Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, June 21, NM.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET :
James Pollock, of Northumberland co.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
George Dante, of Allegheny co.
JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
Daniel M. Smyser, of Montgomery co.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have appointed Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, who are author
ised to receive and receipt for money paid on sub
aeription, and to take the names of new subscri
bers at our published prices.
We do this for the convenience of nur subscri
bers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
Toms W. THOMPSON, Esq., Hollidaysburg,
SAMUEL COEN, East Barree,
Gaon. W. Couxutars, Shirley township,
JAMES E. ElLasoow, Clay township,
DANIEL TEAGUE, Esq., Cromwell township,
Dr..T. P. Asii cost, Penn township,
J. WAREHAM MATTERS, Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEFFEY, Jackson township,
ROBERT M'BVRNEY, "
Col. Jxo. C. WATSON, Brady township,
Mounts BrtowN, Springfield township,
Wm. Htyrcunseox, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
JAMES MCDONALD, Brady township,
GEORGE W. WHITTAKER, Petersburg,
HENRY NEFF, Went Barree.
JOHN BALSBACH, WEISTSITCH,
Maj. CHARLES MICKLEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
GEORGE WILSON, Esq., Tell township,
JAMES CLARK, irmingham.
NATHANIEL Lynx, Esq., Spruce Creek.
Maj. W. MOORE, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
Stmsox Witiour, Esq., Union township.
DAVID CLARKSON ' Esq., Cass township.
SAMUEL WIOCON,Esq., Franklin township.
DAVID PARKER, Esq., Warriorsmark.
DAVID AURAEDT, Eq., Todd township.
Medical Students or Physicians, wishing a
well selected assortment of Medicines, with
Bottles, Jars, and all the necessary fixtures
belonging to a Physician's Shop, also a well
selected Medical Library, may be had on very
low terms. For further information inquire at
A boy to learn the Printing business at this
Land for Sale, by John Lotts.
Exhibition of Cassville Seminary.
Executor'. Notice, Estate of Jacob Estep.
Auditor's Notices, by John Reed.
Vi - Hon. John iiebilloh has our thanks
for Public Documents.
Sir We have received no news of importance
from the war in Europe since our last.
SW The House resolution fixing the 14th of
August for theadjonrnruent of Coerces was ta
ken up and arnead,d so s-s to allow Congress
to take a recess from the 17th of July to the
16th of October. It was then passed.
ler Accounts from Pernambuco to the 13th
ultimo, per snip James 11. Shepherd, Captain
Munro, which arrived last week, represents it
as quite clear from sickness.
Politically, everything was quiet,
The prospect was encouraging for a large
sugar cm:, the coming season.
Flour was selling at 523 per barrel.
Mir On last week, the barn of John Mierly,
in Trough creek -valley, was struck by lightning,
and burnt down. There was one horse in the
building which they were not able to get out.
About thirty bushels of wheat was burnt. A
cow standing about four rods from the barn.
was struck dead, at the same time the barn
Be. A HOMBER OF CHOLERA CASES have
occurred at Boston, some of them proving fa
tal, and the local authorities have taken vigor
ons measures to effect a thorough cleansing of
the city. At New York city, also, so many ca
ses of cholera exist On board the ships arriving
from Europe with emigrants, that it has been
found necessary to set apart a large building
at the Staten Island quarantine as a cholera
Real Estate Agency,
The undersigned has established an agency
for the Sale and Purchase cf Real Estate in
Any person wishing to sell or purchase can
give us a description of the property, its loca
tion, quantity, quality, and terms.
We engage in this agency on such terms as
cannot be objected to.
The Agent has the facility of making the
property extensively known.
We now have some very desirable land which
we offer on easy terms. WM. BREWSTER.
Laying of a Corner Stone.
The ceremony connected with the laying of
the corner atone, of the En. Lutheran church,
will take place on Saturday, the let of July,
Services will commence on Friday evening,
previously, at the Baptist church. On Satur•
day morning, at half past ten o'clocit,the sermon
will be preached nt the same place; after which
the congregation will proceed to the site of the
church, and conduct the ceremony according
to the usages and forms of that denomination.
A number of ministerial brethren will be pres
eat from a distance; and the public are earn•
estly requested to attend.
to—on lad Saturday we received Gonr
for July. It being the first number of Vol. 49.
We think the July number is among the best
we have seen; every new one appears to be a
little better. This number bus a Scriptural
Plate of Noah and his family, in the Ark; front
a picture that has never been in this country,
and this is the first time that it has ever been
engraved. Next is a Fashion Plate—with di•
agrams. Drawing lessons for youth, &c. &c.
Send L. A. Godey a letter, post paid, con
taining $3 and the work will be sent to you reg.
nlarly once a mend: for one year.
118. BACEED OUT !--The Harrisburg Den.
ocratic Union announces officially that Gov.
BIGLea will not take the sump with Judge
rOLLOCI. ger.s:ble, that!
State Temperance Convention.
The delegates to the State Temperance Con.
notion assembled in the Hall of the House of
Representatives on Wednesday, Juno 7, 1954,
The Chairman of the State Central Committee
called the Convention to order. On motion of
Mr. Williamson, of Huntingdon, Col. FRED'K.
K. BOAS, of Dauphin, was appointed Chair
man pro tent, and J. Hmtom FOSTICR, Esq., of
On motion of Jas. Black, Esq., of Lancaster,
Rev. Alfred Cookman addressed the Throne of
Grace, in an eloquent, impressive and appro
Mr. Simms, of Philadelphia, offered a reso
lution, which was adopted, for the appointment
of a committee to prepare an address to the
people of the State. The Chair appointed
Messrs. Simms, and Rood, of Philadelphia, and
McDaniels of Washington, said committee.
The discussion on the resolutions was then
resumed and entinued for some time with
considerable warmth. Various amendments
were offered and discussed, and the resolutions
finally passed in the following shape
WHERExs, The friends of Prohibition did
assemble in Mass Convention in January last
and "express their willingness to leave the re•
peal of a proper Prohibitory law to a vote of
the people" and at the same time solemnly
pledge themselves "not to vote upon the quell.
tion without the late! And Whereas, the
Legislature has not only refused to pass the
law, but provided for taking a popular vote on
the abstract question in October next; And
Whereas; this Convention has been called to
meet the emergency arising from this state of
1. Resolved, That in consenting to leave the
repeal of a Prohibitory law to a vote of the
people, the friends of Prohibition have done
all that can consistently be required of them
to relieve the Legislature, show their confidence
in the popular sentiment, and take this ques•
tion out of the political arena.
2. Resolved, That as the friends of Prohibi.
Lion only asked of the Legislature to give its
consent and permission, that the people should
decide upon a Prohibitory law, without invol•
ving the Legislature in the responsibility of di.
red action Sr. its favor; their refusal to grant
so small a boon to their constituents, presents
a most singular feature in the history of legis•
lation; inasmuch, as it is a declaration of their
unwillingness to trust those who, before the
election they professed to acknowledge as their
3. Resolved, That the refusal of the Login.
lature to permit the people to vote upon a law
which they could read and understand, mani
fests not only a want of confidence in their
judgment, but a determination not to allow the
voice of the people to be heard upon this sub
4. Resolved, That as the Legislature has
provided for a popular vote upon the question
—without the law, after due notice of our op
to, and our pledge "not to vote upon
it," and selected the regular election as the
time of voting, when the Rum power will have
peculiar advantages from the treating by can
didates and their friends, we cannot but regard
the measure as calculated by our enemies to
divide our vote, prevent a fair expression of the
popular sentiment, and place us, as much as
possible, in the hands of the liquor party.
5. Rewired, That though the Legislature
forced a different issue upon the friends of
Temperance than the one they asked for, we
will nevertheless accept it, but under the cir
cumstances, we will not consider it a final test
of our strength on this point.
6. Resolved, That the enemies of Prohibition
are united in their opposition to every form of
a Prohibitory lawi they therefore can and will
poll their entire vote, upon this questirna, and
the vote which they may cast in October next,
must be considered as a meat accurate and de
cided test of their whole strength in the State.
7. Resolved, That we do hereby give the li
quor party fair and timely notice, that unless
they poll against Prohibition more than one
hay of the whole vote cast in the Stale, we
shall consider them as defeated on their own
ime, according to the most fair and honor&
ble rules of jaging.
S. Resolved, That in spite of the difficulties
under which we labor in the division of our
forces, because of the action of the Legislature,
we do hereby pledge ourselves to poll more
votes for Prohibition, than the rum party can
poll against it.
9. Resolved, That as the friends of the li
quor traffic have attempted to divert the atten
tion of the friends of Prohibition from the real
issue, viz: the election of suitable men to the
Legislature, it becomes more than ever impor.
tent that we direct our most energetic efforts
to this point, and vote for no mast who is not
beyond suspicion as to his sentiments in favor
of a Prohibitory law.
10. Resolved, That those members of the
Senate and House of Representatives, who so
nobly advocated the submission of a Prohibito
ry law to a vote of the people are deserving of
all praise, and should receive the support of
every iriend of Prohibition.
11. Resolved, That as the letters of the vari
ous candidates for Governor have been placed
' in the hands of this Committee and we find
that the cankidates of the Whig, American and
Free Democratic parties have all answered to
our perfect satisfaction, and es we do not wish
to expose ourselves to the charge of undue par
tiality to any particular party, we therefore
deem it inexpedient to recommend any panic
ular candidate; but, that justice may be done
to all, we recommend that the letters of the
four candidates be published, together with the
interrogatories in our proceedings, that the peo
ple may judge for themselves.
1 2. Renlred, That as the Committee to in
terrogate candidates have, in obedience to the
letter of the Resolution of the late State Con
vention, addressed the candidates for Supreme
Judges, and as both of them—with great pro
priety in onr judgement—have declined to com
mit themselves to any course of action on the
Bench in case of their election, we recommend
that the Convention take no further action with
reference to the candidates for the Supreme
Resolved, That the State Central Committee
be and are hereby requested to call a Mass
State Prohibitory Convention some time during
next February, to be held in Harrisburg.
Resolved, That as the question of Prohibi
tion is based upon the affections of an over
whelming majority of the people of Pennsylva
nia, we most earnestly recommend to its friends
throughout the State to organize at once in
their respective counties and use all fair and
honorable means, not only to increase the vote
in favor of Prohibition, but to carry it by a tri
umphant majority at the ballot-box in October
WASHINGTON, June 18.
The Senate has determined to pass the
Homestead Bill previous to the time fixed for
the recess. It is quite certain that the bill will
be disposed of during the ensuing week.
The debate on the Veto Message closes on
Tuesday, and the Homestead measure will he
the first business subsequent to the disposal of
The territorial appointments will be kept
back as long as possible, an that the announce-
ment may not have as influence upon certain
measures which the Executive is desirous of
passing through smoothly. The number of ap•
plicants cor placeeis enormous, and continues
to embarrass present action.
It is confidently believed that the House will
concur in the Senate's resolution for a recess
immediately upon the pasunee of the Home
stead Bill, which is to be made a party meas
ure, at least in the Senate.
ICIIItASt t.-Seven hundred and thirty err
panto have just passed through Cincinnati on
their way to settle in Nebraska territory. This
was stated to be but the Vivb2oo guard of a
For the Journal.
PM Co., Missount, June 9, 1854,
DEAR JOVENAL—Having been preambula
ting through the West during the last six
weeks, permit me to say that the West is truly
a fast country. Ohio is a great State. and has
improved with great rapidity, hut Illinois is
destined, I do think, to eclipse her without a
struggle ere long. She has now direct railroad
communication from Chicago to Galena, from
Chicago to Rock Island. from Chicago to Las.
smile, thence to Springfield; thence to Naples,
on the Illinois river, or to Alton, 20 miles west
of St. Louis, on the Missouri • a road running
east and west from Springfield to La Fayette,
Indiana; another from Springfield to Jollertt,
40 miles southwest of Chicago; the two latter
are not entirely completed, but are rapidly op•
proaching completion. There is also a road
in operation from Chicago through Arora to
Lassaille, running parallel from 10 to 30 miles
west of the railroad above described. All this
is independent of the great Central railroad
running from Cairo (the mouth of the Ohio) to
Galena, with a branch from Walnut Hill to
Chicago, (the above road from Lassaille to Al.
ton, uses 58 miles of this road from Lassaille
to Bloomington.) This road, with its Chicago
branch, is 704 miles long. This, with but few
exceptions, passes through Prairies that have
never been settled, and immense amounts of
which have been located during the last 18
months, the R. R. Company, in the mean time,
selecting thus every alternate section for 6
miles on each side of the road, and amounting
to two millions seven hundred thousand acres
of land, enough, if the price continues to ad
vance as it has done for the last few years, to
pay the entire cost of construction, and pay for
the two hundred Locomotives and four thong
and Cam into the bargain. About 200 miles
of this road is now in operation. The 58 above
refered to, 110 miles from Chicago, south to
Pere, in Champaigne county. 40 from Cairo
north, and all the balance will be in full oper.
ation on the Ist of next April.
All those railroad lands will be offered for
sale, regularly grnded, Stc., in the course of
two months, (a notice you will doubtless tee in
the City papers, at the proper time.) and it is
believed that most of them will sell within two
years. Their intention, I believe, is to sell
them on a credit of 20 years ,
_ or payable in 20
equal annual payments, with interest of 6 per
cent. per annum. This, I think, is not only
the boldest, but most magnificent speculation
ever made on the Continent.
Then comes the individual Land Sharks:—
Sturges & Bro., of Zanesville, Ohio, have 80,-
000 acres, mostly on the Chicago branch, 80
to 90 miles south of Chicago. M. L. Sullivant,
of Columbus, Ohio, 54000 acres, mostly in Mc.
Comb county. Doctor Green, of Dayton, Ohio,
12 to 15000 acres in 'McClain and Livingston
counties. Probasco St Co., of Lebenon, Ohio,
10 or 12000 acres. Foote & Bro., of Spring.
field, Ohio, 10 or 12000 acres, &c., Ste., Ste.
All, or nearly all, of these lands are Prairie,
without any timber, much of it is scarcely in
sight of timber. All are preparing to hedge.
I would like to any something about the ap•
pearance of those great Western Prairies, the
new towns and improvements starting up, as
by magic, along those new roads, but time will
I reached this place yesterday, on busineits,
and 0, what a contrast! Forty iniles is all the
railroad the great State of Missouri can boast
of, with a fair prospect of but little more for
some time to come. The course of slavery
blights any and everything in the shape of im
provements. This portion of Missouri is heav
ily timbered; is rolling, but quite strong lime
stone land; many portions of it reminding one
of little Germany, of Huntingdon county. I
have never travelled much where the peculiar
institute (the Golden Temple) is located, no
much talked of in our day. You may rest as
sured that both eyes were open when I saw the
large number of woolly heads, from the old
man and woman of 80 to the little curly headed
fellows of 18 months or two years old; of all
colors, seen around. Many of the houses were
a curiosity to me. One man owns 300 negroes;
one, a young man, became restive in the hands
of the overseers, some two months ago, and was
instantly shot down, the ball taking effect lei
the let breast. Ho is not dead yet, and may 1 1
recover. if so, the southern rice swamps, or
cotton fields will most likely finish what the
ball was designed to do. Notwithstanding, and 1 1
in spite of slang, a cleverer set of people I nev
er was with. I was detained nearly all day and
night waiting on the return of a gentleman.
There was a wedding in the neighborhood;
nothing would do but I must accompany the
family. It was but three-quarters of a mile
distant. It took place last evening. There
was, ns near as I could tell, about 60 persons
present, dressed up in fine style, gold watches,
chains. breast•pins, bracelets, &c., of the genu
ine California article. The groom was .a doc
tor of medicine; the bride was a sweet 1111.1 of
some 18 years. The knot was tied by a good
old Baptist minister, who, I am sorry to say,
put off as if the .devil would come about.—
However, the thing passed off very finely, to he
200 miles west of St. Louis. They had a su
perb piano forte, and not a few of the misses
but could play on it and sing like a hook. And
it would have done you good to have heard
"Old Folks at Home" breathed forth with all
that heautv. solemnity, and sadness, in the ve
ry midst of slang.
Excuse me for being so tedious. B. L.
For the Journal.
Mn. EDITOR :—The communication in the
Journal of the 14th inst., signed “A Member,''
is calculated, whether intended by the writer
thereof when penning it or not, to cast reflec
tion upon the fraternity of Christians denomin
ated Dunkards, (Tunkers,) which in justice
demands a notice. No persecution whatever
be its enormity, much less such "disturbance"
alluded to, would, according to their tenets, and
principles advocated, justify them, or any mem
ber of the order, to inflict the punishment inti
mated. Such functions they deem to pertain
to the civil functionaries alone, i. e. the officers
of the peace everywhere distributed amongst
us. Members may, when not acting in strict
accordance with the principles of the Church,
do, or threaten such resistance or infliction,
but in so doing will subjugate themselves to its
judgment, am Hence, no prescribed limits
are recognized as to the extent of forbearance
towards evil-doers. Deeming ourselves bound
to endure all for His sake who forbade to ren
der evil for evil, but commanded to do good to
them that despitefully use and abuse us. Al
though a thorn in the flesh, it is sanctified in
the spirit through the grace of our Lord and
I Saviour Jesus Christ.
Shirleyeburg. June 21, 1854.
DowN of CASIPBELL.-A number of Locofo.
en papers—including the Press of this city, and
the Democraeie Unuon, Harrisburg,—are out
against lion. James Campbell, and ask his re•
inuval from the Cabinet of President Pierce.—
The Uoion says:
. . . .
"It is our ch;liberate opinion that at this day
no nine connected with him politically can be
elected to any office in Pennsylvania. It is,
therefore, if we are correct, his duty to resign;
if he does not, it is the duty of the P resident
th remove him."
Alluding to the defeat of roux for Mayor of
Philadelphia. the Union nays:
"He was not injured by Nebraska, ,temper
cure, nativeism or know-nothingism. He died
of Campbellism, and that alone, as all others
who adhere to that fatal bun will, in their turn ;
give up the ghost—Reading Journal.
WO' The residence of Mr. Gilleland, of Al.
eieny. Pa., was lately robbed, Arid a few days
since Mr. G, received an anonym°us letter,
prolessinu repectance, and requesting him to
write c n a certain fence, the amount stolen,
which the thief had forgotten. The request
was oomphod with. and the money was hint by
mail a:a duly reve:ved by Mr. Gilleinhi.
From the "Boletin Extraordinario del Gobier
no del Salvador," of May 2.
Ruin of the City of San Salvador.
* * * Qui, talia tondo
The night of the 16th of April, 185.1, will ev
er be one of sad and bitter memory fur the peo
ple of San Salvador. On that unfortunate
night our happy and beautiful capital was
made a heap drains. Movements of the earth
were felt oil the morning of Holy Thursday,
preceded by sounds like the rolling of heavy
artillery over paveMents, and like distant. thun
der. The people were a little alarmed in con-
sequence of this phenomenon, but it did not
prevent them from meeting in the churches to
celebrate the solemnities of the day. On Sat
urday all was quiet, and confidence was resto
red. The people of the neighborhood lissom
bled, as usual, to celebrate the Passover. The
night of Saturday was tranquil, as was also the
whole of Sunday. The heat, it is true. was
considerable, but the atmosphere was calm and
serene. Fur the first three hours of the even
ing nothing unusual occurred; but at Wiliest
nine a severe shock of an earthquake, occur•
ring without the usual preliminary noises, a•
tanned the whole city. Many families left their
houses and made encampments in the public
squares, while others prepared to pass the night
in their respective court yards.
Finally, at ten minutes to eleven, Without
premonition of any kind, the earth began to
heave and tremble with such fearful force that
in ten seconds the entire city was prostrated.
The crashing of houses and churches stunned
the ears of the territied inhabitants, while a
cloud of dust from the falling ruins enveloped
them in a pall of impenetrable darkness. Not
a drop of water could be got to releive the half
choked and 'suffocating, tbr the wells and faun.
tains were filled up or made dry. The clock
tower of the Cathedral carried a great part of
the edifice with it in its fall. The towers of the
church of San Francisco crushed the Episco
pal Oratory and part of the palace. The
church of Santo Domingo was buried beneath
its towers, and the college of the Assumption
was entirely ruined. The new and beautiful
edifice of the University was demolished. The
church of the Merced separated in the centre,
and its walls fell outward to the ground. Of
the private houses a few wore left standing, but
all were rendered uninhabitable. It is worthy
of remark that the walls left standing are old
ones; all those of modern construction have fal
len. The public edifices of the government
and city shared the common destruction.
The devastation was effected, as we have
said. in the first ten seconds; for although the
succeeding shocks were tremendous and ac
companied by fearful rumblings beneath our
feet, they had comparatively trifling results, for
the reason that the first had left but little for
Solemn and terrible was the picture present
ed on that dark, funeral night. of a whole peo
ple clustering in the plaza, and on their knees,
crying with loud voices to heaven for merry,
or in agonizing accents calling for their chil
dren and friends, which they believed to be bu
ried beneath the ruins. A heaven opaque and
ominous; a movement of the earth rapid 'and
unequal, causing a terror indescribable; an in
tense sulphurous odor filling the atmosphere,
and indicating an approaching eruption of the
volcano; streets fi lled with rains or overhung
by threatening walls; a suffocating cloud of
dust almost rendering respiration impossible;
such was the spectacle presented by the initial°.
py city on that memorable and awful nightl
A hundred boys were shut up in the college,
many invalids crowded the hospitals, and the
barracks were full of soldiers. The sense of
the catastrophe which must have befallen them,
gave poignancy to the first moments of reflec
tion alter the earthquake was over. It was be
lieved that at least a fourth part of the inhahi•
tants had been buried beneath the ruins. The
member of the government. however, hastened
to ascertain, as far as practicable, the extent
of the catastrophe, and to quiet the public mind.
It was found that the loss of life had been much
less than was supposed, and it now appears
probable that the number.of the killed will not
exceed one hundred, and of wounded fifty.—
Among the latter is the Bishop, who received
a severe blow on the head; the late President,
Senor Duenast a daughter of the President,
an I the with of the Secretary of the Legislative
Chambers—the latter severely.
Fortunately the earthquake has not been fol.
lowed by rains, which gives an opportunity to
disinter the public archives, as also many of
the valuables contained in the dwellings of the
The movements of the earth still continue,
with strong shocks, and the people, fearing a
general swallowing up of the site of the city, or
that it may be buried under some sudden erup
tion of the volcano, are hastening away, taking
with them their household goods, the sweet
memories of their infancy, and their domestic
animals. perhaps the only property left for the
support of their families, exclaiming with Vir
gil, "Nospalrice fines d dulia linquimus area."
The Raid on Cuba.
We have repeatedly apprised our readers of
the existence and progress of the great South
ern conspiracy for the invasion and conquest
of Cuba, preliminary to its addition to the
Slaveholding strength of our Union. We call
it a Southern conspiracy, though quite aware
that it has ramifications throughout the Union
and a powerful branch in this City, where a
considerable share of its funds have beets rais
ed, because it is Southern in its origin, its lead
ers, its focus and its aims. New-Orleans is its
headquarters, though much of its strength is
found among the planters, merchants and
stave-traders of Mississippi. of which State both
its chosen leaders (Gen. John A. Quitman, son
of a Dutch Reformed clergyman, and born on
the Hudson,) and his lieutenant (Gets. Felix
Huston) are residents. But New-Orleans has
conttributed the larger quota to its incitement,
its plans and its funds, and there its organiza
tion and its musterings go forward with the
most undisguised activity, in spite of the knowl
edge of the leaders that the Spaniards are cog.
'limit of nearly all their doings, and that Pe
zuela receives pretty accurate accounts of them
by everp steamship. They understand that
they have to beat the Spaniards any how, and
they do not fear any real interference with
them by our Government. And so, beyond en-
Eying silence on the Southern Press, (whose
Editors are nearly all in the plot,) they take
scarcely a precaution against publicity. The
bar rooms of New-Orleans are vocal with re
ports of who is going, and who has subscribed
to the fund, how much it amounts to, Sc.,
We violate no confidence in stating a few addi
Gen. Quitman has returned front New-Or
leans to Mississippi, and the sailing of the ex
pedition is for the present postponed. Cause—
want of funds, owing to recent failures of seve
ral of its leading pecuniary backers in New• O
rleans. An effort is now to be made to raise
more money among the up-river planters—with
what success, remains to be semi. The cideu
lotion it that the first division, numbering 5,000
men-1,000 of them Mississippi rifles, and 1,-
000 inure armed with a new patent rifle—will
be afloat before the Ist of J uly. (We don't be•
lieve it.) Should it get off as calculated, it
will be very weak in artillerz and utterly desti
tute of cavalry, so that the Spaniards must he
poor tools if, with 20,000 men, well appointed,
—at least 10,000 of them disposable—they can
not use up the invaders before the steamships
can bring the second division to their assist
ance. But the obstacles already encountered
will find their parallels in new difficulties, and
we don't believe Quitman, without direct aid
from the Governtnent, can get 5,000 men afloat
before September. Fillibustering in the ab
street is rather attractive to moat people; but
when it comes to raising a round half million
in cold cash, to fit nut an arms. of Fillibusters,
why that is another atfair.—.g. T Tribune.
DE IDEVING TIMM:R.—When the bark blips
freely in June, July or August is the best time
to girdle trees. Cut the small growth three feet
abo , a ground; the roots do not sprout and the
stumps are mon easily removed.
Indian Outrages—Prospect of a General
The Indianola Bulletin, of the 24th ult., gives
the following paraeraphst
The San Antonio A cetera Texan learns that
the drove of cattle, mules, &e., (en route tar
California) owned by Messrs. Post. and Hedges
of that city, were attacked liv the Indians about
one bandied and ten miles this side of El Paso.
Two men were killed, a few wounded, and 176
head of cattle driven off.
This evening. May 17th, says the Western
Texan, we received the news that several Indi.
MIS crossed the San Antonio river about thirty
miles below our city, and stole three American
horses from the rancho of Mr. Flores. In the
vicinity of their route from the San Antonio to
thelino, river has been Mond the dead body
of a Mexican boy, eight years of ace. He was
shot evidently by the some party or Indiana on
their way down.
The Western Texan, of the 18th, learns that
the Indians have been in several places in the
last few days in the vicinity of the Mose ts.—
Many cattle have been killed. horses stolen, Jo.,
and we expect every day to hear of more of
their cruel depredations. They are now hay
ing fine times. Wild Cat is at the head of all
this, and we believe that the Mexican nation
holds abort the same position with these Indi
ans that England held to the American Indian
tribes in the United States and Canada during
the Revolution and the last war. However,
we will net go so far ns to say that Mexico off
ers these Indians a reward fin each scalp, dot
we know they have greet inducements held out
to them; and as for Wild Cat. be is now return
ing his hmnpliments to our government for the
many favors they have granted him, and he, no
doubt, expects that we shall sooner or later pun.
chase his friendship by giving him "big heap
of money;" and,regarding his treatment hereto.
fore, he has very plausible reasons to expect
An express has at this moment arrived, says
a communication to the Victoria Advertiser.
bringing news of five hundred Seminoles and
Camnnehe Indians, tinder the command of Wild
Cat, being thirty miles west of here. They
have attacked a company of mustangers,
tiers, citizens and soldiers. Several were killed
when the express left. He left them fighting
yesterday evening, and supposed all will he kit.
led. They first attacked a company of twenty
five soldiers. and killed all but two, and then
immediately surrendered the mustangers and
traders, who were pushing to the relief of the
The express says he thinks thirty Mexicans
and five or six Americans were killed in the
company of mustangers, besides the soldiers
near by. The express is a Mexican, who made
his escape by running through the Indians af
ter all hope was left. He says his horse was
killed under him, and he mounted an Indian's
horse near by and saved himself. Several oth
er scattering spools were also killed in the vi
cinity and one tatnily. The Indians were heard
to say, during the fight, that they would kill ey
ery thing and desolate the country to the Rio
Grande. This report is generally 'believed here;
and considerable excitement prevails.
The Fishery Treity with England.
QUEBEC, June 17.
Article first throws open the fisheries of Bri
tish Americo, except those of New Foundland,
to American cithens, except at the mouths of
rivers, and salmon, shad. and shellfish.
Article second provides fbr settling fishery
disputes by arbitration, and gives the British a
right in the American fisheries to the thirty
sixth parallel of north latitude.
Article third provides far the free exchange
of flour and breadstuff's of all kinds, animals
of all kinds, fresh, smoked and salted :nests,
cotton, wool and vegetables, undried and dried
fruits, fish of all lands, poultry and eggs, furs
and skins, undressed stone, and marble in its
crude nr unwrought state, butter, cheese, tal
low, lard, horns, manure, ores of all kinds, real,
pitch, tar, turpentine, lumber of all kinds,
round, hewed and sawed, and manufactured in
whole nr in part. firewood, plants, shrubs, trees,
pelts, fish oil, rice, broom corn, barley, gypsum,
ground or unground; grind -stones, wrought or
unwrought; dyestuffs, flax, manufactured to
bacco, and rags.
Article fourth throws open the St. Lawrence
and the Canadian Canals to American vessels
—the American government undertaking, to
urge the State governments to admit British
vessels into their canals.
Article fifth provides for the ratification of
the treaty in sic months, or sooner, it' possible.
Great Britain may withdraw from Americans
the right of navigating our waters, in which
case Americans can annul article third.
Article sixth provides for including New
Foundland, with her consent.
Imported Durham Cattle,
The agents. Messrs. Hawkins, Coulter b
Seymour, of the Stock Importing. Company of
Clinton County, Ohio, have arrived with as 'fine
a lot of Durham cattle as have ever been
ported into this country, perhaps. The stock
arrived in the finest condition on the ship
Washington. in charge of experienced English
herdsmen who intend to settle in Ohio. There
are seven crown bolls, ten cows, six heifers
and five calves; also, nine South-Down sheep,
from the celebrated flock of Jonas Webb, and
three Cotswolds. and two shepherd does.
Two of the finest bolls are called Alfred. and
Warrior. The4atter was bred by Mr. Booth of
North Allerton. The Aeents do not say what
they paid for Warrior, but we have been cred
ibly informed from another source. that they
offered $2,000 for a heifer sister of his. _
Of the rows we most admired nne called
Du tchess, though another called Miss Shafts.
sired by a very celebrated bull called Captain
Shafts, is very superior. In short, there is not
a poor, or even ordinary animal in the lot.
We believe the agents were unlimited in pri.
ces, and they have certainly made choice se
lections, that will do much to improve and in-
crease the value of the live stock of Clinton
The manner of distribution among the stock
holders of the Company is by auction, open
however to bids equally from outsiders as from
The sale will be held gat Wilmington, the
county seat of Clinton, as soon as the stock
can be put in good condition for sale, after the
fatigue of so long a journey. We hope to have
a very early report of prices, which will be in.
teresting to all our readers in the country, since
the value of all kinds of cattle has enhanced so
much of late.
Ot the sheep we can only say that they are
very choice, and that:the South Downs should
be very largely imported into this mutton eat•
lug country, since their flesh is superior to that
of all other breeds, while their fleece is good
middling wool and heavy.--N. Y. Tribune.
WORCESTE; June 15th 1851.
A very destructive conflagration—the most
serious in many years—occurred in our city
shortly before 3 o' clock yesterday afternoon.
The fire broke out in the very heart of the
city, and consumed the extensive Pistol Works,
Merrifield's Planing Factory, together with
twenty others. The principal sufferers were
Williams, Rich & Co., Samuel Flagg & Co., C.
Hovey & Cu., Howard & Davis, Allen & Thur
ber, Dwight Foster, H. A. Johnson & Co., Ed.
ward Livermore, Daniel Painter, Cyrus Ellis,
B. & B. C. Bowen, Charles E. Wilder, S. G.
Reed, and Isaac Davis.
At least four acres of ground was burnt over.
There were rumors current at the time of the
fire that several lives were lost by the falling
of walls, but these have happily proved untrue.
Mr. Merrythrld's 1,./3$ is about ode hundred
thousand dullard. He is insured for twenty.
Two other losses vary from $4OO to 635,000.
Among those most prominent in the extinguish
ment of the tiro, was Judge Washburn, Gov
ernor of tho State. He labored et ono of the
A meeting of our citizens was hold this morn
ing to devise measures ibr tho relief of the suf.
The total loss by this disaster is half a mil.
lion of dollars; besides which over 1500 weak.
nru he been thrown out of emplayarnt.
Foremost h T he
Bli:oenegou t herc eros,oo
f ui j :e a es Pn o n f : Japfut are
its fisheries. The sea nod its productions, we
believe, contribute fully no much to the smite.
natter.; of the natives us do the fruits of the
earth—lice, perhaps, excepted. One of their
productions has a value which is not confined
to the spot, but extends to us—to our enter
prize, and our trade—we mean the whittle, or,
no, they call it, klithntri. There is nothing of
which such extensive use is made by the .Ta
patiese, both for rich and pr It is found all
around Japan, but particularly in the sea Kau
mono, the most important territory of the Em
pire; and it also prevails in the islands of Tons
aims and Ooto, and upon the coasts of Omura
and Nome. These whales not only afford oil
in great abundance, but their flesh which is
considered very wholesome and nutritious, is
largely consumed. No part of them, indeed.
is thrown away—all is made available to some
useful purpose or number, excepting only the
large shoulder bone. The skin, which it getter
al:y back, the flesh. vde' is r,l and looks !ike
beef, the intestines, and all the inward parts,
besideS the fat or blubber, which is boiled into
oil, and the bone which is converted to innu
merable uses—all is made avitiliable to purpo
ses of profit. We have gone into these few
particulars respecting the whale hematite it is
that which has brought our countrymen into
contact with Japan. Many of our shirt have
for sonic considerable timepast frequented those
seas for capturing the whale, an occupation
which, it is foimil, might lie pursued with great
advantage under a commercial treaty with the
Government of Japan, whose inhuman lows at
present not only prevent any assistance being
rendered to shipwrecked mariners, but expose
them to positive maltreatment, and even to vi
olent death. To obtain redress in this respect
was the primary object of Commodore Perry's
Japan abounds in natural and artificial pro
ductions of great value. Its mineral riches
are enormous, and include metals of various
kinds, especially gold, silver. and copper. Sul
phur and nitre are also found in large quanti
ties;—there is no want of coal, and there are
precious stones of almost every variety; agates,
sapphires, jaspers, cornelians, and even dia
monds; while pearls are found in Brent plenty
among the shells upon the coast. Then the
fertility of the soil is very great. The minx,
rp.tree grows extensively and affords fo.,d for
countless myriads of silk-worms. The Racisi,
or paper-tree, serves innutnerable useful pur
poses, including the manufacture of cloth, stuffs
and cordage. The cernsi, or varnish -tree, is
another valuable production of the country,
yielding large goatitities of a milky juice which
the natives employ to varnish, or japan as we
call it, various , articles. Then them are the
bay-tree, the camphor-tree, the fig-tree, the cy
press-tree, with very many more, all more or
less valuable, and from which a great variety
of useful things are made; and last, though not
least, there is the tea-shrub, from the leaves of
which the common drink of the people is brew
ed, and which is capable of yielding a valuable
article of commerce. .Trees growing nuts of
various kinds are abundant; the maple is ex
tensive and excellent; bamcoos are very plenti
ful, rand of great use, as they are everywhere in
the Indies; they cultivate as much hemp and
cotton as they can find room fine in their fields;
and its which is the main food of the na
tives, that grown in Japan is considered the
best in all Asia. and it can be produced in al
most any quantity. Their corns are of several
sorts; besides the konii, or rice, there are the
owritiggi, a kind of barley; the kootnuggi, their
native wheat; noel the dablsors, a species of
bean,—all of which abound with superior Cali.
The mannfactores of Japan have hitherto
been confined almost exclusively to their own
domestic wants; but many of them are never
theless valuab le as articles of export. Our
adoption here and throughout Europe of the
term japan, as applind to certain kinds of var-
niabed ware, indicates how well known has
been their. peculiar excellence in, if not their
invention of the useful art. They make earl
: nun articles from the paper tree resembling our
papier mache, which they point and. varnish
very highly—and these might form objects of
considerable trade. Their silks, MUSIIIIB, and
cotton goods are most of them very superior,
and some of them are calculated to become
highly recherche; and their carvings in \WT.&
ivory, pearl and U , -17. etc. (CO mod ingenious
and elegant. These are hot a few of the pro.
ducts of their handicraft; hut they are sufficient
to show, taken in connection with their natural
productions, how varied and how valuable are
the resources of the Japanese.
We have dates from the City of Bfexico to
the sth inst.
It is reported that the Gadsden treaty had
not been accepted by Santa Anna, but return
ed to Washington with some unknown amend-
Great preparations were being made to cel
ebrate Santa Anna's birthday on the 13th inst.,
when it was currently reported, be' would de
clare himself Emperor.
We have nothing further as to the move
ments of Alvarez.
Mr. Gadsdon arrived at Vera Cruz on May
the 31st. and was received with unusual atten
tion. He immediately proceeded to the capi•
The British ship Challenge arrived at Gee.
yamns on the 24th Mnv. from San Francisco.
with the 380 men (mostly French) recently en.
Bated by the Mexican Consul nt San Francisco.
Mitch excitement existed in Gunyamas in
consequence . of the commander of the En Tlish
brig-of-war Dido having released five prisoners
of the 'Walker expedition, who were being trans
ported on board the English ship Ethelhert,
antler a Mexican guard, to Mazatlan for trial.
The new Spanish Minister had arrived at
Mexico, and had a formal reception.
A tremendous hurricane occurred in the cit 9
of Mexico on the 19th ult., doing considerable
A destructive hurricane had also been exile.
rieneed at San Luis Potosi.
Seven highway robbers had been executed
Senor Parries, Minister of France, had re•
signed on account of sickness.
Senor Alcorta; Minister of War, was lying at
the point of depth.
Atnong the passengers by the Orizaba is Se.
nor Rafeel, hearer of dispatches to Senor Al.
monte, Mexican Minister at Washington.
JAPAN.—It has been stated that Commodors
Perry had succeeded in obtaining from the Ja
panes° the concessions he demanded. It ap
pears by the English papersthat inn year hence
three of the Japanese ports are to be opened to
American trade. This is substantially the
same concession announced th the Russian
commander. The success of this negotiation
is due solely to the course pursued by Commo.
dose Perry on his first visit, which the present
Secretary of the Navy took such especial pains
to express his disapproval of, refusing the in•
creased force asked by the Commodore to give
effect to his movements.
More Rumors of Pease,
The latest rumor in Paris is that the Empe•
ror of Russia again manifests a disposition to
negotiate for peace. This rumor has been so
often set afloat that we, attach no value to it,
especially not to the statement that the Czar
will withdraw on conditions that tho powers will
agree to the establishment of the siants
If there be any truth in the above propositions
they can only be made with the view of detach
ing Austria and Prussia from the alliance,
those powers being supposed to be adverse to
any act that would tend to dismember or di•
minish the Russian Empire.
There is a story, which The London Daily
News insinuates is on the authority of the Pros•
elan &Olin ister Bussed, that the King of Pros•
NM has openly stated that "while he reigns in
"Berlin no Prussian sword shall be drawn
"against Russia." We quote the Very as gee•
sip only.—limo Ark
Revelations of a Prisoner.
A prisoner in the Kentucky penitentiary has
recently made disclosures implicating' a nom•
her of persons in Anderson and Shelby
tire in counterfeiting and horse•stealing trans.
actions. Some of them have heretofore yen
stiapected. but others have been regarded as
honest citizens. We are told the! cn a:tenipt
was made to arrest one of the itnproutrd,
man named Redman. but he ba•ricnder.
doors. and at lag was defying the no•
thorities. A brother o's RAman was •h I . ty
an officer, who attempted to arrest him, but
failed. The Redmans lire near Mount Eden,
in Anderson county. We see it stated by ono
of our cotemporarien that one of them is the
leader of a gang of counterfeiters. horse-thieves,
and burglars. A good many facts tend to con
firm the truth of the coneielt revelations. For
example. he told where a vountvrf,itirg npptt•
rates could be found in a hollow tree, and it.
was found ac•cordinelvt and where a horse sta.
len in Anderson county could be found in In.
dhow and it was found there. but dead of poi..
son, it won supposed. Great excitement is said'
to pervade the commanity in the neiirldiorhood
of the implicated parties. —Frankfinl Cununon•
Impressment of Seamen.
The British Government has revived a most
disgraceful practice—that 'of forcing seamen
who have been taken prisoners of war to serve
in the navy, where they are, of course, likely to
he called upon to fight against their own coun
try. A Russian barque the Argo. from Matan.
zits, bound to an .English port, the master of.
which unfortunately confided in the generosity
of the British Government, or was not aware
that war had been declared, was captured while
going into port. The cargo, which was on
Britieh account, was released, . but the vessel
was delivered over to the prize commissioners.
The captain was set at liberty on parole, and
twelve of till crew were drafted on board her
Majesty's ship Crocodile.
The barbarous custom of impressing prison.
era of war was enforced, it will he recollected,
in the last war between England and this coon•
try, and many an American was three,' at the
point of the bayonet, to fight against bin own
countrymen. Its revival is an evidence that.
although the principles of humanity may have
become more widely prevalent.among
tads, civilized war has been robbed of none of
its barbarous. features.
STATF SENATE.—The third of our State Sen•
ators whose terms have expired this year. and
are to be filled nt the next general election in
October, are:— . .
1. Pln ladel ph at city—Wm. A. Crabb, (whir.)
2 Philadelphia county—Samuel G. Ham)!.
4. Chester and Deleware—H. S. Evans,
7 Lancaster and Lebanon—Edward C. Dar.
lington and Esatas Kinzer, (whim)
8. Dauphin and Northumberland—John C.
Kunkel. (whist.) . .
10. Wayne. Pike, Monroe, and Carbon—E.
W. Hamlin, (dein.)
23. Washington' and Green—Maxwell Mc
24. Somerset, Bedford, and Fulton—Henry
B. Barns, (whip.)
26. Juniata, Union, and Miffiin—Eli Slifer.
27. - Westmoreland and Fayette—John Mc
The great invention of the day—the subms
rine navigation of Dr. Payerne—is about to be
put in practice at Cheerbonrg, the company
purchasing the invention having volunteered to
cleanse that harbor free of expense to the gov
eminent. The secret consists in the discovery
of means whereby artificial air may be produ
ced in sufficient quantity to enable a crew of
fourteen men to breathe freely beneath the
water for the space of tour hours. A curious
experiment has been already made at Map
seillcs, where Dr. Payerne, in company with
three sailors, wont to the bottom in presence at
hundreds of spectators, and rose at a consider
able distance, and climbed the port-holes of a
man-of war, without being perceived by the
crew. Many experiments are about to be tried
of the efficacy of this novel molten of attach.—
A submarine fleet of small boats, each to enn
min a crew of twenty men, i , already tallvirl of
as being about to he erg, limed for the 1. la: k
Sea. It seems that no intimation whatever in
given by the slightest ruffle on the surface of
the approach of one of these vessels. The ap
paratus invented by Dr. Parerne enables the
securer, moreover, to move about with ease at
the bottom of the sea, and great anticipations
are formed of the immense benefit to be deri
ved iu submarine history from the adoption of
this new method of becoming acquainted with
the hitherto unlmown mystery of the ocean.—
However, it is not a had reflection of the spirit
of the age in which we live to remark, that the
first application of this tremendous power,
which should take rank with the electric tele
graph as proof of the wondrous perseverance
and ingenuity of man, has been made use of
for the supply . of oysters from Granville for the
halles of Pens.—Paris Correspondent of the
WASHINGTON, June 14th, 1854.
The Senate, yesterday, acted upon ;I:ecOm.
menial treaties with the Argentine Republic,
and the Banda Oriental, securing to the citi•
zone of the United States the free navigation of
the La Plata and its tributaries, and important
commercial priviliges. The first of these tree.
ties was negotiated by Mr. Schenck, minister
to Brazil, and Mr. Pendleton. charge to Blle.
nos Ayres, and the second by Mr. Schenck
alone. They are highly advantageous to the
United States. The treaty respecting the nee.
illation of the rivers was limited, as to the time
sr its ratification, to nine months from its date.
The Senate, to day, ordered the extension of
that period to eighteen months.—North Amer.
A Cow WORTH HAVING.—John W. Wilson
writes to The Hampshire Gazette:
"I have a cow from whose milk sixty pounds
and five ounces of butter were made in twenty.
eight days, in the month of December, 1853.
The some cow, in ono week, ending the 26th
ult., made seventeen and a half pounds of but.
ter. The daily average of milk was fitly.one
and one•half pounds. Her feed was six quarts
of equal parts Indian and broom corn meal,
and one pumpkin per day. I have no doubt
she will average fifty pounds of milk per day
for four months to come."
The "Glorious Fourth" is to be celebra•
ted in Hamilton, N. Y., in right piag . ish style,
A desirable pig, with a greased tail, is to be lot
loose upon the common, and is to become the
property of the man who will catch and hold
hint by the tail three minutes.
FRF.O NAVIGATION OF TILE S T. L ....AWRENGIL-
Th! Montreal Herald states that a citizen of
Chicago has obtained from the CanaNan gov
ernment the privilege of loading his vessels at
Quebec;and remarks that probably the same pri•
vilege would be granted to all who applied for it;
s u that in reality the St. Lawrence is at last op.
en td to the vessels of the United States coming
from the upper lakes.
/kr If a hungry man should coma home to
diu,er rknd find nothing on the table hut a beet,
what would be his exclamation? "That bad,
Hail Road Hours.
Past Line en,. Eastward. We,t w ,d.
Leaves Mt. Union, 4 33 A. M. 5 52 A. M.
Mill Creek, 4 19 " 6 06 "
Huntingdon, 4 09 " 6 20 .`
Petersburg, 3 53 . 1 6 33 "
Spruce Creek. 341 " 6 47 "'
Sloss Lino going Eastward. „— Westwarl.
Leaven+ Mt. Union, 330 Y. M. 4to I'. N.
Mill Creek, 3 13 ~ 4 28
Huntingdon, 301 ” 449 "
Petorsimir:', 2 42 .. 4 5; "
Spruce CITA., 2 2' ', 1 :1 -