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Wednesday Morning, August 3, 1859,
PEOPLE'S STATE TOUT.
FOR AUDITOR GENERAL :
THOMAS E. COCHRAN,
OF YORK COUNTY.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL:
GEN. WILLIAM IL REIM,
OF DEREK COUNTY.
People's County Convention.
THE members of the People's Patty of the
County of Huntingdon, are requested to meet
in the several townships, boroughs, and separate
election districts, (in the townships between the
hours of 4 and 7 o'clock, p. m., and boroughs
between the hones of if and 9, p. m.,) at the usu
al places of holding delegate meetings, on Satur•
day, the 6th day of August next, to elect two
persons (in eacci township and borough) to serve
as delegates to the People's County Convention,
to be held in the borough of Huntingdon, on
TUESDAY, the 9th day of August next, at 2
o'clock, P.M., for the purpose of nominating a
county ticket and doing such other business as
the interest of the party may require.
BENJ. F. PATTON,
July 13th, 1859.
OUR BOOK TABLE.
In— The Atlantic Monthly , . for August,
which has already been receivea, is a capital
number—running over with good things. Its
sparkling pages are worth double the price of
the whole volume. On the outside of today's
paper will be found a poem from Whittier,
which we copy from the Atlantic, and which
will give the reader an idea of its contents.—
Its terms are $3 per year. Phillips, Samson &
Co., Boston, Publishers.
Dig -Kennedy's Bank Note Review for Au
gust, is before us--as usual filled with useful
information. J. W.Kennedy, Pittsburgh, Pub
/'`The Great Republic Monthly for Au
gust is a splendid number abounding in more
than its usual amount of interesting matter.
It is, in fact, one of the best publishe d. Terms,
$3 per year. Address Oakland & Co., New
Latest European News.
We publish elsewhere articles from the Lon
don Times and New York Tribune, relative to
the peace entered into between Prance and Ans.
tria, which will give the reader an idea of the
feeling here and in Europe. By the latest ar
rivals, this treaty of peace is fully confirmed,
but no further particulars have transpired be-
Brodiria are to retariNrtrafff ttettir^
result of the treaty is generally mistrusted
in England. The Emperor Napoleon was on
his way home. He was expected to reach Par
is on the 18th inst., when further details of the
treaty will probably be announced. In his
address to his army, he says that the peace
was concluded because the contest was about
to assume proportions no longer in keeping
with the interests France had in the war. The
Emperor of Austria had left the army. and
was on his way to Vienna. He had issued au
order of the day, in which he says, in alluding
to the treaty of peace, that "he yielded to the
unfavorable political situation in which he was
placed, because his natural allies did not, as
was expected, come to his assistance." Count
Cavonr and the Sardinian Cabinet had resigned
and it is reported that the reasons for this step
were on account of the terms of peace being
unsatisfactory. Count Arose has been charged
with the formation of a new cabinet.
Another Fillibustering Project.
A plan is talked of for the "regeneration of
Mexico" by raising ten thousand "emigrants,"
who will proceed to that distracted country and
settle the contending factions, by "taking pos.
session" and giving the Mexican people what
they have not had since 1824—a .‘quiet, safe
and impartial government," based on Republi
can principles. This looks very fine on paper,
but it appears too much like buccaneering on
a large scale to be regarded with approbation.
"Ion," the Washington correspondent of the
Baltimore Sun, thus speaks of the expedition:
"General Dezollode will arrive in New York
upon the return of the Tennessee from Vera
Cruz on the 11th or 20th, and will, it is said,
come immediately to this city and confer with
the government upon the eubject of this pro
ject for raising volunteers in the United States
for service in Mexico.
"It is believed that an extensive military
and business movement is now on foot in this
country, with the purpose of fixing on a plan
for the regeneration of Mexico. About ten
thousand men have already been enroll,' as
"Knights Crusaders of the order of Montazu.
ma." Funds and munitions of war will he ful
ly provided for the enterprise. Loans passed
on the generosity of an adequate American
firm will be taken, and by British stock hold.
era. The resources of Mexico, under a gen
eral government, would be immense. The
whole debt, foreign and domestic, would be
but a "flea bite," as Mr. D'lsraeli would say.
In comparison with the revenue to be derived
from her vast mineral and agricultural wealth."
This expedition against Mexico would be a
violation of an express law of the United States.
The net of 1816 forbids the enlistment of troops
in this country to serve in any foreign country.
It is questionable, however, whether the Presi
dent would enforce the law if the invasion
should be favored by the South.
SUDDENDkuM77.7 .2 I7e learn from the Holll.
daysburg papers that David H. Holies, Esq.,
a lawyer of that town, (well known in Hunting.
don,) died suddenly on the steps of the "Eagle
Hotel," last Monday. He sat down to talk
with a friend, took ill and expired in a few
VILLAINOUS OtrnAo7.—A few nights ago,
in Johnstown, a man named Mulholland was
beaten to insensibility by two scoundrels, and
then placed on the railroad track, where he
was fortunately discovered before any train
WE WANT PROTECTION. To the Members of tine Coming
The people of Pennsylvania cannot but re• County Convention.
member, with what a burst of indignation the We are awaiting with calmness and comp
casting vote of George M. Dallas was received sure the determination of the County Conven
when with his parricidal hand be strangled that tion,—to be composed of the delegates elected
first-bora of real Democracy, a protective tariff. next Saturday, by the American Republicans
When false to all his own pledges—the pledges —and hope our expectations may be fully real
of his party—a traitor to his own State, be bar ized, in the selection of a good ticket. As we
tered Pennsylvania's prosperity for the empty shall not have another opportunity before that
honors of Southern praise,—Dallas, like the vi body assembles, we will now say a word in re
per in the fable, stung the hand that hnd warns- lation to what we consider its greatest work,—
ed him into life, and one universal moan, min- securing the harmony of the different elements
gled with stifled curses, arose from one end of which compose the great Opposition Party of
our State to the other. The tariff men who had the County.
voted for him, but hoping against hope, thought In the selection of candidates, the wishes of
the administration would not dare to strike the Vice seekers are not to be considered—the
down the right arm of our wealth and power.
Poor dupes, they voted, and were sold l Many
then shook off the party shackels, and avowed
their determination to stand by the ancient faith
of Democracy ; and by a union of strength
with the Whigs who had proved unflinching in
their attachment to the tariff, they hurled the
traitor and his treason to the earth. It wan
right nobly done, Pennsylvacians were true
to themselves. They "scotched the snake" but
did not "kill it."
Since that day the misnamed Democratic
party has bullied, coaxed and endeavored to
wheedle Pennsylvania away from this old, long
cherished democratic policy, and has, to the
shame of common sense be it said, sometimes
succeeded—done, however, through deception,
and fraud, and corruption. Each year have
its leaders reiterated their anti tariff creed, and
each year have they sought to bring back to
party fealty, the tariff men who left them be•
cause of their treason to theirlong acknowledged
principles. Some tariff men aro unwise enough
to still organise with them, in their party con•
ventions for State and county officers, suppos•
lug that they can keep their pasty stun ding
and when national elections ars held, that they
can save themselves by quietly voting with the
friends of the tariff. What folly. What more
than madness. They are, en every such neon.
slot, giving immense applause to doctrines
which are riviting the chains of free trade more
firmly. The hex of party bind the weak, and
quiet voting alone cannot unloose them. If
men who are tariff men will mingle with such
scenes, and swell the immense appla. se, which
must finally still their cries, when paralyzed in
dustry, borne to the earth, crushes them with
it, they will full by their own suicidal hand.—
Pennsylvania's chin ished tariff principles hang
by too slender a thread—double dealing :riends
are more dangerous than open foes. Friends
of Pennsylvania tariff men of all parties. will
Sou tacitly sustain the sentiment of free trade;
by voting for Rowe and Wright, the ticket of
free trade formed for you ! We will never be.
lieve it until the unwelcome truth is forced on
us by fact. As some one says sous rerons.
There was, during the time of Kansas troub•
les, says the Gazelle, a persistent effort on
'vine° the public hint all ihe . reports abiiut iiiii.
rages in Kansas—destruction of property and
other injuries were bogus—mere fabrications
for political effect; thes the peace of the tern•
tory was not disturbed at all, and that if there
were any outrages they were committed by
Free State men. The facts are, now, however,
coming out in an authoritive form. A . commis•
sion, authorized by the Legislature, one of
whom was appointed by the House of Repre•
sentatives, one by the Council and ono by the
Governor, consisting of Hon. Henry J. Adams,
Samuel C. A. Kingman and \ Edward Ilough•
land, have been investigatin the claims fur
damages incurred during the disturbances of
1855-56. The following is a ummary of the
result, which has been reported to the C onsti
"The total amount of the claims filed before
the Board amounts to the sum of $1,250,900 66.
The amount awarded is about $500,000. The
remainder of the claims were either fraudu
lent, or presented by citizens of Missouri. Tho
total number of cases is between 400 sod 500;
of these, the free State men have 335 ; pro
slavery, 66. The value of crops destroyed,
$39,052 CO. Horses stolen, 340. Cattle, 405
head. 53 houses and saw-mills were burned:
the largest amount awarded is to Col. Eld
lridge, proprietor of the Free Elsie Hotel, who
received $40,000. The smallest was to a per.
Isort who claimed over $2,000, and was away
The Delegate Meetings.
We cannot urge too strongly upon our friends
the importance of selecting fur delegates mon
who are honest, and capable of acting in the
capacity of the people's representatives without
fear or affection. Let those who undertake to
represent the people, in the performance of
this duty, take care that their wishes, and not
the views of particular candidates for office,
govern their action. Let the general welfare
of the Party, and not the selfish and interested
views of the few, predominate. In short, let
the errors of the Past be carefully avoided, ant
the Future promises nothing but victory to
Again we would earnestly suggest to our
friends, throughout the county, to select as
your delegates men of known devotion to the
cause—of sufficient intelligence to understand
the sentiments of their district, and of honesty
enough to faithfully carry out those sentiments.
When such delegates are selected, pledges or
instructions are not necessary. It is better to
leave them untrammeled; for we have high au•
thority for saying that the man wh, cannot be
trusted without pledges, is not safe when he
Every member of the party is inter ested in
the nomination of an unexceptionable ticket.
We mean candidates who will not only be fa.
vorites with the people, but who will make
good officers, and help to build up the cause.
Not men who will prove traitors to their trusts,
and aid Locofocoism as soon as they have an
opportunity. The best and only way to se
cure this desideratum is the selection of proper
delegates. In this matter, every Opposition
voter in the county should take an interest; it
is the only manner in which the public senti
ment can be fully expressed, and fairly devel
- Remember the hour ao that there will be no
difficulty in the Convention, on accont of un
fuir dealing in your district.
Convention must act independent of all such
influences. It must be free and untrammeled
in its deliberations, and pass independent and
impartial judgment upon the claims and qual•
Mentions of aspirants. It is a fact, however,
which we would impress upon this body, that
some candidates have stronger claims upon the
consideration of the party, than others,—are
more worthy its confidence and exertion and
whose selection would more cordially unite the
same. We have our choice,—a decided and
uncomprotnising choice—one which we have
entertained ever since we became capable of
forming a judgment about men and measures
—that is the man of principle, integrity and
firmness. This preference we will not mirror.
der whatever be the consequence. If men
possessing these attributes of honesty are nom•
inated, we shall do our best to secure their
election; if not, we care not what be the re
suit. The first qualification to be considered
in the nomination of a candidate, is, is he hon
est and capable. Aird where men are present.
ed for the same oflice whose claims in this
respect are equally balanced, then the prefer
ence is to be given to him who has labored the
longest and most zealously for the cause. We
have no faith in "rocking-chair politicians"
who are too dignified and nice to work for the
success of our principles, or who du it " fur a
price." The man who is right "in season and
out of season "is the one who should be pre
ferred over those who would sacrifice every
principle of the faith they profess and aid in.the
destruction of the party itself, for "filthy lucre."
Another consideration is location. Keeping
! in view the qualifications above hinted at, the
ticket should be arranged, as far as practicable,
so as to do justice to all parts of the county.
Indifference to this matter has, in many coon•
tics. produced the most disastrous results, and
we urge upon our friends in this county the
propriety of giving it their attention.
We throw out the above suggestions for what
they are worth, but earnestly hope they will be
taken into consideration, and if sound, acted
upon accordingly. They are given in sinceri
ty, with no other prompting than the good of
the People's party. We desire to see our good
old county maintain her heretofore proud posi•
tier, it opposition to corruption and 'rational
evils. The election approaching is a most
isagMant one • for, in addition to securing a
shall have to elect an Auditor General and Sur
veyor General. Every nerve of the Free Trade,
Buchanan, Slave.Trade-Reviving Locofocos,
will be strained to defeat us, They must not
succeed. All our interests forbid it. Let us
then, all, prepare to do our duty. Let every
member of our party attend the primary meet.
ins and send the right kind of delegates to
the County Convention. A good ticket will
thus be secured ; the party will enter the cam•
paign with spirit and energy, and the result
will be a majority in October for our midi
dates, off which every true member of the par
ty in Iruntingdon County will feel proud.
Mr. Buchanau'Begs to be Excused?
The movement, which ue noticed last week,
in regard to Old Buck's re-nomination, has
called forth the following note from the old
gentleman, addressed to Ilon. Wilson McCan•
Bunroun SPRINGS, 25th July, 1859.
MY DRAB SIB-
I have received your hind note, of the 19th
inst.,with the leader from the Post.
Wilst I appreciate, as it deserves, the abili
ty and friendship displayed in the ditorial, I
yet regret that it has been published, My de
termination, not under any circumstances to
become a candidate for reelection, is final and
conclusive. My beet judgment and strong
inclination, unite in favor of this course. To
cast doubts upon my predetermined purpose,
is calculated to impair my influence, in carry
ing important measures, and afford a pretext
for saying that they have been dictated by the
desire to be re-nominated.
‘Vith the kindest regards, &e.,
Respectfully your friend,
A. cotemporary traces this declination of J.
B. to "the fine aperient powers of tho waters
of the Bedford Springs," in opening his eyes to
the fact that he cannot be reelected.
Thu Pittsburg Poet has done the democratic
party good men ice by compelling him to come
out and make his final disavowal of all preten
sions to the nomination. To be sure the lost
will be obliged, as will the other papers that
have seconded its late motion, to lament the
decision of Mr. Buchanan, and to indulge in a
little decorous grief at the prospective loss of
his valuable services. But there will be a
feeling of relief all through the party at being
rid of the Buchanan incubus. The party that
will most regret the withdrawal of J. B. will be
the Opposition. His name as a candidate
would be to them a tower of strength. But
we must be resigned.
The world generally belives that Mr. Buch
anan came to the White House at a time of
universal quiet, and when a true patriot might
have kept any tempest from arising. But
instead of keeping the peace he found, he cre
ated, out of whole cloth, the most serious and
dangerous agitation the country has known on
the subject of slavery. His own Governors in
Kansas have written the history of the trolble
he caused, however, and we will not waste ink
upon it further. This career of vacillation.
t reachery and folly is the basis of the situation
Mr Buchanan has rote, tly comprehended,
and we submit that it was quite unnecessary to
push the column before the public at the Pitts
burg Montebello, in order to trot the strength of
the forces arrayed against any new lease of
power to the worst slavery agitator we have
The Wheat Crop of the United
States—ProduZtion of 111159.
The wheat crop has generally been harvest.
ed throughout this country, and sufficient is
known to make a careful estimate of this im
portant staple, interesting for present consider.
ation, and important for future reference. Com
pared with 1858, the estimate is as follows :
States. 1858—Bush. 1859—Bush.
New York, 20,000,000 22,000,000
Pennsylvania, 20,000,000 25,000,060
V irg inia artd N'th
Carolina, 18,500,000 20,000,000
Kentucky, 8,500,000 11,000,000
Ohio, 22,000,000 26,000,100
Indiana, 13,000,000 17,000,000
Illinois, 14,500,000 20,000,000
Other States, 42,000,000 60,000,000
The production in the Western States, which
have the largest surplus for export, is shcwn by
the following figures :
States. - 1858—Bush. 1859—Bush
Kentucky, 8,500,000 11,000,000
Ohio, ' 22,000,000 26,000,000
Indiana, 13,000,000 17,000,000
Illinois, 14,500,000 20.000,000
Total, 58,000,000 74,000,000
The surplus for the present year in these
States may be estimated as follows :
Crop 1859, 74,000,000
Consumption 5 bush. per head, 55,000,000
Surplus Crop, 1859,
It is estimated that, in addition to this, from
one.sixth to one.lifth of the surplus crop of 18.
51 is yet in the hands of the producers. We,
therefore, have in the States, estimating last
year's surplus crop of the West at twenty-four
millions of bushels as the gross :
Surplus crop of 1859, 38,000,000
Sixteen 2.3 per cent. on 1858, 4,000,000
The running of passenger trains through
the streets of Philadelphia, on Sunday, has
occasioned a very general excitement and a
warm discussion in that city. On Friday
week the Mayor dispatched a letter to the Pres
ident and directors of the Green and Coates
Street line, setting forth the illegality of run
ning cars on Sunday, and urging upon them as
good citizens, to refrain from running their
cars on Sunday, rho Directors, at a meeting
held on Saturday, to consider this letter, re
solved that the cars should only be run alter 1
o'clock, P. M., from Oak street to Fairmount,
which was accordingly commenced at that time.
The police, however, were on the spot, and
stopped the first ear as it emerged from the
Depot, and after that no further attempt was
made to run. The affair occasioned great ex.
elicment throughout the city. Several sermons
were delivered on the subject, in wheels the
Passenger Railway Companies were handled
without glove, •
On Monday the driver of unapt the Passer.-
WRigt i dep ll 4 l l . l4 l 4' er g r i%Va`rnuy il t,%! l ,7.
nent counsel. The Alderman held tlee defen
dant in else stern ofjsloo to answer the charge
of breach of peace. By the advice of counsel
he declined to enter bail, and was committed
to prison. On Thursday the prisoner was
brought before Judge Thompson, of the Su
preme Court, on a habeas corpus, and the case
was argued by able counsel. The decision of
the Judge was in favor of sustaining the Sun
day law, and adverse to a discharge of the
prisoner. Passenger cars will, therefore, leave
to quit running on Sunday—as, according to
Judge T's decision, it involves a breach of the
peace, as well as subjects the offender to the
fine imposed by the act of 1794.
AN AUSTRIAN DETACHMENT TAKEN Poison.
coo BY A RAILWAY ENSINEEI..—Among the
many lighter passages of the war with which
the Parisians amuse themselves, we find in the
spurt the story ol'the capture of a detachment
of Austrians who were taken prisoners by the
engineer cf the railway. It appears that the
Austrians were en ?out° for Peschierra to re•
inform Gen. Urban, when the engineer, whose
sympathies were naturally on the Italian side,
"switched off," and conveyed the Teutonic he
roes into the middle of the allied camp. Here
they were politely escorted from the railway
carriages by tlee French soldiers, who, with
that amiable politeness for which the n .tion is
distinguished, saluted their enemies with "All
those going to France will please change cars I"
The feelings of the Austrians, at finding them•
selves taken prisoners in so ignoble a manner,
may be imagined but not described.
Vir A woman, not young. having beard of
the success of Effie Carstay, in St. Louis, in
recovering $lOO,OOO from her lover, determined
to proceed against a suitor of her own. She
accordingly consulted a lawyer in Richmond,
submitting, as the main evidence of his attach
ment, the following billet doux that accompa
nied a bouquet of flowers
" Dear—, I send u bi the boy a buckett
of flours. They is like my love for u. The
nice shnid manes hops dark. Tho dog feint
menes lam ure olaive. Rasis red and patio
pail—My luv for u shall never fail."
nerA gentleman passing up street the Wl
or night hoard a tremendous uproar and outcry
in a tenement occupied by a certain couple.—
Entering he discovered a man flailing his wife
furiously, and having asked the reason of the
flugellatior, was informed by the thrasher that
—"I have f it fifteen years submitted to be hen
pecked by this bore woman ; this being the
Fourth of July, I've declared my independence!'
Dir Daniel E. Sickles was expelled from
the Sons of Malta, immediately upon the fact
be coming known that he had renewed conjugal
relations with his wife. Much excitement i 3
said to have existed ou the subject, and the
case has been appealed by his friends in the
lodge to the Grand Consistory of the order.
WARM SPltlmps. —We aro just informed that
the cast iron pipes to Bath Houses were all
completely fixed this morning—and the Baths
in perfect order. Those who will indulge in
the luxury of a delightful bath, ear. now have
iterGen. 6188 has assumed a double headed
ciiule fur his political crest—one head applies
to the Ameican citizenship of naturalized
❑liens, and the other to the military and con.
script service which they owe to their mother
BelPOur exports of specie, to Europe, lust
week, were in the neighborhood of two mil
lions of dollsrs. Our imports abut $5,000,
000, say,—of which nearly $4,000,000 are dry
Sat' A letter from Pike's Peak says that
gambling and whiskoydrinking flourish there
extensively. Tanglefuot whiskey sells for 25
cents a drink, and "it will almost make a man
shed his toe nails."
A Free State Party in Kentucky.
A Convention of tho citizens sof Campbell
and Kenton counties, Ky., was held at New
port recently, which adopted the designation
of the "Fres*State Party of Kentucky," con
structed a platform and nominated J. R. Whit
temore, of Campbell county for Congress, and
Messrs Abner Williams and A. P. Harrison, of
Kenton, and Wm. H. Luke, of Campbell, for
the State Legislature.
The platform sets forth that it is the para
mount interests of Kentucky to get rid of the
incubus of slavery and so advance the Indus
trial interests of the State. We make the fol
"And, believing in the doctrine of doing the
greatest good to the greatest number, we unite
under the name of the 'Free State Party of
"We claim for all men equal and exact jug
tier, defended by equal laws.
"We propose to amend the constitution of
the State by adopting the secret ballot in place
of the viva voce, thereby excluding the 'heal
thy influence of the landlord over his tenant at
"We require for our country a government
by the people instead of a government by an
oligarchy; a government maintaining the rights
of men rather than the privileges of masters
a government sympathizing with the op regret?
of all nations rather than a tyrannical (home)
"We recommend the enactment of a law
making cities, counties and towns liable for
the malicious destruction of property, or per.
sonal injury by mobs; making all persons in•
terested in the arrest and punishment of evil
"As slavery exikts only by State legislation,
it cannot extend to the territories, nor claim
protection from the general government ; nor
should the masses be taxed to support it for the
benefit of the few.
"We hold it as cruel and unfair that some of
our fellow citizens in the Free States, who,
though they reject the introduction of slavery
among them, still sanction and encourage it to
hang upon no, eating out the vitals of oar la•
boring men and women like an insidious viper,
to benefit only a few masters. We ask them
to review their course, and not encourage MI.
positions upon us that they are not willing to
"We incite a frank, fraternal and cordial co•
operation of all our fellow citizens who are in
favor of these measures and principles, and
who will cheerfully and patriotically rally around
our standard until despotism shall tremble nt
the aspect and free State men legislate for the
down trodden yeomanry of Kentucky."
Here is a movement which is entitled to the
earnest sympathies of the north. The men en
gaged in it are at home, minding their own
business and courageously nvsuming a position
as imams in the woth of ernannlpation.—
Their organization if steadily melntained, will
gradually grow in ntunbe no light spreads,
and it may not be lor j before iA w"' have it in
is power to control the action of other politi•
eel pat les even should it fail to secure e
It seems from the intelligence received by
the Europe, o, itt Italian Confederation an.
nounced by Nt noleon 111. as one of the bases
of his Peace whh Francis Joseph, is a thing of
most vague and precarious proportions. So
•••••'•'O 00 ',•, LI/ ttluu Aua trlin
consented, but which has still to be submitted
to the Italian Governments. It does not ap.
pear that even Sardinia, whose King, by the
Wily, woe apparently not consulted in the con.
elutes of the Peace, hoi acreed to join it,
though he must of course do as be is told ;
whi'e there is a rumor that the Pope, the pro-
posed honorary head of the Federation, has
written to Louis Napoleon that he shall seek
the protection of the Catholic powers—rather
a doubtful refuge just at this moment, when it
is against France that lie wants to bo protec
ted. As for the lately banished Monarchs of
guseany, Modena att/ Parma, it appears that
they are to be restored to their thrones ; and,
under such circumstance. they will no doubt
be ready to join any Confederation that may
be dictated to them. But of the King of Na.
pies, now the only independent sovereign in It.
aly, we hear nothing whatever ; and it is not
impossible that he may refuse outright. Titus,
it is yet s question whether there will be any
Federation at all, and still moron question what
will be its nature, should it succeed in getting
An important fact, now first made certain, is
that Austria retains all four of the great f or.
tresses, the Minds being made the western
boundary of her territories. Thus she still
holds the keys of Northern Italy, and can take
advantage of any lisvorable emergency to re•
gain what she has now had to abandon. This
fact alone shows how utterly unfounded is Na
po...on's pretense that he has vie' wally accost.
ph •led Ins purpose of driv!nir Austria out of
Italy. Indeed, it is not much to say that if he
has beaten Austria in the war, she has deci
dedly beaten him in concluding the peace.—
She has resigned simply what hurl been con.
quered from her, nothing more. France, at an
• xpense or some hundred millions of dollar,
and the lives of some 50,000 of her sons, has
gained the control of Sardinia, much glory
for her soldiers, and the renown of a very lucky
and moderately successful General for . r Elo
per°, For him it is much ; far France, which
boa borne all the expense and suLeted all the
losses, it is little ; and it is not surprising that
t'sere should be discontent in Paris.
The reason alleged by Napoleon for thus sud
denly concluding the war is the it was assu•
ming proportions incompatible with the in a,
onto or France. In other words, it was tending
to become a revrtutionary war, with an insur
rection at Rome, and a rising in Hungary
among its features. It is a curious fact that,
List hefo e the battle of Solterino, same
Napoleol actually urged Koesuth, who, at his
invi at'on, had come to see him in the camh i „
o undertake a revolutio nary diyersion in favor
of the Allies. Before that battle, then, he did
not dread the dangers that terrified him imme
d'ately a.terward. That circumstances alter
cases is not a novel observation ; but it is ap
plicable in the present instance. However, it
is needless to mu 'ply evidence to prove Vint
this n an is as purely selfish as he is unscru
pulous ; and that, after having shed the b id
of fifty thousand men to gratify his personal
ambition, he is ready to forswear and aband, n
even the hypocrisy of every principle in the
n me of which he led them to the slaughter.
One of tie first results of the presentsettle
meci is the downfall of the Cavour mini ry,
whirls has had to quit office in Sardinia.—
Though ono of the derma men its Italy, and
not at all concerned in making the pence,
Count Cavour could not stand before the public
indigna.ion and disappointment. It'd prob•
ably be ong before he rises to power a n ion.—
And it will be long before Louis Napoleon c.t . .
again delude oven the sentimentalLis and en.
thusimts it to regarding him as a champion of
Freedom. The Italians will now hate him worse
than all other representatives of tyranny and of
treachery; and we need not be surprised if the
knives of Italian as , assins should again seek
the life of the man, who, promising and preten
ding to be the conquerer of Italian indepen•
dence, has left Austria seated almost as firmly
as ever on the neck of Italy.—Nclo York Trt
[From the Timea of July 15th.]
The Emperor of the French bus confided to I
his army the reasons which induced him to
grant Austria the just ammo ashed peace;
It is a document which requires frequent re•
perusal, and which invites unceasing conjee.
lure. The principal aim, of the war was, it
seems, to render Italy a nation, and this prin.
cipal aim, it also seems, has been obtained.
"It is true," says Napoleon 111., (illustrating
the proverb, Qui s'excm s'accuse,") "that
Venetia remains to Austria;" but he explains
this exception is imtnaterial, because Vet,
etia will continue to be an Italian pro,
ince, forming part of an Italian Confederation.
We confess we do not follow the Emperor in
this explanation. That Venice will remain
Italian we can clearly see; we should have more
difficulty in understanding how it could. be
come Bohemian' or Hungarian; but how this
fact renders its possession by Austria of less
importance we cannot pretend to explain. It
is one of those logical sequences which none
but an Emperor at the head of many legions
can announce with effect.
To the eye of common understanding this
possession of Venetia by Austria would seem
to give Austritit right which she never before
had, to intermeddle in the politics of all Italy.
Austria, a great military monarchy, is, by this
possession, a member of a Confederacy which
is made up of Austria and a few insignificant
and unwarliko States. In /his confederacy who
will influence and who will obey? Austria is
right is boasting that it matters not to her
what may be the fortune of arms; for, beaten
or victorious, she always gains the prize in the
contest. That which was limited is now uni
versal; that which was an encroachment is
now to become a right. We have nothing to
say . whets the French army Is told that the
union of Lombardy and Peidtuont creates for
France a powerful ally. It is undoubtedly
true. But France has bought this alliance
at a frightful cost, and the independence of
Lombardy is not that independence for which
the Lombards sighed.
It is notorious difficult to get at the meaning
of Louis Napoleon. He is the great modern
and his very existence depends upon
his not being found out. But, of all the rid
dles he lies proposed to Europe, none is more
puzzling and intricate than this treaty of Villa
,' franca, the sense of which we have attempted
to read in the description lie has himself given.
It is usual whets we doubt as to the authorship
of an act to ask—for whose benefitwas it done?
Here ' however, we ask this question in vain.
The treasure is spent, and the blood is shed,
the war is ended, and the pence is Made; but
no one, so far as we can see, is tho better for
the fight. Sardinia is not quite happy in her
new possessions, and even Victor Emanuel
will find in Lombardy a poor substitute for the
enthusiastic affection dell Italy. France has
gained no accession to her territory, and no
fliendship from the oppressed population of
I the earth. She has gained nothing but the
knowledge that her Emperor is able to ma
naiuvre an army,. She has not, even at this
moment, the conviction that his sparing Aus
tria was an act of unmixed generosity.
The Emperor now says that he stayed his
hand under an apprehension that the struggle
was likely to assume larger proportions than
ho desired. It is not a very chivalrous reason
to give to an army which had just fought
campaign and lost thousands of its comrades
for no result which .y one of them would
have desired. These soldiers want work and
glory and promotion. To tell them he made
peace for fear the war would spread, could on
ly be to set then: guessing who it was who had
ilrns st itrarl them in their full march of con
quest. It was lint Was it lassie
It is not very probable, unless this pause in
fighting should be rather a diversion than a
*cessation. Was it Russia? Did Russia think
Austria had beet hint. enough? Was Russia
acting all the timl as the surgeon, with his
finger upon the pulse of the patient, and did
she give the aignal to censo when that symp
tom of Hungarian fever developed itself!
All or any of these rensons may have oper•
nted. Or the emperor Napoleon might have
known the state of his own army best. There
is, indeed, a last supposition, which we offer to
the consideration of those who were not long
ago so fiercely scolding us because wo doubted
that Napoleon was about to set up a free
Constitutional Government in Italy ;—perhaps
the French Emperor has imposed sonic secret
obligations up. Austria never again to inter
fere in the affiiirs of Italy. If this should be
so, then all is right. The Pope and the Grand
Daises are put up in pride of place merely to
Ore Napoleon's great principle—" the sover•
eignty of the people"—a clear stage. If tbey
can hold their sects, good. If Italy, left to
herself', works out her own regeneration, there
is no limit to human credulity, and there may
be credulous idolaters of Chaos who, even at
this thirteenth hour may believe in such im•
possibilities as these. The sane men of this
age, however, know better. They recognize in
this new settlement nothing but an universal
and irre-istible despotism.
We yesterday announced that Cavour, die.
gusted by the disappointment of all his hopes,
had thrown up his employment. The tele.
grain of today confirms our previous informa
tion, and announces that the King of,Surdinia
has accepted Count Cavour's resignation, and
has replaced him by Count Arese. This event
determines the nature of the peace. Cavour
was an e.irnest man. He believed in Italian
independence as a future work of Napoleon 111.
It was by confidence he felt himself inspired
in others that Mazzini and his emissaries were
digredi ed throughout Italy. It was Caveat
who gave the signal for the successive risings
in the smaller Italian States, it was by means
of his influence that the revolutions at Florence,
Parma, and Modena were bloodless, and that
Rome remained tranquil. Cavour believed in
a Constitutional Italian Unity, and unfortu
nately lie believed that the Emperor Napoleon
e itertained the same views as himself. War
n ern wee tbrown away upou him. Patriots
and young ladies have a faith in men's promis.
os which no expositions can shake, and which
dog but bitter personal experience can
"est. oy. Poor Cavour 1 He once had a great
c er before him, for lie was honest and zeal
ots-. but he was credulous, and impatient, and
he became the tool of crafty selfishness.
History lulls us what passed at Tilsit, and
some French memoir will doubtless at a future
day relate what was the conversation at Villa
fiance. It is not necessary, however to wait
for. , autheltic report; the results suggest
what the conversation must have been. • 'Sure
ly," we can imagine Frwneis Joseph to have
said, "my Imperial brother cannot intend to
revolutionize Hungary, and to establish a for
cos of insurrection in Italy?" "Not the least
in the world. I care no more for these Ital.
inns than you do. This matter has gons quite
far enough fur my purpose. You see now that i
France s necessary to Austria. We will set
tle this affair, and I will leave you stronger in
Italy than you ever were. I will also make
everything strait between you and Russia.—
You shall be one of us, and we three together
will impose law on Europe," Is it to be wou•
dered at that Francis Joseph, with a beaten
army and a bankrupt Exchequer, was not
proof against such temptations?
On the 17th inst., at the residence of his
mother, in Pleasant Valley, Scott Co., lowa,
after a short but severe illness, Mr. S. T.
METTLIN, formerly of Birmingham, Hunting.
don Co., Penn'a.
Weu are authorized to announce the name of
PETER SHAVER, Jr., of Mt. Union, as a
candidate for the office of County Treasurer,
subject to the decision of the People's County
Convention. Aug. 3d, 1869.-It.
We are authorized to announce the name
of NICHOLAS C. DECKER, as a candidate
for County Treasurer, subject to the decision of
the People's County Convention. [July 20.—.
A BSEMBLY :
We are authorized to announce the name of
Dr s H. K. NEFF, as a candidate for Assembly
subject to the decision of the People's County
Convention, (July 20.
QHERIFFALTY : •
At the solicitation of many friends I beg
respectfully to announce myself a candidate for
the office of Sheriff of Huntingdon county, sub
ject to the decision of the People's Convention.
In the event of my election I pledge myself
to discharge the duties of the office faithfully and
impartially. ROBERT MADDEN.
Springfield tp., July 20th, 1819.—.
0 We are authorized to announce the namo
of PETER LIVINGSTON, of Barren town
ship, as rs candidate for Sheriff, subject to the
decision of the Peoples' County Convention.
U We are authorized to announce the name
of WM. J. GEISINGER, no a candidate for
the office of County Treasurer, subject to the
decision of the American Republic. County
Convention. [July 6, 1859.—*
We are authorized to announce the name
of J. 11. KENNEDY, as a fantliclate for the
office of County Treasurer, subject to the de.
cision of the People's County Convention.
July 6th, 1859.—C
k) We are authorized to announce the name
of TuomtS 11. HULING, of Mt. Union, as
a candidate fur the office of Sheriff, subject to
the decision of the American Republican Con
vent:on. [July 6, 1859.—*
WE are authorized to announce the name of
VV PETER C. SWOOPE, no a candidate for
the office of County Treasurer, subject to the
decision of the People's County Convention.
WE aro authorized to announce the name of
yv JOHN A.NASH of Huntingdon, as a can
dictate for County Treasurer, at the ensuing
general election, subject to the decision of the
People's County Convention. [Julien, 'sp.-*
U 2o the American Republican Party of
Huntingdon County : At the request of nu•
memos friends in different portions of the coun
ty, and with a somewhat (tottering assurance of
success, I have been induced to announce my
self as a candidate for the office of County
Treasurer, at the coming Convention. If, in
the opinion of my fellow•eitizens composing
said Convention, my humble claims, planen•
tions, and circumstances be deemed worthy of
consideration and of sufficient importance to
entitle me to a nomination, the the r will bo
thankfully received, and in the event of an elec
tion', I Minn endeavor CO discharge the duties of
the office with fidelity and to the best of my
abilities. 11. McDIVITT.
June 29, 1959.—* •
WE are authorized to'announee the name of
VV JAMES BRICKER as n candidate for
County Treasurer, subject to the action of the
American Republican County Convention.
EXECUTORS' SALE.--Real Estate of
12.4 John aleCahan, dee'd.
The undersigned, Executors of John MeCu
ban, dec'd., by virtue of the power and author
ity vested in them by the Will of said doc'd.,
will offer at public sale at the Court House, In
the borough of Huntingdon,
On Wednesday, the 140/ day of September
next, at ten o'clock, A. hI.,
the following described Real Estate s
I. A FARM in Woodcock Valley, Walker
township, Huntingdon county, now in tenure of
Simon Coulter, about one mile north of McCon
nellstown, composed of several surveys, con
taining about no acres of good limestone land
—about 150 acres of which ore cleared, well
fenced and under good cultivation, with a log
house and log barn thereon erected. There is
a fine spring on this property, and running wit
. 11113 meadow land.
2. A ARM now in tenure of Jonathan Har
dy known as the "Buoy Farm," in Henderson
township, Huntingdon county, about two and a
half miles north of Huntingdon, on the road
leading to the Warm Springs. This farm is
composed of several surveys, containing alto
gether, about 700 ACRES, and the greaterpart
of it is covered with valuAle white oak, black
oak, hickory and pine timber. About 100 acres
are in good cultivation. The improvements are
a good log dwelling house and log barn. Ansvor
failing spring of good water convenient to the
buildings. This property will be sold as a
whole, or in separate tracts, as purchasers may
3. A tract of land situate in Brady township,
lluntingdon county, at the head of Rishacoquil
his Valley, containing 92 acres and 96 perches
formerly the property of James Ross, dec'd.
This tract is finely timbered with calk, pine, &c.
A few acres of meadow land cleared, and a
dwelling house thereon erec.ed.
4. A tract of land adjoining the above, con
taining 188 acres, known as the Wiley tract.
This is also heavily timbered.
5. A tract of land on Mill Creek, nearLano's
mill surveyed on a warrant to Thomas Austin,
containing 404 acres and 81 perches.
6. A tract of land lying on the Waters of Mill
Creek, Brady township, adjoining lands of James
Lane, Dickson hall and others, surveyed on a
warrant to Samuel Ayres, containing 435 acres
and 85 perches.
. . .
7. A tract of timber land situate in Walker
township, Huntingdon county, surveyed on to
warrant to George Cutwalt, Containing about
100 acres, adjoining lands of Benjamin Grafius,
William S. Lincoln and others.
8. A tract of land on the Penna. Railroad, in
Franklin township, Huntingdon county, known
as the Freedom Farm, containing about too
acres, adjoining land of Joseph Dysart and oth
0. The balance of tho survey in the name of
Frederick Ashbaugh, supposed to be about 45
acres, lying back of the Iluntingdon grave yard
adjoining lands of Daniel Africa, John Glazier,
David Blair and others:
TERMS OF SALE:—One third of the par
ches° money to be paid on delivery of fluidised
and the balance in four equal annual payments,
with interest front delivery of possession, to be
assured by tho bonds and mortgage of the Pur
J. KINNEY MoCAIIAN,
Executors of John McCohan, deed.
WlLLram 11. KING, Auctioneer.
Huntingdon, July 27, 1859.
COOS STOVE FOR SALE.
A SPLENDID NEW COOK
STOVE for sale at this office; it is cal
culated to burn wood or coal. It will
.° 6 -'•
be offered low.