The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, November 26, 1857, Image 1

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    SINGLE COPIES, X C
VOLUME X.--NUMBER. 22,
THE POTTER JOURNAL,
PCBi-biJItO EV'KUV TIICKSDAY MOKMNIi, BY
• Tlio*. S. Chase,
To wkem all Letters ami Communications'
should be addressed, to secure attention, j
Terms—-In t arlahly in Advance: (
Si.'i.l per Annum.
fVMUfiimmirsitiiMiiauiuiuiaiiiiiiitikimitiiitfHiiafiiatMitfMiMMM
Ternirf oi* Advertising.
1 Square [lu lines] 1 insertion. - - - 50 i
I L 44 3 u ... $1 50
~Kneh subsequent insertion less than 13, 25
J Square three moiiths, - 2 50
I " six 44 4 oo
U 41 niae " ------- 5 50
U 44 one rear, ------- 000
•H JU aud figure work, per sq., 3 in*. 3 Oo
snbsequeut insertion, ----- 50
Column ix months, ------- 13 Oo
% 44 44 4 ' 10 00
j 44 44 44 700
i 44 per rear, - -- -- -- - 30 OO
4 44 '• 44 10 00
Administrator's or Executor's Notice, 200 .
Auditor's Notices, each, ----- -- 150
yhorilTs Sales, per tract, ------ 150
4i nrriagc Notices, each, ----- -- 100
a ess or Professional Cards, each,
nut exceding 8 linws. per year, - - 500
Special and Editorial Notices, per line, 10 (
transient advertisements must le
paid in advance, and no notice will be taken
wf advertisements from a distance, unless they
ars accompanied br the money or satisfactory !
reference.
raa-s—L 1 j. ■. ! L.re 1
Garts. ,
imwuHwnmuntmntmiiM—miwyuiwntfntmntMunnwi
JOHN S. 31 ANN,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW. ■
Coudcrsport, Pa., will attend the several
Courts in Potter and M'Keau Counties. All '
business entrusted in his rare will receive J
prompt attention. Otlice on Main st., oppo
site the Court House. 10:1
F. W. KNOX.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport. Pa., will i
rvgularly attend the Courts in Potter and ■
the adjoining Counties. 10:1
ARTHUR G OLMSTED,
ATTORNEY £ COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Coudersport, Pa., will attend to all business j
entrusted to his care, with promptucs and !
fidelity. Office in Temperate* Block, sec- '
wad tioor, Maiu St. lu:l
ISAAC i
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Coudersport, Pa., will ;
attend to ail business entrusted to him, with ■
rare and promptness. Office corner of West (
and Third sts. 10:1
L. P. WILLLSTOX, i
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Wellsboi-o', Tioga Co.. M
Pa., will attend the Courts in Potter an. 1 ;
M'Kcan Connties. 0:13 j,
A. P. COX L,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Wellsboro', Tioga Co . 1
Pa., will regularly attend the Courts , !
t'c.ter Cot:my. In 13 J
K. W. BLNiG.V
1
SURVEYOR A\'L> CONVEYANCER. Ray- (
Alone P. O. Allegany Tp.,) Potter Co. Pa.. .
will aiteiiii to ait business iu his line, with '
ca-e ana dispatch. I
W. K. KiNG,
SURVEYOR, DRAFTSMAN AND CONVEY- ,
ANCER. rfnieth|ort. M'K-au t 0.. Pa., will
attend to business for nou-resident land- '
holaers, upon rcasoua.de terms. Kt-feren-I ;
cs given if required. P. S. —Maps of any j
'pari of the County made to order. It: 13
O. T. ELLISON,
PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudersport. Pa .!
respectfully informs the citizens of the vil
lage and vicinity that he will proinply re
spond to all culls for professional services.
Office ou Main St.. in building formerly oc
cupied by C. \Y\ Ellis. Esq. 9:2*2
C. B. JOXES. LB WIS MANX. A. F. JO.NYS.
JONES, MANN A JONES,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS. CROCKERY,
Hardware, Boots k Shoes, Groceries aud
Provisions, Main St., Coudersport, Pa.
10:1
COLLikJ SMITH. *. A. JUNKS.
SMITH A JONES,
DEALERS IN DKI'GS. MEDICINES. PAINTS.
Oils, Fancy Articles, Stationery, Dry Goods,
Groceries. Jic.. Main St., Coudersport, l'a.
i0:l
~l>. K.OL3ISTKD,
DEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY-MADE
(Clowning. Crockery, Groceries, Ac., Main st..
Coidersport, Pa, lb:l
M. W. MANN,
pKAI.BR IN BOOKS k STATIONERY", MAfK
A7.INKS and Music. N. W. corner of Main
aad Third ts., Coudersport, Pa. 10:1
E R. HARRINGTON,
iKWSLLER, Couder.-port, Pa., having engag
ed k ■vYijji.ow in Schoonmkcr £ Jackson s
Store will etury oo the Watch ami Jewelry
bniiacss there. A fine assortment of Jew
elry constantly on hand. Watches and
Jewelry carefully repaired, ill the beet style,
ou the shortest notice—all work warranted.
9:24
11EN RY J7ULMSTEi),
(SCCCESSOK TO JAMES W. SMITH.)
SEALER IN STOVES, TIN £ SHEET IRON
W A RE, Main St., nearly opposite the Court
House, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware made to order, in good style, on
short RQtice. 10:1
COL'JJERSPUIiT IIOTEL~
D. F. GLASSMIRE. Proprietor, Corner of
■Mtii and Second Streets, Conderspprt, Pot
ter Co.. Pa. 9 14
ALLEGANY HOUSJST
SAMUEL M. MILLS, Proprietor, Colebnrg,
Patter Co., Pa., seven miles north of Cou-
e* tfco We4isviM<; Road. V:U
ftiirratitmaL
of the
POTTER COUNTY
TF ACH EltS* INSTITUTF,
lIKLD AT COCDEBSrORT,
November Hilli !o 20(b, 185 T.
Monday, NOV. IG.
Tlie Teacher's Institute assembled in
the upjxir recitation room of the Academy
and was called to order by Mr. Llendriek.
On motion, Mr. J. Ileudriek was elect
ed President, and 8. 8. Greentnan Sec'y-
Mr. M. O. Crosby, and Misses Btearns and
Northrup, were appointed as a Committee
of Arrangements, and Miss Anna Lewis,
Miss Julia 8. Catlin and Mr. O. J. Rees,
were appointed Committee on Resolutions.
Exercises in Mental Arithmetic, con
ducted by Mr. ileudriek Recess. Ex- :
ercises in Practical Arithmetic. Also
Orthography.
AFTERNOON SESSION'.
Assembled 14 o'clock. Geography,
conducted by 31 r. Ileudriek. Recess. —
Exercises in Elocution. Recess. An
old fashioned school was then represented 1
with much spirit, if uot accuracy. Ad
journed until 7 o'clock in the evening,
EVENING SESSION.
Convened in the evening at the Pros- 1
byterian Church. Music by the mem
bers of the Institute. Prayer by Rev. A.
Mel utyre. The I'resident thru intro
duced the Rev. C. M. 11 lark, who pro- j
ceeded to deliver the following very in- i
tertsling aud instructive
ADDRESS:
!
Teachers A Friends of Education, ;
Ladies and Gentlemen : The annual i
season of the fallen leaves, and gather- '
ed harvests, and Thanksgiving, and all ,
other preparations "for winter has eonte;;
and with it has come the period for again j
assembling the youth of our land in the
Common Schools. Iu all the vast rural
regions of the northern United States ; ,
upw many thousands of chiidren and ;
Youth about tins seasou of tiie year are
annually rod into tens of thousands
of from the Atlantic to the ,
l'aciiie, and from tiie northern lakes to
the southern slopes and everglades.
We are a little band of those interested '■
in the great mental and moral movement,
of the age regarding the rising race. Iu i
this remote county of a great and ancient
CommonweatHi will be louud, I trust, uot
less wuftu and hearty friends of eduea- i
tion than are to be found in any other
part of its borders or coasts. This Insti
tute for Teachers has been convened by (
the County Superintendent, as a means
of aiding as far as possible in elevating
and improving tiie Common Schools of
this portion of Pennsylvania; and 1 have
been selected to deliver the opeuiDg ad
dress.
Coming before you almost a stranger,
as L do, perhaps 1 may find an apology
for the directness of my appeals iu the
fact that 1 regard the work of education
as second only to that of religion ; and
that 1 have already devoted to it some of
the choicest years of mv life. Allow me
then, without further exordium,
I. To extend to you ah a most kind
and friendly (ireetin.g. 1 cache rs
from the sources of the Alleghany, the
Susouehanna and the Genesee, and
s friends of Education here assembled, I
greet you ! and welcome you all ! And 1
extend to you, in the name of the Great
Republic of Letters aud of Moral Im
provemeut, to each one of you, the right
hand of warm and hearty fellowship ! I
claim you as my Brethren and Sisters ev
ery one of you ; for 1 iook upon you as
those to whom are to be committed great
aud important trusts —the temporal good,
and the eternal well-being of every child
who shall come under your care.
IP Let me then speak more fully of
the im]>ortanre and dignity of"your call
\ iny ; and
Ist. It is not your salary, however
great, that constitutes your office iuiport
: ant Pr dignified. A? a money-making
business you do not well to engage in
I teaching. Lumbering pays better. So
, j almost ail kinds of active industry. This
• is not right, J know. These thiugs ought
not so to be. The qualifications of the
j Teacher ought to be still higher than they
are in this county, and the pay much
; better than it is. But even then your
i i wages are uot the chief incentive. They
II ought not to be so. A good physician,
1 or an editor; or a good lawyer, or a faith
ful minister of the gospel, is never paid
in full for his services. It cannot be oth
fierwise from the nature of tilings. The
- ! services rendered by either of them can
not he estimated in dollars and cents. —
" The fee, the amount received by them, is
but a token, what the Latius oalled an
V honorarium, of regard and ea
' teem as between friends, it is a present
(IdtmUO 10 Ino of cinie
COUDERSPORT, FOTTER CC OTTY, PA., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1857.
more than as a full satisfact'on, a quid
j>ro quo, like for like, for what has been
done by them. Fo you, O Teachers, let
mc say, will never iook upon your salary
as a principal incentive to duty. But
2d It is right that you should regard
your own improvement and experience as
part of the motive set before you. These
are important and of dignity, that is, of
real worthiness and value. You are
mostly young and of little experience as
yet. You are. 1 hope, willing to be learners
for a long time in the great School of
Life. Let me say to 'you then, yen are
right in being learners. You have a great
deal to learn. Study everyday. 1 would
advise you to study every day, and every
lesson which shall be attended to in your
Schools. Study even the A B C's. Do
you know them well? Do you? Do you
know their history ? how they came down
to us from the great Orient thousands of
years ago? They have a history. Every
letter iu them has its history, and a most
'interesting history it is. I wish I had
time to give you a whole lecture upon the
Alphabet,—So of the numerals. So of all
the elements of knowledge —the semi no
re rum. You do well to be awake to
this fact, and to every fact, and date, time
and place aud particular.—to all minutiae,
to all that is vast and mighty within the
bounds of human knowledge. You need
the telescope and you need the microscope,
—to ascend iuto the heiirhts and to dive
into the depths of all that is known and
unknown. Study everything. Study ev
en where. Study always To show how
this may be done, 1 quote too paragraphs
of fourteen lines —just the length of a son
net and worth forty thousand sonnets, as
they are often written —fram the Jude
pendvntj which 1 rend two weeks ago:
4 *ASTEROIDS. —By the English paper
which arrived yesterday, we learn that on
the loth of September, Dr. R. Luther at
Bilk, near Dusseldorf, discovered a new
planet of the eleventh magnitude, the fifth
first seen in 1557, and the forty-seventh
now known to exist between Mars and
Jupiter."
44 1t was stated in the Washington Un
ion of the sth of October, that on the
preceediug evening 31 r. Ferguson of the
National Observatory discovered yet an
other planet, also o.f the eleventh magni
tude, which if hitherto unkuown, will be
the forty-eighth of the asteroids. The
size, however, of these planets is very
hiiiall, the diameter of the largest being
supposed to he but forty miles, aud oi the
smallest only four !"
Now let us analyze this and study it all
out. What are the asteroids'? what
tlidV ong;.", appearance, numbers, &c. ?
Where IS - Jli'iA, 9<-'ar Dusseldorf?" Can
Dr. R. Luther, who lives there, he a
descendant of "Dr. Martin Luther," Per
haps so. Then if Dr. Martin had contin
ued the monk of Wurtemburg, this Dr.
K. had never existed, and the discovery
of this brilliant liuh* creation of the great
God, tour miles iu diameter, had never
been made pe.haps; at least not by hiui.
This is one efleet of the Reformation aud
of true religious culture.
What is meant by "eleventh magni
tude?" How small a star can be seen
with the .naked eye? Y\ ho is "3lr. Fer
guson." Is he son of the Scotch Astron
omer who lived fifty years ago? Is it
often that father and son excel in the
same profession, as the Siilimans do?—
What is the "National Observatory?"
Have we other Observatories ? how maDy ?
what are they doing? How many are
there in the world ? How many south of
the equator ? How is the "diameter of a
planet," or asteroid, 250,000,000 of miles
from the sun, ascertained-—and so small!
kc. Ac. Ac.
IT.iw much of knowledge may he sug
gested by a single paragraph in the news
paper ! Read these paragraphs. Ihey
oitcu contain more than the long articles
do. It is the condensation that makes
them so rich. And how much of your
previously acquired learning does it need
to understand them! (Lan you then be
willing to be idle this winter while you
' teach ? will you sit down to a dirty libid
inous novel ? or waste all your precious
time in frivolous pleasure-hunting ? or
i parties, aud trifling amusements ? I trust
that you will uot so do. T think toe
highly of the true Teacher to believe that
• lie or she ever can, or will do thus.
i 3rd. Again, it is right that you should
> look at the present advancement of you:
> School and the neighborhood, as most
, importaut and of true worth, it is worth
1 your while to try and do something foi
' these. It is a high aud noble calling t(
i instruct the ignorant, to guide the foot
• steps of the young in the way of knnwl
• edge "It is good to be zealously affect
, ed always in a good thing" (Col. 4 : 18.
- like the work you have undertaken it
I teaching. Be zealous then. Be enthu
- siastic. You will have need enough o
} this. The community is cold aud indiff
- erent to the groat work you have under
- taken. It needs arousing up to duty oi
5 the subject. You are a sentinel upot
i the walls, watchmen in high towers anc
- outposts which guard the domains o
t knowledge. Iu your cars aud watchful
? ness, and fidelity aloue is safety and hope
I for the laud aud the world. But 1 pro
t ceed to speak.
111. Ol the Trials and Discourage
ments, which you will have to meet with.
1 These are many and great. lam nut ig
i Dorant of thetu. It is ueedful for you to
- know them ; and to know them as fully
fas possible. Had the allies at Sebastopol
: understood well the exact situation of
5 that stronghold, its earth-works, and
i stone-works, its mines and maga/ines and
" surprising strength; and, moreover, had
* they well understood the sullen, dogged
t.powers of resistance of the Russians,
1 whom they affected to despise, do you
' suppose that they would not sooner have
' gained the victory in the Crimea? 8o of
> you. 1 would not have you ignorant of
i a single difficulty to be overcome, or of a
i single hardship or discouragement you
will have to meet this winter, or anytime
as Teachers. Let me speak of some of
these more fully.
Ist. Ignorance is one rj these. It is a
real mountain of difficulty iu the way of
the Teacher. The more erilirhtened the
community and the better the home in
struction of children is, the easier and
more delightful is the work of teaching
theui. But our communities in l'otter
county, and in Pennsylvania generally,'
as we all know, are not as enlightened as
they should be. They are not so as yet
anywhere. The homes of children are
not by any means what they ought to he.
And your experience will be different
from mine, if you do not find your chief
est trouble and anxiety from these very
families whose ignorance is most appalling.
Some roally most unpromising child of
the worst parents in all your neighbor
hood, wiil inquire most of your labor, and
'patience, and energy, ard of all your vir
tues as a good Teacher; while the task iu
regard to the uinety-and-niue who do not
thus go astray, will be comparatively easy.
A head-strong, wilful, selfish man or wo
man, is despisable anywhere. A child of
that disposition is hardly less so. And
' I am much mistaken if you do not find
many such.
! ! 2nd. Prejudice, is the source of much
trouble to the Teacher. This is the off
spring of ignorance to be sure. But it is
more aggressive. It is not confined to'
the old, nor to the young. Both have it. j
This will lead some of your pupils and
their parents to array themselves against
; you, and annoy you, and do you mischief,
if they can. Tlicy will wish to interfere
with your plans and government of the
School, and will always take up hostilities
against you. It will he sufficient that
you wish for a thing, to have them strong-1
lv opposed to it. Right or wrung. th*y
will do it. They will hurt your leelings
* very much. They delight iu it. It suits
their uncouth and unhallowed natures to
be stubborn and contrary and unyielding.
If J. mistake not, there is altogether ten)
much of this off-spring of ignorance here
and among us ; as there is, I know, in all
parts of the world which 1 have ever seen.
There is too much prejudice, and too lit
tle gentleness here. Bee to it, Teachers,
tnat you are not in fault yourselves. Lop
off the horns of prejudice.
•j 3rd. Selfishness is also a foe to the
■ Teacher. Y our work, like mine, is one j
: of benevolence, of philanthropy, ofpria-j
* c-ipie, of duty and high and holy privi
lege. Selfishness is sin. It is mean, and
low and degrading, it never looks at the
' welfare of another. It never thinks of
: the feeble, the neglected, the outcast, the
f forsaken. There is no love for the neigh
i bor in it. It says: "Bless me aud my
! wife ; my son John aud his wife : us tour,
! and no more, forever and ever. Amen.' ;
This is the selfish man's prayer. Every
- child in your Bchool, and every parent in
- the district, and every one iu your ncigh
j borhood, should have this selfishness eu
-5 tirely rooted out of him. Ah ! this is a
hard, hard, life-long labor, for Teacher,
r and Parent, and Preacher. It is your
1 duty, O Teachers, to eudeavor to do this
e as far as you can. It will be a task lor
a you, however, I cau assure you, or your
- experience will differ from mine aud from
s that of all your predecessors. 3lost of
r the quarrels, aud disturbances, aud slan
t ders, aud wrongs, iu all our ueighbor
o hoods, are the result of this sin.
t 4th. I heard the other day of a man
entering a school-house iu this county,
d and threatening the Teacher that he
r would deluge the floor iu blood, if things
t did not go to suit hiui! Brutality, ill
li manners and low sensuality and vice, are
r among the trials aud discouragements
o which you will have to meet with in pa
t-routs and ehildreu. 111-manners are a
1- crying evil. Y uung America is rampant.
t- 1 And lie is not to be confined to the city
) alone, lie lives in the villages and iu the
n country. "Y'es," "no," and 44 what, are
i- constantly iu his mouth. He never takes
>f his hut off except when he goes to bed;
F- and he never bows to anybody, God, mau
r- or the devil. I fear, however he is a faith
u ful servant of the later; aud that old folks
n as well as young will come iu tor a share
d of the guilt of this service.
>f This sounds very plain I confess; per-
L.- hapa some may think it coarse aud vulgar.
Hut I see no hope for right- education un
til we reform the manners of our childreu
jin the family and Common School.
U. hi it v to thirty-live years ago, in mv'
childhood, I found myself living in a farm
ing community on the Penobscot, compos
ed of families from old Massachusetts.—
Every principal man was white headed
with age, and every elderly woman of the
community was a grandmother. These i
have all passed away now long ago. The
men had a!! seen George Washington and
lived with him for years during the ardu- ;
, oils struggle lor Independence. One of
them had beeu publicly thanked by his
Commauder-ia-G!iief before the army, for i
his prowess. We, who were children i
then, were taught to love those old men. ;
We di-J love and honor them. We al- <
ways were required to take off our lints to j 1
them when we met them and make our i
bows to them. It was what good man- i
ners required. And we were.expected ]
to do this to every stranger we passed in j
the road. I think this was light. Eo ;
were the girls required to "make their,;
courtesy," as the buys were their "bow." 11
In our days of rapid transit, of telegraphs •
and railroads, perhaps the like cannot be
expected. Jiut good manners are: worth \ i
as much to t)i<> gentleman or lady now as :
then. We used to bow, or courtesy, as
we entered and left the School. 1 wish
| the same were done now. Or, at least,
that as true and hearty manliness and
refinement of manners could be cultivated
now as then. The want of good breed
ing is one of the trials and discourage- ;
meats in the way of the faithful Teacher
at present. I charge you to attend to
this matter every one of you this winter,
and always hereafter.
sth. Go into the houses of your pupils.
You will Jlml the cause of all the mis
chiefs there. Exert .all the good influence
there, which }*ou can. You must do.
what parents neglect to do. And you
must keep doing it, over and over again,'
till the good habit is formed in your pu
pils, of acting rightly. This, I know, is
a hard and thankless task. But some
jonc must do it. You are the chosen ouo
in God's Providence for this purpose. If
you cannot do it, you are unfit for your
work, and ought not to undertake it.
6th. Look around the school house
and premises, and you will find evidences
|of what I have been speaking. See the
benches out and scratched and disfigured,
perhaps bv obscene images. The books
will be torn, inked, and written over.—
Will you allow these things ? And who
is to prevent them, if you do not ? The
task is difficult; but it must be attended
to, if you would do your duty. lhe
world needs your services here very much.
So, too, the intercourse of your pupils
with each other will be often rude, un
kind and immoral, if you do net see to it.
Will you permit lying, or profanity, or
indecency among them? \Y ill you oven
countenance boasting, and pride, and en
vy, and evil-speaking among them ? 1
hope not. If you are a modest, sensible,
correct person yourself, 1 am sure you
will not do so. Like Teacher, like pu
pils, in all these respects. \\ atch well
then your <<wn heart and life ; and let
your pupils be followers of you, even as
you are of Christ.
7th. You will be diverted from your
■appropriate work in the school-room,;
some of von, 1 fear, by outside influences.
Parties of pleasure, courtships, marriages,
and other employments of life than teach
ing, will engage your attention too much.
It is right, perhaps, that they should oc
cupy yovi somewhat. Some of the hap-;
piest ties are formed by you about this
time when you are teaching. 1 would be
the last man in the world to discourage
you or dissuade you from them. But
understand me well. I wish you to be
wise and good, true and conscientious,
worthy to be loved and esteemed, and
every way highly useful. It is desirable
that you should go into society somewhat,
this winter. But be wise and prudent in
it. Go to do good and get good there.
Bo not go to dissipate. You may recre
! ate yourselves thereby. But never go
anywhere unless you can retire better than
vou went; and never unless all others can
do so whom you will meet there. Not
onlv be correct yousclves, but aid in
making others so likewise. You may be
cheerful, even jovial, but never can you
be imn oral, nor immodest, nor thought
less even. And this leads me to say,
Sth. That both you and your pupils
need to be, and ought to be gen u i ue Christ
ians. Ido not ask you to be Presbyte
rians, nor Methodists, nur Baptists, nor
. Episcopalians, Dor any other of these
names of sects which men have devised
and used for themselves. Eouie who use
; these names are no Christians at aii.
1 And there are, 1 believe, real Christians
t in all the religious sects of a land like
, ours —those uho believe in Christ for the
i pardon of their sins and the salvation of
■ their souls. 1 wish yuu to become such
i' believers. God wishes you to become so.
: Holy augels, aud the spirits of just uieu
J made perfect iu Heaven —some of your
-|owu aueestry aud kiudred are anxiously
.' looking down from the world above, and
<> FOUR CENTS.
TERMS.--$1,25 PER ANBtJH.
earnestly wishing that you may be
Christians. Before you eaij be such
! teachers as you need to be, and such a
the world so much needs, you ought to
become earnest, devoted Christians. Will
vou be so? Will you love and serve
God, and then labor lor the salvation of
your pupils?
M oral culture is the groat hack of the
Common Schools at present. They arc
Ciodless! —''without God and without
hope"—for I have no hope of a nation or
a people except in God. It has been
thought to be enough to train the intel
lect of youth. I used to think so: that
this intellectual culture and refinement
alone, would eradicate error, and prejudice,
aud partisanship, and quarrels, and dis
sensions from among mankiud. 1 don't
believe a word of it now. The heart
needs cultivating. Train the head as
much as you please, and you only are
placing sharp weapons in the hands of a
madman. To be "smart," 41 "cute," "good
at a bargain," is not enough. We have
already had enough of this, and far too
much, iu bringing about tlie present fi
nancial crisis. 44 Smartness," 44 shrewd
ness," and the like terms are only another
name for dishonesty and dishonor, and
those who practise them have already
brought our country to the verge of ruiu.
Extravagance, license, lust, infamy, aud
perdition belong in the same category. I
know "smart people" think Christiana
fools, stupid, uuderwitted, tame. I sus
pect even Thackaray and Dickens think
so; for these writers so describe pious
people. And hosts of their readers and
those whom they instruct, think so. But
Clu istiaus, alas 1 know aud lament, that
they, and such as they, are indeed "fools
and* blind;" and that the world can never
be substantially benefited, hut always
made worse, by them and their efforts.
But I pass to inquire
IV. \Mai really are and ought to hs
interested in. the welfare of the Common
Schools ?
Teachers are so as a matter of course,
as we have seeD. 8o arc our County Su
perintendents, as they ought to be. So
is the State Superintendent aud the Gov
ernor of the Commonwealth. So are
ministers of the Gospel. None have done
so iuuch for the cause of educatiou iu our
land us they have from the first. So are
editors and authors of good books. So
are lawyers and physicians generally in
terested in educatiou. Upright judges
and legislators, all truly pious persons,
and philanthropists of whatever trade or
coiling, are interested in the welfare aud
instruction of youth. Every vise and
good parent can but feel that solid learn
ing and discipline, knowledge combined
with virtue, such as a good education im
plies. is the best inheritance that he can
leave to his child. All meu in tine, every
where, who think; all who love whatso
ever things arc true, whatsoever things
are honest, whatsoever things are just,
whatsoever tilings are pure, whatsoever
things are lovely, whatsoever things are
of good report; —if there be any virtue,
and if there be any praise, all w ho think
on these thiugs, the entire commonwealth,
take interest in the Common Schools.
Y'uu wi'l not then, O teachers, go forth
to your posts alone and unbared, for this
winter. You go as our representatives.
We repose such confidence in your fidelity
and ability, zotil aud integrity, that we
propose to send you out as those who shall
rightly represent us and our interests in
this matter of educating the people and
their children. If in the prosecution of
'your work any of you should iuet with
opposition or injury, the whole body of
us, your friends, will suffer with you,aud
we shall feel bound to sec you righted.
Or if auv of you is honored for your
faithfulness and good deserts, wc shall all
of us rejoice with you, and delight to ex
press to you our satisfaction whenever
. occasion may offer us to do so.
You are uot then sent out alone. The
hearts of the good aud the true go with
vou to your field of labor. From the
Governor of the State and the President
of the Republic down to the humblest
virtuous citizeu, we all feel interested
iu you, or ought to do so; and lam but
the mouthpiece of the whole community
wheti 1 make you this assurance.
I know many are apt to overlook their
duty in this matter, or to leave it to be
doue by others. 1 call upon all in this
county to refiect upon the importance of
educating the children. Let the neglect
ed be sought out, the destitute be aided
and encouraged. In a borough like this,
we need, as in the city, tierce quarters of
the year at least, a good public school. It
is nut sufficient that there is a good
Academy. We must have this; but we
need to have still more. A host of little
, children caunot attend the Academy, and
would do better in the public school for*
while, if they could. And in the country
we want more schools, end larger oues,
and bet'or ones. No child should bo de
prived of education for want of a school,
uor kept buinc at work tvheu he has a
school to attend.
But i pass to speak finally, of
V. The Rewards. It.i light tkafewe