Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, September 07, 1853, Image 2
HUNTINGDON JOURNAL Wednesday Morning, Sept. 7, 1853. S. L. GLASGOW, Editor. CIRCULATION 1000. WHIG STATE TICKET r JUDGE OP TEE SUPREME COURT, Thomas A. Budd, of Philadelphia. FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, Moses Pownon, of Lancaster county. VOR SURVEYOR GENERAL, Christian Myers, of Clarion county. FOR AUDITOR OENERAL, Alexander K. McClure, of Franklin co. WON DISTRICT TICKET, STATE SENATE r ALEX. M. WHITE, of Cambria county. ASSEMBLY, JAMES MAGUME, of Huntingdon cm. JAMES L. GWIN, of Blair county. WHIG COUNTY TICKET 1 SHERIF?. JOSHUA GREENLAND, of Cassvillo. TREASURER, JOSEPH M. STEVENS, of Petersburg. DISTRICT ATTORNEY, J. SEWELL STEWART, of Iluntiogdon. COUNTY SURVEYOR, WILLIAM CIIRISTY, of Porter tp, COUNTY COMMISSIONER, THOMAS HAMER, of Wost, tp. AUDITOR, HENRY BREWSTER, of Shirloyeburg. DIRECTOR OF TILE POOR, SAMUEL MATTERN, of Franklin tp. Whig County Committee. The following named gentlemen compose the Whig County Committee S. L. GLASGOW, Esq., Chairman, Hunt. John Williamson, Esq., William Saxton, A. J. Africa, John A. Doyle, M. F. Campbell, John Flener, Henderson tp. John Snyder, Walker. Dr. J. P. Ishcom, Penn. Lazarus Houck, Hopewell. David Aurandt, Esq., Tod. Dr. 11. L. Brown, Cassville Borough. Col. John Stever, Cass tp. Simeon Wright, Esq., Union. Isaac Wolverton, Brady. Moses Greenland, Clay. Jeremiah Brown, Springfield. T. T. Cromwell, Esq., Cromwell. Dr. R. Clark, Shirleysburg Borough. Peter Myers, Shirley Iv. Dr. J. A. Shade, Dublin. Geo. Wilson, Tell. Geo. W. Whitaker, Esq., Petersburg. Robt. Wilson, West tp. Jno. Crownover, Barree. Maj. W. Moore, Alexendria Borough. Henry Graffius, Porter tp. Jno. Balsbach, Morris, James Clark, Es ~Birmingham. Jno. Cummins, Esq., Jackson to. Samuel Wigton, Franklin. David Parker, Esq., Warriormark. Benjamin Corbin,Murray's Run. "Shavers Creek." If the author of the communication signed as above, had complied with our rule and sent its his name, we would have been pleased to publish it. We think also that a little of the "tonic" would have a good offuct on some of the "Ilobensacks." A. K. McClure. The eloquent and able address of A. K. Mc. CLURE, our candidate for Auditor General, de livered at this place on the evening after the State Convention, will ho found ou our first page. h is a production evincing talent, wisdom, and an intimate acquaintance with the affairs of the Commonwealth. It speaks well fur the ability of its author, and will he road with in• forest by every Whig in the State. ger We have been requested to say that owing to the absence of the Editor of the Jour. nal, and his directions to the foreman in his office, accounts for the call and reply of Col. Wharton not appearing in that paper this week.—Globe. Now, friend Lewis, did it not strike you when that 'request' was made that the expla nation, if any was necessaryought to be in the Journal itself, and not in any other paper ? De kind enough hereafter to let tho Journal speak for itself. DEMOCRATIC Con'Elmox.--This body held their adjourned meeting here on yesierday.— But few delegates wore present. Their whole course was pre-arranged. We hare not room to notice it any further this week, but will speak more at length in our next paper. Dialogue, Between the " Humble hstrument," and the Author of " Wharton's Call," after the Au. Mar made his great push for the Congres• aimed nomination, last full. SceNs.—Publie Street in Huntingdon, •, Author.—" Wait 'till next fall. I was quiet on your question this time, but my dear sir I'll travel for you next fall. I'll show you up in such a manner that you can't get a vote in the Convention." Humble Inefrument.--Just what I want,—all such poor r servile creatures as you to 'pose me in this here county, and my success is con Min. For after all I would hire you to oppose me, and be glad to employ you. The people know you." The Author wont his whole strength, hut contrary to his pledge, and what was the result? The "handsome member" was right, at least, for once. NW The Mobile Tribune states that the mail between Atalanta, Georgia, and Montgomery, Alabama, has been robbed of several packages of letters intended for that city, Now Orleans and Montgomery, The bags appear to have been opened, on several occasions, about or since the first of July. From $20,000 to $50,. 000 hare been thus abstracted. Wharton's Call. If all the various circumstances of the "hum ble instrument's" pursuit of a nomination and election were reduced to writing, they would compose a history equally interesting and laughable, with that of Obadiah 01.1budes chose after his lady-love, or the adventures of Bachelor Butterfly. He has certainly "taken up arms against a sea of troubles," but wheth ho shall successfully "end'' them or not, yet re mains to be developed. The latest phase of this novel chase, is the circulation of two letters—one, signed by some fifty persons, addressed to the "handsome mem ber" himself, and the other, his reply—a piece of composition that ought to immortalize its author, who, by the way, is generally understood not to be the illustrious Col. What these fifty individuals expect to accom plish by this course, we arc unable to conceive. If it be the defeat of our regular candidate, the/ will most probably discover they are a little too wide of the mark. The people of the country are too well aware of the motives by which the leaders of the movement are actuated, to place any confidence in their professed regard for the "violated usages of the party," which is the solo shadow of reason they pretend to give in their letter, for their course, almost without a paral lel in the history of our county politics. But even this amounts, simply, to no reason at all. There never was a better or more intelligent Convention, assembled in this town or county, than that which rejected Samuel Wharton, and nominated James Maguire, as a candidate for the Legislature; and it is by no means proba ble that these delegates did not understand par ty usages, as well, at least, as the fifty and one signers of "Wharton's Call." They allege that Samuel Wharton "deserved no such marked censure from his party." Let us examine, briefly, his course and character and see what ho "deserved" at the hands of the Whig party of this county. For whom did he legislate,—was it for a majority of his constitu ents,—or for some of the leaders of this very opposition? Let the "new bridge" now going up over our river, answer. Wo have nothing to say as to the necessity of this bridge,—it may, or it may not be necessary. But if it be necessary, the law provides a way to get it with out special legislation. And, at all events, it was objected to by a very largo majority of Wharton's constituents, who sent in numerous petitions of remonstrance against it. If, th' , ho had complied with their wishes, he would have let the matter alone, to be attended to as all other county bridges are. But no; this did not happen to suit the convenience of some of the individuals whose names are appended to this call, and, in the face of the expressed wish es of the majority of those who sent him there, he had a bill passed, not merely authorizing, but directing the County Commissioners to ap propriate three thousand dollars towards the building of this bridge I Nor is this an isolated instance of gross vio lation of the interests of his constituents. Was his solitary Whig vote to the locofoco Appro priation Bill, in accordance with the wishes of his party in this county? Was his course with regard to the State Road to be laid out through several of the townships of this county, at an immense cost to their inhabitants, in compli ance with the desires of a majority of his con stituents? In short, was any of his legislative conduct such as to entitle him either to the confidence or respect, much less the support, of the Whig party of Huntingdon? The people have already recorded their answer through their delegates in Convention, and never before was there a stronger or more general expres sion of pnblie sentiment by means of primary elections,—a reflection that alone ought to crush, at once and forever, all attempts at op position. Having thus totally misrepresented his con stituents what did Samuel Wharton "deserve," (apart from all considerations of character,) at their hands? Was it not their "marked cen sure" and indignation? Could they—the Whig party of thin county—after being thus laughed at, and treated as n machine to be worked as it suited the pleasure of the operator pocket all these insults, and endorse his course by a re-nomination ? Would any thing be more ab surd, not to say disgraceful ? But he answers these fifty and one signers, and complies with their request. Hark to that answer! "I had almost concluded to bear it in silence!" To bear what in silence? Why his rejection by the Convention, as a candidate fur the Legislature. Could anything be more rediculous ? What right has any defeated can didate to complain, much less ono so totally incompetent, and so careless of the desires of his constituents, as the individual who adopts this language! Wonderful complaisance, that he—S. S. Wharton I "had almost concluded to bear in silmice" the refusal of the Whigs of Huntingdon county to nominate him for office! But he says further that "the usages of the party were trampled upon by a combination of elements the most antagonistical and incongru ous, arrayed and guided by cunning and treachery, the whole object being Wary to my ' self, personally." Strange, passing strango, that a man of his "tact" could not counteract the effect of "elements" so "antaganistical and incongruous!" But why does he not bear out his assertion by evidence? Not ono single in. stance does he give of "cunning and treachery," nor does he condescend to tell us in what the "elements" consist. And their "sole object was injury to himself personally l" Is Samuel Wharton of so much importance that a largo majority of intelligent delegates assembled in county Convention, and the people who sent them there, must stoop to do him a personal injury? Is it to be supposed for a moment that such an idea over entered the mind of a single delegate in that Convention ? What a farce? But further he says" "claiming where that best suited to he the friends of the Maine Law, or of a Prohibitory Liquor Law, it is well known that they approached every temperance man with that argument, representing that as the • questipn in contest, even dragging clergymen fitn their beds to vote on that issue." Now, if we knew who was meant by "they," wo might be able to know something more about these charges than we do. We know enough, how. ever, to pronounce the whole of them fake and unfounded. That the "Maine Law" was represented or understood to be "the question in contest," is simply not true. So far is it from the truth, that a resolution to that effect,offered by Wharton's friends, was voted down in the Convention, by which he was rejected. And that "clergymen were dragged from their beds to vote on that issue" is equally false and no gentleman would have penned the charge. It will he remembered by the people at the But enough of this model letter. We have shown it to be a tissue of gross falsehoods and absurdities, worthy only the enntempt and ri diculo of all sensible and intellbrent men. It is characteristic only, of its author and the man who signs it—let it pass along with them to oblivion. And now Whigs of Huntingdon; having ex amined this call, and the reply, what is your opinion ? We have considered it coolly and calmly, without prejudice and without excite ment. What must be our conclusions? Have any party usages been violated ? Has any in justice been done to Samuel Wharton. Are there any grounds whatever Nib which to base this call? We leave the questions for you to answer at the ballet-box, confident that our regular ticket will receive your hearty, and undivided support. Disorianizers. We would again congratulate the Whig party of the county on the recent nomination of a ticket disconnected with tho factions which have, to a greater or less degree, heretofore ruled and directed our County Conventions; and we call upon our country friends to eland firm, while the dissatisfied few croak on unheed ed. It is not to be disguised that there are in this town a set of designing, intriguing men who make politics their trade, and who daily block our pavements in caucusing,—men who are ever ready to barter the inteets of the people for their own aggrandizemeirt, that have had too much to do, heretofore, with the man ufacturing of the county ticket. But, for once, the people took the matter in their own hands, and our last convention plainly manifested their sincere sentiments. Let us, then, be true to the ticket nominated, not by a faction, but by a large majority of the people themselves. It is well known that the very party who are now opposing the regular nominations, and who are offering to trade their votes to our political opponents, are guided and lend by the very men whose conduct in 1838 outraged the feel ings of the honest portion of our party, and left a stain upon its character that time has yet fail ,ed to obliterate. Where is the honest, true hearted Whig that has not blushed with indig nation, when the nets of these very same des peradoes were charged upon his party? Again are these unprincipled schemers at work, attempting, at the sacrifice of the honest Whigs of the county, to advance their plots and plans of plunder. It is not enough that they have already succeeded, contrary to the estab lished laws and usages of the country, and con trary to the numerous petitions of remonstrance sent in from all parts of the county, iu wresting from the tax•paying community their hard earnings, to advance the value of their own private property by building bridges to their very doors,—but they ask for more, and say that instead of thrce thousand dollars, the coun ty shall pay the 'whole! Tax-payers of Hun tingdon County, will you submit to this ? It is not with the principal persons interested in that bridge, in regard to the payment of their taxes, as it is with you. Your broad lands are spread out before the eyes of the Assessor, and there is no escape, even did you desire it, from your burthon of taxation. But their taxable proper ty, consisting of notes and private papers, is hidden from the world, and whether there is ever a proper return made of it or not, is an unsolved qucere. Some of them—grown gray in shaving notes and bonds at heavy premiums —now boast of their hundreds of thousands.— But go to the assessment list, and sco if you find it there? Yet these individuals are permitted to take your taxes,—contributod from your honest earnings, and through corrupt legislation, up• propriate them to their private purposes 1 And, when the Whig party of the county, burning with proper indignation at the gross outrage, says through her delegates in Convention, that fur the future such unholy work shall be stop ped, and that an honest member who will faith- fully represent the interests of his constituents shalt be sent to the legislature, then these same individuals raise the hue and cry, and think to conceal themselves behind the flimsy shield of "party usages." Ts Is not probable they have yet more work to do of a similar character? Farmers—working men— Whigs of old Hum tingdon, be not deceived by the cries of this selfish faction, but stand firm to your ticket and your principles. That some few have been led estray, we have no doubt ; but that there is a general dissatisfaction in the county, is wholly false. You will be assailed with "party use, ges," "Maine Law," "anti-Maine Law," and anything else that will suit the interested pur poses of the shavers and wiro.workers of this town, who head the disorganizers. But let us, one and all, go to the polls and vote the whole Whig ticket, remembering that the previous private life of a man for a long series of years, stamps his character too indelibly to be effaced by the hue and cry of a few disappointed wire workers. Wo have thus honestly appealed to you, in a spirit of truth and soberness. If you fail to heed, the fault will not be ours—you have heard the warning. Letter from Mr. Budd. The following letter is from Mr. Budd, ac• cepting the nomination for the Supremo bench, It is brief, chaste, and pointed : Plattla. Aug. 30th 1853. J. L. GOS9LER, Esu., President o ? the Whig State Convention. Dear Sir:—Your letter of the 27th instant, informing mo of my having been nominated by the Whig State Convention, recently assembled at Huntingdon, as a candidate for the responsi hie position of Judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, has been received. Deeply sensible of the honor conferred upon me, by gentlemen so eminently entitled to re spect as those who composed that body, I ac cept the nomination, and beg you to he assured that whatever may be the result, I shall never be unmindful of the confidence reposed in me. Thanking you for the kind terms of your let ter, I have the honor to be, Your obedient servant, Tnotites A. Brim. Col. A. X White, It is the intention of the Whig candidate for Senator, shortly to visit portions of the district and become more intimrte with the people.— Such a course will doubtless be acceptable to his many friends, who aro anxiously waiting to take him by the hand. Fellow Whigs, we recommend him to you as a whole.souled, gen- erous, honorable, and courteous gentlemen.— He is worthy of your smiles and votes, and wo know you will do both.—Blair Co. Whig. ,pig When the late Major Riley went to Mexico' he was only a Colonel; but burned for a chance to distinguish himself, that he might obtain higher honors. IL is said to have used the expression," Major General Riley or death." IL gut Loth; the title' at u reward fur his brilliant echievements, and death iu cease• queuee of Lavishly, and exposures. The Whig Nominee for J udge of the Supreme Court, The Philadelphia Inquirer of Saturday laqt says:—lt has alrmlv been announced in our coltunns, that the Whig State Convention,whith assembled nt Huntingdon on Thursday the 25th tilt., after due ebnsideration, nominated Thom as A. Budd, Esq., of this city, as the can didate of the party of Judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. The Convention was well attended and its proceedings through. out were cordial and harmonious. Mr. Budd is a prominent, able and influential mem ber of the Philadelphia Bar. He has had much experience an a lawyer, maintains a re. potation of the highest character fur manliness and integrity, while there are few men who de. servedly enjoy a greater degree of popularity among his profession. He is modest and en. obstrusive, and has never soughtpublie. posh. tion. Calm, thoughtful, well informed, and ripe of judgment, ho possesses all the qualifi cations for the distinguished post for which he has been nominated, and will doubtless receive a liberal and enthusiastic support. A native of Philadelphia, widely known and generally es teemed, the selection cannot but be regarded as judicious under the circumstances, and it will be received with marked favor. Among the delegates of the Convention were many of the most distinguished men of the State, and the intelligence they gave of the prospects of the cause and the party, was of the most gratifying character. We look forward to the results of the campaign not only with hope, but with con fidence. The profligacy and corruption that have characterized the management of our public works; have inspired a lively feeling of indignation throughout the entire. Common wealth, and the days of the existing dynasty may be regarded as numbered. The North American, on the same subject, uses the following language : "As announced by telegraph in our paper yesterday, the Whig State Convention at Hun tingdon has nominated as the Whig candidate for the seat on the bench of the Supremo Court, made vacant by the death of the late Judge Gibson, a well known citizen of Philadelphia, Thomas A. Budd, Esq. The nomination is a good one, and reflects credit upon the Conven twit which made it. Mr. Budd is a gentleman of fine legal attainments and excellent natural abilities, and is much respected by the bar of Philadelphia of which he bas ' for many years, been an honored member. Should ho be elect ed to the responsible post for which lie has been nominated, he will bring to the perform ance of its duties a mind and temper peculiar ly fitted for the patient labor required of a Su preme Court Judge. This nomination is an honor well deserved by Philadelphia, and Mr. Budd's election would be nothing but an act of common justice to oar vast interests. This county possesses one-lifth of the population of the State, and pays the li on's share of the State revenue. Yet, as the Supreme Court stands at present we have not one of the five judges of that important tribu nal. When the first election was held, both the Whig and the democratic parties recogni zed the vast importance of Philadelphia inter ests by nominating on each of their tickets for judges of this Court ono candidate from Phila delphia. It was thus deemed certain that our city would be properly represented on the Su- promo Bench. Yet, strange to nay, both the candidates from Philadelphia were defeated, and a gentleman chosen instead who was a resident of the Western part of the State. That gentleman has since died, and an election has been held for a person to fill the vacancy, and still no Philadelphian was chosen. Now again a vacancy has occurred, and the Democratic party comes forward with a person from the Northwestern section of the State. The Whig party have taken their choice from Philadel phia, and we think the State owes it to our city to elect him, not as a partizan, but as a person eminently worthy of the station, whose elem. tion to it would be an act of justice to Phila delphia. Democratic State Ticket. Two of the present heads of departments in our Pennsylvania State administrntion have re ceived the nomination qf a Democratic State Convention, and are ea:Whites for re-election. These are the Auditor General, Ephraim Banks, and the Surveyor General, J. Porter Brawley. Some occurrences have recently been brought to light with reference tothese gentlemen which claim a serious consideration from the commu nity. From the report lately published by the Board of Canal Commissioners, it appears to be well established, that many of the workmen on the Portage Railroad, being deprived of their regular pay, have been obliged by their neces sities to sell their claims on the State at a dis count of ten per cent., or more, and that the purchasers of these claims have been paid the cash for them at the State Treasury, while the operatives, who were unwilling to make such a sacrifice, have been kept out of their money for a year or 15 mOnths. The Auditor General has to pass upon every draft before it can bo paid at the Treasury. We in vain seek for an explanation as to the singular fact that he so readily endorses the claims of these speculators, while the drafts of the workmen are not honor ed, on the plea that there is no appropriation for the purpose. Mr. Banks is tho Auditor General under whose inspection this state of things is carried on. He has not seen proper to vouchsafe a single word upon the subject to enlighten the public. There can be no doubt that other official parties deserve to share the odium of this outrage, but as the Auditor Gen eral had it in his power to control the matter, we do not see by what logic his course can be justified. As regards Mr. Brawley, the accusation is of a more serious character, and implicates him personally as one of the participants in the fraudulent allotments of work upon the con struction of the new Portage Railroad, by which grand swindle tho State Treasury has been done out of at least one hundred and fifty-four thousand dollars. Although ho holds a high and responsible State office, ho was a bidder for several portions of this work, and two sec tions were allotted to him as contractor, not withstanding responsible men had bid for the same sections at $12,705 lower than the price he receives. Having secured these, he did not go to work to build the sections, but sold out ' the contracts at a profit of $13,000 over what he bid. It is generally believed, also, that ho hiss a private interest in other sections. The 'Harrisburg Journal informs us that although he is Surveyor General, and receives the official salary, yet he gives little or no attention to the duties of the office, and that he has only been in Harrisburg a few days since last Spring.-- His attention is engrossed by a lucrative con tract be has made to supply pork for the U. S. Navy. Those are the men whom the Democratic party of this State tell us aro sure to be elected. Is it not lamentable to think that the Common. wealth has fallen into such a slough, that her voters must take anything that is offered them by a corrupt party, and cannot defeat a midi date, whatever may be his character. There is no party principle involved in the keeping of these officers in the hands of bad men, and yet partizan journals, without pretending to justify the misdoings of their candidates, harangue the people to vote for them, because they aro reg ularly nominated. DIVISIONS IN VIE eilllNETl—Some of the New York journals believe that the Freeman's journal (Roman Catholic) is getting to be the Administration "organ" in that meridian, for it has a Washington correspondent who is in the habit of speaking, ho says, "by authority," whenever ho has a communication to make re lative to what is going on behind the curtain. His last announcement is that Messrs Davis and Guthrie are at issue with the President and the rest of his "constitutional advisers" upon the Pacific Railroad question. Pierce, Cushing and Marcy, lie says, have resolved not to make the Pacific Road an Administration measure. The effect of the declarations recently made in this connection by Davis and Guthrie, and the President thus not sustaining them, we are thou informed, will lead to the retirucy of flue two geutletutu bum tlae Cabinet. What is Democracy? . _ The Tiuffalo /Ppd./km/. n Democratic pa per, asks Ili rpiestion, and answers it in the Mowing Ilelinite and comprehensive manner: nl,ik e all ether names of thinqs; it implies whatever the people mean who use it. in the particular reentry where it is usr , d," W e have never heard a more complete definition of the term "Democracy" from any source, then this from an organ of Democracy. "It implies whatever the people mean who use it, in the particular part of the country where it is used I" IVe always thought Democracy an India rub ber cloak, that could be stretched into shape to cover all sorts of political doctrines in any lati tude. In Massachusetts it implies Coalition ism; in New York it implies Ifunkerism and Blumburnerism, Herds and Sulks. At the North it implies Free Soilism and Abolition ism; at the South Southern Rights, Secession and Disunion. In the East it implies strict construction; in the West, Internal Improve ment by the General Government; at the North it implies protection; at the South free trade; at the North Fourierism; in Georgia rapperism, and so on ad infinitum. It implies any and everything in turn, and nothing long—its ac tive principle being the loaves and fishes. "It implies whatever the eople mean." It in ono thing at the North an d another at the South, and entirely different in the East from whet it is in the West; and yet it is all Democracy.— Truly, Democracy is a comprehensive term, and snits alike the views of Abolitionists at the North and Fire-eaters of the South, latitu dinarians and strict constructionists, free tn.- dem and protectionists, Union men and Din unionists, internal improvement men and anti internal improvement men, "black spirits and white, blue spirits and gray." It is a Protean mask for aspiring political demagogues of eve ry hue and color in any part of the country.— In short, " it implies whatever the people ~,can who use i i, in the particular country where it is steed!" That is modern Democracy.—Sag. Republican. Delaware Division, This division of the Pennsylvania Canal has been peculiarly unfortunate the present season. A number of breaches has occurred. The con sequence is that the revenues of the State have fallen off, and the coal dealers throughout the Lehigh region have been unable to get their coal to market, whereby the dealers suffer se verely. Those breaches aro another evidence of the propriety of disposing of the public works. In the hands of a company, with a competent engineer, none of these breaches would have occurred. They were mostly the result of negligence; a little foresight would have anticipated and prevented them. The experiment of controlling the Canals and rail roads of the Commonwealth by public agents, has been fulll tried, and has proved a failure. The agents instead of being selected for capacity, are chosen as a reward for parti san services. The compensation is small; and consequently able and competent men, who can command higher wages elsewhere, will not accept service under the State, where they will ho liable to removal at every change of dynas ty. The best talent, which always ought to be employed by the State, cannot be retained, by reasons of the pay and the party subserviency which is required. If another argument for disposing of the pub lic works were required, we have it hero. The Delaware Division has been the most profitable State Canal. When in good repair, it yields a revenue of from ten to twelve per cent. on its cost. It would be a valuable acquisition to the Lehigh Navigation Company, and that compa ny to get hold of it, would probably pay twice the original cost of the Canal. They could well afford to pay for it, if the terms wore made lib eral. For instance, if ton or twenty per cent. of the purchase money were paid, the State might take a mortgage for the balance on the Canal, and the State would be rid of it. On some such liberal terms as these, the State could get the highest possible price for the work. The proceeds can be applied to this li quidation of the public debt. Let the people put their shoulders to the wheel, and they will effect a separation of the State from the public Improvements. Some of our democratic friends profess a willingness to unite iii a sale, and if they only carry out their professions, the edict will go forth in a manner not to bo resisted. Hasten the good time ! Village Record. Caleb on the Pacific Railroad. One of our exchange papers says that the llon. Caleb Cushing made a speech not many years ago. while ho profeesed to be a whig, in which lie proposed "to drive the whole Locofoco party into the Pacific Ocean." It appears that Caleb is a great advocate of the Pacific Railroad since he has become a member of President Pierce's Cabinet. lie tricked the Whig party, and he may he at his old tricks again. If ho has not given up his former de sire to "drivo the whole Locofoco party into the Pacific Ocean," who knows but what he may be after carrying it out by means of the Pacific Railroad Emilio°. Mr. Mason, one of our Democratic SeTtators, denounced the measure last winter as fraught with destruction to the Democratic party. He said there would lie no Democratic party if the measure passed, and Mr. Hunter, our other Democratic Senator, concurred with him in his opposition. Won. der if they could have had a presentiment of Caleb's treasonable designs? The Virginia Democracy may have oven morn than qconsci cations scruples" to arouse their opposition to the Pacific Railroad. Tho Massachusetts At torney General has great influence with the Brigadier, who has manifested anything else than a love for Virginia Democrats, and it may bo well for them to keep an eye on the President's chief counsellor. Our advice to them is to watch him—Richmond Whip. Paoiilo Railroad, Lately there has boon considerable backing and filling among the administration organs, both editors and correspondents, on the subject of the Pacific Railroad. Tho unexpected but very decided opposition of the Richmond junto to the scheme, has apparently disconcerted the Cabinet movers. It is quite clear that the speeches of Messrs. Davis and Guthrie were put forward as feelers, as some of the adminis tion correspondents aro streneously endeavor. ing to create the impression that the President is, as yet, uncommitted on the subject. From other sources, however, wo glean the intelli. gence that, while this is going on, the ndminis. tration is endeavoring to quiet the Virginia malecontents by providing to favor the project for the establishment of a Southern Steamship Comp_any, with ships plying between Liverpool and Norfolk, to which Congress will be asked to make the same appropriation as to the New York Collin's lino of steamers. For this con. sideration it is expected that Virginia will con sent to cease opposition to the Pacific Railroad, especially as it is proposed to construct the road on the extreme Southern route. The statements respecting the instructions to Gen. Gasden, our new Minister to Mexico, to sego. tiate for a right way through Mexico for the road about the parallel of thirty-two degrees of latitude, prove to ho substantially correct. The line is described accurately in a letter from Secretary Davis to the Governor of Arkansas. Writer° is a clergyman's opinion of news• papers. Rev. Dr. Daniel Baker, of Texas, says ho has traveled through a great many States, mixed with the people, conversed at the country fireside, and preached in the open for est as well as in the thronged city. Where he found newspapers he found intelligence, people whom he could talk or listen to with pleasure, and among whom his good work prospered.— As a general thing, where a newspaper was not taken, he could tell it in the aloveliness of the household, the ignorance of the children, and the difference in civilization, between those who do take newspapers and those who do not; that the traveler in the country will be pleased and enlightened by the one, while he will despise the other without knowing the cause to which the difference is attributable. sayo,-10 — ve all, aul hate Presiilimtial Liveries. Our Wash i 11Ai on ei rreliondmit who has been virtually and abusively charged with falsehood by 'The Union' for his statement that the President's carriage servants are dressed in livery, thus replies to our application fin. further light on the subject: "It is all tree, as I stated it. The two white men—l think from New England—who drive and attend the President's coach, are dressed, nt all them when with the earring-, iii exa c t emformity—with shoes and white gloves, bine clothes and gilt buttons—it dress that, if worn among their fellows on ordinary occasions, would inevitably subject the wearers to ridicule. Neither President Taylor nor President Fill more had any such foolery about them—their driver wore a clean, ordinary dress, with noth ing prescribed or peculiar about it, and I do not recollect ever seeing the carriage of either attended by a footman. They were both driv en by a large, good looking, free negro whose family [they being slaves] had long enjoyed [as they thought] freedom, from the fact that no ownership had been exerted over them for the last twenty years; were decoyed by nn heir of the estate to which the mother had belonged into an °ninnies, and conveyed out of the die trict, but subsequently ransomed by subscrip tion previously to being shipped for New Or leans. The greatest style hero affects white drivers—the Foreign Ministers all employ such and they are deemed inseparable front any car riage which represents Royalty or Aristocracy. The attendants of the President's carriage do not wear, as do those of Mons. Bodisco. the Russian Embossed°, a standing collar bedizen. ed with gold lace, wrought into family quarter ings, with cockades in their hats—but the President's are easily distinguished from the attendants upon plain, simple, unostentatious carriages by their unif orm l dress and general equipment, which is of a character so peculiar that the President's carriage may be readily distinguished so far as it can be seen. These servants are dressed so ns to produce the most effect—garbed differently from what they would be if left to consult their own tastes--dressed in habiliments procured for them, at variance with the apparel they have been used to, and entirely more stylish than was worn by tho at tendants of either of the President's predeces sors. Whoever says they aro not dressed in livery must find a different meaning for that term from any given it by Johnson, Walker or Bailey." Such is the statement of our correspondent —a most honorable and respected gentlemen, whose veracity none who know him can doubt. We thought, on seeing The Uhion's ferocious and blackguard denial, that our correspondent must have mistaken some other torn-nut for the President's, and would have gladly had the matter pass off that way; but it now seems that there was no mistake on our correspondent's part—nothing but a pitiful quibble on the word livery on the part of the Court Journal. The President's livery is not quite so stunning as some others—therefore it is no livery at all.— They must be making a great deal of money out of the Treasury who will consent therefor to crawl through so small a hole as that.—Nine Fuck Tribune. A Great Light added to the Catholic Church, Who is he ? The Frenchman's Journal (Catholic) says that "a distinguished Ameri can Senator has just become a convert to the Roman Catholic faith," and "was received in the Catholic Church on the Feast of Visitation, July 2, by his Eminence Cardinal Franconi, Prefect of the Propaganda." This statement has the requisite points about it, of date, and names, to begin with, excepting the name of the "distinguished American Senn tor.' Rumor has it here that Judge Douglas, or the "Little Giant" of Illinois, and the dam pion of Young America and "manifest desti ny," is the man. Possibly it may be so, though we rather suspect that the organ of our venerable Archbishop Hughes has been a lit tle ton fast in proclaiming the good tidings.— It will be remembered that Judge Douglas Jos. R. out in the same ship with the Hon. R. Chandler, n distinguished member of the House of Rerpesentatives, and a good Catho lic, who made it a sine qua 11013 to receive the parting blessing of Archbishop Hughes before his departure. It will also be recollected that Hon. George Briggs an ex M. C., from New York city, accompanied Mr. Chandler and Judge Douglas; and it may be that Mr. Chan dler is the man who was received in the Catlio lie church, in the city of Rome, on the Feast of Visitation; or, per adventure, it may have been George Briggs, who was baptised by his Emi nence, Cardinal Fraeoui, Prefect of the Propa ganda. Who knows? We rather — susi;ect that "a distinguished American Senator' has been confounded with a distinguished ruemberof the Rouse of Repre sentatives, whose visit to Rome was mainly to pay his respects to the Holy Father, and to re ceive the Apostolical "blessing for himself and not for another."—New YOrk Herald. Switzerland. A correspondent of the London Times holds the following Inngunge:— The Government of the Swiss Republic is de termined to avail itself of the respite which Austria's exclusive attention to the affairs of the East affords it, to take such measures as shall enable them to assort their independence both by force of arms and force of public opin ion. On the 20th ult., in the secret sitting of the Nationalrath, after all the various amend. runts had been rejected, the motion up proved by the committee, containing a vote of confidence in the Bundesrath, the opening of an unlimited credit for the purpose of main taining the dignity and independence of the land, and for the support of the Tossinese, was carried by 65 ayes to 29 nayes. In a former sitting it was resolved to accre dit diplomatic representatives to the various Courts, particularly to that of St. James, and and to make use of every means for enlighten ing the public opinion of Europe as to the sen timents and intentions of the Swiss Confedera tion, so as to remove the impression that there is any desire on the part of that country to har bor political refugees, to the disquieting of the neighboring territory. Tho press is unani mous in calling on the Government to meet the late Austrian expulsion of Swiss artisans with reprisals, and to require that all Austrian oper atives, chiefly bricklayers, masons, and plaster ers, shall leave the Federal territory. Another Great Cave in Kentucky. Mr. G. I'. McLane, of Mississippi, and oil,. ers, partially explored a cave last week in Mull lcnburg county, about ton miles Routh of Greenville. The cave was first discovered last winter by a person who tracked several raccoons into It. Mr. MeL. and his compete. ions went in, as they supposed, about two miles, when they came to a pit which they could not pass for the want of a ladder, but they saw that the cave extended beyond. While travelling tho two miles, they discovered eight or ten branches leading off in different diections, some of them apparently larger than the direct even. no. A petrified monkey, as perfect in shape as if it were alive, was found in the cave some weeks ago, and we understand that it has been sent to the world's fair in New York. Tho Muhlonbrug county surveyor Micas making an examination of this cave during the present week, and he will give no Lill account of it.—Louisville, Ky., Journat. Worcester Railroad Disaster. VERDICT OF TUC JURY.-The verdict of tho Coroner's Jury in this case states that the col lision was the nnmcdiate resets of the culpable carelessness,inexperience,and want of judgment of Frederick W. Putnam, conductor of the Ux bridge train. The managers of the road were also blamed for having app ointed.° young and inexperienced a man as Mr. Putnam to bo con ductor. Putnam has hoes arrested and held to bail in the aunt of $lO,OOO. Our ruadeis will retnerubt, that 11 hvcs wcrc 1.,,t by the Ji.azt,r. Scenes During the Pestilence in New Orleans, The. New Orleans lice gives the following as a sample of some of the picures of suffering in New Orleans, as incident to the prevalence of the yellow fever: "The.. who have never visited the indigent sick can form no proper conception of their horrible destitution and awful sulrering3. Im agine a woman lying on a dilupidated pallet, in n building which fluttery could hardly digni fy, with the came of hovel—without a solitary friend to assist her—in the most dangerous cri sis of the fever—scarcely conscious—tossing wildly on her wretched conch; burning with that insupportable thirst which seems un quenchable by oceans, and without a drop of water by her bedside. " "Imagine this woman the mother of two children—ono of whom is just old enough to , comprehend the terror of tho scene, but, as yet incapable of helping her parent, while the otle er, nn infant, hangs on her mother's breast striving to draw nourishment from an exhausted fountain. Render, this is no fancy sketch. It has been witnessed within forty : eight hours, by members of the Howard Association. We be lieve it to be fully matched, in all its supernu merary horrors, by scenes which that Associa• tion in discharge of its selfimposed duty, is daily compelled to look upon." Tho New Orleans Bee, of the sth instant, says:— "Though the pestilence ve invaded to some extent the er classes, those who become ► ill chiefly be long to the humble *While the Pro testant and Catholic cc scarcely re ceive a corpse, Potter's gel , the Lafayette Burial Ground, the cemeteries of the charity Hospital, of St. Patrick and St. Vincent do Paul are glutted with the tenements of the grave. This feature in the prevailing epidom tip admits however, of a plausible explanation. Tho number of the unacclimated in our city among persons who possess•the means of get ting away, is very inconsiderable, and hence in this parttcular class yellow fever subjects are scarce. Yet few of these escape nu attack, though timely attention aided by temperance and cleanliness, contributes doubtless, to a fa vorable issue in most of them." Ingenious Escape of a Prisoner. Jas. Dunn, ri•eonviet at Sing Sing, New York, on Friday last effected his escape from the institution in a very ingenious manner.— Procuring somo strips of India rubber, he made nn nir tight tube some six feet long,to the end of which he attache& bag of the same ma terial, shaped like a duck. Managing to elude his keepers; he came to the river, where ho threw of and secreted his clothing, with his new life preserver plunged in, and when at the bottom kept one end of the tube in his mouth, the bag meanwhile floating on the surface and supplying him with air. In this way he pass ed the prison docks, and had proceeded about half a mile down the stream to Coyler's dock, when, his pipe giving way, ho was forced to swim ashore, where he met a crowd of people, and informed them that some one had stolen his clothes, and left them in pursuit of the thief, which was the last that has been heard of him. He was twenty years of age, and had served ono term of confinement, and was at the time of escape under sentence for life. Centre County. The Whig Convention of this county has placed the following ticket in nomination:— For Assembly—Colonel Andrew Gregg; for Treasurer—Wm. Harris, Esq.; for Commis: sioncr—Geo. W.-Shoup; for Prosecuting At torney—Ed. Blanchard, Esq.; for Surveyor— Abraham Edcr; for Auditor—lra Fisher. The Convention also adopted the following: Whereas, We are aware that numerous frauds are practiced, and a vast amount of pub. lie money squandered yearly, on the Public Works of this Commonwealth, and that we are confident they never will be well and hon estly managed whilst in the hands of State officers. Therefore. Resolved, That we, tho Whig party of Cen tre county, aro in favor of the project of the sale of all the Public Works now owned by this State, believing that a large portion of our enormous debt can be paid out of the pro. coeds, and will thereby make a groat reduction in our taxes. VESSELS PROPELLED BY EIMER:Ether has been converted into a Motor in france. M. Du Trembly is the inventor. Experiments have been made in the harbor of L'Orient in the presence of a French Commission, and declar ed successful. M. Montet, the head of the En gineer service, says that the system saves 75 per cent. of the fuel. A ship called by the name of the inventor is actually making regu lar trips between Marseilles and Algiers. The invention belongs to the firm of Gauthier Bro thers, of Lyons, who are building several ves sels. some for mail service with the highest grade of speed; others of less velocity for freight, and so forth. Some are equipped with sails, some without. Tho rate of motion is from nine to sixteen knots. Lines are contem plated between Havre, L'Orient, Bordeaux, Nantes, Marseilles and New York, Norfolk, Martinque and Rio Janeiro. This must work an important change in navigation from the great cheapness of motive power. Cumberland Affairs. The Miners' Journal of Friday last says that. up to noon on that day the number of actual deaths by cholera were 39, besides ten cases which were in dispute. Among the deaths we observe the names of Washington Evans, pro. prietor of Barnum's Hotel, John G. Hoffman, father of the junior editor of that paper, Baptist Mattingly, merchant, &c. The sluggish stream flowing from Beall's dam to Shriver's old mill is now acknowledged to be the chief source of the disease. We supp . nse this is the stream which had overflowed just before the appear. once of the cholera, filling up cellars, &c. Much has been done in the way of cleansing the streets and scattering lime. The number of persons who had left on account of cholera, is estimated at 3,000. COUNTERFEIT INSURANCE COMPANY.—Two men named IL M. Reed and A. J. Ward, late. ly opened an office in Pittsburg, purporting to be an agency of Oho "Protection Fire and Ma. rine Insurance company of Boston." They represented the capital of the corporation to be $400,000, with a surplus fund of $250,000. Cards were published giving a list of officers, and quito a considerable amount of money was received in the shape of premiums for lust, ranee on property in Pittsburg. Inquiry hay. ing been made in Ai n on the subject, tho Pittsburgers have • come aware that the whole concern, lilt opus Domocracy,waa a swindle and a cheat. Oar No man is a gentleman who, without provocation, would treat with incivility thu humblest of his species. It is a vulgarity for which no accomplishments or dress can ever atone. Show me, the man who desires to mnko evory ono happy around him, and whose great est solicitude is never to give just cause of offonco to any one, and I will show you a gen otloman by nature and practice, although he may never have heard of a lexicon. as" The heaviest fetter that ever weighed down the limbs of a captive, is as the web of the gossamer, compared with the pledge of the man of honor. The wall of stone and the bar of iron may be broken, but his plighted word never. OBITUARY.—CIara, widow of the late Hon. John Forsyth, (Secretary of the State under President Van Buren, for many years member of Congress—and one of the most distinguish ed statesman of Georgia,) died at her residence, Columbus, Georgia, on the Fith., in the sixty ninth year of her age. This lady was a daughter of the late Hon. Josiah Beige, of New Harm, Coun.