Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, June 29, 1853, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    VOL. 18.
The "Ifcranionos JOURNAL" Is published at
the following yearly rates:
If paid in advance 51,50
If paid within six months after the time of
subscribing, 1,75
If paid et the end of the year, 2, 00
- _ .. . ....
And two dollars and fifty y cents if not paid till
After the expiration of the year. No subscription
Will be taken for a less period than six months,
and no paper will ho discontinued, except at the
option of the publisher, until all arrearages aro
tmid. Subscribers living in distant counties, or in
'other States, will be required to pay invariably in
LW The above terms will be rigidly adhered
to in all' ases.
One square of sixteen linos or less
For 1 insertion $0,50, For 1 month $1,25,
( 2 if 0,75 " 3 '‘ 2,75,
, 9 a 1, 0 0 , 6 " 5,00,
PROFRSSIONAL CARDS, not exceeding ten
lines, and not changed during the year. • • .$4,00,
Card nod Journal, in advance, 5,00,
BUSINESS pAIIDA of the same length, not chan
ged, 53,00
Card and Journal in advance, 4,00
. . .. ... .
Short, transient advertisements will be ad
mitted into our editorial columns at treble the
usual rates.
On longer advertisement, whether yearly or
transient, a reasonable deduction will be made
and illiberal discount allowed for prompt pay
Thrilling Verses,
The circumstances - which induced the'writing
of the:following touching and : ,thrilling
are as follows :—A young lady of New York
was in the habit of writing for a Philadelphia
paper on the subject of Temperance. Her
writing was so full of pathos, and evinced such
deep emotion of soul, thntra friend of hers ac
cused her of being a maniac on the subject of
Temperance—whereupon she wrote the follow
ing lines:
Go feel what I hare felt,
Go bear what I hare borne—
Sink 'nenth the blow by father dealt,
And the cold world's proud scorn,
Then stiffer on from year to year—
The sole relief the scalding tear.
Go kneel as I have knelt,
Implore ' beseech, and pray—
Strive the besotted heart to melt,
The downward course to stay,
Be dashed with hitter curse aside,
Your prayers burlesqued, your tears defied.
Go weep as I have wept
O'er a loved father's fall—
See every promised blessing swept—
Youth,s sweetness turned to gall—
Life's fading flower's strewed all the way—
That brought me up to woman's day.
Go see what I have seen,
Behold the strong man bowed—
With gnashed teeth—lips bathed in blood—
And cold the livid brow;
Go catch ids withered enlace and too
There mirrored, his sours misery.
Go to thy mother's side,
And her crushed bosom cheer;
Thine own deep anguish hide:
Wipe from her cheek the bitter tear;
Mark her worn frame and withered brow—
The gray that streaks her dark hair now—
With fading frame and trembling limb;
And trace the ruin back to him
Whose plighted faith, in early youth,
Promised eternal love and truth,
But who, forsworn,
bath yielded up
That promise to the cursed cup;
And led her down, through love and light,
And all that made her prospects bright;
And chained her there, mid want and strife;
The lowly thing a drunkard's wife—
And stamp'd on childhood's brow so mild,
That withered blight, the drunkard's child!
Go hear, and feel, and see, and know,
All that my soul bath felt and known,
Thon look upon the wine-cup's glow,
Sec if its lienuty can nton;-- °
Think if its flavor you will try
When nll proclaim " 'tis drink and die l"
Tell me I RATE the bowl—
hate is a feeble word,
Iloalde--ARnoß—my very Soul
. wah strong disgust ix stirred,
When I see, or hear, or tell
Of the dark BEVERAGE or HELL!
Bummer in Rome,
It does not fall to the lot of every stranger
who visits the Eternal City to pass the whole
of the summer mouths in Rome. Various cir
cumstances compelled me to remain there from
November eighteen hundred and fifty-one till
the end of October in the following year.
The end of March brought heavenly days, so
soft and balmy that, in the full confidence of
summer being at hand, every one threw off
warm clothing, and appeared in light and gay
habiliments; shortly afterward the summits of
the Alban hill and the Lionesses, lying at the
back of the Sabine range, were again covered
with snow. In April, however, fine weather
must, sooner or later, come—and come at last
it did; aud nowhere does the Roman spring
wear a lovelier aspect than from the Casa Tar
peia. As I looked down upon the mingled
masses of houses, gardens, and vineyards, which
lie between us and the Palatine, my eye roved
delighted from the tender green of vines with ,
'their graceful foliage and curling tendrils, to
the darker hue of orange-trees, pines, and cac
•tuses, one of which has taken root on the very
.edge of the supposed Tarpeian rock, crowning
the summit of a precipice no longer formidable
except from the dirt beneath. Mingling with
the green are o profusion 'grows, and the pink
and white blossoms of almond and peach trees.
As the season advances appear apricots, straw
berries, figs, and grapes in succession, Think
of apricots, and very good ones, too, at two
&flaccid, or a penny a pound I The Romans
eat strawberries—which are the small acid
kind, but have an agreeable flavor—with wine
end sugar, even raspberries are now to be had
in Rome. Next comes peaches, also very good,
though not to be compared with our hothouse
fruit, partly because you scarcely ever get them
ripe. It is a great difficulty in Rome to obtain
fruit that has been left on the tree till it is ma
tured. I found it best'te make nn agreement
with the owner of a yarden is the immediate
Fit Ti0ury.,...:1
neighborhood, whom I persuaded to let the
fruit stay on the tree till it was Al to eat. The
figs in this garden were delicious; a small,
green kind, from which, when they were ready
to gather, a single drop of transparent golden
honey-issued, as an indication of the sweets
within. The Romans prefer the kind called
piaitelli, a long pointed grape with a thick
skin and hard, fleshy texture, without juice,---
In July, in addition to quantities of other fruits
and vegetables, the stalls are heaped up with a
species of gourd or watermelon. They are cut
in two and disposed of in slices to the numer
ous applicants. Any thing more uninviting I
have seldom seen, but the Romans devour these
melons with the greatest avidity. The color is
exactly that of raw meat, and the large black
seeds are dispersed throughout like raisins in
a loaf.
A striking feature in the streets of Rome is
the mass of flowers, made up in bouquets, which
are offered for sale, more or less, throughout
the whole year. After the camellias and vio
lets of the carnival are over in February, pan
sies, anemones, ranunculuses and other spring
flowers appear in profusion, followed by roses
of every description. These last till dahlias
close the productions of the summer. Ido not
think the flowers themselves can vie with the
finest examples of English floriculture; but
they arc made up by the Roman gardeners into
effective bouquets, which, though a little for
mal, are very showy. They are tied together
first in small bunches round slender sticks; then
all together in one compact mass, so as to
make a regular pattern with the colors, and
they look certainly very gay both in the street
and as the ornament of a drawing-room table.
Thu deficiency of hyacinths is atoned fur by
the variety and beauty of the camellias; which,
in the gardens of the Villa Doria Pamfili and
elsewhere in Rome, form a splendid show, and,
from the size of the trees, continue a long time
in flower.
Frequently during the summer I did not quit
the Casa Tarpeia (where I lived) for days to
gether, seeking refreshment on the terrace at
the top of the house rather than encountering
the close oppressive atmosphere of the streets
below. There the evening air is always re
freshing, whatever may have been the heat du
ring the day, and the glorious panorama pre
muted to the eye, lighted up at sunset in colors
which no pen can describe, is a delight never
to be forgotten. Earth and sky are contending
with each other in a rivalry of hues and tints,
bidding defiance alike to painter and poet. The
Sabine hills rise with their bare craggy sides
and pointed summits seldom visited, save by
the foot of some wandering shepherd, "flushed
like the rainbow or the ring-dove's neck," be
neath the evening sky. At the foot of the
range you see the picturesque heights of Mon
ticelli and Palombara, which you long to ex
plore, though probably it is distance alone
which lends enchantment to the view. Further
on, Tivoli sparkles in the setting sun, and
gleams in white lines along the olive-clothed
hill. Tho desolate Campagna, with its inter
esting lines of aqueducts, its tombs and solitary
towers, and shapeless masses of ruins with
which the fancy may everlastingly busy itself,
affords in its wide extent an inexhaustible va
riety of exquisite tones, compensating, to the
artist, for the want of a greater variety of ob
jects. In some parts the shadow lies is deep
blue ultramarine streaks like the sea itself,
softened away into a thousand different hues of
brown, orange, or purple. Here and there the
rich cultivation of the Campagna shows itself
in broad patches of brilliant green, the whole
' so blended together in one gay fantastic carpet
of nature's weeping, canopied over by the glow
ing sky, that one would fain believe the earth
has decked herself with consciousness for some
great festival. Tho moment before sunset is
the most beautiful. The Alban hill is some
times of a deep transparent blue, the ridge cut
ting clear against the sky in one dark mass,
whilst Frascati, feces di Passe, and Marini
lower down, are lighted up in sunshine, and
seem almost within speaking distance. The
Palatine, with its high walls of supporting brick
work, flames with a ruddy glow which the rich
est palette of the landscape painter would com
pete with in vain. The whole facade of the
hill opposite to the Capitoline and on the sides
of the Forum and Aventine, has been fronted
with brick, to prevent the rock from giving way
under the enormous weight of the masses of
building constituting all together the palace of
the Ceesars, which six successive emperors, be
ginning with Augustus, heaped upon it. At
this moment, while parts of the city and the
landscape stand out in prominent relief, the
cupolas and towers of churches shining as if
illuminated, deep purple floating shadows steal
between the masses, gradually and insensibly
encroaching till the light fades away.
If it be true, as certain philosophers assert,
that there is something even in the misfortunes
of our best friends not altogether displeasing to
us; and we are apt to envy rather than sympa
thizc in enjoyments beyond our reach, it may
be some consolation to those whose destiny for
bids them to wander on a foreign shore, to
know that the rosy glories of Italian sunrises
and sunsets ere, after all, like every other good
thing, to he paid for, and at a high price. The
especial plagues of Rome are moths, flies, fleas
and mosquitoes; these are all more or less de
veloped by the end of March or beginning of
Aprils As soon as the first moth appears, it is
high time to stitch up in coarse linen, well
powdered with pepper, es-cry article of dress or
furniture of which wool or fur forties a part.---,
Jf you are absent for the summer, or take up
your carpets whilst you are ut home, these like
wise, must be stitched up and peppered, or they
will bo eaten full of holes before they are laid
down again. Flies, which iu northern countries
are seldom very annoying, and are looked upon
rather as privileged innocent household insects,
are in Rome a source of torment. By the end
of June they swarm in such numbers that the
windows are literally black with them. The
frawes become so thickly cover.: , l with spots
that they seem almost opaque. In the opinion
of Italian women-servants, it is quite useless to
wash them off, because before the end of the
week it will be just as bad again, and you may
therefore consider yourself fortunate if you suc
ceed in enforcing the washing now and then
during the summer. It is scarcely possible to
Sit or lie in peace, for the flies crawl over your
face and hands the whole day long with nn un
conquerable pertinacity, which becomes at last
so irritating that you end by wishing the nur
series of Rome still produced a race of Domi
tians. Of fleas—a subject never to be deli
cately discussed—a volume might be easily
written. 'ln Germany and England," said a
friend to me, "we should not think of naming
fleas; but here they form a principal topic of
conversntion." During the day there is no
hope of evading these tormentors, for no care
on your own part can secure you against them.
You bring them in yourself from the streets,
and every one who comes into the house im
ports a fresh supply in their clothes. The in
fliction becomes at times perfectly intolerable,
and you feel that philosophy avails ns little in
the case of fleas as in that of toothache, to make
you endure it patiently. At night you may,
however, with good management be free from
them; but now a new plague appears. The
windows must be closed just at the right mo
ment before sunset, otherwise—and often, in
deed, in spite of all you can do—swarms of
gnats effect an entry, and you are victimized
the whole night. All persons do not suffer
equally from mosquito bites, but I have seen
instances where every individual sting became
an inflamed wound, and continued to annoy
for weeks. I found that as the heat increased
the bites became more irritating and poisonous.
At length, after three successive nights, without
having even closed my eyes, my face and hands
being covered with stings, I rose in despair and
stitched together ten breadths of muslin, with
which, ere sunset, my bed was safely canopied
over, and from that time I slept in peace. I
heard the enemy buzzing outside in a tone of
sharp exciteinent, but they were henceforward
Spiders form the next most important fea
ture in the history of Roman entomology. A
naturalist would indeed be delighted with the
great variety of species. Windows are natu
rally the place where they most willingly estab
lish themselves, iu the immediate neighborhood
of flies. It was a subject of curiosity to me to
observe how every morning new cob-webs ap
peared to replace those which I had caused to
be swept away the day before, much to the as
tonishment of my Italian damsel, who found
cobwebs quite too much a matter of course in
a household ever to think of removing them.—
The labors of Arachne seem generally to be
respected in Rome, and I recollect noticing
with amazement, the first time I was here, how
the gratings which protect the lower range of
windows in every palace are choked up with
spiders' webs, accumulating from ono year to
another, till they present at last a solid mass.
Rome teaches us what different ideas aro at
tached to the same in different countries. In
the North we associate with the word palace
the notion that as such buildings are usually
the dwellings of the high-born or wealthy—lux
ury, refinement, comfort, and cleanliness must
necessarily prevail there. In Rome a popular !,
saying expresses the belief that palaces are the
natural receptacles, by every law human and
divine, of all descriptions of filth.
Another constant but harmless intruder into
houses where flower-pots are kept upon balco
nies, is a small species of ant. I first noticed
them as I sat one evening reading at the open
window, and observed that a regular procession
of them crossed the balcony and entered the
room. Ere long I remarked that a returning
procession was going on at the same time; af
ter which I discovered that the object of the
expedition was a plate of sweet cakes kept in a
little cabinet at the °tier end of the room.—
When this was removed the tiny creatures en
tirely disappeared. I brought it back, and they
immediately returned to it. Their instinct pro
ved unerring in all the experiments which I
amused myself with making. I placed the
cake sometimes on a table, sometimes on a
high secretaire, where they always in a very
short time found it out, though I could perceive
no traces of them when nothing was to be had.
As these little ants did not bite or annoy us
otherwise, we lived in pence with them. One
morning, however, my servant brought me an
intruder of a less innocent character, the sight
of which rather startled me. It was a small
scorpion, which she had found close to the win
(low, "beside the chair where you sit when you
are reading, Signora." It was not full grown,
but was a most malignant-looking creature with
claws and tail. I shut it up in a box, and sent
it as a present to one of the gentlemen in the
house who was a collector. The next day I
was told that a point of natural history had
been decided to be a matter of fact which I had
always looked upon as a futile; namely, that
scorpion is really guilty of suicide. Tim young
men of the house assembled together, influen
ced, as they assured me, by a pure scientific
desire of knowledge, to make the experiment.
They placed the creature on the top of one of
the iron German stoves with which the Casa
Terpeia is fitted up, and surrounded it with
glowing coals. It moved about for a shornt
time in greet excitement, when, finding escape
impossible, it inflicted a wound in the side with
its pincers, then injected into the opening the
poison from the tail with a trilling noise, and
instantly fell doles, dead.
The long summer evenings may be spent
with great enjoyment in the various villas in
the suburbs of Rome; though access to them is
now much more difficult than before the revo
lution. The Villa Borghese is, for instance,
open only for Saturday, and even then, you aro
compelled to make a long circuit of the walls
before you are admitted at a side entrance, the
principal gate, close, to the I'orta del Popolo,
being permanently closed. The grounds have
been deplorably laid waste. Th e noble pine,
which formerly constituted their chief ornament
are, for the most part, cut down; from the Ca.
sino here, ns well as from the Villas Ludovici
and Albani, you have enchanting views of the
Catinpagna and neighboring hills, lighted up
by an ever•changing succession of glowing
A public walk or drive is now being mode
along two sides of the Palatine fronting the
Capitoline and Aventine hills, on the piece of
ground purchased by the Emperor of Russia
for the purpose of making excavations, and af
ward presented by him to the Roman Govern
ment, in return for which his Imperial Majes
ty has received presents of various statues from
the galleries of the Vatican. I watched the
workmen digging and carrying away earth as
I sat in my balcony, and from time to time de
scended, to see how they were going on. On
the side next the Aventine, under the beautiful
terraced walk of the Villa Mills, the lower sto
ries of dwelling-houses have been laid open.—
They lie outside the ancient wall of the Pala
tine (the substructions of which are visible,)
and in many of the chambers the stucco still
remains upon the walls, decorated with coarse
arabesque paintings. Many fragments of mar
ble cornices and other architectural ornaments
have been dug up, which remain on the spot,
walled into a light structure of brick-work erec
ted for the purple. Looking down upon the
hollow space between the two hills Once occu
pied by the Circus Maximus, are now to ho
seen the two gtur tanks, each capable of holding
sixty thousand cubic feet of gas, established
there by Mr. Shepherd, an engineer, whose
courage and energy in battling with the almost
insurmountable difficulties he has had to en
counter in this undertaking, do him honor. It
was a subject of interest to me to visit the Cir
cus Maximus from time to time, and observe
the progress of the works, and talk with the rig.
naroli who were pursuing the quiet occupation
of tending vines, tomatoes, cabbages, and oth
er vegetables, in the space remaining uninva
ded by English enterprise. In digging the
foundations of the tanks, fragments of precious
marbles were occasionally brought to light, and
Mrs. Shepherd told me she had already collect
' sufficient to make a handsome mosaic table.—
The contrast of ideas excited by this spot is
perhaps us striking as any locality in Rome can
present. The mind wanders back to a period
connected with the early history of the Eternal
City, and that event, familiar to us all, even in
the nursery—a picture of the Sabine women
carried off by the Romans during the games in
the Circus Maximus. As we look upon this
quiet spot., where the grossed is now laid out iu
plots for the cultivation of vegetables, it is cu
rious to think of the fierce and bloody scenes
which have formerly taken place here. The
soil of the Circus Maximus is exceedingly rich
and productive; every thing grows there iu lux
uriance. The tomatoes or "golden apples" not
only hang in such masses as to weigh down the
plants themselves, but drop off in heap, before
the'y can be gathered; so that the whole side of
the Circus is red with them.
It may not be uninteresting to add a word
on the subject of Mr. Shepherd—who after a
fight which may be considered as the last, and
certainly not the least, of gladiatorial combats
of the place, has succeeded in establishing
himself here, in spite of an opposition that
would have discouraged most men. Permis
sion for lighting certain quarters of Rome with
gas was granted in November, 1847 Mr.
Shepherd tbrmed a company in London, con
sidling of eight members, who were ready to
commence operations when the Republic was
proclaimed in Rome, and Pius the Ninth took
flight. Upon the invitation of the republican
municipality, however, Mr. Shepherd returned
to Rome. The French soon afterward took
possession of the city. Encouraged by Prince
Odescalchi,senntro of Rome, Mr. Shepherd now
put his claim for an amelioration of contract:
the first terms having been very dsiadvantage
ous to him, and rendered still more so by the
depreciation of property which followed the po
litical changes. The justice of the demand
was recognized, a project was drawn up, laid
before the Council, and fully discussed by them;
after which Mr. Shepherd was informed that he
must either fulfil the original contractor forfeit
the twenty thousand crown salready deposited
by him.
He refused; of course, to acquiesce in these
terms; but would have been well satisfied to
withdraw altogether, had the deposite been re
turned to him. As there was no chance of
this, he must fight his way through. Then
commenced a 'struggle—reports, counter-re
ports, promises, intrigues, fair words, and se
cret hostilities—ending with the revocation by
Official decree of every thing which had been
previously decided upon. The decree was ap
pealed against by Mr. Shepard; w•lto after bat
tling with an opposition, founded on the most
frivolous and vexatious pretexts, lasting till
April, 1352, at length addressed a memorial to
the Popo. His holiness expressed his approba
tion of the new contract proposed, and sanc
tioned the purchase of ground in the Circus
Maximus. Now came the last expiring effort
of faction. The monks of San Gregorio, and
of two other convents in the neighborhood,
presented a petition to the sanitary commission.
stating that they already inhabited one of the
most unhealthy districts in Rome, against the
deleterious effects of which they were enabled
to struggle by religion and piety alone. If,
however, the gas-works were established so
near them, even these aids would fail to be a
sufficient protection. The memorial received
no further notice titan being endorsed with the
words "Sono nusiti—Timio are madmen," At
fongth, on the second of August, in the year
1852, the works were actually commenced, and
at the present time are in a state of great ad
vancement. Mr. Shepherd concluded his ac
count to us by observing that he had in the
course of the affitir paid, since January, 1851—
. at which time the contract was considered as
definitely settled—not less than two hundred
and Dint:l)4lw to offivist plr•-ms con.
neeted with it. Such is the pace with which
things go on in Rome even in the middle of
the nineteenth century!
Those who wish to - form n competent idea of
Roman workmen must stand for a quarter of
an hour, as we often did after our evening
stroll, to watch the persons employed in exca
vating the Basilica Julia in the Forum. Tho
ground rises in terraces from the level of the
pavement below, and the workmen throw up
the earth from one one to another till it reach
es the top. Their talking is far the most part
in inverse proportion to their exertions other
wise. The instrument employed is a short,
perfectly flat shovel, with a very short handle,
which really seems devised for the express put
pos-3 of doing the smallest possible quantity of
work in the longest space of time. My friends
laughed heartily to see a stout, active man lift
ing up about as much earth as would fill a tea
cup at once, nod flinging it up to the man who
stood above him as if the exertion broke his
back, and with a grimace that expressed the
extremity of patient endurance. This Hercu
lean labor was completqd by the earth being at
length deposited. and conveyed away—but on
ly to a little distance—in a wheelbarrow, of a
construction which appeared; even to my total
ignorance of mechanics, such as would have
been despised by any intelligent English child
of ten years old. Certain things in Rome seem
indeed to have come down to us unchanged
since the days of Romulus himself. To this
period of primitive simplicity I am always in.
dined to refer the structure of the carts used to
convey wine or other articles from the country.
These consist literally of sticks or poles tied
together, and encumbered with clumsy wheels;
whilst in front is stuck a sort of triangular shed
covered with skir.s, in which the driver sits—
looking as if he would be jolted out at every
step, us the vehicle rattles along.
Beautiful Lines.
Bow calm, how beautiful comes on
The stilly hour when storms are gone I
When warrior winds have died away,
And clouds beneath the glancing ray
Melt off, and leave the land and sea
Sleeping in bright tranquility—
Fresh as if day again were horn,
Again upon the lap of morn I
When the light blossoms, rudely torn
And scattered at the whirlwind's will,
Hang floating in the pure air still,
Filling it with precious balm,
In gratitude for this sweet calm ;
And every drop the thunder showers;
Have left upon the grass and flowers,
Sparkles, as 'twerc that lightning gem
Whose liquid flame is born of them I
Pure, disinterested friendship is a bright
flame, omitting none of the smoke of selfish
ness, and seldom designs to tabernacle among
men. Its origin is divine, its operations heav
enly, and its results enrapturing to the soul.—
It is because it is the perfection of earthly bliss,
that the world has ever been flooded with base
interior and ulterior designs of bogus friends.
Detection is a propensity deeply rooted in hu
man nature, and hobby horse on which some
ride through life. The heart is deceitful above
all things, who can know it? Judas betrayed
the Lord of glory with a kiss, and his vile ex
ample has been moat scrupulously followed ev
er since. Thousands have hail their property,
reputation, and lives sacrificed, under the his
sing sound of a Judas kiss.
Caution has often been baffled by a Judas
kiss. The most cautious have been the dupes
and victims of the basest deceivers. We should
be extremely careful who we confide in, and
then we will often find ourselves mistaken.—
Let adversity come, and then we may know
more of our friends. Nine hundred and ninety
nine out of a thousand, will probably show that
they were sunshine friends, and will escape as
for their lives, like rats from a barn in flames I
Ten to one, those who have enjoyed the most
sunshine, will be the first to forsake, censure
and reproach. Friendship, based entirely on
self, ends in desertion, the moment the selfish
ends are accomplished or frustrated.
In forming friendships, let the following cau
tions be observed, as general land marks. Be
ware of the flatterer, who takes special care to
refer you to your beauty, talents, wealth, influ
ence, power or piety.
Beware of those whose tongues are as smooth
as oil, they are often as drawn swords. Be
ware of those whose bewitching smiles are en
chantment; like the wily serpent cliarmin ,, the
bird, they may contemplate your ruin. *Be
ware of those who are fond of communicating
secrets; they expect to obtain yours by recipro
city; and will employ some others to help to
keep them. Beware of fretful disputatious per
sons; of the envious, the jealous, the proud
and the vicious.
Beware of the fickle and unstable who are
ever pearched on the pivot of uncertainty.—
Beware of the man who invites you to partici
pate in what are styled "innocent amusements,'
which often lead to the broad road of ruin.—
Beware of the man who despises the old fash
ioned customs of frugality and economy—they
are basis of earthly prosperity. Beware of the
man who suddenly commences shaking hands
with those he had before considered below him.
He has an office in his eye and wants your
vote but is unworthy of it. In the choice add
preservation of friends, ever remember that
caution is requisite at all times, and under all
Finally, beware of all those who do not re
spect the Bible, and the Christian religion, the
firmest basis on which the superstreture of
friendship can be erected.—.fiu/son.
TIMIT SCREWING.-The following took place
during the late Presidential campaign
'Do you support General Scott ?'
'I)o you support General Pierce
'What, do you support Hale?'
•No sir•eo 1 I support Betsy and the chil
dren, and its mighty tight screwing to get
along a that, with corn only twenty cents a
RESPECTFM—A. strictly orthodox old gen
tleman in Massachusetts, returned home one
Sunday from church, and began to extol the
merits of the sermon,
"1 have heard, Frank," said he, s'ono of the
most delightthl sermons ever delivered before a
eltristina society' It carried mo to the gates of
"Well, I think," replied Frank, "you had
better dodged in, fur you will never yet seek
another chance."
air An extravagnui mum having built a
costly mansion, remarked to a friend as he was
moving into it—" Now evi, thing will go liko
clock-work." •`Ye'.' • way time rept, will he
A Hint to Working Men
Mrs. Swisshelm, in her Saturday Visitor,
proffers the following suggestions to Working
Men as to the ways and means of commanding
a fair reward for their labor. It is not the
whole truth, but very true so far as it goes,
and eminently worthy of attention :
"We have long known an unfailing remedy
for all the ordinary oppression of Capital. We
have a prescription which, if well shaken and
regularly taken, would cure the evil which
strikes, as they now occur, do only aggravate-
It is 'ln time of peace, prepare for war.'
"If our laboring men. before making war on
employers would only build unto themselves
fortifications and lay in stores, they could
stand any length of Beige. The way to do this
is for every man to live on half his wages, or
less ifpossible, until he buys and pays for an
acre of ground, fences it, builds on it a house
large and close enough to shelter himself and
family from a winter storm. This is his fort.
Then let him take all the time he now spends
in taverns and other lounging places, to lay in
stores of amunition and provisions, in the shape
of useful knowledge gleaned from books and
papers, and grape vines, trees, potatoes and
and cabbages growing in his enclosure. If he
plants every foot of it with something pleasant
to the eye and good for food,. tyranical employ
er can starve him into any degrading submis
sion. It is extravagance and improvidence,
and nothing else, which keeps the laboring
classes in the power of capitalists. We know
very few capitalists who have not become so
through a self-denial and perseverance which
poor men scorn to use.
"We know men who, on the wages of a com
mon laborer—seldom more than 75 cents a day
—have lived comfortably and accumulated pro
perty, while thousands earning twice that sum
live 'from hand to mouth,' and are starving if
a week out of employ
"Our impression is that the majority of these
would not he one hit better off if they got ten
dollars a day—that, in fact, they would be
more likely to prosper on fifty cents. Those
people who need contributions to sustain them
when unemployed a month, are generally those
who know nothing of the value of money, but
calculate to spend all they get, he that little or
much; consequently, an advance in their wages
is sending money to beer-shops and cigar es
tablishments, or fancy stores. Before any
man can be independent, he must learn to live
within his income, be that little or much.—
When lie has fixed himself in a homestead,
with the cellar well filled, and a bit of ground
to raise his cabbage, and some spare change in
his pocket, he can afford to strike at any sys
tem of oppression lie has a mind to; but as long
as he prefers indulgence to self ownership, he
ought to be a slave, if anybody who can take
care of him will only take the trouble to do it.
"We would live on mush and molasses, and
dress in fig calico all the days of our natural
life, rather than live by sufferance and be in
daily danger of starvation, or be compelled to
work how and when somebody pleased, wheth
er we liked it or not. 'Make unto yourselves
friends of the unrighteous mammon'—save
your money, and thereby your independence.
Schiedam Schnapps.
(]oticib Funclicil, a jolly Dutchman from
Adams county. was brought up under the im
putation of carrying a certain building material
in his head covering. Ho bore the charge
with much good humor, shook bands with all
the watchmen when introduced into the office,
and offered to shake hands with the Mayor,
but the etiquette of the bench would not admit
of such familiarity.
"Vot for urn I tuck up ?" inquired Mynheer
Fanchell, glancing around on the officers of the
"You aro accused of being drunk," observed
Ins Honor.
clot all? Veil, I wash drunk—
drunk as be tam—but I was not rascal drunk;
I was shentleman drunk. I note trink any tam
sheep and homeboge staff, like der Yankee
vagabone; no viskey, or rome, or prandy. you
see. I nicks likes him much."
"You admit that you were intoxicated. The
law revgires you to pay a fine."
"Yaw, I admit I wash shenteel intossicate, I
say so tree time afore."
"Then you must pay ono dollar and fifty
"Bah I how much you charge der loafer rot
kit drunk snit derty bandvwem? How much
must pay der dirty brandywein ? How snuck
must pay der Irish ragmuff rot tossicate mit
der pisen nig head rickey?'
"They all pay the same—one dollar and a
"I'ell den, I kit drunk Mk Mynheer Doife
Wolfe's Aromatic Schiedam Schnapps. Vot
for am I going to pay der lousy von fifty? Ish
dat der genteel figger? Be tam, I paysh jive
And so Mynheer Pudeltell planked his half
eagle with an air of insulted dignity, feeling
justly incensed at being treated like a common
loafer who gets tipsy at the three cent groger
ies. By the way, the idea is not a bad one; a
man who can aftbrd to drink the best liquor,
should pay the higzest price tor too much in•
dulgence in it.—Phila. Mercury.
A Dilemma.
During the late terrific rush of office-seekers,
blacklegs, pickpockets, Le., at Washington, a
stranger who, for a wonder, had not come ei•
titer to beg for an office, play "bluff," or pick
pockets, stopped at the National, and asked fur
a room.
41aNm't a vacant room in the house, sir,"
said the polite clerk, taking his pen from be
hind his car, and offering it to the stranger, so
that he might register his name.
"But what shall I do? I can't sleep on the
sidewalk; and as to going anywhere but to the
National, that's quite out of the . question."
"Well, sir, the best I can do 18 to put you in
a double-bedded room. I have two rooms left
with only one occupant in each; but-"
"Well. well" (with a movement of discon-
tent) t'l suppose I must go it."
"Hut you see, sir," rejoined the clerk, while
a sort of conscientious twinge passed over his
face, "you seem to be rather au honest sort of
a person, and I-"
“Well; what's the matter? Out with it."
"Why; the fad is, that the occupant in one
of these two rooms is a pickpocket, and the oth
er is—a—New York Alderman; and I thought
that perhaps you would',, like to—"
"Phew I the Well, that ist ago But
don't vou think that, if I paid you extra, you
could - put the pickpocket nod the Alderman in
to one room, and give me the other ?"
'Oh, no, sir, we're tried that- the pickpock
et wouldn't stand it; and said that he couldn't
go such company as that!"
"Well, I don't see any alternative. Send up
my baggage, and put me in wills the piekpock
el?" And the traveller walked off in search
of the bar-room.
M.. Why is au impudent man like a nick
oyster? Because he can't keep his month
sti9". Another editor gone—M'enver, or the
Filanm,htirg "Star of the North," ha: token a
"rib," Suecet.i to him,
NO. 26.
Soap Suds.
The value of this liquid as a stimulant of
vegetation does not appear to be generally ap
preciated by our Agriculturists, many of whom
make no use of it, although from their well
known habits of enterprise and economy in
other matters, we should have been led to ex
pect better things. Incipient putridity, soap
suds is replete with the element of vegetables,
in a state of actual and complete solution; the
only condition, indeed, in which it is susceptible
of absorption and assimilation by the roots of
plants. Besides its value as a powerful stim
ulant, it possesses, also, very potent anthelmin
tic properties, and when used in irrigation of
garden and field crops—the best way, perhaps
in which it enn he applied to vegetables—oper
ates as a speedy and effectual remedy against
the ravages of bogs, worms, and most of the
aligerous or winged depredators,by which veg
etables arc so often infested and destroyed. It
it, also, a most valuable adjuvant in the for
mation of compost. For this purpose a large
tank or vat, capable of holding from three to
four cart-loads, should be constructed in some
place easy of access, and to which, without
difficulty, the wash from the sink and laundry
can be regularly conveyed. Into this reservoir
all the wash matter produced on the farm and
about the mansion, should be thrown—hones,
refuse, ashes, muck, turf; rich soil, and chip
manure from the wood shed; in short every
substance capable of absorbing the rich, fertali
sing liquid, and retaining it for the benefit of
the soil and plants to which it is to be applied.
By a little systematic attention to matters of
this nature, the annual produce of our agricul
tura might be immeasurably increased, and
the productive capacity of many farms, now
regarded as almost worthless, placed on a foot
ing equal, if not superior, to that of the most
fertile. Nature hes everywhere supplied in
munificent abundance the means of fertility,
and we have only to appropriate _and apply
them judiciously, to secure the best and most
flattering results. Some agricultural writers
have estimated the value of a hogshead of sods,
in a state of incipient putridity, to be very near
equal to that of a cord of manure. This is
probably an over estimate: yet no one who has
applied suds to vegetation, and carefully ob
served the result, can be otherwise than con
vinced of its very great efficacy and value.—
Where it is used in composting operations, it
may be applied in its crude state, before fer
mentation has taken place. It will ferment in
the heap, and thus induce a powerful chemical
actioa in the ingredients, which will be in pro
portion as to power, to their number and char
' acter, and the manner, or rather thoroughness;
with which they are intermixed. With a sufll
- of soap-suds and urine, a valuable com.
post may be made of any soil—even sand.--
Far. and Mechanic.
Weeds; it should be recollected, aro always
more exhausting to soil than either roots or
grain crops. They are indigenous, consequent
ly gross feeders,and abstract from the soil only
those elements of fertility which are essentially
and indispensably requisite to sustain the more
valuable and cultivated crops. It should ever
be a rule with the farmer, to allow no plant to
perfect its seeds on his premises, that will, in
any war diminish the productiveness of the
soil. Thcre are many weeds which, if cut close
to the soil, while in infloresenee, inevitably die;
and others, if so treated, will not start again
till the following year, or if they do it will be
very feebly, and with so little vigor that they
will effect but little injury comparatively spea
king; and without any possibility of producing
seed. Mullen, thistles, burdocks and ninny
other noxious productions ofsimilar class, may
be eradicated by placing a table spoonful of
salt upon the stump of each plant after cutting
it. When these weeds are "in force," we barn
frequently found it profitable to sow salt freely
after mowing, as the exsuding fluids of the
root dissolve it, and of course take a portion of
it into their vessels, where it acts as a most ef
ficient destroyer. If a field infested with this
tles be mowed when the thistles are in full
bloom, and salt, say two bushels to the acre,
sowed upon the stumps, and sheep permitted
to graze in the enclosure, it is said that the
thistles will at once be destroyed. This is
perhaps a more economical method of cradles.
lion, than removing'. the plants by the roots,
which is tedious, expensive, and but seldom of
fectual.—N. E. For.
Strawberry Cultivation.
Those who know anything about the magni
ficent strawberries, .a the immense quantities
of them raised on a bed about 30 feet by 40,
for several years past, in the garden formerly
owned by me, in King street, may like to know
the process by which I cultivate them.
I applied about once a week, for three times,
commencing when the green leaves first began
to start, and making the last application just
before the plants were in full bloom, the follow
ing preparation of nitrate of potash, glaeber
salts, and sal soda, each one pound, of muriate
of ammonia one quarter of a pound dissolved
in 30 gallons of ram or river water. One-third
was applied at a time, and when the weather
was dry, I applied clear soft water between
time of using the preparation—as the growth
of the young leaves is so rapid, that unless well
supplied with water the sun would scorch them.
I used a common watering pot, and made the
application towards evening. Massaged in this
way, there is never any necessity of digging
over the bed, or setting it out anew. Beds of
ten years old are not only as good, but better
than those of two or three years old. But you
must be sure and keep the weeds out.—North
ontpton Gazelle
Liquid Manure.
To apply this manure most advantageously,
it must be done frequently, and largely diluted
with seater. Thus an equal supply of nutri
tion is afforded to plants, which is not the case
when glutted at one time and deprived of it at
another: The ingredients being in solution are
immediately received by plants, while solid ma
nure must be dissolved by moisture before it is
available for them. Liquid manure is a kind
of irrigation, in which a small quantity of
manure is incorporated with a large quantity
of water, thus widely and frequently spread,
and available fur plants. Immense quantities
of this manure is wasted in house or pump
sinks, which ought to be saved and applied as
manure to crops. If applied about time of the
opening of the blossoms of strawberries, frui'
trees, melons, it will be found highly advanta
geous—but it ought to be applied moderately.
Stiir The Strawberry, if applied with a brush
to the teeth, will remove the tartar more effec
tually than any detrifice ever invented. Give
it a trial. One or who strawberries, eaten iu
the morning, will clense the mouth delightfully,
and with their application to the teeth, us re.
commended, give a delicious fraugrance to the
Nor The man who fosses half an hour of
thou worth ono shilling, and wears his wagon
mid team equal to two shillings more, by n.
long and rough road, to moles plank road,
toll of Axpence, laa c= just t , vo nod .ixren , re by
the op€ritti,n,