Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, April 26, 1854, Image 1

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to secure attention. 49
The marriage rite is over,
And though I turned aside,
To keep the guests from seeing
The tears I could not hide,
I wreath'd my face in smiling,
And led my little brother
To greet my father's chosen,
Bet I could not call her mother.
She is a fair young creature
With a meek and gentle air,
With blue eyes soft and loving,
And silken sunny hair—
I know my father gives her
The love he bore another,
Bet if she were an angel
I could never call her mother.
To night I heard her singing
A song I used to love,
When its sweet notes were uttered
By her who sings above;
It pained my heart to hear it,
And my tears I could not smother,
For every word was hallowed
By the dear voice of my mother.
My father, in the sunshine
Of happy days to come,
May half forget the shadow
That darkened our old helm ;
Isis heart no more is lonely,
But I and little brother
Mast still be orphan children,
Clod can give us but one mother.
They've borne my mother's picturo -
From its accustomed place,
And set beside my father's
Aounger, fairer face ;
'They've made her dear old chamber
The boudoir of another,
But I will not forget thee,
My own, my angel mother.
The Millenial Sabbath.
It will be a day of lasting rbst. When the
night that is far spent is completely exhausted,
and the day that shall be is fully come, then
there shall be perfect rest. The earth shall
have its Sabbath, which it lost by our sin.—
Man shall have his, in its integrity, and purity,
and beauty. God rested on the seventh day
from all his work, and hallowed the, Sabbath,
and blessed it. I believe there is not a beast
in the field, nor a fish in the sea, nor a fowl in
the air, that has not a right to the Sabbath, and
that shall not yet have a Sabbath of rest.—
There is not a laborer in the work-shop, nor a
toiling man in the post-office, nor a clerk in the
counting-house, that may not claim tho Sub
bath. Next to God's word, God's Sabbath is
the right and privilege of man. Popery saps
and practically subtracts both; infidelity ins
pnpns denounees both; by God's grace we
will part with neither. And when that last
Sabbath comes—the Sabbath of all creation—
the heart, wearied with tumultuous beatings,
shall have rest; the soul, fevered with its anxi
eties, 'hall enjoy peace. The sun of that Sab
bath will never set, or veil his splendors in a
cloud. The flowers that grow in his light will
never fade. Our earthly Sabbaths are but
faint reflections of the heavenly Sabbath, cast
down upon the earth, dimmed by the transit of
their rays from so great a height and so distant
a world. The fairest landscapes, or combina
tions of scenery upon earth, are but the out
skirts of the paradise of God, fore-earnests and
intimations of that which lies beyond them;
and the happiest Sabbaths heart, whose every
pulse is a Sabbath-bell, hears but a very inade
quate echo of the chimes and harmonies of
that Sabbath, that rest, where we "rest not day
and night," in which the song is ever new, and
yet ever sung.
Origin of the Ferocity of Animals.
Adam is the garden of Eden sinned, was
driven into the wilderness, and reft there. Jo.
ens is the wilderness triumphed, reasserted the
return of the garden, and gave us the earnest'
that Paradise shall again be restored. It is a
vain or an unmeaning coincidence that Adam
in a garden fell and was driven into the wilder.
mess, and that Jesus steps into the wilderness
whore Adam was left, regains the garden, and
gives us the hope of Paradise again? Adam
was in Paradise with the beasts, the lion, the
tiger, the lamb; all animals in perfect harmony
around him, recognizing him as their lord, He
sinned; and the instant that he sinned, each
animal was seized with a new instinct, and
theyintve raged against him, a•t if under the
force °fa tenable ervengp, until thi, day.
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Influence of Christianity on Medical Sci-
once. -
Ever since Jesus suffered, wrought miracles,
healed the sick, stilled the ocean, and showed
his control over reVellious nature—by bringing
it back again into order,—man has gained by
degrees a greater mastery over all things, as
if then humanity received a new impulse; and
in proportion to his Christian light (I do not
say Christianity is the cause, but it certainly is
a coincidence) has been his civilization; and
in proportion to that, the gradual authority
which he seems to be regaining over that na
ture, the reins of which lie lost in Paradise, but
which Jesus has now partially, and will again
completely put into his redeemed and sanctifi
ed hand. It is to me a most delightful experi
ence, to see any one discovery in science or in
art, which restores to man, however slightly,
the mastery over created things. Is it not true
that since Jesus healed the sick, there has been
given a greater impulse to curative science
than ever was felt before? Is not medicine,
with all its defects, with all the obloquy cpst
upon it, because it cannot do everything pro
gressive? Is it not true, that some diseases,
once thought incurable, are now almost extir
pated? Small-pox is now not only curable, but
almost banished from out land. And was the
discovery of this mode of cure simply chance?
Will you say it was accident? I believe it to
have been as much an inspiration of the God of
providence as the Bible is an inspiration of the
Cod of grace. Is it not a fact, that man's life
is longer than it was? If you do not believe
me, ask the Insurance Societies, and they will
tell you it is so by some six years. • It is much
longer than this, if we remember, that the sick
ly and delicate infant which was lost before,
while only the strong ones survived, is now
spared, and, under the blessing of God, and by
the appliance of art, brows up to manhood. Is
not all this gain? Is it not progress in the di
rection in which the miracles of Jesus lay, and
in the reversal of that curse which "brought
dent', into the world and all our woe?" Is it
not also true, that operations once thought per
reedy impossible, are now performed by our
surgeons with safety and success? Is not that
recent wonderful discovery; chloroform, one of
the most providential blessings that God has
given us? I look upon it as n most significbnt,
installment of the reversal of the curse. st'amg
the groans and travail of the creatv.:re, an in
spiration from God; and courbcted with the
special curse pronounced upon Eve and her
daughters, and rend in the light of that curse,
it is, to my mind, n becautiful earnest of what
will be—a forenslit of the approaching dolm—
an augury of millennial days, when there shall
be no more pain, nor tears, nor sorrow, nor cry
$1 25
1 50
The India Rubber Tree.
IProm a volume lately published in N. Y., by
G. P. Putnam, entitled "Scenes and Adven
tures on the Banks of the Amazon," we take
the following account of that strange tropical
production, the India rubber tree:
"A number of blacks bearing long poles on
their shoulders, thiCkly strung with India rob
ber shoes, also attracted our attention. These
are for the most part manufactured in the in
terior, and are brought down the river for sale
by the natives. It has been estimated that at
least two hundred and fifty thousand pair of
shoes are annually exported from the province,
and the number is constantly on the increase.
"A few words hero respecting the tree itself,
and the manufacture of the shoes, may not be
out of place.
"The tree (Sipnitla Elastica) is quite pecu
liar in its appearance, and sometimes reached
the height of eighty and even a hundred feet.
The trunk is perfectly round, rather smooth,
and protected by a bark of a light color. The
leaves grow in clusters of three together, are
till!), and of an ovate form, and are from ten to
fourteen inches in length. The centre leaf of
the cluster is always the longest.
"This remarkable tree bears a curious fruit,
of the size of a peach, which, although not very
palatable, is eagerly sought after by different
animals—it is separated isto three lobes, which
contain each a small blael nut. Tho trees are
tapped in the same manner that the New Eng
landers tap maple trees. The trunk having
been perforated, a yellowish liquid, resembling
cream, flows out, which is caught in small clay
cups, fastened to the tree. When these become
full, their contents are emptied into large earth
ern jars, in which the liquid is kept until desi
red fur use.
"The operation of making the shoes is ns
simple as it is interesting. Imagine yourself,
dear render, in one of the seeing groves of Bra
zil. Around you area number of good-looking
natives, of low stature and olive complexions.
All are variously engaged. One is stirring
with a long wooden stick the contents of a
cauldron, placed over a pile of blazing embers.
This is the liquid as it was taken from the rub
ber tree. Into this a wooden "lasts" covered
with clay, and having a handle is plunged. A
coating of the liquid remains. You will per
ceive that another native then takes the "last,"
and holds it in the smoke arising from the ig
nition of a species of Pains fruit, for the pur
pose of causing.the glutinous substance to as
sume a dark color. The "Inst".is then plunged
again into the cauldron and this process is re
peated, as in dipping candles, until the coating
is of the required thickness. You will, more
notice a number of Indian girls engaged
in making various inipressions, such as flowers,
&c., spots the soil surface of the rubber; by
means of their thumb nails, which are especi
ally pared nod cultivated for this purpose.—
After the final operation, the shoes are placed
in the son to harden, and large numbers of
them may be seen laid out on mats in exposed
situations. The aboriginal name of the rubber
is enbuchu, from which the formidable word of
numb:hone 1,1 derived."
Vek,. Early corn is iirowilig linuly in TC.IF.
An Abduction Indeed!
We copy a passage from a paper rend before
the American Geographical Society by Capt.
Gibson, lately returned from the East Indies,
and bringing with him some new facts as to the
tribes of Ourang Outango inhabiting the des
erts of that part of the world. He says: •
"My statement of the extraordinary peculiar
ities of these apparently semi-human beings
has led to the expression of so much curiosity
to knew more of then: by some, and of skepti
cism as to the fact of their existence on the
part of others, that I have deemed it duo to
myself and to public curiosity to give some ad
ditional facts along with all the corroborative
evidence that has fallen under my observation.
"While at Mintolc Palembang, and Batavia,
I heard many remarkable stories of the agility,
audacity, and especially of the superhuman
strength of the Ourang Ontang. 1 will tres
pass upon your attention by relating one of the
most extraordinary, at the same time one of
the best attested. which I heard while at Bata
via: Lieut. Shock, of the Dutch East India ar
my, was on a march with a small detachment
of troops and coolies on the south-eastern coast
of Borneo; he had encamped, on one occasion,
daring the noonday heat on the banks of one
of the small tributaries of the 'Bangarmassin.
The Lieutenant had with him his domestic es
tablishment, which included his daughter—a .
playful and interesting little girl of the age of
thirteen. One day, while wandering in the
jungle beyond the prescibed limits of the camp,
and having, from the oppressive heat, loosened
her garments and thrown them off almost to
nudity, the beauty of her person excited the no
tice of an ourang-outang, who sprang upon her
and carried her off. Her piercing
rang through the forest to the ears r'..? 'her do
zing protectors, and roused every man in the
camp. The swift, bare-footel coolies were
foremost in pursuit; and Pow the cry rings in
the agonized father's ceics iliat his daughter is
devoured by a that an our
ang-outang has tr.rrierl her off. He rushes,
half plireuzie , l, with the whole company to the
thicket frim whence the screams proceeded,
and there, among the topmost limbs of an
ely.irmous banyan, the father beholds his
d'Aghter, naked, bleeding, and struggling in
the grasp of a powerful ourang.outang, who
held her tightly, yet easily, with one arm, while
he sprang lightly from limb to limb, as if whol
ly unencumbered. It was in vain to : , think of
shooting the monster, so agile was he. The
Byak coolies, knowing the habits of the our
ang-outang, and knowing that he will always
plunge into the nearest stress: when hard pres
sed, began a system of Operations to drive him
to the water, they set up a great shoat, throw
ing missiles of all kinds, and agitating the un
derbrush, while some proceeded to ascend the
tree. By the redoubled exertions of the whole
company, the monster Was gradually driven
toward the water, yet still holdinltightly to the
poor girl. At last, the monster and his victim
were seen on an outstretching limb-overhang
ing the stream; the coolies, who were among
the most expert swimmers in the world, imme
diately lined the banks; the soldiers continued
the outcries and throwing of missiles. He
clasped his prize more tightly, took a survey of
the water and of his upwardgazing enemies,
and then leaped into the flood below. He had
hardly touched the water ere fifty resolute
swimmers plunged in pursuit; as lie rises, a
dozen human arms are !Cached out towards
him; he is grasped; others lay hold upon the
insensible girl; the ourang-outang used both
arms to defend, and, after lacerating the bodies
of some of the coolies with his powesful ner
vous claws, finally succeeded in dicing beyond
the reach of his pursuers, and in escaping
down the stream, while the bleeding, 111801191-
bly Ledah was restored to the arms of her fath
er and verses, in whose hands she was ulti
mately restored to consciousness, health, and
strength once more. This savage version of
the classic story of Pluto and Proserpina is
well authenticated, and the girl, now a grown
up woman, is living at Ambonya, in the Mo
Downing says "the species of crab from
which all sorts of apples have originated is wild
in almost all parts of Europe. And almost
every writer upon the subject of fruit, gives us
a little of the same doctrine, until it is almost
heresy to doubt. However, wo are willing to
pot ourselves in the same category with the
editor of the Maine Farmer, who says "it is
,omewhat problematical to us, whether our
present cultivated apple did not originate from
the crab. Cultivate a crab tree as much as
you please, and it yields nothing more than
crab apples. Suppose you take several species
of the wild crab apples found native, and cal
tivato them in an orchard by themselves, you
might got varieties of crab apples only. You
would, by !dentin* the seeds, obtain crab ap
ples of different colors, but we doubt if you get
anything above the character of a crab apple
after all. How long would it take, think you,
provided you had nothing but wild crab apples
to work upon, before you could bring them To
the sine of a Ritsbone Pippin, Greening or
Baldwin ?
The celebrated English horticulturalist, the
late Mr. Knight, it is true, improved crab ap
ples, by carefully mixing pollen of the crab
with that of some of the cultivated apples, and
then planting the seeds produced, but we have
never heard of his doing it by confining the
operation to the pollen of the crab alone.
Nor do wo believe any one else over did.—
We would just as soon undertake to raise pota
toes from Lop vines, as to improve a crab ap
ple tree into hearing Bel'flours or pound sweet
logs. The doctrine which confines the creation
of apples to the limited stock of crabs would
confine the Creator in very narrow limits. Our
opinion is, the Garden of Eden contained some
of the choicest apples ever grown on earth.—
We are almost certain that Eve never could
have been tempted to eat a. crab api,!c.—The
"One of the Gals."
The following is an extract from a letter from
a person travelling in the wild portions of Del
aware and Sullivan counties, New York
As I was trudging along ono afternoon, in
the town of Fremont, one of the border 'Awns
of Sullivan county, I was overtaken by what I
nt first supposed was a young man, with a rifle
on his shoulder, and being well plensed with
the idea of having company through the woods,
I turned around and said, "Good afternoon,
sir." "Good afternoon," said my new acquain
tance, but in a tone of voice that sounded, to
me, rather peculiar. My suspicions were at
Once aroused, and to satisfy myself, I made
some inquiries iu regard to hunting, which
were readily answered by the young lady, whom
I had thus encountered. She said she had
been out ever since daylight; had followed a
buck nearly all day, got one shot and wounded
him, lint as there was little snow, she could not
get him, and was going to try him the next
day, hoping that she would get another slint at
him, and she was quite certain that shit would
kill him. Although I cannot give a very good
idea of her appearance, I will tri to describe
her dress. The only article of female apparel
visible was a close fitting hood upon her head,
such' as is often worn b' l deer hunters. Next,
an India rubber hur.ting coat; her nether limbs
were encased in a snug tight-fitting pair of cor
duroy pants s.nd a pair of Indian moecassins
upon her fret. She had a good looking rifle
upon her s'Aoulder, and a brace of double-bar
relied pistols in the side packets of her coat,
wi'!..te a formidable bunting knife hung suspen
ded by her side. Wishing to witness her skill
with hunting instruments, I commenced ban
tering her with regard to shooting. She smi
led and said she was as good a shot as was in
the woods; and to convince me she took out
her hunting knife and cut a ring four inches in
diameter in a tree with a small spot in the cen
tre. Then stepping back thirty yards, and
drawing up one alter pistols, put the ball in
side of the ring. She then, at thirty-five rods
from the tree, put a ball from her rifle in the very
centre. We shortly came to her father's house,
nod I gladly accepted an invitation to stop
there over night. The maiden hunter, instead
of sitting down to rest as most hunters do when
they go home, remarked that she had got the
chores to do. So out she went; fed, watered
and stabled a pair of young horses, a yoke of
oxen and three cows. She then went to the
saw mill and brought a slab on her shoulder
that I shouldn't like to curry, and with an axe
and saw soon worked it into stove wood.
Her next business was to change her dress
and get tea, which she did in a manner which
would have been creditable to amore scientific
cook. After tea she finished up the usual
house workond then st 4 down and commen
ced plying her needle in a very lady-like tnam
nem I ascertained that her mother was quite
feeble, and, her father confined to the house
with the rheumatism. The whole family were
intelligent, well educated, and communicative.
They had moved from Schohaire county in the
woods, about three years before, and the father
was taken lame the first winter after their arri
val, and had not been able to do anytbingsince.
Itney Ann, as her mother called her, had ta . -
ken charge of, ploughed, planted, and harvest
ed the farm, learned to chop wood, drive tenni,
and do all the necessary work. Game being
plenty, she had learned to use her father's rifle,
and spent some leisure time in hunting. She
hail not killed a deer yet, but expressed her de
termination to kill one at least before New
Year's. She boasted of having killed any quan
tity of pntridges, squirrels and other small
game. After chatting some time she brought
a violin from a closet and played fifteen or
twenty tunes, and also sung a few songs. ac
companying herself on the violin, in a style
that showed that she was fur from destitute of
musical skill. The next morning she was up
at four o'clock, and before sunrise had the
breakfast out of the way, and all her work out
of doom and in the house done, and when Ifeet,
• a few minutes after sunrise, she had on her
hunting suit, and was loading tier rifle fur an
other chase after the deer.
Col. Fremont's Expedition.
On seeing the imperfect accounts telegraph
ed from New Orteams in relation to Col. Fre
mont, his friends iu this city telegraphed back
for full accounts, and have received them.—
They are from Mr. Babbit, formerly Delegate
in Congress from Utah, who left the Great Salt
Lake the beginning of February to come to
Washington by the way of San Francisco, ta
king the Santa Clara route. On the 9th of Feb
ruary ho arrived at the Mormon town of Para
wan, near the Little Salt Lake, and two hun
dred and sixty miles southwest of the Great
Salt Lake, and found Col. Fremont and his
party there. They had found no game in the
mountains its consequence of the snows, and
had lived on their mules and horses, of which
twenty-two had been eaten. Ho obtained a
refit from the Mormon Bishop at Parawan, as
sisted by Mr. Babbit, and would continue on
to Sass Francisco. This full account makes no
mention of "deaths front cold or hunger," and
shows the expedition accomplished, as at Lit
tle Salt Lake Col. Fremont fell into the line of
his exploration when returning from California
in 1845. This communication was to the
Globe (NB ce, received there yesterday morning,
telegraph from Now Orleans Saturday after
noon, and the contents make known to this
paper.—Nittional liddligencer.
Stir A Kentucky paper says it is getting to
be very fashionable in that quarter to enclose
a dollar wills marriage notices, when sending
them to the printer. A good custom that ought
to prevail everywhere.
Six dollars to printer and priest
No sensible man could refuse:
Fire dollars to render him blest,
And one to publish the news!
bi.r.'Are you a Christian Indian?' asked a
gentleman of one of the Calaraugus tribe. No,
I whiskof was the reply.
Arrival of the Steamship Arctic.
Rapid Movements of the Russians.
The U. S. Mail steamer Arctic, from Liver-
pool, arrived at New... York yesterday morning,
about 8 o'clock, bringing. four days later news.
Fifteen packet ships, amounting to 16,000
tons, arc at the present moment fitting up at
Liverpool to convey troops to the East. These
are: For infantry—Tho Courier, 1000 tons;
Star of the South, 1235; Timauder, 1117.
For cavalry—The Echunga, 1018; Medora,
612; Mary Ann, 957; Paramatta, 664; all ready
fur sea. The follewing will soon be ready;
Shooting Star, 1362; Wilson Kennard, 1129;
Gertrude, 1361; Glendalough, 1058; War
Cloud, 800; Tyrone, 1197; Asia, 771; steamer
Albatross, GOO tons.
The steamship Glasgow, front New York,
arrived at Greenock at 2 o'clock, on Saturday,
Ist inst.
Capt. Duryee,of the packet ship Constantine,
fell overboard and was drowned on the morn•
lug of the Ist, while the ship wns off Port
Lynds, outward bound. In consequence of
this unfortunate accident, the ship put back to
By the arrival of the Ocean, et London,
April let, we have intelligence of the loss of
the emigrant ship Sea Nymph, from Liverpool,
February 21st for New York. When a week
out, the Sea Nymph experienced a heavy gale,
and became untnanageable, leaking badly, top.
mast, yards, &c., carried away, and for twenty.
fear hours lay in the trough of the sea. At
this juncture the Pride of the Ocean hove in
sight, and bore down to her assistance. Two
of the boats were lowered, and with difficulty
all were taken on board the Pride of the Ocean,
and bound for London. When last seen the
See Nymph was fast setting. down. The loss
of the Russel Sturgeon, and reseal of the pass.
eugers by the Isaac Webb and Rainbow, has
been already ...reported by the America, via
The influx of emigrants into Liverpool at
present, surpasses anything of the sort ever be.
fore knewn. The majority are from Ireland,
and are bound either for the 'United States or
Canada. The price of steerage passages now
ranges as high as £5 10s., owing to the scar
city of shipping and number of passengers of.
At Liverpool Breadstuffs had again slightly
advanced, and Cotton was rather better in
tone, but without leading to much business.
From the seat of war on the Dann),le we
have the first act of a new plan of Russian stra
tegy. For particulars see the following sum
Latest by Nail
In reply to Mr. Hutchins, who detailed the
circumstances connected with the seizure of the
Black Warrior by the Cuban authorities, Lord
John Russel stated that a communication had
been sent to the United States on the subject,
but no information bad yet been received from
Mr. Crampton.
Continental advice, seen to regard the occu
pation of the Lower Danube by the Russians as
a definite measure. Advices from Odessa,
March 25th, mention that the entire Russian
fleet had loft Sebastopol, and it was believed
would attack Varna.
There were the usual rumors oftreachery on
the part of the Turkish commanders of the differ.
ent fortresses that have fallen into the hands of
the Russians. Omar has marched 20,000 men
from Silistria to strengthen a position between
the Russians and the Balkans. The Russians
are razing all the fortresses in the Dobrudschn.
Austria has demanded from Russia that
Austrian subjects in the Principalities shall
not be compelled to take the Russian paper
The excited state of public feeling at Con•
stantinople is greatly disquieting to the gor•
Diplomatic relatiOns have ceased between
Greece and Turkey. Gen. Metaxn, Greet
Minister, has demanded his passports.
Nesset Bes, the Turkish Minister, had arri
ved, quitted Athens and returned to Constanti
A new levy of 80,090 men is about to be
made in France.
The ship Florio Gloria from Antwerp, os
tensibly for Montreal, has been captured and
brought to the Downs, with arms on board for
the Greek insurgents.
A council of Austrian Generals is summon
ed to meet at Vienna. Among others invited
are the Bart Jellaeich, and Count Glutsi.
It is positively asserted that the 4000 Rus
sians from Sebastopol, have been landed and
taken possession of the island of Dunavez, be
low 'Ansel's.
The War.
Continued Successes of the Russians—Cap
tyre of Hersova—Retreat of the Turks in
good order—lmportabt Operations upon
Varna—Samosed Tactics of the Russians
—Admiral Napier come to anchor near Co
penhagen—Russian Preparations to Receive
hint—The .halo-French Expeditionary .A,
my—Aftitirs inn Orem and Asia—A Letter
from the Czar—Carious Political Intrigue.
On the 28th March, Dirsova was taken by
the Russians, who also made themselves mas
ters of the strong positibn of Babadagh, and
are consequently in entire possession of the
Tpper Dobrudscha. Tho Cossacks patrol as
far as Kostendje; and, according to the TOM
den Blatt, that fort of Isaktchi was taken by
the Russians on the .27th. Imperfect accounts
that are at hand say Hirsova was taken after
three day ossault. It will be some days ere re
liable statements can be received.
As soon as Gortschadoff had established
' himself in the Dobrudscha, he issued a procla
mation to the inhabitants similar to that which
was published in Moldavia and Wallschia. In
connection with Gertschakoff's movements, it
is mentioned that five steamers, towing bergs
containing 4000 men, had left Sebastopol for
the western (Turkish) coast of the Black Sea..
If this be true, they run a chance of meeting
with the ships of the allied fleet now cruising
along that shore. Prince Paskiewitch was to
set out about 15th inst., from Warsaw for the
scat of war. The Emperor will not himself go
to the Principalities.
There is no doubt that the Russians have
lodged themselves, in the force stated,—name
ly, over 50,000 men,—on the Turkish bank of
the Danube. Opinions are, however, divided
as to the importance of this movement. While
some view it as a great triumph to the Rus
sians, others profess themselves unable to see
what advantage the invaders expect to gain . by
it. They (the Russians) are not yet in Bulga
ria, nor on the route to Constantinople,—but in
the Dobrudscha, an immense marshy plain,
without any point crappui, and deprived of
communications. Behind them is a Turkish
for of 25,000 to 30,000, before them a line of
fortresses, such as Silistria, Kostendje, Varma
and Shumla, between them and the Balkans.—
It is true, that in 1828 tee Russians entered
the Dobrudscha by ilirsova, as they have dune
now, and proceeded on to Varna and Silistria;
but then the sea was open. Omar Pasha, too,
who is not given to vain boasting, has said in
a despatch, published at Constantinople, that
if the enemy would but cross the Danube it
would render a great service to his plan of
operations I That we are on the eve of some
important event there can be little doubt, and
the result of the movements un the Austrian
frontier, and the next operation of the Russians
on the right bank of the river, arc awaited with
much anxiety.
The British steam frigate Inflexible was em
ployed in conveying Turkish troops front Con
stantinople to Varna. A portion of the British
fleet was also near Varna, with the intention
of watching the new and unexpected move
ments of the Russians.
The circumstance; under which the passage
of the Danube appear to have been effected
were these:—On or about the 15th of March,
Prince Cortschakoff received orders from St.
Petersburg to secure, within tell days, a posi
tion on the right bank of the Danube, opposite
to Brailow, similar to tlfat which the Turks
maintain at the other extremely of the line of
operations, (Kalufat.) Gortschakoff immedi
ately left for Brailow, where he completed all
his preparations, and, on the 23a, commenced
to cross the river at three different points. The
left wing of a corps of 35,000 men, under Gen.
Ouschakoff, forced a passage at Tuttscha, op
posite Ismail; the centre, under Gen. Lusters,
crossed without meeting opposition front Ga
latz; while the right wing, under the immediate
direction of Prince G ortsehakoff, was forcing
It passage from Brailow. , By the Suldaten
Froind we have arcounts of the way in which
matters were managed.
Early on the morning of the 23d, the Rus
sians, under cover of twenty-four 12 and six 18
pounders, began to form a pontoon bridge from
a spot near Brailow, across the island, to God
schid on the right bank of the Danube. As
the Turks offered no serious opposition, the
bridge was completed by one o'clock, and at
that hour the Russian columns began their
march, which continued without interruption
until late at night, when the men lighted their
watch fires and bivouacked between Gedschid
and Matschin. At the same time Gen. Enders
constructed a second bridge between Galatz
and the opposite bank, whirls there is free
front morasses, and in the course of the day
two regiments of chasseurs, and two of the
line, with cavalry and artillery, crossed the riv
er without loss. On the same day the left
wing, under Gen. Ouschalcoff, forced a passage
above Tultscha, anti, in spite of a vigorous re
sistance on the part of the Turks, got posses
sion of the redoubts which had been construct
ed on the right bank. Eleven guns and 150
prisoners fell into the hands of the Russians.
The Fleets.
Admiral rapier's fleet came to anchor oft'
the island of Moon, and having been consider.
ably augmented since its departure from Eng
land, now numbers twenty-two ships, carrying
1252 guns and 12,500 men. This fleet will
soon be further increased by the St. George,
120 guns; Jas. Watt, 91 guns; Clesar, 91; Nile,
91; Majestic, 80; Boscawen, 72; Odin, lii; Mi
randa, 14; Rosamond, and several other steam
The Miranda surveying steamer reports, un
der date March 28th, respecting the Russian
fleet, that ono division is at Revel frozen in, the
ice being very thick, with no symptoms at pre
sent of early breaking up. The Russians ex
pecting that the island °Wesel will be the first
object of attack, have placed there a garrison
of 30,000 strong.
• The Army of the East.
France is pushing forward its expeditionary
force with the utmost energy. The Paris Moui
tear, of 2d inst., contains the following an
noucementt—"llis Majesty having ordered a
body of troops to be sent to the Levant, the
first convoy of vessels, frigates and corvettes of
the Imperial marine assembled at Toulon has
already sailed, the convoy being divided as fol
lows:—Ships Montebello, Alger, Ville de Mar;
seilles, and Jean Bart, 5400 111* Asmodee,
Ulloa, Labrador, Coligny, Meteore, and (dor.
gone, 3.150 men, 225 horses; Mountte, Eclair
cur, Laplace; and Infernal, 1496 men, 40 hor- '
ses; Caffarelli, Velure and Brandon, 1130 men,
20 horses; Napoleon, and Saffron, 3040 men;
Montezuma, Batman, Albatross, Canada, and
Titan 4663 men 80
This total, to which is to be added the con
tingent of the Christophe Colombo, amounts is
20,073 men, and 363 horses. Every day a
portion of the three hundred ships freighted'at
Marseilles, leave with cavalry, mimitions, pro
visions, and articles of encatspment.' The
Moniteur further says: .Too much care cannot
be taken to guard against the news which male
volence or speculation invents. Thus it was
,aid that France was aboht to send a corps.of
VOL. 19, NO. 17.
observation to the Rhine; that the Russian ar•
my would be at Constantinople before the En•
glish and French troops cold get into line;
that the squadron of Brest had been forced by
a tempest to return to Toulon; and that the
English and French frigates bad been sunk in
the Black Sea by the Russians. All these ru
mors are quite devoid of foundation. The
Government, which is perfectly aware of the
anxiety of the public, cannot better respond to
it than by publishing all the news, good o: bad,
which it shall receive."
Prom Trebizonde, 13th, it is reported that
the Russians are concentrating forces at Ask
alzick. Operations are directed against Kars.
The Turks are concentrating 20,000 men at
Sivas. The appointment of Zarif Mustapha
Pasha its commander•in•chief in Asia had given
satisfaction to tho army. Zarif is well dispo
sed to listen to the councils of European offe
cars, and especially to Gen. Guyou.
Persia is tranquil.
The Greek Insurrection.
A. despatch from Malta, March 31st, says that
the King and Qbeen of Greece have left Ath
ens for the frontiers. Correspondence of the
16th states that the French admiral, Barbiec
de Tinen, had sailed film Constantinople in
the steam frigate Gomer, with energetic orders
to King Otho to arrest the hostile movement
against Turkey, which were originated and
supported from his territory.
A Letter from the Czar.
The following important despatch in tele
graphed: ,
"Beaux, Monday, April 3
"Prince George of Mecklenburg Strelitz ar
rived here yesterday, the bearer of a letter front
the Emperor of Ravin to the King of Prussia,
in answer to the mission of Gen. Lindheim.
"Its tenor is as fdlows t—'When the West
ern Powers succeed in securing the emancipa
tion of the christians in Turkey by treaty, the
Czar will be willing to evacuate the Principal
ities, simultaneously with the evacuation of the
Black Sea by the combined fleets !'"
Advices front Constantinople of 28th state
that the Grand Mufi, and Infant Puha, Presi
dent of the Privy Council, had been dismissed,
and men more agreeable to the Western Pow•
ern had been appointed.
Constantinople was quiet, but the irritation
of the ultra Mahomedan party woe extreme.
R 113611111 subjects Lad Leen ordered Io town
Constantinople within 20 da3s, which Would
expire early in April.
Mr. Hale, the inventor of the new rocket, and
who was recently in difficulty itrthe so-railed
Kossuth rocket affairs, is at Constantinople
with his projectiles.
As an illustration of the undercurrent of po
litical intrigue of which the present crisis is
fruitful, the Berlin correspondent of a London
• paper tnentions that the reigning Duke of Saxe
Cobourg, who formerly was so Warm an atilt°-
, rent of the kitig of Prussia's plan of a union of
German Prinees, instead of the actual Bund,
now proposes to erect a consolidated Thuring•
lan state, by the fusion of the present Saxon
Principalities. Further, he advocates the re
erection of a kingdom of Poland, to be put into
possession of the present royal family of Saws.
ny. It was the mooting of this latter proposi
tion that caused the Duke to abridge his recent
visit to Vienna—the revival of a Polish nation
ality being peculiarly unwelcome to the Aus-
Ulan cabinet; a circumatance which did not
prevent Isis making it the subject of an inter•
eating colloquy at the Turneries.
Although Austria continues to refrain froM
any action that can be construed into commit. ,
ting herself to either side, it is asserted that
the passage of the Danube by the Russians has
give her a much greater inclination to sidci
with the Western powers.
With the view of giving both sides of the
question, we copy the following despatch tele
graphed from Vienna, 31st March : "As soon
as Baron Hess returns from Berlin, an Imperi
al manifesto may be expected, in which it will
be stated that Austria, though she disapproves
the steps which Russia is taking, is resolved to
remain neutral with the rest of Germany. A
German army of 400,000 men makes that neu
trality respected. Baron keyendoff has been
infcirmed that Russia expects nothing from
Austria except neutrality.
The Austrian Dank has declined the propo•
sition of the Government to make advances on
the State domains.
A Christiana journal states that Russia has
recognized the neutrality of Sweden only on
the condition which has been accepted by King
Oscar, that no more than four foreign ships or
war shall enter soy Sweden or Norwegian for ,
tiled port ut one time.
The Danish government has issued a deck
ration, containing its definition of contraband
of war, Which includes horses, Ember for con
struction of vessels, tar, copper sheathing, sail.
cloth, canvass, hemp, cordage, be., but not
coals. No Danish fleets, nor persons acquaint
ed with the Danish seas, are allowed to serve
On board vessels of the belligerent powers:
Curious Historical Fact.
.During the troubles in the reign df Charles
1, a country girl came to London in search of
a place as a servant maid but riot succeeding,
she hired herself to carry out beer from a ware.
house, and was one of thoss called tub women.
The brewer obseting a good looking girl in thi•
low occupation, took her into his family 5.a
servant, and after a short time married hr —:
He died while she was yet a young wome , and
left the bulk his fortune. The hue. , " of
brewing dr7pcd and Mr. Hyde wv,
mended to the young woman, as a au'
• yer, to arrange her husband
the was afterwards Earl of ap:endon, finding
the widow's fortune considerate, married her.
By this marriage there wee no other issue
daughter, who was afterwards the wife
of James 11. and mother of Mary and ""
Queens of England: