Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, May 18, 1853, Image 1

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    VOL. 18.
The "HCXTINGDOW JovaxaL" is published at
the following yearly rates:
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sr ' paper will be discontinued, except at the
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:her States, will be required to pay invariably in
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G ir Short, transient advertisements will he ad
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On longer advertisements. whether yearly or
transient, a reasonable deduction will ho made
and a liberal discount allowed for prompt pay
I Wait for
What a beautiful picture is the following
Ah, it would almost make one throw away even
the pen, and hurry home to his wife—if he has
one. What shall repay the loss of such a wel
come as this to the bachelor? Not even the
luxuries of negative cares—not the silent hours
of study—not the independence as a man
For without the love of woman in the gentle
corner of the heart, all welcomes are indeed
i tie hearth is swept, the fire is bright,
The kettle sings for tea;
The cloth is spread, the lamp is light,
The muffins smoke in napkins white,
And now I wait for thee.
Come, come, love, home, thy task is done;
The clock ticks lixteningly;
The blinds are shut, the curtains down,
The warm chair to the fireside drawn,
The boy is on my knee.
Come home, love, come; his deep fond eye
Looks round him wistfully,
And when the whispering winds go by,
As if thy welcome step were nigh,
He crows exultingly.
In vain—he finds the welCome vain,
And turns his glance on mine,
So earnestly, that yet again
His form unto my heart I strain,
That glance is so like thine.
Thy task is done—we miss thee here;
Where'er thy footsteps roam,
No heart will spend such kindly cheer,
No beating heart, no listening ear,
Like those who wait thee home.
Ah, now along the crisp walk fast
That well-known step doth come;
The bolt is drawn, the gate is past,
The babe is wild with joy at last—
A thousand welcomes home I
Carry me Home to Die.
Oh! carry the hack to my childhood's home,
Where the ocean surges roar,
Where its billows dash on a rock bound coast,
And moan forever more.
I am pining away in a stranger's land,
Beneath a stranger's eye:
0! carry me home, 0! carry me home,
0! carry me home to die.
I sigh in vain for my native hills,
Their sweet and balmy air,
Would waft away from my yautliful brow,
Each trace of gloomy care.
I sigh to breathe the air of home,
To gaze on a starry sky,
! carry me home, 0 ! carry me home,
0 ! carry me home to die.
I long to see my mother again,
And hear her sweetly say,
"Come weary dove, here is thy home,
Then fold thy wings nod stay."
'Twould ease my pain to hear her voice,
When death had darkened my eye,
0 ! carry rue home, 0 ! carry me home,
0 ! carry me home to die.
Then let me rest in a peaceful grave,
Beside the loved and dead,
For the quiet esrth is the only place,
To rest my weary head.
I would sweetly sleep, if you buried me there,
Beneath New England's sky,
0 ! carry me home, 0 ! carry me home,
0! carry me home to die.
Education in America.
It is evident that the United States is pro
gressing at an unexampled rate, partly from
the enormous annual increase of its population
by emigration and other caries—partly owing
to the extent and fertility of its soil, the cheap
rate at which all the necessaries, and even
comforts of life can be procured, and, above
all, from the indomitable energy and enterprise
of its inhabitants. The important subject of
the education of the people appears to engage
the peculiar attention of the States, and the ef
fects of this judicious foresight will, no doubt,
be observable in the still higher social position
and status of the rising generation in America.
Wherever a few houses are erected, the school.
house is the most prominent; and although
separated from the secular, the religious in
struction of the people is equally well attended
to. The educational statistics of some of the
large cities of America, and the almost nomin
al rate nt which an excellent education can he
procured, would put to shame noise of the
boasted pre-eminence of the old world in this
respect. Whatever the character of the peri
odical literature may be, the wants of the Amer
icans in this respect are equally well attended
to, for they have no less than 2800 newspapers
and periodicals, having an average circulation
of about five millions, the entire number of co
pies published annually amounting to no less
than 122,000,000.—L0nd0n Morning Herald.
4Fir An old huelielor Wing ill, Ids Mister pre•
scnted r cup of medicine,
"Whiot is it 1" he u4cd.
Slienn , :wered—'•lt ie 4.lixir arithmetic, it is
very evoinutie, and will make yuu fuel very
hr replied with n mil •
e,:ou 111 . 0 VCIT
lit - ting Dit itillticti: - I
. 1 1 BXt
olny follow their own rules while in the school
room's they must be on the alert, always en
deavoring to have the pupil see they require no
thing they would not, and could notdothemselves.
Teachers must make themselves thoroughly un
derstood, to do this they must feel, and produce
the same emotion in the soul of the pupil. All
children would rather be praised than ,
and by extolling the good, the rebellions and
unkind may be brought to do right, because its
results please themselves. If teachers love and
respect their pupils, many will return the feel
Let them make the path of truth and kind
ness pleasant, keeping in their own and the
mind of the pupil, that happiness is the reward
of virtue, misery of vice.
Instructors should teach their pupils, kind
ness, politeness and care of the feelingsof those
around them, kindness often wins, when all else
fnils, who would not prefer seeing children do
ing good actions, to seeing them engaged in
malicious mischief. See them help the poor,
rather than pass them by unnoticed, and when
any one has done a kindness to his mate, let
the teacher speak of it with pleasure, and it will
be an incentive to another action, thus having a
ESSAY, lasting influence on both parties concerned.
Read by Miss C. T. Benedict before fhi The conduct of the teacher when free from
Teachers' Institute of Huntingd,,,, the care of school, must still he the same, must
County, April 22. 1853. be a never varying, changing., kind, truthful,
polite teacher' It may be called reserved,spe.
On the Influence of the Teacher. oantic proud, but such it must be, to have the
Next to the parent, there is no person; t io desired influence. Every word,action,thought,
has more influence on the habits and char r gesture, let it be on the street, at places of
of children, than the teacher to whose eareiliqy , amusement, home, church, any where and eve
are entrusted, they are expected to instil into ry where, the same integrity of purpose must
the minds of their pupils, thoughts and ideas ; be visible.
for their advancement, to form their minds for ! Influence of the teacher what should it be?
receiving impressions, and to judge between One never ending life of truth. Every word
good and bad. The duty of the school teacher that shall be spoken, should be an emotion
is analogous to that of the parent. A parent, from a mind trained to integrity! Every nc
who did not restrain a wayward child would tion, should seem to be dictated, by the earn
bri.ak the commands of God. The first of the est love, and untiring zeal, to maintain the
ten commandments, teaching our duty to our right and expose the wrong.
Creator, the fifth, our duty to our parents, are Let the atmosphere that surrounds the teach
the source of all order and good management, cc, at all times, be filled with his kindness and
in the minor relations of life, and on them de. care to the helpless .and afflicted. With his
Pend the comfort of society. The teacher be- fearlessness to rebuke the heartless and heed
ing a delegated authority, derived immediately less, with his own purity of purpose; and a de
from the parents,must do his duty as such nail, termination, to abide by the, good, because it is
it is his orher duty,to enforce obedience, as on it, good; let all this be and brighter light shall
the education of the young vitally depends. 1 gladden our hearts; and I can conclude in no
Children are sent to schoolwhen very young,. other way than by saying, the influence of the
and to them their teacher is an ever present. teacher should be an ever living exemplifiea
example. It is their teacher they first endeavii tion of moral precepts, taught in the school
or to imitate. How careful must teachers be t l room.
that their conduct savour, not of ill-temper, uni,
Miss C. T. BENEDICT a .
Being mach pleased
with your very excellent Essay on the
once of the Teacher," rend before the Institute,
on Friday evening, April 22d, and having heard
by many other members, to
itin print—we xed earnestly request of
copy for publication.
S. T. rinow
April 24, 1853.
At your request I Bcnd Ton a co-
PS of the Essay to which you refer. When rend
before the Institute, I thought it had fulfilled
its mission. If, however, you think it worthy
of general perusal, it is at your service.
To Messrs. Meows, M'Etivrrr and 11 keICLE
kindness, injustice, or anything which wish
mislead the minds of their pupils, nothing
excite in them contempt and aversion of theteach A Broken Heart. ' - • '
er. Teachers must apply themselves with al One of the most distressing and heart nen- I
diligence to the cause they have undertaken.
concerning themselves for those placed nip ' ''. ding events has recently oecured, in the
oro of Bethel; in Bethel township, neigh
care, reasoning with them in the school
room, exemplifying their words, by their cot- ' ware co., Pa., near the Delaware line, that we
'ever recollect having heard, or read of, either
duct and conversation, in the daily walksof life.. in the pages of romance or the more, startling
Give to the young minds, in language suited to ''incident
their capacity, reasons for their actions, sate- sof real life. The consequence has
been, that a young and lovely woman, a bride
ments and suppositious and endeavor by getb,' of only five months, died a few weeks ago of a
nets and kindness to give to each pup' broken heart.
thoughts of his own and a way to expressth A Mr. C., a hi _lily respectable farmer living
with readiness. in the neighborhood courted and married the
Children, come into this world, posse, it,' daughter of another highly respected and weal
nothing but a collection of impulses and r pa. thy farmer living as we stated above in Bethel
bilities ;• These must be enlarged and dir .eted township. He took her to his home, where his
for the benefit o f th emse l ves , an d those co: cousin, who kept house received her with
nected with them ; on the parent and scion., smiles, and bade her welcome. Boot sloe soon
teacher this duty devolves. Teachthem toiod,, found that some other tie was drawity.floor hus
of actions and things, to love and obey theirpn. band's affections away from her. He left her
rents, to reverence and respect old age. rem" , to sleep alone at night, which she often passed
bering that a parents love seeks only their se... in tears. She soon saw enough to confirm her
cess and their good; and they say is to the ao. suspicions that his cousin had withdrawn her
complishment of these ends. Teachers m. 4 husband's affections, and that with Min she
have a care, that their example atoll time... engaged in the enjoyment of illicit love. She im
vines the child, that all the really good and ju,t mediately addressed him telling him that she
commend their precepts and their practice. should go for a week, and that during that
Genius was given not only for the benefit of
time he must send his cousin away—and float
its possesor, but for the benefit of others.— she would then come back and live with him,
The sooner the possessor is taught, the nreesii• and forgive and forget all. He made her a
ty of exerting and useing, for practical ptri"•
limromise that he would. She went home.—
ses, the talents with which his Creator es. ,
he first. second, and third week elapsed, and
dowed him, the better for himself, and the het' still no husband came. She then told her sis
ter for society. Until he does use it thus,he ' ter that it was time for her to go home. The
may be likened to a hot-house-plant, nothin/.. carriage came, and her sister accompanied her.
but a tender slip until warmed, 1 When she arrived at her husband's residence
invigorated, by the strong sun of public life.
she found that her husband was absent. that
None can have more than a few yearn lord lie was engaged in the woods. She was coldly
themselves for the duties devolving item received by the cousin, who made no effort to
them, in what ever station they are placed— get refreshments. She was placing a pie in
Would it not be better to educate themi,el the stove when she remarked rather insulting
thinkers, to give the time mainly to pm"' lv, "this is for Toni." The wife remarked
knowledge, to things having a connection , ith
that there was enough for him and others too,
the business of life? As the season is
brief ' i but the cousin reiterated float none else could
surely this time should be put to the best a" , have any. Up to this time she had not told
and the quantity learned should be of thAest
quality. More regard should he had for future her grief to any member of the family. The
soon after departed, and the lonshiind or
thinking, and that would prepare the V . ,', r riving, she reminded him of his promise or send
future action. Rather to knowledge which ' ing the cousin away, when she was startled by
lasting than to that appertaining to overhang- ;his absolute refusal. She immediately walked
ing circumstances, or to particular pursuits, — iup stairs, put a few things in a bandbox, and
the preference should be given to nstruction, !
started to her father's house on foot. She had
which forms thoughts, refines taste, givess , tock
of ideas, ever needful, though small, instead of . in a not gone far before her husband overtook her
~ carriage, and offered to take her home
abstract science only, having but little inuu
ence on the life. I but she refused and insisted on walking; and
• 'et the whole distance on foot. She then
Education aims at the health of the 0111, it
embraces not the trades, the callings ht the
humanities. As such is the case, can parents
be too careful, in seleetingan instructorortheir
children? Endeavoring to find one t r,t only
capable of instructing them in their &dies,
but their morals also, one who will feeloninter- '
cot in the welfare of the child, and promote its
present and future happiness. How rolmnsi•
ble a situation is the teacher's, they nist,gon
duct themselves so that their actions , :q.nnr
the public scrutiny, so not only one, bcaterm
judge them. Their school-room is thei• lie..
pal field of labor. There, they reign op me.
There, lay down laws to irect thecou, ma
ny, who are shortly to present thems4 es to
the world Ss men and women, exercisig. n in
fluence over those surrounding them. piece,
they form the future generation, for nob!), and
no small amount of labor will satisfy tlie en
quiring minds of the young. Their itiittls arc
ever ready for ally impression. If to tiem the
actions, the words, the voice of their instructor
seems 'pleasing—Zit is enough; awarrant for
their repeating it any time.
If the conduct of the teacher, shou'l do vio
lence to truth and virtue, the connection ought
to be dissolved—the teacher however should
not swerve from the line of duty. Let them use
theia own sense of right and moron", their owi
judgments, in governing and teaching, thei
own skill and intellect in the exercise Of thei
own profession, and the use is to be interfered
with by no one.—ln ofter years how happy will
it make them feel, to think they have done their
duty. Set to their pupils an example worthy
of imitation, one which will spook loudly for
their fine sense of right and wrong; for the Sri.
ginality of their ideas, for the good of society,
and to fuel though then it was difficult now are
they amply repaid. On the contmrv,thosewho
are so desirous to please and to lie pleased,
abandon their own . views at the atiggi;gtiou or
complaint of a patron, and hock tti - iecomino•
data themselves to the opinions of all: thus de•
straying all system, and convincing the pupils
that their teacher's opinionsarevalueless• now
infinitely better to hear pupils once, but now no
longer such say of the teacher of their youth,
"They did their duty by roc, they made me what
I am, ,
than "we are sorry our teachers were
not more strict, for on them rests the shame of
nor ignorance anddisgracc.
ra,M :Alt: , if
unburthened her grief to her family. The
next day her father ordered his wagon, and
went to the husband's house for the purpose of
procuring the furniture he had supplied her
with on her marriage. Upon arriving. at the
house, the husband was absent, the cousin alone
being there. She had locked up all the doors,
and drawers, and refused them admittance.—
The father addressed his daughter, telling her
she was mistress, to give orders to break open
the door. She did so. The doors were accor
dingly broken open, and most of the furniture
and clothes belonging to the deserted bride
were taken to her father's, where upon her ar
rival she took her bed, and died solely of a
broken heart. Thus was a young and lovely
being whom "none knew but to love" or "nem.
.1 her but to praise," only five months a bride,
through crushed and alighted affection, hurried
to her tomb. The funeral was attended by a
vast concourse of this people of the neighbor.
I hood.—Blue Hen's Chicken.
Gums AND Born.—Airs. Bloomer imagines
that the reason women differ from men. is be
muse they are schooled and educated differently.
Girls differ from boys not incidentally hat • radi
cally. The first thing a boy does after he is
weaned, is to straddle ti eitanisters and ride down
stairs. The first things n girl 'sets her bean on'
aro a doll and a sett of WV-fledged cups and
saucers. Girls ate given to neatness and hate
soiled garments of all kinds; boys on the contra
ry, set a high value on dirt,and ore never so hap
py as when sailing a shingle ship with a brown
paper sail, inn mud puddle. Mrs. Bloomer may
reason Its she may but she will fin; in the OW that
Nature is stronger than either philosophy or sue•
grows on a sterile rock—the misletoe flourishes
ou the naked branches—the ivy clings to the
mouldering ruins—the pine and cedar remain
fresh and fadeless amid the mutations of the
passing year, and Heaven be praised, some
thing green, something beautiful to see, and
grateful M the soul, will, in the darkest hour of
flute, still twine its tendrils around the cram
hling altars and broken arches of the desolate
Political Science.
Political Science is the science of Govern
ment. Ever since the organization of our own
Republic, it has received a large amount of
consideration. It is a singular fact, that the
first great political work on this subject, was
published in the same year that the Declara
tion of Independence was made. This wan
"Smith's Wealth of Nations." The greatest
minds, both in this country and in Europe,
have been and are still devoted to the study of
Political Science is divided into two grand
departments. The one is that of Pure Poli
tics, or the ascertaining of the best principles.
tinder which States may lie organized and
and governed. Under this head the legisla.
tine, judicial, and executive departments are
considered; the proper functions dead); the
restrictions in the supreme power; and how
the various subordinate officers shal be elm.
sen. The department of Pure Politics, in
cludes subjects of vast interest. The intelli
gence, morality, and capability of the people
constituting nations, have to be taken into con
sideration in the discussion of this department.
The second greed division of Political Set
ence, or that which is commonly understood as
belonging to Political Eeonomy, contemplates
governments as they exist; and considers the
laws, by which the amount of wealth, civiliza
tion, and happiness may be secured to the peo
ple constituting the nation.
The first thing to be done by a person who
wishes to study Political Science, especially the
second grand division, that of Political Econo
my, is to ascertain the true and proper mean
ing, of the terms employed in the Science. In
deed, it is proper, in entering on the study of
every department of human knowledge, to the
definitibn of the terms which are used. The
utility of this course is seen in the study of the
mathematics. The point, the line, the surface,
are all defined before the study of figure is
commenced. The difficulties connected with
the study of Political Science vanish quickly,
where the technical or specific terms used are
fully understood.
Among the terms Most demanding attention
; at the outset are the words, value, wealth, and
labor. Some of the ablest writers, on Political
Economy, have evidently not paid sufficient
attention to the exact meanings of these terms.
In some parts of their discussions, they give a
specific meaning to these terms; while in other
parts, they either add an additional thought,
or take something away from their first mean
ing. The words, value, labor, and wealth, arc
. .
in the mouth of every politician; but it is the
fewernumber who' have taken the trouble to
inquire into their true signification.
There is a sort of charm in the study of Po
litical Economy. The enquiring mind, which
lays hold of this study, is insensibly led to pur
sue it to its close; this is peculiarly the case
with our enterprising business men. Groat
and substantial results cannot fail to follow.—
Such men ultimately become our prominent
This subiect should be attractive to all.—
How important and interesting is it,to consider
the adrant a 'cc crowing out of the Division of La
bor. the Emnloyment of Capital. and the Dis
tribution of Wealth I The mind expands by
such considerations. The importance of more,
knowled-te is seen at eye, step. The intelli
rent man, other things behrg ecptal.has always
the.ndvanta re. The necessity of History and
Statistics is felt.
Political Economy has something more
than a common interest for n certain class of
our citizonsAhose destined to be Diplomatists.
It is in this department of knowledgeonorethan
in any other, that they are to arm themselves
for the intrigues and political contests among
the representatives of nations. If they are to
succeed in their missions and honor their coon.
try, they must be as familiar with its discus.
lionsand the practical workings of all (plea.
tions involved In these discussions, in all the
appropriate circumstances of the human fami
ly. as a logician is familiar with the a•t and de
tail of reasoning. Political Economy mu-4 oe
copy a high place in the education of Diploma
There is vet one more important view of the
subject. Political science is one demanding
theeareful study of every American citizen.—
In countries where the people have no privi
leges, it may do for the covering few to under
stand it. But in this republic, where every
man's opinion is respected, and where every
freemen exerts a controlling influence on the
charaeter of a nation, it is eminently impor
tant, that he should understand thoroughly
the Treat questions of political economy. To.
deed the safety and perpetuity of our institu
tions depends; under the Divine sovereignty,on
the intelligence and virtue of the people.
The Dream of Happiness.
Often had I heard of happiness, but was ig
norant of it myself: My heart inquired if it
was all a phantom—a thing of fiction merely,
and not of fact ? I determined to travel
through the earth and see if it was in the pos.
session of one mortal.
I beheld a king on his stately throne. Sub.
jects obeyed his laws. Amultitude of servants
came and went at his bidding. Palaces of the
most costly materials were at his service, and
his tables groaned with the richness of their
burdens. He seemed furnished with all he could
desire, but hit countenance betrayed that he
was unhappy.
I taw it man of wealth. He retitled in an
elegant mansion, and was surrounded by ev.
ery luxury; but he lived in a constant fear of
loosing finis possessions. He was constantly
imagining that all his property would be con.
slimed or taken from him. Thus picturing to
his own mind the miserable condition of him
self and family, he was not satisfied with his
present wealth. The more ho had. the more
he desired Surely, here was not happiness..
I looked upon a lovely valley. surrounded by
hills. It the midst of it stood a neat little vil
lage. Gurgling streams came murmuring
clown the hillside. The lambs frolicked merri
ly about. Cattle grazed in the verdant pas
tures, and now and then went to quench their
thirst at the nearest spring, or the purling
brook. Everything seemed pleasant. I thought
certainly here is happiness. But. I visited the
inhabitants of this beautilla spot, and saw that
they were not happy. They lived not peacea
bly among themselves, and murmured because
great wealth was not their portion, or that they
were not horn to high station. _ _
I behold n fair young, creature. blessed with
health and beauty. She was the life of the
ballroom, nod received the most constant at
tentions. But I preceived that she was not
truly happy. These things could not satisfy
the longings of her heart.
I saw a true and heartfelt Christian. Tie
was constantly exercising love to his fellow
men, and doing all in his power to extend tlo•
knowledge of Jesus Christ and Him crucified.
He trusted not in the vanities or this life for
happiness. lie nought not thin world's riches.
but mid up for himself' a treasure in Ih‘oven,
His :Told was nt rest, and at peace with etod, ,
and with mankind. • Although he experiunced -
many trials, both In public and private, ,t ill h.
was cheerful, and content with his lot. Ile on •
ly of all these was possessed of true happiness.
[PelOngilr a Reporfew.
"(VA C,olish mf.,nrkn'::'um •ron:
Slavery in England.
The following frightful account of white A
very in London, which we extract from an
English paper, is commended to the special
attention of the hundreds of thousands of ladies
in England, who are preparing to give Mrs.
Stowe a national welcome, for exposing the
evils of negro slavery in the United States. As .
Mrs. Stowe has so largely profited by her first
novel, we commend this as 3 subject for a sec
ond, in which her ininginati )n would not be so
severely taxed in search for the pathetic. The
article is from the London re,M, , and is written
by what is called a "First Aland" Sempstress,
for which she has been proscribed by her hu
man? employers:
" I have been engaged in this business for
fourteen years at different 'fiTst-class houses,'
and as my health is now suffering from the
'late hour system,' I have been prevailed upon
by thil medium to give that information which
experience has taught me, in th.' hope that
some enterprising and humane individuals will
exert themselves to break the chains of that
slavery under which so many thousands of their
country-women are hound. I will now speak
of a recent engagement of mine, and which in
the 'one' ease will illustrate the majority of the
'West-end houses' I held the position of what
is called 'first-hand,' and had twelve young
people under me. The season commenced
aboathe middle of March. We breakfasted at
six A. M., which was not allowed to occupy
more than a quarter of an hour. The hard
work of the day begun immediately. At elev
en o'clock a small piece of dry bread was
brought to each as luncheon. At that hour the
young people would often ask my permission
to send for a glass of beer; but this was strictly
prohibited by the principals, as they insisted
that it caused a drowsiness, and so retarded the
work. At one the dinner bell rang, which re
past consisted of a hot joint twice in the week,
and cold meat the remaining five days, no pud
ding, and a glass of toast and water to drink.
To this meal twenty minutes were given.—
Work again till the five o'clock summons for
tea, which occupied fifteen minutes. Again to
work till called to supper at nine, which also
occupied fifteen minutes, and consisted of bread
dry cheese, and a glass of beer. All again re
turned to stitch, stitch, till one, two, or three
o'clock in the morning, according to the busi
ness, while Saturday night was being anticipa
ted all the week, because then no one would
work after twelve. With this one night's ex
ception, all the rest we had for three weeks,
from the end of May to the middle of June, was
from three to six, while two nights during that
time we never lay down. I leave your readers
to imagine the spectral countenances of us all.
I shudder myself, when I recall the picture.
" At midnight I very frequently let all put
down their werk to doze for ten minutes, while,
with my watch on the table, I kept guard, and
at about one o'clock each one received a cup of
strong tea—as the principals case we
should feel sleepy, to amuse all to work.' In
what state of health could July. the termination
of the 'season.' he expected to find us poor 'En
glish slaves ?' The sequel is easily told. Each
one, instead of going to enjoy a little recrea
tion, went home to lie upon a sick led. For
myself, I was attacked with a serious illness.
which laid me up for three months, and has
greatly impaired my constitution.
' T would endeator to make known another
got-yin,: evil' which, in 'millinery and dress-ma
kin, houses,' demands, also, immediate soros
motion. I allude to the 'sleeping rooms,' or
more properly 'sleeping pens,' in which young
people, after n laborious day's work, of perhaps
twenty hours out of the twenty-four, are expect
ed to rest, to obtain that refreshing sleep so ne
cessary to fit them for the duties of the day. In
most of these dormitories, six, eight, and even
ten sleep. Imagine the putrid air generated
by the breath of ten persons sleeping in one
close room, without a chimney, or any sort of
ventilation, with scarcely space to move in, 1 1
their own trunks and boxes supplying the place
of washstand; throwers, and dressing-table.—
This, I assure you, is the ease with all the 'as
sistants.' except the 'first band: who always
make an arrangement to hove either a roam to
themselves, or shared only with the other 'first
hand' But this is more than the other young
people dare to ask for—even dare to wish for
—nn pain of dismissal. with the reproach, 'O,
you are too particular for houses of business!'"
The London Times comments with great se
verity on this odious system of degradation, and
charges it, in no small degree, to the very ha
dies who, while weeping over the fictions of
Uncle Tom's Cabin, can thus countenance the
oppression and murder of their own white sis
terhood. Referring to their change from their
working to their sleeping rooms, the Times
"The alternation is from the tread-mill (and
what a tread-mill I) to the Block Hole of Cal
cutta. Not a word of remonstrance is allowed,
or is possible. The seamstresses may leave the
mill, no doubt: but what awaits them on the
other side of the door? Starvation, if they be
honest; if not. in all probability, prostitution
and its consequences. They would scarcely
escape from slavery in that way. Surely this
is a very terrible state of things, and one which
claims the anxious consideration of the ladies
of England, who have pronounced themselves
so loudly against the horrors of negro slavery
in the United States. Had this system of op
pression against persons of their own sex been
really exercised in New Orleans. it would have
elicited from them many expressions of sympa
thy for the sufferers, and of abhorrence for the
cruel task-masters who could so cruelly over
work wretched creatures so unfitted for the
toil. It is idle to use any further mystification
in the matter. The scenes of misery we have
described exist at our own doors, and in the
most fashionable quarters of !incurious London.
It is in the dress-making and millinery estab
lishments of the 'West-end,' that the system ts
steadily pursued. The continuous labour is
bestowed upon the gay garments in which the
'ladies of England' love to adorn themselves.--
It is to satisfy their whims and caprices, that
their wretched sisters undergo these days and
nights of suffering' and toil."
Indian and Yankee.
The water at Mackinaw is very clear and
cold, so cold as to be almost unendurable. A
gentleman lately :unused himself by throwing
a small coin in 'twenty feet of water, and giving
it to an Indian who would bring it up. Down
they plunged, but after descending ten or
twelve feet, they came op so chiled that alter
several attempts they gave it up. A Yankee
standing by observed that "if he would give it
to hint for getting it, he'd swing it up quicker
than lightning;' to which ho consented: when
Pentium instead of plunging In, as was expee•
NA - quietly took up a setting pole and dipped
:14.01 iii a tar barrel, reached it down to the
snip Arid brought it up, and slipping it in his
pikket' and wined ofT, to the nem/etyma of
the Indian Divers and to the no small chagrin
of the donor.
to drown grief it
The Crystal Palace.
This great enterprise is being pnshed forward
with flanging energy, and there is no doubt will
he completed, by the first of June. Pour hun
dred men are constantly employed on the struc
ture under the direction of J. E. Detnold, super
intending engineer, The N. Y. Journal of Com
merce says:
With the exception of the dome, the iron work
of this portion is now eery near completion, and
the Crystal Palace begins to dovelope. in its
stately proportions, the design originally eon.
ceived by itsprojeetor. The interior presents a
labyrinth of pillars, rode, ropes and timbers, with
men thickly scattered, and making the air re
sound with the clatter, clang end creaking of
their implements. Cartons visitors arc excluded
by a woden enclosure, with gate-keepers, but the
vicinity is daily visited by increasing numbers.
The summit of the Reservoir is the favorite look
out place. On Thursday last, it M estimated,not
less than 5000 persons visited the Reservoir to
avail themselves of the prospect there afforded.—
A large number of strangers are already attrac
ted to the city by the presence of the palace.
The entire 'auililing is ready to he roofed, ex
cepting the dome, the glazing of the first story is
nearly finished, and that of the second has been
commenced; the roof of one section has been pat
on, and the floor of the second story tins been Isid
as far as the roofing extends. The dome, which
is 100 fret in diameter, will be supported by 24
iron co . :urns. Immediately over these is placed
an iron massing, made to enstain a massive east
iron bed-plate, on which rests the 32 ribs of the
dome. The trussing and lied-plate ere now be
ing adjusted. and tint a few days, perhaps a week,
will he speedily laid down, the arrangement of
gentle commence, and the aspect of things be ma
terially changed. The sides of the dome will
display 32 esentelienns, in colored glass, repre
senting the United States coat of arms, and those
of other nations.
The floor-timbers and roof-boards are the only
parts that will he of wood, and to render loss by
fire impossible, there are 16 hydrants on the low
er floor and the same number above. The quan
tity of iron used in the construction of the whole
building will be nearly 1,400 tons. The east iron
girders, or beams, supporting the floor-timbers,
have each been tested for the support of 15 tons.
but are capable of supporting 35 tone without
breaking. The greatest weight that can he put
on any one of them is 7 tons. The floor hoards
are pot together with small crevises, to facilitate
weeping. There will he four spacious entrances
to the building, each having two flights of iron
stairs leading to the galleries. The stairs are al
ready in their place. The galleries, which aro
54 feet wide, 62,000 'roar° feet, or about one
acre and a half; and the ground floor 111,000
eqnare feet. or about two acres and a half, ma
king a total area of 173,000 square feet, or nearly
four acres.
The extreme length of the structure, or of each
of the arched naves forming the transverse err.
dons of the cross, is 365; its height from the
ground to the crown of the arch, is 67 feet, or
the crown of the dome 118 feet and the top of
the lantern surmounting the dome 149 feet.—
Ventilation is amply provided for in every part.
On each floor there are 372 cast iron ventilmors,
arranged to admit or exclndo air as may he de
sired, beside ventilators near the roof on every
The glans used is made to appear an if ground,
by a peculiar process, to subdue the light. It is
covered with it virtuous enameling, which is ap
plied in the form of a paste, and made to adhere
to the glass when in a fused state. This obviates
the use of a cloth covering, such as was used on
the London palace.
The construction of the New York palace re
flects honor on Mr. Detnold, who devised and
executed the plans on which it in built. In point
of symmetry it is centered it, surpassing its Lon
don progenitor. As the variourand almost in
numerable parts were marls in half a dozen dif
ferent States, employing eight diffeient foundries,
tt is no easy matter to insure accuracy in their
construction, so that all shall exactly fill the place
for which they wore designed. Notwithstanding
this difficulty, comparatively little detention has
been experienced from this source. The palace
will cost about $300.000.
A great quantity of goods designed for exhi
bition have already arrived from abroad, and are
stored in the 1.7 S. bonded warehouses. Over
4,600 applications from exhibitors have been re
ceived from this country alone, while those from
Europe number about 3,000, of which 700 are
from England. 800 from Germany, and 500 from
France. We learn that so strict are the limits
available for exhibitors compared with the de
mand, that it has been determined to construct
other buildings without the palace as n means of
relief. The boilers with which to drive the ma
chinery. are six in number and forty feet in length
placed in a building distinct from the Palace.—
The latter will be enclosed with a suitable
—A mushroom city has sprung up in the neigh
borhood of the palace, comprising about a dozen
hotels of various descriptions, catch-penny-shows.
a great number of temporary wooden structures
intended for refreshment saloons, stores, drinking
shops. &e., besides dwellings intended for hoard
ing houses. For such as are eligibly situated,
the most extravagant rents are readily obtained.
One small wooden structure, 90 by 30 feet, rents
for $lOOO per annum; bat tho occupant receives
more than this amount by leasing out his stoop
and the protection of his awning, for apple and
soda stands.
Tho most conspicuous ohject, aside from the
Palace, is the "Latin Observatory," so called
from the name of its projector. It will be 75 feet
diameter at the base, 350 in height, built of tim
ber, bolted in the strongest manner. The Grand
Jury pronounced it perfectly secure. At the dis
tance of about 100, 900 and 300 feet from the
base will ho landings, with lookout places, to
which passengers will be elevated by a steam car.
At the highest will be placed a telescope of great
power, and which, we are informed, will be the
largest in the country, with a sixteen inch glass,
or a glass' ono inch larger in diameter than the
Cambridge telescope. The glass is being mann
facturedin Europe, and until this is completed a
ten Inch glais will be used. The instrument
will cost about 22.000. At the lower landings the
' 'vision will be aided by achromatic telescopes with
four inch openings. The view commanded will
be very extensive, from the second landing the
ascent will he by means of a spiral stairany.—
, 'Nfr. Thulium nit rentionel tl4, cliterri.e
NO. 20.
WI line been reported. The Observatory will cost
Next to this may he mentioned *machine with
lone revolving arms, to the ends of which are
attached large wooden boxes. It is proposed to
whirl people around in these boxes, elevating
them eighty feet from the ground. Terms Is for
three turns, or 64 for one.
Close by is a circular railroad, inclosed in a
wooden building and covered with canvas.—
People will here be turned around till satisfied.
At a short distance is Corporal Thompson's largo
circus, nearly completed; also, one or two pano
ramic exhibitions, a large ice -house, &c., &e.,
The American flag Is sees displayed from the
moct of these structures. A golden harvest is
anticipat ed.
From the American lifeasonger.
The Young Wife's Prayer.
Harry B- was a wealthy young planter
in one of our southern Atlantic states, uniting
in himself all those amiabilities andexcellenees
which in the eve of the world make up the
gentleman and the good companion. He had
lately married a gentle, loving maiden; and
their days were speeding by in the enjoyment,
as they fondly fancied, of every thing that
could confer pleasure or add a greater zest to
life. But in the midst of their round of dissi
pation, the young wife felt an undefined long
ing for something purer, holier, than she had
yet experienced. The Spirit of God was gent
le leading her, though she realized it not, to
the possession of real pleasure, and the pros.
pea of unending bliss.
In this feeling of dissatisfaction with world
ly joys, her steps were providentially directed
to a religions service attenecd by the poorer
class of her neighbors. The deep seriousness
of the humble throng, the fervid earnestness
of the preacher, and the inward monitions of
the awakening Spirit in her troubled breast,
told her that here was to be found the
lasting joy she sought, even in the ennobling
service of Christ. The conflict was short. Shit
found repentance and submission sweet. She
found her Saviour gracious.
The news fell like a thunderbolt upon the
ear of the astonished husband. She so gentle.
ao winning, the idol of the festive throng, and
the acknowledged queen of every gay assem.
blage, a humble follower of Jesus? Was she
to forsake the world, of which she had been so
long a bright and shining star? Was she who
had lived so long for him alone, to give up all
for Jesus? Ah, how the deep malignity of
his evil heart burst forth. But though she
trembled and wept at his angry expostulations
she faltered not.
At length the time drew near when the new
convert, with other fruits of the pastor's faithful
ness, were publicly to avow their renunciation
of the world. B--'s anger was nowfully ex
cited. Had his wife been willing to NATI:et
herself with any of the more fashionable con
gregations of the neighboring city, he could
have the better endured it; but to behold the
shrinking form of her he loved with those of a
lower grade of society, and even in company
with slaves, profess faith in Christ, was most
galling to his proud spirit. To his anger he
sent word to the minister that he would pub.
licly castigate him, if he dared to baptize his
But a short time had elapsed, when, as he
returned one night from a scene of revelry and
mirth, his noiseles step was unperceived; and
as he approached the door ofhis room, the'tonos
of a gentle voice, in earnest pleading before
the throne of grace, fell upon his ear. It was
his threatened ill-used wife, bending in prayer
for her erring husband's salvation. His heart
was touched; the sword of the Spirit pierced its
adamantine sheath of rebellion and sin; and
silently, with the tears streaming from hiseyes.
he too knelt beside her—he too joined in the
prayer for mercy.
What a change had God wrought! He who
in his pride had despised the humble followers
of Christ, was now foremost in deeds of humil
ity and love. Instead of being engrossed in
the pursuit of pleasnre, the ordinances of God
where now his delight, the story of redeeming
love his changeless theme; and husband and
wife, sundering the ties that hound them to'
the gay world, pressed in singleness of mind,
"toward the mark for the prize of the high•
calling of God in Christ Jesus." S.
The Twilight of the Grave.
The Gravel into its dark portals enter the
!wad and the plane:, and they return no more!
Their mortal frames have fallen, and now, how
awfully mysterious is the grave! And nought
can reveal its secrets, until the last trump shall
sound, awakening Earths countless millions to
life and immortality.
Yet the night of death is not all darkness.—
When the Christian is laid to rest, when the
toils and cares of his pilgrimage are over, a
glorious halo surrounds his tomb, a beauteous
twilight reigns ever there. When the Son of
God arose triumphant over the grave, he rob
bed it of ita terrors. The Christian rests in
hope. Wherever his ashes repose, whether side
by side with much loved friends, or in a strait
gets grave, they will rise in imperishable glory,
and throughout eternity, live ever on. Then
why should we fear the grave? It is a quiet
resting place for the weary pilgrim, and when
its portals open to receive his toil-worn frame,
his ransomed spirit arises to mansions of eter
nal light and glory.
Then let us no . longer look upon the grave.
as the end of all our hopes, nor feel that the
loved ones there entombed, must lie in ever
lasting silence, but may we hope to be re-united
when the night of death is passed. Let us no
longer consider the torah a dreary abode, but
feel that the gloom of earth, and the brightness
of heaven combine to render it a glorious twi
'The Christian's grave is a hallowed spot.—
The depraving one stands at the threshold of
eternity, and the hopes and fears, the logs and
sorrows of life move him no longer. The sands
of life are nearly spent. and when the last one
falls, he departs to the spirit world; to that
heavenly home, where the changing scenes of
time cannot enter, where farewell tears are
never shed, whore sorrows are unitnown.—Lis•
velar you wish to make a good-looking girl
take to intellectual pursuits, push her down
stairs some day and break her nose. Beauty
is a shocking enemy to books, and no more
taste for study than it has for wrinkles and
cow-hide boots. As a general thing, girladon't
take to Algebra till the beaux wade to take
A Smtr.e.—A word spoken pleasantly is ft
large spot of sunshine on the and heart—and
who has not seen its effects? A smile is like
the bursting out of the sun from behind a
cloud, to him who thinks he b 3 no friend in
the wide world,
mar A man who shoe* any desire to do
good is at once made a pick-li orset and those
who cannot me hint : call hint a Iln,,rite.