Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, Jan. 17, 1855.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have appointed Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JounxAL, who are author
ised to receive and receipt for money paid on sub
scription, and to take the names of new subscri
bers at cur published prices.
We do this for the convenience of our subscri
bers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
Jon W. THOMPSON L Esq., Hollidaysburg,
SAMUEL Coax, East Barrett,
Gronon W. Contramus,.Cromwell township.
Ilstrar HUDSON, Clay township.
DAVID ETNIRE, Cromwell township.
Dr. J. P. Asucom, Penn township,
J. WAREHAM MATTERN Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEFFEY, Jackson township,
RontArr biTurtsmy, ‘‘
Col.Jrro. C. WATSON, Brady township,
Moan's Bnows, Springfield township,
Wm. Hurcatmsom, Esq., Warriorstnark tp.,
JAMES McDos.um, Brady township,
GEORGE W. WHITTAKEII, Petersburg,
HENRY NEFF, West Berme.
JOHN BALSBACH, Waterstreet,
Maj. Cunates MICKLEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
ClEonou WrtsoN, Esq., Tell township,
JANES CLanx, Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYTLE, Esq., Spruce Creek.
Maj. W. MOORE, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
Sisruom Wilton; Esq., Union township.
DAVID CLARKSON, Esq.,
STMUEL WIGTON, Esq., Franklin township.
DAvto PARKER, Esq., Warriorsmark.
DAVID AuItANDT, Esq., Todd township.
judicial districts, and also to refer to the same
Committee the bill to abblish tavern licenses.
Subsequently, a prohibitory liquor bill was re.
ferred to a special committee. Among the new
hills introduced, was one to provide for the in
spection of buildings in Philadelphia, and an
other to incorporate a city passenger railway
company in Philadelphia. The death of. Mr.
WANTED;- --- -- - Foulkrod was announced, and appropriate ac•
A few loads of WOOD at the Journal Office. Lion taken. _ _
Cr No attention paid to Letters
unless poll-paid, nor to Communi
cations unaccompanied with the
Read New Advertisements.
Dry' Notice to pay up by Jacob Snyder.
ler Administrator's Notice, Estate of John
Gr. Notice to Mineralogists and Geologists.
wir Auditor's Notice, Estate of Dr. David
Vißr Farm for sale in Walker township.
slib." A Miracle of Science.
SeV" The U. S. Minister in Paris, Mr. Ma.
son, is reported to have deen struck with par.
Ifiriion. J. Cresswell of the Senate, G. W.
Smith, George Leas, and A. W. Benedict,
Esqrs., hare our thanks for Public Docu•
OrThe "North American" and Daily News"
nre decidedly the best, and only reliable Polit.
ical Newspapers published in Philadelphia.—
They should be largely patronized.
S. The Hon. John L. Dawson of Penn.
svivania. has our thanks for it ropy of an able
speech delivered in the House of Represents.
tires on Tuesday January 9. 1855, on the
Home Stead bill.
GOVERNOR POLI.OOK was inducted into office
yesterday ; a large concourse of people were in
attendance ; among the many volunteers that
were there, was the Huntingdon Guards, of
Huntingdon, the Scott Artillery of Hare's val.
ley, the Altoona Guards and Altoona Riflemen
gia*"Hart's Whole World" ig the title of n
large, weekly pictorial, published si multan emr•
in New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore &c.
by J. Woodman Hart at $2 per annum cash,
or less to clubs.
Publication office S N:o. -19 Wall at. N. Y. and
1 No. 110 Chestnut st Phila.
-Wrack of Seience.—Reader just look at Dr.
C. 1.. !Ceiling's advertisement which is a truly
astonishing announcement to the afflicted with
Tumors cancers (fe. Render if any of your
friends are afficted tell them to try him, be in
doing strange things.
srPeterson's unparalleled Two dollar mag
azine fur the month of February is on our to.
ble at this early day, it is, indeed a superb
number. The fine Mezzotint, "Joan of Arc,'
is alone worth a year's subscription. The
Fashion plates are excellent ; with a great
many other engravings ; but this is not all, the
literature is the most choice.
eft- The Pennsylvania School Journal, one
of our most valuable exchanges, has not reach.
ed us for some time. We hope Mr. Burrows
has not cut our acquaintance. We honor his
devotion to the cause of education, and emit].
er his periodical the very best of the kind pub.
licked in the United States. We both love it
and admire its editor; and feel unwilling to
Our readers will find the Educational
Department of the Journal on the first page.
We regret that in the hurry of business, serer•
al typographical errors escaped notice until of.
ter part of our outside was struck off. The
grossest of these will, however he found correct
ed in most of our issue. It was the omission
of a whole line near the middle of Mr. Hall's
first remarks before the Institute. The omit•
ted line iro—"this purpose it may be necessary
SIZES or Snots.—The Lynn Directory for
1851 says a size is the length of one "burley
corn," or one third of an inch. A size stick is
thus formed; Take a rule or piece of pine
wood thirteen inches in length and divide it
into thirty.nine equal parts of one•ihini of an
inch each. The first thirteen are left blank
and counted nothing. The second thirteen are
called children's sizes. The third thirteen are
called men's and women's sizes; each tunritcd
from one to thirteen. Thus nine inches is a
man's size, No. 1 ; ton inches is No. 4 ; eleven
inches No. 7 ; twelve inches No, 10.
Problem No 3.
From a mahogany plank, 26 inches broad,
)i square yards are to be sawed off; what dis•
tance from the end must the line be struck ?
Answer next week.
Answer to Problem of last week, 78.54 rods.
A Summary of News.
Clongress.—ln the Senate, January 10th,
the first Monday in February was assigned fur
the consideration of Mr. Underwood's resole.
tine relative to freedom of religious worship in
foreign countries. Mr. Brodhead reported a
resolution from the Naval Committee to send
one or more vessels in search of 1)r. Kane,—
Among the petitions presented was one from
Mr. G. P. Marsh, asking remuneration for his
judicial services in the East, and also for his
mission to Greece. Also one from various
merchants asking Congress to provide against
the difficulties arising from the abolition of
corporeal punishment of seamen. The debate
on the Judicial Reform bill was continued.—
In the House, Mr. Richardson introduced a bill
to improve the Mississippi river and its tribe.
taries. The bill to amend the Land Oradea.
tine net was taken up. the Homestead amend.
meat rejected, and then the bill itself negatived.
Pennsylvania Legislature.—ln the Senate,
January 10th, the Speaker announced the
Standing Committees. Among the bills intro.
duced was one to repeal the registration act
another to repeal the act reducing the rate of
interest to six per cent; two to incorporate
hanks at Stroudsburg and Cutasagna, and one
to supply a defecrin the law relative to vaean•
cies. The vetoed bill relative to the small
notes of the banks of other States was taken
up and lost.
In the House, resolutions were adopted di
recting the Judiciary Committee to inquire into
the expediency of erecting fire more additional
Congress.—ln the Senate, January 12th, Mr.
Toucey announced the death of Moses Norris,
one of the Senators from New Hampshire, who
expired at his lodgings, in Washington city,
on Thursday evening. The usual proceedings
were had, and the Senate adjourned over to
Monday. In the House, where the death was
announced by a message from the Senate, spec.
ches were made respecting the character of
the deceased, by Messrs. Morrison and Bayly.
In each house a committee was appointed to
accompany the remains to New Hampshire.--
The House, like the Senate, adjonritod over to
Pennsylvania Legislature.—ln the Senate.
January 12th, a joint resolution was adopted
to go into an election for State Treasurer on
Monday next. A resolution was also adopted
instructing the Judiciary Committee to inquire
into the the cause of the error in the Act pas-
dell al the last session relative to the Court of
Common Pleas of Philadelphia. In the House,
a resolution was laid on the table, instructing
the Committee on Vice and Immorality to in• l i
quire into the expediency of reporting a bill to
restrain the manufacture and sale of intoxica
iing liquors. A resolution was adopted instrue.
ting the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire
into the expediency of equalizing the salaries
of the Judges of this Commonwealth. The
House concurred its the joint resolution from
the Senate relative to the election of a State
Treasurer, and in both houses geuerat nomina
tions were made for that office.
The Treaty with the Loo Choo Islands.
The President has sent to the Sente the trea
ty with the government of the Loo Choo Is.
lands, made by Com. Perry. This treaty is
very simple in its provisions.
It guarantees to the citizens of the United
States who visit the islands courteous and
friendly treatment, and provides that they may
purchase whatever they desire at reasonable
Ships of the United States arc permitted,
under the treaty, to go into any of the ports
under Loo Choo jurisdiction, for wood and
water i but the port of Napa only is opened for
purposes of general trade.
Citizens of the United States visiting the
Islands in ships, are to be allowed to ramble
freely on shore, without surveillance ; but if
they "violently enter any house, or trifle with
women, or force people to sell them things,"
or do any other illegal act, they are subject to
arrest by the local authorithies, and to be de
livered upto the commander of their vessels for
Pilots to take vessels in and out of port are
to be provided by the Government, a pilotage
fee of $3 in each case to be charged. If Ameri
can vessels are wrecked upon the Loo Choo
coasts, the local authorities are to afford prompt
asistance to save lives and property, the ex
penses thereof to be refunded by the United
The pric% of wood for vessels is fixed at
Napa at "3600 copper cash per thousand cat
ties ;" and of water at 9000 copper cash." or
43 cents, for one thousand cattias, or six bar.
refs full, each containing thirty gallons.
Finally, a burial place for Americans is pro.
vided at Tumai.— Times
_and family Miscellany is a
monthly publication of 3G Octavo Pages, de•
voted to the diffusion of useful knowledge and
Home instruction; also designed as n monthly
render for Schools. Its subjects will embrace
popular articles or. the various Science and
Arts, together with Biography, History, Poe.
try, Travels, Narratives, Anecdotes, Stories,
Puzzles, Curiosities, &e. It will be amply il
lustrated with appropriate wood engravings.—
It is certainly one of the very best periodicals
for family reading.
Teams —IN ADVANCE.
Single copy, 1 year $l,B copies, 1 year $B,
Two copiou I
~1 " 4, " " 10,
Sample numbers will be sent gratis when
All letters relating to the Student should he
addressed, post-paid, to N. A, Calkins,
:08 Broadway N. Y.
eirA large brick schoolhouse in Shrews
bury, York county, belonging to the corpora.
lion caught fire on Wednesday morning last,
and was destroyed. Tho flames communicated
to the barn of 4r. Moody, which was also de.
stroyed, with its contents. There was no in.
Shipments of Breadstuffs from the Uni•
ted States to Europe.
The New York Shipping List furnishes a
statement of the exports of breadstuffs fount
the United States to Europe from the Ist of
September to the 26th December, 1854, and
fur the some time in 1853, from which we make
up the annexed comparative table:
rt.ora, 1854. Barrels.
To England and Ireland, • • 52,675
To the Continent, - - • 3,117
Same time, 1853,
Decrease in 1854, • • • 1,277,452
WHEAT, 1854. • Boshels.
To Europe, - • • • • 138,627
Stunrtime, 1853, • - • 5,428,583
Decrease in 1854, • • 5,289,958
CORN, 1834. Bushels.
To pagland and Ireland, - - 2,481,137
To the Continent, • • • 160,029
Same time, 1853,
Krum in 185.1,
These comparisons show that the decrease
in the export of breadstuffs has been general,
and that the falling off in the inspections and
export of flour at Baltimore, to which we had
occasion to refer in making up our annual state•
meat has been shared in by all the ports of
shipment. The figures also show that the
stock of flour and wheat in the country must
still be large, the acknowledged shortness of
the crop not being equal to the reduction of
our exports. Against this we, however, most.
set the fact, that the demand for our bread
stnffs in 1853 began on a full stock, whilst at
the opening of September, 1854, the quantity
on hand was much reduced.
Superintendents of Schools.
The Williamsport Gazette says a strong
movement will made during the coming
session of the State legislature to repeal the
act authorizing the election of county Emporia.
tendents of common schools. The Gazette fa
vors repeal, and says petitions to that effect are
in circulation in Lyroming.
This would be taking a step backward; which
we would not only deeply regret, but which we
are not prepared yet to believe the present
Legislature will take. Having a superiuteud
ent in each county is a now and important fea
ture in the common school system of our State
which has not yet had a year's trial, and which
cannot fail to prove of great value to the cause
of Education. Let but honest and competent
men be selected, and let them receive an ade
quate compensation for their services, and they
will be sure to contribute much to the develop
ment of the common school system. We hope
for better things from the present American
Legislation than such an attack on so vital a
part of that system.
Official Vote for Govenor.
The two branches of the Legislature met in
Convention yesterday, in the Hall of the House,
for the purpose of opening and publishing the
returns of the last election for Governor. The
following is the result :
Whole number of votes,
Benj. Rush Bradford,
JAMES POLLOCK, having received a majority
of all the votes cast, was declared duly elected
Govenor for the ensuing term or three years
from the third Tuesday of January, 1855.
Bursting of a Mountain.—The Fort Smith
Herald, of the 16th ult., says that a mountain
about five miles from Walden has exploded
three times during the last week. The explo.
sinus were very loud and terrific, causing the
earth around to quake, throwing up atones and
earth, and filling the atmosphere with clouds of
dust and smoke. The report of one of the ex
plosions was heard in the vicinity of that town
a few mornings since, a distance of forty-five
or fifty miles. The earth on the mountain has
sunk to a considerable depth. The people in
the vicinity are very much alarmed.
AN ASSIGNMENT MADE.—Gen. Larimer, of
Pittsburg, has made an assignment of all his
property, real and personal, to Thomas David
son, of East Liberty, and Thomas Mellen of
Pittsburg, in trust for all his creditors, with
out preference to any. The liabilities are esti
mated at about $300,000, The heaviest items
are those of the Pittsburg and Connellsville
Railroad Company, which claims $120,000 or
more, and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad
about $20,000. .
Renewal of the Erie Troubles.
The Lake Shore Railroad, at Harbor Creek,
was torn up by a. rnob, by order of the COrn
m:ssioners of Highways, and they were, on the
same afternoon, engaged in tearing down the
bridge over State street. Judge Miles and she.
riff Vincent were pelted with snow balls and
stones, for interfering to prevent the work of
TIIE CANAL BOARD was organized on Tues
day 9th. when Gen. Seth Clover retired, and
Col. Henry S. Mott was duly installed as Canal
Commisioner fur three years. The indichtions
are, that the people will permit Col. Mott to re.
tire again to private life in the course of a. very
few months. Ono of two things will be done
by the present Legislature,—the public works
will be sold, or tho Canal Board abolished.
Long Senlenee.—Baker, the young man of
18, who was convicted for participation in the
burglary of E. B. Ward's store, and an at
tempt to kill bis clerk, was senteneed, in De
troit, on Monday, to filly years' imprisonment
in tie State's prison. When ho leaves the
State's prison he will be 68 years old, or in the
STRENGTII OF GUNPOWDEIV—Tho German•
town Telegraph states that a mass of rock, es•
iimated to weigh twenty tong, was thrown a
distance of a hundred yards, by a blast of
powder on the North Pennsylvania railroad,
the other day, making a hole where it first
struck the ground large enough to bury a
horse, and then bounding on further.
A voexu lady who had not recieved so much
attention from the beaus as her fcmult3 pssoci•
elates, said to her lover:
"I told them I would wait until tho chaff
bad blown off, and then I would pick up the
Corregpondonco of the North Xmorican & U. S
WAsnucoroN, Jan. 4, 1855
The conspiracy of the democratic members
to break down the tnrilF of DM, and to deprive
the country of the little protection which it al'
fords, was considerably advanced last evening,
by a secret meeting, or caucus, held at the
capitol, sometime between dark and midnight.
Statements differ as to the number present.—
By one report, there were less than fifty ; by
another, and I fear a more reliable one, there
were in attendance from seventy-five to a hun
dred. Senator Brodhead and Mr. Dawson
were the only tnembers of the cabal from
Pennsylvania, and the latter soon became dis
gusted with the proceedingsand retired. It be
ing secret as the grave. Some facts have leaked
' out since the adjournment. There was some
discussion as to the expediency or action in
this session, but at length the - following resolu
tion, offered by G. W. Jones, of Tennessee,
Resolved. That it is right and proper that
the duties-imposed by law on the goods, wares,
and merchandise, imported into the United
States from foreign countries, should be so
modified and reduced, at the present session of
Congress, preserving the principles of the tariff
act of 1846, as will materially diminish the
amount of revenue annually collected from
Though nothing was said directly in favor
of that plan, it is known that the leaders of
the movement had in view the bill reported
last session by the majority of the Committee
of Ways and Mean. I have before shown
that this bill completely eradicates the protec
tive principle in our legislation. It reduces
the duties on articles which yield three-fourths
of the revenue, including iron, wool, and all
the great staples of the country, to 20 per cent.
Upon this plan the duties would have been re•
duced during the last fiscal year from $60,000,-
000 to $43,757,081, and fin the average of the
past six years from $40,007,000 to $30,333,-
The Secretary of the Treasury has a counter
project, less radical and revolutionary in its
character, and which he is pressing upon the
House with all his personal and official inflit•
ence. He spends much of his valuable time
among the representatives of the people, in
tent upon their instruction on this vital issue.
There is a bare chance of a postponement of
the whole subject through the divisions of the
democracy between these influences. I very
much fear, however, that the edict of change
will be obeyed, and that a crusade upon the
industry of the country has begun, which will
have the seine disastrous results as the memora•
ble contests on this subject from 1829 to
The House, today, passed the bill supple
mentary to the swamp land act. It is estima
ted that there will be appropriated by the
Western States about a million of acres a year
under this bill. The depredations will probe•
hip swell, under various pretexts, to a much
The Senatorial contests in the States are
watched with great interest. I learn that there
is a probability of no choice in lowa. There
has been a coalition of a few Nebraska Whigs
with the Democrats, which deprives the true
and regular Whigs of the full control of the
Legislature, which they expected. In Illinois
there is believed to be a decided anti Nebraska
majority in the Senate' which will therefore
vote to meet the
~ House in joint ballot. A
Whig must be chosen, or the election must go
over. Iu Indiana the complexion of the
State Senate is somewhat doubtful. There is,
however, an unquaalonable anti•Nebrasktvma
jorlty. The House is decidedly Whig. The
chances of Hon. S. W. Packer, the present
able and popular Whig representative in Con.
greas, are better than those of any other no
med candidate, though as againstthe combined
stren g th of his competitors, his friends are pos
sibl/ m a minority
the Democratic politicians from Pennsylva
nia express some hopes ofderiving party advan
tages from the present situation of things in
the State Senate. They say there is no possi
ble chance of Mr. Price, of Philadelphia, or
Mr. Darsie, of Pittsburg, coalescing with the
Americans, in which case the organization of
the body by the choice of some moderate Dem
ocrat as president, is inevitable. This occur
renoe would give dolor to the pretensions of
Gen. Cameron. or Mr. Dawson for United
States Senator. ALEXIS.
A Wild Man in the State of Maine.
A correspondent of the Thomaston (Me.)
Journal, writing to the editor of that paper,
"On the morning of Jan, 2nil, while enga
ged in chopping wood a short distance from
my house in Waldoboro', I was startled by the
most terrific scream that ever greeted my ears;
it seemed to proceed from the woods near by.
I immediately commenced searching round fur
the cause of this unearthly noise, but after a
half hour's fruitless search, I resumed my la
bore, but had scarcely struck a blow with my
axe when the sharp shriek burst out upon the
air. Looking us quickly I discovered an ob.
ject about ten rods from me, standing between
two trees, which had the appearance of a min
iature human being. I advanced towards it,
but the little creature fled as I neared it. I
gave chase and after a short run succeeded in
catching it. The little fellow turned a most
imploring look 'upon me, and then uttered a
sharp shrill shriek, resembling the whistle of
an engine. I took him to my house and tried
to induce him to eat some meat, but failed in
the attempt, I then offered him some water of
which he drank a small quantity. I next gave
him some dried beach nuts which he cracked
and ate readily. lie is of the male species,
about eighteen - inches in height and his Limbs
are in perfect proportion. With the exception
of his face, hands and feet, lie is covered with
hair of a get black hue. Whoever may wish
to see this strange specimen of human nature,
can gratify their curiosity, by calling nt my
house in the eastern part of Waldobore, near
the Trowbridge tavern. I give these facts to
the public, to see if there is any one who can
account for this wonderful phenomenon."
How TO BE ECONOMICAL.-In times like the
present, when the exercise of household econo
my is indispensable, a • knowledge of the best
method of attaining it' in the purchase of arti
cles of food, is very resquite. In proportion
to other articles, the various preparations and
compounds made from corn are hut little used,
and yet they are exceedingly varied, cheap
and nutritious. Corn bread, for instance,
which is a staple article of food at the %Vest,
and which can be made very quickly, could, to
a great extent, take the place on our tables of
the miniature wheat loaves which the bakers
now dispense, while meal cakes and puddings
are so seldom prepared in most families, that
they would be esteemed as luxuries. Rice also
posseses many of the same recommendations
as corn. Almost every family, with the
present prices of marketing, could diminish the
price of living 25 per cont., by a judicious se
lection of their provisions.
Vek.A bashful printer refused a situation
in a printing offiiee where females wore em•
ployed, saying that he never• ' , set up" with a
girl in his life.
SFrMen will wrangle for religion ; write for
it; fight for it; die for it ; anything but—love
fur it. —Lace*
Our New York Correspondence.
Nov YORK, January 15, 1855.
MR. EDITOR :-
Every one a year ago was predicting that we
should have hard times. Strange to say, very
few acted or. this belief: On the contrary,
most importers continued importing about as
largely ns ever. One prominent dealer in this
city, with his remarkable foresight, anticipating
this terrible pressure in the money market,
imported very few goods. He watched the
market, and succeeded in purchasing his stock
in this country cheaper than he could have ob
tained the same of the manufacturers in Europe
He says, notwithstanding the great scarcity of
money, he has never done a better business
than during the past season.
This, unfortunately,-is almost a solitarycase.
Many firms considered to be well established,
have failed. We think, however, that the cri
sis has about arrived. Capitalists are begin
ning to speculate, and that will immediatly
Cause real estate to rise in value. Money will
begin to flow easier, and we shall soon be com
fortable. The merchants are growing quite
sanguine in regard to the Spring trade.
New Year's Day was well improved. The
city was crowded with gentlemen. A lady in
the streets was a "rare avis." All seemed to
enjoy the beautiful day and to be determined
to make the best use of it. Carriages of every
description there were; handsome, homely,
gaudy and plain carriages, with their spruce
whiskered coachmen, who took the opportunity.
while their masters were calling up stairs, to
make a descent from their box and pay a clan
destine visit to Bridget, at the basement win
There were young men, I might say eery
young men, with very tall silk hats, and our•
prisingly long coats, who were hastening about
in the vain delusion that they could make two
hundred and fifty calls that day; but who, when
they had fi moiled twentyfive, concluded to
postpone the rest for a more convenient sea.
In the evening, too, many of the gentlemen
amused themselves by walking in a zigzag
course across the sidewalks, and professed great
attachment to lamp posts. Alt, young men
we are afraid that when you called on those
"ardent spirits," you were induced to partako
OUR NEW MAYOR
Mayor Fernando Wood came into office on
the lot inst. Appearances are, that we arego
ing tohave a good and efficient officer. He
has begun his duties in excellent style. He
has cleaned Broadway—a Herculean task, we
assure you ; established a complaint hook, in
.which any persons having fault to find with
the condition of the city, may file their -corn
plaint. He refused a free omnibus pass, and
issued a letter of instruction to the Police De
partment, one regulation of which being that
they should see that all liquor shops were clo
sed on the Sabbath. This is a fair commence
ment. May he continue in this good path!
Broadway, for the last six moths, has been
swept by ladies entirely, but as the hard times
came on they found "broom stuff ' (i. c. silk
dresses) too expensive, and so gave it up.—
Since then, it has had no cleansing, until our
now Mayor took it up. On the whole, with all
respects to the ladies, we must say, that we pre
fer that latter system.
A story is told of Mayor Wood, as follows :
Walking down town last week, he came to a
place where there was some trouble, which
might grow into a scrim's disturbance. At a
little distance, on a hydrant, sat a policeman
enjoying the fun ; without attempting to stop
it. Mr. Wood stepped up to him, and asked
hint why he did not try to stop the trouble.—
The man, not knowing the Mayor, grumbled a
little, but filially got off the hydrant and went
into the crowd. He did not do much good
however, and in a few moments reiurned to
his seat. Mr. Wood again asked him why
he did not persist in stopping the row. The
M. P. returned some impertinent answer, but
did not move. The Mayor then asked him his
name. He told him that was none aids busi
ness. Mr. Wood said it was the right of every
iinen, and after some conversation, forced
him to tell his name. When lie had done so,
the policeman said,
"And now who are you, that you should cote
chine me. What's your name?"
"Fernando Wood," was the answer.
"The Mayor, by —" but the rest was lost,
for he was gone.
A PILGRIM FATHER.
The "Know Nothing" excitement has had
at least one good effect; viz. of making the
Naturalization examination more stringent,
which has been long needed.
Being in the Naturalization office the other
day, we met two good natural looking Ger.
mans. One was a candidate for a citizenship
in Uncle Sam's domain. The other appeared
to be a witness.
They both seemed to stand in great awe of
The witness was called to testify how long
his friend had been in the United States, when
the following dialogue took place
Judge. "Do you know Mr. Wurzel ?"
Witness. "Yeash sur."
Judge. "How long has he been in this coon.
Wit. "Ho ish been here ono long time."
Judge. "How long ?,'
Wit. "Oh, ho ish hews here one very long
time indeed." '
Judge. "Well, bow long is that 7"
Wit. "Oh, he is been in dish country a
wonderfully long time."
Judge. While warmly.) "This wont do.—
What ship did be come over in e
irit. "In the Mayflower our."
Judge. (flteetiously.) "What I a Pilgrim
Wit. (smiling and nodding his head in a
very enthusiastic manner.) "Mesh, sur, he ish
ono Pilgrim Fadder ; yesh sur."
Whether the "Pilgrim Father" got his nat.
uralization papers or not, we are unable to
say. We think he ought'to. We must add,
however, that he looked remarkably young for
FLOUR AND MEA L.-Stele and Western
brands are more plenty, with less call for them.
rrice:: not quite so first. We quote : Svc,
11 , 11 c Nu 2, sells atl.3 25 to $8 '75. 0'111164y
Stnte nt $8 87 1.2 to $9 00. Mixed Western
nt $9 12 to $9 37. Common to good Indian
Mid Michigan, $9 37 to 9 50. Fancy Unless.),
$9 75 to $lO 26. Extra Outsee, $lO 73 to 12
per barrel. Southern is rather plentier, and
is cheeper, hut not in bet ter replies!. Rye Flour
in incrensing in demand rind value. Sales
for fine, 62 1.2, and 87 75 for superfine
per barrel. Corn meal, in lots at $5 per
PRCIT.--A limited sale ire Iblisies, at $2 85
fur Layer. and . 2
75 fer dry Bunch per box.
Gasts.—Wheat is in demand, but is held
so high, that few purchasers are toned. Semi•
ern Wheat is selling at $2 .10 per bushel.—
Rye is quiet but steady. Prime Northetn at
$1 37 per bushel. Oats are plenlier and en.
Bier, at Ste. to 57e. for State ; and 60s. fur
Western. Corn is still rare, and in good de.
mend, at $1 05 for Western and $1 09 for
Southern Yellow, per bushel.
Everything in the Provision line is very high
in Net, so nre all the necosites of life ; but
there was never a better opportunity to par.
chase the Invirieß than now—providing you
have a lithe cash. Yours truly. V. S.
One Week hater From Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC.
RUMORED RUSSIAN DEFEAT.
WARLIKE SPEECH FROM TILE EMPER.
OR OF FRANCE.
A Loan of Fire Hundred Million
SEBASTOPOL NOT YET TAKEN.
RussrAs SORTIE FROM THE HARBOR,
The Antes Strongly Reinforced.
STATE OF THE MARKETS.
ARRIVAL OF COMMODORE PERRY
New Yore, Jan. 11, P. M.
The American steamship Hattie, with Liver.
pool dates to the 30th tilt., being one week la
ter, arrived here at 4 o'clock this afternoon.—
She brings news one week later.
From the Crimea there is no news of impor
- 13eIntstopol still held out. Frequent sorties
wore made, but no regular battle had taken
The allies are steadily maturing their plans
for capturing the place, though they sutrerod
much from the ineletnency of the weather.
Several detachments of French troops had
arrived from Toulon and other ports.
The Russians had received large reinforce.
meats. _ . _
Among the passengers by the Baltic is Con.
Perry, the Japan negotiator, and two bearers
of despatches from St. Petersburgh.
The propeller Sarah Sands had put into Cork
The Cunard steamship Arabia carried six
teen hundred troops to the - Crimea, from Mar
The U. S. stenm frigate San Janeinto had
arrived at Gibraltar.
The British and French funds were much
THE WAIL NEWS•
The Prussian mission to England did not re
sult in anything of importance.
The bill for the enlistment of foreigners had
passed the English Parliament. Immediately
after, Parliament adjourned.
The event of the week is Napoleon's speech
to the Legislature. It is warlike in tone, hut
makes no mention of any prospect of peace.
It was immediately followed by a loan of 000,-
000,000 francs being immediately voted.,
An important meeting, of the Representa
tives of the Five Powers had been held at Vi
enna. the result of which had not transpired.
Affairs before Sebastopol had not changed.
Sorties by the Russians are continued from the
city, and one has been made from the harbor.
The allies have received 18,000 reinforce•
ments, arid the weather is more favorable for
The attitudes of Austria and Prussia are un•
Two Russian vessels of war attacked a French
steamer before Sebastopol. Two English fri-
gates immediately went to her relief. The
The Russian bulletins generally claim im
portant advantages over the besiegers.
The Turkish troops at Kars were hard pres
sed by the Russians.
The Mlles at Sebastopol were fully prepared
third The parallel of the French bad moun
ted their guns.
Thirty thousand Turks, with a division of
French and English artillery, were about to
seize Perekop and fortify the lines there.
It is rumored that the Russians made a son
tie on the 12th, and were repulsed with a loss
of seven hundred killed and eleven hundred
Prince Menschikoff telegraphs to the 20th
of December, that there was nothing new since
last accounts, but that the weather was bad.
A well directed tire from the Russian fortifi
cations interrupts the enemy's works.
Reinforcements for the Allies were rapidly
'arriving. Up to the 18th twenty thousand had
It is reported that the storming of Sebasto•
poi would commence immediately on the arri•
val of the Turkish reinforcements.
The French will storm, while the British and
Turks will attack Prince ➢fenschikoff,
The Russian naval artillery has been taken
out of the Baltic fleet and brought to Sebasto.
Notes were exchanged at the confbrence at
Vienna between the Representatives of the
three Allies, defining the sense in which their
cabinets understand the four points heretofore
Prince Gortschalcoff asked time to obtain in
structions from his government.
Private advices from London say that the
course of polities favor the probability of a
speedy termination of the war.
Austria, it is believed, will assume the often•
sive, and influence all Germany to her side.
The people in the German States, it is confi
dently stated, will force their governments to
accept the propositions of the Allies.
Napoleon in his speech at the opening' of the
French chambers, wtlogized the victories of the
French arms, in the Black and Baltic Seas and
the Crimea. Ho thanked the Britsh Parlia
ment for their co-operation, and asked a levy
of one hundred thousand additional men. lie
believes that the resouces of a loan of twenty
millions sterling, will be sufficient to meetall the
demands of the war.
The speech throughout is very warlike.
The Budget of the Treasury shows a deli•
cicucy of eighty millions of francs.
The Spanish Cha;&;sare discussing the
propriety of the sale of Cuba. Mr. Soule was
present during the discussion.
The Spanish Government declines raising
an army to send to the Crimea; to assist the
Spain refuses the proposition made by Mr.
Soule to join a treaty with America and Rua.
sia, in recognizing the principle that the flag
protects nll goods."
The Protection of Children,
The, following bill has been intridneed is tin
New York Legislature. It is a rtirroure well
worthy of serious public consideration.
AcT to regulate the labor of adults and
The people of Ow N'iate ql* Nem J'.rk, r.vrc
sented In &nate and Asseml.ll), do enati a
I. Ten hours Ault in all Nuns eon.
statute a legal dar's lahour.
Sect. 2 It shall not be lawful for any owner,
agent, or other Oliver of any factory, furnata
or workshop, or any person netting under the
authority of this State, or in pursuance or any
contract with this State, to employ any child
to labor until such child nlutll haan attained
the full ago of Cam
Sec. R. It shall nut be lawful Coe err owner
agent or other oilier of nnv *tory, furnace
or workshop, to ernyluy any person under
sixteen genus of age more t h an live hourt in
any ono day.
Sec. 4. Tille owners or agents of -factories.
furnaces or workshops, employing persons un
der sisteen years of age, shall see that such
personS attend school live halt days is each
week while so emplyed. -
Sec. 5. It shall not be lawful for any parent
or guardian to hind out to service, or us an ap
prentice, any child, unless in accordance with
the foregoing sections.
Sect. 6. It skull not be lan ful for any per
son ur persons having minors in their employ
to exact of them more than ten hours' labor in
any one day, or sixty hours in any one week.
Sect. 7. All persons having Millara in their
employ, in domestic or agrmulturel pursuits
shall so that such minor receive at lewd four
months' schooling in each year, while in their
bee. 8. Any person or persons violating any
section or sections of this how, upon continuitt
and conviction before any justice of the peace
in the county where such violation occurs, shall
pay to fine ornot less than live dollars for each
day's violation ; one•half of such fine to go to
the minor, the other half IA such fine to go to
the school fund of the. school district where
such vi dation occurs. Awl it shall be the
duty of any Justice of the Peace to whom such
domplaint shall be made to issue a sumlo6/14
for the violator, and such witnesses as may be
ineeded in the case, in the saute manure as in a
suit for tresseass.
I Sec. 9. This actsslutil take &Feet the fourth
day of Jule next.
The Big Lump of Gold Lately Found in
The following description of the mountain lamp
°told, is taken from the San ,Toaquitt
"On the platform scales, 11, - ,1 in this oilier,
it weighed one hnudred and sixty tine pounds
or twenty•tive hundred and sev,tity
avoirdupois. Calculating that it eon twins
twenty pounds of quartz ruck. I,whiell t 1
large estimate, in the opinion of those who ex•
annned the lump) its value, at $l7 25 per
Mince, is $:18,920.
"The length of this immense mass is els,'
fifteen Molls, and its width from live and une
hall' to six inches. As one side is extremely
irregular and uneuven in its formation it is ditli
ent to arrive at the thickness, but it will prob
ably average four inches. The other Ride is
almost flat, and presents n solid mass of pure
gold ; the only quartz precievable is ell t h e Up
per or ragged side, and some pieces are !.0 loose.
ly imbedded in the precious mem!, that with di,•
aid of a pointed instument they might Is, easi
ly removed. The whole Inas, at some period
has apparently been in a fused state."
"Mr. Perkins, one of the corpses to slum
it belongs, informed us yesterday that it arts
taken out in Cailaveras county, on Wednesday
evening, November 22, just tie the company were
quitting work for the day ; he would not
any particulars in regard to where the claim
is located, except that it is in the county above
named. The eontpar.y consists of four \ Amer.
icans and one Swiss. Mr. Perkins belongs to
Lexington, Kentucky, and for the past two
years, although he hits labored hard, was very
unsnceesful, never having inure than $209 at
any one time during thaCperiod.
'''The specimen was securely stowed away
in a strong box yesterday afternoon, ard will
be dispatched to New York by Adams & Co..
on the Ist instant. Mr. Perkins and one of
his partners also go home on the steamer, and
left Stockton last evening on the Crilda.
"This discovery is another proof that the
mines of California are 'giving out,' but in to
manner that suits the miners. Calaveras anti
the southern mines against the world."
An interesting, and to on at n+, f, t
is stated in the January number rat the Nortlt
American Review, with regard to
which, if substantiated, will go hr t , , dimin:B',
the sympathy heretolbre Tilt by tbt , Aoierieas
people for his just, but sad fltt,. Is the re
cently published last volume of Lord Nl:thou . ,.
History of England, bringing it down front the
Pence of Utrecht to 1783, the author under
takes to prove that the execution df Andre
was an net opposed to justice and law, and
characterises it as ablot upon the Fame of Wash
ington. In demolishing summarily and com
pletely the arguments of Lord Mahon, the
Rcriew states that this visit to Arnold, within
the American hues, was not the first occasion
when Andre was employed upon a similar din
graceful errand, and asserts upon the oath:).
tty of the reminiscences of Dr. Johnson, of
South Carolina, substantiated also by Johnson's
Life of Green, that during the siege of Charles
ton, and before its fall, this officer penetrated
as a spy within the town, and suceeded in re
turning without detection. "Never," said Al
exandria Hamilton, "did a ten,, suffer death
Hth more justice, or deserve it' less." Had
amilton been aware of this attendant, wo
question whether he would have written such
a sentence. Upon no portion of our Revolu
tionary History is the sentiment of the Ameri
can people more decided, that their contempt for
and detestation of the treachery of Arnold, and
their belief that Andre's life was forfeited by
his conduct, and that his death was just and
MASONIC ORDER.—At an annual communi
cation of the It. W. Grand Lodge of New Jer
sey of Free and Accepted Masons, Held at the
Masonic, Hall in the city of Trenton, on Wed
nesday, the following were elected officers tar
the coming year :
Grand Master—Edward Stewart, of New
Dep. Grand Master—Samuel Read, of Mt.
64 , .;nr. Grand Warden—John Dill, of Bchi.
Ant% Grand Warden-- John H. Janeway,
Grand'Treasurer—Elins Philips, of Trenton.
Grand Scerrlary—Joseph U. Hough, of
Grand Score/dry—John R. Chapin, of Cam r•
PETRIFIED WHEAT.—Mr. Park, of the Lu•
misery, save ho picked up on the Blue river,
in Kansas Territory, some curious specimens
of petrified wheat, and tbrther says :
the resemblence is distinct, perfect. An
inquiry comes up—who raised the wheat?—
who cultivated the teeming earth in that re
gion, in ages long gone by? Can geologists
tell us? Perhaps this was the region of the
globe referred to by Calauius, remarked that,
anciently the Barth was covered with barley
and wheat, as it then was with (Inst."—
eiff-The "State bordering on Intottioati,,n
has not had its election vet. When it , lrn, it
will prubahly etc t*,,r the %h ie Law,