Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, May 24, 1854, Image 2

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Wednesday Morning, Nay 21, isal.
James Pollock, of Northumberland co.
George Dante, of Allegheny co.
Daniel 111..8myser, of Montgomery co,
Medical Students.
Medical Students or Physicians, wishing a
well selected assortment of Medicines, wills
Bottles, Jars, and all the necessary fixtures
belonging to a Physician's Shop, also a well
selected Medical Library, may be had on very
low terms. For further information inquire at
this office.
SW We invite the attention of our readers
to the New Advertisements in to-day's issue.
Mir On Friday of last week we received the
Lady's Book for the month of June. It is cer•
tainly a very desirable number. It has 8 full
page Plates, 1 Line Engraving, 1 Colored
Fashion Plate, 100 pages, 05 Engravings, and
66 Contributions. It has the very latest style
of fashions for Summer.
The July number commences a new volume;
those who wish to have the number bound,
should subscribe for the work immediately.
Huntingdon is about to shake off her lethn
gy, and take her place among those of improve
ment and reform.
What is known as the Cottage Farm, adjoin.
ing the borough on the west, has been sold to
a company who have already laid out a large
addition to the town. They are making pre
paration to build a large Flouring Mill, to run
ten pairs of burrs; and there is a probability
that this will be the ternunus of the Canal.
In about another year we will have the Broad
Top Rail Road in operation, when that great
coal region will pour in her wealth to us.
SET. We have no news of importance from
Congress to giro you, the only thing they ap
pear to be doing is fighting about this infamous
Nebraska bill, when they will terminate it is
difficult to say. Mr, Douglas is urging it to
Our Government is even trying to carry their
nefarious schemes farther. Mr. Soule is strain
ing a point to involve us in a war with Cuba.
But Spain is not going to submit so tamely as
might be supposed. Spain is about sending
10,000 men to the defence of the island.
The English and French have each a war
steamer cruizing in the neighborhood, watch•
ing the movements of tile United States.
A GREAT AND NOVEL Evrimmuse.We pub
lish in our advertising columns a magnificent
Gift Enterprise, (the third of a series,) started
in New York by Mr. Perham, who has been
long and favorably known throughout the North
and East. An examination of it will present
features that commend it to the attention of
every man, woman and child in the communi
ty. We have only to say that the former en
terprises of this indefatigable manager have
been characterized by the greatest fairness, and
given the utmost satisfaction to all concerned.
Send in your orders for tickets as early as pos
sible, as they will undoubtedly be taken up in
a short time.
Ants of the Legislature in relation to
Huntingdon County.
An Act repealing an Act granting a State
road in Huntingdon and Mifflin counties known
as Miles' saw-mill road.
An Act changing the time of Auditing the
Township Accounts in the county of Hunting
don from the 2nd Monday in April, to the 4th
Friday in March, in each year.
An Act to supply the borough of Huntingdon
with water.
An Act to Review part of a State road in
Tell township.
An Act to change the place of holding the
Elections in Brady township.
An Act incorporating a company to erect a
Bridge across the Juniata River at the mouth
of Hares valley.
An Act authorizing the Auditor General to
examine the claim of J. Donaldson.
An Act to incorporate the Shade Gap, Shir
levsburg, and Juniata Plank-road company.
An Act authorizing the Governor to incor
porate the Huntingdon and MeAleavy's Fort
Turnpike and Plank road company.
A supplement to an Act granting a State
road from Hopewell, Bedford cunty, to Mill
Creek, Huntingdon county.
An Act authorizing the Burgess and Town
auncil to subscribe to the Huntingdon and
Broad-top Mountain Railroad and Coal nom
A suppliment to the Drakes Ferry and Broad
top Railroad company.
)IM. The general Appropriation bill, just
passed, contains a section appointing N. Strick
land, of Chester, John Strohm. of Lancaster,
and John N. Purviance, of Butler, Commis
goners to examine into tho correctness of the
claims against the Commonwealth for debts al
ledged to be due on the Portage Railroad.
The aggregate amount of money appropria•
ted by the bill, is about 1- ice Million, Five hun.
dyed Thousand Dollars, to which must be ad
ded a claim bill of not lees than Fifty Shousaud
Dollars. It increases the salary of the Judges
of the Supreme Court two hundred dollars each,
but makes no alteration in the salaries of the
District Judges throughout the State. The
Governor's salary, after the expiration of the
term of the present executive, is to be Three
Thousand Five Hundred Dollars. The appro
priation of Fifteen hundred dollars to the Scott
Legion of Philadelphia, for the erection of a
monument, was retained in the bill, as insisted
upon by the House.
And that so much of the tenth section of an
act passed the seventeenth day of April, eigh
teen hundred and forty-three, entitled "An act
to reduce the expences of government," as re
hates to the pay of members of the Legislature
when the session continues over one hundred
days, bo and the same is hereby ',peal A.
Our Relations with Spain.
The Washington Union, of the kith instant,
had a lending article on this subject, which
seems to be significant of very belligerent in
tentions on the part of the Administration. It
says :
"If the rumor, which were current at Madrid
at our latest dates he reliable, the Spanish cab-,
inet had declined to afford prompt reparation
for the wrongs committed against the flag of
the United States in the instance of the Black
Warrior. The intelligence, from the belief that
it is true, is justly producing a mighty sensa
tion throughout the Union. The period for
diplomatizing nt a distance of four thousand
miles for redress for unprovoked, flagrant in
sults and injuries sustained by our country at
the hands of the insolent, and, so far as we are
concerned, irresponsible authorities at Havana,
has at length passed by. Duty to ourselves
requires that we should prepare for settling
upon the spot where they have perpetrated the
offences to our honor and rights. We are quite
free to state—and in terms so empluttical and
unequivocal as to admit of no misinterpretation
—that if ample satisfaction is not allowed for
the piratical seizure of the Black Warrior, we
shall advocate an immediate blockade of the
This, says the Philadelphia Sun, is what in
some places is called "tall talking;" but we
have been so long accustomed to this kind of
declamation from the official organ, that under
ordinary circumstances we should attach but
little importance to it. Just at this time, how
ever, taken in connection with the statement
we publish this morning on the authority of the
Madrid correspondent of the London Times, as'
to the state of Mr. Soule's negotiations, it is
entitled to more attention than it would other
wise claim. There can be but little doubt that
Mr. Soule has failed to obtain the "prompt re
paration" of which the Union speaks, and just
as little that our government has been advised
of the fact, and that the article of the Union
was penned with full knowledge in the premi
ses. Unless, then, we can believe that the
passage we have quoted is a pure piece of bra
vado, without meaning or motive, it is fair to
infer that the Administration is feeling its way
towards a demonstration against Cuba. Mr.
Slidell's resolution points in that direction, and
there are other indications scarcely less impor
tant. We ought, perhaps, to qualify our phrase,
and say the President and a portion of his ad
visers are bent on this mischievous purpose;
for, judging him by his antecedents, we can
scarcely believe that Mr. Marcy is disposed to
sanction such a course; but, be this as it may,
it will be well for the country to keep close
watch upon those who at present control its
executive action.
There ought to be no mystery about this
Cuban business. If the government has poss.
ession of any facts to justify the vehement tone
of its reputed month-piece, why not communi
cate them to the people. If Spain has really
committed the outrages which are so lustily
charged, let us have the proofs, so that we may
be ready to sympathize in all just measures for
the vindication of the national honor. If there
is occasion for warlike movements let it be
proclaimed in open and unequivocal terms, and
not through these mysterious givings out which
serve no other end than to derange and unset
tle all the interests of the country. Give us
the facts and not inuendoes, and then all men
will be able to draw their own conclusions.
The Steamer City of Glasgow.
In an article on the missing steamer City of
Glasgow, tho New York Courier expresses the
conviction that she has foundered among the
ice. The Courier thinks the Glasgow, with
447 souls on board, must have encountered the
same field of ice with which the Collins strain.
er Baltic had on her outward passage so fear
ful a struggle about the 9th of March, in ltd.
4f, lon. 47. The editor says
"The 'City of Glasgow' sailed from Liverpool
on the Ist of March. * * * On the even
ing of the 11th a terrible gale commenced from
W. S. W. to N. N. W., which lasted until Into
the next day. Nautical men on board the
Baltic agreed that they had never seen a more
violent gale, and express the conviction that no
ship hemmed in by the ice could have outlived
that storm. Making a fair calculation of time
and distance, there can be little doubt that the
City of Glasgow was in the vicinity of that ice
fibld, and exposed to that gale. It is a belief
in this state of facts which, with us, extinguish
,es hope. Strength, nor courage, nor skill,
could avail anything in such a case. Those
crushing mountains of ice would, when tossed
by such a gale, grind to powder mars stoutest
The number of icebergs seen from the deck
of the Baltic on that voyage was from nine to
twelve hundred, varying in dimensions, to use
the language employed bythe captain of an
other ship, "from the size of an omnibus to
that of the Astor House."
Good News from the Interior.
We are much gratified to learn from our co
temporaries in the interior of the State, that a
condition of things is everywhere manifesting
itself in favor of Judge Pollock's election,which
indicates the most flattering prospects of suc
cess in the State. An old and esteemed friend,
belonging to the Democratic party, and real
ding in Bradford county, informs the Harris
burg Telegraph that he has travelled through
most of the Northern counties since Pollock's
nomination, and finds that the freemen of all
parties who are opposed to the infamous scheme
of the Democratic party to extend the area of
slavery, and trample upon the rights of the
free North, are rallying under the anti-Nebras .
ka banner, with a determination to elect Mr.
Pollock. Another Democrat from Clearfield
county, who has done the party service in times
past, informs the editor of the same journal,
that Postmaster General Campbell's conduct
in placing a particular class of men with whom
he is identified, in all the post offices in the
county, to the exclusion of native born Ameri
cans, has excited a whirlwind of indignation
among the "sons of the soil" that will complete.
ly annihilate him and his party at the next elec
tion. This gentleman is confident that Bigler's
own county will give a majority against him.
gar The Philadelphia Sun says, several ves
sels arrived at that port on Monday the 2d day
of May and report meeting with large quanti
ties of ice at sea. The ship A. Z. had to run
a S. E. course for twelve hours to clear large
masses of field ice, and the Hamburg barque
Franklin, on the Grand Banks, from the 11th
to 17th ult., passed a large number of icebergs
and quantities of field ice, and on the 11th her
decks were covered to the depth of two feet
with snow.
ican whalesh i p Hudson has been mind at Falk.
land Island by the British, on a pretence sofri
volous as to require the interference of the
S. sloop of wnr Germantown. The papers in
the case have linen forwarded to the Govern
Ajax defying the lightuing—a drunken bus•
band returning to a redheaded wife.
The following is an act passed by the Legis
lature at its present session, and become a law,
in relation to elections in the Commonwealth,
which we deem important to our readers. This
measure will relieve the Legislature hereafter
of a great deal of trouble and vexation, as well
as time. Election Districts should be fixed by
the Courts, as it is presumed they know more
about the facts of each ease than the Legisla
AN ACT, in relation to establishing "V ehan
ging the places for holding general elections
throughout the Commonwealth.
See. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth
e Penimylvania in General Assembly met, and
it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same,
That upon the petition of one-third of the qual
ified voters of any election district of the Com
monwealth presented to the Court of Quarter
Sessions of the proper city or county tbr the
purpose, it shall be lawful for such Court to or
der an election in such election district upon
the question of the location or change of the
place of holding the general, special and town
ship elections for such district, subject to all
the provisions (not inconsistent herewith) of
the fifty-sixth section of the act of the second
of July, 1839 entitled an act relating to the
elections of this Commonwealth; and that the
elections directed by said section shall be con
ducted by the officers of the last preceding gen
general election who shall conduct the same in
the same manner in which the general elections
are by law required to be held, and conducted
with the same penalties and punishments for
frauds or misconduct in officers, persons offer
ing to vote, or others, as is prescribed by said
act and its supplements, and in the case of the
absence or inability of any such officer to serve,
the vacancy or vacancies shall be filled in the
same manner described by said acts.
Ste' 2 That the Court of Quarter• Sessions
shall have authority within their respective
counties to divide any borough, ward or town
ship into two or more election districts, or to
form an election district out of parts of two or
more adjoining townships, so ns to suit the con
venience of the inhabitants thereof, and to fix
the place of holding elections .d appoint the
election officers pursuant to the provisions of
this act: Provided, That no district so formed
shall contain less than one hundred voters, and
the proceedings had in the case of such divi
sion or alteration shall be the same as in the
erection or alteration of the lines of townships.
AN ACT authorizint the Governor to
incorporate the Huntingdon and Mc-
Aleavy'e Port Turnpike Road Com-
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives qf the Commonwealth
of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met and
is hereby enacted by the authority of the same,
That David Blair, Robert Cumuli., Alexander
Stewart, John Oaks, Henry Lee, Samuel Stef
fy, William B. Zeigler, William Cummins, Al
exander Port, James Maguire, Robert Maur
ney, William B. Smith, Elisha Shoemaker, Sr.,
Robert Johnston, John Jackson, George Jack
son, of Jackson township, George Couch, He
zekiah Crownover, John P. Stewart, Alexander
Carman, Thomas Fisher, David Snare, James
Saxton, William Dorris ' Jr., George Gwin,
Thomas Adams. George Jackson, of Hunting
don, and J. Simpson Africa, of Huntingdon
county, or any five of them, be, nod they are
hereby appointed commission's, to open books
and receive subscriptions and organize a rem
pany by the name, style and title of the Hun
tingdon and MeAleavy's Fort turnpike compa
ny, with power to construct a turnpike road
from the borough of Huntingdon to MeAleavy's
Fort, in Jackson township, Huntingdon coun
ty, by such route or routes as the stockholders
may determins upon, subject to all the provi
sions and restrictions of an act regulating turn
pike and plank road companies, passed the
twenty-sixth day of January, one thousand
eight huntlred and forty-nine, and the supple
ment thereto. Provided, howerer, That the
president and managers of said compiler may
make, or cause to be made, any and such part
or parts of said road a plank road, instead of a
turnpike as in their judgment they may dc-cm
expedient, subject to the regulations end re
strictions of said acts regulating turnpike and
plank road companies.
SECTION 2. That the capital stock of said
company shall consist of eight bemired shares,
at twenty-five dollars per share, Pmrided, That
the said company may, front time to time, by
a vote of the stockholders, at a meeting to be
held for that purpose, increase their capital
stock so much as in their opinion may be tie
cessary to complete the road or roads, and car
ry out the true intent and meaning of this net.
SECTION 3. That the burgesses and town
council of the borough of Iluntiegdon are
hereby authorized to subscribe to the capital
stock of this company an amount not exceed
ing five thousand dollars.
Sscrtox 4. That if the said company shall
not commence the construction of their road
within three years after the granting of this
charter, and complete the same within ten
years thereafter, this act shall be null and void,
except so far as the same may be necessary to
wind up the affairs and pay the debts of said
Governor Bigler Missing—Democratic
Papers Decline to Notice the Loss.
We do not mean by the above heading that
Gov. Bigler dos been killed outright; that por
tion of his history will be written up on the se
cond Tuesday of October next, by an indignant
and outraged people. But we do allege that
since the March convention, he has been mis
sing on every important question that interests
the country, or agitates the community; and up
to this time no Dernocratic paper that has come
to our notice, has taken sufficient interest in
his welfare to notice the fearful loos. New we
take this as very unkind in the editors of those
journals. If they are acquainted with his where
abouts, why not relieve the suspense awl appre.
of his friends? If they are ignorant of his po
sition, why not offer a suitable remuneration
for the discovery and safe return of the fugitive?
The truth is, that the WHIG press must have
speedy and definite inforination as to his local
ity, as they have several important accounts
with him that remain unsettled; and if our
Democratic friends do not produce the truant
within a week or two, we shall offer a reward
for him on our "own hook," or publish him as
a defaulter. But perhaps our neighbors of the
Union or the Pennsylvanian, or some other
Democratic paper, can enlighten us; if so will
they be so kind as to answer the following ques
Is Gov. Bigler in favor of, or opposed to the
Douglas Nebraska bill?
Isle for or againt the sale of all the improve.
ments belonging to the Commonwealth?
Why did ho ;OM the charter of several Sa
yings * Banks during the last session, and sign
others of precisely the same character?
Why did he during the same session veto an
amendment to the charter of the Cash Mutual
Fire Insurance Company of Harrisburg, and
sanction several charters of other Insurance
Companies containing the same provisions ?
But we will not lengthen out the lesson for
the present; if we receive definite answers to the
alAve interrogatories, they shall soon hear from
no again. . . . . .
Potamex's principles are "known and rend
of all men." Ho is opposed to the infamous
Nebraska scheme, and against the extension of
slavery. He is in favor of a judicious and im
mediate sale of the Public Works. He is
against the indiscriminate interference by the
Executive with the action of the peoples Rep
resentatives, and is only in favor of using the
veto power when such action hears upon its
face n violation of the constitution, or indubit
able evidence of hasty, injudicious and defect
ive Legislation. We and the people of Penn
sylvania demand of Gov. Bigler awl his friends
an open avowal of his position on these import.
ant questions. Shall we bars it'—Sarin.
burg Te!,gr•7l7ll.
aiir The New York Tribune says:—We
challenge the curious annals of history for a
more striking progressive change in the senti.
ment of a nation than that which has taken
place in regard to Abolition,. pure and simple,
in the free States of America. A few years ago
and the name of Abolitionist was identified
with social outlawry. Southern States put a
price on the head of Garrison; southern Post.
offices opened letters and papers; and Commit.
tees of northern Safbtymen burned Abolition
journals by the heap; mobs drove the emanci.
patios apostle from Baltimore—burned down a
Liberty-Hall in Philadelphia—shot down Love.
joy for printing and speaking democracy—and
everywhere persecuted the name, fame and per
sons of the Abolitionists. Three years ago a
mob headed by Isaiah Rynders broke up their
meeting at the Tabernacle, and fairly pursued
them front the City. Two years ago they could
not obtain here a place to assemble in, and
were obliged to go to Syracuse to hold their
Anniversary. But now all this is changed.—
They are welcomed to one of the largest and
handsomest churches in New-York, and their
discussions have not only been entirely undis.
turbed, but have been attended by crowded
and sympathetic audiences of the most respec
table people. Even conservatism and modera.
Son now listen without a shock to the bold at
terences of these quondam fanatics. Such is
the effect produced by the conviction which is
now gaining complete possession of the public
mind at the North, that the South is faithless
to its own pledges and is resolved to extend the
area of Slavery at whatever risk. This great
change has been wrought by the Nebraska bill,
and as yet we are only at the beginning. Gar
rison, Phillips, and all their compeers, could
not have made so many Abolitionists and Din.
unionists in half a century, as Pierce, Douglas,
Badger and Clayton have made in three months.
The Roll of Infamy.
The Representatives from Free States na•
med below voted on Monday to take up the
Kansas-Nebraska bill with a view to urge its
immediate passage, viz:
—Harry Hibbard.
CoNNEcTrcur—Colin M. Ingersoll. VCR.
NEW-YORK-Th. W. Cummings, Hiram Wet
bridge, Mike Walsh, William M. Tweed, Win,
A. Walker, John I T. Taylor—G._
New-JF:llBl,Y—Samuel Lilly, George Vail-2.
PENNSYLVANIA —Thomag B. Florence, John
Bobbins, Jr.. William H. White, John McNair,
Samuel A. Bridges, Christian M. Straub, Hen
drick B. Wright, Asa Packer, William H.
Kurtz, John L. Dawson, Michael C. Trout-11.
Onio—David T. Di;ney, Fred. W. Green,
Edson B. Olds-3.
INDIANA—Smith Miller, Wm. H. English,
Cyrus L. Durban], James H. Lane, Thomas A.
Hendricks, John G. Davis, Norman Eddy-7.
ILLINOIS—James C. Allen, Willis Allen,
Wm. A. Richardson-3.
MICIIIOAN-David Stuart, David A. Noble,
Samuel Clark-3.
CALIFORNIA—MiIton S. Latham, James A.
Total 41 from Free States; to whom add J.
Glancy Jones of Pa., who paired off in favor
of the bill, which was the same as voting for it.
The Object.
Let it not be forgotten thatthe struggle of
the minority of the House of Representatives
at Washington is in behalf of freedom and of
the rights of the people. What the minority is
after, and all it desires to accomplish, is to
submit the great question of the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise To THE PEOPLE. The
minority demand that the people shall be heard
through their representatives elected with ape.
cial reference to this question. They wish to
vindicate the doctrine of popular sovereignty.
How dare the Nebraska conspirators refuse to
go before this tribunal? How dare they, in
the language of Mr. Benton, "incarcerate and
imprison" the members of Congress to force
them to pass an offensive, vile, and odious
measure against which one-half the country has
already risen in civil insurrection? The men
who are forcing the Nebraska question in the
face of the popular demonstrations against it
everywhere, are guilty of treason against the
very fundamental principle of popular sorer-
eigiity. If the people want the Nebraska bill,
with all its atrocious features, as it now stands,
give them n chance to say so. And if they do
not want it, give them an opportunity to de
clare themselves against it.
But this is what the majority of the House
refuse. They know the people are against the
measure, and they go therefore for thrusting
it down their throats against their will. It
this forcing process against which the minority
are resolutely and heroically contending, and
against which we trust they will contend, nf
need be, till the 4th of March, 18511.—K.
Law Regulating Taverns.
The following provisions of a Liquor bill have
been passed by the Legislature, and we belivve
signed by the Governor:
Sc.E l st prescribes not less than ten. or Inure
than fifty dollars, and imprisonment from ten
to sixty days for wilfully giving liquor for a be
verage to an intemperate person, minor, or in
sane person.
2nd permits any relative of an intem
perate person, or magistrate of the district to
forbid the furnishing of liquor to such person—
and if it is done within three months after such
notice, the party shall be punished as above.
Sec. 3d makes the furnisher of such liquors
civilly responsible for the evil effects following
their use.
Sc.E 4th dispenses fine and imprisonment to
magistrates who marry persons iu a state of in
SEC. 5 maketthe willful and unwholesome
adulteration of liquors for a beverage, or tale
of the same, finable in the mum of $5O, and for
any subsequent repetition $lOO, and imprison-
ment not more than sixty days. That's a smart
SEC. 6th gives the prosecutor a compensation
not exceeding 1120.
See. 7th sap that no licence shall he main
tained or recosery had for liquors sold in viola
tion of this act,
Sec. 8 allows the courts to revoke license
for violation ollaw.
Peinuylvania Rail Road,
The increase. in the business of this road is
extremely gratifying to its friends, and a most
convincing argtment in favor of its utility and
advantages over all rival routes, With such
an increased Lade, amounting to more than
the interest of the cost of the Main Lino of
Public Worksove should be pleased to hear of
its having benne the purchaser. Tho month
ly statement isas follows:
Receipts of the Road for the month ending A
pril 30, 1854, - - $321,156, 17
Same month hst year, - - 270,126 62
Increase, • - - • $51,029 55
Receipts from fanuary 1, 1854, to
April 30, 18,4, • - $1,391,258 71
Same period het year, • 1,099,080 19
$292,178 19
Another Popular Demonstration.
A meeting (idle citizens of Clarion county,
irrespective of arty, was held at tieidsburg. on
the 22d ult. speeches were made and resolu
tions adopted, denouncing the Nebraska bill,
and all who adiocate and favor its passage.—
One of its resdutions declares that "the act of
1820, known a the Missouri Compromise, was
a solemn compact—offered by the South and
accepted by the North—and that its repeal at
this time is an ottrage upon the public senti
ment, calculated to destroy the binding force
of all eompromiks, and threatens to unsettle
the great princilieti of compromise upon which
the Union of th States wps founded." It was
also resolved no to vote for any man for Ex
ecutive or Legi wive o ffi ces known to favor
the Nebraska hi , "be he Whig or be he Dem.
omit." Simile emonstrations are daily Mk
ing place in otb • sections of tits State.
Menacing War with Spain.
Semi-official atrvices by the Atlantic, from
• Madrid, indicate the entire rejection of Mr.
Soule's demands upon Spain, though we know
not what concessions this magnanimous coun
try has asked from .enfeebled Spain. Upon
I the heels of these ruiners, the Washington
Union of yesterday stuns up all our causes of
• difference concerning Cuba, and sticks to it
• that England is intrigueing for its Africaniza
, lion. Senator Mallory, too, of Florida, offered
• a resolution in the Senate, declaring the course
pursued by Spain, in relation to Cuba, gives
just reason to apprehend that her design is to
carry out a_policy calculated to renew the
scenes at St. Domingo, and that such a course
is detrimental to the interests of the United
States. Again, the New Orleans Picayune has
a letter front Havana, dated May 4, discussing
the decree of the Captain General about the
slave trade, in which the writer says
The measure of greater importance which
his Excellency alludes to as having been sub
, witted to the Home Government fur approba
tion, is nothing more nor less than the follow
His Excellency will publish a decree decla
ring that the civil and social condition of the
negro is equal with that of the white. This
measure is based upon the declared and writ
ten opinion of Archbishop Claret of St. Jags
de Cuba, that the equality of the white and
black races is a Gospel principle of Christitini
tv. The measure has been submitted to the
Royal Pretorian audience, (our Supreme Court)
and has been approved by it. The decree may
appear very soon, or it may be for a little while
delayed, but it is already in the portfolio of the
Marquis of Pezueln.
A complete panic exists here. The foreign
merchants are sending their families away;
most of them, being Europeans, go to England
and France, fearing some great impending
evil; four black regiments are being formed,
and the interest of money has doubled and
even trebled within thirty days. The Govern.
ment, in order to alleviate in some measure, the
distress, has created a State bank of discount
with $BOO,OOO capital, but distrust is extending
on every hand under the proximate social ruin
that menaces us. The number of Creoles who
have gone and are preparing to goon apparent
tours of pleasure to the United States and to
Europe, was never a tithe of what it now is.
What adds to the panic is the menacing as
pect of affairs with the United States on ac
count of the Black Warrior affair, and the
knowledge of the fact that the Captain Goner
al has the royal decree authorising him to de
clam the immediate abolition of slavery on the
declaredou of war by the United States,
even on the issuing of letters of marque by it
against Spain, if he should deem it proper to
do so. Every one is convinced of his willing.
ness to issue the decree even to-day.
Them have been sent to the United States,
by the Isabel, of the 22d ult., a colonel of engi.
neers, late an officer under the Military Secre
tary, and several officers of the army, fo/the
purpose of watching the movements or the
Government at Washington, and of the Hams
tees in the South. They have double passports,
as civilians and as military officers.
From all these aspects, it would appear that
our government is "in for a fight," and that
Cuba must be ours, if we can beg, buy or steal
it. The President's organ has already announ
ced that the rejection of Mr. Soule's demands
would be followed bo the blockade of Cube,
and we have no doubt dint the flibustiering
Minister to Spain, whose appointment was au
insult to the dignity of the country, has made
those demands degrading enough to ensure
their rejection, even if the cool, calm and saga.
cions Secretary Marcy failed to do so in his
original instructions. We may, therefore, pre
pare for war, and the forcible possession of
another Slave State in Cuba. Already in New
York, Majors Farnsworth and Hall have offer
.l their services for the war, and there are
loafers, thieves and pickpockets enough in that
city greedy to tbllow in the holy crusade!—
Prudent men may think this is all wrong, but
is not the Democracy the guardian of the na
tional honor, and will the party that. lioasts
Soule, an Owens, a Belmont, and other for
eigners, as their national accredited represen
tatives abroad, ever counsel what is wrong
Oh, no! Shut your eyes and ears, therefore,
all good citizens Hear nothing and see with.
ing : Bo careful not to furnish "aid and com
fort" to Spain, by hinting that you would
rather wait till in the certain course of events
public opinion will bring about an acquisition
of Cuba; keep snug anequiet, arid some morn
ing our telegraphic despatches will announce
that the Gem of the Antilles is ours, and del
mocratic freemen will huzza with lusty throats,
over another star added to the proud banner
pof the free, and with it the stripes of some mil
lions of newly enslaved Africans. Let us erase
from our banners the motto of "God and our
Native Lend," and adopt the one more worthy
of our flibustiering tendencies: "Hell and eve
rybody else's property!"—Sue, 16th inst.
We have adviees from Mexico to May 1, giv.
ing further particulars of Santa Anna's cam
paign against the rebels of Acapulco. They
state that the expedition of the President has
been a series of victories. On the 13th of April
the forces of Alvarez were completely routed,
on the favorable military position of the heights
of Coquille and Peregrino. The rebels were
entirely dislodged and compelled to heat a pre
cipitate retreat. A considerable number of
prisoners fell into the hands of the Government
troops. The leader, Alvarez, secured his own
safety by a seasonable flight to Acapulco. San
ta Anna dispatched a brigade of cavalry in pur
suit of the fugitives, which succeeded in over
hauling them on the 15th, and, after a skirmish,
completely defeated them.
On the same day the party of Arbarea, con
sisting of 300 men, was broken up in Chamisy
altuacan, and their leader slain. His head, fix
ed on a pike, was set up in his native district
as a warning to the traitors.
Gen. Santa Anna continued his march upon
Acapulco, arriving there on the 27th, and per
sonally directed the military operations against
the castle in which the rebels had taken their
lust refuge. It was believed at the City of Mem
ico that at the date of the present advises San
ta Allllll had gained possession of the fortress
and thus ended the rebellion.
Before the defeat of the rebels was known in
the interior, Capt. Vicente Vega, in the din.
trict of Rio Verde, declared for Nevares and
attempted to further his plans. As soon as his
purposes were suspected, the Governors of Que
retaro, Guanajuato and San Louis Potosi, sim
ultaneously dispatched a sufficient force against
him to destroy his band. Before they arrived,
however, Col. Ruiz at the head of only 40 men
defeated the whole party, which took refuge
among the mountains. A considerable force
pursued them and their seizure was hourly ex
In the State of Michoacan, the rebellion was
seconded by Gordiano Guzman, the comrade
of Alvarez; but ho was surrendered by his own
followers, who yielded to the Government.
Severe' engagements took place prior to the
possession of Acapulco, in which the success is
said to have uniformly been on the side of the
The rest of the Mexican Republic is stated
to be in a condition of perfect tranquillity, and
general confidence to prevail in the present
The japan Expedition.
The English press are laughing at Comma
! dere Perry for being ontgeneralled by a &H
-eim Commander, who went to Japan and got
a commercial treaty, while Perry was lying
quietly on his oars at Hong Kong. Perry's
slow motions have failed to realize the public
expectations of the wonders which were to be
accomplished by all the parade and show exhi
bited betore the astonished and petrified Japan
ese. The Russian commander, with a force in
significant in appearance and in power, accom
plished without difficulty what Perry, with all
his show of power, was unable to effect. The
display the latter *ado naturally excited the
fears of the Japanese awl made then: can•
tious aud hostile. —Letigcr.
Another Battle—De fiat of Vic Russians.—
Bombardment of Odessa.—The Greek Inaur
gents.—Ballic Pores Blockaded, dc.
From the Seat of War.
It is stated that Omar on the 18th or
19th of April, advanced with 70,000 men to•
wards Dubredscha, and a battle took place
with General Luder's corps, between Silostria
and Hammitt.
The Vienna paper Presse contains the follow.
ing:—A battle near Cernavoda, on the 23d
ult., which lasted six hours,.ended ns unfavora•
bly to the Russians as those of Kostelli and
Kasten*. The loss of the Russians is estima•
ted at 500 killed, 550 taken prisoners, and 15
guns with their horses. The Turks, who were
Ihr inferior in numbers to their enemies, also
suffered a heavy loss. The Russians retreated
behind Cornavoda during the night, leaving
the Turks in possession of the field of battle.
The Baltic Fleet.
We hove nothing new, of importance from
this quarter. The fleet was keeping up a close
blockade of r.ll the Russian ports. No fighting
A letter from Copenhagen, April 27th, states
that Sir Charles Napier. with the line of battle
ships under Admiral Curvy and Chads were
keeping up a rigorous blockade of the Gulf of
Finland, which would render the escape of a
single Russian ship impossible. Numerous pri
zes had been taken. The Danish government
lingers on the side of Russia. The Swedes' are
decidedly in !liver or the allies. One Swedish
line-of•buttle ship, and four frigates were in
commission at Copenhagen, and more were be
ing made ready.
A most formidable three of row boats is be
ing organized by the Russians to harass the in
vading fleet, from the shallow waters. Eight
hundred armed boats ore already enrolled. All
the boats of the Neva Yacht Club are placed at
the service of the State. A considerable num
ber of them are assembled at Sweaborg and
The bombardment of Odessa is fully con
firmed. The batteries were all destroyed; 10
Russian vessels were also destroyed, and 13 oth
ers, laden with ammunition, captured. The
town and neutral property were spared. The
combined fleets left for Sebastopol.
The Greek Insurrection.
Battle between the Turks and Creeks—the lat
ter routed with mach lose.
ATHENS, April 28th.—On the 25th Arta PM
token by the. Turks, and 3,000 insurgents on
der Karaiskaki were defeated by the Turks un
der Omar Paulin. Many Greeks attempting to
join the Insurgents have been delivered over to
Feud Effendi. Attempted insurrection in So
mos line failed.
Another letter from Corfu, published in the
Paris 3lonilesr, mentions further particulars.
Arts, it says, the principal centre of the Greek
insurrection, was taken on the 25th ult., by the
Ottoman troops under Osman, after a combat
of fifty minutes. The insurgents, 3,000 strong,
under the command of Tsavelles and Karaiska
ki, left 150 dead; the number of their wounded
is not known.
The gold that is usually stored in the citadel
of St. Petersburgh is being removed to Moscow.
In St. Petersburg a war tax is levied of 300
silver rubles on merchants of the "first guild,"
100 on merchants of the second guild, 100 on
the third, and 10 per cent. on all house rents.
The Emperor is extremely active, and goes
backward and forward between Cronstadt and
St. Petersburgh almost incessantly.
Prince Paskiewitch had granted permission
to neutral ships, at present in the different
mouths of the Danube, to depart freely until
the 20th of May.
The Czar has offered to Prussia a treaty of
commerce on the most favorable terms. No
commercial treaty has been made between the
two countries since 1826, and it was suffered
to expire in 1836.
It is again positively asserted that the French
army of the East will be augmented to 100,000
men. The formation of a camp of 00,000 at
Boulogne, with It view to an expedition to the
Baltic, is also spoken of. As another proof of
the disposition of the government to carry on
the war in a manner befitting a great nation,
it is intended to propose to the Chambers a de
mand fur authority to raise another loan of
250,000,000 francs in case circumstances re
quire it. . . .
Admiral Bitchier do Tinan, who had been
cruising off the eastern coast of Greece, is to
proceed with a portion of his division to Alge
ria to embark several regiments for Turkey.
The long expected decree for" the formation
of a new Imperial Guard has not yet appeared
in the Moniteur. The Guard will number over
12,000 picked men.
Large bodies of troops continua to march in
the direction of Toulon for embarkation for the
Levant. An imperial decree calls into active
service, on land and afloat, 80.000 men, from
the 140,000 of the class of 1853.
Important from Constantinople.
Rupture between the French Minider at eon:
stantinople and the 2'orkish Government.
PARIS, Thursday, May 4th.--For some days
past, unpleasant rumors have circulated on the
state of relations existing between the French
Ambassador at Constantinople and the Turkish
Cabinet, or rather the Minister for Foreign Af•
The dissatisfaction does not, I believe, ex
tend to the French Government, but is confi
ned to their representative, though I belies-0
they are perfectly aware of the fact, and have
been so for some time.
When Gen. Barnguay d'Hilliers was first op.
pointed to his present post, it was certainly ta
ken as a proof that the policy of France, which,
as well as that of England, bad unjustly been
charged with weakness and dilatoriness, was
about to assume a more energetic character.
It cannot be doubted that the General's pa.
donee has been often tried severely since he
entered on his present functions. In fact, mat
ters have reached such a point that the Gener
al is said to hare menaced the. Turkish Minis
ter fin. leareign Apirs with a suspension of
his relations wills hint.
Fatal Result.
Our readere will remember that a few weeks
since, a lad named George Riehl, in Northern
Liberties, was bitten by a rabid dog, at a tan
yard, where he was employed. He immediate
iy visited a physician, who burned the bitten
part with caustic, and without any other medi
cal aid, the wound heeled up. The lad contin
ued at his work as before the recurrence, until
early on Monday morning, when he wont to
the yard he became sick at the stomach, and
returned home, apparently suffering great pain.
The bite of the dog recurred to the family, and
they supposed the boy was afflicted with hydro
phobia. Dr. O. H. Taylor was summoned, and
as soon as ho observed the symptoms, was
convinced the fears of the family wero well
grounded. The usual remedies were given the
unfortunate youth, whose convulsions and
ferings were terrible to witness. At the sight
or sound of water he would go into convulsions.
The youthful sufferer continued in this dread.
ful condition until one o'clock on Wednesday
morning, when death put an end to his agony.
For some time before his death he would be-
come frightfully convulsed at times, and al
though but fourteen years of ago, it required
the united strength of several men to restrain
him. During his paroxysms, ho would give
utterance to such cries as "don't drown me"—
"take away the water, Sc., which gave fearful
evidence of the operations of the disease. It
is time the dog law was put in force; human
life is too sacred to be sacrificed in this horri
ble manner for the sake of the useless canines,
which are suffered by their owners to run the
streets uumuszled.—Phila. Sea.
Ca. The Know Nothings have been success.
is the Charter election, at New Brunswick•,
N. J. Seven of twelve elected are Whigs and
Another Disaster at Bea•-Less of the Clip
per Ship Black Hawk—Eight
Hundred Lives Saved.
Nor Yotce, May 17.
The ship Cnrrituck, from Antwerp, arrived
nt Quarantine this afternoon, with the passen
gers and crew, numbering 800 souls, of the
clipper ship Black Hawk, lost at sea on her
voyage front Liverpool for New York.
The Black Hawk left Liverpool on the 4th
of April, with a crow of 35 men and 858 pas
sengers. She encountered a tremendous hur
ricane on April I.7th, in lat. 48 50, lon. 36 02.
which carried away every mast, close to the•
deck, stovod the cabin and ripped the deck in
such a manner that the water flowed in like a
mill race, and soon the ship had six feet of wa
ter in her hold.
On the morning of the 19th the British
barque Caroline, of Liverpool, hove in sight,
and took on board 140 passengers. Nest morn
ing the ship Dorigo came alongside, and on Fri
day evening the Currituck came up, and the
boats of all - the vessels *ere soon employed in
getting off the remainder of the passengers and
crew, which was accomplished without the less
of a single individual. The Black Hawk was
then abandoned, with her lower hold half full
of water, and the ship a complete wreck.
The urrituck fell in with the Black Hawk,
April 21st, in lat. 47 30, lon. 33 24, dismasted
and leaking badly. The ship Dorigo and Bri
flail barque Caroline were lying alongside to
king off the passengers from the wreck. When
they were full the • Currituck commenced ta
king off the remainder, consisting of the offi
ce., crew, and 35 pessengers, which was not
fully accomplished until the morning of April
24th, the Black Hawk having in the mean
time been parted from them in a gale that oc
on the night of the 224. She Was not
discovered again until noon of the 231 Thu
Caroline was also serrated from the wreck in
the gale, but the British, ship Good Jntent came
up and took a few of the passengers.
A brig (rein New York for Glasgow soon
after hove alongside of the Dorigo, and it is
supposed•relieved her of sonic of her passen•
Another Speck of War—Three Steam-
ers Sunk,
The inhabitants of villages nn Lake Clam
plain, says the Ogdensburg Despatch, are now
engaged in a quarrel about railroad and steam
boat matters, which is not likely soon to end.
It has already resulted in violence and outrage
upon persons and property. It appears that
the Plattsberg people are building a railroad
from that piece to Montreal, a portion of which
was completed. The company owning the
railroad from Rouse's Point to Montrent pur
chased the Montreal end of the Plattsburg
route, and left the people in the latter place in
a bad tic. The Plattsburg people owned a
steamboat, called the Saltus, which they de
' signed to rue, in connection with their road,
this season. The boat wintered at Sherburn
Bay; and when the proprietors were about to
move her they found that a part of her machi.
nery hail been stoitin. They attempted to tow
her down to Plattsburg, but the people of Bur
lington cot the lines and took her back. The
following night two old steamers (the Burling
ton and Whitehall) were drawn beside the
Saltus, and sunk in such a position that the
latter cannot lie moved. The Plattsburg peo
ple were much exasperated. The captain and
owners of the steamer Saranac were supposed
to be concerned in the outrage; and when Out
boat came to their village four hundred per
sons rushed on board, armed, and lashed her
wheels, and threatened to sink her, arrested
her captain, and pelted him and others with
rotten eggs. So the matter stood at last ac
From Havana we have papers to the 12tIr.
Tde (Vidal Gazette of the 9th contradicts the
statement that the Government of Spain had.
directed the Captain• General to indemnify the
owners of the Black Warrior. On the contra
ry, it says that the Queen has the fullest renft.
donee in the real services and action or Gee:
Pezuela, and that he will bring the affair to a
proper termination, reonnmending him nt tins
same time to maintain the dignity of the nation.
It is said that there are 10,000 additional
troops now on their way from Spain to rein
force the army on the Island.
Peznela had published now regulations, ma
king it lawful to search for negroes on estates.--
Ile also denies that there is a contract between
Grout Britian and Spain, by which the latter is
bound to emancipate the slaves on the island.—
He also makes very severe remarks relative to
the introduction of negroes into Cuba.
The Jesuits are n,gain in full sway, marrying
whites to blacks. Artisans are forbidden to
carry knives or any pointed instrument of their
trade on their person.
pre' A toad dog was killed is Washington,
on Friday last.
One of the Nice Young Nen,
The Philadelphia papers gives an account of
a hearing hail before Alderman Mitchel, of a
young man named John Shindle, thruierls of
this cite, on a charge of bigamy. It appears
from the testimony that he had married a
young lady, a Miss Barton, of this vity, and
Carried her to Philadelphia, where they have
been residing ever since. In January last, lin
married another young, lady of Philadelphia,
pretty and respectable. On Saudis?•, the last
lady heard of the unfaitlit'ulness of her lms
',mid, and she went into convulsions immedi
ately, and during the examination before the
Ahj a r m a a , alto appeared to be in great dig
tress. Mr. Shindle denied having married the
Lancaster lady, but unfortunately she confron
ted hint with the certificate of her marriage.—
Both ladies were present during the hearing,
and seemed exceedingly mortified nt the posi•
Lion in which they were placed. The accusal
was committed to prison, in default of $2,000
bail, to answer at Court. —Lancaster Herald.
nail Road Hours.
Fest Line going Eii.twaril.
Leaves Mt. Union, 4 33 P. M.
Mill Creek, 4 19 ..
Huntingdon, 4 09 "
Petersburg, 3 53 "
Spruce Creek. 3 41 "
5 52 A. M.
6 06 "
6 26 "
6 33 "
6 47 "
Slow Line going Eastward. Westward.
Leaves Mt. Union, 330 A. 31. 410 P. M
Mill Creek, 3 13 " 4 26 .
Iluntingdon, a 01 " 4 40 .
Petersburg, 2 42 " 4 56 "
Spruce Creek, 2 27 " 5 n ,4
May 23,1554.
• • •$7.75 a $B,OO
Flour per bbl.,
Red Wheat. per bit.,• •
White Wheat, per be
Rye, per bu
Corn, per be
Oat% per ho
Hay, per ton
Rutter, per
Lard, per lb., 10
Eggs, per doz., to
PHILADELPHIA, May 20.—1 n Flour there
is very little demand for export, and not much
change in the market to-day; and there sire few
sellers at $8,50 Per bbl; most holders ref use that
price for standard and good straight brands, the
latter being generally held at $8,75. The tra us
actions tar home use also have heen limited,
within the range of sB,62iasB per 1.1.1. Corn.
Meal and Rye Flour remain quiet. Grain—The
roceiptsand sales of Wheat continuo limited,and
only some 3000a4000 bushels found buyers at
204n205c. for reds, 212 e. for white. Rye is
scarce at 1115112 e. Coro 75tabc. Oats, at
600 PIECE S Wall Paper, glazed d un
anglazed, choice patterns, for side at tbs
store of (W.O. GWIN.
Tuft vreeived u beautiful ossosstnent of Seel
iped and Plaiit Velvet Ribbons, by
Geld Watelies sold 1,7 Ep.
luu cr than elierdiur,