Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, April 07, 1858, Image 1

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    WM. BREWSTER, EDITOR & PROPRIETOR.
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Pistorical aiketc4.
THE CATACOMBS OF ROME.
(Continued.)
Vix lama notn est, nlalitis
Qunm plena snnetis Roma sit;
Quan; dives minimum solum
Sacris sepulehris (lomat.
PRuumnus.
Mille viltoriocc c cliiaroyalme
i'munen,
The results of the investigations in the
catacombs during the last three or four
years have well rewarded the zeal of
the it explorers. Since the great work of
the French government was published,
in 1851-55, very curious and important
discoveries have been made, and many
new minor facts brought to light. The
interest in the investigations has become
more general, and no visit to Rome is now
complete without a visit to one at least of
the catacombs. Strangely enough, how
ever, the Romans themselves, for the
most part, feel less concern in these new
revelations of their underground city than
the !rangers who come from year to year
to make their pilgrimages to Rome, It
is an old complaint, that the Ro7tans care
ittle for their city. 'Who are there to
day,' says Petrarch. in one of his letters,
'more ignorant of Roman things than the
Roman citizens 1 And nowhere is Rome
less known than in Rome itself.' It is,
however, to the Cavuliere de Rossi, him
self a Roman, that the most important of
those discoveries are due.—the result of
marvelous learning and sagacity, and
of his hard working and unwearied ener
gy. The disavery of the ancient en
trance to the Catacombs of St. Calixtus,
and of the chapel within, where St. Ce
cilia was originally buried, is a piece •of
the very romance of Archaeology. The
whole history of St. Cecilia, the glorious
Virgin Martyr end the Saint of Music, as
connected with the catacombs, is, indeed,
one of the most curious to be found in the
annals of the Church. Legend and fact
are strangely mingled in it, and over it
hangs a perplexing mist of doubt, but not
so dense as wholly to conceal all certain•
ty. It is a story or suffering, of piety, of
enthusiasm, of superstition, and of sci
once;—it connects itself in many points
'vith the progress of corruption in the
;hurch, and it has been a favorite subject
for Art in all ages. The story Is at last
finished. Begun sixteen hundred years
ago, it bps just reached its last chapter.
In order to understand it, we must go
back almost to its introduction.
According to the legend of the Roman
_ _
'huroh, as preserved in the 'Acts of St.
I this young and beautiful saint
,as martyred in the year of our Lord
ntirtt
280.* She heti devoted herself to per- ,es of many new martyrs, were now less
petual virginity; but her parents had in used for the purposes of burial, and more
sisteci upon marrying her to a youthful for those of worship. New chapels were
and noble Roman, named Valerian. On hollowed out in their avails; new paint
the night of her marriage. she succeeded ings adorned the brown rock; th • bodies
in so far prevailing upon her husband as of martyrs were often removed from their
to induce him to visit the pope. Urban, original graves to new and mare elabo
who was lying concealed from his perse- fate tombs; the entrances to the cemeter
cutors in the catacombs which were called ies were no longer concealed, but new and
after and still bear the name of his prede- ampler ones were made; sew stairway.,
cesarr, Callixtus, on the Appian Way, lined with marble, led down to the streets
about two miles from the present avails of beneath; htminaria, or passages for light
the city. the young man was converted and air, were opened from the surface of
to the Christian faith. The next day the ground to the most frequented places;
witnessed the conversion of his brother, and at almost every entrance a church or
Tiburtius. Their lives soon gave evi- an oratory of more or less size was built,
donee of the change in their religion; they for the shelter of those who might as•
were brought before the perfect, and, re• semble to go down into the catacombs,
fusing to sacrifice to the heathen gods, and for the performance of the sacred see.
were condemned to death. Maximus, an vices upon ground hallowed by so many
officer of the perfect, was converted by sacred memories. The worship of the
the young men on the way to execution. saints began to take form, at first, in sim-
They suffered depth with constancy, and pie, natural, and pious ways, in the fourth
Mnxiinus soon underwent the same fate. century; and as it grew stronger and
Nor was Cecilia long spared. The pre• stronger with the continually increasing
feet crdered that she should be put to predominance of the material element in
death in her own house, by being stifled the Roman Church, so the catacombs, the
in the caldarium. or hot air chamber of burial places of the saints, were more and
her bathe. The order was obeyed, and I more visited by those who desired the
Cecilia entered the place of death; but a protection or the intercession of their oc.
heavenly air and cooling dews filled the cupants. St. Jerome, who was born a
chamber, and the fire built up around it j boat this time in Rome, [A. D 881,]
produced no effect. For a whole day and has a curious passage concerning his own
itie,h. the flames were kept up, but the I experiences in the catacombs, Ile soya:
Saint was unharmed. 'Then Almachms .When I was a boy at Rome, being
sent an order that she could be beheaded. Instructed in liberal studies, I was accus.
The executioner strucic her neck three tomed, with others oh' the same age and
times with his sword, and left her bleed. disposition e to go on Sundays to the tombs
ing, but not dead, upon the pavement of of the npos:les and martyrs, and often to
the bath room. For three days she li. g, into the crypts, which, being dug out
lA, attended by faithful friends. who e in the depths of the earth, have for avails,
hearts were cheered by her courageous on either side of those who enter, the bod
i
constancy; 'for she did not cease is com.es of the buried; and they are so dark.
dint the saying of the prophet seems al .
tort those whom she had nurtured in the
faith of the Lord, and divided among most fulfilled. The living descend into
them everything which she had.' To hell.' But as the chapels and sacred
Pope Urban, who visited her as she lay tombs in the catacombs became thus more
dying, she left in charge the poor whom and more resorted to as places for worship,
she had cared for, and her house, that, it the number of burials within them was
might be consecrated as a church. With continually growing less,—and the change
this her life ended. Her wasted body in the spirit of the religion Wes marked by
was reverently lifted, its position undis• the change of character in the paintings
igrl,i' o rd o i-,;;; L jae-,,-.51, o f e ' y pr,:ss IllAd-frtf Tt* amt cie . ntiiry tat:: extension
wood. The linen cloths with which the of the catacombs bad ceased, and nearly
blood of the Martyr had been soaked up about the same time the assemblies in
were pla ed at her feet, with that care them fell off. The desolation of the Cam
that no precious drop should be lost,—a ' 'inns hnd already begun;' Rome had
care, of which many evidences are afford sunk rapidly; and the churches and bur.
ed in the catacombs. In the night, the id
i.lacea within the walls afforded all the
coffin was carried out of the city secretly space that was needed for the assemblies
to the Cemetery of Calixtus, and there de• i of the living or the dead.
b
e con
posited by Urban in a grave near to a! ( T o timed.)
chamber destined for the graves of the Front Hall's Journal of Health,
popes themselves. Here the 'Acts of St. I "Hub He Shipmate !"
Passing along l3ro.id wily some dine ago
Cecilia' close, and, leaving her pure body
to repose for centuries in its tomb hol. a vehicle was obstructed by some slight
obstacle, and the horses were not able to
lowed out of the rock, we trace the history
of the catacombs during those centuries ,tort it; the driver saw at once that but a
in other sources and by other ways very fit's aid was needed. and, turning to
The consequences of the conversion of another Jehu who was coming behind him
said,.Hab Me Shipmate!' The other
Constantine exhibi , ed themselves not
more in the internal character and spirit saw as instantly what was reduired, and,
without a momment's hesitation or stop,
of the Church than in its outward forms
tilled his own horses as to make the
and arrangements. The period of world
hub of hi own carriage strike li htl a
ly prosperity succeeded .speedily to a pe
that of b o t h
had
the other, and each giving
riod of severest suffering, and matte who
their animals a touch of the whip, both
had been exposed to the persecution ef
Diocletian now rejoiced in the imperial carriages moved on almost as easily as if
nothing had happened. How many times
favor sheave to their religion. Such con_
trusts in life are not favorable to the growth in the great Broadway of life men !huh'
dating
of the finer spiritual qualities; and the sun-
one another without incommo
done, n them
shine of state and court is not that which
"Ayes ! A friendly act oblige
is needed for quickening faith or develop-
a
tion incurred, some future act of kindness
ing simplicity and purity of heart. Char provoked, at the expense of a word or only
single moment's time ! The most of us
Ft
ches above ground could now be frequen
regard verser
led without risk, and mere the means by
specimens omnibus
of humanity t rough
; a bet ever since
which the wealth and the piety of Chris
the incident above related, we have seen
tians were to be displayed. The newly
a morel beauty in the odd expression,
tmperialized religion must have its imp.
.Hub Me Shipmate ! '
riot temples, and the little dark chapels
When a man takes a newspaper or a
of the catacombs Nero exchanged for the
periodical, he usually beco mes
. attach d
vast and ornamental spaces of the new
it; begins to think that its editor is his
basilicas. It was no longer needful that
the dead should be laid in the secret paths
friend ; and as oft en as the publication
the rock, and the luxury of magnificent
comes, hede r I i ee .
t ei he
e w f o n rk ew oi e 't ee -
Christian tombs began to rival that of the
a d . " r u s s o in in g
e interesting statementor some d rofitable idea me
sepul c hres of the earlier Romans. The
or suggestion This is repeated a dozen,
body of St. Peter, which had long. accor.
hundred's
ding to popular tradition, reeled in the fifty or •
which the dollar of times a year. for
or two, or five, of sub.
catncombs of the Vatican, was now trans
scription price is not the shadow of a coin.
(erred to the great basilica which Con-
on singly Under the circumstan.
stantine, despoiling for the purpose the pensa t ion
ces, then. ave appeal to each reader of this
tomb of Hadrian of its marbles, erected
article in behalf of any publication which
over the entrance to the underground
he receives, to help it to a new subscriber
cemetery. So, too, the Basilica of St.
as often as an opp ortunity is afforded by a
Paul, on the way to Ostia, was built over
e
single word ap p robation or solicitation.
his ola grave; and the Catacombs of St.
'There are many persona who have the
Agnes were marked by a beautiful church
milk of human kindness in theta, that they
in honor of the Saint, built in part beneath
would take a paper rather than refuse ;
the soil, that its pavement might be ou a
and for that courtesy you have chances of
level with the upper story of the caw
doing them a cornice, just in that proper.
combs and the faithful might enter them
tion to the real worth of the publication
from the church. commended. To each present subscriber
The older catacombs, whose narrow of our Journal we venture the appeal
graves had been filled during the last with some confidence :—.Hub Me Ship.
quarter of the third century with the bod•
" LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND NER, ONE AND INSEPARABLE. "
HUNTINGDON,A., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1858.
4iaturn.
RELIG;
The Almighty we N has implanted
in every man's breastteadfast faith in
his eternal being, reigiower, and mer.
cv. However our On may be wor
shipped, or in whatevnanner we may
show our love to Him r faith is the ac
ting motive. Literallyeaking, we may
define Religion as a item of Divine
faith, but the practicitetinition of it is
seen in the multiplicat of every enno
bling action Virtue areligion are sy
nonimous, for the tormcrinot exist with•
How do you know but that she slapped
his face for him I'—N. 0. Delta.
Gentlemen hold your tongues. The
cause of Jacob's weeping was the refusal
of Rachael to allow him to kiss her again.
—Flag.
It is our opinion Jacob wept because he
hadn't kissed Rachnel before, and regret.
ted the time he had lost.—Age.
Green—verdant, one and all of ye.—
out the latter. But falsceas wry be en- The fellow boohooed because she did not
tertained of both, It I been asserted
i kiss him in return.—Manchester advo
and believed, that religimade men glee. cafe.
my and unsociable, and dered the exer• ' Pshaw ! one of you are judges of hu
doe of many of the nottvirtues, but it is man nature. Rachnel was the first girl
not so. Its vital prince, it rightly
un . that Jacob ever kissed, and he got so shar
derstood, unites with atilt is good with ed that his voice trembled, and tears came
in us, and so far from °haring the lustre
tickling down his cheeks.—Auburn Ad
of the human characte it ennobles and vertlser.
. . .
heightens it, by impaug more of t h e Jacob was a man that labored in the
Divine essence. field. When he kissed Racine], he had
"Religion's sacreclmp alone, just returned from his labors and had not
Unerring points ilivay ; washed his lips. After he had soiled 12a-
Where happiness lever shines, chael's cheek, he wept for fear she would
With unpolluted rt"
No scrutinizing anabis of the under- think he was one of the .freesoilers.'—De
standing, no nietaphyssi demonstration troit Free press.
can, at all times, awaki. nourish or con- `No gentlemen not one of you are ear
firm true religion. It 5 in the heart of
m ade d has not. as mar other gifts, been rect. The reason why Jacob wept was
dependent upon or frail powers . — because he feared Rachael would tell her
ma d e mamma.—Jersey Telegraph.
Pshaw ! You are all out. The reason
Our wise Creator considred this toe sacred
and sunk the seed, so i express it, deep
Jacob wept was that Rachel would not
in our inmost souls. I how that man has
let him stop kissing her, when he once be
thousands of times disrgarded or striven goo.—Penn. Register.
against the monitions ofthe Spirit, which May be she bit him —Yazoo Whig.
May it not be that it was his hrst unceasingly calls us t. "flee from the
at
wrath to come," or to , ioase to do evil and
learn to do well," and tarn he has treated tempt at kissing ? If so, she ought to '
have bit him. Nansemond Fng.
all holy teachings as Sat machinations of ' What a long list of innocents. We
the crafty; but this tvaileth not. As we
know see have tried it on. There were
advance in civilization, doubts are scatter-
ed away from us as chaff before the wind, no tears shed, and the good book does not
and we know, and fed every day that we say there was. It was only his mouth that
i watered, and the lifting up of his voice
live that I forced it out of his eyes —Peoplee's Pa
per. - - - ..
"'TI4 R eligion that can give
golid comfort when "Wis die."'
Religion and government, says Blair.
are the great foundations of order and coo•
fort. The former strikes at the root of all
our disorders, while the latter restrains
crimes that would subvert society, protec•
ring our property and lite. But ineffectu
al, indeed, would all systems of legislation
or rul .s of order be without the softening
4, I of religion, to mould the dispositions of
teen, and check those passions over which
the outworn law has no control. Here I
must caution my friends of the danger of
running into extremes. Unless the under
standing is enlightened, our deeds or inch
nations will be but partially affected. Su
perstition and enthusiasm are the two
greatest sources of delusion, the former
urging to immoderate zeal in display of
outward forms, and the latter directs our
attention so exclusively to internal emo
tions that it teaches selfishness. There is
a certain temperature mean in the obser
vance of which true piety consists—then
let your light so shine before men, that
tilt y may see yonr good works and glorify
your Father which is id Heaven."—St.
Matthew sth-16th. EDUCATOR.
The City of Florence.
There is touch in every way in the city
of Florence to excite the• curiosity, to kin
dle imagination, and to gratify the taste.
Sheltered on the north by the vine clad
hills of Fiesole, where Cyclopean walls
carry back the antiquary to ages before
the Roman, before the Etruscan power, the
flowery city (Florenza) covers the sunny
banks of the Arno with its stately palaces.
Dark and frowning piles of medireval
structure ; a majestic dome, the prototype
of St. Peter's; basillicas which enshrine
the ashes of souse of tne mightiest of the
dead ; the stone here Danis stood to gaze
on the campanile; the house sf Michael
Angelo, still occupied by a descendant of
his lineage—his hammer, his chisels, his
divider' his manuscript poems, all as if he
had left them but yesterday ; airy bridges
which seem not so much to rest on the
earth as to hover over the waters which
they span ; the loveliest creations of an
cient art, rescued from the grave of ages
again to "enchant the world ;" the breath.
ing marbles of Michael Angelo, the glow
ing canvas of Raphael and titian muse-;
ums filled with medals and coins of every
age from Cyrus the younger, and gems and
amulets and vases, front the sepulchres of
Egyptian Pharoahs coeval with Joseph,
and Etruscan Lucumons that swayed Italy
before the Romans; libraries stored with
the choicest texts of ancient literature ;
gardens of rose mid orange and pomegran
ate and myrtle ; the very air you breathe
languid with music and perfume—such is
Florence,
0
4.40 AA(
1 4 1
I
/ u 4
Why Did Jacob Weep .
'Jacob kissed Rachael and lifted up his
voice and wept.'—Scripture.
If Rachael was a pretty girl, and kept
her face clean, we can't see that Jacob
hod much to cry about.—New York
Globe.
cob cried was because be was Soft Jabo,
National Democrat.
Jacob wept ! Yes tears of joy ! well ho
knew he might; while Rachel, beauty
all confessed, stood 'fora his ravished
sighs, Lou, Dem.
We suspect ttat Jacob had a few blis
ters on his lip, and that the concussion of
the kiss hurt his mouth.—Kentucky Yen.
man.
If Jacob had only wept, without lifting
up his voice, there would have been no
mystery in it. If the above commenta
tors had been raised in the country instead
of cities they would recognize Jacob's
conduct as they first desperate effort of a
bashful swain, to , pop the question.'—Ex.
That's not it either. Rachae: had been
eating onions. Jacob perceived this,
when he kissed her, and wept to think
that she would indulge in such nasty
things.—Bedford Gazette.
We don't believe the lciss made Jaky
cry at all. Guess Rachaal squeezed him
so hard he was afraid to try it again.—
The poor fell , w ought not to have minded
that. Wonder llachael didn't cry too.—
Huntingdon Journal.
THE STOLEN KNIFE
Many years ago, when a boy of seven
or eight years, there was one thing which
I longed for more than anything else, and
which I imagined would make me su
premely happy. It was a jack-knife.—
Then I would not be obliged to borrow fa
ther's every time I wished to cut a string
or a stick, but could whittle whenever I
noose and wherever I pleased. Dreams
o f kites, bows and arrows, boats, &0., all
manufactured with the aid of that shining
blade, haunted me day and night.
It was a beautiful warning in June, that
my father called me, and gave me leave, if
I wisbed, to go with Mini° the store. I
was deligh , ed and taking his hand, we
started. The birds sang sweetly on every
bush, and ev rvthing looked so gay and
beautiful, that my heart leaped for joy. Af-
I ter our arrival at the village, rnd while my
rather was engaged in purchasing some
articles in a remote part of the store, my
attention was drawn to a man who asking
the price of various jack•knives which lay
on the counter. As this was a very inter
esttng subject to me, approached, intend
ing only to look at them. I picked one up
opened ,it. examinedit, tried the springs,
felt the edge of the blades with my thumb
and thought I could never cease admiring
their polished surface. Oh I if it were
only mine, thought I, how happy I should
be ! Just at this moment happening to
look up, I new that the merchantl had gone
to change a bill for his customer, and no i
one was observing me. For fear I might
be tempted to do wrong I started to replace
the knife on the counter, but an evil spirit
whtspered, "Put it in your pocket, quick"
Without stopping to think cf the crime or
its consequences, I hurriedly slipped it in
to my pocket, and as I did so, felt a b'ush
of shame burning on my cheek; but the
store was rather dark, and no one noticed
it, nor did the merchaut miss the knife.
We soon started for home, my giving
me u parcel to carry. As we walked along
my thoughts continually rested on the
knife, and I kept my hand in my pocket
all the time from a sort of guilty fear that
it would be seen. This, together with
currying the bundle in my other hand,
made it difficult to keep pace with my fa
ther. He noticed it, and gave men lecture
about walking with my hands to my poc•
ket3.
Ah ! how different were my thoughts
t hen, from what they were when passing
the same scenes a few hours before. The
song of" the hi do seemed joyous no longer,
but sad and sorrowful, as if chiding me for
my wicked net. I could not look my fath
er in the face, for I had been heedless of
his precepts, broken one of God's com
mandments, and became a thief. As these
thoughts passed through my mind, I could
hardly help crying, but concealed my feel
ings, and tried to think of the good times I
would have with my knife. I could hard
ly say anything on my way home, and my
father thinking I was either tired or sick.
kindly took my burden, and spoke sooth
ingly_to me, his guilty son. No sooner
did we reach h me, than I retreated to a
safe place, behind the house, to try the sta. Sowing and Setting out Lettuce —As
s
len knife. I lied picked up a stick, anti soonas the weather is mild and tolerably
was whittling it, perfectly delighted with and tolerably warm this month you may
the sharp blade, which glided through the sow lettuce seed, and repeat the sowing
wood almost of itself when suddenly I every two weeks during this and the sac.
heard the deep, subdued voice of my fu- ceeding month. It you have lettuce
titer, calling me by name, and on looking plants ready for setting out you may trans.
up saw him at the window directly over plant them in a, warmly exposed border
as soon as the ground is in a condition to
my head, gazing down very sorrowfully at
be well prepared for their reception.
me. The stick dropped from my hand,
and with the knife clasped in th other, I Sow Radish Seed and repeat the sow
proceeded Into the house. I saw by his logs every two weeks thereafter during
i ie. im .. ... . " directly to his side, —...". '."--N --•"".'"w 'vressuig ..aeparagus Hels. - -As coon as
very pale. I walked
the frost is out of the ground fork in some
and in a low, calm voice, he asked me where I well:rotted horse-dung; this done, smooth
I got the knife; His gente manner and 1 the bed with a rake and dust it over with
salt Now plantations of asparagus may
kind tone went to my heart, and I burst
into tears, As soon as my voice would Ibe made as early this month as the ground
is in a condition to be worked well.
allow I made full confession. He did
not flog me. as some father's would have Sowing Beet Seed.—As soon as the
down, but reprimanded mo in such a man
ner that, while I felt truly penitent for the
deed I loved him more than ever, and prom-
Ned never, never to do the like again.
In my father's company I then returned
to the store, and on my knees begged tho
merchant's pardon and promised never
again to take what was, not my own
My father long since dead and never do
I think of my first theft, without blessing
the memory ofhim whose kind teachings
and gentle corrections have made it, thus
fur in my life, and forever, my last.—
Moore; Rural New Yorker.
Dlr"Have yon dined ?" said a lounger
his friend.
"I have, upon my honor," replied he.
"Then," rejoined the first, "if you have
dined upon your honor. I fear you have
made but a scanty meal."
Ce — We know an old lady, who, when
5 11 e alludes to the Mormons, always calls
him—either unintentionally, or else by a
curious jumble of ideas— , Mr. Bigamy
Young."
Write Written Eight.
Write we know is written right,
When we see it written write ;
But when we see it written wright,
We know it is not written right ;
Fos write, to have it written right,
Must not be written right or wright,
Nor yet should it he written rite
But write, for so 'tis written right.
LOVE'S BEASON.—'Bridget,' said a la
dy to her servant, Bridget Conley, 'who
was that man you were talking with so
long at the gate last night?'
'Sure, no one but my eldest brother ma'-
am.'
'Your brother! I didn't know you had
a brother. What is his name!'
, Barney Octoolan. ma'am.'
, Indeed how comes it that his name is
nOt. the same as yours 1'
'Troth ma'am,' replied she, 'he's been
marrind once.'
yAn old bachelor remarks that "Ro
mances generally end with a marriage ;
and many young girls, when they leave
school, would wish to go through the ro
mance of life—as thoy do most romances
by beginning at the end."
14;
VOL. XX
farmer
Ilitw
..stut.
He that by the plough would thrive,
Ilimelf; mud either hold or drive."
WORK IN THE GARDEN.
As this month is to the judicious gar'•
dener one of action, we will endeavor to
point out how he may improve his time
and forward his operations in the garden.
Sowing Cabbage Seeds.—About this
time cabbage seeds of various sorts may
be sowed in a warmly situated border fa-
cing the south, unless the season should
be backward. Sow both early and late
kinds, in order that you may have a regu
lar succession of cabbages. Prepare the
ground by manuring it, spading it deeply,
and thoroughly pulverizing with the rake
tlix each kind of seed with ashes, soon to
enable you to sow them thinly. The seed
being sown, sow ashes over them, rake the
seed in and compress the earth around
them by placing a board on the border and
treading on it, or by patting the ground
with the back, of a spade or shovel. la
from six to eight weeks these plant will be
fit for transplantation in the beds in the
open ground for heading, should the sea
son prove favorable.
Planting Pats and Beans.—As early
in this month as the ground from the ab
sence of frost can be prepared to good con
dition plant pens and beans ; and, to insure
and to secure a continuous supply, plant
more every two weeks during this and the
next. it will not be novisoble to plant
while the ground is tough and we;. When
t he peas are about six inches high stick
them.
ground is in st condition to oo worked well
drill in a few roots of beet seed. The red
or blood beet is the best for garden or tablo
Sowing Onion Seed.—ln order to have
good well-sized onions from the seed this
season, you should drill in the sceJ as ear•
ly this month as the earth is in a condition
to be well worked.
Rhubarb or Pie Plant.— Earle this
month is the time for setting out rhubarb
plants and for sowing the seed.
Gooseberries and Currants.—Theso
should be pruned early this month and
have a dressing of well rotted manure.—
New plantations should be made early.
Raspberries.—Prune and tie up your
raspberry busher early this mouth.
A FEW SHOW!' HINTS.--Cherry
grafting should be done as early as pos.
sible.
Now is the time to stick your currant
and Gooseberry cuttings, Take the last
years growth, cut out all the buds buried
in the enrth ; Insert Mx inches, leaves
eigt or ten inches above ground. By this
course you will have trees instead of
bushes, beareing much more abundantly,
fruit finer, and the stock prettier.
Rake off carefully the top-dressing from
the strawberry, asparagus, tulip, and flow
er bed. Also take off the covering from
the spinach bed. We have now spinach
fit to eat.
The early Pea should be in the ground
by this time provided the weather contin
ues warm. So with the lettuce in a warm
border,
Trim your Dwarf Pear Trees. We
find it good policy to head them in pretty
closely.
Cut out all the dead woos, and a good'
deal of the old wood of your Roses. The
rose bears sharp pruning.
Trim and tie up your Raspberries.—
They should be trimmed in the fall unless
laid down.
Transplant your fruit and ornamental
Trees, Shrubs and Vines now as rapidly
as possible. The earlier they are in the
better.
IMF As a proof of the hardness of the
times, there's a man in Ohio who only
kills hills pig at I times