Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, January 13, 1858, Image 2
i Sher divisions of the public improvements ' economical. The net revenue, at the 'reentry was *174,00187, a decrease of ,90,092 68, as compared with the re. eipis of the preceding year. In addiiion o the ordinary expenditures, the sum of 46,208 wee paid for the enlargement of his division. The North Branoh Extension of the 'ennsylvania canal, although's() far core. thud in the fall of 1856. that boats reighted with coal and other products, vere successfully 1 eased through its en• ire length from Pittston to the Junction !anal, yet in consequence of a large pott ies of the "Horse Race Dam" having been carried away by the freshet of last wring. busineas on the canal was suspend ed the greater part of last year It was repaired during the summer and in the fall business was resumed along its entire length. Soon after, the same dam was again extensively injured by a sudden and heavy freshet, and the greater part of the canal rendered useless for business. An appropriation will be required to re con• struct the dam. one per cent. on their capital stock. The a mount realized by the payment of this bonus has not only defrayed all the expenses of that session, but will leave a balance in the Treesu• ry of not less than thirty-five thousand dollars —a result certainly not injurious to the finances of the Commonwealth, My views expressed in former communica tions on the subject of banks and banking ca. In pursuance of the act of the 16th of May, p tat, in their relations to the currency and the 1857, providing for the sale of the main line ot Igeneral interest of trade, remain unchanged. the public works, after giving the notice requi I However diverse our opinions may be on this red by law, I caused the said main line to be subject, it must be admitted by all, that the exposed to public sale, at the Merchants' Ex- banking and credit systems are en intimately change, in the city of Philadelphia, on the ieterwoven with the business and commerce of 25th day of June last, and sold the same to the the country, that their sudden separation, or Pennsylvania Railroad Company, for the sum rash innovation, would produce consequences of seven millions five hundred thousand dollars of fearful magnitude. That the present sys the highest price bid for the same, and the mi• tea of banking is perfect, is not pretended; ninium price fixed in the act. that it could be essentially modified and im- After a full compliance by the purchasers proved, will not be denied. The present de with the conditions of the act authorizing the ! rangement of the currency may and will ;mg sale, and the delivery of their bonds in num gest the necessity of reform, not only in the bcr and for the amounts equal to and falling system itself, but in the management of our due at the time provided for the payment of banking institutions. the respective instalments, the Secretary of the Unlimited credits by corporations or individ- Commonwealth, on the 3ist day of July, A. In eats have end will ever be an unmitigated evil. 1857, as directed by the act, transferred, under They contribute to bank expansions, rash spec. the great 906 i of the State, to the Peniisylvan'a ulations, extravagant living and excessive over- Railroad Company, their successors or aesiene, trading ; always sure to be followed by ruinous the whole main line of the public works, be- revulsions. What the remedy should be, Ido tween Philadelphia and Pittsburg, together not deem it in my province, under existing cir• with all the right, title and interest, claim and etenstances, to suggest; but to be permanent demand, of the Commonwealth, to all property , and effectual it must accord with the natural real, personal and mixed, belonging to or used and necessary lows of ,rate. The currency of in connection with the same by the Common- a country forms no exception ti these laws, wealth; and the purchasers having given no-1 and should be left to their operation and con lice of their readiness to take possession of the trot, so far as may be consistent with the pub said works, possession of the same was aecur lie good. It is, therefore, that a system of free dingly delivered to the company, on the first banking, based on undoubted public securities, day of August last, of which notice was given and coin iu such proper tion to circulation an to n'l epergne:a (lents .d agents of the Com- deposits as may be deemed sufficient to secur e nionwealth, ho proclamation bearing date the i their conversion into specie, on demand, with Slot day of July, .1857, as required by the law proper limitations and resrictione, is deemed authorizing the sale. I preferal 1, to the present system. Ira introduc- The bonds of the Pennsylvania Railroad ' would correct ninny existiftg abuses not only in Company, in the sum of seven add one-hall the system itself, but in the present snide of millions of dollars, were received by the State banking. These questions, however, with the Treasurer and are held by him for the Commis• remedies necessary to prevent a recurrence of sioners of the Sinking Fund; the entire pro- the evils under which we now suffer, together ceeds of the sale being required by the twelfth , with the nature and extent of the relief, if any, section of the act to lie paid to the sinking fund that may yet be required by the banks of the and applied to the payment of the State debt. ! Commonwealth, to enable them to resume the I cannot forbear congratulating the peeple payment of their liabilities in specie, are all re of the Commonwealth on the consummation of forced to the wisdom of the Legislature. They this rale. Public sentiment, as expressed are practical and important business questions, through, the ballot box, and in other forms e- end such as should receive their intelligent qually significant, demanded it—public policy cons id era ti on . and the interests of the Commonwealth rel. T e veleta condition of our Commonwealth quieed it. It is done. The many approve— and country deserves at least a passing re• few complain—those most who have gained an mark. A severe financial revulsion has occur unenviable reputation by a reckless disregard I red, inducing a suspension of specie payments of the public interests, as exhibited in the ex- by the Banks, not only of this Commonwealth, travagant, useless and fraudulent exponditures het of all the States of the Union, deranging of the public money for selfish or partizan par. the currency and affecting seriously all the poses. great interests of commerce and the industrial The sale of the main line has directed pnb- pursuits of the citizen. Labor is without ero tic attention to the importance and necessity ployment, and thousand of strung active men of disposing of the remaining divisions of the are n ow asking for work or bread. The causes public improvements. The reasons .d poll• assigned for these evils are almost as various an cy that required and justified the sale of the the interests or prejudices of those who under one, apply with equal force to the sale of the take their explication. To whatever cause or other. The propriety of separating the State causes they may be referred, it is neither just, from the care .d control of the public works, n or proper to charge all our financial aria com• is not only evident to all who have given the mercial distress to the Barks and their manage subject a candid and impartial consideration, meet. However much they may have contrib• but the necessity is clearly established, by the used, other causes have operated still more di history of their construction and management. redly and powerfully to produce these results; They have failed to be a source of revenue to .d among them first in importance and law the Commonwealth. and if retained by the once is the present system of low duties, in con• State, will require an expenditure in their re- section with the warehousing system, adopted pair and management, largely exceeding any as the policy of the General Government in revenue, that under the most favorable cit.- 1846. The abandonment of the protective po. cumstances, can be derived from them. In licy, as embodied in the Tariff act of 1842, any phase of the question, this separation is was resisted by Pennsylvania with a unanimi. /desirable; Lut in connection with the payment ty almost unparalleled in her history. Her re of the public debt, and the reduction of Slots 1 presentatives in both branches of the National laeation, it becomes an o bj ect of since than Congress atrenuouely opposed the repeal of ordinary interest. A sale, at the earliest prac- that act. The evils under which we are now ticable period, of the whole of our public suffering were predicted, as a consequence of works, fora fair consideration, upon terms just such repeal. But other counsels prevailed, the sod liberal to the purchasers, arid at the same act was repealed, and the industry of the coml. time amply protective'of the rights and inter• try exposed to a ruinous competition with the eats of the people, should he authorized by the cheap labor of foreign nations. The.disastrous Legislature. Such sale, with the application of leffects of the repeal, were postponed by the the proceeds to the payment of the public debt, operation of causes well understood by every would secure its still more rapid extinguishmet• intelligent citizen. Famine abroad produces The subject is recommended to your unbiseed an unprecedented demand for our breadstuffe, consideration, , and the breadatuffs of California, although it The law incorporating. the Pennsylvania may have added to the excitement of our prog- Railroad company, impos - d a tax of three mills retie, and contributed its full share in preeucing Per the' per mile, on all Wl'B4° passing ever existing financial and commereial embarrass that road, as au equivalent for any decrease in meat, in million., supplied the means of pan'. the revenues of the Commonwealth, that might ing the overwhelming balances against an on griefs from the anticipated competition of the our foreign importations. Under the present road with the businese of the main line of the ' system of low duties, the excess of imports public improvement.. This tax is not imposed over exports has been beyond th most extra, upon the company, but upon the tonnage, and agent want of the country. They have been is paid by the owners of the freight transported enorinous and ruinoue—destructive of domes over tbe collectionroad; the ed Company payment acti n gt e State. a a gen ts t e It is rer and home labor in one common ruin. We virtually y tax upon the trade and commerce of have imported more than we could pay for, and the Commonwealth, and upon the commerce of , much more than we needed. Pennsylvania ether Stale., whom , Peodoetimte Beek nn me' ',bound s in iron ore. Iron and Its manage. This canal, although useful and valuable, ap• pears to be doomed to failure and disaster.— These are the fruits of former mismanagement and fraud in its construction. Every effort has been made to repair the errors of its early management, and to complete and render use• ful this division of our public works. Under proper management it can be successfully cc. complished. tern market over this road ; and thus by increa sing th e tale of charges mid the cost of trans. portation the produce of the welt is forced upon the competing railroads of other States and to other markets than our own.' The necessity that reduced this tax, as regards the Common. wealth and her improvements. has ceased. Its continuance can only be justified es a revenue measure. It should be the policy of the States to invite the transmission of the products of other States though the territory to her own markets, and, therefore, the propriety of reliev ing the trade and business of tht Commonwealth In consequence of the suspension of specie payments by the banks of this and other States of the Union, and the financial embarrassment and general prostration of business, I deemed it my to call, as authorized by the Constitution, an extra session of the Legislature, to meet at Harrisburg on the sixth day of October last. Although the relief provided by this extraordi• nary session of the General Assembly, was not as ample as the exigency of the ease re. quired, yet it was productive of some beneficial results, and serve•' to allay the excitement and alarm that pervaded the entire community, By the act providing for the resumption of specie payments by the banks, all banking institutions i accepting the provisions of that law, were re' quired to pay into the Treasury one-fourth of tares unjustly regarded as impudent elemental "The Farmers' High School of Pennsylye- I of her materiel wealth; and from her ahead. ma," an institution incorporated by the Legis. ance, if properly fostered and protected by a lature of 1855, is entitled to the especial at wise nationelyolicy, could supply the markets tention of the friends of agriculture. In tin of the *mid ; and, yet, since the patidage of the teachings fthisinssrtntien,thescientiflo and act of 1846, we have imported of iron and the practical are united . ; and whilst the art of their manufactures, more than two hundred fartningoind all that pertains to the mane,re• millions of dollars in value ; paid for in gold or meet, business and work of a farm, will he the our bonds and stocks, now held by foreign cap.' subject of instruction, the natural sciences, in itelisti—the interest on which but adds to the I thdir relation and application to practical ag burdens imposed upon us by our foreign in. riculture, will also be taught. The student of debtednose. The same is true of many other the institution will be en,,b:cd to test, in his important branches of home industry. Many daily ocefipation, the truth and value of the millions in value of cotton and woollen good , ' knowledge communicated. have, during the eatne period, been impeded. Much of the land connected with the school that should have been made in our own work- has been successfully cultivated during the shops, should have been woven on American past year. Orchards of every variety of fruit. and not on British, French or German looms. and hedges, have been planted, and many val. As an example of the practical working of uable improvements made. A double storied the system, official documents exhibit the fact, barn, large and convenient, as also the farm• that during the past four years the itnports of er'e house and part of the outbuildings, have foreign merchandise, exceeded our exports one been erected and occupied hundred and eighty.four millions two thousand From the report of the trustees, we learn that seven hundred and sixty-eight dollars ; and as Nt contract has been made for the erection of a consequence, the drain of the precious see an edifice calculated for the residence of pr.). tale was correspondingly great. The amount fessors, lecture halls,. and dormitories for stu d specie sent out of the country during that dents, to be built of stone, fear stories high, period, was two hundred and thirteen millions two hundred and thirty three feet in front, three hundred .d sixty.four thousand three with wings, and to cost fifty five thousand hundred and eighty four dollars—specie impor. dollitrs. This building is already in progress, ted twenty-six millions nine hundred and twen• and it is hoped that a part of it may be put ty-seven thousand four hundred and twenty, under roof and be so far completed as to mut• seven dollars ; leaving a balance against us on ble the board to make arrangements to re• specie account of one hundred and eighty six ceive a few students before the close of the millions four hundred and thirty-six oousand current year." The Legislature, at their last nine hundred and fifty•aeven dollars. This de: session, appropriated fifty thousand dollars to pleting process, aggravated by excessive im• this institution, one half of which has been portationa, unsettled the currency and induced paid; the remaining twenty five thousand del. an inflated paper circulation, resulting in bank tare to be paid on c3ndition that an equal sum suspensions and financial embarrassment. But be realized from other sources, within three the evil does not end here. An inflated paper yearn from the passage of the act making the currency, by cheapening the price of money, appropriation. • . • increases in this country the cost of produe• The (Mots and character of this institu. Con, and thus, whilst the American manufac• turer is exposed, under a system of low duties , to a ruinous competition with the cheap labor of Europe, he is paid for his goods in a curren cy less valuithle than that paid to his foreign competitor. As a necessary result the home fabric ie driven from the market, and the home manufacturer rained. The operation of these cantles, stimulated by low duties, is sufficient to destroy the industrial energies o I any people. With these facts before us, it is no matter of surprise that our mills, factories and furnaces have been closed, and thousands of honest laborers thrown out of employment ; that com merce has scarcely an existence, that bank. ruptcy and ruin are around us, and our gener al prosperity paralyzed. To avoid these diu• asters, to whirl, we have been periodically ex• posed, reform nut only in our system of bank lag, but in our revenue laws, becomes hulls. pensable. If the principle of the act of 1842 had been preserved—even it its rate of duties had been reduced—our specie, by millions, would not have gone into foreign coffers to build up and sustain the foreign manufacturer; home in• duetry would be prosperous, and the cry "we waut work," issuing from a thousand lips in our large cities and manufacturing districts, would riot now be heard; nor would a foreign debt of nearly five hundred millions of dollars exist, to startle and alarm us. That system that practically prefers foreign In home lsbor; that keeps our workshops in Europa, instead of building and supporting them here; thst takes our gold to pay the wages of the British luborer, whilst our own are without employ— ment and without bread; that fills the country with toreign merchandise, to the exclusion of the home fabric; that lays the British rail upon the road through our iron districts, and by our rolling mills, whilst they are silent and deser• ted, and that invites to speculation and extrav agance, is at war with every true American interest, and should be atouce abandoned. A period of low duties has always been mar ked by ex•iessive importations; large exports of specie; overtrading; bank expansions and suspensions, and financial and commercial re• vulsions. Under the protective policy, these peculiar and ajartling characteristics of free trade have all been wanting. The history of the country establishes these facts. A well regulated tariff, adjusted to protect the pro doctive industry of the country, is not only the true policy of the government. but Is a better regulator of the currency, and a more certain security against bank expansions, than nny system of pains and penalties yet devised for the control of banking institutions, or the op. erations of capital. fo this we should re turn. Pennsylvania is yet true to her ancient and long cherished convictions of its propriety and necessity. She may have been misled. Political and partizan pressure may have for. ced her from her true position. This was her misfortune, not her fault. She sees and feels the wrong, and with an emphasis, intensified by her injuries, wll demand redress; protec tion for herself, and the great industrial inter ests of her people. The agricultural interests of the country should ever be fostered and sustained by the State. They are first in necessity and useful tress, and constitute the basis of State Na tional prosperity. Upon their progress and development depend the success of our me chanical, manufacturing and commercial in terests. Agriculture, in its varied and multiplied re lations, is the unfailing source of national wealth, and to its promotion all should contri• bute. Individual enterprise and liberality, State and county associations, have done much to advance this important branch of produc tive industry; have collected sod circulated much valuable information; and encouraged by their honorable exertions, the progress of scientific and practical, agriculture. Science and art have ndoly proffered their aid—the State should not withhold her encouragement and support. I have heretofore recommended the estab• lishment of an agricultural bureau, iu connec tion with some one of the State departments, to give efficiency to the collection and diffu• sion of useful knowledge on this subject. Im pressed with the necessity and usefulness of such a bureau, I again earnestly recommend it to your favorable coneideration, tion—its relation to agricultural knowledge, and as the pioneer in the great work of agri• cultural education, commend it to the ',ever• ous patronage of the Legislature, and to the confidence and liberality of the people of the Commonwealth. The report to be submitted by the Superin tendent of Common Schools will present a clear and satisfactory statement of the general oper ation of the system during the past year. The separation of the School from the State Department, by the act of the last session, was a jest tribute to the importance and value of our common school system. The great educa tional interests of the State, the cure and guar dianehip of the intellectual, social and moral improvement of the youth of the Common• wealth, should occupy a prominent and iude• Pendent position among the departments of the government. If the care of the treasure of the Commonwealth, the development of her material wealth, and the advancement of her politico economical interests, have received from the government the marked and dietinc• five recognition of the;r importance, how muck 'more should the mind of her youth—with its wondrous activities—its constantly unfolding energies, and its infinite superiority to the Ma terial and physical, claim a still higher consid eration, and receive from the representatives of the people, a more honored recognition. As an independent department, greater efli• ciency will 1 e given to the system—a more di• rect and immediate supervision will'. secured the details 4lts oper.tlion more earefullj , oh eerved--its defieieuelee discovered error.: corrected—the accomplishment of its nob!e purposes and- objects rendered more certain, and the system itself saved from the danger• OM and debasing influence of political excite• meet, and partizan prejudice. The county superintendency, tested by CI• perience, has realized the just expectations of the friends of the measure, and may now be regarded as a permain-nt and indispensable part of the system. When committed to com. petent men, it has accomplished a noble work in promoting the BUMsss and usefulness or our common schools; and wherever the duties of the office have been faithfully performed, the character of the schools has been elevated, their number and the number of scholars in• creased, and the confidence and encourage. ment of the public secured. In the hands of incompetert men, these results have not been obtained; but, on the contrary, opposition has been provoked, and the cause of common school education retarded. This office should not be committed to any but men thoroughly qualified by education and experience for the performance of its arduous and responsible dutiesi and if the school directors of uny coun ty, in disregard of their obligations, from op position either to the system or the office, se lect an iccompetent person for the place, the odium of the fact, and of failure to secure the benefits resulting from a proper and intelli gent administration of the office, should rest upon them, and not. upon the law authorizing the appointment. The defects of the system, when clearly established, shoulti be promptly corrected; but change is not aiways reform; and innovation, induced by selfishness or pre. judice, may endanger its permanency and de stroy its efficiency. The act of the 20th day of May, 1857, pro. vidiug, for the due training of teachers for the common schools of the State, by encouraging the establishment of Normal schools within the districts designated in the law, has recei ved the cordial approbation of all interested in the success of our common schools. The pas sage'of that act inaugurated a new era is the history of common school education in Penn sylvania. It is a movement in the right di. rectioni full of encouragement and hope fur the greater perfection and usefulness of the system. Large and enthusiastic meadow' of i the friends of Education have, been held, in many of the districts, to promote the estab lishment of Normal schools, as contemplated by the act; and liberal soma of money have been subscribed to secure thill desirabl • object A noble work has been commenced, and 8113• tained be individual enterprise and liberality— encouraged by the State, and vindicated by I • Its own intrinsic merit, it mast go on until I State Normal schools, in number and etlicien• cy, equal to the supply of well trained ttlach• ems, shall become the just pride and boast of Poransylvaaia. The organic structure of our system is as perfect perhaps as human legislation can make it; but it needs the competent Ihnd thopoughly. 'rained teacher to it greater vitality and dB , :..ney, one, secure the full 'accomplishMent of ' I In , perponee of its creation. The teache,r the properly educated, the well trnined, the scien ific teacher, is the great want of the system We need the teaching mind, not the automa-, tion movements of mere physical organization . or antiqated 'refine, to direct and control the intellectual energies of the youth of Ii Com.. mouwealth. We require mind, educated mind in our schools, that knowledge may be commu nicated, not only effectively and practically, but that in training the young, they may be taught to think—how to investigate, and think —and know for themselves; and thus be fitted and prepared for the high and responsible du• ties of ,the man and the citizen. The deficiency can mly he supplied byStale Normal Schools for the education of teachers. To them we must look. The future is full of hope. Much has already been done to pro vide for their establishment and support. In connection with honorable individual effort, more legislative encouragement may be requi red. It should be given cheerfully and promp. ly. No subject of greater interest can claim your attention ; no one appeals with more rea• eon and truth to duty and patriotism. Teachers' Institutes, as auxiliary to Normal Scheols, should be aided by the State. Trough their agency, substained by the noble and self defying efforts of the teachers themselves much good has been aecomplisqed in educa ting and training teachers, and iu dignifying a profession too long undervalued by those most deeply interested in their useful labors. In the great work of,popular education there should be no retrograde movement in Pennsyl• vania ;no yielding to the impotent clamor of ignorance, selfishness or prejudice, in their at tempts to stay its progress. These, one and all may denounce and condem but virtue, pa triotism, truth, bid you onward. Let the sys tem be maintained in its unity and usefulness let it be improved and perfected in its details; but let no act of yours impair its strength, of mar the beauty and harmony of its propor tions. Based as our institutions are on the will or the people—dependant for preservation on the'r virtue and intelligence—knowledge with us should occupy the high position to which it is pre-eminently entitled. Knowledge, founded up on the pure principles of eternal truth, is the crowning glory of the citizen—the safeguard and defence of the State. Education, full and free to all, is the boon we ask for the children of the Commonwealth—it is the duty, para mount to all others, the State owes to her citi zens. The aid of the Commonwealth should liberally bestowed. The subject, in all its re lations, is warmly commenced to the gene, ous care and patronage of the Legislature. Legislation, whilst proqerly encouoaging the de'velopement of the thateritil wealth of the State, should redognize the still higher obliga tion to improve the social, intelleatual t and moral condition of the people. The ameliora. tion of humus suffering, the reformation of the erring, and the correction of youthful vicious. nets, are object. that deserve the attention of the philanthropist and statesman. To secure these resu`ts the educational, charitable and reftirmatory institutions of the Commonwealth should be fostered and encouraged by liberal legislation. The reports of the State Lunatic Hospital, at ; 'arrisburg, and the Wes tern Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, at Pittsburg, will be laid before you, and will exhibit in detail their operations for the past year. These institutions, in their objects and re• sults, merit and should receive our warmest approbation. The condition of no elms of suffering humanity appeals with more thrilling power to our sympathies than that of the insane. Ignorant of the frighful malady that epprliss es them, shrouded in the fearful gloom of men. tal darkness, and shut out from the social joys of home and friends, the aid of the benevolent and the benefactions of the Commonwealth should be liberally and cheerfully given to them. The House of refuge in Philadelphia, and the Western House of Refuge near Pittsburg, again ask to share the bounty of the Common wealth. These schools fur the erring neglect. ed, and out-east children and youth of the State —these homes where kindness rules; and love subdues the vicious and incorrigible, should not be denied their request. The 'Blind' and the 'Deaf and Dnmb' .Assylums at Philadel. phia, and the Pennsylvania Training School for idiotic and feeble minded children, present their annual claim for your sympathy and aid The darkened eye, the silent tongue, and the weakended intellect, in sorrow and sadness, appeal to,the representatives of the people for this boon. It canrot be refused. My views in relation to local special and om nibus legislation have been so frequently ex pressed, in co:nmunications to the Legislature that their repetition now is unnecessary.— Such legislation often so subversive of private rights—so detrimental to the public interest and generally so mischievous in its conse gamma—should not be encouraged or permit ted. The report of the Adjutant General will be laid before you. To its valuable and impor. taut suggestions I invite your careful consider ation. I must again call the attention of the Legis lature to the subject of revising the militia laws of the State. They are so crude and im perfect, in many of their provisions, and ob. ecure in some of ,their enactments that is diffi cult to discover tile object intended, or com• prehend the duty enjoined. The powers and duties of the respective officers connected with the military organization of the Common. wealth, should be more clearly defined. Great er encouragement should be given to the M utation of volunteer companies; the entire system should be remodeled and placed in a position to become alike honorable and useful to' the State. The Select and Cowmen' Councils of the City of Philadelphia, by an ordinance pasted the 7th day of April, 1854, and officially cony municated to the Legislature at their last gen. eral session, proposed to convey to the Com. monwealth of Pennsylvania a ,lot 'of ground, in that city, for the purpose erecting an Arse. nal thereon. By the act of the 6th of May, 1857, the Governor was authorized to accept from the Mayor of Philadelphia, under the seal of the Corporation, the conveyance in fee simple 04 the lot of ground proposed to be do. tutted to the Commonwealth, for the purpose indicated. The conveyance was duly executed . by the Mayor on the 26th day of June, 1867, and accepted on the 31st day of July following as directed by the act. The fourth section of the same act authorized the Governor to apply the proceeds of the sale . of the Arsenal in Phil adelphia ($30,000 00) to the erection of an Arsenal on the lot of ground thus granted to the Commonwealth. In pursuance of the au thority conferred, a contract was made with a skillful and experienced Architect, for the erec tion and completion of the proposed Arsen'al ; to be large and commodious, and adapted to the purposes intended. The building was im mediately commenced under the direct super vision of the Adjutant General, and is now completed and ready for the reception of the arms of Military stores and equipments of the Commonwealth. It is of brick, three stories high, ono hundred and eighty-two feet front on Filbert street, and fifty feet in depth. The foundation walls of stone, are solid and mas sive. The cost of construction did not exceed the appropriation. It is a substantial and ale. gnat structure and will ho a safe depository for the public arms—an ornament to the city, and a credit to the Commonwealth. One of my predecessors, in his annual coin• =ideation to the Legislature, immediately af ter The close of the late war with Mexico, rec• =mended the erection of a moment to the memory of those citizen soldiers, from Peensyl vaniii, who died in the service of their country in that war. It is due to them, that some pub. lie acknowledgement of their patriectic servi. s hould be made by the State. Concurring in the sentiments expressed in the communica• firm to which reference has been made, I would also iiibito your attaition to the propriety of erecting, in the public grounds of the Capitol. a suitable moment to their memory—and thus honor those who, by their undaunted bravery and invincible valor, hounored our noble Com• monwealth. The publication of the Geological Report of the State, under the superintendence of Prof. Rogers, is rapidly approaching completion The engravings and illustrations are nearly completed, nail the first volume now in press, which he expects will be ready for deliver,. moon after the meeting of the Legislature, and the second arid last volume before its adjourn meet or immediately thereafter. The style and general execution of the work will be equal, if not superior, to that of any similar publication by our sister States. It will fully sustain the reputatiol of the 'bed Geologist, by whom the, surveys were in tile and who has devoted so much care and attire tention to its application. The largie geulogi• cal map of the State, which will 1.0 onnpany the volumes, will not be finished before the close of the year. Great care has been taken to make it perfect in all its dataili. The whole work will he a valuable addition to geographi cal as well as a geulical science, and will he alike useful to the citizens of the Common wealth and honorable to its author. (Condurion next week.) Stir We have further avian from Kansas. In Leavenworth city 238 votes were polled for slavery and 9 against. Many Missourians vot ed, several of whom wero arrested, but subse quent.y released by order of Judge Lecompte. Much excitement prevailed. General Calhoun, was burned in effigy. It was rutnerml that Governor Denver had issued an order for the arrest of General Lane. le' The Indian Bureau at Washington has received official information denying that the dissent:Sou of the Indians In Utah, caused by the mormons, had spread to the tribes in Cali forma and on the boider. The California In. dia.ng are peaceable. Stir It is said, on apparently good authority, that the free State men in Kansas will vote at the ele:tion fur State officers, on the 4ut Jute nary, under the Lecompton constitution, in or der to secure the benffit of the State orgttniza tion in the possible contingency of Congress admitting the State with that constitution. SW At the last accounts front California the Mormons in that state were all selling out their lands, bouses,goods,&c., and leaving for Salt Lake, pursuant to order from Brigham Young. Tue SLAYER TEAT -. WAS SEISED AN D LET Oa—Advice:3 from the west coast of Africa to the 10th of, October mention with much min uteness the aeisure by the United States frigate Cumberland, on the 3d of October, of the schoon er Cortes, of New York, as a suspected slaver. The Cortes was lying at anchor off the river Camara with her cargo broken up, and in sight de slave barracoon. After a thorough over hauling of her papers she was released, being declaired a legiutate trader. The schooner Cortes belongs to Mumford Brothers, in Pearl street, in this city, who are known as extensive importers of crockery. The vessel was purchas• ed by them for the India rubber trade, and has been fur several years engaged in a legimate trade with the coast of Africa. It is denied that she has been connected with the slave trade, or that she is now so engaged. The trade is, at present. almost wholly confined, to thb Congo river. French agents aro purchasing slaves there 'in large numbers at $3O per head. They are, also. purchasing slaves at Whodah at $6O per head, and are engaged in a fierce competition with the agents of Spanish houses, who are pay ing $BO per head for negroes to ship to Cuba. The slaves obtained Iran Whydrth aro said to be worth twice as muoh as the Congo negroes. From tits Episcopal Recorder. The subscriber gratefully acknowledges the execution of the Peed in fee simple for the Lot upon which St. John's Church, Hunting ' don; is•erecrcd, the gift of Geu. A. P. Wilson, of Huntingdon. It will be plearing to the ' friends of the above Church to know that through the generosity of General Wilsoitthe Church is now out of all embarrassments. H. W. OLIVER. AttuttitOon Wm. BREWSTER, Editor and Proprietor. Wednesday Morning, January 13,1868. The Circulation of the Hun.. tingdon Journal, is great er than the Globe and Am erican combined. Itir Owing to the great length of the Governor's Message we are under the necessity 01 leaving a small portion out till next week, and a great deal of other im portant matter which we are obliged to de fer until next week. Non• Paying Subscribers. Wagons cannot run without wheels— boats without steam—bull frogs jump without legs, or newspapers be carried on everlastingly without money, no more than a dog can wag his tail when he has none. Our subscribers are all good, but what good does a man's goodness do, when it don't do you any good. We have no doubt every one thinks that all have paid except him, and an we are a clever fellow and his is, a little matter, it will make no difference. chr The Pennsylvania State Legisla ture met on the sth inst., and organized by the election of A. 13. Longaker as Speak er ol the House, and William H. %Velsh, Speaker of the Senate. Both gentlemen were sworn in, delivered inaugural addres ses, and proceeded to qualify the members. The Govenor's message was sent iu on the Ct'i inst. rilllrLnst week Win. Lewis. proprietu: of the Huntingdon Globe, was laboring un• der n desperate spell of the disease called in coin non parlance, "The mutt with the poker;" however, front late nccouts, he is likely to recover, roar Frank LesliiT's7teiv Family Mag azine fur the month of January 1858 4bl/- fore us, with which is incorporated the Gazette of Fashion This is styled the "Nlonarch of the Monthlies," It deserves In extensive circulation GOLD DISCOVERED IN KANSAI,—GCOrge BOller,Uniled States Indian Agent it the Creek Nation, writing (rein Tahleguh to the Southwest (Missouri) Democrat, says thet a portion of lianans, Ittween the 38th and 89th pararels, PORI Pikes, on the South l'lalte, is auriferous. NI r. Beck, front the milling regions n! North Georgia, has visited that pak of I . ht. Territory and says that for three hundred miles around gold may be ob,ained, gig J. Siarson ER/ , of thio place has been appointed transcribing clerk for the Senate, he is a good selection. OW" We are in receipt of the first note. of a paper published in Philadelphia, by Chichester & co., culled the "Printers' News Letter", devoted poincipally to the intirest of the Printing profession. &if- The 4 , 1Ca1l Street Broker," anti North America Money Gutde for January 1858, Edited by John S. Dye of the City of New York, has again made its appear• once on our table very greatly improved, and now ranks amongs the best Bunk Note Detector in the United States; we highly recco tumult: it to the publio Send an a magnifying Glam., Mgr The Shirleysburg .thrald,' after a short repose has been again resuscitated by its former editor and proprietor, John Lutz Esq. l'he February ;umber of the La dy's Home Magazine, is on our table with a host of choice literature, send for it la- Ales you will not regret it. Published in Philadelpiha by T. S. Arthur 411* co., at 02 per annum. Bar Goders February Number of his Magazine is on our table with Another Brilliant one, containing, a s usual, a splendid Steel Engraving. Another Slipper Pattern, that would cost in the stores fifty cents". Another of his splendid Fashion Plates and innumerable smaller engravings. The Literary matter in this number can not be surpassed. The price is only $3, or we will give it and the Huntingdon Journal to you for one year for $3,50. r ?The following gentlemen have our thanks for valuable public documents; Gov. James Pollock, A. K. McClure. Esq., House. D. D. Houtz, House, W. P. Schell Esq., Renate. J. Simpson Afri ca, Trans. Clerk, Senate. lion. Wm. Bigler. The Pittsburg Gazette — of Friday says, in reference to Senator Bigler that "he is a low, gross, sensual, asthmatic, wheezy Falstaff. whom everybooy despises both in and out of his party." MAnurre.—There is very little demand for Flour to day, but the market has un dergone no change. he market for Clover Seed is steady, at $4,5005 per bushel.