Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, December 10, 1856, Image 1

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    I_4.t ft - Rutin/I.°n 'io'-,,l..
al i t
*deft Voetrg.
The eye that watched my infant steps,—
The arms of love around me thrown,
'The Voice of sweetest tenderness,—
The heart that yearned o'er me alone,
Where are they now? That eye is dim,
That voice is silent in the dust ;
! sullen grave ! relentless tomb
Well haat thou kept thy sacred trust.
Time's wing hath flown o'er me, and
Have seen year after year depart ;
No mother near to soothe my grief,
Or fold me to her faithful heart.
True, I have called another one,
Ily that same fond and holy name ;
Vain mockery all, no other one
Could love or care for me the same.
She loves toe still—how oft I've dreamed,
That her soft breath was on my cheek,
And while my waiting soul grew full
Of joy too deep fur words to speak,—
Have fancied that I heard the rush
Of unseen wings upon the air;
And on my vision slow unveiled
Beheld that lost oue standing there
Ana that she drew me to her arms
As she was wont is days of yore,
And whispered words of heavenly peace,
Mine ears had never heard before ;
And while 1 gazed with soul enwrapt,
As dawned the bright and garish dab
My dreams of midnight slowly pass,
My angel vision fades away.
Or, out beneath the solemn skies,
When evening wears her starry crown,
From whence the day with calm adieu,
In rosy glances melted down,-
0 then my thoughts have flown afar,
With yearnings all too deep for tears,
To dream my mother has her home
Among those bright and burning sphere:
1) ! loved and lost in some bright world
1 know thou hest thy nigh abode ;
That thou bast climbed empyrean heights,.
And found the bosom of thy Gou.
I would not call thee back again
From whence thy parted wing bath Ilowi
Enough the bliss of heaven is thine.
And earth without thee sad and lone.
"Ih theft by the plouylt would thrive
Rimelf must etther hold or drive."
l'ublihed by a resolution adopted by the last
Meeting of the Iluntingdon County Agri.
cultural Society.
To the President and Members of the 1
Agricultural Society of Huntingdon Coun
ty—The undersigned Committee, to whom
was referred the subject of Lunar Influen
ces on Agriculture, respectfully report, that
deeming the subject one of great importance
to the farming community, your committee
have endeavored to give n that degree of
attention which its importance merits.
When it is remembered that at least two
thirds of all the persons engaged in Agri.
culture and Horticulture; as well as many
of those who pursue Mechanical avoca
tions, regulate all their operations by the
"signs" or positions of the moon in the
zodiacal constellations, or its place in re•
gard to its own and the earth's orbit, it will
at once be apparent' that it is a matter of
great importance, whether there is any
philosophy or science in this system or
11 , loonology or whether it Is but superstition
and folly.
When you ask the believers in lunarin
fluences upon vegetation. in the sense a
bove indicated, for the reason for the faith
that is in them, they refer you to the alma
nac. and there you may contemplate the
figure of a man with outstretched limbs,
surrounded by the ram, the bull, the twins,
the crab and other animals of various de
grees of ferocity, but the rationale they
cannot give for the almanac gives it not ;
but their ancestors from time immemorial
looked to the "signs," and regulated their
operations by them, and therefore they,
their sons and daughters, go on in the same
beaten track, in "blissful ignorance" whi
ther it leads or why they go therein.
Your Committee believe that aside from
the effects produced by the solar light
which is reflected upon the earth by the
moon, she has no influence whatever
upon vegetation. That light, as well as
heat and moisture, are indispensable to
healthful vegetable growth, is a fact too
plain to be denied or successfully contro
verted. And that the increased (and per
haps the quality of) light reflected from
the moon when her whole disk or a con
siderable part of it which is turned towards
the earth is enlightened by the sun, has
the effect of accelerating vegetable growth
and ripening of crops are well attested by
experience and in perfect accordance with
natural philosophy, That this has uothjng
to do with the sign,
The moon being nearer to the earth than If we take two large rings of nearly
any other celestial body, and surpassed equal size end place the one within the
only by the great orb of day, she has exci. other so that the one half of the one will be
ted the attention of astronomers in all ages. above and the other half below the oth er
While her magnitude, motions and dis- ring, at an angle of about five degrees, the
tance from the earth have been nicely cal one ring will represent the orbit of the
culated and made known to us by astrono- I earth and the other that of the moon. The
mers and mathematicians, they have told two points of intersection are the nodes.
us nothing concerning her influence upon The earth revolves around one of the rings
vegetation ; and this simply, because they, or orbits annually and the moon around the
in all their close observations and nice cal- other monthly. When the moon, passing
culations have never discovered any such around her orbit, crosses the point of in
influence. The moon , like other sattelites tersection, (or an imaginary line drawn
and the planets, is an opaque body, and from the one point of intersection to the
shines entirely by the light received from other) from the south to the north side of
the sun. She revolves round her ems the ecliptic, she is in the ascending node,
from the sun to the sun again in 29 days, the ~u p sign," and when she reaches the
12 hours, 44 minutes, and 3 seconds, and opposite point she Is in the descending
she takes exactly the same time to go node, the “down sign." The moon is
round her orbit from new moon to new continually alternating from one node to
moon, and therefore constantly has the. the other, being about ono half of the time
same side turned towards the earth, with a ' . above and the other half below the orbit of
small variation called the libration of the the earth ; but in reality all time millions
of miles Irons the one side or the other of
the earth's orbit.
Now, ;f any one can suppose that the at•
traction of the moon can draw up or press
down objects upon the earth, such as roofs
of buildings, fences, flax or manure spread,
&c., that effect must be apparent in about
two weeks, for that is the length of time
that the moon continues in eaoh of these
The Moon's Phases. The sun illumi
nates one half of the moon at all times ; and
the amount of lieht which is reflected de
pends upon the relative position of the ob
server and and the enlightened part of the
moon. 'thus, at the conjunction or new
moon, the moon is between the earth and
the sun, and that part of her face which is
never seen from the earth is fully enligh•
toned by the sun, and that part which is
turned towards the earth is in darkness.
Now, as the motion of the moos in her or- !
bit exceeds the apparent motion of the sun
by a little over twelve degrees in twenty-
four hours, it follows that about four days
after the new moon she will be seen a little
east of the sun after he has sunk below the
horizon. The convex part of the moon
will be towards the place of the sun, and I
the horns towards the left hand. As she
continues her course eastward a greater I
portion of her face towards the earth will
become enlightened ; and when she has
removed ninety degrees eastward of the
sun she wi l present the appearance of a
semi-circle or half-moon. And passing •
still towards the east, rt the end of 14d
days, she will be diametrically opposite the
sun, and will rise above the eastern hori•
zon us the sun sinks behind the western,
a complete circle or full moon. The earth
is now between the sun and the moon, and
that half of her surface which is constantly
turned towards the earth is wholly enligh
tened by the direct rays of the sun, and
that half which is never seen from the
earth is in darkness. Then, progressing
still to the eastward, the moon becomes de
ficient on her western edge, and when a
gain ninety degrees frotn the sun, she be
comes a semi circle with the convex side
turned towards the sun; still continuing
her course eastward, the deficiency on her
western edge becomes greater, and she ap
pears a crescent with the convex side to
ward the east; and in about 14„ days
more she has made a complete lunation
and again overtaken the sun This shows
all the phases of the moon, and the man
ner in which they are produced; and to
our minds it is very apparent that these
changes or appearances which are con
stantly and gradually taking place, can
have no other effects than those produced
by increased or diminished light.
Nodes of the Moon, or the ~ 11p" and
"Down" Signs. The nodes are the two
opposite points, where the moon seems to
intersect the ecliptic or the apparent path
of the earth. But this intersection is mere
ly unayinar,y, the earth moving around the
sun at a distance of 95,000,000 of miles,
and the moon around the earth at a distance
of 240,000, or less than a quarter of a mil
lion of miles. The orbit of the moon is in
clined to that of the earth at a variable an
gle, the medium of which is 5. 9'. The
nodes make a complete retrograde revolu
tion from any point of the ecliptic to the
same again in 19 years. This waffled the
cycle of the moon, after which the new
and the fu.l moons,.&c., fall upon the same
days of the month that they did at the be
ginning of the period. It the weather de.
pended upon the changes of the moon, ev
ery nineteenth year would have the same
sort of weather at all comsponding seasons.
An almanac nineteen years old would suit
for this Near and inform us of all the chan
ges of the moon and the consequent chars
ges of the weather. But this is a slight
The node where the moon seems to as
cend from the south to the north side of
the ecliptic is called the ascending node,
and the almanacs make it the "up sign ;"
and the opposite point where the moon ap
pears to descend from the north to the
south is called the descending node—the
'•down sign." In astronomy these nodes
are sometimes called the north nude and
the south code, and sometimes the dragon's
head and the dragon's tail.
signs. After that time, the attraction still
existing, there would be an alternate draw
ing up and pressing down as long as the
moon shall a•ax and wane. The believers
in the signs have never yet discovered how
soon the effects of the moon upon objects
affected become visible ; but they do not
generally look for these effects as soon us
the moon has passed from one sign into the
The Zodiacal Sight. The zodiac is a
broad circle in the heavens extending in
breadth from the Tropic of Capricorn to
the Tropic of Cancer, It is about sixteen
degrees in width, The ecliptic is situated
in the middle of the zodiac. The zodiac
contains twelve constellations or signs
through which the sun passes in his appa.
rent annual course. This circle is suppo•
sed to be divided into 360 equal parts, cal.
led degrees. and theve again into minutes
and seconds.
The prevalent opinion among learned
men, is, that the figures in the signs or con
stellations of the zodiac are descriptive of
the seasons of the year, and that they are
hieroglyphics to represent some remarkable
event or occurrence in each month. Thus,
no productions being more useful to the
Chaldean than lambs, calves and kids,
and they generally being brought forth in
the spring of the year, these distinguished
that season. Their flocks were increased
and the ram was considered a fit represen.
tative of the month in which this occurred,
Their herds were increased and the bull
became emblematical of this And 'the
goats being the most prolific, they were
represented by the figure of the twins.
Thus we have Aries,.the ram, Taurus, the
bull, and Gemini, the twins, as the repro.
sen:atives of the spring of the year, the fi•
gores of the spring signs. When the sun
enters the constellation of Cancer, he dia.
continues his progress towards the north
pole and begins to move back towards the
south pole; and this retrograde motion is
represented by the crab, which travels
backwards. The beat which usually fol.
lows in the the next month (July) is repre
sented by the Lion, an animal remarkable
for its fierceness, and which at this season
of the year was frequently impelled by
thirst, to leave the sandy desert and make
its appearance on the banks of the Nile.
In the next month harvest commences in
that country, and as damsels are generally
set to glean in the fields, like Ruth in the
field of Boaz, this season is represented by
a virgin holding a sheaf of wheat in her
hand. The sun next enters L.hra, at
which time the days and nights are, equal,
and observe an equilibrium, like a balance.
So we have the Lion, the Virgin and the
Balance for the summer months. Autumn,
in ancient time, produced an abundance of
fruit (perhaps of inferior quality) and km%
with it a variety of diseases. This season
is therefore represented by the Scorpion
which wounds with a sting in his tail as he
recedes. 'The sun enters the next cell
atellation at the full of the leaf, when the
fields are cleated of the crops, and the sea
son for hunting commences. The stars
which mark the sun's track in this month
are represented by the huntsman or archer
with his bow and arrows and other wea
pons of destruction. The sun, passing in
to the next constellation, reaches the win
ter solstice, and commences ascending to
wards the north. This season is therefore
represented by the wild goat which de
lights in climbing and ascending the moun
tain in search of his fond, which was con
sidered emblematical of the ascent of the
sun. The next sign, Aquarius, the water
bearer, pouring water oui of an urn, is
emblematical of the wet, dreary and un
comfortable season of winter. The last of
the zodiacal signs is a couple of Fishes, re.
presenting the fishing season.
In the time of the oldest astronomers.
the equinoctial points were in Aries and
Libra ; but the signs which were in con
junction with the sun, when he was in the
equinox, are now 30 degrees, ore whole
sign eastward of it; so that Aries is now in
Taurus, Taurus in Gemini, &c.
The signs are the invention of the an
cients, and like that system of fables sty
led mythological, they had their origin in
superstitious and idolatrous notions. The
Chaltleans probably are entitled to the
credit, such as it is, of imagining that cer
tain groups of stars resembled certain ani
mals, such as the bear, the dog, the ser
pent, &c., and the Egyptians worshipped
the host of heaven under the most of these
imaginary figures. They also worshipped
the sun under the name of Osiris, imagin•
ing it a proper representative of the Deity
shedding light and heat over flat! universe.
And as the moon received her light from
the sun, she was esteemed a female divin
ity, and honors were paid her as such, un•
der the name of Isis. The overflowing of
the Nile, which occurred periodically, was
particularly beneficial to the land of Egypt,
and es that river always began to swell at
the rising of Sirius, the most brilliant of the
fixed stars, they had a special veneration
for the dog star, as if its influence had
brought about the overflow of the Nile and
the consequent fertility of the soil.
The Greeks displaced some of the fig
ures of the Chaldean constellations, and
placed in their stead such figures as had
reference to their own history. The same
1 thing was done by the Romans, and hence
some of the accounts given of the signs of
I the zodinc and of the constellations, are
contradictory and involved in fable.
Such is the history of the signs of the
zodiac in a condensed form. These con•
stellations and signs were clusters of stare
which marked the position of the sun in
the heavens, and were called the "station
houses" of the sun. They were twelve in
number, containing each 30 degrees, and
the sun was about a month in passing thro'
eaciciOL them. When we consider that in
the days of their origin, chronometers and
almanacs had no existence, and astronomy
was in its infancy, we cannot but admire
the beauty of the system as well as appre
ciate its utility. It made a magnificent
time piece of the star spangled canopy,
and the hosts of heaven pointed out the
length of days, mouths, awl years. What
i a perversion it is, then, to make theca signs
or constellations the 'station houses' . of the
Moon as she passes around the earth. It
converts them into food (or superstition
and ignorance, and they carry with them
a train of inconvenience. The moon's
transit through the signs is rapid, occupy.
ing but a little over two days in each, and
the almanac-makers place her in one sign
two days so three days as best suits their
convenience, without regard to fractions of
For example : The sign is in the crab
for two or three days. according to the al
manac; and although the weather may be
fine, and the field in excellentorder, the far
iner who consults the mqon will not sow
or plant in that inauspicious sign. Or the
sign is in Virgo, sometimes called the , Po
say Girl,' and everything sown or planted
will expend all its energy in blossoms, on
account of that girl's propensity for flow
ers. And equally good login is employed
in behalf of all the other signs. What
lolly !
The believerin moonology will uo doubt
be gratified to learn that when the moon's
position is between the earth and any ef
the zodiacal signs, the stars composing that
sign are so immensely far from both the
earth and the mope, that they cannot pos
sibly have any influence whatever upon
the earth or any of the operations of the
inhabitants of the earth ! The fixed stars
nearest the earth are at an inconceivable
distance. It may be stated to be more
than twenty billions of miles ; but the
common mind can form no adequate con
ception of such distance. We may ac
quire some faint idea of the immense dis
tance of the nearest of the fixed stars from
the earth, by considering that the sun is
95,000,000 of miles from the earth, and
that the nearest of the fixed stars is 212,-
000 times farther distant. A cannon ball
flying with a uniform velocity, 500 miles
every hour, would require four millions
and five hundred and ninety-five thousand
years before it could move from one of
those stars to the earth ; and the different
stars of the same constellations may be at
still greater distances from each other.—
Such immensity of space is bewildering to
the ordinary mind, but these considerations
show plainly that the moon's position in
regard to any of the constellations cau have
no influence upon the earth, which is but
as an atom in the universe.
In conclusion, your committee would
state that the facts embodied in this report
are such as are agreed upon by astrono•
men and mathamaticians—such as are
found in the lessons intended for schools :
but your committee do not expect this re.
port to meet with much favor from a large
I portion of the community. Indeed, truth
is never more unpalatable than when she
brushes away from the mind a long cher
ished fallacy, and exposes error in all its
1 naked deformity. Many will not believe
that they have all their lives been in error.
They cannot make up their• minds to sur
render their whole stock of knowledge.—
They will hold on to their blind faith, and
continue to regulate their laoors and their
lives by the signs. But we trust there are
others in whom the presentation of woll
established truth—matters of foot and of
calculation and observation will awaken re.
flethon—that they will see the folly and
superstition of the signs, and be ready to
follow the teachings of reason. The Scrip.
tures speak of husbandry—of plowing,
digging, manuring—of planting and sow
ing—and of the early and the latter rain—l
but not a word of 44 signs to regulate the
husbandman in any of his labors. And
Solomon, who was esteemed a win: man in
his day, was entirely ignorant of the signs
which some of our modern Solomona un•
derstand so well, for he is profoundly si•
lent en the subject, althongh he says, "In
the morning smv thy seed, and in the eve
ning withhold not thine hand, for thou
knowest not which will prosper, either this
or that," &o. Is it not time that the agri
cultti riot should emerge from the supersti
tion which has so long enveloped him, and
follow the advice of Solomon, instead of
the devices of the Egyptians and Chalde-
I ans
Facts and arguments might be adduced
to chow that all the effects attributed to the
influence of the moon, could be accounted
for on truly philosophical and scientific
principles ; but they would swell this re
port, which is sufficiently extended, be
yond endurable bounds, and we therefore
All which is respectfully submitted.
lluntingdon, Nov. 13, 1856.
Stir The following lines we have found float.
kg "loose." Unlike most negro melodies, they
have a ring of genuine poetic excellence and
harmony in them, worthy of being set to music.
We publish them with the hope that some of
our musical friends will try their voices upott
them. Let'. see if some one of our readers
cannot set the words to music. Try it
Park, dark de night, and iris de moon,
140 star but one am peeping ;
Be hootowl sings de same ole Mon,
As true de woods I'm ereepin'.
"800-boo ! boo•hool"—who car fur dot,
You good•for•nott'n feddered cat ?
Dia nigger keep on singin';
Ile sing, and on de banjo play,
To charm de goblin ghos is uroy,
While do skunk be sw ets am fliegin'.
True de woods—mph along,
Never feu de boog•a boo
'Prue de woods—dat's de song,
Gallas son ab Ginger Blue !
De whip•um-will squat on de stone,
Trows music front his fiddle ;
De dancing frogs all swash•a-down
Outside and up de middle.
What dot ! what dat I dis nigger's eyes
Displore, with mighty big surprise,
Upon de gum tree swingin?
It am a possum at his ease
Rocked in de cradle on de breeze,
And list'ning to du eir.giu'.
Tru do woods—push along,
Never mind de possmu, too ;
True de woods—dat's de song,
Fearless son oh Ginger Blue!
De moon gwine down—pitch dark de night,
Cold, cold de dew am falling ;
I fear die darkey see a sight,
Dat set him wool a crawling !
Who dar ? who dar I—a goblin cuss% ?
'Peak I or dis minstrum's banjo's bust I
'Peak, and dyse'f unrabbl.
'Peak I goblin, 'peak I but whed'r or no,
Din minstrum drop his ole banjo,
And trip a little trabb'll !
Trude woods—cut along—
Fudder back I you bugumboo
Trude woods—drop do snug,
Nimble child of Ginger Blue !
ler Douglas' Congressional District, in It
linoia, gave from 10,000 to 12,000 majority for
Fremont and Jos,
Vresibut's gitssagr.
The President's Message, which was
delivered to the two houses of Congress
at noon yesterday, will be found in a Sup
plement, which we issue for the benefit
of our readers. It is not so long as the
concluding documents of a Presidential
terms are apt to be; and considering the,
nature end variety of the topics which it
discusses, it has the merit, on the whole,
of being well and compactly written
We do not propose to condense its sub
stance into the forms of an abstract, but
merely to noOce souse of those points in it
which arc of general interest.
The message confirms the impression,
so universal throughout the community,
that the present Administration, however
censurable for its domestic policy, has yet
through the wise and unintermitted efforts
of its eminent Secretary of State, Mr.
Marcy, so conducted the fereign affairs
of the government, as to promote the best
interests, and maintain unimpaired the
rights and honor of the nation. Through
the prevalence of the pacific disposition,
commendable in the two great coma arc.ial
and Christian countries, which are the rec
ognized leaders in the march of human
progress, the difficulties which existed be
tween the United States and Great Britain
seriously threatening at one period to in
volve in open hostilities, are now happily
adjusted, or are in process of a certain '
and lasting adjustment; so that the cloud
of war has blown over, and our former re
lations of amity remain unbroken. And, I
what is flattering to our national pride,
they are adjusted in a manner which clear
ly demonstrates not only that our diploma
cy was equal to the occasion, but that our
side of the disputed questions was just
and right. The British government, by
consenting to the dismissal of Mr. Cramp-
ton, has at least tacitly admitted that, in
the matter of enlistment, that functionary
had palpably infringed upon the laws of
nations and the rights of neutrality. That
question has been put at rest.
In reference to the Central American
question, the message informs us that a
treaty has been negotiated, through our
minister, with the Court of St. James, in
the spirit of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty
and on a basis of mutual rights and inter•
eats—more especially in regard to the com
mon use of any transit way or interoce•
anic communication:across the Isthmus of
Panama—which is to be immediately sub.
mitted to the Senate, for its consideration.
But the message seems to imply, when it
speaks of "this arrangement being co
curred in by all the parties tc, be affected
by it," that the assent of the new govern
inent there will be conditional to its adop
tion. Mr. Walker, therefore, will have
to be consulted before the matter is finally
disposed of.
As regards the question of recognizing
the government of Walker, the President
refuses to commit himself for the present.
'Lie avers that the political affairs of Nio.
aragua have tradergene an unfavorable
change since the early part of the year,
when this government held diplomatic re•
lotions with that State by accrediting its
minister, Padre Vijil ; (who, it will be re.
membered, was the representative of the
native government under Rivas, rather
than of the present one, which is altogeth
er revolutionary) and are now involved in
such uncertainty and confusion that it is
impossible to decide which is the govern.
ment de facto, So he proposes to await
further developements ; and we presume
that nothing will be lost by a little wise
One of the most interesting points of
message refers to the proposition submit
ted last spring to our government by the
Peace Conference of the most important
States of Europe, at Paris, in reference to
the abandon of privateering. Our govern.
inent, which was invited to join with these
States in thus changing the mamtine law
of nations, justly demurred to a change
which went that far, and no further—on
the obvious ground that our marine was
not adequate t) the protection of our innu
merable merchant vessels, scattered all
over the ocean and filling every foreign
port and harbor, against the immense mar.,
ins of foreign nations with whom we might
be at war. Yet to show that it was net
disinclined to a course of policy so conso
sant with the milder spirit of the age and
of advancing civilization, our government
has submitted to all the maratine States iq.
dividually, a counter proposition, or art a.
mendment to that proposed by the Peace
Conference, to the effect, that all private
property of belligerent, as well as neutral
nations, except that which is contraband ,
of war, shall hereafter be exempt from
VOL. XXI. NO. 50
seizure and spoiliation. The proposition
sn humane and just in itself, so auspi
cious to the great interests of commerce,
and fraught with such far-reaching and
benificent consequences to the whole world
has been entertained with favor by sever
al of those governments the French and
Russian especially, and is likely to re
ceive the assent of all, ana become incor
porated into the maratine law of nations.
Of course the chief topic of the message
is Kansas, and the views which the Pres
ident submits on that subject will surprise
the country, and give pain and offence to
multitudes who were disposed to feel kind
ly towa rd him in this last stage of his offi
cial life, and to hope that he would vet do
something to retrieve his name, and repair
the errors of the, past. Great nutiitiers
of all parties, who have freely censured
or utterly condemned his whole Kansas
policy—many of whom gave their suffra
ges to Mr. Buchanan—have been prepa•
red to expect that, like a man who has fal
len into a courre of errors, which he will
not candidly acknowledge, and of which
he is unwilling the imputation, he would
naturally seek by elaborate special plea
ding, to exonerate himself from all blame..
But he has gone far out of thc way to pal
liate his course, by charging upon the in
nocent the perpetrations of all the wrongs
which have been committed. Though of
the North himself in general terms and by
minute ex parse specifications, he boldly
implicates the whole North in a series of
aggressions upon the South, continued,
through many years, and cul i tninging "in
the attempt of a portion of the people of
the States by a sectional organization and
movement, to usurp the control of the gov
eminent of the United States." The out
rages in Kansas he slurs over, as being
very inconsiderable in their extent, and
as such they weie mainly chargeable, in
their origin and developement, upon emi
grants from the North. And to crown all,
lie assumes that the election of Mr. Buch
anan ikon endorsement of his policy, and
rebuke to all such as are opposed to it; as;
though his own failure to obtain a renomi•
nation was not a rebuke upon himself • as
though he would have received the sad
' ow of a support throughout the whole
North had he Ix en the candidate of his
party; as though Mr. Buchanan was not
nominated on the ground that he had no
personal participation in the Nebraska pol
icy .d was untainted with its odium ; and
•us though he was not elected, as was and
is claimed by a large portion of the Dem
ocratic press and part, on the ground that
he was unconrcikkkl,id td that policy, nay,
that be would widely deviate front it, and
maintain the rights of ihr ; c, 21 .
533 agtiiiist such aggressions as they long
suffered without help or relief. The Pres•
Wept, sorely, in looking at but one aspect
of the case, has ni oy,r to. discern the signs
pf the times.' Fle does not understand
the recent movement of the people. lie
can hardly be'slipposed to have read what
the presses of hie own party have so free
ly spoken during aud since the election.—
but it will be impossible for him to per
suade the people of his country, by any,
the most ingenious and elaborate, plea of
justification, that, in this matter of Kan
sas, from its inception, in the repeal of the
'Missouri Compromise, the people of the
North were meta aggressors upon the
South ; or that the citizens of that terri
tory, plundered ef their jug rights by
a Missouri invasion, and subsequently out
raged by every conceivable mode of perse
cutions, were not deeply wronged ; or
that the recent uprising in the North
did not originate in the simple desire and
intention to redress the wrongs which that
infant people had Buffeted, and secure to
them their violated rights. But we can
not pursue the subject. We hoped bet
ter of Mr. Pierce, but he ends as he be.
gen ; and bencefor.vard we can expect
nothing from that quarter, but Must look to
his succeeder, a man of broader and more
national views, as well as an experienced
statesman, for such an administration of
the government as will ensure the co equal
reign of justice and peace.-Notan AmEtt•
The President's ]Message
As we expected little from the last dy
ing speech and confession of President
PIERCE, we have not been disappointed.—
It is full of weak sophistries, unmeaning
generalities and ridiculous arguments—
unworthy a stump speech before an elec
tion, to say nothing of a public document
emanating [ruin the President under the
requirements of the Constitation. If any
one has the courage to read it, let him do
so, but not by our advice. It will be time
sadly misspent. There was not a stump
speaker of the smallest calibre one month
since, who oould not have given a more
comprehensive argument than this mete
sage contains. The fact is Mr. Pistick
finds he has made a great mistake is try
ing to out-demagogue Judge DOUGLAS in
subservience to the South, and being a
shamed to acknowledge that he was duped
tries to brazen is out. Thu country un
derstands the whole matter and will laugh
at the untoward efforts of the President to
disembarass himself. He coriclud'et by
saying that he shall "prepare co surrender
the Executive trust to hitt aappraioi, and
retire to private life, with sentiin'tftte of
profound gratitude to the good Providence"
—and to this all the plepeo will respond
“Amen !"—Phil. Daily Sun.