Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, August 15, 1855, Image 2

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Wednesday Morning, August 15, 1955.
- - •
The "JOURNAL , ' has 300 Subscri
bers snore, than any other paper
in this county.
Agents for the Journal.
Thu following persons we have appointed Agent
for the Heauxonort Jou IMAL, who are outlaw
load to receive and receipt for money paid on sole
aeription, nod `take tiro woos at new subsea
bars at oar puMbod prices.
Wed° Chic for fhe convenience of our subscri
bore living at a distance front Huntingdon.
JOHN NV. THOM I'ALIN, Esq., Holtalysburg,
SAM UFA COEN, Easi, thtriee,
Guonot: Cruntwell townslii.
li.nv IltrosoN,!lay tn) 1'115111 (1.
DAvin ETNIHE, Cromwell township
I% As',ow, l'enn!.ownship,
f. WAnt:ilin MAT'raals, Franklin township ;
SuMll.l. S rixr EY, JUCLSUM township,
Col. Jan. C. W., 1,40 n, Brady township,
l\tonnis BROWN, Springfield township,
WM. lIIITCMINRON, ESil., Wiitrinridnarli
Guonon W. WurtrAK LH, Petcraburg,
litaray Nerr, West Barre,.
Maj. Cirsur,ns Minim.. 'roil township
A. M.Lfrou, Dublin tutvughiv,
Gamma Wimmx, Esq., Tell ruwndlip,
.I . Asma CLAna, Birmingham.
N.l THANIEL fel - 11.11, FA., Spruce Creek
Mnj. W. Moo., Alexandria.
B. F. WA r.r.Aum, Union Furnace.
Sismosi WRltilr. Esq., Unien tosSoship.
DA VII) CLAIMKOiI, LSII., (MISS if.lllBllll,
KA 11110. WulTwi, Esq., Franklin township
DA, in A ruAiiirr, FAL., Todd totrnship.
Dn. S. linAny, Dublin township.
Whig Delegate Election;
The Whig Delegate clef:lien in thitFlonough
resulted in the selection of A. Cannon, Enq.
and henry Cornprobst, Esq., an the delegate:
to represent Oulu in the County Convention
John A nnitage, 1:s(1.0i:us Chairman and Cul
J. A. Doyle, Secretary.
The Broad Top Pic Nie,
This was decidedly it fine affair. Al.
though business forbade us joining the
party of merry lads and blooming lasses,
our heart went with them. The beautiful
..pot selected by the managjrs, (Fountain
Grove) is unrivalled for beauty. It is a
' , spirit-stealing nook," • where many sum
mer days might be charmingly spent ; the
interlacing boughs of the surrounding lux
uriant' :pods cover it with impervious
,hade, and near by is a cavernous hollow,
inade by the moss•grown rocks, down
hick a small stream with a noise like
ca ctde echoes refroshitigly through the
still forest scene. A b tut one hundred per.
sons . were present, and all came home char
med with their pleasant party.. Groot
praise is due the energetic and gentle
manly managers, for the comfortable man
ner in which everything mos conducted ;
4,nd in making this, the first pie iiic on the
Broad Top Rail Road, worthy of the
dent, Borough."
The Late Elections.
The recent elections held in several of
the southern states, have rcsu heti general.
ly, in the triumph of Pierce, and Slavery,
as was reasonably expected would be the
case, by every political man of experience.
We have not complete returns from any of
the states, as yet, but sufficient to enable
Its to form correct conclusions, as to the
complexion of affairs. .
In North Carolina, a majority of the
Congressmen elected arc Locofocos, and
tierce administration supporters.
The latest returns from Alabama, indi.
Late the election of Shortbridgo, the nom.
inee of the American party. If the re
turns as telegraphed be correct, Short
bridge will be the Governor.
Tennessee it is said has gone Pierce by
a small majority. Johnson, the Democrat
ic nominee for Governor, it is presumed
is elected.
In '`old Kennit," the Americaus ap-
pear to have carried everything below
them, electing their Governor, a majority
of the Congressmen, and almost all the
members of the State Legislature.
The State Teachers' Association.
The State •l'eachers' Association held a
meeting at Pittsburg during the present
week, at which Professor W. V. Davis ; of
Lancaster, presided. From the proceed
ings we learn that the recent school law,
establishing a certain standard of qualifica
tions for teachers, has caused a general do•
round for places where teachers might be
properly educated, and accordingly, nor
mal schools have already been established
in the counties of Lancaster ; Berk.•, Alle
gheny, Somerset and Centro ; and the suo•
teas of those points to the nece,city fur a
State institution. The Lancaster Normal
School orned on the 17th of April, and
during the session 117 teacloirs have atten
ded for instruction, of whom 125 were
from Lancaster, and the others from (Wier
.. ent portions of the State. A resolution
was adopted by the Association, authori
zing the appointment of a committee to
petitimothe Legislature for the establish.
ment ofa State Normal School. Gratify
ing accounts were given to the At , tociutien
oldie workings of the normal schools in
Allegheny and (!entre counties. A num
ber of interesting disquisitions on abstract
oubjects were read by various member., of
the As.socialion.
A number of trout thi,
The Harmonious Democracy.—• Rich and
Racy Scones,
'l'he Locofoco delegate election show
which came off in this borough ou last Sat-
nrday evening, presented some features
worthy of notice, not given in the hand
bills. It was a perfect farce ; not the free
expression of opinion of an independent
I)einocriey, but an inquisitorial conclave of
designing t t °penny demagogues, who
took upon themselves the self assurance
and presumption to proscribe every indi
vidual who would ant subscribe to a pledge
declaring his iisconneetion with the lc. n
organization, and a positive ngreement ne
ver to become n member of such an order.
Now this we consider in perfect keeping
with the character of Locofncoistn, but it
doss look rather shabby on the part of the
majority of the prime movers in this pro
ceeding, who ore well known to be reject
ed k. of more properly Ic. o. k. n's—
Out of some two hundred and odd votes in
the borough, barely one-fifth of the number
was polled. This proves plainly one of
the two facts, that either the Democracy
are amalgamating. in a most fearful man
ner, with the proscribed order of dinidnight
conspiiators," or "dark•lantered gentry,"
or else the delegate election was not the
unanimous expression of the so called Du •
At art early hour, the two factions which
embrace the Democracy of the borough,
were ou the ground, each eager to secure
the officers. A creature of the Cameron
wing, notorious for his stupidity, was li•
nally chosen, und the panorama began to
move. The chairman, with
"114; lit tle round is ily,
That shook when to laughed,
Lit.ti a bowl rull el jcllr;'
filled the chair with great sellsatisfaction.
Then began the tviro-pulling to secure the
delegates. Hough words w,re exchanged
between the Cameron and anti-Catnoron
leaders, and the little 'friar' forgetting his
station, called one a bar, and inady some
`Moyamensing demonstration' towards the
opponent of his master. M ore Lbw it
was thought the meeting would end inn
general."muss," but through the exertion
of a few of the law and order citizens, par
tial quiet was restored, although the little
chairman was compelled le make an inter
nal as well as external application of fluid
extract, to smother his 'Win' intlipm , hun'
and keep down his angry feelings. Take
it all in all, we have never - witnessed a
time disgraceful scene, and with many oth
ers, including a number of respectable
Democrats, tee left, perfectly disgusted.
The NeW AeFallean Party.
We find the following call in the Pitts
burg Gazette, copy of which has been sent
to us. It is, we believe, the first author
ized summons yet issued fora State Con
ye:l6°a of the A nti-Nebruska, or Ilepubli
nth patty Of Penisylvania.• In the list of
names appended use Limo of members of
all the old organizations. Whilst •we ex
pressao opinion as to the movement itself
we ~tiblish the call for the information of
our reader,, the more especially as it con
tains the names of Whig. leaders of high
standing :
ncpublimt Stale Cmavention.—Tho citizens
of Pennsylvania, without sugar d to fit/yer tas.
ty distinction, who urn to units in a new
organization to mist the Nam spread of
very nod the increase of the slave power, arc
',quested to meet in Muss Convention, the oth
slay of September, 1855, at 11 o'clock., A. M.,
to organize a Republica:l Tarty in this State,
which shall give es premium to the popular will
so the subjects involved in the repent of the
Alissouri Compromise, and co-operate with oth.
er organinations of a similar character is tither
George Darbie, Allegheny county.
John W. Howe, Crawford county.
Jonn S. Mann, Potter county.
John Allison, Beaver county.
John M. Kennedy, PhdadeOda county
Win. B. Thomas, do
Joseph Markle Westmoreland county.
lenjumin Northumberland Co.
Murtin Bell , Blnir county.
11. IL Frazer, Susquehanna county.
I. 11. Cobb, Tioga county.
Thaddeus Stevens, Lancaster county
Alex K. Nlceluro, Franklin county,
Alfred Matthias, Indiana county.
Powder Mill Explosion.
A powder house in Wilmington, contain•
lug about u ton and a half of powder, was
blown up one day last weuk, causing a
number of deaths, and doing tin amount of
injury to property. The full particulars
of the ca•n are given in our exchanges,
from which we understand that the cause
of the explosion is attributed to a workman,
who had been in the habit of smoking on
the premises. All the workmen connec
ted whh the establishment were killed at
once ; fragments of bodies were found at
a distance of live hundred yards from the
place of explosion. The true, around the
drying house were blown up by the roots,
and fields were literally covered with frog
moots of wood, cinders and the remains of
the victims.
John L. Dawson, who was recently ap
pointed Governor of Kanzai, in room of
Guy. A U. Reeder, removed, refuses to
accept. Wu understand the appointment
has been tendered to Wilson • Shannon of
Ohio. Mr. Dawson, we understand, has
an eye on the United States Senatorship,
sod fur this reason refused the Governor
ff. — Dilly Lewis thinks we should bu
voged or Illegal voting. Now Billy, you
are wrong. You tenteuther, certainly, a
high fr.yumibitity event, that happened
once on a time. Don't you. Well yuu
lawn you wu.u.'t put in dinutwe vile. •
I notv, 4,114. IQU..
The Only Way to "Ftuse."
The Iron Democrat appears to consid
er our plan for the action of the Whig par•
ty, during the coming campaign, to be
rather proscriptive, so far as relates to the
party ho upholds. Well, Mr. Democrat,
we mean just what we say ; a fusion with
the Democracy, would, inevitably destroy
the character of the great Whig Party
It would not be consistent on our part to fa
vor a Whig and Locofoco amalgamation, for
the simple reason that the principles of the
latter organization, are as corrupt and an
ti •republioan now, as in the days of Clay
and Webster. A fusion therefore, must
necessarily embrace candidates for offloe
chosen from the ranks of each party, and
hence, we would, by favoring a fusion, be
constrained to support men holding opin
ions and views contradictory to those we
h toe always believed to be the soundest,
and Which are of the greatest advaniege
to our country. To lend our support to
Locofocoisno, is out of the question.
But this brings us to the query : flow
will we consent to fuse ? On the single
system ; i. e. the Whig party will nomi
nate a pure ticket, composed of loyal, re
publican men, who have t Ito good of the
whole country at heart, who are enimently
patriotic, untarnished by the prejudicial
iiinciplea of any corrupt private organiza
tion for the promotion of selfish ends. If
the ticket su nominated meets the views of
Democrats, let them 'lay hold.' This, we
feel satisfied, is the only fusion to which
the IVhigs of Huntingdon County will
give their hearty and unanimous consent.
The Public Lands.
We learn that the exposition of public
lands sold within the past fiscal year pre
sents 80111 C surprising results, and yet such
ai are characteristic of the working of our
Government. The following recapitulation
of the table embraces the most important
items :
TOllll quantity of !antis for cash, 14,689,363
'l' tat quantity suld in the Free
&Ales awl 'rerrirorics. 7,691,000
'fetal quantity 00111 i 0 the Slave
States and '.l.'erritories, 7,267,000
Total amount of cash receipts $10,549,000,00
Received from sales in Free receipts,
110,011.04 from sales in filave states 2,604,000,00
Art./01W; price per acre for all the
States, 71
i\verogoplee per acre 1.2 r free stateg,
Averniie price per acre fir slave gal..,
The greatest quantity,ef land sold in
any State, and at the highest market price,
was in lowa, where 3,276,000 acres were
sold at $1,24 per acre. The next greatest
quantity was disposed of in Missouri, when
2,506,000 acres were sold at an average of
43 cents per acre. The lowest average
. was in Indiana, where the small
remnants oft half century's traffic in Gov
ernment real estate brought only 17.7 cents
per acre. 'rho next lowest average was
,Alabama, where nearly 2.300,000 acres
sold for a trifle over halt a million of dol
lars equal to 23 cents per acre. •
Those fact are additional proofs of a
truth sufficiently well established before,
namely, that while the benefits and favors
of the General Government fall chiefly up
on the South, the chief burdens of its sup
port devolve upon the North. We pay
enormous prices for the regions we annex
at the South, as in Texas and the Me•silla
Valley, from which not a farthing will be
roulized ; we lasi:MO° public treasure in
original payments to Southern Imams for
their laid titles, nod generally double or
treble the amount in the allowance of frau
dulent claims growing out of theta ; the
expenses of surveys at the South are double
those at the North—and the grand result
of the whole is that lands at the North
acquired at half price yield to the national
treasury three times as much as those at
the South. In otljer words, while acqui
sitions on the freOide of the line of divis
ion are a source id revenue and national
strength, Southern accessions servo no oth
er purpose but to absorb the revenues
von front the contributions of the opposite
Heavy Defalcation,
This is manifestly the age of defaulters.
Nu sooner does the public mind become
composed over "bust up," than it is
disturbed by another. There is a story
told of an aged African woman who had
Leen a slave in America, but ea being lib•
orated she wont to Liberia. She soon ac
cumulated property, cnough to purchase a
~n ative," or two, and of course led them a
Inird life. When asked why she knowing
the evils of bondage, kept slaves, she re•
plied, "Oh ! I outs do as they do in Ole
Virginney." The following which we
find in an eastern "x" looks us if the oth
er brad habits of white people were spread
ing among the "children of Night." "E
-vil examples corrupt good manners :"
"A society of colored persons,ii;rthit:.7i
ttro,nsorynAilzreitcla7lfie,rr t
the ii)tulerpofse
of aidin g
emigrants to Liberia, have made the wt•
fortunate discovery that their tieusurer,
Dennis Smith, a brother Africaii, has be.
come a defaulter io the full amount of the
funds of the association—sumolMO."
We hope to hoar the 'full particulars"
of the examination, which will, of course,
take piano, together with the 'explanation'
which Dennis will make to tho "stuckhol•
ikirWlien we ixe u lucid puctty ;;irl, with it
Tice but iiiiiecetit air, with dude, whith we
call hardly help kkaitig, unit with a pair alma.
icily Uwe ',yea, which utaincil
.iefeeity their ailken utt alwavi
that alit %%a., mat a laud puddle, dad that
wc had td, hit tiew . Su ~aye cut -devil."
gust was received last week, but too late
to receive notice. This is, emphatically,
a good magazine ; wolf worthy the patro.
nage of the public, the price being but .1
per year. Send and get it.
THE SACRED CIRCLE, is the title of a
neat little monthly, we have been recei
ving for some time past. It is devoted to
the science of Spiritualism, and is edited
by Judge Edmonds, Dr. Dexter, and oth
ers. The believers in the spiritual sci
ence would do well to subscribe for it, if
they desire their faith strengthened.
PETERSON'S MAOAZINE for August, is be
fore no, a rich, interesting, beautiful and
desirable work. It is a book which all
lovers of literature should possess, and we
heartily recommend it to the public favor.
INVENTOR is the title of an excel
lent new scientific magazine, the first num
bar of which is before us. It is a splen
di.l work, and if we may judge of the fu
ture by the present number, it will cer
tainly take the lead in the Scientific jour
nal line. Published by Quimby, Haskell
& Co., N. Y., at $1 per annum.
all'Billy Lewis, of the Globe, appears
to take peculiar 'delight in attempting to
make us appear us great a villain as him
se.f. Poor soul ➢it we didn't pity him,
we would tell a few plain facts relative to
his city life. But we won't. We would
not like his dear, Democratic brethren
know what a curmudgeon they have got
to deal out their Democracy. We wish to
keep subh affairs us drunken rowdydow,
cancer shows, police office scenes, &c., &ei
profound secrets. We do.
6tucral Bctus.
Western Emigration.
The rapid settlement of the Northwest, as
evinced by the extraordinary emigration thith
er, and the vast quantities of public land sold
or occupied on warrants, is one of the events
of the day deserving of serious attention. The
bulk of thii migratory multitude has been gen.
orally composed of nor native population, but
what are its components at present we ar e un
able to say. Foreign immigrants are not, as a
body, passed of sufficient means to go far West.
A large number remain iu the cities and towns
following mechanical or mental occupations.—
A minority go to the interior, but generally
settle in the vicinity of some of their former
friends or neighbors. The native imigratiou is
composed of small limners, who go West to
become larger cultivators, or workmen who
have accumulated money enough to start as
OW.. of (arms. Few have ntuch capita', and
all are promoted by hopes of bettering their
fortunes by hard work, industry and economy.
The statistics of the census show that this ten
dency westward is destined constantly to in
crease. The Middle States teem with popula
tion, whielt accumulates so rapidly that on out
let is an absolute necessity. Jr they did not
hind it at the West, they would soon overrun
Ate more northern slave States. Even as it is,
with the vast domain of the West open to us,
this northern hive has sent a large number of
emigrants into all the border States of the
South. Land is so cheap in some sections of
Maryland and Virginia, that small farmers find
it much better to remove thither than to under
take a long and toilsome journey to the Mr
West. This is a question nut of institutions
but political economy. Emigration is our safb.
,ty valve. We must have a sufficient outlet
fir our surplus, and it will ho found or made
by necessity, whether it be conceded or refused
to us. It is not possible to coop us such a por.
ulation us the. northern States have acquired,
so restless, adventurous and eager for fortune
or the chance of its acquisition. The effort,
therefore, to make Kansas and Nebraska slave
States must fail. The institution may be este)).
lisped there on paper, butit will be overwhelm
ed by numbers, and must ultimately become
extinct. Let any . ono who wishes to satisfy
h....1r0n this point look to lowa, and see the
!nighty influx of imigrants there, and the clear
ing away of Om wilderness, as if by magic.
Trial, is not a phenomenon of a day. It has
been growing steadily from year to your, until
it that attained its present proportions.' It can
not diminish in succeeding years, because the
pressure in the rear constantly increases.—
Now where must all this multitude of free set.
tiers go when lowa and Minnesota are maple.
od 7 Cain the tido be turned back upon us; to
overflow our cities and towns? Can einigra.
lion be stopped? Can we avoid the European
As these things are not possible, it is unde
niable that emigration from the free States
must go on increasing from year to year. Thou
sands of industrious men can do well at the
west, who make out very poorly here, rind the
knowledge of this (het has been widely dissent.
Mated all through the north by the numbers
who have already tried the experiment. Pos.
sibly they may find that the same thing is true
of all the unpeopled wilderness of the country,
and so become pioneers in the Virginia back•
woods, or any other sparsely settled State. it
is idle tend': of regulating this movement by
political nutinouvres. It is beyond the reach
of politicians. IVhenever the field is most
prom:sing them it will go, and nothing can
prevent it.
SI . MMARY PusisitstaNT or A Pies:PoeKm.—
% New York, on Tuesday, Alfred Gray, an
English IlielipMkel,Wit skilful in his pram.
lion, was taught in the act of picking tiepock
et of a Miss, Sarah Brown, residing in
Princeton, 6litss., of a ports-monnaio contain.
log nearly $l2. A policeman nabbed the
"operator" just in time to see him drop the
woolly. Ile was forthwith taken before Jus
tice at the Tombs and from them:
to the Court of Special Sessions,. where ho
was tried, convicted and sentenced to Black
well's Island for six months. Not over twenty
minutes elapsed from the time of his arrest till
he was iu "Black Maria," on his way to Peal.
tuntiary. This is quick work.
Centreville, Indiana, dated July 21st, says
"We have more than a double crop of all
kinds of produce in this country this year. I
think wheat will range from 20 to 76 cents per
bushel this fall. There never was since the
, first settlement of this country such a prospect.
I should' not be surprised to see potatoes sell.
ing at ten cents per bushel. Yesterday I con.
versed with a fernier who expects to cut four
and a half tons of grass to the acre. I have
some cony growing in my garden, of which I
think that the stalk will not be less than six
teen filet high, and more than likely it will be
seventeen feet."
TAPOTAYATIIY.—TIIIB is It new practice
brought out by Dr. Engelstroein. It consists
in whipping the patient until he can no longer
squeal, my, swear, or offer any resistance ; in
tact, until the Ilagillated sick man become& in•
aiumible to pain, and et:amide!, the beating
ph 441it1,1u ; thorn .tht patient In LUIIV4II,;:i.IIt,
Cita in the high rusd to health.
Fusion with the Democracy.
The Delaware County Republican—an old
line Whig paper strongly opposed to the K. N.
has the tollowing hit at the proposed Whig fu
sion with the Democracy :
"Some of our political friends who have en
tertained the idea of a fusion with the democra
tic party, will find set forth in the resolutions
adopted by the Democratic State Convention
recently held at flavrisburg—a copy of which
will be found elsewhere in this paper—the
terms upon which that body will consent to re
ceive the old Whigs. We apprehend there is
not a single member of the party to which we
are attached, who, for present success, will be
willing to swallow Van Buren, Polk, Pierce,
Kansas and Nebraska. For us the terms are
entirely too severe. We hare seriously and
earnestly opposed Know Nothingism, with its
secrecy and proscription, and we have also car•
neatly opposed many of the dogmas put forth by
the Democracy, but when we see that party en•
dorsing in a State Convention, all the princi•
Ales and acts of the National Administration,
and at the same time asking our aid to perpre.
trate its iniquities, wo need only say 'that we
feel more like opposing, with a still greater de
gree of earnestness, both these parties under
the old Whig banner, as long as there is a
single thread left. Defeat in a just cause is
far better than temporary success achieved by
a sacrifice of pritjetple."
The Reading Journal, in commenting upon
the remarks of the Republican, very justly and
and truthfully says, that there are few Whigs in
the Slate who will be willing to acept the invi•
tattoo of the Locofoco leaders, for the reasons
given by the Republican,—and for the addi•
tional reason, that they cannot conscientiously
ally themselves, politically, with the revilers
nod slanderers of the greatest and purest Milo
that ever lived 1 Such an alliance would be an
insult to the memory of HENRY CLAY of which
no trudiearted friend of that great Patriot and
Statesman would be guilty. Hover CLAY woo
stabbed to the heart politically, by Foreigners
and Roman Catholics for Ws zealous devotion
to the cause of Americanism,—ar.d those who
gloried in following his banner through storm
and sunshine, are now insulted by being asked
to defeat their cause, and associate themselves
with the foreign political banditti who pierced
the great Patriot's heart and sprinkled his blood
upon the altar of Roman Catholicism I When
American CLAY Whigs forgot their great lea.
der and idol was sacrificed in 1814 because his
associate on the Presidential ticket was Presi.
dent of the Ansvican Bible Society,—when
they forget that the foreign Roman Catholic
vote of the United States was rallied en manse
against him at the ballot box—them and sot
till then, can they be induced to "fuse" with
Locofocoism to defeat and overthrow the great
American Party, whose leader at this day, had
God spared his life, would have been the Slates
man and pure•hearted Patriot, Henry Clay I
We frequently, tide season, made mention of
the extraordinary volume of this emigration to
the State of lowa, of the great extent of the
land sales there, and of a progress of settle.
meat which seemed to astonish even the Wes.
tern people themselves. From an article in
one of the Lake Journals we learn that a cen
sus of the State taken in June, 1854, gave ita
total population of 326,000 by actual enumer
ation. This was a large increase over the to
tal of 1850, which was 193,000 tbuttbeeleave
land Plaindoaler tells us that it has been far
surpassed by the results of the present year;
tlmt by the first of January next the State
will contain over half a million of persons, and
that by the year 1860 the total will reach 800,1
000 or 1,000,000. These seem snore wild
guesses, but the reasons given fur them are
substantial and weighty. First, we have the
enormous sales of the public lands in lows,
which for the fiscal year midi's." June 30th,
1833 amounted to no less than 3,276.000 acres
for which the government received over four
millions, or more than the entire aggrega'e
amount received from public land sales in all
!the State doting any year for a long time past.
IThe latter fact speaks more loudly then any
thing else of the - wonderful growth of this
young State. No doubt it will excite some
curiosity in the reader to know why such a
!sudden and mighty impetus seems to have been
given to lowa, which has been open to settle.
moot seventeen years, and been a State nine
years. Its territory is undeniably attractive
to emigrants , being exceedingly fertile and
cheap. But there have been no railways lea
ding thither, and the interior and Western
parts of the commonwealth have been a sort
terra incognita. Until within two years past
much the largest portion of the people who
thund their way to l owa did so by the route of
the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. But within
the time mentioned three railroads have been
completed through Illinois, leading to points
on the Mississippi river opposite Iowa; 011 C en
! ding at Ruck Island, a second opposite Bur.
lington. and a third opposite Dubuque. By
menus of these the emigrants from the East
Ican snore easily approach the borders of 'ow.,
at its Southern, middle or northern front.—
'rhen, toss, roads have been made and railroads
put in course of construction through the in
terior of the State, and along the lines of all
these settlers have eagerly clustered. We al
luded, a flee days ago, to one of these enter
prises, which is in progress from Duveovort to
I Council Bluffs. Such roads point the way for
emigration, and the consequence hiss been
that, wherever any have been laid out or pro.
lingsettlers have found access, and are pen.
ling the lines.—N. American.
The Republican Movement in Penneylva-
READING, Aug. Bth, 1855.
At one o'clock to-day, pursuant to notice
sent by circular to such as have been identified
with the Free Democracy, a Convention was
held purporting to be composed of all parties.
The Convention was called to order by the
nomination of C. D. Cleveland, of Philadelphi.
a, as President, and C. P. Jones, as Secrete.
A Business Committeeof five were appointed
to prepare busincsa.
During the recess of the Committee, Mr.
Williamson, of Huntingdon, entertained the
Convention with a capital speech. Ile said
the Free Soil question was the great question
now bellmro the people. lie spoke enthusiasti
cally of " Sam"as the old gentleman who bad
been doing wonders about the county.
William B. Thomas, of Philadelphia, also
aclressed the Convention in a speech of some
length. Ile said ho was opposed to slave ex.
tension, nod he was deadly opposed to "Sam"
also. Ile thought there was no party existing
now suited to the wants of the times, and now
was the titan to organize a new party.
The Committee reported a series of resolu-
The Convention then adjourned to meet nt
Pittsburgh on the 29th of this month, accord
ing to.a call previously issued from Pittsburgh
by the Republicans of Western Pounitylvan's.
Goon eon vile Tyros.—A sailor who had
befriended a young woman, who had lost ber
money on her way to Rochester, became some.
what elated in the evening, was arrested for
being intoxicated, and sentenced to pay a fine
of $lO. The money which he had, in his gee.
erosity, given to a weedy woman, had, son ear
ly exhausted his "pile," that he couldn't"raise
the wind," and was sent to jail. It having
bean clearly proved that he had behaved in the
most generous manner to the destitute worn.,
and that her friends, who had the means, neg.
hided to stay by him in his troubles the corn
positors in the office of the Rochester Demo•
crat raised $lO, got Jack Tar out of jail, ob.
tained a 1.34 for him to Buffalo, and gave
him such a geed name that a first•tate berth
I wa.+ toblitiuctl hit him on the lakes.
Details of the Election Riot at Louisville.
The disturbances yesterday, commenced in
Ist ward, where an American named Burg,
was stabbed and b eaten, until he was nearly
dead by a party of Irishmen. The parties ma.
king the assault were arrested. Afterwards,
three Americans were fired upon while quietly
passing a German brewery. A gentleman, rt.
ding in a carriage with his wife, was fired upon
at the seine time. Then a shower of shot and
bullets was rained from some of the German
houses, on the crowd below, and many wound.
ed. Armed foreigners soon began to collect
in the vicinity, when au indiscriminate slaugh
ter of the Americans commenced. Other
Americans crowded to the spot, when firing
from the windows continuing, they set fire to
the brewery, and sacked several houses in the
vicinity front which shots had been fired. At
six o'clock in the Mt ward, three Americans
were attacked by a mob of Irish, with firearms.
One killed and the other wounded.
Thu Irishmen then took refuge in a house,
frpm which they continued firing upon the
crowd, killing two Americans. Thu house was
finally broken into, the murderers captured,
and one of them hung. A policeman cut him
down while still living, but lie was afterwards
shot, and died this looming. Meanwhile fusi.
ride, rifle and gunshots were kept up from four
Irish houses, on Eleventh street, on all passing
Americans. Several were wounded. The
Americans attacked the houses but failing to
dislodge the Irish, firedthe buildings. By this
time reinforcements of Americans arrived with
cannon and muskets, and some of the Irish
were shot in the burning buildings, and others
captured. No attempts were made to stay the
flames, and two or three blocks were burned.
Several fires occurred in other parts of the city
also, during the night.
The Americans had now become infuriated
and marched to the office of the Times, a Dem
ocratic paper, which was only saved from de
struction by the efforts of Messrs. Prentice,
Spears and others. This morning there were
more disturbances, and at 11 o'clock a large
mob proceeded to the levee and attacked crow
of Irish houses, from which it was reported
some shots had been fired this morning. The
mob is now partially restrained and efforts are
being made to restore order and prevent further
Locisvii.i.e, August 7-3 P. M.
The city is now quiet. Some fifty extra po•
lice are on duty. The mob has been addressed
by Judge Bullock and 'several others at the
Court House, and more calmness prevails.—
Lance numbers of Irish are leaving the city.
Five o'clock, I'. M.—lt is feared that moth
er outbreak will occur tonight. in consequence
of a large quantity of powder being found in
the possession oldie Irish in the Eighth Ward.
Louisvim.s, August 8.
The origin of the riot of yesterday it is difii•
cult to arrive at with positive certainty, but the
generally credited version is that two gentle
men, riding in a carriage in the first ward were
fired at from a house occupied by foreigners.—
One ot the gentlemen was wounded, and the ft
ring being repeated, caused a crowd to flock
thither. Among them was Edward Williams,
watchman of the second ward ; Joseph Silwage
and John Lotto, all of whom were wounded by
shots fired from the house.
Exaggerated reports of these occurrences
reached the lower part of the city, and the
crowd continued to increase rapidly. The
house from which the firing proceeded was at
tacked, and two Germans shot and so dreadful
ly beaten that they are not expected to sur
This house was completely sacked, and the
Mob proceeding to the houses at the corner of
Shelby and Madison streets, from whence it
wt. reported that shots had also been fired,
two groceries and beer houses were riddled,
and the Germans found therein seriously 41.
Another scene of riot occurred in Jefferson
street, where a party of gentleman, coining in
to the city, were fired at from a large brewery.
It is nut known what prot'ocation was given.—
The brewery and adjoining houses weresacked,
and the brewery set on fire and totally destroy
ed. Several Germans found here were badly
beaten, and and an Irishman, who was shot by
the mob, died this morning.
On the street below no Xnunican was
wounded by a pistol shot, and an Irishman
was Amend beaten. It is asserted that shots
had been fired front all the houses that were at
The mob threatened to sack the Catholic
church where it was rumored arms had been
concealed but Mayor Baker and others pre
veiled ou the crowd to leave without commit
ting vio'ence.
The mob then marched to the engine house
in the Fifth word with their cannon, and the
most having dispersed, all the difficulty was
over. This, unfortunately, proved to ho atuerc
lull in the storm.
While the above had transpired in the upper
part of the city, other occurrences were going
on in the lower part. On Main street two
Americans were wounded by skits fired from a
house occupied by Irish, fur which, it is said,
there was no provocation. An Irishman who
was charged With shooting a Mr. Rhodes, was
immediately hung in the street, but cut down
before he was dead. In this affair thirty or
forty shots were tired, and it is impossible to
ascertain the number of killed and wounded.
A row of houses occupied by Irish, the owner
of which it is asserted, had fired upon the mob,
was set on fire mid totally destroyed. Mr.
Quinn, the owner, was killed, and eight or ten
rersons ore said to have perished in the dames.
The number of lives los. is estimated at front
fif eon to twenty.
There has I,en touch excitement to•duyy,
nod some warlike movements, with hundreds
of the most exaggerated reports, but the mob
finally dispersed.
A largo extra police force has been summon.
ed, and the Mayor has issued a proclamation,
calling upon all good citizens to sustain good
Bishop Spalding publishes a card, disclaim.
lug any connection with the difficulties, and
calling upon his flock to assist in maintaining
the peace of the city.
The city is now quiet, and it is thought
them will be no further disturbances. The
lighting was at a distance front the polio, and
did nor interfere with the election. The coffee
houses have been closed and the number of
drunken men in the streets is few. The keys
of the Cathedral have been placed in the hands
of the Mayor by Bishop Spalding.
Lou E, August 8-10 o'clock.
Two companies of 'voter - Items are marching
to the Eighth ward, for fear or fresh disturbau-
that a horrible MSC occurred in Dinwinddie
on Saturday not. The circumstances appear
to be the foliuwir.g:—A Mr. Tucker Jones, res.
iding about six or eight miles from Dinwinddie
court house, had sent his negro boy to Peters.
burg on the day belore with a load of oats,
and the boy not having returned, the old man
became dory angry, and reproached his son,
Benjamin Jones, as the eause of the negra's
delay, remarking that had he accompanied
him with the oats as he had been directed, thu
boy would have been hack. The son made some
insolent remarks in reply, which so provoked
the father that he seized a gun and pointed it
towerds him. As he was tiring it, the mother
turned the gull with her arm and a load was
discharged through an adjoining window. As
ehe was rushing out of the house to call fur
help, she heard a noise behind her, pnd on
looking back, ',received her 'whs.d stretched
lifeless on the floor, felled by the hands of his
son. These were the facie elicited yesterday
Born the mother's testimony at an examining
trial. Re %ma admitted to bail arid is now at
largo.—Petersburg (To.) Penioerat, July 31.
;U1 cid.ssots,
rare arlicle—Butter.
Wiir Court is very slimly attended.
Peaty—Candidates for the Legislature.
Mr Horace timely has returned hoinc.
The Fashion in Birmistylt Long•tailed
Se^ Potatoes are selling i fifty Os
per bushel.
&O. Thu California election took pine. on
the 10th inst.
Incomparable—Miss *'s beautiful eyer
says our imp.
Jae" The lady who gova l khose "ox uye•.'
has our thuds.
rg-trToinatees arc bringing only 8 cents a
peck at Cincinnati.
Gle-gluriotts—Walking with the gal you like
these ebony nights.
Zert Brick pavements nee being made by
our back street citizens.
f oiir The Camp Meeting at Cassville will
commence on Friday next.
Corning Home—Mr. Buchanan our Aruba:,
sailor to the English Court.
se- The recent riots in Louisville, wore the
works of Irish and German foreigners.
The prospects of a tremendous crop ,
of corn in this county are very flattering.
r,W . • Wheat is selling for a dollar a bushel at
Greensburg, Ind., and corn fifty-five cents.
air There has been no news of importance'
received from the Crimea since our last issue:
re" The town of Birmingham was in town
this week. Boys, "Jordon am a hard road to.
Mir The Locofoco delegate election in this
borough on Saturday last, was a disgrace to
the town.
!:' There were nhout 400 visitors at Bed
ford Springs on Friday last, and the number
Nothing new—The Ifol. Iteg. says our little
*din' of the Globe lies ; well, everybody
knows that.
963 - • There was to he a grand meeting of the
temperance men of Centre county, in Amelia.
burg on the 10th.
And still they come.—We are obliged to clue
friends who walked up and subscribed fur the
Joutnal this week. •
ltr A wronger train now rune regularly
between this place and Stonoretown, on the
Broad Top Railroad.
A Little Wrong—To be asked by a politi
cian who owes you a cool hundred, to support
him for the Legislature.
SOP Before Pierce 'turned Reeder out of of.
fire, he offered him the Ambassadorship to
Englund if he would resign.
. gq6". The fashionable gentle folk of our time
honored borough, are introducing a new fash
ion ; that'of going oafs stockings.
Ably` J. Scott Harrison lies declined being nu
independent candidate fir Governor of Ohio.
His nomination was against his wishes.
Funny—To see an illiterate, lagcr•bcer•bur
reled little body taking swells over the honor of
having been a chair nun of a delegate meeting .
"Snaix."—Tlint's the pass•tvord of the order
of "sag 'lleitis" recently established in this boy
°ugh, by bill Icwis, friar. Bill needs some of
them "snaix."
Se r• The individual who held out the light.
ed candle the other night, when a couple of per
win; went by, should have a sugar tent to te
ward his "lore of discovery."
Nagnifeenf—To havo the toothache, the
Juniata shakes, and the devil knows what else,
and tormented with the a evemeasing thump,
of a half dozen pianos. Horrible.
Rough—Gentlemen may cry bread, butthere
is no bread. Many families in town have been
without the "staff of life" for a week. Flour
cannot be obtained for lows nor money.
"We would rather houseless roam,
Whore Freedom and our God way lewl,
Then be the sleekest Slave at home,
That crouches to the despot's creed."
De. The Locofoe° candidate for Assembly
in Cambria county is instructed to go in for II •
1). Foster fur U. S. Seuntor, and a repeal of
the anti•Licensa Law enacted last white'.
Afar A couple of thingumbobs preached in
the Diamond, last Tuesday. The “hobject and
design of WAinericanism," was the subjecl.-- •
The speaker is cockney. True object—money.
raft Brigham Young during a recent tour
throughSotahorn Utah, fell mum an inexhauk :
table bed of coal. If the bed were thoroughly
on tiro, we should suspect. that Brkhant had
got home.
"Those you make friends,
Awl give your hearts to, when they once pet
Thu least rub in your fortunes, fall away I eeive
Like water from you, never found again
list when they imam tu sink ye."
Rattlesnakes its Oretion.---Tbose venomous.
reptiles seem to abound in Southern Oregon.
Three men r,cently went to the mountains
where dens of these snakes are known to ex.
lot, and in a short time killed seven hundred of
lir The British crown contains jewels vat
ued at more than half a million of dollars
and would purchase stevc-pipo hats fur out
Presidents, at live dollars each, allowing a new
one fur every six months, till the year 51,8,i5--,
which is moms time ahead,
ger A man in this county cheated us out
of some ten dollars, about a year ago ; last
week his son returned his paper, owing us some
five dollars and a half. The young nine's pro
Nosily to cheat is, probably the only thing that
he ever conic honesty by."
Coot, Decidedly—The Globe man acme..
the American's editors of frequenting his hen
roost with "felonious intent." If it be true,
the Professor should be exonerated from blame,
because there in an old maxim, that "mon
fighting crow," dc.
Suggeitive.--The Kansas correspondent ot
the SI. LOlllll Democrat gives • list of the meal
hers of the legislature, with the newel of the
electoral district., and adds: "I cannot euhjoiq
a translation of the Indian names of the elec.
toral districts, because one ot two of them are
slightly unconventional—suggestive, iu point el
fact, of a scattily of linep 'Found the mint of.
the otiginpluti,