Newspaper Page Text
1: , 1 46 ". s . "'-- ' ' l. • .'
'..,:;/ .4 • : . --,
;•.' (7 I :
f: M / 1:. 1
,liil R . 0• /e 'l. ..- tft . , •
:. 0, 1 , .•
, ~, ~ „I
. , I
. ', , w ~ f 1,,.
/ ' ~"-....,'
. ' ...
1, , , 4 ..
t tc. 1 i ,
~ q I •E'
# t •
p• • .. •,
' f ,
:?, -,.• T.:
~, '.. t- , 4 .. f, -t - ' ~,,.,.
, LIAN BREWSTER, t EDITORS.
' G. WHITTAKER,
:E SOIL AND FREEDOM.
lout is that which rends the air ?
moat I Fremont I
astern prairies are on fire,
s. Fremont and Dayton too ;
rah and East return the shout—
emont ! Fremont
k up, Pierce, you must step out,
pr Fremont and Dayton too.
acs—Then shout aloud fur freedom,
Shout aloud fur freedom,
Free soil and freedom too.
We like the platform, lore the cause
Freedom, freedom I
We like the platform, love the cause
Free soil and freedom, too.
bee fourth is drawing near—
amont 1 Fremont I
cell elect them, never fear—
Tmont and Dayton too.
ally 'round with all our might—
vniont Fremont !
'animus we knew they're right—
feniont and Dayton too.
tins—Then shout aloud for freedom, ke.
nth and Fithno-o "won't oubtnit"—
:wont l Fremont I
ei: n o d Breck both swear they'll quit,
ittor,t and Dayton too.
gn,,l people w ill stool b y
:',t Fremont I
clutti for victory,
rot and Dayton too I
aloud for freedom, &c.
.11 , .()RGE LA W
:'IIEE PRESENT CRISIS.
Now Yoint, July 2. 1856.
A R SIR beg to acknowledge the
of your letter of die 46th Tilt. I
•e Felony re&c . ,l on its contents, In
lieu to state to you flint I deeply
no nore perfect union has been ef
hy thou,. wlios, duty it was to have
plished that object—to unite the
elements of opposition to the present
y. nclininrtration, wielded as it is by
!mine Slave Oligarchy of the South.
c !nst three years this same oligarchy
=ed the entire power and patronage
0, semi Government to crush out
dependent action and honest Repro
ion on the part of the North ; to put.-
up Northern men to misrepresent
constituent, from personal motives
promises of favor from the present
I gond men who have the love of their
ry at heart, both in the. North and in
omit. should unite cordially in a coin
effort to deitroy the viper that has
I around the freedom and indepen•
of the American people. Freedom
ech is prohibited in the halls of Con-
; bowie-knives and revolvers are dai
pendages at the capital as a means of
It and defence. The Senate declares
not only powerless for punishment,
ven palsied for protection. Its mem
look quietly on, and see a member
:en down in open day in the Senate
tber, without even the common effort
intanity that would be exercised in a
tom to save n man that was prostrated
eit an opportunity of defending him-
Ihus you see that those who repro
their constituents honestly, and by
swerable arguments, and who cannot
irehased by executive favor, must be
into silence by bowie knives, blud
and revolvers, Such is the scheme
vertiment inaugurated by the Pierce
sty. and fostered by the Southern sec.
1 power that supports it, Upon this
and into the arms of this power, the
nee of the Cincinnati Convention sur
:vs himself before the country, without
lightest reservation gr individual in•
elence of his own. I'Vhat has the
,ry to expect if Mr. Buchanan suc•
, I Nothing better than it hits expe
ed under Mr. Pierce, and perhaps
thing worse. One is an old man
,ut independence of mind or energy
Jammer, which the country is forc
ed of by his declaration, that he is no
r limos Buchanan, and has no views
:onions of his own, and is therefore
pliant imtrusient of the Slave Power
meditated tom at Cincinnati and must
ih••:r views only. It will be well
American pen, le to remember this
they cast their votes for Chief Ma
tte iv November next.
ie other cane , into office a man in the
"f ifs without any submission ur
ked up by almost the unani•
voice cut the country in his election,
et lie was not three weeks in office
• ~•• curiendered himself to the same
h.,' has wielded his power dur•
„ ..miuistra lion, as ttbsolutely as if
i•• u. wi I or mind of his own, and had
, —poosittility to any section of the
ii except to the ;i50,000 slave-holders
South, who now control the Execu
the Judiciary and the Senate. The
voice the Free, States have in the Fe-
Government is in the h-louse of Rep
it not fair to expect that if Mr. Ouch
should be elected, the evils that the
Tv has experietvieri for tho lee three
years will go on increasing during his ad- l that if the ship 'vas fired upon by the Cu•
ministration until the Northern mind will ban authorities, and damaged or destroyed
submit no longer to be cheated, bullied, de. that they would have no claim upon this
fled and deprived of its just rights and fair government for remuneration. The corn.
representation in the federal government? mander of the Crescent City was remo-
As one of the leading features of the red by his order, he being an officer of the
coming administration, Slavery is to be United States navy, and under the Presi
forced into Kansas. The rivers the great dents control. Another commander was
highway of the Nation through Missouri, appointed by the owners He, too, was
a Slave State, are to he closed, as they are removed by Mr. Fillmore's officers. The
at present, to the freemen of the North ship was fined $l,OOO for not carrying, the
who desire to emigrate to that Territory.— United States mails, when the United
Those great thoroughfares which have I States Government or Mr. Fillmore with
hitherto been looked upon as the pride of i held them. The insurance officers in New
the nation, and that strain has rendered so York were either frightened Is) the course
valuable for the transportation of persons of Mr. Fillmore, or influenced by him to
or property, must be closed to the freemen withhold their insurence from property
of the North ;or they must be subjected shipped by the steamer that Purser Smith
to examination, insult, loss of property, and was on board of. The owners of the
turned back. unless they proclaim them- Crescent City had to insure the property
selves in favor of the institution of Slavery of shippers. The passengers on board of
in this Territory. Such means ns these her were not allowed to land in Cuba.—
are made use of to force Slavery into Kan- owners persevered in what they consid•
sas. When free emigrants arrive there, end their proper rights, and the rights of
after all these difficulties and delays have an American citizen, and refused to dis
been surmounted, they must undergo ano• miss Ferrer Smith until the Captain Gen•
ther examination, and swear allegiance to oral of Cuba was obliged to rescind the
the government of the Slave Power orga- mandate against Purser Smith. This is
razed in Kansas by the Missouri mob, or the mode in which the rights of an Ainer
be deprived of the right of franchise and icon citizen had to be vindicated while
of holding office. This is the operation of I Mr. Fillmore was president. This is the
squatter sovereignty, which deprives a same Mr. Fillmore that you recommend
man of his citizenship unless he swears ft- me to support as an American. Now, Sir,
delity to Slavery ; and ail this is to be car- I can you support him as an American ?
ried out and put in execution by an armed Can the American party support him as
force, furnished from Missouri—the adjoi- lan American ? Is he the proper repre
fling Slave State ; and the federtagovern: I sensitive of the American people f These
meat, with federal troops in the Territory, tare facts for the American party to look at
will leak on calmly without interfering, so before they vote. For my part, Mr. Fill
long as the Missouri mob succeeds to on• I more would be the last man I would sup
force Slavery upon Kansas •, but if the men I port in the whole country as a standard
from the free States, who believe in Free bearer of the greet American party.
Speech, Free l'erritory, Free Labor, Free What has Mr Fillmore ever done fur
Press and Free Men should be too numer- : this country or the American party ?
ells for the Slave Labor, then the federal Where are his acts that are to he rement•
troops organized for this special purpose heed or treasured up in the hearts of the
under the command of t a Southern favorite I people? What great interests has he ev•
of a Southern secessionist Secretary of ,or advanced ? Or has he been a mere
War, are to interfere and decide the conn I officeholder, without merit except the
test in favor of Slavery in Kansas, So , merit of doing nothing?
much for the chances of the Northern You ere aware of the manner in which
principles and Northern men in Kansas, i he was forced ulfun the American party
and all that vast territory north of 36' 30' by the Slave oligarchy at Philadelphia,
secured to Freedom by solemn compact, when he apparently received the lamina•
in which the great minds of the country tion of the Convention.
united to build up and preserve to Free I In the letter to me you appear to lay
dm, and which the pigmies and traitors, great stress upon the course that the Re•
aided by this corrupt administration, have publican party has seen fit to pursue,
attempted to pull down and destroy. Ile, and that it has not met the American
is where Gen. Pierce stands, and here is party half way in the great work of uni•
where James Buchanan stands, while ask. Ling the whole North against the corrupt
nog for the support of the freemen of the I policy of the present Administration and
North. the power that controls the Cincinnati
A few words about Mr Filltnore. Let nominee. We will suppose that all this is
us examine with what consistency we, as true in relation to the Republican party.
Amerscaus or Northern Freemen, can sup• I I myself do not think the Republican Con.
port hint. What are his antecedents ? vention acted as wisely as it might have
When President of the United States, was done, when the object was harmony of ac
he not entirely subservient to the Slave tion to accomplish a great good for the
Power ? Did lie resist the overtures of whole country ; but is this any reason
the Slave oligarchy of the South, or did why I should bo diverted from the great
he become a willing instrument in their purpose I have at heart, which Is to unite
hands ? I ask you to look at his acts while all parties that think as Ido in relation to
President, and let them be the answers to the corrupt policy of the present Adiain
these questions. I will refer you to mite istration, and the continuation of that poll.
Fugitive Slave Law, that makes the free_
cy if Mr. Buchanan should be eiected ?
men of the ;North slave catchers—that pri- No man, or set of men, whatever their
zes men of less value titan the beasts—that conduct may be, shall divert me for one
refuses to them the right atrial by jury— moment from the course I have marked
that centres the right of freedom of the out in the coming Presidential campaign
man in one judge, and pays him a double I intend to go fur a man who most near
fee if he declares him a slave, and only ly represents the A derican sentiment, and
half the fee if he finds him a freeman.— the sentiment in relation to Slavery of she
This is the power that the Salve oligarchy Freemen of the North, which declares
of the South exercises at the North, where that Slavery is sectional and that Free
we have prohibited holding property in dam is national. At the same time I des.
men to our own citizens; and this act bears ire to have the best representative of the
the signature of Millard Fillmore as l'resi • progress of the tyre in which we live. I
dent of the United States. I ask you !tote wont a mass who has d one something for
he can expect the vote of the free North ? t h e great material i nterests o f the country.
Can I give him mine? Are these .the I want to see his foot prints, not promised
views that you and I entertain in relation but already made in the direction that has
to the rights and the duty of the North or led to the development of the resources
mankind f Now, sir, upon this question of our country—who has enlarged the
alone, without going into all his other acts field upon which the labor and intelligence
of subserviency to the Slave power, let of our country is to be applied—one who
him stand for the suffrages of the freemen ' has done something for American interests
of the North. and American rights,--one who has done
As to the Americanism of Mr. Fillmore something for the area of Freedom—some
you and 1 have sonic knowledge of how thing for material progress and benefit to
touch lie has done to sustain that party.— his fellow men. I want no politici.in,
Has he ever been identified with it either his host of dependents as seedy as him
principle or feeling? If sd, where are self. Let us have a man in the prime of
his acts—on what occasion, heretofore, has life, full of energy, and yet sufficiently fa
lie proclaimed it ? What were his ante. miliar with the vicissitudes of life to•
cedents as to Americanism when President judge of men correctly—to appreciate the
of the United States? Did he then pro. wants of the whole country—to avoid the
teet American interests or American mon? intrigues and traps of politicians—to devote
well recollect that he did not, and the himself honestly and fearlessly to the in•
country will recollect it too. terests of the country—to apply the res.
'When the captain General of Cuba is- ources of the government to the accent
sued his decree prohibiting the steamship plishment of such improvements as are na-
Crescent City from touching at Havanna tional in their character and that will res.
so long us Mr. Smith, an American citizen suit in the greatest benefit to the whole
was ou board of her as Purser, because country—one who has no cld political
as they alleged the Herald and other pa- friends to reward, and no old politie.l ene
pers in New York had published some in- miss to punish—one who will feel that he
formation from Havana that was distaste- is elevated by the people and not by in
int to the Cuban Government, and which ' trigue. Now, Sir, of the candidates who
they charged to have been furnished by are before the people for the exalted pnsi-
Purser Smith, and, therefore, neither the tion of Chief Me.gistrate, I prefer John C.
Crescent City nor any other American ship ' Fremont. I prefer him because ho is not
should be allowed to touch at Havanna an old hackneyhd politician, and all sold
having Mr. Smith on board, or any other out. He is in the prime of life—forty
person who would dare to furnish to the three years old. He has been brought
American Press information disagreeable into notice by the energy and exertion
to the Captain General of Cuba, Mr. Fill- that he has evinced as a great explorer of
mere was apprised of this order by the the route to the Pacific Ocean. Ile first
owners of the Crescent City, arid he was opened up the pathway through the wil
desired to take some action in relation to derness that others had followed to the
it for the protection of American property golden fields of California, and gave the
and American citizens ; he miserably skul- , most accurate and extended view to the
ked the responsibility of his position, and American people of all that vast region of
used his interest with the owners to have country between the borders of civilize-
Mr. Smith dismissed as Purser, and to be tion on the Atlantic slope and the Palifie
replaced by some onewho was satisfactory Ocean. Ho took an active part and was
to the Captain General of Cuba. This foremost in raising and sustaining the A
the owners refused to do., and sent Mr. , merican flag in California. He common-
Smith back in the ship. Mr. Fillmore ced first and went all through that cain
ordered the United States mail to be taken r paign with signal success, that ended in
fermi the vessel, and notified the owners • the acquisition of all that vast territory
" LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, ONE AND INSEPARABLE. "
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1856.
and wealth—that opened up to American
energy such a field us has no parallel in
history—which has advanced this country
25 years at a single bound. It gale as
the facilities for increasing our comm-rce.
It enabled us to extend largely our rail
ways and other internal improvem nas
and thus has greatly increased our m.ton•
facturing and agricultural interests by en•
tinging the fields of produce and consuntp•
Lion. It has added hundreds of millions
to the capital of the nation. By hi, ex
planations he has opened up the most ccn•
tral and convenient railroad to California.
Ile aided in Old organization of Calirornia
as a State. and devoted her institatio,, to
Freedom, and she acknowledged her in•
debtedness to Fremont by sending hits as
her. first Senator to Congress. lie pintec
ted .‘ modem! interests in California. Ile
protected and advocated American inter
eats in the Senate of the United Stat.•
His antecedents are American. Ile rose
by his own energy, his own industry and
his own merit. These are anteee,lems
that will be appreciated by the American
people. They are not promises of to day
of American principles under the exp,•eta
tion of the suffrages of the American par
ty, but they are a history of his life from
his youth upward, when actuated by no
other motives than a true American Lean,
thoroughly devoted to the interests of his
. . _ .
With this view of the subject, who are
we to support ? I have fairly canvassed
the different candidates. So far as Amer
icanism is concerned, we may as well sup
port Mr. Buchanan as Mr. Fillmore. lie
has u fairer American record than Mr
Fillmore; and as for the promises of old
politicians, we all know what they are
worth on the eve of an election. Ido riot
mean to be cheated by them. nor do I
wish to see the American people, by pre
tensions that have no value, but that are
In relation to the subject of the exten
sion of Slrvery, we may as well support
Buchanan who reclines that he will be go
verned by the S aithern slaveholders, and
Mr. Fillmore we know has already heen
governed by them.
As to advancing the interests of the
country, we may as well support Mr.
Buchanan as Mr. Fillmore. Neither of
.them has ever advanced, by any net of his
own the great industrial interests of
country. They have bout been duows,
living on office. The only difference that
I see is that Mr. Fillmore is about five
years younger than Mr Buchanan, and
hog that many chances leas to the.
You would laugh and ridicule the idea
if I were to tisk you to vote for Buch
anan's ',arty; it SeeeTS to me equally ridic
ohms that you should ask me to vote for
Mr Fillmore its the American candidate
I shall give my support to Jc he C. Fre
mom. as the host representative, in my es•
thuation, of the Attie ricau party.
I nut, with much respect, yours truly,
To G. A SCROGU3, Badalo, N. Y.,
The following from Lieutenant Govern
or flayniond of New York, on the subject
of Col. Fremont's religion, appears in the
Cincinnati Gazette :
NEW YORK, Tuesday, duly •_'9, '56
My D,ur .Sir: Your favor of the Ist
inst.. ought to have been an3wered long
ago, but absence mid business must plead
tny excuse. .
1 am not surprised to hear that the rum•
or so widely circulated concerning Col.
Fremont's r ligion should have the effect
of culling some, who sympathize thorough
ly with his sentiments in regard to the ex
tension of slavery, to hositat, about pledg
ing themselves to his support. But so air
as these rumors assert, or imply, that be is
u Homan Catholic, they are without slight.
est foundation in fact.
I presume that, front proper motives of
delicacy und self respect Col Fremont will
nut publish anything himself on the nub•
ject, or take any part I.ersonn ly in the
canvass. But he converses with the ut
most freedom upon these topics, ns upon
all others ; lie has no desire or disposition
to practice any concealment of his relig
ions opinions ; and L have no reason to be.
neve that he would desire others to do so
in his behalf.
Col Fremont is not now, nor has he ev.
er been a Roman Catholic. Ins father dy
ing when he was five years old, he was
educated exclusively in Protestant schools
and at the age of sixteen was confirmed,
of his own motion, and from sincere con
v;cti 0 in the Protestant Episcopal Church
of which he has continued ever since to be
a member. Not one of his own children
has ever been sent to a Roman Catholic
school, though I believe an adopted daugh•
ter attended for a short time the seminary
at Georgetown, of which the pupils gene
rally are largely Protestant. That this
ought not to be construed to his prejudice
even by the most zealous Protestants, is
sufficiently shown by the fact that Mr.
Fillmore sent his own daughter to a Ro
man Catholic seminary at Buffalo for pur
poses of special instruction ; yet no one
inferred from this circumstance that he
himself was not a Protestant.
Colonel Fremont's marriage was Mehra
ted by a Catholic priest ; but this was in
consequence of the difficulty, if not im
possibility, of procuring any other clergy
man to perform it. The ceremony was in
a private room, was very short and simple
and did not imply any assent, on his part
or that of his wife, to the doctrines of the
Roman Catholic Church ; nor was either
of them required or requested on that oc-
casion to give any pledges that their chil
dren shnultl he hrought up in that faith.—
They hue all been baptized and educated
in the Protestant Episcopal Church.
The statements which Alderman Ful.
mer, of this city, is said to have authorized
to the effect that in March, 1852, he saw
Colonel Fremont joining in the religious
services of n Ronan Catholic Ohara at
MLA Moon. and that in a imhsegnent con
rer-•ation with hint at dinner at Brown's
Hotel, Colonel Fremont declared himself a
and a believer in the peculiar
do. trilva of that church, are entirely tin.
Colonel Fremont was not in the city of
Washitanl at all during. the year 1852.
lle left New York for California in March,
1851). He returned in the steamer Georve
Law, which reached New York on the
Gilt of March, 1852 ; and, remaining in
that city four days, he left on the 10th, in'
thr• steamer Africa for Europe, and did not
return until Jude 185:1 I understand that ,
Al:km.ll Fulmer exhibits a receipt from
Brotvo',i lintel, dated March 7, 1852, for
one day's board. 'Ms makes it certain
that the Alderman's stay the-e terminated
on the 7th, and that the alleged converse-1
tion must have taken place preriotply to
. that date. But as Colonel Fremont did
not reach New York fern California until
the Gilt, it is impossible that he should bevel
been coi4cf.esl with them, especially as
he remainedie New York until his depar
ture for Europe, and did not visit Wash-,
ington at all.
Ile has no recollection of having ever
dined at Brown'i Hotel, until this last win
ter, since 1.!;11, or of having ever seen Al
&ratan Fulmer, there or elsewhere. The
Alderman, I am informed. is a man who I
would not be likely to make such state
ments unless he believed them to be true.
Rut it is very certain that he has fallen in-
to a very gross error somehow, probably
by mistaking some other person with
whom he may have held the conversation
in question, for Col. Fremont. He owes
it to his own character, as well as to jus
tier, to take steps to confirm or corset the
accuracy of his recollections in this matter.
YOU may rely upon the entire authenti
city of the statements I have thus wade in
reply to your inquiry for the "facts ': In
the present state of the public mind, and
in view of the earnest and persevering
misrepresentations of the truth, you may
think it desirable that they should be gen
erally known. If so, y o u are quite at lib
erty to wake them public, and to add that
they are given as the result of conversa
tions with Col. Fremont himself.
I am, very truly, yours,
HENRY J. Ravmm.m.
E. D. Mansfield, Esq . Cincinnati.
The Sunday Dispatch of yesterday
, •fs Fremont a Catholic ?" is now the
absorbilez quebtinn that puzzles the edi
tors of the partisan press. The most con
clusive proof is brought forward on both
sides. Alter a careful examination of the
evidence, we confess our inability to de
cide the vexed question. El he is so deci
ded a Protestant as his friends claim,
however it is a little remarkable that the
Carholics are so wamla advocating* Ins
Now this is either true nr false—which?
There are three or four Raman Catholic
journals in this city, with thirty or forty
in the Union, and if any n, r of limn is
"warmly advocating Fiemont's election,"
we should be glad to know it. So far as
we know, not one Catholic. journal is for
'Fremont, and not one in twenty of the
Catholic voters, There certainly is no
other denomination half so generally ad
verse to him as the Roman - Catholic. And
yet lies are piled upon lies day aft-'r day
to induce Protestants to oppose hint under
the presumption that he is the candidate
of the Pope,Archbishop Hughes, the Jan•
Yet the Lade,' the new
Romanist daily at St Louis, says :
The recent fusion, to a great extent, of
Sleek RiTublatiotisin IllifiNorthern Know
Nothingism, and their union upon the
same candidate, were not necessary to im
prove us their identity; or to point out to
us that the only diffitrence between them
is, that one is our avowed enemy, and the
other our enemy in disguise."
So the Itidi Ain , icon culls on all Cath
lies to oppose hint because the North A
merieans support him, and it adds
"''These very men would forsake hint,
as rats TIM away from the fulling how,
or a sinking ship, it he was at any lime
if his life a Roman Cath,lic."
We publish this to show how utterly
false is the assertion of the Dispatch;
and we beg the people to notice that all
the ado about Col Fremont's religion is
made by his most bitter adversaries. No
friend has advocated his election either as
Protestant or a Catholic candidate, for he is
neither. As a man he is a Protestant E
piscopalian, as he has a perfect right to be;
but no one is expected to vote for him as
President on that ground. Be is openly
in favor of impartial Freedom in the Fed
eral Territories, of the immediate admis
sion of Kansas as a Free State, and of
good faith against the Buchaneer policy in
our Foreign Relations; and on these
grounds his election is advocated. To
support or oppse a candidate fur President
because he belongs to this church or don't
belong to that, we would be at war with
the spirit of Republican Freedom and the
If tinything was needed to convince any
one thnt Cot. Fremont is a Protestant,
the following must be conclusive :
NEW YORK, Thursday, July 16, 1850.
To the Editors of the Evening Post:
DEAR Sin— An undue importance seems
to be attached to Mr. Fremont's religious
position by some portion of our citizens,
and as there are a few persons whose minds
are exercised, permit me to say that sonic
time since, receiving: letters from Ohio,
saying that it was being industriously cir
culated that Mr, Fremont was a Catholic.
I went to him and asked him the question:
' , Are you a Roman Catholic?" He re
plied, “I AM NOT; I was bred in the
Protestant Episcopal Church, where I
still belong. My children have been bap
tized there, and my wifo goes witb me as
a good wife should."
C. W. ELLIOTT ;
No 126 East Eighteenth St.
t)opttlar i r
I love the white gals and the black,
And I love all the rest,
I love the gals for loving me,
Dot I love myself the hest.
Oh, dear I am so thirsty,
I've just hems down to supper,
I ftrani: three pails of apple jack,
And a tub of apple butter.
Cuours—And a little tnore eider too,
A little more eider too,
A little more cider for Mist Dim
A little more eider too.
When first I saw Miss Snow Flake,
'Twas on Broadway I ',pied her,
I'd give my hat and boots I would,
If I could have walked beside her.
She looked at toe, I looked at her,
And then I crossed the street,
And then she smiling said to me,
A little more cider sweet.
And a little more eider, ae.
Oh I wish I was an apple,
And Snow Flake was another,
Oh 1 what a pretty pair we'd make,
Upon the tree together ;
Haw bad the darkies all would feel,
When en the tree they 'spied her,
To think how we would feel,
When made up into eider.
And rt little more eider,
A FEW FACTS
For the Whig Voters of Huntingdon
1 We nre now upon the eve of another
Presidential contest—a contest involving
interests of the highest importance. We
look over the political field, we se•e our
venerated standard bearers •gone, those in
' tellect, that swayed, those voices that elec.
tr:tiej the heart of the nation, are silent in
the g-rave, their memory survives in the
hearts of the American people. %I a look
around for the standard under which we
fought in '44, '4B, '52 we see other stan
dards in the field, but we see none with
the Whig name inscribed on them. I see
one standard is culled the Democratic, ann
ther the American, another the Repnbli•
can We all want to enlist under one of
these standards. I look at the first stand
ard. I see the term Democracy inscribed
ion it ; that spacious word. I reflect ; that
ward awakens hitter memories of the past,
it calls to mind bitter associations. I see
: embodied in that term my old enemy, a-''
gainst which I have fought ever since I
had a political existence. I see arrayed
around that banner the defamers, the vili
fiers, the moral murderers of Clay, of Web
ster, of Scott. Yes, their hands yet reek
ing with tha blood of murdered reputation.
- Those same hands they stretch forth to
you and me, and invite us to enlist with
them. Yes, with a smile upon their lips,
and a laugh in their sleeves and hypocrisy
and self-interest in their hearts, they invite
us to come over and help them.
I remember Clay whose name is yet
mimic in my ears. I remember Webster
nt the shrine of. whose mighty intellect I
respectfully bowed. I remember Scott,
whose national services and deeds of high
and noble during evoked the warmest gra
titutle of my heart. I remember more.
I remember that this same Democratic
party, notwithstanding their fond protesta
tions of friendship, are the base caluninia
tors and slanderers of my noble leaders, '
■nd I turn (rein them with mingled feel—
trigs of scorn and disgust.
1 next turn to the American standard.
The banner is a fine one, • the name a good
one, but I find the organization ineffectivi,
in our State and other.issues of greater too
ment claim my attention and demand my
services. I turn as my last hope to the
Republican standard. Again I reflect.
That name strikes me as a familiar one,
Aleatory recalls the fact that Clay ran for
President as the Republican candidate in
1532, and that the Whig party was once
called the Republican party. I become
favorably impressed with, the name and
that leads we to further examination, to an
examination of the platforms. I first ex
amine the Democratic platform I find it
to be a accosts! edition of Pierce's adminis
tuition. I find that Buchanan has endor
sed the administration and swallowed every
plank of the platform. As a Al big I can
not endorse Pierce's administration (nnd it
would keep mu busy if I were a Dainty
crat.) I cannot endorse the truckling to
Southern domination. I cannot endorse
the fillibustering spirit. acquiring new
Territory by fair or foul means in order to
strengthen the power of the south, invol
ring our country in a war with England
and Franco. 1 cannot endorse the repeal
of a time honored compact. I cannot en
dorse the fraud and violence in Kansa s , '.
VOL. XXI. NO. 35.
carried on under the eye, and under the
broad shield of administrative protection.
I cannot endorse the platform that endor
ses these things. I cannot endorse the
man that swallows the endorsement of
such an administration and such a platform.
sent turn to the American platform.
From the looks of its timber, I judge it grew
in a sunny clime, and the men that hewed
the planks grew among the timber. It is
not sound on the great issue before the
people, and as the South made it, let the
South support it. It is ineffective in the
present contest. As my last hope, I again
return to the Republican platform. Around
it I behold a mighty mess of freeman and
I enquire what is the cause of this mighty
outbursting of popular feeling. The an
swer is ''Territory now free, let it be free
forever." I enquire into the reason of this
answer and I learn that there is on our
north western borders territory large
-nough for an empire, and that there is room
for a home for our children to the third
and fourth generation. I learn that it be
longs to freedom. I learn that God made
it free, that free winds blow over it, that
free sunshine visits it I learn that our
forefathers built a hedge around it, and
that the unanimous voice of a nation's ac
quiescenc, consecrated it to freedom ; they
pledged that Slavery should never set its
foot on the virgin soil of that country, and
that no being bearing the upright form of
a man and the image of his God, should
bleed beneath the tyrant's lash. I learn,
moreover, that traitor hands have torn
down that hedge and desecrated that soil,
and that the south demands the territory
that belongs to us and our children in vir
tue of the plighted faith of our forefathers.
I learn that the Republican party has risen
up in the majesty of their outraged feel
ings ; iu the inajes.y of downtrodden right
and justice. they tell the south, thus far
but no farther, here let the •black waves
and fou I curse of slaves be stayed. I learn
in a word, that the great principle of the
Nepal helm party is, opposition to the ex
tension of Slavery in Free Territory.
I remember this as a cherished princi
ple of the Whig party I examine other
prt nci ples, and I find them identified with
Whig principles and lOR once rally to
their support. The 'home sounds familiar
as the old name of the Whig party. The
principles I recognize as old Whig princi
pb•s and I will support them, heart and
I next look at the standard•bearer I
first cast my eye at James Buchanan. His
name is familiar, I think I know him. I
remember him as a Federalist, 1 after
%Ards knew hint as an uncompromring
Democrat. I generally saw him at the
public feed-trough and he generally had a
big spoon. He rendered some services,
but. limy memory serves me right, he was
always well paid by Uncle Sam. He is
a man of considerable discrimination, as is
evident from the fact that he has held office
the greater part of his political life. He is
a political hack, well greased for running,
but so greasy is he that he is regarded by
some of his own party as decidedly slip
pery. But one thing Ido remember and
do not know what is the reason [ cannot
forget it, and that is the charge of bribery
and corrnption against Henry Clay. I re.
member that thing contributed largely to
Clay's defeat in '44, and I will remember
James Buchanan for that very thing when
I come to the ballot box, and, fellow Whigs
I think you will remember it likewise.
The - next standard-bearer is Nlillard
Filitnore, a good man but he has a hold of
the wrong flag and stands on the wrong
platform, We will pass him by with a re
spectful bow, and wish him well.
The man that bears aloft the proud pen
nant of Freedom is FuotoNr. He is no
old brolren•down politician. He has shown
us by his past life that he has brains and
and indomitable will and perseverance. A
man of fine acquirements and world wide
reputation, a man of modesty, of unblem
ished reputation, a man that has the capa
city to govern as conquer.
Now,fellow-Whigs will you come to the
rescue ? Will you throw your mite in
Freedom's cause ? Will you support a
man that is pledged to Freedom ? Will
you support your old cherished prinoiples?
or will you support your old enemy ? will
you give them aid in this the hour of their
extreme peril? Will you help to extend
the area of human bondage ? Will you
help to elevate to the highest office in the
tuition the defamer of your own loved
Clay. Or will you say with me, if my
tongue directly or indirectly advocates the
extension of slavery, let it cleave to the
roof of my mouth, and sooner let my right
hand forget her cunning than to vote for
James Buchanan. Yours truly,
AN OLD LINE '
THAT STICKS TO THE LINE.
Cn, Tp., Aug. '2O, 1850.
To Boil Potatoes.
In Ireland potatoes are boiled to perfec
tion ; the humblest peasant places his po
toes on his table better cooked than could
half the cooks in London, trying their best.
Potatoes should always be boiled in their
...jackets ;" peeling a potato before boiling
is offering a premium for water to run thro'
it, and making them waxy and unpalata
ble ; they should be thoroughly washed
and put into cold water. In Ireland they
always nick a piece of the skin off before
they place them in a pot; the water is gra
dually heated, but allowed to boil ; cold
water should be added as soon us the water
commences boiling and it should thus be
checked until the potatoes are done ; the
skins will not then be broken or cracked
until the potato is thoroughly done; pour
the water oft completely, and let the skins
be thoroughly dry before peeling.