Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, April 11, 1855, Image 1

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ilit fTuuttugbna.,•Divritiat
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nv w. lii i. IRRNITZ.
ne often thought of thee.
Till tev.ra have dimmed my eye,' ;
llow abort must be the mortal span
Between the and the skies,
For Heaven Lath round thy features thrown
The light that marks thee fur its own.
Thong!! rich in outward loveliness,
Fond memory loves to trace
The meek confiding tenderness,
The soft nod Pensive grace,
Which to that fair young brow has given
The lock Devotion wins from Heaven.
'Cahn and unruffled ny the stream
O'er which the Queen of Sight
Loves to reflect her placid beam
And bathe in floods of lght,
Ts the collected thoughtful mien
In which thy purity is seen.
'Chine is that singleness of heart
That knows no selfish etc in
The tears from feeling's fount that start
To soothe another's pain:
Who thy kind sympathy could prove,
And know thee, dearest, and not love?
Oh, may no enrly suffering dim
Thy spirit': etillnese glow ;
May'et thou return as pure to Hmi—
As pure from ein RS now—
Who gave thee for a phile to earth
To prove thy virtues and thy worth.
While memory on my soul shall trace
The records of the past,
Thy image time shall ne'er efface—
My love unsineken last—
In fond affection 'cherished there,
Too pure a guest fur earth to share !
By S. A. Hall.
A Teacher Returned.
Miss &lAN E. DRAYTON, favorably
known in this community as a mostaocom
plished teacher, has just returned from
Steubenville Seminary, where besides the
regular course of Academic study, she
enjoyed the enviable opportunity of attend
ing a full course of lectures on the "art of
teaching." II is .hoped she will engage a
school in her native county, and scatter
here the seeds of improvement she gath
ered on the banks of the Ohio.
Below will be found a long deferred
article by MY. TtlF!,•y, ^ne of our best
teachers. and a letter from that noble friend
of the public school system, W. G. War
ing of Centre county. Apart from a
little tlattery, these are sound documents.
The teachers of Huntingdon county will
be happy to hear from Messrs Waring
and essey frequently. May 1 indulge
the hope that they will continue their fa
vors, and that others, incited by their ex
ample, will write something for this de
partment" Come, broiler!), one and all,
and lend a helping hand.
ALEX kNDItIA, February 1955.
Me. Hsu. —ln compliance with your
general invitation to the friends of educa
tion, to write on any subject in any way
connected with our schools, I propose ma
king some remarks relative to the condi
tion of some of our school houses. Among
the many subjects that have claimed the
nttention of the most devoted, and enlight
ened supporters of our school system, that
of suitable buildings has received a prom
inent share. This is but just and right
for the success of the Teacher, and the
health and comfort of the pupil are meas
urably dependent on the adaptation of the
school house to promote these ends. Con
sequently, where ever we find our schools
in a healthy, prosperous condition, we
find that neat, commodious and comforta
ble houses have been erected, or that the
people arc turning their attention in that
way. But let us look at some of our
school houses as they really are, and then
any one can judge how well they are cal
culated to promote the success of the
Teacher, or the health and comfort of the
pupils. In the first place, then, some of
them are so open that the Teacher on en
tering on a cold morning, finds the frost
glittering upon the walls. And even with
the stove heated red hot, and those near
it perspiring freely, those on the back seats
are trembling with cold ; in some cases the
ink freezing on the pen. Again, the ar
rangement of the seats and desks, is Ire
pently far from being suitable. In some
cases they are so crowded together, that a
child might creep from one side of the
house to the other, without being seen by
the Teacher. In others, the seats have
no backs, and are raised so high that it is
impossible for children to set upon them,
and have their feet upon the floor at the
same time. The writing desks are circled
round the building, and the pupils placed
fa 70 to face, with the side or hack to the
Teacher. School houses though are
sometimes made uncomfortable through
carelessness. The fire is not made at the
proper time, nod the house becomes ton
cold, or sometimest so warm, through out
mitilatetl—glass is broken out and
not replaced &c. In one instance we were
creditably informed it required two little
boys pacing over the floor, time about, to
keep the door shut, simply because the
latch was broken. The Teacher should
see that such things are attended to. But
I ask is it possible for any Teacher to keep
children quiet upon their seats, and enga
in their studies, when they are suffer
ing from the extreme of either heat or cold,
or upon seats that might justly be termed,
instruments of torture, Ours is an age
of progress and imps ivement in things
pertaining to our comfort and convenience.
The old log cabin with its roof of thatch,
or clabboards secured with poles has giv
en place to the neat and comfortable dwel
ling, and the cabin barn without stabling
has been superceded by the commodious
bank barn with ample shelter to protect
the beasts from the inclemency of the
Many other improvements might be no
ticed, indicating that people in studying
their comfort and convenience, are but
looking to their own interest. In the mat
ter of school houses, however, self inter
est appears to be lost sight of. The com
fort of the children is not only sacrificed,
but their health endangered, and in some
instances permanently impaired. Heavy
taxes are also imposed, and the money
spent comparatively to little purpose, for
the schools aro truly in a very backward
' condition. Now these evils must and will
continue to exist, till we have better school
houses. It is true, there are other causes,
but I will not notice them at present.--
Why have we not better houses, and how
shall we obtain khenk, are the questions I
propose answering briefly. The cause is
to be found in misapprehension of ,he na
ture and value of a good education. Im
press it upon the minds of parents that a
proper education is ono of the greatest of
earthly blessings--that to secure it to their
children, is rt solemn duty they owe their
offspring, their country, and their God ;
and the natural love that burns within a
parents bosom, will prompt them to make
many sacrifices to obtain this precious
boon. Let public opinion be rightly awa
liened, vofilet lie lens len srpc awl inditlerence
that now exists may be shaken off: Let
the most intelligent and liberal minded
men in the community be selected as Di
rectors; men who do not think their time
boat when laboring for the good of poster
ty ; men who can appreciate a higher and
nobler reward than that which comes in
dollars and cents. And let Teachers set
about the work Si self-improvement in
earnest, not regarding teaching as a step
ping stone to something higher, but as one
of the most honorable, though responsible
stations that any human being can occu
py. Educational meetings ; Teachers In
stitutes ; Public Newspapers; and that
sterling Publication, the Pennsylvania
School Journal, are practical and efficient
means of exciting nn educational spirit.--
In proof of thin we may refer to Lancas
ter county, whose progress in education is
perhaps second to none in the State. Mr.
Lamborn, an experienced Teacher and in
defatigable laborer in the cause of Common
Schools, speaking of their progress in that
county, (l'enn. S. Journal, vol. 11. 177th
page) says. "In one district, where, four
years since, the teacher was discharged
for teaching that the earth is a Globe turn
ing upon its axis every twenty-four hours,
(which was pronounced infidelity,) and
where the new teacher was employed with
the proviso that the same books should be
used, that were used forty years before,
and that the black board should not be em
ployed, I was pleased to see hemisphere
maps adorning the walls of the school
room. In this same district, there are now
three brick school houses, unsurpassed by
any country school house in the county."
I may notice some things hereafter that in
terfere with the comfort and decency of
the school room but I here written enough
for the present. Yours truly,
D. F. T.
Near Boalsburg, Pa., March 23, 1855.
Mr. J. S. Ifstus--My dear Sir ;--I sin
rejoiced to learn that you retain, as Super
twentieth, all the enthusiasm that distin
guished you ns a teacher, and especially
that it has contributed to a measure of such
estimable consequence and value as the ,
establishment of a school to teach the art I
of teaching.' If further proof were need
ed of the wisdom of the enactinent provi
ding a County Superintendent, beyond ha
results in the great improvement, in the
management and effectiveness of our
schools in almost every township—it may
be found in the brightened prospects for
the future which are owed to it. And
among these is one important result which
the most sanguine advocates of Snperin.
tendency did not anticipate. Many thought
that the establishment of Normal Schools
—a measure which has been always held
to be ofessential importance in giving due
effect to our system of Common Schools—
but for the establishment of which the
Stare has never yet been able to spare
funds—would do mostservice in rendering
Popular Education equal and effectual
through every corner of our territory
But the Superintendency, at least in our
county. and in yours, besides redeeming
its own promise, brings the Normal St hoot
in its train—thanks to the devoted friends
of education who have on their own res
ponsibility undertaken its establishment.—
And I cannot see that an endowed institu.
tion, however well furnished with library
and apparatus, could do more for the
supply of our first and most important
school wants titan can and will be done by
Messrs. Hall. Baker and M'Divitt; three
gentlemen, distinguished for their eminent
abilities as experienced, practical teachers
of the very first order, yet differing as ono
star from another iii peculiar qualifications,
the stint of which will make the trio ' , hard
to beat" as conductors of a Normal School.
And, in the present condition of our schools
we do not require grand opportunities of
prosecuting the higher branches or educa
tion. The opening of a school . the ar
rangement of classes; the various modes
of maintaining discipline, and a knowledge
of what discipline is; the proper teaching
of plain reading, writing, and the very
A. B. C. itself ; some acquaintance with
the laws of health, such as every teacher
should possess, who is entrusted with the
care of scores of children, each so liable to
physical detriment by “sthool-going"—
these, and hundreds of points of right and
of duty which the teacher should have first
thoroughly investigated before taking his
sacred office—are among the first things t o
be treated and practiced upon in a Normal
School. And the text book, works of ref
crence and apparatus necessary for illus
trating these, can be found as readily at
Huntingdon as at college. The skill, ex
perience and wisdom of the principals are
the best erglownient of the Normal
bon, 1, the `llperinlend
dents, teachers, and citizens of Huntingdon
and Centre counties that they have been
among the first to establish Normal
ScLools, devoted to their proper object,
and that by private enterprise.
I hear at least one board of directors in
this county proposing to offer their highest
rate of salary only to those teachers who
have attended the Normal School and pas
sed with credit.
To teachers. who have now such pres
sing inducements on all sides to perfect
themselves more and more in their most
honorable vocation, these schools afford
the first opportunity of direct professional
study and practice, and will not be neglec
ted by any young man who has any self
respect, or the least desire to excel.—
When it is not propose to become a pro
fessional teacher a session's training in a
Normal School will be peculiarly valuable
and instructive to every youth who has the
least aspiration for usefulness. With
many thanks for the early information you
gave me of your entetprise, and assurance
of my best wishes and efforts for its success
I remain yours, truly,
Wonderful Freak of a Snake•
Mr. John Gebhard, Curator of the Geo
logical Rooms, well known for his pench
ant in the study of Natural History, recent.
ly made an experiment with a snake and
mouse with the most wonderfal and extra
ordinary results. His snakeship was
some eight feet long, and proportionately
large ; like all of his race, he did not mas.
demo, but swallowed his food whole, be
the article of provender large or small.—
Mr. Gebhard, being of en inquisitive turn
of mind, determined to test the fact whe
ther, by some unknown process, to masti
cate its food, or whether it was bolted
whole. Accordingly, a mouse was preen
red and placed in the cage with the snake,
which at first did not appear to notice it,
allowing the animal tr, run about, leap
over its body, and cut up other antics in its
haste to get away. In a few hours, how
ever, the snake apparently "smelled n rat"
and feliciting itself upon its good fortune
in thus being furnished with a delectable
morsel for its supper, began to move about
with evident gratification, eyeing the inn'
nitessimal lump of life with inward delight.
Soon by the use of its most potent charm
ing powers, the mouse sat upright, gazing
at" its lord and master" with irrestible
and evident delight. This, however, was
dangerous pastime, for suddenly the
snake, making a dart at the mouse, took
it in itc extended jaws and merely wink
ing its glaring eyes swallowed the animal
as easily as would a child a sugar-plum,
and then curled itself up into a listless in
dolent way. Mr. G. believing that the
mouse was forever "gone from his gaze,"
paid nu more attention to the snake until
the next morning, when going to look at it
lie was much surprised to find a mouse
running about the cage, having the apaear
ance of being saturated with blood ! Up
' on looking at the snake, a hole wvs fou
in its bod y near its tail, sufficiently large
to allow the egress of the mouse, and from
the freshness of the wound it was evident
that the mouse, swallowed alive, had eaten
its way out! This being the only hypoth-
esis upon which to base a conclusion, and
not being certain, Mr. G. determined to
watch and see if the snake would again
attack its diminutive though life-loving
prisoner. With patience did Mr. G. keep
a vigil over the box, until his suppositions
were verified, the snake again swallowing
the mouse, which cat its way out of the
body, a few inches from the place where it
had before regained daylight ! Sixteen
times was the experiment repeated, but the
seventeenth time the snake was so corn.
pletely perforated,that in the attempt to
again swallow the mouse, and giving a
sudden twitch of its body, it was snapped
in twain The mouse died the nex*lay,
but the snake lived a week after.—.llbany
PRETTY Goon.—" said a little
blustering man to his religious opponent,
in front of the Tremont Temple, last Sun
day evening. "I say, sir, to what sect do
you think I belong I"
"Well, I don't exactly know," replied
the other ; "but, to judge from your make,
size, and appearance, I should say you be
longed to class called the insect l"
AWTUL.-- .. Ain ' t you afraid you will
break, while falling so ?" said a chap
the pit of a circus, to the clown%
Why so?" asked the latter.
..Because y ou are a tumbler," replied
the wag. The clown fainted.
Stool and Iron.
The difference between common iron
and steel is in the carbon in the latter p,
but if iron be heated to a white heat anch
plunged in cold water, it becomes very'
hard. Mechanics take the advantage of
this in making axles and collars for wheel
work, for it is may filled and turned In a'
soft state, and afterwards hardened ; this
is most commonly practised in the ma
chine shop. Molders who make wheels,
are often embarrassed by this chemical
property in iron. For as the metal is
procured into the mould of moist sand, the
evaporatiodof the water carries off the
heat and cools the iron so quick as to
make it extremely hard. This is common
in such portions of the metal as have to
run the greatest distance from aperture of
reception. The only remedy for this, is
to have the sand as dry as possible, and
as many apertures as convenient.
The harder the steel the coarser the
grain,—fine steel has the closest grain.—
A neat curved line and gray texture de
note good steel; threads. cracks, bright
specks denote bad. The management of
the forging may indeed modify these indi
cations, and steel good for some purposes
may be bad for others. Very small arti
cles heated in a candle, are found to be
perfectly hardened by whirling them in
the cold air; and tin. plates of steel, such
as the needle of a compass, are hardened
by being ignited and laid upon a plate of
cold lead and quickly covered with anoth
"Case hardening" is that property of
iron by which it becomes very hard on its
surface. Articles of iron stay be the case
hardened by smearing their surface with
a paste of the prussiate of potash, then
heating them to a red heat, nnd dipping
in cold water.
In making tools, the artist is directed by
the colors of the steel while heating. The
different colors direct, in tempering, to a
standard. When steel is to hard, it will
not do for tools intend to li.tee a very fine
edge, because it will soon become notched,
and if too soft, it will tuo easily bend.—
Purple is the color for gravers, or tools
used to work in the metals ; when the col
or appears is hea.ting, it is immediately
plunged in coldwater; a very hard tem
per will be madeif the steel is taken fit a
yellow color and dipped. I3lue is the
color for springs and instruments for cut
ting soft substan cc., such as Bathes,
A New Horse Trick.
A Westmoreland farmer, who had sev
eral times been taken in by die Y)rlishire
horse dealers, in retaliation, contrived the
following scheme to deceive the 'biters."
At the last Brough hill fair, he had a po
ny of good shape and action, but unfor
tunately, by seine accident, it had lost one
of its ears. On making application to a
currier, he was readily supplied with one
just the same size and color as the one
10-t, which he fixed the pony's head by
the bridle. The plot was successful; the
pony was sold to a Yorkshireman, a bar
gain was soon made, the money paid, and
the bridle of course was given over, the
farmer disappearing in the crowd. The
purchaser, on going to put a halter on the
pony, took off the bridle, and' to his sur
prise, the lalse ear also, lie made some
search for his brother "biter,'• but he was
nowhere to be found, for he had made
off from the hill in great glee at having
succeeded in deceiving the Yorkshireman.
—Carliale!En g.) Jour al.
Take a Home Paper•
The following remark from the South
ern Watchman, is worthy of attention:—
We are satisfied that many persons are
governed by an erroneous view in regard
to substning their flows papers—many of
them believing that they contain little of
interest, wtkjle those from a distance are
brimful of every thing great and good.—
Now the truth is, that precisely the con
trary is the tact. A home paper is better
than any one from a distance possibly can
be; because it contains all the foreign and
general news to be found in a distant pa
per, and besides this, the local news, ad
vertisements, &c., which can never be
found in a distant one. The man, there
fore. who takes but one paper, stands
greatly in his light, if he does not take the
one nearest his place of residence—and
no man can take so large a number of pa
pers as to make desirable todispenco with
the rending of his local sheet.
PO' . It is one of the most awful points
of view in which we can consider GOD,
that as a righteous governor of the world,
concerned to vindicate his own glory, he
has laid himself under a kind of holy neces
sity to purify the unclean, or to sinlr him
into perdition.
Z - Nit alb *mor.
Original Clews of Men and Things.
X—Doesticks hears the Street Preaching.
NEw YORK, Oct. D o
70 Hundred and One, Narraw et.
Got tired of New York, although it is a
town of considerable consquenco. Wan
ted to see the world ; so started for the sev
en-by-nine State of Rhode Island, where
they shingle the houses all over, outside
emit, and put the windows in the roof;
Wll4 - they make their rail-fences out of
cobble:omeg ; where the ducks roost on
the fence, and hatch their young ones in
the tops of the cherry trees; where the
men look so much alike, their selves often
kiss the wrong individual. [Damphool
says it's a way women have, rill the world
over.] Went to the City of Providence,
where all the men make jewelry, and all
the women believe in spirit-rappings ;
where they've got a bridge wider thou it
• is long, and Macadamized on both sides;
where all the plaster-busts of great men
have gray wigs on ; where they light the
gas in the middle of the afternoon ; w here
they drive five horses tactless ; where the
apples grow as big as wash-tubs, and the
oysters obtain the enormous size of three
cent pieces. Went into the woods after
chestnuts; couldn't find any, but discover
ed a magnificent tree in the distance—re
joiced exceedingly thereat—started for it
—three quarters of a mile away ; went
ahead, over stones, ditches, fences, snakes.
briars, and stone walls, until, at last, I
reached it, nod found it was nn elm, nn
chestmits on it—got very mad ; walked
round the State a couple of time, and took
the first train for home.
Glad to soe the old place nod!n.
Saw a big crowd in the Pas It—inqui red
about it, and was told the usual street
screeching was going on—wanted to see !
the fun—got a good place, on a fat Irish-'
man's toes. Enter Gabriel—tin horn—
hole in his pantaloons—pull [)ogee says,
that if angels have wings, they are also
provided with tails—hence this last itein;
thought in extremely probable. Gabriel
mounted one end of the City Hall steps,
and, after a preliminary overture on his
horn, and a slight skirmish among the
faithful, resulting in four black eyes,
damaged nose, and a brc.lici.
gious services commenced--LDamphool
was entirely curried away by his sylopti•
titles for this last martyr, but soon discos,
ered that the fractured member was "pure
ly vegetable," as the patent medicine men
say, and !lie injury was speedily repaired,
by means of a few shingle nails, and a
piece of clap board.] Gabriel went into
win ; but, spite of the sanctity of his
and the holiness of his aforesaid breeches,
he sans not permitted a cicar field A fe
male, with bosom undressed, in the latest'
fashion—petticoats, [Damphool says skit'.
ticoats] not immaculate; stockings, through
the texture of which, her delicate ancles
were plainly visible to the naked eye—
whdee hair resembled molasses candy, with
a nose symmetrical as an over grown sweet
potato, and, in hue, not unlike the martyr.
ed lobster; and whose teeth reminded me
forcibly of the "crags and peaks" men
tioned by the man in the play—took up
her station on the other end of the steps.
She, like Gabe, went in for giving the
s.'hurch of Rome "Jesse," but, otherwise
did not agree with him. Did not seem
willing to go to [leaven by his convey
luxe, but claimed to - have discovered some
kind of a north-west passage—some ex
clusive path "across lots ;" and alto advo
cated her right of way . , with all her wo
man's power of tongue—in fact, they
agreed only tolerably—Mccades antbo"
—both Celestials, but of a different breed
—[l3. D. says, that, some time since, they
joined issue, on the Devil's head—one as
serting that he has horns, and the other
maintaining that his brimstone friend is it
muley]—but they boils pitched into the
Pope—abused all • foreigners, denounced
the Church of Rome, walked into the af.
fections of the Catholics generally—talk
ed learnedly of priests, inquisitions, dun.
geom., thumb.screus, martyrs, convents,
nunneries, and other luxuries, as being
the only legitimate offspring of the mother
of abominations—the scarlet woman ; and,
in fact, seemed to be having the field en
tirely to themselves, when, lo! a change
tame o'er the spirit of the Gospel show ;
for, in the midst of the crowd suddenly
appeared a third comb-dant—his classic
dress and intellectual face, gave anmists
table t.denro. that ho "is from the "c;im
VOL. 20. NO. 15.
of the o'..^rtr..." With , !i , l'tlified and
majestic bearing peculiar to his country
men, fie slowly mounted the steps, and
took a position directly between the two,
and, in a voice strongly tinctured with the
"sweet brogue," announced himself as a
champion of that much slandered gentle
man, the Pope of Rome. At this astound
ing impudence, the woman, for a single
instant, held her peace. Gabe was so ta
ken aback, that he seemed about to col
lapse, but rallied, played an "ail libitum"
interlude on the tin horn, and all hands
"pitched in," (as Miss Agnes Robertson
says). Gabriel commenced the onset, Lv
asserting that the Pope is not strictly a
bachelor, but has seven white wives in his
parlor, thirteen ditto, bound in law-calf, in
the library, a hundred and forty-one gold
en.haired damsels, in his private apart
ments, and a perfect harem of jetty beau
ties in the coal hole.
Petticoats followed, by saying that he
breakfasts on Protestant babies ; drinks
whisky punch out of a Protestant clergy.
man's skull ; has an abducted Protestant
virgin to black his boots; fifty-seven Pro
testant widows to dig his potatoes, me!
hoe corn, and dint he rolls tenpins, every
afternoon, with the heads of Protestan ,
orphan children.
Irishman indignantly denied all—said
the country is going to the old Knick; and,
some tine morning, we shall wake up, and
find that the Pope, enable longer to en
dure our perverseness, has sunk us all for
ty miles deeper than ancient Sodom; said
that his Heliness 113 all to perai
tion, by one wink of his left eye ; that he
is the head of the Church on Earth ; has
all power, to save, or otherwise; conk!
get us all out of Purgatory, and send us
all ;dotin into fleas - en," by wagging his
little finger; that he could, like a Joshua
No. 2, make the sun and moon stand still;
Taal, the planets dance an a , tronornical
rigadoen ; cause the hills and mountains
to execute a mighty geological jig, while
old ocean should beat the time, against the
blue vault of Heaven, and applauding an
gels encore the huge saltations.
! Gabe said he didn't believe the yarn.—
' Petticoats remarked something about the
Star Spangled Banner being always right
side tip. •
Irishman proceeded to describe the fu
ture home of the happy in anrelipi- world,
as a place where there shall be plenty of
potatoes, no end of shillelalis, oceans of
genuine whisky ; and where no Know-
Nothing Yankee shall be allowed to come
and kick up a plug muss.
At the wore is now-Nothing, tlicie as
a great sensation. Symptoms of a free
fight rapidly developed into an uncivil
war. Petticoats got mixed up with the
crowd, and presently emerged, rather the
worse for wear, barefooted,
Lair down, nose injured by collision, eye
in mourning, month bloody, and her whole
appearance reminding me of the "sow
that bath eaten her nine farmw." [I for
get who penned this opposite quotation,
and asked Bull Dogge, who, being excited
by the fray, angrily asserted that it was
• by ..;Nero, or some other d—d old cuss"—
is ii r] Irishman seas taken away by sev
j en policeman, on his national carriage—it
wheelbarrow. Gabriel came out unhurt,
save, that his elegant features were sotne•
what marred by the finger-nails of Pet , i,
costs. Perceiving that the fun was over,
I turned to go, leaving the aelf•elected An
gel Gabriel astraddle of a hydrant, edify.
ing the passers-by, by alternately sound
ing notes of victory upon his horn, and
cruising like an overgrown Shanghai.
Yours, devoutly,
MmuussiE.—Yesterday after
noon, the Rev. S. Morias, Rabbi of the
Jewish Synagogue in Cherry street, abort
Third, was married to Miss Weyl, in the
presence of a large assemblage. The
members of the congregation and the in
vited guests were admitted before the
opening of the doors, by a private entrance.
nearly tilling the body of the church.—
Some of the ladies were dressed ;n a style
of great magnificence, especially those se
lected to assist on the occasion. When
the doors were opened, which was at a
quarter to tour o'clock, there was but little
space left for the crowd of persons who
were waiting without, a large proportion
of whom were lathes. The marriage cer
emony lasted about halt nu hour, and was
V , .1 . 3' interesting.
'The annual stenral oat eommeree
of the 1 ;rent , West is estimated no follows:
Eight hundred stew -, of nearly two
hundred tl,ousand tons, trii, thirty
thousand milk, and moviur:
eommerve !h 4,141,3 ~.1!