Newspaper Page Text
Wednesday Horning, Oct. It 1853.
S. L. GLASGOW, Editor.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we hare appointed Agents
for the HVNTINGDON JOURNAL, who ore illlthOT
ized to receive and receipt for money paid on sub
scription. and to take the names of new subscri
bers at our published prices.
We do this for the convenience of oar subscri
bers living ate distance from Huntingdon.
Joint W. THOMPSON, Esq., Hollidaysburg,
SAMUEL COEN, East Burree,
GEORGE W. CORNELIUS, Shirley township,
JAsigs E. GLASGOW. Clan township,
DANIEL TEAOUE, Esq., Cromwell township,
Dr. J. P. Asncom, Penn township,
Dr. H. L. Unowa. Can township,
J. WAREIIAM MATTERS, Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEFFEY. Jackson township,
COI. JNO. C. WATSON. Brady township,
MORRIS BROWN, Springfield township.
Wm. Hurcuixsom, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
JAMES MCDONALD, Brad' township,
GEORGE W. WIIITTAKER, Petersburg,
ligsnir NEFF, West Barree.
Joint IlAtsnacit, Waterstreet,
Maj. CHARLES MICK LEY. Tod township,
A. M. BLAIR, Dublin township,
GEORGE WILSON. Esq., 'Fell township,
JAMES CLARK. Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYTLE. Esq., Spruce Creek.
Mai. W. Moons, Alexandria.
B. F. WALLACE, Union Furnace.
SIMEON Willowy, Esq., Union township.
DAVID CLARKSON. Eeq., Cassville.
SYMCEL WIGTON, Esq., Franklin township.
JOHN LUTE. Esq., Shirle7..shurg.
DAVID PARKER. Warriorsmark.
DAVID ACRANDT, Esq., Todd township.
See new advertisement of Geo. Gwin's fresh
recruit of fall and winter goods. His stock as
usual, is splendid and fashionable, also cheap
and of variety.
See Administrator's notice of the estate of
Benj. Nearhoof, dec'd., Warriorsmark town
See public sale of Kessler & Bro., Mill
Also notice of Dedication Baptist Church at
In another column, John Brewster, Esq., ad
vertises a farm for sale. It is situated in Hill
Valley, this county, about one mile above his
Tannery, and about six miles from the Penn
sylvania Railroad and Canal, at Mount Union.
The property is a desirable one—has good im
provements on it, and we have no doubt can
be purchased at a very reasonable price.
Xir The publication of the Journal has been
delayed thin week almost a day longer than
usual, on account of our wishing to give our rea
ders as many of the election returns as possible.
However, what we are not able to give this
week we will attend to in our next issue.
The position in which we were placed, during
the campaign that has just closed, was equally
novel and unenviable. We commenced it with
out practical experience, and under circumstan•
ces peculiarly embarrassing. The political
horizon was dark and gloomy,—at every step we
were compelled to trample upon some conflict
ing interest, while slander, falsehood, and de
traction were busy, tainting, with their pointing
touch, all that was dear to us. Like a ship at
sea, tossed to and fro by the angry waves,—
now buried beneath mountain billows,—now
hurled to the clouds. so was our voyage on
the troubled ocean of party strife, during the
There were many conflicting interests to en
counter—those of the temperance men—of the
anti-temperance seen—of the disaffected por.
tion of the party—of the friends of the regular
ticket—and in addition to all these the mali
cious slander and personal abuse of the Loco
foco and Independent presses of the district.—
It was impossible for us to pursue any course
without coming in direct contact with the feel
ings and views of some of these factions, no
matter how just or right, each may have con
sidered its cause.
As the editor of the party organ, independent
of our own sense of party allegiance, it was our
mnnifest duty to support the regularly nomina
ted ticket, and for this no one can censure en.
Our course from first to last was open, inde
pendent, and frank, and no man, we are satis
fied, can prove anything to the contrary. We
connected ourself with no faction and no clique,
but directed all our efforts solely to the success
of the principles and candidates of the party.
With this one object in view, we labored
throughout the whole contest, and in looking
back at our course see nothing that we regret.
Though we have doubtless offended some, who
were previously our fast friends, we have the
proud reflection that we did our duty, to the
best of our ability. We may have erred, all
men do, but every thing we did was intended
to advance the interests of the whole Whig par
ty. If, in the discharge of this duty, we have
unavoidably given offence to any, we are ready
at any time, to extend, cordially, the hand of
reconciliation, and make the "amende honora
If our course has not met the approbation of
all our fellow-citizens, we have yet the proud
satisfaction of knowing that we have been well
sustained by the true and tried friends of the
Whig cause. The "old Whig guard" stood no
bly around us, and when difficulties and trials
threatened, brought us triumphantly through,
showing no quarter or mercy to the enemies of
Whig men and Whig measures. We have bat-
tled for the success of our party in the past—
we are battling for it now—and we will battle
fur it in the future. May we ever be sustained
by as firm and unwavering Whigs, as stood by
our standard during the late campaign.
THE SUIT AGAINST COI.. BENTON FOR SLAM.
DER.—The trial of the suit for alleged slander,
brought by Judge Birch against Col. Boston, '
was commenced at Independence, Mo., on the
26th ult. The question whether defendant was
a resident or non-resident of the State was at
tempted to be submitted to the jury, but the
Judge decided that that question had been
waived by the defendant, and the trial proceed
Sir Maguire received 212 maj. in Franks
town township, Blair Co. and'over 200 muj. in
Altoona. In West tp., this Co., ho received
113 maj. where the locofocos generally have
about 60. Wharton got only 40 maj. in Bar.
gee where he claimed 200 .
"A. W. Benedict."
The last "Banner" contains a commanica•
tion over the above signature, purporting to
be a reply to our article entitled ''A Whig of
1838." Mr. Benedict virtually admits that he
was the author of "Who are Whigs," as pub
lished in the Globe, to which our "overwhel
ming leader" was a reply. The shoe fit him,
and he put it on. Ifs attempt to answer our
article, over his own name, (with due deference
to his superior wisdom he it spoken) is an utter
failure, and looks more like the production of
one of the "youthful editors" in whose sheet it
appears, than an article from the pen of one
who claims as much wisdom and experience
as Mr. Benedict.
Not one word is said in reply to the charges
contained in our article, but an attempt is
made to arouse preindice, and divert attention
by n misinterpretation of our lan.unge. and a
twisting of her "mother English" that must
have sorely taxed even Mr. Benedict's superior
philological powers. The language which we
apply to a general class, mentioned in the
Scriptures, he endeavors to twist into such a
shape as to mean those who worship in the
sanctuary he attends, or in other words, the
Presbyterian Congregation of this town ! Our
remark Ivan general, and applied to all church
es and all people. We said simply. thst the
author of that Communication, be it whom it
might, was one of those who with hypocritical
eyes raised towards heaven, smite their breasts,
and thank God they are not as the publicans
are." We said nothing at all about "hypocrits
in the congregation lie attends," though doubt
less, like other churches it is not free from
them. There was one even among the chosen
twelve who surrounded the Saviour, and it is
surely no disgrace to the Presbyterian Congre
gatiott of this town that they should have one
among their number of a similar character.
To the charges made against "A Whig of
1838" Mr. Benedict, by his site.: on the sub
ject, tacitly pleads guilty. He admits that
when he said "the Journal had closed its col
umn against hundreds of our best IVhigs," he
told an untruth. He acknowledges that the
conduct of such "Whigs of 1838" as himself,
did "leaven stain upon the character of the par
ty that time has failed to obliterate." He is
' quiet also on the charge that lie spoke falsely
in relation to Alexander M. White, and further,
that he spoke of the late County Convention in
a manner that should disg,race him in the es
timation of all decent and intelligent men!—
After such admissions, what more is necessary?
He concludes his article, by an attempt to
drag Mr. King, and what we said of him on an
other subject, into the arena. We said "we have
no reason for believing Mr. King dishonest,"
nor does the offer of money, imply anything of
that character, at least, as we understood it at
the time, notwithstanding our refusal to take
it. Had it however, been an open and bare
faced attempt to bribe, his honesty would still
have borne a favorable comparison with that of
"A Whig of 1838."
Having shown by own former article that
the communication in the Globe was a tissue of
gross falsehoods, and vile slanders—Mr. Bene
dict having admitted, in his letter signed with
his own name, that he was their author,—and
having shown now that by his silence he tacit
ly admits the truth of all our charges, acknowl
edging himself a falsifyer, hypocrite, and tra
ducer, we leave the matter to our readers with
out further continent, merely observing that we
are sorry Mr. Benedict, in his unquenchable
thirst for notoriety, has brought this upon him
self. All we have said, we have been compell
ed to say in self defence. If he has been made
to suffer, it was his own fault, not ours.
THE STANDING STONE BANNER,
A piratical little concern, bearing the above
title, and published in this town, takes occasion
in its last number to make a low, personal, and
vile attack upon us, because we saw proper to
publish a communication from a gentleman in
Birmin,hatn, that did net speak in the highest
terms of their hermaphrodite sheet.
Before they were asked to publish Wharton's
documents, these worthies sent out a pronun
ciamento, in the shape of an article, beaded
"Oar Course," in which they said, "we will in
no wise allow ourselves to be wedded to any
particular party, den' urination, or clique. (f.e."
Having said this, their own patrons, and the
public had a right to expect, that they would
pursue a neutral and independent course, yet
they not only published articles in their paper,
to subserve the purposes of a certain peculiar
"party or clique," but issued an "extra," which
was solely occupied with the documents of a
certain guerilla candidate. Had not we, and
our correspondent a right, then, to treat them
as having departed from the "Course" marked
out by themselves, and their paper as a party
We shall not condescend to notice the low
Billingsgate, used by these would-be gentlemen
and moral editors, further than to say, that they
have published what is FALSE, and they know
it. Their slanders can not do much injury, as
their little hand bill has not three hundred read
ers in the county, and it was Arced upon them.
We doubt exceedingly, whether they have fifty
Such a paper, edited by such material, and
indulging in low slander and vile abuse, is
worthy the clique of whose character and prin
ciples it is the exponent. It will soon be alike
distinguished fur its neutrality, consistency, and
grammatical accuracy! If it was not for the
danger of contaminating their morals, it might
do to circulate among children, but to permit
them to become versed in its chaste vocabulary,
would be to start them, with the speed of an
electric engine, on the broad road to destruc
The campaign is now closed, and we chal
lenge all those who, during its continuance,
circulated the vile slander that we had been
bribed by Alexander M. White to vote for
him in the Senatorial Conference, to prove the
charge. We have repeatedly said that it was
false, and we have given facts sufficient to con
vince any candid man that the charge has no
foundation. We now call upon its authors to
prove it, and if they do not do so (and we well
know they cannot) we will denounce them as
liars, villains, and cowards.
The Globe man had better pay hid own
bills and never mind ours. He will have en
ough to do if he attends to home affairs, with-
out meddling in other people's business.
Down on 'em—the little Bantnm of tho Globe
on Bowie knives, Revolvers, and Cowhides.—
Goose why ? He became too familiar with the
latter en more than one vocation we wet of.
It is indeed with no ordinary feelings of de
light that we can announce to our readers,
friends and others, that the course the Journal
pursued during the past campaign, has been
manfully and nobly sustained by the people.—
This truly is glory enough for us for one day.
It is a proud satisfaction, to know that the ma
licious SLANDER, the HYPOCRITE, t' 0 TRADUCER
of private character, the vile CALUMNIATOR,
and the wilful LIAR, had little to do in control
ing American freemen at the ballot box.—
May such ever be the case
It must be evident to the minds of all now,
that the people of this county have resolved to
take care of their own interests—that they will
not listen any longer to corrupt,'ntrigning, and
unscrupulous politicians in this town—and that
they WILL send men to the Legislature who are
disposed to legislate for the whole people, and
not for the benefit merely of a few personal
friends and monied characters. Let aspirants
This Institution, as we took occasion in a
previous number to state, is located at Shir•
leysburtr, in this county, under the immediate
supervision and care of Rev. H. J. Campbell,
a young man amply qualified, hoth intellectu•
ally and morally, to discharge the duties of the
We had the pleasure of being present at the
Semi-annual Exhibition of this institution,
which took place on Wednesday, the sth inst..
and must say, we were highly pleased with the
exercises and the per^ormers. Their pieces,
generally, were well writ , on and well memori
zed. They were evidently prepared with great
care and attention, which is altogether com
mendable, and showed a desire on the part of
their authors to improve.
Gov. Bigler was to have delivered the ora
tion before the Zetamathean Society, on the
occnsion, hut in consequence of indisposition.
could not ho present. The vacancy was sup.
plied by David B:nir, John Williamson,Esqrs.,
and Gen. A. P. Wilson. all of whom we were
told made very appropriate and instructive ad
dresses. Mr. Williamson's particularly was
spoken of in the strongest terms of approbation.
We are sorry we had not the pleasure of hear
ing our friend W. on this occasion, for we al-
ways consider it a very high privilege at any
time, to listen to him, either on the stump or
on the rostrum.
That this Academy is in n prosperous con
dition, there can he no doubt; and that it is
entirely worthy the fostering care of the com
munity in whose midst it is located, and of the
public and friends of education generally, there
is just as little.
The prospects of this important point in our
county, were never brighter than at present.
The construction of the Lewisburg, Centre, and
Spruce Creek Railroad, is no longer a matter
of uncertainty. The amount of stock required
by the New York capitalists, has already been
taken. and a large number of shares beside.—
, This road, and the Broad Top Road to our bor
ough, will do more for the interests and im
provement of Huntingdon county, than any
other measure that has occupied the attention
of our citizens for the last half century.
With the terminus of this railroad, and a
Hotel that can't be surpassed either for its ex
cellent accommodations, or its gentlemanly
landlord, Mr. JAMES HASLETT, Spruce Creek,
cannot fail to become a large and important
business town, and occupy a more conspicuous
place on the map of Pennsylvania, than it has
ever done heretofore.
Few things are more pleasant in traveling,
than to meet with a gentlemanly and accom
modating conductor. As he passes to and fro
with a bright smile on his countenance, and a
kind word of information to ench passenger, he
presents a striking contrast to the surley, haugh
ty, ill-grained, fellow, who ought to have been
kept at car-greasing all his life, instead of be
ing promoted to the office of conductor. In
COL %LEY, seems to he concentrated all the
elements of success. in making himself useful
and agreeable to the passengers, under his
charge. Ile has but few equals, as an officer,
on the Penpsylvania Railroad. All aboarcll—
llaggage all right, Jimmy? Go ahead I—and
off she goes
eir Our friend Robert Hare Powel of Tod
Township, took thefirst premium, at the late
State Fair held at Pittsburg, on the following
different kinds of sheep:—Leicester Buck—
Mixed Blood Buck—fat sheep and South Down
Ewes—Mr. Powel has been remarkably sue.
maul in raising stock, and those of our far.
mers wishing to improve theirs, couldn't do
better than to call on him.
Mn. Soci.E's RECEPTION IN MADRID.—The
Spanish official organ at Madrid, The Herald°,
is discussing the subject of Mr. Soule's romp.
tion by the government of Spain. It is said
that the Spanish Cabinet had t4, , reed to allow
him to present his credentials, the government
reserving to itself the right of sendinglim his
passport should he depart from the strictest
diplomatic propriety in his speech to her Majes
ty the Queen. The speech delivered by Mr.
Soule on the eve of departure for Spain has
raked up the old embers of dissatisfaction, and
the press were criticising him and his settle.
ments very freely.
Never despond—though you are attacked
on all sides by personal enemies and hostile
foes—and though your name is daily the slan
PM. Tim individual who would attack the
private character of another, without sufficient
provocation, is unworthy the name of man, and
should be regarded by an honest community
with a suspicious eye.
AtV' A few days since whilst at Williams.
burg we called at Col. C. Meta's very fashim,
able Clothing Depot. He has a splendid sup
ply of Cloths, Cassimeres, Vestings &c., of all
sorts and qualities, and must be doing a fine
business. The Col. is a clever man and is
worthy the confidence and patronage of the
Aol true.—We beg to inform Mr. Lewis that
his trumped up story of our lowing been edu
rated by an association of ladies dre is fitlse,
and would better become some of his old east
ern haunts, than the catmints of what we pre
sume he designs for a decent paper.
ifje If the "Banner" means to insinuate
that the materials with which the Journal is
printed, are not paid for, it lies. They are
paid for, and that too with money that caused
no orphan's or widow's tear to trickle down
won and careworn checks.
Notwithstanding the mighty effort made by
the ex-"handsome member" and his hired cm
missaries, to distract and disorganize the Whig
party. Old Huntingdon has maintained her
honor and her purity untarnished. The old
Whig guard, ever faithful to regular nomina
tions and correct principles, have come victori
ous from the struggle, while those whoattemped
to corrupt them and defeat their appointed
standard bearer, bang their heads in shame.
M this borough the result was as unexpected,
as it was startling and overwhelming to the
Hobensack party. In anticipation of a glori
ous victory—more than two hundred majority
—their illustrious leader drew up a portion of
his most excited followers around the Court
House, ready to raise the triumphant shout, and
send forth peal after peal of rejoicing. But
alas, what a different spectacle presented itself,
when it was announced that he had only re
ceived thirty-five of a majority I The mouths
already open to raise the victorious cry, closed
with a sigh of despair, and the previously exci
ted crowd moved off like a funeral cortege,
while the hinges of the immortal Col's. office
door creaked a dead march as he closed it to
conceal his chagrin!
Again have our gallant Whigs rallied around
their good old standard, and again have they
conquered. Though every effort was made by
the disorganizers, and all sorts of bargains and
sales attempted by our common enemies—the
Locofocos, in the face of all we have come off
victorious! May it be ever thus. Throughout
the county, every true Whig appears to have
done his duty to his party and his country. As
in '4O and in '4B. they buckled on the good old
armo—true and tried—and rushed to the res
cue of Whig principles and regular nominations.
Nobly—gloriously. have they succeeded. They
have administered a lasting rebuke to all who
have sought to tamper with their rights as
Whigs and as freemen.
terThe following aro the majorities in the
different townships, so far Si heard from, fur
Maguire and Wharton respectively:
Murray's Run, 39
• The above, of course, is not official, but the
returns on Friday, we are satisfied, will make
no material change.
Mr. Maguire will have over the usual Whig
majority, in Huntingdon county, and from pre.
sent indications, in Blair he will have the usual
Whig majority. This is certainly a glorious
victory over guerilluism. It can find no quar.
Mr. White, we think, will be defeated, by
either Cresswell or Bell. The latter has polled
a heavy vote in this and Blair county.
Judging from the news we are at this mo
ment receiving, Mr. Greenland will have a nar
row chance for an election to the office of
Sheriff. Mr. Patton has received large major
ities in several of the upper end townships.—
But we still have hopes.
It is also supposed, that Mr. Christy is de
feated, the Whig nominee for Deputy Survey
or. If the returns should prove this to be the
case, it will be exclusively an account of the
impression being abroad, that he was opposing
some of the regular Whig 1101ilhlee. Ire was
cut seriously at this box on that account. We
are not prepared to say whether he did actual
ly, or not, but if he did, it was certainly wrong,
and proved disasterous to himsdlf.
Mr. Gwin will be elected by the usual Whig
majority in this district.
The balance of the county ticket is undoubt
We are just going to press, and cannot give
anything more this week, but next we will make
Liability for Accidental Killing.
A German woman, in Chicago was recently
killed by being struck on the head by a large
ball, with which sorn; persons were playing in
a garden, by which the woman was passing.—
Her husband sued the owner of the garden for
$5,000 damages sustained by the loss of his wife.
The case was carried up to the Supreme Court
of Illinois, upon the question whether or not the
owner of the garden could be liable under such
circumstances. The opinion of the Court was
in the affirmative. The Judge (Caton)said:—
"If a party sets in motion inanimate matter
or brute force in such a way that injury to
another is the result, no one doubts his 'liability
for injuries which ensue. And why should he
be less liable when the instruments are intelli
gent beings? An infinite variety of cases might
be put, and will readily occur, to show that it'
the delbudant aet people to Alvin in his gar
den, without reasonably and properly securing
it to protect them) who were lawfully passing
the adjoining highway from danger tikely to
result from the playing of the game; he is
ble fur injuries thus produced.'
air The presence of a huge snake or set ,
pent has recently been discovered in Bedford
Valley. The Cumberland Journal, says: Two
of our citizens have visited the spot where this
huge serpent was seen, with a view of captor.
inc the monster. They were unsuccessful, but
received abundant mistimees of his actual ex.
istence. They saw and examined the skin ho
had shed and found it fully twenty•one feel, six
inches long. They also saw and conversed
with Mr. John Eider, a most reliable citizen,
who hail met the animal face to face. Mr. E.
encountered him in is lane, across which he was
lying, with his tail in a meadow and his head
near the second fence. From his dusty brown
color Mr. E. mistook him for the ridge polo of
the fence, until his horse started back with
fright, when the serpent reared up the full
height of the rider, and darted fire from his
eyes. The horse instantly whirled and dashed
off in alarm, and by the time he could be
brought back to the spot, the snake had disap
beared in the high grass. Mr. E. thinks he is
etween 20 and 30 feet long. Barnum may
got hint yet.
conata.—ln the Augusta herald and Sen.
linel we find a card addressed to the citizens of
the State of Georgia, signed by Charles J. Jen
kins, and Herschel! V. Johnson, the Whig and
Democratic candidates for Governor, in which
they define their positions el: :he Temperance
question, which is now exciting some interest in
that State, having been called upon to do so
whilst engaged in a public discussion. They
agree upon a common ground on this subject,
and, in order that there may be no misunder
standing, they publish it in this card. They
represent themselves as friends of the Tempe
rance Relbrin, and bid all efforts to advance it.
God speed, but think the cause more likely to
be injured then benefited by being connected
with the partisan politictl contests of the day.
For the Journal.
Morris township, October 7, 1853.
Ma. Myron :--I understand that a certain
individual, while canvassing Morris township
for votes. asserted that I, as one of the Senate.
rial Conferees, received money to influence my
vote on that occasion. Had any one deserving
the name of a gentleman made the assertion, I
should consider myself under the necessity of
making him prove it. But coming from the
source it did, I deem that unnecessary. When
I forge my father's name to a note, which he
has to redeem to save me from the penitentin•
ry, and when I am suspected for the heinous
crime of arson. then will I be a fit object to ap•
preach with a bribe.
J. J. CUNNINGHAM.
The immigration to thincountry, at the rate
of a thousand a day, is of itself sufficient to es
tablish weight for her in the affisirs of Europe,
quite at variance with old received notions on
this subject. When we consider that we incor
porate into citizenship enough Europeans eve
ry year to form a respectable State, it is in
vain to speak of America being separated from
Europe. We may quote old authorities; we
may emphasize the earliest warnings on this
head, but the fact stares us in the face that the
policy of Europe is such that nearly half a mil
lion of her subjects come here annually, and as
such, look with the eagerness which past
ciations, a mother tongue, and blood-ties mtg..
Lest, to the land of their birth. Catholic Ire
land according to The 7'inzes is all cooing to
this country--a few years comparatively will
show the whole of that population transported
hither. The history of mankind offers nothing
so wonderful ns this immigration. All ancient
colonization dwindles into insignificance before
it—and the details of the armies of Xerxes,
Ghengis Elms, or Attila. nre paltry in showing
the movements of multitudes, compared with
this rolling sea of humanity from the East to
the West. It will be difficult if it continue, ac
celerating in larzeness, to determine which is
the European and which the American people,
so far as actual blood is concerned. Ten mil
lions hurriedly added to our population from
abroad, would present an anomalous element
its national history. What is to happen its this
way it is impossible to tell, thong+ we should
he surprised at no unexpected developments of
the kind. As for political prophecy it is all
nonsense. No statesman has predicted any of
the great events which have changed the face
of affairs. and altered our relations with the
world. None predicted the invention of rail
roads, which has done more to modify our State .
relations and develop fraternal accord through
ont the thirty-one States than all the General
Government laws passed this century. None
foretold really the Mexican war or its results,
especially the annexation of California; and
particularly no prescient statesman anticipated
the discovery of the gold mines. with their mul
tiform influences on our domestic and foreign
interests. None anticipated the marvellous
works of the electric telegraph, which exhausts
rhetoric its attempts to determine its excellence
or paint its infinite moral beauties and materi
al vnlites. No prescient statesmen foreshad
owed the passage of the ocean by steam, by
which Europe and America will eventually be
brought within less than one week of each
Viewing these filets, we find nothing nut of
the way in supposing that events may be im
pending when the immensely increased immi
gration to this country may quite change our
attitude toward Europe, warranted as we alrea
dy are in having our word to say in European
All fears of undue foreign or religious pre
ponderance in this country are futile. The
spirit of liberty encourages the individual man.
is the year 1535-6 tho Propaganda-College
inquired particularly if the Roman Catholic
Church would absorb the others in this country:
Bishop England replied in the negative, and
stated that, according to the ratio of increase,
there ought to be about three millions four
hundred thousand Catholics more than the U.
States could then show. So, ton, fears of the
undue preponderance of any particular clement
are dissipated by the increase of some other
element: by the vast native growth of popula
tion. and by the absorbent power of the nation,
which takes in the sons of all climes and cov
erts them and their descendants into Ameri
cans. We have five thousand million acres
and need nt least one thousand million inhab
itants to cultivate them. So we need not dread
immigration, but may freely welcome its in
Europe will be Cossack,
The Wall Xt..Tereal ants:—"Latest Euro
pean adviees infirm no of a European war.—
The whole matter is a farce, a tempest in a
ten-pot. That Russia will take and annex both
Austria and Turkey to her dominions despite
all Europe combined, is just as certain ns twice
one makes two. Neither EnTland nor France
dare oppose her, the ono from the want of
means. the other knowing from experience it
would he folly.
Europe will he CO9RaCk, and the power of
Russia ehanwl to that of the protector will
rise. We may hate that power, but to it yon
must how,•and we think it is one that is inti.
mutely connected with our institutions as an
nntazonistic principle. Let the right win, and
let Americans fear neither its power financial
ly. as they must denise it politically, when at
tained, as it certainly will he. England has
reached the zenith of her power, and she will
prove as beautifid in her deeling rears as she
has been lovely in her well played part in her
virgin days. She will, like Greece, be classic
ground some hundred years hence.
The prospects of the next season's supply of
houes are favorable for n later number than we
have ever had. All accounts concur in the
opinion that there will he a lam surplus in
Kentnelm We have seen various persons
from all the Senthwestern sections of the State
who report hens mere abundant than over, and
the corn crops in the most pt'Omisini,
tins, and the hoLts in all the counties they pas
sed throulfh as nod conditioned and fat now
as they usually are in November. This is Pre
sumtive evidence that feed is plentiful and to
We learn by a letter from St. Louis, to a
mercantile bousc in this site, that 10,009 hors
were offered there at 3/ cents net, but were
refused. We also learn that 3,000 hoe's were
offered on change in Cincinnati, by a house in
Madison, Indiana, nt 31 which were also refus
ed. The farmers along the Southern portion
of the state are offering hogs at 2} cents gross
on their farms. We present these facts with
out comment.—Louisville Courier.
RATI.ROAD LAW.-All the railroad law in
force in this country, written or unwritten, says
the New York Courier and Inquirer, may be
summed up in these precepts—increase and
multiply—run faster and run cheaper. Our
statutes are. fbr the most part, merely obilga
tory in effect; and we are so pervaded, as a peo
ple, with impatient fuel reckless haste, that
there is neither public authority nor public sen
timent, to discourage the multiplication of
cheaply built and cheaply furnished railroads,
and to exact that liberality, vigilence, and re
sponsibility. in the whole system of operating
them, which the common safety demands.
SHOCKING OcounanNoc.—We learn that on
Wednesday morning, 28th alt„ a young man
by the name of Clark, residing near Beech
Creek, left home with his rifle, stating that he
was going to hunt squirrels. In the evening
he was discovered in a barn not far from his
home, a horrid spectacle—lying upon his hark,
the rifle was beside him and the ramrod be
tween his legs—the ball had entered near the
eye, and passing upward, tore away a large
part of the skull, literally blowing his brains
er The War Department hll3 changed the
Garrison at Crrlisle, from a dragoon to an in.
Woman and Temperance.
Fowler & Wells have just issued, in two neat
25 cent pamphlets, "The Whole World's Tem
perance Convention," held at Metropolitan Hall
on the lot and 2nd ult., and "Proceedings of
the Woman's Rights Convention, held at the
Broadway Tabernacle in the City of New York,
on the Gth and 7th Sept. 1863." The former
gives the proceedings of the preliminary meet
inn at the Brick Church Chapel last May, the
call of the Whole World's Convention, with the
signatures, the meeting of the friends of Wo
man's Rights at the Tabernacle last May, at
which this call was resolved on, Mr. Carson's
exposition of the "Carson Lergue," &e., &c.,
with appended essays by Dr. R. T. Troll and
H. Greeley on the Temperance Reformation
and the Nature of Alcoholic Liquors, and a list
of Delegates and Societies represented in the
Whole World's Convention—the whole cover
ing 112 large octavo pages. .The "Woman's
Rights Convention" is quite fully reported, in.
eluding the riots by which it was interrupted
and finally brought to a close. It covers 90
pages. These handsome pamphlets should be
not merely read but preserved and bound. Our
children will rector with interest to documentary
evidence that a Convention of capable, reputa
ble, truth-seelcin 2 . men and women was annoyed
and disturbed throughout the evenings of its
two days' session by decently dressed and not
unmanageably drunk rowdies, because it dared
to consider the Rights of Woman tan voice in
the disposal of her own hard-earned property,
in framing and modifying the laws whereby she
is governed and choosing the magistrates by
whom she must be judged, and in determining
why shall have the custody and guidance of
her own child. On all these points; the men
and women assembled in the Tabernacle were
willing to be convinced of their error if error
there were—willing to surrender their own
platform and their own audience for half the
time to any decent, rational advocates of posi
tions adverse to their own, if they might thus
be permitted without annoyance to set forth, in
their own hired house and at their own adver.
thud time, their own profound convictions du
ring the other half of the time. But this was
denied them, and their meeting was hissed,
hooted and yelled to a premature close, and
nine-tenths of the Commercial and nearly or
quite all the Religious Press had no word of
hearty censure for the miscreants who thus
trampled down the rights of Free Thought and
The other pamphlet narrates the history of
one of the most important movements yet made
in the progress of the Temperance Cause—
namely, the full recognition of Woman as the
compatriot and help-meet of Man in the ardu
ous work of rescuing the Human Race front the
destructive sorceries of Alcoholic poison. Near
lv or quite half the speakers at the Whole
World's Temperance Convention were women,
as were a portion of the officers and of the com
mittees; and the arguments of women as well
as men are reported in a condensed form in
this pamphlet. Let the public rend these argu
ments, and then judge those who a few days
afterward, with clamor and coarse epithets, sup
pressed the voice of a noble and pure.heartecl
woman, an undoubted delegate to their body,
and drove her with insult from their platform.
Read what Woman says for Temperance in this
pamphlet, and then judge how ardent must be
the love of the cause in the souls of those who
wasted hours to prevent her tweaking to them
a few minutes, because (as they phrased it)
"common usage" does not admit her right to
the platform ! It has long enough been a fash
ionable " usage " for Woman to circulate the
wine-cup and invite Man to partake of its seduc
tive contents; suppose she has resolved to do
this no longer, but give her best efforts instead
to the work of persuading men not to drink—
ought Temperance men to be foremost in de
feating this change ?
WASHINGTON, OCt. 8,
There is no doubt of the statement that Aus
tria proposes to set Kosta at liberty on the con
ditions stated in to-day's Intelligeneer. The
information is understood to be derived from
the same American instrument of Bodisco who
is so earnestly engaged in his derence at the
expense of troth. He undoubtedly speaks by
the card in this ease. It is not true, however,
that Hn!seinenn is making arrangements with
Marcy for Kosta's release. Hour government
had the opportunity, it would refuse to receive
Kosta, except unemeditionallv; but there in good
reason to suppose that he has been already
freed by agreement as above, and will soon
reach here. It is now nstertained that Austria
hoped to have sent the information here in time
to recall Malsemann's recent note to Mr. Mar
e, The cause of this cringing is a fear lest
the United States should get into difficulty with
Austria, and cripple her navy, which may
speedily be required to assist Russia in her
struggle against Turkey and Hungary.
Mr. Marcy returned this morning, by the
night express, and a long Cabinet session was
Commtidnre Daniel, of Baltimore, late Com.
mander-in-chief of the Peruvian fleet, was sum
moned here be telegraph. and loot evening and
to-day had a long consultation with Mr. Cosh
in e. it is supposed. relative to the China Islands
difficulty, with whieh the Commodore is per
fectly familiar. There is senree a doubt this
80Oct will become mattes of immediate, earn
est and important diplomatic consideration.
Secretary Outhrie's special letter to Mr.
Bronson is distinctly approved by t 1•43 Presi
dent, notwithstanding statements filth° contra
ry. The Bards here are greatly disquieted—
their last refuge is none. The letter is addressed
to Messrs. Bronson, Cochran, and Naval Off.
Per. Its author declares, no the view of the
President and all his Cabinet, that they were
elseted by an United Democracy, and refers to
the declaration of the inaugural, that past (IV
forearm were to be forgotten among those who
contributed to the victory. and continued to
occupy the Baltimore platform; suggests that
the majority wing now stands more permanent.
ly on the platform than when the Hunlcers co
operated with them willingly to secure power;
and says these faits create an imperative ne
cessity that the soft wing shall be recognized
as an interrral part of the Democratic party,
and therefore justly entitled to a fair shore of
the Federal patronage. Joule Bronson is fur.
ther reminded that his appointments were con
firmed at Washington, though made wholly
from the Hunker wing, bemuse the Collector
was believed to be netnated by an honest de
sire, as he expressed himself, to consolidate the
party. He is told lie has signally failed to ac
complish that purpose. although the seven
hundred nppointees by the Collector are almost
all his friends. The Secretary concludes by
intimating, for the President and himself, that
the effort to consolidate the party, by fair deal
ing to both wings, eon no longer he permitted
to suffer defeat by leaving these appointments
in the hands of any individual who shall insist
on driving from the Democratic organization,
on flimsy pretexts, those Democrats who avow
entire acquiescence in the Baltimore plattbrin,
sustain the Inaugural, and heartily support the
Administration as it exists. It is supposed
here that Mr. Bronson will feel compelled to
VENEZURI.A.-From this republic advices to
the 18th ult. have been received at New York.
Two small parties or revolutionists have been
routed and dispersed in the province of Barce.
lonia. Many of the choir.; of the insurrection
had been imprisoned in the dungeons of Lag
uayra. A decree of amnetnly had been issued.
Earthquakes continued to he felt in the prov
ince of Cumana, with great loss of property.—
The capital of the province had been transfer
red from Cumana to Maturin.
SICKNESS IN JACKSON' MISS,-The fever has
broken out with considerable malignney in the
capital of the State of Mississippi. The town
is nearly deserted, most of the inhabitants ha,
imt• fled to the country for safety. The 77atc
ornur Mimi, of the 23d, ex/we:sled the deci
ded opinion that the fever was on the increase.
The weather was very unfavorable.
Busy—slanderers nudbackbitere on our
The South Paoifio Coast.
We have dates from Valparaiso to &pt. 1,
and Callao to Sept. 10.
We have received the first number of the
Tralparai go Echo, a new journal, to take thtt
place of The Reporter. It is very neatly got
up, and contains a large amount of interesting
political and commercial news.
A project of a law permitting tho free export
of one quintal of copper for every ton each of
native cool used in reducing the ore to bar
copper, has been proposed to the Chambers by
the Government on the Bth inst.
A decree has been issued by tliegovernment,
allowing vessels seized for breach of the Cu,'
tom House laws to be released while the suit
is pending, by giving proper bail.
The Executive has laid before the Congress
a bill for the reduction of the duties on silk
goods. from 25 to 15 per cent.
Another enactment allows foreign vessels to
carry gunpowder and other materials used for
exploding in mining, in addition to the other
articles they are allowed to trade in between
the ports of the republic.
The session of the 1114'ative Chambers
was to have closed on the Ist inst., but it was
probable it would be extended for fifty days
more. - .
The question as to the best means of aub,ja
gatinz the Indian tribes, who (wimpy the south-
ern prov'nees of Chili, was under the consid.
eration of Comes, . .
Mr. Joshua Waddington has undertaken the
construction of the immense canal for the pur
pose of conducting the waters of Quillota river
to Valparinso, and has offered $lOO,OOO to the
corporation for the purpose of constructing pus
- Miss Catharine Hays is also in the Capitol,
where she has been most enthusiastically ro
coined. _ _
We have again occasion to complain of want
ofdefinito information of the proceedings in
the republic of Bolivia. As Beim will not
permit any statements against his interest to
be published in the papers, and as the Peru.
vi.ris have possession of the various outlets of
communication; they do not of course suffer
anything against their interest to pass, so that
between them both the public are kept in a
state of the most profound ignorance,and trade
and commerce are brought so a stand still.—
From the accounts we have received, we infer
that the revolutionary movement makes but
little progress. Helen still adheres to his poli
cy of acting entirely on the defensive, and his
opponents want either courage or means—ye
suspect both—to attack him. The papers
mention a victory gained by Gen. Agardo in
Catania, but it appears to have been but a small
matter. Belzu is in La Paz with 250 men.—
Sr. Rafael Bustillo, whose insulting conduct
drove all the foreign Ministers from Bolivia,lias
a:•ain resumed the offee of Minister for foreign
Affairs. Sr. Fries has also accepted office.—
The town of Santa Cruz has returned to order.
Col. Thigunio is on the frontier of Guiacho with
a government three, and Gen. Telles is in com
mend of another body of troops at Potosi.
Chili has offered her mediation between Pent
and Bolivia, and the latter has replied that
previous to any attempt at mediation Peru
must give up Cobija and recompense the Bo
livian government for the expenses of the war
against Agrado and Velesco. On these terms
it would oppertr that any atiempt at an adjust
ment of the difficulty was impossible.
Oar dates from Peru are to the 10th of Sept.
A serious difficulty has taken place at the Lo
bos Islands, between the Captain of the Leff.
ance,•en American ship, and the authorities, of
which the following account is published in the
Co,neroio of the 10th inst.:
According to the custom, the Defiance was
ordered to Callao to obtain her clearance, but
the Captain expressed his determination of
sailing for the United States, and of not call
ing for it.
As the Defiance was leaving the Chinches.
she fired a gnu, which, it appears, is contrary
to the regulations of the port. An officer was
immediately sent front the guard-ship to col
lect the fine imposed, namely, twenty-five dol
lars; this was at once paid; but the Captain
said he would give him occasion to return for
another fine, as he was about to fire another, a
shotted gun. In a short tinie the second gun
was fired, (hut without shot,) whereupon two
boats were sent to arrest the Captain, to which
he resisted, and in the attempt the guard tired,
and unfortunately shot one of their own party.
The Captain was finally arrested, (with some
nnecessar, violence ns stated.) and the vessel
sent to Callao, where she was placed at the dis
posal of the United States Minister, who refus
ed to receive her, and immediately chartered
the Bogota to proceed to the Islands to investi
gate the matter. This statement we are in
clined to receive with very great caution, be
ing evidently a one-sided account of the matter.
The next mail will doubtless bring us further
The report of the great extent of the GllllllO.
deposit is alio to he received with some de
gree of doubt, as it is the interest of Peru to
magnify the extent of this her chief resouree to
pay her heavy debts. The object of making
the statement is evidently to counteract the et.
feet of Sr. Elias's assertion, that the supply was
scarcely sufficient for eight years at the present
rate of consumption.
Don Domingo Elias is still in confinement
in the Castle of San Catalina. His son has
published a petition to Congress, complaining
of' the arbitrary and unconstitutional circum
stances of lily arrest.
The President has banished a clergyman of
the name of Novoa, whom he supposed to bo
the writer of the letters published by Sr. Elias.
!coven took refuge in the French Minister's
house, from whom the government demanded
him, lint the Count de Ratementon refused to
give him up. He afterward got off to Valpa
A letter in the London Times from Buenos
Ayres, dated August 2nd, says that during the
ascendancy of Urryniza as Provisional Director
of the republic of Buenos Ayres, the English
and French ministers, Sir Charles Hotham and
M. St. Georges, procured from him the cession
of the island of Martin Garcia, the Gibraltar of
the Parana, to the British and French govern.
meats, no a guarantee for the free navigation of
the interior rivers. Respecting this iniquitous
hargnin the Times correspondent properly re.
"It is a most odious transaction, for which
General Urquiza had not a shadow of right or
authority. and wilt he resisted with the last drop
of Argentine blood, and it may lead to compli ,
cations with the United States and Brazil, the
remote consequences of which no one can fore
see or predict. It is to he hoped that the Bri
tish and French governments will neither ratify,
countenance nor listen to such a project, which
would blast all their prospects in these regions
for generations to come. Commercial men in
terested in the trade of the River Platte, and
the friends of justice and humanity, are hound
to denounce this proceeding, as certainly ruin
ous to all legitimate interests, as scandalous
and immoral in itself. The island in question
has always belonged to the territory of the Pro
vince of Buenos Ayres, over which General Ur
trim has no jurisdiction, even in terms of the
National Constitution latterly sanctioned at
Santa Fe; and to attempt to impose it by force.
is to sacrifice all present and future interests
fur a longer period than we care to name."
A Gallant Robber.
The Dixon (Ms.) Telegraph gives an account
of n gallant knave who, a week or two 070, at
Prophetstown, in Lee County, broke, into a
room in which two Indies and a child were sleep.
ing in one bed. After collecting what valua
bles he could find, consisting principally of
their watches nod jewelry, he got ready to leave;
but before doing so. leaned over and imprinted
a warm kiss on the lade sleeping at the back
of the bed. This roused the hole and resulted
in the capture of the thief. fie was confined
in the jail of Dixon, until one day last week,
when he crept through the stove pipe leading
from his cell to an upper room, made a leap of
some twenty fue , , and "vemocod the rsn,h."