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Wednesday Morning, Dec. 7, 15353.
S. L. GLASGOW, Editor.
State Central Committee.
Charles Thompson Jones, Phila., Chairman.
John H. Diehl,
George T. Thorn,
'Hon. Henry D. Moore, " •
Jacob S. Roberts,
Robert L. Marlin,
John Bishop, Delaware.
Henry S. Evans, Chester.
David E. Stout, Berks.
- Web N. Taylor. Bucks.
Morin Hoopes, Lancaster.
Daniel Herr, "
'' Hon. Thomas M. Bibighaus, Lebanon.
Hon. James Pollock, Northumberland.
Wm. K. Mehaffey, Dauphin.
Wells Coverly, 44
Henry D. Maxwell, Northampton.
James W. Fuller. Lehigh.
0. H. Wheeler, Carbon.
Hoer. Jbhn Torrey, Wayne.
A. K. Cornyn, Franklin.
Robert 0. Harper, Adams.
Joseph Garretson, York.
A. B; Shitr . p, Cumberland.
Wm. T. nilson, Clinton.
Edmund Blanchard, Centre.
Thomas W. Lloyd, Lycoming.
' S. L. Glasgow, Huntingdon.
George Raymond, Blair.
C. H. Frick; Montour.
John R. Edie, Somerset.
Franklin Stewart, Columbia.
Wm. P. Miner, Lnzerne.
John Sturdevant, Wyomino
John C. Adams, Bradford.
H. H. Frazier, Susquehanna.
John Miles, Erie.
Hon. A. Robertson, Beaver.
Josiah King, Allegheny.
John Major, "
James Campbell, Clarion.
Daiid Leech, Armstrong.
T. J. Coffee, Indiana.
Lloyd Jones Montgomery.
Hon. Jos. H. Kuhns, Westmoreland.
John Lesion, Cambria.
James IM. Sellers, Juniata..
John Fulton, Clearfield.
Wm. F. Wagonseller, Union.
G. V. Lawrence, Washington.
Benjamin Barman, Schuylkill.
In accordance with the Resolution adopted
by the late Whig State Convention, the above
named gentlemen have been appointed the
State Central Committee.
HENRY M. FULLER,
Wilkes Barre, May 9th, 1653.
The Rev. Lowman Hawes, having unexpec•
tedly received notice this day, Monday sth, to
fill an appointMent by the Presbytery, in Al
toona next Sabbath, from which he had been
previously released, will not be able to fill the
pulpit of the Presbyterian Church in this place
until Sabbath after next, the 18th, on which
day, Providence permitting, he may be expect
ed to preach as usual, both in the morning and
evening, previous to his embarcation for Europe.
Ite'lf any occurrences take place in any
portion of the country, which would prove of
public interest, or would be news to the gener
al reader, we would be much obliged to any of
our subscribers, or others, if they will give us
information respecting them. We will cheer
fully notice them, because it is our desire to
lceep our renders booked up in reference to
all local matters. Send on also your comm u
nications of a public, practical nature, and they
shall find room in our columns. We publish a
paper for the mechanic and the termer—the
business man and the lover of literature—as
well as for the professional man and the stink
ing politician. Then give us your ideas on pa
per, and they shall present a bold front in the
Front the Pittsburg Morning Post, Oct. 28,1852.
INFLVENZA.-One of the best medicines for
the cure of Influenza that can be found in
the country. is Dr. Keyser's Pectoral Syrup.—
We have tried it, and take great pleasure in
bearing testimony to its efficacy. There is no
humbug about it. At this season of the year,
when one half our citizens are sneezing and
coughing, it should be known that a few spoons.
ful of this medicine will, in half a day, work a
perfect cure. Reader if you have a cold, take
our advice, and buy a bottle of Dr. Reyser's
Pectoral Syrup. F'or sale at the Drug Store
of Thomas Read, & Son, and Druggists every
FAAS' SEI.t.AcTI\O AUTOMATON BAND per
formed in the Town Hall, of this Borough,
yesterday evening, to a very large and attentive
audience. This Band may truly be said to be
ono of singular mechanical curiosity, and is
certainly worth the money you have to pay to
see the whole performance—only 12i cents.—
There are five figures—each being the size of
life, and they all make music at the same time,
by the action of springs to nerves through the
fingers. The exhibition, unlike the mcst of
others that pass through our town, is modest
and moral in its tendency, and we think there
is no impropriety in any person going to see
Gooey eon Jaxj-titv.--Thia valuable and
interesting Magazine, for January, 1854, has
already been received ut our office. To us it
really seems as if Godey'e Lady's Book was
becoming better and better every month, and
we do not think we any too much when we pro.
nounce it the best magazine of the kind pub
lished in America. The matter is always inter.
esting, embodying the true American sentiment
and invariably exerting a moral and instructive
tendency. The January number contains two
very Leautiful and striking engravings, one the
"Pleides," and the other "Time in search of
Cupid." We have no hesitation in heartily re
commending this publication to all our readers.
gar The Broad Top and Huntingdon Rail
Road is rapidly progressing, under the manage
ment of the Company's energetic contractors.
Soon the sound of the "iron horse" will be
heard among the towering peaks of Broadtop,
where, if the like bad been mentioned to its in
habitants twenty years ago, they could have
supposed it was some "ghost story," or the oar
rotor was insane. Ours is truly a progressive
age—the rapidity of thought scarcely outstrips
the improvement of the times. The eornmor
oial, manufacturing, and all other business fa
cilities have become so conveniem and practi
cal, that the capitalist has no mare risk to rut,
on that score, The farmer, comparatively
speaking, list his market fee his grain and pro-
Cr: at his Peru 8) werM,
The Temperance question.
Whatever others may think about the mat
ter, it is our opinion that this subject should
receive the attention of its friends and the peo
ple generally, just now, for two very prominent
and weighty reasons—
One is, the public mind seems to be again
pretty generally aroused on the importance of
the question, and it behooves its friends to
strike while the iron is hot. Past observation
and experience teach us that where it is neces
sary to consult the feelings, prejudices, and
even the understanding of the general masses,
in reference to the determination of important
questions, like that of temperance, it is always
most prudent to act when all seem to be equal
ly interested. This is truly the case in refer
ence to the one of which we now speak. There
is scarcely an individual in this Common
wealth, who does not at this moment feel inter
ested on the subject of Temperance. By this,
however, wo do not mean that all are in favor
of the cause—for we know this is not the case.
But we mean that every man, woman, and
even child, is so situated in the business of life,
or otherwise, that the tendency of this question
must necessarily affect them. On some it will
have a favorable influence, and ou others, it is
alleged, a contrary tendency. But those, in
our opinion, that Temperance will iqiuriously
affect, are mighty few in number. It is alleg
ed by the anti-Temperance advocates that to
espouse the cause, they virtually abandon a
very prominent and important right guaran'
teed to them by the constitution of the State
and the Country; but is this right of more im
portance than the happiness and general wel
fare of the people? Is the destruction of life
—the unhappiness of families—and the star
vation of orphans and widows, of less impor
tance than the trifling right to convert grain
into liquor, or quaff poisonous draughts of al
choholic stimulants? To us it seems that a
word to the wise should be sufficient. The
man who so argues should think of the amount
of misery, suffering, woe, degradation and sor
row, intemperance has brought on those fami
lies, acquaintances and friends, within his own'
knowledge—even in his own immedate neigh
borhood—nay, perhaps—in his own circle of
relations, or in his own family, and if he is a
man possessing an ordinary degree of common
sense and intelligence, he must change his
opinions—it can't be otherwise. No man, pos
sessing the natural instincts of a human being,
can coolly and deliberately look upon his fel
low creature sinking gradually to a drunkard's
grave—leaving a broken hearted and sorrow
stricken wife weeping o'er the disgrace of a
once kind and indulgent husband, without feel
ing that his argument of right is as trifling and
futile as the wind. Is there a man living who
would, for the sake of making a few paltry dol
lars, which he could make just as easy at most
any thing else, rather see his neighbor's child
ren beggared and starving on the streets, and
freezing in winter's cold, and beloved and at.
fectionate wives subsisting on the cold and un
feeling charities of an unthinking world, while
their husbands are converting themselves into
beasts,at the grog shops and wine cellars,thau to
give his consent to the passage of a prohibito
ry law, submitting it lb the people for their
sanction or rejection ? We trust not—we hope
no man now breathes the free air of heaven who
possesses such a cold, inhuman and unfeeling
heart. The happiness, prosperity and peace of
the community, are certainly of more value
than the disgraceful manufacture and sale of
ardent spirits. •
A second reason why the people should be
active in making preparations to induce the
coming Legislature to adopt some specific
measures to have this question disposed of, is,
that it would then bo taken out of politics.—
As long as it continues where it now is, it will
prove n weighty impediment to the success of
both political parties. It emit be otherwise.
Any body who doubts the truth of this,has only
to look back over the struggles of the late cam
paign to satisfy himself. There may be a few
corrupt and intriguing politicians, who, in the
hope that they can use the temperance ques
tion to advance their own personal views and
political aggrandizement, will oppose the pass
age of a prohibitory law, and allege with much
honeyed speech, that it would be impolitic and
against the interests and wishes of a majority
of the citizens. But no confidence should be
reposed in such political tricksters and rotten
office seekers. There are such characters in
this county, but we hope the people are well
satisfied by this time, of the amount of confi
dence that can be placed safely in political
demagogues and lying politicians. In our
opinion, it would be vastly Co the interests and
success of both parties, if this matter were die-'
posed of immediately. And the members of I
both parties should urge the necessity of it,
with all the energy and means they possess.
• With the present feeling of the public mind
on the subject of Temperance, if the coming
Legislature takes no action in reference to the
matter, it will be exclusively on account of
their believing that some political capital can
be made out of it next full. We trust the pee
pie will watch "these solons" in their move
ments as this question. There seems to be a
universal disposition on the part of the citizens
to have a law passed this winter, submitting it
ton vote of the people, and if the Legislature
does not do so, the members will fail to carry
out the wishes of their constituency. They
will be censurable is the highest degree, and
the voters of the State should remember then,
at the ballot box next fall. We trust then that
this *natter will be promptly attendcd•to by the
coming Session, and if necessary, a law passed
authorizing the election to take place about
the time our Spring election occurs.
OLD MILLION.—CoI. Benton has selected the
seat in the House of Representatives so long
occupied by the late John Quincy Adams, on
the Whig side of the house. By some it is
supposed this is ominous. Well, let it be em•
inous—what's the difference. Old Bullion is
able to take care of himself, no matter where
he sits, or what he does, and he is not so far
wrong generally, us some people imagine he is.
Ho will tell the rotten and contemptible Ad
ministration of Pierce, something this winter
that it wont much like to hear.
Tut tISTIERT Qt'Esrlost.—Otir latest advices
from Waahington positively state that there has
been no treaty' entered into with the British
Minister, in relation to the fishery question.—
Nor is there any more probability of getting
one now than there woe montlis ago. It is
said the British eel( too much—mote than our
government feels disposed to grant. Bo the
subject of the fisheries is still an uneAled
Whig State Cbnvention.
We are emphatically opposed to agitation
when it is uncalled for, and when we are satis
fied injurious consequences must inevitably fol
low. Now we would like to know what those
editors, who are urging an early meeting of the
State Convention, expect to accomplish by the
course they have lately been pursuing in refer
ence to the matter. Why do they want the
State Convention to meet in March, or before
the Legislature adjourns? And wby must its
meeting be at Harrisburg? They don't give
one single plausible reason why things should
take place as they suggest—except that they
say the nomination 'should be made soon so the
party can be put in proper drill again the elec
tion, and the Convention held at Harrisburg,
because there will be a better turn out there
than at any other place.
In our opinion, they err in regard to having
the Convention meet in March, or before the
Legislature adjourns. To commence drilling
the whig party that soon, would prove of no
material benefit, for the reason that those whose
duty it will be to drill would become weary of
their task, and again the second Tuesday of
October would arrive, no interest would be felt
in the election at all. The consequence would
very probably be, they would be drilled out of
"rank and file" altogether. The whigs are not
that much disorganized and indifferent to their
duty, that it will require six or seven months
to get them right again. We have'a better
opinion of the party than that comes to. Here
tofore when nominations were made so soon,
nothing at all was said about the candidates
until about two months or six weeks before the
And we ask our brethern of the press, wheth
er this has not been the ease? Then what is
the use of getting into a pet about an early
meeting of the State Convention? If the nom
inations are made It the time when some edit
ors think they should be, nothing much will be
said about the candidates or their claims on
the people, until just shortly before the election.
We candidly think that in May or June
would be sufficiently early for the convention
to meet, and at that time, we would be better
acquainted with our own position, than at an
earlier period. As the whigs are seriously in
the minority in the State, it behooves them to
be governed frequently by e ireuntstances.—
And by the time we have specified, they might
be able to smell a rat, that would be of some
benefit to them in selecting their nominee. The
opposition again then would have their candi.
dates,in the field, and the whigs would be able,
to a very considerable extent, to survey their
forces and examine their strength.
As to the Convention meeting before the ad
journment of the Legislature, in our opinion,
it will make very little difference. We believe
if good, active whigs are elected as delegates
they will attend, no matter whether the Con
vention takes place before or after the adjourn
ment of the Legislature. The members of that
body have nothing to dt, in the management of
the Whig State Convention, unless it is such as
happen to be delegates. Senators and Repre
sentatives are sent to Harrisburg, by the peo
ple, to make latos—not to make tehig nomina
tions. And the less they figure where their
services are not legitimately required, perhaps
And in regard to the place the Convention
should meet, we have bat little to say. We
have no very serious objections to Harrisburg,
though we have but little confidence its some
of the leading politicians there. All they seem
to care about is their friends' table or bar, and
their own pockets.
But we hope such delegates will be sent to
the Convention, no matter where it meets, that
will net as they believe will best promote the in
terests and success of the party.
On the 13th inst., the Whig State Commit
tee will meet, at the American Hotel, in Philo
' delphia, we presume, to fix the time and place.
for the meeting of the Convention, and we trust
the members will not he induced to favor a call
for the same, before May or June. Past expe
rience and observation ought to satisfy them,
that nothing can be accomplished by having
the nominations made so early as March.—
These things are desired and sought after only
by a few who have favorites in the field, and
they are anxious toknow the result. We think
the Committee should not gratify the curiosity
. . _
of such whips. Let them wait and learn win
doin, and probably too, their favorite candidates
will fare mach better. 7'here is one thing cer
tain, and that is, some of the aspirants will be
disappointed. Of this they can rest assured,
and they had better, with their friends, who are
now making a good deal of fuss about them,
cool down a little and not become too rampant,
lest they might become so odious in the sight
of the people, that it would prove to be entirely
impolitic to introduce even their names before
the Convention. Such things have happened
It is rumored that James Groper is about to
resign his seat in the United States Senate with
a view of running as the Whig Candidate .for
Governor next fall.
The Whig party of Pennsylvania would pro.
bably interpose no serious obstacle to the resig ,
nation of Senator Cooper; but his nomination
fur Governor, would, we opine, ho somewhat
more problematical than their approval of his
resignation. The Whigs of Pennsylvania have
not quite forgotten his efforts to defeat the
election of Governor Johnston; at least, we
have not, and we know one whig paper that
will not support him, if he is nominated.—
That's settled.—Brownsville Clipper.
Them's our sentiments exactly, friend Clip
per. Those who have been playing the rene
gado and opposing regular nominations of the
party, should he kicked, not only out of the
Whig ranks, but clear out of the community.
The Whigs of "Old Huntingdon" have now got
their eyes open to all such characters, and it
will he a day or two before any renegade will
get their support for any office, no matter how
unimportant it may be. This is right. How
trifling would it appear, on the part of the
Whigs, to nominate and elect a man to any of.
lice, who has, whenever it suited his whimsical
mind or his selfish notions, opposed regular
nominations and thus tried to break down the
organization of the party and give the honor
and the glory to the enemy. The Whigs should
bo careful to nominate or support no man, who
has ever opposed regular nominations, because
we candidly believe such things have had a
greater tendency to injure the party than any
thing it ever did. We trust, then, the Whigs
of "Old Huntingdon" will never be induced to
listen to claims of any such men. But we will
have more to say on this subject again.
wurlt is estimated that there are 30,000
Jews is the city of New York. Th.) , have
Denicsoratie Public Sentiment.
The Metropolitan Hall Congratulation Dem
ocratic Republican Committee are yet receiving
letters from distinguished men of the Demo
' cratic Party in different parts of the country,
copies of some of which are before us. The
extracts we make show which way the wind
blown. Burke's letter, (the old confidential
friend of the President,) is a strong one.
A New Hampshire View.
FROM RON. EDMUND BURKE, OF NEW HAMPSDIRE.
NEWPORT, N. 11., Nov. 21, 1853
* * * * * From the very com
mencement of the existence of the present Ad
ministration, things seem to have gone wrong.
The very structure of the Cabinet was an error,
and I say it not in censure of the head of the
Administration, but in sorrow. It was not
made up of the right materials. The selection
of the principal piece of timber in it. the Pre
mier himself' was a mistake. Although an
able man. and one who has done the State
much good service, Gov. Marcy had compro
mised himself with the Van Buren faction, in
order to get their votes for the Presidential
nomination at Baltimore. It was impossible,
therefore, that ho should bring any thing but
. . .
weakness to the Administration.
Gen. Cushing's appointment was not more
fortunate. Why in ten years he has filled con•
spicuous positions in as many as fonr different
parties, viz: the Whig proper, the Tyler Whig,
the Massachusetts coalition, and the Demo
erotic parties. A man with such antecedents,
so fresh and fragrant in history, could not have
the confidence of any party. And I think I as•
serf the truth when I say that there is not an
old, original true Democrat in all New England,
who at heart approves of his appointment. He
could not, therefore, have brought any political
strength to the Administration. I came nigh
omitting to say, that, during the six years ho
was in Congress with me, he voted for every
Abolition proposition offered and advocated by
Joshua R. Giddings,and John Quincy Adams.
Jefferson Davis is a high toned man and a
chivalrous gentleman. But he belonged to the
opposite extreme. After Mr. Calhoun's death,
he became the leader of the secessionists of the
South, And it is remarkable to see; in the his-
tory of General Davis and his faction, and the
Free Soil fhetion, how extremes will meet. In
Congress they were both against the settlement
of the slavery question—against the compro.
mise-for continued agitation. It is not strange
that the Charleston [S. C.] Mercury and pa.
pers of the like stamp in the South. should, as
they do, sympathise with and support the same
faction. They would be untrue to their in.
stifles, false to their past sinister purposes, if
they took any other course. But my design
was simply to say, that Gen. Davis, with his
well known sentiments and past history, was
not a proper man to form a part of a Cabinet
charged by the people with the great mission
of carrying out the Union principle which for.
med the transcendant issues of the last Presi•
And what shall I say of Mr. Guthrie. now so
illustrious, or notorious? Nothing. We never
heard of him east of the Alleghenies until he
turned up Secretary of the Treasury. And he
isdestined to recede to the same obscurity in
the accident from which he emerged.
A Cabinet composed of such materials could
not but be incongruous. And its action has
corresponded with its composition. In the very
commencement of its career, it started out on
a wrong principle. Instead of recognizing the
Union principle. or devotion to the compromise
measures of 18.10, as the polar star which
should guide its hark in the pathway of the on.
certain future, it adopted the spoils principle
as its true chart and compass. * * *
The results of your late•election have demon-
strated to the world that the spoils principle
cannot prevail Armed cap a pie with that
sort of weapon. the Cabinet stepped into your
political battle field on the side of the Free Soil
faction, and they retreat from it defeated, bro
ken down, and their colors dragging in the
mire, They made an issue with the National
Democracy, and themselves have fallen in the
encour.ter. The lesson which this event teach-
es is a return to the true princip'e upon which
the Administration was elevated to power—
the Union principle—the true interpretation
and administration of which wee confided by
the American people to the President by the
election of 1852.
' , The President cannot fail now to see that the
National Democracy of the North form a po
tent element in the great Democratic Party of
the Union. * * * * *
He has only to place himself in accord with
the great National Democratic party of the
North and South, in order to ensure a glorious
nod brilliant termination of his administration.
And we can do that, by a complete, perhaps
partial, reorganization of his Cabinet. But
if he shall retain his present Cabinet and con
tinue to permit them to proscribe and persecute
the true men of his party. as thee have done,
he can only look to the National Democracy
for a cold support of his political measures
wiiieh Melt will Ore them front principle;
without that cordiality and enthusiasm which
result:from warm personal esteem. and attach
ment. The National Democracy desire the
success and glory of the President's adminis
tration. and they arc ready to contribute more
than their share to such a consumation. if
they can do it without 'a compromise of their
principles and a sacrifice of their dignity and
self-respect as gentlemen. EDMCND Brake.
The Anti-Bigler Movement Progressing.
A private despatch received in this city from
a prominent Locofoco at Greensburg, states
that the County meeting of the Westmoreland
Democracy instructed the Delegates to the Lo.
cofoco Convention to vote for a new man for
Governor, and that there were but six dissent
ing voices at the meeting. which is represented
as the largest ever held in the county. It
states that the Canal Board was denounced,
and the course of the Argus and the Republi•
can approved and endorsed.
In noticing the articles which we published
from the Argus and the Republican last week,
the Delaware county Union (Locofoco) says :
"We agree with our exchange. No good
can possibly result to any party by proscribing
those who may entertain friendly feelings to
others; or who may have a preference. Should
Governor Bigler be re-nominated. as his friends
confidently expect, the main body of the demo.
craw of this county will support him. This,
however, will depend upon who his opponent
may be. But while we are willing to go this
far, and promise our cordial support, we can
not, with due respect to truth, and a determi
nation not to mislead, promise him the entire
democratic vole under any circumstances.
"We are sorry to say, that the Governor does
not, for various reasons, obtain the cordial ap
probation of the party here. We say this to
all kindness, and with certainly no desire but
for the good of the party."
The Philadelphia correspondent of the West
Chester Affersonian says:
"I have been somewhat surprised to find so
strong a current of opposition to the renomina
tion of Governor Bigler among the democrats
of this city. 1 had supposed the disaffection
was confined to disappointed office-seekers, but
this explanation will not be regarded as sufli-
Moody comprehensive. The grounds of oppo.
sition are various; but I really think that by far
the larger portion are governed by an undefb
nod prejudice. This is deplorable, because,
while you can appeal to the judgment of the
reasonable, there seems no mode by which you
can conceive the self-willed. It seems unfor
tunate, too, that every more the Governor
makes militates against Mtn. Recently he has
pardoned some criminals. It in said that they
are pious members of a certain denomination;
but what matter, bow religious, for eves this
adds to the °trance."
1P .The French otder of the Legion of
Iloeor numbers fi fty two thottatoilic:ol: war,
"In the day of Adversity, Consider."
Truth may at times be compelled to retire,
"bestruck with slanderous darts." but only for
a time, for "the eternal years of God are her's."
One short year since, the Locofoeo press, from
one end of the country to the other, teemed
with charges against Gen. Scott, and depreca
ted his election to the Presidency as a pub&
calamity, because he, it was represented by
them, would appoint Free-Sellers to office, and
thereby not only revive the slavery agitation,
but endanger the compromise measures if not
the Union itself. Now many of these same
journals are glorifying Gen. Pierce, who has
recognized Free•Soilers and Secessionists as
members of the so-called Democracy, and lay.
ished his official patronage upon them. There
are, however, it is but just to say, honorable
exceptions, and among these we notice is the
Richmond Examiner, from one of whose edito•
rials, condemnatory of the Guthrie Free-Soil
manifesto, and of the removal of Judge Bron
son, we make the following extract
"Upon the slavery question the South FEELS.
It will not stop to reason. Therefore they voted
for Pierce against Scott; and therefore they
will shake from them, "like dew drops from
the lion's mane," any administration which
gives unmistakeable cause of doubt upon this
all.absorbing, all-important question. Party
discipline is essential to continued success, but
far above both is the fealty we owe to our wives
and children, to our homes and our hearth
This is but one of the many evidences which
now present themselves to our notice almost
daily, that it is only in the day of adversity
even the thoughtful and reflecting will consid
er, exhibiting a returning sense of justice, and
an implied, if not express, acknowledgement
of the wrong done to a true patriot, 'who hail
ever victoriously borne aloft the honored flagof
his country, and had been
"So clear in his great office, that his virtues
All plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against
The deep damnation of his taking off."
It is but too true, as th e Examiner frankly
admits, that "upon the slavery question the
South feels," and does "not stop to reason,"
and that "therefore they voted for Pierce
against Scott ;" and there is but tog much rea
son to fear that the people of the North, like
those of the South, did "not stop to reason" or
they would have voted otherwise than they did.
Had there been more "reason" in the North
and South, and less prejudice and feeling, who
can doubt that the result would have been dif
ferent? Had the truth of history not been fal
sified, the patriotism, which no one could in his
sane, moments doubt, not been impugned and
villitied, and the men judged upon their own
merits, who so silly as to believe that Winfield
Scott would have been set aside for Franklin
Pierce? Had "renson" held her sway, and
prejudice and passion not usurped her domin
ion, the Old Dominion would not have reject
ed her own honored and patriotic son, whose
whole life has been devoted to his country, and
of whose brilliant. achievements she is so tustly
proud, as lent willing and able to maintain the
integrity of the Union, and preserve the Con
stitution inviolate, than lie whose past career
afforded no such ganrantee, and for whom she
yet cast her electoral vote.
Political infatuation, folly and madness ru
led, however, the ennvass, anti the result is be
fore the ontintry. Franklin Pierce, the par ex
cellenre Union candidate, was elected President
of the United States, not only hr the suffrages
of those properly belonging to his party, hilt of
thonsunds of Whigs whose superlative devotion
to the Union Winced them to prefer bins to the
man who shed his blood in defence. Does any
man of "sound mind and memory" believe that
Winfield Scott, who was distrusted, notwith
standing his signal services to the Union, would
here treacherously falsified the jest expects
tines of his friend's, ns he who defeated him
now does? There is not a nine in the country
who believes so. Even those who voted against
him have two much confidence in his integrity
to believe, that he, who has ever been "in ac
tion faithful, and in honor clear," would have
thus acted; and yet they, in fl uenced at the mo
ment by the falsehoods circulated twainst him.
found it in their hearts to overlook the debt of
gratitude due him, and commit the folly of
trusting to Franklin Pierce as more sincere in
his devotion to the Union.
The Examiner sacs, "the fealty we owe to
our wives and children, to our homes and our
hearth.stones, is fin. above the fealty to party;"
and the editor might have well added. for we
nre persuaded it was uppermost its his thoughts
at the time, that had fealty to home and coun
try been permitted to have its influence in de
termining the result of the last Presidential el
ection. instead of party, Winfield Scott would
he our Chief Mavistrnte, and the editor saved
the mortifyine. reflection that he aided in ele
vating one whose selection it is now evident
was not fit to be med.—Daily Mars.
The Late Whig Party of Ohio.
The course pursued by the Whigs of Ohio,
and the consequences resulting therefrom,
should serve as a lesson of admonition to those
Whigs in our own State who yet have any
sympathy with political Free Soilers, and would
have the Whig party incorporate their anti
slavery dogmas into its creed. As late as
1848, there were but few States in the Union
more reliably Whig,. in a Presidential contest,
than the Buck-Eye State. Strongly predispo
sed however, as were most of the leading and
influential Whigs of the State, to sympathize
with Free Soilers, many of them in an evil hour
turned their back upon the Whig party, and for
the time being united with the Free Soilers,
because the nomination of General Taylor. n
Southern slave-holder, and whom they regarded
as not sufficiently identified with the Whig
cause, was distasteful to them. And what was
the result? They reduced thereby the Whig
party into a minority, and contributed, sub
stantially, in surreddering, the State into the
hands of the Locofocos. It , 1852, when Gen.
Scott, their choice in 1848, was the candidate,
many of them again attsumed their position in
the Whig ranks, and labored zealously and
faithfully to undo the mischief they had done,
but it %railed them not. Franklin Pierce ob
tained the electoral vote of the State by an
overwhelming majority. They did all they
could to prevent it, but found out when too late
that it was much easier to break down a party
than to build it up—much less difficult to lead
men estray than when once out of the organi
zation to induce them again to return to it.
The result of this fall's election leaves the
Whig party with but fire in the Senate, and
fifleen in the House of Representatives. To
this lamentable condition has the Whig, party
of Ohio been reduced in the course of a few
years. Let it serve as a warning to the Whigs
of Pennsylvania against side issues. Let us
not become the victims of Free Soilism, of the
Temperance question, or any other side issue.
Let us rather profit by . the example of Ohio,
and guard against the imbecile course which
enabled Abolitionism to swell its ranks, and
thereby place the State in the hands of Loco
focoism. There is but one course to pursue to
hope for success, and that is to pursue the
straightforward path, to be true to our own dis
tinctive principles, and affiliate with no other
organization, however alluring the prospects of
success may be.
Some of our Locofuco cotemporaries rejoice
much over their unprecedented success in Ohio.
They seem to regard the Whig party as oblite.
rated, and say that there is not even left for it
any "balm in Gilend." We beg leave to differ
with them, and to predict that from henceforth
the Whig party in that State will grow stronger
and be a better party than it has been since
1848. With the experience of the past for its
teacher, and the biekerings and factions at war
with each other of the Loeofocos, conseq uent
upon their overwhelming success, the N't hips
will now plant themselves upon the national
platform upon which May, Webster, and all the
recognized champions of the Whig cause have
ever stood, and they wbl increase in numbers
and reinvigorate their organisation so rapidly,
as mon to he able to rallyagain as a great and
glorious party, destined at no distant day to be
reinatalled in,power in the State.—Daily New.
imr-Tbc greatclt glultt,n6 Are 11,D_*
Congressional Canons Nominations.
The lion. Mr. Boyd, of Kentucky, was no
minuted by the locofoco Congressionta caucus
for the Speakership of the House of Represen•
tatives, on last Saturday evening, on the sec
Col. Forney was nominated for Clerk on the
first ballot, R. M. Young being the only com
peting candidate. Mr. Glossomer, Sergeant
at Arms, was nominated on first ballot. Mr.
rllnew for Doorkeeper, and Mr. Johnston for
Postmaster. These nominees are the old offi
cers throughout, and it is supposed they will
be elected without much difficulty. The Whigs,
it seems, made no caucus nominations, for the
simple reason, we presume, that they, in their
wisdom, think they could'ut elect them without
some trouble—and rather than subject them.
selves to that inconvenience, they have conclu
ded to pass the matter by this year.
The Pennsylvania Demooraoy.
Torn asunder and divided into organized
factions of Hard Shells and Soft Shells, as the
so-called Democracy of New York now is, that
of Pennsylvania, is in not a much better condi
tion. It is true, that of the Keystone, whose
lenders are, more pliable and less independent,
was held together by the cohesive power of
public plunder, to maintain its ascendancy at
the late election, while that of the Empire
State split into fragments in the very ontstart
of its efforts to maintain itself in the State.—
But the success in Pennsylvania at the late
election is deceptive, and cannot be regarded
as indicative of harmony or concert of action.
It was a triumph obtained by the default of the
Whigs, who made no organized effort, and had
no expectation of being successful. Had they
gone into the contest, with a knowledge before.
hand, that - the Locofocos would poll no larger,
vote, and exerted themselves as they probably
then would have done, they could have redeem
ed the State, and Locofocoism now would lie
in an acknowledged minority.
The so-called Democracy of Pennsylvania, as
we have already said, is in no better condition
than that of New York, and we believe the day
is not far distant when this fact will be made
apparent to the whole country. It is in a
niece distracted, disorganized, and helpless
state now, than we have known it to be since
the Wolf and Muhlenberg controversy in 1935,
and the prospects are that the scenes of the
State Convention of March, 1835, will be re
enacted in the Convention which will assemble
at Harrisburg on the Bth of March next, to
nominate a candidate for Governor. Should
this be the ease, the next canvass in this
State, will assume the aspect of that which has
just closed in New York, and the result will
leave the National Administration to occupy
the same relation towards the Keystone State
it non does to the Empire State.
These are not idle speculations to encourage
our Whig friends. We would rather have them
to believe, and prepare themselves accordingly,
that there will be no such division of the w
eaned Democracy; because we are persuaded
that, unite as they inny, and heal up all the dif
ficulties they can, there will be defection in
support of the regular nominee to so great an
extent as to render their defeat inevitable, if
the Whigs have a good and thoroughly reliable
Whig in the field as their candidate, and do
their full duty in support of his election. We
do not wish to . be understood, therefore, as in
dulging in mere speculations to inspire emir'.
dence and hope among the Whigs. The condi
tion of the so-called Democracy is exactly as
we have described it, and the indications are
multiplying every day flint a rupture like that
in New York is likely to take place. The seine
causes operate here which caused the division
there, and promise to produce the snore effects.
In New York the influence of Attires with
the President lies been the apple of discord,
' and in this State that of Buchanan and Camp
bell has produced alike dissatisfaction and die
ficultv. In both States the friends of General
.Cnsi have been placed in eoventry. In the
former, Dickinson. Brady, Bronson. C:inton.
Croswell, Foster, Schell and other friends of
the Michigan statesman, have been discarded
through the influence of Marcy, and the State
Administration, with Governor Seymour at its
head, and his Van Buren friends. taken into
the embraces of the National Administration.—
In this State, the influence of Buchanan and
Campbell has been omnipotent, and appropri
ated all the patronage to their own friends, and
to bolster up and sustain Gov. Bigler, while
Cameron, Frazer Dawson,Ross,Brewster, Phil
lips, and other friends of CAM, have no more
influence with the Administration than if they
belonged to the Whig party. Thus far no fa
vorable opportunity has presented itself to these
• ostrucised lenders to resent the insult and
avenge the injury under which they writhe.—
Identified as Gov. Bigler is with the National
Administration, and sustaining as he does the
Free Soil policy adopted by it, notwithstanding
his own pledges in favor an different course,
those whose feelings have been outraged by
the Administration at Washington. and are in
timical to his re•election, have afforded them
an opportunity like that presented to the Hard
Shells of New York in the removal of Judge
Bronson, to plant themselves upon a platform
of principles in opposition to his re-election, and
theindications are tint they will avail them
selves of it at the meeting of the next State
The first movement has already been made.
That in Westmoreland, where the Cass influence
always has predominated, is but the initiative
step towards the organization of a Hard Shell
party in this State, which will oppose Governor
Bigler, as that in New York does Governor
Seymour, and which will have the sympathy of
the National Democracy throughout the entire
country. It is but the beginning of the end of
the fight.—Daily News.
Tactics of Modern Infidelity,
Tho Churchman. an Episcopal journal, pub.
lished in Now York, thus describes the tactics
modern infidelity employs to weaken the faith
of mankind in the Christian Mignon:
" Its present policy is wholly different from
what it wits in the days of the Hobbes, the
the Woo!stone, the Voltaires, the Gibbons, the
Nines, and such enemies of the Bible. Physi
cal setence, it seems, affords a powerful lever
to overturn revealed truth, if it can find a stand
point; and to a considerable extent it has al
ready been used to the troubling the faith of
many, and leading more than one into open re
jection of revelation. Metaphysics and mental
science in the acute and fearless Germans have
also been brought in aid of the same cause,
and more than one has lost himself in the fog
of "direct insight," "subjectivity," "pantheistic
spiritualism," and so on. Explorations and
antiquarian research in Egypt and at Ninnvah,
as well as numerous bold speculations in eth
nology archteology, have too, helped to vex
and frighten those who have no time or oppor
tunity to see what they really avail against the
i' A shrewd Yankee, at the Horse Exhi
bition at Springfield, has outrun the "striped
pig,"and come in ahead of the Maine Law. The
Yankee hired a a pot of land within the limits
of the arsenal grounds, which are beyond the
hurisdiction of the Massachusetts authorities,
aring been ceded by the State to the United
States—he not designating the purpose for
which he wished to use it. He immediately
erected a huge tent which ho supplied with
quors and which are dealt out by thirty or forty
tenders at a shilling a glass. He contends that
the laws of the U. S. protect An is his trafic.
A BVAUTIFCL &stmt.—The pious Jonathan
Edwards describes a Christian as being like
"such a little flower 1113 we sec in the spring of
the year, low and bumble on the ground; open
ing its bosom to receive the e leasant beams of
the sun's glory; rejoicing, as it were, in a calm
rapture; diffusin around is sweet fragrance;
standing peacefully and lowly in the midst of
other flowers." The world may think nothing
of the little flower—they may not even notice
it; but nevertheless it will be diflUsing around
sweet fragrant, urn a!: , c dwell , :thin itt
Fix tLe JcArtml
MR. EDITOR s--My last cornMunication elz•sed
with the question, what practical qwd bevy
thehigh schools of this State, male or fetnale#
effected? This inquiry I intend to fellow out
a little more at length, and to push more close
ly than the simple statement, in order that this
true answer may be seen and vindicated to al:.
And, first, have they increased individual or
public wealth? Now, Sir, if the Addict, is
which the young misses and gentlemen were
engaged, were of apractical kind, relating
the avocations and diities of after forming
in them domestic or .business habits, and giv
ing them useful information on these points,
there might be room for an affirmative answer,
although this would seem rather a circuitous
and indirect way of acquiring 'what could ts
learned so much hotter nt home: There might
Hane,reason in the assertioe,• that regular
and concoct habits there formed, and practical
information there' gained, would he one assis
tancerat least, to future success in life.
But what is the fact? The farmer's boy
there learns to esteem reading, writing, and
arithmetic, which these scho•: , ls are pleased to
term "elements," merely as preliminary steps
to more important studies, as actually of secon
dary moment, as being simply the introdactime.,
which is to fit him for the pursuit of higher
branches. And, accordingly,. into the , highet,
branches he goes. perhaps to the dead langua
ges, perhaps to Philosophy, perhaps . to Chain.
istrv, perhaps Algebra and. Cleemetzy, or to
still hiyher branches, and maybe to all of theta
I believe, Sir. I have all these nenseir
for I have copied them out of a catalogue, but
if they are wrong, you tint rcrnerriber that I
am no scholar, but an old.fitsbioned farmer.
The farmer's daughter. with the same ideas,
leaves her, reading, writing, and Arithmetic,
and hurries through a similar course, for which
she has been taught to consider all her previous
education as preparatory, ending with Music,
Drawing, and French.
Both return to the parental roof, filled with
ideas above their station, unfitting them for its
duties and inducing . them to wander off in
search of more aspiring spheres of action, than
the bumble track of their fathers. The son,
. afisrm , h o e r co a m p e o s t
t a y p l
n o o w r y
o p r r . e a e T h h e
o r, a d
a m .g u
b ra t : r t. ;
instead of settling down with patient industry.
instead of doctor, helping in the housework, and in
dustriously laying up for herself a warm store
of quilts, comfortables, and other articles of
furniture, against her wedding day, nu was the
old.fashioned custom with worthy and hand.
some girls, must devote time to the "improve.
ment of her mind." She reads, plays the piano
and teaches school, and at last pins herself to
some poor masculine counterpart of her broth.
cr. Both these characters now become consu
mers instead of producers, and in addition to
the vast deal of money expended on them by
their parents, they add so many more to that
numerous class who live at the public expense.
This, Sir, is a sample of what is occurring in
every family. That it is a progression one was
or the other, from what was the case in earlier
days, cannot be denied, but whether it is for
the better or worse, forward or backward, is a
question of serious doubt with me. Whether
to spend two or three years in studies that nev
er can be of any practical use to the learners,
at all the usual expense, and to the neglect of
those practical acquirements which they need
for the most important duties of life, to acquire
habits of thought and action unsalted to the
plain hard-working life of their parents, is wise,
fs profitable, is right, does at least admit of ve
ry weighty reasons to the contrary, which I
have never seen opposed by as weighty ones in
the affirmative. In this important item then.
public and private wealth, "Academics" end
"Seminaries" are not productiVe of practical
good. In your next paper I will examine an•
other item in which the practical good they
have effected will be investigated.
AN OLD FARMER.
Diokinson after Marcy with a Long Stick.
Hon. Daniel S. Dickinson, M a reply to a
letter of inquiry addressed to hint by Judge
Morton, of . Geore,iit, thus unceremoniously die.
poses of the Baltimore Amnesty, so much talk •
ed of by the Free Sono,:
The . Baltimore platform was not erected to
cheapen principles—to lower the standard of
political morals, or to place treachery and fi.
delity, falsehood and truth, or the efforts of
demagogues and patriots, upon equality. It
was simply a reiteration of great cardinal
truths, and with such modifications as were ne•
cessnry to conform to intermediate legislation
—was, in substance, a repetition of the doe•
trines promulgated by the Democratic National
Conventions of 1844 and 1848. But it has so
often been invoked as a proclaination of "am•
nesty" to political ingrates, that the assumption
is worthy of a moment's consideration, It was
just its much as, and no more, nn "amnesty" to
traitors, than any other declaration of princi
ples; and all else that is claimed for it rests in
the necessities of those who give it that read.
ing. So for as it relates to the Democracy of
this State, its "amnesty" is briefly disposed of.
The only delegate who resisted the adoption of
the Baltimore platform upon the floor of the
National Convention, was Jerome J. Briggs, of
Onondaga, a Marcy Free Soil delegate, and a
family connection of the premier of the Admin.
istration. He resisted it most clamorously,
especially that part which related to the Fugi•
tivo Slave law, and was only silenced by the
over*helming voice of the Convention. And
among the first acts of "amnesty" by Gov.
Seymour, acting in concert with the premier,
was the nomination of this seam Jerome J.
Briggs to one of the best offices in the State
NEWS BY TELEGRAPH,
The Alabama Senatore,War of the Hard*
The Washington Union claims both the new
Senators from Alabama as reliable and zeal.
ous friends of the Administration.
The Washington Sentinel declares that if
the war against the National Democrats in
kept up; it will act upon the defensive no lon
ger, but attack in return and carry the war into
The same paper also declares that it takes no
part in the contest for Spcakership, and is the
champion of no particular aspirant.
The Masaaausetts Election,
Boston, Nov. 29.—The second trial for the
election of representatives yesterday, has es•
tablished the Whig supremacy in Massachu
setts for the next year. Lowell elects ten Whigs,
Lawrence three, and many other towns where
there was no choice before elect Weigs.
Heavy" Verdict for Seduction.
A verdict has been rendered in Orange coon.
ty, North Carolina, of $lO,OOO damages against
Col. S. Denglass, a wealthy married man, for
the seduction of Margaret Holmes.
The following named Banks have failed
within the lent two weeks, and the public should
be on their gourd against receiving their notes
Bank of Oswego, New York ;
White's. Bank, Buffalo, New York;
Patchin Bank, Buffalo, New York; •
Chautauqua County Bank, Ntw York;
'Awls County Bank, New York;
Massillon Bank, Ohio '
Farmers' Joint Stock Company, Canada;
Eric and Kalamoozo Bank, Michigan,
Macomb County Bank, Michigan.
Humors are also in circulation affecting the
credit of the Clinton Bank, of Columbus, Ohio,
and several other institutions. Look out for n
big burst among the Banks, and snake safe in
vestments of their notes as speedily as possible'
A REM A Ric 41ILE Doo:--The Albany &dela
erLoeker gives an account of wonderful dog
belonging to one of its carriers. The earner
Ming sick, sent out a I,ov to deliver tho paper.*
who, being unaequaiutea with the round, was
followed by the dog, who stopped at the door of
every subscriber never missing one in a Hot of
six hundred. At tly, do:, of the rascriLcrs
who had not pniA i, tie 64