Newspaper Page Text
IVednesday Morning, April 26, 1854.
WILLIAM BREWSTER, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET :
James Pollock, of Northumberland co,
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
George Darsie, of Allegheny co.
JUDGE OF TILE SUPREME COURT,
Daniel M. Smyser, of Montgomery co.
One of the ways of getting knowledge is to
supply yourself with a good library, this may
lie had at Wm. Colons Book Store. Ile has a
very extensive variety of Books. Any book he
may not have on hand, will be procured at
short notice. See his advertisement in another
Deniers in Iron, Lend, &e., will do well to
call on Geo. Earp, Jr., Phila: See his wive,
Bridge Builders, &c., will have a chance of
a speculation by attending to notice of H. S.
Wilson, Assistant Engineer, Broadtop B. B.
Medical Students or Physicians, wishing a
well selected assortment of Medicines, with
Bottles, Jars, and all the necessary fixtures
belonging to a Physician's Shop, also a well
selected Medical Library, may be had on very
low terms. For further information.ingnire at
this aim •
tn,..On motion of Wm. P. Orbison, Esq.,
our young friend John W. Mitten, Esq., was
admitted to the for during the Court of last
week, alter passing a highly creditable exami
The Law of Newspapers.
1. Subieribers who do not Fi v eexpress no
tice to the contrary, are coosidered as wishing
to continue their subscription.
2. lf subscribers order the discontinuance of
their periodicals, the puldishcr may continue
to send them until all arrerages are paid. •
a. If subscribers neglect or refuse to take
their periodicals from the office to which they
are directed, they are held responsible till they
have settled the bill and ordered them to be dis
.1. If subscribers remove to other places with
out informing the publishers, and the papers
are sent to the former direction, they are held
L. The courts have decided that refusing to
take periodicals from the office, or removing
and leaving them uncalled for, is prima facia
evidence of intentional fraud..
g'l7s 4 Tiodey's Lady's Book for May is on our
table at this early date. We thought the pre
vious numbers were about as good as we ever
saw, but the May another surpasses all the rest.
It contains 51 Engravings, and 74 contributors.
Thit number contains every thing that a
Lady may desire to complete her Spring Toilet.
The latest and most beautiful Fashions—U.
der-sleeves, Mantillas, Bonnets, Dresses and
Diagrams, Night Dresses, Recipes, Working
Patterns of Crotchet, &c., Embroideries, &c.—
For Gentlemen we have Farm Houses, New
Revelations of an Old Country, Cottage Furni-
ture, &c. For Juveniles, Drawing Copies,
Watch Pockets and Slippers, and good reading
for every body.
The May number will be sent to any person
on receipt of 25 cents.
Xte,•, We have received a copy of Kennedys'
Bank Note Review and Fan Simile Counterfeit
Detector. It gins a reliable report of the sob
volley or insolvency of all Banks, and ample
instruction to discover a counterfeit from a
genuine bill. The supplement consists of Poe
Similies of the most dangerous counterfeits.—
Also Fac Similies of Gold and Silver Coins,
with their value. We aro familiar with sever
al Bank Note Detectors, but we have no hesi
tation in pronouncing Kennedys' not only the
best, but the very best Bank Note Detector in
the United States, and if the business men in
our place will only take the trouble to call at
our office and examine it, I think they will at
once send one dollar to Kennedy & Bro., 3d
St., Pittsburg, for the work.
The National Foundry.
The Secretary of War, it is said, has appoint
ed a Committre, consisting of scientific officers
connected with the Ordnance Bureau, to ex
amine certain districts of the country, and re
port upon the location for a National Foundry.
If this be so, we hope our Congressman, Mr.
McCullough will urge a visit of the Board to
I luntingdon. The citizens of Huntingdon, too,
should call a public meeting, and appoint a
committee of intellectual and influential men
to confer with the Board, and properly set
forth the many claims and advantages of our
town as a location for the contemplated Na
tional Foundry. We believe it is one of the
best locations that can be found, we have every
facility. Let our citizens act in this matter,
and act'promptly. We propose a town meet
ga. John 'Williamson, Esq., presented n
Petition, on Monday of the second week of the
Court, signed by sixty-nine Ladies of the Bor
ough of Birmingham and vicinity; protesting
against the granting of Tavern Licenses, and
particularly, that none should be granted in the
Borough of Birmingham.
Mr. Williamson said, may it please the Court:
In presenting this Petition, signed as it per.
ports to be, by the Wives, Mothers, and Daugh
ters of our Country, creates a thrill of pleasure
my own bosom; and I Lave no doubt, meets
entire approbation of the Honorable Court.
thano doubt all appreciate the deep interest
the Women in this Country • fool in this
glay 4 vl reform, that is producing such happy
reaa l ! 3 'a Pennsylvania.
Who ..t3 more interested ? who can feel
more the, they? The domestic hearth is
Weirs . Cm•fort and enjoyment at home is•
their peculiat , i.l i t ; and we are bound to con
tribute to all tt;ir enjoyments. And I feel
grateful for thetreo.operating influence in the
grout struggle for the "Prohibifory Law." I
ask the Court that the Petition, so respectfully
signed, may be filed—whit-It was ordered by the
Court to be dvuu.
The imlefidigable I'.'l'. li.taNum, has become
Presideufot the Association for the Exhibition
of the Industry of all Nations, at the Crystal
Palace,, N. Y.
The regulation is, that the Exhibition will
be temporarily closed on the Eith day of April,
in order to be 'completely renovated and refit
ted, preparatory to it, formal re-opening on
Thursday the 4th any of May next.
,A great many beautiful and rare articles
have been consigned from Europe, as well ns
America. The Dutch Covernment has contri
buted a large and choice variety of articles from
Japan, they number about 1000.
A perfectly correct model of Venice, cover
ing about 1000 squnre feet, exhibiting every
detail of that beautiful city, in carved wood,
will be added.
• A profusion of uncommon plants and flowers
will embellish the palace:
The amplest facilities will be extended to
Exhibitors, among which will be the important
right to affix the price to any article of which
they may wish to dispose, to direct visitors
where duplicates may be obtained, and remove
their contributions, at any time, by giving only
one week's notice in advance.
The Machinery Department will be much
fuller and more effective than hitherto.
Under the new organization every article will'
be classified to facilitate inspection.
A novel and useful plan of re-arrangement
has been decided upon that will nearly .double
the' space previously appropriated to Exhibitors
throughout the entire building. They say,
"We need not hesitate to publish, therefore, our
ability to find room for anything useful or
pleasing that may he entrusted to us, and to
invite every man and woman in the World to
originate sonic - 111MA , for this concentration of
the "Industry of all Nations," that may redound
to their credit and benefit our common human
Arrangements have been completed with
some, and arc in progress with other Steamboat
and Railroad Companies connecting the City
of New York with various portions of the Uni
on, so that visitors will be conveyed to the
Crystal Palace, from the remotest spot, at
greatly reduced rates if travel.
The Crystal Palace, as we have said, will
re-open on the 4th of \fob•, as a stable and ho
mogeneous Institution for the people.
Barnum is the fowl who is nide and wil•
ling to make it what is contemplated.
Mr. Maguire, of the House of Representatives,
called up a bill to authorize the borough of
Huntingdon to subscribe to the capital stock
of the Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain
Railroad and Coal Company, which was amend
ed, and passed finally.
The House of Representatives has concluded
to adjourn on Tuesday the 2d day of May, at
On Friday last the bill for the Sale of .the
Public Works was taken up in the Senate, and .
was discussed at considerable length. After
being variously (intended, it was passed finally
by a vote of 25 yeas to G nays. The minimum
price fixed in the bill is ten millions of dollars,
the purchasers being authorized to construct a
railroad from Colombia to the Ohio river. It
is not likely that the House will concur in it.
Fulton County Whig Meeting.
The Whigs of Fulton County beald apnldie
meeting at McConnellslinrg last week. Messrs.
JAs. C. AUSTIN, J. 13. Bonus and Dr. S. K
DUFFIELD, were chosen Congressional Confer
ees, and Messrs. JAS. KrNo, JAS. L. STEIILING
and WILDS, Senatorial Conferees. No inane
lions were given fur either office. The follow.
lug resolutions were adopted:
Re:Weed, That the Whigs of Fulton county
entertain the same devotion to the principles
of the Whig party they have always done, and
will use all honorable means to secure the as
Resolved, That we has-a full confidence in
the nominees of the Whig State Convention,
and believe that with union we will be able to
elect the Whole Whig Ticket.
Resolved, That we heartily concur in the
sentiments of the resolutions adopted by the
late Whig State Convention, and that we en
dorse thorn as the principles whirls will govern
us in the approaching campaign.
se- A few days ago n relic was found at the
Burnt Cabins, Fulton county, which consisted
in a pair of large Horns, in a pretty good state
of preservation, they were not less than three
feet long. and about twelve inches in eircumfer
cure at the butt-end. They were found buried
in a bed of sand near the creek, about two feet
below the surface of the ground. It will be for
the Zoologist to say to what species of animal
they belong. Perhaps it maybe the Eik.
M.. A gong of counterfeiters have just - been
arrested in New York City, who have been for
some time past disseminating base coin through-
out the country. The police also broke up their
rendezvous, captured all their apparatus used
in the manufacture of spurious money, and got
upwards of $3OOO in well imitated gold dollars,
and two hundred and fifty counterfeit silver
The.mcdical properties or effects of
green lettuce are not generally known. The
eater of this salad takes a portion of a narcotic
substance similar is its properties to opium,
which it contains; and any one will discover
that his head is affected attcr indulging freely
in the article. -Eaten at night, it causes sleep;
eaten during the day, it soothes, calms, and al.
lays the tendency to nervous irritability.
The Gadsden Treaty is defeated by a vote of
27 to Is.
The Sloe amendment was lost by only two
votes. If that had been carried the Treaty
might have been saved. The loss of tit; Trea
ty is a sore defeat to the Administration.
A GREAT mix.—i7ciityMineis no doubt
the richest copper mine in the world. No less
than 1351 tons of copper were shipped from
the mine last year, and the Lake Superior Jour
nal states "that the celebrated mine has prod.
ced, ou an average, one hundred tons per
month during the past year and it is as rich
now in mass copper as at any time heretofore.
A hunddred per cent., we presume, will be re
turned yearly, as a dividend on the amount of
original investment, for many years to come.
SALE or me Peauc Wonas.—The bill au
thorizing the Governor to sell the Main Lino of
the Public Works, has passed both Houses and
is now in the hands of Governor Bigler for his
action. The price is•ten millions in cash.
Of the' fifty newspapers published in the
State of Maine, only five are in favor of the
Nebraska bill, of which papers each of the five
is pensioned by Go, ernment.
The Annexation of Canada.
We are not very likely to have annexation
on oar North for some time to come, if the
opinions, of the Toronto Colonist are the ex
pression of the Canadian people generally.—
Referring to the rumored invasion of Canada
by the Irish under John Mitchell, and the hopes
of a rebellion to second the invasion, the Col
onist, says :—
"We have nothing, to rebel for. We have es
much political freedom as we can desire. If
suck an invasion as the one proposed were at
tempted, we would be under the painful neces
sity ()fence more teaching the invaders n salu
tary lesson, that would induce them in future,
to attend to their own affairs. The people of
Canada would rise up ag,ninst them to a man,
thus giving them an'opportunity of teeing our
unanimity. We are ggite, satisfied with our
present condition; nor have we a desire at pres
ent, to change for any other. If, in time to
come a change shall be deemed necessary, it
will not bo amiexation. We are closely con
nected, politically, with the United States es
we ever shall be. We are nearly no closely
connected with them. in a commercial point of
view, as the State of New York is with Ohio;
and except a commercial connection, we shall
have no other. We will la al; e eo connection
with them that will empower the slave.driver
to make Canada a hunting ground. Human
flesh and blood-shall never be bartered in Can
ada like the beasts of the field. The baying of
the blood.honnds shall never echo through our
woods. If Mitchell wants 'a plantation of fat
niggers to flog,' ho will have to seek it some
other place than iii Canada. If Canada ever
becomes a State of the Union, it will not be
until its soil is snaked with blood. It is well
that our would-be invaders should know this
explicitly, once for all. When we change our
present form of government, we will set up nn
our - own account. At all times we will be glad
to lire on terms of friendship with the Clovern
mem end People of the - United States if pos
sible, slid if not, we will do the best we can to
take care of ourselves, which we have no doubt
of being well able to do."
The Superintendent - of the Colombia
The letter of Mr. Baker, the Superintendent
of the Columbia Railroad, Published in the last
Record, explains, perhaps, as clearly as any
thing that could be written, the canscr of the.
extravagance, waste and general bad manage
ment upon the lin* of the public improvements
of the State! That officer avows boldly his
utter contempt fur any individual or individuals
who may criticise his conduct, a n d hence be
puts at defiance the opinions of the tax-payers
and of the public. lie has no respect for what
others may think of the manors. in whirls be
discharges his duty. The public may condemn
his conduct—he disregards their opinion, lie
has in sovereign contempt for those who have
the hardihood to criticise his conduct. lie
despises them. Others may consider him par
tial—or Mistaken—he will do no he, pleases!—
"I will do as I please," saes mi.. Baker! "Am
I not. superintendent? What right has one of
the people to criticise my conduct?" Such is
the language of the superintendent! 11 any
person ventures to intimate that he has sent
the peoples' grist to Isis own mill to grind, or
that he has made contracts which are not for
the public advanta.g.e, he plainly tells hint he
will do it aonin I "I trill do ae lidease," says
Mr. Baker is indepenileut of public opinion.
Who has a right to minds conduct in question.
He despises the man who has the impertinence
to do it, and has an utter contempt for an Edi
tor who welds' publish any imputations upon
his conduct or judgment.
But Mr. Baker is perhaps not to blame for
the haughty and contemptuous tone in which
he treats those who pay the taxes. It may be
the common practice or the officials of the Ca
nal Board, who nee feeding at the Public crib,
and who think in this wny to defy scrutiny nod
avert public cordemnation. The Superinten
dent of the Portage Railroad acted on the same.
principle. 11 , expended in a single year more
than five hundred tlmpsand duffel, upon a road
of less than forty miles. Under him the State
tens robbed, be the admission of the Canal
Boar 1, of forty thousand dollars in the single
item of wood. 'True, the people grumbled, and
the ta,payers complained; bust the Superinten
dent of that road treated the complaints, like
Mr. Baker, with "eradensid." To the remon
strance he replied, "I will do as I please." lie
slid as he pleased, and Mr. Baker does the sense.
When complaint of corrupt contracts were
made, he said. as Mr. Baker says, he "would
do the same thing again!" And why not?—
The Superintendent of the Portage road °sea
pcd punishment; why should not Mr. Baker fol
iose so good an example?
So long no Mr. Baker, and everybody else on
the Public Works, -treats the people with con
tempt, and persist in doing just "as I please,"
we may expect to see corruption and pecula
Notwithstimiling Mr. Baker's contemptuous
opinions of correspondents And editors, he may
-perhaps hear from us hereafter.— Weald/Mei.
Sale of the Pablo Works.
"The eperience of the last five years slimy s
that however profitable they might be to indi
viduals or companies nt a moderate cost, they
would be dear to the Commonwealth as a mere
donation. So far from defraying any part of
its original cost, or even all the interest there
on, the system is a constant drain upon the
tax-payers for its own support. Ahd when
that burden shall be shaken oil; and a part of
the public debt paid by the proceeds, nod in
crease of the revenue derived from direct taxa
tionwill be unnecessary."
The foregoing is taken from the report of
the revenue commissioners, recently published,
and is a fair expression of public sentiment
throughout the Commonwealth. It should be
borne in mind, the members of the revenue
board were gentlemen of eminent ability, sc•
lected by the several Courts of Common Pleas
nod of both political parties. On the subject
of a sale of the public works there nppears to
be but ono opinion entertained by them, and
upon a common platform those gentlemen
take posSesion, with remarkable unanimity, in
favor of an immediate sale, as the only meas
ure of relief “from direct taxation," incident to
the prodigality that attaches to the present sys
tem of State improvements. Happily, the in
dications of a sound policy are being made
manifest in the House of Representatives, on
this perplexing question. •ambers aro Ind.
ting, Irrespective of party considerations for a
better state of affairs in the public expendi
tures. Drones and speculators will have to
abandon their holing places upon the line of
the public words; and the revenues of the Coin.
monwealth will speedily lie taken front disbar•
sing agents. who will hove leisure to sign blank
check rolls for work and labor• not done, and
afterwards whistle the sentimental tune Mu:
public pays for all," in search of plunder in
some other state.
We should doubt the correctness of the opin.
ion we have expressed in relation to a sale of
the public works, although our judgment of
the measure rests upon of leial records, show
ing the increased burdens of taxation, did we
not find ourselves sustained on every hand
where honest men have spoken on the subject.
Who doubts the intewity of the revenue board?
Who will venture to question the correctness
of the opinion expressed by them, and so Imo
quivocallv announced, as is the foregoing ex
tract. The time fur action has arrived, and
the tax-payers look to the legislature for the
complete overthrow of a system which no well.
intbrined, honest man can advocate.—Dcm.
Loris NAPOLEON AM; USTRIA.—The last
mails from Europe brought to Washineton clip
more than one letter from very reliable sour
ces, spying that Louis NAPOLEON has di-lime:
ly notifietrthe Emperor' of Austria, tlett if he
shows the slightest disposition to side filth Rus
sia in the war, he (the French Einperur) will
raise the standard of result in klunnry and
Loss of Ship Powhattan and 200 Lives.
PIIII.ADCLPIIIA, Wednesday, April 19.
A dispatch, just received from Absceom,
says that that up to last night about forty dead
bodies—men, women and children—had been
washed ashore on that Beach and Brigantine
Bench, about a quarter of a mile across the
Channel.. Those seen by our informant op.
pear to he Gertnans—they are all much disfi
gured, bowever. . .
Bodies were washing. ashore all the time at
A Led was also found further up the Beach,
but nothh, has vet been discovered to indicate
the name of the lost vessel.
A letter from Lewis, Del., dated Monday
last, says that the storm was most fusions
there, 'unroofing houses, barns, &c. Seven
vessels were blown ashore—one a .hermaphro
dite brig (name unknown) from Norfolk for
Boston, with corn. The crew were in the rig.
gins, except one, who swam ashore.
The schooner B. Alston from New York,
with a cargo of' lime, took fire nod was con
sumed, with the exception of her sails and rig
ging. The schooners Bailey and Minerva
wercelso ashore, and the totter hod lust remmt
ly been got Mr at an expense of 82,300. The
sea was so heavy that no boat could live in it.
Seventy sail remained in the Breakwater.
The bodies of two women, one man and a
boy were washed ashore on Abseeoml3each on
Monday. They appeared to have been emi
grants. It wits reported yesterday that three
more bodies had been found.
&emu/ Dispatch] Pint, April 19, 1834.
A letter received at The hedger office from
Long Beach, dated Mender, states that "the
ship Powhattan [probably the ship Powhattan.
of Baltimore, which left Havre with emigrants
about the Ist of March. She was an-old Ves
sel of abont 000 tuns, and is net likely to have
had much cargo,' came ashore about 3 o'clock
on Sunday morning, seven miles north of Egg
Harbor Light. She had about 200 emigrants
on board, and not a soul was saved, and not a
vestige of the wreck remains. Thirty-three
dean bodies have been picked up here.
The schooner Manhattan, of Bangor, Maine,
was also wrecked in the same neighborhood,
and all hands perished, save one of the crew,
who is in such a condition as to be unable to
give any particulars.
Third Dispatch] PIMA. April I9—P. M.
We have just received a dispatch from Ab
serum, which says: "A portion of the beading
"of a vessel has been washed ashore. It has
"cut or stamped upon it—Packet ship Staf
ford, Liverpool, bound to Dock 184 East Riv
"er.' The surf still brings dead bodies on the
"shore, and the total number found, thus far is
Form'7l Dispairh Pll 11..1. April 19—P. M.
A letter from Lewes states that the schooner
reported ashore there, with Corn, proves to he
the Octavia. All the crew was rescued. She
was n complete wreck and her cargo seas float
ing along the beach.
The schooner Lenity, (erroneously reported
the Bailey,) is also a complete wreck—her
keel being out and her mainmast through her
bottom. The other vessels nshore will be got
olp Their names arc: schooners Francis,
Fashion, Minerva; sloops Eliza Jane, David
Vannerman. No lives lost.
&MAN Bean ~ April 19.
The Liverpool Packet Ship ITuderwitor, of
1,200 tuns, Capt. Shipley, with upwards of 550
passengers, went nshore at .13 o'clock yester
day mornine-, on the bar four miles south of
Squan Beach. At sunrise the passengers nod
crew commenced to lighten her, and threw
overboard bones of tin, nod pig iron, about 60
or 70 tuns valued at 515,0007 but lightening
her only drove her further on.
A litie was finally n•ot to the vessel by the
wreckers, and one of Frances's life boats was
made ready to convey passengers on shore.—
Several of thorn were talon to the shorn with
great difficulty. Dot it became necessary to
suspend operatiops, and these on board spent
an anxious and sleepless night.
Russel Sturges's' steam:tugs, Titan, Capt.
Commisky, Achilles and Huntress, with two
schooners in tow, were dispatched at 10 o'clock
on Tuesday evening by the Board of Under
writers to the assistance of the vessels in dis
tress. They reached the Underwriter about
sunrise; lazt, were unable to render env tt,sis
lance until about 10 o'clock this day, (Wedilcs
day.). During the forennoon about 100 of the•
passengers were landed on the beach by means
of the life-boat. At 10 o'clock the sea had be
come sufficiently calm to allow five surf bents
to be employed in conveying the passengers to
the Titan and Huntress; and, at 4 oclock they
had all been got oft' from the vessel and beach,
with the exception of about twenty of those on
the bench, who refused to risk their lives again
by passing through the surf. The two steam
tugs then proceed to New York City to land
The Black Warrior Case.
The Kew Orleans Crescent thus sinus op the
present aspects of this affair:
"In answer to the statements placed before
Congress by the late message of our President,
the Captain-General has caused to be publish
ed in the Diarin fie la Marina the body of doc
uments which belong to his side of the case.—
We consider these documents as clearly estab
lishing the. following points :
"1. That the seizure and confiscation of the
Black Warrior were, under the port regulations
of Havana, legal and just.
' 4 2. That Capt. Btilloch. his consignees Tyng,
Co., and our Consul, admit the fact that it
"3. That they only ia reality contended that
they should be lct off, Isl, because they were
ignorant of the law and language; 2d, because
they bad done so before; 3d, because they had
no intentions of rand.
".1-. That to this the Spaniard replies: 'lt
'was your business to know our regulations,
'that you might comply with them; besides we
`furnish you them in English. 2d. We never
'suspended our laws; and if you have before
`been violating them it was without our knowb
'edge. IL We have no laws that are guided
'by men's intentions; we can only consider their
"3. That the British steamers have always
submitted to precisely what was required of
the Black Warrior.
"6. That while the language and the state
ments of Bulloch, Tyng, and our Consul have
been violent and druunciatry, they have been
holding to the Cuban authorities only the lan
guage of apology and supplication. Thus they
were at once encouraging the Spaniard to per
silt in his course, and exciting our aovernnicot
end people to make war upon him for that
''7. That the owners, by submitting to take
back their ship and cargo, confessed that they
hail done wrong in abandoning them
"8. That they have since still further given
up their whole case by a feet now brought to
light; that they have addressed a petition to
the Queen, supplicating her to remit, as of her
grace, the line of Sti,ooo imposed on them.
"Soberly, after this we cannot sco that there
is left a single vestige of the case."
The Czar's New Ally.
The Washington (.'also, thcfrgan of Presi
dent Pierce, has suddenly fallen in love with
the Emperor Nicholas, and thinks lain not so
bad a fellow as the world generally supposes
him to Se. In its issue of Wednesday last, it
has an elaborate editorial, from which we ex
tract the thllowing:—
"England is actuated by no regard for Tur
key, but she is looking to the extension of the
field tbr her own unanuthcturing enterprise nod
capital. In that wide field for commercial en
terprize, which is the real prize et which Great
Britian is looking, we hared powerful mob',
prep r the surer. of the Czar. Ile one is
our rival as a numuliteturing and commercial
nation, the other comes not into competition
with us. Whilst, therefore, our sympathies
are with Turkey, because she is weak and is
threatened by n tiovernment that is strong,
Mow Nyin padded are uol so sh•uug Ilto
may not be orercom.e, when our interests a, •
Iv ascertained to be involved by the diselo ,
as to the policy and object of Great
The Nebraska Question in Tennessee.
Who wants the Missouri Compromise repeal
ed? Who in this quarter, we niece? It is
now two months since the measure one prop,
nod in the Senate of the United . States, and
there hap been a great deal of thunder in that
time let off at Washington on the subject; lint
here, in this nuiet, sechnled, nod, as it may be
thought, insignificant port of thacountry, there
is not, 80 far as we have been able to observe,
the slightest excitement in relation to the mat.
ter. The question has produced on the public
mind here about as much of critic no rt buck.
shot, if dropped from the bridge, would produce
on the smooth snrface of the Cumberland river.
In our private and social intercourse we have
not actually heard the liNt expression of anx•
iety to see the Missouri Compromise repealed;
not the first I lint we do not see a great many
people. We stay mostly in nor office, where,
truth to say. we do not care to see many pm.
ple. With a view, therefore, of ascertaining
how far our limited observation corresponded
with the more enlarged observation of those
whose daily pursuits necessarily bring them in
contact with a great number or persons from
this and the adjoining counties, we took n walk
a few days ago, to Broad street, where the cot.
toemerehants do business, and where the cot
ton planters who sell their cotton here "most
do congr,ate," and we inquired of two or
three of the former if they had heard among
the latter any expression of anxiety to see the
Missouri Compromise repealed; and the answer
in every case was, 6 .110 nnxiety whatever."
The fact is, our penpic are a sensible, prac
tical people, but exceedingly "knowing" in the
ways of politicians, and well-informed on the
subject of party and national politics, and they
see and know'that no practical good can result
to them or to the country from the passag,e of
this Nebraska bill, mid hove they care nothing
about it. They know that the thunder which
reaches them front Washington in regard to
the matter is like the thunder they sometimes.
hear when they visit the theatre, nrtificial, and
manufactured for temporary effect, and they
ere no more moved by the ono than by the
In these remarks we merit only to give the
simple results of our observation and inquiries.
The clue may be difierent in other portions of
the State; but if it is we are not aware of it,
and have seen no evidence of it. In a private
Latter we received yesterday from a gentleman
in Knoxville, wsitten on Tuesday last, the wri•
ter says: "There is no doubt in the world but
that the great. mass of the people and n largo
majority of the politicians in East Tennessee
are opposed to the bill."--ndkdile BUIMer qf
English Opinions on the War.
War is declared. A peace which has lasted
the unexampled period of thirty-nine years,
which many fondly hoped was to last as many
more, is at On end; and the three most, power
ftd Stotes of Europe ore once more engard in
a struggle, the duration, the end, and the re
sults of - which no man can tell; but which is
too likely to produce disasters and sollbriags,
of which we are mercifully spared the foreknowl
edge. It is not re- us to attempt to lift up the
veil of a futurity which must be sod in many
respects, nor is there any need. No alterna
tive is left us; the decision has been taken out
of our hands; end, unless we would submit, with
our allies, to crouch under the insolent dicta
lion of n barbaric Power, and ace the liberties
of Europe disappear under the tramp of the
Cossack, we bed no other course than to do
what hos now been done in a sail and solemn
form. The sight of the document we publish
to-day will call many to their senses who to the
last have speculated on the chances of war no
still remote contingency, or have looked at it
only in its holy-lay aspects. If the mere sight
of a manifesto to which we are happily so little
used might sober the most thoughtless, the pe
rusal of it will remove every scruple from those
who do not think all war nnjustifiahle. The
d oet iva cti t, d o e:, Fettle() to the long and anxious
efforts of Prance and Eugland to heal the rup.
lure which the Czar had all along determined
never should be healed, except by the subjuga
tion of a neighbor against whom lie had no
longer a quarrel. With a simple collation of
dates it convicts the daring attempts of the
Emperor to falsify the chronology of the nego
tiation, and throw on us the odium of provo
king the war. It meets; with a just rebuke the
impudent hypoeraey gwith which Russia has
claimed to be the friend of religion and truth,
when it was spurning the pure precepts of one
and outraging the laws of the other. There is
not an Englishman whose thoughts are still free,
and whose hand is not tied by some fanatical
theory, who will not respond heart and soul to
this solemn appeal. The greater part of us
will only be called on to endure sacrifices, and
thankful we should be that our part in the no
ble struggle is not more Nevere v ßnt those
sacrifices all will melte cheerfully and un,gredg.
ingly, from the conviction that Heaven has put
them upon us, and that the only way to save
ourselves, and fuffil our part in the terrible dra
ma, is to strike with toll one might, and let the
great culprit see at once the strong determina.
thin and the tremendous powers he has presu
med to set at nought. WO have been slow to
take the. decisive step. The Russians has evi
dently concluded that we pretbred negotiation
to action; the very population of St. Petersburg
has been taught that we are too commercial to
lie reel warriors, and too fond of profit to be
keenly sensitive to wrong. Now that we have
thrown away the scabbard, and stand face to
time with our insolent antagonist, it only re
mains to disabuse him thoroughly of this im
aginary estimate of our temper and power.—
That we have no doubt will be done, but it
will be done all the more readily by our gal
lant fleet nod army, if it he known that all E.n
gland follows her sons to battle, andwill prose
cute their cause and avenge their death, till
soon or late the rights of nations and the liber
ties of Europe receive a fresh sanction in the
signal punishment of the gigattie offender—
From Salt Lake City,
There has been some arrival, on the Vim,
Missouri from the Sall Lake City brining ac
counts of a rather stirring character. The Fre
mont (Town) Journal rives a summary of the
liews, as gleaned from a gentleman wh6 arri
ved on the Missouri river in thirty-live traveling
days from Snit Lake city.
They left Salt Lake City on the Zith of Dc.
ember, nml encountered several severe snow-
Viwins and bitter cold weather between there
nod Fort Laramie. Prom the latter place to
Austin, (Western Iowa) they experienced very
mild weather. They report all the mountain
Indians in -a starving condition and eating
their horses. The Utah chief Welker was pre
paring to give the Mormons battle, nod, as he
has enlisted in their cause th‘o Comanches and
Apnches, a bloody struggle may be expected.
Ile has sworn a war of extermination, and
we betide the Mormons who fail into his hands.
The Mormons endeavored to make a treaty
with - him, but his detnnuds were considered in
tolerant and they would not comply with them.
Ile required that they should build him a
house as large no Gov. Young's, on a proud.
nonce near the city, pay him n largo sum of
money, nod furnish him with os many wives ns
their veritable Goveruar has. So tar as the
house and money were concerned the Mormons
were willing to comply, but furnishing the
wives was another matter, and hero the negoti
ations ceased. It is to Co regretted that this
state of feeling exists, as it will be dangerous
for small parties of emigrants to cross the
plains the coming spring, and as, 111 the case
of poor Clunnison and his party ninny whites
will perish who du not believe in the Mormon
A. W. Babbitt, Esq., Secretary of Utah, and
Orion Hydn, were to leave Sall Lake City in
February for the Staten. They will h e
poled by Chief Justine Read and J udge Ad.
The Arapahno, Cheyennes, anti Siotts are
in:thin:l , preparations to externinate the Poe•-
nees in spring. They express a detertni•
tuition r.ipe 0111 the entire
iuperiur lot of Blaul, 4alc al
The Revolution in Nezioo,
A correspnwlen of the Alta California writ
ing from Acapulco, nadir date of Mara; 2.1,
Sant. Anna 111,4 lately 1101,11111 VA to Ilepo,
Alvarez, awl Alvarez determined that he
wont lie deposed, and the most of the foreign
ers of the deportment Ihmilint. with Mexican
affairs, tell me that they nre glnd or
Indeed I know that some of them are
determined to'aid hint with money.
Mount two weeks ngo Santa ;Anna ordered
a battalion of about sOfl soldiers to this pelt,
under the pretence that the Fillibnstert were
planning to tako oat harlior. No sooner did
this information reach here than its purpose
Sus suspected, though Alvarez would perhaps
have Banc nothing. Al least Tam told that it
was only after being advised to resist. lor his
friends that be determined to do so. You
know how Mexico is governed by the rieh fami
lies. Every leader has a certain number of
persons who support hint, and their fortunes
depend upon his own; and some of Gen. Alva•
rez's friends feel more concerned than himself
to prevent Santa Anna's influence from in.
creasing in Unerr,,s. Oo the day after the
arrival attic: news of the intended addition to
oar garrison, seine six or eight young men of
families attacked by ielerest to Alvariz, star
ted out of our city, it is said, with messages to
Governors and influential men; enemies of
Santa Anna, Zacatecas, Sinelva, Vera Cruz,
Yucatan. Tamaulipas and other districts, and
it is confidently expected that at the first news
of Alvarez's seceess in detitating Santa Anna's
troops, all those departments will rise at once.
It is no secret
,that the (Inventors of several
of those States will raise the standard of revolt
just so soon as they see a reasonable hope to
expel Santa Anna. The peace exist i•tg: since
Santa Anna's return—if yen can roll it it peace
—does not owe its preservation to hove for San
The troops are now on the march mid are
not fur distant, and Alvarez, having collected
:thou 3000 volunteers, and a couple of hundred
of what are caPited regular soldiers, has gone
out in the mountains to 'sent them. But a
los minutes since to the report arrived that
reconnoitering party of Alvarez 's troops cap
tured Espinosa, late Governor of Lower Cali
fornia, :mil one of Santa Anna's party, and ap
pointed for erumnadant to the troops nt this
post. We are expecting to hear this evening,.
or to-morrow of the battle. No one to whom
I have spoken doubts of the result. Alvarez is
brave, and his follow°rs think their calms right
eous and will fight well. General Villarial
and Colonel Mozena are with General Alvarez
and will command flanking parties, it is said,
from whieh innelt influence is expeeted in ease
victory should be at all bull H. It is expec
ted that the troops will figla well because the
army is really attnehed to Santa Anna, but
the numbers of his troops ore - too small; and
besides they are t) be met in the piss of the
l'el,guno 'Mountain whey, it is almost certain
they will lx,lefeatml. Alvar,m's troop; are
mostly of the lowest class, and many of them
are Indians from the mountains dour coast.
They are a hardy, bravo tribe, and if provided
with grand arms and instructed in their use,
would defeat the regulars with little trouble.
If Alvarez succeed ill the skirmish then San.
ta Anna must 'be overthown. This depart
ment will Mono defy him, with its mountain
ous land, its hardy people and Alvarez nod
Villarialms !maim+, and every body bosses that
to support a pr 1 ,01111,1111 uto aphis; n Mexi
can President two wee::s is about equiva
lent to overthro, . him.
I have s , •on n co n , or a proclamation and of
a plan for the revol l tition drawn up be a young
officer, both has not yet been adapted: It
names Cattail.; as Preiiident, provides for the
r,cstablishment of a Federal system the calling
of a Congress. that the territory shall be sold
to the Americans, the exopulsion of the Je
• - -
• To Chili, whim a eitild (lies not exceeding
three or fonr years of age, its parents do not
lament or grieve fur it, which they would con.
cider heresy. As soon as the child commences
to gnfil,i• th e r , ,onies'of dcathrits parentii . make
preparations 'for fenstin,' it. The day of its
death, they kill the fattml calf, and all the tur•
keys awl fbwls there are in the house; they also
hey n barrel of Mtvito wine, hire singers and
dancers, and spread the report that Don coned
so will celebrate the Little Angel. When the
Child lo dead, it is dressed and docked with
flowers of all kinds, its face is smeared with
crimson, and it is then seated on the table to
preside and authorize the feast. The Little
Angel I saw woo adorned just no I have deserb
bod it. Moreover, that the child may appear
alive, the place two small sticks between the
eyelids—t y re eyes remaining thus forcible open.
At the arrival or the singers, revellers and dun.
errs, the feast commences, and very soon it is
converted into the most furious, licentious and
The parents encourage and stimulate the
revels; and the more the father drinks and en
courages the company, so much more glory
will the Little Angel enjoy in Heaven. The
Parents do not give this feast with the sole ob
ject of celebrating and increasing the glory of
their Little Angel. The carousel helps them
to sell their beef, encode, ehanehito arrollado,
eider and the Moat% and after twenty-four
hours find they have made a clear profit of
$2O or C 430. The father's speculation does not
end here. After he has speculated with his
child's Ludy, he lets it out to the highest bid
der for twenty-four hours, who, following the
father's course, recovers his expenses, and ten
or twelve dollars in the bargain. In thi, man
ner, the Little Angel goes round as vile n e
giving its hirers the mean fruit of a
corpe's pretimtion. The Little Angel I saw
was in its third hire, and beginning to decay,
in spite of the incense and eau do cologne that
soothed the smell of corrupt ion.
A correspondent oVie Cleveland Malinke
er, writing front Wanpaeca County, Wisconsin,
tells the following tragical tale:
"A farmer sold n. yoke of oxen to an iudivid•
eel in the neighborhood, and received his pay
in paper moony. The tnen who purchased the
oxen, being in burry to start off requested
the farmer to assist in poking them up. Ito
accordingly went to the yard with the mart for
that purpose, leaving the money lying on the
table. On his return to the house, he found
his little child hod taken the money front the
nod was in the act of kindling the fire in
the stove with it. Front the impulse of the
moment, lte hit the child a slap on the side of
the head, so hard no to knock it over, and in
the fall it strnt•k its bead against the stove
with such force as to break its skull.
"The 'nether, who was in the net of washing
a small child in a tub of water, its nn adjoin
ing room, on hearing the fracas, dropped the
child and run to the room whence the noise,
proceeded, and was so much terrified at what
she there beheld, that she forgot the little child
in the tub for ts time, and upotvher return to
the roots found the little ono drowneti The
dhusband, after it few moments reviewing the
scene before him, seeing two of his own child
ren dead, withant further reflection, took down
his gun and blew hie own brains out I"
lIIORIX IMPORTANT TRMATY WITEI I . :NOLAND
—The Right of gate/ Abandoned--Pree
Ships make Free (Amts.—We learn that eith
er the Hermann, from Southampton, or the
America, from Liver mol—the next steamers
due—will bring the draft of a convention con
cluded between Mr. Buchanan and Lord Aber
deen, on lmhalfortheir ryspectivoz,overnments,
by which England admits in the approaching
Vuropean war, the doctrine that the flog Covers
both ship and cargo, and that free-ships make
free goods; also renouncing the right or search
for the impressment or seamen, so far as Amer.ican vessels are concerned, mul conceding the
restriction as to the law M . blockade,
In return, the United Stales pledged to
strict neutrality and nowinterforettee in the
coming contest between the Western Power,
This is it t important convention, mot
bcon up;otiatml by Mr. Buchanan without
iusttartion f.om ‘Vaihin2ton. —NI 11
Farmer's Mgh School of Penngylvonia,
The net aullTorizing the establishment of the
above fil,titute has passed the lion. of Ile.
pa•s nit 6
• • tiv of this Stat It is intended Cri
Ito education of youth in the twit,. branch,s
of science, learning and practical agiiculture,
as they are connected with each other. The
institution is to be governed by thirteen trus,
Ices, the Governor, Secretary of the Common
wealth, President of the State Agricultural So
ciety, and the Principal of the institution, ht.
ing c.r.ogirio trustee, and Dr. Elwyh,
non S. Robert , . nod James Gowan, of Phila. ,
dolphin: 11. McAllister, of Centre,R. C.
Walker . . of Allegheny; Jau,s Miles of Eric:
John Strohm, c:f Lancaster; A. 0. lfeister, of
Dauphin; Win. Jessup, of Susquehanna, and
John It,we of Prankliu, are to constitute the
first Board. They are to be divided into . three
classes, and onedhird of the board to he elect
ed annually, by life members of ow Pennsylva•
out Slate Agricultural Society, and three re
presentatives front each County Agricultural
Society. The trustees are to meet next June,
solect a site, choose a scientific practical far
mer as principal, as well as teachers, to im
part to pupils a knowledge of the English inn
guap, grammar, geography, history, mile
unities, chemistry and ether broacher of the.
natural and exact sciences ni will conduce to
the proper education of a thriller; the pupils
shall at !melt times and seasons as may be pre
scribed by the trustees, perform all the labor
necessary in the cultivation of the farm, and
thus be instructed in all things necessary to bo
known by a farmer, it being the design and
tention of the law to establish an institution in
which youth may be edncated as to at them for
theochupatien of the farmer.
. . . _
The hoard of Trustees, through their Trans
urer, will make an annual report of reeeiAs
and disbursements, to the Pennsylyania State
A'ricultn•al Society, which it shall embody in
the annual report tint by law tie society is
bound to make to the Legislature every year.
The Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society
is authorized to appropriate out of their funds
to the object of this school ten thousand dol.
lore, if required, and to make such nppropria•
tion annually out of their ftmds ne will Bann
the prosecution of 11. in object; to enable to go
into operation and i,ustain it, there is appro
priated the suns of thirty thowand dollars, to
be paid in annual instalments of ten thousand
&Mars, out orally money in the treasury other.
mice appropriated.—Lancaster Examiner.
The Columbus (0.) Democrat says that dis
tillers employ strychnine in the manufacture of"
whiskey. It is a recent discovery that this
deadly drag increases the yield of whiskey per
bushel of corn. In some places the poison is
used to ouch an extent that hogs die in great
numbers from drinking the still slop. And we
may add that it is known that this deadly poi
son is used in other liquors besides whiskey.—
A few months ago, some "pure cognac bran
dy" woo analyzed in -,Wnshin:fton, mid was
found to contain strychnine.
Well; why not? nsks the Now York Tribune.
If some men are allowed—nay, liechsed—to
poison other, with alcohol, why not with strych•
nine also? If the latter is fhtal, so is the tur
ner; if one is imbibed by thousands its total
ignorance that they are poisoning themselves,
so is the other. And beside: Strychnine,
thow•th it kills the imbiber. has rarely or never
been known to make him kill others. A man
was never made a terror to his flintily or a pest
to his neighborhood by strychnine. Then why
should Legislatures interfere with men's "right
to eat and drink what they please," if they
please to take strychnine? Either stop the
sale of alcoholic beverages, or let those who
prefer theirs tinctured with strychnine, have
such potations as snit their taste. Don't "make.
fish of one and flesh of the other."
A Great Lumbering Establishment,
The valley of the Ottawa river, in Canada, in
noted for the extensive operations which aro
carried on there, nod the magnitude of the in
terests embark,l in the trade. • Thert: is ono
firm alone which employs in the lbrests seven
! teen hundred horses and two hundred head of
bulloek, independent ur4oo double teams which
arc constantly on the road engaged in the cod
royally° of food and f.ra,•e. In the report of the.
enghmers employed. the Montreal and Bytown
railway, it is stated that this firm have at pres
ent ~•500 men in their service, nod one hun
dred lumbering establishments scattered over
several hundred miles of territory. Their- eon.
sumption of pork is ten thousand barrels annu•
ally; and their daily consumption °fonts during
the winter months, from one thousand to twelve
hundred bushels. The firm is now construct.
ing a saw-mill at the Chats, on the Ottawn,
which will sue fifteen million feet of hoards
nually, and their annual cash payments for
keeping their immense establishment in motion
exceeds two million dollars.
For the Journar.
I am composed of 39
My 10, 35 ' 46; 3,8, 20, is a fruit.
" 2, 43, 22. 16, 41, is a fowl.
" 59, 54, 51, 27, 59, is a distinguished man.
20, 19, 36,10, 55, is a vegetable.
" 21, 25, 34, 50, 45, 47, 57, is a place of
" 38, 18, 33, 50, 5, is a beverage.
" 32, 15, 29, 4, is what moot people hare.
" 53, 31, 49, 2,7, is an animal.
30, 40, 42, 44, 7, 52, 23, is a county in re.
' 4 51, 36, 53, 39, is what yea would like to he,.
a 14, f, 21, 3f,, 10, is a very useful article.
" 13, .1, 12, is an oblong body.
" 17, 9, 37, is a fowl.
" 11, 10, 30, 4, is the name of a cite.
My whole is the nu ne of a distinguished
Gencral. J. T. U.
Answer to last enignia.—"General lntslli
Judge Pearson, of I larrisburg, recently made
an important decision as to the power of Courts
of Quarter Sessions to rem& licences. A rule
was granted on James Gowan, of Harrisburg,
to show cause why his license should not be
revoked, on account ofNielating the law, in sal.
ling liquor to a minor and apprentice; also, for
selling on Sunday. It was proven that he had
sold liquor on Sunday to a Minor apprentice,
and to several others; and taro records of con
viction were produced, the one by a justice of
the peace for selling liquor to said minor ap
prentice, the other by a different magistrate
fur selling on Sunday; both of which °fleeces
were committed since the renewal of his license
at the January Corrt.Toder these facto, Judge
Pearson, in au able and elaborate opinion de
cided that the Act of March 11. 1844, invested
the Courts wait power to revoke licenses. Thu
power was a discretionary one with the Courts,
to be exercised or not as the special facts might
indicate. Mr. Cowan's license was revoked:—
The decision is important, as doubt has exist
ed as to whether Courts have the power to re
voke licenses for violations of the Sunday Act,.
and selling to minors.
A Nrw (limn Curs.-Senator 0w1,,, of yet.
ifornia, has introduced a rather novel but na.
tional idea relative to a larger denomination of
gold coin. He proposes, by a bill introduce'
in the United States' - Senate by him, to author.
ize the coinage of $lOO, S5O and $25 pieces,
the first to be called a Union, the second to
Half Union. and the third it Quarter Union.--.
His ohjeet is to furnish a eircnlnting medium
which will supply the wants of tbe peoplo is
Califbrniu, where they have no banks for pa•
11t3X,.. Congress Las generously given eight
months' pny to the onieersvottl . twitter; who
were saved from the ill fate Sum Pronciseni
lett Congress has not yet given anything to tits
brave and mottle men who saved theta.
I, NI '1'1; trr 1:11 IT. • Ike 1,1!I •
tlt.• 1 , 11 Ht. I e!:t.• Iti••:tlo•t,
ha • III:. 1 . . n 11,1 the I!