Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, August 24, 1559
PEOPLE'S STATE TICKET+
FOR AVDITOR CIE.RAL
THOMAS E. COCHRAN,
OF YORK COUNTY.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL:
GEN. WILLIAM H. KEIM,
People's County Ticket.
R. B. WIGTON, of Huntingdon Borough
JOHN C. WATSON, of Brady Township,
HENRY T. WHITE, of Oneida Township.
111. F. CAMPBELL, of Union Township
WILLIAM MOORE, of West Township,
DISTRICT ATTORNEY :
JOHN W. MATTER& of Huntingdon
JOHN F. RAMEY, of Huntingdon
W. L. CUNNINGHAM. of Clay Township.
ISRAEL GRAFFIUS, of Alexandria.
RENRY GRAPY lUS, of Alexandria.
PEOPLE'S COUNTY COMMITTEE.
SPRUCE CREEK, August 20th, 1859.
Mr. Editor:—The followiEg gentleat en have
been selected to constitute the County Commit
tee of the People's Party of Huntingdon coon.
ty. JOHN B. SIMONS,
Chairman of the People's Co. COll.
WILLIAM H. WOODS, Dublin tp., Chairman.
J. H. Kennedy, Alex's. J. A. Doyle, Mt. Union.
J. B. Clark, Birtn'g'in. Adolp. White, Oneida.
J. F. Wilson, Barren. Jas. Baker, Orbisonia.
J.Vandevandeb Brady. , Benj. Hopkins, Porter.
Ralph Crotsley, Cass. John Garner, Penn.
E. B. Wilson, Cass bor. L. G.Kessler, Pet. bor.
Bend. Stevens, Clay. B. F. Miller. Shir. bor,
T. T. Cromwell, Crom. J. Brewster, Shiriey.
Geo. Tate, Carbon. R.Sfadden, Springfield.
John miner, Franklin. R. Wilson, jr. Shay. Ck.
J. Williamson, Hunt. Henry Green, Tod.
J. Flenner, Henderson. Geo. Wilson, Tell.
J. Entriken, Hopewell. Sim. Wright, Union.
W. B. Smith, JacksonAlenry Neff, West.
Wm. Dean, Jnniatt. J. J. Patterson, W 'rnk.
Perry Moore, Morris. S. Peightal, Walker.
News From Europe.
The steamship Asia, which arrived on Fri
day, brings two days later advices from
Europe, London journals to the 6th inst., nrd
correspondence from France and Italy. The
" nine hour" strike in the building trade in
London was becoming very serious. Monster
meetings had been holden in Hyde Park by
the workmen, but the employers still refused
to accede to their demands. The Bank of
France had reduced its •rate of discount to 3i
per cent. Orders had been given for the dis
banding of marines, and the disarmament of
all vessels. The Conference at Zurich was to
open on the Bth inst. Its deliberations, accor
ding to the prevalent opinion, were to be confi
ned to the - matters directly at issue between
the belligerents, the settlement of the general
Italian question being left for a Congress in
which it was doubtful whether Austria would
be represented. The Genoa correspondent
gives us an inkling of tho position which San
dini would assume at Zurich, and the report
was current in Europe that she would utterly
refuse to enter a Confederation of which
Austria was a member. The future of the
Italian Duchies and the Romagna was as un..
certain as over. No man knows the intentions
of the Emperor Napoleon, but a Turin letter
states that ho has apprised the Sardinian
Government that Central Italy must prepare
to receive French garrisons—" to maintain
order, not to impose a foreign will upon the
people, or to bring back the banished sorer
eigns"—ambiguous words in a Napoleon's
month. Meantime out of 172 communes in
Tuscany, le9 have voted for the annexation of
that country to Piedmont; while in the Roma
gna, out of 26,000 votes, 19,000 are against
the Government of the Pope. In our budgest
will be found an abundance of such facts at
bear upon the question of Coe tral Italy, but
they are far from affording a trustworthy solu
tion of the difficulty. A tribunal at Perugia
has condemned seven of her principal men,
who are luckily out of harm's way, to death.
The volunteers in the war from Rome are,
however, allowed to return, and there is vague,
we fear unmeaning, talk of reform. It was
reported at Vienna that Baron Bach bad ten
dered his resignation in consequence of a diffi
culty growing out of the question of reform in
Austria, but that it had been refused. Parlia
ment was expected to adjourn on the 13th inst.
A bill has passed through the House of Com
mons establishing a reset ve force, of volun
teers for five year., of 30,000 men for the
THE " OPPOSITION."
There never was a time in the history of our
county politics, when the opponents of shnm
democracy were so firmly united and so ar
dent in the support of the ticket. From Tod
to Jackson, and from the rugged hills of Clay
and Springfield, to the extreme western boun•
dory of "old mother Huntingdon," there is but
one feeling—perfect satisfaction, and a har
monious union. Old Huntingdon, with a good
ticket, never falters. We feel proud of her.—
The Locofocos will endeavor to make dissen•
sloes, but they will be bitterly disappointed.
Protection and Wealth.
So long as the American people shut their
eyes to the important truth that, without pro.
tection,,our manufacturing and other interests
must suffer, so long must they continue to be
the wilful! opposers of their own prosperity.—
In the language of that noble statesman, Wm.
L. Dayton, they should not acquiesce in the
very movements which tend towards bringing
down their labor to a level with pauper Europe
unless they aro willing to abide the consequen.
ces of their action. Wealth is almost entirely
the product of labor; and the wealth of every
nation is the result of its industry. There
are two systems (the °opposite of each other)
proposed for the development of the:industry
of the country. Free trade proposes to keep
the wages of labor down to the low rates of
old manufacturing nations. This system ig.
cores the dignity of labor. It assumes that
the working men must be poorly paid, poorly
fed, and poorly clad; that they must, in fact, be
"mudsills of society." According to this. the.
ory, there is, in fact, little difference between
the slave and the white laborer. Hence it fol
lows, that' the advocates of the extension of
slavery concur in regarding all labor as servi
tude. They thus regata in their hearts and
many of them confess with their mouths, that
the white laborers are on an equality of deg.
redation with negro slaves.
The protective system is the farthest possi.
ble from such a theory. It is at war ivrecon
eilably with all its assumptions and facts. It
rejects instinctively and without hesitation, nay
with disdain and indignation, all notions of
the degradation of labor. On the contrary, it
e xalts and honors it. It reveres it as the nor
mal condition which is necessary to its highest
development; as the foundation of all intelli
gent and Christian civilization. The human
body is nothing if it be not exercised in useful
industry; while the human mind sinks almost
into idiocy, if it be not well employed. God
has made labor a part of his plan for human
happiness. Every nation and every State
which sha 11 disregard His will is this respect
will soon exhibit marks of material, intellectu
al and religions dilapidation, acd approaching
The theory of the protective system is there.
fore, in its fundamental principle, the theory of
free, dignified, intelligent and well remunera
ted labor. This character of labor, if looked
to only, with an eye to political economy, must
have the advantage of all others. But it is not
alone because of its superior economy or its
more fruitful result, as a means of national
wealth, that we advocate and espouse it. We
insist that for the highest development of man
kind it is essential (whether it be or be not
cheaper in the long run,) that AmeriCan labor
shall be well remunerated, and that every Amer
ican laborer shall have an opportunity to se
cure for himself, and for those who depend up
on him such positions as are best adapted to
the development of his intellectual and moral
attributes. We insist that labor in this coun
try shall be protected from the competition of
that European labor, the scanty wages of which
are utterly inadequate to the support of an
American freeman. But it will be found that
this protected labor will soon become the most
economical, and for the simple reason that it
will be the most intelligent, the most skilful
the best adapted always to every purpose. In.
telligeut and industrious workmen are every
where found to be most valuable; their labor is
worth and commands the highest wages. Some
years since, a manufacturing establishment of
Massachusetts imported some men from Eu
rope, on the supposition of their better skill,
yet, in a few years, the superior intelligence of
American workmen around them had crowded
them out of the best places in the mill, and the
most of them were soon found occupying unim
portant and irresponsible positions. In some
branches of manufacturing and mechanical
industry, they need little or no protection now.
Their productive energy and skill have already
reached a point which defies competition.—
Brat in other departments of industry they need
and should receive so much protection as may
bo necessary to sustain them against the de
graded labor of Europe.
Mr. Buchanan's last Trouble,
We never knew, we do not remember to
have read or to have heard, of a gentleman so
exceedingly troubled in his senility as Mr. Pres
ident Buchanan. Various other old gentle
men going to the Springs or returning from
the Springs have experienced domestic vide
situdes, and have been tormented by the elope.
meet, under flagitious circumstances, of their
wives or of their daughters. Against these the
President was safe, for the reason that he had
no wife, and no daughter, se that ho parted
from the seat of histoils, his trials and his trib
ulations, for the Sanitary ebui;:ions of Bedford
under far happier auspices than thosi,` which
accompanied the eminent Mathew Bramble
when he undertook his celebrated journey to
Bath Alas I the troubles of old gentlemen are
chronic, and whithersogyer they may go and
wheresoever they may ahide,•tho wing of some
Fate still waves over them, and all is row•de.
dow, and wretchedness. As he rode to the
Pennsylvania Siloam, upon the swift and sharp
rails, there rode by his side, herself ir.tent up.
on the Bedford Springs, a Southern widow.
She was fascinating. She was wealthy. Up•
on her waited a dark but still devoted dough.
ter of Africa—a much beloved chattel. The
chattel was in the curl-hairmg department. In
the pinning of a dress she was immense. She
was curious in crinoline. Or, as The Fayette
Patriot (from which we gather many of these
details) kindly suggests, she was immense in
things generally. This immense creature did
not sit by the side of the susceptible James,
but all went merrily, as merry as a marriage
bell—the President with his well known cour
tesy, will pardon the perhaps unpleasant elle.
atoms to the bell—until the whole company ar•
rived at the Bedford Bubblings. The Presi•
' dent imbibed the waters. Upon both, notwith
standing the medical differences which have
been discovered between the effect of the fluids
aforesaid—of what Mr. Samuel Weller calls
"kylibeate"—the dual affair was going on
smoothly. But upon the young colored wo
man who adjusted the crinoline and arranged
the curls of the fascinating widow, the waters
seem to have failed in their 4 .kylibeate" and
usually high moral effect. Perhaps the young
woman did not partake of them, or only in the
rinsings; but if she slid imbibe them, they had
a bad effect. For, in disobedience to the Gos.
pel as expounded by the late Rev. Dr. Adams
—(is it Pr. Adams who is dead, or is it Mr.
Choate?)—the young colored woman who t3ok
care of the ringlets of the Southern widow, ran
away Vamoosed. if we may say so. "Vam
oosed "the ranche," as they say in California.
Stepped out. Absconded!
The widow thought of her beautiful hair.
The President of the United States thought of
the beautiful hair, and also the Constitution of
the United States, wad of that wholesome en
actment, the Fugitive Slave Law. There was
of course, the very old gentleman (not Mt. Bu
chanan, but the other ancient creature) to pay.
They telegraphed. They hunted. They hal
loo'd. Our own opinion is, that Mr. President
called so loudly that something of a bronchial
nature may be expected in his august larynx.
It is the testimony of all observers, that upon
that eventful night, he was agitated—he who
is always agitated--to a frightful extent, and
that he recklessly torn whatever hair he may
by the course of years be permitted to retain.
But it was of no use. The gentleman who fol
lowed could not find; the Preisident could give
little if any consolation by wringing his hands;
the deed had been done under his venerable
nose—to its great discredit, if not to the entire
blasting of its reputation. The President said
at once to the widow, and the widow said at
once to the President: "These waters will do
us no good"—and so they both concluded to
depart for other scenes of a more constitution
al character immediately.
We are privately assured that Mr. Buchan
an is deeply grieved at the escape of this sin
gle human being into a condition where she
can enjoy "life, liberty, and the pursuit of hap.
piness," not only on account of the personal
loss to his friend the widow, but because the
event does not confirm his favorite theory that
the slaves are so happy that they would not
take their freedom if it was offered them.
Opening of the Slave Trade,
In another part of to•day's paper will be
found the announcement of the landing of a
fresh cargo of slaves; in Florida. We wish the
people of our county—and especially the Dem•
ocrats—to make a note of this, and that the
opening of the slave trade, is endorsed by ma
ny of the Southern Democratic States. Accor
ding to the opinion so learnedly expressed by
the editor of the Huntingdon Union, the doc
trine promulgated by party-men in convention
assembled in a particular State, binds their
party in the other States to the same creed;
hence, if the democracy of this county wish to
continue in "good standing" they must endorse
this new plank. In speaking of this matter, a
correspondent of the Now York Herald, re•
marks :—" I no doubt that time will de•
velope some startling facts in the history of ala•
very since May, 1858. There are said to exist
depots of savages in over 20 large cities or
towns at the South, itr some of which the initi
ated may find them at times to the number of
several hundred. Among the places where
those depots are to be found, Charleston, Mem•
phis and Columbus have been named by a per
son whom I think trustworthy and reliable,
who informed me that he had visited them, and
that ho bad seen altogether in these three pla
ces about 900 imported blacks. He said it was
notorious throughout Georgia and Alabama six
weeks ago, that quite a fleet of slavers is ex
pected to land cargoes within a mouth or two
on one of the Florida inlets not far from Key
West. A large proportion of the vessels en
gaged aro Northern and fitted out at the
The Jackson Mississippian, the leading
Democratic paper of that State, copies the
oboes from the Herald, and indulges iu the
following commentary :
"May prosperous gales speed the honest pi
rates in their noble mission to augment the
supply of Southern labor, and to obey the in.
junction to feed the hungry and clothe the na
ked. The names of Southern people, and the
requirements of commerce, call loudly for more
and cheaper nogroes, and, thanks to the ad.
venturous slave traders, they are coming."
Will the Northern Democracy respond to
that piratical sentiment?
Here is another threat to dissolve the Union,
made to frighten 'Democrats" into conces
sions, which we give in this connection. It is
from tne Georgia Koos:
"Nothing is truer than that there does exist
in Georgia an earnest, wide spread, and rapid
ly increasing agitation for the repeal of the law
prohibiting the slave trade. Candidates and
lending men of both parties have alluded to
the subject, and declared themselves in favor
of the unconditional repeal of both the State
and the Federal laws which brand the slave
trade as piracy. The agitation in favor of re
peal is confined to no political party or class of
our citizens, but is fast becoming the popular
, e iLtimett or the Southern people ; and the
sooner our Notiheru fellow-eitizens are con
vinced of the face, and ninkp up their mind to
accede to our just demand, the bstter for the
peace bud prosperity of our political uni9n:'
V2l. The Leon Pioneer, a Democratic paper
printed in Decatur Co., lowa, has a two and a
half column article on " Priestcraft, Black Re
publicanism and Higher Law," in which the
editor speaks of "the Christ•loving and negro.
stealing Congregationalists," ar.d of the reso•
lotions passed by the Congregational Associa
tion, sympathising with the Oberlin rescuers,
as "abominable," and then recommends that
Ministers of the Gospel of this kind
"Meet with neither moderation or toleration,
but be very promptly dumped into the nearest
borse•pond or mud-puddle, or tarred and feath
ered, or hung, or crucified, or got rid of by any
other means preferred by the people."
He will get an office, says the Burlington
Ilawkeye. Next to catching negroes, abusing
ministers pays best.
Altar A gentleman who was at Bedford
Syringe while the President was there, says
that he was astonished to see the feeling scant•
footed toward him, and the little respect shown
him by the Pennsylvanians who were there.—
'ln fact,' said he, ' they absolutely snubbed
him, and took every occasion to do so.' No
wonder, then, that he should have been, as he
wan reported to be, in exceeding bad humor
Questions to be Answered,
Will the editor of the Huntingdon Globe
gratify our citizens and ourself by a straight
forward answer to the following interrogatories:
lot. Aro you sincerely opposed to the repeat
of the tonnage tax imposed upon the Pennsyl
vania Railroad Company—holding as you do
an office under that corporation, at a salary of
seventy-five dollars per month ? A positive
and direct answer to this is demanded.
2d. Were not two or more of the candidates
upon your county ticket, once nasmbers or tho
organization you denounced as "midnight
conspirators," and as such, are they the expo•
nonte of "sound democratic doctrine ?"
3d. Was not one of the candidates upon your
county ticket for a prominent office, a memher
of the State Conventionwhich nominated Mes
srs Wright and Rowe—a ticket which you re
fuse to support, because "it would be consid
ered as an endorsement of James I3uchanan's
Administration" ? Did he not by the posi
tion he assumed in that Convention (and by
his vote, we believe,) endorse the coulee of the
National Administration ?
4th. Can you consistently, with the profes
sions you have tutub of "opposition to Buchan
anism," recommend for the support of your
Douglas faction, a candidate who aided in the
adoption of a resolution of endorsement of J.
sth. 'Upon what platform does your Ticket
stand ? In it in favor of the policy of James
Buchanan, Senator Douglas, Governor Wise,
or the illustrious Rhett? h it a Squatter Sov
ereignty, a slave•trade•reviving, or a disunion
concern ? Or, does it embrace all these ?
Your early attention to these interrogatories
will oblige us, and sue us the trouble of re•
A BAD WAY TO UNITE.
The two sham Democratic newspapers of
this place. are lamenting bitterly the dirndl'.
ties in their party, which threaten the annihi.
lation of their once powerful organization. The
Globe is particularly anxious to "heal the die.
sensions," but the editor has so far committed
himself, that his efforts only tend to make the
matter worse. He has dallyed so long be.
tween proposed plans—like the jackass in the
fable—that he hardly knows which to choose.
Col. Forney's position, which he stated in a
recent speech, delivered in Reading, might put
him on a scent. The blunt Forney said :
"One word more We have a duty to per
form in October next. The Administration
has placed its State ticket upon a plain and
distinct platform. It tells you that every man
who votes for John Rowe and Richardson L.
Wright, votes in favor of its platform, which
declares that the pcople of the Territories shall
have no right to control their own affairs in
their own way, and that if they take a vote
upon the slavery question and abolish slavery
Congress must intervene to put them down,
and uphold that institution against their will.
I have to say for myself that I shall refuse to
vote for that ticket, and I hope that every Dem
ocrat who stands upon the platform of State
rights, and believes in popular sovereignty and
the justice of the movement we have inaugura•
ted and carried on, will do the same. Let fos
sils and fogies complain, if they choose, of this
action; they will submit. There will he no
difficulty about that; and after we have defea
ted the fitNiifistration upon its platform, wo
can come together in 1860 upon the old creed
of the Democratic party, as expounded by
Senator Douglas, and as advocated by the De
mocracy in 1856, and triumph, as I have no
doubt we shall, over all organisations, by an
overwhelming vote. [Cheers.]
The Presidency-Gov. Wise's Letter.
The letter of Gov. Wise, says the North
American, to Mr. B. Donnelly of New York
city, (which is at length acknowledged by Wise
Over his own signature, to be authentic,) bas
eltelved one Presidential candidate most effec
tually. Before this endorsement appeared,
the Itichtnend Enquirer, edited by Wise , s own
eon, had said that the letter was either a for
gery or something worse. and since it turns out
to be authentic, it is, of course worse than a
forgery. No one can rend the letter itself with
out agreeing with the irreverent honesty of
young Wise. It is worse in every aspect. It
is the most damaging confession of political
trickery ever penned by one so high in position
or so esteemed as a statesman and party lea
der. hitherto, Wise, however secretly dis
trusted or opposed by Democrats, was always
spoken of attic respect, but now be is openly
denounced by papers as diverse as the Albany
Argus and Atlas, New York Journal of Com
merce, and Daily News, Washington Constitu
tion and others in all the loading cities.
The letter : in fact, is fair gaiile, and every
body shoots at it accordingly. But in that
respect, it is like many other productions of
the same pen. For instance, what could be
more ridiculous than his reply to the Boston
lecture committee. Here is a party of gentle
men who, in courtuous terms, ask him to go to
Boston to deliver a lecture, and he sends a re
ply, in which he treats the invitation ad though
it were a partisan opening to "bag Boston."
In fact, the trickster tricks out absurdly, and
lowers the Presidential aspirant to the level of
some ward politician.
But here is the letter:
RICHMOND, July 13,4859.
Dear Sir-1 thank you for yours of the Bth
lost. I have apprehended all along that the
Tammany Regency would carry a united del
egation from New York to Charleston. For
whom? Douglas, I know, is ectilident; but
you may rely on it that Mr. Buchanan is him
self a candidate for renomination, and all his
etronage and power will be used to disappoint
.t.h:;;:glas and all other aspirants. Our only
chance is 1.0 organize by districts, and either
whip the enemy or send two delegations.
If that is done or not dyne, we must mid re
ly on a united south. A united south will de
pend on a united Virginia, and I &Igo you
that she, at least, shall be a unit. - Virginia a
unit, and .persistent and firm on a sound plat
forte of protection to all persons, of popular
UMus squatter sovereignty, she must rally to
her support all the south. The south cannot
adopt Mr. Douglas's platform. It is a short
cut to all the ends of black republicanism.—
He then will kick up his heels. If he does or
don't, ha can't be nominated, and the main ar
gument against his nomination, is that ho can't
be elected if nominated. It he runs as an in
dependent candidate, and Seward runs, and I
am nominated at Charleston, I can beat them
both. Or, if squatter sovereignty is a plank
of the platform at Charleston, and Douglas is
nominated, tho south will run an independent
candidate on protection principles, and run
the election into the House. Where, then,
would Mr. Douglas be? The lowest candidate
on the list. If I have the popular strength
you suppose, it will itself fix the nomination.
Get that, and I am confident of success .
The if on. F. Wood is professedly and really
I believe, a friend, and of course I would, in
good faith, be glad of his influence, and would
do nothing to imparo it, and could not justly
reject his kind aid ; but you may rely upon it,
that I am net mpletely nor at all in the
hands of Jr.N Wood, or of any other man who
breathes. He hes always been friendly to me,
and I am to him, but always on fair and hide
pendent terms. There is nothing in our rela
tions which should keep aloof any friend of
either. He knows, as well as any one can tell
hitn, that his main influence is in the city of
New York, and I judge what you say of his
country influence is correct. But lam counting
all the time without New York, and don't fear
the result. I am depending solely upon an
open position of principle , independent of all
cliques, and defying . all comers. We will over
whelm opposition in Virginia, and her vote
will be conservative and national.
At allevents, I shall always bo glad to hear
from you, and am, yours,
IlEiitY A. Wise.
The Victory in Oregon.
From Maine to Oregon is a long line, says
the North American, but long as it .is, it is all
free, and all with the Opposition. Not a sin
gle commonwealth in that prodigious array of
eighteen States, teeming with population, with
wealth, intelltet, enlightenment, religious de
votion, education, science, ingenuity, commerce
manufactures, and learning, is missing • now
trout the throng that opposes the thing mis
called democracy. New England through all
her arteries, pulsates only with the healthful
current of opposition to despotism, corruption
and misrule. So the Middle States and the
mighty west, and now, latest to join the array
comes the first recruit from the Pacific divis•
ion, adolescent Oregon; while tier neighbor,
California, will be coming along, too, in her
own good time.
Democracy brings States into the Union,
but republicanism teaches them their rights
and their duties. They may grovel with loco.
focoism to secure admissitm to the fold, but
once in, they stand erect in the pride and dig
' nity of freedom, and refuse to be trammelled
for ignoble purposes. It is a bitter ordeal they
must puss through to gain their rights, but it
only hardens them the more against those who
make them pass through it. So successively
have Minnesota, lowa, Wisconsin, Michigan
and Oregon burst away from those who used'
them as makeweights.
Oregon, thoroughly democratic, was forced
into the UlllOll prematurely, to afford the ad
vfaitage of her three electoral votes to a demo
erotic candidate for the Presidency in 11360.
She has now given an indication that she will
not be used as a counter by the desperate polit
lest gamesters who bargained fur her vote.
Kansas, too, was to have been a democratic
State for the same purpose; but Kansas resol
utely says no, and will be either a State of her
own choosing or not at all. Shall she be ad
mitted to join Oregon and Minnesota? Let
us see who will reject her.
In this magnificent array of free States, uni
ted and harmonious in their opposition to the
wretched national Adminstration and its party,
there is no antagonism to the south. Rather
is it an evidence of high hopes and confident
faith in the conservative feelings of that South;
lbr these States are expecting that in the day
of their gland national victory they will be
joined by the patriots of Maryland, Delaware,
Tennessee, Missouri, North Carolina and Ken
tucky, that by their agreement in the Cabinet
and in Congress they may banish sectionalism
from our councils; and restore the policy of the
early fathers of the republic, with all its human
ising and progressive tendencies.
Ax " ABOLITION DOCUMENT."—Another in•
cendi cry publication, which was cast upon the
South lice a terrible fire brand, has been din.
covered and impaled by the vigilance of an
editor " away down in Alabama." The pop
ular song entitled "Nelly Gray." is rank aba•
Lion in its tone, and if premited to circulate in
Southern homes will ultimately bring destruc
tion on that fair section of the Union. Too
much credit cannot be awarded to tho clear
sighted editor. who has brought to light this
effort to corrupt the literature of the " cotton.
growing States." In order to do that individ
ual and his invaluable services full justice, we
append the article in which tho offence is duly
aet forth. After reading this no one dare deny
that a negro is in every wood pile in the sunny
In " My Darling Nelly Gray," we have a
nicely sugar coated pill of pure abolitionism.
It runs thus :
One night:l went to see her, but 'she's gone'
.... the neighbors say,.
The white man bound her with his chain ;
They have taken her to Georgia to weep her
And she toils in the cotton and the cane."
While the metre is not captivating, the sena•
went is decidedly odious. Indeed, it smacks
of what might be considered libelous upon the
character of Georgians. _ . _
Tho result of tho monotonous tale, what "the
neighbor " told the sentimental wretch, is seen
in the next verse t
"My canoe is under water, and my banjo is un
I'm tired d living any more,
My eyes shall look downward and my song shall
While I stay on the old Kentucky shore."
To relieve such sentimental vagabonds from
their" toctlium vitae," werecommend their trans•
portution to Georgia, to toil like " Nelly Gray"
" in the cotton and the cane."
" My Dnrling Nelly Gray " may be a very
pretty and a very sweet one, but, we submit,
sho does not grace or benefit Southren society
except where the Georgian placed her.
This pets a quietus on the wanderings of
Miss Nelly in the land of the canebrake and
np the alligator.
RE-OHNING TIIE SLAVE TRADE. -A d is•
patch from Washington, 10th Inst., says :—lt
is ascertained from an authentic source, that
on the 17th of June, the United States Deputy
Marshal for Northern Florida informed the
Government of the prevalence of reports that
a vessel or vessels were expected cn the coast
of Florida with slaves from Africa, and made
some suggestions as to the best mode of inter
cepting and arresting them, the Marshal him
self being absent in another part of the State.
The Secretary of the Interior, on the reception
of this communication. immediately telegraph
ed to the deputy marshal, informing him that
as revenue cutter had been ordered from Charles
ton to cruise along the coast of Florida under
his direction. Thodeputy accordingly went on
board the cutter on the 2d of July. Two weeks
thereafter Inc wrote that he bad boarded vari•
ous sel h - loners to which suspicion might attach,
and had carefully inquired for many miles
along the coast, and concluded by saying that
there was no information to verify the reports
of the landing of Africans.
It further appears that Marshal Blackburn
himself was far behind the times, as ho did not
inform the Interior Department of these rumors
until his deputy had investigated their truth
with the above mentioned result.
The above facts are gleamed from the official
OUR STATE DEBT.—The Treasurer of the
Commonwealth advertises for a quarter of a
million of dollars worth of Pennsylvania fives.
The diminution of the State debt progresses
quietly and steadily at the rate of about $l,-
000,000 per annum. The interest is paid reg
ularly, without borrowing or the slightest finan
cial difficulty, and we mention the fact to re
mind our readers of the beneficial effect of the
sale of the Public Works, about which bite,
ested parties raised such a clamor. In getting
rid of those Public Works the Commonwealth
threw off the heaviest load it had ever been
called on to bear,
Pen, Paste and Scissors.
)165' We were the recipients of some fine op-
pies, on Thursday last. The fair donor will ac•
cept our thanks.
SEir Green, the reformed gambler, holds a
post office under James Buchanan. If this be
true, we doubt the sincerity of his reformation.
Ste' About as small a business as we wet
of, ie the opening of our exchange papers by a
certain postmaster. "A word to the wise," &c.
Shallow—The young gentleman who ad
dressed in tones of eloquence the flowers of the
garden, insisting on meeting her by moonlight.
We reckon she warn% there.
L'Z'' H. Clay,a brother of the late Congress
man, James B. Clay, and son of Henry Clay,
is elected to the State Senate from Fayette co.,
Ky., on the Opposition ticket.
fiElr Tho reason why some soft-pated young
aristocratic ladies dislike mechanics, is, be
cause their"patern al ancestors" were once cont.
pelled to labor in the same manner.
CONTEMPT OP COURT.—Mr. Taggart, P resi•
dent of the State Agricultural Society, has up.
pointed-the five Judges of the Supremo Court,
as a committee on Bacon and Hams! •
Ur On Thursday last, Monsieur Blondin
crossed the rifler at Niagara, on his rope, with
a man on his back, and, during the perform
ance, an old man was thrown over the river
reir Mons. Hereto is having a dispute with
Mons, Blondin, at Ningard, He offers to
" fight Biondi!' on the rope, for $500." This
will draw a crowd, should Blondin accept.—
The fight wo imagine, will result in one blow,
one clinch and two drowns. The world moves.
PRESBYTERIAN COLONY.—II is said that a pro
ject of this kind has been started in Hollidays
burg. The Colony is to be located somewhere
" out West," were a sufficient body of land can
bo secured for its accommodation. One hundred
families, at least, aro desired to join in the pro
ject. Fifty thousand acres of land in a very
desirable locality, it is understood, can be ob
tained at Government price, for a Colony of
this description. The project contemplates a
joint stock fund to pay for-the land, each sub
scriber to receive the worth of his money in
laud. No settler is wanted who is not willing
to adopt and practice judicious temperance
principles. Mr. J. A. Crawford, of Hollidays
burg, is Corresponding Secretary.
Tile Gains.—The Opposition party has
done well in the lato elections so far as Con
gross is concerned. The following aro our
Kentucky, • 3
North Carolina, 2
This considerably increases the strength of
the conservative balance of power in that body
to about thirty Representatives. The Demo
crats have elected ninety-two Lecemptonites,
and six anti•Lecomptonites, in all ninety-eight
and the Republicans . Lave one hundred and
fourteen, and of course neither can control the
House, nor organize it under any ultra Spew
flu" One of the most cheering hints of
the times, says The Pittsburg Gazette, is the
return of that holiest man, the Hon. John A.
Uilmer, to the XXXVIth Congress, from North
Carolina. We saw yesterd., y a letter from
that gentleman to a mutual friend, under date,
Greenwood, August 8. Ho says " I am re
elected by 2,000 majority over two opponents,
one the regular Administration nominee, the
other of my own party, bitterly denouncing my
Anti-Lecompton vote. Gen. Leech (Opposi
tion) beats Scales 800, we doubt not that Vance
is re elected, and we hope that Shaw is dofea
ted by Smith. I feel proud at being so nobly
sustained by an intelligent Southern consti
tuency for doing my duty in the hour of sec
Ser Since the published declaration of Mr.
Buchanan that he is not in the field for the next
Presidency, the editor of the Buffalo Repub.
lie sacs: "The denial is true in one sense.—
Mr. Buchanan is not a candidate, but expects
to get the nomination, and within ten days he
so said, adding ' The Democratic party is
lost, unlesss it nominate me at Charleston, for
no other man can bo elected but me." The
editor says that if any office holder wishes to
test the fact. let him make himself very busy,
for about three days, in favor of any other can
didate. This is a simple experiment; will not
some of our own federal officials, for the sake
of settling a great public question, just try it?
- Tile Sons OF MALTA.—We see by the pro
ceedings of the expedition of the Sons of Malta
to the Falls of Minnehaha, that a closed lodge
was held at Fort Snelling, and old Jerome Be.
Impart° was elected Chief of the Cardinals on
the first ballot, and Geo. Peabody, of London,
Guessippi Garribaldi, of Italy; Louis Kossuth,
of Hungary; Pres. Juarez, of Mexico; Ste
plies A. Douglas, J. W. Forney and Alexander
Ramsay, of the United States; .d Don Alva
rez Merrino, ofSuba, were elected to compose
the body. Buchanan and Louis Napoleon
were balloted for, but it being satisfactorily
proven that their condition was such as to ren
der their election, to say the least, impolitic,
they received but a very small vote.
ELECTION IN TEXAS.—New Orleans, August
13,—Very Into advices were received from
Texas this forenoon, giving the returns from
eighty-two counties in that State. These
returns show a majority for General Sam Hous
ton, independent democrat, for Governor, of
eight thousand over Hardin R. Runnels, the
regular democratic candidate. For Lieutenant
Governor the returns to band seem to favor
Francis R. Lutbock, regular democrat, who is
doubtless elected. For Land Commissioner,
Francis M. White, regular democratic, was two
thousand ahead at last accounts. In the
western Congressional district Jack Hamilton,
independent democrat, beats T. A. Waul, the
regular democratic candidate.
From rho Legislative districts we have the
returns of fifty-four members, twenty-nine of
whom are in favor of the reelection of General
Sam Houston to the U. 8 Senate.
The Opposition candidates known tobe elect
ed number twenty.
Ser On the 2d instant Mrs. Eunice Bradley,
of Johnson,Marshall county, Ohio, gave birth
to eight cildren, three boys and five girls
They are healthy, and doing well. Tho moth.l
er was married to Mr. Timothy Bradley in 1853,
and had twice already presented her husband
with twins. He is said to be proud of his
treasures, and, although a laborer, refuses to
part with any of them. The three boys have
been christened after men of note—Joshua R.
Giddings, Elijah Chaplin and James Johnson
—who have acknowledged the compliment by
testimonials, Mr. Giddings with a gold medal,
Mr. Chaplin with a deed for filly acres of land,
and Mr. .'olinson with acme.
The tendency to plural births is hereditary;
Mrs. Bradley herselt being one of the triplets,
her father and mother being twin children, and
a grandmother the parent of five pairs of twins.
As hereditary predispositions aro apt to be
come aggravated, the imagination stands aghast
at the prospective increase of this family. .
For the Journal.
THE SUNDAY LAW.
MR. EDITOR We find from our daily papers,
that ever since the decision of Judge Thomp
son, in relation to the Sunday law, the excite.
ment has been kept up in the Quaker City
While some appear only to desire such a mod:
ification of our laws, as to "allow city Passen
ger Railroad cars, &c., &c. to run on Sundays
as upon any other day," others going still fur
ther, insist upon the repeal of all Sunday laws,
and threaten to push the question to the ballot
box. Now to us in the country, this threat ap
pears little more reasonable than would be their
proposal to push the Allegheny Mountain back
into the State of Ohio. It has often been al.
leged by the opposers of the Sunday law, that
a large majority )f our citizens are not proles.
sore of religion, and would probably vote for
the repeal of the law. But we du not believe
this. On the contrary, we believe that a ma•
jority of our voters are professors of the Chris
tian religion, or at least have great respect for
it—if not religious now, they exp .et to become
so. Our citizens have long find under the
Sunday law, and seen its salutary effects, and
have never seen any great evils result from its
enforcement; they will therefore vote and give
their influence in favor of the law that saves
Sunday from entire desecration. It has been
said that our Sunday law is a dead letter--that
it is not enforced, &e. But this is not strictly
true—there are those amongst us who are wit.
ling, but afraid to break it, knowing that its
penalties would be inflicted upon them if they
should be guilty of a too gross and high band•
Our citizens generally appear to think that
there may be a necessity sometimes for per.
forming labor on that day, and are disposed to
leave much to the consciences of their neigh.
hors in regard to this matter. Many also feel
that they themselves have often been guilty of
the breach of this or some other law, and tear
to throw the first stone. We think there have
been few instances amongst no of the malicious
enforcement of this law. It is only when the
law is openly and defiantly broken in such a
manner as to cause great wrong, or a public
nuisance, that society steps in to say, "This
shall not be done."
We think it quite evident that these car-men
have been endeavoring to make Sunday a day
of feasting and frolicking in the city and its
vicinity, and have been expecting largo gains
for carrying passengers abroad on that day,
and on being a little disappointed, have made
so much noise about it themselves, as to be
unable to diatingnish their own voices from
those of the public, and hence have been reJ de
ceived, as to think the public with them.—
Now there may be some districts in the city,
the people of which, if well paid, might cast
their votes for repeal. Still wo think that gen.
erally even there, candidates who should prom•
ise repeal to their constituents, would be carry.
ing more weight over the course than would be
consistent with fast running—this much we
think has been in a measure promised in the
neighborhood wh•. re the cars were stopped.—
Our Sunday laws may bear a little hard upon
some; but this may be testy said of many of
our most wholesome laws. No law can be
made to do exact justice to every man under
every circumstance. "The greatest good to
the greatest number," should be the mean
ing and aim of every law maker. We hope
the citizens of Philadelphia will not allow their
quiet city to be turned into a mere Babel
which it will be within a few years ott every
Sunday, if the cars shall be permitted to run
on those days. LAW AND ODDER.
FEARFUL FALL—The Ilafisman's Journal,
(Clearfield,) says that Revs. Still and Slays•
man, after having preached in the evening,
were returning home, when their carriage with
themselves and horse, was precipitated down an
embankment GO feet in height. The carriage
fell on Mr. Slaysman and bruised his limbs bad
ly. The horse, after struggling to avoid fat.
ling, lost his foothold and rolling down the cm
bankment, passed over Mr. Still as he was ly
ing where he was thrown, but as the descent
was very steep hie whelp weight was not upon
him, or he would probably have bben
The extent of Mr. Still's injuries cannot yet be
determined, but it is hoped they are not perma
nent or of a fatal character.
ELDERBERRY WINE.—As the season for ma.
king Elderberry Wine is close at hand, we
give the following recipe fur making it: The
berries when ripe, are brat picked by the stems,
then stripped with the hand, or trimmed close
with the shears. Next they are mashed fine,
which can be done by means of a stick in the
form of a pestle. Let them remain until the
next day, when the juice is pressed out slowly
in a cheese press, or any other convenient
way. Next boil the juice "twenty minutes;'
skim it, and add four pounds of white sugar to
a gallon. When milk warm add a small piece
of white bread crust that has been dipped in
yeast. Let it stand three days, remove the
crest, and the wine is ready for bottling. Ago
St 2" It is said that Governor Wise is about
issuing a book to be entitled the "Complete
Political Letter Writer."—Exchange.
A more taking work would be his own biogra
phy, under the title of "The Finished Letter
liiier 'Upward of 300 of the graduates of the
last year at the Iron City Commercial College
have secured employment, receiving the fink
year from one to five hundred per cent, upon
the investment made to obtain a practical buss•
ness education. For full information, Circular,
Specimens of Business and Orilttmental Pen.
manship and Embellished View of the College,
inclose five letter stamps to F. W. Jenkins,
OUR BOOK TABLE.
1 .Godey's Lady's Book for September is
now before us, laden with all the charms of lit
erature nod tut; it contains about twontyoigbt
embellishments, &e. Everybody should Imo
the work, it is only $3 a year.
Home Mso.v.l rin.:-Thismost desirable Mag.
nine, for September, again graces oar table.
It should be in the possession of every lady.—
Send $2 to T. S. Arthur & Co., 323 Walnut
street, Philadelphia, and lie will send it to you
for one year.
DiEr Peterson's Magazine for the month of
September, is now before us. This is desided•
ly the best two dollar Monthly nith which we
are acquainted and is deserving a large circa.
lotion. Send $2 to C. J. Petereon, 306 Chest.
nut et, Philadelphia and lie will send it to you
for one year.