Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Morning, Jane 7, ISM.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET:
James PoUock, of Northumberland co.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
George Darsie, of Allegheny co.
JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
Daniel M. limyser, of Montgomery co.
Medical Students or Physicians, wishing a
well selected assortment of Medicines, with
Bottles, Jars, and all the necessary fixtures
belonging to a Physician's Shop, also a well
selected Medical Library, may be had on very
low terms. For further information inquire at
Our friend Snyder has on hand a most mag
nificent assortment of Ready-made clothing,
which he is disposing of at exceedingly low
prices. Give him a call.
David Clarkson offers a superior Daguerrenn
Apparatus for sale, at a low price.
M. S. Barry advertises Six Stray Hogs.
sir Last Monday was the day appointed by
law for the election of a Superintendent of
Common Schools; which in this county resulted
in the election of J. S. Barr, of this place, at a
salary of $3OO per annum; which is, perhaps,
given as a specimen of the standard of liters.
tare of Huntingdon county.
IPI. The Washington "Star" says that intel
tigence Las been received at the European
Embassies of a complete and admirable settle
ment of the Black Warrior affair. Spain pays
back 56000, rebukes the port authorities of
Havana, and promises to reform the regula
tions to meet the wants of American commerce.
sar The Governor of Massachusetts has ap-
pointed es the successor of Mr. Everett in the
Senate the Hon. Julius Rockwell, a Whig, who
formerly represented the Berkshire district in
serWe arc in receipt of the Pennsylvania
Farm Journal, published by J. M. Meredith &
Co., at West Chester, Pa.
It is conceded to be one of the very largest
and beet Agricultural publications in the State
.)f Pennsylvania. Every Farmer should take
it. It only costs $l.
bar We received the May number of Ken.
nedy's Fat Simile Counterfeit Detector, the
next day after our paper was struck off, and
calculated to give it a notice in our next issue,
but by lying over it was inadvertently forgot.
The Messrs. Keunedys' will please excuse this
neglect. The May number, as the former, is
an elaborate edition of all the good and bad
bank notes in the United States. There is no
publication on the subject to equal it.
s e r Graham's American Monthly Magazine,
of choice literature and latest style of fashion,
for June, graces our table. The present num
ber closes the Forty-fourth Volume, and with
the next issue he says he wilt commence a new
volume with increased attractions. In addition
to the superior illustrations which have thus
far accompanied the Life of Washington, he
says it is his purpose to furnish subscribers
with a series of very elegant original drawings
of prominent Revolutionary Incidents, engraved
on steel in the first style.
The July number will be issued somewhat
earlier than the last few number; which have
been delayed unavoidably.
Now is the time to subscribe, and continue
the numbers on regularly throughout the vol
ume. Terms $3 per annum.
bar On last Wednesday, the President into
ed a proclomation against the Cuban Fißibes
tent. The President has been dilatory in ma•
king up his mind as to what the Grapeshot has
been doing at the mouth of the Mississippi for
these six weeks, with leer freight of musketS.
We are glad he at last suspects there is some
thing in the wind, and acts accordingly. We
should excuse his want of more prompt atten
tion to this subject, we suppose, as he has of
late been so much occupied in engineering the
Nebraska bill through Congress, and more re.
cently in attending to the public riots which
have grown out of it. We are glad to see him
out, even in a tardy discharge of his duty.
Ilk- Washington letter-writers say that the
feeling is prevalent in that city, that unless
wise counsels prevail, and a concilliatory spirit
of our government is pursued, war with Spain
Mai ensue. While the Administration will
not hesitate to seize upon any legitimate cause
of quarrel which may lead to the possession of
Cuba—whether it be war, filibustering, or a
forced disposal on the part of Spain—it is very
clear that it does not wish its motives impugn.
ed by the ill-advised and violent course of pro
cedure adopted by our half-brained minister at
the court of Madrid. To avert this, it is rum
red, and the rumor is pretty well authenticated,
that the President has appointed Hon. George
M. Dallas and Hon. Howell Cobb of Georgia,
to be special envoys to Spain, to act in conjunc•
Lion with Mr. Soule, in adjusting the difficulty,
in other words, to negotiate with Spain for the
purchase of the Wand.
get.. Hon. Henry H. Strong, member of the
Legislature from Philadelphia, has published
an elaborate article on the State debt, its re•
sources and and the management of the Public
Works. He undertakes to prove that by sell.
log the Hain Line for $10,000,000, and thus
getting rid of the horde of cormorant,. r
along that line, and by introducing economy
into the management of the balance of the
Public Works, every dollar of the State debt
can be paid in 12 years, without any increase
of State taxes. At that period all State taxa•
tion could be dispensed with, the revenue from
ordinary sources being ample to pay all expert.
cos of Government. In view of such a pros.
pact, it is amazing that the taxpayers of the
Commonweath do not rise en masse in condom.
tion of the present corrupt management of the
The President and the Boston Riot
We are advised by the Washington Union,
says the Philadelphia San, that the President '
is resolved, "at whatever hazard, and in the
face of every consequence," that the law of the
land shall be executed and enforced at Boston.
When Marshal Freeman sent him word by tel.
egraph that he bad ordered out the United
States troops. President Pierce promptly re
turned to Marshal Freeman the following em
phatic answer: "Your conduct is approved; Mt
law must be cavilled." These evidences of
fidelity on the part of the Federal Executive,
have been telegraphed in all directions, and the
Pennsylvanian asserts confidet,tly, "and the law
will be executed, as long as Franklin Pierce
holds the helm of State. There will be no va
cillation of purpose—no hesitancy as to the
choice of means to he used—no coaxing—no
wheedling—no time•eerving, vote•catching ca•
jolery. Tho supremacy of the law will be
maintained by the strong arm of the law."—
Now, we are not led astray by any party glori•
fication, and we judge President Pierce, not by
his promises, but by his actions. lie promised
us in his Inaugural, that slavery agitation
should not be renewed during his administration
—upon this point he has miserably deceived
us. Various piratical expeditions have been
fitted out, and are now in progress, but there
have been no orders sent by telegraph, that the
law must be executed. A few months since
riot, shameful and disgraceful, existed at Erie;
the President was appealed to for the exercise
of hie prerogative, but be was deaf, in order to
allow Gov. Bigler to try if he could manufac
ture a little political capital out of it. In all
these things Franklin Pierce Las been derelict
in his duties, but he catches eagerly at the first
chance to show his devotion to the Slave Pow
er and gain more popularity at the South, by
the forcible maintainance of the Fugitive Slave
Law, passed as one of a series of compromises;
but the integrity of the mutual concessions
having been destroyed by the passage of the
Nebraska Bill, there is no longer a moral obli-
gation to respect it. The conduct of the Bos
tonians is reprehensible in resorting to violence,
but the "strong arm of the law" would never
be raised against them by President Pierce if
he thought he could make any political capital
by winking at the shooting down a score of
Marshal's Deputies! All the glorification of
' the partizan press is understood, and cannot
conceal the fact that the President acts for the
benefit of his party and not for the honor of the
' country, or the suprenlacy of the lows.
How Traitors are Rewarded.
Hon. John McNair, one of the Pennsylvania
Congressmen who voted for the Nebraska bill,
was hung in effigy at Norristown, last week.—
The figure was covered with significant senten
ces. The breast was labelled "John MeN—,
traitor to the North." Another placed in gla.
ring letters was on his knee which ran thus—
" This is the knee that bowed to slavery." pie
hand was marked—" This is the hand that mai
the vote that sealed the fate of unborn millions.'
The foot was marked—" The foot that trampled
on Liberty." Besides these there was a flying
pendant labelled "Nebraska." Although the
constituents of this man have just cause for in
dignation, there is a more effectual way of
showing it than by burning him in effigy. Let
the public sentiment be heard through the
congregated masses in public meetings assem
bled, and then carry the sentiment to the bal.
,'Judge O'Neill, in sentencing to death
ono T. W. Linman, at Columbia, S. C., for
slave stealing, the other day, was prodigiously
evangelical. The Bible was paraded forth in
aid of the juridical charge at a great rate. The
solemn quackery of such appeals surpasses all
belief, when we remember that every slave in
, the South was originally stolen, and according
to the rule laid down by the Judge, every ne
gro-driver of this generation should be hanged
as partieeps crintinis. "Remember," says the
Judge in his sentence, "that the holy book
"which you have beard read, and which you
"have perhaps read yourself, tells you and all
"other men, 'Thou shalt not steal.' Yon are
"therefore condemned in conformity to the
"mandate of the Highest. For that you stole
"the slave of Dr. Hunter to make gain and
"profit is too plain to be doubted. Indeed,"
continues this conscientious magistrate, "I feel
"that you know it is so; it may be, as your per ;
"severing counsel asserted here, that there is
"some one as yet unknown who is more guilty
"than you, If it be so, your duty to yourself,
"to your wife and little ones, to honesty and to
"your country, alike require that you should
"speak out, and, putting your hand upon the
"person, say, 'Thou art the man.' "
Repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law.
The following petition is in circulation at
Boston, and being signed by a large number of
persons heretofore opposed to any further agi•
tation of the subject:
To the Honorable Senate and House of Repre•
sentalives, in Congress assembled:
The undersigned, Men of Maesaehusette, ask
for the repeal of the act of Congress of 1850,
known as the Fugitive Slave Bill.
This memorial has among its signers, says
the Transcript, the names of many leading
men, who have never before given their inflence
upon the antislavery side. Similar memorials
will no doubt be gotten up in all the free States;
and be largely signed by alike class of men as
those at Boston. Our Southern brethren will
find, when it is too late, the injury they have
done themselves in accepting the Douglas bait
for the Presidency.
THE CUBAO FILLIDCBTER MOVEMENT—MEET
ING OF THE OFFICERS.—In pursuance of a call,
addressed to the officers of the "Expedition for
the invasion of Cuba," a meeting was held on
Saturday evening at No. 324, Broadway, New
York. Among them were several who bad
served in the Mexican war, in the New York
and other regiments of Volunteers, and, ho the
case as it may, there were certainly those among
them very capable of being in earnest. The
proceedings of these parties are of course quite
private, and, having apparently merely used
this public room as a place for meeting togeth•
er, they repaired to some more retired quarters
scattered to hold their counsel of war.
ADJOURNMENT OR RECESS.—The United
States Senate has voted that Congress shall
take a reuse from July ad to October Ist, a•
Lout ninety days. If the House consents to
this, full pay will be drawn by the tnetubers, at
the rate of eight dollars a day! Under ordin•
ary circumstances, we should doubt the erront
cry of Congress to attempt such a monstrous
fraud, but the members now composing that
body have shown that they are fit for anything
which is not honest, straightforward and man.
TM. We learn per steamer Black Warrior,
that the Captain General of Havana is raising
black troops, and has issued an address to the
Director of General Arms, &c. on the subject,
in which he says that he is resolved that the
banners of Spain shall wave, at all hazards, in
Cuba. Another address har also been issued,
ordering lists to be prepared throughout the
Island of all persons liable to do military duty.
Considerable excitement was occasioned on
the 24th ult. by a report that a party of Amer
icans had lauded at a place called Chorrera,
about one league west from Havana. Troops
were immediately sent to the spot, but the re•
port proved to be a false alarm.
The French and English officers were still
being feted by the Government.
Fonr Americans from Key West, belonging
to the Surveying Department, had arrived at
Havana, but they were not allowed to go out
side of the city walls.
The Captain-General is stated to have said
that he had a European reputation to gain,
and he was determined to gain it, by the eman
cipating the slaves of Cuba.
The Price of Liberty is Eternal Vigilance.
Not more truly do the rising clouds and the
rumbling thunder foreshadow a gathering storm,
than do the indications, which on every side
strike the observant eye, speak of a coming
tempest in our political world. The signs of
the times are dark, portentous, fearful. The
shadows of the settling outbreak bend luridly
with warnings to prepare for "the
elemental strife" that must be near at hand.—
The enemies of liberty are up and doing. As
stealthily and as ruthlessly as the assassin's
steel are they driving their death-thrusts at
Freedom's heart, and planning woe and de
atruction to all who gather round her fair, wide
fluttering standard. This, then, is no hour for
slumbering indifference; no time for the supine
forgetfulness of composure and security, when
the invading hand of foreign ignorance, cun
ning and malignity would clutch from us our
dearest rights, our most sacred liberties, would
lay low, beneath unsparing rage and trampling
feet, the homes of our affections, the altars at
which we worship, and seal from our gaze the
splendor of that divine truth which has illumin
ed our nation's onwurd march, and been the
guiding light in its progress to elevated worth,
prosperity and honor. Let Americans be sleep
less at their posts! Let them hold constantly ,
in mind that "Eternal Vigilance is the Price of
Liberty," and that he who would successfully
combat with the sneaking foe, must bear the
whole armor to the fight, and never falter nor
turn his eye from the thickening contest. Our
antagonists are armed—armed for a desperate
purpose. The temples they have reared and
dedicated to the service of God—places whose
atmosphere should be fragrant and glowing
with the sweetness and lustre of a sublime
peace and holiness—are made the theatres of
whispered Plottings—the repositories of tu
mult's deadly weapons. These are facts, start
ling but true—and they address themselves
with burning accents to the spirit which actua
ted our forefathers in the revolutionary cor.flict,
and which enkindled in the breasts of their
sons, should nerve them, when danger threatens
and need demands, to
"Strike—till the last armed foe expires;
Strike—for our altars and our fires;
Strike—for the green graves of our sires,
God, and our Native Land!"
Those who hate and oppose us arc ready and
waiting to accomplish their dark, unhallowed
ends. "Be ye also ready" to thwart them in
their mad designs upon our franchise, our insti
tutions and our lives I—Sun.
What Shall be Done?
We are daily receiving letters expressing the
deepest abhorrence of the font deed just con
summated at Washington, and asking what the
writers can do in the present emergency. We
reply, there is enough to do. But we say to
one and all, don't enlist in the war now com
mencing and engage to lead off unless you are
ready and willing to work, for by so doing you
may throw better mess out of posts they would
gladly occupy. But if you are really in earnest,
why begin, and first: Establish committees,
associations, leagues, in every county, town and
school district in the free States, to promote the
object of restoring the Missouri Compromise
line. To re-establish that landmark of freedom
is the first great object now before us.
Secondly: Take the proper steps to get the
right men nominated to Congress. Exact a
pledge of every candidate that he will support
the measure of Restoration, first, last and al.
ways. After this, insist upon two other requi
sites and let the rest go. Get men who have
back-bone, and who won't cheat. The difficul
ty with the present Congress is that a great
mistake has been made in its composition.—
Men have been sent to Washington who were
intended for the penitentiary. .
Thirdly: Prepare to receive the members
who have sold out, in a becoming manner,
when they shall return home. Their act has
been significant, let their reception be signifi
Fourthly: Examine the "Plan of Freedom"
put forth in this day's paper, and enter upon
the labors there suggested.
We here present ample scope for the activity
and energy of every man, and suggest fields of
operation in which all may profitably engage.
[New Fork Tribune.
Explosion of the Gunpowder Mills at
. . _ .
The explosion of the powder mills at Sanger.
ties, on the 25th ult., was very terrific, and the
shock was felt a great distance. Glasses were
broken out of a house four and a half miles
from the mills, and at other places still further
the earth trembled as if from the shock of an
earthquake. The amount of powder destroyed
and which caused the explosion, was equal to
five hundred kegs, which was laying unpacked
in the mill. Before the explosion, some eight
or ten persons had left the mill, and were at
the landing when it took place, but how the
accident occurred no person can tell. Of the
seven persons in the mill only two Germans
were identified, and they were so badly maag•
led that one of them was only identified by a
wound he had previously received. The body
of one of these was found one mile from the
mill, and scattered fragments of the other, two
miles from it. In the country, for miles around,
there were picked up fragments of human be
ings, a bone here and a piece of flesh there,
but of the other five men, who were known to
have been in the building, nothing but frag.
meets could be found. Four of them have left
widows, and three of them families. They were
SEVERE PERSECUTION.—Prentice, of the Lou
isville Journal, has been the apologist of the
Wards, for which he is under the ban of pops
lar indignation by . all parties, and the people
generally, in Louisville and throughout Ken
tucky. Last Thursday about one hundred of
the merchants of that city discontinued the
Journal, and stopped their advertising; on Fri
day, some two hundred and fifty, and on Sat
urday as many as three hundred. Monday
morning there was not a boy in Louisville who
would carry his paper about the city.
SANTA ANNA'S ENTRY INTO MIINICO.—Santa
Anna made a triumphal entry into the capital
of Mexico on the 16th, on his return from Ao.
apulco. A general rejoicing, to be continued
for three days, had been ordered, on account of
a victory over Alvarez at Mount Pelequiro, in
a battle fought after Santa Anna had abandon
ed the siege of Acapulco. The account of the
affair, received from General Banco, says the
government troops stormed Peliquiro on one
side, and drove the rebels down the ricer. All
the accounts, however, come from the govern
ment journals only, so that it is difficult to as
certain the exact truth.
j no weather for tho past ftw (kJ has
bora execta‘ely warts.
For the Journal
Should the Farmer be a Man of
As we well know, n controversy has been go.
leg on, for many years, between the plough
joggers on the one side, and the agricultural
hook farmers on the other, as to whether the
farmer should be a man of knowledge.
The first contend, that to follow the dogmas
of tradition, and render such guidance, and
toil, and sweat away life in mere physical labor,
to read and write indifferently, or perhaps be
only able to make his mark, to study his alma
nac faithfully, plough, sow, and reap, according
to the old or new of the moon, and chalk his
sign on the barn-door; to extract the fertility of
the soil, and leave mother earth with her future
generations, to “shirk" for themselves, as beat
they can, are the only qualifications requisite,
to be a good farmer.
The others contend, that the farmer should
be a man of reading, study, and observation;
that his calling involves a degree of scientific
inquiry, equal to that of almost any other, in
asmuch as the advancing spirit of the times is
in other callings continually crying out, "on.
ward," he should partake of the spirit, and
claim, and be able to take, equal rank with
every one, in point of mental, as well as other
acquirements. Being inclined to favor the
views of the last named class, I shall briefly
survey a portion of the ground in the question,
in order to see whether the farmer should be a
man of general, as well as particular know'.
edge. In the short and graphic account given
us of the creation, we learn, that after form had
been given to matter, and the animal and veg.
etable world had been brought forth to life,
man was made in the image of his Creator, to
be lord of his other works, and was commanded
to subdue and cultivate the ground. The pm ,
suit then, originally assigned to man, was agri
culture, and thus did the Creator confer superi
or dignity upon it.
Man was endowed with reason, to distinguish
him from, and elevate him above, the lower
animals, and thus to enable him properly to
subdue and cultivate the earth. Benson is by
far the most important of man's intellectual
powers. By it he devises means to accomplish
ends, distinguishes truth from error, or in other
words, acquires knowledge. It is on the right
use of reason, that our success both in the
pursuit of knowledge and happiness depends;
and in proportion as we acquire knowledge, so
is reason enlarged, and strengthened, and we
are thus enabled to make still higher acquisi•
tines, to accomplish desirable ends—the orig.
inal gift should be improved by the attainment
Knowledge expands the mina of the farmer,
from mere attention to details and brute force,
to an extensive comprehension of general prin
ciples—those great cardinal principles by which
nature is governed in her operations, and with
which he necessarily comes in contact every
day. Is the business of mltivation, an infinite
diversity of principles and mysteries arise to
the thoughtful mind, many of which, if ever
understood at all, must be solved by the utmost
efforts of perfect science, and cultivated minds.
Pew of es, indeed, can give a satisfactory
reason for many of the simplest operations of
nature, which are continually before our eyes.
We are therefore as liable to go wrong as right,
in some of our commonest methods of tillage.
It has been said "that mind is the great lever
of all things; human thought the process by
which human ends are ultimately attempted."
If this be true, then, in proportion as the tnind
is expanded by knowledge, so is the lever
lengthened and strengthened, by which we
open the vast frame work around us, diffuse
light where all before was darkness, solve pro
blems which otherwise would never be known,
or only seen in dim obscurity, and subject and
mingle elements before beyond our control.--
In short, we are thus enabled the better to obey
the Divine injunction, to subdue and cultivate
the earth, and to use its elements and its crea
tures for useful purposes, and in the accom
plishment of desirable ends.
D. P. K****,
Hartslog Valley, Pa.. June, 1854.
For the Journal.
Non Compos Post Mortem Examination.
Ma. Eurron:—l was present a good part of
the day on which the first Jury of Inquest was
held over the body of James Stambaugh, which
was on the lath of April. I must say, so far as
I was able to judge, that it was next to no ex
amination at all. In fact the minds of several
of the Inquest appeared to be biased on first
sight, and they seemed to settle down, with fix
ed purpose, on two or three innocent individu
als, (boys,) as the perpetrators of the horrible
deed, without further examination or testimony
than that of one quack Physician, Dr. M—,
who, it seemed, considered himself alone, fully
competent to the task Sf examination; when
with his knife and potent probe, in front of the I
ear, he found a place where the skull was frac
tured. (For as every one knows, in front of a
person's ear there is a soft place.) And this,
without further examination, was sufficient ev
idence that said Stambaugh was murdered !
Coming from such a man as Dr. M—. who
acted a part that day, which no regular Physi
cian would have attempted, without first having
other Physicians present. When, lot on a sec
ond Inquest of post mortem examination, held
subsequently over the body of said Stambaugh,
by three respectable Physicians and nine intel
ligent men, Dr. M—'s whole statement is
found to be utterly false! not a single fracture
is found in the skull of said Stambaugh, nor
any marks of violence on his body, which might
have occasioned his death, but their verdict is,
"that said Stambaugh came to his death by
strangulation cr hanging." Mr. Editor, Ido
not wish to cast insinuations on any one in
particular, but I should suppose that such men
as several of the first aforesaid Inquest, with
such a leader as Dr. M— at their hcrid, could
render almost any kind of a verdict desired.
R 1.78811 is reported to have submitted to the
Government of the United States propositions
for a new commercial treaty between the two
nations, comprehending a large reduction of
duties upon articles entering Russian ports
from American vessels, and such arrangements
with the neutral ports afYrussin as will secure
the transfer of legitimate goods without the
risk of seizure and confiscation by the allies.
ANOTUER TRAITOR ItEWAßT , ED.—President
Pierce has appointed Edwin Sitgreaves, of N.
J., as U. S. District Attorney for New MeNico,
which is no doubt the reward of Dr. Lilly's vote
for the Nebraska iniquity. The Doctor seems,
at all events, to take great trouble to make it
known that it was through his influence that
Mr. Sitgreavos, who is one of Lis constituent.,,
obtained tire alVi"tn.""'
Terrible Disaster at Wilmington.
Explosion of Flve,tons of Powder.
Awful Destruotion of Life and Property.
DEL., Mo . 31.
Our citizens were thrown into a terrible corn
motion shortly before 11 o'clock this morning,
by, a succession of reports, as of thunder, ac
companied with a sensible jar of every building
in the place, while the concussion of the air
caused immense destruction to the glass.--
Doors and windows were burst open as if sha
ken by an earthquake.
It was soon ascertained to have proceeded
from an explosion of powder at the corner of
Fourteenth and Orange streets, and in that vi
cinity the destruction beggars description. An
earthquike could not have caused greater de
Three large teams, containing 450 kegs of
powder, the whole estimated at five tons, were
on the way from the mills of Dupont Co. to
the wharf, for.the purpose of being shipped.—
In passing along ourteenth street the last wa•
gon was opposite Orange street, and immedi•
ately in front of Bishop Lee's elegant residence,
the other wagons being in advance about GO
feet. It is not known which of the wagons first
exploded, or how the powder became ignited.
Nothing Nit fragments remain of wagons, hor
ses and drivers.
Bishop Lee's house was terribly shattered.—
The roof was lifted up bodily and broken into
fragments, the front wall blown out, the floor
broken up, aud every window and door torn
away. The beautiful garden, and even the
summer house, well known to every visitor of
these charming grounds, are ravaged and des.
The Bishop and his family were fortunately
absent attending the Convention of the Diocese
in St. Andrew's Church, a few squares off. A
female servant was in the house with a child.—
The latter was slightly hurt; the servant was
badly cut, but is not dead, as was erroneously
Three houses on Orange street, below Four.
teenth, were completely destroyed. Of one
framo house not a portion remains standing._
A young Irishman, boarding with John Me.
Laughlin, was fatally injured and died shortly
after. McLaughlin was very badly cut and his
clothes torn off. His wife is very seriously in
jured, and her child, about two years of age,
was missing, and it was supposed bad been kil
led, but it was subsequently taken from the
The families of Wm. McCoy and Richard
Reynolds, living in the other houses, are all
more or Jess injured, the wife of he latter
The, residence of James Canby, corner of
Market and Fourteenth streets, was terribly
shattered, and will have to come down. The
inmates were badly cut by the glass and fall
ing plaster. The brick stables and barn, to
gether with the carriage house and fine garden,
were all destroyed.
On the opposite side of the street, the elle
gone residence of James E. Price was so much
injured that it will have to be rebuilt.
On the south side of Fourteenth street, the
barns and stables of Joseph Price, John H.
Price, and James E. Price were all completely
destroyed. In the latter, Robert Henry, a col
ored man was killed.
The following wore also killed:—John Reese,
Thomas Talley, and Thomas Hughes, employ
ed as drivers of the teadts.
The trees along the streets and in the gar
dens bordering were stripped of their leaves,
and some torn up by the roots. Fragments of
the wagons, horsea, and drivers, were blown in
various directions. A human arm was found
at the distance of 300 feet; one of the drivers
was blown over the trees and the fragments hf
his body lodged on the shore of the Brand,
wine, which runs behind Bishop Lee's grounds-
All the walls and other objects in the houses in
jured by the explosion were driven towares it
instertdof from it. The appearance of the
houses shows that the great vacuum caused by
the explosion had caused the air in the houses
to burst them. In Mr. Price's house, the heavy
folding doors between the parlors, which were
closed nt the time, were forced violently from
the hinges, and carried to the end of the room.
The windows and doors, in every case, were
The tire of one wagon. weighing 100 pounds.
was thrown a distance of 200 feet; and a frag
ment of another tire, four inches broad, was
driven nearly through the trunk of a large tree.
Though nothing can be found of the wagons,
except small fragments, the places where they
stood are marked on the bed of the road, which,
by the force of the explosion, has been sunk
nearly two feet.
Nearly all the houses along Orange street
as far as Tenth have the glass broken, and the
plaster oft' the interior shattered from the walls.
On Market street, adjoining the residence of
James E. Price, the elegant dwellings of John
R. Plater, John H. Price and Joseph T. Price
were greatly injured, and the furniture and
glassware,&e., broken. Seven dwellings on
Thirteenth street, called Bright's Row, were
much damaged, the windows shattered, and the
plaster detached from the walls and ceilings.
The explosion caused a terrible sensation
throughout the city. In the neighborhood the
people rushed from the houses in great terror.
A gentleman riding on horseback some dist.
ance from the head of the wagons, felt the
ground trembling, and the same moment was
lifted from his horse, and seeing the windows
tilling into the street, thought an earthquake
had occurred. Many suppose that persons pas
sing along the street at the time were killed
and their bodies destroyed. So far only five
are known to have been killed. The bodies, or
fragments of four, have been found, and an in
quest held on the remains by John Moore, dep
The explosion was felt at the brick meeting
house, thirty-five miles south of Wilmington.
The total loss is estimated at not less than
$75,000, including the powder and teams,
ued at $5OOO.
The Messrs. Dupont are on the ground, ac
tively engaged doing all they can to relieve the
sufferers. They declare their intention to pay
for all the damage to property.
Among the injured is the wife of Richard
Reynolds, who had her leg broken.
A lady living near Bishop Lee's residence,
says that a few moments before the explosion,
she saw a man walking towards the wagons.
The explosion prostrated her, and when she re
covered she could see nothing of the man; and
thinks, without doubt, he was killed.
Wheeling, Virginia, May 18.—During the
violent storm of wind and rain at this place last
evening, the wire suspension bridge across the
Ohio, about which there has been so much liti.
gation, was completely blown' down, and now
lies a perfect wreck in the river, bottom up-
wards. The strong cables have been twisted
off, and the abutments slightly injured. No
lives, however, have been lost. The storm did
other damage in the city, but nothing of a seri
A LEGAL DeclsloN.-Ina case of punish
ment by a teacher, recently tried at Lawrence
Mass., it was conceded by both parties that in
the school room and during school hours, and
concerning matters relating to the school the
teacher is possessed of all the authority of the
parent, and is not liable for any punishment of
a pupil unless it he such punishment as would
be unlawful if inflicted by a parent. Verdict
i A man named St. John, charged with
forgery a nd bigamy, was arrested at Berea, on
the 26th ult. He was in bed, his wife and two
children occupying the same room. Some
five thousand dollars in money, the product of
the forgery, and two valuable gold watches
were found upon his person. Hie wife, to whom
be has been married eight years, the greater
part of which time has been passed be him
ut absence from home, is a must estimable WO.
man and devotedly attached to him. Ho has
another wife at Davenport, and still another at
Indianapolis, a young lady of to ahem he
wan married in January last.
The Boston Fugitive Slave Case--His
Rendition to his Master—Great Excite
ment—Large body of Military on duty
t 0 Preserve Order.
BegroN, June 2,
The United States Commissioner gay* his
decision this morning in the case of Burns, the
fugitive slave, surrendering him to his master,
Col. Suttle, of Virginia.
At an early hou"r this morning, a company
of U. S. Infantry and a detachment of Artillery
with a six•pouuder, from the Navy Yard, were
stationed to guard the main entrance to the
Court House. _
A crowd assembled rapidly, thousands lute.
ing gathered by 9 o'clock. After the Commis
sioner's decision woe announced, Court Square
was cleared, and the Artillery detachment per
formed various military evolutions. Court st.,
and every avenue leading to the Square, being
thronged. Numerous stores were closed, and
many buildings festooned with black.
The Mayor soon issued n proclamation, urg•
ing the people to disperse, and warning them
that he had given to Major General Edmunds
and the Chief of Police full discretionary pow
ers to sussain the laws with all the military and
civil forces under their command.
The American Flag was draped in mourn
ing and bung neross Court street. Cannon
were placed so as to sweep Court Square.
A coffin huff just been suspended from a buil
ding at the corner of Washington and State sts.
The colored pastor of the Baptist church and
Burns' counsel tools leave of him at 12 o'clock.
He appeared in good spirits. There are now
fully 20.000 persotts in State and Court streets.
Applications were made to the Mayor to
have the town bell tolled, but consent was re
The Court met at nine o'clock, when the fu
gitive was brought in, guarded by half a dozen
nice. The court room was nearly filled by the
Marshal's guards, each man being provided
with a pistol concealed about his person. The
odore Parker and Wendell Phillips came in
with the fugitive's counsel.
The Commissioner then gave his decision.—
After analysing the evidence, he discussed the
constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Law,
concluding as follows:—"I think the statute
Constitutional, and it remains for me to apply
it. The facts concerning the escape and iden
tity were all the Court had to consider, and he
was satisfied the claimant hed fully established
these. He was therefore entitled to a certifi
cate of his rights to the fugitive.
. _ _
At ono o'clock, Court street who cleared of
the mob after much trouble. All the streets
leading into it are guarded by troops. William
Jones, one of the witnessess at the trial, was
arrested for using exciting language. He was
taken up State street by the police, and enthu
siastically cheered all the way. The police
were greeted with ginmsandhisses.
At rialfpast two o'clock, Burns was taken
from the Court House, under a guard of one
hundred men, armed with swords and pistols,
being the Marshal's special deputies, together
with three companies of United States troops,
including an artillery detachment with their
nine pounders ready loaded. The Boston Light
Dragoons and Lancers followed, and the inf.-
try companies of the First Brigade and State
Groans, hisses and yells were poured
The preparations line
as pre:3nrat it passed.i onsmrte for the conveyance
of the prisoner to the wharf were most complete.
A large body of police were stationed at Cen
tral wharf, where arrangements had been made
to convey him on a steamboat, to the revenue
cutter Morris, which was then to be towed to
The entire brigade of State militia, waiting
at the Commons, marched down State street,
to assist in preserving the peace. As they pas.
sed along they were sainted with hisses, and
cries of "shame!" by the excited portion of the
The Light Dragoons. Col. Wright, cleared a
passage through State street, which was block
ed up by a dense mass of whites and colored
persons. When the military had all taken their
position, the line extended from Court Square
to Central wharf, through a crowd of not less
than 20,000 persons.
At 3 o'clock Burns was escorted to the wharf,
where be was put on board the steamer John
Taylor, and conveyed to the Revenue Cutter
Morris, lying in the stream, whirls was imme
diately towed to sea. She Roes direct to Nor
folk, Va. Not less than 1200 troops formed
the escort to the wharf, together with 150 citi.
zees, each armed with a cutlass and revolvers.
No serious outbreak occurred. •
It is impossible to estimate the number of
persons present. The streets were literally
packed—thousands were present from the coun
try. At the corner of State and Washington
streets a quantity of snuff, cowitch, and a bot
tle of vitriol was thrown among the escort. In
the vicinity of the Custom House a trackman
attempted to drive his team through the lines
of the military. One of his horses, a valuahle
animal, was killed by a bayonet -stab. The
crowd cried "shame,' "shine," and made a
rush, when the commander of the company,
greatly excited, ordered his troops to fire. Col.
Boyd of the staff, hearing the order, spurred
his horse in front of the company and prevent.
ed the execution of the order. Several arrests
were made, and three or four individuals were
badly hurt. A well-dressed elderly man was
conveyed to the hospital with his head cut open
with a sabre. John K. Hayes, Captain of the
Police, resigned at noon, refusing to do duty.
Another Kentucky Butchery.
The Frnnkford, (Ky.,) Yeoman, gives the
particulars of the horrible murder perpetrated
near Lawrenceburg, in Anderson county, of
Mrs. Meßrayer, wife of James Mcßrayer, Esq.,
and a daughter of Thomas Bond, of} rankford.
It seems, from a summary of the reports, that
some time between nine and eleven o'clock,
after Mr. and Mrs. Mcßrayer bad retired to
rest, a man entered their room with an axe,
and, approaching the bed, passed his hand over
her face in order to be sure of the right one,
which awoke her. Being satisfied that it was
her, he commenced cutting with his axe, first
striking her breast and arms in many laces;
he then with several strokes severed one of her
legs entirely off. Mr. Mcßrayer, being awa
kened by the noise, reached out his hand to
protect his wife, and received a blow cutting
his hand in two. The incarnate fiend thinking
ho had killed her, commenced striking about
at random over the bed with the hellish inten
tion to kill their youngest child, who was in
bed with them, but sot finding it, he went to
the lounge in the room where slept their other
child, and aimed a blow nt its head, but only
cut the back of its neck. He then went out,
leaving the bloody axe at the door. Mrs. Mc.
Brayer had life enough left to tell who, as well
as she could see in the darkness, who had com•
milted the horrible deed. From her statement,
her stepson has been arrested and put in jail
to await his trial. We think the Yeoman will
incur the displeasure of Kentucky moralists
for calling this murderer en incarnate fiend, as
he must have acted in "self defence." At all
events, a Kentucky jury will be sure to ward
off the panishment, which in other States might
be inflicted.—Phila. Sun.
A Mystery Solved.
Quite an excitement occurred during the
peat week at Altoona, Pa., from strange noises
having been heard in a graveyard, leading to
the supposition that n lady who had been re
cently interred had come to life after burial.—
Several persons heard noises from the grave,
and a crowd assembling, it was deemed proper
to disinter the coffin. On reaching the rough
wooden case enveloping the coffin, it was found
to contain water, which had filtered into it
from the surrounding earth, and it became ap
parent that the noise heard had proceeded from
the action of the water causing the coffin to
rub against the ease. An Wert had been made
to exclude the crowd from the' burial ground,
hut the excitement becoming intense at the
moment when the coffin was reached, they
broke down the fence and rushed in. The ev.
Weems of deceinipsition that reached their
QUaetories on opening the coffin. catirtied this
curious bystanders that life had berm vvtinrt
before int••rmen t.
From tho Santa Fo Gazette, of the 18th of
April, wo make these extracts:
The right at Cienegnilli.
Between the Jicarilla Apache; and the C. S.
Drago . ons,
Through the kindness of General Garland
and Ast. Adjt. Gen. Nichols, we have been per
mitted to read the official report of the fight at
Cienegnilla, between the Apaches and the U.
S. dagoons; and we now hare the pleasure i v
place an account of the same before our read
_ .After the-fight - between Lieut.. Bell and— Lo
bo's party, the Indians crossed the mountains,
and showed themselves on the road between
Taos and Santa Fe. On the evening of the
29th ult., Major Blake, commanding at Can
tonment Burgwine, ordered Lieut. John W.
Davidson, with sixty men of companies "F"
and "I" first regiment or United States drag
oons, to make a scout in search of the enemy.
He left the cantonment the same evening, and
was accompanied by Ast. Surgeon D. L. Mag•
ruder. The next morning, Lieut. D., with his
command, came upon a party of Apaches, sup
posed to number near two hundred warriors, at
the foot of the north slope of the mountains,
and not far from the small Mexican village of
Cieneguilla. When the troops appeared in
sight, the Indians immediately raised their war
whoop, and manifested a disposition to make
The camp of the Apaches was situated upon
a mountain ridge, and in a position naturally
strong and difficult of access. Lieut. David.
son saw that au action could not be avoided,
and therefore made the necessary preparations
for battle. He dismounted his men, and with
a small guird to protect and bold them, placed
his horses a little way in the rear. With the
balance of his command, not more than fifty
strong, he made an attack upon the camp of
the Indians. The soldiers charged bravely up
the ridge, and carried the position of the Apa
ches, who were forced to retreat. They rallied,
however, almost immediately, and attacked the
troops at close quarters, with great depemtion;
they were several times repulsed, and upon
each occasion, seven in all, rallied again ;tithe
charge, in every instance exhibiting the utmost
determination and bravery. The troops main
tained this unequal contest for nearly three
hours, when they were forced to give way and
retreat, which they succeeded in doing, and
reached Taos the same afternoon, with their
The loss on the part of the troops was very
severe. The official report shows twenty-two
killed upon the field, twenty-three wounded,
several of them badly; nod upwards of fortr
five hores killed and lost in the action. Of the
Indians, it is not known host many were killed,
but Lieut. Davidson judges they must have
lost at least fifty or sixty. On the arrival of
the troops at Taos, Major Blake immediately
started for the scene of action, to bring in tlie
dead bodies, and took with him twenty soldiers,
all he conld mount, a few Mexicans and Amer
icans, and a small party of Pueblo Indians.—
They succeeded in recovering the bodies of
those killed, which they took to Taos, and had
them interred. _
Thi is on; of the severest battles that ever
took place between American troops and the
Indians,.and our loss much greater in propor
tion to the numbers engaged. The Apaches
fought with a bravery almost unprecedented,
and we are well convinced that nothing but
the stubborn valor of Lieut. Davidson and his
mcn, saved the command from entire destruc
tion. The troops had greatly the disadvantage.
The Indians selected their own position, on it
rugged mountain ridge, and the dragoons had
to charge up a steep slope to reach them. The
latter was encumbered with their horses, which
it required nearly a fourth part of the cam.
mand to take care of; and the valley in which
the troops were at the time they commenced
the attack, is so filled with large boulder. as to
render the movement of horses almost impos
sible. We are sorry to learn Shot. Limit. Da
vidson and Dr. Magruder• were both slightly
Since the fight at Cienefiuiila, tho Indians
have retrentecrto the west aide of Rio del Norte,
and are now hotly pursued by Col. Cooke with
nearly two hundred dragoons and riflemen, and
a spy company of citizens and Pueblo Indians,
under the command of Mr. Jas. H. Quinn, of
Taos. The troops are on their trail, ',filch
leads among the mountains to the north; and
as the Indians aro encumbered with their wo.•
men and children, and are reported in low spi.
rits, wo think there is some chance of their be
ing overtaken. .
Gen. Garland has taken the most prompt
and vigorous means to bring the war to a apes.
dy and successful termination. A lapse num•
ber of troops, under the command of gallant
and experienced officers, have been ordered to
and are now in rapid pusuit of the
enemy. We cannot conclude this article with.
out signifying our approbation of the gallant
conduct of Lieut. Davidson and Dr. Magruder,
and to whose bravery and good conduct is just
ly attributed the safe retreat of the survivors of
the command. If brevets were ever earned,
they were upon this occasion.
THE' AMOUNT KILLED AND WOUNDED.
F noor.—Privates killed-8. I TanoP.—
Killed-3. Privates- 1 11. F TROOP.—Woun.
ded-1. • Privates -6. I TR00P."... Wounded
Assistant Surgeon D. L. Magruder, U. 8.
RECAPITULATION.—TotaI killed in action 22t
total wounded 23: total killed and wounded 41p'.
ANOTHER FIGHT WITH THE APACHES—HATTUI
01' AGUA CALIENTE CREEL.
Maj. Nichols, Asst. Adjt. General, has kind.
ly placed in our hands the official report of Lt.
Col. Cooke, of his fight with the Apaches, at
Agua Caliente creek, Saturday, the Bth inst.—
The report was brought in by a dragoon who
left the camp the same evening of the battle,
and arrived in Santa Fe Wednesday, the 12th
'Col. Cooke, with nearly two hundred men,
had been following the trail of the Apaches for
some days on the west side of the Rio del Norte,
now and then obtaining information of them.
From Ojo. Caliente, where last hoard from, he
marched in a northwest direction, until the af.
ternoou of the 6th ult., when he came in sight
of the enemy's camp. It was almost a surprtse,
as ho got very hear them before he was disco,.
ered. They lied only time to send off their we-
men and children and part of their baggage be.
fore the troops were down upon them.
'They immediately took post in a very strong
and almost inaccessible mountain position; bus
the troops bravely charged them, drove them
for about a mile and a half fording a difficult
stream, passing over a very broken country,
and keeping up a running fight. All the iodic.
es and camp equipages, a large quantity of
provisions, and many of horses of the enc
my, fell into the hands of the troops; and they
also left behind a number of the arms and
equipments lately captured at Cieneguille s
which were recovered by Col. Cooke. Six dead
Indians were found on the field, but it in not
known whether they sustained any further loss.
Of the troops ono man was killed—private Ca ,
soy. company 0, First Dragoons, and one man
of the Second Artillery severely wounded. The
day of the fight, the troops marched through
snow two feet deep, and it was also snowing
some of the time.
Major Carleton, with a reinforcement, joined
Col. Cooke about an hour after the battle, and
will unite with him in the further pursuit ofthe
enemy. From the crippled condition of the
enemy's resources, we have every reason to be
hove they will again be overtaken and brought
to a general engagement, which, we hope, will
bring the war to a close.
The result of the expedition of Col. Cooke,
thus far, makes it a fixed fact, that Indiana in
New Mexico can be caught by the troops, which.
circumstance alone will have a beneficial infie
enee on the other tribes, who, heretofore, haoa
considered themselves quite secure front attack
from the soldiers.
1 Whim a man stops his newspaper on ac
count of pecuniary forebodings, we cotwider
him about as gone a CM ,1 as if he should con
elude to alp his daily br. ad fry fear he shoo!I
yew to om•oMr,