The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, December 24, 1857, Image 2

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    ■ -- WVWBV -• * •tmmmmmmumr *
.* >.•< m im""i——vaw*ftT
K>i •-ocuiiryyeuieni. or of warning, or th
i-KtorU^y,vr awakening. And th£K*t c:i
.i -.l geeil to revert t'rom time to times. ru
i* 4 ua • c greatly aid. to '-first principles;.. b',
1 lie "tim. " ♦•••). as previously remarked >0
javor th>* pursuit of letters, of
itnd rofi-Mti'. i. J are varied i'ivsp-vo
tage* attending the object* of your LibjAj ftl
; y Association. 1 have in passing not, | w
*ced not a tow of these. It is well to o
take h fuller survey o*'hem. "Reading,* jk
h.ivb Bac.m. 1 think it is, "makes a hill of
uian, jtuiiversatiou makes a ready wan, Ile
and tanking makes a correct man " if m
I i-uke Out the aujial Libraay scheme; w
„VpUr all these things. Oar:
-cbool studies, and our professional j-tud- yf
:•>. we all kn *.v who have reached mid- pi
ul • life, are but preparatory * not the end to
hut the I//inning. Up to thigtime how t
few of u have read much. How few of et
\u-i hVve read all the books on your li;
Ihelv - and inwardly digested th.-m.— si
tlovr few i; IV- ra i half of tliv.n. H>w u
manv l.vve not read one in five of thorn : si
bow'nouiy not one in ten? The cares of oi
1 u.-ines-, labor, and necessary oceupation t 1
—now much <i <jur time they ab.- >rl>. a'
How man; of us can read a volu r.c a u
v.a-.-k, or oven in a month some im -s, w
ov. i i" to the out.-i le influences and pre . I
u■• of the times. Do we 4 need to look e
at the advantage of reading, and t• re- t.
ti' tt our /c .1 in the objects oi this .vsso-
eiitiofi? Ail now even thing favor.- >
thi- one • lUorc. Hut '-art is long ami it
time U fie bug." We have a great deal t ;
to do and hut little space left in which to c
aeeoqipti-h it. let us See now:
LVi at the History and Literature of 3
▼our u\ a country, niy Liomls. "\\ . ,: iTcl it t
not h an advantage to each one ot us to ;
<peru-e it more ? Hoy luai. vof u- arc i
to-day familiar with the writings, L do not u
say the lite, but tl'ie writings of Wasli- a
ingtoti, Jefferson, the t\yo Ad a
,/ay Ui|d Hamilton, MadiioU, M cb- a
frier. Calhoun, (May and many others 1 e
luigiit name? Then would it not he an I
advantage to each one oi IM to read theni s
Ami then how much besides these lias a
been written 1 1 should like to read a 3
va-l ririgc of American Literature: ( ot- i
ton Mather and Bellamy, Belknap and <1
Dwi/ht, and Ld wards father and soil ; li- '
yiuir aud Cooper j 1 la'ytuoruoaud Longul- i
low; Banc to. t and L'reseott andMorley,tUe .
Benchers and Buy aid Taylor, —with the 1
writings of a lio-t more —what American 1
not need the advaiUagoot havigjv read '
the works oi these and others couu-.i
tryuicu? And I leave o u t here, purpose- 1
jy, a host of "sin.til fry." i
Then, look at)road to our father-land, i
Are not Chaticer and Spencer; lien i
Johnson and Shakespeare, liacou and <
Neyytoi| ( and Mdton aud Addison, aud <
f'owpcr, ttgd Hu'uo and Gibbou, and Dr..:
Johneou, and all the older worthies, as,:
much ours as theirs who live across the t
Atlantic ? And are not Walter Scott
and Macaulay; Alli>oii, Wordsworth uud
Ilemans, Soutluy, Montgomery, Byron,
Dickeus and Thackeray and Tennyson
read as much on this side the water as
that? Do we not need to have the ad
vantage of reading these authors who
hive made So gloriou- a use of our ninth-,
e -tongue? iio.v well acijujiiuted wpi
the Literature of Ureal Britain is anyone}
of us ? ;
1 might go ou to speak of other lan
guages or at 1 ast translations from them
Who does not need to read som -tiling ot
Uervautes ( Don Quixote de la Maucha,
at least,; or of Ci-'eru ; or of Homer, Soc
rates and Plato? We need to kuow
of these out of their own
mouths ; fur the way to know a viT'ter af
ter till is to go to his Writing- aud hear
jiini speak, and not to go to a Biograph-j
ica) Diet'uharj) ?!h Lssayiit, and hear
tlicui apeak about uiii;
Aud is there uot now a solace, a de r
comfort, friends, in thus communing with
those who have gone before us Is there
pot something which lifts us up almye
pie world when we read these worthies ?
something which allies us to the Divine, '
to (rid, while we do it ? 1 think and be
lieve there is.
Apd how much better is it to have
something to talk ab >ut out ot the au
thors we have read, when we meet from ■
time to time, rather than to bear tiiegos- 1
sip and tutile of the neighborhood ; or to , ■'
iliscusS tiie latest fashions, or iufaiuic , J
which have eouie to light; or to tall; for- 1
ever about the weather ? Ao one likes :
these.
Would not reading, too. give us an ad- '
vantage in delete, uud in writing, as well '
as in cauveis ttioii and society .' Aud is
not a course oi i, ictures during the weeks .
of winter —1 do uot mean Lectures by Hor
ace Mann, or Horace (iregiey, or Whipple,
or Bishop Potter, or Kverctt,—but such a
f>jurse, as 1 see half a score yf gentlemen '
figh£ about me here to-uight, eapabie of
giyiu^-,—allow the suggestion—but woijld
not such £ course of Lectures here thj.s , :
winter be both agreeable and profitable ?, ;
Aud would it pot be one of the iuir effects \
and advantages yf this Heading of which
1 have spokeu-=-of tuis Library Associa
tion whose Quarterly Meeting to-night, (
we celebrate ?
But time admonishes me to close. I i
jtbf?k you, ladms and geutlemen, for the
tiJLowre it basgtyeu me to meet with you
at this time, aud to confer together with
regard to our mental uud spiritual wants.
\H<z are part body, and part spirit. Most,
.of our jttme we are compelled to spend iu
toilipg for the "meat that porisheth." Bui
.evcuthis is not, need not he, any ignoble
jtoil. No sight is more beautiful thau to sec
pareuts striving for their families—to
train up their children to the love and
practical of every thing which can adorn
i !-*mi * i*l it.a tlieiu and others happy. No
ght ia ifi'irr grateful ti> all right-minded
•j i t'l '' do ibMo the angels abrjvc us, |
urn to the varied industry, frugality, j
aterpri.-e and thrift of a village, or a eoiu
lunity like, out - own. But shojl these _
odify ocvivpntlyfrs and bodily
>4 alj ? iVb, I fancy I hear each one j
r you sav—iXo. And your library As- -
jeiation, and
He'd shelves, is evidence that you mean '
•hat you say. Wc arc spirit as well us
ody. And the objects wc have in view -
me t'i-i}i/ht hdong mainly to the rwtui ■ e
feoirit- Your interested attention to a
ictwo like til-..- is evidence that you do j
ot intend to m-gleet the mind, t(ie im-
uoriatl part ui ycur natures.
In cultivating this then let nic remind -
ou ia ]arting, }"u have a great duty, at
ric'-'lc.-s privilege, a glorious reward bo
ne you. But let me be well understood,
used to think thr.t mental culture was i:
very tiling: that the intellect, the intej- [
h/euee of mankind was all: that tins was
■Vtfieient. That if reason and mind, the (
luderstanding ah<no was only v.al!, and
uffii-'ontly developed, edueateci —drawn 1
in, the word edueation means, that t
hi?, was enough ; that all variance—all j
'riffs, discord-, vices and error.- among
in a would, when the iutidlget in man :
va.- only well trained and cultivated, cease. .
used to think that this was all that So- .
-lotv and the World needed. Ido not .
hink so now, I know it is not enough
-dii.- intellectual culture is not enough.
S'ineveh, and Memphis, Athens, aud Uor
nth, Antioc'u and Home, and to a degree ,
ucir iabahitauts, had high intellectual
-ulture and rcuuenieat; hut they all fell,
•ink i t lust and sin t-i rise no more. ]
Wan h is a heart, :l- well as a head, and
,'ae heart needs cultivating, reuewing.
anctifving; for out of the heart arc the 1
-sues of life. It is this which governs i
is, and not our heads. We follow what 1
,ve love. Wo seek after that we hold dear ,
md desirable. Keep then thy heart with (
ijl diligence, "Though 1 speak with the
.ungues of men and of nugel.s; and though [
I have the gift of prophecy, and imdg
itand all uivsteries, and all know'edge—,
:iud havo not charity, I am. nothing—a
jounding brass, or a tinhling symbol." Tt
is in the heart, an'', not the head, in which
divine love u r .d grace is found, if at a1 !o
be found within us. Cultivate then this.'
1 lie Vjgini'.iQg may be weak and small.
A single word fitly spoken i:i a feeble lee-
Lire like the present, or in ascrmon; or met
with iu your silent reading and reflection,
may be .-u'lieieiit to enkindle that divine
spark of holy, heavenly love within your
hearts. Paint and flickering it may be
indeed within thy soul at the first; but
the end will be glorious. \\ ith the saints
iu light, at last —witli the glory and hon
or of the nations aud the general assembly
and church of the first-born, whose names
are written in the Lamb's Book of Lite,
and whose record is ou high —-will you all
be found erelong, if, with the heart dc
voltd to Uud now aud always, you
Shall by due steps aspire
T > lay bold upon that Golden Key,
Which opes the palace of Eternity,
•- X.w at best we see through a glass,
darkly; but then face to face : uoyr I know
in part; but then shall 1 know even as al
so i am known."
'•I, -t us th-n be up aw]
\V(th a heart for any file;
Still attempting, still pursuing,
Lcara to labor, and to wait. '
When f stand, as I stood six months
ago, upon the ahores of the mighty Paci
fic, covering, us it does, nearly halt the
globe, and think of its vast coasts and
eounthss islands; and of the dark and
barbarous lends and tlu-ir innumerable in
habitants, which on every side environ it
-excepting the small portions of its
-h >re- in U'Jiforuia and Oregon, and Aus
tralia—and now eu!' these are full of vi
olence and deceit, lust and o>-|me;0 >-| me; when
I see how ignorance, super.-tit ion,
eraft, and indolc-uce, like "darkness cover
the earth and gross darkness the people," .
and then turn, in thought, as I do so
often, to my own dear native land, an orb
of brightness on the distant sky, and
t'liuk of auieeting perhaps like this, and
like those which weekly take place in this
Hall —fur Moral Culture and Human Im
provement, for the Restoration of the lost
and undone —my heart leaps up withiu
me for jo}*, as Wordsworth's did at the
siirht of a rainbow. I think that there is j
yet hope for the world. There are some
tokens for good. These glad tidings—this
gospel enjoyed in the United States—may |
extend, may spread ; and will spread; and
one day, perhaps not so very distant eith- j
er, the salvation of the Lord will All the
whole earth as the waters till the sea. To
you, Ladies and Gentlemen of this Asso
ciation, and to such as you, are committed
high and important trusts bearing on the
weal or woe not only of this village, this
county, and our own land, but of Human
ity. And from this secluded spot iu the
A l leghan ies, uia vgo fort h infl ucnces, wh ioh
/ J i
shall like your own rivers fertilize distant
and diverse regions of the earth, and make
g'.igl forever the City of our God above.
XOTKS. Dec. 'J4. 1S"7.
1. When fliis Lecture was prepared, the Ist
of November List, we had not received any
■Jeliuite advict> t'roiu Europe as to the ed'ect
of the pmie tl|i>re. But were the writer to
io express hini-'yf now upon the same subject,
he e-mid hardly li.iye chosen more appropriate
language.
'I. At the close of Lecture a member of
the Library ('onipaitv prseut suggested that
Hi s Work was already upon its shelves. The
writer could not believe thiif he had overlook
ed jt ; and on a second examination was de
lighted to tiud that what he ha/j mistaken for
the "Peuur fyciopaalin, ' wag iu reality a
new w<>rk by .Mr. Charles Knig-ht London,
ael caliel the English. Cyc'opvcdtQ. It is, in
deed, on i lie bads of thu l'enny Cycl^pu-dia;
hut it ia all written anew, aud brought down
to the present day. Tn fact it is abundantly 1
adequate to tjie wauts of any Library; aaii
ra'-mbcrs will be well reptid by consulting it?
' ample pages, e. v .
£ftf Hotter Jauinal. fc
C "|t > I J
'coiDEBSrOBT, t
XiftfMqij 3j)>h)ii}g, Vt, iss7. t
\ T s' CHASE. EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. if
■ R* V
&&?TIIE NEW I OKK. LEDGER, TLIE •
IRREAT family Paper, lias now attained tlic
extraordinary circulation of Three Jinn-
(red Lttaj Thirty Thousand Copies. THE'
Prospectus of TUK LEDGER, which con
tains all necessary information in REGARD I
to it, will be in our advertising C
columns.
£-3- L. D. WILLI4. MS HAS been ap- 1
pointed a Coojnjissionerof Lykins (bounty,
lyansas, by His Ltuyal Highness Prince S
John Calhoun, the Regent of the late ,
CunJetitutional Convention. L, 1), A\ il- V
liams will do the dirty work of helping to I
enslave the people of Kansas, with abil- ,
it Y. 1
FCAJRTUE financial affairs of our State *
arc in a healthy condition. Receipts at the F
State Treasury for the year ending NOV.
30th, including balance on hand Dec. 1,
1855,35,970,115-0. Expenditures 35,- 1
17 ( B-70 79, leaving balance iu THE Treas
ury Dec. 1, 1857 of 85,091,334 7.
IFEY In tlio U. S. Seuate, Mr. Douglass ;
has offered a bill, similar in some respects
to the Toombs Rill of last session, as an j
enabling ant for the people of Kansas to ,
form a Constitution, and conic inty the
Confederacy. It is calculated to offset
the Lecomptou Constitution, should it
come before the Senate.
MjvcmeuLs are also on foot in both
Houses, to got the Pacific Railroad Bill
, under way, as also a Homestead Bill — the
latter is a movement of Mr. Grow, of this
State, who deserves great thanks for his
promptness in the matter.
A hill has been reported to the Senate,
from the Committee of Finance, allowing
the issue of Treasury notes to the amount
of 81-,000,000, as a remedy for the de
pression of revenue caused by the money
panic. It is an administration scheme,
and will doubtless be adopted by Congress
—it has already passed the Senate.
ovcrnor Walker has been induc
ed to resign. So the fourth Governor of
Kansas, lias broken down in attempting
to carry out the administration scheme of
making Kansas a Slave State.
.
We submit that it would be wise to
abandon a scheme which such men as
; Geary and Walker arc unable to carry
through. Is there any body in this coun
ty now, WHO believes that Buchanan has
. improved UPON Pierce's administration in
Kansas affairs ?
Since the above paragraph was ponged,
■ we learn from WASHINGTON that President
Buchanan has declined to receive the let
ter of resignation of Gov. Walker, and
, will not permit it to be placed among the
archives of the nation. The truths of the
letter arc too vivid to meet the approba
tion of our Czar President — therefore he,
having the power, refuses to let them ap
pear on the national witness-book. We
are also informed by the same advices that
the President will make further use of his
'•power of revenge," by the removal of
Gov. Walker. We hope the letter of
GOV. W. TILL be directly presented to the
National rvmite 7':' discussion in connec
tion with the Kan>J.s policy of the Presi
dent's Message. The letfcr is a' 1 ABLE
. REFUTATION of the unfair and un.stai 'sman
like views and assertions of that docu
ment ; as is ADO the RECENT speech of Sen
ator Douglas on the subject,
Social I Hairs.
All who attended the agreeable soiree
at the Methodist Parsonage on Monday
1 night of last week, will, we think agree
with us in the desire to promote a great- J
EI degree of social intercourse among our
selves in this place. We are well aware
of the difficulties in the way of doing this,
I\ E kuow all about the CLIQUES AND OUTCRIES
wnioh have formerly existed. We know
that our private residences are too small
to furnish accommodations for so many.
We k now the labor and trouble it costs
the ladies. All these things and UIOPO
too, we KNOW; and to discuss them we
hare undertaken this article. All will
join us, we believe, in the effort as well
as in the desire, to remove them.
We begin, then, thus ; Man is a social
•being, lie was made for Society. He
was placed iu Society by his Maker, Ue 1
loses much by its neglect—he gains much
by its cultivation.
It does good, too, sometimes, for all
classes to be convened together. We do
not mean in the worship of God alone;
but iu social intercourse, as wc did on that
Monday night, at the parsunage. Wc
love to see the bear-hunter talking with
the clergyman, as we saw them on that;
| occasion. Wc Jove to see the Democrat
and the Republican meet together in the,tl
social party sometimes, forgetting their w
differences, and feeling for puce at least,!
tjgit thev have a eomuiou country j that,
they are, or ought to*be, neighbors and
friend#- We love, too, to see the old and 1
rouug together sometimes- —the wealthy
and those less so—the cultivated and those s j
who are not so. "The rich and the poor. t |
meet together ; the Lord is the Maker oi
them all." [ v
But in case our dwellings could not ao t j
commodate so many us the parsonage aud 0 |
church did then, yet we can meet. We , t j
can assemble as inanv as our houses icdl - j(
hold, if we ha ce j list one fhinj, and icdi
make up our minds to do it. \\ e were 0
sorry to sec so much provision made for
eating and drinking 0:1 this occasion. This t j
was quite superfluous. \\ hat we want
is to dispense with this. It makes skives .
of our women-folks, and really it is no use.
It is extravagance which we can well nf- '-j
fond to retrench in. Let us meet as do
the brilliant French in their soirees, or as • '
do the Spanish iu their tertusias, without
the dance; or as the sociable Germans p
and live'}" Italians do in their conversa
ziones ; and as they are doing this winter ,•
in our own cities, for social pu/poses. Let
us leave out the eaung aud drinking; take 11
an early tea at homo and thea g •. j n
We should in this way emancipate the
ladies from a large share of drudgery, and u
shall ourselves be practicing a needful c
Christaiu virtue, of which we have been /
too forgetful in times past, to wit —a wise j
and sensible economy. Feasting is not i
indispensable to social life. It is not for \
our health or happiness; aud especially in t
those ''hard times" we can aud ought to (
forego it. Who will begin ? W hat lady
will dare to open her house and assemble
her friends together without the "chicken- 1
lixeus Don t all speak at once. \\ e 1
pauc for a reply; but hope that we shall •'
not need to stir up the minds of our peo- :
pie again 011 this subject.
Its Legitimate Fin it.
The compact made by the South with
the North at the time of admitting Mis- j,
souri into the Union, was disbaudonedj
aud annulled. The defence made by the
Northern men who aided in this work was,
that they desired to enable the people of .
the Territory to form their own laws and
constitutions iu their own way. The
<_rreat majority of the people ot the free
States protested against destroying the
old compact. But the administration
found means Jo force the bill through
Congress. Behold the result.
Anarchy and bloodshed; crime and
misery, have been the order of things ever
since. Instead of allowing the people to
rule, the administration has at all times
been against the people, and on the side
of the Border Ruffians, who arc bat a
small minority of the people.
And now the administration is trying
to force on the people a Constitution,
which they have had no voice in making, ,
and are not pcrmittod to accept or rejec ,!
Speaking of this Constitution, the Law
rence Republican says :
Among other objectionable feature? in the
Lecouipton •• Constitution," the whvL* c#de oi
bogus Territorial laws is declared to b< in
toroe in die Stale of lviuas. Ot course, the
" people would negative any such proceeding as |
i that, hid they a chance. But the people of
Kansas are not consulted. The Ccjastnution
is not intended for their benefit, but for the
Lccompton laud-sharks and speculator?.
James Buchanan sustains the Leoomp-'
j ton usurpers, aud thus endeavors to set
his heel on the necks of the people. Beau
tiful Democracy that! How many are
there in this county who are not ashamed
that they aided, by vu'iug for him to
help thrust on the fret,.men ol Kansas a
Constitution, which they scorn and i\?nu- j
diate. !,
Applying flic Whip to illm. !'
The slave holders, have so long applied
. the plantation discipline to the affairs o'" ,
| State, that no one will be surprised at the
insolent tone of the Southern press toward i '
Senator Douglass.
' I
The following from the Richmond South, <
is a fair specimen of the manners an 1
ideas engendered by Slavery :
" We cannot eflbet indifference at the treach
ery of Senator Douglas. II • was a politician
of considerable promise. Association with
Southern gentlemen had smoothed down t'ae 1
rugged vulgarities of his early education, and j
he had come to be quite a decent and weli.be
havod person.''
i We trust " oip Southern Brother" will
: continue to ply the whip is this style,
without cessation until the race of dough
faces is extinct, AVe think it will pot
take long if they will continue their pres
ent tactics; but Douglass aud those who .
, oat with him, have yielded so long to their ,
insolent rule, there is no certainty hut 1
they will submit to even the present in-! 1
science.
THE MINNESOTA ELECTION, —St Paul 1
dates of the 15th irjst, have been receiv
ed. The canvas of the election had not
been completed, but it was thought that <
h<? Democratic candidate tor \\
rould be declared elected. No election a
if L'uited States Senator lia| talc eh place, el
Senator in Kansas,
versus Senator Iligler
in the Senate.
Governor Walker went to Kansas in '
he service of the Slave Dower. Being a
hrewd man, he undertook, to coax rather
hau drive the free State men into his,
dan lor making that a Slave State. But - s
je found such a state ot tccling there. '•
hat iu order to secure a hearing he was 1
ibiiged to assure tile people ol Kansas, 1
hat the Constitution when framed should 1
.e submitted to a fair vote of all people. 1 1
At the great meeting at Paoli, Govern '
>r Walker was assisted in his work of „ v
■nicMving the people by Seuator Bigler of 1
his State.
Governor Walker make a long and able N
speech, closing with the declaration that
•1 cannot doubt the Convention will submit i
.lie <Constitution to the Jhie re-idem* of j
[\ uissis." And HI i-t emphatically 3*vi I. •' 1 as
'*rt us my dear conviction, taut u i!e.ss the .
oar tuition submit tlic t onstitutiou to tile lair ,
Mite of tlie paoplc, that Constitution should be "
rejected by (bingr v-s and with niimh fueling <■
[.lodge! himself iu these words: "it tiic ton- .
iciili"U does not submit tliv Constiiuu>u to
iho people, bo/i i fit?. I say to you. 1 wiiljoiu c
vou iu resisting such a itsuipit.ua.'' 1
Senator Bigler listmed approvingly to .
these plcdg'ss; aud is reported uo having >
made similar ones for tue adniiuistratiou. \
Now he stands up iu the Senate, and (
undertakes to defend the action of the Lc
eoaiptou Convention which undertook to .
t'orrr its Constitution on the people ol
Kansas without submitting it to them, is
it possible the people of Pennsylvania
will permit a Senator of this to act thus
treacherously without entering their in
dignant protest'!
>S 'hinder and Tdlc-JJcurinj. — VV e are
indebted to one of onr many excellcut
exchanges for the following short patent
sermon, which has so many points in it
fur tho instruction of our community. —
We plead guilty to a certain degree ol
pleasure in being able to lay it before our
readers —not for the benefit of one or -4.
few, but fur the benefit uf all. Let so
one neglect to read it because he on she
believes himself guiltless, for it Uas.poiuts
alike for the innocent and
who will arrogate to himself entire iuuo
seuee? Dare any one? But read. :
'• Yea, you pass it along, wli.Mli.cr you be
lieve it or not. You don t believe tbp one
sided whisper against tie* character cl aiioth
pr. but you will USP your influence to ben-, up (
the false report aud pass it mi the curing—
Strange creatures arc uta.uk.ud. 11 -w rti.uiy
benevolent deeds have been c.tilled by the
shrug of a shoulder. How unity individuals
ha e bppri shunned by a gentle mysterious
hint. llow many chaste bosoms, liav.e bei n
wrung with grief at a single nod. How many
| graves have been, dug by false re pert,. Yei
you will keep it above the water by a wag. ol j
vour tongue, when you night srnk it forever.'
1 Destroy the passion for 1 ilo-bearing we pray, j
Lisp not a word that may injure the chara - '
tcr of another. BJ dct -nniued to listen to no
. story that is rep at-d to the great, injury o '
another, and. as far as you are eotvc-rnftd, the
I slamlcr will die. But tell it once aiv< it may j
!go as on the wings of th*- w irl, in-creasing'
with each breath, til! it has circulated.thyougb '
the State, aud has brought to the gcave >uc |
• who might have been a hi -.dug to th.e w.Qj'ld,
_ r - ._
J- >r ike /'utter Jfourupl..
FRIEND CHASE:
()ii the 3rd inst. we bad a Tinelmrs- Ex
amination in this town, by our Co* tsiper
iutendent, Mr. Hendriek. Thew was a
class of 8 or 10 Teachers, and a ikiij* at
tendance of the friends of education* Now
1 1 am 110 friend to puffs, nor silence when
: commendation is due. The examioatrun
was public, and occupied about six hours,
during which time the claps :*cquitted
•itself fairly. As usual there was-some |
difference in the qualifications of ohe'
I members of the class, all were fair, some
good, and one (a young lady) eminently
qualified foe teaching. All present ap
peared well pleased with the Superinten
dent. 11c was more rigid than either uf
his predecessors hud been—but we think
none too much so. lie nut only seemed
intent on learning what the qualifications
of the Teachers were, aud their manner
of tcae.Vog—but labored earnestly, and I
think with e'kl success, to benefit and
instruct them. To get through and -be
oft" was evidently not the object—but to
faithfully discharge nD trust, and who iu
our county has higher one ( V\ e .are m- (
wise in not giving himsalary that would •
enable him to spend more time with l
Teachers and in schools. K.
SIfARON, Dec. 18th, 1857.
APPOINTMENT BV THE GOVEKNOR. —
DAVID WILMOT, of Bradford county, to 1
be President Judge of the Thirteenth .J u
dieial District.
The district is composed of the counties
of Bradford, Susquehanna and Sullivan,
and is in the saino district Mr. WIL.MOT
represented 011 the Bench previous to his
resignation of the office last summer, when
he proposed to stump the State with Gen.
PACKER for Governor.
On Mr. WILMOT'S resignation, DARIUS
BULLOCK, Esq., of Bradford county, was
appointed by tue Governor to lili the va
cancy. His appointment was made on'
the Bth of August last, to expire on the
first Monday iu December instant. Mr.,
WTLMOT'S commission commences on
Monday next, to expire on the first Mou
day in December, 1858. In the mean
time, an election of a President Judge to'
supply the vacancy that will occur iu De
cember next, will take place, when Mr. 1
IVILMOT, if he desires it, will be notifi.
luted by the Republican party aud re
jected.— Harrisbnrj Telegraph.
t or llie Journal.
Sunday Afternoon Xuiingu,
"i'm sick oflife. fin weary—
f wpuld that I could die ;
How lightly on my pulseless breast
The sol't while snow would lie. '
We have learned that life is uut all ono
summer dreaui; that lie who quaffs its
burning tide, must "drink the bitter with
the. sweet;" that the tiny, joyous hub
blcs that sparkle uud .JaLge upon its dug
pled surface, serve but to hide the world
of dark waters that lie beneath. Oh!we
have learned L'.fe A lessons young, too
young for happiness. We have conned
its pages, stained with sin, until the
heart si Uoned, ami grew sad ugd wearied
with its heavy task, turned away and
wept at the hullow mockery that masked
iGclf in snail* and I: ivdly tunes, only to
hide the v< id within. They are but the
hulliday attire, put on and off at will; the
gorgeous dress that with its many colors
dazzles the eye, pleases the fancy, and
soothes the flattered too!; but, as the gos
' C
earner web, blown into airy nothing at the
breath of the first rough breeze. Oh;
with what gluriou- anticipations we first
stepped from childhood's happy ground
upjit Life's active stage, with what confi
dence iu man's goodness and purity, with
what gorgeous colors we had pictured to
ourselves a beautitul world peojilcd with-
A race, little below the angels, and re
flecting the image of the Divine Archi
tect of the glorious whole. For, thanks
to the good guardians of our infant years,
w had not felt life's blighting influence,,
but basked only in its rich sunlight, pick
ed its beautiful flowers, unheeding-the
trail of the serpent that's over them all,''
looked with joy upon the richly colored
rose, not swing the cankerous worm coil
ed within its crimson heart, and plucked
I eagerly the nueenlv flower, unmindful of
| O e f 1 ( " * f 1
the stinging thorn. On . happy, careless
childhood, would thy fair innocence and
trusting confidence Mil' ''eimtined; would
time had not roth . sOl hy purity.or'
j.'vealed to us so v..ueh of si . and guilt
When we grew into womanluwd himl
. friends still guarded our 11111 • bark from,
all threatening storms, and wrapped our
faults in the beautiful mantle of charity,
'and from our hearts we bless them. It
might have been better had we known
more of life, had we been taught its utter
hoartle.-MICFVI, au4that the very MUSWJIO.
wear the fairest seeming;- within, have
Itearts but as "wluieued sepuJ'olvers."-*-
But as it is, within one short year among
Mranger hearts, we have learned more of
its Wtterness than.iu many that on gold
en wings, flew away among fond friends.
'Tis hard to trust and bo deceived; in.
look for mud ami' find hut guile; t<> alm.i-t
worship the God-ijke intellect of man. to
find it the home of the basest thoughts;
j to drink in the impassioned strains ut or
atory that vibrate so touehiiiidy upon t'-.c
i "harp of a thousand strings." to find them,
but eloquence of tongue and Hp.
I - Ami sunless treasures from attVciiaiiA d'T?-
To pour u>:i Lri.kf-u reeds—a wii.-ted shower.
1 To make id'>l. and to find them clav,
Aud to bewail their worship."
r Ah, what beautiful visions have
dispelled, what f-istles bavcheen
burled fro:11 th"\r Ixiseless heights, how
1 many fond dreams that lulled and soothed.
; the spirit have been replaced by sail real
ity ; au how luauy frieuds we trusted
ihavc proved but "the worm in the bud
feeding upon our own fair fame. Those
happy dreams, like spectre forms, the
ghosts of departed joys, they haunt ustfi'l
| —with their vsierd mans tliey still beckon
to trusting hope, still lift Fancy s misty
veil and show the treasured gems within;
but as we reach to grasp the hoarded
j wealth Nye embrace but the mocking void
'•So fade, fade 0:1 : my yit oi 1° Haul l lii>T
A cooliug sadness round my heart and brain,
J A silent, fruitless, yet undying thing.
All sensitive to pain."
-Aud still the shadow of vain dreams shall
fall
On mv mind's world, a daily |arkenin*. paitt
K id tJieu *iy weary wings, and sink, subdued;
Into cold aud uiirepiui-iug solitude."
Nki.l.A
Polltiro.l items.
F. W. LINCOLN, Democrat, was elect
ed Mavor of BoM-ni by a l uge majority
'oxer CIIAKLES B. HALL, llepublican, at
the re peat municipal election in that city.
Hall was very unpopular, in addition to
' which the Gaidiuer Aiuerieaus voted the
! Democratic ticket.
THE new Constitution of Virginia pro
-1 vides for bieunial se.-si<ris of the Lcgish
| ture, as nn otLet to which Gov \\ ise has
j sent his Message iu, divided into threw
separate doeumeuts. No. lis devoted
t banks and banking; No. 2 to the usury
laws; and No. 3 is miscellaneous. Jh'
recommends the passage of more strin
gent laws to prevent the cscajie of slave,
and also suggests a policy to prevent free
negroes from accumulating property too
j fast.
EDWIN H. (Tra writes to the A. 1 •
Tell nun, uialer dtf' f "Delia, Madison
. Go., lowa, Dec. ,J. Lut the merchants
of that place have, bv uiutoalc lKsent cs
tended credits and exchanged notes >
real estate to avoid the necessity of 111011-
'ey: He gives among others the follow
ing staple markets: Wheat 40c. "fHou-b'
Potatoes 25c,; Corn 15c.; Oats 2 |l( '- •
Flout per bbl.; Pork S3 per lUO ils
i Beef $4 per IDO lbs.; Cabbages two for
5c.; Turnips 15c. per bushel. IV hat e
1 our farmers think of this for "hard tiui^-