Newspaper Page Text
COURT APPAIRS, JAN. TERM ISM.
Caleb Cope & Co. vs The Penn. It. R. Co.
A. P. Wilson vs Michael Buoy.
1). Reynolds Ezra. vs William Long.
JO, Moore & G. H. Steiner vs Jaw. Zentmyre.
S. Shoemaker for use vs The Hunt. P. Cong.
"Edwin J. Neff vs Matthew Crownover.
Alex. Dysart's Ears. vs Israel Cryder's Admrs.
.john Savage's Tres. vs J.. Barkstresser et al.
Julia Ann Heegie vs David Burket.
Zaeob Poet vs Samuel Hatfield & Son.
Geo. W. Gray vs same.
benuzer Woods vs same.
L. Faxon & Co. vs John Bumbatigh & Co.
'William Rothrock vs Elizabeth Williamson.
John Shorrer vs James Templeton.
Com'th. for Stonebraker vs Math. Crownover.
Nathaniel Kelly vs Lewis Kesselring.
William R. Fetter vs Robt. Speer's Admrs.
'Patrick Tully vs The Penna. R. R. Co.
John Bare, farmer, Cromwell.
James Black, farmer, Jackson.
Lewis Carothers, carpenter, Cromwell.
Robert Cunningham, tanner, Porter.
John G. Corbin; boatman, Henderson.
George Eby, farmer, Shirley.
Lewis Evans, farmer Jackson.
Adam Focht, farmer, Morris.
Martin Flenner, wagonmaker, Walker.
James Forbis, tailor, Cromwell.
James Fleming of Sample, boatman, Porter.
Jacob Gehrett, laborer, Cass.
David Gravier ' farmer, Warrioramak.
Joshua Gorsuch, farmer, Henderson.
Samuel Goosehorn, farmer, Tell.
James K. Hampson, inn keeper, Brady.
John /Tampon, farmer, Union.
Henry Hudson; teacher, Clay.
Frederick Heater, farmer, Tod.
John Hutchinson, farmer, Warriorsmark.
Joseph Isenberg, farmer, Morris.
John Lone, merchant, Shirley.
William 13. Leas, merchant, Shirley.
David Long, laborer, Henderson.
William A. Logan, farmer,Dublin.
Christian Miller, farmer, rady.
Jacob Nearhoof, farmer, Warriorsmark.
Daniel Neff, Sen., farmer, Porter.
Nicholas Parks, laborer, Franklin.
Wm. Rutter of John,
John Rung, farmer, West.
Alexander Stewart, merchant, Jackson.
George Shank, potter, Warriorsmark.
Daniel Shively., boatman, Punier.
Samuel Thompson, tailor, West.
John Vandevander, laborer, Brady.
WHEREAS, by a precept to me directed by
the Judges of the Common Pleas of the
county of Huntingdon, bearing tent the 19th day
of November, 1853, lam commanded to Inn].
Public Proclamation throughout me whole built
wick, that a Court of Common 'Plens will he
held in the Court House in the Borough of Hun
tingdon, on the third Monday (and 16th day) of
ann. A. D., 1854, for the trial WWI issues in said
Court, which remain undetermined before the
said diniges, when and where all jurors, witnesses
and suitors, in the trial of all isnuen are required
Dated at Huntingdon. the 19th doy of November,
in thb year of our Lord 1853, and the 77th year
of American Independence.
JORDUA. GREENLAND, Sberiff.
Dee. 14, 1853.
For Sale or Rent,
The Shirleysbnrg Female Seminary.
MIIE Trustees of said Seminary having fully
tested the system of managing and carrying
on an Institution of the kind on the joint stock
principle, and finding it vexatious and inefficient;
and believing, moreover, that in the hands, and
under the control of one individual, matters of
this kind are managed with more facility, and to
much greater advantage, do therefore offer at pri
vate sale the said Seminary, together with the
appurtenances thernnto belonging; to he used for
the sole purpose of carrying on a Seminary of
learning for young ladies, and fur no other pur
The buildings are new and in good taste, and
are situated on a beautiful and commanding emi
acme, affording an extensive view of the sur
rounding scenery. The country around is be
coming densely settled, and an eagerness for
instruction manifested, on the part of the commu
nity, which, exclusive of foreign aid, render pa
tronage to the Institution, certain. Thu health.
fulness of the situation is proverbially good, and
the morality of the citizens will compare &yore
bly with that of any other section of country.
To any person wishing to pursue the business
of teaching, and controlling an Institution of the
kind, this would, certainly, be a most desirable
investment. The School is now in a prosperous
condition, having from twenty-five to thirty (25
to 30) pupils in attendance; and from its immedi
ate proximity to the Male Academy, note in sae
cahsful operation in the same place, it enjoys all
the advantages to be derived tram the scientific
and philosophical apparatus belonging to said
Academy, and the lectures and illustrations con
For further particulars, address a note to eith
cr of the subscribers, living in the borough of
By order of the Board,
HENRY BREWSTER, Frost.
War. B. LEAS, Seery.
N. B. If the above pinperty Is not sold before
the Ist day of January next, it will then be for
rent. [Nov. 30, 1853.
AT THE CHEAP CORNEA.
• @MUM 125 , V J .
INFORMS his old customers and the public In
general, that he has just opened a very large
assortment of Store Goods,
at his old stand in the
Diamond, opposite Coats' Hotel, all of which he
will sell at prices as low, if not lower, than the
same kind of Goods eon be had at any other store
4n the county. He invites all to call and examine
his goods and hear his prices. His stock consists
of a splendid assortment of Ladies , Dress
, Goods; of tho latest styles. Cloths, Cassimeres,
&c., and a heavy stock of Deady-naade
Clothing, for men and boys—tine and coarse,
cheaper than the cheapest.
eats, Oaps, Boots and Shoes,
of all sizes and of the best qualities. Also,
Groceries, Queensware, Hardware,
and n barge variety of articles too numerous to
Give me a call—you can find at my store every
kind of goods to be found in the county, at prices
to suit the times.
GT All kinds of country produce taken in ex
-change for goods. [Nev. 9, 1809.
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
signed three notes as security for J. Sansom
Smith; one for one hundred and fifty dollars, and
the other two, one hundred dollars ouch, dated
the 19th day of December, 1810. The induce
ments under which I agreed to heoome bail in said
notes, proving delusive by the action of the said
parties, I therefore hereby give notice that I will
not be held responsible as buil, or pay them, tut
less compelled by duo course of law.
Union twp„ Nov. 2, 1859.
pARrET BAGS crl MUFFS. just received
atl by J. & W. 9LN R. N.
~t .., 1,1 11 ptilou
, t 1
, c 1834 E NO STAR ABOVE THE lIORIZON, PROMISING LIOUT TO MDR US, BUT TILE INTELLIGENT, PATRIOTIC, UNITED WHIG PARTY OW Tim UNITED STATKA."—[WEDSTER
New Furniture Ware Room.
THE subscriber respectfully informs the pub.
lie generally, that he has opened in the front
room or the residence of P. C. Swoope. (lately
the Postoffice,) a new Furniture Wereroom,
where every article of house-hold Furniture can
be purchased at reasonable prices—such as bu
reaus, tables, chairs, &c., &c.
Huntingdon, Nov. 15, 1853.
WAITING received a new end splendid Mork
IX of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, we
ere now prepared to accommodate all who mar
give us a cell, with GREAT BARGAINS. Our stock
consists of a 'erg , assortment of
Dry-Goods, Groceries, liard-Ware,
and in short, everything that is necessary to con
stitute a Country Store.
Contractors and others, desiring to purchase,
will find it to their interest to give us a call before
purchasing elsewhere, as we are determined to
slut our goods (wholesale or retail) at low and
JOSIAH CUNNINGHAM & SON.
Portstown, November 9, 1853.
To Country Merchants and Others.
SHAD, CODFISH, Constantly on hand
SALMON, and for %ale by
HERRINGS, .1. PALMER, & Co.
PORK, Market Street Wharf,
HAMS AND SIDES, PHILADELPHIA.
LAUD AND CHEESE,) Nov. 2, '53.-3m.
Fancy Goods, Notions, Drugs, Paints,
Oils, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, &c.,
At James Bricker's Store,
Which are offered at the lowest prices, also re
ceiving a large supply of CANDIES, which
will be sold at wholesale price as low as 14 cts.
per lb. Also, Fruits, Oranges, Lesions, Rais
ins, Figs, &c. All of which have been bought
with great care, and on the best terms, and will
be sold low for Cash or to punctual customers.
I flatter myself that I can and will sell Goods low
as they can be bought for in this neighborhood.
My friends are requested to call and examine for
themselves, feeling confident that those who do
so cannot go away without buying. Ladies and
Gentlemen of this neighborhood believe me when
I say that great pains have been taken to get such
goods as you admire.
Store on Hill street, opposite the JOURNAL.
Huntingdon, Oct. 19,'53,
RICHARD HIMSELF AGAIN 1
--:, i - -.- ,
slra -, g;'. ,
New Arrival of Fall and Winter
Goods at the Elephant.
ALEXANDER CARMON, has just returned
front the East, with a full and complete se
lection of Fall and Winter Goods, which are now
arranged for examination and safe, at his store.
opposite the Railroad Hotel. The stock has all
been bought niour and as a matter of course
will be sold cheap for coon.
The stock consists rf
Cloths, Cassimers, Cashmeretts, &abides. Cotton
odes Brown and Bleached Limns, Satins,
Silks, Shawls, Searfs,Brown and Bleach.
ed Muslim, Cheas, Tickings,Crash,
Canton and Woolen Flannels,
and many other goods too
numerous to mention.
Prints in abundance, Mous de Laines, Berege dc
LaMes, Silk Tissue, Foreign and American Ging
ham, Mouse de Bege, Silk Lustres,o-c.
Hats, and Caps, Hoots and Shoes,
Hardware, Queensware, Sty.
Thankful for past thvors, the public generally
are invited to call anti examine the splendid stock
now on hand, which in variety, quality, and price
will compare with any ever exhibited in town.
CALL AND SEE.
Oct. 19, '53. •
A NEW ARRIVAL OF
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
O. a W 7. ,i3hl2lUOB,
HAVE just received from Philadelphia the
finest and best assortment of FAIL and WIN.
TER Coot's, ever offered, and at lower prices than
can be purchased at any other house. They are
determined to sell lower than can be purchased
anywhere east of the Allegheny, and no mistake.
If von wish to be satisfied of the fact, call and see.
Shy Goods such its
Cloths, Cassimers, Suttinets, Flannels, French Me
rinos, Pararnetta Cloths, Muslin de Laines,
Barred and Figured Sack Flannels, Al.
paces, and a general assortment of
Also, 500 webs of assorted PRINTS, and eve
ry other article usually kept in a Country Store.
of which we always keep the largest and best as.
sortmcnt ever kept in this place.
a magnificent assortment, which we are selling
are a little up, hut we are determined to sell as
low if not lower, titan any other house,according
to quttl aktir and Willow Ware,
such as Baskets, Tubs, Buckets, Krout Stands,
Carpets and Oil Cloths.
a hea•ttifal assortment, which will be sold low,
call and see and he satisfied of the fact.
Hats and Caps.
of the very latest and beat styles, also
Boots and Shoes,
the host and cheapest in town, if you don't be•
lieve it, CALL AND $O5.
We ire also purchasing and storing Grain,
and it Is admitted on all hands that we have the
most convenient place for unloading grain in or
JEWS ANTI I
TT AS just returned from the Eastern cities..
ja with the BEST end LAIWEBT assortment of
Ready-made Clothing, Hats, Caps,
and Fancy Arlicles,
for Gentlemen's wear, ever known to be brought
to Huntingdon. Ifls styles are of tho latest, Cat
ciliated to please everybody that mny call.
Ho has at all times CLOTHS, CASBIMERES, and
VESTINGS, which he will make to order.
Oct. 19, '53.
gri TONE COAL un . j rerni,ed and fnr sale
S. , by J, 6 W. SAXPIN,
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 11, 1.854.
Public Sale of Town Lots
THE subscribers will offerat public sale on
TUESDAY the 24th day of January next,
a number of Town Lots at Hopewell, Redford
County. This is the present terminus of Hon
tingdon and •Broad Top Railroad, and will he the
depot for the produce of a large extent of coun
are about to he erected there, and the Coal Mines
adjacent will be largely worked after the com•
pletion of the Road. A turnpike it is expected
will be made the ensuing summer, from Morri
son's Core. There will be a fine opening for
Mechanics there, as a large number of buildings,
beside those connected with the works, will per
haps be erected next summer.
A map of the town will be exhibited at the
sale, which will commence at 10 o'clock on the
said day.—TERMS, EASY.
R. 7). WOOD.
L. T. WATTSON.
Dec. 14, .53.—ts.
TRAVELLERS are informed that the' MAN.
ugly House," in Cassville, is now open for
the entertainment of the public.
Cassville, December 14, 1853.-Im..
THE Collectors of the State and County tax for
the year 1853,ara hereby notified that they are
to apply for all their exonorations at the January
Court, as no exonoratins wilt he Riven after that
SAM LTEL WIGTON,
Dec. 14, 's3.—St.
D C. 510 GILL returns his thanks
•to his friends and the public IX 8188:
for their very liberal patronage, and , d , •
hopes by strict attention to business . 1 An' ,
to merit a continuance 3f the same, in all kinds of
Castings, Cooking Stores, Air-Tight, Parlor,
Ten Plate Wood and Coal Stoves, of various si
zes, and all kinds of Ploughs: the Lancaster and
the Plank Barshear patterns, nod Keystone No.
4 Self-sharpening and Hill side Ploughs, and
Shears to suit all kinds of Ploughs in the country;
Rolling-mill and Forge Castings, Grist and Saw
mill Castings, Lewistown Threshing Machine
'Patterns, and the four horse and two horse power
of Chambersburg patterns; and all other kinds of
castings too numerous to mention, all of which
will be sold cheaper than ever for cash and all
kinds of country produce. Also, old mettle taken
in exchange for castings.
Huntingdon, November 9, 1853.
GRZAT MEOZTNIVOINT ZS
The Ancient Borough.
W a W If D Q 1 q) ID
H AS just returned from the eastern cities with
the lnrgest. chcapest.and best assortment of
HOOTS and SHOES, ever
opened in this county. Ile also has
a large and splendid assortment ofiAlliiP
Hats and Caps,
of the most fashionable styles. Also, Ladies'
and Children? woolen hose. Carpet iings,Hand
Trunks, Ac., for the travelling community. Also
A great variety of useful articles too numerous to
The public are respectfully invited to call and
examine the stock. Ile is determined to sell as
attar, ifnot cheaper than any other establish
ment in the county.
Store on Hill sheet, opposite Snyder's Chenp
erCALL AND EXAMINE TEE arecx. Ani
Oct. 26, '53.
SHIRLEYSBURG FEMALE SEMINARY,
AND JUNIATA ACADEMY,
Shirleysburg, Huntingdon Co. Pa.
Rev. J. Campbell, A. M., and Hugh J. Camp•
boll. A. 8., Princlpals.
. . _ .
These institutions arc beautifully situated in
the center of the Great Aughwiek Valley, seven
miles from the Penna. Central Railroad, nt Mt.
Union, and on the direct line from that to Chain
homburg. They are now furnished with capa
cious buildings and extensive apparatus, for all
the departments of Natural Science, and every aid
vantage for instruction in the bran ches ofn liberal
education, that the best schools of a similar or
der can afford. The cost of their apparatus alone
is owe THOUSAND dollars. Five hundred dollars
has been appropriated to a library. Believing
that too much expense has hitherto been lavished
by schools of this order on outward decorations,
and too little devoted to furnishing them with the
more essential requisites for instruction, the Trus
tees of this Academy have been the first in the
State to take this new step and invest SO LARGE
a sum in instruments and books. They call the at
tention of the older class of students, especially
those intending to teach, to these facilities.
Twists or SEMINART—SESSION or 29 %TEEMS.
Board, washing, light, and tuition in English
branches $50,00, Music, Painting, Drawing,
Latin, French &c., extra.
ACADEMY French ,
or 22 wesxs.—Tuition
58,00, $lO,OO, 912,00 per session, io Primary,
Junior and Senior classes respectively. Beard
$1,75 per week in Winter $1;50 in Summer.—
No deduction for absence except in case of pro
tracted sickness. No students admitted for less
titan half a session. For particulars, see circu
lars, or address (post paid) either of the Princi
Shade Gap, Huntingdon Co. Pa.
The Trustees of this Institution owning to the
death of its Into lamented Principal, J, H. W.
McGinnis, have placed it in charage of the Rev.
W, A. Morrison, a faithful and competent touch
er, assisted in the Mathematical and Classical
departments, by other Experienced Instructors
and by Mr. S. Campbell, who has long and suc
cessfully had muml of the English department.
The course of study embraces what is usually
taught in the first class Institutions of the kind
in this country, being thorough and sufficiently
expensive to qualify students for the higher class.
es in College, and for every department of busi
The Buildings are now large and commodious,
and the domestic arrangements, are in every way
adapted to the health and comfort of a large num
ber of students, who are required to board in the
Academy under the immediate supervision of the
The locution is retired, and proverbially health
ful, and is easy of access, being connected with
Chambersburg and the Penn's. Railroad at Mount
Union, by a daily line of stages.
The terms are very low. The whole expenses
per session, of 22 weeks, fur board, washing, tui
tion, fuel, &c., are from $4O to $45 according to
the branches pursued. The next bossiest will
commence on Wednesday 10th of October.
For any further information Mitirtt.
W. A. MORRISON,
Shade Gap Pa., Oct. 19 '53.
JOUN SCOTT. SAMUEL T. Buowx.
Attorneys at Law,
Office guinea& that furtuerly occupied by Jobu
Oct. 19, 111113.
20r10 Feet . of Safety Fut.°, juin received
ll and tor ante by J. &W. SAXTON.
r,OO lLEs.of Coa Fi3l:. just received and fo
hy J. S 'W. SAXTON.
The “Ifesttyouox JoURNAL" is published at
the following rates
If paid in advance $1,50
If paid within six months after the time of
If paid at th2and of the year 2,00
Atid two dollars and fifty cents if not paid till
after the expiration of the year. No subscription
will be taken for a less period than six months,
and no paper will he discontinued, except at the
option of the Editor, until all arrearages are paid.
Subscribers living in distant countics,or in other
States, will be required to pay invariably in
cir The above terms will be rigidly adhered
to in all cases.
HATES OF ADVERTISING.
One squareof 16 lines or less
For I 'insertion $0,50, For 1 month, $1,25
2 0,75. " 3 " 2,75
" 3 " 1,00, " 6 " 5,00
hwenestoxAt CARDS, ROt exceeding 10 lines,
and not changed during the year $4,00
CARD and Jounsm, in advance
BUSINESS CARDS of the lame length, not
CARD and JOURNAL, in advance 4,00
sir Short transient advertisements will he ad
mitted into our editorial columns at treble the
On longer advertisements, whether yearly or
transient, a reasonable deduction will be made
for prompt payment.
The Wintering of Stock.
Taking the last census as the basis of the
calculation, and there are at this time about
six hundred million dollars worth of live stock
in the United States. Their value exceeds
that of all the manufacturing establishments
in the country, and also exceeds the capital
employed in commerce, inland and foreign.—
Live stock is an immense national interest,
but one which has been sadly overlooked by
American statesman and writers on public
economy. How to winter cattle, horses, hogs,
sheep and poultry in the most economical way,
all things considered, is a subject on which an
instructive volume might be written.
The science of animal physiology sheds
much light on the business of keeping live stock,
both in winter and summer; and if properly
studied in its bearings on this great interest,
would add indefinite millions to the income of
farmers, and the wealth of the nation. But
how can we persuade our readers to study ani
mal physiology in connection with the produc
tion of the flesh of their domestic animals? It
is impossible to show them the valuable fruits
of any science relating to husbandry before its
seeds are permitted to be planted and cultiva
ted in any State in the Union. Nevertheless,
as the truths of science and the truths of em
piricism never contradict each other, many
learn by the latter, not a little of the wisdom
taught by the former. Thus science informs us
why it is that cattle and other animals subsist
on less food in winter, and keep in better order,
if well stabled or housed, and regularly fed,
than they will if subjected to the rigors of cold
storms, soon, rain, mud, and irregular feeding.
The latter system consumes both forage and
flesh needlessly, and, of course, involves a pro
digious loss to such as follow it.
Warmth is equivalent to food, because
food is used in the bodies of all animals
to generate what we call animal heat. How
far warm stables will save hay, grain, roots,
corn-stalks, and other food of domestic animals,
is not known; but a number of experiments
lend to the conclusion that one-third may thus
be saved with advantage to stock. A man at
work out in the cold of winter, needs double the
food that would serve him if he remained idle
in a warm room through winter; and the same
is true of an ox or horse. A large share of all
domestic animals do not work, and are kept
for the production of flesh, milk, or wool. They
need a reasonable amount of excercise to
preserve their health, as good keeping in ii ehe
matters of food and drink.
In wintering hogs, true economy requires
that one should keep no more than will give
the maximum of flesh for the food consumed.
To keep a pig without his gaining weight in
volves not only the loss of the food he consumes,
but all the injury resulting from stunting his
growth. Few are aware of the damage done
to young animals by prematurely arresting the
growth of their bones and muscles. A stunted
pig, calf, colt, or lamb has received an irrepr•
rable injury. You can na more fully make
amends for the shock given by the vital func
tions, than you can give a new seeing eye in
place of one that has been put out by violence.
No after-feeding of a horse will give him a
new eye; and no keeping will develope an ani•
mal frame perfect in all parts after it has been
stunted in youth.
Most farmers attempt to keep too much
stock both winter and summer, for their food
to be manufactured into flesh, dairy products,
or wool. A few superior animals well housed
in winter, and well fed at all times, yield the
largest profit. Of course, stables should be
be well ventillated, that all animals may have
a full supply of pure air. Most stables, and
all sheds, give too much of it, especially in
cold 'wintry weather. Look out for a plenty of
straw, or other litter, to absorb all urine, sinless
you have a tank or other reservoir for it to run
into. Manure is now as valuable as money at
ten per cent, compound interest; for all the
crops that manure aids so much in their annu
al growth, sell at high prices. It costs nearly
as much to plow, plant, hqe, and harvest an
acre of corn to obtain 25 bushels as 50 bush
els; and manure will double the crop.—Genes•
The Secretary of the Interior.
The Report of this officer estimates the pub
lic domain of the U. States at 1,584 millions
of acres of which 471,862,936 acres are with
in the States, excluding California—the cost of
which f sr surveys, soiling, &e., was $88,004,631.
The amount received from sales up to Juno 30
52, was $142,283,478—being $53,686,465 more
than the cost. The Secretary estimates the to
tal yield of them at $331,181,368. Re recom
mends liberal grants for railroads and other
highways, where lands remain unsoldi the ex
tension of the laud system over New Mexico
and Utah; guarding . against speculation and
fraud in the California mineral landv,
Treatment of Milk Cows.
If in treating of cattle I have not already
consumed too much time, I should like to say
a word as to the bad treatment Milk cows are I
but too frequently subjected to almost every
place; a treatment as Unwise as it is cruel. If
it wore confined to cities, where the poor ani- '
orals are drugged with still slops and other un
natural food, by milkmen, so-called, to excite
the cows to yield undue quantities of what they
call milk, I would not think it necessary to re
fer to it here; but the cruel and improper treat
ment of cows is not confined to cities alone—
go where you will you are sure to be shocked
at the scenes of suffering and neglect these pa
tient animals are made to endure whether on
commons, farms, stable or yards. If driven
out after milking, or brought home to be milk
ed, they never fail of being run, whipped or
cudgelled by some unfeeling boy, who seems
to think it part of his duty to deal them as
many blows as he can while within his reach.
Then but too often follow the blows of the mil
ker, should the poor animal wince under the
pressure on tents, lacerated perhaps by thorns,
or made sore from other causes. No wonder
that this treatment, with scantiness of food
and sometimes water, reduces the cow to the
wretched condition in which there are but too
often found in every quarter. Set a farm hand
to clean the cow stable daily, to curry and
brush the cows, and he will be apt to think you
a fool, or that you mean to degrade him—if he
comply, it will be with reluctance, and it is
quite likely that he will take more out of their
hides, or put more into them, than you have
bargained for. Ask the same worthy to groom
your horse; and he will not fail to do it cheer
fully. Why this prejudice, this folly? Does
not the cow stand in a more interesting rela
tion to us than the horse ? 'Ho works for us
and carries us, to be sure, but then do we par
take of his flesh and blood while living, in the
shape of milk, butter and cheese? and do we
slaughter him for beef when we suppose him
failing in strength? No. Well, then, why is
not the same care that produces so fine a con
dition in one, could not fail of having the same
effect upon the other—and I say that it is the
height of folly, and positive injustice to our
selves, to withhold those attentions from the
cow. She is a second wet nurse to us and our
children, and if this nurse be in ill health, will
net her mills, cream and butter lie imbued with
her condition? Would we be willing to eat of
the flesh of some of those wretchedly poor an',
male if they were slaughtered? And why
should we nut feel the same repugnance to use
their milk? Let us he more careful in feed
ing those useful animals properly, and keeping
them comfortable and clean, and in good,
healthy condition.—Mr. Gowen's Athfress at
"Honor thy Father and thy Mother."
The Harrisburg Telegraph contains a beau
tiful tribute to a mother's undying love and fi
delity, which should be read and reflected upon
by all who are fortunate enough to be able
truly to say, "I have yet a mother living," but
especially by those possessors of incipient
moustaches and ear-cutting shirt-collars, who,
in the plenitude of their vanity and self-esteem,
are so apt to forget the deep respect and filial
affection due a parent:—"The old woman."—
It was thus, a few days since, we heard a strip
ling of sixteen designate the mother who bore
him. By coarse husbands we have heard wives
so called occasionally, though in the latter case
the phrase is more often used endearingly. At
all times, as commonly spoken, it jars
the car and shocks the sense. Au "old woman"
should be an object of reverence above and be
yond almost all other plisses of humanity.—
Her very age should be her surest passport to
courteous consideration. The aged mother
of a grown up family needs no other certificate
of worth. She is a monument of excellence,
approved and warranted. She has fought
faithfully “the good fight," and come off con
queror. Upon her venerable face she bears
the marks of the conflict in all its furrowed
lines. The most gri---tris of the ills of life
have been hers; tr' . 'ld and unknown on
to her God and eel • ..the has borne inces
smithy; and now, in hero duty done!
patiently awaiting her appointed time—she
stands more truly beautiful than ever in youth!
more deserving and honorable than he who has
slain his thousands, or stood triumphant upon
the proudest field of victory. Young man,
speak kindly of your mother, and even courte
ously—tenderly of her. But a little time and
ye shall see her no more forever. Her eye is
dim, her form is bent, and her shadow falls
graveward. Others may love you when she
has passed awaykind-hearted sisters, perhaps,
or she whom of all the world you chose for a
partner—she may love you fondly, but never
again, never, while time is yours, shall the love
of woman be to you as that of your old, trem
bling mother has been. In agony she bore
you! through puling, helpless infancy, her
throbbing breast was your safe protection and
support; in wayward tetchy boyhood she bore
patiently with your thoughtless rudeness, and
nursed you safe through a legion of ills and
maladies. It wits her hand that bathed your
burning brow or moistened the parched lips;
her eye that lighted up the clarknesS of wasting
nightly vigils, watching always in your fitful
sleep, sleepless by your side, as none but her
could watch. 01,, speak not her name lightly,
for you cannot live so many years as would suf
fice to thank her fully. Through reckless and
impatient youth she Is your counsellor and
solace, Up to a bright manhood she guides
your improvident step, nor even there forsakes
or forgets. Speak gently, then, and reverently
of your mother; and when you, too, shall be old
it shall in some degree lighten the remorse
which shall be yours for other sins—to tenor
that never wantonly have you outraged the
respect due to the "old woman."
ger Somebody advertises to ":it up" with
the sick for $1,50 1, i•C:.71 . 11, trem,,
The Guilty Phantom.
Sir Walter Scott tens the following singular
story of a guilty phantom. Sir Walter was a
believer in ghosts, it is said. His "Tapistried
Chamber," which appeared originally in the
London Keepsake, and which is now embodied
in all the complete editions of his works re
cently published, ho assures his readers, was
founded on fact. So bo believed to be the ba
TUE GUILTY PHANTOM
I cannot forbear giving you an instance of a
guilty.formed phantom, which made considers•
ble noise some twenty years ago, or more. I
am, I think, tolerably correct in its details,
though I have lost the account of the triaL—
Jarvis Mateham—such, if I am not mistaken,
was the name of my hero—was pay-sergeant
in a regiment, where he was so highly esteem
ed as a steady and accurate man, that he was
permitted opportunity to embezzle a consider.
blo part of the money placed in his hands for
pay of soldiers, bounty of recruits, (then a large
sum,) and other charges which fell within his
duty. He was summoned to join his regiment,
from a town where he had been on a recruiting
service, and this perhaps under some shade of
suspicion. Matcham perceived that discovery
was at hand and would then have deserted, had
it not been for the presence of a little drummer
lad, who was the only one of his party appoint.
ed to attend him. In the desperation of his
crime, he resolved to murder the poor boy, and
make his escape. He meditated this wicked
ness the more readily, that the drummer he
thought, had been put a spy on him. He per
petrated his crime, and changing his dress af
ter the deed was done, made a long walk across
the country to an inn on the Portsmouth road,
where he halted and went to bed, desiring to
ho called when the first Portsmouth coach
came. The waiter called him accordingly; but
long after remembered that when he shook the
guest by the shoulder, his first words, as he
awoke, were, "My God, I did not kill hint."
Match= went to the seaboard by the conch,
and instantly entered as an able bodied lands
man or marine, I know not which. Ills sobri
ety and attention to duty gained him the same
good opinion of the officers in his new scrvico
which he enjoyed in the army. He was afloat
for several years, and behaved remarkably web
in some actions. At length the vessel came
into Plymouth, was paid off, and some of the
crew, amongst whom was Jarvis le.tehr.m,
were discharged as being ton old for the ser
vice. He nud another seaman resolved to walk
to town, and took. the route h- .11ishury.
was when within two or thr, ef u. , '•••
cheated city, that they
tempest so oodles, 1 , . •
virid lightning, and C... - : • .
that the obdurate consei,,,,
began to be awakened; he CXIIrCASNI 111. .
ror than seemed nattral fur uno who was :1.,
miliar with the war of the elements, and began
to look and talk so wildly, that bin companion
became aware that something more than tonal
was the matter. At length Match= complain-
ed to his usual companion, that the stones rose
from the road and flew after him; he desired
the man to walk on the °e'er side of the high.
way to see if they would fellow hint when Le
was alone. The sailor complied, and Mateham
complained that the stones still flew after him,
but did not pursue the other. "But what is
worse, he added, coining up to his companion,
and whispering in a tone of misery and fear,
"who is that little drummer boy, and what bu
siness has he to follow us so closely?" can
see no one," answered the seaman, infected by
the superstition of his associate. "What! not
see that !He boy with the bloody pantaloons I"
exclaimed the secret murderer, so couch to the
terror of his comrade that ho conjured hint, if
he had anything on his mita, to make a clear
conscience, so far as his confession could do it.
The criminal fetched a deep groan, and deela.
red that he was unable longer to endure the
life which he had led for• years. He then con•
fessed the murder of the drummer, end added,
that as a considerable reward had been otTered,
he wished his comrade to deliver him up to the
magistrates of Salisbury, as he would desire a
shipmate to profit by his fate, which ho was
now convinced was inevitable.
Having overcome his friend's objections to
this mode of proceeding, Jarvis Matcham was
surrendered to justice accordingly, and made a
full confession of guilt. But before the trial,
the love of life returned. The prisoner denied
the confession, and pleaded not guilty, By
this time, however, full evidence had been pro.
cured from other quarters. Witnesses appear.
ed.from his former regiment to prove his idea.
City with the murderer and deserter, and tho
waiter remembered the ominous word% which
he bad spoken when he awoke him to join the
Portsmouth conch. Jarvis Match= was found
guilty and executed. When his last chance
for life was over, he returned to his confession;
and with his dying breath averred, (and tinily,
as lie thought,) the vision on Salisbury Plain.
Immortality of Man.
Why is it that the rainbow and cloud come
over us with a beauty that is not of earth, and
then pass away and leave us to muse on their
faded loveliness? Why is it that the :tars,
which hold their festival around their midnight
throne, are set above the grasp of our limited
faculties, forever meriting us with unapproach
able glory? And why is It that bright forms
of human are presented to our view and taken
ti•om us, leaving the thousand streams of affec
tion to flow back in Alpine torrents upon our
heart ? We are horn for a higher destiny than
that of earth, There is a realm where the rain
bow never fades, where the stars will sot out
before us like islands that slumber on the ocean,
and whore the being that now passes before us
like the meteor, will stay in our presence tore,
er.-15.enticc. • __ _
ge- A New Orleans parr tells us of salsa
who has worn out four pair of bcots in two
months, all in trying to crlltst !Le
pay f:r them' acs t tr 7
A Sermon Worth Listening To,
The Mr. Mr. Deal, of Albany, delivered
sermon in the Ferry street Methodist Church,
on last Thanksgiving Day, which, we will voa•
ture to assert, contains more real valuable in.
f,rmation than may be found in many a whole
volume of theological discourses. The follow.
ing is an extract therefrom:
"Dr. Darwin relates the ease of a yoncg
deer that distinguished milk from several other
fluids on the first experiment. Cows hide their
calves. Some serpents know the antidotes for
poison. Birds of passage appear and distils.
pear regularly. Passage birds, after an eh
settee of several months and thousands of miles,
return to the same place and re-occupy their
old nests. Some birds place their eggs in sit•
nations where serpents mid boys cannot reach
them, either on the extreme peadant branches
of trees, or in perpendicular sand banks.—.
Common house flies contribute to cleanliness
and health, acting as faithful scavengers. The
young deer leaves no scent of his trace. Birds
feign lameness, and deceive the unwary pas.
senger and lead him away from their eggs or
young. Some animals pretend to be dead
white in the power of their destroyers, in order
to escape. The inkfish hides himself by means
of a dark fluid which he emits, and which cur•
rounds him. The hornet sometimes leaves his
sting in his victim. Some beasts of prey know
better than some surgeons, where the principal
b!ood•vessels lie. Common poultry perch
themselves for the night, setting their faces to
the wind. Several domestic animals bite or
scratch others in situations where they wish to
be bitten or scratched. Some of the lower an•
heals bite off the umbilical cord. Male and
female birds alternate in incubation. Ground
sparrows' eggs look like common pebbles. Ea.
glen have powerful optical instruments; they
will compel their young to leave their nest and
take lessons ir. flying, "and bear them on their
wings." The lower animals excel man in their
physical arrangement; insects in their beauty,
agility, and strength. Spiders have numerous
eves, curiously arranged. Crickets have deli.
cute and yet powerful organs. Aquatic birds
have transparent movable membranes, which
defend their eyes under water, being drawn
over them like a curtain or sheath. Many
birds strictly observe family relations, as part.
ners, patents, and ebildeen. Their fuldity is
exemplary. Quadrupeds have subcutaneous
muscles, which are under the control of the
I.y which they dislodge insects. Birds
,Iteir toilet with very gre,,t care. Their
!,,istles and bone. These cov...p::,gs are thicker
•• , inter, and different in different latitudes.
fowls arc perfset models of water craft.
",,;,,G18," on the surface, others live at this
bottom. Lost fishes arc oviparems; some are
manintalla. Viviparous fishes have hoes late•
lv found. In all these Instances the Creator
has provided fur tho sustenance, or safety, or
happiness of his ereflture,"
Among the many going.; on to raise the wind
in Cincinnati, is that dodge of the little be•
grimmed and thorough players, who, barefoot•
ed and forlorn looking, loiter around the hotel
steps, offtee doors, and even haunt the sane•
tams of our newspaper o;L•ceg, to extract from
the sympathetic or unsuspecting a stray dime
or penny. We observed a scene, the player—
a little girl of some seven years—displayed lot.
moose talent for the hoard.
;aid she to a f. lend of ones, ts
we stood upon the steps of the hotel, "will you
give me a penny for my poor, poor mother; eh.)
is alone, sick, and not a mouthful of bread to
All this was done in a genuine st;le of me.
ludrama hard to resist.
"Not a mouthful of bread?" said our friend.
"Not a morsel," was the response.
Out came our friend's purse, and into the
little dirty palm went a two shilling piece.
'Why, why, my little dear, has your mother
not tasted broad today r "Here, in this great
city they surely will not allow the sick and tho
needy to starve! Why is it that your poor
mother has not tasted bread to-day?" "Ha,
ha," says the little one, backing off—"cos wo
don't keer about bread. Dutch cakes and
doughnuts is what we eats. Hu, ha."
"Well, really," says our astonished friend,
"did you ever ?"
"Oh, }'es,'' was onr response, "often.
Man is sci..ect to innumerable pains and
sorrows by the very condition of humanity, and
yet, as if nature had not sown evil enough in
life, we are continually adding grief to the stock,
and aggravating the common calamity by cruel
treatment to cur feilowonen. Every man in
natural weight of affliction is made stir: more
heavy by the cure, malice, treachery, or unjus•
tire to his neighiser. The stor eS and rieissi•
Ludes of life that are beating hard upon the
whole species of mankind arc without the aid
of other men's brawls and tumults. The one.
ballot' the misery of human life might be ex.
tinguished Vona wou:d alleviate the general
discomfiture entailed upon them by mutual of
liens of compassion, benevolence and humani•
ty. It would then send forth a cheerful air to
the countenance which is more amiable than
beauty; it shows a color of virtue in the fairest
light, diminishes the deformity of vice, and
makes even folly supportable. Without some
degree of bene*olence and good uaturc, no so•
Mety or conversation coted be maintained in
the world—at least there must, be something
which hears the semblance and affection of it.
For this reason mankind have been forced to
invent a kind of artificial humaaity, which is
what we mean by good'broedin4, , i tor if w n ex.
amine the nature of that quality; we shall only
find it to be or. imitation sod mimic:7 of,Froil
r-Ltore.—!7,to tll:tr iffo'67it?, :Stpsi•
:r.rn a.rl la•i_ssr •r 1 in.l
me go in