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cEptoo,,- • _
The gross revenue derived from all branch
ee of the Public - Works of this State, amount
ed, in 1853, to $1,898,246.50; the gross expon•
diturel on the same amounted to $2,755,936..
64. Of the expenditures, however, $450,222
were on account of construction of North
Branch Canal, and $567,509.70 for building
the new Portage road—making together $2,-
017,731.70. As these sums do not come un•
der the head of expenditures necessary to car•
ry on the Public Works, they are to be deduc•
ted' and accordingly we have the remaining
sum of $1,738,203.94 as the cost of managing
the public improvements. To this sum. how.
ever, is to be added $24,914.15, paid as dams.
pa on the Puhlic Works, making a total of $l,.
763,119.09. The net result is therefore as fol.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, lows:
Revenue of the Public Woaks in
George Darsie, of Allegheny co.
Wednesday Morning, Aug 30, 1854.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET
Mimes Pollock, of Northumberland co.
JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
Daniel M. Smyser, of Montgomery co.
WHIG DISTRICT TICKET:
John R. Edie, of Somerset County.
James Maguire, Huntingdon County.
George W. Smith, Blair County.
WHIG COUNTY TICKET:
John W. Slattern, Huntingdon.
REGISTER AND RECORDER,
Henry Glazier. Huntingdon.
Richardson Read, Cassvillo.
DIRECTOR OF THE 200 R,
J. A. Shade, Dublin township.
Perry Moore, Morris township.
ar V. B. PALMER, the American Newspa
per Agent, is THE ONLY AUTHORIZED AGENT for
this paper in the cities of Boston, New-York and
Philadelphia, and is duly empowered to take ad
vertisements and subscriptions at the rates as re
quired by us. His receipts will be regarded as
payments. His offices are--BosTos, Senility's
Building; N. YORK, Tribune Buildings. PHILA
DELPHIA, N. W. corner of Third and Chestnut
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have appointed Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, who are author
ised to receive and receipt fur money paid on sub
scription, and to take the names of new subscri
bers at our published prices.
We do this for the convenience of nor subscri
bers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
JOHN W. THOMPSON, Esq., Hollidaysburg,
• SAMUEL COEN, East Barree,
GEORGE W. CORNELIUS, Shirley township,
HENRY HUDSON, Clay township.
DAVID ETNIRK, Cromwell township.
Dr. J. P. Asucost, Penn township,
J. WAREIIAM MATTEItN, Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEEPLY, Jackson township,
11.00ERT M'BURNEY, "
Cot..leo. C. WATSON, Brady township,
Mortals BROWN, Springfield township,
WM. HUTCHINSON, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
JAM es Mc DosrAt.n, Brady township,
GEORGE W. WHITTAKER, Petersburg,
HENRY NEFF, West 13arree.
JOHN BALSBACH, Waterstreet,
Maj. CHARLES MICKLEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
GEORGE WILSON, Esq., Tell township,
JAMES CLARK, Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYTLE, Esq., Spruce Creek.
Mej. W. MOORE, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
SIMEON %Valour, Esq., Cnion township.
DAVID CLARKSON. 11Pq., Cuss township.
SYMUEL WIGTON, Esq., Franklin township.
DAVID PARKER, E.q., Warriorsmark.
DAVID AURANDT, Esq., Todd township.
A few load. of WOOD at the Journal oa,e.
le,„ See new advertisements.
The Rev. LowwiN P. HAWES, the former
Pastor of the Presbyterian Church in this
place, reached home last, week from his travels
in Europe, after an absence of eight months.
To his numerous and devoted friends herea•
bouts, his return, in improved health and
strength, is a subject of deep thankfulness to
the Providence that "through perils by sea and
perils by land" has brought him safely back to
his native laud and the bosom of his family.—
Mir. HAWES, we understand, travelled through
all the countries of Europe as far East as the
City of Rome, spending a considerable portion
of his time in the Cities of Edinburg and Gen•
eva, in the study of foreign languages.
gar The Circus Company of James M. June
& Co., will exhibit in this place on Monday,
September 4. We understand this Company
is one of the first water. Judging from the
encomiums heaped upon it from the pre.. in
different parts the country, there can be no
doubt of its superiority over the majority of
travelling exhibitions. We expect to see eve.
rybody and "all their friends" in town to see
itifis.,NVe were in receipt of Gocley's Lady's
Book at a very early day but on account of in.
disposition we were obliged to delay the notice
until the present. It is prefaced with a beau.
tiful Steel Engraving "He's coming." The
fashion plates for September. Music. Les.
sons on drawing. Embroidery patterns, to
gether with a great variety of reading matter.
/fir Notwithstanding the report circulated
by the Agent of June's Circus, Mons. Edwards
will ascend in his Balloon, in this place tu•day.
Is Mr. Mott a Know Nothing ?
General report says he is, and that he is to
receive the entire Know Nothing vote for Ca•
nal Commissioner this Fall. The last Gazette,
referring to the rumor, says:
"We have no doubt that he (Mott) will an•
ewer fur himself, and take the earliest oppur•
tunity to silence it forever by a bold denial,
under his own hand."
The Harrisburg Union, of Wednesday, says:
"Mr. Mutt must deny the charge at once, or
prepare for a strong opposition in the demo.
cratic ranks. We mean just what we say; and,
unless we are fully satisfied, within a reasons.
ble time and by a public avowal, that Mr. Mutt
is not a know•nothing, we shall feel hound to
use whatever influence we can command to
Notwithstanding these home-thrusts, Mr.
Matt remains silent. The plain inference is,
that he is a •know nothing and no mistake.—
HARD ROAD TO TRATEL.—The Nebraska
Orators have "a hard road to travel." The
Lafayette Journal says, Holman recently made
a speech at Milan, Ripley county, to three or
four hundred people. After he had finished,
a vote was taken on the Nebraska Bill, and
only one solitary individual voted in its furor.
Poor Holman, we imagine, moat have felt die.
tressingly lonesome in the crowd.
*Gov. Bigler will give his attention to
lumbering next year.—So writes a friend from
sway up the Susquehanna, whose ri,:ht to know
may be inferred front his own words: "I bare
always been a Democrat, but acknowledge we
are completely beat.-
The Tax-Payers and the Public Works.
The following article is from the Pittsburg
Gazette. It embodies some startling facts and
figures, and is well calculated to arrest the at.
tentiou of tax-payers.
Do the Public Works Pay?
Expenditures on do. $1,738,204..
Damages on do. $24,914,15, 1,763,119.09
Here, then, we see that after deducting the
cost of managing the Public Works the net
revenue received from them is barely $130,127.
41. These works cost originally $22,255.604.03,
and, as we have stated above, an addition to
their cast was last year made of $1,017,731.70,
making their total cost $23,273,425.73. The
interest on this sum, at five per cent., is $l,
163,671; and if from this we deduct the net
revenue received, we find that the loss on the
Public Works last year, was $1,008,639.67.
This result, it must be remembered, is arrived
at by calculating interest on their original, ac•
tual cost, and not ou the State debt as it at
present exists. .
The pregnant question then recurs, is it
worth while for the State to retain possession
of work on which she is annually losing one
million or more of dollars?
This preceding calculation embraces all
branches of the State improvements. Let us
see how it stands with regard to the main line
from Pittsburg to Philadelphia. The gross
revenue on this line last year was $1,303,481.•
19; the gross expenditures amounted to $1,456,-
557.83; excess of expenditures over receipts on
main 1ine—5153.076.62! This main line cost
us originally, $16,472,634.25. and the sum of
$567,509.70 was added to this cost last year.
on the new Portage road, making a total of
$17,040.243.95, on which the interest at 5 per
cent. would be $852,012.19. The loss last
veer to the State on the main line, may, there-
fore, he set down as follows:
Interest on its cost, $052,012.19
Expenditures last year,
Gross revenue, 1853,
Totalloas to the State,
If the main line were given away, therefore,
we shotttd save about $150,000 annually: if
sold for ten millions, as proposed, we should
save $650,000; and if sold for seven millions,
at which a bidder can be had, the yearly saving
would he $500,000. Is this not better than 10.
sine 1;150.000 a year by retainine it. besides
enduring the reproach which the corruption, in
cident to such works in State hands, is sure to
cast upon us?
The facts we have adduced are sufficiently
sienificant, without comment; we therefore sub
mit them for the calm reflection of our readers.
The State Debt and the Public Works.
The majority of the last Board of Revenue
Commissioners was largely Democratic. In
that Board the question of a sale of the Public
Works naturally arose in connection with
amtanit of. Revenue required for the State Gov.
eminent. The sentiment of the Board, anti it
was so expressed, was strongly in favor of a
sale, but there were some declarations and dia.
closures made in the discussion of the matter
which we think it well for the people to know.
There were friends of Bigler in the Board who
opposed a sale of the Public Works and favor
ed ale increased revenue. These men were re
pliei to by a leading Democrat of the State, a
member of the Board, who stated that he had
just had a conversation with the head of one of
the Departments la Democrat, of course), who
had statad to him that the Report issued hythe
Aeditor General and State Treasurer relative
to the Revenue and Expenditures of the Public
corks was the most favorable aspeet they could
possibly give to the works. and that a plain
statement from the figures would have shown
the mutter to he much worse. This Report shows
that the Public Works have sunk and are sink
ing the State millions upon millions of dollars.
The same Head of Department further stated
that if the Revenue and Expenditures of the
State continued as they had done and were do
ing, the state would become bankrupt, notwith.
standing public statements mi:tht cover over
these prospects. He also said that if the pub
lic Works were disposed of at $20,000.000, and
the State Govern ot,•oteeonomicallvad'ninister
ed,he would obli, ate hi mself,with the pres,:t rate
of taxes, to State df bt years.
This statemenr. from the responsible
and well informed urce it did, made a mark
ed impression on the Board of Revenue Com.
missioners, and there was so further opposi.
that there to an expression in favor of the sale
of the Public Works.
Gov. Bidder, however, continues to insist on
retaining this drain on the tax avers, notwith•
standing he knows as well no del the colleague
of his in the State Goverment, that such a pal.
icy, in connection with his extrava2ant admin•
istration of State affairs, will exhaust the State
revenue, and involve, tax payers in a burden
which it will be hard for them to bear. He
seems to think that if he can only line his own
pockets well, it makes but little difference how
the public may fare. If taxpayers this fall
vote for such a man. they do it with their eyes
open, and will deserve the increased imam•
hrance upon their property which will surely
The Expenses of the Government.
Aeenrrling to n IYr:shin:Jon eorrespoinl,nt of
the New York Courier, the total expenditures
of the United States Government as provided
for, and to he provided for, within the year,
amount to $82,145,000. The items are thus
Appropriations made at the First Session of
the 33d Congress.
Civil and Diplomatic Appropria•
tion Bill, $14.480.000
Post Office, 6,500.000
Light House, 1.491.000
Construction of six steam frigates, 3,000,000
Mexican Treaty Appropriations, 10,000.000
Invalids and other Pension do 850,000
West Point Academy do 140,000
Fortification do 964.000
Indian do 2,270.000
Do War. 75,000
River and Harbor Bill for Cape
Fear, North Carolina, 140,000
Miscellaneous appropriations for
Military Roads, Claims, &c., 600,000
Indefinate appropriations, pay.
meet of interest on National
Debt, &e., Collection of the
Revenue from customs, &C., 5,000,000
Ocean Steam appropriation, (ac.
cidentally lost) 2.100,000
De fered till next session:
River and Harbor Bill, 2,500,000
For Secret Cuban Service, 10,000,000
Total amount of Expenditures
provided and to be provided
for within the year, $82,145,000
ifß. S3O J401:1 is being rapidly rebuilt .
A Dodging nap
Chief Justice 1-11.sZe, who is a candidate for
re-election this Pell, hes written a reply to a
letter of the Stare Temperance Committee. ask
ing him to define his position on the 'Prohibit.
cry Liquor Law, which is just now going the
round of the Locofoco papers, and is regarded
by them as a masterly document. And on it
is—for as a dodge it can't well be beat. The
"But yon desire to be informed how far my
"judicial decisions may be counted on, as fa.
"vorabl eto your views of the subject. It' I re
ply in the affirmative, you will regard it as a
"promise to he with you when the question
"comes before me; and if I break the promise,
"after being elected by your votes, I will he
"justly exposed to the charge of obtaining the.
"office by means of false pretence. If my an
''swer be the other way, you will know how to
disarm nn avowed npponent of the power
"which he might use to your disadvantage.—
"These I think are the only reasons that could
"induce you to question me on such& subject."
The Judge goes on with a long rigmarole to
show that the precedent set by the committee
in interrogating judicial candidates is a bad
one. He holds to the opinion that the friends
of one of the greatest moral reforms of the dny
should 'go it blind,' and leave the judicial de
cision for or against prohibition, to chance, or
the peculiar notion of the individual who may
be selected to decide it. This would have sn
ewered very well in the 'old fogy' times, but it
will hardly snit the
. present wide awake age.—'
The people are beginning to understand that
must "constitutional questions" are decided ac•
cording to the more whim or prejudice of the
Judges, and they will take it for granted that
a candidate who refuses to admit that the ma.
jority have ft 'constitutional' right to interdict
the infernal traffic in rum, does so not so much
from anv honest convictions of right, as from a
fear of the rum influence. The boasted indepen.
(knee of the Judge, viewed in this light, amounts
to nothing more than a slavish subserviency to
the worst principles and prejudices of our na.
tore. We hope the Temperance men "win know
how to disarm an avowed opponent of the pow.
er which he might," and no doubt would, use
to their disadvantage, and that he and no oth
er candidate for a judicial station who is
afraid to toe the mark in the matter in issue,
will be able to receive the Temperance vote.—
Berko and Schuylkill Journal.
The following resolutions were passed, unan
imously, by the Whig Conference, which as
rambled in Johnstown, on Saturday the 19th
Resolved, That we still cling with devotion
to the time-honored principles of the Whig par
ty, believing them to be the true policy of our
country, and most conducive to the welfare,
happiness and prosperity of our people.
Rewired, That the policy of the present Na
tional and State Administrations has been
highly injurious to the country ; that by their
conduct they have incurred the merited con
tempt of all parties; that the Nebraska iniquity
—the only measure of the National Adminis
tration—has sunk it in eternal infamy : and
that as members of the Whig Party, in declar
ing our opposition to that National fraud, we
but reiterate the sentiments of the great por
tion of the freemen of Pennsylvania.
Resolved, That we heartily endorse the nom
inations of the late Whig 'State Convention;
and that James Pollock, WWI M. Smvser, anal
C co. Darsie are good men and true—firm in the
Whig faith. and highly deserving of the anpport
of every true Whig in the Commonwealth.
Resolved, That Hon. John McCulloch, our
present Representative in Congress, has in all
things faithfully represented the interestbof his
constituents, and for his steady anal determin
ed oppiisition to the Nebraska fraud deserves
Resolved, 'Nat Col. John R. Edie, the nom•
ince of this Coo ferenei, is and always has been
un active, faithful, and working member of the
great Whig party ; that his midnubteil talents
qualify hint thr the high station for which he
has been nominated ; and that, in presenting
him to the Whigs of the 18th Congressional
District, we have the full confidence that no
one is more worthy of their support. nor better
qualified to represent them iu the Halls of'
R;sulmf, That the proceedings of this Con
vention he signed he the officers and published
in the Whig papers of the District.
After the'resOlutionA were read, the Confer.
cure adjourned, sine die.
JOIIN LOWMAN, Prat,
Wm. H. KnoxTz, &ay.
For the Journal,
Ma. Ennon :—Having seen my name made
use'of in connection with the late meeting held
in this place for the purpose of nominating an
Independent ticket for this county, I deem it
but just to myself, my party and my principles,
to corr., error. I was present at that
meetin: nod was requested to act as Secretary,
but declined, fur reasons which I will now state.
At the late Whig, County Convention I was a
candidate for an office—my word and honor—
er rather those of my friends who brought my
name before the Convention—were then and
there pledged, to abide by its decision. This I
intend to do. lam proud to say that my real
friends in that Convention were amongst the
hest men in this County ; men whose
names are an ornament to any Convention;
and whose ads have never yet brought any
stain upon the Whig party. It is also gratify.
ing to me to know who were the leading men
that opposed me; they were composed princi
pally of men whose names are a stench in the
nostrils of every honest man; men who werene
ver even suspected of having about them the
least shadow of principle or of honor; men who
were ready to promise me their support, but
who, Judas like, would at any time sell their
best friends for even a fur less compensation
than "the thirty pieces of silver;' and whose
names, connected with some of the disgraceful
scenes of '3B, have left upon the Whig party in
this county the blackest stain it has everknown.
Reports—as void of truth as their authors are
of principle—were industriously circulated in
that Convention for the purpose of defeating
me, stories which could only have had their or.
igin in the dark caverns of some guilty and
malignant hearts in this town, were there pro.
mated, and I was cheated and lied out of the
nomination; but still I would sac to my friends
in the, late meeting, n•ho are conversant kv'tlt
the circumstances, and who were ready tostami
by me and see my wrongs righted; I ant thank
ful for the interest they have manifested in my
cause, and for the honor conferred upon me,
yet duty and a sense of honor prevented, and
must prevent me from taking any part in their
proceedings. To my friends thorughout the
county, for their noble and disinterested efforts
to procure for me a nomination—which under
my present circumstances would have been ye
ry acceptable—l am under obligations of grafi.
tude as lasting as life. I would take this op.
portunity of assuring them that I will be the
last to abuse or betray the confidence they bare
placed in me; and I trust no blush of shame
shall ever mantle their cheeks occasioned by
any act of mine. I have done.
Huntingdon, Anput 26, 1854. '
IM. Wm. B. Francis swam the Mississippi,
from the lowa shore to Phelps' wharf. in Quin.
cy, in eighteen minutes. Distance, a mile and
Execution of Courtland C. Johnston.
This unfortunate man paid the penalty of
offended law yesterday, precisely at 3 minutes
before 1 o'clock; on the scaffold in the enclo.
sure of the Dauphin county prison.
At an early hour in the morning people be.
gnu congregating in the vicinity of the prison,
with no more apparent object, than to gratify
a morbid curiosity, of being able to see at least
some symptoms of the approaching execution.
When we visited the cell of the prisoner a
short time before 11 o'clock A. M. he was bu
sily engaged in permuting the 14th Chapter of
St. John in the New Testament, which we
learn by the attending Clergy, has been his fa•
Abort 12 o'clock the jive selected by the
Sheriff, the Phvsicians, Drs. Rominotgh, Seiler,
Roberts, and antherford, with the Sfembers of
the Press and .Clergy were admitted into the
prison; while the latter proceeded to the cell
of the prisoner and engaged in devotional ex
At 2•s minutes before 1 o'clock the cell was
vacated by the Clergy and the Sheriff entered
with n White shroud, and proceeded to array
him therein. The prisoner led by the Sheriff
soon appeared in the vestibule of the prison,
when a procession was formed, and the entire
body marched to the scaffold, which had been,
erected the day previous in the yard at the
rear of the building. When the procession
reached the seaflbld, the prisoner mounted
with a firm step, followed by his spiritual advi•
sers, Rev. Messrs. A. Cookman of the H. E.
Church, Colder and Mackey of the Bethel, and
Holmes of the United Brethern. The 11ev. Mr.
Mackey. after a few remarks, gave out the
hymn of "Jesus the Lord of my soul," which
was sung by the congregation. A fervent and
impressive prayer was then delivered by Rev.
A. Cook roan.
After which each of the Clergy embraced the
prisoner, and descended the scalfuld. Sheriff
Williams then adjusted the cap and rope, and
after taking a fervant leave of him descended
and pulled the holt of the drop, which launch
ed the prisoner into eternity. He appeared to
die without the least struggle, and his pulse
ceased to beat when he had only been suspen
ded 4b minutes.
The last words spoken by the prisoner were.
"Lord Jesus, receive my soul— the last word
of which hung on his lips when the drop fell.—
He remained suspended for 30 minutes, when
he was pronounced dead by the phr , icians and
cut down by the Sheriff, who had his remains
placed in a coffin prepared for interment.
The roofs of Col. Swartz's stahlinz adjoining
the jail wall was filled to overflowimr by spec
tntors. and we are sorry that a number of them
acted on the occasion in a manner that must
have been as keenly felt by the unfortunate
prisoner, as it W. condemned by those who
could appreciate the real character of the af.
We have never known an individual who
possessed more fortitude when placed under
similar circumstances. Cool, calm, and col
lected, he embraced death with an infantile
simplicity, with the earnest belief that his spii ,
it would flee to the realins of eternal bliss and
The prisoner during his confinement, never
entertained for a moment, a thought or Execu
tive Clemency; but devoted his whole time to
wards seeking a redemption for his misdeeds,
at the I3ar of his Maker.
In this we flatter ourselves with the belief
that he has been successful; whatever has been
the enormity of offences on this earth, there is
a holy assurance that there is a power of for
giveuess in the spirit world.—llarrisbury Item
The Will of Thomas Ritchie,
The following extract front the last clause of
the will of Thomas Ritchie, who, fltr nearly lif•
ty years, stood in the front rank of the journal
ists of the Westilit Hemisphere—if not the
first, still amo'q'the foremost. Some of the
sentiments are truly noble, nod all are charm
teristie of the man. We subjoin them :
'I cannot repeat the advi:, which the illus.
trisue and patriotic General Masse has inscrib
ed upon his will. He enjoins upon his sans
not to dedicate their lives to the public service.
On the contrary, I hold it to be dm duty of ev.
ery citizen to watch over the interests of a coun
try of which he is a member, end such a free
and glorious country as this is ! Who is not
proud of her destiny ? Who is not willing to
'give his services, and even his lice to the main
tenance of the great principles on which her
five and federal institutions are based? Amrei
ea has made one of the greatest political dist.
coteries which the world has ever witnessed a
form of organization which rc,erves to the
States and their people the p r, regulating
most of the functions which to got.
ernments, leaving but very !;: w powers—and
they only the most general and yet important--
to the jurisdiction of the federal atithorities.—
Hence the specification which is in the Consti
tution of those powers which the United States
are to exercise in their legitimate sphere ; and
hence the necessity of watching over the opera.
thins of the machinery, and repressing its ex
cesses when it threatens the right of the States.
We are already the greatest power among the
nations. •We are destined to be greater still;
but let us not be too atnbitious of inordinate ac.
ouisitions, or too rapid in our advances. Let
as till up the lumense territory which we own.
Let us not be too anxims to step our foot from
the main land to the islands, unless, indeed, as
in the case of Cuba, we are threatened by the
barbarization of that beautiful island, and its
conversion into a black and hostile neighbor
hood. Let us not deny to the inhabitants of
other lands a free asylum into our own shores.
but let us confine ourselves to the operation of
natural causes. In this way we may bent ac
climate the emigrant to our free instutions.—
Preserve both the rights of the States and the
union of the Staten. These are the two great
pillars of American prosperity and glory."
A Monster in Human Shape,
The Abingdon Democrat says: A German
named Jacob Brenigar is mac awaiting his tri
al in Wyoming county, Va., charged with a se
ries of offences that surpass in horror any of the
tales which old wives tell bad children to keep
them quiet of giants who lived once upon a time.
This Brenigar was formerly a Baptist preacher
in N. C. While residing there he attempted. an
outrage upon his own daughter. His wile made
the Met known, and Bremgar, with his Mini's,
moved into Wyoming. There be made anoth
er attempt to rape his own daughter. Shortly
afterward, desirous of obtaining a renewal of
his license to preach, which bad been taken
ti•um him in N. C., he applied to his wife to re.
truct . the charges she had brought against him,
and admit that she had sworn falsely. This she
refused to du, notwithstanding he inflicted frit.
fluent and severe beatings upon her. At last,
finding that neither persuasion, threats lament:
lingo would have the influence, one night he
pulled her out of bed, and dragged her over a
piece of new ground,ftdl of stumps, injuring her
so seriously that she died a short time allergic..
ing premature birth to a child. Mrs. Brewer
at first refused to tell the mode of receiving
her injuries; but finding that death was inevita.
ble, made some of the neighbors 'acquainted
with all the facts. The husband was arrested,
but released on bail. While under bonds, lie
made an .asttompt to decoy his twice into .the
weeds at the back of her residence,'but shetold
her husband, who pursued the radian, and
would have killed hint, but his gun missed fire.
This statement we have obtained front a gee.
denim' residing in Tazewell, who is cognizant
of all the facts.
NEWS.—The Harrisburg Platibra (Bigler)
says it is “ruinored that Judge Pounex in
tends to wait until within eight or ten days of
the election, when he will come out and deny
all connection with the secret political wind.
satin'', called 'Know Nothings, and this deni.
al will be printed in handbills and in the Whig
papers, and circulated among the faithful and
mithithful in all parts or the Commonwealth.:'
Will the Platform inform us when Bigler in
tends to publish his temperance letter toCham
hers, also the precise time when Mutt purposes
to contradict the report that he is a Know No
thing? Let us have a general expose while we
are about it.—Brrks and Schuylkill Journal,
AITPOSCD :111 - ensa.—We have been furnish•
ed with the following particulars of an oecnr•
rouce which took place near 'Greencastle last
week, and in which it is supposed a murder
It seems that a party of Slaves belonging to
Mr. Brumbaugh, of Washington county, Md.,
were permitted to visit Greencastle en Friday
bust, and on their departure for home one of
them, from some cause unknown, was detained
behind. The party had proceeded but a few
miles from the town when the horse of the
slave detained canto up, but without his rider.
This led the party to return to Greencastle, but
they did not discover the whereabouts of the
slave until they had again proceeded homeward,
when he was found in a fence corner a short
distance from the town, with his head dreadful
ly cut and in a dying condition. lie survived
but a short time after the party reached him,
and died without being able to communicate
the manner in which he had been injured. An
inquest was held on his body, but we have not
learned the decision of the jury.
It was at first supposed that the horse had
thrown the slave and that he was injured by
the fall, but front some developments made, a
black man named Stewart was arrested anti
brought to the county prison on Monday, char.
ged with being implicated in some way in
causing his death.—Chambersentrg Whig.
PA NTIIERS.—The following we have from an
intelligent friend. Abram Longenecker, Esq.,
of Blacklick Township, a few evenings sinee
started to watch a deer lick. He reached the
ground about sunset and mounted a tree, for
the purpose of watching. In a short time he
heard a noise, and looking round for the expec
ted prize, his eves fell on—not a deer—but a
panther. A nether and another appeared, until
four gathered near the trunk of the tree he had
ascended. He took deliberate aim at one of
them, but the ball did not take effect, and the
savage animals commenced looking around,
and, at length, discovered our adventurer,
among the branches overhead. He loaded
again and fired, only slightly ruffling the fur of
one of them. In his trepidation the stopper of
his powder flask, was lost, and he had no fur
ther means of defending himself.
They then gathered around the tree and at
tempted its ascent. But the small size of the
tree and the smoothness of the bark prevented
this. Indeed one of them had nearly reached
him twice, but was repelled by an expedient
that does credit to the sang froid of our hero.
At this time Mr. L. commenced yelling most
lustily, and some neighbors attracted by his
yells, with torch•lights, sought the scene of his
adventure. At the sight of the firs the ferocious
animals vamond, and the Squire was relieved
from his perilous situation.—Alleyhanin.
TILE HEALTH OF Losnos.—From the return
of the English Register General we gather the
following information respecting the health of
From 1,008 in the preceding week the deaths
in London rose to 1,219 in the week that en
ded last Saturday. In the ten weeks corres
ponding to last week of the
. years 18.14-53, the
average number was 1,072, which, if raised in
proportion to increase of population, becomes
1,179. The present return is therefore in ex•
seas of the estimated amount.
The zynotic class of diseases, which number.
ed 293 deaths in the previous week, rose last
week to 422. The increase is caused by chol
era, which has made considerable progress
since the 2G deaths occurred which were an
nounced in last report. It was fatal last week
to 133 persons—namely to 42 children under
15 years of s t ge. 78 men and women between
that age and Gil years, and to 13 persons 60
years old and upwards. Seventy-one, or more
than half the number of cases, occurred on the
Remit side of the river, 35 in the east districts,
and the remainder in various parts of the me
tropolis. as far as its western extremety.
arrlttca increased from 58 to 81 in the last two
ABUNDANT CROPS IN EUROPE.—The intelli•
nonce from all parts of Europe relative to the
fine and abundant crops is causing the prices
of breadstutis to fall very fast in the markets
of that country.
In Greet Britain the corn crops were never
better or the growth greater. Prance has
wheat craps the present season superior in
quality and larger in quantity than in former
years. On the continent the crops are exten
sive, and the markets are not only dull, but
fast declining. A circular from Rostook cal
ciliates on a large field, at least one-fourth
above the usual average of the wheat crop, and
a more than full average of other corn. There
are the same prospects in the Baltic districts,
and accounts are extremely favorable from
Norway, Sweden, add Denmark. In Prussia
there are excellent prospects of a great yield,
and at Smyrna the grain is unusually plentiful.
In Egypt the prices have greatly fallen, and at
Alexandria the corn is most abundant. In
the Principalities the corn is being cut by the
Russians, but in Bulgaria the harvest has been
most abundant on the whole. Potatoes prom
ise to be abundant. In spite of war, there
seems to be an abundance of the elements
which give impulse to industry and make man
DEATII OF THE SELF-ACCUSED MURDERER.-
We stated a few days since that the barque
Aaron I. Harvey had arrived from Port au
Prince, bringing a young German named John
Muller, who had confessed to the commission
of a murder in Burlington county. New. Jersey,
meter circumstances which were fully given at
the time. Muller was sent to the County Pris
on to await the action of the New Jersey au.
thorities. At the time of the commitment he
was sullbring from typhoid fever, and he died
on Tuesday morning. A short time before his
death he was seen and conversed with by Mr.
Farquhar. Prison Inspector, to whom he rein.
ted something of his past history. It seems
that after his escape from a Russian vessel at
Port no Prince, he lay in the woods two weeks
before he applied to the American Consul. It
was at this time that he contracted the disease
which terminated his life. He had no relatives
or friends in this city, but he stated that his
parents reside in New York. The only article
of personal property he had was a Bible, which
he kept always at his side.—Phila. News.
DEATH OF JUDGE HrGER.—The Hon. Daniel
Elliott Huger departed this life yesterday, at
his residecee on Sullivan's Island, at the age
The people of South Carolina will hear the
announcement of the death of this distinguish.
ed and revered citizen with universal regret.—
For nearly half a century he has been, the
greater portion of the time, identified with the
publie service of the State, as a member of the
Legislature, a Judge, a State Senator, and fi
nally a member of the U. S. Senate, in all
which positions he has never failed to cum mond
the most perfect confidence in his integrity and
high devotion to his State.
In courtesy and dignity of manners, in chi
valrous honor, and in perfect truthfulness of
character, Judge Huger was a model of a South
Carolina gentleman. In the faithful discharge
of all his duties, and in the abundant charities
of his life, he was the model of a good citizen
and a true Christian.—Cluarkston Vcr. 22d.
CLEANING BOILER FIXES.—The cleaning out
of boiler flues when they get foul, is both a
troublesome and a disagreeable business. Any
good improiement for accomplishing this work
without going into the flues in the usual way,
we consider to be both a humane and an econ•
mica' invention. John Leinweber, of Coring.
ton, Ky., has taken measures to secure a pat
ent for an improvement which promises to be
the very thing desired. It consists in placing
within each and any floe of a boiler, a porfbra•
tad pipe, in which steam can be admitted when
desired from the boiler, and from which it es
capes in jets which strike tire interior surface
of the flue and lo owns the soot, Sc. By giv.
ing the perforations in the pipe a slanting di
rection, the jets of steam will net only loosen
the soot, &c., in the flues, but will also drive it
oat of the flues.
getu b Eciegrapi.
Fire at Chtims, dfase.—The Fallen Buildings
Dosnu, Ang.23.—Cossitner Nogels' Silk
Factory in Chelsea, was destroyed by fire last
night. The loss reaches $15,000.
This morning, the body of William Downing,
Clerk to Messrs. Hanneman b Co., was taken
from the ruins of the stores which fell in Broad
street yesterday. He was evidently killed in•
It is believed that only three lives were lost,
as reported last night. There is much excite•
molt about the catas'rophe, from the feet that
the police were not notified of the impending
danger, and the vicinity cleared, ample warn
ing having been given the occupants by the
gradual settle of the foundations. Tho fire
men continue their work upon the buildings.
The British Deserters—The A.ssnv7t (At -Yr
Dana—Pardon by the Prefident.
BOSTON, Aug. 24.—1 n the Municipal Court
today, the British deserters, Prichard and Ca
rey, were arraigned on two indictments, char.
ging them with stealing from Mr. Turison, the
British Commissary at Sydney, and from Queen
Victoria. The case is to be tried not so much
on the facto as on the law, whether or no per-
sons committing robbery in a foreign country
can be tried here, because they bring stolen
property with them.
Wm. Uxford, convicted of an assault on E.
H. Dana, Jr., Esq., one of the counsel for An
thony Burns, was today sentenced to 18 months
hard labor in the floose of Correction.
The President has pardoned Henry C. Pitt
man, formerly master of the barque Missiona
ry, which he was convicted of robbing of sever
al thousand dollars in silver coin, after the ves
sel was wrecked on the coast of Sumatra. He
was sentenced to Salem jail for three years,
and has been in confinement two years. He
was liberated this morning.
Disastrous Fires in the Woods in Ohio.
CLEVELAND ? Aug. 24.—There are frightful
fires in the woods at Cuoahoga Falls, and in
Franklin, Randolph, Ravenna, Rob'mon, North
field, and parts of Summit and Portage coun
ties. The soil is also burning to the depth of
one to one and a half feet. Barns, hay, grain,
Ac., have been destroyed, and serious appro.
hensious are felt for the town of Hudson. The
woods bear Painsville for one mile in length
are burning, and all attempts to stay the pro
gross of the flames are unsuccessful.
Arrest of Commander HoWm
NEW YORK, Aug. 2.s.—Commander Hollins
has been arrested at the instance of the suffer.
ers of Greytown. He gave bail in the sum of
Disaster and Loss of
CHARLESTON, Aug. 25.—The steamer Sylres•
tes Webb capsized near Plaquemines, La., a
a few days since, and Capt. Sharp and two fe•
males were killed.
Two Weeks Later from Calif° IT la.
ARRIVAL OP THE GEORGE LAW
- A - N35 - pfoliEfirEfig
Millions in Gold—Political Ex•
&anent of Sacramento—Split in tic De.
mot:ratie Cenvention—Fivhiing among the
New YORK, Aug. 24.—The steamship Geo.
Law, with the San Franeiseo mails of the Ist..
arrived at this port this morning, bringing 300
passengers and over one million of dollars in
The steamship Prometheus, from San Juan,
with the same dates, has also arrived, with
5800,000 in specie. of which SlOO,OOO is fur
Drexel & Co., of Philadelphia.
The Brother Jonathan arrived at San Juan
on the 14th inst.
The steamship Sonora is reported to have
brought down 51,400,000 in gold to Panama.
The cholera was abating at Barbadees, but
was very fatal at St. Philip. Nine thousand
deaths had taken place in thecountry parishes.
Six thousand deaths by cholera had taken place
at St. Michaels. The cholerahad also appear
ed nt St. Lucia and Grenada.
The California Democratic State Convention
met at Sacramento on the 7th ult.. when scenes
of rowdyism were enacted exceeding anything
that ever took place there.
Two chairmen were elected; two committees
on credentials were appointed, and two tickets
of permanent officers were elected. After re•
maining in session till 9 o'clock at night with.
out lights, both parties quitted the church to.
The two factions are known as electionists
and Anti-Electionists. The former nominated
for Congress the present incumbents, Messrs.
McDougall and Latham. The latter nomina
ted P. T. Herbert and J. W. Dencer.
The Whig convention have nominated Cal.
Noun Benham and Geo. Bowie for Congress,
and express great confidence of carrying the
State. The campaign bids fair to be the most
exciting ever witnessed.
The Marysville Fire.
The fire at Marysville, previously reported
by a despatch from New Orleans, occurred on
the 27th ult., and so rapid was the progress of
the flames that in filly minutes they had spread
over , and destroyed the entire district bounded
by Second, Fifth, B and D streets.
Fights Among Chinese.
Several battles have been fought among the
Chinese residents of California, and a number
have been killed. The cause of the difficulty
was an attempt to levy upon all of them a tax
for the support of the Imperialists in the Chi.
The crop of bread;tuffs in California this
year is more than sufficient to supply the State
for the next twelve months. Large shipments
to Australia have already commenced.
The money market in San Francisco was
The election in Oregon which has just taken
place, was very exciting, and has resulted in
the triumph of the Democrats. The Comet'.
tion party was badly beaten.
It will be some time. before Oregon applies
for admission us a State into the Union.
THE GIRAItD COLLEGE.—Stephen Girad, the
founder of the Girard College for Orphans, in
Philadelphia, required by his will, that the bore
should be instructed in the purest principles of
morality, but that no clergyman should be al•
lowed to enter the Institution. As nntextbook
was prescribed, the officers of the college took
it for granted that they might use the Bible, us
it is recognized as of the highest authority by
the greatest number, and accordingly the Bible
is daily rend there without note or comment.—
And as in teaching astronomy and other high
sciences, it is necessary to give a previous in
struction in the elementary departments of ma•
thematies .as to teach morality, they find it
necessary to teach that on which morality de
pends, and accordingly they teach religion.
THREE AT A BlltTli.—The Rending Adler
says that the wife of Mr. Joseph Muthart, of
Colebrookdale township, gave birth ou thelOth
inst., to three children, all girls. The parents
have been married live ye.ir.,
"firer thy' union.
ARRIVAL OF TH ASIA
Three Days Later from Europe.
Stale of the Markets—The lbts,tions L' rtcua•
ling .Voldavia— The Expedition to the Cri.
men—Landing of the french near Boma:y
awl—Death of the King of Sarong—More
Fighting at Madrid—Queen Christiana to
be tried fbr Tram,
New YORK, Aug. 24.—The Royal Mail
Steamship Asia, Capt. Lott, arrived at this
port at 7 o'clock, this taunting, brin,ring
pool dates to August 121 h—three days later
than were received by the Baltic.
The Steamer Ottawa. from Quebec, arrived
at Liverpool on the 11th instant.
At Liverpool. cotton had declined id. The
sales of the week amounted to 47,000 bales, of
which 9,000 were taken by the speculators and
B' readstuffs were unchanged. James Mc.
Henry's Circular quotes Western Canal flour
at 31sa32s; Philadelphia anti B iltimore 320:4
3:Is; white corn 33s@:ile; Yellow :: Is®3ss.
Bacon was unchanged; Nelda.
Pork was declining; Lard heavy; Rice dull;
Tallow advanced ls.
The London Money market was active; Con.
sots closed on Friday at 93i@031.
Trade at Manchester a•as unchanged.
The Russian army is evacuating Moldavia
as well as Wallachia. The expeditionary
troops (British and French) had arrived at Pe.
recop, the isthmus which connects the Crimea
with the main land.
Three thousand French troops had made a
landing near Bomersuml, in the Baltic. The
fiftsians abandoned eight cannons on theirap
proach. The large ships of the combined fleet
remained nt Letsund. The bombardment was
expected to commence on the Bth of August.
Prince Gortschoti has announced to the Aus•
trian government that Moldavia and Wallachia
will both be immediately evacuated by than!.
The Austrian troop 3 which were on their
way to flallicia. Bokovina and Transylvania n
have accordingly received orders to halt forthe
A formidable expedition against Sebastopol
was preparing at Varna.
A:cot:ps of 18,000 Rusdian3 had arrived at
Tiflis. the Capital of Georgia, after a three
The French Government has refused the ar
mistice asked for by the Czar, but has armour,
ced that peace may be secured on the follot,
lat. Thu abolition of the Russian proteeto
rate over Wallachia, Servia and Moldavia.
2d. The freedom of the mouths of the Dan ,
3d. A revision of the treaty of 1341, with ref
erence to the limits of Russia in thy Black Sea.
4th. No power to have a protectorate over
. . .
It is stated that the Austrians would posi
tively enter Wallachia on the Bth.
Frederick Augustus, the King of &any,
dead at the age of tifty•secen.
Queen Christina. of Spain, has been indist
ed before the :vanish Cortex, on n charge 01
There bad been more fighting at Madrid.
Arrangements were trade for the departure
of Queen Christina and her family; but armed
groups surrounded the palace and prevented it.
The populace scented determined on the pun.
ishment of the Queen mother, and at least that
she should not he allowed to quit Spain until
tried by the Cortes.
Five prtionera who had taken part in qui)
late inburree:ion at Plum., were executed
there on the 4th.
Latest Tram to
A clopeteh from B..eharest saes that the
Ttu,s;an regiment; are already ret,ittingneroas
the Froth. The rear guard of the Rua3ians,
consisting of the Seventh Regiment of Hue.
sars•Cossacks, woo only two miles distant from
About all that is expected from Austria is
the occupation of the Principalities as a nett.
A perfect understanding exists between the
Western Powers and Austria, regarding the
nature of the guaranties that Russia will give
concerning the future peace of Europe. •
The Turkish government is once more in the
market for a loan.
Thirty.six thousand Turks and French were
in the Dobrudschn; but no English.
It was thought that the French would attack
Galata; and the Turks Fultscha.
Heavy guns and bombs had arrived at Var.
na dm expedition against Sebastopol. The
Russians at Sebastopol were making great pro.
parations to repel the attack and the landingof
the troops. 'I he roads were mined, entrench.
cd, intersected and flanked with redoubts.
The inhabitants were ordered to quit their
dwellings upon the first signal of the approach
of the enemy.
The Vienna Promo says that the allies will
first attack Anapa.
It is reported that the Czar lilts offered to
Persia the restitution of all the Russian provin•
ces that formerly belonged to Persia, on con•
dition that her armies are Immediately march.
ed against Turkey.
Three divisions of the French army are
marching to Silistria and Rustchuck, from
whence they will cross the Danube and pro.
reed into Wallachia.
The Turkish troops marching to Bucharest
will withdraw from thence when the Austrians
enter the Principalities. The former are only
victualed for four weeks.
The cholera has disappeared from Gallipoli
Great disturbances have occurred in tilt)
north of China. and the insurrectionists threat.
en Canton with an attack.
Cost of the Mammoth Cave,
Col. Corgan, to whose family it belongs, was
a resident of Louisville. He went to Europe,
sonic 20 years ago, and, as no American,found
himself frequently questioned of the wonders of
the Mammoth Cave—a place he had never via.
ited, and which, at home, though living within
ninety miles of it, he had heard very little. He
went there on his return, and the idea struck
him to purchase and make it a family inherit
ance. In fifteen minutes bargaining he bought
it for $lO,OOO--though shortly atter he was of.
fared $lOO,OOO for his purchase. In his willha
tied it up in such a way, that it must remain in
his family for two generations, thus appending
its celebrity to his name. There aro 1000
acres in the estate—though the cave probably
runs under the property of a great number of
other land owners. For• fear of those who
might dig down and establish an enntranee to
the cave on their own property, (a man's farm
extending up to the zenith and down to the na.
dir), great vigilance is exercised to prevunt
such subteranean surveys and measurements
a., would enable them to sink a shaft with any
certainty. The Cave extends ten or twela
miles in several directions, and there is proba•
bly ninny a backwundinan sitting in his but
within ten miles of the cave quite unconscious
that the most fashionable ladies and gentlemen
of Europe and America, are walking without
leave under his corn and potatoes!
air The New Yuriller3R has the follow
"WHICH IRS THC PRLlllGlt?—Jellarti§ who
knocked off the hat from the head of the Pre.
sident with a hard boiled egg, or the adminis
tration, which knocked down the hots of As
poor natives of San Juno with hard boiled
Egg•shelle or tomb shetls•—
whieb wan the preoa;u.,?"