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WILLIAM BREWSTER, 1 EDITORS.
SAM. G. WHITTAKER,
opular f ix.
Oh 1 who has not seen Kitty Ude ?
She lives at the foot of the hill,
In a aly little nook,
By the babbling brook,
That cnrries her father's old mill ,
Oh I who does Out love Kitty Clide ?
That sunoreyed rosycheeked lass,
With a sweet dimpled chin,—
That looks roguish as sin—
With always a smile as you pass
sweet Kitty—dear Kitty—
Alr own sweet Kitty Chu,
In a sly little nook,
By the babbling brook,
Lives my own sweet Kitty Clide.
With a basket, to put in her fish
Every morning with line and a hook,
This sweet little lass—
Thro' the tall, heavy gram,
teals along by the clear running brook.
ilia throws her line into the stream,
And trips it along the brook side.
Oh, how I do wish
That I was a fish, •
'lO be caught by sweet Kitty elide.
Sweet Kitty--dear Kitty, &e.
Hew I wish that I was a bee ; .
I'd not gather honey from flowers,
But would steal a dear slip
From Kitty's swept
And make my own hive in her bowers;
Or, if I was some little bird,
I would not build nests in the air,
But keep close by the side
Of Sweet Kitty Clide,
dud sleep in her soft silken hair.
Sweet Kitty—dear Kitty, &c.
,sitiect tor R.
TUE TIMON OF TIIE B ICKWOOD9
1L( AND PULPIT.
leau never forget myfiret vision of John
Taylor. It was in the court house at
Lewisburg, Conway county, Arkansas, in
the summer of 1838.
The occasion possessed terrible to
terest. A vast concourse of specte.ors had
assembled to witness the trial of a young
and beautiful girl. on an indictment tor mu r
tier. The Judge waited at the moment for
the Sheriff to bring in his prisoner, and the
eyes of the impatient multitude all center
ed on the dour, when suddenly a stranger
entered, whose appearance rivited univer
Here is his portrait—a figure tall, lean,
sinewy sad straight as un arrow; a face sal
low, billions nod twitching incessantly with
nervous irritability ; a brow broad, souring
massive, seamed with wrinkles. but not
front age, for he was scarcely forty ; eyes
reddish yellow, like the wrathful eagle as
bright and piercing ; and finally, a mouth
with lips of cust iron, thin, curled, cold and
sneering, sly. intense expression of which
looked the living embodiment of an un
breathed curse, lle was habited to a suit
of new buck skin, ornamented after the
fashion of Indian costume, with hues of
every color of the rainbow.
Elbowing his way slowly through the
crowd, and apparently unconscious that he
was regarded as a phenomenon, needing
explanat on, this singular being advanced,
and with the haughty air of a kinn ascen
ding the throne, seated himself within the
bar, thronged as it was with the disciples
of Coke and Blackstone, several of whom
it was known, esteemed themselves as far
superior to those old and famous masters.
; I" contrast between the outlundish
garb and disdainful countenance of the
stranger, excited, especially, the risibility
of the lawyers, and the junior members
began a suppressed titter, which grew lou
der and aeon swept around the circle.
They doubtless supposed the intruder to
be some wild hunter of the mountains,
who had never before seen the interior of
a hall of justice. instantly the cause and
object of the laughter perceived it, turned
his head gradually so as to give each laugh
er a look, his lips curled with a killing
smile of infinite scorn ; his tongue portru
ding through his teeth, literally writhed as
a serpent, and ejaculated its sap like poi
son in a single word ;
No pen can describe the defiant force he
threw into that term ; no pencil can paint
the infernal furore of his utterance, altho'
it hardly exceeded a whispr. But he ac
cented every letter as if it were a separate
emission of fire that scorched his quiver.
ing lips ; laying horrible emphasis on S,
both at the beginning and end of the word.
It was the growl ors red tiger in the hist
of a rattlesnake.
The general glare, however, was imme
diately diverted by the advent of the fair
prisoner, who then came in surrounded by
her guard. The apparationwas enough to
drive a Saint mad ; for her's was a style to
bewilder the tamest imagination, and melt
the coldest heart, leaving in both imagina
tion and heart a gleaming picture, enamel
ed in fire and fixed in a frame of gold from
the stars. It was the spell of an enchant.
ment to be felt as well as seen. You might
feel it in the flesh of her countenance, clear
as a sunbeam, brilliant as the iris ; in the
contour of her features, symmetrical as if
cut by the chisel of an artist ; in her hair
of rich auburn ringlets, flowing without a
braid, softer than silk, finer than gossamer;
in the eyes, blue as the heaven of a South
ern summer, large, liquid, beamy ; in her
motions, graceful, swimming as the gentle
waftures of a bird's wing in the summer
air ; in the figure, slight, ethereal, sylph's
or seraph's ; and. more than all in the ev
erlasting smile of the rosy lips, so arched,
so serene, sn like starlight and yet posses
sing the power of magnetism to thrill the
As the unfortunate girl, so tastefully
dressed, so incomparable as to personal
charms, calm and smiling, took her place
before the bar of her Judge, a murmur of
admiret:on arose from the multitude, which
the prompt interposition of the court, by a
stern order t f "silence" could scarcely re
press from swelling to a deafening cheer.
The Judge turned to the prisoner :
"Emma Miner, the court has been m•
formed that your counsel, Col Linton, is
sick. Have you employed any other?"
She answered in a voice as sweet as the
warble of the nightingale, and us clear as
the song of the skylark :
..Nly enemies have bribed all the law
yerg, even my own, to be sick ; but GNI
will defend the innocent!"
At this response, so touching in its aim
pla pathos, a portion of the auditors buzzed
applause, and the rest wept.
On rho instant, however, the stranger,
whose appearance had previously excited
such merriment, start,. d to his feet, npprna•
cited the prisoner and whispered sonic
thing in her ear. She bounded six inches
front the floor, uttered a tiercing shrielc,
and then stood trembling as if in the pres
ence of a ghost front eternity while the
singular being who had caused her misc•
countable emotion, addressed the court in
his sharp, ringing voice, sonorous as the
sound of bell metal :
•May it please your honor I will assume
the 'ask of defending the lady."
.W hal!' exclaimed the astonished Judge
"ore you a licensed attorney ?"
question is irrelevant and immate
rial," replied the stranger, with a venom
ous sneer, "as the recent statute entitles
any person to act as counsel at the request
of n pnrty "
..But does the prisoner request it?" in
quired the Judge,
"Let her speak for herself," said the
"I do," was the answer, as a long-drawn
sigh escaped, that seemed to rend her vs
The case immediately progressed ; and
as it had a tinge of romnntic mystery, we
will epitomize the substance of the evi•
About twelve months before, the defen
dant had arrived in the village, and open
ed an establishment of millin. ry. Resid
ing in a room connected with her shop, and
all alone she prepared the articles of her
trade with unwearied labor and con-inmate
taste. Her habits were secluded. modest
and retiring, and hence she might have
h. , ped to avoid notoriety, but for the peril
ous gift of that eximordinary beauty,
which too often, and to the poor and friend
less always, proves a curse She was soon
sought after by all those fire-fliess of lash
ion, the profession of whose lilt-, ever
is seduction and ruin. But he beautiful
stranger rejected them all with un utters
ble scorn and loathing. Among these re •
jeoted admirers was one of a character
from which the fair milliner had everything
to fear. Hiram Sh ire belonged to a fend
ly at once opulent, influential and dissipa
ted. He was himself licentious, brave,
and ferociously revengeful—the most fa
mous duellist of the South west. It was
generally know that he had made advanc•
cc to win the favor of the lovely E mina,
and had shared the fate of all other woo
era—a disdainful repulse.
At nine o'clock on Christmas night,
1837, the people of Lewisburg were star•
tied by a loud scream, as of one in mortal
terror, while following that, with scarcely
an interval, came successive reports of lire
arms. They flew to the shop of the milli-
tier, whence the sound proceeded, pushed
back the unfastened door, and a scene of
horror WWI pre•ensed. Theme 'he mood in
"LIBERTY AND UNION. NOW AND FOREYER, ONE AND INSEPARABLE. "
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1857.
the centre of the room, with a revolverin
each hand, every barrel discharged, her
features pale, her eyes flushing wildly, but
her lips parted with a fearful smile. And
there at her feet weltering in his warm
blood, his bosom literally riddled with bul
lets, lay the all dreaded duellist, lliram
Shore, gasping in the last agony. Ile ar
ticulated but a single sentence : "Tell my
mother that 1 am dead and gone to hell !"
and instantly expired.
the name of God, who did this 1"
exclaimed the appalled spectators.
"1 did it," said the beautiful milliner,
.1 did it to save my honor l"
As is readily imagined, the deed cau•
sed an intense sensation. Public opinion,
however, was divided. The poorer class
crediting the girls version of facts, lau
ded her in terms of measureliss eulogy.
But the friends of the deceased, and of his
wealthy family gave a different and darker
coloring to the affair, and denounced the
lively homicide as an atrocious criminal
Unfortunately for her, the officers of the
law, especially the judge and sheriff, were
devoted comrades of the slain,and display
ed their feelings in a revolting partiality
The judge committed her without the pri•
rilege of bail, and the sheriff chained her
in the felon's dungeon !
S.ich is a briof abstract of the circum
stances developed in the examination of
wimesses. The testimony closed and the
L•'irst of itli three advocates spoke in
succession for the prosecution ; but neither
their names nor their arguments aru worth
preserving Orators of the blood and thun
der genius. they about equally partitioned
their bowling eloquence betwixt the pi iso
nor and her leather•robed counsel, as It in
doubt who of the twain was then on trial.
As fur the stranger, he seemed to pay
not the slightest attention to the opponents,
but remained motionless, with his forehead
bowed on his hands, like one buried in
deep thought or slumber.
it the proper time, however. he audclon.
ly sprang to his feet, crossed the bar, and
took his place almost touching the jury
Ile then commenced in a whipper, but it
was a whisper so mild, so clear, •o omit
tenthly ringing and distinct, as to fill the
hall from door to galleries. At the outset
he dealt in pure logic. separating and corn
bitting Inc proven facts, till the whole
muss of composed evidence looked transpa
rent rs a globe of gla- s, through which the
innocence of the client shoe, brilliant as a
sunbeam; and the jurors nodded to each
other tips of thorough conviction; that
thrilling whisper, and fixed concentration,
and the language, simple as a child's, had
He then changed his posture, £0 as to
sweep the bar with his glance, and began
to tear and rend his legal adversaries. his
sallow face glowed as a bested furnace; his
eyes resembled heated coals, and his voice
became the clangor of a trumpet. I have
never, before or since, listened to such
murderous denunciations. It wits like
Jove's Eagle charging a flock of crows; it
was like Jove himself hurling reu thunder
bolts among the quaking ranks of a con
spiracy of inferior gods ! And yet in the
highest temper of Isis fury, he scented
mart ; he employed no gesture save one—
the flash of a long, bony forefinger direct
in the eyep of his foes. He painted ven•
ality and unmanly meanness, in coalescing
for looney to hunt down a poor, triendleas
woman, till a shout of stifled rage arose
from the multitude, and even some of the
Jury cried— , -Shame !"
He changed his theme once more. His
voice grew mournful as a funeral song.
anal his eyes filled with tears, as he traced
a vivid picture of man's cruelties and wo
' man's wrongs, with particular illustration
in the case of his client, till one half the
audience wept like children. But it was
in the peroration that he reached his ze
nith, at once, of terror and sublimity. His
features were livid a 3 those of a corpse;
his very hair seemed to stand on end ; his
nerves shook as with palsy; he tossed Ire
hands wildly toward heaven, each finger
stretched apart and quivering like the flame
of a candle, as he closed with the last wards
of the deceased Hiram ghore—"Tell my
mother that I am dead and gone to hell:"
His emphasis on the word hell embodied
the - acute and ideal of all horror; it was
that wail of immeasurable despair. No
language can depict the effect on us who
heard it. Men groaned, females screamed,
and ope poor woman fainted and was
borne away in convulsions.
The whole speech occupied but an
The jury returned a verdict of ..Not
Guilty" without leaving the box. and th•ee
cheers, like successive roars of an earth
quake, shook the old courthouse front dome
to corner-stone, testifying the joy of the
Alter the adjournment, which occurred
near sunset, the triumphant advocate arose
and gave an appointment : will pri.ach
in this hall to night at eight o , clocic " Fie
then glided o t r through the crowd, speak
ing to no one, though many attempted to
draw him into conversation.
At eight o'clock the court-house was
again throndi.d, and the stranger, accord
ing to promise, delivered his version. It
evinced the same attributes as his previous
eloquence of the bar, the same Orning
vehemence, and increased bitterness of
denunciation Indeed, misanthropy re•
vested itself as the prominent emotion.
The discourse was A tirade against infidels,
in which class the preacher seemed to in
clude everybody but himself ; it wan a pic•
cure of hell, such a Lucifer might have
drawn, with a world in flames for his pen
cil. But one paragraph pointed to heaven,
and that only d monstrated the utter tin
possibility that any human being should
ever get there
Phonographically Reported by R. McDivitt.
Remarks made by Gov. POLLOCK Be.
tore the Pa. State Teachers' Associa.
tion, at Harrisburg, Dee. 30 , 1858.
I came not before you this afternoon for
the purpose of making a speech—not to
be. listened to, but myself to listen and
learn. And what place inure appropriate
than in the htate • Association of Teach
ers ? In the presence of my teachers
should use no other-eloquence than that
of silence—but a Word or two, on the
present occasion may not be inn, propitiate.
It affords me no ordinary gratification,
then, to meet an Associetian of this char
i,oter ; an Association whose objects and
purposes are the advancement of knowl
edg-•, the ituprovsenent of our schools, and
the improvement of that mo-t important
part of every school, the teacher. .1
un realty occasion,
individually and oilictally, antinunced my.
self the firm, unflinching friend of educa
tion in ell its departments and varieties.—
Educed in tor myself—for those I este,on
dearer than myself—educatiou for you—
educa.itin for ell, to whom the God of the
Universe hai] given a heart to feel an in
teilect to understand. I have never been
the udvocate of the system which encour
ages ignorance and fosters error, but on
the contra y the enemy of both It is en
ly by intellect.' culture, by filling the
mind full of that higher knowledge that
wells up from the pure fountain of Eter
nal truth, that e e make the man and the
citizen. You are here—and I rejoice that
you ere here—for the purpose of encour
aging the advent of knowledge, and of
aiding in the improvement of the sys
tem that will accomp WI those results
what we need in Pennsylvania is a higher
grade of schools ; we need the teacher to
accomplish this purpose. We must have
hint. Although our State is rich—al
though our hills and velleya abound in ev
ery thing that constitutes us a rich State
yet we have a more valuable treasure far,
in the minds and intellect of our, people.
It is to . develope this wealth that you are
here to-day. The first object of this assn.
elation will be to devise •rays and means,
by obich our school may be improved
NI uch, very much. yet remains to oe done.
'llse progress of the past few years has
been gratifying. and as an evidence of the
interest telt on this subject by the people,
or at least a large portion of them, this
Association stands prominent, as a demon•
stration of the fact that there is a desire to
improve, and advance, not to stand still.—
The great want of the State, so far ns edu
catiunul interest is concerned, we all un
derstand to be competent teachers. This
want must be supplied. and your Associa
tint, have taken the right ditection, to ac•
cemplish this object. How are teachers
to be furnished and provided 2 They do
not spring up spontaneously. Although
the Creator of the earth has given us
minds, yet this thing called knowledge
conies not by intuition; in Hie providence
he has devised ways and means by which
this mental storehouse must be furnished,
and it is by these agents, man is elevated
and reformed. We need competent teach
era. 1 understand, this morning diet the
question was betore you in reference to
encouragement from the State ; l am hap
py to learn that a resolution passed almost
unanimously, favorable to the asking of
the :'rate for aid. 1 am here this after•
noon as an individual, and affirm only that
which is known to all of you, that Conn
ty institutes, as a means whereby to fur
rash and provide the teacher, are much
needed in our system, and the subject is
one whioh recommends itself most strongly
' in the (aver of every man who perm&
this system and who has its welfare at
heart. We have, in the little county of
Lance-ter, an ample school, a County In
stitute, that I hope yet may arouse the at
tention of Pennsylvania and every friend
of education, to imitate so noble an exam
ple. You may boast of your broad acres
in Lancaster county—your stalwart men
and pretty girls,' dour intelligeoce and
wealth; but today there is t or a prouder
monument to the enterprise of Lancaster
county Institute at Millersville ; and just
so long as mind and intellect, wi'h the far
reaching energies are superior to the
things of earth, just so long will our schools
colleges, county institutes, and every
means for the advancement of education
be regarded as of higher and greater
portance. Should the State forbid to aid
County Institutes ? I say unhesitatingly.
that th , . Stuto is under a tole= obligati( n:to
contiibute to the support of County
lutes, and every means whereby to pro
mote the cause of education within it s
It was intimated that we might injure
the system by asking for legislative aid.
Injure what system ? 'fhe system of
Ouitunon Schools ? Just as soon might
you expect a demand of that kiud to injure
the Solar System, as the Common School
System of Pt na'sylvania. Ask—you never
receive without asking, You have a right
to ask, to (lemma, front the Commonwealth
that the intellectual wealth of her
be protected aed secured in this way.—
When the taus of education is to be ad van
ced, when its interests are to be promoted,
do not come into our legislative hulls in any
other attitude than as men, erect, in all the
dignity in which you were created by Al
mighty God. Afraid to demand your
rights ? Oh, no ! Ignorance, Error. Su
peretitien,sitivering in their mouldy shroud
may stand at the door and urge you back,
but fear not—onward, upward, ask and
you shall receive. Our Legislators are
not men of that material, to reject the ap
plication of the intelligence of Pennsylva
nia. l'hey know the influence of the
school. They understand it. They can
be made to feel it, and the only limit I
would assign would be the ability of the
Mate or Commonwealth to aid Institutions
of this character. We need Normal Schools
in addition to County Institutes. It is our
privilege and our duty to demand (ruin the
Legislature the establishment of State Nor
mal Sellouts. We require State aid in or
der to accomplish this, we must have it,
we will have it. Prejudice and Ignorance
must vet tatter and fall. Intelligence must
triumph. If those principles are not cor.
rest, then I have studied the book of Na.
tare and of God without effect. Our doubts
are traitors. and make us lose the good by
fearing to demand it. I regret to have
heard, on more than one occasion, an op
position to the Common School System of
Pennsylvauia, made by those who ate con
netted with our higher institutions of lear
ning, colleges and seminaries, as if the
State and the individual could not go to•
gether in the prominent cause of education.
In the advancement of knowledge there is
no rivalry ; whether the individual or the
State may superietend the system, you are
but one, and the cause is one. There is
no system no favorabie to the establishment
of private schools or colleges as the coin
non school system of Pennsylvania. It
will open wide the door, and institute a de
sire for more learning. I urn very much .
of a progressive, and ho d e the day will
come when the common school system of
Pennsylvania will be so perfect that no pri
vate seminary or co lege will be found in
the lund—when the streams of knowledge
shall flow free as the air, and the child of
poverty as well as the child of affluence,
may come together and drink of the stream•
ing fountain. That would indeed bu the
inidenium of knowledge, and who would
super ? Professors of colleges and private
institution 1 They would be the most be
nefitted—this would enable them to trep
from the private school into the public.
%There are teachers best paid I In those
districts where the common school has
been rejected year in and year out, and
never adopted with the consent of the peo
ple Where they regard the teacher as
worth just as much money as the man that
drives their pigs to market ? No. It is in
those districts where men aro educated,
that the price of teaching has been eleva
ted. The result would be a demand for
every member of our college%; each one
woulu feel that he was but a part of a mag
nificent, yet harmonio” system. Private
enterprise may control one dedartment,
the State the other, all could then move
on in perfect harmony around one grand
centre, having in view one grand object.
Are we to have any retrograde movement
in the cause of education I—are we to go
back or forward I You are here to-day to
move forward the car, not to stop its pro
fives& If anything is to be crushed, let it
be ignorance ; we do not want truth thrown
down and trampled. There must be no
retrograde movement in Pennsylvania on'
this topic. It may be unpopular. They
may vote it down. Although I very much
doubt whether the bast opponent to this
system could be brought up to the polls to
cast hie vote against it, without a blush of
shame, that his ballot in the box would de•
stray the system forever, In the Nov*,
deuce of God let it be so ordered that Igoo.
ranee will have to stand back abashed at
Intelligence, whether they meet at the
polls or in the school room. There must
be no retrograde movement in this lattice
rant matter. Whether the State or the in.
dividual be engaged in it the cause is one,
the interest must be one. Let your motto
be , Excelsior"—higher yet. There is no
pinnacle in this great temple of knowledge.
There is a boundary to everything else—
the Material Universe has its limits, but
knowledge knows no board, no limit in
time—none throughout the ceaseless ages
of Eternity. Your progress must be up,
and onward, and the higher your aim the
more elevated your flight. No retrograde
movement in this important matter, in the
system that Pennsylvania has adopted, it
there be a change, it !oust be for the better
not for the worse. As an individual, lam
prepared to day, if the system falls, to full
with it ; but I apprehend ao such calamity.
Prejudice and Ignorance may hurl their
objections and , bid defiance, but the tri
umph of Truth and Knowledge is as cer•
tain nn.l secure as is the existence of Him
who made us all,
While I advocate knowledge and its prO.
gross ; education in all its departments.
and the developetnent of the mind's higher
and mightier vitwers, there is one book I
am glad to know, is not found wanting in
the schools of Pennsylvania as a text book.
As a history, it is without a rival ; as a
poem, it has no superior ; as a book of eth
ics, tt is unsurpassed by any work on the
subject ever written ; as n teacher of mo
rality and religion, it defies the created
universe ofGod to produce its equal. Need
I notate the book to which I refer ? Good
old Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, I re.
joice to-day that you have o,'en Schools
and an open Bible. Let this book adorn
every bench and every desk within the
walls of every school within this Common
wealth. When the day conies that you
find the Bible a closed book, that day will
witness the doom and the destruction of
the entire system. There is no security
but in its principles—no strength but in
the arm of Him who penned its glorious
The cry of the ostrich so greatly resem
bles that of a' lion as occasionally to de•
ceive even the natives. It is usually heard
early in the morning, and at times also at
night. The strength of the ostrich is en.
orinous. A single blow from its gigantic
foot, (it always strikes forward) is sufficient
to prostrate, nay, to kill, many beasts of
prey, such as the hyena, the panther, the
wild dog, the jackal, and others. The os
trick is exceedingly swift of foot ; under
ordinary circumstances outrunning a fleet
horse. "What time she lifteth up herself
on high, she scorneth the horse and his ri
der." On special occasions, and for short
distances, its speed is truly marvellous, per
haps not touch less than a mile in half a
minute. its feet appear hardly to touch
the ground, and the length between each
stride is not unfrequently twelve to fourteen
feet. Indeed, if we are to credit the testi
mony of Mr. Adamson, who says he wit
nessed the fact in Senegal, such is the re.
pidity and muscular poiter of the ostrich,
that even with two men mounted on his
back, he will t utstrip an English horse in
speed ! The ostrich, moreover, is long
winded, if I inay use the expression ; so
that it is a work of time to exhaust the bird.
The food of the ostrich, in its wild state,
consists of seeds, tops, and various ahruos
and other plants ; but it is often difficult to
conceive how it can manage to live at all,
for one not unfrequently meets with It in
regions apparently destitute of vegetation
of any kind.—:thiderson's Africa.
The Origin of Pianos.
The piano -forte, that favorite parlor in
strument, now considered an almost indis
pensible article in every family that can
purchase it, was invented by J. C. Schroe
der. of Dresden in 1717 ; the square piano
was first made by Freiderica, an organ
builder of Saxony,about 1758. Pianofortes
were made in London by M. Zumple, a
German, in 1766. The manufacture of
this instrument was nommenced in thin
country since the opening of the present
VOL. XXII. NO. 5.
Widow's Three Hundred Dollars.
The following is the report of a cue
decided at the recent term of the Supreme
Court in Pittsburg, which is of a very great
interest. The decision settles the law in
a matter of frequent occurrence:
SUPREME COURT IN BANC
The widow of a decedent is entitled to three
hundred dollars out of the proceeds of the
sale of his real estate, in prelerence of •
judgment cred:tor in whose favor the hoe.
band waived the benefit of the Exemption
Act of 1849.
Sarah Smith took out letters of Admin•
istmtion on the estate of her deceased bus.
band, James smith, who died Sept 15th,
1854. In her administration account she
charged herself with the proceeds of a lot
of ground, sold by her under an order of
Orphan's Court and retained credit forth.
auto of three hundred dollars claimed by
her as a widow, by virtue of the act of
April 14, 1851. Joseph Spencer held a
judgement against James Smith, the deco.
dent, entered Jan. 24, 1864, on a bond with
warrant of Attorney, waiving the benefit
of the Exemption Act of 1849. Joseph
Spencer accordingly filed exemptions to
the administration account, and contended
that the widow was not entitled to retain
$3OO as against him The Court below,
McClure, P. J., decided differently, and
Mr. Spencer appealed.
The case was argued by Mellen and
Negley, for appellent, and by Hubrouck,
Lowrie. J.—We think that the learned
President of the Orphan's Court decided
this cause rightly. 'fhe act of 1851, al
lowing a widow to take property to the
amount of $3OO out of her deceased has
band's estate, is plainly a restriction on
the remedies heretofore existing in favor
of creditors. It is therefore a restriction
or qualification on any lines acquired by
operations of law against her estate after
the passage of the act.
It is supposed that his waiver of any
right of exemption alters the case ; but we
do not think to. His waiver of a privi
lege granted by law to himself cannot ef
fect a fight granted to another. It puts
the creditor in the same position which he
would have occupied if the husband had
no exemption to be waived. And surely
this provision in favor of the widow might
have been enacted and enforced, even if
there had been no exemption at all in fa
vor of the debtor himself. The creditor
might have divested his whole estate in
his life time, but not having done so, the
prospective provision in favor of the wid
ow comes into operation and restricts his
remedy so far as to prevent it Imm inter.
faring with the right granted to her,
Decree affirmed at the coats of the ap
pellant and record remitted.
Virtue of Reading and Writing.
If reading and writing came by nature,
as Dogtierry says, what a blessing it
would be for mankind in general. These
simple arts, which are so common io some
of our States, have proauced the moat re
markable political results as shown in the
last election. The greatest number of
readers and writers turned out the great
est number of Republican voters. But the
effect of reading and writing was nowhere
so remarkably exhibited as in Illinois. Its
that portiun of the State called Egypt,
which voted squarely for Buchanan, these
accomp:ishments are very rare Sanga
mon county, for instance, which gave a
majority of 2,024 for the Cincinnati plat
form, accoring to the census contains 2,.
024 adults, that can neither read nor write;
while in Winnebago county, which gave a
majority of 3,200 for Fremont, there are
nine adults who cannot read and write.
eVr ..crow, I want to ax you a con.
nundrutn." "Well, Julius succeed; I've
open for the question." "Can you tell
me why de art of selelf defence am like a
ribber in low tide?" "No, Julius,l does
not see no similarity in de two subitcts,
so darter I ghuve it up." "Well I'll tell
you. It's simply because it developes de
muscles ! You are de most ignoramus
nigger I neber seed in all my life."--
"Yah yth ! I know all de time what dat
was, I didn't want to say nuffin ! Jis ax
me again and see if I can't tell you."
ArerAn idle brain is the devil's workshop.
A bad wound heals; a bad name kills.
A bitter jest is the poison of friendship
A bad workman quarrels with his tools.
A blithe heart makes a blooming visage.
A burden which one chooses is not felt.
A careless watch invites a vigilant foe.
A clean glove often hides a dirty hand.
A clear conscience finds no accusation.
A cracked bell is never sound,
A fool's heart is ever dancing on his lip,.
A friend is never known till needed.
A gift long waited for is sold, not given.
A good maxim is never out of season.
A good life keeps off winkles.
lir A patletuan ie this place seat our
campaign Sentinel to his hrother an Illinois.—
We mailed it Weekly. His brother writ*,
that after the election was over the poste:l4AM
landed hint the whole let.—.4lshmf , ide [O.l