Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, April 13, 1853, Image 2
HE JOURNAL .f•• HUNTINGDON, PA. IVednesady Morning, April 13, 1853. s. L GLASGOW, Editor; WHIG STATE TICKET FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, Moses Pownall, of Lancaster county. FOR SURVEYOR GENERAL, Christian Myers, of Clarion county. ~.„„ FOR AUDITOR GENERAL, Alexander li. McClure; of Franklin cu T We wish it distinctly undtrstoocl, that it is our rule to insert no communica tion, of any kind or character, which has not the name of the anthor, or the person requesting its publication, accompanying the same. New Advertisements, In this week's paper appears the adver tisement of John Skees, Chairmaker; and whoever wishes substantial and neat chairs, settees, &c., at the lowest prices : cannot possibly do better than to patronise his es tablishment. Mr. Skees is a clever fellow, and deserves the confidence and patronage of the public. In another eulumu will be found the ad vertisement of Col. Geo. Gwin's splendid assortment of Spring and Summer Goods, of all kinds, qualities and prices. The Colonel is fully prepared now to accommo date his customers and 'the rest of man kind." Give him a call, and you will not leave without being satisfied of the cheap ness and elegance of Isis Goods. See advertisement in another column, of Mr. Colon's Book Store. lie keeps con stantly on hand an elegant assortment of Books of all kinds and prices. Mr. Colon is a clever fellow and is always ready to oblige those who favor him wih a call. Cornpropst S. Cunningham have now the Huntingdon Mill, and aro prepared to accommodate all who may favor them with I call. Valuable Real Estate and Mill Proper ty, in West township, tor sale by Robert Moore. • Blair & Burkholder are now in town rea ds to take Daguerreotype Pictures, in the most approved style. Sealed proposals will be received ut Al toona, Blair co., by Thoe. 13urchinell, for the delivery of 170,000 Bricks, &c. Executor's Notice, by D. Stewart. Final Adiournment. Both branches of the Legislature have passed a resolution to adjourn sine die on Tuesday the 19th inst. We think it would have been strictly in accordance with the wishes of their constituency had they pass ed such resolutions several weeks ago. As usual, the present Legislature thus far, has done nothing for the general advantage of the people; and we presume, as has heretofore been the ease, every im portant bill will ho passed the last two or three days of tLe session. And then the sage law-makers, the Solons of the Penn syltania Legislature, will return to their constituency and endeavor to induce them to believe that their labors during the past Session• were very severe, and the people ought to feel under greet obligations to them for the careful and scrutinizing vigi lance they exorcised over their interests, and fur the entire devotion of attention to the peremptory claims connected with the MO and responsible office of Representa tive or Senator. Since we have been presiding over the columns of the Journal, we have published very few of the proceedings of the present Session, because we could discover nothing in them, we thought, that would in the least be interesting to our readers. We hope the period is not distant when wen will be sent to the Legislature who will feel a substantial interest in the wel fare of the people generally, as well as in their own sectional fame or boasted popu larity. O."H. Bite ER S wooPE,. Esq., was ad mitted on last Monday morning to practice in the several Courts of Huntingdon CJitn- Mr. S. is a young inau of considerable talent, and be cannot fail to succeed in the profession of law, if he uses the proper dis cretion. We wish biro success in his new sphere of life. (Cr The communication from Birming ham; the notice from our friend in Hill Valley, and some other matter, did not appear in our last issue, having reaohed us too late for publication, but they appear in thin •vvek'r paper. The Consistency of Democracy. The message of Gov. Bigler, sent to the Senate and Rouse of Representatives on the sth instant, on signing the Bill to in corporate the Erie City Bank, is a strange document after the sentiments he has so frequently expressed adverse to the in crease of banking capital, or the extension of paper currency. In this message even, he alleges that daily observation has more than satisfied him of the soundness and practicability of his, or the locofoco poli cy, on this subject, and yet does the very thing which, according to his argument, has a direct tendency to impoverish the people, and destroy the institutions of the State. lie wishes it to be distinctly under stood by the people of Pennsylvania, that in giving his consent to the creation of the Erie City Bank, there is no evidence of a change in the views he has hitherto main tained. Actions speak louder than words, we bold, and if he is so well satisfied of the correctness of the locofoco policy, why vi olate the principle he holds so dear and do that which ho knows to be detrimental to the interests of the citizens of the Com monwealth '1 From what he says, we infer, that the reason he gave his sanction to the ' Bill, was because the people in that partic ular locality wanted and needed the Bank for trading and commercial purposes. This we believe to be true, and we believe the signing of the bill was right, but diametri cally opposed to locofoco policy, and there fore inconsistent., on the part of Gov. Big ler. To have been consistent, he should never have dared put his name to any bill of the kind. What he did, with his rea sons why he signed the bill, is nothing ' more nor less than Whig doctrine. . The bill incorporating the Erie City Bank was one among others which he vetoed last Ses sion, and now he sanctions it. To us it seems to be very pusilanimous conduct, on the part of the Governor of a great State like Pennsylvania. We hope hereafter to hear no more crusade preaching by him, with some semblance of sincerity, against chartering Banks in cases of necessity. Spring, the Murderer, Convicted. Arthur Spring, the man who was charg ed with the murder of Mrs. Lynch and Mrs. Shaw, after a second trial, was convicted, on last Thursday morning in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, Phila., of murder in the first degree. He made an address to the Court, avowing his innocence and de ckling his son to bo the real murderer. This degraded wretch was clearly proven to be the perpetrator, whose guilty hand suddenly and unexpectedly hurried two in nocent and uneffending women into eterni ty, and we hope he will hang by the neck until dead. We do not so hope, because we are particularly in favor of Capital pun ishment, but because if such heinous and fiendish crimes are perpetrated in an intel ligent community— such as ours is—with= out receiving their just reward prescribed by law, the inevitable tendency must be the degeneracy of moral sentiment. We think we have as much sympathy for frail and erring humanity, as most any tan, but if we have laws for the protection of the eemmunity in such cases and believe their effect salutary, why not enforce them ? The extra Session of the U. S. Sen ate still continues, but little is doing ex cept confirming the nominations to office, sent in by General Pierce. We would most cheerfully give a detailed account of the proceedings at the National Capitol, for the perusal and examination of our readers, were it not that we think there is nothing transpiring which would be regarded by them as at all interesting. There has been no intimation, so fur as•our knowledge ex tends, when the Senate will make a final adjournment. We hope they will soon; because as• it is; they are unnecessarily wasting their time and squandering the peoples' money. Prohibitory Liquor ResolutiOns. In the Senate, April 6th, the resolutions to submit the question of a prohibitory quor law to a vote of the people, came up in order on their final passage; and were passed by the following vote : • Fear.—Messrs. Carothers, Darsie, E vans Forsyth, Frick, Hu ai'cony Byron D. Ilamlin, Ephraim W. Hamlin, Hendricks,. Hoge, Kunkel, McFarland, McMurtrie, Quiggle ' Robertson, Sanderson, Skinner, and Slifer.—lB. NAY4.—MessrB. Baily, Buokalow, Dar lington, Goodwin, Haldeman, Hester, Kin zer, Myers, M'Caslin, O'Neill, Sager, and Carson Speaker. ri A• remarkable instance of self-sao ritleing bravery iii a boy, took place in Cass county, Georgia, not long sihee. The house of Mr. Jesee Windsor had takenlire, and while the flames were raging, his son; a boy of 12 years of age, rushed into the house and rescued two of his younger brothers. Thinking that a third was left, he again advanced into the flames, but ho never returned. Was he not a hero' Penutqlvania Legtillature. April 7. Senate.—Mr. Darsie reported ; as com mitted, the bill to repeal the tonnage tax on goods and merchandize passing over the Pennsylvania Railroad. The Senate then proceeded to the con sideration of the bill providing for the pro tection of fruit, add the punishment of the tresepassers thereon, in the counties of Allegheny and Philadelphia. The bill was amended so as to inelhde also the counties of Northampton, Lehigh, Delaware, Erie, Somerset, Union, Wayne, Deaver, Bucks had Schuylkill, and, as amended, passed. On motion of Mr. Myers, the bill to in corporate the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, was taken up and phssed Committee of the Whole. The following bills were severally taken up and passed. A supplement to the act relative to the registration of births, marriages and deaths: A bill relative to acts of partition. • lititim—Tito House met at 10 o'clock, wh en a great variety of unimportant busi oss was considered and disposed of. The committee appointed to investigate the frauds in the allotment of work upon the Allegheny Portage Railroad, had leave granted to report to-morrow. The House again resumed the consider ation of the general appropriation bill. Mr. Flanigen moved to increase the ap propriation to the North Branch Canal, to $370,000: A long and animated discussion, of a personal and exciting character, ensued. The amendment was finally agreed to. Several amendments were offered and debated at some length. afternoon Session.—The house re sumed the consideration of the general Appropriation bill. The section of the bill making an appro- priation to continue the work on the road to avoid the Inclined Planes on the Por tage Railroad being under consideration. Mr. Hart moved to increase the appro priation to $lOO,OOO, which was agreed to. The bill was then further considered for some time, and a number of amendments offered and rejected. The bill is now about half through see , and reading. The House adjourned. April, 8, The bill to authorize the Sunbury and Erie Railroad Company to borrow money to complete their road, was then taken up, on motion of Mr. Quiggle. Tne bill was debated for a time, and an amendment proposed and adopted, requi ritig the western termination of the road to be fixed at Erie. The bill passed finally. Mr. Crabb read itt place a bill to vest the title of the Commonwealth to the Wind Mill Island Canal, in the Delaware river, in the authorities of Philadelphia county. HOVSE.—The House again resumed the consideration of the general appropriation bill, and a number of amendments were of fered and debated at length. afternoon Session.—The House re assembled at 5 o'clock, when Mr. Hook introduced a bill supplementary to the $3OO exemption law, and which provides among other things, that printer's bills shall bo paid before the benefits of exemp tion act shall b 3 of effect. The House then again resumed the con sideration of the General Appropriation Bill, which was further debated at consid erable length, and finally laid aside. Hon. Henry M. Fuller. The Wilkesbarre dvocate, in noticing some complimentary articles to this able and popular Whig of Northern Pennsylva nia, expressos the opinion that the notices referred to indicate quite clearly that there are those in various parts of the Common wealth who are casting an eye to Mr. Ful ler with a view to bringing him forward on no very distant day, as a candidate for the Gubernatorial chair ; and says : We are - not surprised, nor will we be, if we should see him filling that important post with honor. Mr. FUller possesses tal ent rend intelligence of no - common order, an industry and application that never lags; and qualities that render Mtn popular wherever known. As a member of the Legislature, when but little past his youth, 1 1 he made adeeidedly favorable - impression' throughont the State. Even warm politic chins of the opposite party highly esteemed him for qualities. of both head and heart.l An a member of the last Congress, and in his intercourse with distinguished men of the Nation, Mr. Fuller sustained himself most honorably, and won the esteem and confidence of men - who are cal able of- ap preciating ability and merit. Mr. Fuller will maintain a favorable position among the more prominent Whig Statesmen - of the Commonwealth. There is not among them one who would bo a more available candi date for the Gubernatorial chair--nor one who would make a safer helmsman, or who, if plimed in that' position, would devote himself more ardently, faithfully, and hoe , estly to the public good. For the Joartml, Examination of Mountain Academy. It is every day becoming more and more apparent, that in youth the Mind is capa ble of making great literary attainments; that much can be acquired in a short time by having competent and enterprising teachers every candid observep must admit. The citizens of Birmingham and vicinity had a demonstration of this on Wednesday March 30th. In witnessing the examine , don of, the students of "Mountain Acade- My," the second session of this institution I classed on that day, when classes were ex mined in many of the branches taught, in such schools. All present were convinced from the readiness in answering, and the expertness in solving problems that the students had improved their time, and that the teacher was in every. ivey _eminently qualified for the respectable station he oc cupies. Expinples were solv,ed on the "blaek-board" in the different branches of Mathematics, giving evidence of great concentration of mind on the part of the pupils, as well as the assurance that. the best .modes of teaching, that difficult Seienee were well understood be the teacher. Not only were problems readily solved but the rules and definitions were well understood and satisfactorily explained to the audi ence. The members of the classes in English Grammar and in Latin acquitted themselves no less creditably than the classes in mathematics. The questions I proposed were all promptly and correctly answered. in the evening also, there were some exceedingly interesting and profitable ex ercises, which consisted in reading compo sition, declaiming and delivering original addresses. The compositions were alto gether original with the scholars and in our opinion could not have been surpassed by any of their age and opportunities.— The declamations . were very good. The appropriateness of the gestures, emphases, and cadence of the juvenile class truly en titles them to much credit. Their grace fulness in corning before the audience and their strict observance of the rules of rhet oric and elocution would have made some of our beet orators blush. The original addresses were no less worthy of cowmen du,tion. They were delivered with force and animation and elicited the highest on comiums that could be bestowed on such efforts. The variety given to the exercises of the whole evening by some most excellent in strumental music added increased life and interest to the occasion. The audience was highly entertained and delighted with the whole day's proceedings: The pauci ses of the young men were smiled upon and witnessed with admiration by all. This Institution is under the supervision and immediate instruction of the Rev. T. WARD. It is yet in its infancy but thus far has surpassed the most sanguine ex pectations of its friends, and is now rapid ly establishing for itself a reputation sec ond to no other institution in the country. A SPECTATOR. Birmingham, April 1, 1853. The Whigs Alive and Kicking. CoLtimnus j 0.--=The Whig ticket, with the exception of Marshal, is elected by a large majority. knglishc whig, is Mayor; Stevens, loco, is Marshal; Butler, whig, is Solicitor; Armstrong, whig, is Treasurer; Joseph Sullivant and J. J. Janney, whigs, are School Directors. Whig councilmen were elected in four of the five wards by large majorities. The Whig township ticket was elected by ahandsome majority, being the first thing of the kind for some years. CLEVELAND I O.—The Whigs hove a majority of the Council, and the Whigs and Frec-soilers a majority of the ticket.— Mayor Brownell is re-elected. •The con test was very close for some of the city of ficers. The people have voted the water loan by 637 majority. PAINESVILLE, o.—After an exciting contest, William L. Perkins, (whig) has been elected Mayor. Lewis Miller, Esq., was re-elected Justice of the Peace without opposition. ADRIAN, MICH.-. Hon. Addison J. Comstock, (whigY bas been elected Mayor by 200 majority. YORK, PA.—The Wkige of the borough of York made a clear sweep,at the election on Friday, the Ist day of April, electing their entire ticket, save the candidate for constable, by a large majority. The Rhode bland Election---The Liquor Law Approved. PROVIDENCE, April 7, 1853.-1 he re turns are all in, with the exception of New Shoreham. The vote on the repeal of the Liquor Law shows 900 majority in favor of sustaining the present law. The vote of New Shoreham will not vary the major ity much:• The Assembly is undoubtedly opposed te• the prohibitory law. 40Veleil101e anMiley. Tho Senate of the United States have passed a resolution authorizing the Presi dent to take measures for the investigation of the charge of fraud against Gov. Ram sey as Indian Agent in the matter of the payment of the gratuities to the Lidians. His Excellency, it appears, has one or two violent personal' eitcuiies in the Territory, wilt) have resorted ttcet , dry means of an noyancb against hint ih theif power, and this is one of the results of their efforts.— They allege that he deducted a per cog age from the amount paid'oetensibly, in fa. vor of their attorneys. We have no doubt he will pass the ordeal unscathed.--Pa. Telegraph. State Lunatic Hospital. IThe Annual Report of the Trustee of the Pennsylvania State Lunatic Hospital, contains much interesting and valuable in formation. From it we learn that the hos pital contains apartments for more than three hundred patients. At the date of the last report it contained thirty-seven, since which time one hundred and eigh teen have been received, and forty-eight have been discharged or died, leaving one hundred and six under care at the elote Of the year. Of the patients admitted, sixty three were sent by the public authorities, and fifty-five were supported by their friends. Of thole discharged, thirteen were in different states of improvement, ten. were without.material improvement, and seven died. The institution is in its in fancy, but alreimlY has been the means of doing much good: The Trultees say, that the very marked improvement in the chronic easel generally; since their transfer to .a Hospital, has been of the most graft , fying character, and offer's one of the strong est arguments for promptly placing all ca ses of insanity under the most favorable cir cumstances for promoting their recovery, and for a steady perseverance in an enlight ened course of treatment. If the complete' recovery of all is not possible, the improve ment of their mental and physical health, and the new sources of enjoyment afforded to them in the Wards of a well regulated Hospital, will prove an ample return to the community for the additional expense that may be incurred. Reliable statistical information renders it quite certain, that there are at the present within the bounds of the Commonwealth, more titan enough cases of insanity unprovidcd with the com forts proper for their situation, and subjec ted to no regular treatment to fill the Hos pital. A proper regard for the best inter ests of the afflicted, no less than a wise economy, demands that all these should be sent to the State Asylum. Dr. Cumin, the Superintendent, allu ding to the fact that thirteen cases were entirely restored, and sixteen were greatly improved during the year, says that such results constitute a source of great satis faction, and he expresses . the opinion that, had a number of those designated as impro ved, been permitted to remain longer un der treatment, they also would have been entirely restored. He says that. in the great majority of cases, so soon as the vio lence of the attack has been overcome, the' patient expresses a longing desire to return home, and to this feeling, the friends and relatives too often imprudently yield. Al. though the Institution has been in opera tion now more than a year, no occasion has yet been found to break through the rule which was adopted at the opening, viz : never to use mechanical restraint, if it could by any possibility be avoided. Attention is earnestly called to the pro priety and necessity of early treatment in all cases of insanity. Procrastination is almost uniformly attended with bad effects. Dr. Curwin also protests against the most invariable resort to blood-letting in all ca ses of insanity. All hospital experience both in this country and in Europe, is cal culated to show that the loss of blood is attended with evil consequences. Insanity, according to Dr. C. is simply a nervous disorder ; and must be treated as end] and the greater cure should be taken to distin guish between that excitement which is truly nervous, and the delirium caused by inflammatory action. We regard this Hospital as an honor to the generous and benevolent feelings of Pennsylvania, and we feel satisfied that it will prove the means of softening and re lioveing a vast amount of human suffering. Heretofore, the insane poor have been con fined in the almshouse and jails of the Com monwealth, and have been subjected, in many eases, to treatment calculated to ag grivate rather than to relieve their condi tion. Fortunately, a better policy has been adopted and is in practice, and thus in the course of time, hundreds of unfortu nate beings who, under other circumstan ces, would have gone down to the grave in wretchedness and degradation, will be re stored to the light of reason, the compan ionship of friends and relatives, and to the useful and honorable paths of society.— Crystal Fountain. TM EMPEROR 1: -. ;P FRANOE.-A Paris correspondent of the Boston Journal gives this sketch of Looms Napoleon : "As for the Emperor, he doe's not im prove on near acquaintance. Contrary to What I hid supposed, and to what is the general opinion, derived from his portraits, he is a short man; shorter than the average of his guests. He looks' best on' horse back, and ought to contrive sonic) way of parading through his apirtmeiits on his horse. This arises from his tintistiany short legs, which give him a verYdwkward appearance. As a friend has it, his legs are failures, consequently he cannot dance well. Moroover,his long moustache, grad ually tapering of to one sully waxed hair, is not ornamental, whatever he may think to the contrary." RELEASE OF PRISONERS.—We learn through a private letter front Europe, that oat' Midster at Madrid, Mr. Barringer, has fully succeeded hi his efforts, through his persona influence • with the Government! there, in proeurinerom the Queen of Spain a pardon and ! release of the" Hungarian prisoners of the topez expedition of 1851 against the Island of Cuba, who have been so long couffned ! in the Spanish presidia at Ceuta, in Africa, and who were made an exception to the general pardon granted to the American and other prisoners of the emedition. They aro eight in number.-1 Nal inna Intelligencer. Annexation of the Sandwich Is. lands, The 'rational Democrat has a Wash ington correspondent that makes a wonder tut revelation. ire says a number of wealthy Texans, who have made themselves as rich as princes in California, have just entered into negotiations with the copper colored king of the Sandwich Islands, to buy out his kingdom—crown and sceptre, throne and even regality, down to the last bead of the royal adornment, and the last yam-patch of the royal domain. If the bargain is agreed to, we are told, these gentlemen intend snaking Uncle Sam a present of the Islands, The Democrat writer says : "This is the simple and literal truth, strangely as it may sound in the United States. The consideration proposed and accepted, was an annuity of some $lO,OOO a year, during the life of the king of the Islands, who, it may be observed, has no children, and is therefore, loss anxious about a kingdom which he cannot transmit to a lineal heir. The bargain was secretly concluded sonic time in 1850, and the de lighted negotiators despatched one of their number to lay the affair before our Secre tary of State. Judge of their vexation when they found the British minister had anticipated their news, through the activi- Ity of the English merchants at the Sand -1 r wich Islands, and forestalled all their plans. Directly after the California en voys had left the Islands, in the full con , vietion that the purchase was an accom plished fact, the British agents obtained from the timid and changeable king, a negation of the whole business of sale, and met at Washington the written proffer to cede the Islands to the United States, by a later writing, that "the only and deter mined wish of tl.e King of the Sandwich Islands, was to preserve the independence of his kingdom, and make its ports the hospitable haven of all friendly nations." This would seem to end the matter, but the Californians who had embarked in it, were determined not to give up the ship, and are very busy in bringing the King back to his bargain. If they succeed, it is their plan to declare the Sandwich Is lands a county of the State of California, and they say the legislature of California will unanituous:y agree to take temporary jurisdiction, and then formally apply to Congress for its sanotion to permanent an nexat is n. Thirty Californians have positively sub scribed of their own means, one hundred thousand dollars, to meet the expenses and first instalment of the purchase; nor do they entertain the slightest doubt of suc cess." An Idea for a Fourth of July Oration. Happily for mankind, despotism is short sighted. In other words,—Providence means well to the human family, and can not be thwarted—absolutely cannot! Ex cept fur this certainty, many would con template the present condition of continen tal Europe with dispair. But the truth is, that every ounce which is added to the burden of the continent, contributes a pound to Freedom. In the first place, the infliction of that ounce costs the despot who lays it on much in money and more in attention. It weakens him, while it seems to strengthen. In the second place, an oppressed nation is not a gi owing nation, and is sure to be left behind (like Spain) in the march of the world. In the third place, since the world has to go on, its progressive force, which, but for the des potism which binds down part of the world, might be universally applied, is concentra ted in helping forward the free nations which can march. Hence, America and England, the only free nations, and to which the best part of the civilized globe belongs, are now going onward to univer sal doininion i at a pace which . takes away one's breath to think of. And every step gained by them is gained for freedom.— The madness of those despots is something quite inconceivable. They aro driving away their best minds to England, their bust workmen to America, and are bending all their endeavours to render their soldiers blocks and their subjects lackeys; and so become great and powerful! It was not for nothing that the Austrian Emperor lately announced that emigrants to Ameri ca would net be permitted to return• to their own country. There was a two-fold reason for this mandate. One is sufficiently obvious; but the immediate and pressing reason was, that the rage for emigration has now reached a class which has, hith erto, in every country, preferred to re main at house--a class in the enjoyment of of wealth and respectability. Official ar rogance has even induced them to turn their eyes inquiringly to the land of free dom across the channel, or to the land of freedom across the sea. Therefore we may, with the utnioet confidence, conclude, that either the continental nations will break the yoke under which they now groan, or else their vital force will be ab sorbed by those nations whose progress is the progress of freedom and civilization. Goma To TExas.LGovernor Ujhazy, the Hungarian refugee and leader of the Hungarian settlement at New Buda, has sold out his land, and leaves in the Spring for Texas, where he has bought some hun dreds of acres. Cannon BURNT.—The Presbyterian Church at Ausable Forks, Clinton county, New York, was destroyed by fire on the evening of the 'Nth ult. No insurance..