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WILLIAM BREWSTER, EDITORS.
SAM. 0. WHITTAXER,
TUE OLD CHURCH DELL.
Every holy Sabbath morning,
White the sunbeams are adorning
Sloping hills and valleys fair,
Or when wintry winds are sighing,
And the shadows thick nro lying
On the uplands,. bleak and bare—
Still I hear the silver rmg,ing, pealing out upon
From the belfry's lofty station,
With a constant, sweet vibration,
Floats the sound front door totloor—
CMling to tho sad and weary,
And through bypaths lone and dreary,
To the wretched and the poor;
All earth's toil worn children hear it, hear and
bless it evermore.
On some happy, festive morning,
Long before the rosy dawning,
Have I heard the merry sound,
Ringing out across the meadows,
Waking all the sleeping echoes,
Through our quiet Huntingdon--
Starting from their peaceful slumbers all the
dreaming world around.
And when duet to dust is given,
When earth's tenderest ties are riven,
Still is heard the plaintive bell,
Tolling mournfully and slowly
While alike the high and lowly
Listen to the passing knell—
List and learn the solemn meaning of the deep.
toned funeral bell.
Peals of joy and tones of sorrow,
Sad to-day, anibgay to-morrow,
Thus are life's great changes rung ;
Strong emotions, upward stealing
Prom the deepest fount of feeling
Uttered by that iron tongue,
While the sweet reverberations die.nway the
Thank God for pleasant weather I
Chant it, merry rills!
And clap your hands together,
Ye exulting hills !
Thank Him teeming valley
Thank Him, fruitful plain !
For the golden aunshine,
And the silver rain.
Thank God, of good the Giver I
Shout it, sportive breeze !
Respond, oh tuneful river
To the nodding trees.
Thank Him, bud and birdling !
As ye grow and sing
Mingle in thanksgiving
Every living thing!
Thank God, with cheerful spirit,
In a glow of love.
For what we here inherit,
And our hopes above !
Revels in her birth,
When God, in pleasant weather,
Smiles upon the earth I
LAUGIIABLE.-At. a church of color' not
twenty miles from Huntingdon, the other
evening, the minister noticing a number of
persons both white and black, standing up
on the seats during singing service, called
out in a loud voice—" Get down off dem
seats, bof white man and color, I cares no
more for de one dan de odder." Imagine
the pious minister's surprise on hearing
the congregation suddenly singing in Short
“Get down off dent cents,
Boff white men nod color,—
I cares no more for one man,
Den I does for do odder.”
Mir A tipsy man went into a Sunday
school, and for a few moments listened at
tentively to the questions propounded to
the scholars ; but getting anxious to show
his knowledge in Sciipture and doctrine,
he stood up, leaning on the front of the
pew with both hands. 'Parson 13.' said he
'ask me some of them hard quo••shuns.'—
'Uncle John,' said the parson, with a sol
emn face and inn drawling tone, 'don't
you know you are in the bonds of sin and
the depths of iniquity ?' Ires'ir, and in
the galls of bitterness, too. Ask me ano
Doctor Fordyce soinetimes drank a good
deal at dinner. He was summoned ono
evening to see a lady patient, when he was
more than half-seasover, and conscious
that he was so. Feeling her pulse, and
finding himself unable to count its beats
he muttered, "Drunk, by God !" Next
morning, recollecting the circumstance he
was greatly vexed and just as he was think
ing what explanation of his behaviour ho
should offer to the lady, a letter from her
was put into his hand.
"She too well knew," said the letter,
"that he had discovered the unfortunate
condition she was in when he last visited
her; and ahe entreated him to keep the
secret in consideration of the inclosed (a
hundred ;And bank-note.)"
DEADLY ENCOUNTER --"A few days
ago," says an English paper, "one of the
beautiful swans on Gosheld Lake, Essex,
belonging to Samuel Gourtauld, was seen
floating dead. On being drawn to the
shore, it was found that it had been engag
ed in mortal conflict with a monster pike.
The pike had swallowed the head and neck
of the swan, and being unable to disgorge
it, both had died, and were found thus link
Another Sermon from the Author of
.flle Played on the Harp? Ac.
Whar no wood is, there the fire goeth out.—
And they played on Simbols, Dulcimers, Jews.
harps and Demijohns.
MY Fiunsms t had the pleasure
of holclin' forth to the benighted and heath
enish rapscallions uv Brandon, Mississip
pi, on the subjeck—"An' he played on a
harp of a thousand strings, sperrits uv just
men made perfeck.'! As the spirits Itath
moved me to take up my bed and travel ;
and after visiting divus places, an' props
gain' the Gospil to yarns nominations, I
have at last latched up, bless the Lord,
'mong tin. hard shells of Tinicum. • My
tex this evenin' my bretherin, will be found
somewhere 'tween the Book of Providence
an' IMillcizedic (I think the former) an'
when found it will be read somewhar near
as follows "Whar no wood is, thar the
fire goeth out—and they played on simbols,
dulsimers, jewsharps and dimaiyjohns.
Now, my brethering, I'm gwine to say
to you as I said to the Bradonians on a
former 'cation, I'm not nn educated man,
but, bless the Lord, I'm a mighty religash
man, a man what's born agin—one what
sperienced the holy ghost, and tuck reli
gion in the natural way—for "Whar no
wood is, thar the fire goeth out—and they
p!ayed on simbols, dulsimers, jewsharps
Now, my brethering, Wraps some of ye
are wondering and axing yourselves to
what denominations I longs. Well, my
friends, I'm a plain spoken man, altho' I
sez it myself, as oughtent to stay it, and I'll
tell yer what swayshun I longs to. Y'raps
some on ye may think I'm a Mormon, sem
on ye may kalktlate I'm a Methodist, an'
others uv ye may imbibe tho noshun that I
ar a Free Lovyer, but I tells you. my bre
thering, you are all confoundedly confurn
busterated 'rye thinks any such thing, in
the language of my tex, "Whar no wood
is, thar the fire goeth out—end they play
ed on simbols, dulstmors, jewsharps and
Somehow, I oilers took an atnazin' likin'
to the Baptists, especially to the hard-shells
not because I'm particularly fond of cold
water, for, my brethering, I'm not one of
them are sort o' Christians us repudiates
good whiskey, or looks a gift horse in the
mouth. Thar's the Ruch shells, the soft
shells, the clam shells, and a great many
other kind of shells, but my brethering
next to the hard shell, give inn the man
that shells out liberally when the contribu•
tion box goes round—for "Whar nit wood
is, thar the fire goeth out—and they played
on simbels, dulsimers, jewsharps and jim.
Now, my brethering, having told you
what swashun I longs to, l'in gwine to ex
emplicate, and 'lncidate on my tex, which
sez, "Whar no wood is, titer the fire," &c.
My brethering don't 'sposefor the sixteenth
part uv a minnit, that the fire we read of
in the scriptures will go out bekase thar's
no wood. No, my christian friends, so
long ns the anthorsite and brimstone holds
out it won't make a dif uv bitterencewhe
ther the wood holds out or not, the fire will 1
be kept burning—for, they played on sin
bole, dulsimers, jewsharps and dimmy
My brethering, when according to the
tex, I sez, they played on simbols, dulsi
mers, jewsharps and dimmyjohns, I [newt
that the good perfeck spirits, them by the
sixth speer, nlays on the symbols and dui.
sisters, and the bad spirits what lives in
lower speers, play on the jewsharps and
dimmyjohns, 'specially the dimmyjohns—
for "Whar no wood is, that the fire geed'
out—and they played"—brethering, I
smell a mice ! Thar's a Judie in the con
gregashun, sure's you're livin' sinners and
he must be dispelled ! Ah, I told you so.
Thar he is on that high seat yonder, close
by the stove. That weazen faced sinner
in the bearskin bang up—a wolf in bear's
clothing—setten thar as innocent as a pos.
sum up a "simmon tree reporting my let
At this juncture all eyes were fixed on
our reporter, who also begen to "smell a
mice," and hastily thrusting his notes in
the pocket of his "barskin bang up," va
mooned through a side window, surround.
ed by a blaze of glory and at least a hun
dred hard shells.
FIRST OF APRIL NOTICE.—Those of our
town and country subscribers who have
changed their residences, should apprise
us in duo time, so as to avoid mistakes by
our carrier and ourselves in mailing their
papers. Word .left at the office or a line
by letter, will enable us to deliver their
" LIBERTY AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER, ONE AND INSEPARABLE. "
SCENE IN A BURIAL GROUND.
At Smyrna, the burial ground of the Ar.
menians, like that of the Moslem, is rem . -
ved a short distance from the town ; it is
sprinkled'with green trees, and it is-a fa
vorite resort, not only with the bereaved,
but with those whose feelings are not thus
darkly overcast. I met there one morning
a little girl with a half-playful countenance
bright blue eyes and sunny locks, bearing
in one hand a small cup of china, in the
other a wreath of fresh flowers. Feeling
a very natural curiosity to know what she
could do with these bright things in a place
that seemed to partake so much of sadness
I watched her light motions. Reaching a
retired grave, covered with a plain marble
slab, she emptied the seed—which, it ap
peared the cup contained—into the sligh.
cavities whioh had been scooped out in the
corners of the level tablet, and laid the
wreath On its pure face.
'And why,' I inquired, 'my sweet girl,
do you put the seed into those little bowls
'lt is to bring the birds here,' she repli
ed, with a half•wondering look; 'they will
light on this tree,' pointing to the cypress
above, 'when they have eaten the seed and
'Ts whom do th - y sing 1' I asked ; 'to
you, or to each other ?' -
'Oh, no,' she quickly replied,'to my sis
ter ; she sleeps here,'
'Rut your sister is dead.'
'Oh yes sir, but she bears the birds sing.'
'Well, if she does hear the birds sing ,
she cannot see that wreath of flowers.'
'Rut she knows I put it there ; I told
her before they took her away from our
house, I tvould come and see her every
'You must,' I continued, 'have loved
your sister very much; but you will nev
er talk with her any more--never see her
"Yes, Fir,' she replied, with a brighten•
ed look, 'I shall see her 'again in heaven'
'But she has gone there already,' said
'No, she stops here under this tree till
they hring me here, and then we are go%
ing together:—Journal of a Traveler in
CASSIUS X. CLAY.
A Southern correspondent of the 'roil'.
rra Christian .thlvorate, gives the follow
ing as Cassius M. Clay's mode of manag
ing the Kentucky audiences by moral sua
'fie sends an appointment to 'a given
place to lecture at a certain time; perhaps
some of the natives will send word that he
will not be permitted to lecture there ; he
sends back word that he will lecture there
according to previous notice. The time
conies, a great crowd is collected to hear
the mob ; presently the lecturer comes.—
He passes directly through the crowd, ho
mounts the forum, waves his hand fur at
tention, nll eyes are turned towards the
speaker. He commences with a firm, a
clear, and decided' tone of voice the follow
"Gentlemen," says lie, "I have a few
preliminaries to settle previous to entering
upon the main subject for discussion. I
want to make three short appeals to three
clesses of persons," (when he holds up a
small Bible.) ' , There gentlemen," says
lw, '.is the great charter record of human
rights on which all law and equality is ba
sed, deserving the name of law, this is my
appeal fo the' religious part of sociely."--
and lays it down on the steno before him.
Then he holds up the Constitution of the
United States. 'Here gentlemen' says he
"is the bond of our Union, the noble Con
stitution of our glorious Republic, which
says that all men are born free and equal,
with certain inalienable rights, &c &c."
This is au appeal to gentlemen, to patriots
and to all Americans, and he places it with
his . Bible before him. Then ho puts his
hand into his pocket, and brings out an
enormous six shooter, holding it before tho
audience, he exclaims : "and here gentle
men, is a six shooter, every barrel of which
is heavily loaded with powder and cold
lend. This is my appeal to mobocrats and
I will blow its contents through the heatt
of the first man who offers to lay his hands
on me to silence me in my native State, or
gag free speech in my presence." This
he lays down upon the stand, with his two
former appeals, ready for action, theta ho
commences a perfect storm against the pe
culiar institution, enough to wring sweat
from old Kentucky from every pore. By
this lime, all aro awed into submissive si
SO4NE AT OM A,LLLY.—(Lady in fa.
shionab(e dress.) "Little boy, can Igo
through this gate to the river 9"
Boy.—“ Perhaps. A load of hay went
through this wornin."
PA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9, 1856.
The Art of Teaching—A Common Error.
A Teacher proposei: this question to no
What is the most common and 'injurious
error of the Atnericari mode of conducting
school 'exercises ?
We Cad answer the question without a
moment's hesitation. The worst mistake
of our teachers, we think, is, their attesep.
ting to do everything every flay. If, for
dxample,A pupil is to learn Geography,
they think it incumbent nit th4eito give
him a dally•losson in that science. Thus
the teacher is borne down with the weight
of his labors, and yet nothing is well taught .
Ile has no time for "minute explanation,
and no strength for reparatory study.
But on the turopean system of having
the extra branches given but once a week
they can be taught thoroughly, and the
teacher is not annihilated. In a school of
but one teacher there is no other way of
securing thoroughnets. Of course the
principal study—which is either language
or mathematics—must go on every day ;
but such lessons as Geography, History
and Natural Philosophy should occur but
once a week, and then the lesson should
be a lesson inded. •It is astonishing how
much more can be accomplished in this
Thus we answer the question proposed,
THE MEEnxa.—The following inter
est incident appearetj in a late number of
a California paper.
The arrival of an ocean Fteamor is al
ways the soene of a large number of spec-
tators at the wharf. One afternoon when
the Panama came in"; a tall individual from
the mountains, who unfortunately, had no
ticket to secure him a‘larittanceto the dock,
stood outside the gat, watching through its
open paunch with great anxiety, as if he
expected the arrival of some dear friend.
After a full hour thuLoccupied, his heart
was gladdened by the approach of a small
furniture wagon containing several women
smug whom he recognized the features of
one that made him utter an involuntary
jaculation. The gate was swung back and
the wagon passed out. He worked his
' way to it through all the dense throng of
people, and exclainarg . 'Sarah,' •ettracted
the attention of a young woman seated al
ongside the driver. ; A.s soon as she beheld
him, she answered 'John,' and loosing all
control over herself, fell forward on the
haunches of the horse, from which site
rolled forward into the arms of n fond hus
Despite the general merriment of the
crowd; Sarah and John held each other
for a moment in close locked embrace, af
ter which their lips met and they indulged
in a perfect transport of kisses. 'Who
cares 1' said the honest spouse as she re
sumed her place on the sent of the wagon,
'Who cares if they do laugh 7 lle's my
dear husband, and I'd kiss, him if all the
.world stood •by I'
• Noblo hearted woman. That was a
proud sontitnent, and did her heart great
honor in its utterance.
AN AMERICAN 2ESol`.—The following
excellent illustration of the enlistment dif
ficulty is from the Freeman's Journal :
The 171111-Dog's .ilitology.—Bingo, the
'bull-dog, and Carlo, of the Newfoundland
breed, had once been friends, but the form•
er being or an overbearing disposition, and
much given to sheep-stealing, a coolness
had grown up between the two. One win
ter's day Bingo encountered Bruin the
bear with a lamb in his mouth, and boldly
attacked bins to take away his prey. The
bear, however gave him so tight a hug,
that he barely escaped with his life. Bin
go now looked to his old comrade for help
but Carlo plainly told him that he was in
different in the quarrel, and did not care a
bone which whipped. The bull dog then
endeavored, in Carlo's absence, to en;ice a
way his family of pups to the war, but was
detected in the act, being surprised in the
very kennel of his neighbor. Carlo loud
ly demanded redress and security for fu•
Lure good behavior, but the other gravely
dropping the corners of his mouth, repli
ed as follows ;—"My young friend, you
have no cause of complaint, for three rea
sons--firstly, because I came into your
premises quietly ; secondly, when you
came back I left directly ; and thirdly, the
explanations I have given you are a suffi
cient apology, and no reasonable dog can
Mawr—Only a bold rogue will make
an apology out of an insult.
Ile_ An old Whig, counsels the survi
vors of the party not to be humbled over
the cry that their party has been swallow
ed. Ile says : “The whale swallowed
Jonah. Jonah was heard of afterwards—
the whale never !"
/4_7- The Yankee has been styled "a
tvvll•developed interrogation point."
1 / t , ' i '
1 ( 1 I S ' I
A , ,
E s- A fellow out West, being asked
what made him bald, replied that the girls
"had pulled his hair out pulling him into
:MirDr. South says—'The tale-bearer
and the, tale-hearer should be lunged up
both together, the former by the tongue,
the latter by the ear.'
IC7' It is estimated that the clergy cost
t he United states six million dollars a year;
the criminals twelve million ; the dogs ten
* Millions, and the lawycis thirty-five tnil
ElEirA citizen down cast was dubbed
'little rascal!' A friend once volunteered
to ask him why he was called the little ras-
cal. , To distinguish me front my neigh
bors, who aro all great rascals I'
Cent is 'beautiful to behold at a wed
ding the sorrow•stricken air of the parent
as ho 'gives the bride away,' when you
know that for the last ten years he has
been doing his best to get her off his hands.
01110 REPUDIATE; FILLMORE.-The
State Conncil at Columbus, last night, af
ter a stormy session, adopted a majority re
port, repudiating the nomination of Fill
more and Donaldson, and endorsing sees
ders from Philadelphia.
Mr The Ilartford(Ct.) Times, stato'b
that a person named Barney, Lynch, went
into the hall of a house in that city, ono
day' last w.2clr, and stole an umbrella, and
then took it around to the back door and
sold it to the woman fnr2s cents,
GIRLS !—ltemember that . this is leap
year. Make good use of your time—home
of you are on the verge of maidenhood,
and it is imprtant that you should make
hay while tho sun shines. In the expres
sive language of our friend Pickles--Go
in, calico, and get squeezed I
A YANKEE. —HO is self-denying, self-
relying, end into everything prying. Ile
is a lover of piety, propriety, notoriety and
temperance society. Ile is a dragging,
bragging, striving, thriving, swapping,
jostling, hustling, wrestling, musical
astionomicat • philosophicnl, poetical,
and comical sort of character, whose mani
fest destiny is to spread civilization to the
remotest corner of the earth.
Ear A Pennsylvania editor says,—
"Somebody brought one bottle of soured
water into our office, with the request to
notice it as "lemon beer." If Esau was
green enough to sell his birthright for a
mess of pottage, it does not prove that we
vill tell a four shilling lie for five cents.r
KIND Worins.--They are the brightest
flowers of earth's existence ; they make a
very paradise of the humblest homo the
world can show. Use them, andcipecial•
ly around the fire-side circle. They are
jewels beyond price, and more precious to
heal the wounded heart and make the
weighed down spirit glad, than all other
bli:ssings the world can give. Try them,
Goom—A verdant young man who was
learning the art and mystery of tanning,
was paying his 'distresses' to apiece of ca
lico, and was remarkable for his temerity.
Ono evening after sitting a full hour with
out opening his mouth, he ventured to ask:
"Becky, did you ever see a cow's tall,
skinned ?. it's a terrible bloody thing."
The ice was broken ; so drawing up his
chair, says he—" Becky, if you love me,
kiss roe ; for I can wheel more tan bark
than any other critter in these diggins I"
card Well, Tom, does your girl contin•
ue to love you
'Yes, more than ever.'
?Indeed ! what evidence have you of
'Why she makes me presents !'
'What has she given you lately ?'
.011, she made the a present of my pic
ture, which I paid five dollars for before I
gave it to her,`
! site gave you the mitten too didn't
MEMORY OF A Maorte.—A lady who
caught her magpie stealing her picklecd
' walnuts, threw a basin full of hot grease o
ver thy poor bird, exclaiming :
"Oh, you thief, you've been at the pick.
led walnuts, have you?''
Poor Mag was dreadfully burned, his
feathers came off, leaving his head entirely
bare, He lost all spirit and spoke not a
word for more than a year, when a gentle
man culled at the house, who, on takiug
off his hat, exhibited a very bald head.--
The magpie appeared evidently struck
with the circumstance. Hopping up on
the back of his chair, and looking him has.
tily over, he suddenly exclaimed its the
ear of his astonished visitor :
"Oh, you thief, you've been at the pick•
led walnuts, have you ?"
The question of cheap bread for the
working-man, and whether there will be a
good supply of beef, depend upon how the
people plant corn.
If pork next fall is scarce and high, those
who have it to sell may think it is a pros
perous time for them, but it will be more
so if the people generally have planted
corn. It is no true arguinent that if all
- did so the price would be 'ruinously low.'
No country ever was ruined by cheap
We advise you, therefore, every man
of you that owns an acre of soil, to plant
corn—in the English acceptation of the
word, anything that will make bread—but
more partioularly we entreat you to plant
maize, or Indian corn. We ask it now
because now is the time to prepare for it.
We ask it for the good of the country—for
the benefit of the farmer. Is there a man
living who took our advice and increased
his crop last spring, and who has since had
a moment of regret that.he did so ? If he
has, his deeply benefitted country has not.
The people return thanks to God for a
bounteous crop. Without it, what would
those who buy bread have done in all this
terrible winter ?
Last spring a general effort was Made
to increase the produet of the land. Heay.
en smiled upon it, and the people were
made glad. There was cause then—there
is a cause now—that the people should
plant corn—more than was planted last
year, for nowhere are the granaries full
nowhere is there a surplus laid up against
an unfruitful year, and wn:mut such a sur
plus no country can be independent, no
people prosperous and happy. Let them
We have had a winter of severity such
as those who are most able to work have
never known before, and may never know
again. But that is not certain; the next
may be one still greater severity, and if
so, what a demand there will be for grain
—the poor will cry out for bread. Let
the la rtue •;da tit corn. . ,
Owing to the feet that the ground
has been covered with snow is an absor
bent of fertilizing element for the earth,
we have reason to believe that this will be
a great grain producing season. Let the
people plant corn.
Not a day is to be lost. We know that
the ground is still frozen—that the snows
of January still linger on the surface; but
we repeat, not a day is to be lost from
your preparation, if you intend, more than '
last year to plant corn.
Let it not be argued that the pane of
corn is falling—it is still largely remuner.
ative, while all its products are equ'ally' so.
Look at the prices that fanneys have reali
zed for beef and pork, and 1116601 the lat
has fallen, it is still above the point of
profit to the maker There is no prospect
that beef will not fall below ten cents a
pound on the hoof for all that is corn fed
during the year. At that rate it will pay ,
to plant corn. 1
There is pressing need now for a great
crop, as great, or greater than that of last
year ; and we may hare it, if those who
read this article will hear in mind the bur
den of its song, and urge upon all with
whom they have any influence, to plant
corn—plant more than you intend---more
than you did last year, if only by one gram
one hill, one rod, one rood, one acre, ono
field—still lot your motto be that which
begins and end this appeal—PLANT Cm!
—N. Y. Tribune.
Experiments with Manures Plowing Ste.
Mr. G. W. Coffin, of Armenia, Dutch
es county, N. Y., who received the sec.
end . premium from the New York State
Agricultural Society for farm management
reports the following experiments with
On grass lauds, soil tenacious limestone
loam, old sod of red top, June grass, And
white clover, The results wore as fol.
lbs. hay per nom
Without manure of any kind. 2,000
400 lbs. of peruvian guano, costing $lO, 4,000
800 lbs. plaster, ousting $2,00, 2,180
400 lbs. superphosphate or time, coat $lO 3,040
Untouched ashes, 26$ bus. coat $3,31, 3,840
An experiment was made on potatoes
with the following result :
Tcn hills without any manure gave, 13 lbs.
" with handiull of fresh ashes, 63 "
" with compost of hen manure, 193
" with handfull of plaster, 19i1 "
The manures were applied in the hill at
at,: time of planting ; the ashes proving
too strong, but each of the others increas
ed the yield at the rate of about 60 bush
els per acre.
An experiment in suckering corn show
ed that it did neither good nor harm.
After six years' careful experimenting,
VOL.XXI. NO. -15.
Mr. C. is "compelled nninst all former
notions" to believe that corn lasted should
always be taken /tom the Bmall end of the
car; that from the large end, lioweNer he
finds bettor than that train the middle.
111 r. Coition reports his experience in
regard to the use of the subsoil plow as
follows: He used the subsoil- plow on
a portion of several fields of different soils
and for different kinds of grain; but us
ceßt in one instance, although severs! years
have since elapsed, there was ' , no prccep
tible difference in the yield or : growth at
. The exueptional case was;
In a field on another part of the ferns, ices
loam and more day in the soil; use.l the
subsoil plow to about the same depth (lil
inehes)on one land oniy, sowed the wkole
lots to oats, and could see soon cite; ; they
came up that looked yellow and sickly for
the two first weeks, Lut then began to im
prove,.keeping ou until they prSsented
the same appesrace as the rest of the lot
no one being able to perceive any differ
ence up to the time of harvesting. Oa
gathering the ditTerence was so nppatent
that one could have almost told with his
eyes shut as soon as he came to this land.
Although there was about the same growth
of straw us on other portions, yet the bun•
dies were much heavier and heads bettor
filled. The amount produced by =heed
ing must have been as much its eight bush
els to the acre more than where the com
mon plow was used only. No percepti
ble difference in' the grdffs 'this ''sinn
As soon as baying it over, Iruit trees of
,kinds maybe trimed. iNow is the tiwe
to expect the wounds to heal rapidly,
the trees make wood fast at this season.--
Massachusetts Plowman of Sug..Bth.
If the only thing to be taken into con.
sideration is the rapid healing or the
wounds, this season of the year would,
most assuredly, be the most suitable of any.
If on the contrary a due regard is had to
the grov,th and health of the tree, of all
seasons this would be the most improper
for the very reason that "trees snake wood
fact this season.
Strip a tree entirely of its leaves, and the
Mrmation of wood ceases. Depri a tree
of one of its boughs, we take from it a
number of its digestive organs, its loaves
and thereby impair its growth, as also that
of its roots.'
The principles of vegitahle pbychology
that relate to the growth of trees are
follows : The sap is absothed by the roots
ascends the stem, traverses the branches
is elaborated in the leaves and descends a
gain toward the roots, depositing u new
layer of wood.
Those who have paid attention to the
growth of trees must have observed that
the period of increase is divided into two
. After the second growth is emelt
which in most trees is in the month
August or . September, the elf',
decending sap, in the ,
proceeds with more activity than at .-ny
other season of the year; and-. is growth
always corresponds to the action of the
leaves and branches, their removal nt this
season must be prejudicial to the formation
of wood accordingly. The energies of
the roots, also, have been taxed thus far
in furnishing the needed sAlpplics to the
growing leaves and branches, it is seen:,
nary that they, in return, stould have lL
full benefit of the returning elaborated sill,
to inoreaso their groWth and enable iimm
'to maintain a healthy vigorous
If fruit trees needing pro:ling, have re
mained without it until haying is over, let
them remain without h until their leaves
have fully perforated the ofEco for which
they were designed.
Early next tipring, 1,..f0n , the swelling
of the bud and the active ei,ulation of sap
commences, I regard as the most prorw
and rational time for pruning fruit tree::.
I an we!! nwa:c•thai the teasel of Diet
Downing, Thrm: , aed utltor , ran he quo
ted RS authority fo:t summer primitt7 ; vt
the setne , titno I must diszent from theil•
recomendatione, regarding them as un•
sound in theory, awl ; so•far a, my experi
ence goes, prejudicial' in practice.-77n,
Tans, &e.—Nolv le too time to order
Fruit, and Shade Trees, ,':•iiirublwry, &c.
All who love the buds and blossoms of ho
spring, the cool shade to ward oil lb, ;mot.
mer's heat, and the delicious truits tt at
autumn brings in i s train, should not ne
glect, if they have a foot of ground : lo con
tribute their mite to perpetuate these 1.1,-
sings. The beat varieties should , always
be chosen, for it takes no mere labor or
pains to raise a good tree than a bad out,.
Messrs. Taylor and Cromer have on hand
thy choicest kind of trees; patronize then,