Newspaper Page Text
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Wednesday Morning, May 17, 1854.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET :
James Pollock, of Northumberland co.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
George Darsie, of Allegheny co.
JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT,
Daniel NI. Smyser, of Montgomery co.
Medical Students or Physicians, wishing a
well selected assortment of Medicines, with
Bottles, Jars, and all the necessary fixtures
belonging to a Physician's Shop, also a well
selected Medical Library, may be had on very
low terms. For further information inquire at
Notice to Mill-Wrighte and Builders, by
William Dorris, Jr.
Land Warrants Wanted—inquire at the
Hams, Shoulders, &e., Ac., by Geo. G win.
Administrator's Notice, Estate of Jno. Speer,
deed., by David Clarkson.
Public Notice, by C. A. Black.
We receive a great many communications
for the Journal, signed only with some fancy
initials. If we publish such a communication
we alone are resimnsible, for we cannot tell
who the writer is. The public should know
that we cannot publish any communication
without the true name accompanying it. The
true name shall not be made known unless we
are lawfully called upon for it.
Breathes there a man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself has said:
I will the Huntingdon Journal take.
Both for my own and family's sake?
If such there be, let hint repent,
And have the Paper to him sent;
And if he'd pass a happy winter,
He, s' ADVANCE, would pay the printer.
THE New YORK MUSICAL EEVIEW.—This
journal is conducted with marked ability and
commendable energy. The number for May
11th, which is just received, is a double one,
and consists of thirtytwo pages. The music
is unusually abundant, varied and excellent,
and is, we venture to say, fully worth the sub
scription price of the Review (one dollar) for a
year. The reading matter is also copious, spi
cy and instructive. It seems to us that every
choir, singing school and family, where music
is taught, would bo greatly benefitted be sub•
scribing for, and reading the New• York
cal Review. Published by Mason Brothers, 23
Park Row, New York.
A CHEAT AND NOVEL. ExrcarntsE.We pub.
lish in our advertising columns a magnificent
Gift Enterprise, (the third of a series,), started
in New York by Mr. Perham, who has been
long and thvorably known throughout the North
and East. An examination of it will present
features that commend it to the attention of
every man, woman and child in the communi
ty. We have only to say that the former en•
terprises of this indefatigable manager have
been characterized by the greatest fairness, and
given the utmost satisfaction to all concerned.
Send in your orders for tickets as early as pos.
Bible, as they will undoubtedly be taken up in
a short time.
The Prohibitory Liquor Question.
This has been finally settled in the Legisla
ture, after occupying nearly the whole session.
The Committee of Conference, agreed upon a
bill to submit the Question to the people at the
next general election, to the effect that if they
vote is favor of a prohibitory law, it will be re
garded as the prayer of the people of the State
to the ensuing Legislature to enact such a law.
If they should cast a contrary vote, it will be
an end to "prohibition" at least for the present.
In the Senate, the report of the Committee was
adopted, by a vote of 24 to 7; and it was sub
sequently adopted in the House, by a vote of
60 to 33.
The U. S. Mail was robbed, near Mr. John
Baker's, on the road leading from the Three
Springs to Wademan's Mill Post Office, in the
southern part of this county. When the villain
met the post-boy, he drew a pistol, and told the
boy if he did not deliver up the mail-bag he
would shoot him. The boy, at last, surrender.
ed. The robber soon disappeared in the woods
with the mail-bag. Search was immediately
made, but neither the thief nor the mail-bag
has been found.
If the thief is as unsuccessful in all his en
terprises of the kind, he will be apt to remain
poor all his days. When the mail left the
Three Springs, (which was the last office before
the robbery,) it contained one letter and one
newspaper, so he makes a great speculation.
The robber is described as being a tall man,
wore a high crown black hat, and black coat.
This is about the only description the boy could
Important to School Directors.
The school law which recently passed the
Legislature, and received the sanction of the
Executive, makes it the duty of the School Di
rectors, of the several counties of the Common
wealth, to meet in convention at the seat of
justice of the proper county, on the first Mon
day of June next, and on the first Monday of
May in each third year thereafter, and select
viva vim by a majority of the whole number of
Directors 'present, one person, of literary ac
quirements and of skill and experience it the
art of teaching, as County Superintendent for
the three succeeding school years, and the
School Directors, or a majority of them in such
convention, shall determine the amount of
compensation for the County Superintendent,
which said compensation shall be paid by the
Superintendent of Common Schools by his
warrant drawn upon the State Trensurer in half
yearly ;instalments if desired, and shall be de
ducted front the amount of the State appropri
ation to be paid the several school districts for
To pursuance of a call issued by the Bur
gesses and Town Council of the Borough of
Huntingdon, a meeting of the citizens of said
borough convened at the Court House, on Mon
day evening, the 10th inst., to consider and
adopt measures to detect the persons concern
ed in the recent fires in this place. and to pre
vent incendiarisms in future.
The meeting was organized by the appoint
ment of DANIEL AFRICA, Esq., President,
and A. W. BENEDICT, Esq., Secretary.
On motion, a Committee, consisting of John
Scott, David Snare, Thos. I'. Campbell, Epps.,
James Saxton and john ln.sthrook, was ap
pointed to draft resolutions expressive of the
sense of the meeting.
Remarks were made by several gentlemen.
On motion, the meeting adjourned to meet on
Saturday evening, the 13th, in order to give the
Committee time to report.
Saturday, May 13th,
Pursuant to adjournment, the meeting re•
convened at the Court Home.
The Committee appointed at former meeting
made report as follows:
The Committee appointed to consider the
best means to be adopted for the detection, ar
rest, and conviction of the persons guilty of in
cendiarism in the borough: for the prevention
of the commission of the same offence hereafter:
and for the provision of a more efficient fire
apparatus, respectfully reports:
That after full consultation, and the reception
cf such suggestions as some of our fellow citi
zens saw proper to snake to us, we have com
municated to the Burgesses and Town Council,
through one of their number present during
our deliberations, a method of detection which
we have strong confidence will soon result in
the development of sufficient evidence to justify
the arrest and insure the conviction of the au
thor or authors of all the fires with which we
have recently been visited.
The details of this method we, of course, do
not deem proper to communicate in public.—
We believe them to be efficient. We have no
doubt the members of the Council will give all
their ener g ies , and employ the secret influences
suggested to make them signally and speedily
efficient. While the measures hereafter re
commended will, we hope, prevent similar mis
fortunes in future, the measures to he secretly
taken with reference to those especially sus
pected of incendiarism in the past, can hardly
fail to detect the guilty ones, and procure for
them a conviction whirls will insure them a ten
years residence in the Penitentiary.
For the purpose of preventing fires in future,
and staving their progress if they do occur, we
submit fur the consideration of the meeting the
Ist. That David Snare, Esq., David Black,
and Thomas Fisher be and they are hereby ap
pointed a Committee to call upon the citizens
and obtain their signatures to an agreement to
servo as a Night Police at such times as they
may be called upon, or will furnish an approved
substitute, or in default of doing either, will
pay to the Burgesses and Town Council of the
Borough of Huntingdon, (for the purpose of
supplying a fund to fill their places) the sum
of one dollar and twenty-five cents for each
night they shall so full to serve or supply a sub
stitute: to report the names so obtained to the
Town Council: who are hereby requested to
adopt a system for drawing the names of citi
zens to serve in such police with such details
as will render it effective, and give to each ci
tizen so drawn timely notice of the night upon
which he will be required to be on duty.
2nd. That if any person shall refuse to sign
such agreement, (although we do not look upon
such a result as probable in any case,) their
names be reported to the Town Council, with a
request to have them entered on their minutes,
and made public if deemed expedient.
3rd. That if this system be found ineffectual,
or impracticable, said Committee be empower
ed to call another town meeting to devise fur
ther means of protection.
-Ith. That the Burgesses and Town Council
be, and they are hereby requested, in accord
ance with the sentiments of the citizens hereby
declared, to procure a Suction Engine and
Hose sufficient to supply the Engines plenti
fully with water, and to put the whole fire ap
paratus of the Borough in good working order.
6th. That the citizens of the Borough will
sustain the Burgesses and Council in incurring
all reasonable expenses in carrying out the
foregoing resolutions, and in taking measures
to detect, arrest, and prosecute to conviction,
any and all persons suspected of incendiarism
within the Borough.
6th. That the Burgesses and Town Council
he requested vigorously to enforce existing or
dinances against vice, immorality, and disor
derly conduct; to pass any more stringent ones
that may be necessary, and also to empower
the night police to act as Special Constables,
and make arrests under the ordinances.
Which report was adopted, and Committee
The proceedings were ordered to be publish.
ed in the papers of the Borough.
DANIEL AFRICA, Pres,
A. W. BENEDICT, See'y.
New Liquor Law,
We learn from the legislative proceedings of
Monday that a new liquor law passed both
Houses on that day, and only needs the signa
ture of the Governor to become a law, It was
introduced originally to apply to Schuylkill
county, and afterwards amended to apply to
the whole state:
It prohibits after its passage any persons
from selling beer, ale, porter, or other malt li
quors without a license from the Court of Quar
ter Sessions, to be procured in the anise man
ner as licenses for taverns are now obatined.—
It also prohibits any person from obtaining a
license for the sale of spirituous liquors by the
quart or otherwise, unless the persons so apply
ing shall be retailers of foreign and domestic
goods, wares and merchandise, and' entitled to
be classed equal to the fourteenth class, and to
have been thus regularly classed by the mer
All peWons violating this act are subjected
to the same penalties as those prescribed
against the keepers of unlicensed tippling bon.
see; but the act is not to brewers of malt li
quors or manufacturers or rectifiers of liquors
fur wholesale purposes. The act goes into effect
immediately upon being signed by the Governor.
The Manufacture of Iron.
It is stated that sixteen iron works are now
in operation-9 in Pennsylvania, 3in Virginia,
lin New Jersey, lin Ohio, lin Massachu
setts, and 1 in Maryland—are prepared to turn
out 160,000 tons of railroad bar this season.
For this product the following raw materials
will be required: 213,333 tons pig iron; 840,-
000 tons coal; 560,000 tons iron ore, and 223,-
333 tons of limestone. The capital of these 16
companies is $10,000,000; they support a popu
lation of 92,500 persons, and consume $4,625,
000 in breadstuff's, besides affording a profit to
all the various branches of business in and
around the mills.
Aar The Pennsylvania School Journal for May
is on our table. It contains an abstract of the
School Law that has recently been passed by
our Legislature. It also contains a great ma.
ny communications on the subject of education.
Terms.—One dollar per annum in advance.
Subscriptions to commence on the Ist of Jo
ly or January, at the option of the subscriber.
Bare.—A. Western paper speCii of a
man dittl w ithout, the avi of a phyLe:an."
From the Commercial I,i,t.
Protection of the Iron Interests.
If the farmers of this State, the lumbermen,
the millers, the colliers, the ettrpenteri, shoe.
makers, and manufactures of every degree, are
not stultified beyond redemption, they will rise
to a man to protest against the outrage which
is about to be perpetrated against the domestic
iron interests, in the repeal of the duty on rail
road iron. If there is one proposition clearer
than another in political economy, it is the
policy of home production, of bestowing home
indu..:,7 upon home tnaterirals, and of placing
producer and consumer shin by side. In spite
of the repeal of the tariff of '42, which was rap
idly breaking the ground all over our State,
wherever iron might readily be found, and
was building up furnaces and forges in the
wilderness—in spite of the destruction of this
beneficent inw , cirumstances within the last
three years have, with the feeble aid of the net
of '46, restored this persecuted branch of Penn
sylvania interest, and placed it on a footing re
quiring only time and non-interference to at
tain the growth and strenth which will no lon
ger ask the helping hand of Government.—
These circumstances are the multiplication of
railroads through Europe and this country,
with the extensive adaptation of iron to new
purposes, so as to create a demand beyond ex.
'sting means of supply, very materially enhan
cing the price abroad, and thus operating as a
premium on our own manufacturs of the arti
cle. Under this condition alone is found com
pensation for the reduction of the duty in '46,
which would otherwise have closed finally the
furnaces and forges of Pennsylvania, as it had
begun to do, before its operation was stayed
by the impetus which the discoveries of gold
gave to the world's business. Thus accident.
ally fostered, our iron manufacture has sudden
ly recuperated, and is now in a vigorous infan
cy, full of richer promise to our State than is
gold to California. It has gathered around it,
at various points, prosperous communities,
busy in all the useful arts of life. Lands have
been cleared, houses built, and shops opened.
Farmers and mechanics in places where neith.
er could find a living market before, hove now
customers increasing holly in numbers and
means, among the sturdy iron men.
The parties aiming the blow are, first, a few
railroad companies out of the State, which find
their means inadequate to their enterprises,
and would make up the deficit by seizing vir
tually upon the profits of the Pennsylvania
Iron manufacture. But the chief and original
conspirators are the British Iron Masters, who
already feel the power of our competion, and
who foresee in its extension, under even the
limited protection of the present tariff, its ul
timate strength and security. They know full
well that if let alone, the iron regions of the
State will be rapidly settled by farmers, me
chanics and miscellaneous manufacturers that
the cost of producing iron will be thus very
materially reduced on the double ground of a
market at the doors of the forges and mills and
of active domestic competition. In this redne.
tion they also foresee an end of the necessity of
tariff protection, when American Iron will have
the advantage of so great an amount of capi
tal, ingenuity and labor engaged in its produc
tion, that like American heavy cotton, it will
not only be produced as cheaply as the Eng
ligh, but compete with them in the markets of
the world. Such is the danger which English
masters are now determined by all means, fair
or foul, to avert, For this end are their agents
in Washington, with unlimited credits for bri.
bery and corruption. And they will succeed
now as they have succeeded in fbriner instan
ces, unless the voice of Pennsylvania arrests
them promptly. It therefore behooves our ci
tizens of all classes, the agricultural and me
chanical most especially, to move in this mat
ter. Iron manufacturers themselves however
must at once take the initiative j secure an
expression of popular opinion whatever mode
may be deemed advisable.
The Democratic Party.
There is no disguising the fitct that the
Democratic party, powerful and trimnphnnt ns
it was twelve mouths ago, is now supine owl
indiferent, and disgustful. There is no dis.
guising the fact thnt the elements of opposi.
lion have been growing every day.
A universal distrust has grown up among
the people, even among the truest and sternest
democrats, who believe that they have been du.
ped defrauded, and cheated, and that high
places of the government are surrounded by
mean, low and contemptible men, that keep of
from higher sources every expression of hones
ty and disiterestedness, and do but "crook the
lregnant hinges of the knee that thrift may fol
The above precious confession is from the
Washington Sentinel, a staunch democratic pa
per, and therefore good authority; especially
when, as in the present instance, its testimony
is wrung from it as from an unwilling witness
and it is compelled to speak whether it will or
The Approaching Eclipse.
On the 26th inst. there will occur an eclipse
of the sun, visible and generally large through
out the United States, and actually annular in
part of the territories of Washington and Min
nesota, of 'Vancouver's Island. Canada West,
and the States of Michigan, New York, Ver
mont, New Hampshire, Maine and Massachu
setts. The path of the central eclipse first en
ters upon the earth in the North Pacific ocean
near the Caroline Islands, in latitude about SIX
and a half degrees north, and longitude one
hundred and ninety-seven degrees west; thence
taking a northeasterly direction, it touches our
continent near Cape Flattery, in Washington
territory; it thence passes over Vancouver's Is
land, British Oregon, Minnesota, Isle Royale,
Lake Superior, Canada West, New York, Ver
mont, New Hampshire, and Maine to the At
lantic, where it leaves the earth in latitude
about thirty-six degrees, longitude fifty-two de
grees; having in three hours, forty•one minutes
and twenty-one seconds, the time of its contin
uance thereon, run over one hundred and forty
five and a half degrees of longitude, and fifty
six degrees of latitude. The duration of the
ring, where central in Washington territory will
be four and a half minutes, and in New 'York
and New England somewhat less than four.—
At Philadelphia the eclipse will not he annular
or total. It will begin at 4h. 10m. 3 I.Bs. The
greatest obscuration will be at sh. 2Gm. 48.85,
and the end will be at Oh. 34m. 6.9s. ' making
a total duration of 2h. 23m, 35.15. We extract
these farts from an interesting paper on the
subject rend before the American Academy of
Arts sad Sciences by Mr. Paine, of which we
have received a copy.—North American.
THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR TIIE
VANCEMENT OF SCIENCE.—The American Sci
entific Association commenced its eighth annual
meeting on Wednesday at the Smithsonian In•
stitute in Washington. A large number of
scientific men, representing all sections of the
country, and embracing Professors in nearly
all branches of learning, were present. The
annnnl election of officers for this meeting took
place last year, and the general meeting being
called to order by the retiring President of the
Society, Professor Pierce,
prayer was offered
by the Rev. Dr. Bacon of Washington. Prof
Pierce then introduced his successor, Professor
Dana, of Yale College. who, upon taking the
Chair, made some brief hut pertinent remarks.
The Association held its annual election with
the following result: President, Dr. Torrey;
Permanent Secretary, Walcott Gibbs; Tressu
rer, Mr. Elwyn; Recording Secretary, Lawrence
Smith. It was voted to meet in Providence on
the 16th August, 1855.
To BE CIIALLENGED.-We understand from
the Harrisburg Telegraph, that Judge Pollock
visited the scat of Government last week, and
was met by his friends in a manner pleasing
and satisfactory. It is the intention of Judge
Pollock to challenge Governor Bigler to a pub•
lie discussion of the questions which will come
Mto the contest during the campaign. We arc
afraid that Bigler will back water.
The last news from our Pacific possessions is
far more encouraging than any of recent date
received from that quarter. For some time
previously the arrivals of gold had been great
ly reduced in amount, and it began to be feamd
that the supply was failing. San Francisco
journals contradicted this idea, of course, and
explained the true causes of the temporary de
. cline in the exportation of the precious metal,
but people here waited for facts to demonstrate
the reality. And these have nt length come.
The winter is over, and the yield of the mines
is again very largo. Three millions of dollars
of their produce have been exported, and fresh
discoveries of rich diggings are occurring con
stantly. Besides thin, the branch mint at San
Franriisco has gone into operation,. anti the de
posits average thirty.seven thousand dollars
Ter day. This mint will be an important aid
to all concerned in the California mines and
their auriferous product.
But a circumstance net less auspicious than
this fbr the prosperity of the Eureka State is
one that has, so far as we have observed, been
very little noticed. Wo refer to the remarkable
progress of agriculture there, as evidenced by
the fact, that the wheat crop of the State this
season is estimated at twenty millions of bush
els! The fear expressed by the San Joaquin
Republican, that California is producing more
wheat than she needs fiir her own consumption,
speaks more loudly than any elaborate descrip
tion of the rapidity with which the soil of the
new State has been brought under culture.—
We were aware that considerable attention was
directed to the business of farming, but this
announcement of its extent takes us by sur
prise, as it will no doubt many on this side of
the continent. We are inclined to think, how
ever, there must be some great exaggeration
in this estimate. Twenty millions of bushels
would be an immense yield, far surpassing the
crop of the great wheat grooving State of Penn
sylvania, as ascertained by the census of 1850.
It is difficult to perceive where the labor could
be procured to cultivate it, or by what process
the quantity of land it would require could have
been prepared and tilled in so brief a time.—
The soil of California is prodigiously prolific,
but it does not justify this wild estimate, which
is made by the Republican upon a calculation
assuming that all the rest of California will do
as well as San Joaquin county, where the fit,
niers estimate their crop at 1,250,000 of bush
els I Still the mere fact of such a statement
being put forth by a paper printed in the agri
cultural region of the State, and copied into
others, without comment, is sufficient to show
what astonishing progress has been made there
in the production of breadstuffs. California, it
may safely be assumed, has become a self' sus
taining State. But the citizens of that Com
monwealth are now threatened by a new dilem
ma. Although the product promises to be so
abundant, the milling facilities are not adequate
to the task of converting the crop into flour,
nor even a fraction of it; so that the prospect is
that the millers will make enormous profits,
while the farmers will lose. Perhaps this an
nouncement will cause the exportation of still
ing machinery thither front the Atlantic coast,
and the embarkation of enterprising capitalists
in the business. This, however, depends upon
the sufficiency of the time, of which those con
cerned must judge for themselves.
The overdoing of this branch of industry
seems to be a characteristic trait of California.
They are a sort of tumultuary people out there,
acting upon impulses which seem to be com
mon to large numbers. They are also extreme
ly shrewd at perceiving any opening for ma
king money, and eater in embracing it. Thus
we find that every Chance of gain is caught at
by thousands as soon as it becomes known.—
Ihe first farmers in California, after the break
ing out of the gold fever, made extravagant
profits; in consequence of which, vast numbers
rushed into the business, producing, of course,
the natural result of an over supply. It will
probably not lie long before there will be too
many millers, for the temptation of great gain
ahead is too strong to be resisted. But see im
agine that none who have commenced farming
there will abandon it. Farmers will change
their crops, for the soil of California will yield
almost any product of agriculture. And with
such a resource to depend upon, it seems list
of comparatively small consequence whether
the gold mines prove exhaustible or inexhans
tible. The attention of Californians has been
directed to the true source of wealth—the fer
tile arable soil, and they are developing its ca
pacity with all the vigor for which they ve so
remarkable. In a few years they will probably
he working coal mines, enriching themselves
with their products, and exporting the black
diamonds to all the stopping places for supply
ing steamers. The suspension of the great
rush of emigration has proved a decided favor
to the State. It has given an opportunity of
providing better for the multitudes already
there, and of establishing something like or
der and system in the regulation of affairs.—
The news from Mexico is of a highly inter
°sting nature. Santa Anna has blcelcaded the
port of Acapulco, and the Government troops
and those of the revolutionary party are busily
engaged in fighting.
The following report from the Purser of the
steamship John L. Stevens, will be found highly
Pacific Mail Steamship John L. Stevens,. R.
11. Pearson, Commander, left Sanfrancisco with
500 passengeas, tho U. S. Mails, and $l,OOO in
specie, on Saturday, April 15th, nt 6 P. M.—
Steamer Sierra Nevada left same day for San
On the 22d, at 9 A. 31., saw a ship in Man
muffle Bay. Same day, at SP. M., arrived off
the harbor of Acapulco, saw two vessels, show
ing what appeared to be French colors, laying
off the main entrance, each of which fired a
gun as the Stephens approached through the
North Channel, and soon afterward tired a shot
which fell short of us. The engine was imme
diately stopped, and the helra . put to starboard.
The ship fore.reaching came m full view of the
foot, which appeared to be crowded with men.
The steamer then loosing her steerage way,
and drifting toward the rocks on the north shore
of the bay, the engine was started ahead to
bring her round head to wind and tide, when
The ship and schooner coming under our lee in
point blank range, fired two shots close over us.
The engine was again stopped, It boat lowered,
and the first officer sent to inquire the cause of
their firing into us: Ito was not allowed to
board the ship, but was met by an officer in the
ship's boat, who informed him that the
port was blockaded, and that we must immedi
ately leave the harbor, or ho would sink us if
Captain Pearson himself then boarded the
ship, and was immediately informed by the
commander that his orders were imperative
from Santa Anna; to allow no vessels to pass,
and that if wo attempted it, he would fire into
us. Having sufficient coal to reach San Juan,
the ship was put on her course at 9 I'. H., and
orders given to the chief engineer to use all pos-
26th. The Engineer reported sufficient coal
to reach Panama, and the ship accordingly put
on her course fin• that port.
27th 8 P. M., spoke a schooner, five days out
During the detention of the Stevens at Acm
puleo,shots were frequently exchanged between
the two vessels and the fort, and without effect
on either side. Santa Anna, with an army vu.
riously estimnted nt from three to five thousand
men, was oneamped in the neighborhood, and
it was expected that ho would make an attack
on the town during the night.
28th, At 9 P. M., arrived nt Panama with
barely sufficient fuel to reach the anchorage.
Ni — aSi
From s ngton.
WashingtnyT, May 10, 1854.
The Nebraska bill looks doubtful to day.
Opposition to it is increasing in the Southern
Three votes are secure against it from Vie.
ginia, four from North Carolina, and five from
The Administration is alarmed for the result.
Douglas vino up all night encouraging the
ADDITIONAL FOREIGN NEWS BY
Rc•assembling of the British
teresting from the seat of War.—llecapture
qt . a Russian Prize
an English steam
er.—Bold I , ,;rploit (fa Russian Steamer.—
Insurrectionary Movements in Cireassia a
gainst Rassia.—The Greek Insurreelion.—
Important from Spain.—Demands of Mr.
Soule on the Spanish GUCCIIIMeIIi.
The Canada spoke on the 30th ult., the Eu.
rope, bound to Liverpool, and the City of
chester,from Philadelphia for Liverpool.
From the Seat of War.
The British steamer Fury "cut out" a Rus
sian merchantman, Aar the entrance of the
harbor of Sebastopol, under convoy of a Rus
sian steamer and two frigates. The Russians
bet the Fury escaped after cutting
her prize adrift.
This exploit of the Fury, which occurred on
the 11th ult., is recorded by the English papers
as a brilliant feat:—The steamer Fury, of six
guns, steamed under Austrian colors within
three miles of the entrance to Sebastopol, where
she saw two merchantmen, two brigs, two fri
gates and a steamer leaving the harbor. The
Fury dashed in and seized one of the merchant
ships and towed her off. The Russians gave
chase. and the Fury was finally obliged to cut
the prize adrift, but not until one of the frigates
and a steamer came within range and exchan
ged shots. The Fury, after four hours' chase,
succeeded in eluding the Russians, and carried
off the merch ant slips crew as prisoners, who
gave important information respecting the
strength of Sebastopol.
A Russian war steamer accomplished the
bold achievement of running from the Arai.
pelage, through the Dardanelles, the Sea of
Marmom, and the Bosphorus, and reached the
Black Sea, passing all the fortifications and
batteries in safety!
The steamer seas supposed to be a Russian
despatch bout. She carried British colors, and
boldly steamed through the Dardanelles and
Four thousand Turkish troops had refused
to march from Erzeroun to the war, on account
of not receiving their pay.
The insurrection against Russia in Circassin
was becoming general throughout all the war
like tribes. It was believed that Sehainyl would
soon be in force to attack the Russian head
quarters at Tiflis. •
The dates from Circassia are to the first of
April. The agents of Sehamyl among the
tribes of the Caucasus are indefatigable, and
coupled with the presence of the English and
French fleets in the Black Sea, the consequent
abandonment of the Russian posts on the Cau
casian coasts, and the cutting off of the Rus
sian supplies via Redoutkale, has made a deep
impression on the mountaineers, and it seas ex
pected that Schamyl would be largely reinfor
Battle at lialarat.
On the 26th of April a sharp combat took
place before Kahat. Twenty squadrons of
Russians, with six guns, were making a recon
noisance of the Turkish lines, when the Turks
sallied out with two regiments of regulars, some
bayonets and cannon. After a fierce combat
of three hours they obliged the Russians to re.
trent, with a loss of 200 men.
Omar Pasha, at the last accounts, was at
Shemin, concentrating Isis forces for defensive
The Russians were fortifying themselves in
the Drobudscha, where they have 30,000 men.
It was reported that the evacuation of Les
ser Wallachia by the Russians, was designed
to gain the favor of Austria.
The Russians were retreating towards Buch
arest, indicating a change in the plans of Rus
sia. _ _
The Sultan has offered a command to Abdel
The expulsion of Greeks from Turkey coil
Operations on the Baltic.
Admiral Napier has divided his fleet into
three divisions. The first has gone in the di
rection of Lavinia—the second is off Riga: and
the third is at the entrance of the Gulf of Fin
land, n ear Sweaborg, where the Russian fleet
is keeping close.
From the Black Sea,
Several steamers were seen oft' Odessa on
the 21st, which gave rise to the report of that
city having been attacked by the allied fleet.
Decrees of France and Russia in re•
Bard to Merchantmen.
A French Imperial Decree allows Russian
ships which lay in the ports of the Baltic and
the White Sea. previous to the 9th of ➢lay, to
unload and return unmolested to Russia or to
any neutral port.
A Russian decree gives the English and
French vessels six week from the kith of April
to escape from Russian ports in the Black Sea;
and six weeks from the ith of May to leave the
Baltic ports. The enemy's property in neutral
bottoms is to be regarded inviolable.
The Russian Prizes.
The crews of the Russian prizes had arrived
at England ; and were liberated on their parole
not to serve against England or France.
Parliament re-assembled on the 2yth, and
opened with a long debate respecting the recent
burning of the Circassian forts at Focksapania
by the Russians.
The Marquis of Anglesca is dead.
Great activity continues in France with the
shipment of troops for the East.
Marshal Arnaud embarked from Marseilles
on the 27th.
Prince Napoleon line left Malta for Turkey.
The Madrid correspondent of the London
Times says that there have been five notes ex
changed between Mr. Soule and the Spanish
Government in relation to the Mack Warrior
affair. Note No. 1, by Mr. Soule, states the
grounds of his complaint, and the reparation
he is instructed to demand, requiring a posi
tive reply within forty-eight hours.
No. 2, from the Spanish Government, de
clares its inability to reply until information
has been received from Cuba. _
No. 3, from Mr.. Souk, taxes the Spanish
government with seeking to postpone the reply,
and insinuates that Spain bad received des
patches from Havana, but had suppressed them.
No. 4, from the Spanish government, was so
strong, that it was generally supposed that Mr.
Soule would demand his passports.
No. 5, from Mr. Soule, was in milder terms,
but its contents had not transpired.
The Spaniards look upon the American claim
as overbearing and exorbitant.
Mr. Soule was present at the dinner given
by the British Minister.
The marriage of the Emperor has taken
place, and an amnesty was declared upon the
occasion to 400 prisoners,and the state of eeigo
has been removed from Lombardy from May
Baron Matitueffel stated in a speech to the
Chambers, in definite terms, that Prussia main
tains accord both with Austria and the West
The resignation of Chevalier Bunser, as Min
ister to London, was accepted. He is to be
succeeded by Count Bernstoff, a man thorough•
ly Russian in his predilections.
It is reported that the Gulf of Corinth is
guarded by French ships of war, and that nil
communication is stopped between the Conti.
sent and the Mop...s. The whole of
Southern Thessaly is reported to he in arms,
and the Turks are said to bare bees defeated
The report is confirmed that Post Mehunt•
most seeks an alliance with England.
A revolution is reported at Ave, the Prince
having poisoned his brother, .
Frour thu Boston Atlas, of May 10, 183-1.
Desperate Encounter with a Midnight
Attempted Mitnler nl IVeBt Nerfon.—About
four o'clock yesterday morning, the house- of
Mr.,Elias B. Paine, in West Newton, was the
scene of a most desperate, exciting and 'nye.
terious struggle, the particulars of which, as we
gather front a friend of the funnily, are as fol
It seems that on May day evening the fami
ly had been entertainining a party of friends,
and had retired at a later hour than usual.—
Upon going to his room, Mr. Joseph W. Paine,
the son of the occupant, who is 22 years of age,
retired to his bed, and passed two or three
hours reading. About three o'clock he blew
out the light, but fortunately was unable to go
to sleep, and lay in an unusually restless state
for fifteen or twenty minutes longer, when sad.
denly he heard strange footsteps approaching
his room. Instantly he sprang from his bed,
and seized a loaded pistol, which he has been
in the habit of keeping in his possession since
a recent sojourn in California, took pest be
hind a bureau in the room, and awaited the in
truder's approach. He had not long to wait.
The door opened cautiously, and he could per
ceive in the gloom the figure of a man gliding,
stealthily towards the bed he had just quitted.
Upon passing his hand over the bed, the stran
ger uttered a half suppressed exclamation 'of
disappointment, and young Paine could per
ceive the gleans of a knife. He levelled the
pistol with a careful aitn at the stranger's head,
but checked himself with the thought; that it
was perhaps some starved wretch seeking only
pluniter, and he would not wantonly take
man life. With this impulse he laid the pistol
upon the bureau, and sprang upon the mire
der, who immediately assailed him with a dirk
knife, cutting him severely in various parts of
the body, but as Paine succeeded in grasping
his hands, the blows were not heavy. He at
last succeeded in screeching the knife fromthe
hands of his assailant, notwithstanding his ap
parently superior strength, when the fellow
drew a pistol, which Paine grasped, and by ex
traordinary good fortune his little finger was
between the cap and hammer when the fellow
drew the trigger! The hammer of the pistol
took a small piece of flesh out of the fingerf—
The fellow made n second attempt to discharge
the weapon, but Paine struck his arm and the
ball entered the ceiling of the room.
The struggle was then renewed, Paine in
turn being the assailant, inflicting upon tide
fellow two stubs with the knife. The man suc
ceeded, however, in getting out of the how,
but closely followed by Paine, and fighting the
way inch by inch; cursing and swearing, through
the parlor and dining room, when Paine find
ing himself growing weak from the loss of
blood, and fearing that the man would filially
escape, tripped him over a picket fence back
of the house, and both rolled down au embank
ment of ten feet, when the stranger succeeded
in disengaging himself, and escaped just as
the family, (who had been aroused by the re
port of the pistol fired during the struggle in
the house,) arrived at the spot. Young Paine
had strength left to answer to his father's call
that. lie was safe, but had to be helped into the
house, and to bed, where he still lies in a criti
cal stage. During the whole struggle it didn't
occur once to him to call for help.
None of the stabs are such as would be very
dangerous alone, the worst being a deep pull
on the breast, about three inches in length, but
his head, face, hands, arms'and body are bad
ly hacked up, from which lie has tiled profuse
ly, and haying been somewhat feeble fur some
time past, it is thought he will long be
ed to his bed.
Assassination was evidently the object of the
intruder, since he made no attempt to secure
the young man's watch, which was banging
close to his hand at the bed's head, but pro
ceeded at once to his bloody work. Mr. Paine
is joint editor and proprietor of the 'Yankee
Blade, published in this city, an estimable
young man, and can give no reason wh}• he
should be thus attacked. -The whole affair is
enveloped in mystery.
Mr. Paine says he think twice at least he
thrust the suite Is the hill in the body of his
assailant, and if so, lie probably cannot long
escape detection. It is thought that the fellow
had been watching the housc,and entered as
soon as he supposed his victim had fidlen
asleep. He left behind a dirk knife and pistol
of peculiar make, together with the ball fired
into the ceiling, which will probably lead to
his identification and arrest. The roads in the
vicinity were searched as soon after the affair
as the neighbors could be aroused, but 110 ar
rest was made. Mr. Paine, senior, has offered
a reward or $5OO for the apprehension of the
desperado. Much excitement exists through.
out the neighborhood.
13XIA. The Norfolk Argus states that about
thirty barrels of fish, of various kinds, are daily
shipped frost Northll: to Baltimore, by one deal
er alone. Another ships on nn average, twen
ty barrels of hard crabs. Later in the season,
the quantity will be much huger. Fifty barrels
Of eggs (sometimes a hundred)are sent twice a
week to New York, by the regular strain pack
ets. One man ships 0.000 to 8,000 benches of
radishes daily, to Baltimore. A dealer has
sort hence to New York markets, within the
the last three weeks, 600 barrels of sweet pota
toes, and his clear profit is about one dollar on
each barrel. Quito a large business is also
done in dried apples and peanuts. Three hun
dred bushels of the latter article are weekly
shipped to New York by one person, who, with
in the last four or five months, has also shipped
upwards of 20,000 bushels of dried apples.
A Lim.: or STAGE COACHES moo ST. Loris
TO SAN FRANCISCO.-Among the different pro
positions now before Congress, is one tbr a line
of mail coaches from St Louis to San Francis
co. It will, perhaps, be as well to try stages
first before entering on a four hundred million
project of a Pacific Railroad. Meanwhile it
will, perhaps, not be amiss to state that the
mail hue front Fort Independence to the Mor
mon city, and thence to Sacramento has prov
ed an entire fitilure, and that, after a three
year's trial, it is to be abandoned. It the place
of it, the Postmahter General has substituted
a lino from the mermen city to San Bernardi.
no, or San Diego , thence coastwise to San
Francisco. Of al the routes thus fur discov
ed, the Tehuantepec route is incomparably the
shortest, safest and most expeditious.—Sun.
Ser Tell's Feat has been emulated at New
Orleans by a man named Travis, who, for a
wager of a thousand dollars, shot a bullet
through an orange placed upon the head of an
other man at the distance of thirty six feet.—
The orange was only about five inches in eir
cumferenco. He on whose head the orange
rested displayed a great deal of foolhardiness
in risking his life thus for a mere bet.
Increase of Silver.
Wo learn that J. D. Cosmeil, Esq., of the
Treasury Department, delivered a few days
since at the mint in Philadelphia, fifty-two tons
of ingots of silver, the value of which is one'
and a quarter million of dollars. The govern
ment purchased Mexican ingots of silver a
mounting to two millions of dollars at three
per cent. premium, three•gnarters of a million
of which were left at the mint in Now Orleans.
The object of the purchase of this amount of
silver is to increase the supply of silver change.
Pennsylvania Public works.
The Secretary of State of Pennsylvania. in
accordance with the law lately passed, invites
proposals until the first Monday of July, for the
purchase ofthe Main Line oftho Public Work,
.No bid will be received fur less than $lO,OOO,-
IFIX. A mob at Peru, Illinois, lately destroyed
$1,500 worth of liquor, owned by a Mr. llama,
by boring holes in the casks. At Lasalle, Illi
nois, $5OO worth was similarly destroyed.
ger A Cincinnati paper states that several
thousand barrels of swine ' s NUM is used in
that city every year fin. the manufacture of sweet
wine. That's nit itetu for witte,kinker
Death from the b:
The Buffalo Republic 14 .
particulars or the death ci
lard, residing in Bad°, wi
since, from the effects of the
"About six weeks ago n
sitting in her room, the rat
under some npparent exe
put out her hand with the in
and allaying its feelings.
seized upon her hand and n
til forced off, when it escape
and returned again two dal
tacked and bit another pp
manner, and the eat was kit
suspicion that it might be
lard then subtnittedto the
dila:ring the flesh cut out
the hand that had been Nit'
had become perfectly heales
"Early last week Mrs. V
symptoms of nervousness,
to Friday, when it beeum
plaint was hydrophobia.
'sties of that disease now at
their usual violence. Altho
she found it impossible to •
tad talking—a cessation fr
a feeling of smothering and
ing. There was a constri
attended with spasms, whir .
(pent, violent and distr.!
tint' of life. A dread of all
sight of which produced a t
followed by vomiting. At
by physicians to apply chi(
her nervousness, but we m
was the same as that produ
water. In this way she gt
her terrible sufferings tenni
Kir New gold pieces, o
of S 3, have just been issued
Philadelphia. They are sai
executed. The front has al
n feathered crown, with t .
States of America" aroan
lots the words "Three Dolla
of wheat, &c.
Roil Road 1
Feat Line going EaStWal
Lent,: Mt. Union, 4 331'.
Mill Creek, 4 19 "
Huntin;.:4oo, 4 09 , 4
Petersburg, 3 53
Spruce Creek, 3 41
Slow Line going Enstnn
Leaves Mt. Union, 3 30 A.
Mill Creek, 3 13
Huntingdon, 3 01
Peterslifilv, 2 42
Spruce Creek, 2 27
Flom• per 1,1,1.,
Red Wheat, per h 0.,• •
White Wheat, per ho
- Rye, per Int
Corn, per bn
Oats, per It. •
Hay, per ton •
Butter, per lb.,
Lard, per 1b.,•
Eggs, per doz.,
at $8,75 per barrel, but they
port demand. and no transoc
ported, except small lots for
nt $8.75 op to s9 : t. for comma
Eye Flour and Corn Meal at
Grain—The market coati
Wheat. Small sales of red a
at $2 15 per ha. Eye is scat
Corn is doll—tiasoso hada.
cts. Oats sells at 53 cents.
Tie )111 , 8i extraonlinary th're
is the Great ...lrahio
IT IS A PACT ESTAIII
known that the Arabians at
the knowledge of medicine
whole world to wonder at
them the science of chemisi
and it is, thereforenot at a
people 80 eminentl ' y success)
art, and so persevering and
ter, should by actual and un
discover remedies far surpas
others, for the cure of those
to them from their mode of:
part 'of their time being spell
bloody warfare with thit dill
were subject to the most viol,
ndism, paralysis., neuralgic
ous intlamtnatory diseases,
horrid wounds, sprains, !Rid:
lingo, diseases of the joints,
diseases they were so surpri:
curing, that the uninitiated
der mid attributed their skill
magic. 11. G. FAIMELL'I,
IISIENT is a composition of
frost the rare plants peeulitv
and it was by the n'se of the
this great remedy that not on
but even the wild Arabs of t
abled to perform such mime
Arab steed is worarettowne,
symmetry of form, his unsui
agility, nod the incredible 1,
blo of enduring. Why is if
the time of his birth * his lh
watched, and upon the first
ease the magic lotion is t
things as confirmed sweeuy,
ringbone, scratches, spavin,
are unknown. The same re
all cases where H. G. Farrel
an Liniment is used in time,
not in procuring a good sup:
dollar spent in it will save 31
great deal of suffering, if nod
Look out ,Thr
The public are cautioned
counterfeit, which has lately
once, called W. B. Farrell's .
the most dangerous of all th,
cause his bavlng the name
will buy it in good faith, with
that a counterfeit exists, and
only discover their error w
mixture has wrought its evil
The genuine article is ma
H. G. Farrell, mole invent()
and wholesale druggist, No.
Peoria, Illinois, to whom all
Agencies must be addressed,
it with the letters 11. C. befit
—IL G. FARRELL'S—and
the scrapper, all others are e
Sold by Thos. Read & Sot
E. Sellers & Fleming Wattle
burg, and by regularly n
throughout the United State
563 7 " P! 25 and 50 cent:
A GEN TS WANTED in
and hamlet in the United Si
is not already established. .i
roll as above, accompanied
ns to character, rosponsibilit
May 10, 1851—It,
rtorosALs will bo rocoi
signed, up to the let day
the erection al
ne Three Stor
• - 'Farm," adjoin'
The Mill is to be propolka
be calculated for ten pairs of I
Brick can he made, and SP:
in half a mile of the premises.
Plan and specilications fart
lion, by mail, or personslly, tt
Minting,lon, Mny 17, I 85.;
"Blair County Whig," "1
"Barrisbarg Tolograil" pi
charge thii office.
SUPEI:I( )1: ankle of
, we al the store of