Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, May 04, 1853, Image 1
- j am i i~~, VOL. 18. itemarits of Mr. Henry K. Strong, of Philadelphia City, Delivered in the House of Representatives of Penn sylvania, April sth, 1851, on reading a Bill in place, to incorporate , a Company to purchase the _Stain Line of Public Works for 15,000,000. In presenting this bill to the House, I may be permitted to say, that I have done so after a full consultation with . members from different sections of the State, repre senting both political parties upon this floor. All have acknowledged, that the public finances of Pennsylvania, the great interests of trade and commerce, and the purity of our institutions, demand a speedy divorce of the Government, from the man agement of the public works. The bill here presented is for the incor poration of a company, to purchase, for $15,000,000 the Main Lino of canals and railroads, from Philadephia to Pittsburg. It authorizes the Governor, upon the sub scription of the whole stock, and the pay ment of $3,000,000 in cash, or the bonds Of the Commonwealth at par, and execu tion and the delivery of twelve mortgage bonds, for $1,000,000 each, with interest thereon, one bond payable each year until the whole amount is paid; to convey to the company, the whole Main Line, from Pitts burg to the city of Philadelphia, together with all the property, real, personal and mixed, belonging to the same. The bill does not stop here. In order to give more value to the State property, and insure a Sale, a section, is added, authorizing the company to extend the Philadelphia and Columbia railroad to the Allegheny moun tain, and connect with the Portage, and to extend the Allegheny Portage railroad to the city of Pittsburg thus rendering it one of the most efficient competitors for the trade of the West, that can bo constructed. fly the report of the Auditor General and State Treanurer, laid before the Senate at the last session, the cost of the Main Line is stated to be as follows: Phila. and Coltunbia Railroad $4,791,548 91 Eastern Division of the Canal 1,737.230 97 Juniata Division of the :!annl 3 ; 570,016 29 Allegheny Portage Railroad 1,860,752'76 Western Division of Canal 3,096,522 30 Total cost of the Main Lino $15,056,077 23 To this may he added $575,000, appro-' priated by tho Legislature to avoid the In dined planes on the Allegheny Portage, Railroad, and which if this bill does not pass, will require snore than one million of dollars more. I believe it is now generally admitted that while this great avenue of trade be tween the waters of the Ohio and tho At lantic, in the hands of an enterprising company, may lie exceedingly proPtable, yet under State management, the experi ment is a signal failure involving the Com monwealth in increasing debt, and afford ing only a infirmary for all the broken down politicians in Pennsylvania. In the Canal Commissioners report, it is pretended, that the revenue of the Main Line, for the year 1852, was $485,571 OS over all expenditure? It is there attempt ed to be shown, that the receipts over ex penditures for motive power, supervision and repairs were on the Plill'o. and Columbia Railroad $480.407 #5 Main Line of Cowl:: - • 101,227 23 Portage Railroad los: Pretended net revenue of Main Line $485,671 08 That this pretended net revenue of the Main Line, is entirely fallacious, I call the attention of the Houge to the following debts due, and expenditures made, not ta ken into the calculation, but found in the Canal Commissioners report, page 30. The amount of debts not yet brought to light, can not now be estimated. Every years brings old debts up for payment Debts due for repairs &trim: the rear 1852, on the 'Alla. and Columbia , Railroad - • - . - Debts doe for repairs during. floral year 1851, on the Allegheny Po, tage railroad, • . - Debts dun for repairs, 11w 1852, on . the little Line of canal, - Motive power debt; on the railroads for fiscal year 1552, unpaid, - Old debts for repairs unpaid, - Old motive power debts unpaid, - Debts due for repairing road and farm bridges, - . Debts acknowledged due & unpaid, $233,868 33 To this sum add expenditures on the 39th page of the Auditor Genra. Report, for fiscal year 1852-sfo tire power and new Loci:motives, 483,465 01 Motive for night trains, - - 18,000 00 Repairs, &e., - - - 493,050 03 Straitning and improving Phila. and Columbia railroad, - - - Rebuilding Conestoga bridge, - Clark's ferry bridge, - tialaries of Collectors, Lock-keepers and weigh-masters, Canal Commissioners, $1,537,5.12 20 Deduct repairs and salaries for lock tenders, collectors, weigh -master: cud incidental expenses, on Dela • ware Division, Susquehanna, W. Branch, and North I.lranch div is • tons, as by Canal Commissioners' Report, pogo B, - Actual expenses of the Main Line as far as known, - • . - 1,433,2112.. 23 Deduct receis.ts, as by Canal Coro nlisploners' Report, page 6 and 7, f 1, 4 , , 01 Allegheny P. R. R., 311,188 82 Main line of Canal. 810,816 2G 1,391,649 44 Actual LOSS to the State on the Main line, - - - - $39,G39 71 Thus it will be seen that instead of a net revenue of $485,671 08 in 1852 there has been an actual loss, as exhibited by the re ports of the Canal Commissioners and Au ditor General, of 39,689 dollars and 71 cents! To this amount every member of this House may estimate and add for him self the old debts yet to be dug up from oblivion, and the damages paid for the de stnction of goods and other property occa sioned.by the carelessness of State agents. To show, if possible, more conclusively, that little or no net revenue is anticipated for the coming year, I refer you to the 87th, 28th and 29th pages of the report of the• Canal Commissioners, and you will perceive that while the whole receipts of the Main Line for 1852 were only 1,391.- 649 dollars and 44 cents, the estimated sum needed for repairs; MOHO pliwer; add salaries for this same work is 1,262 ; 640 dollars and 93 cents for the present year. I ask them, is it not time to end this state of things—to put a stop to this drab up on the treasury, and to lay the foundation for the extinguishment of the Public Debt: This can done by the passage of the bill which I have just read in my place. The stock, I have no doubt, will be taken, and that the work in the hands of an.enterpri sing Company, will become a mighty aven ue for travel and internal commerce amid be profitable to the stockholders is indis putable. There is one article of domestic produce alone, which by State manage ment is nearly, or quite, excluded from the ' Line which now yields more than one third of the revenue of the Grand Erie Canal of New York. I mean the article of Western flour. Pittsburg, by her po sition, at the confluence of the Mononga hela and Allegheny—at the head of stcaui , boat navigation in the great Ohio valley— by being a radiating point for railroads in every direction—by being situated on a parallel of latitude running West through the centre to the Rocky Mountains, of the great wheat growing regirn of the conti nent, ought to be; and may bo made the great depot for flour, seeking an eastern market. Wheat is not raised to any great extent in the counties on the Lake shore, but in the interior of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, and can as easily be brought to Pittsburg as to Cleveland, Sandusky and Toledo. Why then is it not brought there? Because State management has not only excluded it from the Main Line, but driven Western Pennsylvania flour to the Lakes, there to be shipped to Buffalo, and from thence to be carried over the Erie Canal to the Hudson. Tho whole amount of flour, in 1852, sent oast from Pittsburg, over our main line was only 230,169 barrels, awl the wheat was only 9,839 bushels, and this was wholly or mostly Pennsylvania flour and wheat while a much larger quantity went west from our western counties to the lakes. The State revenue, from the flour of other States was nothing. The distance from Cleveland, the nearest lake port of Ohio to New York is more than five hund red miles. The distance front Pittsbnrg to Philadelphia is about one hundred and thirty miles less. But notwithstanding this, Now York gets the Western flour, and Philadelphia does not even receive the Pennsylvania flour. There was carried over the Erie canal in 1852, Western flour to the vast amount of 4,837,893 barrels! yielding a revenue at 23 cents a barrel to the State of New York one mill ion one hundred and twelve thousand settee hundred and fifteen dollars ! which is an interest of sin per cent.on more than EIGHTEEN MILLIONSO AND A HALF OF DOLLARS. To secure the great flour trade of the West now in its infancy, will render Philadelphia the great grain mart of the country, and build up and maintain a foreign connoNTo. Tho whole funded debt of Pennsylvania, according to the report of the Auditor General, on the (list day of Deceinber, '52, was $40,769,805 71, of which $20,768,- 307 34 was incurred in the construction of canals and railroads, now in use, and own ed by the Commonwealth. After the sale of the main line, the State will still own the following profitable canals, the management of which by the State, is far less objectionable than that of railroads, with their complicated machinery and pat ronage. The length, cost, and revenue of which was in 1852, as follows - : Canals. M. Cost $581,634 29 96,063 20 S 5,369 71 50,329 71 :36,08 56 78,242 HI 32,889 83 13,756 71 13,000 00 218,390 13 1,923 311 .51,/ 00 Net Hollow in 1832. I). Division, GO $1,384,606 911 $214,6613 92 N. 13. in me, 71 1,598,370 33 122,655 25 N. 11. tintinisli'd,94 1,388.265 00 Susq. Division, 31 897 . .160 ? W. 13. Div. 81 . 1,832,083 28 5 62,758 00 . _ Tolul„ 330 87.301,405 1,1 $400,080 17 10 , 1,3137 38 5,428 01) During the last year the revenue from Anthracite coal, carried upon the Del aware Division, amounted to 1.4 per cont. on the original cost of oonstruction, and upon the 71 wiles of the North Branch ca .., L .nil noon . 1•:.3,55Q ;17 HUNTINGDON, PA.; WEDNESDAY, MAY 4, 1853. was more than sufficient to keep the canal in repair. The completion this year of the whole line, and a connexion with the Now York canals, will open an entire water coin ' munication, by oanal, from the great lakes to the city of Philadelphia, through New York and Pennsylvania, and create an im mense new trade, not now existing between these great States,—Pennsylvania supply ing Western New York, and the Lakes with Anthracite coal, and New York supplying Pennsylvania with Salt and. Gypsum. This trade, it is confidently predicted, will be fore five years, add annually $500,000 to our revenue. In addition to this, the tax upon real and personal estate, will constant ly increase with the extension of internal commerce, and the increase of poptilation and wealth if no unwise restrictions are permitted to paralyze the growing trade of the Conimonwealth. We may therefore confidently predict, that if this main line is sold to a company, for the sum proposed by this bill,that there will imuuttlly remain over the expenses of the Government and the payment of all calls upon the Treasury, the sum of at least $1,500,000 to be put into a sinking fund for the extinguishment of the public debt. That this may be done, I call the attention of the House to the foilowitig items of rev enue in 1852; and will take this :0 the maximum for twelve years to come : nEVENITP.. Tax on corporation stocks, - - $210.542 30 Tax on Bank dividends, - 146,960 07 Retailers' Licenses, - - - 109.269 67 Tavern Licences, - - - - 100.120 11 Auction Duties and Commissions, - 75,635 76 Tax on holders of loans, - - 118.444 16 Collateral Inheritance Tax, - - 143,141 65 Premiums on Charters and Right of Way, - 73,408 06 Tax on certain emcee and enroll ment of laws, - - - - 13,911 65 Tax on Writs, Wills, Detds, &e.. 56,671 71 Purehmm money and fees in the Land Office, - - - 40,223 41 Tex on Brokers, l'etilers, &c, about 56.201 97 Tax on reel and personal estate, - 1,359,030 30 Net revenue in 1632 on canals Un sold : Delaware Division. North Went Branch & Sueque hnnnn ennalg, - 400,080 17 Total, - - - - $2,904,248 59 increased revenue on the eannls, and tax no real and personal es tate, Cl least, - - 447,519 16 revetittc, It is not doubted that the sure increase of the coal trade and other causes will swell the annual revenue to a much larger sum. But I will assume the annual rove- DUO to $3,351,707 75, and then deduct the expenses of the Government, and it will be seen that $1,500,000 will remain for the extinguishment of the State debt, without any increase of taxation, or a resort to any other source of revenue. In 1852, the following were the expenses OF STATE COTERNNIENT. Senate, 532,340 50 I louse of Itenrc , cllisti , c , i 70,993 55 Public Prinrintr. 25,239 7 . n Executive Department. Auditor General's Office, B,lBO 68 'Treasurer's Otlit f . 6,635 GO Surveyor General's Office, ' 8,951 12 Judiciary, Pensio...l (iratnitice, Charititide Itmitutions, 76,763 33 State Agricultural Society, 2,000 00 Common Selma's, 165,109 63 Penitentiaries, . '. ' 43,932 50 Miscellaneous, say, 5,194 18 Totidospopge, $563,277 47 Interest MA05,749,805 71,at 5 per cent 1,288.490 28 Total amount required to pay ex pen-,e, id the Uovernment,iinil ter,t nn the public deht. after the sale of the Main line, 51,851,767 75 If then we deduct the amount necessary to meet the demands upon the Treasury front the annual revenue, it will he seen that One and a half of dollars annually, is left to put into the sinking fund. Annuli revenue, - - - $3,351,767 75 Annual payments, - - 1,951.767 75 Allllllll.l sinking In Making this calculation, I have, for convenience, assumed that $3,351,767 75, will be the annual average revenue for 12 years to come. It is believed it will be ninch greater. The completion of the N. Branch canal, the increase of trade upon the canals, consequent upon the develop ment of the . resources of this great mineral Quiumenivealth; ind the augmentation of the receipts for taxes upon every succeed ing valuation in the State, render it certain that our revenue will reach a much higher amount, and that the amount annually to be sot. apart for the extinguishment of tho puhlie debt, will considerably exceed $l,- 500,000. But I will assume this to be the annual sum,and it will be perceived that if the company is organized on the fat day of January, 1854, that in twelve years from that time, the whole public debt of Penn ; sylyania will be extinguished, and the great productive coal canals will still bo the property of the State. If this legislature now incorporates a company to carry out this great measure, the abundance of capital' now seeking investment will insure a sale for the sum named in the bill which I have just presented to the House, and it deserves and will receive the gratitude of the .tax pavers of this Commonwealth. The 'following table will show the amount of State indebtedness, at the periods indi cated, and the annual, payments and inter est at 5 per cent. each year, carried to tile sinking fund. Years. - Public Debt• Payments into Sinking Fund. 1853 840,769,865 71 $15,000.000 00 1854 25,769,805 71 1,500,000 00 1855 24.269.805 71 1,575.000 00 1856 22,694,806 71 1,653,755 00 1857 21,041,050 71 1,736,437 55 1858 10.304,613 16 1,823,259.62 1850 17.481.353 54 1,919 422 35 1860 15.561,931 19 2,010,393 47 1861 13,551,337 72 2,110,913 14 1862 11,440.624 78 2,216,458 80 1863 - 9,224.165 98 2,327.5 , 81 72 1864 6,898.884 26 2,443.645 83 1865 4,453,238 C 3 2,565,828 07 1860 1,987.410 56 2,694.119 46 Thus it will be seen that by the sale of the Main Line of Public Worke,for the sum indicated in the the gradual ope ration of the Sinking Fund, iu twelve years from the sale, without any increase of rev enue beyond that now received, which aug mentation ho man can doubti.the WHOLE PUBLIC DEBT OF PENNSYLVANIA WILL BE EXTINGUISHED, and the sum of $706,709,90 remain in the Treasury. Having shown the financial operations of the bill which I have presented to the House. I will now undertake to point out some of the advantages which the great in terests of trade and commerce will derive from the measure. In the first place, the State being re lieved from the fear of rivalry front other competing lines, will throw the doorFigo open to private enterprise, and sever invite it to enter the field of competition for the growing trade of the mighty West. We shall have two great lines running paral lel through the centre of Pennsylvania, each striving by cheapness of transit, ce lerity, and superior accommodations to win the favor of the public, and secure their 'portico of the trade and travel that pas ses from the valley of the Mississippi to the,Shor6i of the Atlantic Ocean. Every emigrant that now passes to the West., every new farm opened upon the praries, and every house built beyond the moun tains increases that trade, by creating wants in the West which must be supplied in the East. The time is at hand when all the great lines of communication, be tween the east and the west; will net be Sufficient to accommodate the trade. Bet, still, the active rivalry north and south of, us will require something better than State management, to render our Main' Line worthy of being ranked with the Pennsyvania railroad, the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, the New York and Erie railroad, the Now York line of railroads, by the side of the Erie canal from Buffalo to Albany, and the Grand Erie canal.— The active rivalry between the New York lines has already drawn, not only the whole trade of the Great Lakes through Now York but is causing a large portion of that in the Ohio valley, to pass around us, the long circuitous route, to the con-, trary notwithstanding. This New York rivalry and the want of it in Pennsylvania, is actually attracting tr.ide and travel around us in the line of a periphery of a circle to New York, and demonstrates that high charges, bad management, and the prevention of rival parallel routes cannot force it through Pennaylvaniti to Philadel phia in a line of a diameter of the same circle. This state of things can only be remedied by the transfer of our Mein Line of Public Works front the State to a com peting, efficient company, where an army of lazy political drones cannot find em ployment, and where fraud and speculation will be discarded. But sir, there is another reason for posing of this Main Line, composed of al ternate sections of railroads and canals to a company. It is the preservation of the purity of the public morals. No people ever has been, or ever will be truly free, that long suffers a festering corruption up on the body politic. One after another of the pillars of public virtue is undermined, upon which rests the arch of our free in stitutions, until the people themselves are ' fit only to be slaves, and seek refuge at last in the tyranny Of a master. Such an ananint of public patronage creates a love for office and place; cherishes idleness and a distaste for regular business; fosters speculation and extravagance, and ends at last in intetnperanee and crime. Let us then pass this bill. The Ono and the eireummtanees are propitious, and render a sale as certain as its enactment into a law. The people will hail it with enthusiasm as the measure of their deliv erance from the thraldom of a public debt. It will be a now era in the onward course to wealth, power, and greatness of our own Pennsylvania. And finally it will remove that gangrene from the body politic, that is now eating like a cancer into the vitals of Our liberties. $3,351,767 75 $1.500m0 00 [lr At a oawp meeting held In Connec ticut, a preacher delivered himself of the following , ' , I would that the Gospel were a wedge and I a becttle; I'd whack it into every Armor's heart among you 1" 's(a Letter from Oregon I4NToN, 0. T. January 18th, 1853. 5 Col. Mc.—DEAR Being requested by some of toy friends in Van Buren county, to write a little from Oregon and let them know something about what my experience has, been In regard to travelling across the plains, and also something about this coun try, its climate and its resources, &e., &c., I will in the first place say: that I will ad vise no person to come to this country, from the hitt ark I never saw as much distress in all my life as I seen on the plains, from sickness,while we traveled on Platte river. It was art-rending to see the number of persons sick and the number that died from ' cholera. This was all the couiplaint on the first end of the route; however, this may not occur again in ten years. I have seen persons that have crossed every year for the last seven years, and they say that 1850 was the only year besides this year that there was any sickness on the road, and flux prevailed to some extent on the latter end of the route • and some few cases of mountain fever. t would advise all I those that intend coming across the plains riot to get frightened and run their teams to death to get away from the disease, for this will not do; the teams will not only suffer hut. also the sick will not get the no-1 cessary attention; but do not stop to nurse the sick except they are very sick, and bo I very careful how you give medicine in the absence of aphysician, as the most of the deathi do doubt was occasiOned by taking either too much medicine or else not the right kind. Every person ought to have sonic medicine, or, rather get in a train where there is a death:, this would bo much the best, and never drink water from pools, wells or ponds nor springs, except some that are very clear and have no bad smell. Drink the water of Platte river. Always start early iu the morning and camp early, never drive after night, for night travelling is sure to.get, you hits dangers and difficul ties and never stay two nights in one place, travel every day, if it is but three or five miles, you will find to he a duty. If you are to have preaching drive on Sabbath morning till the hour appointed, then stop, put your teams to grass, and then you can attend to your religious exercises. You AI hive to lay lijr about one clay in a vroek or at least one day in two weeks to wash, and when these things aro done, and you arrive in Oregon you will find that the winter is not far off. Do not use much malaratus in your bread, on this road, for this reason: the water you drink, and the very air you breathe is more or less im pregnated with alkali, and the system is sufficiently charged without having it in your bread. Itis a wonder that writers from Oregon hrivo not instructed in regard to this particular before this time. The most wholesome bread for this trip, and the' qt.ickest made, is to have about a peck of dry rising made of corn meal and mix your dough in the evening and let it rise until morning, and bake for breakfast and din ner, and at noon mix again; put in the ri sing, knead it up in a largo tin pan and it will be ready fur to bake for supper, &e. The least ardent spirits is used on the road the better, but each family should have some, as it is a necessary medicine on this , trip. As I said before, keep driving on, lose no time hunting or pleasuring on the road. Platte river is the place to make good time, and hundreds were mistaken in this matter the last season; they thought that this was the place to recruit their teams, but it is not the fact. I would ad vise the starting early enough so as to cross the Missouri river by the 20th of April, or at least the first of May, and keep along steady and you will find grass much better than if you are late starting, particularly on the last end of the road, and this is where the elephant is most generally seen. Start with one waLion more than you ex pect to bring through, load it with feed in cage of do early start and throW it away when your feed is done; bring alcnig sonic solo leather to use in case of loose tiro.— Take off the tire and put leather between the felines and also on the ends of the I spokes, cut a hole in the leather so as to let it down to the shoulder of the spoke.— Bring plenty of wagon grease. The last end of the road you will need the most wagon grease, tar or black lead anti lard I or flour anti lard. I shall not in this let ter make out alt outfit necessary for the trip, as it has been attended to by other, writers, but I will tell one thing that has entirely been neglected, and it is very ne cessary: each driver should have a curry comb and a good horse brush, and every night before unyoking your team, curry and , brush all the dust nut of the hair of your , cattle. This will appear evident when I tell you that for twelve hundred miles there is not a tree or a stump or anything else for the cattle to rub against, and duet is intolerable on tho latter part of the road. Do not drive your teams closer to each other than twenty y: r Is. The dust E so bad that it makes the cattle low all the time and is bad on the lungs. But few curried their team; and those who did, had NO. 18. I nice fat cattle, and they would' lick them delves, but .those who did not curl y and brush. out the dust, their teams got sentry and got the hollow-horn, and hardly any of them made the riffle, but the most of them died on the road. If an ox getti his foot worn through on the bottom, have a shoe put on the bun° side to.raisc. ikhigher than the sore one. It would be well for each person to have a few shoes and nails with him, for they cannot be bad on the road. And if an ox gets ;the foul foot take. a piece of iron, as you can get any quantity of old iron on the road, heat it hot and put tar or rosin on the sore and burn it in with a hot iron, first clean out the sore and put a moccasin on the foot.. I found no ans troublesome. Before I close I would just say that each family should be well supplied with spirits of turpentine, and ev ery day put a little on the cattle's horn: : : and on their feet. People do not water their gardens here, as is supposed by son, in the States. Respectfully yours, • SAMUEL E. BARR. Col. T. W. MeMAxAm " A 1 1 34 Well." I'm;lye o'clock at night, and all'u well False prothet ! Still and statue-like, at yonder window, stands the wife. The clock has told the small hours, yet her face is pressed closely against the window pane, striving in vain with straining eye, to pierce the darkness. She sees nothing—she hears. nothing--but the beating of her own heart. Now she takes her scat, opens a small bi ble and seeks from it what comfort she may, while tears blister tko pages. Then she clasps her hands, and her lips are tremulous with mute supplication. Hist! there unsteady stop in the hall—she knows it Many a time and oft it has trod on her ve ry heart strings. She glides down gently to inset the wanderer. He falls heavily against her; and, in maudlin tones, pro nounces a name ho had long since forgot ten "to honor." Oh ! all enduring power Of woman's , leve!—no reproapb, no up braiding—the slight arm ?eased around the, reeling figure (once erect in God's own un age.) With tender words of entreaty which ho is powerless to resist, if ho she loads him in. It is but a repetition of a thousand such vigils!! It.is the,perfarni auee of a. vow, witli.a heroism and patient endurance too common and every day to be chronicled on earth; too holy and heaven ly to pass unnoticed by the "registering angel" above. "ALL's WELL False prophet yonder luxurious room sits one whose curse it was to be as fair as a dream of Eden.— Time was, when those clear eyes looked lovingly into a mother's face—when a gray haired father laid his trembling hand, with a blessing, , on that fair head—when broth ers' and sisters' voices blended with hsi own, in heart music around the happy hearth. Oh! whore are they now ! Are there none to say to tho repentant Magda lene : "Neither do I condemn thee; go and sin no more !" Mutt the gilded fetter Ooii thine to bind the soul that loathes it, be cause man is less merciful than God? "ALL'S WELL!" False prophet!—There lies the dead orphan. In all the lengths and breadths of the green earth, there was found no sheltering nest where the. lonely dove could told its wings, when the wen', birds had flown. The brooding wing was gone that covered it from the cold winds of neglect and unkindness. Love was ita life and so it. dropped. Wind, !" .False prophet ! Sin walks the earth in purple and fine linen ; honest poverty, with tear-bedewed fees,' hungers and, shivers, and thirsts, while the publican stands flier off. The widow pleads in vain to the criminal Judge for 'justice and, unpunished of Heaven, the human ti ger crouches in his lair,and springs upon his helpless prey ! . • “ALL'S WELL !" Alt yes, all is well! for he who ‘seeth the end from the beginning' hqlds evenly the scales of justice ; "Dives, shall yet beg of Lazarus." Every hunian tear is counted. They shall yet sparkle as gems in the crown of the patient and endu ring disciple! When clear, broad light of eternity shines upon life's crooked paths, we shall see the snares and pitfalls from which our hedge of thorns has fenced us in! And in the maturity of our full grown faith, we shalt greetingly say--"‘Father, not as I will, but as Thou wilt." ONE VOTE.—Within the last dozen years the Governor of Massachusetts was twice elected by a majority of one. A recent paper says that a single vote sent Oliver Cromwell to the Long Parliament, Charles Stuart to the scaffold, revolutionized Eng land, and made Great Britian free. One vote gave us the tariff in 1.842, and one vote made the tariff of 1846. One vote . gave us Texas, and made war with Mexico, and purchased California, turned thither the tido of emigration, and will change Ithe destiny of the world. Those who are l in the habit of excusing themselves from ' attending elections, in the belief that one vote will not make much difference will do well to treasure up these facts and act tin:. der their influence.