Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, December 10, 1856, Image 1
I_4.t ft - Rutin/I.°n 'io'-,Tr.ru,l.. _ al i t Awm-BRETTwAtak,} tISITORS, *deft Voetrg. THE MOTHERLESS ONE. The eye that watched my infant steps,— The arms of love around me thrown, 'The Voice of sweetest tenderness,— The heart that yearned o'er me alone, Where are they now? That eye is dim, That voice is silent in the dust ; ! sullen grave ! relentless tomb Well haat thou kept thy sacred trust. Time's wing hath flown o'er me, and Have seen year after year depart ; No mother near to soothe my grief, Or fold me to her faithful heart. True, I have called another one, Ily that same fond and holy name ; Vain mockery all, no other one Could love or care for me the same. She loves toe still—how oft I've dreamed, That her soft breath was on my cheek, And while my waiting soul grew full Of joy too deep fur words to speak,— Have fancied that I heard the rush Of unseen wings upon the air; And on my vision slow unveiled Beheld that lost oue standing there Ana that she drew me to her arms As she was wont is days of yore, And whispered words of heavenly peace, Mine ears had never heard before ; And while 1 gazed with soul enwrapt, As dawned the bright and garish dab My dreams of midnight slowly pass, My angel vision fades away. Or, out beneath the solemn skies, When evening wears her starry crown, From whence the day with calm adieu, In rosy glances melted down,- 0 then my thoughts have flown afar, With yearnings all too deep for tears, To dream my mother has her home Among those bright and burning sphere: 1) ! loved and lost in some bright world 1 know thou hest thy nigh abode ; That thou bast climbed empyrean heights,. And found the bosom of thy Gou. I would not call thee back again From whence thy parted wing bath Ilowi Enough the bliss of heaven is thine. And earth without thee sad and lone. 4gl:iculturaL "Ih theft by the plouylt would thrive Rimelf must etther hold or drive." REPORT ON LUNAR INFLUENCE UPON AGRICULTURE. l'ublihed by a resolution adopted by the last Meeting of the Iluntingdon County Agri. cultural Society. To the President and Members of the 1 Agricultural Society of Huntingdon Coun ty—The undersigned Committee, to whom was referred the subject of Lunar Influen ces on Agriculture, respectfully report, that deeming the subject one of great importance to the farming community, your committee have endeavored to give n that degree of attention which its importance merits. When it is remembered that at least two thirds of all the persons engaged in Agri. culture and Horticulture; as well as many of those who pursue Mechanical avoca tions, regulate all their operations by the "signs" or positions of the moon in the zodiacal constellations, or its place in re• gard to its own and the earth's orbit, it will at once be apparent' that it is a matter of great importance, whether there is any philosophy or science in this system or 11 , loonology or whether it Is but superstition and folly. When you ask the believers in lunarin fluences upon vegetation. in the sense a bove indicated, for the reason for the faith that is in them, they refer you to the alma nac. and there you may contemplate the figure of a man with outstretched limbs, surrounded by the ram, the bull, the twins, the crab and other animals of various de grees of ferocity, but the rationale they cannot give for the almanac gives it not ; but their ancestors from time immemorial looked to the "signs," and regulated their operations by them, and therefore they, their sons and daughters, go on in the same beaten track, in "blissful ignorance" whi ther it leads or why they go therein. Your Committee believe that aside from the effects produced by the solar light which is reflected upon the earth by the moon, she has no influence whatever upon vegetation. That light, as well as heat and moisture, are indispensable to healthful vegetable growth, is a fact too plain to be denied or successfully contro verted. And that the increased (and per haps the quality of) light reflected from the moon when her whole disk or a con siderable part of it which is turned towards the earth is enlightened by the sun, has the effect of accelerating vegetable growth and ripening of crops are well attested by experience and in perfect accordance with natural philosophy, That this has uothjng to do with the sign, The moon being nearer to the earth than If we take two large rings of nearly any other celestial body, and surpassed equal size end place the one within the only by the great orb of day, she has exci. other so that the one half of the one will be ted the attention of astronomers in all ages. above and the other half below the oth er While her magnitude, motions and dis- ring, at an angle of about five degrees, the tance from the earth have been nicely cal one ring will represent the orbit of the culated and made known to us by astrono- I earth and the other that of the moon. The mers and mathematicians, they have told two points of intersection are the nodes. us nothing concerning her influence upon The earth revolves around one of the rings vegetation ; and this simply, because they, or orbits annually and the moon around the in all their close observations and nice cal- other monthly. When the moon, passing culations have never discovered any such around her orbit, crosses the point of in influence. The moon , like other sattelites tersection, (or an imaginary line drawn and the planets, is an opaque body, and from the one point of intersection to the shines entirely by the light received from other) from the south to the north side of the sun. She revolves round her ems the ecliptic, she is in the ascending node, from the sun to the sun again in 29 days, the ~u p sign," and when she reaches the 12 hours, 44 minutes, and 3 seconds, and opposite point she Is in the descending she takes exactly the same time to go node, the “down sign." The moon is round her orbit from new moon to new continually alternating from one node to moon, and therefore constantly has the. the other, being about ono half of the time same side turned towards the earth, with a ' . above and the other half below the orbit of small variation called the libration of the the earth ; but in reality all time millions of miles Irons the one side or the other of the earth's orbit. Now, ;f any one can suppose that the at• traction of the moon can draw up or press down objects upon the earth, such as roofs of buildings, fences, flax or manure spread, &c., that effect must be apparent in about two weeks, for that is the length of time that the moon continues in eaoh of these The Moon's Phases. The sun illumi nates one half of the moon at all times ; and the amount of lieht which is reflected de pends upon the relative position of the ob server and and the enlightened part of the moon. 'thus, at the conjunction or new moon, the moon is between the earth and the sun, and that part of her face which is never seen from the earth is fully enligh• toned by the sun, and that part which is turned towards the earth is in darkness. Now, as the motion of the moos in her or- ! bit exceeds the apparent motion of the sun by a little over twelve degrees in twenty- four hours, it follows that about four days after the new moon she will be seen a little east of the sun after he has sunk below the horizon. The convex part of the moon will be towards the place of the sun, and I the horns towards the left hand. As she continues her course eastward a greater I portion of her face towards the earth will become enlightened ; and when she has removed ninety degrees eastward of the sun she wi l present the appearance of a semi-circle or half-moon. And passing • still towards the east, rt the end of 14d days, she will be diametrically opposite the sun, and will rise above the eastern hori• zon us the sun sinks behind the western, a complete circle or full moon. The earth is now between the sun and the moon, and that half of her surface which is constantly turned towards the earth is wholly enligh tened by the direct rays of the sun, and that half which is never seen from the earth is in darkness. Then, progressing still to the eastward, the moon becomes de ficient on her western edge, and when a gain ninety degrees frotn the sun, she be comes a semi circle with the convex side turned towards the sun; still continuing her course eastward, the deficiency on her western edge becomes greater, and she ap pears a crescent with the convex side to ward the east; and in about 14„ days more she has made a complete lunation and again overtaken the sun This shows all the phases of the moon, and the man ner in which they are produced; and to our minds it is very apparent that these changes or appearances which are con stantly and gradually taking place, can have no other effects than those produced by increased or diminished light. Nodes of the Moon, or the ~ 11p" and "Down" Signs. The nodes are the two opposite points, where the moon seems to intersect the ecliptic or the apparent path of the earth. But this intersection is mere ly unayinar,y, the earth moving around the sun at a distance of 95,000,000 of miles, and the moon around the earth at a distance of 240,000, or less than a quarter of a mil lion of miles. The orbit of the moon is in clined to that of the earth at a variable an gle, the medium of which is 5. 9'. The nodes make a complete retrograde revolu tion from any point of the ecliptic to the same again in 19 years. This waffled the cycle of the moon, after which the new and the fu.l moons,.&c., fall upon the same days of the month that they did at the be ginning of the period. It the weather de. pended upon the changes of the moon, ev ery nineteenth year would have the same sort of weather at all comsponding seasons. An almanac nineteen years old would suit for this Near and inform us of all the chan ges of the moon and the consequent chars ges of the weather. But this is a slight digression. The node where the moon seems to as cend from the south to the north side of the ecliptic is called the ascending node, and the almanacs make it the "up sign ;" and the opposite point where the moon ap pears to descend from the north to the south is called the descending node—the '•down sign." In astronomy these nodes are sometimes called the north nude and the south code, and sometimes the dragon's head and the dragon's tail. " LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, ONE AND INSEPARABLE. " HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1856. signs. After that time, the attraction still existing, there would be an alternate draw ing up and pressing down as long as the moon shall a•ax and wane. The believers in the signs have never yet discovered how soon the effects of the moon upon objects affected become visible ; but they do not generally look for these effects as soon us the moon has passed from one sign into the other. The Zodiacal Sight. The zodiac is a broad circle in the heavens extending in breadth from the Tropic of Capricorn to the Tropic of Cancer, It is about sixteen degrees in width, The ecliptic is situated in the middle of the zodiac. The zodiac contains twelve constellations or signs through which the sun passes in his appa. rent annual course. This circle is suppo• sed to be divided into 360 equal parts, cal. led degrees. and theve again into minutes and seconds. The prevalent opinion among learned men, is, that the figures in the signs or con stellations of the zodiac are descriptive of the seasons of the year, and that they are hieroglyphics to represent some remarkable event or occurrence in each month. Thus, no productions being more useful to the Chaldean than lambs, calves and kids, and they generally being brought forth in the spring of the year, these distinguished that season. Their flocks were increased and the ram was considered a fit represen. tative of the month in which this occurred, Their herds were increased and the bull became emblematical of this And 'the goats being the most prolific, they were represented by the figure of the twins. Thus we have Aries,.the ram, Taurus, the bull, and Gemini, the twins, as the repro. sen:atives of the spring of the year, the fi• gores of the spring signs. When the sun enters the constellation of Cancer, he dia. continues his progress towards the north pole and begins to move back towards the south pole; and this retrograde motion is represented by the crab, which travels backwards. The beat which usually fol. lows in the the next month (July) is repre sented by the Lion, an animal remarkable for its fierceness, and which at this season of the year was frequently impelled by thirst, to leave the sandy desert and make its appearance on the banks of the Nile. In the next month harvest commences in that country, and as damsels are generally set to glean in the fields, like Ruth in the field of Boaz, this season is represented by a virgin holding a sheaf of wheat in her hand. The sun next enters L.hra, at which time the days and nights are, equal, and observe an equilibrium, like a balance. So we have the Lion, the Virgin and the Balance for the summer months. Autumn, in ancient time, produced an abundance of fruit (perhaps of inferior quality) and km% with it a variety of diseases. This season is therefore represented by the Scorpion which wounds with a sting in his tail as he recedes. 'The sun enters the next cell atellation at the full of the leaf, when the fields are cleated of the crops, and the sea son for hunting commences. The stars which mark the sun's track in this month are represented by the huntsman or archer with his bow and arrows and other wea pons of destruction. The sun, passing in to the next constellation, reaches the win ter solstice, and commences ascending to wards the north. This season is therefore represented by the wild goat which de lights in climbing and ascending the moun tain in search of his fond, which was con sidered emblematical of the ascent of the sun. The next sign, Aquarius, the water bearer, pouring water oui of an urn, is emblematical of the wet, dreary and un comfortable season of winter. The last of the zodiacal signs is a couple of Fishes, re. presenting the fishing season. In the time of the oldest astronomers. the equinoctial points were in Aries and Libra ; but the signs which were in con junction with the sun, when he was in the equinox, are now 30 degrees, ore whole sign eastward of it; so that Aries is now in Taurus, Taurus in Gemini, &c. The signs are the invention of the an cients, and like that system of fables sty led mythological, they had their origin in superstitious and idolatrous notions. The Chaltleans probably are entitled to the credit, such as it is, of imagining that cer tain groups of stars resembled certain ani mals, such as the bear, the dog, the ser pent, &c., and the Egyptians worshipped the host of heaven under the most of these imaginary figures. They also worshipped the sun under the name of Osiris, imagin• ing it a proper representative of the Deity shedding light and heat over flat! universe. And as the moon received her light from the sun, she was esteemed a female divin ity, and honors were paid her as such, un• der the name of Isis. The overflowing of the Nile, which occurred periodically, was particularly beneficial to the land of Egypt, and es that river always began to swell at the rising of Sirius, the most brilliant of the fixed stars, they had a special veneration for the dog star, as if its influence had brought about the overflow of the Nile and the consequent fertility of the soil. The Greeks displaced some of the fig ures of the Chaldean constellations, and placed in their stead such figures as had reference to their own history. The same 1 thing was done by the Romans, and hence some of the accounts given of the signs of I the zodinc and of the constellations, are contradictory and involved in fable. Such is the history of the signs of the zodiac in a condensed form. These con• stellations and signs were clusters of stare which marked the position of the sun in the heavens, and were called the "station houses" of the sun. They were twelve in number, containing each 30 degrees, and the sun was about a month in passing thro' eaciciOL them. When we consider that in the days of their origin, chronometers and almanacs had no existence, and astronomy was in its infancy, we cannot but admire the beauty of the system as well as appre ciate its utility. It made a magnificent time piece of the star spangled canopy, and the hosts of heaven pointed out the length of days, mouths, awl years. What i a perversion it is, then, to make theca signs or constellations the 'station houses' . of the Moon as she passes around the earth. It converts them into food (or superstition and ignorance, and they carry with them a train of inconvenience. The moon's transit through the signs is rapid, occupy. ing but a little over two days in each, and the almanac-makers place her in one sign two days so three days as best suits their convenience, without regard to fractions of days. For example : The sign is in the crab for two or three days. according to the al manac; and although the weather may be fine, and the field in excellentorder, the far iner who consults the mqon will not sow or plant in that inauspicious sign. Or the sign is in Virgo, sometimes called the , Po say Girl,' and everything sown or planted will expend all its energy in blossoms, on account of that girl's propensity for flow ers. And equally good login is employed in behalf of all the other signs. What lolly ! The believerin moonology will uo doubt be gratified to learn that when the moon's position is between the earth and any ef the zodiacal signs, the stars composing that sign are so immensely far from both the earth and the mope, that they cannot pos sibly have any influence whatever upon the earth or any of the operations of the inhabitants of the earth ! The fixed stars nearest the earth are at an inconceivable distance. It may be stated to be more than twenty billions of miles ; but the common mind can form no adequate con ception of such distance. We may ac quire some faint idea of the immense dis tance of the nearest of the fixed stars from the earth, by considering that the sun is 95,000,000 of miles from the earth, and that the nearest of the fixed stars is 212,- 000 times farther distant. A cannon ball flying with a uniform velocity, 500 miles every hour, would require four millions and five hundred and ninety-five thousand years before it could move from one of those stars to the earth ; and the different stars of the same constellations may be at still greater distances from each other.— Such immensity of space is bewildering to the ordinary mind, but these considerations show plainly that the moon's position in regard to any of the constellations cau have no influence upon the earth, which is but as an atom in the universe. In conclusion, your committee would state that the facts embodied in this report are such as are agreed upon by astrono• men and mathamaticians—such as are found in the lessons intended for schools : but your committee do not expect this re. port to meet with much favor from a large I portion of the community. Indeed, truth is never more unpalatable than when she brushes away from the mind a long cher ished fallacy, and exposes error in all its 1 naked deformity. Many will not believe that they have all their lives been in error. They cannot make up their• minds to sur render their whole stock of knowledge.— They will hold on to their blind faith, and continue to regulate their laoors and their lives by the signs. But we trust there are others in whom the presentation of woll established truth—matters of foot and of calculation and observation will awaken re. flethon—that they will see the folly and superstition of the signs, and be ready to follow the teachings of reason. The Scrip. tures speak of husbandry—of plowing, digging, manuring—of planting and sow ing—and of the early and the latter rain—l but not a word of 44 signs to regulate the husbandman in any of his labors. And Solomon, who was esteemed a win: man in his day, was entirely ignorant of the signs which some of our modern Solomona un• derstand so well, for he is profoundly si• lent en the subject, althongh he says, "In the morning smv thy seed, and in the eve ning withhold not thine hand, for thou knowest not which will prosper, either this or that," &o. Is it not time that the agri cultti riot should emerge from the supersti tion which has so long enveloped him, and follow the advice of Solomon, instead of the devices of the Egyptians and Chalde- I ans Facts and arguments might be adduced to chow that all the effects attributed to the influence of the moon, could be accounted for on truly philosophical and scientific principles ; but they would swell this re port, which is sufficiently extended, be yond endurable bounds, and we therefore forbear. All which is respectfully submitted. THEO. H. CIIEMER, THOS. F. STEWART, R. lluntingdon, Nov. 13, 1856. uttr GALLAS SON OF GINGER BLUE. Stir The following lines we have found float. kg "loose." Unlike most negro melodies, they have a ring of genuine poetic excellence and harmony in them, worthy of being set to music. We publish them with the hope that some of our musical friends will try their voices upott them. Let'. see if some one of our readers cannot set the words to music. Try it Park, dark de night, and iris de moon, 140 star but one am peeping ; Be hootowl sings de same ole Mon, As true de woods I'm ereepin'. "800-boo ! boo•hool"—who car fur dot, You good•for•nott'n feddered cat ? Dia nigger keep on singin'; Ile sing, and on de banjo play, To charm de goblin ghos is uroy, While do skunk be sw ets am fliegin'. True de woods—mph along, Never feu de boog•a boo 'Prue de woods—dat's de song, Gallas son ab Ginger Blue ! De whip•um-will squat on de stone, Trows music front his fiddle ; De dancing frogs all swash•a-down Outside and up de middle. What dot ! what dat I dis nigger's eyes Displore, with mighty big surprise, Upon de gum tree swingin? It am a possum at his ease Rocked in de cradle on de breeze, And list'ning to du eir.giu'. Tru do woods—push along, Never mind de possmu, too ; True de woods—dat's de song, Fearless son oh Ginger Blue! De moon gwine down—pitch dark de night, Cold, cold de dew am falling ; I fear die darkey see a sight, Dat set him wool a crawling ! Who dar ? who dar I—a goblin cuss% ? 'Peak I or dis minstrum's banjo's bust I 'Peak, and dyse'f unrabbl. 'Peak I goblin, 'peak I but whed'r or no, Din minstrum drop his ole banjo, And trip a little trabb'll ! Trude woods—cut along— Fudder back I you bugumboo Trude woods—drop do snug, Nimble child of Ginger Blue ! ler Douglas' Congressional District, in It linoia, gave from 10,000 to 12,000 majority for Fremont and Jos, Vresibut's gitssagr. THE MESSAGE IN A NUTSHELL. The President's Message, which was delivered to the two houses of Congress at noon yesterday, will be found in a Sup plement, which we issue for the benefit of our readers. It is not so long as the concluding documents of a Presidential terms are apt to be; and considering the, nature end variety of the topics which it discusses, it has the merit, on the whole, of being well and compactly written We do not propose to condense its sub stance into the forms of an abstract, but merely to noOce souse of those points in it which arc of general interest. The message confirms the impression, so universal throughout the community, that the present Administration, however censurable for its domestic policy, has yet through the wise and unintermitted efforts of its eminent Secretary of State, Mr. Marcy, so conducted the fereign affairs of the government, as to promote the best interests, and maintain unimpaired the rights and honor of the nation. Through the prevalence of the pacific disposition, commendable in the two great coma arc.ial and Christian countries, which are the rec ognized leaders in the march of human progress, the difficulties which existed be tween the United States and Great Britain seriously threatening at one period to in volve in open hostilities, are now happily adjusted, or are in process of a certain ' and lasting adjustment; so that the cloud of war has blown over, and our former re lations of amity remain unbroken. And, I what is flattering to our national pride, they are adjusted in a manner which clear ly demonstrates not only that our diploma cy was equal to the occasion, but that our side of the disputed questions was just and right. The British government, by consenting to the dismissal of Mr. Cramp- ton, has at least tacitly admitted that, in the matter of enlistment, that functionary had palpably infringed upon the laws of nations and the rights of neutrality. That question has been put at rest. In reference to the Central American question, the message informs us that a treaty has been negotiated, through our minister, with the Court of St. James, in the spirit of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and on a basis of mutual rights and inter• eats—more especially in regard to the com mon use of any transit way or interoce• anic communication:across the Isthmus of Panama—which is to be immediately sub. mitted to the Senate, for its consideration. But the message seems to imply, when it speaks of "this arrangement being co curred in by all the parties tc, be affected by it," that the assent of the new govern inent there will be conditional to its adop tion. Mr. Walker, therefore, will have to be consulted before the matter is finally disposed of. As regards the question of recognizing the government of Walker, the President refuses to commit himself for the present. 'Lie avers that the political affairs of Nio. aragua have tradergene an unfavorable change since the early part of the year, when this government held diplomatic re• lotions with that State by accrediting its minister, Padre Vijil ; (who, it will be re. membered, was the representative of the native government under Rivas, rather than of the present one, which is altogeth er revolutionary) and are now involved in such uncertainty and confusion that it is impossible to decide which is the govern. ment de facto, So he proposes to await further developements ; and we presume that nothing will be lost by a little wise delay. One of the most interesting points of message refers to the proposition submit ted last spring to our government by the Peace Conference of the most important States of Europe, at Paris, in reference to the abandon of privateering. Our govern. inent, which was invited to join with these States in thus changing the mamtine law of nations, justly demurred to a change which went that far, and no further—on the obvious ground that our marine was not adequate t) the protection of our innu merable merchant vessels, scattered all over the ocean and filling every foreign port and harbor, against the immense mar., ins of foreign nations with whom we might be at war. Yet to show that it was net disinclined to a course of policy so conso sant with the milder spirit of the age and of advancing civilization, our government has submitted to all the maratine States iq. dividually, a counter proposition, or art a. mendment to that proposed by the Peace Conference, to the effect, that all private property of belligerent, as well as neutral nations, except that which is contraband , of war, shall hereafter be exempt from VOL. XXI. NO. 50 seizure and spoiliation. The proposition sn humane and just in itself, so auspi cious to the great interests of commerce, and fraught with such far-reaching and benificent consequences to the whole world has been entertained with favor by sever al of those governments the French and Russian especially, and is likely to re ceive the assent of all, ana become incor porated into the maratine law of nations. Of course the chief topic of the message is Kansas, and the views which the Pres ident submits on that subject will surprise the country, and give pain and offence to multitudes who were disposed to feel kind ly towa rd him in this last stage of his offi cial life, and to hope that he would vet do something to retrieve his name, and repair the errors of the, past. Great nutiitiers of all parties, who have freely censured or utterly condemned his whole Kansas policy—many of whom gave their suffra ges to Mr. Buchanan—have been prepa• red to expect that, like a man who has fal len into a courre of errors, which he will not candidly acknowledge, and of which he is unwilling the imputation, he would naturally seek by elaborate special plea ding, to exonerate himself from all blame.. But he has gone far out of thc way to pal liate his course, by charging upon the in nocent the perpetrations of all the wrongs which have been committed. Though of the North himself in general terms and by minute ex parse specifications, he boldly implicates the whole North in a series of aggressions upon the South, continued, through many years, and cul i tninging "in the attempt of a portion of the people of the States by a sectional organization and movement, to usurp the control of the gov eminent of the United States." The out rages in Kansas he slurs over, as being very inconsiderable in their extent, and as such they weie mainly chargeable, in their origin and developement, upon emi grants from the North. And to crown all, lie assumes that the election of Mr. Buch anan ikon endorsement of his policy, and rebuke to all such as are opposed to it; as; though his own failure to obtain a renomi• nation was not a rebuke upon himself • as though he would have received the sad ' ow of a support throughout the whole North had he Ix en the candidate of his party; as though Mr. Buchanan was not nominated on the ground that he had no personal participation in the Nebraska pol icy .d was untainted with its odium ; and •us though he was not elected, as was and is claimed by a large portion of the Dem ocratic press and part, on the ground that he was unconrcikkkl,id td that policy, nay, that be would widely deviate front it, and maintain the rights of ihr ; c, 21 . 533 agtiiiist such aggressions as they long suffered without help or relief. The Pres• Wept, sorely, in looking at but one aspect of the case, has ni oy,r to. discern the signs pf the times.' Fle does not understand the recent movement of the people. lie can hardly be'slipposed to have read what the presses of hie own party have so free ly spoken during aud since the election.— but it will be impossible for him to per suade the people of his country, by any, the most ingenious and elaborate, plea of justification, that, in this matter of Kan sas, from its inception, in the repeal of the 'Missouri Compromise, the people of the North were meta aggressors upon the South ; or that the citizens of that terri tory, plundered ef their jug rights by a Missouri invasion, and subsequently out raged by every conceivable mode of perse cutions, were not deeply wronged ; or that the recent uprising in the North did not originate in the simple desire and intention to redress the wrongs which that infant people had Buffeted, and secure to them their violated rights. But we can not pursue the subject. We hoped bet ter of Mr. Pierce, but he ends as he be. gen ; and bencefor.vard we can expect nothing from that quarter, but Must look to his succeeder, a man of broader and more national views, as well as an experienced statesman, for such an administration of the government as will ensure the co equal reign of justice and peace.-Notan AmEtt• rows. The President's ]Message As we expected little from the last dy ing speech and confession of President PIERCE, we have not been disappointed.— It is full of weak sophistries, unmeaning generalities and ridiculous arguments— unworthy a stump speech before an elec tion, to say nothing of a public document emanating [ruin the President under the requirements of the Constitation. If any one has the courage to read it, let him do so, but not by our advice. It will be time sadly misspent. There was not a stump speaker of the smallest calibre one month since, who oould not have given a more comprehensive argument than this mete sage contains. The fact is Mr. Pistick finds he has made a great mistake is try ing to out-demagogue Judge DOUGLAS in subservience to the South, and being a shamed to acknowledge that he was duped tries to brazen is out. Thu country un derstands the whole matter and will laugh at the untoward efforts of the President to disembarass himself. He coriclud'et by saying that he shall "prepare co surrender the Executive trust to hitt aappraioi, and retire to private life, with sentiin'tftte of profound gratitude to the good Providence" —and to this all the plepeo will respond “Amen !"—Phil. Daily Sun.