Huntingdon journal. (Huntingdon, Pa.) 1843-1859, September 23, 1852, Image 1
VOLUME XVII. TERMS OF PUBLICATION: Ttie " HUNTINGDON JOURNAL" iS published at t he following rates, viz : If paid in advance, per annum, $1,50 If paid during the year, 1,75 If paid after the expiration of the year, • 2,50 To Clubs of five or more, in advance, • • 1,25 Tux above Terms will be adhered to in all cases. No subscription will be taken fora less period than six months, and no paper will be discontinued un til all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. Vortical. THE OLD .GREEN LANE. nr ELIZA COOK, 'Tomas the merry summer time That garlands hill and dells, And the south wind rung a fairy chime Upon the foxglove bells; The cuckoo stood on the lady-birch To bid her last good bye— The lark sprung o'er the village church, And whistled to the sky, And we had come from the harvest sheaves, A blithe and tawny train, And tracked our path with poppy leaves Along the old green lane. 'Twas a pleasant way on a sunny day, And we were a happy set, As we idly bent where the strcanciet went To get our fingers wet; With the dog-rose here, arid the (wellies there, And the woodbine twining thronght With the broad trees meeting every where, And the grass still damp with dew, Ah we all forgot in that blissful spot The names of care and pain, As we lay on the bank by the shepherd's cot, To rest in the old green lane. Oh days gone by A can but sigh As I tliink of that rich hour, When my heal t in its glee but seemed to be Another woodside flower; For though the trees be still as fair, And the wild bloom still as gay— Though the south-wind sends as sweet an air, And heaven Os bright ft day; Tot the merry sat are flu itnd wide, And we never shall meet again— We shall never ramble side by side Along that old green lane. Volitical dear a Mexican Soldier. At the ratification meeting at Detroit Mr. Rynner, who served in the Mexican war, being louldly called upon, came for ward andaddressed'the meeting. He said he had enlisted in the service of his country when a boy, that he was a Whig then, and had not changed his poli tical opinions since. [Applause.] He had seen Gen. Scott, and loved him us did every soldier who had ever sarved under him. [Great Applause.] General Scott was a plain man, an honest - man, an inde pendent man, and a brave man ; and while his name alone was sufficient to strike the enemies of his country with terror, his sol diers approached him familiarly : ho loved them with all the tenderness of a parent, and they adored, reverenced, and idolized him. [l . retnendous Applause.] With Scott for their leader, the Americans felt invincible: danger was forgotten ; no one could withstand the fury of their charge; they mocked at danger and laughed at death. [Deafening applause.] Mr. Ryn ner then gave a general description of the battles in the vicinity of the City of Mexi co, together with many interesting facts connected with the history of the conquer ing Chieftain during that momentous period. Speaking of the villainous and outrageous arrest of General Scott, he said, I was in the city of Puebla when the glorious old Chieftain was arrested. The news of the outrage spread like wildfire. Many of the soldiers would not believe the report.— When convinced of its reality, the bosom of every American burned with grief, shame and indignation. Grief that their beloved Scott had been degraded—shame, that their Government had degraded itself, eternally disgraced itself in the eyes of the world, and indignation at the perpetrators of the foul deed. [Thunders of applause.] We determined to give him a triumphant re ception ; but, learning our intentions, he entreated us, for his sake to desist. When ho arrived in the city, his soldiers stood pale and mute with very rage. He decen ded from his carriage, in the midst, and drawing his towering form up to its full height, said, "Fellow soldiers, 1 am a prisoner in the nation conquered; 1 can not accept. a public demonstration."— [The audience was silent for a few mo ments; every eye flashed with indignation, every hand was clenched ; every lip was pale and compressed ; suddenly a prolong ed and deafening yell went up which shook the building to its centre.] 1T... 7 " 'Well, Joe,what do you think of the chance of the lection of Piercer ask ed one Democrat of another. Faint was the laconic reply.—Louisville Journal. u:niting,boi/t HUNTINGDON, PA., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1852. [l7 Below we give an extract from a regular Pierce and King organ, the Ly coming Democrat, edited by Col. Carter, a gentleman of ability and integrity. Can any true democrat, or any honest man, of any party, read this startling evidence of corruption, and afterwards doubt, for a mo ment, the necessity, or propriety of a po litical division of the power and patronage of the Canal Board ? Making a large al lowance for the general laxity of official morality, and the force of long indulged habits of political profligacy on our Public Works, it is still, we think, not unreason able to hope that a division of place and power, here, as elsewhere, might impose some check on these most abandoned of potty tyrants, and public plunderers. We, therefore, ask the tax-payers of Pennsyl vania—the independent voters of this Com monwealth, to read and ponder the follow ing facts from the pen of an honest Dem ocrat, and lot AIM, public duty, and the dictates of common honesty control their decision of this question. Col. Carter, in his paper of the 21st ult., says : As we said last week, the citizens of this county have not the slightest voice in the selection of their officers—they are, to all intents and purposes, in the same state of disfranchisement as the wretched peas entry of the wilds of Connaught. A few individuals, bound together by the cohe sion of Canal plunder, monopolise the offi ces for themselves, their relatives, and their followers. As soon as the general election is over they meet together in cau cus—sometimes on a store box—sometimes on the steps of the Court House—some times in the hack room of a lawyer's don —and sometimes in an obscure tavern— and there form the ticket for the ensueing election. With the prestige of former, success ; with the funds of the canal al ways at their disposal ; and with the means and influence of then in office who expect to be rotated into higher and more lucre-, tive birtlis, the "clique" succeed in elect ing just such delegates as will carry out their wishes. Occasionally, it is true, in several of the townships, a spirit of dis gust, or to use the language of the party leaders, a spirit of disorganization is manifested, and the people wholly refrain from attending the delegate elections.— But this does not interfere iu the slighest degree with the opperations of the public robbers. Before the Convention assent bles—(and it always assembles during Court week)—a stray juror, or a stray witness, front the disaffected township, is caught, presented with credentials, pressed into service, and for five or six hours he sits in Convention with the gravity of an! owl and the wisdom of an ass—not as the duly accredited representative of a free and independent township, but as the hired tool to office holders and office hunters.— Political affairs as they now exist in this county could not well be more humiliating and degrading. The party organization moulded and con trolled by a few individuals who have add ed acre to acre, and farm to farm, from successful public plundering—primary elec tions held to ratify the selections of dele gates previously named by the candidates for office—and last of all and more than all, a constituency without a free repre sentation. Will any one who has taken the trouble to look at the corrupt work ings of the delegate system, and who has brains enough to keep hint out of the rain, have the impudence to assert that Lycom ing, with all her great and growing inter ests, has ever been truly and faithfully rep resented in the Halls of our Legislature? No! no !—Gen. Packer has been represen ted, and Gen. Petrikin has been 'represen ted, and Judge Lewis has been reikesen ted, and the Williamsport and Elmira Rail Road has been represented, and robbing Canal Officers—front defaulting Collectors down to thieving mud bosses—hair() been represented, but for the last eight or ten years, not a hand has been' lifted, not a voice has been raised, itreither branch of the Legislature, in behalf of the outraged, disfranchised, pillaged, plundered, tax-rid people of old Lyeowing. Locnc OuT!—A statement in the Na tional lotelligencer shows that the United States have already run into debt to Eu rope, under the tariff of 1846, upwards of $200,000,000 Nothing but the gold cf California has prevented a crash similar to that of 1840. But it must come, sooner or later, if the present state of things continue. A FACT THAT TELLS TO TAX-PATERS. We copy the following from the Pottsville Ledger: "I'he shipment of iron over the State works will not be half as heavy this year as in 1848. Cause--the use of foreign iron. Poor policy for Pennsylvania. Stand F 11;1 4 4 7. The New Yote Tribune hpthe follow ing wholesome advice to tl friends of Gen. SCOTT: The as 'es of Gen. SCOTT 1111. to secure his . by persuading the more timid a., rm Whigs that his clec tiorolis 1 , ale—that the triumph of Pierce and King is a 'fixed fact.' They know that, as between Pierce and Scott, a majority of American Freemen would deci dedly prefer the latter for next President; but they say to themselves, 'lf we can convince all the trimmers that Pierce's election is certain, they will rally to his support.; and if we can make the faintimg Whigs believe Scott has next to no chance, they will neither work nor vote; so let us brag high, claim everything, offer bets to every one whose principles condemn bet ting, and we shall probably carry our man.' .This game does not always win. It was tried out in this State in 1837, when the Whigs were bragged clown with offers of 'Two to one on Marcy,' 'Even bets on five thousand majority for Marcy!' &e., yet Seward carried the State by over Ten Thousand majority. The Whigs did not pretend to match their adversaries in bets, but when it came to working and voting, they were there—as, we confidently trust, they will be again. In 18-N, the friends of Cass were sure of electing him in the early stages of the canvass, :ind would have bet any amount ion it. They ridiculed the idea of Gen. I Taylor, who had spent all his life in the back woods as an army officer, beating tt, scholar, civilian and diplomatist like Gen. Cass. They paraded estimates, giving Gen. Taylor but half a dozen States and challenged bets on them. When Penn i sylvania elected Johnston Governor in Oc tober' by only 302 majority over an un popular rival, and at the seine thee chose the Cass Canal Commissioner by 2,634, they scouted the idea of Gen. Taylor's car rying the State. Johnston, they said had been cleated by Preesoil votes, which !would go for Van Buren in November; when lo! November showed a majority for Taylor over both Cass and Van Buren— though Cass's vote was heavier than his party had ever before thrown in the State. And so with Connecticut, New Jersey, Maryland, Tennessee, North Carolina, and other States which, on the strength of lo cal contests, they had claimed as likely or certain to vole for Cass. There aro two or three hundred thous and voters in the Union whom nothing short of a Presidential contest can bring to the Polls—we regret the fact, and they ought to be ashamed of it--but it is a fact, nevertheless. Of these voters, nine-tenths are Whigs. The only way to beat Gen. Scott is to persuade them that their votes can avail nothing this Fall, and to Tier suede our live Whigs that it is fruitless to make the necessary effort to bring them out. If this impression can bo diffused, and Whig apathy shall open the way to the polling of illegal voters in the strong Pierce districts, they may beat us. And this is what they are now working for. Winos! STAND Firm! They who shout over the loss of half their usual majority, half their Congressional delegation, and more than half their Legislative majority, in lowa, and who are delighted with the choice of only two whigs to Congress from Missouri, where we carried none in the Taylor year, will of course find a pretext for shouting in every election between this and November. They will add to gether the Rum votes for Chandler, and the Whig Temperance votes for Hubbard in Maine, and show a vast majority against us in that State; and so, doubtless with re gird to the State elections in Maryland, Indiana, &c.,. whore they have extraordi nary elements of strength in the State con tests. lu each of these States there are thousands who will vote for Scott, who cannot be counted on to vote the Whig lo cal tickets in October. Our adversaries of course will shout—let them shout!— They will profess and cherish a strong-de , sire to bet—let then' seek gamblers among those to whom gambling is congenial.— They will hold great meetings and fire can non,.-.let them inour the expense; the noise will wake up _94 voters as well as theirs. Let us go strWit putting facts and dm:mine-As into eve ads—quietly organizing and prepa ing out the legal voters and keep ut illegal votes, and we shall silence their bragging effec tually on the 2nd of November y . Then we can shout, - and exult, and first anon, if we have a taste for such amusements: but let us postpone playing till our work is done. We may then cheer with a good conscience, and without a fear of waking up the wrong passenger. Put out the documents and push on the organization now; leave huzzaing till the proper time: Chinese warfare of our antagonists will alarm none but very timid children, and need not terrify oven then,. Old Chippewa has faded a heavier fire on many a field, and never thought of quailing; let his friends profit by his example. eommunitation. For tho « Huntingdon Journal." Tile Proper aim of the Scholar. flan was cast up by the Divinity upon the ocean of time, doubtless for some spe cific purpose— though brief his stay, be passes not, as a bubble from the water, without a record of his existence to live after him. lie is the creature of a clay indeed, but such is his connection with this world, so intimate his relation to his fellow men and the rest of creation, that even in this short period, he becomes the agent of a vast deal of influence in the moral gov ernment of God. From this tendency of his actions, there istdio exemption; no con dition can render him an isolated object.— Whether ho be ilauthority or in obscuri ty, on the throne - ol• in the hovel—wherev er mind is brought in contact with mind, there is a mutual assirnitation, as necessary and invariable as any of the laws that reg ulate the Universe. The education of the human mind de- I rives its principal importance from the fea ture of its relations. Were man born to 'live by himself and for himself, he could propose no object for the exercise of his faculties apart from his own gratification, and of course the community would not be interested in his success: truth could find no developement beyond the labors of the individual, and science would be a multi plicity of systems, each deriving its pecu liarity from the mind that gave it birth.— But it is not so. The present state of the world is the result of combined effort, the direction of which is duo to the learned. These are the primary agents, to whom tho illiterate are subservient, the master builders in the construction of the world's history, whose learning is employed to di rect and economise physical torco. Thus it is that the aim and success of the schol ar, or the youthful literary tyro, become objects of interest to the whole community nay, to the world itself. What this aim shall be, is readily dictated by a benevo lent heart. Talent is a fearful gift to man, and is' capable of becoming, even in the individu al, the nation's glory or the nation's scourge. The eloquence of a Tully's tongue may thrill Roman Senate, and save the city from impending ruin; but when Caesar plunges into the Rubicon, Rome is free no more. When Voltaire or Newton speaks, the world is all attention; but soon - a na tion's woo responds to the infidelity of the one, and the world's master-minds admire the genius of the other. France enthrones reason, where God should be, and pays the recompense of her fully with her people's I blood, but the scientific world weeps only when Newton speaks no more. Education shone in both, but to different ends. The ono made reason subservient, and by it vin dicated the ways of God to man; the other exalted tire servant above his master, and to maintain the throne vilified the very idea of his existence—and the scourge fell, and the malignity of its smart is felt even now. To become a great man for the sake of display in the world, should be the last, as it is the least commendable, aim of the scholar.. There is something in the false glitter of applause, that blooms brilliantly before the enchanted view of the aspiring youth. Ho looks and is captivated; he grasps, and behold, it is a shadow! He retires within himself and rears castles in the air, until his fancy reels upon the gid dy heights to which it has wrought itself. In his flight he pe'netrates the dark veil of futurity, beyond which, if mortals pass they tread forbidden ground, Ile sees himself the admiration of the world, wielding State affairs with wondrous effect, electrifying honorable assemblies with the grandeur of his eloquence, or leading armies on to vic tory, whilst nations tamely submit to his authority. Scarcely does he dream that all this is a mere phantom, that it has no correspondent reality. And still his eye rests upon the far off object of his ambition; he covets the prize, and like• the giants of old, he would fain pluck up Pelion and Parnassus to construct a common causeway, ov which he Might gain the goal of Ids wiAies, at a single leap. But here there is no probability of success. The motive, which actuates the aspirant, renders him averse to the employment of means. While ho dreams, he is quiescent, and when he awakes ho is amazed to find the reality so unlike ate creations of fancy. Moreover there is hazard in the experiment. The untempered aspirations of Prometheus riv ited hisfate'to the chilly rock and doomed him to tko, relentless gintwings of the cruel vulture. :''4.reputatieri based upon the in terest seekao,rices of the world, is less secure than au air-balloon at the mercy the winds, which is liable at every moment, to be shivered to atoms, by the very ele ment that bears it up. In discussing the subject of education, it can not be too much insisted upon, that character is everything. " The scholar, and all whose hopes are bright with future an ticipations, for the' present, should be more concerned about what he shall be, than j what ho shall do, in the world: "knowledge c94 z ootliAtrflg4 is power," but devils employ this power for one purpose, and Angels for another— the end is determined by the character of the agent. Moral culture is therefore of the first importance, as being the sole guide in the direction of mere mental acquire ments. The heart is to action, what the sun is to vegetation—the only source of color. All the beautiful hues, on the deeply-pictured page of nature, due one to, the solar beam: so all the loveliness in hu man character is radiated from the heart as its centre. However unjust the vulgar imputation, that learning makes rogues, it is nevertheless true that seine, who are ed- , ucated belong to this class. And what an engine of evil is an educated villain ? Un chain the tiger upon society, and his rage will expend itself upon the carcass; place daggers into the hands of the madman, and there is hope that his fury will turn upon himself; but send forth the educated mon ster man upon the community, without character or principle, and the very core of society will be effected, and.the evil will evade the restraints of all law. The exer cise of ingenuity in the progress of vice is really astonishing, and there is no telling where roguery will stop, when the weapon, which the villain employs is well tempered and polished. _ _ _ There is a common bond of interest be tween the learned and the people of the age in which they live. Schools and nur series of learning are the property of the whole community, as it is from their influ ence that society receives its very hue and color. The scholar, instead of being an isolated object, at war with all the sympa thies of human life, is destined to exert an influence upon the world; and the proper use of that influence should be his most cherished aim. Increase of knowledge, so schooled as to realize his position among his fellow men, will be fearful of consequences. G. sAtotritaitrotto. Fully "For girls to expect to be•happy with out marriage. Every woman was mad° for• a mother, consequently, babies are as ne cessary to their "peace of mind," aithealth. If you wish to look at melancholy and in digestion, look at an old maid. If you would take a peep at sunshine, look in the face of a young mother." Now I won't stand that! Pm an old maid myself; and I'm neither melancholy nor indigestible! My "piece of mind" I'm going to give you, (in a minute!) and I never want to touch a baby except with a pair of tongs! "Young mothers and sun shine!" iligifku to fiddling strings before they are twenty-five! When an old lover turns up be thinks he sees his grandmoth or, instead of the dear little Mary who used to snake him feel as if he should crawl out of the toes of his boots! Yes! my mind is quite made up about matrimo ny; but as to "babies," (sometimes I think and then again I don't know!) but on the whole 1 believe I consider 'em a de cided humbug! It's a one-sided partner ship, this marriage! the wife casts up all the accounts! "Husband" gets up in the morning, and pays his "devours" to the looking glass; curls his fine head of hair, puts on an itn maoulate shirt bosom; ties an excruciating cravat; stows away a French roll, au egg, and a cup of coffee; gets into the omnibus, looks slantendieular at the pretty , girls, and makes love between the pauses of business during the forenoon generally.— Wife must "hermetically seal" the win dows and exclude all the fresh air, (be cause the baby had "the snuffles" in the night;) and sits gasping•down to the table more dead than alive, to finish her break fast. Tommy turns a cup of hot coffee down his bosom. Juliana has torn off the string of her school bonnet: J sums "wants his Geography 'Covered," Eliza can't find her satchel; "the butcher wants to know if she'd like a joint of mutton; the milk-man would like his money; the ice-man wants to speak to her "just a minute;" the baby swallows a bean; husband sends the boy home from the store to shy his partner will dine with him; the cook leaves 'all flying,' to go to her "sister's dead baby's wake," and husband's thin coat inuair be ironed be fore noon. "Sunshine and young tooth thers! !" Where's my swelling bottle? [Fanny Fern. G_T" Like the generality of kings and conquerors, Frederick the_ Great had a most philosophic indifference to life—in others. In one of his battles, a battalion of veterans having taken to their heels, he galloped after them, bawling out—" Why do you run away, you old blackguards'!— Do you want to live forever'!" CAPITAL.—ThO most conspicuous ef fort to Manufacture capital for the act vaucewent of Mr. Pierce has just boon made by the Baltimore Sun. It declares with groat gravity and considerable vehe mence that an individual who was wounded at Lundy's Lane, , married Pierce's sister. NUMBER 38. science Answering Questions. Why is rain water soft? Because it is not impregnated with earths and minerals. Why is it, more easy to wash with soft water, than with hard? Because soft wa ter unites freely with soap, and dissolves it instead of decomposing it, as hard water does.. Why do wood ashes make hard water soft 7 Ist, Because the carbonic acid of wood ashes combines with the sulphate of lime in the hard water ' and converts it in to chalk; and Idly, Wood ashes convert some of the soluable salts of water into in soluble, and throw them down as a sedi ment, by which the water remains more pure.. • Why has rain water such an unpleasant smell when it is collected in a rain-water tub or tank ? Because it is impregnated with decomposed organic matters, washed from the roofs, trees, or the casks in which it is collected. Why does water melt salt ; Because very minute particles of water insinuate themselves into the pores of the salt by capillary attraction, and force the crystrls apart from each other. How does blowing hot foods make them cool ? It causes the air which has been heated Sy tfie food to change more rapid ly, and give place to fresh cold air. Why do ladies fan themselves in hot weather ? That fresh particles of air may be brought in contact with their face by the action of the fan; and as every fresh particle of air absorbes sense heat from the skin, this consent change snakes them cool. Does a fan cool the air? No; it makes the air hotter, by imparting to it the heat of our face; but it cools our face, by trans ferring its heat to the air. Why is there always a strong draught through the keyhole of.a door? Because the air in the room we occupy is warmer than the air in the hall; therefore, the air, from the hall rushes through the keyhole into the room, and causes a draught. Why is there always a strong draught under . the door, and through the crevices on each side ? Because cold air rushes from the hall, to supply the void in the room caused J.sy the escape of warm air up the chimney, etc. Why is there always a draught through the window crevices Because the exter nal air, being colder than the air of the room we occupy, rushes through the window crevices to supply the deficiency caused by the escape of warm air up the chimney. If you open the lower sash of the win dow, there is snore draught than if you open the upper sash. Explain the reason of this. If the lower sash be open, cold external air will rush freely into the room, and cause a great draft inwards: but if the upper sash be open, the heated air of the room will rush out; and, of course, there will be less draught inwards. By which means is a room better venti lated by opennig the upper or the lower sash? A room is better ventilated by open ing the upper sash; because the hot, vitia ted air, which always ascends . , towards the ceiling, can escape snore easily. By' which means is a hot - room more quickly cooled, by opennig the upper or the lower sash? A hot room is cooled more quickly by opening the lower sash; because the cold air can enter more freely at the lower part of the room than at the upper. Why does the wind dry damp linen?— Because dry wind, like a dry sponge, im bibes the particles of vapor from the sur face of the linen, as fast as they are formed. Which is the hottest place in a church or chapel ? The gallery. Why is the gallery of all public, places hotter than the lower parts of the build ing 2 Because the heated air of the build ding ascends; and all the air which can en tor through the doors and windows keeps to the floor, till it has become heated. Why do plants often grow out of walls and towers? Either because the wind blew the seed there with the dust; or else because some bird, flying over, dropped seed there which it. had formerly eaten.— Dr. Breiver's Guide to Science. KrThere is . a youth who, every time bo wishes to get a glimpse of his sweet , heart, halloos fire, right under her win dow. In the alarm of the moMent, she plunges her head out of the window and inquires whore, when ho poetically slaps himself on the bosom and exclaims, Hero, my Ilangelina! HE FIXES 'ENI.-A quack advertises to cure among other incurable diseases.- 31areobozzart, Abdelkader, Hippotatuus, Potato Rot, HydrostaticsJuilatuation of the Abominable Regions, Ager Fits, Shaking Quaker Visits, and all kinds of Anniver sity. Q 7" To be able to bear provocation is: an argument of great wisdom; and to for give it, of a great mind., . r? Beauty is a rock on which many a • man makes shipwreck while in search of the pearls which adorn it.