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Wednesday Morning, Nov. 30, 1853.
8. L. GLASGOW, Editor.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have ar e olnted Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, who are author
ized to receive and receipt ft,r money paid on sub
scription, and to take this names of new subscri
bers at our published prices.
We do this for the convenience of nor subscri
bers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
Jona W. THOSIPSON L Ecq., Hollidaysburg,
SAMUEL COEN, East Barren,
GEORGE W. CORNELIUS, Shirley township,
JAMES E. GLASGOW, Clny township,
DANIEL TEAGUE, Esq., Cromwell township,
Dr. J. P. ASHCOM, Penn township,
Dr. 11. L. Brrowsr, Cass township,
J. Waannast MarrEasr' Franklin township,
'SAMUEL STEPTEY, Jackson township,
ROBERT M'BURNET, to
Col. Jsro. C. WAveoa, Brady township,
Molting Baoww, Springfield township,
Horcntssots, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
JAMES MCDONALD, Brady township,
GEORGE W. WHITTAKER, Petersburg,
HENRI' NEFF, West Barrec.
JOHN BALSUACII, Waterstrect,
Maki. CHARLES MICKLEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
GEORGE WILSON, Esq., Tell township,
JAMES CLARK, Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYTLE, Esq., Spruce Creek.
Maj. W. Moose, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
SIMEON Wittonr, Esq., Union township.
DAVID CLARKSON, Esq.,
SAMUEL Wtoros, Esq., Franklin township.
Joni Lvvz, Esq., Shirleysburg.
DAVID PARKER, E:q., WIIITiOPSMSTk.
DAVID AURANDT, Esq., Todd township.
Land for sale, in Clay township, by Robert
Madden.—Auditor's Notice, by John Reed.—
Safes, by Evans & Watson, Philadelphia.—
Land for sale in West township, by Borst d:
Sir WHIG STATE COMMITTEE.—The
Whig State Committee will meet at the Amer
ican Hotel, CHESNUT Street, Philadelphia, on
TUESDAY, 13th of December at 3 o'clock,
CHARLES THOMSOM JONES, Chair.
Henry S. Evans, Secretary.
VER.. Last Thursday was Tankegiving day.
It was celebrated in this Borough by going to
church, drinking liquor, attending turkey din.
ners, and keeping one window shutter of the
store rooms and lawyers' offices open. In our
opinion, judging from the manner this day is
generally kept, it would be much better for the
health, morals and religious sentiment of the
community, if the Governor would issue no
more proclamations for days of Thanksgiving.
It would be well enough if they were properly
observed, but the way they are generally pass.
ed, it is perfectly farcical and has become a
11€11.In another column our readers will dis-
cover that the Shirleysburg Female Seminary'
is offered for sale or rent. This institution is
located in a very beautiful and healthy section
of the country, and possesses many attractions.
The building is almost new, of brick, and is
large, spacious and convenient. Any person
wishing to conduct a Female Seminary, could
not well do better than to make this institution
TRUE AMERICAN.—The new locomotive, on
the Central road, bearing this significant ap
pellation, which draws the passenger train con.
ducted by Col. Weitzel, has floating front its
front two very beautiful flags, one blue and the
other red, costing each twenty : fire dollars.—
They were presented by Mr. Baldwin, the
maker of the engine. Col. Weitzel, the gentle.
manly Conductor, has occasion to feel proud
of such tokens of regard, and we have no doubt
he fully appreciates the liberality of the bestow
From the Pittsburg Morning Post.
KEYSERS PECTORAL SYREP.-We have tried
this medicine for a severe cold. and can truly
say we have never found any remedy so pleas
ant and effectual. It is an expectorant, yet
does not sicken the stomach; and it prevents
costiveness. It is very highly recommended by
physicians and others who have tried it, as
speedy and effectual cure fur colds, influenza,
hoarseness, whooping cough, croup, quinsey,
and numerous other complaints of the bronchial
organs and lungs. We can safely recommend
it as an excellent remedy. For sale at the
Drug Store of Thomas Read S: Son, Hunting
don, and Druggists everywhere.
ier Hon. Andrew Parker will please ac
cept our thanks for a copy of the "Report of
the Commissioner of Patents for the year
1852," on agriculture, and a copy of the "Obit
uary Addresses" delivered in the U. S. Senate
and blouse of Representatives, on the occasion
of the death of the Into distinguished States
man, Daniel Webster.
UP The Legislature of Alabama has elec.
ted C. C. Clay for the long term in the U. S.
Senate, expiring in 1859, and Benjamin Fitz.
paterick to fill the vacancy occasioned by the
resignation of the late Vice President King.
Mr Congress meets on next Monday. Our
distinguished menber, Hon. John McCulloch,
is on the ground ready to respond to the inter•
cat of his constituency. The people, in him,
will have a faithful and industrious Represents.
tIIE APPROACH ... MG Session of Congress.
will be composed as follows: Senate-36 Dent.
ocrats, 21 Whir; 5 vacancies, the latter being
in Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, Maine
and New Hampshire. House of Representa
tivcs—Demccrats 150, Whigail, Free Soil 4.
b@• The mute crop in Kentucky this year,
is estimated 33 per cent. larger than anal.—
Seven thousand five hundred have passed
through one toll gate, this season, on the road
leading through the Cutnberland Pap, destined
for Georgia and South Carolina.
ier We were perfectly frustrated in our ea•
pectations of receiving lots of cash during the
Court. We scarcely got as much as would per.
chase a cord of pine wood. Oh dear—what
shocking times !
se!... Sheriff Zeigler retires from office, we
believe, with credit, haring ben a faithful and
Before the trial of this unfortunate old wo
man, we deemed it inadvisable to say any thing
on the subject, lest, peradventure, a sentiment
might hare fallen from our pen that a ould have
prejudiced the public mind to some degree.—
But al the trial Is over, and has resulted in her
conviction, of murder of the first degree, it
matters little what in said.
Elizabeth Harker has been found guilty, by
a jury of her own countrymen, of poisoning her
sister, Margaret Harris,sometime in September
last, and Idas accordingly received her sentence
from the Court.
To see an old woman, sixty-five years of age,
arraigned before Court for any crime, much
less for murder, indeed presents a very melan
choly spectacle, but the laws of the land are
such that they must be vindicated when viola.
ted, or human life would soon become of trifling
importance in the estimation of desperadoes
and blood-thirsty out-laws. All have an oppor
tunity to learn what our laws are, and when
any are made to suffer—even the penalty of
death, there should be no complaint. It is
their own fault.
Oar sympathies were truly with this old wo
man—and we had hoped, even up to the last
moment, that some evidence would be produced
to prove her innocence; but since this, unfortu
nately, has not been the case, and it has been
made to appear that she wilfully and deliber
ately murdered her sister, by the administration
of Arsenic, nothing now remains except a
straight forward and manly execution of the
law, unless she happens to be pardoned by the
Governor, which is doubtful.
We know it is hard to speak of the vindica
tion of the law in a case like the one before us,
but the matter i:. a plain one, and for the sake
of the happiness and peace of the community,
justice should have her demands. Of course,
if there was any other way for the Court to dis
pose of cases such as this old woman's, it would
be much more agreeable to our natural feelings,
and apparently seem more consistent with cir
cumstances, than to hang them by the neck
until dead. But, while we have a law such as
we have, we say let it be vindicated to the let
Mrs. Harker had able counsel to defend her,
JOUN WILLIAMSON, H. B. Swoops, and A. W.
Bummer, ESQRS. Before the jury, Mr. WIL
LIAESON spoke four hours and a quarter, in an
eloquent and forcible manner, but all his elo
quence and labor proved of no avail, because
truth held the balance of power and she threw
herself against him. Mr. SWOOPE acquitted I
himself very creditably indeed—his argiment
before the jury, considering the circumstances,
was one of the most powerful and logical ones
that we have listened to for many days. This
was Mr. SWOOPE'S debut, and it was indeed one
of which lie need not be the least ashamed.—
He has talents of which ho has reason to feel
proud, but he should be careful to direct them
in the proper channel. Our advice to him
would be, if he wishes to stand foremost at the
bar, which be can undoubtedly do, in a very
short time, he ought to give the subject of law
his whole attention. We advise him to pese
cern, and let the tongue of envy continue its vile
abuse—he will soon be beyond the reach of any
thing of the kind, and as far above those poor
little contracted souled creatures who now envy
his position, as the sun is above the heavens.
Joins SCOTT, J. SEWELL STEWART, and S. T.
Snows, Eons. were employed on the part of
the prosecution, which was ably conducted.
Mr. Scores argument before the jury, was
clear, searching, eloquent and forcible. There
arc, indeed, few better lawyers than Mr. Score.
The Bogus Democracy
It would be as impossible to define what
modern Democracy is, as it would be to "dam
up the Nile with Bulrushes." No body ever
saw or heard a definition of it, and nobody ever
will. It is without form or substance, and con
sequently is susceptible of no definition. The
jackass editor of the Hollidaysburg Standard,
who attempts to read a lesson to the honest
hard-fisted yeomanry of Westmoreland county,
probably could define the principles by which
he, with others, professes to be governed. We
have do doubt he will try his hand at it some
of these days. He has impudence and presump-
tion enough to do any thing—enough even to
enable him to denounce Democracy one day
andcreach it up the next.
But, when we look abroad over the country,
and examine the causes of the great disaffection
which exists almost in every election district in
the whole United Stntes, among the Bogus de
-1 mocrney, the only conclusion to which any rea
sonable and intelligent man can possibly arrive,
I in reference to what constitutes modern demo.
crag, is, that it is the "cohesive power of pub
lie plunder." This is language which was used
by South Carolina's late lamented Statesman,
John C. Calhoun, when duty called upon him,
on a certain occasion, to expose the corruption
and duplicity of locofocotem, or the Bogus De
mocracy of the country. And it is as true as
any language con be. Nothing holds the lo
cofoco party together save the cormorant desire
for the spoils of office, or public plunder.
What is it that has caused the total annihi
lation of the party in the State of New York—
in Massachusetts—and other places? If they
have principles, and those principles are based
on common sense anti sound reason, and have
a prosperous and republican tendency, and if
the object of the great Bogus Democratic party
is the peoples' welfare, why all this dissatisfac
tion and fighting among themselves about the
spoils of office? No—they have no principles
—no measures, whose development ever will,
the least, increase the brightness of our coun
try's glory—or add a single star to the galaxy
of American greatness. They may talk about
equal rights and the policy of non.protection to
Home Industry, as being absolutely necessary
rto promote the happiness of the people and se.
, cure an equivalent for their labor—but where
I are the evidences ? It is all moonshine—all
perfect nonsense—all done in the hope to de•
ceive a certain portion of the people.
Had it not been for the saving influence of
Whig principles—for their prosperous and gin.
Hotta tendency—our Republican Institutions,
in all probability, would this day, be like those
of classic Greece—buried among the ruins of
our former greatness.
" As thb rays of the Sun are necessary to the
growth of vegetation, so are oca principles ne
cessary to the growth and healthful condition
of the great body politic." Annihilate, if it
were possible, Whig principles, and the Amer
ican people would soon be called on to chant a
requiem over the grave of liberty. Freedom
would shriek, as the principles of the immortal
sage and patriot of Ashland would fall. As
long as Whig policy and Whig principles con
. Cum, to excl.- , as influence in the 14,o:0:J-rein
of governmental affairs, so long have the peo
ple a guaranty for the continuance of their lib.
erties and the prosperity of their country's in•
stitutions. But blot from existence the con
servative doctrines of the great NatiOnal Whig
party, and you tear down the very foundation
stones of the classic structure of living freedom.
The Whigs bare nothing to discourage them
—they are the ."bone and sinew" of the land,
and fight not for public plunder and the spoils
of office. Their object is higher—purer—ho.
Her. Their principles are the bulwark of Amer
ican Republicanism—their aim their country's
glory, We say, then, to the Whigs of Hun•
tingdon county and elsewhere. stand firm and
fight valiantly on, and soon victory will glori
ously perch upon your banner.
The Emperor Nicholas has declared war,
and several bloody battles have taken place be
tween the armies of Russia and Turkey, in
which the latter are said to have been'vietori•
0115. The Turkish army occupies advantageous
positions on the river Danube, from which, it
is supposed, the Russians will decoy them by
some means or other, and then give the deci
sive blow which must terminate the campaign.
England, from present indications, seems dis
posed to remain no indifferent spectator to the
bloody scenes that are now transpiring on the
old continent, though she has yet given no po
sitive demonstrations of her course.
France has gone a little farther, and has de
signated an army, according to report, of hoot
tyfive thousand soldiers to be sent to aid Tur
key in maintaining her national rights.
From what we can gather from our latest
news on the subject of hostilities between Rue
sin and Turkey, we are not warranted in ex
pressing the opinion that the conflict will be of
long duration. The interests of the tottering
thrones of kingly power on the old continent,
demand a speedy close of general warfare be
tween these two despotic nations, and we can
not think that England, France, and others,
will remain idle spectators to the bloody dra
ma, and suffer the very principles by which
royalty is maintained to become entirely des
troyed. We may be mistaken; but we do not
think so, though we would delight to see every
monarchical throne crumble to dust.
Sentence of Elizabeth Harker.
We this week publish the sentence of this
unfortunate, but evidently guilty woman, pro
nounced by his Honor, Judge TAYLOR, on
"Elizabeth Harker, stand up."
"What have you to say why sentence of
death should not be pronounced against you ?"
The prisoner made no reply.
A jury, chosen, as it
might be said, by yourself, after giving the
most patient and feeling consideration to your
case, and to every thing that ingenuity tend el
oquence could bring to hear in Your behalf have
found you guilty of MURDER OF THE FIRST
DEGREE. So overwhelming wan the evi
dence of your guilt, that it admitted no other
conclusion; and we approve entirely of that ver
dict, which makes it our ditty to pronounce up.
on you the sentence of the law. You arc pres
ent now, to hear and receive that awful sen
tence, and we delay it only to say a few words
intended for your own good.
Your crime shocks us, and shocks all. It is
terßDEß—murder by poison, deliberately and
most cruelly administered. Your victim was
your sister, whom you visited at her home, hav
ing first provided yourself with poison for the
purpose of destroying her life, to make that
home yours. Approaching her then in pre
tended affection and kindness, to administer to
her wants, you gave her the first draught which
stretched her upon a bed of torture, and with
the pretext of ministering to her in sickness,—
a sickness which you had caused,—you clung
to her bed-side, watching every opportunity to
mingle arsenic with the drink which she cra
ved in her burning agony, until your supply of
the deadly drug was exhausted; and you failed,
for the time, to effect the real purpose of your
visit. But you were not satisfied. You went
away, and procured another supply of arsenic,
and returned, and plied it in the same cruel
manner, until you saw your victim, after days
of intense pain and suffering, in the agonies of
death. When you saw your work was done,
but while your victiM was only dying, and not
yet dead, you were up-itairs plaining how you
would manage the affairs of the house, and
even the disposition you would make of her
clothes! As soon as she was laid out, and you
had no further use for the arsenic, you took the
paper and put it in the stove, more effectually ,
to conceal what you had done. You then
thought you had accomplished your purpose;
that no one hail seen you give the poison; end
that the horrid secret was hurried deep in your
own depraved bosom. Alt, let your dreadful'
fate be a timely warning to every one who has
the heart to niiirder,.that such a deed cannot
he hid! The first thing you did to conceal
your crime, seems to have been the first thing
that lead to inquiry, and to your detection; mid
the very grave to which you had consigned
your sister, opened its closed portals to furnish
evidence of your guilt.
Convicted of a crime so shocking to every
feeling of humanity—perpetrared by means, in
a manner, and from a motive, which evidence
the very utmost wickedness and depravity of
heart—it is our duty to say to you, n-liat we
solemnly believe, that you have no reason to
hope that anything which can be done or urged
in your behalf, will save you from suffering the
penalty of the law. Now!iere can you look
with hope, but to Infinite Mercy! And we
earnestly exhort you not to allow yourself to
be deceived in this matter, or to deceive your
self; but to begin at once, and spend the whole
of the brief remant of your days in seeking re
pentance and forgiveness from God.
It only remains to pronounce the sentence
of the law; which is,
That you, Elizabeth Harker, be taken hence
to the place whence you came, within the jail
of the county of Huntingdon, and thence to
the place of execution within the walls or yard
of the jail of said county of Huntingdon, and
that you be there hanged by the neck until
you aro dead.
And may God have mercy upon your soul I
LOUISIANA ELECTION.—In the second Con
gressional district, as far as heard from, Hunt,
Whig, has 297 majority, and the threeparishes
from which returns are yet to he received will
increase this majority from 700 to 1000 votes;
so that it appears he is elected, notwithstanding
the adverse nature of the first returns. The
Democratic State ticket will be carried hy over
3000. To the Legislature it is known that 27
Whigs and 44 Democrats are elected to the
House, and 12 Whigs and 17 Democrats to the
Senate. When complete; it is expected that
the Democratic majority on joint ballot will
roach 39. To Congress, Messrs. Dunbar, Per
kins, and Jones, Democrats, and Hunt, Whig,
NEW YORE EXPEDITION TO LIBERIA.—The
New York State Colonization Society =Thurs.
day sent off the bark Isle de Cuba for Monro
via. She carried fifty-three emigrants, of whom
thirty-two were from Pennsylvania, four from
Connecticut, one from New Jersey, and the re
mainder from Now York. They are all above
eleven years old, with ono exception, and all
able to read and write. Among them are two
Methodist Episeopel clergymen, a daguerreoty
pint, and a schoolmaster; also. Abraham Cal&
who is reputed to own $lO,OOO worth of
prer.t.. YorVIA be pr:f:r. - . Lib,ria.
The Late Election--Our Future.
'Tis said "there is always it calm after a
storm," and now after the eseitement always
attending elections where the sovereignty of
the people is manifested through the ballot box
has died away, the political atmosphere again
unclouded, and the smoke of tins battle dim!).
peared, it may not be unprofitable to take a
short view of the contest just concluded. It is
a settled principle that there is no cause with.'
out an effect, and vice versa. Had any one,
three months previous to the late elections, pre.
dieted what we have lived to witness, he would
have found very few believers; so completely
hidden were the results. In our own State, the
result of the contest for State Officers, was
generally predicted in favor of the Locofoco
ticket. But not so with the Legislature, The
Whigs have had a small majority in the Senate
for several years, and had every prospect of
keeping the control of that conservative branch
of the Government, as the elections about to
take place in strong Whig districts would in.
sure it. But what was the result?
In Allegheny county Dr. Carothers was ben
ten by Mr. McClintock; and by what? Loco
foco voters ? No; by Whig votes driven from
his support by his placing himself upon differ
ent issues than those contained in the Whig
platform. He ran as an advocate of the tem
perance Reform, and his defeat is the result of
such doubtful policy. In the Blair district,
Col. White, Whig, was defeated by Maj.
Cromwell, indirectly. There a Locofoco, Mar
tin Bell, well aware that any votes he could
take from Col. White, would thereby increase
the chances of Cresswell's election, presented
himself as a Temperance candidate. The
Whigs as is their custom, deserted their party
lines, and in great numbers fell into the sup
port of Bell, which brought about the defeat of
White, by almost 300 votes. In the city of
Philadelphia a rather strange scene was enact
ed. Regular Conventions were held, and reg
ular nominations made by the Whigs. There,
a nomination made heretofore has been equiv.
alent to an election; and the Whigs throughout
the State were perfectly satisfied with the nom
inees of their brother!, of the city, and looked
for their triumphant election. To expect a de
feat in this.old Gibralter of Whiggery was ri
diculous. Some of the nominees had previous.
ly been members of our Legislature, and had
acquitted themselves in a manner creditable
to their constituency and the State. O'Neil,
as a Senator, was respected and relied upon,
and Flanigen as a member of the lower House,
enjoyed the confidence of the whole party, and
exerted more influence by his eloquence, intel
ligence and industry than any man in the
House. When oppositionwas organized against
those men, and their characters traduced by
men who had for years stood high in the Whig
ranks, and by men too, whose motto is 'rule or
ruin' whose traitorous course proved their dis
regard of Whig success, as long as they had ri
vals for the honors.
We any when these facts became known, a
general surprise was manifested; but still grea
ter was the contempt for them when it was an
nounced that they had triumphed. Never will
the party in the country forget the treachery
of some Whig leaders in the city, and their
ungrateful and unjust treatment of the Whig
nominees, and especially Jos. It Flanigen, who
was the target for their concentrated attacks.—
His defeat has not shaken our confidence in
him. and an opportunity will yet be offered for
a triumph over his enemies. Had the charac
ter of Mr. Flanigen been exceptionable, why
did not his enemies prevent his nomination ?
That was their time. He was pledged to the
Reform that they pretended to build their hopes
upon. But when no other excuse would offer,
Judas like, they betrayed him. And the re
sult is a mongrel ticket from the city. We are
happy to still recognize Mr. Flanigen ns a true
Whig, and to look upon the Daily Nenv as a
reliable and true exponent of Whig principles
in the city, and feel confident that a great ma
jority of the thirty in the State will endorse the
assertion. The * Senator there was lost by the
quarrels among the Whigs, thus deciding the
political aspect of the Senate in favor of the
Locofocos. the candidates for the lower
House, in many of the strong Whig counties
were defeated by either going in with the Tem
perance Reforth, or loving the support of Whigs
who went over to the aid of the Temperance
Thus the fact stares us in the face, that we
have lost our influence in the Legislature; not
by Locofoco votes, but by attempting to do too
much; by going in with issues foreign to our
creed, and by the open opposition of some of
our leaders. It is not a triumph of the Loco
locos, but the natural result of the divisions in
our party. The lesson, we hope, may be care
fully studied and have a good effect. If the
Locofocos have profited by our quarrels in this
State, we have the consolation to know that the
Whigs have profited by their dissensions in
other States. In Maryland, the Legislature is
strongly Whig, which secures a Whig U. S.
Senator. In New York we have the greatest
triumph to record. The election of all the
Whig State officers, full Whig Canal Board,
and a large Whig majority in both branches of
the legislature. AU. S. Senator, in place of
Mr. SeWard, is to be elected in '55, and the
choice, very likely will be a Whig. Here, the
triumph has beets brought about by the quar
rels between the Herds and Softs. Whether
their difficulties will be harmonized, we cannot
say, but as yet the prospect is very dull. Here
we have again a lesson to study. Although
the picture is more gratifying than in our own
State, vet it proves to us the evils of petty quar
rels. h has given encouragement to the Whigs
throughout the whole country, and the hope
that we will again rise from our political grave
is brightening every day. "The darkest hour
is just before the dawn," and as our prospects
were almost as dark, previous to the late elec.
tions; as is necessary for all reasonable purpo
ses, we may conclude that the dawn of victory
is just breaking upon us. It has beets satisfac
torily demonstrated to us that harmony among
all our members can alone ensure success, and
that dissentious will certainly prove fatal. We
have our own example to look upon. We also
have the example in New York. Our success
in '4B was the result of quarrels among our en
emies; and we have the prospect of the same
success in '56. It now remains for the Whigs
to be active and vigilent; to cast off all linnet
ural alliances; place all your confidence in
Whig principles; rally round, one and all, and
defend the good Whig tabernacle, and a day of
glory will yet dawn upon your efforts. Let the
whole party act as a unit. Spurn from your
ranks those who seek admission only to cor
rupt and divide you. Far better would you be
without such assistance. But six months ago
our enemies vainly asked if there was a "Whig
party." They have already found nut that we
are still in existence, with our 1,300,000 votes,
and are preparing for a renewal of the conflict.
We have a Governor to elect next year, and
we urge thin Whigs to remain true to their
principles—await the action of the Convention
—and when the nominee is announced, rally
around him as one man—and we may greet
your ears with the news of a Whig triumph
next October.—Telegraph and Slate Journal.
GEGROTA.—From the Message of Governor
Cone to the Legislature wo learn that the pre
scut debt of Georgia is $2,635.472, and that
the balance in the treasury on the 20th of Oc
tober was $74,857. Gov. Cons recommends
a return to annual sessions of the General As
sembly, and believes that the public judgement
of the State is prepared to acquiesce therein.—
He also recommends the extension of the law
giving judicial elections to the people to the re
maining cases of State officers elected by the
Legislature. In the event of the Lemmou
case being carried before the Supreme Court,
be advises that the Executive he authorized to
employ able counsel iu behalf of the State of
Georgia. The message touches upon a great
variety of local topics, and concludes by an al
lusion to the flattering prospect which the pres
ent condition of our Federal relations presents,
now that the angry sectional strifes which at
one time threatened to disturb our domestic
tramtuiblity have so halpily terminated.
OLBEKNATOWAIr —The Wellsburg AVverli
see but hoisted Om name. of Ron. Jarnce Pol
lock f;:r Go-enor.
The Breach Widening.
Potomac, the able and reliable "Washington
correspondent of the Baltimore Patriot, in ro•
ferring to the perplexities and troubles of Pre•
sident Pierce, says:
Unfortunately there is growing up, stronger
and stronger every day, here and almost every
where else, in opposition to him, in the ranks
of his own party, which he can never meet and
overturn, nor even appease, without promptly
dismissing, or getting rid of. a portion of his
Cabinet. This condition will be exacted of
him as a sine qua non, by those who will in no
other war bo appeased.
It is already known that Senator Bright, of
Indianna. speaks freely and openly, against
the line of Freesoil policy pursued by the Ad
ministration, and against some of the appoint
ments of Ministers to go abroad, sack as those
of Soule, Dale and Belmont. Mr. Bright takes
ground with Edmund Burke, of New Hamp
shire, and the Harde of New York. Nor will
these two leading and vigorous Old Guard Dem
ocrats lack company in their great work of re
forming the course of the President.
It is whispered here, in political circles, that
the Stantons have had good cause to cherish
other than friendly feelings for the President.
It is asserted that, at the time the friends of
Mr. Stanton, of Kentucky, were pressing that
gentleman for the office of Commissioner of
Public Buildings and Grounds, for this District,
the President gave vent to some expressions
very prejudicial to the character and honor of
Mr. Stanton. To Mr. Stanton, of Tennessee, ev
ery way qualified for, and eminently entitled
to a mission abroad, and to whom the whole
country expected a foreign mission at least
would be promptly tendered, no mission abroad
was tendered. The two Stantons have been
returned to Congress, where they can, and
have the ability to, speak for themselves
Another fact:, whiCh hears hard against the
President, as a Chief Magistrate of high integ
rity and unsullied honor, is whispered about
here in Democratic circles, which has been left
for a Whig writer to tell to the public, in order
that, if it be not true, the friends of the Presi
dent may be authorized to put an extinguish.
er upon it. It is due to the President that he
should know what some of his professed Demo
cratic friends are breathing in whispers against
him, instead of telling him frankly what is
charged, and thus giving him an opportunity
to explain. I will therefore do him justice to
let him know publicly of one of the grave char.
ges whispered against his fair fame.
Just before Mr. President Fillmore went out
of office he appointed John Ambler, Esq., Mar
shal of Western Virginia. Mr. Ambler was a
State's Right politician, a high-toned, honora
ble gentleman, and a faithful public officer.—
Further, he was the son-in-law of Senator Ma
son. This latter fact probably had some weight
with Mr. Fillmore in selecting Mr. Ambler for
the Marshalship, for he was an amiable and
kind-hearted President, who loved to conciliate
distinguished and influential Democrats—so
much so, that just before he left the Presiden
tial chair he appointed, at the solicitation of
Franklin Pierce, Mr. Brodhead, a violent and
bitter Democrat, Second Comptroller of the
Treasury. After the installation of President
Pierce in the Executive Chair an effort was
made in Virginia to get Mr. Ambler removed
from office, in order that a regular Pierce De
mocrat might be appointed in his place.—
Strong papers calling fbr Mr. Ambler' s remov
al were gotten up and laid before the President.
But for some time action was delayed. It would
not quite do, it was thought, to dismiss n cap.
hie and upright Marshal from office who had
Senator Mason for his father-in-law. And yet
it would not do to displease the host of Demo
crats who had petitioned for his removal by re.
tainining him? What was to be done? It is
reported that this was done; that the President
having learned that Mr. Ambler had arrived in
this city, sent for him; that at the interview, he
told Mr. Ambler that to retain him in the of
fice of Marshal, under the appointment of Mr.
Fillmore. would be to place his father-in-law,
Senator Mason, in an embarrassing situation.
That those who were clamoring for the minor
al of Mr. Ambler, would charge his retention
in office to Senator Mason, whiclt he, the Pres
ident, did not desire; that he wished to take
the responsibility in the matter upon his own
shoulders, and that this could he done, and
that he could make the net of appointment his
own, by Mr. Ambler tendering to hint his res
ignation of the appointment conferred upon
him by President Fillmore, and then receiving
back from him a new appointment to the same
office; that this would relieve Senator Mason,
and place the responsibility where it properly
To this Mr. Marshal Ambler is said to have
promptly and cheerfully assented, by nt once
writing and tendering the resignation of his of
fice. The next day, to his profound astonish
ment, he saw the announcement of the appoint
ment of his successor to the Marshalship which,
the day before, he had been cutely induced to
Is this so, or is it not? It comes in no ques
tionable shape, and vet it is too had to he be
lieved of President Pierce. I leave it for the
Union, or the Sentinel,or the Evening Star, to
County Temperance Meeting.
In pursuance of public notice, the regular
meeting of the County Temperance League
convened in the Court House, in Huntingdon,
on Wednesday evening, Nov. 16, 1853, when
on motion the Hon. THOMAS F. STEWART,
in the absence of the President, was called to
the Chair, and JAMES NEELY, K. L. GREEN,
MOSES MILLER, Maj. S. CALDWELL, and SAM.
WEL SHAVER, Vice Presidents.
J. K. M'Caltn, W. N. M'Alister, John Nil..
Eamon, Esqrs., and Dr. J. H. Wintrode, being
severally called upon, addressed the meeting in
a very forcible and eloquent manner, portray
ing in vivid colors the many and growing evils
resulting to society from the sale and abase of
that which intoxicates, and eventually ruins its
votaries, and earnestly urged upon all the
friends of good order and morals, the many
permanent benefits and lasting advantages,
which would be conferred upon every member
of our great and flourishing Commonwealth, by
the passage of a law, prohibiting the sale of all
that intoxicates as a beverage.
The following resolutions were offered, and,
on motion, unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That we earnestly recommend and
urge upon all the friend's of Temperance, in
every borough and township in the county, the
importance and necessity of at once and -tome.
Wald!' organizing au xiiiittry associations to the
League, and that they be requested to report
their organization to the Secretaries, as soon
thereafter as possible.
Resolved, That we recommend to each of
them, to subdivide their respective districts in
to BA -districts, and appoint three or six per
sons who will canvass the sub-districts and so
licit every proper member of society, to sign
petitions in favor of the passage of a Prohibito
ry Liquor Law, by the Legislature during the
Resolved, That the thanks of the meeting
are hereby tendered to the Speakers, for their
able speeches upon the occasion.
On motion, adjourned.
THOS. F. STEWART, Prest. pro tem.
J. NEELY, and others, V. P. pro tern,
William P. bison,
James Maguire, Secretaries.
John W. Mattern,
Hollidaysburg "Register" will please copy.
ler Ohio has T 2,000 school districts, and
36,000 school dimetoni. Them are 838,000
youths between the ages of four years and
twenty-one, of whom 830,000 depend on the
Common Schools for their education, and more
than 500.000 will attend school' this winter; 50,
000 , for tlio first time, and 40;000 for the last
Limo,. and a number sufficient to turn the scale
do tote tkclitn, ""ill become c r•t , re n..,f y-nr.
The Supreme Court of this State has decided,
in an appeal from the District Court of Alle
gheny county. in which that county was plain•
tiff, that shores of Bank stock are nut subject
to taxation far county purposes. The follow
ing is the decision of the Court, as delivered
by one of the :ledges:
" The question here is, are slows of Dank
stock subject to taxation for county purpoles
Be law of 1844, section 'shares °retook in
' any Bank are made taxable for county purpo•
se4." and section 23 prescribes the measures
of the State tax and mode of collecting it.-
1 But all this was changed by the law of 1850
regulating Banks. By its section 21, the tax
lon dividends is considerably increased, and be
section 26, a direct tax is added on the stuck
itself, with a proviso that the stock shall not be
Isubject to texation for any other purpose, and
this provision remains in the supplementary
law of 1852, pamphlet laws, page 443, which
repeals this direct tan; and the result is that
the 21st section of the act of 1850 is the only
rule for taxing bank stock, and is not taxable
for county purposes. We can not appreciate
the distinction that would make shares in the
hands of owners liable, while capital stock is
"And we can not see reasons that justify
the exemptior. of beak stock from all other
than State taxes. The State needs this source
of revenue for its own purposes, and it may not
suit to leave it open to general taxation.—
Moreover, banks are not allowed to deal with
their money as they please, and Gx their own
rate of discount, and with such restrictions on
them it might not be just to impose upon them
the same burdens that can well be borne by
the wealth that is unrestricted in the mode of
its employment. Besides this, the burden of
such taxation is very unequal, most of it esea•
ping taxntion by favoritism, concealment or
This is nn important derision, inasmuch 113
we are informed that assessors, in a number of
counties, have heretofore assessed bank shares
for county purposes.
The Cherokees—Appal Message of the
The Anneal Message of John Ross, the
Chief of the Cherokee Nation, is a concise and
sensible document. It refers very appropriate
ly to the death of Richard Taylor, assistant
principal chief; recounts the narrative of the
murder of the two Mairs; recommends further
legislation for the suppression of mobs and un
lawful assemblages. and adverts to some mat
ters bearing on the relationship of the Chero
lice Nation to the Government nt Washington.
Respecting the proposed territory of Nebraska,
the inesslge %WS:—
You will hare learned through the public
prints, that there was a bill before Congress to
establish a new territory to be rolled the terri
tory of Nebraska; and although that bill failed
to become a law, yet the recollection of the
events which led to our removal from the East
of the Mississippi river to this country. and of
the fact that the boundaries indicated for the
territory of Nebraska would, if established, en
croach on the lands of Vie Cherokees, may well
awaken in our minds serious apprehensions as
to our future quiet and temerity. But holding
39 we do, the repeated assurances of the Gov
ernment. and the stipulations of solemn trete•
ties, that the lands of the Cherokees shall nev•
er be embraced within the limits of any state
or territory, without their consent; it cannot be
supposed that any such encroachments on our
rights, would be deliberatelyand intentionally
made by the Government. I would suggest,
however, the propriety of entering a solemn
protest against such an extension of bounda-
ries of any state or territory as would in any
degree contravene the rights guaranteed to the
Cherokee Nation by the Government of the
Mr. Soltle's Presentation to the Queen of
Spain—His Speech and
On the evening of the 23d. Mr. Smile:Min
ister of the United States to Spain, was admit
ted to an audience with the Queen. The Queen
was attended by the Ministerof Foreign Milan,
awl by the officers of the Palace. After being
ushered in with the usual ceremonies, Mr.
Soule handed to the Queen the President's let
ter necrediting -him as Envoy to the Spanish
Court, and then addressed her as follows, is
the English language
Madam—ln delivering the let'cr which ac
credits me no Envoy Extraordinary and Minis
ter Plenipotentiary of the United States of
America to the Court of your Majesty, I cannot
dispense with expressing the satisfaction I ex
perience in having only to give the most friend
ly assurances to your Royal person and to the
people confided to your direction and solicitude.
The respectable chief who presides at this ino
meet over the destinies of America, anxiously
desires that the beat understanding should
characterize the relations of his government
with that of your Majesty, and it would be to
me a gratification, as it is a duty, to cultivate
and develope every event calculated to render
more intimate the ties of interest which exist
between Spain and the United States, and to
strengthen the, bonds which unite the two Pow
ers. I offer, Madam, to your Majesty, my sin
cere wishes for the welfare of your royal person
and angust family. May the reign of your
Majesty he fortunate and fruitful in events des
tined to render your people happy and prosper.
To this address the Queen replied as follows:
"Monsieur the Minister :—I have heard with
satisfitetion the assurances you have given to
me relative to the friendly sentiments of the
President of the United States. and I feel pleas.
me in assuring you that they are not surpassed
by those which animate me for his person and
for your country. Those new assurances, al.
ways grateful to me, convince me more nod
more of the interest which Spain, as well as the
United States, have to preserve and draw clo.
ser their former relations. In me your Excel.
lenev will find the best dispositions, and in my
Government the sincerest co•operation for the
accomplishment of so important and so desire.
blo an object."
Ve)... The New York Tribune gives nn ac
count of the vice, misery, and crime existing
in the city of New York, surpassing in horror
what we imagined could be found in any place
in our country. To improve and correct such
a state of things ought to occupy the attention
of every philanthropist. How much better em
ployed would be the Tribune and its friends in
endeavoring to abolish the evils of which they
so eloquently complain, nt their own doors,
than to he agitating and disturbing the public
peace with outcries against slavery I Nothing
seen in the South is equal to or can compare
with the evils which they themselves admit pre
vail in their own city. ,Lot them spend their
time and money in correcting Now York
crime. and they will have enough to do.—Alec.
The New York Tribune gives the particulars
of n match for $6,000 between Prince, and Ab
dallah Colt, a sorrel gelding 7 years old, about
153 bands high, and Hero, a natural pacer,
ten miles in harness, over the Union Course,
Long Island, on the 11th inst. Hero was with
drawn at the close of the 9th mile.
The winner trotted the ten miles in twenty.
eight minutes eight and a quarter seconds,
without opposition the last mile, and coming
home in line condition and apparently able to
continue the some rate of speed for some miles
This is the quickest ten miles on record.—
Fanny Seeks, on the Union Course, WRS 29m
The time of the Pacer is also Very extra.
ordinary, as she was only a second or two be.
hind the first eight milts.
STATUE co WEUMR, BY POWF:BIi.--.1 . 11C
friends of Mr, WELISTEE: will he gratified to'
know that Mr. Powcas has received an order
at Florence from Roston fhr a bronze statute of
tho great atatuaman, to ho placed in front of
the Massachusetia State House. His bunt of
Mr..WBBSTEII, made some yoam ago, ie confess.
erny kh. , N I or7itv.l.
The Past—Che Present—The Future.
But a brief year since the Leeefoco pre :4,
teemed with the preiitftnn, that the election of
Franklin Pierce to the Presidency of the gni.
ted States, had pat an end to the Whig Purty,
and there were not wanting weak•minded and
faint-hearted Whigs who believed dint their
predictions would be realized. Experience has,
however, taught them otherwise. Though out
of power, the two millions of intelligent and pa
triotic voters whose names were recorded then
in favor of the brave and chivalrous Scott, and
against the wild schemes of Lscofscorstrr, are
still associated together in one common broth •
eriesod as Whigs, and a; unwilling now as then,
to surrender their name or abandon their prim
ciplee. They are more satisfied now, than ev
er; that there is no safety out of the ark of the
%% frig Pert', and as may to bottle for its prin•
cipies as they ever were. How is it with oar
victorious opponents? Let us see. "
Look where you may, and there can he men
an internal straggle going on, which most firiel•
ly destroy the Leedom organization, and pet
the Administration of Franklin Pierer, at the
mercy of the Whig,. Bound together by no
ties of principles, and quarreling over the di,
tribution of the spoils, there is not oven now a
State in the Union, in which the party has not
within itself the elements, which in tie warm
of another year, will reduce it into a minority,
if not divide it into two organized factions—
, So far from now being taunted by Locufoco co
. temporaries with the inquiry, whether there
yet exists such a thing as a Whig Party, they
are busily engaged in wnging a warfare against
each other, and each etching the others destruc
tion with as much avidity, as they ever did that
of the Whig Party.
r In Penneyivania the war of the Shells is jest
being commenced, and though it may assume
a somewhat different phase from that in New
York, it will be carried on with as mach unre
lenting bitterness, and about the same result,
, as that in the Empire State. Identified as Gor
r ernor Bigler is with Mears, Buchanan, Carnp•
, bell, Brown, Miller, Forney, and others knosfre
to have the confidence of, and to be all power
ful with the National Administration, the
friends of CllB3 of Dallas. of Houston, and of
Douglass, all of whom belong to the wing of
the party known ns the National Democracy,
and condemn the Free-Soil policy of the Ad
, ministration, will make a war upon him as did
Dickinson, Bronson, Brady, Clinton, and the
Hard-Shells generally, upon Van Buren, Dix
and their Free-Soil associrace. Of this we have
ample evidence already in the war which is
, *aged in Westmoreland—the so called Demo
, erotic Star of the West—and shall soon have
more of it afforded in the city and county of
Philadelphia, from both of which the probahil•
tics are there will be Hard-Shell anti-Bigler
, delegates to the State Convention.
How vain. therefore, were the imbecile con
, elusions at which some Whiga arrived at the
close of last year's campaign. Let-them who
; I then were simple-minded enough to believe,
I that the Whig Party could never again mem
perate so as to defeat Locofocoism, now survey
the nspect of the political horizon, take renew
ed courage• and prepare for another vigorous
effort to regain weir ascendency in the State.
The time will soon arrive for action. Let them
; prepare, pick their flints, and try again. Penn
sylvania con and will be redeemed next year,
if' they but one and all do their duty.—daily
A Mysterious Land.
The last California steamer brings accounts
of the discovery of the ruins of certain cities.
embosomed in the Rocky Mountains, in the
entity of the Mormon settlement of Utah:—
These cities were passed through:by Capt.
Waler, in ISSO, who with the exception of
Lieut. Beal, is the only person who has accom
plished so great as exploit. Capt. Walker has
mottled many interesting particulars in regard
to the locality, which cannot fail to elicit great
attention and awaken profound interest. Ho
found there the ruins in a state of great per
fectien. The strce , s were well defined, and
many of the buildings were in a remarkable
state of preservation; the stone and brick ha,
Mg the appearance of being glazed, as though
they had been parsed over by n raging mat,
gallon. Capt. W. also asserts that he has dis
covered in that section a race of Albinos, who
are probably the descendants of those alto
erected the buildinzs. Mr: are indeed pro.
lige source; of repuiation. either to prove Capt.
Walker a Lumbrg, cr to discover who were the
possessors of these cites, when they existed,
and what caused their destruction.
Two ME7CICAN Ex-MINISTERS SHOT.—A. let•
Or from an army officer, near the Rio Grande,
communicates that, by order of Santa Anna,
Luis de la Rose, formerly Mexican Minister to
the United States, and senor Teruel, one of
President Arista's Ministers of War, whose
name emapes me, have both been shot recent•
ly ' somewhere near the northern boundary of
Mexico. De la Rosa was - MiniAtcr of Foreign
Affairs immediately after the capitulation of
the city of Mexico, and was the immediate in
stigator of Santa Anna's expulsion from the
country, and wrote a letter informing him of
his disgrace. The other victim was also
plicated in the same transaction. Both wero
• shot summarily without pretence of trial.
INSTINCTS OF THE BEAVER—A RAINY WIN*
TEE.—The Placerville lierahlsays, Indiana and
mountaineers, from every locality where dm
beaver abounds, reports the fact that these an
imals, contrary to their movements for the last
sevOn years, are now raising their dams around
their ancient habitations, snore than a foot
above their former height,• and that they have
commenced their work earlier in the season by
at least six weeks, than ever before known.--
From this fact, which is apparent and undispu
ted, many anticipate an early commencement,
and a larger quantity of runs, and of course'
snow upon the mountains, the coming winter,
than on any previous one since the discovery
of the gold in California.
CARER OF CRIME.—Of 240 convicts confined
in the Tennessee Penitentiary, 38 were tem
perate before sentenced, and 202 intemperate,
and 127 were drunk when they committed
crime. There are 43 whose &titers were tens.
perate, 197 whose fathers were intemperate of
whom 72 were common drunkards. There are
three who have had a classical education, 7 a
common Engliih education,los who can read
and write, 62 who can red only, and 63 who
can neither read nor write. These statistics
show very clearly that intemperance and the
want of education are the two most fruitful
sources of crime.
PIGEON Moose.—We aro told, says tho Ciar•
ion Democrat, that there is a pigeon roost, in
the vicinity of Tioncsti, Venango county, where
millions of the feathered tribe have congrega.
ted to spend the season. It is said that in the
evenings they come in flecks that darken the
air and at times the noise made by their wings
nosy be heard for miles. In the mornings they
leave for the woods. Human voices cannot be
heard at a few yards distance, in the evening;
when the birds are coming to the grove. Many
people are visiting the spot to witness a sight
they never saw before.
CROSSING THE ATLANTIC IN TIGINE•AND.A.
natx D.tvs.—The London Morning Advertiser
speaks of — a new and improved construction of
vessels, by means of which it will be perfectly
practicable to accomplish the voyage between
Ireland and America in three and a half days,
between the ports of Galway and Halifax, and
the Advertiser adds that the truth of its state.
moat has been thoroughly established by ox•
periment. No details are given or hinted at,
and the story is entirely tee mysterious
NEW Yonx I :i.geriox.--I , till returns of the
vote for State officers, official from every cowl.
it , except New York, show the following result,'
-Secretary of State-I'. , ..nrenwortl;, W8;g.160;•
879; Clinton, Hard Dem., 99,487; Verplatik,
Soft Dem., 9 , 4080. Controller—Cook, Whig,
163,97.1; Cooley,. Hard Dem., 92,256, Kelley,
Soft Dent., 97,123. Canal Commissioner—
Gardinier, Whig, 101,233; 31uther, Hard Dem.
97,345; Yates. Soft Dem., 96,24:, Attorney
General--11offman, Whig, 101,754; Dradl,
11 , 1 rd (1,