The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, July 12, 1860, Image 1

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*010::la3:--NtrztBrat 43.
. -
Taints of Advertisin g .
,[lo:liines.P. insertion, - - sc e
. • "
!: A.• • $l.- 50'
subsequent insertion leis titan 13, 25 .
„ d are throe mosths e. -•- - . 5O
-is ' six . ---7 • 7 • 400
el " - - - - • 5 50
0 one year; C 00
e addfi gese wd.rlt,, per sq., 3 ins: 3 .00
ery subsequent insertion, - _ - .50
Column six mointlii, 18 00
al. ! e s
rr ------ - 10 00
is ' - - - 7 00
a per year. • 30 00
a a 16 00
don less than fonr, • -- 3 00
Eli additional insertion, _ 2 00
able-column, displayed, per annum 65 00
is " six months, 35 00
• a rr three " 16 00
tr " ono month, 600
" per square
ti'flo lines, each insertion under 4, 00
of columns will be inserted at the same
sinistrator's or Executor's 'Notice, 200
editor's Notices, each, 1 50
,erirs Sales, per tract, 1 50
'.g6 Notices, each,
rorce Notices, each, .; .1 fio
dainistrator's Sales, per square for 4
insertions, 1 50
".ess or Professional Cards, each,
net exceding 8 lines, per year - - '5 00
!tied and Editorial Notices, pet r line, 10
pr All transient advertisements must be
'din advance, and no notice will be taken
advertisements from a distance, unless they
accompanied by the money or satisfactory
g1t511105 earto.
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several
Courts in Potter and M'Kean Counties.. Ali
bushiees entrusted in his care will. receive
prompt attention. OCCIV.c . on Main st., oppo
site the Court House. 10:1
TTORNEY AT LAW., Coudersport, Pa., 1011
regularly attend the-Courts iu Potter and
the adjoining COurttiag. _10:1
Coudersport, Pa., will Attend to all business
'attested to his care, with proneptnes and
fidi:ity. Office in Temperance Block, sec
end dont, Meal- St."' .
TTORICEI' AT. LAW,.Coudersport, Pa., will
attend to all business 'entrusted to him, with
me and promptness. Officesorner of West
and Third sts. 10:1
ABINET MAKER, having erected a new and
convenient Shop, on the South-east corner
of Third and West streets, will be happy to
receive and fill all orders in his, calling.
Repairing and re-fitting carefully and' neatly
done on short notice.
ndersport, Nov. 8, 859.-1 l-Iy.
mpectfully informs the citizens of the - Tii: and vicinity that he will promply re
rybad to all calls for professional services.
Mee on Main st„ in building forrizerly oc
cupied by C. W. Ellis, Esq. 0:22
Oils, Fancy Articles, Stationery, Dry Goods,
Groceries, .tc., Main st., Coudersport, Pa.
• 10:1
Clothing; Orockeig, Groceries, ac., Main st.,
Coudersport, Pa. 10:1
M. W.' MANN,
AZINES and Music, N. W. corner of Main
tad Third sts., Coudersport; Pa. 10:1
•WARE, Main at., nearly opposite the Court
House, Coudersport, Pa. *Tin and Sheet
tam rare made to order, ill good style, on
short notice. 10:1
F. GLASSMIRE, Proprietor, Corner at
ilsin and Second Streets, Couderspaet, pot
ter Co., Pa. _ 9:44
num M. MILLS, Proprietnr, Colesburg
!Imunrt. Co., Pa., seven miles north. o f Con
on the IvAllsville Boa& 9:44
•G. LYMAN. proprietor, Ulysses, Potter Co.,
Pa. This llonse is situated on, the East
tamer of Math street; opposite A. Corey &
scei store, and is well adapted to meet the
vants of patrons and friends. 12:11-1y.
D. k 434 M. H. DANIELS,
Ready -Made Clothing,<Crockory, Hardware,
1k .,,'° 1 4, Stationery, Hata, Caps, Hoots,Hhoes,
r ,raints, Oil; &c., &c., Ulysses, Potter Co.,'
ra • * Cash paid Tor Furs,- Hides and
?e lll of Grain: taken. in excha!lg"
for trade.— . 12•20
PAIRER, Coudersport, Potter Co., Pa., takes
this method of informing the pub
lie in general that he Is prepared
to do all Work in_his line with promptness,
in a workman -like manner, and upon the
most accommodating
Pi kg inirariably required ondelivery of
14 n vork. tbEe.. All kinds of PRW. CE
` 'teß OA act unto of work.. 1!:35.
- _ , _ I s !
• -t •
"J . #
' •
Egrt'o enrittr:
The broken ties of happier days,
- How often do theyseem
To comb.before our ment4l gaze
Like a remembered dream; ..
Around us each dissevered chain
. In sparkling ruins lies,
And earthly bands can ne'er again
Unite those.brokea ties.
The parents of our infant borne,
The kindred that we - loed, •
Fat: froin oar
, anus
- perchance may roam
To distant scenes reitioce4 i• •
Or we have watched their parting
And, closed their weary eyes,
And sighed to think how sadly death
Can sever human - tles.
The friends, the loved ones cf our youth,
They are gone or changed g ' -
Or, worse than all, their love and truth
Are da.rken'd - and estrariged.
They meet us in a glittering throng,
Witir'ecild, averted eyes,
And wonder that we, weep our wrong,
And MUM our broken ties.
0! who in sue!' a world its this
Could bear their lot of pain,
Did not our radiant hope of bliss
Unclouded yet remain ?
That hopethe sovereign Lord has given, reigns beyond the skies,
That hope unites our soul•to Heaven
By truth's buduritig ties..
Each care, each ill of mortal birth,
Is sent•in pitying love,
To lift - the lingering heart from earth,
• And speed its flight above.
And every pang which rends the breast,
And every juy that dies,
Tells-us to seek a heavenly rest,
And trust to holier tics,
The Barbarism of Slavery.
• svr,Eca OF .
Delivered in. the U. S. Senate, in Committee 'cif
• the Whole on the State of the Union, June
But 'Slavery plays the part of a Harpy,
and defiles' theyelloicest-Aningtiet. :- See
what h does with this territory, thus spa-
cious and fair. _ .
An important indication pf proaperity
is to be found in the growth of popukt
tion. In this • respect the two regions
started equal. In 1790, at the first cen
sus under the Constitution, the popula
tion of the present Slave States was 1,-
961,372, of the present Free States 1,-
968,455, showing a difference of only 7,-
083 in favor of. the Free States. This
difference, at first merely nominal, has
been constantly increasing since, showing
itself niore strongly in each decennial cen-
Eris, until, in 1850, the population of the
Slave States, swollen by the annexation of
three foreign Territories, Louisiana, 'Flor
ida, and Texas, was only 9,612,769, while
that of the Free States, without any such
annexations; -reached 13,434,922, show
ing a difference of 3,822,153, in favor of
Freedom. Buf this difference becomes.
still ;more remarkable, if we confine crir
inquiries to the white populatien, which,
at this period, was only 6,184,477 in the
Slave States; while it was 13,238,670 in
the Free States, showing a difference of
more than 7,054,193 in favor of Freedom,
and showing that the white population of
the Free States had not only doubled, but
commenced to triple that of -the, Slave
States, although occupying a smaller ter
ritory. The comparative sparseness of
the two populations furnishes another it
lustration. In the Slave States the av
erage number.of inhabitants to a square
mi wasi 1 28, while in the Free States
it was 21.93, or almost two to ope in fa
vor of Freedom.
These results are• general; but if we
take any particular Slave State, and com
pare it with a! Free State, we shall find
the same constant evidence' or Freedom.
Take Virginia, with a territory of 61,352
miles, and New York, with a territory of
47,000, mrctver.l4,ooo square miles less
than her sister State.. - New-York has one
sea-port, Virginia some three or four;
New Y.rk has oce noble river, Virginia
has several; ll'ew York for 400 miles runs
along the froz."en line of Canada; Virginia
basks. in a climate of ceastant felicity.
But Freedom is batter than climate, riv
ers, or sea-pert
In 1790, the -population of Virginia
wai 748,308, and in 1850, it was 1,421,-
661. In '1790, the population of New
York was 340,120, - and in • 1850, it was
3,096,394; -Wilt of Virginia had not doub
led in sixty years, while that of NOW York
had multiplied moreqban nine-fold. A
similar comparison maybe made between
•Kentuelty, with 37,680 square milis,,ad
mittcd into the Milos as long age a 5 .1790,
and Ohio, with 39.964 square tidies, ad
mitted into the. Union is 1802. 1'61850,
the Slave State had a population" of oply
982,405, while Ohio had &Population of
1,980,329, showing &difference of nearly
a million in 'favor of Freedom. . • ,
As in population, so also in the value
of properw, - real and personal ) , do:the
ri=r . RMWel
Deboteo ' tii • - II) 6 ' iliileililes,:ofi ;:tiiiii tiihin . i4 - 61i ? '-40 - ; 14 - 4i$'FiiiittTlio'ir . 9f :liilitv4iiig,:l::iiihitti7i- 1.0.-ilfeiris:";-'
i iititaL
4th 1860
COUDERSPOI3.T i POTTER - COUNTIt r ' P4 3 TpiqßspAat., , JULT 1860.-
Free States eicel tlie*Slave.States..=
cording to the census of:1850; the value
of property in the: Free .States, was .$4,-
107,162,198, while in the Slave States it
was 62,936,090,737; or, if we dednet the
asserted 'property' it hunniu flesh; only
$1,655,945,137=1—5h0wing - ati enormous
difference ; of billions in favor of Freedom.
In the, Free States ; the valuation- per, acre
was $lO 47, hi the Slave States only $3-
04. This disproportion; was . Still greater
in 1255, acciailin7 to' the report of the
Secretary Of the treastiry, when the.val.
nation • of the-F.reeStatis 15,710,-
194,680 ; orsl4-72 per. acre ; and of the
Slave Stites, $3,977,853,946; or,
if we
deduct the asserted Property in human
flesh; $2,505,186,346, or $4 59 -per acre.
Thus, in five years from 1850,- the Vain. :
ation of property in the . Free States re
ceived an increase of more than the whole
accumulated valuation 'of the Slave Statei
at that time. - . •
Looking at details, we find the same
disproportions. Arkansas and Michigan,
equal in territory, were - admitted into the
Union in the same year; and yet, in 1855,
the whole Valuation of Arkansas, includ
ing its asserted property in hutnae flesh,
was only $64,240,726, while that.of Mich
igan, without a single, Slave, was $116,-
The'wholc aecuthulated valu
ation of all the SlaVe Stated, deducting
the asserted property in lumen_ flesh, in
1850, was only 81,655,9.45,137; but the
valuation of New - York alone, in. 1855,
reached the nearly equal sum of 61,401,-
285,279.. The valuation of
North and South Carolina, Georgia,7Flor
ida, and Texas, all together, in 1850; de
ductiv.g human flesh, was $573,332,860,
or simply $1 81 per acre, being less than,
that of Massachusetts- alone, which was
$573,342,286. or $ll4 85 per acre.
The Slave States boast of agriculture;
but here again, _ "notwithstanding "their su
perior natural advantages, they must yield
to the Free States at every point,
ninnber of farms and plantations; in the i
number ofaeres of improved lands; in the'
cash value of farms; in the average value
per acre; and in 'the value, of farming
implements, and machinery. Here is a
short table: . -•
- Sfaies•,- 7 --Numbor +Of- farna&-$7,-7,...
736; acres taf Improved laud, 57,688,040;
cash value of farms, $2.143,344,437; av
erage value per' acre,
$l9 83 ; value of
farming implements, $85,736,658.
Slave States.—Numbdr of farms,
203; acres of improved laud, 54,970,427;
.cash.value of farms, $1,117,649,649; av
erage value per acre, $6lB ; value of farm-.
ing pjements, $65,345,625.
Such is the nighty contrast. But it
does .nat stop here. Careful tables place
the agricultural products- of the Free
for the year ending June, 1850,
at $858,634,334, while those of the'Slave
States were $631 ; 277,417; the product
per acres in the Free States at $7 94, and
the product per acre in the
,Slave States
at $3 49; and the averaFe product of each
agriculturist in the 'Free . States at 63:12,
and in the Slave States it $lll. Thus,
the Free States, with a smaller population
engaged in agriculture than the
. Slave
States, with smaller territory, show an an
nual sum -total of agricultural producti
surpassing those of the Slave States by
two hundred and twenty-seven millions
of dollars, while twico'rs much is produc
ed on an acre, and more than twice as
much is produced by each agriculturist._
The monopoly .of cotton, rice, and cane
sugar, with a climate granting two , and
s °met:4m% three crops in a year, are thus
impotent in the competition with Freedom.
In manufactures, the :failure of the
Slave States is greater. still. It appears
at all points,
in the capital employed, in
the value of the raw material, in the an
nual wages, and in the annual product.
A short tab'.c will show the contraPt
"Free States.—Capital, $436,249,051;
value of raw material. $465.344,092; an
nual wages, $195,976,453 ; annual Pro
duct, $842,586,053.
Slave States.—Capital, $95,029; 879;
value of raw material, 886,190,639 ; an
nual wages, $33,257,360; annual pro
duct, $165,413,057.
This might be illustrated by details
with regard to different mann:Actium—
whether of r hoes, cotton, woolen, pia iron,
wrought iron, and iron castins-L-alrshow
ing the contrast. It might also be illus
trated by a comparison between different
States; showing, for iustanCe, that* the
manufactures of Massachusetts, - during
the last year, exceeded, those of all the
Slave States combined.-
IU commerce, - tll6 failure of the Slave
States is on .yet a larger scale. Under
this head, the census dues not supply
proper statistics, and we are left, there
fore, to approximations from •other quar
ters; but these are enough for our pur
pose.. Itappears that, of the products
which enter, into 'commerce, the- Free
States had• an amount valued at. 61.,377, , -
199,968 ; the Slave States an -amount
valued only at S-110,751,992; that of the
persons engaged in trade,.the Free States
had:136;856, and the Slave States 52,-
622; and that of the tonnage employed,
the Free States had 2,790,195 tons, and
the Slave States only 726,285. !Ibis was
in 1659., .But inlBsolthe disproportion
was Stilt greater, the k ree Statee having
4,252,015 tons, and the Slave Statei 855,-
517 to being a:diff*nce of ,five to One ;
and 'o:o,C:tuna:re of Mcissa'cliultts alone
being; 970,727 • tons, tin' amount larger
than 'thitt :of all the" SliqCt . Stat'e,S. The
tonntivi'huilt during this - year by' the
'Fret 'States' was •52844.4 .. t0n5. - ; by the
Slavelitates,s2,9s9 tops.. Maine. alone
built 215,905 -tons, or
_more than four
Aimee the, wlisde built the Sla4eStates.
ibitign coi* erC,' e;• - •-tisludichted- by
the exports and import in 1855,j of the
.Fiee States Was - $404,t68 503; ; of the
Slave States, $132,067,216. ' The exports
'of the Free States were $167,520,693 ; of
the Slave States, including -the Vaunted
cotton prop, 813;007,216. The imports
alba Free States were 3'_236,847,810; of
the Slive.States, 24,566;528. The. for
-0 comMerce of Now York aldne was
more than twice as large as that of-all the
Slave States; her , iniports were; larger,
and her exports were ;larger also, Add
to this testimony of kitties
,tho testimony
of a Virginihn, Mr. Loudon, in a. letter
written just before the sitting de Smith
ern Commercial 6,nvention. 'Thus :he
complains and testifies :
'; There arc not half a:dozen vessels engag-.
ed In our own trade that are owned) in: Vir
ginia; and-1 haire been hnilble to find. a-ves
sel at Liverpool loading Tor Virginia Nvithtn
three years, during the'height of Our busy
season." • '
Railroads and Cariale are the avenues
of commerce; and here 'avain. the Flee
States excel. Of railroad; in operation
in-1854, there were 13,105 Miles in the
Free States, and 4,212•10 the Slave, States.
Of Canals here were 3,682 miles in the
Free States, and 1,116 the Slave States.
The Post Office, which is net only the
agent of commerce, but of civilization,
kin's in the uniform testimony. Accord
ing to the tables for -1859, the postage
collected in the .Free States was $5;532 - 909;-and the expense of carrying the mails.
$6,748,189, leaving a!deficit of $1,215,-
189. the Slave State the ;amount
collec,tecl was only $1,988,050; and the
expense of carrying the mails $6,016,612,
leaving :the enorinon* deficit of $4,028,-
ficiti being $2,813,372. The Slave States
did not pay one third', of the expense of
I ranspoi ting their., mails; and not la single
Slave State paid for the transportation of
its mails; not even the small State of Del
aware. MassachnsettOeSides paying, for
bets, had a surplus laiger than'the whole
iamourit.collected in South Caroliba.
Aceording to the censuS . of 1850. the
the value of churches in the Free States
was $67,773,477; iu - the Slave States
$21,674,581. 1'
Voluxtary chanty c ontributed fa 1855,
for certain leading pu t rposes of Christian
beneiolence, was, in, the Free! States,
$953;813 ; for the smile purposes'" in. the
Slave States, $194,784. For the Bible
cause, the Free StateS contributed $319,-
667;• the Slave States, $68,125. For
the Missionary cause, 'the first contributed
$319,667 ; and the segond, 101,934 - . Fur
the Tract Society the first
8131,972; and the second, $24,725. The
amount contributed in Massachu'setts for
the support of missions was greater than
that - contributed by all the Slave' States,
and more than eight times that Ctintribn
ted by South Carolina.
Nur have the Freci States been back-1
ward in charity, whep the Slave States
have been smitten. The records of Mass
achusetts show that as long ago as 1781,
at the beginning of ihe Government, there
was,ah extensive contribution throughout
the Commonwealth, under the particular
direction of that eminent patriot', 'Samuel
Adams,"-for the relief of inhabitants of
SOuth Carolina and Georgia. In 1355
we were' saddened the - prevalence. of
yellow .fever in Portsmouth, Virginia;
and now . , - frOm a report of the relief com
mittee 'ofthat place,lwe learn that the
amount of oharity contributed.. by the
Slave States, exclusive of Virgiiiia, the
afflicted-State, was 02,182,-ina,linclud
init. Virginia, it was 8;33,398; while $42,
547 were coutributed ‘ by the Free States,
In all this array we see the fatal influ
ence of slavery, but its Barbarisin is yet
more conspicuous when we conSidei its
Educational Establishnients ' and, the un
happy results which naturally ensue from
their imperfect chareciter, I.
Of colleges, in 1850, the Freci States
bad 61, and the Slavei States 59 ; i but the
comparative efficacy. of the insittutions
which assume-this name May be measur
ed, byoertain facts. The numberOt grad
uates in 'the'lleo states _was 47,752, in
the slave, states,, 19,648 ; the nuinbor, of
ministers deemed ioj slave collegeS. was
747, in the free colleges 10,702; ;and the ,
number of volulnes in .the libraries of
slave colleges 30,8.011; in the libi•aries of
the-Free colleges 66.7227.- If the mete
r- ials were at hand for a comparison be
tween th-se aelloges, an, Jinildinge;-cabi
iiets,.ind scientific. apparatus, 'or! in ; the
standard of. scholarship, th.e diiference
would be still More apparent.
Offrofeaiona4 schools, teaching. law,
medicine, awl theOlog_y, the free states
had 65; with 269 professors; 4,426 stu
deutts and 175,951 yoltilmes in.their li
braries,'while the;slave , states. luid:only
82 ProfessienaFsehoola, with 122 IPrefes ?
Sors, 1,807 students,ind . 3o,796„voluinci
in- their librarie.. The !whole ;:number
educated at 'these institutieni in the free
tiateslwas 23,513,,
.in:, the slave - state* 3,:•
812.. Of these, the leigest,,inamEer in
the slave's:ate% sttidy law next medieine
and- lastly theology. . According to •the
census, there are only - 808 - in the . Slave
theelogicarscheOls; and 747 studying for
the witiistry. „in. the , * eoll4;94. i I iii7td,
this isitill the, record we haie of the edu- -
catisui of.the.slave clergy. - ... .. , ..;
-of;acadentie,s and pi:ivale schools, in
1850; the free states, notwithstanding
their niultitudidous public schools, had
3,197; with 7,175 teachers,
,154,893 -pu
tiils, and an annual income of $2,457,372;
the shire states had 2,797-acadeinies aml
private schools, with 4,913 teachers, 104,
976 Pupils, and anl,annual. Income of $2,-
079,724. letheabSence of public Saw's,
to a large - extent, where slavery exists,
the dependence must be chiefly upon pri.
vete Schools ; and yet even in these the
slave states fall below the free states,
whether we consider the number of pupils
the nutubCr of teachers, or- the amount
paid for their support. - • .
IMpuh/ic schools, open teal), alike th e
poor and the rich, the eminence of_the
Free'States is -complete..- Here the fig
ures 'show a difference as wide as that,'
between • Frcedour 'and :Slavery.' rick
number in the Free States is 62,433, with
72,621 teachers,
and with 2,769,901 pu
pils Supported' by -an annual expense of
$6,787,337.'• Their number in - the Slave
States is 18,507, with 19,307 . teachers,
and With '581,861; pupils; supported • by
an annual expense.of. 32,719.534. This
difference may be illustrated by details.
Virginia, an old Siiite„and more than- a "
third. larger than Ohio, has 67,35'3 pupils
in her public schools, while the latter
State has 484,153, -Arkam,as, equal in
age end' size with- Michigan,. has only
B,493.pupirs at her public schools, while
the latter ,has 110,455. South Carolina,
three dines as, large as Massachusetts,
bas 17,848 pupils at public schools, while
the...:latta,z_StAte_Lhe*-,41.14-15.r... , —)Skutit
Carolina spends for this purpose v erinatil;•
ly, $200,600 ; Massachusetts, 61,006,795.
13.1timore., with a population of 169,012,
on the northern verge of - Slavery,-has '
school - buildings valued - at . $105,729 ;
those of Boston are valued at '5729,502.
Bosten • with a population smaller than
that '9f Baltimore, has 203 public schools,
with. 853 teachers, and 21,678 pupils,
supported at an•annual expense of $237,-
000 ; Baltimore has only, 37 public
schooki; with 138' teachers, and 8,011
pupils supported at an aunnal expense Of
532,423: But even these figures do not
'disclose tiv. whole 'difference; for there
,exist in the Free States,. teachers' insti
-1 tutes, normal, shook, lyceums, and public
Icourses of lectures, which arc unknown ''
tin the region of Slavery. Theizt advan
tages, ace enjoyed alio by the children of
colored - persons;-arid here is a compari
son vhielt shows the degradation of -the
* Slave States: MS their habit pattieu
larlyi l to deride free eJlored persons. . See,
now, with 'what cause. The - number-of
colored 'persons in the • Free- States is
19E016, of whom 22,043 or more than
one-ninth; attend schbol, which is a - larg
er proportion .than is' supplied by the.
whites of the Slave States. In Massa
chnsetts there are 9, 64 colored persons,
of w mom 1;439, or nearly one-sixth, at
tend school, which is a much lamer pro
portion than is supplied•by the ;bites of
South Carolina., . .. - .
- - -
Among educational establishments are
pu6lic libraries; and here, again, the
Free Stares have their.euitoinary emi
nence, whether we consider libraries
strictly called public. or. libraries .of
cotnthon Eahool, of the - Sunday school; of
the.eollege, and. of .the church..:here the
disclosures' are ''rho, number
of the,Free Siatei
and the sum total .of volumes is .3,888,-
231; the number of libraries in the. Slave
States is 695, and the sum total. volumes
is 649,577 ; showing an excess for Free
dom.'cf, mole than fourteen thousand
braries, and more than three millions of
volumes. In the Free
. States the com
mon school librarielk . arel.l,BBl; and con
tain 1,589,03 volumes,; in the Slave
States they are 186, and contain 57;72
volumes. In the. Free States the Sunday
schot7l libraries are 1,713, andT.totain
478,858. volumes ; in the teres
-they' l are 275, and contOin 63,40ol
nines. In the Free States the
hiaries are 132, and contain 660,573'401
-utiles . ; in the Slave States they are .79 ;
and contain 249,248. volumes: .In the
Fred,States" the church libraries are 109,
and "contain 52,723 volumes;--in the Slave
States -they =are 21, and contain "5.627
voluMes. tht:Frce States - . din libra. I
ries sqictly Called public, and not inclu
ded under the heads alrendy"enutnerated,.
are 1,058; and .eontoie 1,106.897 . vol:
ues';'thOse of the Slave'Statee axe n,
and eentaitr`2 , 73,slB. - vehtmes. ;
Turn ibese figures over r ibak at.ftitin,
in liny light, an
,the conelusien
irresistible for Freetiom:= - The.etillege:ll4.
briries alone of the 'Free Statei are ire+
eittlian all ihe libraries - of Slaiery..:lol
alio, are the -libraries ,of .:„MailauchuSeitt
aline greater:than - all ibelibrariesof
'Yelr and ',the common 'school i ibrar ids:
alone of NeW York art - niffie . twice
8...3 large as all the libraries of -81iiierj...4 -4 ,.
Michigan has 101,943 Volatnes in her lii
braries; Arkansas -
of;the most effidient , is
,the• Press 1 . , Fed •
hemagii .all
Tile Free States : excel-in the number
neWspariers'. end' '
whetter. daily, -semi-weekly, - weekly;
seini-uionthly, monthly; or:quarterly; and
whatever their character, whether literdz
' ry; neutral, folitleal,•religions or scienti
fie. The whole aggregate circulation .id -
the Free States is 334,146,281; In.:the
Slave States, 81,038,693.: In Free 11l
igAn, 3,247,736 ; in Slave Arkansas; 837,-'
000. In_ Free Ohio,
30,473,407; id
Slave Kentucky, 6,582,838. liv.S.l.lvet
South tiarollna, 7,145,930 ;in Free.Matt4.
saphusetts; 64,820,564..--a larger bomber
than in .the ten,Slave States;• Maryland;
Virginia,_North Carolina, Carolina,
G-Corgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Freri . da;
Llmisiana. and Texas, '-combined.: Thii
enormous disproportionin the aggregate
also preserved in the details;.. In - the
Slave States, political •newspapars:-find
inore favor , than any others; but-even , of
these they publish . only 47,243.209
cepies, while the Free States publish
163,583,668. Of neutral neWspapers;
the Slave States publish 8,8124620 the ,
nree States, - 79;156,738;_.• Of, religiode
ewspapers, the Stave States publish :40
3;64,832 ; the Free States, 29,280;65$
9f literary journals, the Slave States pnb+4
halt 20,245,360; the. Free. States 57,478,4
768. And of scientific- journals, ,the
Slave Statesimblish 372,672; the. Free
rates, 4,521,260., -Of these latte,r, „the .
number of copies Massache4
Bette alone is 2,033,260—M0re thin--five .
times the number in the whole : . land • - of
4lavery: •Thus,. In contributions, td
ipience, literature, religionyand evewpol.
Wes, as attested by •the :activity of 'the
pres!„,,lo theShtvefitates mist(
cinibly fail, whtle -.4"aneal . 'gathers' oat=
them. And thii seems to be inereasink
with - Accordwur-te - „the. Bonsai of
1810, the disproportion. in. this respect
fi etween the two regions was only - as two
to one. It is now more than five to onei
and is'still goinr , on. • •
!:The same - difproportion appears -: witli,
egard to persons connected with the
Press. In the Free:States, - the 'number
Of printers was 11,822,: of whom 1,229'
Were in Massachusetts; in the Slave ;
States there were 2,895 of whom 'Senile -
Carolina :had' only 141. In the Fred
States, the number of publesh,ers was 334
in the Slave States, 24. Of these Mair-L
scliusetts had 59, or more.than twice as
i many as all the Slave States; while : Sotitle
darolluti had hone. In the Frei States'! -
the authors were 73; in the'Slaye States , •
6-. , 0f whom Massachusetts had- 17 _and
South Carolina 2. These, liuggestiveil..•
lastrations arc all-derived trom. - the last.
Official census.. But - if we go' to _other'-
I spurces, the contrast is-atil t the-sam
IQf the authors -mentioned in Duyekink's;
Cyclopedia of American Literature, 4031..
t. - e
of the Free. States, arid only - 87 of the:
Slave States. Of the poets mentioned ire
Griswoid'e Poets , and Poetry of Amerien„
A 23 are of the Free'States,- and •'only .
the Slave States. - Of the poets; *head
:place of birth appears -in= lead'-s.Yvlnaln:
!Poets of America, 73 are.of ;the Free ,
States, and only 11 -Of the. Slave Stated,
And if we try authors by . weighfor gnat-.
ity, it is the seine as When we try_ theur
lby numbers. Out of, the Free ~ State*
lave come-all whose works have -tat:cut
;11ade in the permanent - lite,minr,o .of the
untry=-Irving, Prescott, Sparks, Ban.:
croft, Emerson, Motley, Hildrelth, and;
ight add indefinitely to the. list:, -Kuk.-
What name from the Slave _States- euutirk
find a place there? 2-. _ - '
1 A similar disproportion appears .n the
linruber of Patents,. attesting, the. invi3 - me ,
Live industry of the-contrasted regiiiiwp
isucti• during the last three years,- Iss7#l'
1858 and, 1859. _ In:,the _Free -State*,
~here were 9,560; in the tiave' Staifty
1,449 --making a difference of 8,111 hr.
favor of freedom. ..The numberin Prot:it'
Alnssachuseite was 97.2; Slave:Sea:lc,
ihirolina, 39. The number in Free Convi
Aecticut, Small , in territory • lipid eopal'.
flog, was 628; in. Slave ...Virginia, large
lerritory and' population, 184. •-,
From all-these things we: ntight infer thb i •
•Igneranceprevalent in the Slave
t i llis - shows itself in specific iesulta of _a', def.'
plorable character ..anthenticitted by-the offiLP'
'eta! Census. ippears that. itt Sly-'..
Stites there wei.x.4113,02.6 . Pot- -
Sons over, tweak - leafs
. of age , yrha cannot',.:
read and write,; . titrae. in the Free St:tEvs. l iwiffit„ .
double the white paPhltitiorr, there were -
218,725 'native - Whitti
age in this unhappy „precirsment;. tine'`;
Mate, Scitee the - preportiorr.viak ter: 3::•
the Flee States it was 63. The nttatiOhle
(SEE FOU_RTET; ft#p.E:)
. •
~, !;: