Newspaper Page Text
Wednesady Morning, May 11, 1853.
S. L. GLASGOW, Editor.
WHIG STATE TICKET
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
Moses Towns'', of Lancaster county.
FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL,
Christian Myers, of Clarion county.
TOR AUDITOR GENERAL,
Alexander K. McClure, of Franklin co.
V. B. PALMER
Is our authorised agent in Philadelphia, New
York and Boston, to receive advertisements; and
any persons in those cities wishing to advertise
in our columns, will please call on him.
Agents for the Journal.
The following persons we have appointed Agents
for the HUNTINGDON JOURNAL, who are author
ised to receive and receipt for money paid on sub
scription, and to take the names of new subscri
bers at oar published prices.
We do this for the convenience of our snbscri.
hers living at a distance from Huntingdon.
,lorrE W. Tuostrsow, Esq., Fiollidaysbnrg,
SAMUEL COEN, East Barree,
GEORGE W. CORNELIUS, Shirley township,
JAMES E. GLASGOW. Clay township,
DANIEL TEAGUE, Esq., Cromwell township,
Dr. J. P. Aancom, Penn township,
Dr. H. L. BROWN, Cuss township,
J. Whalen.. MATTERN Franklin township,
SAMUEL STEFFET, Jackson township,
ROBERT M'ButurEy, "
Col. Tao. C. WATSON, Brady township,
MORRIS BROWN, Springfield township,
Wm. HUTCHINSON, Esq., Warriorsmark tp.,
JAMES McDoNALD, Brady township,
GEORGE WHITTAKER, Petersburg,
HENRY NEFF, West Barree.
JOHN BALSBACH, Waterstrect,
JAMES CLARK, Birmingham.
NATHANIEL LYTLE, Esq., Spruce Creek.
JOHN N. SwoorE, Esq., Alexandria.
The "JOURNAL OFFICE" has been removed
one door East from the room it has heretofore
been, to the Brick Building recently occupied
as the Globe Office, where our subscribers and
others will hereafter find us, always ready to
receive the names of new subsoribCrs and mon
ey due for subscription. •
lam` A good boy, about sixteen years of age,
will be taken at this Office to learn the printing.
Noun need apply except such as have strictly
moral habits, and are of an industrious dispo•
Mir Hon. S. A. Douglas, United States Sen
ator from Illinois, has our thanks for a copy of
his speeches in reply to Senators Clayton and
Butler, on the Central American Treaty.
See New Advertisements.
It will be seen by the Card of Col. Wharton,
in another column, that he has returned from
his labors at Harrisburg and resumed the du
ties of his Profession.
It will be seen by their Card in another col
umn, that John Scott and IL Bucher Swoope,
Esqrs., have formed a partnership in the prac
tice of the Law. They are both men of talent
and energy. The former, we understand, con
templates visiting Europe, carrying with him
__Dayernment papers, sometime during next
The customers of Jacob Snyder and every
body else who wishes ready-made clothing of
the best quality and neatest style, can now be
supplied at his fashionable Clothing Emporium.
He has just returned from the City with a very
splendid, fashionable and extensive assortment.
Our friend Snyder is a man who understands
his business, and auy article he has for sale can
be relied on as being substantial, cheap and
Those wanting good and fashionable Boots,
Shoes, &c., of , all kinds and prices, had better
deal with Charles S. Black, Esq.-, and Levi
Westbrook. They have a splendid and exten-
Mr. Bricker, across the way from our office,
has just returned from the East with a heavy
supply of Groceries, &c., and is ready to ac-
coinniodate his customers and others, to any
thing in his line. Give him a call, and you
will not be disappointed.
See advertisement of Store of Cornprobst &
Cunningham, at Marklesburg. These gentle
men have purchased the Store recently owned
at said place by Frank & Neff, and are prepa
red, with a splendid and fashionable assortment
of Spring and Summer Goods, to accommodate
all who may give them a call. There are few
men in the country more obliging and accom
modating than Cornprobst & Cunningham.
,tom• Since we have had hold of the Journal,
which has been only a few weeks, we have made
an addition to our subscription list of at least
one hundred new subscribers. We feel very
thankful to our friends and those who subscri
bed, for this valuable acquisition to our list.—
We hope the good work will continue.
may. We send this week a copy of the JOUR
NAL, respectively, to a number of good Whigs
in the county, who do not now take it, hoping
they will permit us to regard them hereafter as
regular subscribers. If they, however, decline
so doing, they will please return it to us again,
so that we may know that they do not wish to
ler "The Mountain Echo," published at
Johnstown, Pa., by L. Nelson Smith, came to
us last week considerably enlarged and other
wise materially improved. The Ecuo now is
a handsome sheet, and we hope it will receive
the patronage it deserves. Our friend Smith
has our best wishes for a glorious and prosper
ous career in the conduction of the Ecuo. The
appearance of his first issue displays talent and
exhibits industry, the two prominent requisites
to insure success in the management of a pa
Or John Slidell has been elected U. Staten
Senator, from Louisiana, to fill the vacancy oc
casioned by the resignation, some time since,
of Mr. F. Soule. He was appointed Minister
to Central America, but backed out to.let Soule
go as Minister to Spain.
The election of Slidell, as Senator, is nothing
more than we expected. As a matter of course
there was no bargain or understanding that
Mr. Slidell should have Mr. Soule's place as a
condition of his resignation. Certainly not
He received the nomination and was elected by
the Louisiana Legislature, just as many oth
er coin., coincidences occur.
The Journal Enlarged.
Our readers, no doubt remember that when
we assumed the responsibilities of the Editorial
Chair, we promised to enlarge and improve the
iit , NrtmcooN JOURNAL, during the former part.
of the Summer, and thin week they receive a
copy of it in accordance with that promise.—
Whether it will meet with the expectations of
our friends, or not, we have not just now the
opportunity to know; but certain it is, as all
must admit, its appearance is strikingly impro
ved, and its dimensions considerably enlarged.
The reading matter in the new edition is at
least double the quantity that the old one con
tained, and is Oct up in entirely new type. We
have incurred a heavy expense to gratify the
tastes and wishes of the Journal's patrons and
readers, and make it to a considerable degree
what it should he, and we hope they will not
now forget the increased obligations these cir
cumstances impose upon them. it is true, the
present issue does not wear the appearance we
would wish to see, nor is the matter arranged
as we expect to have it; but, under the circum
stances, with a new press, new types, &c., which
always work roughly until they are in use a
short time, we think there is no reason to com
plain. Our purpose is to go on improving the
paper until it becomes one of the best, neatest,
and most useful publications in the interior of
the State. We will try to make it decidedly a
Family Newspaper, suited to all classes and
conditions of society, but we will never forget
that it is the organ of the Whig party of Hun
tingdon County. The political motto we have
adopted, which appears under the title of the
paper, shall be the star that shall guide us to
glory or the grave.
We have made no material change in the
terms, thus affording those who wish a good
weekly issue an opportunity to obtain a paper
on exceedingly moderate conditions. No fam
ily should be without a newspaper of some kind,
on account of the vast quantity of information
it imparts on most every subject with which
the human mind ordinarily comes in contact,
and the incalculable benefit derived by the
powerful influence it exerts in properly mould
ing the opinions and views of the expanding
intellect in relation to the nature and object of
civil liberty and our Republican Institutions.—
The Journal shall he a paper of this character,
and we confidently hope its influence, for the
better, may be continually progressive. We
expect again the end of the present year to
have at least double the number of subscribers
it had when we took charge of it, and we will
consume our whole time in endeavoring to
make it acceptable to them. As we stated at
the outset, we here state again, and we wish it
to be distinctly understood, that the columns of
the Journal shall not be used as media through
which factions and cliques may advance their
private views to the prejudice of the public
feeling generally, or secure the accomplishment
of their personal, selfish schemes. Such a
course, we are satisfied, judging from the past,
would have a fatal tendency, and we therefore
will not permit any thing of the kind. For the
examination or investigation of subjects, how
ever, which would be of public advantage, we
will freely allow the use of our columns, provi
ding the arguments are of a gentlemanly, mor
al and dignified nature. Communications also,
which we deem prudent to publish, shall cheer
fully be inserted.
Death of Judge Gibson.
This distinguished Jurist departed this life,
at 2 o'clock, on the morning of the fourth inst.,
at the United States Hotel, in the city of Phil
adelphia. And although the popular mind was
measurably prepared for this public bereave
ment, yet it ha's cast a deep shade of sorrow
over the feelings of our citizens, and has given
them only another additional evidence, that
death is no respecter of persons. In his death
society has lost a valuable member—the com
panion of his bosom a faithful husband, and his
children a kind father. The Bench and the
Bar must also painfully feel that they have lost
one of their brightest jewels.
Judge Gibson was born at Carlisle, Pa., in
1780, and was consequently about seventy-three
years of age. He was the son of a father,
who was a distinguished officer iu the Revolu
tionary war, and who gallantly fell, iu 1791,
whilst fighting the Indians, at St. Clair's de
feat. He was a graduate of Dickinson College,
and studied law under Thomas Duncan, Esq.,
of Carlisle, and was admitted to practice in
1803. In 1812 Governor Snyder appointed
him Judge of the 11th Juditial District, and
in 1818 he was elevated to the Supreme Bench.
In 1827, he became Chief Justice, by appoint
ment from Gov. Shultz, on the death of Chief
Justice Tighlman, to fill the vacancy.
Congress, during the last Session, appropri
ated fifty thousand dollars to defray the expen
ses of the survey of the three routes, to be se
lected by the President, for a Railroad to the
Pacific Ocean. But as yet, very little is done,
at Washington, or any place else, towards ef
fecting an organization of the parties to be em
ployed for the purpose. A condition of the
appropriation was, that the surveys should be
completed as soon as possible, so that Reports
of the same could be made to Congress by
February next. It, however, now appears that
Major Steveus,the recently appointed Governor
of Washington Territory, (which, till sometime
during the last session of Congress, was the
Northern part of Oregon Territory,) to whose
charge the Northern route has been committed,
seems to be the only individual yet selected for
the object iu question. He is said to be a man
of energy and practical knowledge, and has
already effected the organization of his force,
and has it in a state of readiness. It is indeed
very desirable that the person or persons to
whom these selections were committed should
give the subject their immediate attention, for
we want a Railroad to the Pacific as soon as it
can possibly be made,_
ger We have received at this office the first
number of a Periodical called "The Popular
Educator," published monthly, in New York
City. It is a large and handsomely got up
publication; and we have no doubt, judging
from the nature of the contents, that it would
he exceedingly interesting to the friends of ed
ucation and instructive to all. The title ex•
presses the intention of the work, and should of
itself be sufficient to recommend it to public
favor. Each copy coats only twelve and a half
S yr We have this week, for the first time,
received a copy of the "Crystal Fountain," pub
lished at Harrisburg, by Wm. P. Coulter, Esq.,
and it is decidedly a neat sheet. Our friend
C. is a man of extensive ability, with any
amuunt of energy, and we have no doubt that
su , :ccr.s will triumphantly crown his !abut,.
The Farmers• Agricultural School, &c.
A communication; by Judge Watts, of Car
lisle, appears in our columns this week, to which
we invite the attention of the farmers and citi
zoos, generally, of Huntingdon County. It is
on the subject of an Agricultural College, to
educate our farmers sons. Such an Institution,
as we stated some time since, would certainly
be an undying honor to the people of Pennsyl
vania, and the benefits to be derived therefrom
would surpass all human calculation. Why is
it that the majority of our farmers are so indif
ferent on the subject of Agricultural Education?
The very thing which would have a tendency
to elevate them in point of general intelligence,
as well as usefully extend their knowledge in
relation to tilling the soil. If they could but
feel the importance of such a School, and see
the benefits flowing therefrom, we are satisfied
the project of establishing an Agricultural Col
lege in the State would receive their hearty
support. True, they are now the most indepen
dent class of our citizens, but how much more
so would they be, and how much more capable
would they generally become to discharge the
duties connected with every position in life,
were their minds stored with the useful knowl
edge to be obtained at an Agricultural College?
And whilst we are alluding to this subject,
we would ask the farmers of Huntingdon Coun
ty, why they have not yet formed an Agricultu
ral Society? All other counties around us
have their Agricultural Societies, and it is said,
have derived much benefit. The very fact that
nearly every county in the State has a Society
of the kind, is an evidence of their utility; and
their general prosperity, which is known to ex
ist, fastens conviction on the mind, of their un
doubted importance. Then why will not our
farmers and others become interested in the
formation of a similar one in Huntingdon
County? If the undertaking cannot be made
a general one, let a few individuals commence
the project, and it will be no time till all will
lay hold with a helping hand. Let none say it
can't be done, because what can be done in
other counties, can be done in "Old Hunting
don." We will cheerfully do all we can towards
the formation of a Society of the kind, because
we feel at least equally as much interested in
the prosperity of the farmers as we do in that
of any other class of the community. We re
gard them as the "bone and sinew of the land."
Slar Herniae Haupt, Esq., has been appoint
ed Chief Engineer of the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, in the place of Edward Miller, Esq.,
resigned. The situation was tendered to him
by a unanimous vote of the Directors. Mr.
Haupt formerly was Superintendent of the Cen
tral Road, but having received an appointment
at the South, had resigned. It is well the
Pennsylvania Railroad Company has secured
the services of Mr. H., for a man with the abil
ity and efficiency of him is evidently needed to
properly discharge the duties of the office vaca
ted by the resignation of Mr. Miller.
per. A few days since, a muss was kicked
up, among a number of boat-men above town
in which one individual, a driver, managed to
have his skull fractured, by a blow front one of
the others with a hatchet. Three of them were
brought before Justice Africa on a warrant the
next day; one of whom, a man by the name of
M'Donald, in the absence of bail, was commit- '
ted to the County Jail, the others were let go
on surety. M'Donald has since obtained bail,
and is now out of prison.
res. We learn with no little pleasure, that
our young friend, James E. Belch, Esq., has
been admitted to practice law in the several
Courts of Blair County. Ho is a young man
of talent, with excellent social qualities, and
there is no doubt of his success in the profes
sion. He has formed a partnership with Col.
D. H. Hofius, of Hollidaysburg, who has an
extensive practice, and cannot fail to do well.
We have spent many pleasant moments with
Mr. 13. at school, and during that period, if
two spirits become congenial, nothing on
earth can easily estrange them.
A perusal of the proceedings of a Locofoco
meeting recenily held in one of the western
counties, has afforded us no little amusement.
After endorsing Gov. BIGLER, and their repre-
sentatives in the Legislature, the unterrified
proceed to define "the fundamental principles
of Democracy." They have discovered the nu
cleus of the great Democratic comet, which at
present spreads so prodigious a tail over the
Union, and report their discovery in these
"Resolved, That the corner stone and great
fundamental priciple of the Democratic party,
is opposition to banks and monopolies of all
Opposition to banks and corporations "the
corner-stone and great fundamental principle"
of Democracy I 0 crakee ! Considering that
Democracy claims to have been in power from
about 1801, and also considering how vast is
the number of banks and other corporations
created by National and State legislatures since
that time, we must conclude that Democracy
has all along been ignorant of what it stood
on! By the by, whereabouts in the structure
does Gov. Bict sit and his party stand ? The
last Loeofoco House of Representatives "run
through" scores of banks and other monopolies,
all of which received the approval of the Loco.
foco Executive—and this, too, after the posi
tive declaration that he felt bound, by "a high
obligation to the people," to prevent any in
crease of banking capital !
Such, reader, is this thing called Locofoco
ism ! Preaching up opposition to "banks and
other monopolies" as one of the "fundamental
principles" of the party, we find them at each
successive session of the Legislature, falsifying
their professions, and violating their solemn
pledges to the people. Gov. BtoLsa himself,
' after all his high-sounding flourishes about the
danger of over-grown monopolies, and the evils
to be apprehended from an increase of banking
capital, demagogue-like changed front on this
question, and in direct violation of what he had
previously declared to be "a high obligation to
the people," gave his gubernatorial sanction to
all the bank bills passed by his party in the Le
gislature. "Plunder" being the "cohesive
power" which holds Locofocoism together,
bank agents and "borers" find but little diffi
culty in controlling the votes of Loeofoco
members of the Legislature. There is a ma
gic in the jingle of the "almighty dollars,"
which the cupidity of these corrupt politicians
cannot resist; and the very moment the "bags"
are passed around, we hear no move of their
hypocritical cant about "opposition to banks and
monopolies" being the "corner-stone" and
"fundamental principle" of the party. At the
very time the Loeofocos in a distant county
were engaged in passing the above resolution,
their brethren in the House of Representatives
were legislating.iuto existence scores of "pow
erful monopolies," and largely increasing the
basking capital of the Commonwealth—and
doing it too with the approval of a Locofoco
Governor, who, at the opening of the .session,
affirmed it as "a high obligation he owed to
the people," to prevent all this kind of evil le
gislation Locofocoism is a humbug !—Stale
eirThey are agititfug a "Maine Liquur
Law" in Loud. and Munchert,r,
The Last Legislature.
We copy the following — article from the 14-
coming Gazette of a few issues since. That the
last Legislature was composed of Members
with very small calibre, and that the greater
portion of their proceedings were to promote
the interests of private parties and encourage
the fraudulent designs of corrupt, speculating
politicians, we have no doubt at all. This has
too long been the ease with the Pennsylvania
Legislature, and we sincerely hope the people
will carry out the suggestion of the editor of
the Gazelle, who is a loc.:Voce and would scarce
ly be expected to say anything in regard to a
reform, his party at present being doMinant.—
But we presume he feels the necessity of a re
formation, and therefore speaks. And under
existing circumstances, we are satisfied that
reform must commence with the people, and
we therefore call upon them to give the matter
their early consideration.:
Let one Render Thanks.
The Augean stable at Harrisburg has been
closed for the season. The people of this State
will be rejoiced to learn, that after a session of
over one hundred days, the Legislature on the
19th ult., adjourned sine die. It is about the
only official act of that body at which they have
any cause to be rejoiced. From the first day
of the session until the last, the business of the
Commonwealth was neglected and the business
of private parties attended to. From the first
day of the session until the last, the Legisla
tive body displayed in its deliberations a want
of mental calibre, which we venture to say was
never heretofore equalled in the annals of our
State politics. We say this thing, who are
ashamed to say it. It has been the custom of
the people to examine with careful scrutiny the
proceedings of the Legislature of the State, in
order that they might properly understand the
position and principles of the contending par
ties, by the action of their respective represen
tatives. The time has been when the Demo-
cracy of the State could point exultingly to the
fair escutheon of the exponents of her princi
ples, and stand or fall by it before the tribunal I
of public opinion. But in this respect we are
progressing backward. Heaven forefend that
the Democratic party should be judged by any
such exposition of its creed as might be glean
ed from the record of last winter's
That is an abortion we shove clear of. All
winter long we looked in vain, for the manifes
tation of some legislative qualm of conscience
at the neglect of the public business and pub
lic interest. But the Legislature had no con
science. It readily managed to shove from the
Legislative files to the Governor's table, bills
instituting new corporations—authorising a few ,
men by vested right to gouge a great many—
a vast amount of local legislation was got
along with, which had better been let alone;
but the good old Commonwealth, though bleed
ing freely iu order that legislative doctors might :
give her a dose of comfort, was overlooked till
the last monent, and then, the doors of the
treasury were beaten down with an enormous
appropriation bill, passed upon with race horse
speed and recklessness at the fag end of n long
and dilatory session. Of all things that need
ed discussion, discussed and deliberated upon
the least! We look in vain for a single proof
of fidelity to the Democratic party or its princi
ples, or of what is tantamount, fidelity to the
rights and interests of the people. If there is
one righteous act among the ordinances of our
legislative Sodom, we claim no credit to the
Democratic party for it; but we congratulate
the people at large upon the happy accident.
We now appeal to the Press of Pennsylva-
ilia; to Demorcrats and Whigs alike, to under
take to send to Harrisburg next winter a re
formed and regenerated Legislature. Let us
have men of stamina, of intellect and of unim
peachable character; men who will give dignity
and weight to the iaws they may feel called
upon to enact. It is no little thing that the
interests of a great Commonwealth must be
committed in trust to a parcel of petty political
gamesters who infest our State capital. To
the Press, as the especial custodians and crea
tors of public opinion, we must look for the
needed reformation. Some sections of the
State are now well represented, and have no
need of reform. ' there were some men in our
Legislature whose light only shone the bright.
er from the darkness with which it was sur
rounded; but one shattered or diseased limb af
fects the whole body, and as all portions of the
Commonwealth are interested, we hope the
Press from all parts of the State will "cry
aloud and spare not" until the curse which has
come upon us of corrupt and unworthy legislit.
tion shall be utterly removed. Such another
legislature can never be elected in the face ,of
an indignant Press and an outraged People.
Education of Farmers.
To THE EDITORS OF THE FARM JOURNAL-
It is a curious inquiry why the knowledge of
agriculture progresses so slowly; and why it
has yet attained so little in this Country. It is
a fact which we are all willing to concede, that
our productions are little more than one half of
what they should be, and far less than what
they are elsewhere; and yet we seem to be con.
tent to bide our time, and be satisfied with re
sults, when accident or chance shall produce
them, or when we shall be jostled from the "old
why" by the coming generation.
More than seven hundred years before the
Christian era, Isaiah prophetically speaks of a
threshing machine, "Behold, I will make thee
a new sharp threshing instrument having
teeth." And yet this intimation pointing out
almost the very structure of the machine now
in so common use, was not realized until the
nineteenth century; and then received with a
doubting caution that well nigh dampened the
experiment, The merchant has carried his
enterprize into every nook and corner of the
known—and I had almost written unknown
world,—the learned have exerted their talents
to the developement and practical application
of scientific principles, which has given to their
class an enviable place in the estimation of
mankind:—the mechanic, availing himself of
these developements of science, has given them
form and shape to an extent which entitles
them to the admiration of the world; whilst the
farmer stands to gaze with mingled feelings of
doubt and astonishment, that all the other pur
suits of life whirl so rapidly past him.
What is the remedy for this admitted evil?
We answer—the education of farmer's sons
through the medium of an agricultural school.
We mean a school to educate boys in the art
and science of farming: and unless the farmers
of our State will zealously embrace this idea,
and avail themselves of it, there is no hope
that their condition can he otherwise impro
ved, hut by the lapse of time, and happening of
There is no one of the colleges of this Coun
try adapted to instruct a farmer; on the contra
ry their system is calculated to educate young
men to a state of entire unfitness for any such
occupation. A boy, graduated at one of our
literary institutions, has already spent that
part of his life which alone can be profitably
employed to learn the art of farming; and sci
ence without art, is still worse than art without
science. There is peculiar reason why farmers
should take up this subject and make it their
own. It is a fact with regard to the system
upon which literary institutions are at present
based, that their necessities, however economi
cal they may be. The consequence of this is
that education is made to cost more than they,
who rely upon the products of a farm, are
able to pay. Besides, if this expense should
have been undergone the farmer has in all
probability driven his son from all taste or de
sire to pursue the calling for which his maturer
judgment intended him. And if the boy
should return to the farm, it is to exhibit to
his disappointed father and brothers bow little
he knows of the business of his future life.
In an Agricultural School the pupils are la
borers on the farm as well as in their study;—
their bodies are educated to the art, and their
minds to the science of farming;—whilst their
hands are employed in the work of the farm,
their minds are employed in the pursuit of the
knowledge ,f the rest f*, what they
there is thereby an intermingling of theoretical
science and pratical art, which is but to be
continued through their whole future lives.—
The Institution thus becomes, in is measure,
selfsustainingl and the price of educations may
be reduced to a mere trifle,
The subject is now before our Legislature in
a Bill which provides for the charter of such
an institution as we propose. If it should be.,
come a law, we desire to cell public attention
to it, as the best measure which the age has
proposed; if it should not, let the farmers of
the State look to it that it does not fail again.
Carlisle, April 10, 1053.
We have dates-from Mexico to the sth of
April. On the lot, the arrival of Santa Anna
in the English steamer was telegraphed from
Ulloa, and all the people turned out and made
preparations to receive him. in about two
hours the steamer came up with the English
and Mexican flags at mast-head, and for the
fifth time Santa Anna became the master of
the Mexican destinies. He was received with
a salute of artillery from the Castle and from
the Mexican steamer "Estado de Mexico." The
authorities of Vera Cruz received him with
great ceremony—military and religious formal
ities—a triumphal arch was erected, and the
whole procession passed under it from the sten
mer. On the arch were the followin. inscriptions:
"AL ESCNO, SR. PRESIDENTE DFI''ANTONIA Lo-
PEZ DE SANTA ANNA, 17 MARZO DE 1853."
“LIDERTAD, PAZT ORDEN," (Liberty, Pence and
The grand procession then passed to the
Church, and after a solemn Te Deem they eon
ducted the President to the National Palace,
where his Excellency had announced to him
that he had received 18 of the three and twen
ty States in favor of his resuming the Presiden
cy. At night there were illuminations, fire
works, vivas, senrenades, &c.
The correspondent of the Havana DiCirio re.
marks that in Vera Cruz Santa Anna was la
conic, but at the same time dignified, and ex
pressing highly patriotic sentiments- But he
means to abolish the Mexican Confrdertion
General Wool was about to go to Tamaulipas,
to take care of Carvar(al and his adventurers.
Santa Anna remained in Vera Cruz four days,
where a sumptuous banquet was given him,
when he went to his hacienda. The following
is the Proclamation lie issued from Vera Cruz :
PROCLAMATION 00 SANTA ANNA.
"MEXICANS : On putting my foot on the soil
of my country, I salute you with tenderness
from the moment that my eyes began to dis
cover from the shores the elevated mountain
which indicated the proximity of a land, etery.
thing in which is dear to my heart, and in which
everything recalls to me the most grateful re.
You have summoned me, believing that I
should be useful in freeing you from that state
of anarchy and dissolution into which you have
fallen ; and I have not hesitated to listen to
your voice. You have me now upon your soil.
resolved to devote all my ssrength to an object
so important. But if I have been ready to obey
your call, it is with the belief that I could count
upon your hearty co-operation. My firm reso
lution will be of no use—to consecrate myself
entirely to the salvation of my country—if each
one of you does not aid me by co-operating
with all your power for the attainment of these
Far from thinking of avenging myself for an
cient injuries, let all those who have sought to
be my enemies, dismiss all fear. All the past is j
forgotten; and on treading the soil of my coun
try, I present to all the hand of friendship.—
Neither have I come to assist any particular
party. I come alone to raise the sacred standard I
of the Union, and I summon all Mexicans to
follow it, whatever may have been their opin
ions hitherto. Every one whose heart beats
and responds to the voice of his country, he is
my friend—he is my companion.
Mexicans! We have been too long in pursuit
of chimerical ideas--too long n time have we lost
in intestine dissensions. A mournful reallity has
come at last to relieve us from this afflicting°,
ror. Cast your eye over the map of your coun
try, and you will percieve a great part of our
territory has been lost. Examine the condi
tion of your landed estates, and you will find
disorder, abuse and ruin. What is your credit
among foreign nations? What estimation do
you enjoy among foreign people? Where is the
army in whose ranks I have had the honor to
fight—that army which achieved your indepen
dence—in which it is my glory to have had no
small part; that army which I conducted across
the deserts, and conquering difficulties which
seemed insuperable,—led to the frontier of the
Republic, whose boundaries a foreign enemy
had invaded, and on which I combatted, though
with little fortune, yet not without honor, when
your capital was occupied by your enemies 1
Mexicans, let us turn ourreflections upon our
selves. Let us profit by the severe lessons of
experience. Let us repair the errors we have
ccmmitted. You have me here to contribute my
part toward those honorable reparation. Labor
with me in good faith in this glorious work, and
to-day we can achieve for our country national
honor, and a name that we shall not blush to
Soldiers ! Companions in arms! come at
once to your Old General who has conducted
you heretofore with glory—who has never aban
doned you in a moment of misfortune—who
bears upon his body honorable wounds, and
who has exposed with you his bosom to the
ball of the enemy in the days of your reverses.
Listen now to a voice not unknown to you.—
Come to your general and your friend. Res
tore yourselves to your noble and illustrious
profession, from which an attempt has been
made to separate you. And although the rela
lions of friendship which exist among all nations,
and which we ought to cultivate with careful
I attention, do not now make necessary your arms,
let us be ready, if the national honor should de.
mand it, to prove before all the world tho val
or that ever has warmed the bosoms of Mexi
Mexican, of all classes, let the day of my
return to your country be a day of general rec
onciliation; and let the jubilee which causes me
to find myself among you, assure me that it will
find you all coming to, and united around, the
national standard—hearing you all cry out,with
the same union and enthusiasm, as in 1821,
"Viva la Palria, Viva la harlependerecia."—
These are the desires with which I respond to
your call. These arc the vows of your camp.
triot and friend.
ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA,
Heroic Vera Cruz, April 2d, 1853
As an escort for Santa Anna, to the Capitol,
one thousand soldiers had been sent from Mex
ico to his haciend, under the orders of Senor
star We have received the May number of
the Farm Journal, which is, as usual, a hand
some Monthly, containing a large quantity of
matter particularly useful and interesting to
Also, the May number of the Illustrated
NCIM, which contains likewise exceedingly in.
Convicted and Sentenced,
The rioters on the Portage Railroad, Thomas
Armstrong, Patrick Ryan, John Coughlin, Put,
rick Dwyer, and Thomas Lynch, who were on
trial at the late term of our Court, for the high
offence of MURDER, were severally convicted of
murder in the second degree, and sentenced
each to five years confinement in the Western
Penitentiary. The Jury Requited Wm. Mur
ray who was arraigned with the convicted. It
is hoped that the conviction of these men will
have a salutary effect upon those engaged on
our public improvements, and touch them Ow
they cannot violate the law with impunity and
go unpunished. The Court, in this case, ultho'
an aggravated one, did not sentence us severe
ly as they had the power, hut sufficiently se
think to accomplish the mule of justice.--Bluir
There have hen not less than half a dozen
Railroad easualtim within -the last week, resul
ting in some forty deaths and in serious injury
to about one hindred persons. These dims.
tees, occuring sinultancously with the tidings
of the fearfully testructive loos of the Indepen
dence on the ilcifie, suggest the necesaity of
greater foresigit nod precaution then has hith-,
erto been exerosed. To this end we proffer
the following ingestions:
The causes el Railroad Accidents' may be
classed under time heads: 1. Those in which
no one is in fink; 2. Those wherein the vic
suffer thee own imprudence and folly; 3.
Those whereia the fault is in the- management
and running cr the Road. Carefully scrutini
zed, it will bo bond that very few disasters be
long to the firt class, and the great majority
to the third. Once in a year, a tree or rock
may be suddinly thrown upon a Rail-tract just
ahead of a trAn. or cattle get upon it in HOMO
manner whim implies no lurk of vigilance in
the managenent; but nine-tenths of the eases
of accident fora breaking of wheels, axles, Ike.,
are the rest of gross carelessness or criminal
negligence. The wheels and axles that give
way were ?Aber made of inferior iron at a
second-mtq, , hop, and adopted without that fre
quent and lgid inspection which they ought to
As to thee accidents which result from the
culpable *exposure of the victims, especial
ly by walking on the track, the Press has been
entirely torlenient towark the unfortunate of
fenders. 3 should be constantly kept before
the publie that a Railway track is not a thor
oughfare kit a private property, which no man
can travev except at a highway crossing with
out eommiting a culpable trespass. Tie may
be tontine° risk your own life, but you have
no right b hazard even that, much less those
of others. when you put in jeopardy without
their contra and in violation of every prinei ,
plc of Pake. Walking or standing on a
Railroad, or even. loitering and skylarking
about it; mght to be a misdemeanor at law,
and visitd with rigid punishment. Such a
provisionwould gave many lives and prevent,
some of be frequent collisions and other casu
alties whch have their - origin in trains getting
behind Arne, through delays occasioned by
persons' in the track, and then hurrying out of
time to each a place of meeting, As to the
large elms of casualties which result from bad
=magma or the bud conduot of Railway
subordinates, we would argue that
1. l'lo man should he trusted with a switch,
a brake, much less a draw-bridge, who is not
intelligent, capable, and every way reliable.—
It is ciminal parsimony to mmose such re
sponsilility on a toper, Blockhead or ignoram
us, merely because lie 411 work cheaper than a
man fit for the post. lundreds of lives have
been sacrificed through flisregard of this plain
dictate of common senFd.
2. No inan should be - expected to guide his
conduct by verbal dire ions in any foreseen
contingency. The brid e-tender, switchman, t
brakeman, should com mice his duties by
carefully conning and co mittinn• to , memory
written or printed direc ons for . the proper
discharge of his duties, Melt directions ho
should be required to ke ever at hand and
read at least once per day
3. The utmost foresigli and energy should
be employed to guard aimt that fruitful
source of disaster, trains *in,' liter. In al
most every case of acci , iebt, a 'train behind
time' is involved in it. Tae more time, run
fewer trains, have extra euhies in readiness,
redouble exertion—in short foanytking—ratb
er than allow trains to get behind their regular
4. In every case of aced nt,. a report by the
conductor in charge of de rum, or, in case of
his death, the engineer, or both be killed, the
division Superintendent, s ould be repaired by
law to be made forthwith o the Secretary of
State, sworn to by the al hor as containing a
true account of the discs T, and of all its cau
ses, so fur as he knows or su4pects them. Let
Such report be comnirnicated to the nearest
newspaper that will i,me it forthwith, and a
correct copy mailed a duplicate to the State
5. Let the law pre:- ibe a moderate penalty '
for any misconduct .: culpable carelessness
resulting in a Railw, casualty, and let this
penalty be inflexibly ..xacted.
—We believe the adoption and enforcement
of these plain rules vould very greatly dimin
ish the frequency of Railroad disasters, and
render traveling by Railroad comparatively
safe. If any one caa suggest better, let them
be forthcoming.—X 1". Tribune.
Wr We call the attention to road makers
and others, to a notice in this weak's issue, in
viting proposals to construct a road from
Hamm' Bridge to the summit or bench of Ter
race mountain, in Walker township. There is
certainly great necessity for a public road,
where the one !ontemplated is laid out. It
would not only he a great convenience to those
living on the Trough Creek side of the moun
tain, but also to many others residing on this
side. In short the road is emphatically need
ed, and we hoie it will be made.
LIST OF Pt TENTSIdSited frOM the United
Stake Paten (Vice for the week ending May 3,
1853, and heeding date May 3, 1853.
Robert Maine, of London, England—For
improvmen in revolving firearms. Dated May
3,1853. Pa . nted in England,February 24,1851.
Richard . Hinsdale, of New York, N. Y.—
For improvement in elastic exercising machines,
George Kendall, of Providence, R. I.—For
improvement in motild candle apparatus. Da
ted May 3, 1853. Patented in England No
Daniel tied, of Washington, N. C.—For ho.
provement in manure carts.
George W. Stied, of Evansville, Indiana.— .
For imprbvement is corn Owners.
Paris J. Steere, of Cheshire, Mass.—For ho.
provemert in machines for sawing barrel heads.
Jamei S. Taylor, ofDnnburl, Conn.—For im.
pros-meat in machines for shrinking hat bodies.
Chants N. Tyler, of Worcester, Mass.—For
improvements in repenting firearms.
Samuel R. Wilmot, of New Haven, Conn.—
Assignor to Joseph Kent, of Baltimore county,
Md.—For improvement in apparatus for draw.
ing water from wells.
Patrick O'Reilly, of Reading, Pa.—For im
provements in rails for railroads. Dated May
; 1853. Ante dated November 3, 1852.
J. Dutton Steele, of Pottstown, Pa., assignor
to Charles E. Smith, of Philadelphia, Pa.—For
improvement in rails for railroads. Dated May
3, 1853. Ante-dated November 3, 1852.
Designs—James L. Jackson, of New York,
N. Y. —For design for a grate frame.
James L. Jackson, of New York.—For de
sign fora grate firame and summer piece.
Cantors PRAYER.--The Syracuse Star is
responsible for the following:
"In tte State of Ohio there resided a family
consisting of an old man by the name of Bea
ver and his three sons, all of whom are hard
"pets,", who had often laughed to scorn the ad
vice and entreaties of a pious though very ec-
centric minister who resided in the same town.
It happened ono of the boys was bitten by a
rattlesnake and was expected to die, when the
minister was sent for in great baste. Ott his
arrival he found the young man very penitent
and anxious to hu prayed with. The minister,
calling on the family, kneeled down and pray.
cd in this wise
"0 Lord, we thank thee for rattlesnakes; we
thank thee because a rattlesnake has bit Jim.
We pray the send a rattlesnake to bite John;
send one to bite Bill; send one to bite Sam;
mid, 0 Lord, send the biggest kind of a rat
tlesnake to bite the old matt, for nothing but
rattlesnakes will ever bring the Beaver family
Tht Submarine Telegraph Line across
the Mediterranean, (via the Wands of Corsica
and Sardiniu,) will benpeedily executed, and
the British Government lies just issued ordure
for a brunch from Cape Dun, on tie Airman
cos i, to Malts,
• • NEWS BY TELEGRAPH.
Anoth , r Railrowl, Accident —Raelon, Mac 7.
This afternoon, nt half-pnst four o'clock, n a the
New 'Bedford and Taunton train was near Taun
ton, Mass., the axletree of the tender broke,
and, with the baggage and passenger ear, con
taining twenty-fire passengers, octet precipitated
down an embankment thirty feet. An eye wit
nese.sava it was a miracle that all within were
not killed. But two persons were seriously though
not fatally injured, while fifteen received slight
-braises. -The cars were broken to pieces. •
Washington, May B.—The Hon. David Mer
riwether, of Ky., has been appointed Governor
of-New Mexico, and it is understood lies accep
ted the office. He will be here in a few 4s,
to receive his instructions. and willleamo
diately thereafter for the scene of his Ant .
Mr. Merriwether, it will be remembered, was
Font to the United Stiites Senate upon the
death of Mr. Clay, whoa scat he occupied till
the time fixed by Mr. Clay for his resignation,
Hartford, May 4,—Governor Seymour deliv
ered his annual Message this afternoon. The.
finances of the State are represented to be in a
flourishing condition, there being a surplus o f
$50,000 in the Treasury. He recommended
reduction of the State tak. The income of thin
School fund for the year is set down . at $135,-
000. The Governor advises the establishment
of a higher grade of public seminaries, and
approves of the establishment of a State Reform
School. and recommends a further appropria
tion of $25,000 to the object. The free banking
law, he Pays, has worked 'well since it went into
operation, and lie reccommends n searching in
vestigation into the affairs of two banks that
have recently failed.
He also recommends some legislation to check
the circulation of the old Banks, and the pas
sage of a law to prevent the issue of fractional
bills. He Pays that the property of the stock
holders of Banks should be liable for the debts,
of the institution.
He expresses the opinion that the massy ac
cidents and abuses upon railroads might be
remedied by the appointment of n general Rail
road Commissioner. With regard to the Maine
Law, he says his opinion
,that it is unjust has
been strengthened. He speaks favorably of
the New-York exhibition; approves of Africa's
Colonszation; recommends the abolition of cap
ml punishment; favors the calling. of a Conven
tion to revise the Constitution;andeoncludesby
announcing that he will not be a candidate for re
The Railroad Catastrophe.
MICR Office, Hartford, May 7.--The Legis
lature at is session this morning, appointed a
special committee to investigate the cause of
he late disaster.
The Legislature has also resolved to appoint
a board of railway commissioners, with exten
A bill was also introduced making it a fine of
510,000 for every person killed upon a railroad,
and imposing heavy penalties for injures on ac
count of accidents, caused by carelessness.
The committee consists of Senator Hyatt, Dr.
Beckwith, of Litchfield, Mr. Bissell, of Sharon,
and Mr. Halsey, of Norwich.
They are instructed to repair at once to the
scene of disaster, and collect facts and report
A thorough investigation of this affair is to
Earthquake at Wheeling.—At 9 o'clock, on
Monday morning, quite a severe shock of an
earthquagc, which lasted for several seconds,
was experienced in Wheeling. The Argus of
fice shook so as to start the compositors from
their stands under the apprehension that the
building was about to tumble to the ground. It
is said to have been the most severe shock ev
er felt in that section of country.
Cogrenion of a Forger.
cmcwnolli, May 6.—A man named Miller
made a full confession before the Grand Jury
of this county to-day, as being a party to forge
ries perpetrated on several banks of this city,
last winter, and he says that ho drew all the.
money on checks which were executed by
Nicholson and others implicated in the burn
ing of the Martha Washington.
Shocking Railroad Accident—Three Thssen
ger Cars thrown through a Draw-Bridge—
Fifty Lives Lost.
Norwalk, (Conn.) May 6.—The train of pas
senger Cars, which left New York this morning
for New Haven, met with a most terrible acci
dent at this place. The train came on at full
speed, and the drawbridge being open, the lo
comotive and three ears fell through. In the ex
citement, it is difficult to ascertain the real ex
tent of the calamity. Fid . ly personnaresupposed
to be either drowned or crushed to death.
Forty Bodies Reemwred.
Norwalk, May 6-3 P. M.—Up to this hour
40 bodies have been recovered.
All the employees of the Company on the
train escaped with only slight bruises. The•
train was running at the rate of 15 miles per.
hour. The blame rests, it is said, with the en
gineer, as the usual signals were displayed by
the bridge tender, as certtified by many of
those who escaped. However, there are many
Norwalk, 4 P. M.—Forty-five bocheß have
been recovered. The engineer and fireman
have been arrested.
Norwalk, 111i. --. 6, 8 P. M.—Thus far 49 dead
bodies have been recovered from the ruins of
the cars and from the water.
Two of those injured died after being taken
out. Eighteen are seriously injured, three of
them dan ,, ferously.
Most of the bodies recovered are known to,
be physicians returning to theirhomes from the
Medical Convention, which has just closed its
sessions in New York, though but few of them
have yet been identified.
Doctors Ives and Wilcoxed, of New Haven,
were in the baggage car at the time ofthe accident,.
and were carried down by it, but succeeded in
breaking their way out, and thus escaped.
Conductor Comstock was in the second car, and
escaped with =lnv, but not dangerous, Wounds..
The bodies of those recovered from the wa•
to and from beneath the shattered fragrnents
of the ears are much disfigured, and recogni
tion, in many cases, is very difficult.
The wounded have ample medical and surgi
cal assistance, and every possible relief is be ,
ing extended to them.
The mails and the baggage were saved iu a
The drawbridge was opened to let the steam
bout Pacific pass, and the boat had just cleared
the bridge when toe train came dashing
The locomotive, tender, baggage car,'and two
passenger cars, were immediately plunged into
tie river some 15 feet below the bridge. Eve
ry r twoi s ) o e ri rs o o o n si i; i t u b j e orod rst cars was either killed
Southern Mail—Later rout Texas—lndian
Baltimore, May I.—The New Orleans pa.
pers of Monday, received today, command G a l.
veston dates to the 21st ult.
The survey of the Galveston Rail Road has
Another arrest has been made at Galveston
for robbing the Post Office.
A portion of the Harrisburg and Colorado
Railroad has been opened with great rejoicing.
Henry Sheldon, of New York, has been elec.
ted President of the San Antonio and Mexican
Gulf Rail Road.
The Austin State Gazette of the 15th nit.,
nays t---The Indians are becoming decidedly
hostile and daring in their desperations on the
f ront i er , On the 27th of March, Major Sibley
had a diffieulty with the Wasoes, and recently a
party of Wiehitas having come into Fort Belk.
nap, he detained them us prisoners, At night
the Oiler, after murdering his own wife and
child, rose upon the pier] with his warrior,
nine in umnber.