The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, March 23, 1858, Image 1

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    SING. 4 -11 COPIES, }
muss= EVERY TaURSDAY moasiss, sv ,
Tbos. S.. Chase,
Tv whims all Letters -and Communications
should be addressed, to secure attention.
Terml..-luvarlably la Alkilvaince :
1it,23 per A.nnaus.
Terms of Advortising;
.1 Square LIO hues] inzertim, . - 50
a „ 3 „ „ $l5O
c.sch subsequent insertion leas than 13,
t 1 Square three months, - - •
, nine "
_ " one year,
L3tila and iigore wort, per eq., 3 ins,
Seery subsequent Insertion,
t_ColaninLaix months, - - - - ---•-- 1.8-00
11 /a 46 ii 10 00
_ 61 II 7 00
1 . "-per year. 3O 00
4 11 46 ii - 16 00
Double-column, displayed, per annum 65 00
66 " SiX mouths, 3 0 0
61u three " 10 00
64 On. moath, 600
11 II per Niter.
of :0 Uses, each insertion under 4, 100
['arts of columns will be inserted. at the same
rates. r
Administrator's or Executor's Notice, 200
Auditor's Notices, each, 1 50
,sheriff a Sales, per tract, 1 50
!ferriage Notices, each, 1 00
Divorce Notice., each, 1 50
Administrator's Sales, per square for 4
Business er Professional Cards, each,
.20L excetling V lines, per year, - - iOO
Special and Editorial Notices, per line, 10
./irdrAll transient advertisements must be
paid in advance, and no notice will be taken
ssC advertisements from a distance, unless they
are accompanied by the money or satisfactory
gusinez,s earb,s.
Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several
• Courts in Potter and Wlican C o unties. All
busincvs entrusted in his care ivill receive
. prompt attention. Office or 1140 it.. oppo
site the Court House. 10:1
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will
yegnlarly attend tho Courts in Patter and
the adjoining Counties. 10:1
Coudersport, Pa., will attend to all bUsiness
entrusted to his care, with promptnes and
fidelity. Office in Temperance Block. sec
end floor, Main St. 10:1
ATTORWEY AT LAW. Coudersport, Pa., %%I+l
attend to all business eutrusted to him, with
care and protniitness. Office corner of West
and Third sts, 10:1
L I'. 11'11,141.6T0N,
ATTURNVI" Al' LAW, WeliA,oro', Tioga Co.,
Pa., will atteud ale Couril. in Pu.u•r
Coauties. 8; 13
Wwd T. 0., (Allegany Tp.,) Potter Co., Pa..
-will attend to all uuswess la his line, with
tare and dispatch. U:33
W. K;
ANCER, Sinethport, 3l'lieati Co., Vu., will
attend to busiroas tor nun.resident land
holders, Upon rea,on:thlit terms. lieleren
cos given if required, P. S.—Maps of sti)
part of the County made to order, 4:13
respectfully informs the citizens ui the vil
lake and vicinity that be will prowply re
spond. to all calls fir professional services.
Onice oa Slain st., in building formerly oc
' eupied by C. W. 411 is, Esq, 9;211
*Fancy Articles, Stationers - , Dry Goods,
Grocaries,' Mfiia fit., Coinltreport,
Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, kc., Main st..
Coudersport, Pa. . 1v:1
M.' W. MANN,
ALIN'Eti awl Music, N..W. corner of Main
aid Third sta., Coudersport, 10:1 -
jEwsLun, Coudersport, Pa., having engag
id a wind** is Schoccuaker .t Jackson's
Mier* will carry on the Watch and Jew e l r y
hasiaeas there, A fine-assortment of Jew
„elry constantly on hand. Watches and
Jewelry carefully repaired, in the best style,
,on the shortest aotiee—all work warrante d.
WARE, Maio at., nearly opposite the Court
Douse, Coudersport, Ps. Tin and Sheet
Iran Ware mode to order, in good style, on
. abort notice. 10:1
D. T. GLAMMIRE, Proprietor, Corner of
Main and Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot.
ist Co., Pa. 9:44
IMILTEL Y. MILLS, Proprietor, Colesburg
Patter Co., Pn„ men miles north of Coo
-46040ril 444
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3 04
We think oar raptures;n-:'er will change
- We pray, them not •
But 'tis our lot—
A word—a look—may, us esteatigo.
But FatENDSMP is a sacred think; ' .
It bears With ii no jealo:is stinae;
'Tis puresud mild, • •
When undefiled- • ;
By hope of gain, or hope of luit—
A sacred . bond
Of two hearts fond—
In such a love, oh, let'us trust. •
Let those whOse fincy.ronms above
Thugs of this earth, oh, lot them kive—
Give me a friead,
Who, to the end
Of life, no 111 e can from me serer,— '
On my fond breast
Her head shouldrest,
While I sang my song i)f—P•riendsiii over
1 60
The Superintendent ofConution
Schools in Potter County,
My commission which dates from the
18th of October last, was received about
' the 12th of November, Mr. Pradt :Lav
ing resigned in June previous,- the office
of Cuunty Superintendent was' vacant dur
ing live menthe of the year for which this
report is to be-made.
A large number of the teachers for the
summer schools were cot examined; none
of the schools visited ; 'consequently theft.
'are-no records from which to ntake adefi-
Rite report of that 'tuition of the schoel
That I might be able, to ascertain, as
nearly as possible, by inquiry while visit
ing toe several school districts, those sta
tistical items requasted iu the instructions
the Department, I have- delapd :this
report longer Null it L.Cier wise would have
School Ilouse.—First class, none; sec
.,nd class, forty-three; third class, thirty;
nine. Few new school ;tous l es have been
erected in the county during thelear, the
best of which, in all respects, is hi the
Homer district; but this is defectiVo in
one or two particulars, in the arrangement
of the school room. The bllck-board is
too small for couvenicoo?, and no prOvis
ion made for a recitation seat in front M
A convenient reel/WI/on seat is an item
quite generally orerlouked by directors in
school house arrangement, unless one W
their uu.uber happens to be an experienc
ed teacher, and wide awake to j the im
provements of the day iu eauuloa school
There are school houses in this county,
recently built, furnished - with s'eats and
desks for two pupils each, somewhat after'
the modern style; but not a place w ~.
class of eight or ten spholari can be m.t
counnodated convenient t, the Lmli- Warn ,
or otherwise. ThiS detieleupy has a great
infi,uence in preventing the slo.tee;s'ul
elassilienzion of pupils , and is eye source'
of much-contusion in the ..ohoei room and
perplexity to the teacher.
.school 4 rcliitects re.—.No school henses
have yet been built, or thoroughly reolutl
oiled, front plans contained, iu the Penn
sylvania School Architecture. A few U.
the directors have given attention to thin;
subject, and oontemplate.erecting housesl
worthy of -the object fur which they are
designed. '
Maimed of School Houses. —Briok,
noise; stone, none; log, twelve; frame,
seventy; total, eighty-two,
&hoot Furniturc.—First dm charac
ter, in none of the sehoul houses; second
Blass, in twenty-ono; third class, In sixty
&hook—First else, (traded,) none;
seound class, (elassified,) eighty ; third
ulas.s, none. Though all our teachers 'put.-
sue asystcm of chtssification to 'some ex
tent, yet with a number it is not as effi
eient as we hope. to see carried out in the
future. Many of our most skillful teach
ers also are embarrassed in their efforts to
classify their pupils, in consequenee of ir
regular attendance and multiplicity of
Ages of Ancherse—Viir Items under
this and three or / four following heads are
estimated for the first half,of the school
year,-and are as correct as have been
able to ascertain from obiervation and in
quiry...a Under sere,nteel years of
i , ..: , ....„#.:f40i1t r a,.-, - ,io-iiit , tiiiKiAi;f . : Pf r -Zile , .. iiA • iiio . c .i i:.4e4j, ; 40.4 4e, :iiiBieil),;4oi6li' - .., a f )110 v;iiii, _i',.. , :i,t2 . i•:itto'e ail fetu s .
Original Autry.
II? Miss Woontock i t, R. I.
Love bath wings as light as air; '
Huthght Is quick as lightning's - flare:
He conies, he goes, - -
In joys, Lu woes
We know not when, we kilow not hoW
His subtle arts • •
13tgu;le,our heart:, '
And inskei us pledge in sacreilvoir. '
' -
Then Love iv all a heantreous siteam •!
Of bliss and happiness supranc—
-Angelic joy,
Without alloy;
1 1 f
, 1 COUDZEISPORT, lICTTER COU,Nlri,.F.k t T4 1 1,1PSDAY,'ItligtC# 230858.
age, :nine; betiveem seventeen andtwerity
one, inclusive., forty-eight; between twen 7
tv-one and twenty-five , : nizu•teen )f.tett ,
twenty-five and tiirty, tiventy-three . ;
mewl thirty' and • forty, fourteen ;! be;
tweet, forty and fifty, one; over fifty, two;
one of whom: was over seventy. Total,
one hundred- and sixteen.
. .
Birtkp (E. 4 tinuited.)—Porn_ in
-Pennsylvania, fifty-nine; bJriiout of Penn
.? •
sylvania, fifty- - ,even. -
Experience in Teaching.—[Aseertain
rwith -sufficient exactness from
4 f those acquainted with the teachers..
where I have not had the oppirtunity of
eeing - them.] Those who have 'taught
hiss than one year, twenty-One; betivecn
one, forty-one; froth ti.rec
to six years. twenty-seven ; from six to
.ten years, thirteen; from ten to twenty
years, two; over twenty years, one.
. Pernza nen!. 7'eachers.—There are:none
who intend to teach .permatiently.
the schools are usually kept open :only
four months in the suntuvr and three in
the winter, of those. woo are eng g,ed in
teaching, their time is div;ded between
that and someother employment.. I%i:lien
ever they find 'en' opportunity to etigag,:,
in a perniane.nt bitsiness they usually ex
pect to do so., srder, therefore, to se
cure permanent teachers,. the employiumkt
:mist be more constant, with a compensar
tion sufficient fora goad support
Peofes' sional Read;nj.—Those who
have read educational works, t hirt v-seven ;
those who have met, seventy-min '. It will
be seen from this, compared with the re
port of the previous, year, that a larger
proportion of our teachers . arc making
themselves familiar with the modern im
provements in the mode of teachin?. ,
Manner of ' Tearhin3, and genera/ abil
ity to . Teach, and Goo:tn.—\ u.nbi!r of
teachers who give full satisfaction, thirty
four; medium teachers, sixty-five; those
*hese services, had better be dispensed
with, seventpr.
Examinati On sand Certitirates.—From
the, receipt of my commission (November
1:;) to the first of June, Dumber of eitodi s
dates examined, -one hundred and one;
provisional certificatexgranted, ninetypie;
permanent, one; rejected, five. 'lwo of
those who received previsional certifiCates
at the time-ot examination, received,per
manent. certificates ou visiting their.
instithtes.—During the three years q•
the County Superintendency, two conuty
institutes have been held. The tuttnb,:r
.Jf teachers who attended these institutes:
I have not the Means or ascertaiuing:; not:
being a resident of the county when either ;
were iu ses:ion, and Ile records king left
from the former Superinu-ndent.
There have been no district insti,utes,
or associations. organized in the county to
my knowledge. A teadiee.; n'ass, how
ever, has ham organized and well sustain
ed in connection waft the Coaderspoit
Academv.'"Chis in=titution is suppbried
by the liberdlity and enterprise of citizens
in the county, and its students are made
up tdmost wnoliy of y,ting ladies andlgen
dein en from the differen t townships round
who are pr.:paring themselves for mrs.
Besides the regular drilling of re,;itation,
;laity instruction has he -n given - in the art
of teaching. The class. has also :held
wee y muctings.for the purpose of
lug leetur"s, reading. reports and essays,
and holding discussions on subkets
netted witn the kterests o: common
schools. Wita but few exceptions,' the
entire body °fit:hither:: in the o ointy have
been, at some time, connected . w.tdr this
school, and front it they have usually
to their respective &his of labor. During
the pat year eighty-three (over one halt)
of tie. teachers of the county have been
members of this institution. It is, C.cre
fere. intimately connected with the c
Mon schoal system, and has exerted a de
`cided influence in elevating the stand..rd -education.
&Iwo, Visitatio ne patrons of the
schools have aceumpanied me, in several
instances. in my official visits, and :this ,
some have dune at the matinee of their
own business for the time. being. gore
riould have been . pleased to have attended
and witnessed the examinations of the
clasSes, could they have been notified of
the time when the Superintendent Was to
be present ; but to give a previous mitice
of the time of visiting Schools would, gen
erally be impracticable from the distance
they are apart, and the frequently bad
state of the roads: In very few instanee§
patrons have visited their schools - inde=
pendent of Superintendent's or Directors:
visits, but none perhaps worthy of distinct
notice. Such visits are usually the result
of effort on the 'Part of the. teachers, and
are an indication of the interest theY are
endeavoring to create in the minds of both
parents and scholars, On the subject 'of
Direvtora' visits, in their regularity and
frequency,' by no means come, up to•tito
requiremeiats'Of the school law, nor eao it
really be . expected that they will so long
tusi they receive no compensation for 0104
services. - ,Yet too much cogligmeo
. .
•An Mazur or two utight±he lin
ipruved by 'dlre,e . tOr.4 - iit',visltin;* the selini4'
Of their- u‘cn binned iate . neighborhood oe
casionaily, i without in terferinit tnaterially
with-any other. duties i•• A „large .prupur,
tion, howevec, of direciLrsn;:vek visit tapir
schools during eotire
. 114s:don.. lion
oz'ab.e:exe,?ptionSinity'bo•ni'cut:oned, pair-
ticulariy u, .iboott,:tlebroo and I:Loulate:
The , seeretaries• of tliCse districts I: have
found Able:to give .a 'very eurreet state
went of the oondition uk:theirschouls, of
time skill of the. teacher in, classifying pu
pils :Old faculty of •I3Ut one
district fr . ) lOy knotided: , .e has • deeided •to
act ; upon the recollnueutlation or the Slate
'Superintendent, by einplu3ing the ts.ecrr,..
. to- make a mon th ly v;v4i,t •,Of the
schools, and till up the: blank repo:•ts fur
nished fur that•purpesehy the School De
part,nent: • °titer districts arJ thinking
thverabie of tbe . aluVe4ieut, bal. have yet
taken udaetion. . - ; • • •
• Letviing ,Ciftructerist:cs.—The entire
county is comparatively new. - Many of
the-districts are settled only along the
principal streams, and the inhabitants
are engaged in the united occupation of
agriculture and lumbering. -dis
trites.are very spurselYsettled, and to ap
pe4ranee preseut . ithuost an unbroken for
est. In these distriets lumbering is the
chief occupation, but Within the- past year
the interest of the people on the'subjoet
of edacation has increased considerably,
which'fact is evinced by the offer of more
liberal .cmaipethation fur the sake of ob•
taining go id tette:lens. : The . middle and
northern purl-loos of the county are quite
extensivoly settled, and agriculture being
the principal employment, the people are
last collecting artfund 'theof the comforts
Ind- ennveniences• of life: Still a large
.majority of the inhabitantS throughout
the county have nut yet paid for their
lands. Wealth, therefore, is not abun
dant, an , l the Weans are not at command
for cli'bing all that is' de:sit-able in the con
struction of school houses, and supplying
theta with furniture and apparatus. The
n uf dm country is hilly and portions
tif it somewhat mountainous; soil tics, and
very fertile; and having .an intelligent,
industrious and enterprising people" to
improve it, time is only wanting to make
it one.of the best sections of the Com
monwealth. •
PuVic: Sf;ithrient— General intelli
gence. i§ u 'Prominent . eharacteristic of the
inhabitants- Of this county. They • are
mostly ., settlers from New York and the
New England States, and have brought
with them, and still retain, a love of
knowledge and improvement. They are
all in favor, therefore, of a "common
se:tool system." Some May retain their
prechketions fir the system under which
they have Mrmerly worked ; but the ma
jority arc convinced, and, the rest are wil
ling to be, that thecuannon school sys
tem of Pennsylvaniais equal to that of
any of the sister Senates. When its oper
ations are tp.d-rstood the system is gen
ityaily' liked. The Met that nearly all the
districts in the county are wiling to pay
a tax of thirteen -mills on a dollar fur
sch-ol ptirposes affordS a strung ev
id.mee of tme: interest the people take in
the cause of education, and tint they are
worthy of credit for doing all they can.
'No opposition need to b.: looked fur in
this seel
7ra,!/ , :es.—lt takes tine fur great and
general improvements in public matters
of any kind. Progi-ess, however, has
been wade in the f.iiluwing - particulars :
First. Teachers have felt more sensibly
the nisponsibility of choir calliinr, out on
ly as li-int:tors in ti seia.mis - but abio
as exemplars of sound. mural and relig
.principles This is' au important
item to be gained ; as with it there will
be an effort, in a , curresponding degree,
faithfully to discharg,e'the 'duties devolv
ing upon them. &road. • In previously
maturing pia ',shy which to regulate their
slaves and conduct the exercises and re•
chat ions of the.schiliol room. • Many have
entered' mum the business of teaching
- Without ail definite iitsa what they
imited to acCOmplish, or how they 'were
to du, it; consequently, a large portion of
the ter.n is spent beture anything is real
ly done, if at all. A poor plan, is better
than none ; because to secure' it, thinking
'is necessary ; ! tlie attention must be called
to the subjetit, .and action prompted by
those thoug:4s will, follow ' , though the
plan tuay be. erroneous in some particu s
lass, yet it will probably . it-i' corrected by
experience and comparison with 'thatliif
otatirS. - The imptovenients-made hi this
respect, are the result.of more extensive
reading, of educational -works, together
witia lectures, as opportunity: has present
ed. Third. Oral instruction and
trations are used' wire extensively than
beretof,re, by , which the - exercises of the
school roomare much . enlivened- and the
intetest. increased.,,, I have observed with
satisfaCtion, ; even in the retired districts
of the connty, 'that
,the want .Of Suitable
school book's' has Len' in i'ineasiitesuP•
plied-by the Use abr.& imitrUctioit, par-
English ,OFaxiitinir and Men
, tal..l.rithmetie.
be.tezzs w, bc
Though we hare: been: able to speak of
progress in :the''cliaractar mid qualifica
tions of teacher,, yet the yi Other ofgood
teaciliers is not' sufficient' to.' meet ' the
wants. of the 'schools; and for the present,
some have.itt'ell
,licensed that would; not
be:Were there 'others to take their places:
Suitti4 alse,,who have established a good
repUtatitim'its teaelterei, are. leaving :the
bnsiness . for 'other employments, for, the
reastm that thitY 'canna obtain sufficient
compensation, and:One which is avaiiable
A large 'number of the districts are sndly
in debt.'' The - teaelierS,•-utt..r t.,ey
earned their Money and obtained their
orders, are frequently obliged to. hold
front six to.eighteen wont: s Wore
they ear obtain their value, or Sell them
at a disount. They usually tied their
money as. soon as it is earnyd,i- and' the
fact that 04' cannot obtain it When due,
is driving many of our best teachers front
the profession. An improventent in the
financial &part:neut of a number of the
districts would be very bet - tea - dal.
Greater facilities are also necessary for
improvint , the qUaliticntionS•oftoacliers.
One of the agencies tolwhieh we look at
present for accomplishing this, is teach
er's insti'utes. They `will he held here
after, whatever it May cost; but-could the
Legislature of our State think proper to
encourage ns, by a'suiall appropriation to
each county fur this purpose, it would be
very gratifying to the friends of education.
The want of a uniforin , school tax.
throughout the State, and compensation
to directors, are rtgarded as among the
defectS of the present System.. Could
they be remedied, still greater life and
effectiveness would be giVen to the cause
of education: . But these defects have
been urged the attention of the
School Department and the Legislature,
by a Wrge number of the COunty Super.
intendents, in former reports; there
fore I leave them with this passing no.
rice, hoping the time is not far distant
when that attention will be given to them
which the c.:use demands. -
. While these dulects are referred to.
with others that might -be mentioned. OM
confidet is not at all-weakened in th,..
main fetures of the systeiu. ITbough
not perfet, its utility and piaeticabiiity
i t.,
will con : are -favorably - With those which
have bet.n much longer in use, and we
believe that efficient directors and super
intendents, thoroughly to . carry 'out its
provisiors, will secure to the people of
this Commonwealth, all that its most ar
dent frie ids-have anticipated.
J. H 'NDRICK, County Ruperintendent
COeDgR 'PORT, , September 15 1857;
. Fur.the Potter Journal. "
' lose Tour Mouths:"
Has the time come when one 'political
party of this Pentheratic country shall
cooky sat; to thv other party, "Close your
moutas .! ' Shall those woo supported
Mr. Bile man fur the Presidency in good
faith—n t only voted fur him but:labored
fur hint., ' sin - hiding their: time and money
for the Purpose of securing. his election,
and . thel•eby secure the success of that
treat principle which they so much lov
ede' and cherished. to wit: State and Ter
liturial tight'. Popular sovereignty, and
that the voice of toe majority shall he the
coustitu iou of the land—snail - they be
told to -forever shut, their lauuths"
—beeaute they have bceu deceived?
So Lire '7th resolution of the Democratic
Couveut uu, ou the 4th iust., boldly as
. t
e l d for Mr. Buchanan in good
He has not carried out the prin.
ion whieli . : he was elected; but
Tyrant; he defies the will-of the
1 ; He upholdS with all the power
gh - position, tile plan w . hicil dis-
Hi nineteen'counties out of thirty
'ausas. Tue 7th resolution is a'
I u common sense. If. :the Con
of Kansas, is . nut acceptable to
e men, "close your;- woutlis, 7 - 1
conduct his
,produced the re
bathe !•—% l Vlieu it is well known
slavery officers illegally and nu- .
fu.sed,- under the - plea of want of
i give the people til nineteen cowl-.
al right to vote under the terri
; A majority of the counties
i cpreseuted,at all. Bear in mind,
t' was not the fault of the people
counties—it, was a deep_laid piau
upon them the institution of
here a Democrat in all Pennsyl
. 1855 that would - have dared to
s a .principle in the democratic
at -liantas . slioultl. be .admitted
Union- 7 10, ; not admitted, but
—with a 'Constitution forced up
, a- pro-slaiery `.minority, backed
esident 'Buchanan ? ot,' . orie.--
lad • been :lleiuticraey, then . Mr.
;it ' would. never have-ben Presi
it bp doctrine was in IS, ti: : kivery
! 1 • torritOr Ina' mike its own
• f
. . • - . ..
i, 1 - - shall hee(bi t '
!Oat laws. Congressfarce o .
the passage of its laws',) Slaveif into f iat !'
. . , .•
out of any State or Territory; but leatie
i. 1
tae people thereor perfectly free to form ,
i their an institutions subject only to the
I Constitutieu of tIM . United States:: : ;31,1...A
1 13uelialiaii pledged himself to rho country,
I ,lLfore and after electiim, that all, the
poster , -
the Ceustit .tion conferred. -npon,
i tk, Executive, she ild be brought tcib,kr.
liii a lino and Conciiiatory 'manner to rt!-1 ,
score. the sameharm ony among the sister,
Mates, that , existed. before - the': aple-Alf
. I
I discor d was east, into their -midst. ` - ' , ..14.;
9 0w. sets at defiance the
_wilt of a large ':
, majority' in -Kansas, - PentisYlvania .lie-,,,,.
1 Uweracy says . fliOse..yoOr„awitWr•-•7!-'i•
: God there is a power behind the,' :
' t rone I
°Teeter -than i the throne iself. L .
. , . . him' that sits thereon .baivare... . , ' •: f
I tf,the principles ofthe Kansas-N , brae
ka bill, as enunciated by the Rintiiinati.
platform, had. been carried tnit - ,witha,.,
tiair and honest, hand, Kansas would hav,e,
t'ae a Free State. The' right of the pee., ,
0:,to vote on - theiriConstitu . tio.if; waaatid
is inhere:tit—it was not a right. to be, pir :
but a right that could, not be taken . i
away - without a violation' of the first fun-
damental principles_ of self-government....
flu 'small counnunitiei all the people, way
ass4able . and. enact, their laws,, tied ap.l
Point o ffi cers tg carry theni into' effeet.-t
The majority ruling it,, would 1,. * T ure,.
eueratic government. But,
~suppose ,,t hiS little community has grown. so large .
that all cannot assemble together to make.
s constitution and laws, and it , must - b e t.
yne by delegates elected y the people.
Pow, it becomes necessary for the- Legis-,.
lature of this eomMunity to puss ,a law._
: i h "zi
mt ori itg the people to ,elect ,delegates : ,
tb a convention to form a :constitution; in
Order that they way be admitted into the,
United States of America. Among. the...
the details of this laW, we find a :clause.
- Lil . - -
1 1 ,equiring certain officers to taae the cm:-
1 1.4 of the people, and register all. the'
bond Ale citizens of the'coinemnity,,at a;
Jvcri or specified time, in order, to know;
:1,1 eteetiuu day who are:the :legal voters.,
ow, these officers . are 'of 'one politiCal
party, and the peopleni umeteeweeuntiea.
•tut of thirty-four are of another party,
aid officers perform their duty tn'tifteca
counties, which are', of their own party, -
thereby making them legal 'voters i brit
l'efike to register the nineteen 'countitic
thereby disfranchising the majority,' and
toing tha minority power to earry. out,
their favorite scheme. . • .
This is the kind of representative gov:..
ernmeut under which the Lecompton Con-.
s'titution was formed,—one of the- most !
•Ilarittr , frauds . since the . Tea an Stamp .-
••etofLieome 111 ot England. -., And' •
1 ' -'' '
Pennsylvania says " dosc.yOur
1 ,
mouths. Hush, be still—don't talk-you ;
ii-ill,raise the country:' Gentlemen, all:
eatt - t, be gagged. ',have worked as hard. ,
4 any of you in the good of . cause of.
equal rights, but when you talk-ofeloeing_.
m, mouth, or that of my br,, titers, it does .
*in as though it as high time we had.
anOther Declaration ' of Independence. ,
head the 2d resolutionof the 4th of March
ij'on veution—" in the adiniiision of new
States. with or without slavery, as they„
44 a•et, the equal rights of all' the
'States will be preerved," &.c. "As t hey,
dy elect !" Now own
it, is a well-kn
,r. .
M th et., that the people of Kansas ,
have .dc.-,.
cidid, by a large majority, against. the Le-,
cOMptou Constitution ; yet the democracy:
of renusylvania - ures the 'admission :of
Kansas under that most damnable ac of :._
%lilliany. and then Cries Out "close yonr,
Motiths." What was the principle olat
jetion made by the democracy against ..
i le, Topeka Constitution? . 'We demarle.d -,
, , .
that it should be made by the people... WO:
Ni ebta.ske men claiMed that it:_ was the
- •
of a -political, party--that., if
had been, voted upon by all the ton(1-fitie
citizens of Kansas there would haVebeca
a large majority against it. Just so' we
He:nue:tits and Nebraska men of 1858 do.
claim for the Lecompton frauds. .1n..1,856.,,
our watch word in Potter County, and the.
I ,
whole northern , ti , i, was, "Buchanan,
.preekenridge and :me Kans 47
‘44lonents pretended .that 'we ineant:thet .
*iclianan would . eke Kansas - a.-: free . ,
state at all hazards. - -YV.e,Meani tie inch
thin;.. But this 10, ,iil mean That,Kaii
i . .4wolild be rap:. i How free 2-
free to. make her own constitution and.lo- - ,.
+lila its—free to , eetabli'slt - ;her. own do- .
ine E stic institutions, free. from . 'all outside,
iaterftirence, and especially fTern'the P.Fet!; !
ident and the Democratic party.. '..Wchate,
liFe4 deceived. For! this . ,same P.mident ,
and his party are new fo'roingianaas in-,.
to the Union at tbe ci.n.nontiniouth—.(Had:
not t
• 1 , • n , .
that mouth better ; he . closed ;,)-- , with .
ii . ecoustitution as repugnant; to the,peeple.
o Kansas as was the . Declaration of In
d'etiendence to the 11ritiskerown'in 1716.,
In 183 G, 31i: Buell nen ettxi'bi the aide
of Thomas H. Bent' n in the U. S, Senate:''
-,J-, and there, too, as ,Silas , Wright, and
Win. It. King, .and all than phelanz or.
, t4lent and patrietisill
-which Was then th
pride and glory Of.the,democr . atiepFty .
declaring that the peepletyp Atoyereign,—,;
that the majority In st ideeide,- ft, ifl th e
.42 , , ;
(11,41 1 f could not be l et vatic' • i that P cntcr
1 • ..
i , ~...
i~ i
1 ~