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BY 11. W. LONGFELLOW
There is no flock, however watched and tended
But one dead lamb is there!
There is no fireside, howso'er defended,
But has one vacant chair!
The air is full of farewells to the dying,
And monrnings for the dead,
The heart of Rachel, for her children crying,
Will not be comforted
Let us be patient ! Those several afflictions
Not front the ground arise,
But oftentimes celestial benedictions
Assume this dark disguise.
We see but dimly through the mist and vapors ;
Amid these earthly damps
What seen, to us but sad, funeral tapers,
May be heaven's distant lumps.
There is no death ! What seems so is transition;
This life of mortal breath
Is but a suburb of the life clysian,
Whose portal we call death.
She is not dead—the child of our affection—
But gone unto that school
Where she no longer needs our poor protection,
And Christ himself doth rule.
In that great cloister's stillness and seclusion,
By guardian angels led,
Safe from temptation, solo from sin's pollution,
She lives, whom we call dead.
Day after day we think what she is doing,
In those bright realms of air;
Year after year tier tender steps pursuing,
Behold her grown mom fitir.
Thus do we walk with her, and keep unbroken
The bond which nature gives.
Thinking that out remembrance,though unspoken,
May reach her where she lives.
Not as a child shall we again behold her ;
For when with raptures wild,
In our embraces we again enfold her;
She will not bo a child:
But it fair maiden in her Father's mansion,
Clothed with celestial grace ;
And beautiful with all the soul's expansion
Shall we behold her thee.
And though at times impetuous with emotion
And anguish long suppressed,
The swelling heart Iteuves,moaning like the ocean
That outlast be at rest—
We will be patient, and assuage the feeling
We may not wholly stay ;
By silence sanctifying, not concealing,
The grief that must lowa way.
From the Pennsylvania Republican.
Night upon the Battle Field.
BY ANNIE CLAYVILLE.
'fives night upon the battle field,
The warrior slept beside his shield,
.The vesper bells last note had fled
O'er the field of the noble dead;—
And sadly went the night wind moans,
Burdened by dying heroes groans.
And forth, the night birds plaintive strain
Flowed a requiem for the slain;—
And stars gleamed forth from fur away,
Like sentinels where the soldiers lay,—
Whilst angel whispers seemed to tell
• Sleep, soldier, sleep, for all is well.
Their martial music's cheering strains
Had died away along the plains,
And the dark Death—angel's tread
Went by when noble spirits fled—
Gathering on the battle plain
Trophies to deck his honor'd fame.
Sleep calmly, soldier, though thy fall .
Rath laid thee neath a bloody pall,
Thy noble blood and wounds shall tell
Thy comrades where the hero fell,
When morn shall dawn and on thy shield
They bear thee from the battle field.
RHUBARB Pte.—Cut the large stalks off
where the leaves commence' strip off the out
side skin, then cut the stalks m pieces half an
inch long, line a pie dish with paste rolled rath
er thicker than a dollar piece, put in a layer of
the rhubarb pearl an tuck drop; to a quart'
howl of cut rhubarb, put a large tea-cup of su
gar, strew it over with u salt-spoonful of salt,
and India nutmeg grated; cover with a rich
pie crust, cut a slit in the centre, trim oV the
edge with a sharp knitb, and bake in a quick
oven, until the pie loosens from the dish.
Rhubarb pies made in this way, are altogeth
er superior to those made of the fruit stewed.
Eon DUMPLINGS.—Make a batter of a pint
of milk, two well beaten eggs, a salt-spoonful
of salt, and flour enough to make a batter as
thick as for pound-cake; have a clean sauce-pall
of boiling water, let the water boil fast, drop in
the hatter by the table-spoonful; four or live
minutes will boil them, take them with a skim
mer on to a dish, put a bit of butter and pep
per over, and serve with boiled or cold meat;
for a little dessert, put butter and grated nut
meg, with syrup or sugar over.
GOOSEBERRY, PLUM, AND CURRANT
.)),t—Make a good crust; lay a little round the
sides of the dish; throw come sugar on the hot.
tom, and put in a lido cup to suck in the juice;
lay in the fruit, and put some more sugar at
the top then put in a very little wider; wet the
top of the crust that goes round inside the dish;
put,qu the egxer and pinch the edges together.
Cut the rhubarb into lengths of two inches, but
do not skits it, only trim it at the top and
4 .1 SEE NO STAR ABOVE THE HORIZON, PROMISING LIGHT TO GUIDE US, BUT THE INTELLIGENT, PATRIOTIC, UNITED WHIG PARTY OP THE UNITED STATES•".
THE MECHANIC'S WIFE;
Or, the Result of Perreverance,
"Well, Augustus," said Marianne, as the for
mer entered a little room which, without carpet,
curtain, or ornament of any kind, served as
kitchen, sitting room and nursery, "we are real
ly settled down at house keeping. Don't it seem
comfortable, after so many privations ?"
"Yes," answered the young husband, trying
to smile, as he glanced first at his handsome
wife, and then at the little pine supper table,
and then at the cradle, where slept a charming
boy of six months, "hut mine is such a life of
toil, that I have no time to enjoy anything—
not even to play with Fred."
"But in seems to me," returned the wife,
very thoughtfully, "that it need not be just so.
We are not in debt, we both have health, and I
ant willing to be very economical, in order that
we may have time for enjoyment and improve
ment too. Say, shall we try the experiment?"
She handed him a cup of tea as she spoke, and
looked up into his face with a sweet and hope
ful smile; but Isis face was deadly pale, and an
unbidden tear stood in his eye, as lie answered
"I iltin't know how that can be. Every mo
ment taken from my labor is so much taken
from my scanty income. We cannot afford to
attend to places of public amusement; in our
present. low style of living, we cannot mingle
in the first society, and I will never content to
enter any other than good society, if we live
alone; and as for improvement, my education
was so neglected in my childhood, that I have
little taste for readiug, and besides, we have
nothing to read."
"Oh, yes." said the 'wife, "we have enough
to begin with. Here is our beautiful new gilt
Bible, which we must read every morning and
evening; and here is your newspaper, withgood
and improveing matter enough to last one or
two evenings in a week, and you can easily
have a share in the public library to fill upt he
"But bow shall I find time, my good plan•
"'Thank yon, Augustus, .for the compliment
and now I will plan on. We shall rise early
and work diligently all day. Then, if you
think you need work longer, you can bring
your work into my room, or T will take Fred
into the shop, and one of us will read and tend
the body while the other works. Won't that
be a good plan?"
"I rather think it will," said the husband, be.
ginning to show a little more interest, "hut I'm
thinking also that my hesitating and blunder
ing manlier of reading will not be very edify
ing to you. I shall make sorry work of it."
"Well, suppose you do. I have a Webster's
Dictionary, and we will have that open before
us, and look out every word of which we do not
understand the meaning. If our ',mgres is slow
at first, we shall have nobody to laugh at us,
and we soon shall find ourselves improving
Augustus smiled incredulously, but seemed
to encourage his wife to go on:
"You are indeed n noble planner; but what
shall we do on the Sabbaths? supposevou ex
pect to advance in the "march of mind," when
we have a whole day to ourselves!"
"Yes," said Maria'nne, "i think we may; the,'
our arrangements mast be somewhat modified.
You know we have a sent in Dr. C.'s elsureh.—
You must join the Young Men's Ili ('lass.
and prepare the lesson in the morning, while I
attend the meeting. Then I will stay at home
in theafternoon, and let you attend the Bible
Class and the afternoon service. In the eve
ning we will read."
"I've no objection to that; but ns a compen
sation for my Bible Class,you must jointhe La
dies' Sewing Circle, and I will take care of
Fred one afternoon in the week so you will be
able to attend.
"Thank you, dear husband, I will gladly ac
cept your offer, if you will let me stay alone
one evening in the week, while you attend our
excellent Lyceum Lectures. And let us begin
this very evening. I feel that every moment is
lost till we do. We havemuchencouragement.
Only think of the many learned men who have
educated themselves, and risen to respectibility
and usefullness wholly through their own exer
tions, even after they were somewhat advitneed
in !M. Roger Sherman, for instance, Elihu
Burrit, and a host of others."
The young wife became quite enthusiastic as
she proceeded, and would have spent the whole
evening in her disquisition upon selfeducation,
had not Freddy's awakening from his nap re
quired some maternal attention.
Augustus took up the Bible, and read agood
chapter in Proverbs, on the practical duties of
life, and declored that he had never before read
such a chapter. The plan was fairly begun.
Augustus was a pale, spare young man, of
nine and twenty. His education, as he said,
had been sadly neglected in hisyouth. Hehad
been bound an apprentice to a rough shoe-ma
ker in the country, and had unhappily settled
it in his own mind that he was doomed to igno
rance and a low and degraded employment fur ,
life. He had imagined also that Isis relations
were willing to lose sight of him, and his sensi
tive nature was stung to the quick.
After a few years of vexation and toil, he
wanderer far away from home and friends,
and familiar associations; and a wonder it was
that ho was not hurried away by the awful whirl
pool of vice, and dashed upon the rocks cf de
He had, however, been favored with the in
structions of a Christian mother, and had seen
examples in his own family of high purposes
and noble efforts.
He had, therefore, preserved an unsullied
reputation, had acquired a little 'property, had
married an intelligent, cheerful, healthy girl of
twenty summers, and had removed to a "city
shoemakers," where his occupation was honor
able, and where his aspirations after respecta
bility and independence might ho realised.
But on the afternoon preceding this conver
sation he had been natant:Lily annoyed.
He lied suffered some embarrassment in get
ting settled in his humble tenement—had sus
tained some losses, and heard a bitter sarcastic
remark from an aristocrat of that place whirls
crimsoned his pale cheek and sent him home
through a cold rain storm ; wearied in body, de
pressed, vexed in spirit, and almost determin
ed never to make another eftbrt.
He was, and supposed he ever meet be, a
poor shoemaker of L
Twenty years had elapsed; and a family
group were arranged around a marble centre
table, in a parlor of n magnificent house in the
city of L—. A gentleman of some fitly
years had just divested himselfof his outer gar
ments, and dressed in a rich velvet gown and
embroidered slippers, sat reading the journals
of the day, A holy, some years younger, sat
by his side, her face beaming with intelligence
and gratified pride, as she gazed at her dignifi
ed and honored husband, and then at the love
ly group of childred around the table.
One was a noble youth, just returned tospend
his college vacation at home—another was a
tall, graceful girl of sixteen, who had just fin
ished a long recitation to her brother, and was
preparing to to cheer the circle with her ever
welcome music on the piano. A bright boy of
twelve was performing a problem is mathemat
le:,, and a httic oh , ! , r , 4,10 A "ir!
HUNTINGDON, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY 25, 1853.
ing pictures on her slate, and terming every
body to teach her.
Presently the door bell announced a visitor.
A person entered and presented a subscription
for a religious charity. :Tut me down a hun
dred dollars," said the good man, and the col
lector departed, blessing the giver. When he
was gone, the gentleman said, "My dear, did
you think to send the coal and flour to the poor
woman on the corner?" "Yes, and Frederrick
and Mary have been round to that sickly fami
ly, and carried the clothes and medicines."
"Yes papa," said little Kate, looking up from
the house she was drawing, "they carried away
my new stockings."
"Shall I send and get them back again."
said the father.
Philosophy has been defined to be the sum
total of systematic human knowledge; reflec
tion in a vast form; the complete developement
of thought; the true and perfect knowledge of
things: in a word, philosophy is the under
etanding and the explanation of all things; "it
is the sovereign science, made to govern all
others, because it...is that which knows why
each thing is done." It is the exposition of
science; it does for science what hermeneutics
does for language.
The field or empire of philosophy is im.
mouse; in fact it is universal. It is coextensive
with the field of human knowledge. As it is
the province of geology to consider the nature
and formation of the various strata which com
pose the whole globe, from the surface to the
centre, so it is the part of philosophy to investi
gate and explain the whole universe of thought.
Religion has its philosophy, poetry has its phi
losophy, and there is the philosophy of history.
There is no branch of human knowledge which
is not embraced in the empire of philosophy.
Its relations with the ether departments of
knowledge are intimate. ' they supply the mate
rials with which it works.
Looking at it then in this extended view,
the history or philosophy becomes an interest
ing one. It take& no back to a period when
man was placed upon the earth, ignorant of
his own nature, and without experience to
guide hint. It shows us that as soon as ho be.
gun to reflect upon the phenomena of nature,
and the laws which governed his own being,
philosophy was born. nthen leads us through
the mazes of forgotten centuries, and we see
the birth of science after science, the develop
ment after development of thought; we see how
the light of philosophy gradually spread its
rays over the world, until we arrive at our own
time, when its lamp is burning with still great.
Philosophy may be divided into three great
departments—Metaphysics, Physics, and Eth
ics. The first treats of mind, as distinct from
scatter. The second comprises all investiga
lions concerning natural objects. The third
looks at hum. actions in the light of duty.
Natural philosophy is of a comparatively
late date. The ancients, it is true, were ac
quainted with some of the laws which govern
ed the material universe but of the science as
it now is, they may be said to have been ignor.
he word lfetaphysics, in its absolute sense,
covers a large ground, but we shall take it
here in its limited meaning; that is, to denote
inquiries concerning the human mind.
The Chaldeans, the Brahmins of India and
the Egyptians, all claimed to be the people
among whom the philosophy which afterwards
spread over the whole world originatesl. How
ever this may lie, it is certain dust the Egypt
, inns were of great antiquity, and that pltiloso-
On quitting La Mure, the Emperor composed phy received an early development among
his vanguard awl. hundred picked men, from them. The Greeks ascribed their knowledge
that chosen body always under the odors of to them; and we are told by llerodotus, a Ore
embroil.. 'This general. on advancing towards clan historian, that the Egyptians were the
bridge at some distance from La Mitre, found first to broach the ideas of the preexistence,
himself' in front of a new Imattalien. The envoy
immortally, and tra . nsmigratlon of the soul.
he sent to them with signs of peace, was driven Philosophy emigrated from Egypt into
hark. Emperor heine informed of this,
again despntelied one °rids officers. Meier 11.10,ti, Greece. Here, what had hitherto been a coin.
to attack the hrnnllian whirls refits.' to open mingled mass of religious mysteries. supersti
route; but Raoul threaumesl with their tire. return. tier, ail undefined philosofihie .speculation;
ell without being heard. Napoleon felt that the was soon separated from the dross which had
moment had arrived to put to the test his omen so long encumbered it, and philosophy was re
ascendency over, his old soldiers. Ile passed (limed to is system. The sixth century before
through his eoluinn, ordering it to halt. and rods Christ gave birth to Tholes and Zythatrores.—
forward at a gentle pace, almost alone, at the To them is to be aserihed not Abu the G re
head of his army. Whether he had been assured clan, but also all the philosophy which obtain
by his accomplices nt Grenoble that the hearts of,l
in Europe until the time of Bacon.
the battalion heat in his favor. whether the habits
of a soldier on the bitule-field had inured him to The term Philosopher was first used by the
look on death with less reputptence by the fire Pythagoreans, Tholes MIS the founder of the
than by the sword; or that his soul, since his de- Tonic school. Pythagoras was the leader of
partsti•e from Elba, had concentrated all its powers the Italic. Greek philosophers were after.
in anticipation of this supreme moment, and wards divided into numerous sects; but they
he had deemed dim this enterprise was well worth all sprang from these two schools. Of these
the risk of life, certain it is that he slid not hest- y er ;,,,,, see m we may mention the s uerat k.
tate a moment. He neither hastened nor sleek- founded by Socrates, whose system of tnorals
ened his stops, but approached within a hundred Sena prOiGthlV the mostperfect of all the an
imas of the Isayonets, which formed a wall before and • , ,
cicnha who,pernapsame access to me wri.
him on the road. There he dismounted, gave !
the reins to one of his Poles, crossed his arms on tinge of the prophets; the Megarie, of which
Estelle was the leader; the Academie, institst.
his breast, and advanced with measured steps,
like a man who marches milk death. It tarns the ted by Plato, who occupies an important plasse
spectre of the imagination of both army and pee- in the annals of philosophic investigation; the
pie appearing suddenly,and as if rising from the Peripatetic, whose founder was Aristotle, stn•
tomb, the France of the present and the past. He other eminent philosopher; the Cynic, to which
wore the costume its which recolleetion, legend Diogenes belonged; the Stoic, and the Epics.,
and picture haul alike engraved him on the mem- real ,.
ory of the mititttry bat, the green uniform of The great characteristic point in the Greek
the light intently of the guard, the over coat of
Philosophy was the classification of all things
dust colored cloth, open and displaying his under
. tha heads, called categories. These
dress, the high military hoots, taut spurs ringing
on the ground; his attitude was that of reflection, ' curt Dries, they said , comprehended every sci
on coin _ mice and every subject of thought. They were
which nothing can distract, or of
mend, which doubts not of obedience. He de- , —Substance, Quality, Quantity, Relation. Ac.
scuttled a slope of the road inclining towards the tion, Passion, Where, Situation, and Clothing.
regiment he was about to accost. No groups of This system or philosophy spread over the
persons before Min, beside him, or behind }the, whole world, and prevailed through the Seim].
prevented him from being seen in all the illusion antic Age. During the revival of letters, the
of his personal prestige, his figure :molding out spirit of inve.;tigation after truth seemed to be
boldly and alone against the back ground of the e f o a taneous i, awakened throughout Europe.
high road; and the blue firmament Imyond. To The
be g inningof the seventeenth century was
strike such a man whom the soldiers recmmised
the era ofthefathers of modern philosophy.
as their former idol, would have been in their
Ever since the days of Plato and Aristotle,
eyes, not to fight, but to assassinate. Napoleon
haul calculated from afar this challenge of glory there have been two distinct modes of pi t iless, ,
to humanity, and to the heart of the Prone), se t. ENIPIRT,AL and the MeTAPIIYIII•
dier, and he was not mistaken; but it required a CAL nr pel/ifon,L, ATi,totl4, We, the author of
profound genius to attempt and a Napoleon to ths• nmirirload and Plato of the metaphysic:J.
accomplish it. His grenadiers, a great sliqnsuce !bruter tum:ltt flint man is born witimat
behind hint, stood with their aunts reeersed, rx a knowhel se, and that whatever lcnowled ••,‘ Imo
token of peace. The ofHeer cumin: t imin g . the does obtain is from the external world, thrum
fifth regiment, doing violence Perlin's to his I the medium of the senses, The latter Moss
feelings in the execution of his duty, or knowing confessed that we acquire knowledge from
beforehand the resolution of his soldiers not to
but said that the knowledge thus ob
strike the Emperor, and only wishing to Wind- •
Wised is only the acquisition of the UNDER•
date the army of Napoleon by an appearance of
discipline, ordered his battalion to tire. The sot- ; STANDING, by means of sensation and experi•
Biers appeared to obey, and toots aim at Minot°. mice; and that there is a higher faculty of the
on, who, without stopping to betray any emotion, mi., called REASON, which is able to obtain
advanced within ten steps of the muskets leveled knowledge by intuition, and by its own opera
nt his breast, and elevating that spell-like and tions. They also said that this knowledge is
resounding voice, which had so often directed nova certain and universal than the other.—
mano.wras of the review, or of the field of battle, Some of this School went even farther, and
"Soldiers of the tittli regimmit ho exclaimed, maintained that the human mind has certain
daliheratelY uncovering his breast, and present- connate or instate ideas, and that these aro to
fag his naked bust to receive their fire, If there
be reourded as the first principles of knead
is one among you that would kill his Emperor„ .
lot him do it. Here I am!" There wits no re- cult , '
ply; all remained silent and motionless. 'The The difTerenee between these two schools
soldiers bad not even loaded their muskets, as it' niny he illustrated by the mathematical propo
they distrusted themselves. Having gone sitiesi, that the asymptote of an hyborbole, the
through the semblance of obedience and fidelity titrther it is produced; approaches nearer the
to discipline, they thought they had done their curve, but wilt never actually meet it. By de
duty, and that the heart might now be lett to its monstration directed to REASON, we are so eon
own course. And the hearts of all spoke with vinced of this as to hate no doubt; bitt by the
one voice. At first a thrill of feeling ran .through
EMPIRICAL or experimental method, we could
the battalion, then a few muskets were lowered, never arrive at such a knowledge.
then a greater number, and finally the whole,
"Oh, no, indeed said the child," I sent them.
Poor little Charley's feet were so cold.
The father now remarked that it wastime for
the family to worship. In a moment all was
silent—books, slate, paper and work were all
laid aside. A neat gilt Bible, bearing the
marks of constant use, was brought. The sou
read an interesting, portion. The whole fami
ly joined in a familiar hymn, and the father led
in prayer, and worshipped the Father of Mer
cies in spirit and in truth from fullness of a
After an interval of silence, the son looked
up as if from a reverie, and said—" Father, I
think I have heard you say that your youth
was neglected—that you were once poor, illit
erate, almost an infidel and entirely discour
egad. It would be extremely interesting to us
to learn by what means the Mayor of this good
city, the honored Trustee of our College, the
Superintendent of our Sabbath Schools, and the
Deacon of our Church, has arisen from so un
promising beginnings to his present station."
The eyes of the good man filled with tears,
his lips quivered, he covered his face with Isis
handkerchief, and for some time no whisper
was heard from the astonished audience
He was thinking of the poverty and ignorance
of his early days—of the religious errors which
had well nigh caused his destruction—of the
way in which a kind, watchful Providence had
led his thoughtful steps, amid all the dangers
around him—of the blessings be had received
in his lowly, admirably wife—of the days of toil
and nights of hard study, in which she had sha
red, and cheered him on like an angel of light
and love—and lastly of the countless blessings
and honors which now surrounded him. At
length he uncovered his face, and with stifled sobs
said to his wife, "tell the ehildren,dear thecon•
versation we had together, just twenty years
ago to-night, around our little pine table."
He was the shoemaker of
The Return from Elbe.
while a cry of "Vivo l'Empereue l issued from The Marriage Ceremony.
ovary mouth, which was replied to by a shout
An anecdote is related by Mr. Halo, of New
from the grenadiers of the guard, in the distance,
of "Vivo the fifth regiment of the line , S ome Hampshire, in one of his . Free Soil speeches,
of the officers quitted the rank and took the road to this effect
to Grenoble, that they might net he carried away "A couple . came to me one night, and wished
by the emotion of dudr mammies; while others me to join them in wedlock. I consented to
wiped their eyes, sheathed their swords. and perform the ceremony, and said to the man—
yielded to the general contagion. The soldiers, "Do you take this woman to be your wedded
quitting the ranks, rushed along with the people will ?"
to surround the Emperor, who opened his um. "Certainly," he replied.
to receive them; while his own Mithful suldiers, "Do you take this man to be your lawful
foliowittg the example, hastened to the spot, and
Mingled In one group and one acclamation with
those of the fifth. It wan the junction of France, ' "
"Then you are man and wife—that's all."
past and present, embracing each other at the cell
of glory; the involuntary sedition of hearts Both looked at me with great astonishment,
poleon had conquered by disarming himself: his mid the lady asked—
Immo alone had done battle. From this moment “la that all 'I"
France was re-conquered; the trial had beets "Yes, that's all."
made, the example love. At a distance people "Well," she remarked, "taint such a mighty
might be faithful to ditty; but when near, end., a ff a i r a ft er all."
siasm would seise on all. The example of the
at• fifth regiment was worth more to the Emperor I SW
iss , thou the I , ft,..!Fw !!!I tc, Ann!,
Itte..Thi) battle of Oswe 2.o ra:. , fought oil the
[From the Pennsylvanian.
Employment of Women.
In speaking of the employment of women,
we have no intention of dwelling at any consid
erable length upon the tasteless and useless
occupations to which females, in what is called
genteel and fashionable life, are devoted, whose
time, at least that portion of which ens be spa
red from scenes of dissipation, is spent in pre
paring some insignificant and useless ornament
for the person or the chimney-piece—devoted
to such manual labors as administer only to
vanity; feminine gewgaws which call
forth no real talent, no thought, no reflection,
no judgment: wasting the time in emptiness and
frivolity which ought to be devoted to the cul
tivation of the mind and in the free exercise of
the body. It is a vice as well as a folly to
spend valuable time in such useless employ
ments. If the female sex could only know with
what contempt all men of good sense look upon
such painted emptiness, such perishable gew
yaws, they would seek occupations more in
accordance with the dignity of human nature.
'A writer, whose name we do not remember,
has remarked that the scarcity of employments
for females in England, and as a consequence
in America, where we so blindly and subservi
ently imitate everything English, has ever been
a subject of grief to the philanthropist and the
christian. On the continent it is otherwise.—
There the females perform the duty of shop
beepers, libok-sellers, and in nearly all the thri
ving mercantile establishments the, daughters
are nearly as useful and as fully engaged as the
sons. Ifence, though there are idle and good
for-nothing men enough in France and the Low
Countries, there are few idle women.
The English and American custom in this
cutuiiry is a constant theme of remark and as
tonishment with the foreigners who visit no.—
It is inquired, what becomes of our women; and
it excites no surprise that the degraded portion
of the sex is ten times more numerous in pro.
portion than in those countries where females
find employment suited to their strength, and
for which they receive an adequate compensa
Surely this subject is too deeply, vitally lin
portant to he overlooked. Amidst so many in
stitutions, this matter seems to be one in regard
to which much good might be done, and much
happiness substituted for extensive and hide
scribable misery. Do those who declaim so
loudly and so zealously upon the wrongs of the
well-fed blacks of the South ever dream that
there are worse evils in the world than those
of negro slavery?
That the female sex should he rendered
more independent in the means of obtaining a
livelihood will not be denied; by having suita
ble employment, virtue and happiness would
he generally increased.
The first plan that suggests itself to consid
eration grows out of the peculiar circumstances
of the case and the constitution of, society.—
They might become to a very considerable ex
' tend their own physician. Delicacy does for
bid them from communicating at all times
with a male. physician. It is a well known
fact that hundreds of lives are lost annually
from commendable reserve in this respect. If
women would make themselves accputinted
with disenses and their remedies, if institutions
for imparting a knowledge of physiology, ana
tomy, &c., could be established for females,
ten thousand of the sex might derive indepen
deuce from advising and prescribing in disor
ders of females, and particularly in diseases of
children, where such woful failures are on Fre
quently made at present. This good work has
commenced in this city, and we hope to see it
°airier] oh elsewhere.
Fifty thousand retail stores in our large
cities and towns ought to aftbrd employment
and good wages for one hundred thousand wo
men. The employment of fitly thousand men.
now engaged as tailors, and other similar light
work, might be advantageously filled by wo
men. Bookbinding; In nearly all its branches,
might be given up to females. Watch and
elock-making are also admirably adapted to
the female sex. and might employ seme thou.
' sands more. Engraving and similar callings
might be surrendered entirely to female artists,
which would still swell the number of those
profitably and agreeably employed. As ac
countants and book-keepers females would
stand unrivalled, and this would give employ
ment to some thousands more. We would
drive men front most the easy employments
within doors—those employments especially
which rightfully belong to the other sex.
Thus, with a little energy of invention, we
have easily pointed out the means of saving
thousands . from a life of wretchedness; if not of
vim If attention could be drawn to this mat
t, liv a society organized for the purpose, and
the ohjeet would he zealously promoted by the
philanthropic and judicious, a multitude would
be misc.!, !is social utility, importance, and in
We are aware that it is usual totreat this sub
ject sneeringly and jeeringly; hence nothing
is done. But in calling public attention to this
matter we are serious and in earliest. At
present groat evils exist, heart-breaking un
happiness prevails In a multitude of miserable
and wretched homes. Is it not our duty to
strive to save the better portion of our race
from the terrible doom of poverty and misfor
tune, with all its horrible train of ills? Can
this ever be done if it is not considleed with a
solemnity and earnestness befitting a question
of such paramount importave
The N 111311113 Gazette thus daguerreotypes
the "boy" of the present age. All who rend
it will confess it is the best likeness yet ob
"This has been termed the age of progress.
The most striking exemplification of the pro.
grenive tendency of the age may he found in
boys from fifteen to eighteen or twenty years of
age. The boy of fifteen and upwards must
wear better broadcloth than his employer, and
booth to match. He gets the Spring and Sum•
mer style of hats as soon as they come on from
New York. He wears dickeys of fabulous di•
mensions. He has his hair curled and uneti
fied by the approved of barbers. He would
wear a "moustache" or "imperial" if he could.
He has a "woman" whom he "pays attention
to," He sometimes carries a cane about as
large your little finger, with a ball of lead on
the end of it. He struts. lie smokes. lie
chews. He sweat's. He drinks. Of a fair Sun.
day he stands at the corner of the streets to
show himself: He stays out alt night, or auto
the "small hours," "sitting up with his wo•
man," or otherwise "missing Nod generally."
He takes "his woman" out to ride. During
the winter be goes to all the dances, which
conic off about every other night. He makes
magnificent presents "to his woman." His
'iliomehire" bill is as large as the millionaire's.
He mils nothing but the "Pirate's Own Hook,"
Life in London," and works of the "yellow cov
Itar A good old dutchman and wife, had sat
up till gaping time, when the latter, after a full
stretch in the above operation, said—•'l Ash I
vas in hebon." Units yawned, and replied.
'•I vish I rash in to still-house." The eyes of
Sal dew wide open HS she pe
A Gay Lothario Cagod—Tealous Husband.
A rather amusing incident to the public, and
somewhat disagreeable to the parties concern
ed, occurred in the vicinity of Columbia and
Smith streets on Friday night, at the residence
of a newly married couple. It seems that a
gay, clashing young clerk on Pearl street, who
sports a fine pair of whiskers, and is a "perfect
love of a men," determined to call on the ob
ject of his heart's adoration, but who had play
ed him false and married another. The hus
band was from home, and on his arrival he was
received by the fair one, and entertained by a
nice tete-a-tete for a couple of hours, when the
ladvbecame uneasy, and desired that the knight
of the yard-stick should leave, as she expected
her husband home every moment, and knowing
the unfriendly relations that had existed be
tween them before their marriage, and being
of a very jealous disposition, she was fearful, if
they should meet at that hour of the night,
there would be blood shed, as lie always carried
While they were canvassing the question, to
go or not to go, a knock was heard at the door;
it was the husband. Here was a dilemnia for
our Pearl street friend to be in. How was he
to escape? At the door was the husband, who
would blow out his brains if they should meet;
and should he jump front the window lie would
very likely break his neck. The lady was in a
great state of agitation and knew not what to
do; and as a dernier resort, at last suggested
the propriety of getting under the bed, to es
cape the wrath of the husband, who not liking
the idea of being kept knocking at his own door,
was becoming very much excited, and pound
ing away for dear life. Down dropped the
poor clerk on his marrow-bones, and up went
the foot valance of the bed, under which lie
soon disappeared. The w!fc hastened to let
her husband in, who, the moment he entered,
noticed her agitation, and demanded an expla
nation for being kept in the street so long.—
The with knew not what to say—she was dumb
founded, The husband "smelt a mice," and
immediately went to the bed and raised the
valance—Atm horrible to relate I—he beheld
the Adonis of Pearl street stretched out on the
floor, covered with feathers and as pale as a
Drawing a pistol, he ordered him to come
forth, which he did as well as he could, shaking
in every limb as if attacked with a severe chill.
The with now interfered in behalf of the poor
clerk, but it was of no avail; the green-eyed
monster was amused; he rushed from the MOM
locking the door after him, and returned with
officer Shattuck, who took the clerk in charge,
and gave him the soft side of a board in one of
the cells of the watch-house on which to repose
Isis limbs. The wife explained the matter to
the entire satisfaction of the husband, and pro
mised in future to always thee the music and
never hide any one under the bed. In the
morning, no one appearing against the clerk,
he was permitted to go.
Mon.u..—Never visit young married ladies
in the absence of their husbands.—Cincinnati
Mrs. Zebedee Smith's Philosophy.
Dear me! how expensive it is to be poor.—
Every time I go out, my best bib and tucker
has to go on, If Zebedee was wurth a cool
million, I might wear a coal-hod on my head,
if I chose, with perfect impunity. There was
that old nabob's wife at the lecture the other
night, in a dress that might have been made
tbr Noah's great grandmother. She can't af
ford it! Now if it rains knives and forks, I
must sport a ten dollar hat, a forty dollar dress,
and a hundred dollar shawl. If Igoto a con
cert, I must take the highest priced seat, and
ride there and back, just to let '"Porn, Dick and
Harry" see that I can afford it. Then we must
hire the most expensive pew in the broad-aisle
of a tip top church, and give orders to the sex
ton nut to admit any strangers into it who look
snobbish. Then my little children, Napoleon
Bonaparte and Donna Maria Smith, can't go
to a public school, because, you know, we
shouldn't hare to pay anything,
Then if I go shopping, to. buy a paper of
needles, I have to get a little chap to bring
them borne, because it wouldn't answer for me
to be seen carrying a bundle through the street,
We have to keep three servants where one
might do; and Zebedee's coats have to he sent
to the tailor when they need a button sewed ou,
for the look of the thing,
Then if I go to the sea-shore in summer,
can't take my comfort, as rich people do, in
gingham dresses, loose shoes and cambric sun
bonnets. My senses! no! I have to be screw
ed up by ten o'clock, in a Swiss muslin dross,
a French cap, and the contents of an entire
jeweler's shop showered over my person; and
my Napoleon Bonaparte and Donna Maria cant
go cff tin piazza, because the big rocks and
little pebbles cut their toes so badly through
their patent kid slippers.
Then if Zebedee goes a fishing, he wouldn't
dare to put on a linen coat for the price of his
reputation. No, indeed ! Why he never goes
to the horn-yard without drawing on his white
kids. Then he °Mem the most ruinous wines
and dinner, and fees those white jackets, till his
purse is as empty as an egg-shell. I declare
it is abominably expensive. I don't believe
rich people have the least idea how much -it
costs poor people to live ! [FANNY FERN.
IPAr The following statement of the extraordi
nary degree of ignorance prevailing in England,
is made in Dicken's "Household Words." It
might well challenge belief were it not founded on
authentic and official sources t
"It has been calculated that there are in Eng
land and Wales 6,000,000 persons who can
neither read nor write—that is to say, about one
third of the population, including, of course, in
fants; but of all the children between five and
fourteen, more than °Herbal( attend no place of
public instruction. These statements—compiled
by Mr Kay from official and other nuthentio
sources, for his work an the social condition mad
education of the poor in England and Europe—
would he hard to believe, if we had not to en
counter in our every day life degrees of illiteracy
which would be startling if we were not thorough
ly used to it. Wherever wo turn, ignorance, not
always allied to poverty, stares US in the foes. If
we look in the Chteetto at the list of partnerships
disselved, not a moth passes but some unhappy
man, roiling perhaps In wealth, but wallowing in
ignorance, is put to the expethnenhem entrts of
'his mark.' The number of petty jurors—in ru
ral districts especially—who can only sigh with a
cross is enormous. It is not towels, to see par
ish documents of great local importance defaced
with the same humiliating symbol by persons
whose office not only shows them to he 'men of
mark,' but mon of substance. We NM printed
already specimens of thp partial ignorance which
pusses under the aye of rho port office authorities,
and we may venture to assert that such speei
awns of penmanship 81111 orthography owe nut to
be matched in any Other country in Europe. A
housewife in handle life need only tern to the
filo of bar hushatul's bills to discover hieroglyph
ics which render them so many arithmetical pus
sies. In short, the practical evidences of the
jAjW ebb to which the plainest rudiments of edu
cation In this count, his iktllen, are too common
to hear repetition. We ctuutot pees through the
streets, wu cannot enter a place of public assem
bly, or ranthle in the fields, without rho trionmy
aliadow of ignorance sweeping over us. Thu ru
ral population is indeed in a Own
•• - '
An Heiress for a Sixpence.
A beautiful young heiress had become 0C)
disgusted with the flattering set of soft-pated
poinatum-haired, moustache-lipped, strongly
perfumed suitors for her hand,that she shut her
self out from the fashionable(?)world; turned all
her property into money; deposited it all in banks
—donned a cheap wardrobe: put on a mask;
and she went pedestrian-like, through the city
in which she had hitherto moved with so much
display and magnificence. She asked alms of•
those who of lute had knelt at her feet, and
sued for her hand. They knew her not, and
casting a look of scorn upon her veiled face
and coarse wardrobe, bade her "begone I'—
She entered the country—here she met with
derision and acorn. A few kind-hearted peo
ple, it is true, bestowed aid; but these were of
the poorer class, who had hard work to pro.
cure their own daily bread; but they could not
turn a fellow creature hungry from their door,
and therefore gave a small pittance front their
One summer's day a large company met on
Beach. They were mostly from thu
city. The disguised heiress, from some cause
or other, had wandered here. She asked alms
of one or two, termed "upper tens." They
spoke tauntingly, but gave nothing. What
they had said had been heard by quite a num
ber of their company. Most of them laughed,
or looked as if they thought "served her right."'
The beggar woman turned about, and was
walking sadly away, when a well looking gen.
tleman stepped forward, and catching hold of
her arm thus spoke;
"Stay my good woman—tell me what you
She replied, in a low trembling tone, "I want
sixpence—only a sixpence!
nou shall have ten times that amount.—
Here," he added, drawing from his pocket an
eagle, and placing it in the gloved hand of the
woman, "take this; if this is not enough I will
give you another."
The heiress returned the eagle, exclaiming:
"I want a sixpence—.only a sixpence.
Seeing that she could not be made to
take the coin, the gentleman drew forth a six
pence, and gave it to the strange being beside
him, who, after thanking the generous donor,
walked slowly away- After being laughed at
by his comrades, he set out in pursuit of the
beggar woman, saying:
"Perhaps she is an heiress—or an angel in
disguise. I mean to ascertain."
Not that be thought this. He wished to
show his indifference to what his comrades had
said, besides satisfying himself about the
stave female, whom he had aided. He souu
overtook her and thus spoke:
"Pardon me. madam, for thus pursuing you.
I would know more about you."
As the speaker ceased the mask dropped
from the face of the female,pod the beautiful
heiress was portrayed before the astonished
That they were afterwards married, the read
er has already imagined, fur the heiress usod
this means ot procuring a worthy husband, and
the generoui gentleman had long been looking
for an !mg-el in disguise."
The happy husband has often been heard to
saw that he got an "Heiress Tura sixpence."—
More than once have statistics of the follow.
ing character found their way into print, to tho
delight of both young and old; this fact will not
prejudice the insertion of the statement here
with presented, by a correspondent,inasmuch as
the accuracy of its details, differing ns they do
from those of similar statistical papers, luny be
relied upon. It is mainly taken from an Eng
lish Bible, as given by the indefatigable Dr.
Hoare, in his introduction to the Study of the
Scriptures,(Vol. if, p. 38, last Eug. ed.,) and
is said to lave occupied more than three years
of the compiler's life. As it will be found both
useful and interesting, its length will not I 0 re
Old Testament. New Test. TWO.
Books, 39 27 GG
Chapters, 929 260 1,189
Verses, 23,214 7,959 31,173
Words, 392,103 181,253 773,746
Letters, 2,728,100 838,380 3,566,480,
- - , -,-
Books, 14 Words, 125,185,
Chapters, 183 Letters, 1,063,876 ;
The middle book is Micah.
The middle (and smallest) chapter is Psalm 117.
The middle verse is the Bth of Psalm 118.
The middle line is in the 18th verse of 2 ,
The largest book is that of the Psalms.
The largest chapter is Psalm 119.
The word JEIIOVAU (or Lord) occurs 6855
The word Aid occurs 46,227 times.
The number of authors of the Bible is 50,
The Old Tettament
The middle book or the Old Testamen is
The middle chapter is 29th of Job.
The middle verse is in 2 Chronicles, 20th.
chapter, between the 17th and Nth verses.
The shortest book is Obadiah.
The shortest verse, 1 Citron. lot chap. 25th v.
The wool And occurs 35,5.13 times.
Tho 2lst verse of Ezra. 7th, contains all the
letters of our alphabet, The word Sehth occurs
73 times, RIO only in the poetical hooks. 2.
Kings 19th chap., and Isaiah 37th chapter are
alike. This fact is an internalmarkor thetrutb,
of these Scriptures; being transcripts from pub
lic records, by two different writers, who were
not cotemporaries. The same may be said of
the following two coincidences: The book of
Esther does not contain the words God or Lord.
The last two verses of 2 Chronicles, and the
opening verses of the hook Ezra aro alike,
Ezra 2d and Nehemiah 7th are alike.
There are nearly 30 books mentioned, but
not found in the Bible, consisting of civil rec.
ords, and other ancient writings, now nearly
all lost. They never formed part of the Hole
Scriptures. A bout 26 of these are alluded t . 4
in the Old Testament.
The middle book is 2 Thessalonians.
The middle chapter is between Itunnms ICtlz
The middleverse is Acts lith verse,
The smallest book is 2 John.
The smallest verse is John 11th chapter nod
11$11.0ne of the laziest men in this country
resides in lowa. As n sample of his inertia,
we would mention that the only reason he don't
get married is Localise he it too lazy to 'stand
up.' Whenever ho (bets like gaping he em
ploys a title Loy to hold his mouth open.
Viiir An afflicted old lady says 4-9 have
buried seKeral children—l've buried my hus
band—yet in all these troubles, I've found con
solation in that passage of scripture a here it
says, 'Trot not thy Gizzard."
joar The Stauoped — eu;ekpes ordered by
Congress at its last segsion to be prepared by
the Post Office Deportment, will bu ready for
delivery about July the Ist.