaceful, fraternal and constitu 1
tional Manner!: and when they shall have i
been_aelminisfered in -the - government, as!
Soon they will be. the madness. that now
rules the hour will subside, as their. pat-
I tiotic, faithful and: aims bring
ample protection and peaceful progress
to all sections of the Republic:„ . .
In the gutv.e questions WhiCh now. agi•
trite the country, no .Stale has a more
profound concern than Pennsylvania: Oa-,
lcupying a geographical poSition between
i the-North and the South, the East and
the West, with thea
areat. avenues of
travel mid tra p passing through her
borders, carrying on an extensive com
merce with her neighbors, in the vast
and varied productions of her soil, her
I mines and her manufacturing' industry,
land bound to them Vibe ties of kindred
land social intercourse, rde . question of
!disunion involves momentous consort:ten•
lees to her people. The second of tne
thirty three States in Po;..ulation, and the
first in material resources, it is dna' both
Ito ourselves and to the other States, that
the position and sentiments of Penns3l
- vania on the ques:i:„Ju bllel4 Id be distinctly
I understood.
411 the elements of wealth and. great-1
ness have been spread over the State byl
a I; int% Providence with profuse liberality.
Our 'temperate climate, produCtive soil,!
and inexhaustible mineral wealth,, have!
stimulated the industry of our people and
improvcd the skill of our mechanics. To
develop, enlarge and protect the Interests'
Which grow out of our natural advan'tages,!
have heeurne cardinal principles of puliti
cal economy in Penusvlvania, anththe
opinion every where prevail; aniong-pur!
people that;-development, ,progress and
wdaith depend on educated and requited
labor, and that lab.,r, and the. interests
sustained by. it,-should be adeTtately pro
tected against f)reigu competition. !lire
pepide of Pennsylvania have ys fa
vored that policy whicli alias to elevate
and foster the industry of the country in
the collection of revenue fur the:support
of the General .6ot-true/cm; and when
ever they have had the opportunity, in a
fair electron-, -they have vi-dicated their
policy. at the ballot-box. When their
trade was prostrated and their !industry
. par,Plyzed by the leuislation of. the Gene
rali Gov ern inent„ which favet ett adverse
interests, they waited patiently' for .the
return ofanother opportunity to declare
the' public will ht a eonstitutionaltnanner.
In the late election. of President of• the
United States, the principle: of Trotection
was one of the prominent. issues, With
the- proceedings of CengresS at its last
session fresh in their Inemories„ a large
majority of the people of 1 5 enosylvania
enrolled- themselves in an oreautzation,
which,-in sits declaration of 'priociplcl,
promised if successful,
_tie be faithful to
their suffering interests and ittnettishing
todUsty. Protectiin to labor was one of
the 'great principles. of izs platform ; it
was inset ibed un its banrers; 'it was ad.
vectitcd .by ;its public Journals; and.
threugh, the caovass it was a leading
test. of the orators of the s.urecssfUl•par
ty.., s_
• This is a propitions moment to'dclare
thar,while the - people of renn4lvania
were not indifferent to other vital issues
of the canvass, they were dentandingjuS
tice,for thetusettes in the recent election
-and had- no de:.4ign .to interfere wtth• or•
_,-. --
T.pkinp:-.4).46:, r...!.:, -.4.p..410;;.:,::
lithridge the rights of thdpeoPiditf tithe( A..
Stat.:, The . rowrh (if : our • State',. bud '
beemyetarded by.tlid, abrogation of •tliti -
principle ,of preteefieur field fhb ,Idientiti
lawslof the, national." gerertitneof.),batil:- ----•_,
rupter.-had erdshed the energies Of many .
of our most eniertirising.titizens.i htirftd
voted' of .disleyality or. treasen,ifai-beardi-
/nor was .an aim relied tduffer viiiletide-td
the E'cr(.l. fabri.of.eitr,tiational . ..,Utildtf: --.
Conscious ottherr riglits'dnd theii,powee -.:
our P,e2ple looked; ballet,- box
as thb, lugol_remedy for .exisiting•erils./.../ - I`/ /
1 Initild pre/Sent /unhappy .eonelitioa'• 4
the country, it, wit fie our,,duty. tol, nuite,- -- -
Iwith the peopleof the State's- wide% . r.;,4',• -
t main iloyal to - the Union; in.any just/0411 •
bondable Illensures. / rif -coneitiation- midi'
I .fraterhollindness. ./ / Let- us int:he...theta; -
t - 1 -.
to join us .td-the.,fdlfilaietti of ali;our. 4;1 •
'ligathlus;d, oder the Fe.derat Constitution!.
'and liwCl , then we.ean cordiality b'u'tte; .
I with' them in . eta/le/in./ - like oblediente,
from IteSe States. trIAI7 hare retionneed.
their ilegiance. -if the loyal Sta t tcs ,tird 7
Jest sadmoderate, without tidy stieritied'.
of right lor self-respect the . threatened ,
donge • m ay be averted. • - . ~ - •- ,
i --.
Ours s a - Soden:if Government.- R.-
I has wlt bin the - sphere of its action all the
'attrib.tei of. - :" sovereignty, and _among
these ,ire the right aud duty of self-pres..;
crvatien. ' It is_
bosed upon a cowpitt td. •
which all the people of the. United States
are parties. It is the result of mutual.:
concesolOns; . which. were made - Tor the - •
purpo a o f securing reciprocalbeneftts.-.—;
It act directly on the people and /thef.,
,owe it dpersonal allegiance. No part of
the pc ipte,.no State nor.,.lonitsinatidi of • -
',States . Can voluntarily secede from, Old
/Union nor absolve themselves from theit
I obliga ions to- it. - To permit a - State to
1 .
I•withiltaW at pleasure from - the Unionl
Iwithout the - consent of the rest, is to cod;
1 fess that' our government is a•failute.--z_ .
I Ped tisylrania• can nereracqutesee in such .
a conspiracy, .nUr assent .to a- doctrine. .
wh!chlinvolres the ' destruction of the :
C./omit/limit. If the' GOT:emu:tent is _ld
I exiq '..s - Ind the requirements of the, Con,
stitutt i n ; must be obeyed;'
r and it -mica
have ower,adequate to the etiferectueuf
of tildciitirethe lati,• of thdlatid in 'every'
I State. 'lt is the first duty . or the Ns-.
thw' authorities tdestay the progress of .
( anarchy and enferee'the laws, and Poi&
I s.y i
lrana ar
with .i.tnited people, ;w il l gird •
/ -
tlicui an honest, faithful and active sup
pert.lThe people Wan to preserve the .
integrity of the National . I.7uion at every .
hazard; - . . _
. .
I 11e Caristitution which was originally -
I framed to, prem - ote the welfire
of thirteen'
States and fear millions of p eople,
in lest -
!than ti'ree, quarters of a century has cm
!braced •thirty-three
. States and thirty
I utilliorl of inhabitants. • Our territorf
I has betin extended over new Climates id . ;
eluding -people with new. interests and'
wallts;wii the Government has protecte d .
I thew a t. •, Every thing requisite to the
I perpettiity,of the Union and its .espantlv„
I in;; peter, would seem td have been'''.
I foreseed and provided- for by the witiddpir
land salacity of the framers of the...con;
I stitutwp. ' . •
I It is lallr/re'desire or hope _retard- .A.ll. .
I that our fellow-cohntrytuen wildeomplaie,;
I eau reaionliblv demand: ;It PrOrldes that(
antendu l ieu ) ts — may be propesttby -Cod- -
gress ; 1 ;md ' whenever /the necessity to'
amendllia I occur,
.the people of -Penn.'
I sylvanta k ill give to,the" annindinentit•
I which Congress May prilose_the -careful'
I and deliberate consideration which their
I . • t I
mportance, may demand. Change is nor ,
'l-ailwaysl progress add a peeple who have
. I lived sol long and-enjoyed so muck' pros;
I peyity, wii.l have so Many, sacred maid:
I•rieSL of the past, add- such rich . leg acies
/ to tranuitl to Ilte'futere, should de v liber-
I ate lun g and serio/aSly before they attempt;
Ito altePviny! of 1110 fundamental priticiples - -
'of the great charter of our liberties. -
I assume the duties Of this high office*
t at the itle,t trying paried of our natio nai
-1 histury.l The public wind is agitated by,
fears, sirpielims and jealousies. SeiEuud
apprelicusions of the- future pervade the •
people.] -A pre/concerted tkpti organizedi
. effort has beCe, made to disturb the stabili.. - -,
1 ty of 0,4 GO;:crninent, dissoke the union,
of the Slate S, and mar the syinindry and- '
orda .oft thb noblest political structure
ever devised and enacted by human *is%
lama. - IA shall be toy earnest endwiver".
. . ,
to justifi tfi l e eenfidence whirl, y qu b e i e ,
I reposedld me, Ond to deserve - your op:
i probatioil. With-a cocseitnkiness of thy
rectitudel of may intentions,. With Flo rc• -
sentuient i l s to cherish,
.no. enmities AV-
E avenge,. to wisb but the public good tcy"
gratify, d i ed Aka profound sees° of the
suleumil - of my position, I humbly in."_
yoke Inc assi lance of our IlearenlyTa-*
tiler, tit whdt -alone 'is 'my dependence? •
Idiot Iliatre gth. niaji sustaiti,and Ilbr
wisdom gu ide we. .With Ills divine eld:
I-shall ap ply Myself' faithfully :and: fear.'
lessfy - to 'lvy responsible dutiesond abide.'
the judgedieut of a generous people. :- -.
- .lnvuting- the •blessing- of Ow C',4 eit .
our fathers :uPon our State, and- nation, W.
shall be t r io (highest object of. - wy. andiii—
tion to contribute to the -glory. id the
00=watt/calif), maintain- the - citil=s4